You are on page 1of 43

Tātaiako - Cultural Competencies for

Teachers of Māori Learners:

A resource for use with the


Graduating Teacher Standards and
Registered Teacher Criteria
Contents

Introduction ........................................................................................................................... 1

Purpose of this material ......................................................................................................... 1

Background information ........................................................................................................ 2

What is culture? ................................................................................................................ 2

Cultural competence......................................................................................................... 2

Cultural responsiveness.................................................................................................... 3

Effective Teaching Profile.................................................................................................. 3

Using this material................................................................................................................. 5

For the team leader or school or setting leader ................................................................ 5

For the classroom teacher ................................................................................................ 6

Gathering evidence ........................................................................................................... 7

Registered Teacher Criteria.................................................................................................... 8

Aligning the Registered Teacher Criteria to the Cultural Competencies Framework for
Teachers of Māori Learners .............................................................................................. 8

Registered Teacher Criteria Cultural Competence Tool ................................................... 20

Graduating Teacher Standards: Aotearoa New Zealand ........................................................ 33

Aligning the Graduating Teacher Standards to the Cultural Competencies for Teachers of
Māori Learners ................................................................................................................ 33
Introduction

This material has been developed by Haemata Limited as part of a wider project sponsored
by the Ministry of Education in association with the New Zealand Teachers Council to:

• investigate the notion of cultural competence as it may apply to the teaching sector and
• develop a set of statements of cultural competence for teachers of Māori learners in the
New Zealand education setting (schools and early education centres).

The project ‘Cultural Competence in the New Zealand Teaching Workforce’ was established
as a joint venture between the Ministry and the New Zealand Teachers Council (the Teachers
Council), recognising the key role and vested interest both organisations have in developing
quality teachers for the New Zealand teaching workforce and in raising Māori learner
achievement. Haemata Limited was engaged in October 2010 to deliver five outputs, one of
which was to draft material which could be used by the Teachers Council to strengthen the
focus on cultural competence that already exists in their standards.

Purpose of this material

The purpose of this resource is to provide teachers with information, prompts and questions
to stimulate thinking and discussion about their current practice and how responsive that
practice is to the specific learning and cultural needs of Māori learners. It is designed to
assist teachers to focus on what they are doing to support Māori learners in achieving their
educational potential and to enjoy education achievement as Māori.

The material is linked to the ‘Cultural Competencies for Teachers of Māori Learners’
developed as part of the wider project and may be useful to professional development
providers wishing to explore the notion of cultural competence in relation to the Graduating
Teacher Standards and Registered Teacher Criteria.

It is hoped that the information and questions will help assist teachers in developing more
culturally responsive:

• relationships with Māori learners, whānau, hapū and Māori communities


• learning environments, and
• teaching approaches and practices.

It should be noted that this material is NOT intended as:

• a checklist for assessment of culturally responsive teachers


• exemplars or benchmarks for assessment of culturally responsive teachers
• a ‘one size fits all’ model of an exemplary culturally responsive teacher.

1
Background information

What is culture?

Culture can be described in terms of both its visible and invisible elements:

“The visible are the signs, images and iconography that are immediately recognizable as
representing that culture and that theoretically create an appropriate context for learning.
The invisible are the values, morals, modes of communication and decision making and
problem-solving processes along with the world views and knowledge - producing
processes that assists individuals and groups with meaning and sense-making. Hence the
notion that the creation of learning contexts needs to allow for the existence of both visible
and invisible elements.”1

Cultural competence

Cultural competence, in terms of teaching, is to affirm and validate the culture/s of each
learner. It acknowledges that all learners and teachers come to the classroom as culturally
located individuals and that all interactions and learning are culturally defined.

Culturally competent teachers are able to use the learner’s culture/s as a building block to
learn and teach. They understand how to utilise the learner’s culture/s to aid the teaching
and learning process, as well as to facilitate relationships and professional growth.

Culturally competent teachers get to know the learner and work to ensure that the learning
environment, learning partnerships and learning discussions acknowledge and respect the
learner’s culture/s. For Māori learners this includes collaborating and consulting with
parents, whānau and iwi to learn and better understand what the Māori community values
and wants for their children, and what Māori learners need in order to enjoy education
success as Māori.

Teacher cultural competence involves understanding, respecting and valuing culture, and
knowing how to use culture as an asset in the teaching and learning process, both inside
and beyond the classroom.

1 R.Bishop, M.Berryman, T.Cavanagh and L.Teddy, (March 2007) Te Kotahitanga Phase 3: Establishing a Culturally
Responsive Pedagogy of Relations in Mainstream Secondary School Classrooms, pp 30-31.

2
Cultural responsiveness

Earl et al (2008)2 in their exploratory project to understand more about quality teaching for
Māori and Pasifika students state that “cultural responsiveness is much more than
introducing myths or metaphors into class. It means interacting with their families to truly
understand their reality; it means understanding the socio-political history and how it
impacts on classroom life; it means challenging personal beliefs and actions; and, it means
changing practices to engage all students in their learning and make the classroom a
positive learning place for all students”.3

They also state that cultural responsiveness is a way of being and of thinking that requires
teachers to confront their own personal beliefs and their relationships with students and
with communities, as well as to learn new customs and new languages4.

Effective Teaching Profile

The Effective Teaching Profile (ETP) underpins the professional learning support offered
through Te Kotahitanga5 and represents an operationalisation of Māori aspirations for
education. It attempts to illustrate what a culturally responsive pedagogy of relations might
look like in practice and has been included here in order to provide the teacher and
school/kura with principled knowledge and information about what an effective teacher
understands and is able to demonstrate.

2 Earl, L. M. with Timperley, H., and Stewart, G. (2008). Learning from QTR&D Programme: Findings of the External
Evaluation
3 Ibid, page 12
4 Ibid, page 13
5 Te Kotahitanga is a Ministry of Education sponsored research and professional development programme offered
by Waikato University. The ETP forms the basis of the professional development initiative.

3
Te Kotahitanga Effective Teaching Profile (Bishop, et al. 2003)

Effective teachers of Māori students create a culturally appropriate and responsive context
for learning in their classroom.

In doing so they demonstrate:

• they positively and vehemently reject deficit theorising as a means of explaining Māori
students’ educational achievement levels (and professional development projects need to
ensure that this happens); and
• teachers know and understand how to bring about change in Māori students’ educational
achievement and are professionally committed to doing so (and professional development
projects need to ensure that this happens);

in the following observable ways:

• Manaakitanga: They care for the students as culturally located human beings above all
else. (Mana refers to authority and āki is the task of urging someone to act. It refers to the
task of building and nurturing a supportive and loving environment.)
• Mana motuhake: They care for the performance of their students. (In modern times mana
has taken on various meanings such as legitimation and authority and can also relate to an
individual’s or a group’s ability to participate at the local and global level. Mana motuhake
involves the development of personal or group identity and independence.)
• Whakapiringatanga: They are able to create a secure, well-managed learning environment
by incorporating routine pedagogical knowledge with pedagogical imagination.
(Whakapiringatanga is a process wherein specific individual roles and responsibilities are
required to achieve individual and group outcomes.)
• Wānanga: They are able to engage in effective teaching interactions with Māori students as
Māori. (As well as being known as Māori centres of learning, wānanga as a learning forum
involves a rich and dynamic sharing of knowledge. With this exchange of views, ideas are
given life and spirit through dialogue, debate and careful consideration in order to reshape
and accommodate new knowledge.)
• Ako: They can use a range of strategies that promote effective teaching interactions and
relationships with their learners. (Ako means to learn as well as to teach. It refers both to
the acquisition of knowledge and to the processing and imparting of knowledge. More
importantly ako is a teaching-learning practice that involves teachers and students
learning in an interactive dialogic relationship.)
• Kotahitanga: They promote, monitor and reflect on outcomes that in turn lead to
improvements in educational achievement for Māori students. (Kotahitanga is a
collaborative response towards a commonly held vision, goal or other such purpose or
outcome.)

4
Using this m aterial

These suggestions are intended as strategies to generate discussion and thinking about
what it means to be a culturally competent teacher and, in a wider context, what it means to
be a culturally responsive school, educational setting and community. They could be
implemented alongside the reflective questions in the Culturally Responsive Registered
Teacher Criteria tool.

For the team


team leader or school or setting leader

These suggestions below could be carried out at a school-wide or team meeting or


professional learning opportunity.

• Use the round robin strategy to determine what teachers understand about cultural
competence and cultural responsiveness in their teaching practices/classroom/school or
setting.
• Use the Y-chart strategy to discuss what a culturally competent and/or responsive
teacher/classroom/school or setting looks like, feels like, sounds like.
• Use the Y-chart to explore what the culturally competent and/or responsive teacher looks
like, feels like, sounds like in that culturally competent and/or responsive
classroom/school or setting.
• Introduce and discuss as a team the Graduating Teacher Standards (GTS) or Registered
Teacher Criteria (RTC) as appropriate, and cultural competence self-reflection table.
• Based on the discussions and learning that comes out of the professional learning activity
suggestions above, ask teachers how they could include this in their appraisal and
professional learning and development plan.
• As a school/team discuss how the discussion and learning could feed into the school goals
and targets for Māori learners; the goals, targets and actions of Ka Hikitia; and the
overarching outcomes of Māori enjoying education success as Māori.
• As a school/team take one of the overarching statements from the GTS/RTC and discuss
how this applies to the teachers and school/centre. Questions you might ask are:

‑ What is the teachers’, leaders’, school/centre’s role in enabling the achievement of


ākonga Māori?
‑ Under the Treaty of Waitangi, what does ‘equitable outcomes’ mean for us as a staff,
and as a community? How do we promote and ensure equitable outcomes for ākonga
Māori?
‑ How do teachers and the school show awareness of, and respect for, te reo Māori and
tikanga Māori, and Māori culture and heritage?

5
• Think about and respond to the ‘Cultural Competencies for Teachers of Māori Learners’
that have been developed around five dimensions:

‑ Ako
‑ Manaakitanga
‑ Whanaungatanga
‑ Wānanga
‑ Tangata Whenuatanga

• Questions might include:

‑ How is the teaching in my class/our kura/school effective for Māori learners?


‑ How are the language and cultural practices in my class/our kura/school respectful of
Māori culture, language and values?
‑ How are the relationships in my class/our kura/school effective with Māori learners?
‑ Are the engagement practices in my class/our kura/school effective for Māori
parents, whānau and iwi?
‑ How do the learning contexts and systems in my class/in our kura/school
acknowledge local environment, culture, tikanga and reo?

For the classroom


classroom teacher

These suggestions below could be carried out individually, with a colleague, or with your
teaching or syndicate team at a professional learning and development meeting where the
focus is on how to be a more culturally competent teacher.

• Carry out a SWOT analysis to identify your strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and
threats in regard to becoming a culturally competent teacher. The key is to be honest. This
is a good starting point in thinking about what you might need to be doing to become
more culturally responsive to ākonga Māori in your school or setting.
• Refer to the ‘Teacher Competencies for Māori Learners’ to identify your strengths,
potential/opportunities, and next steps in becoming a culturally competent teacher/leader.
• Ask a colleague for their perspective about what you do well as a culturally responsive
teacher.
• “Ako describes a teaching and learning relationship where the educator is also learning
from the student” (2008, p. 20)6. Collect student voice about how well you are developing
as a culturally responsive teacher, and ask them how they think the classroom environment
(content, activities, way they are taught) could be improved to help them become more
comfortable, and help them learn. Then, reflect on what that means for you as a teacher.

6 Ministry of Education (2008). Ka Hikitia – Managing for Success: The Māori Education Strategy 2008-2012

6
Gathering evidence

Possible sources of evidence include the sources provided in the Registered Teacher Criteria
(see page 5 of Registered Teacher Criteria), that is, observations, discussions and
documentation. Also collect student, parent, and whānau voice as sources of evidence.

In addition to these sources of evidence, see suggestions identified in the Registered


Teacher Criteria Cultural Competence Tool.

7
Registered T eacher C riteria

Aligning the Registered Teacher Criteria to the Cultural Competencies


Framework
ramework for Teachers of Mā
Māori Learners

Each criterion in the RTC has a link to the Cultural Competencies Framework for Teachers of
Māori Learners. The following table identifies the most obvious of those links. However, each
criterion and its key indicators may link to multiple competencies.

8
REGISTERED TEACHER CRITERIA CULTURAL COMPETENCIES FOR TEACHERS OF MĀORI LEARNERS
Professional relationships and professional values

Key indicators
indicators Competency Behavioural indicators
Criteria

Fully registered teachers: Registered teache


teachers
eachers Leaders

1. Establish and maintain i. Engage in ethical, respectful, WHANAUNGATANGA: • Has respectful working relationships • Is visible, welcoming and accessible to
effective professional positive and collaborative Actively engages in with Māori learners and their whānau Māori parents, whānau, hapū, iwi and the
relationships focused on professional relationships respectful working which enhance Māori learner Māori community.
the learning and well- with: relationships with Māori achievement. • Actively builds and maintains respectful
being of ākonga • ākonga learners, parents and • Actively seeks ways to work with working relationships with Māori learners,
• teaching colleagues, support whānau, hapū, iwi, and whānau to maximise Māori learner their parents, whānau, hapū, iwi and
staff and other professionals the Māori community success. communities which enable Māori to
• whānau and other carers of participate in important decisions about
ākonga their children’s learning.
• agencies, groups and • Demonstrates an appreciation of how
individuals in the community whānau and iwi operate.
• Ensures that the school/centre, teachers
and whānau work together to maximise
Māori learner success.

9
REGISTERED TEACHER CRITERIA CULTURAL COMPETENCIES FOR TEACHERS OF MĀORI LEARNERS
Professional relationships and professional values

Key indicators
indicators Competency Behavioural indicators
Criteria

Fully registered teachers: Registered teache


teachers
eachers Leaders

2. Demonstrate commitment i. Take all reasonable steps to MANAAKITANGA: • Displays respect, integrity and sincerity • Actively acknowledges and follows
to promoting the well- provide and maintain a Demonstrates integrity, when engaging with Māori learners and appropriate protocols when engaging with
being of all ākonga teaching and learning sincerity and respect their whānau, hapū, iwi and Māori parents, whānau, hapū, iwi and
environment that is physically, towards Māori beliefs, communities. communities.
socially, culturally and language and culture • Demonstrably cares about Māori • Communications with Māori learners are
emotionally safe learners, what they think and why. demonstrably underpinned by cross-
ii. Acknowledge and respect the • Displays respect for the local Māori cultural values of integrity and sincerity.
languages, heritages and culture (ngā tikanga ā-iwi) in engaging • Understands local tikanga and Māori
cultures of all ākonga with Māori learners, their parents, culture sufficiently to be able to respond
whānau, hapū, iwi and communities. appropriately to Māori learners, their
• Incorporates Māori culture (including parents, whānau, hapū and Māori
tikanga ā-iwi) in curriculum delivery community about what happens at the
and design processes. school/centre.
• Can desribe how the Treaty of Waitangi • Leads and supports staff to provide a
influences their practice as a teacher in respectful and caring environment to
the New Zealand educational setting. enable Māori achievement.
• Actively acknowledges and acts upon the
implications of the Treaty of Waitangi for
themeselves as a leader and their
school/centre.

10
REGISTERED TEACHER CRITERIA CULTURAL COMPETENCIES FOR TEACHERS OF MĀORI LEARNERS
Professional relationships and professional values

Key indicators
indicators Competency Behavioural indicators
Criteria

Fully registered teachers: Registered teache


teachers
eachers Leaders

3. Demonstrate commitment i. Demonstrate respect for the TANGATA • Harnesses the rich cultural capital which • Consciously provides resources and sets
to bicultural partnership heritages, languages and WHENUATANGA: Māori learners bring to the classroom expectations that staff will engage with and
in Aotearoa New Zealand cultures of both partners to Affirms Māori learners by providing culturally responsive and learn about the local tikanga, environment,
the Treaty of Waitangi as Māori – provides engaging contexts for learning. and community, and their inter-related
contexts for learning • Actively facilitates the participation of history.
where the identity, whānau and people with the knowledge • Understands and can explain the effect of
language and culture of local context, tikanga, history and the local history on local iwi, whānau,
(‘cultural locatedness’) language to support classroom teaching Māori community, Māori learners, the
of Māori learners and and learning programmes. environment and the school/ centre.
their whānau is • Consciously uses and actively • Actively acknowledges Māori parents, local
affirmed encourages the use of local Māori hapū, iwi and the Māori community as key
contexts (such as whakapapa, stakeholders in the school/centre.
environment, tikanga, language, • Ensures that teachers know how to
history, place, economy, politics, local acknowledge and utilise the cultural capital
icons, geography, etc) to support Māori which Māori learners bring to the
learners’ learning. classroom in order to maximise learner
success.

11
REGISTERED TEACHER CRITERIA CULTURAL COMPETENCIES FOR TEACHERS OF MĀORI LEARNERS
Professional relationships and professional values

Key indicators
indicators Competency Behavioural indicators
Criteria

Fully registered teachers: Registered teache


teachers
eachers Leaders

4. Demonstrate commitment i. Identify professional learning AKO: Takes • Consciously plans and uses pedagogy • Actively displays a genuine commitment to
to ongoing professional goals in consultation with responsibility for their that engages Māori learners and caters Māori learner success.
learning and development colleagues own learning and that for their needs. • Consciously sets goals, monitors and
of personal professional ii. Participate responsively in of Māori learners • Plans and implements programmes of strategically plans for higher achievement
practice professional learning learning which accelerate the progress levels of Māori learners.
opportunities within the of each Māori learner identified as • Actively prioritises Māori learner
learning community achieving below or well below expected achievement, including accelerated
iii. Initiate learning opportunities achievement levels. progress of Māori learners achieving below
to advance personal • Actively engages Māori learners and or well below expected achievement levels.
professional knowledge and whānau in the learning partnership • Implements a teacher appraisal system that
skills through regular, purposeful feedback specifically includes Māori learner
and constructive feed-forward. achievement as a focus.
• Validates the prior knowledge that • Provides and supports ongoing
Māori learners bring to their learning. professional learning and development for
• Maintains high expectations of Māori staff that strengthens the school/centre’s
learners succeeding, as Māori. ability to raise Māori learner achievement.
• Takes responsibility for their own • Actively ensures that Māori learners have
development about Māori learner access to high quality, culturally relevant
achievement. programmes and services.
• Ensures congruency between learning at • Is personally committed to, and actively
home and at school. works on their own professional learning
and development with regard to Māori
learner achievement.

12
REGISTERED TEACHER CRITERIA CULTURAL COMPETENCIES FOR TEACHERS OF MĀORI LEARNERS
Professional relationships and professional values

Key indicators
indicators Competency Behavioural indicators
Criteria

Fully registered teachers: Registered teache


teachers
eachers Leaders

5. Show leadership that i. Actively contribute to the WĀNANGA: Participates • Uses specific strategies and protocols • Actively encourages and supports Māori
contributes to effective professional learning with learners and for effective communication with Māori parents, whānau, hapū, iwi and community
teaching and learning community communities in robust parents, whānau, hapū, iwi and to determine how they wish to engage
ii. Undertake areas of dialogue for the benefit community. about important matters at the
responsibility effectively of Māori learners’ • Communicates effectively with Māori school/centre.
achievement parents and whānau about their child’s • Actively supports and leads staff to engage
learning. effectively and appropriately with Māori
• Engages with Māori learners, whānau, parents, whānau and the Māori community.
hapū, iwi and Māori communities in • Actively seeks out, values and responds to
open dialogue about teaching and the views of Māori parents and whānau.
learning. • Engages the expertise of Māori parents and
• Acknowledges and accesses the whānau in the school/centre for the benefit
expertise that Māori parents, whānau, of Māori learners.
hapū and iwi offer.

13
REGISTERED TEACHER CRITERIA CULTURAL COMPETENCIES FOR TEACHERS OF MĀORI LEARNERS
Professional relationships and professional values

Key indicators
indicators Competency Behavioural indicators
Criteria

Fully registered teachers: Registered teache


teachers
eachers Leaders

6. Conceptualise, plan and i. Articulate clearly the aims of AKO: Takes • Consciously plans and uses pedagogy • Actively displays a genuine commitment to
implement an appropriate their teaching, give sound responsibility for their that engages Māori learners and caters Māori learner success.
learning programme professional reasons for own learning and that for their needs. • Consciously sets goals, monitors, and
adopting these aims, and of Māori learners • Plans and implements programmes of strategically plans for higher achievement
implement them in their learning which accelerate the progress levels of Māori learners.
practice of each Māori learner identified as • Actively prioritises Māori learner
ii. Through their planning and achieving below or well below expected achievement, including accelerated
teaching, demonstrate their achievement levels. progress of Māori learners achieving below
knowledge and • Actively engages Māori learners and or well below expected achievement levels.
understanding of relevant whānau in the learning partnership • Implements a teacher appraisal system that
content, disciplines and through regular, purposeful feedback specifically includes Māori learner
curriculum documents and constructive feed-forward. achievement as a focus.
• Validates the prior knowledge that • Provides and supports ongoing
Māori learners bring to their learning. professional learning and development for
• Maintains high expectations of Māori staff that strengthens the school/centre’s
learners succeeding, as Māori. ability to raise Māori learner achievement.
• Takes responsibility for their own • Actively ensures that Māori learners have
development about Māori learner access to high quality culturally relevant
achievement. programmes and services.
• Ensures congruency between learning at • Is personally committed to, and actively
home and at school. works on, their own professional learning
and development with regard to Māori
learner achievement.

14
REGISTERED TEACHER CRITERIA CULTURAL COMPETENCIES FOR TEACHERS OF MĀORI LEARNERS
Professional relationships and professional values

Key indicators
indicators Competency Behavioural indicators
Criteria

Fully registered teachers: Registered teache


teachers
eachers Leaders

7. Promote a collaborative, i. Demonstrate effective MANAAKITANGA: • Displays respect, integrity and sincerity • Actively acknowledges and follows
inclusive and supportive management of the learning Demonstrates integrity, when engaging with Māori learners and appropriate protocols when engaging with
learning environment setting which incorporates sincerity and respect their whānau hapū, iwi and Māori parents, whānau, hapū, iwi and
successful strategies to towards Māori beliefs, communities. communities.
engage and motivate ākonga language and culture • Demonstrably cares about Māori • Communications with Māori learners are
ii. Foster trust, respect and learners, what they think and why. demonstrably underpinned by cross-
cooperation with and among • Displays respect for the local Māori cultural values of integrity and sincerity.
ākonga culture (ngā tikanga ā-iwi) in engaging • Understands local tikanga and Māori
with Māori learners, their parents, culture sufficiently to be able to respond
whānau, hapū, iwi and communities. appropriately to Māori learners, their
• Incorporates Māori culture (including parents, whānau and Māori community
tikanga ā-iwi) in curriculum delivery about what happens at the school/centre.
and design processes. • Leads and supports staff to provide a
• Can desribe how the Treaty of Waitangi respectful and caring environment to
influences their practice as a teacher in enable Māori achievement.
the New Zealand educational setting. • Actively acknowledges and acts upon the
implications of the Treaty of Waitangi for
themselves as a leader and their
school/centre.

15
REGISTERED TEACHER CRITERIA CULTURAL COMPETENCIES FOR TEACHERS OF MĀORI LEARNERS
Professional relationships and professional values

Key indicators
indicators Competency Behavioural indicators
Criteria

Fully registered teachers: Registered teache


teachers
eachers Leaders

8. Demonstrate in practice i. Enable ākonga to make AKO: Takes • Consciously plans and uses pedagogy • Actively displays a genuine commitment to
their knowledge and connections between their responsibility for their that engages Māori learners and caters Māori learner success.
understanding of how prior experiences and own learning and that for their needs. • Consciously sets goals, monitors, and
ākonga learn learning and their current of Māori learners • Plans and implements programmes of strategically plans for higher achievement
learning activities learning which accelerate the progress levels of Māori learners.
ii. Provide opportunities for of each Māori learner identified as • Actively prioritises Māori learner
ākonga to engage with, achieving below or well below expected achievement, including accelerated
practise and apply new achievement levels. progress of Māori learners achieving below
learning to different • Actively engages Māori learners and or well below expected achievement levels.
contexts whānau in the learning partnership • Implements a teacher appraisal system that
iii. Encourage ākonga to take through regular, purposeful feedback specifically includes Māori learner
responsibility for their own and constructive feed-forward. achievement as a focus.
learning and behaviour • Validates the prior knowledge that • Provides and supports ongoing
iv. Assist ākonga to think Māori learners bring to their learning. professional learning and development for
critically about information • Maintains high expectations of Māori staff that strengthens the school/centre’s
and ideas and to reflect on learners succeeding, as Māori. ability to raise Māori learner achievement.
their learning • Takes responsibility for their own • Actively ensures that Māori learners have
development about Māori learner access to high quality, culturally relevant
achievement. programmes and services.
• Ensures congruency between learning at • Is personally committed to, and actively
home and at school. works on, their own professional learning
and development with regard to Māori
learner achievement.

16
REGISTERED TEACHER CRITERIA CULTURAL COMPETENCIES FOR TEACHERS OF MĀORI LEARNERS
Professional relationships and professional values

Key indicators
indicators Competency Behavioural indicators
Criteria

Fully registered teachers: Registered teache


teachers
eachers Leaders

9. Respond effectively to the i. Demonstrate knowledge and TANGATA • Harnesses the rich cultural capital which • Consciously provides resources and sets
diverse language and understanding of social and WHENUATANGA: Māori learners bring to the classroom expectations that staff will engage with
cultural experiences, and cultural influences on Affirms Māori learners by providing culturally responsive and and learn about the local tikanga,
the varied strengths, learning, by working as Māori – provides engaging contexts for learning. environment, and community, and their
interests and needs, of effectively in the bicultural contexts for learning • Actively facilitates the participation of inter-related history.
individuals and groups of and multicultural contexts of where the identity, whānau and people with the knowledge • Understands and can explain the effect of
ākonga learning in Aotearoa New language and culture of local context, tikanga, history, and the local history on local iwi, whānau,
Zealand (‘cultural locatedness’) language to support classroom teaching Māori community, Māori learners, the
ii. Select teaching approaches, of Māori learners and and learning programmes. environment, and the school/centre.
resources, technologies, and their whānau is • Consciously uses and actively • Actively acknowledges Māori parents, local
learning and assessment affirmed. encourages the use of local Māori hapū, iwi and the Māori community as key
activities that are inclusive contexts (such as whakapapa, stakeholders in the school/centre.
and effective for diverse environment, tikanga, language, • Ensure that teachers know how to
ākonga history, place, economy, politics, local acknowledge and utilise the cultural capital
iii. modify teaching approaches icons, geography, etc) to support Māori which Māori learners bring to the
to address the needs of learners’ learning. classroom in order to maximise learner
individuals and groups of success.
ākonga

10. Work effectively within i. Practise and develop the


the bicultural context of relevant use of te reo Māori
Aotearoa New Zealand me ngā tikanga-a-iwi in
context
ii. Specifically and effectively
address the educational
aspirations of ākonga Māori,
displaying high expectations
for their learning

17
REGISTERED TEACHER CRITERIA CULTURAL COMPETENCIES FOR TEACHERS OF MĀORI LEARNERS
Professional relationships and professional values

Key indicators
indicators Competency Behavioural indicators
Criteria

Fully registered teachers: Registered teache


teachers
eachers Leaders

11. Analyse and i. Analyse assessment WĀNANGA: Participates • Uses specific strategies and protocols • Actively encourages and supports Māori
appropriately use information to identify with learners and for effective communication with Māori parents, whānau, hapū, iwi and community
assessment progress and ongoing communities in robust parents and whānau. to determine how they wish to engage
information, which has learning needs of ākonga dialogue for the benefit • Communicates effectively with Māori about important matters at the
been gathered formally ii. Use assessment information of Māori learners’ parents and whānau about their child’s school/centre.
and informally to give regular and ongoing achievement learning. • Actively supports and leads staff to engage
feedback to guide and • Engages with Māori learners, whānau, effectively and appropriately with Māori
support further learning iwi, hapū and Māori communities in parents, whānau, hapū, iwi and the Māori
iii. Analyse assessment open dialogue about teaching and community.
information to reflect on and learning. • Actively seeks out, values and responds to
evaluate the effectiveness of • Acknowledges and accesses the the views of Māori parents, whānau, hapū,
the teaching expertise that Māori parents, whānau, iwi and the Māori community.
iv. Communicate assessment hapū and iwi offer. • Engages the expertise of Māori parents,
and achievement whānau, hapū, iwi and the Māori
information to relevant community in the school/centre for the
members of the learning benefit of Māori learners.
community
v. Foster involvement of
whānau in the collection and
use of information about the
learning of ākonga

18
REGISTERED TEACHER CRITERIA CULTURAL COMPETENCIES FOR TEACHERS OF MĀORI LEARNERS
Professional relationships and professional values

Key indicators
indicators Competency Behavioural indicators
Criteria

Fully registered teachers: Registered teache


teachers
eachers Leaders

12. Use critical inquiry and i. Systematically and critically AKO: Takes • Consciously plans and uses pedagogy • Actively displays a genuine commitment to
problem solving engage with evidence and responsibility for their that engages Māori learners and caters Māori learner success.
effectively in their professional literature to own learning and that for their needs. • Consciously sets goals, monitors, and
professional practice reflect on and refine practice of Māori learners • Plans and implements programmes of strategically plans for higher achievement
ii. Respond professionally to learning which accelerate the progress levels of Māori learners.
feedback from members of of each Māori learner identified as • Actively prioritises Māori learner
their learning community achieving below or well below expected achievement, including accelerated
iii. Critically examine their own achievement levels. progress of Māori learners achieving below
beliefs, including cultural • Actively engages Māori learners and or well below expected achievement levels.
beliefs, and how they impact whānau in the learning partnership • Implements a teacher appraisal system that
on their professional through regular, purposeful feedback specifically includes Māori learner
practice and the and constructive feed-forward. achievement as a focus.
achievement of ākonga • Validates the prior knowledge that • Provides and supports ongoing
Māori learners bring to their learning. professional learning and development for
• Maintains high expectations of Māori staff that strengthens the school/centre’s
learners achieving as Māori. ability to raise Māori learner achievement.
• Takes responsibility for their own • Actively ensures that Māori learners have
development about Māori learner access to high quality culturally relevant
achievement. programmes and services.
• Ensures congruency between learning at • Is personally committed to, and actively
home and at school. works on their own professional learning
and development with regard to Māori
learner achievement.

19
Registered Teacher Criteria Cultural Competence Tool

The aim of this tool is to help teachers/leaders understand how well they are meeting each
criterion in the RTCs in a culturally competent manner (reflect, describe, evidence) and what
you might do next (next steps) to improve cultural responsiveness for Māori learners. In
particular teachers, team leaders, and school or centre leaders are encouraged to think
about:

• their role as a culturally competent teacher/leader


• what they are doing (actions and practice) to be culturally competent, and
• how they know their actions are having the impact on ākonga Māori outcomes (evidence).

The relevant cultural competency has been aligned to each criterion to help focus the
discussion.

Reflective questions help the teacher/leader reflect on their actions and practices and
describe what each criterion currently looks like in their setting.

A Y-chart or other strategy could be used for describing what the criteria and competencies
look like in a particular setting.

The teacher/leader might then show the type of evidence they could collect in relation to
that criterion.

Ideas for next steps have been included for some criterion to stimulate thinking about what
the next steps might be in order to meet the criteria from a culturally competent
perspective.

20
Professional relationships and professional values
Fully registered teachers engage in appropriate professional relationships
relationships and demonstrate commitment to professional values

Criteria Key indicators Cultural Competence Reflective questions What does this What evidence would Next steps / goals OR
for Teachers of Māori criterion and you collect to PL - where to go and what to
Learners competency look demonstrate this? try, or do
like in your
setting?
i. Engage in ethical, WHANAUNGATANGA: • What do I do to establish • Behavioral I need to:
the learning and well-being of ākonga
Establish and maintain effective professional relationships focused on
Criterion 1

respectful, positive Actively engages in working relationships with my statements e.g. I • know/learn how to engage
and collaborative respectful working ākonga Māori, their whānau, and use/collect/ the voice of my ākonga
professional relationships with my colleagues and others to analyse/observe/ Māori, whānau Māori in
relationships with: Māori learners, support learning? ask/plan/display/ classroom learning
• ākonga parents and whānau, • How do I get to know (in a design etc. • know/learn how to elicit the
• teaching hapū, iwi, and the meaningful way) the needs of my • Teacher examples expectations of my whānau
colleagues, support Māori community ākonga Māori? from the RTC Māori
staff and other • How do I find out about the workshops held by • know where to go for help.
professionals expectations of whānau for their NZTC
• whānau and other children and their education? • Statements that
carers of ākonga • How do I share with my show
• agencies, groups colleagues what I know and do acknowledgement,
and individuals in that helps me engage in a acceptance and
the community respectful, positive and appropriate use of
meaningful way with my ākonga particular teacher
Māori, whānau and community? practices such as
How do I support my colleagues use of te reo Māori,
to engage in a similar way? tikanga Māori and
• How do I work with agencies, other people’s
groups, and individuals in the cultures
community to help my ākonga
Māori?

21
Professional relationships and professional values
Fully registered teachers engage in appropriate professional relationships
relationships and demonstrate commitment to professional values

Criteria Key indicators Cultural Competence Reflective questions What does this What evidence would Next steps / goals OR
for Teachers of Māori criterion and you collect to PL - where to go and what to
Learners competency look demonstrate this? try, or do
like in your
setting?
i. Take all reasonable MANAAKITANGA: • How do I show in my practice I need to:
Demonstrate commitment to promote the well-being of all ākonga
Criterion 2

steps to provide and Demonstrates that I actively promote the well- • know/learn how to create
maintain a teaching integrity, sincerity and being of all ākonga for whom I an environment of genuine
and learning respect towards Māori am responsible? acceptance, interest and
environment that is beliefs, language and • How do I (or what steps do I take caring of our ākonga Māori
physically, socially, culture to) create a teaching and (who they are, what they
culturally and learning environment that is bring) by all ākonga in my
emotionally safe physically, socially, culturally classroom
ii. Acknowledge and and emotionally safe for my • know/learn how to include
respect the ākonga Māori? te reo Māori in my learning
languages, heritages • How do I acknowledge, accept, environment in an authentic
and cultures of all and/or use in my practice te reo and meaningful way
ākonga Māori and tikanga Māori • know/learn how to include
iii. Comply with relevant appropriately in the teaching and tikanga Māori/Māori
regulatory and learning environment? cultural practices in my
statutory • How do I allow opportunities (or learning environment in an
requirements what opportunities do I provide) authentic and meaningful
for my ākonga Māori and way
whānau Māori to include who • know/learn how to share
they are and what they know in with my colleagues what I
their learning, and to share that do and know that creates a
with others, at school/kura? safe place and genuine
respect for my ākonga
Māori and whānau Māori,
and who they are and what
they know and bring to
learning
• know where to go for help.

22
Professional relationships and professional values
Fully registered teachers engage in appropriate professional relationships
relationships and demonstrate commitment to professional values

Criteria Key indicators Cultural Competence Reflective questions What does this What evidence would Next steps / goals OR
for Teachers of Māori criterion and you collect to PL - where to go and what to
Learners competency look demonstrate this? try, or do
like in your
setting?
i. Demonstrate respect TANGATA • How do I reflect in my I need to
Aotearoa New Zealand
Demonstrate commitment to bicultural partnership in
Criterion 3

for the heritages, WHENUATANGA: professional work respect for the • learn about the Treaty of
languages and Affirms Māori learners cultural heritages of both Treaty Waitangi
cultures of both as Māori – provides partners in Aotearoa New • understand the two
partners to the contexts for learning Zealand? perspectives of the Treaty
Treaty of Waitangi where the identity, • What do I purposefully do in my • know the history
language and culture learning environment and in the surrounding the lead up to
(‘cultural locatedness’) teaching and learning the signing of the Treaty
of Māori learners and opportunities (as opposed to • know and learn what impact
their whānau is accidental) that the treaty had on the local
affirmed shows/demonstrates respect for iwi and Pākehā
te reo Māori and tikanga Māori? • know and learn how to
• How do I include and ensure all include te reo Māori in my
ākonga have an understanding learning environment and
of the Treaty of Waitangi in a practice in a meaningful
way that is authentic, relevant, and respectful way
purposeful and meaningful? • know where to go for help.

23
Professional relationships and professional values
Fully registered teachers engage in appropriate professional relationships
relationships and demonstrate commitment to professional values

Criteria Key indicators Cultural Competence Reflective questions What does this What evidence would Next steps / goals OR
for Teachers of Māori criterion and you collect to PL - where to go and what to
Learners competency look demonstrate this? try, or do
like in your
setting?
i. Identify professional AKO: Takes • How do I continue to advance my I need to
Demonstrate commitment to ongoing professional learning and
development of personal professional practice
Criterion 4

learning goals in responsibility for their professional learning as a • learn about deficit
consultation with own learning and that teacher? theorising and how that
colleagues of Māori learners impacts on Māori learner
ii. Participate See Suggested Further PL&D achievement
responsively in Opportunities for how to advance • understand my preferred
professional learning your professional learning as a learning style, know how I
opportunities within culturally competent/culturally can become a more
the learning responsive teacher. effective learner
community • find out about new
iii. Initiate learning professional communities I
opportunities to can become part of
advance personal • become familiar with the
professional school’s goals for me
knowledge and skills • set professional learning
goals – short, mid and long
term that reflect the
school’s wider goals
• prioritise goals that help
me to become a culturally
competent teacher
• know where to go for help.

24
Professional relationships and professional values
Fully registered teachers engage in appropriate professional relationships
relationships and demonstrate commitment to professional values

Criteria Key indicators Cultural Competence Reflective questions What does this What evidence would Next steps / goals OR
for Teachers of Māori criterion and you collect to PL - where to go and what to
Learners competency look demonstrate this? try, or do
like in your
setting?
i. Actively contribute to WĀNANGA: • How do I help support my I need to
Show leadership that contributes to effective teaching and learning
Criterion 5

the professional Participates with colleagues to strengthen • understand my own


learning community learners and teaching and learning in my leadership style
ii. Undertake areas of communities in robust setting? • learn how to engage my
responsibility dialogue for the • How do I share with my Māori learners in the
effectively benefit of Māori colleagues what I know and do learning process
learners’ achievement that helps ākonga Māori better • learn about the process of
engage in the learning process wānanga
in my learning environment? • know how to actively
• How do I support my colleagues engage Māori learners and
to help their ākonga Māori better their whānau in learning
engage in the learning process conversations
in their learning environment? • actively seek opportunities
to share and learn with my
colleagues for the benefit of
Māori learners
• know where to go for help.

25
Professional knowledge in practice
Fully registered teachers make use of their professional knowledge and understanding to build a stimulating, challenging and supportive learning environment that promotes
learning and success for all ākonga

Criteria Key indicators Cultural Reflective question What does this What evidence
evidence Next steps or goals OR
Competencies for criterion look would you PL - where to go and what to
Teachers of Māori like in your collect to try or do
Learners setting? demonstrate
this?

i. Articulate clearly the AKO: Takes • What do I take into account when I need to
learning programme
Conceptualise, plan and implement an appropriate
Criterion 6

aims of their teaching, responsibility for planning programmes of work for • extend my knowledge of the
give sound their own learning groups and individuals? curriculum areas I teach
professional reasons and that of Māori • How does my learning programme
• learn how to improve my
for adopting these learners reflect the culture and language of
planning processes to
aims, and implement ākonga Māori and their whānau?
explicitly include content and
them in their practice • How do I seek the opinion and
teaching contexts which
ii. Through their planning contribution of whānau Māori and
acknowledge the local
and teaching, Māori community to inform my
history, environment and
demonstrate their learning programme?
context
knowledge and • How does my learning programme
equip all learners with the knowledge, • know how to facilitate the
understanding of
skills, and understandings to interact development of skills,
relevant content,
positively and participate in a knowledge and
disciplines and
bicultural/multicultural society? understanding amongst my
curriculum documents
learners to participate in a
bicultural society
• know where to go for help.

26
Professional knowledge in practice
Fully registered teachers make use of their professional knowledge and understanding to build a stimulating, challenging and supportive learning environment that promotes
learning and success for all ākonga

Criteria Key indicators Cultural Reflective question What does this What evidence
evidence Next steps or goals OR
Competencies for criterion look would you PL - where to go and what to
Teachers of Māori like in your collect to try or do
Learners setting? demonstrate
this?

i. Demonstrate effective MANAAKITANGA: • How does my teaching practice I need to


learning environment
Promote a collaborative, inclusive and supportive
Criterion 7

management of the Demonstrates promote an environment where • know how my learners feel
learning setting which integrity, sincerity learners feel safe to explore ideas and about learning and about my
incorporates and respect towards respond respectfully to others in the teaching
successful strategies to Māori beliefs, group?
• learn how to promote
engage and motivate language and inclusiveness in my
ākonga culture classroom
ii. Foster trust, respect
• learn how to facilitate the
and cooperation with
Māori learners’ voice in my
and among ākonga
classroom
• learn more about Māori
language, beliefs and culture
• know where to go for help.

27
Professional knowledge in practice
Fully registered teachers make use of their professional knowledge and understanding to build a stimulating, challenging and supportive learning environment that promotes
learning and success for all ākonga

Criteria Key indicators Cultural Reflective question What does this What evidence
evidence Next steps or goals OR
Competencies for criterion look would you PL - where to go and what to
Teachers of Māori like in your collect to try or do
Learners setting? demonstrate
this?

i. Enable ākonga to make AKO: Takes • How does my teaching reflect that I I need to
ākonga learn
Demonstrate in practice their knowledge and understanding of how
Criterion 8

connections between responsibility for understand the main influences on • know how my learners learn
their prior experiences their own learning how my ākonga learn? best, including Māori learners
and learning and their and that of Māori
• learn about learner strategies
current learning learners and how to maximise learner
activities
potential
ii. Provide opportunities
• know what impacts on my
for ākonga to engage
learners’ learning, including
with, practise and
how I impact on my Māori
apply new learning to
learners’ learning
different contexts
• know where to go for help.
iii. Encourage ākonga to
take responsibility for
their own learning and
behaviour
iv. Assist ākonga to think
critically about
information and ideas
and to reflect on their
learning

28
Professional knowledge in practice
Fully registered teachers make use of their professional knowledge and understanding to build a stimulating, challenging and supportive learning environment that promotes
learning and success for all ākonga

Criteria Key indicators Cultural Reflective question What does this What evidence
evidence Next steps or goals OR
Competencies for criterion look would you PL - where to go and what to
Teachers of Māori like in your collect to try or do
Learners setting? demonstrate
this?

i. Demonstrate TANGATA • How does my knowledge of the varied I need to:


varied strengths, interests and needs of individuals and groups of ākonga
Respond effectively to the diverse language and cultural experiences, and the
Criterion 9

knowledge and WHENUATANGA: strengths, interests and needs of • know more about the
understanding of individuals and groups of ākonga strengths, interests and
Affirms Māori
social and cultural influence how I teach them? needs of my ākonga Māori
learners as Māori –
influences on learning, • How does my knowledge and
provides contexts • know how to best illicit the
by working effectively understanding of the (varied)
for learning where strengths, interests and
in the bicultural and strengths, interests and needs of my
the identity, needs of my ākonga Māori
multicultural contexts ākonga Māori influence the
language and • learn teaching approaches
of learning in Aotearoa approaches, resources, technologies,
culture (‘cultural and strategies that are
New Zealand and learning and assessment activities
locatedness’) of that I select? effective for my ākonga Māori
ii. Select teaching
Māori learners and • And, how do I know these approaches, • know how to determine if the
approaches, resources,
their whānau is resources, technologies, and learning teaching approaches,
technologies, and
affirmed and assessment activities are effective strategies, and learning and
learning and
assessment activities for my ākonga Māori? assessment activities I am
that are inclusive and • How do I modify my teaching using are effective for my
effective for diverse approaches to meet the needs of my ākonga Māori
ākonga ākonga Māori? • learn about how to ensure my
iii. Modify teaching learning and assessment
approaches to activities and practices are
address the needs of appropriate and effective for
individuals and groups my ākonga Māori
of ākonga • know where to go for help.

29
Professional knowledge in practice
Fully registered teachers make use of their professional knowledge and understanding to build a stimulating, challenging and supportive learning environment that promotes
learning and success for all ākonga

Criteria Key indicators Cultural Reflective question What does this What evidence
evidence Next steps or goals OR
Competencies for criterion look would you PL - where to go and what to
Teachers of Māori like in your collect to try or do
Learners setting? demonstrate
this?

i. practise and develop TANGATA • In my teaching, how do I take into I need to:
Work effectively within the bicultural context of Aotearoa New Zealand
Criterion 10

the relevant use of te WHENUATANGA: account the bicultural context of • know how to include local
reo Māori me ngā teaching and learning in Aotearoa New tribal history, stories,
Affirms Māori
tikanga-a iwi in Zealand? whakataukī etc. in my
learners as Māori –
context • In my learning environment, how do I learning environment
provides contexts
ii. specifically and include/practice and use te reo Māori
for learning where • know/learn how to include te
effectively address the in a way that is authentic, relevant,
the identity, reo Māori in my learning
educational aspirations purposeful and meaningful?
language and environment in an authentic
of ākonga Māori, • In my learning environment, how do I
culture (‘cultural and meaningful way
displaying high include/practice and use local (and
locatedness’) of national) Māori/tribal history, stories, • know/learn how to include
expectations for their
Māori learners and whakataukī, in a way that is authentic, tribal tikanga/Māori cultural
learning
their whānau is relevant, purposeful and meaningful? practices in my learning
affirmed. • How do I get to know (in a meaningful environment in an authentic
way) the needs of my ākonga Māori? and meaningful way
• How do I find out what the aspirations • know how to collect and/or
of my ākonga Māori are? analyse student voice
• How do I include their aspirations in • know how to reflect on the
my learning programme? results/data and how to
• How do I find out what the include it in my learning
expectations and aspirations of programme
whānau are for their tamariki and their
• know where to go to get help.
education?
• How do I include their aspirations for
their tamariki in my learning
programme?

30
Professional knowledge in practice
Fully registered teachers make use of their professional knowledge and understanding to build a stimulating, challenging and supportive learning environment that promotes
learning and success for all ākonga

Criteria Key indicators Cultural Reflective question What does this What evidence
evidence Next steps or goals OR
Competencies for criterion look would you PL - where to go and what to
Teachers of Māori like in your collect to try or do
Learners setting? demonstrate
this?
i. Analyse assessment WĀNANGA: • How do I gather and use assessment I need to:
formally and informally
Analyse and appropriately use information which has been gathered
Criterion 11

information to identify Participates with information in ways that advances the • know how to consult/engage
progress and ongoing learners and learning of my ākonga? with my whānau Māori
learning needs of • How do I give regular and ongoing
communities in
ākonga • know how to collect whānau
robust dialogue for feedback to my ākonga Māori about
Māori voice
ii. Use assessment their learning in a way that allows
the benefit of Māori
information to give them to use that information for their • know how best to give
learners’
regular and ongoing next steps in learning? feedback to whānau Māori
achievement
feedback to guide and • How do I ensure whānau Māori receive about their child’s learning
support further learning
regular and ongoing feedback about • know if (and how to improve)
iii. Analyse assessment their child’s learning in a way that is my assessment methods and
information to reflect on meaningful and provides them with tasks for my ākonga Māori
and evaluate the are culturally relevant and
opportunities to support and be
effectiveness of the
involved in their child’s learning? provides ākonga Māori with
teaching
• How do I include whānau Māori in how the opportunities to
iv. Communicate I collect and use information about demonstrate their strengths
assessment and
the learning of my ākonga Māori? • know how best to
achievement information
• How do I include whānau Māori voice communicate assessment and
to relevant members of
in how I collect and use information achievement information to
the learning community
about the learning of my ākonga whānau Māori about their
v. Foster involvement of Māori? child’s learning
whānau in the collection
• How do I use the assessment data and
and use of information • know how to analyse
information that I collect on ākonga
about the learning of assessment data, and how to
Māori to evaluate the effectiveness of
ākonga use this to evaluate the
my learning programme for them?
effectiveness of my teaching
for ākonga Māori.

31
Professional knowledge in practice
Fully registered teachers make use of their professional knowledge and understanding to build a stimulating, challenging and supportive learning environment that promotes
learning and success for all ākonga

Criteria Key indicators Cultural Reflective question What does this What evidence
evidence Next steps or goals OR
Competencies for criterion look would you PL - where to go and what to
Teachers of Māori like in your collect to try or do
Learners setting? demonstrate
this?

i. Systematically and WĀNANGA: • How do I advance the learning of my I need to:


their professional practice
Use critical inquiry and problem solving effectively in
Criterion 12

critically engage with Participates with ākonga through critical inquiry within • know what professional
evidence and learners and my professional learning? literature will help me refine
professional literature communities in • How do I use professional literature my practice for the benefit of
to reflect on and refine robust dialogue for about effective teaching and learning ākonga Māori, and where to
practice the benefit of Māori for ākonga Māori to refine my practice get it from
ii. Respond professionally learners’ for my ākonga Māori?
• know professional learning
to feedback from other • How do I engage in shared
achievement communities that can help
members of the professional learning conversations
AKO: Takes • know where to go for help.
learning community and communities to help me critically
responsibility for examine my practices for the benefit
iii. Critically examine their their own learning of ākonga Māori?
own beliefs, including and that of Māori • How do my own beliefs, including
cultural beliefs, and
learners cultural beliefs, impact on the
how they impact on
achievement of my ākonga Māori?
their professional
practice and the
achievement of ākonga

32
G raduating T eacher S tandards: A otearoa N ew Z ealand

Aligning the Graduating Teacher Standards to the Cultural Competencies for


Teachers of Mā
Māori Learners

Each standard in the GTS can be aligned to the Cultural Competencies for Teachers of Māori
Learners. In some cases more than one competency is relevant to a particular standard, or
two standards may align to one competency. The following tables identify the most obvious
links, but through discussion about the standards and competencies, it will be possible to
identify other links.

33
GRADUATING TEACHER STANDARDS CULTURAL COMPETENCIES FOR TEACHERS OF MĀORI LEARNERS
Professional knowledge

Behavioural indicators
Standard Competency
Competency
Entry to ITE Graduating teachers

Standard One: Graduating teachers know TANGATA • Knows about where they are from and • Can explain the importance of local history in the
what to teach: WHENUATANGA: how that informs and impacts on their New Zealand school setting and what this means for
Affirms Māori learners as own culture, values and beliefs. them.
a. Have content knowledge Māori – provides contexts • Can explain how knowledge of local context and
appropriate to the learners and for learning where the local iwi and community is important in supporting
learning areas of their programme. identity, language and Māori learners to achieve in and through education.
b. Have pedagogical content culture (‘cultural
• Has the tools and skills to engage local knowledge
knowledge appropriate to the locatedness’) of Māori
and history (or the people who hold that knowledge)
learners and learning areas of their learners and their whānau
to support teaching and learning programmes.
programme. is affirmed
c. Have knowledge of the relevant • Understands that Māori learners bring rich cultural

curriculum documents of Aotearoa capital to the learning environment and how to

New Zealand. maximise that to enhance learning potential.

d. Have content and pedagogical


content knowledge for supporting
English as an additional language
(EAL) learners to succeed in the
curriculum.

34
GRADUATING TEACHER STANDARDS CULTURAL COMPETENCIES FOR TEACHERS OF MĀORI LEARNERS
Professional knowledge

Behavioural indicators
Standard Competency
Competency
Entry to ITE Graduating teachers

Standard Two: Graduating teachers know AKO: Takes responsibility • Recognises the need to raise Māori • Are able to articulate a teaching philosophy that
about learners and how they learn: for their own learning and learner academic achievement levels. reflects their commitment to, and high expectations
that of Māori learners • Is willing to learn about the importance of, Māori learners succeeding, as Māori.
a. Have knowledge of a range of of identity, language and culture • Understand that Māori learners come with prior
relevant theories and research (‘cultural locatedness’) for themselves knowledge underpinned by language, identity and
about pedagogy, human and others. culture.
development and learning.
• Can explain their understanding of • Have a wide range of skills, strategies and tools to
b. Have knowledge of a range of
lifelong learning and what it means for actively facilitate successful learning for every Māori
relevant theories, principles and
them. learner.
purposes of assessment and
evaluation. • Positions themselves as a learner. • Are open to ongoing learning and understand their

c. Know how to develop own learning-style preferences.

metacognitive strategies of diverse


learners.
d. Know how to select curriculum
content appropriate to the learners
and the learning context.

35
GRADUATING TEACHER STANDARDS CULTURAL COMPETENCIES FOR TEACHERS OF MĀORI LEARNERS
Professional knowledge

Behavioural indicators
Standard Competency
Competency
Entry to ITE Graduating teachers

Standard Three: Graduating teachers TANGATA • Knows about where they are from and • Can explain the importance of local history in the
understand how contextual factors WHENUATANGA: how that informs and impacts on their New Zealand school setting and what this means for
influence teaching and learning: Affirms Māori learners as own culture, values and beliefs. them.
Māori – provides contexts • Can explain how knowledge of local context and
a. Have an understanding of the for learning where the local iwi and community is important in supporting
complex influences that personal, identity, language and Māori learners to achieve in and through education.
social, and cultural factors may culture (‘cultural
• Have the tools and skills to engage local knowledge
have on teachers and learners. locatedness’) of Māori
and history (or the people who hold that knowledge)
b. Have knowledge of tikanga and te learners and their whānau
to support teaching and learning programmes.
reo Māori to work effectively within is affirmed
the bicultural contexts of Aotearoa • Understand that Māori learners bring rich cultural

New Zealand. capital to the learning environment and how to

c. Have an understanding of maximise that to enhance learning potential.

education within the bicultural, MANAAKITANGA: • Values cultural difference. • Recognise own cultural beliefs and values.
multicultural, social, political, Demonstrates integrity, • Demonstrates an understanding of • Demonstrate respect for hapū, iwi and Māori culture
economic and historical contexts of sincerity and respect
core Māori values such as: in curriculum design and delivery processes.
Aotearoa New Zealand. towards Māori beliefs, manaakitanga, mana whenua, • Can explain the importance of acknowledging iwi
language and culture rangatiratanga. and Māori values in school/centre and classroom
• Shows respect for Māori cultural practices.
perspectives and sees the value of • Understand that each Māori learner is part of a wider
Māori culture for New Zealand society. whānau and what that might mean for a teacher.
• Is prepared to be challenged, and • Understand the Treaty of Waitangi and its
contribute to discussions about beliefs, implications for teaching in New Zealand.
attitudes and values.
• Has knowledge of the Treaty of
Waitangi and its implications for New
Zealand society.

36
GRADUATING TEACHER STANDARDS CULTURAL COMPETENCIES FOR TEACHERS OF MĀORI LEARNERS
Professional knowledge

Behavioural indicators
Standard Competency
Competency
Entry to ITE Graduating teachers

Standard Four: Graduating teachers use MANAAKITANGA: • Values cultural difference. • Recognise own cultural beliefs and values.
professional knowledge to plan for a safe, Demonstrates integrity, • Demonstrates an understanding of • Demonstrate respect for hapū, iwi and Māori culture
high quality teaching and learning sincerity and respect core Māori values such as: in curriculum design and delivery processes.
environment: towards Māori beliefs, manaakitanga, mana whenua, • Can explain the importance of acknowledging iwi
language and culture rangatiratanga. and Māori values in school/centre and classroom
a. Draw upon content knowledge and
• Shows respect for Māori cultural practices.
pedagogical content knowledge
perspectives and sees the value of • Understand that each Māori learner is part of a wider
when planning, teaching and
Māori culture for New Zealand society. whānau and what that might mean for a teacher.
evaluating.
b. Use and sequence a range of • Is prepared to be challenged, and • Understand the Treaty of Waitangi and its
learning experiences to influence contribute to discussions about beliefs, implications for teaching in New Zealand.
and promote learner achievement. attitudes and values.
c. Demonstrate high expectations of • Has knowledge of the Treaty of
all learners, focus on learning and Waitangi and its implications for New
recognise and value diversity. Zealand society.
d. Demonstrate proficiency in oral
AKO: Takes responsibility • Recognises the need to raise Māori • Are able to articulate a teaching philosophy that
and written language (Māori and/or
for their own learning and learner academic achievement levels. reflects their commitment to, and high expectations
English), in numeracy and in ICT
that of Māori learners • Is willing to learn about the importance of, Māori learners succeeding, as Māori.
relevant to their professional role.
e. Use te reo Māori me ngā tikanga- of identity, language and culture • Understand that Māori learners come with prior
a-iwi appropriately in their (‘cultural locatedness’) for themselves knowledge underpinned by language, identity and
practice. and others. culture.
f. Demonstrate commitment to and • Can explain their understanding of • Have a wide range of skills, strategies and tools to
strategies for promoting and lifelong learning and what it means for actively facilitate successful learning for every Māori
nurturing the physical and them. learner.
emotional safety of learners. • Positions themselves as a learner. • Are open to ongoing learning and understands their
own learning-style preferences.

37
GRADUATING TEACHER STANDARDS CULTURAL COMPETENCIES FOR TEACHERS OF MĀORI LEARNERS
Professional knowledge

Behavioural indicators
Standard Competency
Competency
Entry to ITE Graduating teachers

Standard Five: Graduating teachers use AKO: Takes responsibility • Recognises the need to raise Māori • Are able to articulate a teaching philosophy that
evidence to promote learning: for their own learning and learner academic achievement levels. reflects their commitment to, and high expectations
that of Māori learners • Is willing to learn about the importance of, Māori learners succeeding, as Māori.
a. Systematically and critically engage
of identity, language and culture • Understand that Māori learners come with prior
with evidence to reflect on and
(‘cultural locatedness’) for themselves knowledge underpinned by language, identity and
refine their practice.
and others. culture.
b. Gather, analyse and use
• Can explain their understanding of • Have a wide range of skills, strategies and tools to
assessment information to improve
lifelong learning and what it means for actively facilitate successful learning for every Māori
learning and inform planning.
them. learner.
c. Know how to communicate
assessment information • Positions themselves as a learner. • Are open to ongoing learning and understands their
appropriately to learners, their own learning-style preferences.
parents/caregivers and staff.
WĀNANGA: Participates • Demonstrates an open mind to explore • Know how to support effective teaching interactions,
with learners and differing views and reflect on own co-construction and cooperative learner-focused
communities in robust beliefs and values. activities.
dialogue for the benefit of • Shows an appreciation that views which • Understand and can describe the purpose and
Māori learners’ differ from their own may have validity. process of wānanga and its application in a
achievement classroom and community context.
• Have the skills to utilise wānanga in the
classroom/centre and in interactions with parents,
whānau, hapū, iwi and the community.
• Understand that Māori parents, whānau, hapū and
iwi have expertise in their own right.

38
GRADUATING TEACHER STANDARDS CULTURAL COMPETENCIES FOR TEACHERS OF MĀORI LEARNERS
Professional knowledge

Behavioural indicators
Standard Competency
Competency
Entry to ITE Graduating teachers

Standard Six: Graduating teachers WĀNANGA: Participates • Demonstrates an open mind to explore • Know how to support effective teaching interactions,
develop positive relationships with with learners and differing views and reflect on own co-construction and cooperative learner-focused
learners and the members of learning communities in robust beliefs and values. activities.
communities: dialogue for the benefit of • Shows an appreciation that views which • Understand and can describe the purpose and
Māori learners’ differ from their own may have validity. process of wānanga and its application in a
a. Recognise how differing values and achievement classroom and community context.
beliefs may impact on learners and
• Have the skills to utilise wānanga in the
their learning.
classroom/centre and in interactions with parents,
b. Have the knowledge and
whānau, hapū, iwi and the community.
dispositions to work effectively
with colleagues, • Understand that Māori parents, whānau, hapū and
parents/caregivers, iwi have expertise in their own right.
families/whānau and communities. WHANAUNGATANGA: • Can describe from their own • Understand the impact of their own identity,
c. Build effective relationships with experience how identity, culture and language and culture (‘cultural locatedness’) on
Actively engages in
their learners. language impact on relationships. relationships.
respectful working
d. Promote a learning culture which
relationships with Māori • Demonstrate a willingness to engage with iwi and
engages diverse learners
learners, parents and Māori communities.
effectively.
whānau, hapū, iwi and the • Know the importance and impact of teacher-learner
e. Demonstrate respect for te reo
Māori community. relationships and the school/centre-home
Māori me ngā tikanga-a-iwi in
their practice. partnership on Māori learner achievement.
• Recognise the need to have learning relationships
with Māori learners, whānau and communities.
• Have the tools and strategies to develop successful
relationships with Māori learners, whānau and
communities.

39
GRADUATING TEACHER STANDARDS CULTURAL COMPETENCIES FOR TEACHERS OF MĀORI LEARNERS
Professional knowledge

Behavioural indicators
Standard Competency
Competency
Entry to ITE Graduating teachers

Standard Six continued… MANAAKITANGA: • Values cultural difference. • Recognise their own cultural beliefs and values.
Demonstrates integrity, • Demonstrates an understanding of • Demonstrate respect for hapū, iwi and Māori culture
sincerity and respect core Māori values such as: in curriculum design and delivery processes.
towards Māori beliefs, manaakitanga, mana whenua, • Can explain the importance of acknowledging iwi
language and culture rangatiratanga. and Māori values in school/centre and classroom
• Shows respect for Māori cultural practices.
perspectives and sees the value of • Understand that each Māori learner is part of a wider
Māori culture for New Zealand society. whānau and what that might mean for a teacher.
• Is prepared to be challenged, and • Understand the Treaty of Waitangi and its
contribute to discussions about beliefs, implications for teaching in New Zealand.
attitudes and values.
• Has knowledge of the Treaty of
Waitangi and its implications for New
Zealand society.

40
GRADUATING TEACHER STANDARDS CULTURAL COMPETENCIES FOR TEACHERS OF MĀORI LEARNERS
Professional knowledge

Behavioural indicators
Standard Competency
Competency
Entry to ITE Graduating teachers

Standard Seven: Graduating teachers are AKO: Takes responsibility • Recognises the need to raise Māori • Are able to articulate a teaching philosophy that
committed members of the profession: for their own learning and learner academic achievement levels. reflects their commitment to, and high expectations
that of Māori learners • Is willing to learn about the importance of, Māori learners succeeding, as Māori.
a. Uphold the New Zealand Teachers
of identity, language and culture • Understand that Māori learners come with prior
Council Code of Ethics/Ngā
(‘cultural locatedness’) for themselves knowledge underpinned by language, identity and
Tikanga Matatika.
and others. culture.
b. Have knowledge and
• Can explain their understanding of • Have a wide range of skills, strategies and tools to
understanding of the ethical,
lifelong learning and what it means for actively facilitate successful learning for every Māori
professional and legal
them. learner.
responsibilities of teachers.
c. Work cooperatively with those who • Positions themselves as a learner. • Are open to ongoing learning and understands their
share responsibility for the learning own learning-style preferences.
and well-being of learners.
WĀNANGA: Participates • Demonstrates an open mind to explore • Know how to support effective teaching interactions,
d. Are able to articulate and justify an
with learners and differing views and reflect on own co-construction and cooperative learner-focused
emerging personal, professional
communities in robust beliefs and values. activities.
philosophy of teaching and
dialogue for the benefit of • Shows an appreciation that views which • Understand and can describe the purpose and
learning.
Māori learners’ differ from their own may have validity. process of wānanga and its application in a
achievement classroom and community context.
• Have the skills to utilise wānanga in the
classroom/centre and in interactions with parents,
whānau, hapū, iwi and the community.
• Understand that Māori parents, whānau, hapū and
iwi have expertise in their own right.

41