or THK

lit' rllt.
S A I 'r E CL .t\ J R S 0 F nos SLY N,
PRIOR 0 ... !11',
INCLl'D1SG Til .. : ('U.\ItTl'I.,'It\' 0'" IU)SSI.
.J 0 H S It I D n ELL, E Il Q.

as the following Memoirs of the
Family of Saintclairs of Rof. .. lyn may be, in
the usual ornaments of compofition, they
will be efteemed interefting by all thofe
whoie purfuits lead them to minute en-
quiries into the hiftory and antiquities of"
the country, and the manners and cuftoms of its inhabitants.
To the genealogift they are perhaps ftill more valuable, from
the numerous charters, including the chartulary of Rofslyn,
which they comprehend. The1e confiderations have induced
the prefent publication from the MS. of Father Hay, whofe
curious, but fometimes inaccurate, collections are preferved in
the Library of the Faculty of Advocates.
Of Father Hay. fome account will be found prefixed to tIlt'
.. The laft RoiSlyn," fays Sir Walter Scott, " (for he was uni.
formly known by his patrimonial defignation, and would pro-
bably have deemed it an infult in any who might have tenned
him Mr. Sinclair,) was a man confiderably above fix feet, with
dark grey locks, a form upright, but gracefully fo, thin-flanked
and hroad fhouldered, built, it would feem, for the bufinefs of
the war or chace, a noble eye of chaftened pride and undoubt-
ed authority, and features handtome and ftriking in their gt'ne-
ral effect, though fomewhat harfh and exaggerated when con-
fidered in detail. His complexion was dark and grizzled, and
as we tchoolboys, who crowded to fee him perform feats of
ftrength and fkill ill the old Scottiih games of golf and archery,
ufed to think and tilY amongft ourfe1ves, the whole figure re-
fem bled the famous founder of the Douglas race, pointed out,
it is pretended, to the Scottifh monarch on a conquered field
of battle, as the man whote arm had achieved the victory, by
the expretlh·e words, Shollo behold the dark grey
man.' In all the manly tports which require ftrength and
dexterity, Roflin was unrivalled; but his particular delight was
in archery." *
Upon the demife of this gentleman, who, in the year 1736,
had surrendered the office of Grand l\fafter Mafon of Scotland,
which, it was alleged, had been hereditary in his family from
the time of James II., a folemn funeral lodge, as it is tenned,
was held. "On this occaiion the mafters, officers, and brethren
of all the lodges in Edinburgh, to the number of near .wo, ap-
• Scotfs PlOIt' Works, Vol. III. po 300.
- - - - - = - ~
The high antiquity affigned to the alleged heritable convey-
ance of the office of Grand Mafon in favour of the anceftor of
the laftRof. .. lyn. appears fomewhat queftionable. and there is cer-
tainly nothing like legal. or even moral evidence to warrant a be-
lief that any grant ever was conferred by King James II. It is
faid ... In the reign of James II, the office of Grand Mafter was
granted by the Crown to 'Villiam St. Clair, Earl of Orkney and
Caithnefs. and founder of the much-admired Chapel of RofSlyn ;
and from his attention to the iuterefts of the order. the office
was made hereditary in his family. The Barons of RofSlyn held
their principal annual meetings at Kilwinning, and regular
lodges were formed in different parts of the kingdom, by char-
ters of erection granted by the Kilwinning Lodge .
.. 'Vhen James VI. afcended the Englifu throne, he neglected
his right of nominating the office-bearers of the fraternity; and
in confequence of this. the Scotifu mafons granted two charters
to the St. Clairs of Roislyn. which exift in Hay's ~ I S . in the Ad-
vocates' Library .
.. In 1736. lVilliam St. Clair of Hoislyn having no children,
refigned into the hands of the ScotHh lodges the right of no-
minating their own Grand l\lafter, and other office-bearers.-
an event which led to the formation of the Grand Lodges of
If fuch an heritable office had ever been created by James
II, it muft, according to the ordinary rules of fucceffioD,
have defcended to the elder branch of the Saintc1air family.
• Bft'Wlter'. Eneyt'lopNia.-Muonry.
Second's charter. After mentioning the patronage of the Rollin
family to the Mafims, it goes on to ftate, " They had letters of
protea:.ion, and other rights granted be his Majeftie's moft noble
progenitors of wothy memory, whilk, with fhndrie uthir of the
Lairds of Rof.o;lyns, hilt wrealtlt beillg cOl/ltumed ;11 aile jlame qf
fire within the Caftle of Rofslyn,- anno ..... the confumation
and burning thereof being clearly known to us and our prede-
cefi'ors, deacons, mafters, and freemen of the faid vocations," &c.
Various refleaions naturally occur upon confidering this
ftatement. In the first place, it JlIay be aiked, why was .the
bUIlling of thefe alleged grants omitted in the firft cbarter? In
tbe aecolICl place, how comes it that there is no certainty as to
the year when the "flame of fire" con fumed "tbe wreats ?"
and, 'hirdlg, by what ftrange fatality were thefe particular
writings cunfumed, when all the remaining cbarters, forming
a complete chartulary of R01slyn, efcaped? Even if all thefe quef-
tions could be 1atisfaaorily allfwered, ftill tbe exiftence of a
grant by James II. remains to be proved, and how that is to be
done appears fomewhat queftiollable.
But this is not all. Tbe laft Rof..o;lyn, who, as before noticed,
refiglled his office of patron, was entirely ignorant of the exift-
ence of any Crown grant in favour of his anceftor, the Earl of
Orkney; for his deed of refignatioll proceeds on the narrative,
" that tIle maltol/a in Scotland did, by 1cnral deeds. cOllftitute
and appoint 'Villiam and Sir "'illiam Saintclairs of R01slyn, my
• Thil fact, if true, mUit have been as well known to the grautel'l of the fim
charter, U to thOle who IUberribed the second ODe.
his anceftors, to have difregarded fo honourable a diftinaion as
that faid to have been conferred by James II.: but he was a
person of too much gentlemanly feeling and inte:>grity to found
upon a document. the exiftence of which was fo \'ery problema-
tical. His fiIence, therefore, is the beft proof that he confidered
the whole:> legend (if. indeed, it exifted at the date of the refig-
nation) as fabulous.
The last Rosslyn appears to have sold what remained of his
family estates to General Saintclair. set'ond son of Henry, Lord
Sinclair, the heir of liue of William. Earl of Orkney, by his
first marriage. '1'he estates so acquired, together with the
Baronies of Havenscraig, Dysart, &c. were settled, by a deed of
entail, executed upon the Slst October 1785. failing issue of the
body of the granter, upon the heirs-male of his sisters, and
under the destination therein contained. James Paterson, Esq.
afterwards Saintclair, succeeded as only son of the marriage be-
tween the Honourable Grisal Saintclair, the eldest sister of the
granter, and John Paterson of Prestonhall, Esquire. This
Gentleman dying unmarried at Dysart, 14th .May 1789, was
succeeded by Sir James Saintclair Erskine, Baronet, afterwards
second Earl of Rosslyn. His Lordship is the grandson of Sir
John Erskine of Alva, Baronet. who married the Honourable
Barbara Saintclair, second daughter of Henry Lord Sinclair,
and as heir-male of this lady. succeeded under this entail. His
mother was a sister of Lord Loughborough, (afterwards Earl
of Rosslyn), who having no issue, although twice married,
was, upon the 21st April 1795, of new created Lord Lough-
borough of Loughborough, in the county of Surrey, with re-
barony with the precedence of 1488, neither he or his ilDlDe-
wate predecessors would claim any right by descent from that
branch of the Saintclairs, in which the honours originated.
This arose out of the following circumstances :-
Henry Saintclair of Dysart, was created a Baron in the reign
of King James the Fourth,- and his male descendants continu-
ed to inherit that honour till the reign of Charles the Second,
when John, seventh Lord Sinclair, having died in the year
1676, leaving one daughter, Catherint>, who wai married to
John Saintclair Fiar of Hermandston, a grant from the Crown
of the honours was obtained (1st June 1677), in favour of her
son, Henry Saintclair, and the heirs-male of his body; re-
mainder to John Saintclair, brother of the said Henry Saint-
clair, and the heirs-male of his body; remainder to Robert
Saintclair, brother of the said John, Fiar of Herdmanston, and
the heirR-male of hili body; remainder to George Saintclair,
another brother of the said John, Fiar of Herdmanston, and
the heirs-male of his body; remainder to Mathew Saintclair.
another brother of the said John, Fiar of HerdmalUlton, and the
heirs-male of his body; remainder to the nearest lawful heir-
male of the said Henry, grandson to the said John, the sixth
Lord Sinclair t. Thili new patent conferred all the honours.
dignities, and precedenC'y in Parliaments and General Assem-
blies of the States, as fully and freely as the said title was en-
joyt:d by John, the seventh Lord, or any of hi!l predecessors.
• ~ t b January 1488-9. See Ad o( Sootilb Parliament.
t See Caae for Charlet Haintdair, Eeq. "laiming thE' title o( Lord Sinclair.
178i, (olio.
I N 1'R 0 Due TOR Y NOT ICE.
of the elder brothers; and yet the settlement of the Dukedom
of Somerset upon the issue male of the second marriage, to the
prejudice of the male offspring of the first, affords evidence that
cases of this description may be found.
But, in the present instance, all presumptions of improbabi-
lity are excluded by the fact, that such actual disinheritance did
take place; for it cannot be denied that there existed an elder
brother also of the name of 'Villiam, whose rights were alto-
gether overlooked. This indh'idual (th«.> ancestor of the origi-
nal stock of the Lords Sinclair) was the only son of the Earl's
first marriage with Lady Elizabeth Douglas. If, consequently,
Earl 'Villiam, in the destination of his honours, diverted the.
ordinary course of succession from his eldest son, it requires no
great stretch of belief to imagine that he would have little
scruple, if such were his pleasure, in gifting his Earldom to
his youngest.
The unequal distribution of Earl 'Villiam's large succession
also supports the supposition, that Sir Oliver was the elder son of
the second marriage. The second Earl of Caithnt'ss does not seem
to have inherited from his father anything beyond the barren
domains belonging to tbat Earldom; while Rosslyn, Pentland,
Herbertshire, and the other extensive properties, anyone of
which was probably worth the fee-simple of the northern
e s t a ~ , were made over to his brother. The one was a knight
in the lifetime of his father, and is so designed in various deeds,
whereas the other was not ;-all these circumstances tend great-
ly to strengtbt'n the probability of Father Hay's assertion.
skaithles to himself in other l a n d ~ , nor to HIS younger brother
Williame, and on ye oyer pairte ,\Villiame elder, and his son
renunceth all ryett to ye lands of ye haill barony of Rosslyn, ye
Caslt'll and patronage, &c."· Upon fairly considering the mean-
ing of the passage in question, the Editor is inclined to think
that the reference is to OlifJer'a younger brother; indeed, the
circwnstances previously mentioned strongly support this opi-
Upon the beauties of Rosslyn, its romantic Chapel, and vener-
able Castle, it were idle to enlarge, as no place in Srotland has
been more frequently described: indeed there is hardly a book
of travels through this country, in which something relative to
Rosslyn many not be found. In many instances, Father Hay's
MS. has been used; and Sir Walter Scott has not disdained.
to avail himself of this source of information for various curious
particulars to illustrate certain passages in " The Lay of the
Last Minlltrel."t
No separate account of Rosslyn has ever been published, al-
though the late Dr. Forbes, Bishop of Caithness, has extract-
ed from Father Hay's MS. some particulars as to the Cha-
pel. The following is the title of the work :-" An Account
of the Chapel of Roslin: most respectfully inscribed to Wil-
liam St. Clare of Roslin, Esquire, representative of the
princely founder and endower, by Philo-Roskelensis. EdiD.
• Nisbet, who .w the original contract, uaigna the eeniority to OliYer,
vol. i. p. 121.
t Poelieal Worb, vol. n. p. 206-8. New edition.
Sieler hu Pftll a new of the Chapel, plate liv. with a minute deleriptioD.
A diminutive outlide IOUth new wu engraved for Auld'. Weekly Map..
An original outline sketch unfinished, lOuth new of Rollin Caatle by J,
Alexander, UUlO 1706, is in Mr. Paton'. ~ o n ,
Alexander RuncimaD outlined the laDle, from the lOu\h, with the Bridge,
which baa oae arch thrown over a deep hollow of above 100 feet hip, and
bu been \he only entrance in&o the Cutle in former times.
R_in Castle. PenDant, vol. ii. p. 32.
View of it Croat the DOr\h and lOuth. Cowan del. and seulp. John
Ainslie, exc.
Captain Armatrclq hu a new of ROllin Cutle u an oJ'lWlleat to hit map
of the Lothian.; but it is quite fanciful, having no real Iepl'88eDta&ioD 01 that
To this List may be added the following Engravings, which
have been published since the date of Gough's work:-
Groee, in his Antiquities of Scotland,· h .. a wretched engram, of the
Chapel and Castle. "Published, January 9th, 1']89, by J. Hooper. Sparrow,
se." 4&0, and p. 47, a print of the Castle, drawn and enpven by the above-
named pe!'IODL This view shew. the lOuth. west new of \he CutJe, It is a
very poor aft'air.
ROllin Cutle.-Walker, de). Jewk8, seuJp. Edin. 1797.
Cardonnelt bu two etebinp of the CutJe. The first view is from the
lOUth, and the IeCODd pves an inside new of part of \he Dor\h wall of the
ROIIIyo Catle from the Elk. Ensign Erskine, del. D. BIaekmore Pyet,
1e1Ilp. 4&0.
• Vol. i. po 46.
t PictuNl4l1le ADti41uiti. ttl Seotland.-IAla. 1788, aad 93, 8 .. 0 aad .'0.
In printing the following Genealogie, the text of the Author
has been carefully preserved, and only in a few instances, where
error was palpable, has any alteration been made. The reader
will be somewhat surprised at the different way in which the
same proper names are sometimes spelt,-this, however, is not
unusual in ancient writings, for even in original deeds, such
diversity of spelling is not unfrequent: that Father Hay has
been somewhat too liberal in this way, cannot be disputed, but
it was judged much better to retain his varieties of orthography
than to attempt any uniformity. It is with much regret that
the Editor observed a few errors have escaped correction,-
they are not of much importance, and are too obvious to mis-
lead the reader.
The Editor has to return many thanks to Mr. Riddell for
his kindness in favouring him with much curious illustrative
matter. To that learned gentleman he is also indebted for the
arms of Egidia Countess of Orkney, which ornament the title-
page, and which were copied from a seal appended to a con-
firmation- granted by her Ladyship as .. Comitissa Orcadie.
Domina Vallis de Nith et baronie de Harbartshire," of a charter
to Alexander de Levingston de Calentare, by John de Blare,
dominus de Adamtoun, of the lands of Catscleuch, dated 10th
September 1425. These arms are those of the Countess im-
paling those of her husband on the right. As daughter and
heiress of Sir \Villiam Douglas of Nithsdale, she bears the
Douglas arms on the right, and in the fourth quarter, the Linn
• Tht' Original it in the Wigton Chartt'r-Chest.
(ACTA DOMINORUM CONCILII, 1509, LIB. 21. f. 1986.)
"HKNllY Lou SINcLoUa askit ane note yat Johne of \Vynde gaif in
his bill on him, and protestit ye samyn before ye lordis, of ye quhilk the
tenor foUowis :
., Soverane Lord, unto youre Gracius Hienes, ande to ye rycht rever-
ende, nobil, ande myty Lordis of youre Consale, humilie menis, and
schawis, your liege and servitour, Johne of \Vynde, burgess of DiBert,
that quhare I have ye landis of Wilstone of ye Lord Sinclare be chartir
and semng in heritage, ye said Lord, at his aune hand, has tane ane perte
yerof, and maid his gardingis and orchertis, and broukit ye il8lDyn be ye
space of xvi yeria biganl', and now this last zere he hell tane maire of
ye said land, wyt zoure commoUD&ogait; and quhen I come to mene me
of ye samyn, hill servandis bostit me, and said, yai sulde erde me undir
ye dik, wytout I passit my way lIODe; ande daily ye said Lorde, and
his servandis ete my gene ande my come, yat I may haue na profit
yerof, and biddis me pll'ie for I sall gl't na mendis, ande I am &gil, and
under infermitte, yat I may not travale, ande my 8l'rvandis dar not pund
a horse 8UpPOS thai fuode thaim on my rome; and my Lady Sinclarl',
yis yere bigane, quben my Lord was in Orknay, wyt hir complicis, kest
done ye stuf of iii salt-pannis, a n d ~ gart thaim stand be ye space of x
wekis to my utter hership, and skait, and chasit myself, and had not
beene I gat in ane salt pane, yai had slaine me, because I said I suIde
plenze to youre Hienes; ande now yis last Friday, quhane we haue
summond ye said Lorde, his servandis, ande complicis, for innovatione
ande spulzie, he has cumin himself in proper persone. wyt his complicis,
ande kest doune ye gavil of ane salt-pane of myne, and has set ye samyn,
and wil noyer gif me colis, nore let me tak yaim in oyer pertis, and
castis doune my girnillill, and sais he sal cast of my salt wyt shulis.
quhilk I haue broukit yis fifty yeris bigane; ande wytout youre Hiene8
and Lordschippes ge remeid. I am aide ande may nocht travel, I, my
wife, ande barn ill wol be al uterlie dilltroyit; ande youre gracius aDBWere
hereupon, may humilie I besek for ye Ilif of God."
Henry Lord Sincler askit ane note rat he warnit, ande requiri&
Johne of 'Vynde to rl'mufe him and his gudis out of the grynale one ye
grl'ne, quhilk he hell redemit furth. Hora xi·.
G N E A L 0 (} I
OJ! Tn}:
S A I NT E e A I It E O}' R () S S IJ Y N.
AL('OLlIE KF.ASMOORE ha\'ing recon·r'd, by
the fupport of Edward King of England, hill
Realme, "'hich llachabeeus did was crown'd
at Scone not long therafter, upon the fifth of Aprile,
in the year 1061; and holding Ii Parliament att
Forfar in Angus, he Cl'ftted feverall Earles, Lords,
Barons, &c. in compenfatioD of their fervice and loyalty. The Xor-
mande Conquerour in hill days maifter'd England, I call io William
nuke of Sormandie, notwithftanding that I have fel'n iC\'l!rall rl!--
pl't'hending gl'ntlemt>n attthe Barre, that cafually g&\'l' him that titlt';
fur though he kill'd Harald the Ufllrper, and rooted hill armil', hI'
pretl'Dded a right to tht> kingdoml', aod WIUI admitted by compaCt, and
did take ane oath to obferve the laws aDd cuftom!! of thl' realmt'.
who WIUI righteous heir, Molvl'8 to pafs again to Hungaria, "'ith hi!'
motht'r and fifte",; but toff'd a ",hill' att ft>a, is carrit'd att lenJ!'th
faft. to a place on the Rh'er of Forthe, named Quepnsferry', from lIar·
gart't, whom the King t>fpouf'd in 1067. Many gt'otlt'ml'o caml' aoout
that time to Srotland, part with the Queen, all Chrichton, FodriDJ[hamt',
Giffclrd, llaulis, Borthik, LeOy, &c. all lIungaril'nl!; part from En2'-
land, to ChUD the Ufurper, as I.indefay, Vans, Ramfay, Lowall,
likewife the bonour of knighthood. Au firft, our Kings beftowed upon
their fubjectll' landa, as • reward of their ferrice, but after their liberality
fiDding no futcb way of gratification toward. thofe wbo beband them-
felvee manfully, they fell upon ane eaGer way, whicb was in giveing them
place amongft the nobility of their realm, and ranking them above the
moft common fort, either in creating them knights, whieh was perform'd
by girding them with a belt, or in makeing them Earles, wbicb was done
by othN' ceremonies. Tbis Sir Henry married Margaret Grathenay,
daughter to the Earle of Marre, upon whom he begot a fone named
William, to wbom he refigned his lands, and {hortly after cbang'd his in-
conftant habitation for a perpetuaIJ one herafter.
The Hiftory of the Saintclain says, that Malcolme Keanmoore made
fome earles, fome barons, and fome knights, att Forfar in 1057, or as
Buchanan fays in 1061, Malcolmus Scotorum, Rex 86, Scone coronatus,
anno 1061, inde Forfarum generale indixit concilium, volens ut Pri-
mores, quod antea non fuerat, a1iarum more gentium, a pra-diis fuis cog-
nomina caperent; quofdam vero etiam Comites, volgo Earles, quofdam
Baront'B, vulgo Lords, a1iOll M ilites aut Equitee auratos, volgo Martiall
Knights, creavit. Muk-DufFum Fi&e Thanum, Fi&e Comitem; Patricium
Dumbarum Marchiarum Com item, a1iofque virOll pnrftantes, Monthetilr,
Atholia', Mamie, Cathanefill!, RofWr, Angufur dixit Comites,-Johan-
nem Sowls, Davidf'm Danlier ab Abemethia, Symonem a Tweddell,
Gollielmum a Douglas, Gillefpium Camf'ron, Davidem Briechen. Hugo-
nem a Coldella, Barone&, cum diverf1s a1iis,-Equites auratos perplures,
pauci vero Tbani relicti. Many new fumames were ginn to the £ami-
liee of the Scots, as Mar, Calder, Lockhart, Meldrum, Gordon, SeatOD,
Liberton, I.awder, Shaw, Leirmont, Strachaue, Dundafs, Lefiy, Cock-
burn, Abercrombie. &c. 1\Iany were named from the landa they had in
pofT'effion, fome from their office, as Stewart, Dorward, Bannerman, For-
man, &e. Some from the proper names of valiant men, as Kenneth,
Gray, KetJa, &e. Tbill worthy Prince, accordiDg to the famt' hiftory,
S A I N T E {' L A IRE S () I,' R 0 S SLY N. 15
welcomed by the courtiers and fervantll, to ",hom he wu very beneficiall.
He married I)orothl'a Dunbar, daughter to the Earle of Marche, upon
whom he Sir Heury Niintclair. He got alfo of the King and
QUl'en the barouy of Uofliue in liferent; afUar which, being def&roos to
try hill fortunl' in warn'S, he obtained a company of men, underwent many
dangers in refifiing tbe Southern forces, and "'lUI appoilltl>d to defend the
borden. William the ('oDfIUl'ror, offended att King Malcolm becaufe be
would not deliver in hit, handll l':dward Ethling, fent about
thit! time thl' Duke of GlocClltn', with a gn>at army, to invade the Scot..
King Malcolm bt'aring th('rof, It'nt the Earletl of Marche and Monteith
",ith a company of mt'n of warre, to aid and a1flft the Sinclair', fOl'Cel ;
whl'rupon Sir WiUiam Sinclair rufhed forward, with a defign to put the
enimie out of ordre, but being endofed by the contrary party, be w ..
flain by the multitude of his l'lIimif'tl, ",berof he made fall many in heape
flat d,1"'n before hi" feet, The newt! of his death coml'ing to the two
other chaiftaint!, and Monteith, they fell fo boldly upon the si-
mit', that they fcaree left any alive, The King and Queen lamented his
mittOrtuut', and vowed to be avenged of the Southerns' cruelty, He
left three childring, two daughtl'n, ",bo died infant., and one fone, Sir
HDlay SAINTCU •• , who fucceeded hit! father, and was entirely belond
of the King and Qu('t'n, w'ho g&\'e bim U08lin in free heretaclge, and
made bim Knight. lie w'as not inferior to hill fatbl'r. lie was made
gonmor and captain of 600 ml'n, past to !\orthumberland and (;UIJlo.
berland with the King, to b£ a\'enged IIpon the Southerns for hia
fatber's death, w'hen William the (;onqueror rencountprt>d him witb
gmt force; but be being vehinwntly stirred up to anger by re-
membering the cruell flaughter of his father, went amongfi his eni.
mies like a lyon, fo that in a iliort time he put them to flight.
The King beholding this was llVerjoyed, and rewanled him with the
barony of .lentbland, l'iot long after, King Malcome 11'" flaio aU the
fil'gt' of Anwick in l'iorthumbt.·rland; for ",ben thofe who 1I.l'1'e within
the Cailll' \I'("I't' almon fiarvc.>d, and readie to yield, ODf' of th('ir eoI8.
a company of horfemen, Sir Henry SaincJair forced the Englilh to fly, none
being able to abide hill blowlI. 10 thill battle, whicb W&II given aU Aller.
toun, many EngJifh were flain, many were taken prifoners, amongft whom
the Duke himfelf, and other nobles were: fcarce the tenth part got
away. King David. after thill victory, returned home, and rewarded
largely his nobles. He gave to Sir Henry Saintclair, Cardain, which,
from him, W&II called Cardain Saintclair, and haveing concluded a peace,
be deceaft'd in the 29th year of hill reign 1158. Malcolm, fumamt'd the
Maiden, becaufe he was never married, nor knew woman, fucceedt'd hill
grandfather. About th., beginning of hill reign, there was a plague and
famin through all Scotland. Somerled, Tbane of Argyle, beholding this,
and contemning the King'lI adge, who W&II but about 18 years of adge, came
into the countrt>y, robing and killing all that resisted him. The King sieing
this, sent Gilchrist, Earle of Angus, against him: they killed two thollllaDd
of his men. Somerled flt'd to Ireland. King Malcolme reigned Ii years,
and dieing aU Edinburgh, Wail buried att Dumfermeling. Next to him fuc.
ceeded his brother William, furnamed Lyon, who fent Sir Henry SaintcJair
ambatfador toward Henry King of England, about the beginning of his
reign, to redemand Northumberland. King Henry appnred willing to
doe him juftice; after which Saintclair, returning home, died, leaving
behind him two fonell, WiUiam and Henry, and two daughters, Marie and
His fone Sir W ILLUX fucceeded: be Wail Baron of RoOin, Pentland.
Pentland Moore, in free forefrrie, Sbirri, of Lothian. Baron of Cold:
land, Cardaine Saintclair, and Great Mafter Hunter of Scotland. King
Williua deceafmg in the IS yMr of his reign, the 7. year of bis &dge,
and of our Lord 1114, Alexander the Second, a valiant prince, bis fone,
fueceedtd. He loved Sir William Saintclair, whofe excellent beauty and
delicat proportion of body he mutch efteemed; he made him Knight,
Shirrift' of Lothian, and befi:owed upon him confiderable gifta: au which
time the Commons of England, Dot being willing to endure King John'lI
S A I N l' E <.: L .\ IRE S 0 I-' R 0 S SLY ~ . 9
with no great difficulty, and flew of the Dan(,tl ~ ' , O O O ; 10 that King .\cho
was compelled to fly to the cafl:le of Aire, and from th('nce to Orkney,
where he ended hiB life. The fame day was borne to Alexander a
fone, named Alexander, wherat the Scots had double caufe of joy. After
thi8, by the perfuafion of one Symon Strong, fome of the nobility of
England rofe up againft Henry their King, who fought for help from
Scotland; to whom was fent Sir William Saintclair and John Cummyn,
with 5,000 men, who foon pacified the matter, and returned home. Not
long after, King Alexander rideiug a hunting upon a fierce horfe att K ing-
horn(', by chance, att the weft end of the rock, towards the fea fide, fell
and broke his neck, in the 87 year of hiB reign, and of our Lord 1286.
Stories record that the day before the King's death, one Thomllll Leir-
mont faid to the Earle of Marche, that before the afternoone of the next
day, there lhould blow futch a Mnde, all lhould bring great calamity to
Scotland, which was fulfiUf'd by the King's death, which enfued before
the afternoone of the next day. After the death of King Alexander, in
r('(pect he had no pofterity, there was appointed governors. ID the mt'8Jl-
time, one Robert Brnce, Earle of Carrick, and one John Balliol, Earle
of Galloway, did ftrive who lhould be King; the which difFerence they
thought meet to be taken away by the judgement of Edward the Firft,
King of England, who made J obo BaIliol, King, although it did of right
belong to Robert Bruce, but upon thiB condition, that be lhould have it
as bolden of him, and fo lhould be at his command, wbich he conde-
fcended unto. At the fame time, King Edward fending for help from
John Daliol againft the French, and not being obeyed, he fends a navie
to Berwick againft him. His company fieing the number of their eni-
mit'll, yet nothing difmayed, difcomfited eighteen of their lhipe. King
Edward, greatly ofFended att this, fent a greater number, who, for all
that, could not prevaiU, the city was fo well defended, but were compel-
led to ufe deceit: Firft, they f(,igned flight, afterwards made ftaDdards
like- to the Scots, and ft'nt them who were fled to them for fearl' to the
which aU that time wu all gilded over. But to our purpofe. The
viaory being gained, the fpolle gathered, and unfufpicion of any danger
to enfue, att once they behold marching againft them 10,000 men. AU
the fight thereof, all amueci, made the prifonen be Oaine, leaR: they
fbould raife again; and att the counfell of Sir William Saintdair, who
knew all thofe bounds, pafi"ed over Draidon Burne, where there wu rood
for them to e f ~ in if they were put to flight. Their enemies, think-
ing to be revenged on the flaughter before committed, came to that part,
where, when the battle was joyned, their fortune wu fo bad, that they
became companiODl to the former company. Thi. villory fcaree wu ob-
tained. when, behold, a new company of ten thoufand men i. readie to
joyne in battle with them, which the Scob! beholding became all dUmay-
ed; yet, through the perfuafive exhortationa of their captaina, their
courage became frefb; and anone the three captains went through all
the compauys where the wounded and flain were, and new all the Eng-
lifb that were alive, and to every Scot liveing they gave a weapon, to
the end they might kill the Englifb that came upon them, and after that,
they went to prayer, defireing God to remove their ofl'ences, and to con-
fider how juft their caufe was. The Engli1h thinking becaufe they were
with heads uncovered, and knees bended, that thf'y craved mercie of
them; and fo, without thought of any refiftance to be made, they came
over Draidon Burne, where, contraire to their expellation8 of mends,
tbeyfound foes, of men overcome, mt'nretiie to be villors. Yea, withinfbort
time, put tht'M to fligbt, although the battle continuc.>d for a fpace with un-
certain vi&ry. Thi. villorie, to fpeake by the way, gained as great
prade to our countrey as any they eVt'r obtained. But to our purpofe.
After this great villory was obtained, every one of the three che'-
tains radie to receave part of the fpolle, thf'y went to confultanon
what way it fbould be divided, and to Sir William Saintclair, becaufe
bi. dwelling wu in that part of tht' countrey. they gave the ground
wheron the battle was fought, the firft of them at Bllfdon Burne, be.
goe help the Scota. The Abbot entertained them kindly, and rifeing in
the morning nut day to villt the guefia, and finding nODe in the cloiftf'r,
but the beda remaining untouched, htl merveiled greatly, and who they
{bould be he could not imagiue, except they were angells. It is alfo ~
corded, that the fame day the viCtory WB8 obtained, a Knight in glitter-
ing armour came rideing through Aberdeen, iignifieing the great viCtory
of the Scots, and one on horfeback croffed Pt'nthland Firth, which divid-
eth Orkney from the reft of the land, whom they fuppofed to be Saint
Magna of Orkney, lOme time King; but let a omitt futch things. Not
long afteJ' this viCtory, King Robert went over into Ireland to help his
brother, leaveing no great guard to thf' borden; which the Southerns
hearing, they refolved to come to Scotland by fea, becaufe they thought
themfelvee better experienced in the feaa than the Scotts, and inftrocting
a navy, they failed up Forth, deftroying all parts where they came with
fire and fword, the rumor of which coming to the Earle of Fife, he came
with 000 men to the place where he thought they were, thinking therby
to catch fome difperfed from tht' reft, but fieing the number of hi. ene-
mies fane to exceed, he retired a little, being afraid; but William Saint-
clair, the fecond fone of Sir William, comeiog to his aid with fixty well
appointed gentlemPD, wu greatly offended aU his timerity, defireing him
to follow and put his truft in God, committing all the rea to him, which
he, with all hi. company, did; receaveing courage through his perfuafive
exhortations, and fieing their enimies' company noway. in ordre, though
greater in number, they came upon them and flew five hundred of them;
the rea, fieing that, Sed, every one to their {hips neareft, till aU length
oue of their lhips perifhed before their eyes, and all that were therio,
through the great multitude of people that Sed thereto. The King have-
ing had knowledge of this, ever after called William Saintelair his bifhop,
&ad when he wu returned from Ireland, and his COUDtrey free from
King Edward'. tyranny, he began to take pleafure in paftimes, u
hunting &ad hawking. So upon a time he appointed a great huntmg
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devotion, builded the church of Saint Kathrine in the Hopes, which now
remaina to this day. Know, reader, that the hill on which King Robert
byed till the deer was hunted, to this day is called the King's hill, and
the place where Sir William hunted is called the Knight's field. It is
reported that Sir William Saintelair fent a prieft to the grave of that holy
woman Saint Kathrine, in which there is a precioUII oyle, that iff'ueth
from her bones, to bring him therof, that he might carry it to his new-
builded chapell. The prieft goeing and returning with the oyle, he be-
came fo weary that he wu forced by the way to reft him att a place a mile
diftant from Libertonne Church, where falling afleep npon a ruth bufh near
by, loft his oyle. The news wherof comeing to Sir William Saintelair, he
made workemen to digge the place where the oyle was fpilt, and prefentlie
up fprong a fountaine, which to this day hath like a black oyle fDimming
upon iL He then bethought himfelf of the great robberie committed about
Sainte Kathrines in the Hopes, confidering that Saint Kathrlne would not
permitt the baulme of her bones to be brought to futeh a prophane place,
leafttheywhocameto worfhip there thould, without all relligioUB reverence,
be rigoroufly robbed. Sir William, after this, proved valiant in North-
umberland, togither with his companion, the doughty Dowglas; and after
the death of King Robert, they, togither with Sir Robert Logan, tooke
Bruce his heart, enclofed in a little cofFer of gold, and delicatly fpiced,
to Hierufalem, where, royally, they buried it, and then joyued them-
felves, with their company, to Chriftians, where they valiantly fubdue
their enimies; and returning home, by force of winde, was driven upon
the coaft 0' Spain, where they found the King of Arragon warring againft
the Saruena of that counUeY, and joyued themfelves to hi8 forces; fo,
through their good fortune in fight, they became carelefs, not efteeming
of their eoimies, till att length, through the deceit of Saruena, they .. ere
fIaiD. So .. nded thofe valiant Knights, in defence of th .. right, whore
venue. are as uampiH to allure men to doe the like. A modern poet
bath made the fOlknring ven.,. on Sir William Saintdair and Sir Robm
'--- ----
Scotland, who married'"Elifabeth Sparres, daughter to Malefius Sparref,
Prince of Orkney, Earl of Kaithne. and Stratheme, through which mar-
riage he became Prince of Orknay, and WBI more bonoured than any of
hi. anceftree, for he had power to caufe ftamp coine within his domin-
ions, to make law8, to remitt crimes ;-he had his fword of honour cu-
ried before bim wherfoevt>r be went; he had a crowne in bis armes,
bore a crowne on bis ht>ad when he conftituted lawes, and, in a word,
was fubjeE\ to none, fave only he held his lands of the King of Dant>-
marke, Sweden, and Noraway, and entred with them, to whom alfo it
did belong to crowne any of tbofe three kings, fo that in all thofe pa.rb
he was efteemed a fecond perfon next to the King. He builded the Caftle
of Kirkwell in Orknay, and proved valiant in all his doeings; for wben
J obn Cummin the govt>mor, after the captivity of J oIm Raiddell (Randolpb)
Earle of Murray and Governor before him, began to tyrannize onr all
favourel'll of King David Bruce, he with hi. confederatB raift.'d ane
army, and in open battle flew him; in wbofe place wu conftituted An-
drew Murray u Governor of Scotland, wbereat the Cummins, mightily
oiFt>nded, came and deftroyed all parts in the North, where they came with
fire and fword; wherefor the Governor fent for help of the Prince of
Orkney, who comeing witb his fol'Cfll, vanquUht the Cummins, with all
the aBiftanta and favourel'll of Balliol, in open battle, and then returning
to his country of Orlmay, by the way he met a navie fent by King Ed-
ward to deftroy Orknay, whom be reDCOUDtred fo bnvely, that, with his
(mall number, be flew two thoufand, and put all the reft to flight, and fo
went home. Soon after this died Andrew Murray, in the year of our
Lord 1888, and within three yeai'll after came King David Bruct' to
~ t l a n d , wbo, remt>mbring the injurys done to him by the Southern"
fent ane army under the government of the Prince of Orknay, and John
R.iddall into England, who returned with great fpoile. King David,
not contented therewith, made tbe Prince of Orknay bring a tltoufand
.. hofen men out of OrImay, the wbich adding to bi. 'army of 19,000 mt>D, he
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S A IN '1' E C L A IRE S 0 FRO S SLY N. 19
of his enimies, yet coold not be holden from liberty, for with his 6ft he
made two of them to fall flat before his feet, and the reft to take flight: he
got in marriadge the fair ..Egidia, excelling all in her time, grand-daughter
to King Robert the Second, furnamt'd Stewart, of whofe beauty, it is re-
ported, that it did fo dazell the eyes of the beholders, that they became
prefently aftonifhed, and revived in admireing the fame. Through this
marriadge the Prince of Orknay obtained great lands and authority, as
all the Lordfhip of Nithfdale, the wardonrie of the Three Marches be-
twixt Berwick and Whithorne, with the Baronies of Hectfoord, Har-
bertfhire, Gramefhaw, Kirktone, Caven, Roxborough, and the Sherrif-
fhip of Nithfdale, with the Town of Dumfreis. He was a valiant Prince,
well proportioned, of midle fiature, broad bodit'd, fair in face, yellow·
haired, hatty and fterne i he had nine fifters, who were thus married.-
The eldeft, upon the Earle of Dowglaff"e; the fecond, upon the Laird of
Dalhoufil', namt'd Ramfay; the third, on the Laird of Calder, named
Sandilands ; the fourth, upon the Laird of Corftorphin, named Forrefter;
the fifth, upon the Earle of Errol, named Hay; the fixth, npon the Laird
of Drumebier, namt'd Tweedie; the feventh, upon the Laird of Stirling,
named Cockburne; the eighth, upon the Laird of Maretone, named
Herring; and the ninth, upon the Lord Sommervaill, fo named. He
niarrit'd his eldeft daughter upon the Earle of Marche. He had the
greateft part of the Nobility in the Countrey, his Fialls, and their bonds
of Manrent; as the Lord Salton, named Abernethy. for a 100 pounds
a-year; the Lord Crighton, fo named; the Lord Seatone, fo named;
the Lord Dirletone, named. Halyburton; the Lord Halifexburne. (sic) the
I ~ o r d Levingftone of Kalendare, fo namt'd, who holds lands in Herbert-
fhire, u Caftelough and Akinloch; the Lord Fleming of Cumbernald,
fo named, who was his BaillifF of Herbertfhire, and held lands thereof,
u his honfe, the Caftle of Rankens, Eafter and Wefter Summel'll, Eafter
and Wefter Thomaftones, Banknocks, Bangkerne, Brackuilies and
Dapes, for the which he wu bound to pay yearly one pair or gold
S A IN TEe I. A IRE SO'" R 0 S SLY N. il
near, ana coafidering the trouble that might 1N6l1 the Prince of Orknay
after his death, by the deceit of him that was to be Governor; thenor
writtiag lettel'll both to the King of France and England, he caufed the
Prince of Orlmay to committ hlmfeJf, togither with Ilia fone, Prince
James, and young Percle, nephew to the Earl of Northumberland, to the
fea's mercie; but when they had failed a little fpace, Prince James not
being able to abide the fmen of the waten, defired to be att land, where
when they were com • ., (tOr they landed aU his requeft upon the coaft of
England) upon their joumay to the King they were taken and impri-
foned, till afterwards, by the King's command, tbey were brought to him,
to whom they delivered the letten; who, when he had perufed them, and
confulted with bis Nobles wbat to doe, att length be refolved to keep
tbem .. prifonen, yet fo that be caufed inftructon to teach Prince James,
wh.rtbrough he became fo learned and expert in aU things, that be bad
no equaU. Tbe rumor of this imprifonment comeing to the ean of the
King of Scotland, througb difpleafure be died, and Robert his brother,
Duke of Albanie, w .. made Governor. About this time one John Itobin.
fone, indweller au Pentland, and tenent to the Prince of Orlrnay, came
to England, wbere his mafier was imprifoned, and be played the
fool fo cunningly, that without any fufpition what be was, he had en·
trance to the prifon au his plNfure, and fo watching his time, one
evening, be convoyed the Prince of Orknay without the gates in ~
guifed apparell, which be had prepared for the famt' purpofe, wbere they
made no by till they came to a thick forreft, where they byed aU the
nut day, and afterwards made them for journey next evening, for they
travailed in the night, and rafted in the day time, leaft tht'y iliould be
taken by them who were appointed for that purpofe by the King. They
travelled to the Borden wbere then w .. great inquiry made for them,
when, behold, two fowtherns not knowing what they were, made th_
hold their bonN, which the Prince perceaving, and catebing bold of ODe
of their neeb. ftrock bim to the ground, aDd fo bereft Iai. of bia liW,
The Prince hearing this, haveing with him in company 40,000, reeolved
to meet him there, where, when he W88 come, the Duke, migbtly afraid,
Sed with S more befides hi"mfelf to Falkland, where he remained, wller-
of the Prince havt>ing knowledge, after great furch made, fent one of
his company, and he, togither with the other two Princes of the Land,
Dougl .. and Dumbar, conftitute a Parliament in which they appointed
to forfeitt Duke Robert with all his favourel'll, for his tyrannie and trea-
fon ufed againft David, eldeft fone to King Robert, which cruelty con-
fifted in this, that after he W88 licenfed by the King, be imprifoned him
for his licentious life, denieing him all kind of nouriiliment, and any that
pitied him he puniilied with death, as he did a poore woman that give
him meale in att a little hole, and ane otht>r that gave him the milk of
her breaft. Att the news of this new Parliament, Duke Robert W88 fore
afraid and becam penitent, wherfor he fent hil frienda to the three
Princes to make fure for him, promifeing to amend bislife in time to come,
who excufed all he had done, imputing it to bad counfell. Att this ex-
cufe they being content, and accepting bis promife of amendment, receav-
ed him into favour, and reftored him to his office. 1
Not long after this there arofe a great difcord betwixt the Prince of Ork-
ney and Archibald Earle of Douglas, the third of that name, for the fhirrif-
fiUp of Nithfdale, and the Baronie of Hectfoord, Grabamfhaw, Kirktone,
Roxbnrgh,and Caven, togither with the Wardenry of the three Marches
betwixt Berwick and Whithome, fo tbat the Prince would not fufrer the
Earle of Douglae to pafl to Edinburgh through his ground. Yet for all thie,
there W88 no {laughter. Au this time the Prince ofOrknay had all bie vic-
tualls brought by fea from the north in great abundance, for his houfo! W88
free for all men, fo that there was no indigent that wert> bis friends but re-
eeaved food and rayment, no tennent! fore oppretred, but had fufficient to
maintain them, and, in a word, he was a pattern of piety to all hie pofte-
rity; for his zeal was fo great, that before all thinga, he preferredGocfl fer.
vice, which appeared in this, that he gifted the Abbayof Holyroodhoufe
policy, as building of Caftles. Palaces, and Churches, the planting and
hainiog of forrefis, as aIfo the parking and hedging in of trees, which his
works yet wittnefs. He was much efteemed of by the King, and was ther-
for defU'ed to goe to France with the Lady Margaret, the King's fitter,
who was defU'ed in marriage by the King's fone, which he did with great
triumph, for he was accompanied with ane hundred brave gentlemen,
wherof twinty were weD cloathoo. with cloth of gold, and had chains of
gold. and black velvet foot-mantles; twinty in red cramofine ,'elvet, with
chaines of gold, and black velvet foot-mantles; twinty in white and black
velvet, fignifieing his armes, which is a ragged crofs in a mver field; twinty
cJoathoo. with gold and blew coloured velvet, which fignified the
of Orknay, which is a fhip of gold with a double trefi"ure, and flower de
luces goeing round about it, in a blew field; and twinty diverfely colour-
...d. fignifieing the divera armes he had; who, when he was arri,'ed ill
}o'rance, he was honoured of all men, and lovoo. of the King, who mad"
him Knight of the Cockle, after the ordre of Franct>. And aftt>; thl
nuptiall rites were celebrated, he tooke his It>ave. of the King and ('Ollrt
of France, and returned home to his own countrt>y; but they wen' all
fore difpleafed att his departurt>. But when ht> was returnoo. fame [faft' ?]
home into Scotland, he was welcomed of the King and all fril'Ddt',
and with gladnefs accepted of them all; and within thort time aftt>r, Ill'
married ane honourable lady, Dame Margaret Dowglafs, Countt>f!! of
Buchan, daughter to Archibald, the fecond of that name, and to
the Right Honourable John Stewart, Earle of Buchan, and Conftable of
France, who, togither \vith the father and brother. was flain in Frann',
att the battell of Vemeuill. which was the caufe of her retume to Scot-
land; hut they ftayoo. not long togither, for they were feparated bt>cauft'
of confanguinity and affinity, for both this Dame llargaret DO"'gllbl and
Giles Dowglas, mother to this William, the OrcadePrince. were the daugh-
teraof two germain brothers and alfo Giles, Princef" of Orknay. and Robert
th .. Duke of Albany, and father to this John Stewart. W&I Dnrer related;
~ ".- ............. ---. -- -. _ ... .
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~ .

... _ .. -. • ...,.".... • ..,.. uu.i ....., ••
S A I N TEe L A IRE SO .. ' Il 0 S SLY N. 17
caBle in his minde to build a houfe for Goers ferrice, of moil CuriOUI
wone, the which, that it might be done with ~ r glory and fplendor,
he caufed artificers to be brought from other regions and forraigae king.
domf8, and caufed dayly to be abundance of all kinde of workemen p ~
feat, as marona, carpenters, fmith8, barrowmen, and quarrier., with
othen; for it it remembred, that for the fpace of thirty-four yean .,.
fore, he never wanted great numben of fuch workmen. The found.
tiOD of this rare worke he caufed to be laid in the year of our Lord 1 ~
.nd to the end the worke might be the more rare; firft, he caufed the
draught. to be drawn upon Earuand boonU, and made the carpenten to
carve them .ceording to the draught. thereon, and then gaye them for
pUterns to the mairon8, that they might therby cot the like in ftone ; and
becaufe he thought the maff'ones bad not a connnient place to lodge in
near the place where he builded this curiODl colledge, for the towne then
ftood half a mile from the place where it now flands, towitt, at BilfdODe
borDe, therfor he made them to build the towne of Rofiine, that now it
eztant, and gave every one of them a houfe, and lands anf"erable ther.
unto; fo that this towne, atl tnt time, by reafon of the great concourfe
of people that had recourfe unto the Prince, (for it it remembered of him
that he entertained all his teunant. that were any way impoYerithed, and
made ferve all the poore that came to his gates, fo that he fpent yearly
upon fuch III! came to beg att his gates 120 quarters of meale,) became
very populous, and had in it aboundanee of viChlall8, fo that it W'U though,
to be the chiefeft towne in all Lothian, Edinburgh and Hading-
tone. He re"arded the mafl"ones .ceording to their degree, as to the
mUler mafl"one he gan 40 pounds yearly, and to every one of the refi 10
pound!, and .ceordingly did he reward the other., as the fmitha and the
~ n t e n with othen. About this time Ed"ard Saintclair of Draidon,
comeing with foure grayhouncla. and fome ratdlf8 to hun' with the Prinee.
mt"tt a gn'8t company of ratt8, and among the !'eft, one old blind Iyard
one, with a ftra" in his mouth, led by the ft'ft, whena& 1M peII&Iy IMI'.
Sparre, daughter to the Earle of Orknay and Shetland, and fo by her be-
came the firft Earl of Orknay of the Saintclain. His name was Juliu!!
Sparre. He is alfo reputed Earle of Stratheme and Cathnes. The fe-
('ond Earle WIUI Henry Saintclair, Prince of Orknay and Shetland, Duke
of Holdemoourg, Lord Saintclair, Knight of the Golden Flet'ce, &c. who
married }'lorentina, daugbter to the King of Danemarke. The third
Earle was bis fone, Henry Saintclair, Prince of Orknay and Sbetlaud,
))uke of Holdemoourg, Lord Saintclair, Knight of the Cockle. and of
tbe Qrdre of Saint George in England, &C. I t is to be noted, nevprtbe-
lefs. tbat bi!! name is not inrolled or regiftrat amongfi: the Knights aU
Windfor. He married Giles Dowglas, daugbter to William Dowglaa, •
Lord Nithfdalt', called the Black Dowglas, and Giles Stewart, daugbter
to King Robert tbe Second. The fourth Earle was Sir William Saint-
clair, called Prodigua, Knigbt of the Cockle and Goldt'n Flt'ece, Prince
of Orknay and Shetland, Duke of Holdemoourg, Earle of Cathnefll,
Lord Saintclair and Nithfdale, Sbirieff of Dummifp, Adm ircll I and
Chancellor of Scotland, \Vardine and Jufticiar of the three
betwixt Scotland and England, Baron of Eckfoord, Cavt'rton, COllf-
land. Roflin, Pentland, Herbertlhire, Dyfart, Newburgb in Hu('han,
Cardain, Polmt'fe, Greneflaw, Kirkzetoune, Roxburgh, Kenrufi, &c.-
titles to wearie a Spaniard. Chancellor of Scotland, as he is ftiled in a
confirmation of the Earledome of Cathnefs, granted by King James the
St'Cond, 1456, the of Aprile, in compenfation of his c1aime and title
to tbe Lordlhip of Nithfdale, offices, and penfions whatfoever, that wt're
given to William Dowglas, fone to Archibald Lord of Galloway, his
(irandfatber, by contract of marriage with Giles Stewart, daughter to
King Uobert by bis wife, Elifabeth More. This William. Earle ofOrknay,
married Elifabeth Dowglaa, dawghter to Archibald Tineman, firft Uuk ..
of Tourain, and after herdeath he married Margaret Southerland, daughter
to Alexander of Southerland, eldeft fone of John Earle of Southt'rland,
fecond of the name, by whom he had Olh'er, Laird of Roain. &c.

S A I N 'r E C L A IRE S 0 F R OS SLY N. S5
before King William's time. The firft I find recorded is Alane Saint-
clair, to whom Roland Earle of Galloway pnte the Janda of Herman.
ton, bounded as aU prefent. The Charter follows :-
Roland1ll filioa Uthredi, ConftabuJarioaRegis Scotire, omnibus hominibus
et amicis fuill, prrefentibus etfuturis, falutem. Sciatis me deditTeet conceffiffe,
et prrefenti charta mea confinnafi"t', Alano de Sancto Claro, et Mathildae de
Windfoure fponfe fwp, et bli!re<libus eorum, qui ex iia exierint, ilIam ter-
ram quam Willielmus de Morevill iia dedit, tenendam de me et hreredi-
bus meis in marriagium, fcilicet ficut Mofburn defcendit in Langild, et
Langild in afcendendo ufque ad caput de Langild, et de capite de Lan-
gild ufque ad divifas de Laodonia verf1ll Lamberlawe. Hiis Teftiboa,
Herberto Decano de Glefc:o, Alexandro filio CofpaL, Gilberto de Umt"ra-
villa, Alano de Clefan, 'rhoma Anglico, Willielmo filio Rogen, Jacobo
de RotTe, Alenudro de Cbeon, Waltero et Ethelredo, Clericia meis.
Tbe feal thereunto was of white wax, reprefenting on tbe ODe
fide ane armed man, witla ane nabd fword in bia band, a borfeback, the
borfe covered a1fo with armour, baveing cbevrons on the pans. foleb we
bave att the caroufels.
It ia to be obff'rved tbat William of Morevill died in 1196, without
beirs of bis body, and that Roland Earle of Galloway, who had married
bia fUler, fucceecled bim in bia eftate, and, confequeatly, wu bound to
continne the former gil\, wberof we han ane inftrument taken by John
Sainlelair of Ht'rminfion in 1484, as fonows:-
IN DEI NOMINB, AJODf. Per hoe pmens publicum infirumentum, CwKbl
pateat f'videoter, quod, anoo a nativitate ejufdem M(C(lCUXlV, iadiaioJle
Omniboa,&e. Sciatia,&c. Stephano de Melvill c1erico,ad feodam firmam
pro homagio et fervitio foo, lotam Wmun meam, qoam teneode Templo, in
feodo meo de Gouirton, et illam terram quae foit ThoDUe de Templo cum
omnibus .... rundem pertinentiis divif18, libertatibus, placitia, efcaetia, et aln.
ayfWDentia, ad diau terrae fpelbmtiboa, intos et exteriua, fine aliqoo re-
tinemeato, et com libera poteftate foffimdi di8u terrae et claudendi f!CUt
melius fcinrit vel poteriL Tenendas et habenda, diao Stephano •
bereclibus fui. vel fuis aBignatis, exceptis juris religiofis, et juris me ma-
joribus, de me et beredibus meia, in feodo et bereditate, libere, quiete,
plene et honorifice in omnibus, in moria, in marefiia, in viis et fe.itia,
in bofcie et plan is. in ftagnis et molendinia, in aqui. et pifcariia, in .,.
tariia, turbariis et bruf'riia, in foiflS fodiendia, et domibu. confiruendia, et
omnibus aliis ayfiamentis, diCbr melle ville de Gouirton pertinentibus, et
cum libertate braciandi cerevifeam, et cervifeam, carneset alia vendendi, fine
impedimenlo et contradictione mei, vel heredum, feu ballivorum meorum,
cum communi paftura utriufque monr, orientalis et occidentalia, et alia,
cum libero introito et mtu ad lotam communem pafturam feodi mei de
Gouirton, feilicet ad VI equos utruifqoe fexus, ad XVI boves, ad XVI YaCCU,
et ad oaiee viginte oves matrices, et ad VIII fues, plen .. , cum OIDDibus fe-
quelis diaorum omnium animalium de duobus annis integris. Volo autem
et concedo pro me et beredibua meis, quod Dec di8:us Stephanus, Dec bere-
des fui, Dec fui aBignati, aliquo modo occafionentut de fexu, Dec de eta&e
animaiium, feilicet, quod numerua eorundem ullatenus excedatur, et 6 ple-
num nDmerum de propriis animaiibus non babuerint, licebit eis capen
aliena aDimalia, fuper eandem pafuuam, ac fi dent propria ad faciend ....
eorum commodum, in OIDDiboa, fine aliqna perturbetione. COlleedO"
pro me. hendibua meia, quod dictus Stepbuue et bend .. (iii, vel (Iii
telTlllll de dOIDO TftDpU Wnuit. Reddendo mihi et fucceft"oribua meie,
pro omai f«ritio, fex dftW'ioe, ad feftum Sanffi Michaelis. Yolo etiam et
eoucedo, ut predictue Thoma et heredes fui habeant pafturam ad IV bo"ee,
et IT Taceu, et xxx ovee, et IV fuee, et ad unum equum, ficut teftatur
in charta pleniua, quam dietu. Gregoriua coatulit diao Thoaur, et di&e
Chriftiane fpoafe fwe, forori diffi Gregorii •. TeftibUl ))ominie Neft"o de
Ramyfeia, Willielmo de Huthua, Rogero de Rofelyu, Thoma de Braid,
Hearico de Edmuadft01l, Radulpbo de Claro, Stephaao de MaieriI,
Clerico, et am..
Heary of Rollin refigne hiB landi to .\Ieunder the Second or Third,
which are difpoaed ill favour of William Suatclair. Whether thiB Hm-
ry wa of the fame fUJ'IIUIMI or Dot, I cannot determine till further
enquiry. The charter follow.:-
Alexaader, &e. Cum H.ricUI de RoOtelyu teIleDl noA:er de terril de
RoOtelyn,et deCatekon, n6gnarit per fuftim et baeulum ia maau noftra, ec
quietum cl ..... verit, pro fe, et heredibUi fail, pnrdiltu terra de RoOtelya
et de Catekoa: T.endu et Habeadu pnedKl:o Willie1mo de sanao Claro,
et heredibua fuil, de aobil tit heredibuB noA:rie, ia feodo et hereditate, CUIIl
Cocco et facca, tit furca et fo6"a, cum Thol et Them. et infangaatheif, in
bofcill et plania, pratil et pefcuil, molendinil et A:agaia, et omaibua alii»
libertatibul, et ayfwaentilild predKtu terra pertiaentibua, adeo Iibere
et quieta, iatep et ~ f i c e , ficut predilhu H.ricUi de Roihlya, terra
iUu, liberiua, quietiUl aut meliua, aliqoo tempore tenuit aut potredit :
t'acieDdo inde aobil, et heredibu. noftril fervitium dimidii militia. TeA:i-
bus, Roberto EpifcopoGlafgueafi, Willielmo FraferCaacellario aoftro, GiI-
berto Comite de Anegua, Willielmo Comya de Kilbryde, Symone rra..

S A I NT E C L A IRE S 0 F nos SLY N. 48
eidem Nicholao, et heredibus fuis, ut bladum fuum de propria domo fna,
molant ad molendinum mt"um, libere, abfque moltora inde danda, homines
vero fui dent multuram. Tt>ftibus Willielmo de Bofcho Cancellario
meo, Philippo de Valon Camerario meo, Waltero de Lindez, WilHelmo
de Valon, Herberto de Camera, Magistro Martin Medico. Apud Trav8-
quair XI? die J anuarii.
3. Alennder, &c. Cum Nicholau8 piftor quondam fervien8 nofter,
nobis re6gnaverit, per fuftim et baculum, terram de Innerleth, cum perti-
nentii. fuia, quam idem Nicholaull de antecefI"oribu8 nofirill et nobill'luon-
dam tenuit, per chartam home memorUe Willielmi Regill Scotorum illus-
tris: N overitis, nos, eandem terram de Innyrleth, dedHfe, conceffiffe, et hac
prefenti charta mea confirmaff"e, Willielmo de Sancto Claro. militi, et
heredibull fuis: Tenendam et habendam, 6bi et heredibus fois, de nobu
et hl.'redibus nofirill, cum omnibus juftis pertinntiis. Coneeffimus etiam
eidem Willielmo, et heredibull fuis, ut bladum fuUID de domo fna propria
molant ad molendinum nofirum, libere, abfque multura aliqua inde dana,
fed homines fui multuram dent. Teftibus WiUielmo de 800lys Jufticia·
rio Loadonie. H agone de Perifby, Thoma Randulph. Simone Frafer,
Nicholao de Haya, et Nicholao dt" Vetere Ponte. Apud Hadingtoa,
octavo die Aprilis, anno regni noftri tricefimo primo.
The feal is white wax, the tak, parchement, the King a horf£badr., the
horfe covered with a cloath, upon which is feen a lyon rampant in a double
tre£i"ure flourl.' and contre flourfl ; the rl.'vprfe, the King in a feat of juftice.
Thefe landa of IDDerleith were afterwards given to the family of Towre.,
with rl.'fervation of thl.' fuperiority, whereupon there is yet a charter of
inquifition, and a retour of Innerleith in RoOin', c:barter-c:heft, juftifieing
what i. above mentioned.·
• F.lber n.y baa here u-rted • copy of Lh.:! reloar of LM ~ of !:iir J_ Town ol ... _.
' ~ I h ... heir 10 hit f ...... r. I:iir AJeUDder Town, beIDno tbe Sh .. ,.....,... ol Ediabatp ....
OmDibua hoc fcriptum yjjiuia yel audituria, Waltenla filiWl StephaDi
de Malevill, fempit811W1l iD Domiao tialutem: Noverit uaiverftu vetUa,
me deddfe, coaceddfe et hoc prefeati charta mea, confinaa8"e llomiao
Willielmo de Saaao Claro. totam terram meam, que vocatur TempeUaad.
iD feodo de Gouertou. cum omnibWl perUaeatiia, libertatibua, ay6ameatU
fuil: Teaeadam et habeadam fibi et fuccd"oribua foil, vel fuis aftipatia, de
me, et heredibWl meis ia feodo et hen!ditate, libere, quieta, integra, et
honorifice, ill moria et marefiia, in viis et femetia, ill turbariis, petarD. et
carbooarii., in &quia, fiagoia, et pucariia, cum omaibu libertatiboa et
.yfiameotia ad di8am tenam interoia vel externil speaaotibua, vel aliquo
jure fpetlare valentibua: Reddendoinde annnatim ipfe et heredes fui, vel fui
affitnati, mihi et heredibWl meil, ODum deurium tantwD, ad fefium Sanai
1\1 ichaelil Archaogeli, pro omnibWi dplIlaDdia, fervitii., feaia, exaaionibu,
que de di8aterra,aliquo tempore ia pofterum poterit vel poteriot exigi vel
requiri. Ego vero et hend. mei, di&m terram, cum omnibus libertati-
bu. et ayfiameotia pnrnominatia, pnedi& Domino Willielmo et heredibu
fWlVel fuil aftigoatia,coatl'a oma. pntee. warantiabimua, aequietabimu,
et defeudemu in perpetuum. Ia cujua rei teft:imonium, prefenti {cripto
Ugillum meum appofui. His teftibu DomiDO Willie1mo de Lyfaria,
Domiao Nafone de Ramefy. Domiao Willielmo de Grant, Domiao
Willielmo Byfett, Willielmo tunc Coaftabulario de Ediuburgh, ~ i l l i e l m o
Drum fervienti Domini Regia, Thoma de Braid, Waltero Balliftario
DomiDi Rep. et multia aliil.
There i. a charter in the chartular of RofiiD, granted by Tbo_
Modok to hia pod {ODe, of fome ..,.,.u of ground ill Gouertoa Dear to the
faid lande.
S A I NT EeL A J RES 0 F It 0 S SLY N. '"
turDing &om that plac., loft his life in Spaine, warring againft the Sara-
cens. He had two fones, Henry and William, the laft wu Billiop of
Dnnkel(t of whom the Book of Cowperhuthus :-" Abfente in Hibernia
Rep R ~ r t o Ie Brois, Angli, colle8a claff'e applicuerunt apud terram
Canonicorum Sanai Columbe de Dunyberfell. ubi maritima depopulan-
tibus, fupervenit Comes de Fife, cum turma D. annatorum, fed perci-
piens Anglos intrepide ftare, fuga confuluit: quo tempore Willielmus de
Saoflo Claro apud manerium fuum de Ochirtult', audiens Anglos .pud
Dunybirfe11 defcendifi"e, (ent is Epifcopus Dnnkeldenfis.) afcenfo forti ca.-
ballo cum LX. f uis ad pnelium doais, feftinavit Anglis occurrere, diram
que laneeam manu arripiens, ealearibus eqUUDl urgf!t et cum hofte con-
grefii, vifloria politi funt. Ceciderunt ex Anglis D. et ultra, pneter reli.
quos, qui, confnfa fuga dilapfi, cum, in fuoe jam n&vt'S confcendentes, incu-
buiH'eat plerique feaphu p .. gravante multitudine depreffi, perieft, aquis
haufti, aut hoftili manu interempto. qui feftinatione ad navt'S currentes,
uoamque bargiam pondere deprimentes demerferunt. Rex de Hibernia
ftatim poll reverfua, hunc Epifcopum in maximo honore habuit, et ipfum
peculiariUl Pi'll! ceteris, fuum Epifcopum folebat nominare.
1\Iany of the EnglHh. not getting time enough to their boats, were
cut in pieces. Othen ftriving to fave themfelves by fwimming, perifh'd
in the fea. Others, who were got into tht'ir boats, not finding any roome
there, for that thf'y were alreadie too full, were made a prey either to the
water which fwallowed them up, or to the enemie, who flew them from the
{hore. SeVf'ral of their boats sunk, as being too heavy loaded. The Book
of Cowper, {peaking of this Pre1at, hath this, "Anno JUIIXL, Edwardus
de Baliolo &pud Scooam per Dominum Comitem de J..'ue, et Willielmum
de Mncto Claro Epifcopum Duakeldenfem, qui ad pacem ipfius Edwardi
paulo ante venerat VUI. kalendu oaobri. ooronatUi eft, congregatia
ibidem, abbatibut, priorib .... at commUDitate de }o'ife, de Fortherift'e, d.
Stratherne, at GoYl'f, ad .-- ipfius jam receptia. ..
About the fame time, I fiad in EngIaDd, ont' Williea. .. de Suao
fit tuDe neutit, et in manu noftra exiftenUa, Roneretis in compoto fuo
diai Epifeopatua, de fenginta et quatuor libris, novem folidis et quatoor
denariis, qua, venerabili patri Jobanni nunc Winton: Epifcopo, Ii be ..
veront, pro defe&. centum et uDdecim Boum, et octiDgenta et viginti et
quatuor aguorum de inilauro, ad pnrdictum Epifcopatum pertiDente, quod
ipfi, tempore vacation is pnrdilbe, nomine noftro recl'perunt, t't quu, p ....
di& Epifcopo, tempore quo temporalia ejufdem Epifcopatus eidem Epif-
copo reftituimus, nddidHfe debuerant, et unde per Morinam di80 tem-
pore vacationis fuper hoc contingl'ntt', et alio modo coram nobis ofteofo
deficiebat, ufque ad fummam pnrdiaanun fexaginta et quatuor Iibrarum,
novem folidorum et quatoor denariorum, ficut in pnrdi80 compoto coram
Dobis reddito, plenius continetur: de quibus quidem fexaginta et quatoor
lib';' novem folidis et quatuor deoariis, pnefato Epifcopo fie folutis, littt>ras
patentee pnefati Epifcopi penN fe habent, et coram nobis oftendere funt
parati. T ~ e meipfo apud Rothelan decimo tertio die Junii, anno regui
noetri duodecimo."
2. To Sir William Saintclair fuceet>ded his fone, Sir Henrie, wbo ac-
quired in 1817 a parcell of Gouirton from Roger of Harewood, and one
other parcell in 1828, from Gilbert Garden. The t;harten foUow :-
Omnibua, k Noveritis, me, apod GourtoD die veneris proxima poft
feftum Saaai BanhoIOIIII!i Apoftoli, anuo Gratile Millefimo treceJltefamo
decimo feptimo, in przfentia 6de dignorum, deddfe, et men volUDt&te mea,
liceatiam conceSi8"e, Rogero de Harewood tenenti meo, quod licite po8ii
terram foam quam de me tenuit, in teDemento de Gourtoa, vendere,
alienare, et ftatuJD iDde henditarium &cere Domino Hea.rioo de SaDao
Claro, et hereclibaa fiJia: T ..... et IIUeadam ~ .... eaIIl rail
G ENE A I. 0 G lEO F l' H E
pertinentiil, Domino Henrico et heredibus fuis de cretero de me et here-
dibus meis, folvendo inde fervitia dl'bita et confueta. In cujul rei teffi.
monium, prefentibus ftgillum meum eft appofitum ; et quia 6gi11um meum
minus:eft notorium, figillum Domini Gevafii tunc tempom Abbatia de
Newbottill in terumonium apponi procuravi. Teftibus, Mathl!O de Haw-
dlornden, Willie1mo de Sanao Claro, Michael Clerico, Willie1mo de
Lyfuris, Johann8 Clerico de Glentroth, Petro de Karynken et aliis.
Anno Gratire millefimo trefcente6mo vicefimo ofiavo, die venen. in
{efto San&e Marire Magdelenll!, apud Rofelin, in pnefentia veDerabiJia
Patm, Willielmi, Dei Gratia Epifcopi Dunkelden6s, ita con venit inter
GiJbertum de Gardano, dominum medietatis tenl'menti de Gourton, et
Conftantiam Sponfam l'jus, ex una parte, et Dominum Henricum de
sanao Claro, Militem, ex altero, viz. quod diai GiJbertus et ConftaDtia
unanimi confenfu et afi"enfu, concefferunt et vendiderunt maritagium
Mathei filii fui et heredis, Domiuo Henrico de Sanao Claro, UDa CUIIl
ml'dietate terrre partil orientalis de Gourton law, cum pertinentiis et liber-
tatibull di&e t('rne pertin('ntibus, pro fufientatione fua, pro quadam fUJll-
ma pecunill', quam idem Dominul Henricus, diais Gilberta et Conftaa_
numeravitet tradidit. infua neceffitate pne manibus, viz. viginti tftI Libru,
fex folid08 et octo denariOll, ad maritandum Dominum Matheum UbiCUD-
que fibi viderit expedite fiDe difpergatione, l't fi contingat diaum M ..
theum, morl, antequam heredem de fe procuratum babuerit, volunt et COD-
eedunt diai Gilhl'rtul et Confiantia, quod diflu8 DominUl Henricua Jaa..
beat Thomam, filium fuum et heredem propinquiorem, eadem lonna, ..
maritandum, et fic de fingulis lueredum fuorum cujufcunque fexua fueria&,
quotiefcunque humanitul contirrit eit abefi"e, quoufque tnemeatwa •
GoartoD, legitimo et vero heredi fuerit iafeodatwa: et" i .... -.....
tioaem, Gae dolo, fraude vel malo ingenio in omnibu corfervand ; diao.
Willielmu et Confbntia, fidem corporalem in manu Domini W &lteri de
Holburn Cape11ani pl'Eftiterunt: et fi contingat illoe, vel aliquem ill-
orum. contra iftam convencionem, in toto vel in parte, divenire, ita quod
di&s Dominu Heoricus, vel heredes fui ant execntores impediantur, ex
tune diffi Gilbertus et Confiantia obligant fe dat1ll'Ol fabrice Eecleeile
Saneti Andree, viginti Libras fterlingorum. quotieDll reperti fuerint hu-
jU8 conventioni8 violatores, fubjicientes ill08 nihilominiull jurifdiaioni
Epifcopi Sanai Andreae vel eju oflicialie, qui pro tempore fuerit, ut poffit
diaOll Gilbertum et Conftaotiam de die in diem per eenfuram Ecclefaafti-
cam coherere ad obfervationem tenoru convention ill pradiCbe. et infuper
ad pena8 levanw. 10 CUjU8 rei teftimonium, pnrfenti huju8 indentul'll!
penes dittos Gilbertum et Conllandam remanenti, ftgillum diai Domini
Henrici eft appenfum: Alteri vero parti, penes diCtum Dominum Henri-
cum remanf'nti, figilla dictorum Gilberti et Conftaotie, una cum figillo
Domini Willielmi Abbati8 de Newbotill funt appenfL Datum die, loco,
et anno fupradiais.
The fame Henry Saintclair is ranked amongft the Barons of Scotland,
in their letter to the Pope, written at Aberbrothe lSiO, the 6 day of
Aprill. He ill therein defIgDed PanetariUII Scotill!. King Robert the
Firft grants him, 3 penfion, at Forfar. "Quadraginta mareaa, ex &rario,
ad farcienda damna privata proIimis bellis accepta Dumenu1 juBiL" The
Charter follows:-
RobertwI Dei Gratia Ru Scotorum, C .. erario fuo ScotiIe qui pro tem-
pore fuerit, f&luteal. Quia eoneeftimua Henrico de Suao Claro, miliu,
diltllto et fideli noftro, et heredibUII fui., quadraginta marcu, &IUluatUa
percipiendaa, per Camerarlum Doftrum, qui pro tealpGft fnerit, et doaee
huDdred and Uxty-two, and in the thirty-feeond year of the reign of
KiDg David. J ihall not here determine, wheftaer or not this William
be the fame with Rofline or not. J have feen a charter granted to
Dryburgh by John de Maxwell of Pentland, in the reign of David
Bruce, perhape it is anterior to the other, and that Rofline wu only
poft"effor of Pentland fince that time. A. lor Orlmay, it is certain
that thofe lQes were muteh plagued by the Soots dumng King David'.
reign. Whereupon J oh. Ifacius Pontanus, rerum Danicarum fcriptoi'
accuratiffimus. Hift. Lib. VIII, pag . .501. (Amftelodami fomtibaa
Ja. Janfooii 1681, folio,) faye, " eadem modum tempeftate evulgarl,
Scotorum Rex David, aminiculante N orvagile Rep Haruino, diploma
curavit, quo omnibus et fingulis regni fui incolis ferio ac fevere, idque
fub capitis pena mandavit, ne quis Orcadom infulu, nill negotiationia
caufa, frequentaret, quod fcilicet per eoe dies &deo infeftarentur ee infule
Scotorum piratica, ut pene peffundatle et veluti folitudo pl'll!dooibaa
tantnm atque harpiis ejufmodi paterent." Whether or not William
Saintclairwu employ'd in this treatise, or not, our authon don't tell, but
it is probable he had been fent either to Orknay or Norway, for agreeing
all debate, and ~ i n g acquainted with Maliflus, who wu Earle of Stratb-
erne, Cathnefe, and Orlmay, and had difpon'd, the 28th 01 May 13M,
the Earldome of Cathnell to the Earle of Rofe, who married his daughter
Ifabell, he might have obtained Jae Earledome of Orknay in marreiag
ane other. yet all this is only grounded upon probability.
4. What is certaine, Henry Saintelair, this man's fone, became Earle
of Orkuy, and wu lent Embairador to Copenhaken in Daaemarke ia
1868, where there wu a marriage celebnt betlYin Margaret, daugh_
to Waldemarue, King of Duemuk, and Hapa, King 01 Norway. The
Earle himfell wu au that tim. fieke, the procaraton lOt from t h ~
Prince., a con6nDa&ion of the Janda of Orbay, and au the......, then
wu a marriage concluded IMUixt the Earle ad Iu., B .... •• fiftao,
raine Lord and his fuccefi"ol'8, name of payment. And likeways,
we bind and oblifs us and our ayel'll be the faithis in our and their
bodies, and our and their lands and gods, moveable and unmove-
able, and to be had in the ftraiteft fourme and ftile of obligatioa, to
a Reverend Father in ehrift, the Bifhop of Saint Andrews, and his fue-
ce88OUI'II whatfomever, in uther 5,000 pounds of the faid mone, alfa in
name of payment, for lefion and hurting of our faithis, and bnkiog of
our bands and obliffing&, to be payt to the hamyn, fourty days, in forme
and manner above written, and upon the hie a!tare of the Catbedrale
Kirk of Saint Androis, for the reparation of the famyn; and likeways,
we bind and oblifs us and our ayeres, be the faithis in our and thair
bodys, and our and thair lands and gods, moveable and unmovable. and
had and to be had, in the ftraiteft fourme and ftile of obligation. to the
said Sir Oliver and his ayeres male, lauthfully to be gotten of his body ;
quilk falyeande, to the said William, bis brother german, and bis
ayerel! male lawfully to be gotten of his body ; quilk falyeande, to the beint
male gotten, or to be gotten betwix us and the faid Dame MaJjory, oar
fpous, and thairayres male, in the 80wme of uthir five thoufand ponds cl
the famyn mone, in name of cofts, fcaiths, expenfes, and dammagee, to be
pait to tbaim within the fpace of the famen 40 days, upon a day ia the
Colledg Kirk of Rofiin, upon the hie altare of that ilk, fra time it may be
known of the following, ,-exation, inquieting, impediment, or diftroblau
forfaide, or we or our ayres be heird in judgement in that mater.
And als we and our ayeres to be reput ande haldin as curfit,
defamyt, and unworthy and unhabil to be herd in judgement, spirituale
and temporale, or to lK>yr armys or eyrdit in certain berif&. And never-
thelefll that our letres, and all maner of chartars, fefing&, evidents, bands,
obligations, fewferms, bailyeres, and documents whatfomever, maid in thia
mater, to remain and abide perpetually in thair ftrenth, fore., and effect,
without our re,-ocation, or again calling of us or our ayres whatsomft'eI'
in tyme to cum; I't'nuntiande for us and our ayel't'8 all priviledga of law,
Bulan, 20 kyo Item, with his fone in Clanok. 20 kyo Item, with Artho
Favocharfon, 4() kyo Item, 24 fra the Smyt, with lfakboyenerauth or
Fauchan Donaldon. Item, 4() sheep in }'urlbuftus, wyth Poyl COlaufOD.
Item, 6 riding horfes in Dumbeith. Item, 6 hon in Furbufter, aDd 4
riding hon. Item, 12 merys and ftagys. Item. in utenfil and Domytill.
20 Marks: Item, in Grangrys, 24 chalder of beyr, 85 chalder of aD.
Item, in filver 600 marks, and liiI of pounds tharof, wyt S. Jam .. in
Weik, twa hundreth pound in fex penny grots; wittnes S. John of Su.
brok. Item, with the Abbot of Feyrn, a hundreth pound of fix penny
grots, and fourfcore of punds of Bonath grots, a witnes Donald
Item, a hundreth pound with myfe1£ Item, in cleithing, a gown of
deded blak furryt with forreis. Item. a gown of Inglis brown furryt.
with furreyes. Item, a fyd gown of Dunde gray. Item, a riddiDg gowne
of Dunde gray. Item, a gown of brown, gray to the fmall of the leg.
Item, a doublet of blak fatin. Item, a doublet of black femya Jetber.
I tem, a doublet of fuftain, and a cot of green. I tem, a bud of Yaglil'
brown, and ane other of Scottie black, S payr of fchets ,in Tayn, ad S
pair with my felf, twa blankets, 2 coveryns. Item, into Tayn, S kyft»
full of Gerr, and all my chartars with the Abbot of Feyrn. Item, a
kyft in Dumbeth, with part of geir. Item, a fethir bed with S. 'Ville
Monl'law. Item, a compt buk, a bouftar, a nopfek, a furyug of qwhyt.
and a pinar buk. Item, in Weik a ('hift with diven thinge therin.
HIrC funt debita fibi debentur. In the firft three hundred Wedeys
of rm that I lent to the Bifhop of Cathnefll, BOUlOD8, Alexander
SauUon's fon, and of Devan, conjuDaIy and feverly. ltem,!O lib.
of fylver tbat I lent to the faid Bifhop, for the qwhilk I have Tom Mudy
and Wat. of <:amegy'. obligations. Item, 12 lib. the faid Biihop tak Gl
mine Era Donald Clerk, att the merkat. Item, my fee the faid Bifhop it
all·and me fen he firft enteryt, that i. to fay, yerly 20 lib. Item,
tbe ('rounar's fone an me, for the tend of Dail,. ThUDlO, and the hegya,
with uther gnu that he tok at myn, that comes to liiI of marb aad __ •
of 16 lib., and the ber, quhyte, and yrn he tok fra my childer in AbeI'-
den. I tem, I gif to my Lord ErIe of Bofs 40 lib. of it, att Makintoyfll
aut me, he being god Lord mayntenar, fupplere, and defendar to my
bairnes, executon and affigneys, and all my kindmen and fervaods, and
to fupple my executon in the gettin of my debts. Item, I geve and leve to
my Lord Erie of Cathnes and Orknay, and Marjory my daughter, and
to the bairn" gotten and to be gotten betwixt them, the thoufand
pound that the Erie of Southt'.rlaod has of myn, and is awand me, or
what at may be recoveryt tharof. Item, I give and lail to the bairns
gotten and to be gotten betwixt my faid Lord ErIe of Cathnee and Ork.
nay and Marjory my daughter, all the lands that I have in wedfetting
of the faid Lord Erie, within the Erledome of Caithaea, togirrer with
all the right and claim of wedfetting that I have and ..... to die 1andtt
of Nots, with the pertinent, and to the lands of Turb1lllter, with the per-
tinent&, the mayll and profits of the laid lands to rt'maia to the uIit of my
faid Lord and daughter's bayrnes, aye and quhile they. be qUit out be
them or thair ayerell that laid them to me, and what Iy at the faid
lands be quyt out the more to be difponit and turn to the ufe and profit
of the faid bairnes, the (luhilks I have made my affignys to the raid
lands mal and mont', as my letter of affignation mare fouyle proporta
in ytl! felf. Item, 1 gif and lef and aif.gyne to my fon Robert, hal the
lands of Jaxfion, and half Skaldouthmurt>, lyand in the Mernys, quhilk
at he be payt upon a day, as the letre of reverfion proports of the foume.
Item, I gi'·c and affigne to my fone Nicolace, Dallyanye and BericIaI,
quhilk he be payd the foume of 18 merb and thre yen male hypo ..
I ~ m , I gif and affignys to my fone Edward al my lands of Calouth ...
Druenath, quhil he Ix> payt of the foume as the letree of reye.
Gon proportll. Item, I leif and affigneys to the faid Edward, Gill,..
callomgil Strabrora, quhil he be payd of the foume, u the l.ur-
of renrfioD proportB. 1 tern, I gif and affigneys to my fon John, the .....
that I ban· in Wedfetting of tht' Medilton in the Mernys, and 40fi .. orda
nomine mm folitis et confuetis 6gBavi et rohoravi, rogatua at requititue,
in fidem et teftimonium omnium et fingulorum przmiifol'lllD, anno, die
menfe, loco, et coram teftibus in teftamf'nto quibus fupra.
This Earle William was upon the affife of Walter Stewart Earle of
Athole in 1424, who ~ g into the Prince's heavy indigutioB after
many fearfull and miferable tortures, W811 juftly, and accordiDg to law,
fentenoed by the Peers, and degraded of that dignity. Anno 14186, accord-
ing to the book of Cowper, mifit Rex Jacobus primogenitam, Franciam,
venerabili caterva ftipatam, qwe in anno fubfequenti defpoafatur: pne-
foerunt claffi reverendus Dominus J oannes Creichton Brechinenfia Epit.
copus et Dominus Willielmus de SanCto Claro, Comel Oradie, pane-
tarius Regis, navigii Admiraldus.
Thil William Earle of Cathnea is decemed to refound to the brugb of
Innerkeithen, the pettie cufromis of the brugh of Dyfart, introauDitted
with by him the fpace of 17 years. This order was made by the Parlia-
ment 1478, fo it is clear, he only intromitted with thofe cuftoms 7 yean.
Yet this requin examen, for though he gets Reveniheug near unto Dy-
fart in 1.n, yet I know not pofitively when he came by Dyfart id"eI£
Buchanan, lib. II, page 898, J acoho Secundo Rege, hath what foIlcnn
eonceming thil Earl :-Rf', ut erat, ad Regem delata, mittitur GuiUieI-
mus Sinc1arus, Orcadum Comea, per id tempus Cancellariua, primam ia
Gallovidiam, deinde in Duglaffiam. Is coaCtOJ'e8 creavit, qui ftIIWi_
pnediorum Duglaffii colligerent, remque judicatam cum fide e x f o l ~
Sed cum, ad nf'gotium conficiendum, non fatis virium Sinclaro eife&, aIiia
eludt'ntibua, aliil non fine contumelia eum excipientibua, re infeaa do.aa
ndit. Lt'fly, lib. 8, page S06, fays,-Pofi: omnea jam belli inteftiai __
mae t'Xtinaa., Rex [nempe Jacobus fecundus] univenas regni fui ......
(Epifcopo Divi Andrea', ac Comite Orchadenfi authoribul,) obit, &c.
Bu('hanan, page 899, fpeaking of the Earle, fays,-Admoti iterwa ad
regni gubernaculum. Orcadum Comel et GuillieJmus CreichtODiDl, qui
pt'rpetuo in fide permauferaut. Page 407, Hamiltoniua, pen.:fu ...
et laicis, falutem: Seiatiat, Noe dediffe, conceaure, et hac prefena charta
DOftra confirmaff'e, chariffimo filio Doftro J ohauui Stewart, Comiti Bu-
chauire et Elifabeth filie chariffimi coDfanguinei DOftri Archiba1di ComitU
de Dowglas, Domini Galleridie et Vallis Annandiz, quam idem filius
Dofter per dei gratiam ducet in uxorem, tow et integru terns Doftru
Baronie de Tullicultre, cum pertinentiia, jacentes infra viceeomitatum
de Clakmanan, tenendas et habendas pnedillas terns, cum pertiuenw..
eifilem J ohanni et Elifabeth, et eorum alteri diutiua viventi, et lueredibua
mafculis inter ipfos legittime procreaudis, quibua fonan de6cienbDus,
hleredibl11l mafculilf de corpore ipfiua J ohannis legittime procnu1dill,
quibua forte deficientibua. Roberto Stewart, filio nofi:ro, fratri GemIaao
diai J ohannis. et heredibua fuis mafculis dE' corpore fuo lepUiaae pro-
creandis, quibus omnibua fupradiail, quod abflt, deficieutibua, DObis et
hleredibus nottris veris et legittimia, et propioquioribua quibuhuque.
de Domino noftro Rege et hleredibua fuis, in feodo et hlereditate, in
perpetuum, per omnE'S re8as metas fuas antiquas et dirifae, in ...... iD-
tegram et liberam llaroniam, in bofcis. plania, moria, marefii., viii, (ani·
tis, aquie, ftagnis, pratil, pafcuis et pafturiB, molendinia, multuriJ at eGnIBl
fequelis, aucupationibul, venationibua, et pifcationibue, cum fariais et
brueriill, cum cnriis, e][chaetia, et curiarum exitibul, bondia, ........
oatiuis et eorum fequelis, cum tenandriis et libere teoeutiinu, f..ntiis,
cum fok, fak, thai, themE', infangandtheif, et outfangandtbeif, .& ...
omnibl11l aliis libertatibul, commoditatibus et ayfl&mentil, Be juftia parti-
nentiis quibufcunque, tam non nominatis, (luam nominatia, tam fub terra.
quam fupra terram, ad diemm Baroniam de Tullicultre, cum pertiuaais
fpKblntibue, feu jufte fpelblre valentibua quomodolibet in futurum, _E'O
libere et quiete, plenane, integre et honorifice, bene et in pace, iD 0IDIli-
bua et per omnia, ficut n08 diemm Baroniam cum pertinentiie, de Domino
noftro Rt>ge tenuimua feu poffedimua, aliquo tempore tranfaao, f'acieado
inde Domino noftro Regi et heredibu8 fuie, dicti J ohanDes at EljalMlth,
et eorum alter diuuu ViveDl, et heredes fui pnediai, quibUl fane .... -
., 011 .. " ...... =aIL b 9.1 ...... tid .a·,- ' ..... .
D ' i ...... "' ..... ...., ...... 'I'wli...... G P 3 ..
_ .... __ ... __ .... _5·d
........ 'I" lode II.' .Gar ...... oWbai&&.
Sa Ouna 116a11a1.&1u". ........ r... _ die ...... m n' II)
.. lAWoI ... : ... sGn .. _rarrr ..... ••
'. Pll .....
....... ....., ...... all. _ 1M DaIIw,'" _GtiM..*
......... -. ........ --
........ _ .-.., GUo. 11_ C_ no. u _
___ 10 .............. _10 ....... _fII .......
..... n. .......... " ... n...1I.;.,1' II t ..
• ,t ... A........ ......... fi.w.ft ... to " ....... ., ....
........ .. Wuu.., no lac""" ........... C 7.6
C t .......... FIMM 111& m. f .n ...... ...,
1Aan,.M9 ..... -..- ........ ..-._I· ,.or.
..... _.111, ........ LJOO-.....G ....... .." .....
__ no __ --_ ...... CnII!_ .... ..
............... G, ... _ ... H_ ........ ..
_-''''_-IIIr_ .. -.I __ "..
........ WI d .... B_ ... II .... , I ,'I .... ..
_ .. '-............. _ .!!dil,. ..... ..
jIuII .i 3 ............... m;.a; en ..... • .....
..... .. .... , ...... ,, .... "low A ......... .. _ ...... ....
............... w,... .".,,;6' .Ik', I.
""3 II .. d' .......... l.L On ........ Iba' ..... til
,I _ ..... "': ' IF •• Jar ......... Fe ..
........ ....... ,.,...-wu 11m •• ', .u.Ia- __ ......
I "- n. 'rW S I .................. "I' , t ..... .

J ... I ' ... III II .... _ft..... 'l II ,,7 .. ...
........ M. ... ...................... 5 .... ....
... • .......... 1'11 ................. S b .... "".
• --- --.- - ~ . . . . . - ... ~ - .... '!'.'I!"I!!' •. ~ .
we fhall infert here according to the yean, haveing relation to the rallle
matter. They are 65 in Rofiin'8 charter.chift.
ADDo millefimo quingentefimo quarto, menf18 .A prili8 die decimo quinto,
indicnone ff'ptima Pontificatu8 fanlhffimi in Chrifto patrie, &c. J ulii
fecundi anno primo, Willielmu8 Dominua !Jorthwick, et Dominus ora-
veru8 Sincler, et GeorgiU8 Sincler, eju8 filiua, Domiuua feodi terrarum de'
Rolline et Pentland, inter fe concorciarunt, ut fefluitur. Att EdinbUl'f!h
the 15 of Aprile the y<>Bl' 1504, it i8 concordit betwin Sir Oliv.r Saint-
cler of Rollin and George Saintcler, hi8 fone, fiar of the lands of· R ~ i n
and Pentland, on the ta part, and William Lord Borthwick, on tht"
tother, in thi8 manner; that i8 to fay, that William Lord Bonlnriek fall
take entry &8 air to his father or grandfather, &8 pleafes him, of the Iaad.
of Catoune, holden of the !Jaron of Rollin, and fow.r pounde worth of
annual, holden of the Baron of Pentland, Iyand within the ihirrifilome of
Edinburgh, of the faid Sir Olinr and his fone, and the faid Lord Borthwiclr
oblidgw him [and] his ayrt'8 never to cum in the contrair, in the fAith IDd
trueth of their bodiee, and declart'8 that be has tan Dane entreie of Ht'IlJ'f
Lord Saintclair, and difclaimf> any other immediat fuperior bot the (aid
Sir Oliver and hill fone George, and bindll himfelf to remain to the (aid
Sir Oliver and his fone, as tt'nants of the faid Baronry of Roflin and
Pentland, in the haldin the faid lands of Cathoune and annual of Pent-
land. Super quibUII omnibua, &c. diana Oliverua Milee et Georgiue ejua
filiua, &c. ACl:a erant hzc in Ecclefia Collegiata beati . ..£lridii de Eclia-
burgh, hora tf'rtia poft m.ridiem, vel eocirea, &c. pl't'fentibua ibideaa
venerabilibua .t honorabilibus viri8, Magifiro.T acobo Hf'nryfon, M-,iftro
viz. Willielmum Lawder de Halton Mllitem, Jolwmem Peaaycook
de Eodem, Alexaodrum Wardlaw de Curryhill, Patricium Cnightoa
de Logtoun, J acobum GiI'ard de Stefball, J ohannem Bill de eocIem,
Johannem de Staoehope de StaoehopiBmylne, Jolwmem New __
Thomam Davidfon, et Andream Borthwick, Ballivum depata&ua Be-
plitatis de BrochtDun, qui jurati dicunt, quod quondam JobaaD. Do-
min1l8 Borthwick, pater WilHelmi nUDC Domini Borthwick Iatoria
prefentium, obiit ultimo veftit1l8 " faifitua, at de feodo, .. pMea
et fidem, maw chariflimlr faolD d ~ i noftri Regia, de omaibu at __
gulis terris de CatUDne, cum fuil pertinentiis, jacentibUl infra Baroaiam
de Roffin et vicecomitatum de Edinburgh, et quod Dian. Willielm ..
Dominus Borthwick modemus eft legittimUl et propinqnior haenl • __
dem quondam J ohanni! Domini Borthwick, fui patri., de olllllihaa at
fanguli! prlrnominatil terris de Catunne, cum pertiDentiia, at quod eft
legittima atatis, et quod diCbe terne de Catunne cum pertinea&iia nl_t
nUDC per annum oao libru ufuw monebe regni Scoa, at te.pore
pacis valuerunt quadraginta folidoe ejufdem monebe, et quod taeatar ia
capite de Willielmo Sinclare de Rollin milite; Reddendo fibi at .......
bUl fuis annuatim ferritium et oonfuetum tantum, et quod DIUlC uiftu&
in manibUl prrelati Willielmi Saintclare de Rollin militi., taaq .... ia
maaibUl domini fuperioril earundem, ratione wardle, ob caufam __
dim quondam J ohannis Domini Borthwick, qui obiit per fpatiUlll fep&ea
aDDorum ultimo ('Iapforum, aut eo circa, ante oonfectionem pref __ ...
quifitionil!l; in defectu veri ha>redis jus fuum hujufque miaime perfeqai
valentes. In cujul!I rei teftimonium figilla quorundam eorum, qui dicta
Inquifitioni intererant, fub incluflone figilli dicti vicecomitis deputati ....
cum brevi regio claufo prlrfentibus funt appenfa, uno, meafe, die, at Ioao
for folemnifation and accomplifhing of the faid marriage within the faid
paroche kirk, whilk, God willing, my faid dochten, or ony of them .....
pleafes to accept in marriage, 88 party to him, diulie accompaneit with
her frienu, fall keip att the day to be affignet therto, and to deGre the
faid James Lord Borthwick anfwer thereupon, and in cafe he refuf. or
failli. thereintill, to proteft in my name, that I may have lOde KDon
and caUl againft him, for recovf'ring of the doubill and fingall avain of
his marriage, with whatfoever other damnage, interes and fbith, quhilk
I have fuftaind, or may fufteine, throu non accompliffing of the faid mar-
riage, acta, inftrumenta and documenta thereupon to tack and rai1e, gil
Deid beia, and generallie all and fundrie uther things neceS"ar in the
premifi"es to doe, exerce, hant and ufe, quhilk I might doe myfelf, and I
war perfonalie prefent, ferme, ftable haldand, and for to hold all .... what-
fomever things my faid procunatours, or ony of them in the p .... iffes
righteouQie leides to be done. In witnefs of the quhilk thing to thir
prefenta fubfcrivid with my hand my 6gnet it! aIIixit: aU Rofiing, the irft
day of Sovembre, the year of God 1582, before thir wimef.., Edward Sin-
cIar of Dryden, my brother, Oliver Sincler of WefterravinfDuke, Mr.
John Henryfon of Dengor, John Murkhead, and John M'Cow1e, m1
ferviton, with others divelll. Sic fubfcribitur, 'V. Sinc1ar of Bolli.,.
ADno 1582, et rf'gDi Jacobi fexti Ibgia anno 16, die 6 menlll Novem.
bria, Adam Cowper, by vertue of lettrf'S of procuration, the firft of No-
vembre fummond att the croft! of :Edinburgh James Lord Borthwick to
compleat and folemnife the bond of matrimony with Elfpeth SaiDtder,
eldeft lawfull daughter to Sir William Saintclair, of RofiiD, or with
Helen Saintclair bis third lawful daughter, and in rf'fpect the faid Lord
pve no anfwer, be protefted that the fame thould be holden as a nofuf.,.
and that the faid Sir William might hne action and caufe .,mnft hi ••

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