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IN

MATHEMATICS 10

I. OBJECTIVES

At the end of the lesson, the students should be able to:

A. define mutually exclusive events;

B. identify mutually exclusive events; and

C. solve probabilities of mutually exclusive events.

II. SUBJECT MATTER

A. Topic: Probability of Mutually Exclusive Events

B. References: Mathematics Grade 10 Learner’s Module First Edition 2015 by Melvin

Calanta, et al., www.mathisfun.com/data/probability-events-mutually-

exclusive.html

C. Materials: Visual aids, chalk, activity sheets

III. LESSON PROCEDURE

Teacher’s Activity Student’s Activity

A. Motivation

Class, let’s have an activity. I have four

envelopes here and each envelope contains a

sheet. What you are going to do is to answer

what the sheet asks for. The questions here

have something to do with your prior

knowledge. If you’re done just clap three

times. Are the instructions clear?

(see attachment)

Yes, sir!

What phrase did you get?

Mutually Exclusive Events sir!

Brilliant!

B. Presentation

Now, let’s talk about mutually exclusive

events

C. Lesson Proper

What is mutually exclusive events?

It is an event that can’t happen at the same

time. Events do not have common element.

Correct! For example, turning left and turning

right are mutually exclusive events because

you can’t do both at the same time. Another

example is obtaining heads or tails in tossing

a coin is mutually exclusive events.

understood?

Yes, sir!

Now try to determine whether the following

events are mutually exclusive or not.

Event of obtaining an odd or even number in

tossing a die.

Mutually exclusive events sir!

Correct! Event of obtaining an of multiple of

3.

Not mutually exclusive events, sir!

Why?

Because the elements of odd number in a die

are {1,3,5} and the multiples of 3 are {3,6}

wherein these events have common element

which is 3.

Correct! How about in a standard deck of

cards; event of obtaining a king or a red card.

Not mutually exclusive events sir!

Why?

Because there is a red card king.

Exactly! Event of obtaining ace or jack?

Mutually exclusive events sir!

Excellent! Now that you know how to

determine mutually exclusive events. Let’s

proceed on solving the probability of

mutually exclusive events. What is the

formula in getting the probability of mutually

exclusive events class?

𝑃(𝐴 𝑈 𝐵) = 𝑃(𝐴) + 𝑃(𝐵)

Very good! Let’s have some examples.

Example 1.

In tossing a fair die, what is the probability of

obtaining 1 or 6?

Solution

𝑃(1 𝑈 6) = 𝑃(1) + 𝑃(6)

1 1

𝑃(1 𝑈 6) = +

6 6

2 1

𝑃(1 𝑈 6) = 𝑜𝑟

6 3

Understood?

Yes, sir!

Example 2.

In tossing a die, what is the probability of

obtaining an odd or 4?

𝑃(𝑜𝑑𝑑 𝑈 4) = 𝑃(𝑜𝑑𝑑) + 𝑃(4)

3 1

𝑃(𝑜𝑑𝑑 𝑈 4) = +

6 6

4 2

𝑃(𝑜𝑑𝑑 𝑈 4) = 𝑜𝑟

6 3

Very good!

Example 3.

In a bag of 4 blue balls, 5 red balls, 2 green

balls and 3 white balls. What is the

probability of picking

a. a green or blue ball?

𝑃(𝑔𝑟𝑒𝑒𝑛 𝑈 𝑏𝑙𝑢𝑒) = 𝑃(𝑔𝑟𝑒𝑒𝑛) + 𝑃(𝑏𝑙𝑢𝑒)

2 4

𝑃(𝑔𝑟𝑒𝑒𝑛 𝑈 𝑏𝑙𝑢𝑒) = +

14 14

6 3

𝑃(𝑔𝑟𝑒𝑒𝑛 𝑈 𝑏𝑙𝑢𝑒) = 𝑜𝑟

14 7

b. a red ball or white ball?

𝑃(𝑟𝑒𝑑 𝑈 𝑤ℎ𝑖𝑡𝑒) = 𝑃 (𝑟𝑒𝑑 ) + 𝑃 (𝑤ℎ𝑖𝑡𝑒)

5 3

𝑃(𝑟𝑒𝑑 𝑈 𝑤ℎ𝑖𝑡𝑒) = +

14 14

8 4

𝑃(𝑟𝑒𝑑 𝑈 𝑤ℎ𝑖𝑡𝑒) = 𝑜𝑟

14 7

Example 4.

In drawing a card from a standard deck of

cards. What is the probability of drawing jack

of spades or a king?

𝑃(𝑗𝑎𝑐𝑘 𝑜𝑓 𝑠𝑝𝑎𝑑𝑒𝑠 𝑈 𝑘𝑖𝑛𝑔)

= 𝑃(𝑗𝑎𝑐𝑘 𝑜𝑓 𝑠𝑝𝑎𝑑𝑒𝑠)

+ 𝑃(𝑘𝑖𝑛𝑔)

1 4

𝑃(𝑗𝑎𝑐𝑘 𝑜𝑓 𝑠𝑝𝑎𝑑𝑒𝑠 𝑈 𝑘𝑖𝑛𝑔) = +

52 52

5

𝑃(𝑗𝑎𝑐𝑘 𝑜𝑓 𝑠𝑝𝑎𝑑𝑒𝑠 𝑈 𝑘𝑖𝑛𝑔) =

Excellent! 52

D. Generalization

Who can tell the class whether two events are

mutually exclusive or not?

Two events are mutually exclusive if and only

if they can’t occur at the same time.

Brilliant!

E. Application

Find your pair and solve the following

problems.

1. A bowl contains 16 chips numbered 1 to

16. If a chip is drawn randomly from the

bowl, what is the probability that it is 8 or 13?

2. In drawing a card from a deck of cards,

what is the probability of drawing a queen of

club or an ace?

3. In a bag of 4 blue balls, 6 red balls, and 8

green balls, what is the probability of picking

neither a red nor a blue ball?

1

1.

8

5

2.

52

4

3.

9

IV. EVALUATION

Directions: Find the probabilities of mutually exclusive events.

1. Two fair dice are rolled. What is the probability of getting a sum of 6 or a sum greater than 9?

2. In drawing a card from a deck of cards, what is the probability of drawing a spade or a red

card?

3. A bag contains 8 marbles, 2 red marbles, 3 white marbles, and 3 blue marbles. What is the

probability of picking a red or blue?

4. A tourist wants to spend his vacation in the Philippines next year. What is the probability that

the tourist will arrive neither on July nor on August?

5. A spinner number 1 to 10 is spun. What is the probability of spinning an even number or

greater than 7?

V. ASSIGNMENT

Directions: Solve the probability of the following events.

A spinner number 1-10 is spun. Each number is equally likely to be spun.

What is the probability of spinning

1. an even number or a multiple of 3?

2. 5 or number greater than 6?

3. odd number or even number?

ACTIVITY SHEET

“We are events that cannot occur at the same time”

_____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____

6 10 8 10 3 1 1 4

2 13 11 1 10 9 5 7 2

2 7 2 12 8 9

DIRECTIONS: For you to answer the statement above, match COLUMN A to COLUMN B. Write the letter

of the correct answer on the blank provided above. Answers will always be in SIMPLEST FORM.

COLUMN A

COLUMN B

1. In rolling a die, what is the probability

of obtaining a “2”? 1 5

A. N. 11

2. In tossing a coin, what is the probability 7

of obtaining head? 3 5

3. A visitor will arrive next week, what is B. 4 O. 4

the probability that he will arrive on

Monday? 3

C. 14 P. 1

4. In a multiple-choice type of test

consisting 5 options, what is the

1 7

probability of guessing the correct D. 4 Q. 52

answer?

In a single deck of cards what is the 1

probability of drawing E. 2 R. 6

5. a king? 1 2

F. 9 S. 7

6. a red ace?

7. a queen of hearts? 13 9

8. a numbered card? G. 12 T. 13

H. 52 U. 14

14, what is the probability of choosing

1 1

9. multiple of 3? I. 13 V. 52

10. two-digit numbers?

11. number greater than 6 but less than 10.

J. 12 W. 12

A box contains 4 red marbles, 2 green 12 2

marbles, and 5 yellow marbles. What is the K. 17 X. 11

probability of obtaining

12. yellow marbles 1 1

L. 6 Y. 5

13. green marbles

1

M. 26 Z. 5

Prepared by:

JOEFEL V. ASUNCION JR

(Student Intern)

Checked by:

MRS. MARITES A. BERAN

(Cooperating Teacher)

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