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Descriptive Statistics

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(standard deviation of statistic) Bord.P@n B) P@lD=W E(X) = tL. .. l*t. =\rnpu var(X) = If X has a o2. then: If Fz=V 6=_+ * Jn III. Probability P(AU B) -. . :tutit:it oevlauon or stansuc Confidence intervat statistic 14 O 2qr8 ne t College (critical value) . .collog€bGrd."t:t. Inferential Statistics Standardized test . = J71p(1fi ITh=P n^=.II.lt")z pt binomial distribution with parameters n and p. Bo{d oa tJte Wob: w.M-p I n r is the mean of a random sample of size n from an infinite population with mean p and standard deviation o. = \t"n .P(A) + P(B) . All rlgbtr dw€d.@. then: P(x =n=(T)nr\-d"-k IIa = 1W o. Vblt the Colleg. statistic:snnoaro .

Single-Sample Two-Sample Difference of sample means Special case when 61=62 Difference of sample proportions m\$- il + p20- p2) Special case when Pr=Pz . Atl rtghtr rraFod. 15 . Vltlt .[N:6r+ chi-square test statistic O 2008 Thc Col!.@llageboud.go Bood.5' H (observ-e-L:-e-:Pected)2 expecrco th€ Coueg€ B€td on tho Web: www.c@.

0064 .3936 .0008 .0087 .4 .4483 .0010 .1 .3520 .0003 .4247 .0166 .0838 .1131 .4052 .0003 .0013 .0228 -1.09 .4602 .07 .1401 .L27r .0096 .4801 .0008 .0011 .0003 .t446 .0005 _.0823 .0005 .1056 .0013 -2.@ .0084 .000s .0080 .0091 .0004 .0139 -L.0082 .0102 .1314 .03 .0207 .1292 -1.0007 .1151 .4641 w.3859 .0007 .1 -0.4920 O 2OO8 Tho Coulge Board.04 .1788 .0885 .cdl.4168 .0197 .0107 .1 -0.0110 .0250 .1635 .1335 .0146 .L210 rlghts rarryad.02 -3.0ei8 .1423 .1841 .4522 .0003 .0136 .1379 .0287 .4364 .0089 .02t7 .4 -3.4562 .0244 .3897 .0078 2 ' .0158 .0222 .0002 . Vldt tha Coltcge Bo.0075 .0985 .9 .t492 .0011 .1469 .0183 .3745 .4880 .08 .3669 .0129 .0010 .00t2 -2.0003 .476r .0013 .0 16 .Probability Table entry for a is the probability lying below a.4090 .0008 .3974 .0t32 .0005 .0113 .2 -0.1230 .0011 .0233 .0125 .3783 .3 _0968 .0066 .0901 .0119 .3707 .0t92 .3632 .0003 .0003 .3 .0009 -3.4325 .0004 .L7LL .0073 .0006 -3.0007 . I z Table A Standard normal probabilities .1814 .1685 .0239 .382r .0068 .0009 .1357 .05 .3594 .0104 .1660 .0L22 .0202 .4960 .1611 .0005 .4840 qt .0179 -2.4013 .00 .L020 .0262 .s000 .3483 .0004 .0010 .0170 .0094 .0853 .0005 .0281 -1.1587 .4286 .4443 .0 -0.0 .0003 .0154 .0143 .g€Doard.1075 .0951 .0008 .td on tbo Wcbl .0162 .0150 .1736 -0.4207 .0268 .0006 . A[ .4404 .0009 .0003 .0004 .0071 .1515 .1003 .1 .1038 .0003 .0116 .06 .4129 .0004 .01 .1562 .L25t .L .4681 .1190 .0869 .0099 .0256 .02t2 .1093 .0188 .2 -1.0069 .0012 .472t .1762 .0007 .ttt2 .9 .tr70 .0006 .0006 .0004 .0274 .3557 .0934 .0006 .3 .0 .0774 .1539 .

6664 .8770 .9997 .9495 0.9147 .6 a.9995 .9997 .9893 .9864 .9963 .9996 .5359 .9406 .9945 .5239 .6406 .9993 .8729 .4 . Coll€g€ Bord on the Web: .9929 .9357 .6103 .9949 .4 OE 2.3 .9995 .9049 .9997 .5793 0.9t92 1.9881 .02 .6217 .9952 .9957 .6255 .9131 .) z .8485 .5120 .9319 .9948 .1 t.5398 .9878 .6026 .9994 .2 .9887 .3 .9955 .9996 .9904 .9236 .9066 .9505 .9394 .8708 .5596 .9884 .9279 .6331 .m.09 .9082 .9956 .5832 .9997 w.5080 .6591 .9994 .9868 .9913 .9332 .5753 .4 O 2008 Tbe .9898 .8790 .9932 .5478 .9099 .5636 .5910 .1 1.6700 .8438 .9995 .8531 .9996 .9997 .6808 .9995 .9931 .5871 .8810 .5675 .9474 .9418 .9946 . 3.9962 .9995 .6554 .9861 .9997 .6064 .9896 .6443 .3 2.@lleg€board. Eoad. AJI rigbtt nreFed.9938 .9925 .8508 .9207 .9916 .9997 .6293 . I z Table A Standard normal probabilities (Conti.8944 .9382 .06 .9441 .8925 .8643 .9032 1.9940 .9941 .9995 .0 0.9463 .9875 .9994 .9920 .8413 .8554 .9997 .6517 .9515 .8888 .8577 .4 .nued.9993 .9918 .05 .8665 .9292 . VLlt th.8869 .9115 .8907 .8599 .8749 .9936 .9429 .9996 .8997 .5000 .8980 .0 1.9996 .9901 .5948 .04 .9943 .9525 _9911 .8849 .9306 .6t79 .9906 .9162 .8461 .9015 .9545 .9961 .9997 .9997 .Probabilitv Thble entry for a is the probability lying below e.9994 . .6772 .5987 0.862t .9964 .6736 .5438 .9484 .925I .5040 .9535 .5319 . 2.03 .6 ..9994 .9927 .5557 .8686 .6628 .9871 .6844 .9960 Coueg.07 .9452 .9265 .5517 .9998 tt .9996 .8962 .9934 .99s9 .9177 .9370 .9345 .5279 .9953 .5199 .2 1.6480 .57t4 .9951 .5 1.9222 .8830 .6141 .5160 .6368 0.9909 .9890 .6879 .08 .9922 .

485 3.323 1.09 22.66 4.604 5.819 3.083 1.341 1.060 2.403 2.72t 2.990 1.476 2.390 2.797 2.650 2.0005 63.291 99.249 2.675 .167 2.195 2.374 2.460 1.140 4.299 1.74t .319 1.221 4.428 3.745 3.088 1. I t* Table B t distribution critical values Tail df I t 3 4 5 .813 3.091 98% 99% 99.074 2.733 2.841 7.282 1.842 .711 1.050 1.05 .056 2.692 80 .058 1.088 2. Bard o! th€ Web: ww.598 7.316 1.685 .33 31.296 1.069 2.697 .679 .725 3.177 2.318 4.876 .602 2.963 3.551 3.179 2.303 t.025 1.160 2.508 2.437 4.0s5 3.183 2.796 1.104 3.232 3.Table entry forp and C is the point t* with probability p lying above it and probability C lying between -t* Probabilityp and t*.386 1.761 1.54t 5.079 1.684 2.326 3.€i-:\$ .930 3.773 5.047 1.497 4.852 2.984 1.001 .638 2.423 2.109 2.078 3.681 .807 2.080 2.686 .937 3.9% Confidence level C 18 O 2008 The Catlogo Boatd.064 2.868 .848 1.846 100 .156 L.20 .045 1.920 4.135 3.676 2.871 3.060 1.189 2.576 2.496 t.201 2.660 1.678 2.492 2.145 2.857 25 .694 .123 2.300 3.792 3.000 2.714 1.M3 3.704 2.527 22 40 .363 r.787 4. Coueg.920 1.037 1.@.015 2.873 .303 .660 2.009 2.681 2.390 3.098 2.753 2l .646 1.076 1.664 1.10 .858 24 .677 .708 2.061 1.816 1.330 2.081 2.321 1.485 3.684 .453 10.264 2.t74 2.849 6.365 4.350 1.610 2.747 4.639 2.25 .450 3.036 1.787 2.67t 2.965 9.173 8.686 .074 1.679 .776 .845 1000 .856 1.261 3.858 23 .727 .043 1.782 1.099 2.960 2.290 1.314 t2.518 2.345 1.978 Lzffi 1.771 1.870 .356 1.893 6.5% 99.768 1.8% 3. All rtghtr rerered.859 .376 1.645 70% 1.172 2.533 2.977 3.131 2.678 .042 1.765 .025 3.000 1.182 .061 1.999 3.132 2.467 3.831 3.718 2.841 50% 60% 1.bard.292 1.106 3.89 31.819 2.505 3.626 2.416 3.624 2.925 14.717 1.849 60 . Virlt th.685 .372 3.colleg. .032 4.971 3.674 .303 2.012 3.282 2.869 ?.581 2.282 .915 3.691 .886 2.078 6.482 4.571 .021 2.15 .947 3.7t .054 95% 96% 2.21 L2.866 1.307 t.887 3.962 1.190 1.757 3.364 2.807 3.82 .353 3.328 2.119 3.063 1.326 2.318 1.60 3.695 .941 1.286 3.500 2.091 3.002s 15.851 50 .059 1.92 2.

29 8.02s 3.u 30.08 5.56 48.61 83.7 AII rtghtr s!md.95 13.82 9.41 7.63 t5.08 31.61 J 4.17 67.03 22.63 7.25 14.83 12.34 13.58 36.31 96.U 93.1 124.13 90. 11.41 109.63 7.34 38.5 124.29 38.93 26.88 9.Thble entry Probabilityp forp is the point (22) with probabilityp I (x2) lying above it.2 ColLge Bord or th.70 73.15 .72 24.84 5.93 37.38 37.31 20.42 72. .83 25.98 14.33 58.82 16. 69.91 34.3 116.75 18.99 7.27 42.07 2.17 38.47 16.9 118.66 86.66 95.24 29.01 35.60 131.62 32.62 59.8 140.66 29.41 19.24 60.97 88.39 24.44 52.36 23.69 26.12 18.12 27.97 At.58 101.93 49.70 14.84 11.06 22.11 4.28 34.00 2r.03 51.87 29.76 63.40 43.42 39.60 24.25 .2r 10.68 45.12 37. Webr wuw.92 36.13 33.17 26.51 26.57 44.35 71.98 18. 51.84 11.16 66.36 32.99 16.44 71.55 19.39 20.48 28.43 28.42 18.r2 9.18 46.98 68.18 46.80 45.n 28.88 31.81 33.78 29.34 99.28 18.62 47.76 28.39 5.47 27.14 28.49 19.bsrd.M 40.32 14.20 48.30 27.@llog.09 22.1 Vtrtt 6.68 27.27 T.34 60.74 26.20 .28 15.82 31.25 4 5.3 135.85 15.55 n.3 149.t 23 24 25 40 50 60 80 100 13.32 33.65 40.6t 2.53 36.35 9.10 1 1.65 49.3 t29.32 l.32 29.69 66.1 111.05 .81 16.58 106.27 44.77 3.07 17.98 17.15 79.40 82.15 19.81 55.49 11.20 36.fzcritical values Tail probabilityp dT .67 35.50 74.92 23.38 91.62 63.6 108.78 46.05 26.74 7.U 5.77 76. Table C .24 11 12 13 14 l5 21 .14 10.04 27.22 319 4.26 30.43 32.40 79.38 7.14 28.27 56.62 49:73 45.86 t6.c@.11 114.70 41.34 24.6 tlt.99 6.7 O 2008 Tha CoUasa Bosrd.31 12.68 21.80 34.8 144.02 5.4 19 .26 32.61 120.30 84.14 11.98 32.80 42.95 112.98 4t.82 30.66 40.22 25.71 t 2.20 18.78 5 6.81 21.67 13.1 9.30 30.32 6.49 88.81 9.77 15.