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UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS
INTRODUCTION TO JOINT AND MARINE CORPS DEPLOYMENT SYSTEMS MPF 10 MARITIME PREPOSITIONING FORCE (MPF) STAFF PLANNING N30L8QLM REVISED 07/01/2008
APPROVED BY _______________________ DATE ______________________
(SLIDE 1) INTRODUCTION 1. GAIN ATTENTION. None (3 MIN)
2. OVERVIEW. Good morning/afternoon my name is ___________. Your next period of instruction will be an overview of Joint and Marine Corps Deployment Systems. (SLIDE 2) The purpose of this period of this lesson is to provide an introduction to the Joint and Marine Corps automate deployment systems and their interface to support joint and naval operations. (SLIDE 3) Here are the references for this lesson. (SLIDES 4 & 5) I will do this by covering the following Joint Systems and Marine Corps systems. 3. LEARNING OBJECTIVES (LESSON PURPOSE) a. TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVES. (1) With the aid of references, discuss the current automated Information Systems used to support MPF operations. Joint and Marine Corps deployment systems used to maintain In-transit visibility and Total-asset visibility. b. ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVES. (1) With the aid of references, discuss the Joint deployment systems used to support MPF operations. (2) With the aid of references, discuss the Marine Corps deployment systems used to support MPF operations. INSTRUCTOR NOTE. Take a minute to read over your TLOs and ELOs. looks up I will know when to begin. Once everyone
4. METHOD/MEDIA. This lesson will be taught using the informal lecture method with the aid of a power point presentation.
INSTRUCTOR NOTE. Explain Instructional Forms to the students.
5. EVALUATION. You will be evaluated on this material during the practical application brief on Training Day 5, at ____ in Bldg ____ Rm. ____.
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6. SAFETY/CEASE TRAINING (CT) BRIEF. associated with this lesson.
There is no safety or cease training brief
TRANSITION. Are there any questions about what will be covered, how it will be covered, and how you will be evaluated? Good, now let’s beginning by discussing the Joint Deployment Systems. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ___ (SLIDE 6) BODY 1. Joint Deployment Systems. (20 Min) (40 MIN)
Global Command and Control System (GCCS). GCCS was declared the single system of record for the military operation planning at the end of August 1996. Thus, it is the joint standard for command and control systems. GCCS is the communications and computer architecture for all joint systems to operate on. It provides combatant commanders one predominant source for generating, receiving, sharing and using information securely. It provides surveillance and reconnaissance information and access to global intelligence sources as well as data on the precise location of friendly forces. Enables joint crisis planning, intelligence analysis and support, tactical planning and tactical execution and collaborative planning.
(SLIDE 7) b. Time Phases Force Deployment Data (TPFDD). Time-phased Force and Deployment Data development is based on force planning, support planning, and transportation planning. (1) The TPFDD enables Service components to registers all strategic (intertheater) sea and air movement requirements for a deployment. The TPFDD is a part of GCCS and is an automated support tool for Joint Operation Planning and Execution System procedures, which are guidelines for conduction joint operations planning. Normally, all air movement requirements for the next seven days must be validated within the TPFDD. All sea movement requirements for the next thirty days must be validated within the TPFDD. (SLIDE 8) (2) The supported combatant commander validates the movement requirements to U. S. Transportation Command. The validation process starts at the Major Subordinat Command Level and works its way all the way up to USTRANSCOM. The same is true for redeployments. Normally, all air movement requirements for the next seven days must be validated within the TPFDD. All sea movement requirements for the next thirty days must be validated within the TPFDD.
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Planners must continuously refine throughout the deployment process to reflect current deployment information and monitor the status of objective achievement, so there are a lot of meetings and conferences that take place. (SLIDE 9) (3) The resulting TPFDD is both a force requirements document and a prioritized transportation movement document defining the supported Combatant Commanders time-phased lift requirements for personnel, supplies, and equipment. Some of the elements of the TPFDD are: Unit name, Unit identification code, origin, destination, mode of transportation, key force deployment and execution dates. Let’s take a look at some of these dates. (Slide 10, 11, 12) Hidden (SLIDE 13) (a) Fore Deployment and Execution (FD&E)dates. (1) Ready-to-Load Date (RLD). The date that a unit is assembled in the marshaling area, ready to move from the Origin to the POE. (2) Available-to-Load Date (ALD). The date that a unit is available at the POE to embark (3) Earliest Arrival Date (EAD). The earliest date specified by the MAGTF commander that a unit or shipment could be accepted at its POD. (4) commander POD. (5) commander Latest Arrival Date (LAD). The latest arrival date on which a MAGTF desires that a unit or shipment arrive and complete unloading at its Required Delivery Date (RDD). The date the supported combatant requires the unit arrive and complete unloading at its destination. The supported combatant commander’s
(6) Commander’s Required Date (CRD). required ready for employment date. (SLIDE 14)
(7) The LAD is the key strategic movement date that USTRANSCOM uses. Planners should ensure that the LAD supports all other efforts of the force. The Earliest Arrival Date (EAD) is normally 3-to-4 days prior to the LAD. This window provides sufficient flexibility to USTRANSCOM in closing the force. (SLIDE 15) c. Joint Flow and Analysis System for Transportation (JFAST). (1) JFAST is an analytical tool for estimating time and resources required to transport military forces under various scenarios and situation. This system provides you with the ability to analyze every aspect of transportation from the point of origin to the port of debarkation and can create notional movement requirements when no operational plan exits.
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(2) Planners may assess if forces and sustainment can be transported within the time frame outlined in the TPFDD. In addition to examining time constraints, JFAST can perform capability assessments, determining the amount of lift necessary to transport equipment, the configuration of the equipment that will provide the most efficient transportation, and the maximum capacity of transportation modes. (SLIDE 16) d. Logistics Sustainment Analysis and Feasibility Estimator (LOGSAFE) (1) LOGSAFE aids the planner by assessing sustainment feasibility of a proposed operations plan. LOGSAFE produces detailed records specifying the type and quantity of support cargo to be moved along a specific transportation channel. (2) Once sustainment issues have been resolved, planners need to ensure that the plan is physically possible. Planners can accomplish transportation analysis by transferring TPFDDs and logistics sustainment information into the JFAST environment. (SLIDE 17) e. Global Transportation Network (GTN). GTN is a centralized database used to integrate and store data obtained from diverse transportation systems (ground, air, and sea). GTN is the vehicle for developing and maintaining In-Transit Visibility (ITV) and Total Asset Visibility (TAV) over United States cargo and passengers. User of this system range from installation-level transportation clerks to senior officials from the Joint Chiefs of Staff—and every level in between. To access GTN, all you need is an Internet connection and a Web browser. The GTN does not generate any data—it only collects information from so-called feeder systems. The data feeds come from at least 23 government systems and more than 40 commercial transportation companies that provide air, land and sea-lift services to the Defense Department. (SLIDE 18) f. Consolidated Aerial Ports System II (CAPS II). This is a U. S. Air Force sponsored system used for cargo movement on Air Mobility Command (AMC) Channel missions. It provides lift data, departure/arrival times at APOE's/APOD's Provides an automated tool for Air Mobility Command (AMC) aerial ports with an automated command and control capability and the ability to process cargo and passenger movements. CAPS II stations are located at most major AMC air terminals as well as forward-deployed sites (i.e., Tuzla, Bosnia). The services feed air movement information into AMC's Headquarters On-line Systems for Transportation (HOST), which interactively processes the data to CAPS II and GTN. CAPS II can generate output reports to users within 20 minutes of data input. (SLIDE 19) g. Global Decission Support System (GDSS). GDSS is AMC's command and control system for aircraft, and provides the air portion of USTRANSCOM's Total Asset Visibility (TAV). It enables AMC to scheduled, track, and control all air movements. GDSS is kept updated every 15 minutes to provide real time information to all users within AMC, combatant commands, and CREs.
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(SLIDE 20) The system draws its data from the TPFDD in seven-day increments, and schedules aircraft movements for the next 96 hours. This is necessary to ensure adequate airlift for the supported combatant commander Additionally, CAPS II provides airlift information to GDSS. GDSS has the capability to provide complete airfield data such as runway lengths, hangars, navigation aids, specific hazards, etc. (SLIDE 21) h. These systems will allow the MPF planer to manage the airflow - both the flight ferry and the Fly-in Echelon. If one system is not functional, this diagram allows you to seek the information somewhere else. (SLIDE 22) i. Worldwide Port System (WPS). WPS is an automated information system designed to support the mission of the Department of Defense common user ports during peace and war. It aids the Surface Deployment and Distribution Command (SDDC) with the management, tracking, and documentation of U.S. cargo moving via ocean transportation and provides ITV for strategic sealift. Key features of WPS are the ability to support peak wartime loads, enter on-line data, produce ocean manifests, and to provide a transportation capability for remote site operations. (SLIDES 23) j. These systems provide visibility for follow-on sustainment to support the MPF MAGTF. (SLIDE 24) k. Joint Force Requirements Generator II (JFRG II). JFRG II is a global command and control systems (GCCS) segmented software application that provides assistance in the notional planning process and allows the assignment of actual units to fill notional slots, and generates time phased force deployment data (TPFDD) for use in executing joint operational plans. JFRG II is applicable to deliberate planning, crisis action planning, and exercise planning by satisfying deployment planning and execution requirements in garrison or while deployed, by accelerating the development, sourcing, analysis, and refinement of plans resulting in an executable JOPES TPFDD file. (SLIDE 25) TRANSITION: We have just covered Joint Systems. Are there any questions? Question: Which Joint system enables planners to estimate the time and the resources required to transport military forces under various scenarios? Answer: JFAST. Let’s now discuss the Marine Corps systems. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ___ (SLIDE 26)
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2. Marine Corps Systems. (20 Min) a. There are a lot of systems being used today by deployed units, but for the purpose of this class were are only going to cover systems that are considered programs of record and are relevant to MPF operations. (SLIDE 27) b. MAGTF Deployment Support System II (MDSS II). MDSS II is the key system that interfaces with all the other automated information systems (AIS). It provides commanders at various echelons of the MAGTF the ability to: (1) Build and maintain a database containing force and equipment data. (2) Develop plan-specific force structures (personnel, supplies, and equipment) and associated air and sea embarkation plans. (3) Retrieve information, real time, in form of reports, listings, and data sets. It will also allow users to assign prepositioned assets and equipment to specific units. (SLIDE 28) C. Integrated Computerized Deployment System (ICODES). ICODES provides Marine Corps embarkation personnel with automated tools to assist in the planning, execution, and documentation of amphibious, commercial, MSC furnished, and Maritime Prepositioning Force (MPF) shipload plans. The sytem provides ship loading plans and "as loaded" deck diagrams; as well as trim, stability, and stress (TSS) information (where required). (SLIDE 29) d. Automated Aircraft Load Planning System (AALPS). AALPS provides Marine Corps embarkation personnel with automated tools that assists in the complex task of planning and execution of aircraft loads for all types of deployments. AALPS is used for estimating airlift requirements (by specific aircraft type and delivery method), producing USAF certified “flyable” load plans, and providing airlift/movement summary data and load reports ranging from a single mission to full-scale division deployments. (SLIDE 30) HIDDEN e. Asset Tracking Logistics and Supply System (ATLASS). ATLASS is a supply and equipment control and issue support system that gives the commander control and visibility of assets as well as replenishment capabilities during employment and in the operating area. This system enables the user to build, validate, and transmit MILSTRIP transactions inside and outside the MAGTF; as well as, generate automated replenishment requisitions. (SLIDES 31) This graphic depicts how the various Joint and Marine Corps systems interface. (SLIDE 32)
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f. MAGTF Data Library (MDL). The MDL provides a single source of quality technical reference data for the LOGAIS family of systems. It also provides rapid information retrieval capabilities to commanders and their staffs. It is also web based. (SLIDE 33) g. Logistics Markings and Reading Symbols (LOGMARS). Although not a "system" within the LOGAIS family of systems, it is a crucial component in the LOGAIS effort because LOGAIS uses emerging bar code scanning and wireless modem technology. All of the equipment on the MPF ships have those green tags which lists information about the equipment (i.e. nomenclature, NSN, and serial number). h. Radio Frequency Automated Informatin Technology (RF AIT). The basic concept of Radio Frequency AIT uses electronic devices to record movement data (TCN, NSN, bumper # etc.). This data is reported when the container, pallet, vehicle, passes a designated node, or to locate items either in a marshalling yard, warehouse, or container. This data is updated by a series of nodes with RF interrogators that automatically “read” the tags, then “reports” the tag identification and date-time group (DTG)-all without the need for manual intervention. The DTG and tag identification is then sent to a regional server located in Korea and Germany. The regional servers provide tag data to USTRANSCOM’s Global Transportation Network. Then the user can query GTN using the TCN, Unit Line Number, or RF Tag Number. (SLIDE 34) Here is a picture of a Marine putting an RFID tag on this pallet to prep it for a C-5 load. (SLIDE 35) This slide depicts how the system is suppose to work. An RFID tag attached to a container that’s loaded on a truck. When the truck passes an interogator it is read and the information is eventually sent to the GTN through a regional server. (SLIDE 36) TRANSITION: We have just covered Marine Corps Systems. Are there any questions? Question: Which Marine Corps system interfaces will all the other AIS? Answer: MDSS II. Let’s now discuss the Marine Corps systems. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ___ (SLIDE 36) SUMMARY (2 MIN)
1. During this period of instruction we covered the Joint and Marine Corps deployment system used to support MPF operations planning and execution, and how they interface with one another. With this information, I am confident that you will be able to successfully maintain In-transit visibility and Total-asset visibility of your equipment during an MPF operation. At this time, those
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students with the Instructional Rating Forms please fill them out and turn them in at the back of the classroom. You may now take a 10-minute break. REFERENCES 1. Joint Pub 5-0, Joint Operation Planning. 2. MCWP 3-32, Maritime Prepositioning Force (MPF) Operations. 3. TM 4790-14/2C, Logistics Support for Maritime Prepositioning Ship (MPS) Program Maintenance and Material Management. ATTACHMENTS A: Force Deployment and Execution Dates
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