Motor Handbook

Jaguar Downhole Tools

The LEADER in Performance Drilling Motors

MOTOR HANDBOOK Rev. A, 2007

The information in this handbook is intended solely to provide basic operational data and reference information to the operator.

Jaguar Downhole Tools, Inc. 3031 N. Frazier Conroe, TX 77303 936.441.4366 phone

Motor Handbook

Jaguar Downhole Tools

Start Up Operations i. Motor Handbook Jaguar Downhole Tools . Top Sub b. x. Lost Circulation Material vii. Rotor Catch c. Introduction a. Quality Control Motor Description a. Oil-Based Mud viii. Curve Interpretations ii. Downhole Temperature vi. Reaming v. Background b. Rotary Drilling iii. Bearing Assembly Motor Operations a. Tripping iv. Power Section d. 3. Rig Site Evaluation Motor Specifications Glossary 2. Torque Calculation b. 5. Solids/Sand Content ix. 4. Operational Considerations i. CV Assembly e.TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Catch Mandrel Ops. Stalling ii.

Section One 1-1 Introduction BACKGROUND Jaguar Downhole Tools. • • • • • • Increased rate of penetration. The motors provide the operator with more power. with the purpose of supplying the oil & gas industry with a series of high performance and highly dependable built-forpurpose performance drilling motors. (JDHT) was established in 2003. and reliability over conventional motors. Better hole deviation control. Reduction in fuel cost. Jaguar’s built-for-purpose straight hole drilling motor was designed to accommodate the demands of performance drilling operations. Reduction in drill string failure rate. less energy is required to power a Downhole motor. In short. Jaguar has proven to be a major player in the onshore markets of the Gulf Coast. Motor Handbook Jaguar Downhole Tools . Downhole motors can reduce the overall drilling costs and increase drilling efficiency. and Rocky Mountains. strength. Operators have recognized the advantages of downhole motors for vertical drilling applications. Permian Basin. since compared to rotary drilling. Reduction in wear and tear of the swivel. Kelly. and rotary drives. Reduction in casing and drill pipe wear. with Field and Client records in each area.

MP INSPECTION – after each field run. and inspected using the wet Magnetic Particle inspection method. We are certainly interested in hearing from you with your comments and recommendations regarding our products and services • • • Motor Handbook Jaguar Downhole Tools . VISUAL / DIMENSIONAL INPSECTION – Once subjected to the magnetic-particle inspection.Section One 1-2 Introduction QUALITY CONTROL Our dedication to quality has been one of the main factors in the success of our motors. every motor is completely disassembled. SERVICE – Our experienced staff is available aroundthe-clock to answer your questions and assist you with your motor needs. • COMPONENT TRACEABILITY – all major components of the motors are serialized and their status closely tracked throughout their useful life. each component then undergoes a visual and dimensional inspection to determine component reuse. prepped. All internal / external connections and internal drive components are inspected for cracking and connection damage. Each aspect of our quality control helps to ensure we provide a quality product to our clients.

MOTOR DESCRIPTION Motor Handbook Jaguar Downhole Tools .

• Top Sub • Power Section • Transmission Assembly • Bearing Pack Assembly Motor Handbook Jaguar Downhole Tools . they share the same basic components. Although motors differ in size and performance characteristics.Section Two 2-1 Motor Description MOTOR DESCRIPTION This section of the handbook is designed to provide the operators with a general description of the Jaguar mud motor.

serves as a crossover between the motor assembly and the drill string. It serves as a retaining device in the event of an external connection failure in the motor. Rotor Catch Assembly – This is a safety feature that is incorporated into the design of all JDHT motors. the rotor catch offers limited circulation capacity to operator while retrieving the motor. and includes part of the rotor catch system.Section Two 2-2 Motor Description TOP SUB – Jaguar’s top sub provides three functions. Additionally. Figure: Rotor Catch Engaged Motor Handbook Jaguar Downhole Tools . It also allows for placement of a float valve. Its primary use. The rotor catch offers the operator the ability to retrieve the broken motor assembly.

Section Two 2-3 Motor Description POWER SECTION – As with most Downhole drilling motors. The power section has many different configurations available. that fluid moving through the power section is converted into rotation and torque. These configurations vary on basis of torque and rpm requirements. The rotor is a steel shaft with a helical profile. which runs inside the stator. as well as downhole conditions such as temperature and drilling fluids used. This mechanical energy is transferred through the rest of the motor directly to the drill bit. This assembly is required to distribute the eccentric and rotary motion of the power section to the drill bit. Motor Handbook Jaguar Downhole Tools . The Stator is a steel tube lined with a profiled elastomer. Drilling fluid is pumped downhole through the drill pipe at a given rate and pressure. Once the hydraulic energy of the drilling fluid reaches the motor. Jaguar utilizes a rotor and stator based on the Moineau principle. TRANSMISSION ASSEMBLY – The Flexible Coupling is the link between the rotor and the Bearing Mandrel.

such as weight applied to the motor. hydraulic pressure drops across the drill bit and/or power section.The Bearing Pack Assembly is designed to accommodate the thrust and radial loading applied to the motor during operation. They are also capable of bearing the downward hydraulic thrust load of the rotor while circulating offbottom or drilling with underbalanced bit weight. Figure: Thrust Bearing assembly with Belleville spring Motor Handbook Jaguar Downhole Tools . and back-reaming operations. the radial bearings govern the fluid flow that helps lubricate the thrust bearings. The thrust loads can come from various sources. Additionally. They are designed to withstand the radial forces generated during drilling. This bypass rate is controlled to a maximum of 15%. The Radial Bearings rigidly support the bearing mandrel inside the bearing housing. while maintaining the bearing mandrel alignment and concentricity. The Thrust Bearings are designed to sustain the applied weight to the drill bit while on-bottom.Section Two 2-4 Motor Description BEARING PACK ASSEMBLY. A belleville spring is utilized to dampen any shock loading that may occur while the motor is drilling.

MOTOR OPERATIONS Motor Handbook Jaguar Downhole Tools .

In order to effectively operate the Jaguar Mud Motor. = 650 P. At this point.I. Motor Handbook Jaguar Downhole Tools . This will help establish a bottom hole pattern for the bit. flow rate and differential pressures must be known. diff. 2200 P. Motors are hydraulic based tools operating specifically off of fluid flow and pressure ratings.I. there will be an increase in standpipe pressure. once the motor has begun to drill ahead. .S.S. apply WOB and increase rotary speeds to the recommended parameters of the bit/motor. This information will be required later to achieve optimum performance of the motor.S.I. EXAMPLE On-Bottom P. Increase the weight on bit (WOB) in 2000-3000 pound increments for 1’-3’.Off-Bottom P. Slowly lower the motor to the bottom off the hole.I = Differential PSI 2850 P. increase circulation to desired flow rate.S. The ON-bottom pressure can be subtracted from the OFF-bottom pressure to obtain the differential pressure of the motor.I. Note the off-bottom standpipe pressure.Section Three 3-1 Motor Operations START UP OPERATIONS Once the motor has reached just slightly off bottom.S. Once the bit has become seated.

The following examples break down the flow curves to approximate downhole motor performance. This is due to inherent design inefficiencies of the progressing cavity pump.I.S. The main loss in RPM is caused by slippage in the sealing cavities of the power section. the bottom and left axis are used. the inefficiency of a mud motor is approximately 15%. Motor Handbook Jaguar Downhole Tools . the curve will determine both the motor RPM and Torque Output. To determine bit speed.: APPROXIMATE RPM: 500GPM 650 P.S. At full load.I. FLOW RATE: DIFFERENTIAL P. 125 RPM The motor will decrease in RPM as flow rates and differential pressures increase.Section Three 3-2 Motor Operations CURVE INTERPRETATIONS Given that motor performance is dependent on flow rates and pressure. RPM Calculation With the flow rate and differential pressure.

m.i.S.p.S.m.s. = 0. Motor Handbook Jaguar Downhole Tools ./P. FLOW RATE: DIFFERENTIAL P. The torque slope is a factor of ft-lbs.I.I. revolutions per gallon.26 rev/gal TORQUE Calculation To determine torque output at the bit. use the right axis of the curve along with the differential pressure axis.Section Three 3-3 Motor Operations Speed Ratio Calculation To determine the speed ratio of a power section. Maximum speed (at zero p.I.: 500GPM 650 P.p. Each power section design has an individual torque slope.) / Maximum Flow Rate = rev/gal 160 r.S. APPROXIMATE TORQUE: 6000 Ft-Lbs. use the following formula below. The given torque curve provided with the motor takes into account the inefficiencies discussed earlier. / 600 g.

Motor Handbook Jaguar Downhole Tools . but life expectancy of the Motor and drill string can dramatically decrease. If the bit is picked up off-bottom while in a stalled condition. Pull the bit off-bottom. Higher rotary speeds may be necessary under some situations. This is caused when the reactive torque stored within the drill string is released. 4. Rotary table operation of 75 RPM or less for the Lightning series motors are recommended. If the motor stalls while drilling. 1. Stop the rotary table. To minimize the risk of connection back-off or stator elastomer damage. Please contact a Jaguar representative should rotary speeds above 75 rpm be required. Stalling will typically damage the stator elastomer. ROTARY DRILLING Rotation of the drill string in performance drilling applications is a common practice. A sudden severe increase in standpipe pressure will be observed and ROP will cease. Slowly release the reactive torque in the drill string using the rotary brake. Reduce/ stop pump pressure 3. Repeated or extended stalling can have detrimental effects on the life of the motor. Resume initial drilling steps. The reactive torque accumulates under standard rotary drilling operations. 5. a stalling condition can occur. causing premature failure. 2.Section Three 3-4 Motor Operations OPERATIONAL CONSIDERATIONS STALLING When the operating parameters exceed the capability of the motor and/or bit. the following steps should be taken. Increased cyclical fatigue and tool wear are potential concerns with higher rotary speeds. immediate steps must be taken to prevent potential damage to the motor. there is a potential for a connection back-off.

DOWNHOLE TEMPERATURES Jaguar Mud motors can operate safely in drilling conditions with static downhole temperatures up to 225 deg. Periodic circulation is recommended to prevent plugging the motor/drill bit. F. Additionally. Increased temperature has a negative two-fold effect upon the stator lining. the operator may utilize fine/medium LCM. The swelling will begin to break down the mechanical properties of the stator elastomer. well mixed.Section Three 3-5 Motor Operations TRIPPING Care should be taken when tripping in and out of the hole with a motor. REAMING Should extended reaming operations be required the life expectancy of the motor can be severely decreased. casing shoes. the swelling will reduce the interference fit between the rotor and stator. or the bottom of the hole. F LOST CIRCULATION MATERIAL (LCM) In the event of lost circulation. Do not ream with a motor over intervals of more than 200 feet. This increases the mechanic loading on the rubber.. at a maximum 15# per BBL (Do not run Super-sweep or fiber-based LCM through Jaguar motors) Motor Handbook Jaguar Downhole Tools . Please consult your Jaguar representative for operations in excess of 225 deg. The motor should be tripped slowly through areas of known restrictions. Also. Potential damage to the motor and bit can occur if they impact key seats.the elastomer begins to undergo detrimental effects. ledges. using water based drilling fluid. When downhole temperatures increase beyond 225 deg. periodic circulation will help condition the motor if there are temperature concerns on the well. F. The elastomer begins to swell as the downhole temperature rises.

can have a negative effect of abnormal erosion of the motor components. If the mode of failure is connection back-off. swelling and mechanical degradation).s. This pressure fluctuation can be indicative of a possible failure.i. If the connection separates completely. depending on the flow rate and mud properties. The increase in pressure can range from a few hundred p.e. to several hundred p. then setting the motor on-bottom will not unseat the catch. a sudden loss of pressure occurs. Low gravity solids. similar to sand. SOLIDS /SAND CONTENT It is advised that sand content in the drilling fluid must remain at less than 2% during motor operations.i. The catch behaves differently under each condition. It is recommended that Low Gravity Solids be kept at less than 5%. Any level above this will shorten the life span of the motor components due to the abrasive nature of sand. As soon as the motor is set on bottom.s. Picking the motor off-bottom will seat the catch resulting in off-bottom pressure increase. CATCH MANDREL OPS There are two basic modes of connection failure: connection breakage and connection back-off. two scenarios are possible. The rotation of the drill string might screw the connection back together and relieve the excessive pressure. it is advised to POOH and evaluate the potential pressure loss/increase. the drilling fluid has a similar effect on the stator elastomer that high temperatures do (i. If an external motor connection is severed. Motor Handbook Jaguar Downhole Tools . The main variance is that the oil based drilling fluid will directly affect the chemical composition of the elastomer lining. If the catch seats itself before the joint is totally separated. Under either circumstance. the catch will unseat itself and relieve the pressure. the pressure signal will be as described before. with motor on-bottom.Section Three 3-6 Motor Operations OIL BASED MUD When operating a downhole motor in oil-based mud.

**each motor spec sheet has guidelines Motor Handbook Jaguar Downhole Tools . The operator can measure the distance from the bottom of the lower sub to the bit box. apply weight to the motor on the rig floor and measure the distance as noted To measure the wear in tension. To measure the wear in compression.Section Three 3-7 Motor Operations RIG-SITE EVALUATION Each Jaguar bearing assembly can be evaluated on the rig site to assist in determining re-running of the motor. lift the motor off of the rig floor and measure the distance as noted.

LIGHTNING PERFORMANCE MOTORS Motor Handbook Jaguar Downhole Tools .

Weight Re-Run Limits 7/8 lobe 31. Box 1200# 2-1/16” Open 1-7/16” Closed 70.63 Rev.000 lbs 331./Gal.000 lbs Top Sub bored for 3.i.0’ 3-1/2” IF Box 3-1/2” Reg.000 lbs MAX.000 lbs 133. Bottom Conn.4-3/4” LIGHTNING PERFORMANCE MOTOR PERFORMANCE DATA Flow Range Speed Ratio Bit Speed Differential PSI Torque Power 150-300 GPM 0. 64-158 rpm 1050 p. Motor Handbook Jaguar Downhole Tools . LOADING DATA WOB Max.s. Motor Overpull Max. 4086 ft-lbs 123 HP PHYSICAL DATA Power Section Overall Length Top Conn.5 IF Float OPERATING DATA WOB Motor Overpull 30.

s. Motor Handbook Jaguar Downhole Tools . Motor Overpull Max.6-3/4” LIGHTNING PERFORMANCE MOTOR PERFORMANCE DATA Flow Range Speed Ratio Bit Speed Differential PSI Torque Power 300-600 GPM 0.26 Rev. Weight Re-Run Limits 7/8 lobe 31.000 lbs 672. Box 2800# 3-1/4” Open 2-1/2” Closed 125. LOADING DATA WOB Max.000 lbs MAX. Bottom Conn.000 lbs 242.000 lbs Top Sub bored for 4R Float OPERATING DATA WOB Motor Overpull 72./Gal.i. 54-134 rpm 1050 p.0’ 4-1/2” XH Box 4-1/2” Reg. 9600 ft-lbs 292 HP PHYSICAL DATA Power Section Overall Length Top Conn.

000 lbs Top Sub bored for 6R Float OPERATING DATA WOB Motor Overpull 72. Motor Overpull Max.0’ 6-5/8” XH Box 6-5/8” Reg. Box 3200# 3-1/4” Open 2-1/2” Closed 125. Motor Handbook Jaguar Downhole Tools . 9600 ft-lbs 292 HP PHYSICAL DATA Power Section Overall Length Top Conn. 54-134 rpm 1050 p.000 lbs 900. Weight Re-Run Limits 7/8 lobe 31./Gal. Bottom Conn.26 Rev.i.000 lbs MAX.000 lbs 242.7-3/4” LIGHTNING PERFORMANCE MOTOR PERFORMANCE DATA Flow Range Speed Ratio Bit Speed Differential PSI Torque Power 300-600 GPM 0. LOADING DATA WOB Max.s.

LIGHTNING-SS PERFORMANCE MOTORS Motor Handbook Jaguar Downhole Tools .

Motor Overpull Max.i. 52-122 rpm 603 p.000 lbs Top Sub bored for 3.000 lbs 331.000 lbs 133. Box 1000# 2-1/16” Open 1-7/16” Closed 70.4-3/4” LIGHTNING-SS PERFORMANCE MOTOR PERFORMANCE DATA Flow Range Speed Ratio Bit Speed Differential PSI Torque Power 150-350 GPM 0./Gal.35 Rev. Weight Re-Run Limits 7/8 lobe 31.s.0’ 3-1/2” IF Box 3-1/2” Reg. 4488 ft-lbs 123 HP PHYSICAL DATA Power Section Overall Length Top Conn. Motor Handbook Jaguar Downhole Tools .5 IF Float OPERATING DATA WOB Motor Overpull 30. LOADING DATA WOB Max.000 lbs MAX. Bottom Conn.

000 lbs 672. LOADING DATA WOB Max. 45-90 rpm 525 p.000 lbs MAX. Bottom Conn.0’ 4-1/2” XH Box 4-1/2” Reg.i./Gal. Weight Re-Run Limits 7/8 lobe 31.s. 8900 ft-lbs 153 HP PHYSICAL DATA Power Section Overall Length Top Conn. Box 2800# 3-1/4” Open 2-1/2” Closed 125.15 Rev. Motor Overpull Max. Motor Handbook Jaguar Downhole Tools .000 lbs 242.000 lbs Top Sub bored for 4R Float OPERATING DATA WOB Motor Overpull 72.6-3/4” LIGHTNING-SS PERFORMANCE MOTOR PERFORMANCE DATA Flow Range Speed Ratio Bit Speed Differential PSI Torque Power 300-600 GPM 0.

/Gal. Motor Handbook Jaguar Downhole Tools .000 lbs 242. LOADING DATA WOB Max.i.7-3/4” LIGHTNING-SS PERFORMANCE MOTOR PERFORMANCE DATA Flow Range Displacement Bit Speed Differential PSI Torque Power 300-600 GPM 0. Box 3200# 3-1/4” Open 2-1/2” Closed 125. Bottom Conn.000 lbs Top Sub bored for 6R Float OPERATING DATA WOB Motor Overpull 72.15 Rev. 8900 ft-lbs 153 HP PHYSICAL DATA Power Section Overall Length Top Conn.000 lbs MAX. 45-90 rpm 525 p.0’ 6-5/8” XH Box 6-5/8” Reg.s. Motor Overpull Max. Weight Re-Run Limits 7/8 lobe 31.000 lbs 900.

The drilling fluid’s aniline point can be used to predict the probability of rubber damage due to the fluid’s aromatic content.Glossary Aniline Point The lowest temperature at which oil can be thoroughly mixed with aniline. Drilling fluids with higher aromatic contents are more damaging to rubber. Aromatic Back Reaming Balanced Weight on Bit Bit Box Gap Bit Over Pull Bit Over PullContinuous Operation Motor Handbook Jaguar Downhole Tools . This load can be applied to the drive shaft when the drill bit is stuck in the hole and the drill string is pulled upward. An axial load applied in tension to a motor’s drive shaft. Although dynamic motor loads may be less than when on-bottom drilling. The maximum axial load that can be applied in tension to the motor’s drive shaft before the motor may experience internal damage and should be laid down. A weight on bit that will equal the hydraulic thrust loads placed on the bearing assembly by the bit and motor differential pressures. The lower the aniline point of oil. The clearance between the motor’s rotating bit box and the stationary housing above it. the more damaging it is to stator rubber. back reaming can place high loads on the bearing assembly because hydraulic thrust load applied by the drill bit. A major group of highly reactive hydrocarbons that tend to degrade and soften rubber. Operation of a motor while pulling the motor off-bottom for the purpose of smoothing irregularities in the well bore.

Any of a wide range of drilling fluid additives whose purpose is to prevent the loss of drilling fluid to the formation. An axial load applied in tension to a motor’s housing. standard. The amount of stator rubber deformation due to the dimensional interference between the stator and mating rotor. and will also change as the stator and rotor wear during use. This load can be applied when part of a motor housing is stuck in the hole and the drill string is pulled upward.g. The maximum load that can be applied in tension to the motor’s housing before the motor may experience connection damage and should be laid down. The amount of dimensional overlap of the major and minor diameters power section’s rotor and stator. Also referred to as compression. The maximum axial load that can be applied in tension to a motor’s housing before it fails and physically separates. Sometimes called interference. LCM is an acronym for lost circulation material. (e.Bit Over PullUltimate Loading The maximum axial load that can be applied in tension to the motor’s drive shaft before it fails and physically separates. They act like teeth on a gear to modulate the speed output of the power section. Body Over Pull Body Over PullContinuous Operation Body Over PullUltimate Loading Compression of the Stator Interference of the Power Section Hydraulic Thrust LCM Lobes Motor Handbook Jaguar Downhole Tools . high temperature or air drill). This interference will vary depending upon the type of motor. Rounded projections on both the rotor and stator. A load created by a pressure differential acting over an area.

Sometimes referred to as pitch. One 360 spiral of the power section’s stator. For the rotor. Major Diameter For the stator. The maximum axial load that can be applied in tension to a motor’s housing before it fails and physically separates. this is the size of the largest cylinder that could be placed into the stator. The pressure consumed by the motor’s power section when loaded.Minor Diameter For the stator. A motor condition wherein the output motor rpm exceeds rated limits. A drilling method in which the formation’s pore pressure exceeds that of the drilling fluid’s hydrostatic pressure. this is the size of the largest cylinder that could be placed inside of the stator if the stator lobes were completely removed. A motor condition of zero rpm output caused by overloading the motor. Body Over PullUltimate Loading Motor Stall Motor Over Speed Motor Differential Pressure Stage Under Balanced Drilling WOB Motor Handbook Jaguar Downhole Tools . The weight applied to the bit while drilling. It is seen on the rig floor as the difference between on and off-bottom standpipe pressures. this is the diameter of the rotor if the lobes were completely removed. For the rotor. The resulting differential pressure eliminates the “chip hold down” effect and cuttings are free to lift off of the bottom of the hole. this is the inside diameter of the smallest cylinder that can be placed over the rotor lobes.

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