Raid Levels explained

Top Raid 0 Raid 1 Raid 3 Raid 5 Raid 10 Raid 0+1

Raid Explained
RAID stands for Redundant Arrayof Inexpensive (or sometimes "Independent") Disks. RAID isa method of combining multiple hard disks in a single logical unit tooffer high availability, performance or a combination of both. Thisprovides better resilience and performance than a single disk drive.

The benefits of RAID explained
• • • • •

Provides real-time data recovery with uninterrupted access when a hard drive fails Increases system uptime and network availability Protects against data loss Multiple drives working in parallel increases system performance

Software RAID

Many operating systems provide functionality for implementing software based RAID systems. Thesoftware RAID systems generate the RAID algorithms using the server CPU,this can severely limit the RAID performance. Should a server failthe whole RAID system is lost. Cheap to implement and only need asingle SCSI controller. Hardware RAID
All RAID algorithms are generated on the RAID controller board, thus freeing the server CPU. Allows fullbenefits and data protection of RAID. More robust and fault tolerantthan software RAID. Requires dedicated RAID controller to work.

RAID levels Various RAID levels exist these are 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10, & 0+1. The levels of RAID protectionvaries with the RAID level selected RAID levels 0 & 1 are nottechnically RAID as they have no redundancy in the event of drivefailure. The most common RAID levels are shown below. RAIDlevels 2, 4, 6, 7 & 0+1 are a combination of the other RAID levelsshown.

Since no redundant information isstored. In level 0.0 Top Raid 0 Raid 1 Raid 3 Raid 5 Raid 10 Raid 0+1 RAID 0 Offers no redundancy or fault tolerance. Advantages • • • • Disadvantages • • • • No parity generation Easy to implement Cost effective Utilises full disk capacity Not a true RAID No redundancy / fault tolerance Drive failure will result in data loss Not suitable in mission critical environments Applications • • Pre-Press Video editing and production Image manipulation/editing • Dual controller Raid 0 offers better performance than a single controller . but the failure of any disk in thearray results in data loss. hence does not truly fit the"RAID" acronym. performance is very good.resulting in higher data throughput. data is striped across drives.Raid Level . This level is commonly referred to asstriping.

since onlytwo drives are required. This is a good entry-level redundant system. however. Advantages • • • • • Disadvantages • • • No parity generation Easy to implement Extremely fault tolerant Utilises full disk capacity 2 drives minimum Inefficient use of disk space High disk overhead Doubles number of writes Applications • • • Pre-Press Video editing and production Image manipulation/editing .The performance of a level 1 array tends to be faster on reads andslower on writes compared to a single drive. since one drive is used to store aduplicate of the data.no data is lost. but if either drive fails.Raid Level -1 Top Raid 0 Raid 1 Raid 3 Raid 5 Raid 10 Raid 0+1 RAID 1 Provides redundancy by writing all data to two or more drives. This level iscommonly referred to as mirroring. the cost per megabyte is high.

publishing applications or any system that requireslarge file block transfers. This RAID 3 disk array provides excellent storage for videoimaging. Advantages • • • • • Disadvantages • Single dedicated parity disk High read data rate High write data rate 4 drives minimum No performance degradation if drive fails Best and worst case performance similar Inefficient with small file transfer • Applications • • • • • • Video Streaming Video Publishing Video Editing Pre Press Image editing Any application that needs heavy updating and large file usage .Raid Levels -3 Top Raid 0 Raid 1 Raid 3 Raid 5 Raid 10 Raid 0+1 RAID 3 Provides redundancy by writing all data to three or moredrives. streaming.

Raid Level. Advantages • • • • • • • • Disadvantages • • Most flexible of all disk arrays Best balance cost / performance / protection of any RAID system Allows multiple simultaneous writes High read data rate Medium write data rate 3 drives minimum Ideal for small write applications Highly efficient Inefficient with large file transfer Disk failure has an impact on performance Applications • • • • • Transaction processing Relational Databases File & Print Servers WWW. thus increasing performance. E-mail. The mostpopular RAID level supplied.5 Top Raid 0 Raid 1 Raid 3 Raid 5 Raid 10 Raid 0+1 RAID 5 Provides redundancy by writing data and parity informationacross three or more drives. The RAID Level 5provides the best combination of disk array technology. and News servers Intranet Servers .

Can under circumstancessupport multiple drive failures. Datais simultaneously mirrored and striped.Raid Level.10 Top Raid 0 Raid 1 Raid 3 Raid 5 Raid 10 Raid 0+1 RAID 10 Provides very high performance and redundancy. Advantages • • • Disadvantages • • Highly fault tolerant High data availability Very good read / write performance Very expensive Drive spindles must be synchronised Not very scaleable • Applications • Where high performance and redundancy are critical .

This offers both striping and mirroring with no parity generation. Advantages • • • • • Disadvantages • • • No parity generation Easy to implement Utilises full disk capacity 4 drives minimum Higher performance than RAID 5 Inefficient use of disk space High disk overhead / Expensive Costly to deploy Applications • • • General File servers Imaging applications Medium size database applications Pinout of the VGAConnector .RAID 0+1 combines the benefits of RAID level 0 and RAID level 1.The RAID 0+1 also provides high performance and resilience to RAID 5.Raid Level 0+1 Top Raid 0 Raid 1 Raid 3 Raid 5 Raid 10 Raid 0+1 RAID 0+1 Provides redundancy by writing all data to four or more drives.

7 V p-p) Green Video (75 ohm. 0. 0.7 V p-p) Monitor ID Bit 2 Ground Red Ground Green Ground Blue Ground - Key (No pin) Sync Ground Monitor ID Bit 0 Monitor ID Bit 1 Horizontal Sync (or Composite Sync) Vertical Sync Monitor ID Bit 3 ID1 or SDA HSYNC or CSYNC VSYNC ID3 or SCL 15 pin HIGHDENSITY D-SUB 15 pin HIGHDENSITY D-SUB FEMALE connector at the MALE connector at the monitor cable computer .Pin 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 RED GREEN BLUE ID2 GND RGND GGND BGND KEY SGND ID0 Name Dir Description Red Video (75 ohm. 0.7 V p-p) Blue Video (75 ohm.

MAC®. RS232. FireWire®. Digital Flat Panel and EVC configurations . Monitor & Mouse Pinouts for PC. SUN™.Keyboard. USB.

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