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**6.013 Electromagnetics and Applications
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Spring 2009

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and limit the minimum plate separation to ~0. To prevent arcing. or roughly one-third the velocity of sound. and 6.MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science 6.4. ignore all switching issues and consider only the forces associated with a single static configuration capable of continuous rotary motion. the electric field strength E should be less than the air breakdown field strength Ebd. they are charged to a voltage V.1.2 The planet Jupiter places a magnetic field of approximately one Gauss (10-4 Tesla) at its electrically conducting moon Io. what then is Pmax? To simplify the problem.) If Ebd = 106 V/m. Assume that practical considerations limit the maximum velocity of motor parts to about 100 m/s.2 .5 mm. (e) To help gauge the plausibility of your answer to (c).1-6.1 Two parallel metal plates separated by d overlap a distance b and have width L.013 – Electromagnetics and Applications Problem Set 3 (four problems) Suggested Reading: Course notes. (d) Please sketch the general geometry you assumed for your maximum-power motor in (c) and briefly explain your design. 3. 5. + Vd L y x a b (a) What is the force f⊥ [N] attracting the two plates in the y direction? (b) What is the force f// [N] attracting the two plates in the x direction? (c) Suppose we wish to design an electrostatic motor. Problem 3.2. ⎯B. θ ⎯v. Problem 3.2. Sections 3. evaluate Pmax for the case Ebd = 106 [V/m]. 5. and this field (attached rigidly to Jupiter) rotates past Io at a relative velocity of ~7200 [m/s] due to the 9hr 50 min rotation period of Jupiter. Based on these constraints. To minimize losses associated with fringing fields the plate separation d should be less than ~ b/4 and L/4. φ Io ⎯r Jupiter .3.1 - 2/13/09 . what is roughly the maximum mechanical power Pmax [Watts] we can obtain from a cleverly designed electrostatic motor having a volume of one liter? (Accuracy to within a factor of two suffices.1-5.

the inductor voltage V = 0. perhaps a microphone. equals 1.v. f I now we mechanically force d → 2d in τ seconds with I held constant.6 x 10-19 Joules) suggests that its accelerators could attack weapons in space at great distances. and area A is bent in a circle.(a) What is the maximum voltage V (numerical value) induced across the ~3340-km diameter of Io by this moving magnetic field? (b) This voltage produces a current I that flows through a weak plasma along the magnetic field lines down to Jupiter’s ionosphere and back. N turns of wire carrying I amperes circle the cylinder to yield a magnetic field of Bg within the gap. If the terrestrial magnetic field B at the altitudes of interest is approximately 10-5 Tesla. and then through the full diameter of Io. with a small gap d. What is the resulting magnetic force vector f [N] on Io? Does this force tend to accelerate Io or slow it down in its orbit about Jupiter (Io moves in the same direction Jupiter is rotating)?⎯Explain briefly with a sketch showing the directions of the current through Io and the force on Io. what is the maximum range of such a device in vacuum when it is aimed perpendicular to the magnetic field? For simplicity ignore the relativistic increase in electron mass that occurs at 1Mev. length D. I + V Circumference D μ N A d .2 - 2/13/09 . Problem 3. the gap stores nearly all the energy. what is V(t) during this period? One could make a sensor this way. (e) If the wire is superconducting and the situation is static. Problem 3. (c) What mechanical power P [W] is being applied to Io (numerical value)? This can be compared to the ~1 GW electrical power typically radiated in radio and television broadcast bands by these Io-generated currents. as illustrated. with a total circuit resistance of about one ohm.3 A firm manufacturing devices that accelerate electrons to energies of 106 electron volts ( 1 e. (a) What is the inductance L of this device? (b) What is the force f pulling the gap closed? (c) What is L when there is no gap? (d) Sketch the approximate vector magnetic field B outside the torus.4 An solid iron cylinder of permeability μ.

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