MasterCAM version Mill9.

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Tutorial chapters: 1. Importing IGES file into MasterCAM 2. Tool path setup a. Setting job parameters: stock boundaries, creating a bounding box, selecting the stock origin. 3. Surface toolpaths: a. Rough cut b. Finish cut 4. Setting toolpath parameters a. Creating a new tool 5. Preparing for machining; post processing a. Checking toolpaths for collisions and gouges 6. NC file upload 7. Router Functions Routing is an effective method for machining materials such as wood (or wood byproducts), plastics, and rigid or high-density foam. The tutorial chapters will enable you to generate g-code .NC files from an imported 3-D model to be machined by the AXYZ4008 router at the GSD. 1. Importing IGES file into MasterCAM

Surface and solid models can be imported into MasterCAM from environments that create watertight models. The Rhinoceros platform is successful for exporting watertight .igs or .iges models. (Note: FormZ is not suited to producing these models.) Exporting your model from Rhinoceros 1. Prior to exporting your surfaces the entire Rhino model needs to be located in the Cartesian positive X- and Y-axes and the negative Z axis. 2. In Rhinoceros select File / Export Selected (follow the Command prompt instructions and select the appropriate surfaces.) An Export dialogue box will appear: create file name and save as an IGES *.igs, *.iges.

Browse to find your file and open it. First. An IGES Export Options dialogue box will appear: scroll through the IGES types. 3. An addition dialogue box will appear. Importing your IGES file into MasterCAM 1. Verify Surface Viability 1. “Delete the Current Part?” Click Yes. 4. 2. Rightclick for “dynamic spin” options.3. Using the prompts at the top left of the screen select: File / Converters / IGES / Read File. follow the onscreen prompts to adjust the surfaces of rebuild your model and re-import. asking. Open the MasterCAM Mill9.1 icon. . Press F9 to toggle on/off the X. The MasterCAM location of your model will correspond to the Rhinoceros exported position. To view your model obliquely. If you have reversed normals. A pop-up window will then appear informing you of your model’s integrity. 2. Y. select Mastercam and select OK. Z-axes. Any initial machining problems can be identified by the following sequence. testing the normals: select Main Menu / Analyze / Surfaces / Test Norms / All / Surfaces / Done. 5. Your model should now appear. accept defaults and click OK. A dialogue bow will appear.

A pop-up window will appear with diagnostics of your model. See below for details 2. Take note of the location of the curves that MasterCAM indicates contain sharp internal corners before proceeding. 1. Note: you can only set up rectangular stock Setting Job Parameters: creating a bounding box A bounding box defines the stock limits by finding the extents of the selected geometry. 1. and Z fields based on the geometry you selected. Tool path setup Setting Job Parameters: stock boundaries The stock boundaries help you visualize the part you are machining during the toolpath verification. Choose: Main Menu / Toolpaths / Job setup 2. Choose OK if you accept. Choose: Bounding box 3. MasterCAM will ask you if you wish to draw the internal sharp curves. Click OK. Y. A tolerance will be shown at the bottom left of the screen. testing the model for sharp internal corners that may not be machinable: select Main Menu / Analyze / Surfaces / Check Model / All / Surfaces / Done. Choose: Main Menu / Toolpaths / Job setup 2. Select the entities around which the bounding box is defined. The system automatically fills in the X. Select one corner of the stock using the Point Entry system and then select the opposite corner.3. We recommend that you say no and either proceed knowing that the machine may not be able to reproduce your model as precisely as you have drawn it or to redraw your model in the original modeling program avoiding sharp internal corners and re-import. Choose: Done . If you had internal sharp corners. Choose: Select corners 3. select Enter to accept 4. And also understand that you may be able to set parameters that will minimize the differential between what is modeled and what the machine is capable of cutting. Second. 4. 4.

The system returns to the Job Setup dialog box and fills in the stock origin X. Drive: S b.Setting Job Parameters: selecting the stock origin The stock origin adjusts the position of the stock. choose unspecified) 6. Select a point in the graphics window. Y.) These are all options for the direction or manner in which the tool will make its cuts over the surface of the object. You can set the stock origin to any corner of your model. Select all surfaces feature by clicking All and then Surfaces. A rough cut is not required for milling foam. Contain: N 3. You will verify that the machining is only cutting the desired surfaces in the next steps. Choose: Select origin 3. click / Rough 4. click Done. contour. use the pointer and click on each desired surface.. 1. Do not worry if this automatically selects an underside. 5. 4. Check: N d. Do so accordingly (Boss is a positive. once your surfaces have been selected. flowline. 1. etc. . CAD file: N c. 7. When finished selecting. Click OK and leave the remaining defaults as they are set. cavity is a negative. parallel. Again. radial. A rough cut is required when removing wood. click Done.” Choose from a number of preset paths that the tool will take (i. Note: be sure to leave 1/16” of material for your finish cut. 3. To learn more about the differences at this point. You may use the unselect button at the top left if you accidentally choose a surface you didn’t intend to. You will now be prompted to select the surfaces for machining. Click Done. Choose: Main Menu / Toolpaths / Surface / 2. Ensure that the Surface settings shown at the top left of the interface are as follows: a. Select the “surface roughing. If you have both or a complex form. Choose: Main Menu / Toolpaths / Job setup 2. 8. If you wish to select only specific surfaces rather than clicking All as described above. Surface Tool paths Rough Cut Rough toolpaths remove large amounts of material from surfaces as rapidly as possible. and Z-coordinate based on the point you selected. click on the help button.e. If you choose parallel cut you will be prompted to tell MasterCam whether you are cutting a boss or a cavity.

1. You will verify that the machining is only cutting the desired surfaces in the next steps. Drive: S b. To learn more about the differences at this point.9. click Done. If you wish to select only specific surfaces. 2. A Toolpath Parameters Dialog Box will open. Select the Surface Finishing. click on the help button. Select all surfaces feature by clicking All and then Surfaces. Finish Cut Surface finish toolpaths are used to create precise surfaces after roughing. After the defaults are set. click / Finish 4. rather than clicking All as described above use the pointer and click on each desired surface. once your surfaces have been selected. Choose: Main Menu / Toolpaths / Surface / 2. in the Parameters dialog box. 7. Under the “Tool Parameter” tab. You will now be prompted to select the surfaces for machining. Setting toolpath parameters Creating a new tool 1. Click Done. 6. Contain: N 3. Do not worry if this automatically selects an underside. prior to setting the Finish Cut parameters. a dialogue box will appear. This is the manner in which the tool will make its cuts over the surface of the object. CAD file: N c. You may use the unselect button at the top left. Check: N d. Again. When finished selecting. Ensure that the Surface settings shown at the top left of the interface are as follows: a. right-click in the tool list area and choose Create new tool. click Done 4. . 5. Follow the directions in Chapter 4: Setting Toolpath Parameters to set the parameters of your rough-cut.

3. 4. Coolant: off e. Clearance: This is how high the tip of the bit will be raised off of the top of the material block when the arm travels during initial and final non-cutting movements. Plunge Rate: 10 (for wood). THE TIP OF THE ROUTER MUST BE HIGH ENOUGH SO THAT IT WON’T HIT ANY OF THEM. Accept all other defaults 6. It will be important to forecast the height of any bracing or clamps used to hold down your material on the router bed when calculating this figure. . Retract Rates: 200 d. Set the following parameters for your tool: a. 200 (FOR FOAM ONLY!!!) c. 200 (FOR FOAM ONLY!!!) b. Choose OK. 5. Click on the Surface Parameters Tab and adjust the following parameters according to the specifics of your project. (NOTE: BE SURE ALL MEASUREMENTS ARE SET TO INCREMENTAL) a. Feed Rate: 25 (for wood). Enter your bit parameters in the Define Tool dialog box.

Feed Plane: This is distance off of the machined material to which the feed rate will continue and after which the Plunge Rate will begin. and will move at the feed rate when it is below this height.” d. You do not want to use center comp. The Max Stepover determines the distance the bit will move over for the next parallel cut. c. the more accurate and longer the cuttime. and machining angle. This will affect the “smoothness” of your final surface Here a larger number will result in more “stepping” (if using a flat-end bit) or “scalloping” (if using a rounded bit). max stepover. Most jobs will be fine accepting the default of 0. Click on the Finish Parallel Parameters Tab to adjust tolerance.001 b.b. a. Machining Angle: this will allow you to dictate which angle the parallel lines are cut. Select OK and the lines of your toolpath will appear along the surface of your object/model along with an Operations Manager Dialog Box. into an NC program. post processing A post processor is a program that converts a toolpath. Retract: This is the height the tip of the bit will be raised off of the top of the material block in between cutting movements. which contains all information necessary to machine a part. . d. Consider the width of your bit and some fraction of that width as a Max Stepover. 8. In other words. the tool will move very quickly when it is above this height. Tip comp: This is the point on the bit from which the cutting measurements are drawn. The Tolerence will help determine how accurate the bit interpolates your surface curvature. The most efficient is “zig-zag. Fron this dialog box you will be able to complete the final steps to Verify and Post your file. Preparing for machining. CHAPTER 5. required by a particular machine and control combination to machine the part. (NOTE: BE SURE ALL MEASUREMENTS ARE SET TO INCREMENTAL) 7. Cutting Method: select “zig-zag” to allow the machine to cut while traversing both positive and negative directions or “one-way” to restrict cutting to a single direction. cutting method. which is the code. The smaller the number. c.

5. IMPORTANT: If you have altered the parameters. so that any program errors can be eliminated before they are sent to the router. You can also set the color and level of the geometry that marks collisions and gouges. 6. If the Operations Manager Dialog Box is open. bull. 3. Verify your toolpath: a. (NOTE: TOOL HOLDER COLLISIONS AND GOUGES ARE NOT REPORTED) Verifying Toolpaths The model created by Verify represents the surface finish. You can check more than one toolpath for gouges and collisions at the same time if the toolpaths are all in the same tool plane. From within the Operations Manager. If you are satisfied with the verify. tool. Then repeat the steps outlined above to re-verify the new tool path. usually during a linear or arc move. Collisions and gouges can cause damage to a part. A gouge occurs when the tool removes more material than desired. and shows collisions. or ball endmills. return to the Operations Manager and click on the Parameters line to return to the tool parameters dialogue box. A collision occurs when the tool contacts material during a rapid move. highlight the tool path in the window on the left and click on the Post button on the right. close the verify bar by clicking on the X at the top right. if any exist the simulation will pause to identify the location. 7. You . 4. This will regenerate the tool path. you must return to the Operations Manager and click Regen. Repeat these steps until you are satisfied with the tool path demonstrated in the verify. To run the verify. CNC machine. select: Main Menu / NC utils / Verify 2. select Verify b. This will reopen the Operations Manager. and the machine operator. This function works with flat. 1. The system compares a surface toolpath to an STL file that represents the finished shape of the part to see where gouges have occurred. This will open the Post Processing dialogue box.Checking toolpaths for collisions and gouges By checking your toolpaths for collisions and gouges. you can prevent future problems while machining a part. Make any necessary adjustments and say OK. If you are unsatisfied for any reason. Or. To preview multiple toolpaths highlight the name in the post box by holding the Ctrl and LMC. click the play button.

Click on save NCI. 8. If it is not shown in the dialogue box. choose change post and choose it from the list (it will be the first one on the list). Saving the file will cause your G-Code to be written. save the file to your desired location.should use the AXYZ postprocessor (axyz_Harvard. You now have a rough cut tool path ready for the uploading to the mill/router. . The sheet walks the operator through the simple Functions in machine operation. as well as save NC. When prompted. 6. You do not need to click the edit box. NC file upload Log on to the computer in L40d and transfer your file onto the desktop.pst). 7. 9. Router Functions In L40d a laminated sheet titled AXYZ CNC Router Table – Instructions for Milling your Part is located with the bits.

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