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A Descriptive Summary of Vickers

Inline Pumps and their Applications

Vickers Fluid Systems


Index
Inline Pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Identification Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Features and Benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Basic Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Drive Shaft and Bearings
Bearing Size Minimized
Self-Aligning Spline
Cylinder Block
No Support Bearing Needed
Pistons and Shoes
Precise Pressure Balance
Low Cylinder Wear
Yoke
Shoe Bearing Plate
Piston Shoe Hold-Down Plate
Shoe Hold-Down Plate Retainer
Valve Plate
Decompression Phase
Shaft Seal
Rotating Sealing Element
Spring Assures Contact
External Sealing
Materials
General Application Advantages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Reliability
Engineering Cooperation with Customers
Performance
Pressure Regulation
Stability
Temperature Range
Efficiency
Weight
Economy
Life
Service Cost
Reliability
Flexibility of Installation
Thru-Shaft Available
Operational Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Life
Normal Period of Operation
Efficiency
Effects of Inlet Pressure and
Temperature Extremes
Pressure
Temperature
Driving Speeds
Transient Response
The Speed at Which the Yoke Angle Is Changed
Pump Driving Speed
The Compliance of the Circuit
The Nature of the Load
The Use of an Accumulator
Minimum Accumulator Size Desirable
Inlet Pressurization
Types of Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Standard Types
Flat Cut-Off Type
Differential Cut-off Type
Electrically Depressurized Variable Pump
with Blocking Valve
Dual Range Control
Constant Horsepower Control
Provisions for Special Requirements
Servo Control
Intelligent Control TM
Application Performance and Installation Data . . . 20
3000 psi (207 bar)
4,000 psi (276 bar) and Higher
Performance Calculations
Typical Performance Data and
Installation Drawings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Eaton Aerospace Worldwide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Inline Pump

1
Coupling Shaft Screw
Shaft Seal
Direction
of Rotation

Sleeve

Control Springs Coupling Shaft

Spring Guide Mounting Flange

Shoe Bearing Plate

Seepage
Shoe Hold-Down Plate Drain Port

Hold-Down Plate Retainer


Yoke Pintle
Actuator Piston Bearing
Drive Shaft
Bearing Rear
Yoke
Piston Shoe
Piston
Sealing Screw
Drive Shaft
Housing
Pilot Valve Drive Shaft Bearing Front
Case Drain Port
Spring Guide
Spring Retainer
Compensator Spring Cylinder Block Spring
Cylinder Block
Spring
Seat Lift Limiting Washer
Retaining Ring
Outlet Port

Valve Plate

Inlet Port

Compensator Adjusting Screw

Lock Nut

2
Introduction Features and Benefits Smooth Operation
At Vickers Fluid Systems of Eaton Aerospace, Low pressure pulsations minimize system
Low Cost disturbances and improve system life.
we know how important it is to listen. And Lower cost per horsepower than other pumps
listening to our customers has shown us that of comparable design. Economical Overhaul
quality, reliability and performance are the Overhauls are economical because of the
standards by which a company's products Durable by Design minimum number of parts and the simplified
should be judged. Generous bearing surfaces and reduced rotating group.
Since 1921, Vickers has gained vast contact pressures result in a more durable
experience in the design and manufacture pump. Reliability
of hydraulic pumps. This is the heritage Simplicity and conservative design parame-
More Horsepower ters assure high reliability and the ability
passed on to our aerospace inline pumps. Lighter weight and higher speed capability
Refinement of the basic inline pumping to tolerate off-design conditions.
provide a much higher horsepower-
concept has brought the industry a truly to-weight ratio. Low Power Loss
superior series of high performance pumps. Compact rotating group and small anti-
This bulletin is a technical description Rapid Response friction bearing diameters result in minimum
of the design and performance of the inline Step changes from peak demands to power loss.
pump series. Also described is the variety minimal flow can be accomplished within
of controls available. 50 milliseconds. Identification Code
Vickers Inline Series Pumps are identified
Intended as a convenient reference for
by model numbers that indicate the displace-
the system designer, the bulletin provides
ment and design release number.
the necessary information to predict unit
(see diagram below.)
performance and to select the proper type
of control.

IDENTIFICATION CODE
PV3-044-•• 2A
xxx-xxx-•• xx

Class 1
Model Description Changes in Sequential Order
Pump P A, B, etc.

Type of Displacement
Release
Fixed F 1, 2, etc.
Variable V (Modifications of the Standard
Model in Sequential Order)

Product Group Source Code


Inline 3 EA European
(Delete for USA Source)

Basic Frame Size


Displacement in cu. in./rev.
to the nearest hundredth
(0.44 in 3/rev. shown)

3
Basic Operations
Figure 1

Retainer Ring
Cylinder Block Spring
Piston Shoe
Housing
Shoe Bearing Plate
Front Bearing
Piston

Drive Shaft

Shaft Seal

Coupling Shaft

Rear Bearing
Valve Plate

Yoke Spring Assembly

Cylinder Block

Yoke
Actuator Piston
Piston Shoe
Hold-Down Plate

4
The Vickers inline pump series is a family of this intake stroke of the piston, fluid is
positive-displacement, axial-position pumps supplied to its cylinder block bore through
designed to operate at either fixed or variable the valve plate inlet port.
displacement. Figure 1 is a cross-section of Discharge Stroke
the typical inline pump. Further rotation of the drive shaft causes
As the drive shaft rotates, it causes the piston shoe to follow the shoe bearing
the positions to reciprocate within the cylin- plate toward the valve plate. This is the
der block bores. The piston shoes are held discharge stroke of the piston and fluid
against a bearing surface by compression is expelled from its cylinder bore through
force during the discharge stroke and by the outlet port of the valve plate.
the shoe hold-down plate and retainer during Figure 3 illustrates the manner in which
the intake stroke. The bearing surface is held piston stroke is controlled by the yoke angle.
at an angle to the drive shaft axis of rotation Displacement variations that respond to
by the yoke (Figure 2). pressure changes to vary the yoke angle
Intake Stroke are described on page 14.
As each piston shoe follows the shoe bearing
plate away from the valve plate, the piston
is withdrawn from the cylinder block. During

Figure 2 Figure 3

Maximum
Pumping Angle
Valve Plate
Yoke
Cylinder Block
Piston

Drive Shaft

Drive Shaft
Minimum Stroke
Position

Stroke

5
Drive Shaft mating surfaces are required to establish
the proper geometric relationships of these
tioned to allow optimum design of the actuat-
ing piston and control spring (Figure 6).
and Bearings components.
The drive shaft is a simple, single-piece The effective center of the cylinder Shoe Bearing Plate
design held in accurate alignment by two block spline is located near the rotation plane The use of a shoe bearing plate allows
anti-friction bearings. of the piston shoes to minimize movement simplified yoke design, accurate lapping
Bearing Size Minimized action on the cylinder block. of the bearing surface and optimum
The shaft is supported by radial bearings at material selection.
each end. Since radial loads (due to position Pistons and Shoes
forces on the cylinder block) are distributed Stress analysis methods combined with Piston Shoe
verification tests have been used to arrive
between the two widely spaced shaft bear-
ings (front and rear, Figure 1), bearing size at an optimum piston-cylinder block design. Hold-Down Plate
During the inlet stroke, the piston/shoe
is minimized, reducing friction losses. This The Vickers design places special emphasis
subassembly requires force to pull it out
is especially important in high-speed appli- on shoe design, since this is a critical link
of the cylinder block bore; this force is sup-
cations where the fluid disturbance and in the efficiency, life and reliability of the
plied by the hold-down plate. It is driven and
power loss in submerged bearings increases inline pump design.
guided by contact with the shoe necks, and
appreciably with bearing rpm and time. Precise Pressure Balance is held in place axially by sliding contact
Self-Aligning Spline Precise pressure balance versus speed and with the hold-down plate retainer (Figure 7).
The spline that drives the cylinder block load capability have been achieved without
is a major diameter fit, crowned slightly sacrificing efficiency and life. Thrust loads Shoe Hold-Down
on the piston shoes are controlled by pres-
to provide cylinder block self-alignment.
sure balance to a point where the resultant Plate Retainer
The retainer provides positive retention of
Cylinder Block loads can be adequately supported by the
fluid film under their outer lands. (Figure 5). the shoe hold-down plate during the intake
Optimum hydraulic pressure balance stroke.
between the cylinder block and the valve Low Cylinder Wear This retainer is secured to the yoke
plate (Figure 4), ensures proper hold-down, Since minimum piston engagement in by screws to ensure optimum support of the
minimizes internal friction and reduces the cylinder block bore is designed to be shoe hold-down plate and minimum retainer
torque losses. approximately two diameters, reaction forces loading in the areas where shoe lift forces
No Support Bearing Needed between the pistons and cylinder block are (intake stroke) are highest. The retainer
Radial loads resulting from piston reactions minimized. This reduces bore wear so that design and arrangement improve the high-
are carried to the drive shaft through the internal leakage remains nearly constant speed capability of the pump.
with time.

;
drive spline, eliminating the need for a
support bearing on the cylinder block.
Yoke Valve Plate

;;
Consequently, losses associated with such Valve plate kidney port slots have been
a large bearing are eliminated, in addition, Extensive studies have been performed designed to provide minimum power loss
this kind of load support provides optimum on the yoke to provide a design with an and pressure pulsation throughout delivery
alignment conditions between the cylinder optimum deflection-to-weight relationship. range. This is accomplished by designing
The yoke pivot centerline has been posi-

;
block, valve plate and drive shaft, since fewer the valve plate porting and yoke geometry

;;;; ;;;
Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7

Shoe Hold-

;;
;
Piston Down Plate

;;
;
Hold-Down
Plate Retainer

;;;; ;;;
Piston

;;
Cylinder
Block

Piston Shoe
Piston Pintle
Circle
CL
CL Yoke Shoe
Shoe Bearing Plate
6
so the piston chamber pressure is raised Rotating Sealing Element because of the low mass of the elements
to system pressure before opening to The simplified seal is made of high quality mounted on the shaft, the seal maintains
the outlet port (precompression) and the material such as bearing grade bronze or full contact, even in environments with high
piston chamber pressure is lowered to inlet carbon. The major difference from other vibration levels.
pressure before opening to the inlet port seals is that the sealing element rotates
(decompression). with the shaft while the heavier mating ring External Sealing
Decompression Phase is stationary in the housing. The seal assem- There are few external seals required in
During the decompression phase, the energy bly is driven by two tabs on the retainer the standard design, and in newer designs
stored in the unswept volume of fluid at that engage with the pump drive shaft. Static none are subjected to high pressure. As a
system pressure is returned to the system sealing around the circumference of the drive result, the pump has fewer potential external
by motoring, rather than being lost by throt- shaft is accomplished with the elastomeric leakage paths. The structural integrity of the
tling to inlet pressure. grommet, shown in Figure 8, which is held single piece housing has been proven by
in contact with the shaft by a garter spring. completing a 4-Life fatigue test (approx.
Shaft Seal Dynamic sealing is effected by forcing the
rotating element against the stationary
1,440,000 cycles). The design simplifies
maintenance tasks, reduces pkg weight, and
Vickers Aerospace Products has developed
mating ring. Constant force is provided by minimizes envelope requirements.
a shaft seal configuration especially designed
for use in all aerospace pumps. Benefits of the wave washer; hydrostatic balance close
this design are longer life, greater reliability to 100% assures that its operation is unaf- Materials
and lower overall pump costs. This face fected by a wide variation in case pressure. Materials are chosen for high strength,
long life and optimum performance. Materials
type shaft seal (Figure 8) is not a “package” Spring Assures Contact used in the standard design include bronze,
design, but is a combination of simple Since the elastomeric grommet is held in
elements. The elements most subject to wear and steel for the rotating group and cast
contact with both the shaft and the sealing
can be repaired at overhaul and the sealing aluminum for the housing and mounting
element by means of mechanical springs,
surface can be lapped, providing an inex- flange. The valve block may be steel, tita-
the effectiveness of the seal does not depend
pensive procedure for obtaining new seal nium or aluminum. High performance pumps
on the elastic properties of the grommet.

;;
performance. generally use wrought or forged housing
Efficient sealing is not disturbed by the
and mounting flanges.
effects of either age or temperature. Also,

Figure 8

Shaft Seal
Housing

Sealing
Mating Ring Element
Elastomeric
Grommet
Drive Shaft
CL Spacer
Garter Spring

Wave Washer

Retainer

7
General Application Advantages

8
The hydraulic pump that supplies power to optimum performance in a Type II system as A pilot of performance versus time is shown
move the various loads of modern aircraft defined by MlL-H-5440G, -65° F to +275° F; in Figure 9.
and defense vehicles is a critical component. (-54° C to 135° C) fluid temperature. Special
Service Cost
Determining the best pump for the job modifications for operation at higher temper- The uncomplicated design of the Vickers
involves three basic considerations: atures can be provided. inline pump provides a unit that has low
• Reliability 4) Efficiency overhaul cost. The man-hours required
• Performance Typical value of overall efficiency of Vickers for disassembly, maintenance operations,
• Economy inline pumps at rated operating conditions reassembly and retest are minimal. Parts
is 88%. Volumetric efficiency at rated operat- costs are low and a minimum of inexpensive
Reliability ing conditions exceeds 96%. These efficien- overhaul tools are needed.
The safety of an airplane and its occupants, cies are maintained near these values for Reliability
or the effectiveness of a missile, depends long operating durations. The low wear rates, together with the added
on the proper functioning of the hydraulic 5) Weight structural margin provided in the design,
system. Realizing that product reliability is Vickers inline pumps have a high power-to- result in the ability of Vickers inline pumps
the most important factor to the consumer, weight ratio. For example, the PV3-115 pump to withstand frequent off design operating
Vickers sets this as the essential, guiding has a ratio of 4.5 hydraulic output horsepow- conditions of temperature, speed, pressure,
objective in all design, manufacturing er per pound (continuous rating), that rises etc., without noticeable damage or perform-
and testing operations. This objective is to 5.4 hp/lb for overspeed operation. ance deterioration.
further supported by the Product Support
Department of Vickers Aerospace through
field and overhaul work and statistical
Economy Flexibility of Installation
Economy involves original purchase price An additional consideration when choosing
studies of pumps in use.
and operating costs. Operating costs in turn a hydraulic pump is flexibility of installation.
Engineering Cooperation depend upon overhaul time, overhaul costs Vickers inline pumps have standard mounting
with Customers and reliability or unscheduled removal rate. arrangements (QAD or bolt type) with a vari-
Close and active engineering cooperation Life ety of inlet and outlet configurations avail-
with the customer is aimed at providing the Vickers inline pumps have demonstrated able. The pressure control has been designed
proper hydraulic circuit design necessary to long life capability both in qualification test- as an integral component, reducing space
obtain the most reliable pump performance. ing and in service. and weight. In addition, the pump design
The wide use of Vickers pumps in all Nearly all models have completed the is ideally suited to manifold type inlet-outlet
kinds of military and commercial aircraft qualification requirements of MIL-P-19692. porting and the use of quick disconnect type
and the record these pumps have estab- The longtime durability has been further mounting.
lished over the past years are evidence of demonstrated in a wide variety of applica- Thru-Shaft Available
the emphasis Vickers places on reliability. tions and in other laboratory testing. One For systems where mounting pad availability
example is the extended endurance test is at a minimum, Vickers inline pumps can
Performance of a PV3-115 pump, following qualification be provided with a thru-shaft and special
Certain standards and details of performance to MIL-P-19692. The pump was cycled end cap. This feature allows additional
are required by hydraulic system designers. between 10% and 90% flow at rated speed accessories to be mounted to and driven by
How well a pump meets or exceeds these of 6000 rpm and at continuous Type II the Vickers pump, reducing engine mounting
specifications is obviously important. Vickers system temperatures. After 15,000 hours, pad requirements. Custom designing pro-
inline pump performance is defined in these the pump was still capable of meeting new vides the package configuration that best
five characteristics: pump performance requirements. fits a particular application.
1) Pressure Regulation
System pressure is automatically held within Efficiency & Horsepower Versus Time
Figure 9
a given range for all flows from zero to full
flow. The regulation range may be chosen 100
Volumetric Efficiency
to best fit a particular requirement and may 90
be as small as 3% of related pressure. Overall Efficiency
80
The regulation compensates for changes
70
in load demand, temperature and variation
Efficiency - Percent

in driving speed. Input Horsepower


Horsepower

60

2) Stability 50
Recovery from step loads and load pertu- Output Horsepower
40
bations is rapid, and pressure overshoots Conditions
30 Theoretical Displacement 1.15 cu. in./rev.
are not excessive when proper circuit design Temperature 240°F (116°C)
is employed. 20 Fluid MIL-H-5606A
Speed 6000 rpm
3) Temperature Range 10 Rated Pressure 3000 psi
Vickers inline pumps are designed to provide 0
0 2500 5000 7500 10,000 12,500 15,000
Time - Hours 9
Operational Characteristics

10
Life Speeds of Vickers 3,000, 4,000 and 5,000 psi
The life of a hydraulic pump depends to a
great extent upon the operating temperature, Variable Displacement Pumps
the drive speed, and the pressure and flow Recommended Speed (rpm)
Pump Size
extremes to which it is subjected. In addition, Normal Maximum
cleanliness of the hydraulic fluid and suffi- PV3-003 18,000 22,500
cient inlet pressure are very important for PV3-006 15,000 18,750
assuring long life. PV3-008 13,500 16,800
PV3-011 12,500 15,600
Normal Period of Operation
PV3-019 12,100 15,100
The normal period of pump operation
PV3-022 10,000 12,500
between overhauls in aircraft application may
PV3-032 9,000 11,250
range from 1000 to more than 15,000 hours
PV3-044 8,000 10,000
of actual pump running time. For applications
PV3-049 8,800 11,000
involving operation at fluid temperatures
PV3-056 8,200 10,250
above 275° F (135° C), the overhaul period
PV3-075 7,000 8,750
may be shorter.
PV3-115 6,600 8,250
Efficiency PV3-150 6,000 7,500
Overhaul efficiency varies somewhat with PV3-205 5,900 7,400
drive speed and outlet pressure. This value PV3-240 5,300 6,600
usually exceeds 85% and may be more than PV3-300 5,000 6,250
90% at rated pressure and moderate speeds. PV3-375 4,800 6,000
During idle, the pump provides only enough PV3-400 4,400 5,500
flow to satisfy its own internal leakage. In the PV3-488 4,100 5,125
case of the EDV pump, in which leakage is
The above speeds depend upon the application, life required, duty cycle, temperature and other factors
circulated at low pressure instead of rated that should be evaluated by Vickers engineers for a given application.
pressure during idle periods, the power loss
is further reduced.
psi, 5000 psi and 8000 psi (276 bar, 345
Effects of Inlet Pressure bar and 552 bar) are being used in an
and Temperature Extremes increasing number of applications which
Inlet pressure will adversely affect effi- are at the forefront of hydraulic technology.
ciency when it drops below the critical inlet Dual range pumps provide two separate
pressure and causes cavitation. Extremes pressure ranges. (See Controls section,
of temperature also will somewhat reduce page 14, for description of compensators).
efficiency. At high temperatures the fluid
viscosity is lowered and leakage increases.
Low temperature increases fluid viscosity
Temperature
Temperature limits for Type II systems per
and increases windage loss. However, the MIL-H-5440G continuous full-life operation
oil quickly warms up as the pump operates. are -65° F to +275° F; (-54° C to 135° C).
The effect of temperature is minimal except Vickers standard inline units can be operated
at very high or very low extremes. within these limits.

Pressure Driving Speeds


Most Vickers pressure-compensated pumps The driving speed recommended for a
are designed for 3000 psi (207 bar) maxi- particular size pump is based on pump life
mum outlet pressure at zero flow and auto- considerations.
matically limit the steady state pressure The maximum speed values shown
to this value. During transient periods, pres- represent an optimum compromise between
sure surges may instantaneously exceed long pump life (lower speeds) and maximum
this by about one-third or less. Full flow max- power output (higher speeds) and may be
imum pressures are usually 2900 psi (200 exceeded under certain conditions.
bar). Higher pressure pumps, especially 4000

11
Transient Response tribute to fast pump response. A given
flow change will result in a rapid pressure
to adjust flow to a new rate, a small accumu-
lator may be used or the accumulator may
When a sudden load change causes system
change, causing the pump to regulate be eliminated.
pressure to exceed the lowest value of
rapidly.
the pump's pressure regulation range, or
when a sudden load change occurs while 4) The Nature of the Load Inlet Pressurization
system pressure is in the regulation range, The nature of the load influences how rapidly When a pump is driven at high speed with
the pump must rapidly adjust the output flow a change in load resistance or flow-control insufficient pressure, cavitation may result
to meet the new load condition. This requires is reflected in a change in system pressure. due to the vacuum created during the intake
that the yoke be repositioned rapidly. The Since changes in system pressure cause the stroke, and its sudden collapse. Also, when
time elapsed during the pressure change is pump to regulate, the nature of the load is flow demand is suddenly increased, the iner-
a measure of the dynamic response of the a factor in the speed of pump response. tia of the fluid in the inlet line can reduce
pump and its associated circuit and load, In general, if the load has a high resonant the pressure at the pump inlet below the
and depends upon the following factors: frequency (low inertia, high spring rate, low critical value and produce cavitation and
damping), response of the pump to changes water hammer. This has the tendency to tear
1) The Speed at Which in load resistance or flow control valve set- particles of metal from the affected surfaces
the Yoke Angle is Changed tings will be faster than in the case of a with resulting erosion. The amount of inlet
This is a characteristic of the pump. For low-frequency load system. pressurization required to prevent cavitation
example, small yoke cylinder area and high increases with the pump operating speed,
control value gain contribute toward rapid 5) The Use of an Accumulator as shown in the chart on page 59.
yoke motion for both increasing and decreas- Although the use of an accumulator decreas- The chart shows recommended inlet
ing displacements. es the speed of pump yoke response, the pressure for long life when operated in
speed of load response is the important MIL-H-5606 or MIL-H-83282 fluid. For
2) Pump Driving Speed factor. With an accumulator in the system,
Pump speed affects time response because operation with phosphate ester based fluids,
flow will be supplied rapidly to the load when inlet pressures higher than those shown are
the rate of flow is proportional not only to needed, thereby contributing to fast load
yoke angle, but also to pump driving speed. recommended. Short time operation below
response. Although the pump yoke reposi- the recommended values can be accommo-
When pump speed is high, the output flow tions more slowly because of the accumula-
will be high and pressure build-up time dated. Inlet pressure limitations of specific
tor, the load does not sense the reduced installations should be discussed with the
will be short. yoke response since the pump's function Vickers application engineer. Vickers pumps
3) The Compliance is temporarily taken over by the accumulator. can be supplied with various control arrange-
of the Circuit Minimum Accumulator ments, each particularly advantageous for
Circuit compliance is determined by the Size Desirable certain individual application requirements.
volume of oil under compression, the bulk In order to keep the accumulator size at The pressure regulation characteristics of a
modulus of the oil (varies with temperature a minimum, the pump response should be as pump are determined by the type of control
and kind of fluid), elasticity of the lines and fast as possible. The size of the accumulator employed.
whether an accumulator is used. Small oil determines the time during which it can
volume, high-bulk modulus, low-expansion supply a given flow at a steady pressure.
lines and absence of an accumulator con- If a pump requires a relatively short time

3000 psi (207 bar)


Inline Pump Series

12
Types of Controls

13
Standard Types 3000 psi (207 bar) system pressure is
just sufficient to center the compensator
The yoke actuating spring will cause the
yoke angle to increase until the flow is just
The standard control types are the “flat cut-
valve spool. sufficient to again give the set system pres-
off” and “differential cut-off” compensators.
sure. The yoke is in its new position and the
Flow Proportional to compensator valve spool is centered.
Flat Cut-Off Type Compensator Valve Opening
This control provides nearly constant pres- As further load increase causes the system Pump Leakage Flow Maintained
sure through the entire flow range (Figure 10) pressure to exceed 3000 psi (207 bar), the If the main line flow is completely blocked,
by limiting the system pressure increase to compensator valve spool is moved downward the yoke will be moved to near center, with
about 3% from full flow to zero flow. It has (as shown in Figure 11) and flow from the only enough displacement to provide the
the advantages of nearly constant output Ps line is metered to the yoke actuating pump leakage flow. The system pressure
pressure, high power output, minimum size piston. This flow increases with compensator will be maintained and the pump will provide
and weight and fast response. valve opening and therefore with system flow when required.
Description pressure increase above 3000 psi (207 bar). Ideal Cause Was Assumed
A step-by-step description will give a better Control Flow Integrated In the preceding explanation, it was assumed
understanding of what happens in the control The yoke actuating piston integrates the that the pump has ideal regulation; that is,
circuit of the flat cut-off type pump. For sim- control flow; thus, the velocity of the piston no increase in supply pressure as flow
plicity, an ideal pump is described (one that (and yoke) is approximately proportional decreased from maximum to zero. As stated,
maintains a constant load pressure for all val- to the position of the compensator valve. this is not obtainable in practice because of
ues of flow within the capacity of the pump, The rate of system flow reduction varies leakage. Any leakage out of the control cir-
except when there is insufficient load to build with pressure above compensator pressure cuit requires an opening of the compensator
up the pressure). Actually, as mentioned above, setting. valve to replace the leakage and maintain
pressure rises about 3% as flow decreases The yoke angle is reduced until the yoke position. An increase in supply pressure
from maximum to zero; this is caused by leak- flow is just sufficient to give the set system is required to produce the compensator valve
age from the control circuit and is important pressure. displacement. Also, since a smaller yoke
for pump stability. At this point the yoke is in its new angle requires higher control pressure (com-
Refer to Figure 11. Assume that initially position and the compensator valve spool pression of the yoke spring is greater), the
there is no resistance to flow. This will give is centered. leakage increases which, in turn, requires
zero system pressure and maximum flow a greater compensator valve displacement
(yoke to maximum angle).
Decreased Load and, therefore, a greater increase in supply
If the load is decreased, the system pressure
pressure. A certain amount of control circuit
Increasing Load is temporarily reduced and the compensator
leakage is desirable, since it limits the gain
As the load (resistance to flow) is increased, valve spool will be displaced upward, opening
and helps to assure stable operation.
the pressure rises and flow remains maxi- the yoke actuating piston to case pressure.
mum until the pressure reaches the pressure
setting of the compensator valve spring. Figure 11
(A pressure setting or rated pressure of 3000
psi (207 bar) is assumed here; however the Compensator Pcase
same description of operation also applies to Valve
pumps of higher rated pressures.) Therefore, Case Drain Pump Yoke

Outlet
Figure 10
Internal
Ps
Leakage High
100% Pressure
Flow - % of max.

3%
Compensator Drive
Valve Spring Shaft
Inlet
0 Pi
0
System Pressure 100% Low
(% of rated) Pressure
Control
Pressure (Pc) Yoke Spring
Pressure
Adjustment Yoke Actuating
Piston

■ (Pi) Inlet Pressure ■ (Ps) Outlet Pressure ■ (Pc) Control Pressure ■ (Pcase) Case Pressure

14
Factors Influencing Regulation is 2400 to 3000 psi (165 to 207 bar). Flow Reduction Proportional to
Other design constants influence the reg- The range can be altered to obtain optimum Ps above 2400 psi (165 bar)
ulation, but leakage is the reason that any characteristics for a particular application. The yoke position is proportional to yoke
regulation range exists. Factors tending to System Pressure Less spring compression and to the increase in
make the static regulation curve more verti- Than 2400 psi (165 bar) Pc above case pressure. Therefore, reduction
cal (higher gain) include low spring rates Refer to Figure 12. The compensator valve of yoke angle and flow are proportional to
(compensator valve and yoke), low leakage, spool will remain displaced upward at system the increase in Ps above 2400 psi (165 bar).
large areas (compensator valve and yoke pressure Ps less than 2400 psi (165 bar)
actuating piston) and high yoke centering Increasing System Pressure
due to the preload of the compensator valve Flow is reduced from maximum to zero
force. spring. as system pressure increases from 2400
With the compensator valve spool dis- to 3000 psi (165 to 207 bar). Therefore,
Differential placed upward, the yoke actuating piston is when Ps is 2600 psi (179 bar), a rise of 200
Cut-Off Type ported to case. Therefore, the yoke actuating psi (14 bar), the flow is reduced by one-third.
This type of control provides a somewhat spring holds the yoke at the maximum angle When Ps is 2800 psi (193 bar), a rise of 400
greater proportional decrease in pressure (maximum flow position). psi (28 bar), flow is reduced by two-thirds.
as flow increases from zero to maximum System Pressure More Decreasing System Pressure
(Figure 13). A typical pressure regulation Than 2400 psi (165 bar) When Ps is between 2400 and 3000 psi
range is 20% of rated pressure, e.g. 600 psi As system pressure (Ps) exceeds 2400 psi (165 to 207 bar), any decrease in Ps causes
(41 bar) for a 3000 psi (207 bar) setting. (165 bar) (due to increase in load), the upper the compensator valve spool to be displaced
Advantages include proper load division metering orifice of the compensator valve upward and oil in the yoke actuating piston
in systems employing two or more pumps opens and the bottom orifice closes. is ported to case, until Pc decreases enough
in parallel, minimum transient pressure Flow from the control pressure (Pc) line to allow the spool to return to the centered
surges and a high degree of stability. enters the yoke actuating piston, compress- position again. At this point the yoke remains
Description ing the yoke spring and decreasing the yoke in its increased-flow position. Therefore,
The following step-by-step description angle. As the spring is compressed, the the proportional relationship applies also to
explains how the differential type pump oper- control pressure, Pc, rises. increase of flow with respect to decrease
ates to automatically limit system pressure When the increase of Pc equals the amount of pressure.
and to provide a proportional decrease in by which Ps exceeds 2400 psi (165 bar), the
valve will be centered to keep the yoke in its
Summary
system pressure from the maximum to a In summary, pump output flow is inversely
given pressure, as flow increases from zero new position.
proportional to system pressure excess
to maximum. The regulation range assumed above 2400 psi (165 bar), as the pressure
varies within the regulation range 2400 to
3000 psi (165 to 207 bar). Flow is maximum
Figure 12
for 2400 psi (165 bar) and less. Flow is zero
Compensator Pcase for 3000 psi (207 bar), except for internal
Valve leakage flow to supply lubrication. System
Case Drain Pump Yoke pressure cannot exceed 3000 psi (207 bar)
(except for small transient surges during sud-
den load changes) and the pump will rapidly
Outlet provide flow when required.
Ps
High Figure 13
Pressure
20%
100%
Flow - % of max.

Compensator Leakage
Valve Spring Drive
Shaft
Inlet
Pi
Low
Pressure 0
Control 0 System Pressure 100%
Pressure (Pc) Yoke Spring (% of rated)
Pressure Yoke Actuating
Adjustment Piston

■ (Pi) Inlet Pressure ■ (Ps) Outlet Pressure ■ (Pc) Control Pressure ■ (Pcase) Case Pressure

15
Figure 14

Blocking Depressurizing Pcase Pump Yoke


Valve Piston Case Drain

Outlet
Ps Drive Shaft
High Pressure

Yoke Spring
Inlet
Pi
Low Pressure

EDV Solenoid Compensator Control Yoke Actuating Piston


(De-energized) Valve Pressure (Pc)
■ (Pi) Inlet Pressure ■ (Ps) Outlet Pressure ■ (Pc) Control Pressure ■ (Pcase) Case Pressure ■ EDV Pressure

Electrically This connects pump outlet pressure directly


to the yoke actuating piston. Since the con-
3) If the pump is depressurized during an
engine start, the peak torque of the pump
Depressurized trol pressure required to hold the yoke in during startup is reduced. This is particularly
Variable Pump zero stroke position is only that necessary
to overcome the yoke springs, e.g.1000 psi
important if the pump is to be driven by an
auxiliary power unit or air turbine. It may be
with Blocking Valve (69 bar) for a 3000 psi (207 bar) pump, the impossible to start the power unit or air tur-
This control further reduces the power loss pump is depressurized to a 1000 psi (69 bar) bine unless this feature (or a flow bypass)
when the pump is on standby by reducing level. This results in a lower input torque to is incorporated.
system pressure to a lower value – example, the unit and a lower power loss.
600 to 1000 psi (41 to 69 bar) by means High pressure is also ported to the
EDV Used with Either
of an electrical signal. spring chamber of the blocking valve when Type Cut-Off
the solenoid is energized. This hydraulically Although Figure 14 shows a flat cut-off
Description compensator, the EDV feature also may be
The solenoid valve (Figure 14) is normally balances the blocking valve piston and allows
the spring to move the piston down to the used with the differential type. It has no
de-energized. In this position the pump effect on the pump's regulation characteris-
pressure compensator operates normally closed position. The pump is thereby isolated
from the system. tics except when the solenoid is energized.
to provide full outlet pressure. The blocking Since the driving speed of the pump is con-
valve is maintained in the open position The EDV/blocking valve feature has
three primary uses: tinuous and unaffected by depressurization,
(as shown) for outlet pressure above e.g. the outlet pressure builds up very rapidly
1) It enables individual pumps to be taken
400 psi (28 bar). when the solenoid circuit is opened.
Energizing the solenoid will port outlet off the line during system checkout and facil-
pressure to a depressurizing piston that itates troubleshooting system malfunctions.
2) It enables a disabled system to be shut
moves the compensator valve spool down.
down in flight to avoid additional system
damage or to prevent loss of system fluid.

16
Figure 15

Compensator Pcase
Valve Case Drain

Outlet Pump Yoke


Ps
High Pressure Drive Shaft
Stop for High
Pressure Range
Stop for Low
Pressure Range

Compensator
Valve Spring

Inlet Yoke Spring


Pi
Low Pressure
E Pilot Pressure
Two Position Pc
Yoke Actuating Piston
Compensating Piston
■ (Pi) Inlet Pressure ■ (Ps) Outlet Pressure ■ (Pc) Control Pressure ■ (Pcase) Case Pressure

Figure 16
EDV Feature without Preload Determines
Blocking Valve System Pressure 100%
If the hydraulic system contains a check As previously explained, the preload on
Upper
Flow - % of max.

valve close to the pump outlet port and nor- the pressure compensator spring determines Range
mal system pressure is maintained during the system pressure at which the pump
periods of pump depressurization, the block- begins regulating. Compressing the spring
ing valve may be eliminated. This results in (increasing preload) causes the pump to reg- Lower
savings of cost, envelope and weight. ulate at a higher pressure, and conversely, Range
relaxing the spring (decreasing preload)
Dual Range Control provides regulation at a lower pressure. 0
0 System Pressure 100%
This control provides two separate output (% of rated)
No Pressure at “E”
pressure ranges (Figure 16). Selection is As seen in Figure 15, the compensator
made by means of an external signal (elec- spring is in the extended position (low pre- Pressure at “E”
trical, mechanical or hydraulic). It permits load) when there is no pilot pressure at “E”. When pilot pressure acts at “E”, the lower
the use of smaller hydraulic components This means that a relatively low system end of the spring is forced upward until a
in systems that require short, high-power pressure is required to overcome the spring stop is reached. The position of this stop
demand periods. The dual range control also preload force and the pump will regulate determines the amount of additional spring
reduces friction and leakage losses during at its lower range. preload and thus determines the system
low-power demand periods. Extended pump pressure at which regulation in the higher
life is still another benefit. range occurs. The pressure at “E” must be
sufficient to hold the piston firmly against the
stop. This pressure can be provided from an
external source, or it can be supplied from
the pump output through a solenoid-con-
trolled valve.
17
Constant Horsepower Design Flexibility Allowed 2) Startup Bypass Valve
This control allows considerable design A simple, reliable, low-cost valve may
Control flexibility. As system pressure reaches a be incorporated in the pump valve block
This control limits power output to a given value slightly less than rated, the compen- to bypass flow and minimize torque during
value for a given pump speed and maintains sator valve opens, control pressure acts on startup. This is sometimes important to
it at a nearly constant level within a given area “C”, and from point B to zero flow, the reduce cranking torque of an engine or
flow range (Figure 18). It has the advantage pump operates as a basic flat or differential startup current of a motorpump. The flow is
of keeping pump power source requirements cut-off unit. bypassed to inlet, at very low pressure, until
at a minimum. a given flow is reached; the bypass valve
The purpose of the constant horse-
power is to limit the maximum pump power
Provisions For Special then closes and remains closed until system
pressure is reduced to near zero, at which
by beginning flow reduction at a given inter- Requirements time it opens and is ready for the next start.
mediate system pressure (point A) and to 1) Integral Boost Stage Operation is completely automatic and self-
cause the pump to reach near rated pressure If your application requires the pump to oper- contained. There are no electrical connec-
at a given intermediate flow (point B). ate at unusually low inlet pressure, a boost tions and torque during startup is even less
Yoke Spring Preloaded stage can be added. This is a centrifugal than that of the EDV feature in the depres-
Refer to Figure 17, System pressure, Ps acts pump that permits operation at inlet pressure surized mode.
at all times on area “H”. The yoke spring well below atmospheric. A typical application 3) Pressure Pulsation
is preloaded with a force equal to area is an aircraft main engine pump with a mini- A pulsation damping chamber (attenuator)
“H” multiplied by the pressure at which it mum inlet requirement of five psia. can be incorporated in the valve block to
is desired to have flow reduction begin (refer The impeller adds to the length and provide reduction of the outlet pressure
to point A in Figure 18). As system pressure weight of the pump, but results in overall ripple. This adds to the envelope and weight
reaches this value, the preload is overcome system weight reduction and increased of the pump, but is justified for applications
and further pressure increase will produce reliability in applications where inlet pressure where lower pressure pulsation levels are
a proportional decrease in flow. The rate of may be quite low. essential and the required compressibility
the spring and the area “H” will determine is not provided by the load circuit.
the slope from “A” to “B” (Figure 18)

Figure 17

Pcase
Compensator Case Drain
Valve

Outlet Pump Yoke


Ps
High Pressure
Drive Shaft

Compensator
Valve Spring

Inlet Yoke Spring


Pi
Low Pressure

Pc Area “H” (annular area)


Area “C”
Pressure Adjustment Yoke Actuating Piston
■ (Pi) Inlet Pressure ■ (Ps) Outlet Pressure ■ (Pc) Control Pressure ■ (Pcase) Case Pressure

18
Servo Control Intelligent Control TM

Servo Control of variable displacement Intelligent Control is a trademark for a


pumps is defined as a control where the out- Vickers controller that can be used with vari-
put is proportional to the input signal. The able pumps or motors. This controller can
output may be pressure or flow. The control furnish all the characteristics of the controls
valve usually is an electrohydraulic valve but mentioned in this brochure plus additional
could be direct drive, fluid, pneumatic or control capability such as position control.
other type valve. In addition, the Intelligent Control has more
There are two methods of servo signal accuracy and flexibility. One control function
control for variable pumps and motors. The can be commanded with a single control
first is used where only a variable pressure module. In addition to various control func-
setting is desired. This provides a variable tions, Vickers Intelligent Control has the
delivery component with a variable pressure capability to provide diagnostics, built in test,
setting determined by the control signal. health monitoring and integrity testing. The
The second method of servo control pressure and power control mode character-
is to vary the displacement of the pump istics in Figure 19 show the precise control
to provide flow proportional to the control that is available with the Intelligent Control.
signal. This type of control is generally used The control can also be programmed to limit
with a feedback network to control velocity or transient cavitation, reduce starting torque
position of an actuator, or speed of a rotating requirements and control multiple compo-
device like a constant speed generator. nents. The Intelligent Control has been
designed to be central to a hydraulic energy
management system that will minimize
system heat rejection and reduce the total
system weight.

Figure 18 Figure 19

}
100%
A Region of
50
Constant 4000 rpm
Horsepower
Flow - % of max.

40
3200 rpm
Flow - gpm

30 2500 rpm
B
20
(Actual constant horsepower Rated
curve, QP = K, is a hyperbola Pressure 10
that is closely approximated
by the line AB) 0
0 1000 2000 3000
0
0 100% Pressure
System Pressure (psi)
(% of rated)

19
Application Performance
and Installation Data

20
3000 psi (207 bar) Basic Model Characteristics of 3000, 4000 and 5000 psi Pumps
3000 psi (207 bar) has been the most com- Maximum TypicalSpeed
Speed Theo.Flow
Flowatat
Basic Maximum Typical Theo.
monly used system pressure for aerospace Displacement
Displacement (rpm)
(rpm) NormalSpeed
Normal Speed DryWeight
Dry Weight
Model
applications. Vickers has created variable No. in3/rev. mL/rev. Normal Max.Ov.Sp. gpm L/min. lbs. kg.
displacement pumps to meet the full range PV3-003 0.030 0.5 18,000 22,500 2.38 9.00 1.7 0.8
of 3000 psi (207 bar) power applications. PV3-006 0.061 1.0 15,000 18,750 3.96 15.00 2.4 1.1
Virtually all Vickers pumps have been PV3-008 0.08 1.31 13,500 16,800 4.68 17.72 3.4 1.6
qualified and sufficient testing has been per- PV3-011 0.11 1.803 12,500 15,600 5.95 22.53 3.7 1.8
formed to generate the typical performance PV3-019 0.192 3.15 12,100 15,100 10.07 38.12 3.7 1.7
curves shown in this section. The table to PV3-022 0.22 3.605 10,000 12,500 9.52 36.05 4.6 2.1
the right presents the basic characteristics PV3-032 0.32 5.244 9,000 11,250 12.47 47.19 6.0 2.7
for Vickers 3000 psi (207 bar) pumps. PV3-044 0.44 7.210 8,000 10,000 15.24 57.68 7.1 3.2
PV3-049 0.488 8.0 8,800 11,000 18.60 70.40 6.4 2.9
4000 psi (276 bar) PV3-056 0.56 9.177 8,200 10,250 19.88 75.25 7.1 3.2

and Higher PV3-075


PV3-115
0.75
1.15
12.29
18.85
7,000
6,600
8,750
8,250
22.73
32.86
86.03
124.4
8.9
11.5
4.0
5.2
Higher system pressures have been selected
PV3-150 1.50 24.58 6,000 7,500 38.96 147.5 15.0 6.8
for military applications and have been
PV3-205 1.80 29.50 5,900 7,400 45.97 174.0 19.8 9.0
in use for several years. These applications
PV3-240 2.40 39.33 5,300 6,600 55.06 208.4 22.5 10.2
normally require additional Vickers engineer-
PV3-300 3.00 49.16 5,000 6,250 64.94 245.8 28.0 12.7
ing involvement.
PV3-375 3.75 61.45 4,800 6,000 77.92 295.0 34.5 15.6
PV3-400 4.0 65.55 4,400 5,500 76.19 288.4 33.5 15.3
PV3-488 4.9 80.30 4,100 5,125 86.97 329.2 46.3 21.0

American Standard Metric Units


1) Flow Q = in3/rev. x rpm (gpm) 1) Flow Q = mL/rev. x rpm (L/min)
231 1000

2) Torque T = in3/rev. x psid (lb-in) 2) Torque T = mL/rev. x bar * (N•m)


2π 20π

3) Power (Shaft) hp = Torque x rpm (hp) 3) Power (Shaft) W = π x Torque x rpm (watt)
63,025 30

3a) Power (hydraulic) hp = gpm x psid (hp) 3a) Power (hydraulic) W = 5/3 x L/min. x bar * (watt)
1714
KW = L/sec. x MN/m2 (kilowatt)

* KPa/100 or 10 MN/m2 may be used in place of bar

Note: The above equations give theoretical values: that is, 100% efficiency is assumed. Actual pump outlet flow is less by
the amount of pump internal leakage, and input torque to the pump is greater by the amount of torque loss.

21
Performance FOR EXAMPLE
for a PV3-075 pump, using typical efficiencies:
Calculations
The following efficiencies are given as a
guide for obtaining preliminary flow, torque Flow
and power performance values for rated To obtain the value of pump outlet flow, calculate the theoretical value using pump equation
speed and pressure. Since flow and torque number 1) from page 21, and MULTIPLY that flow by the applicable volumetric efficiency.
losses also vary with fluid temperature, Subtract outlet flow from theoretical flow to obtain flow loss.
type of fluid and other operating conditions, Qtheo = (.75 cu in/rev) (7000) rpm) = 22.7 gpm
we recommend that a Vickers application 231
engineer be consulted before finalizing the Qoutlet = (22.7 gpm) (.96) = 21.8 gpm
design parameters. This is especially true
Qloss = (22.7 - 21.8) = 0.9 gpm
if outlet pressure or pump driving speed for
the application is different from rated pres- (Multiplying by .96 Volumetric Efficiency)
sure (3000 psi) and normal speeds listed
on pages 11 and 21. The curves on pages Torque
24 through 56 give performance values for To obtain the value of pump input torque, calculate the theoretical value using pump equation
most of the models at three different speeds. number 2) from page 21, DIVIDE that torque efficiency. Subtract theoretical torque from input
Typical performance through the pres- torque to obtain torque loss.
sure and flow range at 2/3 rated speed, Ttheo = (.75 cu in/rev) (3000 psid) = 358 lb•in
full rated speed and 125% rated speed are 2π
shown (except for PV3-300 and PV3-375 Tinput = 358 lb•in = 389 lb•in
for which the curves are at somewhat higher .92
speeds). Tloss = 389 - 358 = 31 lb•in
A generalized curve of recommended
(Dividing by .92 Torque Efficiency)
inlet pressures for various pump speeds is
included on page 59.
Shaft Input Power
Shaft input power is calculated by multiplying input torque (obtained above) by shaft speed, and
dividing by 63,025 (see pump equation number 3 from page 21).

Pump Efficiencies at Normal HPinput = (389 lb•in) (7000 rpm) = 43.2 HP


63,025
Recommended Speeds. (389 ib•in is Tinput calculated above)
3000, 4000 and 5000
psi Pressures. Hydraulic Output Power
Efficiency Hydraulic output power is calculated by multiplying outlet flow (obtained above) by differential
Volumetric Torque Overall pressure, and dividing by 1714 (see pump equation 3a from page 21).
HPoutput = (21.8 gpm) (3000 psid) = 38.2 HP
5000 psi 4000 psi 3000 psi

Typical 0.96 0.92 0.885


(average) 1714
Minimum 0.94 0.905 0.85 (21.8 gpm is Qoutlet calculated above)
Typical 0.95 0.94 0.89
(average) Power Loss
Minimum 0.93 0.925 0.86 Power loss is obtained by subtracting the value of hydraulic output power form shaft input
power. Power loss can also be obtained by using either of the following equations:
Typical 0.94 0.95 0.89
(average) Power Loss = (Power Input) (1 - overall efficiency)
Minimum 0.92 0.935 0.86 Power Loss = (Power Output) ( 1 -1)
overall efficiency
HPloss = 43.2 - 38.2 = 5.0 HP
(also, HPloss = (43.2) (1 - .885) = 5.0 HP)
(and, HPloss = (38.2) ( 1 - 1) = 5.9 HP
.885

22
Typical Performance Data
and Installation Drawings

23
24
PV3-008

9000 rpm 13,500 rpm

3100 100 10 40 5 100 Volumetric Efficiency 10 50


PV3-008

Outlet Pressure Outlet Flow


3000 90 9 36 4.5 90 9 45
ncy r
Efficie ue ency
iciien
Effic
O verall orq 4 80 Overall Eff owe 8 40
2900 80 ut T 8 32 rsep
Inp t Ho
Inpu r
2800 70 7 28 3.5 70 owe 7 35
sep
t Hor
3 60 pu 6 30
60 r 6 24 Out
owe
rsep
50 t Ho 5 20 2.5 50 5 25
Inpu
er

Outlet Flow
pow
Horsepower

Horsepower
40 orse 4 16 2 40 4 20
tput H

Efficiency - Percent
u

Efficiency - Percent
O
1.5 30 3 15
Input Torque - lb. ins.

30 3 12

Input Torque - lb. ins.

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


20 2 8 1 20 2 10
que
t Tor
10 1 4 0.5 10 Inpu 1 5
Horsepower Loss Horsepower Loss
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 1 2 3 4 0 400 800 1200 1600 2000 2400 2800 3200
Delivery - gpm ( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

13,500 rpm 16,800 rpm

3100 100 10 50 3100 100 20 50


Outlet Pressure Outlet Pressure
3000 90 9 45 3000 90 18 45
iency ency
Overall Effic Overall Effici
2900 80 e 8 40 2900 80 16 40
r orqu ue
owe Input T orq
o r sep er ut T
2800 70 tH 7 35 2800 70 Inp 14 35
Inpu pow
t Horse
60 pu 6 30 60 12 30
Out r
owe
rsep
50 t Ho 10 25
50 5 25 Inpu
er
Horsepower

pow

Horsepower
40 4 20 40 orse 8 20
Efficiency - Percent

ut H

Efficiency - Percent
Outp
30 6 15
Input Torque - lb. ins.

30 3 15
Input Torque - lb. ins.

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

20 2 10 20 4 10

10 1 5 10 2 5
Horsepower Loss Horsepower Loss
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 1 2 3 4 5 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Delivery - gpm Delivery - gpm
PV3-008
PV3-008 inches (mm)

25
26
PV3-011P

8000 rpm 12,500 rpm


V3-011

3100 100 20 100 20 100 25 100


Outlet Pressure Volumetric
Volumetric Efficiency
Efficiency
3000 90 18 90 18 90 90
cy cy
cienncy
Effiicie
erarallll Eff
Overall Efficien OvOve
2900 80 16 80 16 80 20 80

2800 70 14 70 14 70 70

60 12 60 12 60 e 15 60
TToorqrquue
e InInppuutt
Torqu
50 Input 10 50 10 50 50
Horseep
poowwerer
Horsepower

InInppuuttH

Horsepower
Delivery - gpm
40 8 40 8 40 10 40

Efficiency - Percent

Efficiency - Percent
sepower powwerer
epo
Input Hor OuOtp utt HHoorrsse
utpu
6 30 30
Input Torque - lb. ins.

30 6 30

Input Torque - lb. ins.


er Delivery
Deliver
Delivery
orsepow
Output H

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


20 4 20 4 20 5 20

10 2 10 2 10 10
Horsepower Loss
Horsepower Loss
Horsepower Loss
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 1 2 3 4 0 400 800 1200 1600 2000 2400 2800 3200
Delivery - gpm ( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

12,500 rpm 15,600 rpm

3100 100 25 100 3100 100 20 100


Outle
Outlett Press re
Pressuure Outle
Outlett Pres ure
Presssure
3000 90 90 3000 90 18 90
Overall Efficiency
Efficiency
Overall Efficiency
Overall Efficiency
2900 80 20 80 2900 80 16 80
r
2800 70 70 2800 70 owwere 14 70
tHHo
rseeppo
ut
InInppu r
60 15 60 60 owwere 12 60
e rs
rseeppo
Torqu u
t tp
p uutt HHo uee
Input OuO rqu
t Toorq
50 50 50 InInppuut 10 50
r
ppoowwere
Horsee
Horsepower

Horsepower
40 InInppuuttH 10 40 40 8 40
Efficiency - Percent

Efficiency - Percent
powwerer
epo
utt HHoorrsse
utpu 30 6 30
Input Torque - lb. ins.

30 30
Input Torque - lb. ins.
OuOtp

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

20 5 20 20 4 20

10 10 10 2 10
Horsepower Loss
Horsepower Loss Horsepower Loss
Horsepower Loss
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Delivery - gpm Delivery - gpm
PV3-011P V3-011
inches (mm)

27
28
PV3-019
8100 rpm 12,100 rpm

3100 100 100


Volum
olumeetric
PV3-019

tric Efficie
Ef ncy
Outlet Pressure
3000 90 11 90
Efficiency
Overall Efficiency Overall Efficiency
80 140 10 80 140
Delivery
Deliver

70 120 9 70 120

60 ue 24
60 orque 24 100 t Torq 100
In put T Inpu

50 20 80 50 er 20 80
epow
Hors
Horsepower

Horsepower
Delivery - gpm
Input

Efficiency - Percent

Efficiency - Percent
40 16 60 40 16 60
Input Torque - lb. ins.

Input Torque - lb. ins.


wer
rsepo
sepower ut Ho
30 Input Hor 12 40 30 Outp 12 40

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


wer
20 Horsepo 8 20 20 8 20
Output

10 4 0 10 4 0
Horsepower
Horsepower Loss
Loss Horsepower Loss
0 0 0 0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500
Delivery - gpm ( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

12,100 rpm 15,100 rpm

3100 100 3100 100


Outlet Pressure Outlet Pressure
3000 90 3000 90
Overall Efficiency
Overall Efficiency 140 80
80 140

70 120 70 120
e
e Torqu
60 Torqu 24 100 60 Input 30 100
Input

50 r 20 80 50 25 80
powe
Horse er
Horsepower

Input

Horsepower
epow
Efficiency - Percent

Efficiency - Percent
16 60 40 t Hors 20
Input Torque - lb. ins.

40 Inpu 60
wer wer
Input Torque - lb. ins.
rsepo rsepo
ut Ho 12 40 30 ut Ho 15
Outp Outp

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


30
( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

40

20 8 20 20 10 20

10 4 0 10 5 0
Horsepower Loss Horsepower Loss
0 0 0 0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16
Delivery - gpm Delivery - gpm
PV3-019
PV3-019 inches (mm)

29
30
PV3-022
6600 rpm 10,000 rpm

3100 100 40 200 50 100 50 200


PV3-022

Outlet Pressure
Volumetric Efficiency
3000 90 36 180 45 90 45 180
Effici ncyy
icieenc ienccyy
Overall Eff Efficcien
Overall Effi
2900 80 32 160 40 80 40 160

2800 70 28 140 35 70 35 140

60 24 120 30 60 e 30 120
ue Torqu
t Torq Input
Inpu
50 20 100 25 50 25 100
Horsepower

Horsepower
Delivery - gpm
Efficiency - Percent

Efficiency - Percent
40 16 80 20 40 wer 20 80
orsepo
Input Torque - lb. ins.

Input Torque - lb. ins.


Input H
30 rsepower 12 60 15 30 15 60
Input Ho wer

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


Horsepo
er Output
20 rsepow 8 40 10 20 10 40
Output Ho
Delivery
Deliver
10 4 20 5 10 5 20
Horsepower Loss
Horsepower Loss
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 0 400 800 1200 1600 2000 2400 2800 3200
Delivery - gpm ( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

10,000 rpm 12,500 rpm

3100 100 50 200 3100 100 50 200


Outlet Pressure Outlet Pressure
3000 90 45 180 3000 90 45 180
Overall Efficiency
Efficiency
Overall Efficiency
2900 80 40 160 2900 80 40 160

2800 70 35 140 2800 70 35 140

60 30 120 60 ue 30 120
e t Torq
rqu Inpu
t To
Inpu
50 25 100 50 er 25 100
epow
Hors
Horsepower

Horsepower
Input
Efficiency - Percent

Efficiency - Percent
40 er 20 80 40 20 80
epow
Input Torque - lb. ins.

Hors Input Torque - lb. ins.


Input er
15 30 pow 15
30 60 orse 60
ut H

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

ower Outp
rsep
20 ut Ho 10 40 20 10 40
Outp

10 5 20 10 5 20
Horsepower Loss
Horsepower Loss
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16
Delivery - gpm Delivery - gpm
PV3-022
PV3-022 inches (mm)

31
32
PV3-032
6000 rpm 9000 rpm

3100 100 100


PV3-032

Outlet Pressure Volumetric Efficiency


3000 90 90 180
ienccyy
Efficcien
Overall Effi
Effic
Overall Ef ienccyy
ficien
80 16 160 80 e 160
ue rqu
Torq t To
t er Inpu
70 Inpu rsepow 14 140 70 140
t Ho
Inpu
po wer 60 r 24 120
60 orse 12 120 powe
ut H Horse
Outp Input
50 10 100 50 20 100
wer
Horsepower

Horsepower
Delivery - gpm
rsepo

Efficiency - Percent

Efficiency - Percent
40 8 80 16 40 ut Ho 16 80
Input Torque - lb. ins.

Outp

Input Torque - lb. ins.


Delivery
Deliver
30 6 60 12 30 12 60

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


20 4 40 8 20 8 40

10 2 20 4 10 4 20
Horsepower Loss Horsepower Loss
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 0 400 800 1200 1600 2000 2400 2800 3200
Delivery - gpm ( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

9000 rpm 11,250 rpm

3100 100 3100 100


Outlet Pressure Outlet Pressure
3000 90 180 3000 90 180
Overall Efficiency
Overall Efficiency
80 160 80 160
ue rque
orq t To
ut T Inpu
70 Inp 140 70 35 140
er
60 r 24 120 60 epow 30 120
owe Hors
rsep Input
t Ho w
o er
Inpu rsep
50 20 100 50 u t Ho 25 100
er Outp
Horsepower

Horsepower
pow
Efficiency - Percent

Efficiency - Percent
rse 40
Input Torque - lb. ins.

40 t Ho 16 80 20 80
O utpu
Input Torque - lb. ins.
12 30 15

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


30 60
( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

60

20 8 40 20 10 40
Horsepower Loss
10 4 20 10 5 20
Horsepower Loss
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16
Delivery - gpm Delivery - gpm
PV3-032
PV3-032 inches (mm)

33
34
PV3-044
5300 rpm 8000 rpm

3100 100 40 400 100 100 40 400


PV3-044

Outlet Pressure Volumetric Efficiency


3000 90 36 360 90 90 36 360
ienccyy
Efficcien
Overall Effi
Effic
Overall Ef ienccyy
ficien
2900 80 32 320 80 80 32 320
er
rse p ow
2800 70 28 280 70 70 t Ho 28 280
Inpu er
rs epow
60 ue 24 240 60 60 ut Ho 24 240
Torq Outp
t e
Inpu Torqu
50 r 20 200 50 50 Input 20 200
owe
rsep
Horsepower

Horsepower
Delivery - gpm
t Ho

Efficiency - Percent

Efficiency - Percent
40 Inpu 16 160 40 40 16 160
Input Torque - lb. ins.

Input Torque - lb. ins.


r
owe
rsep
30 t Ho 12 120 30 30 12 120

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


Outpu

20 8 80 20 20 8 80
Delivery
Deliver

10 4 40 10 10 4 40
Horsepower Loss
Horsepower Loss 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 0 400 800 1200 1600 2000 2400 2800 3200
Delivery - gpm ( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

8000 rpm 10,000 rpm

3100 100 3100 100


Outlet Pressure Outlet Pressure
3000 90 180 3000 90 180
Overall Efficiency
Overall Efficiency
80 160 80 160
ue rque
orq t To
ut T Inpu
70 Inp 140 70 35 140
er
60 wer 24 120 60 epow 30 120
epo Hors
Hors Input
t w
o er
Inpu rsep
50 20 100 50 u t Ho 25 100
r Outp
Horsepower

Horsepower
powe
Efficiency - Percent

Efficiency - Percent
orse 40
Input Torque - lb. ins.

40 tH 16 80 20 80
Outpu Input Torque - lb. ins.
12 30 15

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


30 60
( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

60

20 8 40 20 10 40
Horsepower Loss
10 4 20 10 5 20
Horsepower Loss
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16
Delivery - gpm Delivery - gpm
PV3-044
PV3-044 inches (mm)

35
36
PV3-049
5900 rpm 8800 rpm

3100 100 100 Volumetric Efficiency


PV3-049

Outlet Pressure
3000 90 19 90
Overall Efficiency Overall Efficiency
80 280 18 80 Delivery 280

que rque
70 t Tor 240 17 70 p u t To 240
Inpu In

60 r 24 200 60 60 200
owe
rsep
t Ho
Inpu
50 20 160 50 50 160
wer
Horsepower

Horsepower
Delivery - gpm
epo

Efficiency - Percent

Efficiency - Percent
ut Hors 40 40
40 16 120 120
Input Torque - lb. ins.

Input Torque - lb. ins.


Outp er
orsepow
Input H
30 12 80 30 30 80

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


wer
H orsepo
20 8 40 20 Output 20 40

10 4 0 10 10 0

Horsepower
Horsepower Loss
Loss Horsepower Loss
0 0 0 0
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500
Delivery - gpm ( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

8800 rpm 11,000 rpm

3100 100 3100 100


Outlet Pressure Outlet Pressure
3000 90 3000 90

Overall Efficiency Overall Efficiency


80 280 80 280
que
t Tor 240 70 ue
70 Inpu orq 240
ut T
Inp
60 60 200 60 60 200

50 50 160 50 50 160
Horsepower

Horsepower
er
Efficiency - Percent

Efficiency - Percent
40 120 40 epow 40
Input Torque - lb. ins.

40 t Hors 120
wer Inpu
orsepo
Input Torque - lb. ins.
Input H e
w r
30 80 30 rsepo 30

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


30
( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

ut Ho 80
r Outp
epowe
t Hors
20 Outpu 20 40 20 20 40

10 10 0 10 10 0
Horsepower Loss
Horsepower Loss
0 0 0 0
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32
Delivery - gpm Delivery - gpm
PV3-049
PV3-049 inches (mm)

37
38
PV3-056
5500 rpm 8200 rpm

3100 100 40 400 100


PV3-056

Outlet Pressure Volumetric


olumetric Efficiency
Ef
3000 90 36 360 90 320
ienccyy
Efficcien
Overall Effi
Effic
Overall Ef ienccyy
ficien ue
80 32 320 80 t Torq 40 280
Inpu
we r
o
70 rsep 35
70 rque 28 280 t Ho 240
t To Inpu o w er
Inpu rse p
r ut Ho
60 owe 24 240 60 Outp 30 200
sep
t Hor
Inpu
50 20 200 50 25 160
er
pow
Horsepower

Horsepower
Delivery - gpm
orse

Efficiency - Percent

Efficiency - Percent
ut H 20 40 Delivery
Deliver 20
40 16 160 120
Input Torque - lb. ins.

Outp

Input Torque - lb. ins.


30 12 120 15 30 15 80

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


20 8 80 10 20 10 40

10 4 40 5 10 5 0
Horsepower Loss
Horsepower Loss
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 0 400 800 1200 1600 2000 2400 2800 3200
Delivery - gpm ( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

8200 rpm 10,250 rpm

3100 100 3100 100


Outlet Pressure Outlet Pressure
3000 90 320 3000 90
Overall Efficiency
80 40 280 80 Overall Efficiency 320
ue
orq
ut T er
70 Inp ow 35 240 70 ue 56 280
ep orq
ors ut T
u tH Inp
60 Inp er 30 200 60 48 240
pow r
rse owe
t Ho rsep
50 tpu 25 160 50 u t Ho 40 200
Ou Inp
er
Horsepower

Horsepower
pow
Efficiency - Percent

Efficiency - Percent
120 40 orse 32
Input Torque - lb. ins.

40 20 ut H 160
Input Torque - lb. ins. Outp
15 80 30 24

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


30
( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

120

20 10 40 20 16 80

10 5 0 10 8 40
Horsepower Loss Horsepower Loss

0 0 0 0 0
0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 0 4 8 12 16 20 24
Delivery - gpm Delivery - gpm
PV3-056
PV3-056 inches (mm)

39
40
PV3-075
4700 rpm 7000 rpm

3100 100 50 500 50 100 100 1000


PV3-075

Outlet Pressure Volumetric Efficiency


3000 90 45 450 45 90 90 900
ienccyy Overall Effi ienccyy
Efficcien
ficien
Effic
Overall Ef
2900 80 40 400 40 80 80 800
rque
t To
Inpu 70 70
2800 70 35 350 35 700

60 r 30 300 30 60 60 600
owe
rsep
t Ho
Inpu
50 25 250 25 50 50 500
er Delivery
Deliver
pow
Horsepower

Horsepower
Delivery - gpm
orse

Efficiency - Percent

Efficiency - Percent
u tp ut H 20 40 we r rque 40
40 20 200 400
Input Torque - lb. ins.

O orsepo Input To

Input Torque - lb. ins.


Input H
e power
30 15 150 15 30 t Hors 30 300

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


Outpu

20 10 100 10 20 20 200

10 5 50 5 10 10 100
Horsepower Loss
Horsepower Loss
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 5 10 15 0 400 800 1200 1600 2000 2400 2800 3200
Delivery - gpm ( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

7000 rpm 8750 rpm

3100 100 100 1000 3100 100 100 500


Outlet Pressure Outlet Pressure
3000 90 90 900 3000 90 90 450
Ef
Overall Efficiency
Overall Ef
Efficiency
ficiency
2900 80 80 800 80 ue 80 400
orq
ut T
700 70 Inp 70
2800 70 70 350

60 60 600 60 r 60 300
owe
rsep
t Ho
50 50 500 50 Inpu er 50
p ow 250
r ue orse
Horsepower

Horsepower
powe t Torq ut H
Efficiency - Percent

Horse

Efficiency - Percent
Inpu 400 40 Outp 40
Input Torque - lb. ins.

40 Input 40 200
Input Torque - lb. ins.
ower
rsep 30 300 30 30

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


30
( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

ut Ho 150
Outp
20 20 200 20 20 100

10 10 100 10 10 50
Horsepower Loss
Horsepower Loss
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32
Delivery - gpm Delivery - gpm
PV3-075
PV3-075 inches (mm)

41
42
PV3-115
4000 rpm 6000 rpm

3100 100 100 1000 100 100 100 1000


PV3-115

Outlet Pressu
re Volumetric
olumetric Efficiency
Ef
3000 90 90 900 90 90 90 900
Effificie cy
cienncy ienccyy
Efficcien
Overall Effi
Overall Ef
2900 80 80 800 80 80 80 800

2800 70 70 700 70 70 70 700


e
60 60 600 60 60 Torqu 60 600
ue Input
t Torq
Inpu er
50 50 500 50 50 epow 50 500
Hors
Input ower
Horsepower

Horsepower
e

Delivery - gpm
rs

Efficiency - Percent

Efficiency - Percent
40 40 ut Ho 40
40 40 400 400
Input Torque - lb. ins.

er Outp

Input Torque - lb. ins.


epow
Hors
Input
30 30 300 30 30 30 300

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


wer Delivery
Deliver
rsepo
ut Ho
Outp 20 20 20
20 20 200 200

10 10 100 10 10 10 100
Horsepower Loss Horsepower Loss

0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 0 400 800 1200 1600 2000 2400 2800 3200
Delivery - gpm ( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

6000 rpm 7500 rpm

3100 100 100 1000 3100 100 100 1000


Outlet Pressure Outlet Pressure
3000 90 90 900 3000 90 90 900
Overall Ef Overall Efficiency
Efficiency
ficiency
2900 80 80 800 2900 80 80 800
r
owe
rsep
2800 70 700 2800 70 t Ho 70
70 Inpu 700
e
ue Torqu
60 t Torq 60 600 60 Input 60 600
Inpu o w er
rse p
r t Ho
50 powe 50 500 50 Outpu 50 500
Horse
Input wer
Horsepower

Horsepower
Horsepo
Efficiency - Percent

Efficiency - Percent
ut
400 40 40
Input Torque - lb. ins.

40 Outp 40 400
Input Torque - lb. ins.
30 300 30 30

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


30
( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

300

20 20 200 20 20 200
Horsepower Loss
10 10 100 10 10 100
Horsepower Loss
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40
Delivery - gpm Delivery - gpm
PV3-115
PV3-115 inches (mm)

43
44
PV3-150 & PV3-160
4000 rpm 6000 rpm

3100 100 100


Volumetric Efficiency
Outlet Pressure
3000 90 90
ncy ienccyy
Efficcien
Overall Efficie Overall Effi
80 800 80 e 80 800
ut T orqu
rque Inp
t To
70 Inpu 700 70 r 70 700
owe
rsep
t Ho
60 wer 48 600 60 Inpu r 60 600
epo e
t Hors pow
orse
Inpu ut H
50 40 500 50 Outp 50 500
er
Horsepower

Horsepower
Delivery - gpm
pow

Efficiency - Percent
orse

Efficiency - Percent
40 ut H 32 400 40 40 40 400
Input Torque - lb. ins.

Input Torque - lb. ins.


Outp
Delivery
Deliver
30 24 300 30 30 30 300

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


PV3-150 & PV3-160

20 16 200 20 20 20 200

10 8 100 10 10 10 100
Horsepower Loss
Horsepower Loss
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 0 400 800 1200 1600 2000 2400 2800 3200
Delivery - gpm ( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

6000 rpm 7500 rpm

3100 100 3100 100


Outlet Pressure Outlet Pressure
3000 90 3000 90
Overall Efficiency
80 800 80 Ef
Overall Efficiency
80 800
ue
orq ue
ut T orq
70 Inp 70 700 70 ut T 700
er Inp
ow
ep
60 ors 60 600 60 600
u tH er
Inp pow
rse
50 u t Ho 50 500 50 wer 100 500
tp Horsepo
Ou
Horsepower

Horsepower
Input
Efficiency - Percent

Efficiency - Percent
40 400 40
Input Torque - lb. ins.

40 80 400
er
Input Torque - lb. ins. ut Ho
rs epow
30 300 30

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


30
( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

Outp 60 300

20 20 200 20 40 200

10 10 100 10 20 100
Horsepower Loss Horsepower Loss
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 8 16 24 32 40 0 8 16 24 32 40 48
Delivery - gpm Delivery - gpm
PV3-150 & PV3-160
PV3-150 & PV3-160 inches (mm)

45
46
PV3-205
4000 rpm 5900 rpm

3100 100 100 1000 100 100 100 1000


Volumetric Efficiency
PV3-205

Outlet Pressure
3000 90 90 900 90 90 Efficie
Overall Ef cy
ficienncy 90 900
ncy ue e er
Overall Efficie To rqu
2900 80 orq 80 800 80 80 t pow 80 800
ut T Inpu rse
Inp t Ho
Inpu
2800 70 70 700 70 70 r 70 700
owe
sep
Hor
put
60 r 60 600 60 60 Out 60 600
owe
rsep
t Ho
50 Inpu 50 500 50 50 50 500
Delivery
Deliver
Horsepower

Horsepower
Delivery - gpm
er
pow

Efficiency - Percent

Efficiency - Percent
40 orse 40 400 40 40 40 400
Input Torque - lb. ins.

ut H

Input Torque - lb. ins.


Outp
30 30 300 30 30 30 300

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


20 20 200 20 20 20 200

10 10 100 10 10 10 100
Horsepower Loss
Horsepower Loss
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 0 400 800 1200 1600 2000 2400 2800 3200
Delivery - gpm ( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

5900 rpm 7400 rpm

3100 100 100 100 3100 100 200 1000


Outlet Pressure Outlet Pressure
3000 90 90 900 3000 90 180 900
ncyy
cieenc
Effici
Overall Effi
Overall Efficiency er e
2900 80 80 800 2900 80 qu 160 800
ow Tor
ue ep ut
orq Hors Inp
2800 70 tu T ut r 70 700 2800 70 140 700
Inp Inp we
po
rse
60 t Ho 60 600 60 r 120 600
tpu owe
Ou rsep
t Ho
50 50 500 50 Inpu 100 500
Horsepower

Horsepower
Efficiency - Percent

Efficiency - Percent
40 400 40 er
Input Torque - lb. ins.

40 pow 80 400
orse
Input Torque - lb. ins. ut H
Outp
30 300 30

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


30
( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

60 300

20 20 200 20 40 200
Horsepower Loss
10 10 100 10 20 100
Horsepower Loss

0 0 0 0 0 0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80
Delivery - gpm Delivery - gpm
PV3-205
PV3-205 inches (mm)

47
48
PV3-240
3550 rpm 5300 rpm

3100 100 100


PV3-240

Outlet Pressure
Volumetric Efficiency
3000 90 90
ficiency Efficie
Overall Ef cy
ficienncy
Overall Ef 80
80 ue 1200
orq
ut T
Inp
70 r 70 1000 70 1400
we
po
rse
60 Ho 60 800 60 120 1200
p ut ue
In t Torq
er Inpu
50 pow 50 600 50 100 1000
rse r
t Ho powe
Horsepower

Horsepower
Horse

Delivery - gpm
tpu Input

Efficiency - Percent

Efficiency - Percent
40 Ou 40 400 40 owe r 80 800
Input Torque - lb. ins.

ep

Input Torque - lb. ins.


t Hors
Outpu
30 30 200 60 30 60 600

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


Delivery
Deliver
20 20 0 40 20 40 400

10 10 20 10 20 200
Horsepower Loss Horsepower Loss
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 8 16 24 32 40 0 400 800 1200 1600 2000 2400 2800 3200
Delivery - gpm ( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

5300 rpm 6600 rpm

3100 100 3100 100


Outlet Pressure Outlet Pressure
3000 90 3000 90
ficienccyy
Efficien
Overall Ef
Overall Efficiency
80 80 1400
que
t Tor
70 1400 70 Inpu 140 1200
ue r
60 t Torq 120 1200 60 powe 120 1000
Inpu Horse
Input
er wer
50 epow 100 1000 50 rsepo 100 800
t Hors ut Ho
Inpu Outp
Horsepower

Horsepower
Efficiency - Percent

Efficiency - Percent
80 800 40
Input Torque - lb. ins.

40 er 80 600
epow
u t Hors Input Torque - lb. ins.
Outp
60 600 30

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


30
( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

60 400

20 40 400 20 40 200

10 20 200 10 20 0
Horsepower Loss
Horsepower Loss
0 0 0 0 0
0 8 16 24 32 40 48 56 64 0 8 16 24 32 40 48 56 64
Delivery - gpm Delivery - gpm
PV3-240
PV3-240 inches (mm)

49
50
PV3-300
3500 rpm 5250 rpm

3100 100 200 2000 100 100 200 2000


PV3-300

Outlet Pressure
Volumetric Efficiency
3000 90 180 1800 90 90 180 1800
Efficie
Overall Ef ncyy
ficienc
Efficie
Overall Ef cy
ficienncy
2900 80 160 1600 80 80 160 1600
e
qu rque
Tor t To
ut 70 Inpu 140
2800 70 Inp 140 1400 70 Delivery
Deliver 1400

60 r 120
60 120 1200 60 owe 1200
rsep
t Ho
Inpu er
50 100 1000 50 50 o w 100 1000
rsep
t Ho

Horsepower
Horsepower

utpu

Delivery - gpm
er O

Efficiency - Percent

Efficiency - Percent
40 rse pow 80 800 40 40 80 800
Input Torque - lb. ins.

Input Torque - lb. ins.


t Ho
Inpu
er
30 pow 60 600 30 30 60 600

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


orse
ut H
Outp
20 40 400 20 20 40 400

10 20 200 10 10 20 200
Horsepower Loss
Horsepower Loss
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 0 400 800 1200 1600 2000 2400 2800 3200
Delivery - gpm ( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

5250 rpm 6550 rpm

3100 100 200 2000 3100 100 200 2500


Outlet Pressure Outlet Pressure
3000 90 180 1800 3000 90 180
ficienccyy
Efficien
Overall Ef
Overall Efficiency
2900 80 160 1600 2900 80 r 160 2000
we
po
rse er
2800 70 ue 140 1400 2800 70 t Ho 140
t Torq u ow
Inpu Inp ep
ors
u tH
60 er 120 1200 60 tp 120 1500
epow Ou ue
t Hors orq
Inpu 1000 50 ut T
50 wer 100 Inp 100
rsepo
Horsepower

Horsepower
ut Ho
Efficiency - Percent

Outp

Efficiency - Percent
80 800 40
Input Torque - lb. ins.

40 80 1000
Input Torque - lb. ins.

60 600 30

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


30
( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

60

20 40 400 20 40 500

10 20 200 10 20
s
Horsepower Loss Horsepower Los
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160
Delivery - gpm Delivery - gpm
PV3-300
PV3-300 inches (mm)

51
52
PV3-375
3700 rpm 5550 rpm

3100 100 250 2500 100 100 250 2500


Volumetric Efficiency
PV3-375

Outlet Pressure
3000 90 90 90 Efficie
Overall Ef cy
ficienncy
Efficie
Overall Ef ncyy
ficienc
80 80 Delivery
Deliver
2900 80 200 2000 200 2000
rque
ue t To
orq Inpu
2800 70 ut T 70 70 o wer
Inp rsep
t Ho
Inpu
60 150 1500 60 60 150 1500
er
p ow
50 50 50 orse
r ut H
owe Outp
Horsepower

Horsepower
Delivery - gpm
rsep

Efficiency - Percent
t Ho

Efficiency - Percent
40 Inpu 100 1000 40 40 100 1000
Input Torque - lb. ins.

Input Torque - lb. ins.


wer
rsepo 30
30 ut Ho 30

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


Outp

20 50 500 20 20 50 500

10 10 10
Horsepower Loss Horsepower Loss
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 0 400 800 1200 1600 2000 2400 2800 3200
Delivery - gpm ( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

5550 rpm 6900 rpm

3100 100 250 2500 3100 100 250 2500


Outlet Pressure Outlet Pressure
3000 90 3000 90
ficienccyy
Efficien
Overall Ef
Overall Efficiency
2900 80 200 2000 2900 80 er ue 200 2000
ue ow orq
orq ep ut T
ut T r ors Inp
Inp we 70 utH
2800 70 epo 2800 Inp r
ors we
H epo
ut ors
60 Inp 150 1500 60 tH 150 1500
tp u
r Ou
we
50 epo 50
ors
Horsepower

tH

Horsepower
tp u
Efficiency - Percent

Efficiency - Percent
Ou 40
Input Torque - lb. ins.

40 100 1000 100 1000


Input Torque - lb. ins.

30

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


30
( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

20 50 500 20 50 500

10 10
s
Horsepower Los
Horsepower Loss
0 0 0 0 0
0
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160
Delivery - gpm Delivery - gpm
PV3-375
PV3-375 inches (mm)

53
54
PV3-400
3000 rpm 4400 rpm

3100 100 100 2000 100 100 200 4000


Outlet Pressure
PV3-400

Volumetric Efficiency
olumetric Ef
3000 90 90 1800 90 90 180 3600
r Ef iency
Overall Effic
ncy we
Overall Efficie sepo er
2900 80 e Hor pow 80 1600 80 80 160 3200
ut rse
To rqu Inp Ho
ut t
Inp tpu
2800 70 Ou 70 1400 70 70 140 2800
e
Torqu
60 60 1200 60 60 Outlet Flow Input 120 2400
r
50 1000 50 powe 100 2000
50 50 Horse

Outlet Flow
Input
Horsepower

Horsepower
er
epow

Efficiency - Percent

Efficiency - Percent
40 40 800 40 40 t Hors 80 1600
Input Torque - lb. ins.

Input Torque - lb. ins.


Outpu

30 30 600 30 30 60 1200

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


20 20 400 20 20 40 800

10 10 200 10 10 20 400
Horsepower Loss Horsepower Loss

0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 0 400 800 1200 1600 2000 2400 2800 3200
Delivery - gpm ( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

4400 rpm 5500 rpm

100 100 200 4000 3100 100 200 4000


Volumetric Efficiency
olumetric Ef Outlet Pressure

3000 90 wer
90 90 Outlet Flow 180 3600 epo 180 3600
ors
ut H icieennccyy
Efffici
Inp Overall Ef
80 80 ficiency 160 3200 2900 80 r 160 3200
Overall Ef owe
er o r sep
r H
70 70 pow we 2800 70 put
rse epo 140 2800 Out 140 2800
Ho ors
ut p ut H
Inp u t
60 60 O 120 2400 60 120 2400
ue
t Torq
Inpu
50 50 e 100 2000 50 100 2000

Outlet Flow
Torqu
Horsepower

Input

Horsepower
Efficiency - Percent

Efficiency - Percent
40
Input Torque - lb. ins.

40 40 80 1600 Input Torque - lb. ins. 80 1600

30 30
( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

30 60 1200 60 1200

20 20 40 800 20 Horsepower Loss 40 800


Horsepower Loss
10 10 20 400 10 20 400

0 0 0 0 0 0
0
0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
Discharge Pressure - psig Delivery - gpm
PV3-400
PV3-400 inches (mm)

55
56
PV3-488
2750 rpm 4100 rpm

3100 100 200 4000 100 100 200 4000


Outlet Pressure
PV3-488

Volumetric Efficiency
olumetric Ef
3000 90 180 3600 90 90 cy
ficienncy
Efficie 180 3600
Overall Efficiency Overall Ef

2900 80 160 3200 80 80 Outlet Flow r 160 3200


owe
rsep
t Ho
2800 70 140 2800 70 70 Inpu r 140 2800
owe
sep
que Hor
60 t Tor 120 2400 60 60 u t put ue 120 2400
Inpu O Torq
w r Input
po e
50 orse 100 2000 50 50 100 2000

Outlet Flow
Input H
Horsepower

Horsepower
er

Efficiency - Percent

Efficiency - Percent
pow
40 orse 80 1600 40 40 80 1600
Input Torque - lb. ins.

Input Torque - lb. ins.


ut H
Outp
30 60 1200 30 30 60 1200

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


20 40 800 20 20 40 800
Horsepower Loss
10 20 400 10 10 20 400
Horsepower Loss

0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 0 400 800 1200 1600 2000 2400 2800 3200
Delivery - gpm ( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

4100 rpm 5125 rpm

3100 100 200 4000 3100 100 400 4000


Outlet Pressure
Outlet Pressure
3000 90 Overall Efficiency 180 3600 3000 90 360 3600
icieennccyy
Effici
Overall Eff
ow er
2900 80 160 3200 2900 80 320 3200
rsep
t Ho r
Inpu owe
2800 70 or sep 140 2800 2800 70 e 280 2800
orqu
p ut H que In put T
Out t Tor
60 Inpu 120 2400 60 240 2400
er
epow
Hors
50 100 2000 50 Input 200 2000
r
po w e
Horsepower

Horsepower
Horse
Efficiency - Percent

Efficiency - Percent
40 ut
Input Torque - lb. ins.

40 80 1600 Input Torque - lb. ins. Outp 160 1600

30

( P) Outlet Pressure - psi


30
( P) Outlet Pressure - psi

60 1200 120 1200

20 40 800 20 80 800
Horsepower Loss Horsepower Loss
10 20 400 10 40 400

0 0 0 0 0 0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 0 20 40 60 80 100 120
Delivery - gpm Delivery - gpm
PV3-488
PV3-488 inches (mm)

57
58
22,000 220 22

20,000 200 20

18,000 180 18
no. of bar = .06895 x no. of psi
16,000 160 no. of kPa = 6.895 x no. of psi 16
no. of N•m = 0.1130 x no. of lb-in
14,000 140 14

12,000 120 12

10,000 100 10

pressure - bar
torque = N•m

pressure - kPa
8000 80 8

6000 60 no. of psi = 14.50 x no. of bar 6


no. of psi = .145 x no. of kPa no. of lb-in = 8.851 x no. of N•m
4000 40 4

2000 20 2

0 0 0
1000 2000 3000 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160
pressure - psi torque = lb - in

240 240

200 200

no. of mL = 16.39 x no. of in3


Metric Conversion of Hydraulic Units

160 no. of L/min = 3.785 x no. of gpm 160

120 120

flow - L/min
volume - mL (cc)

80 80

no. of in3 = 0.06102 x no. of mL


40 no. of gpm = 0.2642 x no. of L/min 40

0 0
5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16
flow - gpm volume - in 3
recommended inlet pressure - psia

0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100

0
1
2
Inlet Pressures

3
4
PV3-400

5
& PV3-4
88

6
PV3-30
0 & PV
3-375
PV3-20
5 & PV
3-240

7
PV3-15
0 & PV3-
160

8
PV3-11
5

speed - rpm x 10
9
-3
10
PV3-07
5

PV3-05
6

11
PV3-

12
044

13
PV3-03
2

14
PV3
-011
& PV3

15
-022
PV3
-00
8

16

59
Eaton Aerospace
Worldwide
Eaton Aerospace is a worldwide supplier of
advanced technology hydraulic, electrohydraulic
and electronic power and motion control compo-
nents and systems for aerospace, marine and
defense applications.
Eaton Aerospace has major manufacturing
and service centers located in the United States,
United Kingdom, and Asia, which are supported
by a worldwide network of sales and service
offices.
The strategic location of Eaton Aerospace
design engineering, product support and produc-
tion facilities throughout the world ensures that
it will remain responsive to its customers needs.
Reliable products and comprehensive prod-
uct support have made Eaton Aerospace the
world leader in aerospace, marine and defense
fluid power, motion and control applications.

Vickers Fluid Systems of Eaton Aerospace is a worldwide leader in advanced technology fluid power and fuel pump products serving
the aerospace, marine and defense markets. / Vickers Fluid Systems designs and manufactures power and motion control components and
systems for customers worldwide. Eaton Aerospace is a business group of Eaton Corporation, the pioneer and world leader in power and motion
control. / In addition to Vickers Fluid Systems, the Eaton Aerospace Operations includes the Actuation and Controls, Sterer Engineering, Power and
Load Management Systems, Cockpit Controls and Displays and Engineered Sensors/Tedeco Business Units. Combining the core technologies of
these business units Eaton Aerospace provides virtually every power, motion control and monitoring product and service needed by aerospace,
marine and defense customers the world over.

60
Global Locations
United States Eaton Aerospace Italy
(headquarters) Power and Load Management Systems Eaton Aerospace
Eaton Aerospace 2250 Whitfield Avenue Aeroquip-Vickers S.p.A.
Worldwide Operations Sarasota, FL 34243 Via Monzese 34
3 Park Plaza, Suite 1200 USA Vignate, Milan 20060
Irvine, CA 92614 Phone: (941) 751-7138 Italy
USA Fax: (941) 751-7173 Phone: (39) 02 95058222
Phone: (949) 253-2100 Fax: (39) 02 9566730
Fax: (949) 253-2111 Eaton Aerospace
Cockpit Controls and Displays Philippines
Eaton Aerospace 1640 Monrovia Avenue Eaton Aerospace
Vickers Fluid Systems Costa Mesa, CA 92627 9A LPL Plaza, 124 Alfaro Street
5353 Highland Drive USA Salcedo Village, Makati City
Jackson, MS 39206-3449 Phone: (949) 642-2427 Philippines
USA Fax: (949) 722-4487 Phone: (63-2) 816 0148
Phone: (601) 981-2811 Fax: (63-2) 815 3348
Fax: (601) 987-5255 Eaton Aerospace
SITA: JANVKXD Engineered Sensors/Tedeco United Kingdom
15 Durant Avenue Eaton Aerospace
Eaton Aerospace Bethel, CT 06801 Vickers Systems Limited
Sterer Engineering USA Larchwood Avenue
4690 Colorado Boulevard Phone: (800) 736-1557 Bedhampton
Los Angeles, CA 90039 Fax: (203) 796-6313 Hampshire PO9 3QN
USA England
Phone: (818) 409-0200 France Phone: (44) 1705-487260
Fax: (818) 241-3772 Eaton Aerospace Fax: (44) 1705-492400
Aeroquip-Vickers S.A.
Eaton Aerospace Le Parc Club des Septs Deniers
Vickers Actuation and Controls Bat 2
3675 Patterson Avenue 78, Chemin des Septs-Deniers
Visit the Eaton Aerospace
P.O. Box 872 31200 Toulouse
web site at
Grand Rapids, MI 49588-0872 France
http://www.aerospace.eaton.com
USA Phone: (33) 5 61573-333
Phone: (616) 949-1090 Fax: (33) 5 61578-777
Fax: (616) 949-2744
Germany
Eaton Aerospace Eaton Aerospace
Engineered Sensors/Tedeco Aeroquip-Vickers International GmbH
24 East Glenolden Avenue Am Joseph 16
Glenolden, PA 19036 61273 Wehrheim
USA Germany
Phone: (610) 583-9400 Phone: (49) 6081-103220 or 230
Fax: (610) 583-3985 Fax: (49) 6081-103229 or 239
Eaton Aerospace
Vickers Fluid Systems
5353 Highland Drive
Jackson, MS 39206-3449

SE-103F • 6/00, © 2000 Eaton Corporation, All Rights Reserved.