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2017 AIRPORT PLANNING

& NEPA WORKSHOP

Aviation Environmental Design Tool


Technical Talk
NEPA Session 3 – November 30, 2017

Clint Morrow
Session Moderator
KB Environmental Sciences, Inc.

Panel members from:


Goals of the AEDT Technical Talk
• Learn how AEDT estimates fuel consumption, emissions, and
noise associated with airport projects
• Find out how AEDT assessments fit into the overall NEPA
process
• Get tips on how to use AEDT effectively, including tech
support and resources

Airport Planning & NEPA Workshop | Nov. 29 – Dec. 01, 2017 | Arlington, VA
Introduction to the Panel
• FAA Office of Environment and Energy (AEE):
• Mohammed Majeed
• Bill He
• Brad Nicholas, HMMH
• Clint Morrow, KB Environmental Sciences

Airport Planning & NEPA Workshop | Nov. 29 – Dec. 01, 2017 | Arlington, VA
Overview of the Session
1. Introduction
2. AEDT background, current status, and future plans (FAA)
3. Using AEDT to model noise (HMMH)
4. Using AEDT to model emissions (KBE)

Followed by a facilitated discussion and Q&A session

Airport Planning & NEPA Workshop | Nov. 29 – Dec. 01, 2017 | Arlington, VA
Aviation Federal Aviation
Administration

Environmental
Design Tool (AEDT)
Overview

Presented to: 2017 ACC/ACI-NA Airport Planning and


NEPA Workshop
By: Mohammed Majeed and Bill He
Office of Environment and Energy
Federal Aviation Administration
Date: November 30, 2017
Aviation Environmental Design Tool
Features
 Computes noise, fuel burn, AEDT
emissions, and air quality
 Able to conduct analyses
at airport, regional, national,
and global scales
 Replaces several legacy tools
(INM, NIRS, EDMS, SAGE and
MAGENTA)
Applications
 Air space and airport design and planning (e.g., Part 150 studies or
National Environmental Policy Act reviews)
 International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Committee on Aviation
Environmental Protection (CAEP) analyses
 Assessing benefits from introducing NextGen and new aircraft and
engine technologies (e.g., from FAA CLEEN and NASA Programs)
Federal Aviation 1
Administration
For more information on AEDT or to download it, please visit: https://aedt.faa.gov/
AEDT Modeling Process Overview

Federal Aviation 2
Administration
AEDT Development – who are involved
FAA AEE (Office of Environment & Energy)

Development teams include DOT Volpe Center, ATAC,


Metron, GeorgiaTech, UNC, etc.

Continuous feedbacks from users in the US and beyond

Others (i.e. aircraft data from manufacturers, models and


databases from other institutions)

Federal Aviation 3
Administration
For more information on AEDT or to download it, please visit: https://aedt.faa.gov/
AEDT Licenses as of September 2017

Federal Aviation 4
Administration
Noise Outputs

Federal Aviation 5
Administration
Emission Reports: like (and unlike) EDMS

Includes
emissions
above mixing
height

Entire modeled
flight

AEDT can also export emission reports to Excel.


Federal Aviation 6
DRAFT SCREENSHOT; FICTIONAL RESULTS
Administration
AEDT FY16/FY17 Selected Highlights
 Dynamic grid for dB and non-
dB noise metrics
 Usability improvements (vector
tracks/dispersion)
 Roadway network designer &
VALE Reporting
 Emissions concentration
display

Federal Aviation 7
Administration
AEDT updates in 2018 – what to expect?
 AEDT 2e (March, 2018)
 Fleet database update to include new aircraft
models/types
 Airbus A350, A320neos
 Gulfstream G650

 AEDT 3 (Fall, 2018)


 Aircraft performance modeling update
 BADA4 implementation  more accurate and unified modeling of
aircraft performance for both terminal area and cruise operations.
 Aircraft takeoff weight and takeoff thrust modeling to better
represent flight operations
 Improved noise, emissions, and fuel burn estimation methodologies
 Other updates

Federal Aviation 8
Administration
AEDT and User Support - Websites
 How to Obtain AEDT-
https://aedt.faa.gov/Purchase.aspx
 AEDT Support Website - https://aedt.faa.gov
Provides product information
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) including
known issues
Optional tools
Support feedback
Training material – example exercises,
instructional videos, etc.
 AEDT Functionality Comparison
https://aedt.faa.gov/2d_information.aspx
Federal Aviation 9
Administration
AEDT Contacts
Joseph.Dipardo@faa.gov
Mohammed.Majeed@faa.gov
Hua.He@faa.gov

Federal Aviation 10
Administration
2017 AIRPORT PLANNING
& NEPA WORKSHOP

Noise Modeling for NEPA in AEDT


NEPA Session 3
AEDT Technical Talk

Brad Nicholas
Principal Consultant
HMMH
bnicholas@hmmh.com
AEDT NEPA Noise Analysis Steps
Define Noise Modeling Scenarios
Bay Area Regional Airport
Runway Extension EA
Collect Data

Refine Data and Create AEDT Input

Run AEDT Calculations

Analyze Impacts

Document Results

Airport Planning & NEPA Workshop | Nov. 29 – Dec. 01, 2017 | Arlington, VA
AEDT NEPA Noise Analysis
Define Noise Modeling Scenarios
• Existing Conditions
• Proposed Action
• Year of project implementation
• Typically an additional forecast year
• No Action
• Same year(s) as Proposed Action scenario(s)
• Baseline for comparison to Proposed Action

Airport Planning & NEPA Workshop | Nov. 29 – Dec. 01, 2017 | Arlington, VA
AEDT NEPA Noise Analysis
Collect Data
• Physical Characteristics
• Airfield layout
• Flight track geometry
• Terrain
• Weather data*
• Aircraft noise and performance data*
• Operational Characteristics
• Aircraft operations
• Runway use
• Flight track use
*Included in AEDT; requires FAA approval to use alternative data

Airport Planning & NEPA Workshop | Nov. 29 – Dec. 01, 2017 | Arlington, VA
AEDT NEPA Noise Analysis
Refine Data and Create AEDT Input
• Create Representative Flight Tracks
• Create Average Annual Day
• Operations
• Runway Use
• Flight Track Use

Airport Planning & NEPA Workshop | Nov. 29 – Dec. 01, 2017 | Arlington, VA
AEDT NEPA Noise Analysis
Run AEDT Calculations
• 65 dB, 70 dB, and 75 dB DNL Contours
• Noise Levels at Noise Sensitive Locations

Airport Planning & NEPA Workshop | Nov. 29 – Dec. 01, 2017 | Arlington, VA
AEDT NEPA Noise Analysis
Analyze Impacts
• Significant Impact:
• Proposed Action increases noise levels by 1.5 dB or
more relative to No Action
• Noise level under the Proposed Action is a DNL of
65 dB or greater
• Location is noise sensitive based on 14 CFR Part 150

Airport Planning & NEPA Workshop | Nov. 29 – Dec. 01, 2017 | Arlington, VA
AEDT NEPA Noise Analysis
Document Results
• Input
• Methodology
• Results

Airport Planning & NEPA Workshop | Nov. 29 – Dec. 01, 2017 | Arlington, VA
2017 AIRPORT PLANNING
& NEPA WORKSHOP

Using AEDT to Model Emissions


NEPA Session 3
AEDT Technical Talk

Clint Morrow
Senior Environmental Engineer
KB Environmental Sciences, Inc.
cmorrow@kbenv.com
Airports include many sources of air emissions
AIRCRAFT
TAXIING

AUXILLIARY POWER AIRCRAFT LANDINGS


UNITS (APU) AND TAKEOFFS

GROUND SUPPORT
EQUIPMENT (GSE)

STATIONARY
SOURCES MASS
MOTOR
TRANSIT
VEHICLES
Airport Planning & NEPA Workshop | Nov. 29 – Dec. 01, 2017 | Arlington, VA
SOURCE: GOOGLE EARTH IMAGERY OF RONALD REAGAN WASHINGTON NATIONAL AIRPORT, 2016
Airport emissions are comprised of regulated air
pollutants and greenhouse gases
CH4
CO2
N2O

PM
Lead
VOC

CO NO2
SO2 Ozone
NOx
Airport Planning & NEPA Workshop | Nov. 29 – Dec. 01, 2017 | Arlington, VA
SOURCE: RONALD REAGAN WASHINGTON NATIONAL AIRPORT, 2017
AEDT is used to model emissions for specific types
of projects in regulated geographic areas

TYPE OF PROJECT ATTAINMENT STATUS

Projects that are typically exempt:

 Routine maintenance and repair


 Apron pavement work
 Pavement markings/lighting systems
 NAVAID installation and operation
 Airport maintenance facilities
 Vehicle staging areas

Airport Planning & NEPA Workshop | Nov. 29 – Dec. 01, 2017 | Arlington, VA
Emissions inventories are the most common
assessments conducted using AEDT
EMISSIONS INVENTORY EMISSIONS DISPERSION
(µg )

NOx Emissions (tons/year)


ADMS (Inventory: 351.9 Mg/annum) AEDT/EDMS (Inventory: 360.3 Mg/annum)

400

350

300 Roadway

250
APU
200 ALAQS-AV + LASAT (Inventory: 372.7 Mg/annum) LASPORT (Inventory: 394.4 Mg/annum)

GSE
150

100 Aircraft

50

0
No Build Alt. A Alt. B Alt. C

Airport Planning & NEPA Workshop | Nov. 29 – Dec. 01, 2017 | Arlington, VA
A combination of AEDT and other models is
sometimes necessary to fully address NEPA
• AEDT models aircraft and associated ground
support equipment
• AEDT also models motor vehicles and other sources
by using additional emissions models
• Temporary construction emissions are modeled
using other tools and methods not in AEDT

Airport Planning & NEPA Workshop | Nov. 29 – Dec. 01, 2017 | Arlington, VA
There are many common data inputs when
modeling emissions and noise in AEDT
Input Data Emissions Inventory Noise Contours
Aircraft Ops/Fleet Mix Yes Yes
Weather Yes Yes
Runway Use No Yes
Flight Tracks No Yes
Aircraft Taxi Times Yes No
Ground Equipment Yes No
Motor Vehicles Yes No
Facility Locations Yes No

For emissions dispersion modeling, flight tracks and runway use are required

Airport Planning & NEPA Workshop | Nov. 29 – Dec. 01, 2017 | Arlington, VA
AEDT modeling in the context of the NEPA process

• AEDT is used to determine impacts to air quality Screening


and noise due to a proposed airport project
• Emissions and noise modeling are typically
completed towards the end of the planning and AEDT Modeling
NEPA process
• During the planning process it is important to
conduct screening exercises to minimize or avoid
Impact Analysis
significant impacts

Airport Planning & NEPA Workshop | Nov. 29 – Dec. 01, 2017 | Arlington, VA