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The Martyrs who died for the Tridentine Mass of Pope Saint Pius V

The Forty Martyrs of England and Wales who died for the Catholic Faith and the Tridentine Mass.

Did they really die in vain?
JOHN ALMOND : EDMUND ARROWSMITH : AMBROSE BARLOW : JOHN BOSTE : ALEXANDER BRIANT : EDMUND CAMPION : MARGARET CLITHEROW : PHILIP EVANS : THOMAS GARNET : EDMUND GENNINGS : RICHARD GWYN : JOHN HOUGHTON : PHILIP HOWARD : JOHN JONES : JOHN KEMBLE : LUKE KIRBY : ROBERT LAWRENCE : DAVID LEWIS : ANNE LINE : JOHN LLOYD : CUTHBERT MAYNE : HENRY MORSE : NICHOLAS OWEN : JOHN PAINE : POLYDORE PLASDEN : JOHN PLESSINGTON : RICHARD REYNOLDS : JOHN RIGBY : JOHN ROBERTS : ALBAN ROE : RALPH SHERWIN : ROBERT SOUTHWELL : JOHN SOUTHWORTH : JOHN STONE : JOHN WALL : HENRY WALPOLE : MARGARET WARD : AUGUSTINE WEBSTER : SWITHUN WELLS : EUSTACE WHITE :

Saint JOHN HOUGHTON, Saint ROBERT LAWRENCE, and Saint AUGUSTINE WEBSTER, three Carthusian Priors, were martyred together on 4 May 1535. They were the first martyrs of the English Reformation. John Houghton came from Essex and had studied at the University of Cambridge. He joined the London Charterhouse about 1515, was elected Prior of Beauvale in Nottinghamshire in 1531, and later the same year became Prior of London. Robert Lawrence was a monk of the London Charterhouse who had succeeded John Houghton as Prior of Beauvale. Augustine Webster, a monk of Sheen Charterhouse, near London, and also a graduate of Cambridge, had been Prior of Axholme in Lincolnshire since 1531. After the Act of Supremacy of 1534, which declared King Henry VIII to be supreme head of the Church in England, Lawrence and Webster came to London to consult with John Houghton about the religious issues involved, The three Priors approached Thomas Cromwell the King’s chief minister, and tried to get for their communities a form of the oath of supremacy that would be acceptable in conscience, but they failed and were committed to the Tower of London. At their trial they pleaded not guilty of the treason with which they were charged and firmly maintained that the King could not be head or the Church. The jury

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among whom was St Edmund Campion. in 1513. All three died for the traditional Roman Catholic faith. he studied at the University of Oxford. He was taken. could he or would he recognize the King as supreme head of the Church in England. He died for the traditional Roman Catholic faith. from his prison window in the Tower. dost thou not see. After trial and condemnation at Canterbury. and eventually entered the newly established English College at Douai. after a distinguished career at Cambridge. but were finally coerced by Cromwell’s threats into bringing in a verdict of guilty. While praying in his prison cell he is said to have heard a heavenly voice. Saint RICHARD REYNOLDS was perhaps the most learned monk of his time and certainly one of the holiest. but John Stone refused. he was hanged. on the outskirts of London. on a trumped-up charge of bringing into the country and promulgating a papal bull. which addressed him by name and encouraged him to suffer with constancy for his beliefs. where he had been a Fellow of Corpus Christi College. agreed to take the oath of Supremacy.The Martyrs who died for the Tridentine Mass of Pope Saint Pius V deliberated at length without result. on 4 May 1535. to prevent him influencing anybody else against The King’s supremacy. Saint CUTHBERT MAYNE. he also refused the pardon offered for a last-minute acknowledgement of the King’s Supremacy. where his work as steward of the Tregian estates was for a time an effective disguise for his priestly ministry. Richard Ingworth. that these blessed fathers be now as cheerfully going to their deaths as bridegrooms to their marriage?’ Many of the Court are said to have been present as the monks were hanged. It was thought that if such a learned and saintly man were to accept the King as head of the Church. he encouraged his fellow martyrs with the promise of ‘a heavenly banquet and supper for their sharp breakfast. He died for the traditional Roman Catholic faith. drawn and quartered with them at Tyburn on 4 May 1533. drawn and quartered at Launceston on 30 Page 2 of 13 . He was hanged. Saint JOHN STONE was an Augustinian friar at Canterbury when King Henry VIII’s agent. this would put many consciences at rest. Then he was sent to London. to be examined by Thomas Cromwell. arrived there to suppress the monastery in 1538. He left Oxford. As a result he was tried with the three Carthusian Priors and hanged. drawn and quartered. On the last day of their lives Saint Thomas More. said: ‘Lo. where he was ordained priest in 1575. Meg. The last of the four to suffer. At his own earnest request he returned to England the following year and began to work in Cornwall. Born near Barnstaple in Devon. was reconciled to the Catholic Church. a year later and condemned to death at Launceston Assizes. and for being faithful Roman Catholic priests. He was immediately put in confinement. Mayne became uneasy about his religious position. He took up residence at the manor house of Francis Tregian in that county. All three refused the pardon offered them at the last moment if they would accept the King’s supremacy. He joined the Bridgettine Order at Syon Abbey. turning to his daughter. came from the West Country. for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Roman Catholic priest. and was examined by Ingworth and the Mayor of Canterbury.’ Like them. drawn and quartered there in December 1539. Isleworth. and spent about a year in prison. On no account. and. the protomartyr of the English seminaries. where he took orders in the Church of England and became chaplain at St John’s College. he fearlessly told Ingworth. for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Roman Catholic priest. but he absolutely refused to take it. like the rest of the clergy and religious of the city. but he steadfastly held to his convictions. taken patiently for their Master’s sake. saw the martyrs being taken out to Tyburn. He was therefore tendered the oath of supremacy. Under the influence of Catholic friends. His brethren. for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass. however.

The Martyrs who died for the Tridentine Mass of Pope Saint Pius V November 1577. He was promised the second bishopric of England if he would conform. in a house adjoining that used by Fr Robert Persons. Campion landed at Dover in June 1580 and during the next year worked in various parts of England. he left Oxford in 1570. gradually becoming more and more dissatisfied with the new religion. Ordained priest in Prague in 1578. To his uncle he wrote: ‘Innocency is my only comfort against all the forged villainy which is fathered on my fellow priests and me. Saint EDMUND CAMPION was born in London about 1540. Derbyshire. Imprisoned in the Tower of London and severely tortured. He died for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Roman Catholic ‘seminary priest’. Three weeks later he was captured at Lyford in Berkshire and brought to London. God lives. Tried with St Ralph Sherwin and St Luke Kirby on a false charge of plotting against Queen Elizabeth I. He studied at Hart Hall.’ They racked him and exposed him in the snow alternately. with St Edmund Campion and St Alexander Briant. but. he did so and added: ‘Today rather than tomorrow. near Henley-on-Thames. After spending some time in Ireland. For two days he was deprived of food and drink. When the students of the College were required to affirm on oath their readiness to be sent on the English mission. he was hanged. He took deacon’s orders in the Protestant Church about 1566. at Tyburn. he and Fr Robert Persons were chosen as The first two Jesuits to be sent on the English mission. Their judgment is not so liable to corruption as that of those who now sentence us to death. constant to the end. In 1573 he joined the Society of Jesus in Rome. the protomartyr of the English College. and two years later was ordained priest there. was born at Rodsley. where he became a Fellow of St John’s College. These irons he called his ‘little bells. where he was put in irons and tortured. and when this brought no result he was Page 3 of 13 . He conformed to the new religion. where his name stands first in the College register.’ He was offered every kind of inducement to bring him to conform.’ And to some friends: ‘I appeal to my Redeemer’s clemency. but he never spoke. he could still more than hold his own in disputation with Protestant adversaries. Oxford. He continued his studies at the English College in Rome.’ He returned to England in 1580 but was soon arrested and imprisoned in the Marshalsea and afterwards in the Tower of London. Before the sentence was pronounced Campion addressed the court. but they were sure that Briant knew his whereabouts and determined to wring the information from him. where he was ordained priest in 1578. He studied in his native city and then at the University of Oxford.. His captors were disappointed that they failed to apprehend Persons. he put up a brilliant defence. Saint ALEXANDER BRIANT came from Somerset. against whom he argued with spirit. but. In 1581 he was arrested in London. and all the time he was kept without food or drink. his Decem Rationes ten reasons demonstrating the truth of the Catholic religion. Rome.. drawn and quartered at Tyburn on 1 December 1581. I have no boldness but in his blood. Once the racking lasted for five days and nights. saying: ‘In condemning us you condemn all your own ancestors. He also published. He died for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Roman Catholic ‘seminary priest’. His bitter Passion is my only consolation. he crossed to the Continent and entered the English College at Douai. using the disguise of a fashionable gentleman. and at Douai. from a secret printing press at Stonor Park. He died for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Roman Catholic ‘seminary priest’. Posterity will live. drawn and quartered.’ and remarked: ‘I have never heard such sweet harmony before.’ He was hanged. In 1575 he went overseas to the seminary at Douai. but was reconciled to the Catholic Church during his student days at Exeter College. on I December 1581. Saint RALPH SHERWIN. Oxford. but the rigged jury brought in a verdict of guilty. The following year he returned to Somerset as a missionary.

He suffered death for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Roman Catholic priest.’ he was pushed off the ladder and cut down while still alive and disembowelled. he was hanged. As he left the prison on his way to execution. In 1576 he entered the English College at Douai. ‘O God. probably of Cambridge. Montgomeryshire. but he still refused to give any information. As he prayed. and on 30 May 1582 he was hanged. the ‘Scavenger’s Daughter’ (so named after its inventor. saying: ‘If it please the Queen and her Council that I shall die. betrayed him. admitted that the martyr was entirely unmoved by threats to ‘make him a foot longer than God had made him. Travelling through Switzerland with St Edmund Campion and St Ralph Sherwin. I refer my cause to God. Saint RICHARD GWYN. He did so and was accepted before his death. but he still refused to recognize her as head of the Church. He married and had six children. the great Calvinist. he showed the steadfastness of his character. on 1 December 1581. and after two severe rackings in the Tower he was tried. Cambridge. Sir William Skevington). drawn and quartered at Tyburn. he challenged Theodore Beza. Saint JOHN PAINE was born at Peterborough in Northamptonshire. Returning to England with St Cuthbert Mayne the same year. for I do but pay the rent before the rent day. His persecutors then thrust needles under his nails.The Martyrs who died for the Tridentine Mass of Pope Saint Pius V moved to the Tower of London. on the condition that the loser should suffer death. but he was arrested again in 1580. Returning to Wales about 1562. and then went to St John’s College. He studied for a short time at Oxford. his headquarters.’ On the scaffold he forgave his executioner. to a dispute. the torturer in the Tower. As a prisoner in the Gatehouse and later In the Tower of London. acting on impulse. Two days before his death he was offered his freedom if he would conform to the State religion. until his body was disjointed. was used on him. He was captured immediately on arrival in England. he was finally condemned to death at Wrexham. He entered the English College at Douai in 1574 and was ordained priest there in 1576. Arrested in Wrexham in 1578. he gave the shirt he was wearing to a beggar. St Alexander Briant died for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Roman Catholic priest. That ingenious instrument of torture. A notorious spy. and after ordination there finished his studies in Rome. He was a Yorkshireman and a university graduate. He was hanged. Saint LUKE KIRBY never quite lost his schoolboy sense of adventure. he became a schoolmaster and taught in Flintshire and Denbighshire. where he was racked severely. Thomas Norton. making Ingatestone Hall. be merciful to me a sinner. the first Welsh martyr of Elizabeth I’s reign. When a student in Rome. but with no effect. George Eliot. he worked chiefly in Essex. for refusing to recognize the Queen as head of the Catholic Church in England and persuading others to become Catholics. Then he was brought back to the torture chamber again and racked on two successive days. acknowledged Elizabeth I to be the lawful Queen of England and denied that he had ever committed any treason against her. After being tried and remanded several times at the Assizes. he said to his fellow prisoners: ‘Weep not for me. Page 4 of 13 . drawn and quartered at Chelmsford on 2 April 1582.’ After refusing a pardon on condition that he would conform.’ During his torture he promised God that he would seek admission to the Society of Jesus. In all these sufferings he never revealed a single secret. he escaped. in October 1584. the home of Lady Ann Petre (widow of Sir William Petre). was born about 1537 in Lianidloes. He received his sentence calmly. St John Paine died for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Roman Catholic priest. After this he was cast for eight days into a pit twenty feet deep and without light. drawn and quartered at Tyburn. after St Edmund Campion and St Ralph Sherwin.

He was saying Mass in the house of St Swithun Wells in London. Impressed by his master’s example. When Mr Sherwood left England to become a priest. in 1567. She was offered a pardon on condition that she attended the Protestant church services. She suffered death for hearing the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Roman Catholic Christian who served. with his officers. the well-known persecutor of Catholics. Richard Sherwood. his mission came to an end. had conformed to the new religion. Staffordshire. and in the English College at Rheims his health broke down and he was eventually found to be suffering from tuberculosis. Saint MARGARET WARD came from Congleton. and so continue three days without meat or drink. three years after their marriage. your back upon the ground.The Martyrs who died for the Tridentine Mass of Pope Saint Pius V St Richard Gwyn. in the Bridewell prison in London. Edmund followed. laid down. At the age of sixteen be became a page to a Catholic gentleman. born in Lichfield. but she would not do so. Margaret refused to plead. He died at Wrexham on 15 October 1584. in which she herself also had been brought up. When she heard that there was a neglected priest. She was kept in irons for eight days and was hung up by her hands and scourged. Saint EDMUND GENNINGS. she resolved to visit him. but on 25 March 1586 she was crushed to death. on Ouse Bridge. landing at Whitby in Yorkshire.’ The three-day sentence was not carried out. in the Tollbooth. Edmund asked to be received into the Catholic Church. by special dispensation as he was still under the canonical age. Saint MARGARET CLITHEROW was a butcher’s wife in York. The gaoler immediately guessed that Margaret was responsible and had her arrested. and then returned to England. He was ordained in 1590. miraculously it was believed. and the third day be pressed to death. but a daughter of hers afterwards was reconciled to the Church and became a nun at Louvain. She was hanged at Tyburn on 30 August 1588. in order to save the conscience of the jury and spare her children and servants the ordeal of giving evidence against her. After some time spent at Le Havre he recovered. When brought before the Judge. was brought up a Protestant. but gradually the authorities became less strict and she was able to smuggle in a rope. once a Catholic. when Richard Topcliffe. In 1574. Eventually the Sheriff’s men searched her house and threatened one of the pupils attending her school until he revealed to them the priest’s hiding place and the Mass vestments. Fr Watson made his escape. During twelve years of such apostolic activity she spent a total of nearly three years in prison. Fr William Watson. The congregation decided to oppose force with force rather than allow a sacrilege. Catholic layman suffered death for hearing the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Roman Catholic. She died for hearing the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Roman Catholic Christian. and as much weight laid on you as you are able to bear. but in the confusion he left behind the incriminating rope. By making friends with the gaoler’s wife she got permission to see him. Margaret was reconciled to the Catholic Church and became a zealous helper in the apostolate for the restoration of the Catholic faith in York. Within a year. and she employed a Catholic schoolmaster for her own children and those of a few neighbours. Her husband never returned to the Catholic faith. She took a quarter of an hour to die. burst in. in York. At her trial she readily admitted that she had helped Fr Watson to escape and absolutely refused to disclose his whereabouts. At first she was thoroughly searched before and after her visits. and was able to resume his studies at Rheims. except a little barley bread and puddle water. Cheshire. Priests were constantly cared for in her house. Her husband. however. your hands and feet tied to posts and a sharp stone under your back. They held the door and beat back the invaders until the Mass was finished. John. He was not of a very robust constitution. and cared for her priests. As a result the Judge was obliged to pass the barbaric sentence required by the law in such cases: ‘You must be stripped naked. when they all surrendered Page 5 of 13 .

who up to this time had been a Protestant. to which the Judge said that ‘though he was not at the feast. drawn and quartered at Tyburn. but he insisted that Plasden be allowed to die before he was cut down. Edmund Gennings was hanged. where St Edmund Gennings suffered with him. and wrote Edmund’s biography. During this period he attended Protestant services. was born at Fleet Bridge (near the present Ludgate Circus) in London. drawn and quartered outside Swithun Wells’s house on 10 December 1591. more pain if thou pleasest. and once was hung up by his hands for eight hours on end. and for many years was a schoolmaster at Monkton Farleigh in Wiltshire. outside his own house. of a bloody persecutor one of the Catholic Church’s children. Saint POLYDORE PLASDEN. I am now going a better way. and put to Plasden what was known as ‘the bloody question’: ‘Then thou thinkest not to defend the Queen against the Pope. He was ordained priest in Rome in 1388. dear friend! Farewell all hawking. solemnly cursed him when he was converted to the Catholic faith. whose real name was Oliver Palmer. He ordered the execution to be postponed until he went to plead with the Queen. But Richard Topcliffe intervened. an ardent Protestant. and returned to England to work in his native London. On the scaffold he said to Richard Topcliffe: ‘I pray God make you of a Saul a Paul. he went on: ‘O Christ. taking a house in Gray’s Inn Fields. Catholic layman. hunting and old pastimes. but on his return he was immediately imprisoned. became a priest and later a Franciscan. Saint EUSTACE WHITE was born at Louth in Lincolnshire. At his trial he said he had not been present at the Mass but wished he had been. am a Catholic priest. He was tortured several times by Richard Topcliffe. Saint SWITHUN WELLS came from Brambridge in Hampshire. on 10 December 1591. He was hanged. asked. Swithun Wells himself was absent at the time. for that were to deny my faith. ‘with St Polydore Plasden.’ After this avowal Sir Walter allowed the execution to proceed. He was arrested with St Edmund Gennings and condemned to death as a priest. nor counsel others to fight. where he was ordained priest. St Edmund Gennings died for celebrating the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a priest of the Holy Roman Catholic Church.The Martyrs who died for the Tridentine Mass of Pope Saint Pius V quietly. against my religion. On his way to execution the martyr caught sight of an old hunting companion. but in 1583 he was reconciled to the Catholic Church. whom he greeted with the words: ‘Farewell. was converted by Edmund’s martyrdom.’ His wife. Many miracles are said to have been worked through the intercession of St Edmund Gennings. and more patience. St Swithun Wells. Sir Walter Raleigh was present at his execution. therefore I would never fight. In 1591 St Edmund Gennings and St Polydore Plasden were arrested in this house when it was raided during Fr Gennings’s Mass.’ And kissing the rope. He suffered death for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Roman Catholic priest. died for assisting at the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Roman Catholic Christian. Yet in all his agony they could never extract a word from him except his prayer: ‘Lord. He studied at Rheims and Rome. was also condemned but to her great sorrow reprieved. and then returned to England and worked in the West Country for three years. if he could come to establish thy religion?’ Plasden answered: ‘I. His father. she died in prison ten years later. ‘What dost thou think as thou prayest?’ After further questions Raleigh realized that here was no traitor. His brother.’ He was condemned to death for his priesthood and hanged. He went to Douai. and hearing him pray for the Queen. Alice.’ He was hanged on 10 December 1391. drawn and quartered at Tyburn on 10 December Page 6 of 13 . Two years later he moved to London. So did his saintly wife. he should taste of the sauce. Arrested in Dorset. John. he was brought to London and imprisoned in the Bridewell prison. I will never deny Thee for a thousand lives.

He entered the Society of Jesus in Rome in 1584 and was ordained priest in Paris in 1588. Saint ROBERT SOUTHWELL was born at Horsham St Faith. and begged his friends to pray for his perseverance in the final struggle. He was cut down while still alive. He returned home almost immediately and worked in the north. He studied at the University of Oxford. a courtier of Elizabeth I. at the age of thirty-three. which give him an honoured place in the history of the golden age of English literature. He persisted. His last words were: ‘This my death. he was captured by the English and imprisoned at Flushing. When he was at last caught in 1593. He was tortured with extreme severity both in Topcliffe ‘s house and in the Tower of London. Which death. and showed his determination by walking all the way to Rome. Leaving England. Boste was so popular that at his execution at Durham. After two and a half years in prison he was tried in Westminster Hall and condemned to death for being a traditional Roman Catholic priest and for saying the Catholic Latin Mass. Saint JOHN BOSTE. Gray’s Inn in London. and was ordained a minister of the Anglican Church. Released in January 1590. go on. he was so severely racked that he was unable afterwards to stand up straight. where he graduated M. then President of the Council of the North. who would have recanted through fear had not John Boste encouraged him and given him absolution in court for his weakness. Westmorland.’ Imprisoned in the Tower of London. where he was admitted to the Jesuit noviciate in 1578. while acting as chaplain with the Spanish forces in the Netherlands. but was finally arrested near Harrow in 1592. go on. professed his faith and his priesthood. He appears to have stayed on at Oxford for some years. His father. and two years later he sought admission to the Society of Jesus in Belgium but was refused on account of his youth. Peterhouse in Cambridge. he was hanged. His mother. Huntingdon proudly said that he had ‘gotten one of the greatest stags in the forest. betrayed by a Catholic girl who had fallen into the hands of Richard Topcliffe. on 24 July 1594.The Martyrs who died for the Tridentine Mass of Pope Saint Pius V 1591. came from Dufton. yet I hope that in time to come it will be to my eternal glory.A. and for the comfort of many others. Ordained priest. offered a special reward for his capture. my last farewell to this unfortunate life. Norfolk.’ St John Boste suffered death for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Roman Catholic priest. but his tormentors failed completely to extract any confessions from him. He was tried at Durham with Blessed. 21 February 1595. conformed to Protestantism out of ambition. Norfolk. he returned to England in 1586 and for the next six years he laboured with great zeal and success in and around London. in 1562. in 1572. and yet to me most happy and most fortunate. and as his heart was torn from his body he murmured: ‘God forgive thee. a special guard had to be put round his cart to prevent a rescue. On the scaffold he prayed for the Queen. He had many hairbreadth escapes. He studied at the grammar school in Norwich. remained a Catholic and Robert was brought up in the old faith. The following year. he was admitted to the English College at Rheims in 1580 and ordained priest there the following year. Next day. where he was so successful that the Earl of Huntingdon. however. He was only in his fifteenth year when he entered the English College at Douai. George Swallowell. but for some time permission was withheld and he was sent to teach in Page 7 of 13 .’ Saint HENRY WALPOLE came from Docking. drawn and quartered at Tyburn. he longed to work in England. for the good of my country. It was at this time also that he produced his many well-known works of prose and poetry. during which time he was converted to the Catholic faith. however. and at Rheims and Rome. although it seems here disgraceful. I pray it may be for the full satisfaction of my sins. He suffered death for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Roman Catholic priest.

but the sentence was not carried out and he lingered on in prison. Twenty-four hours later he was arrested and imprisoned. was reconciled to the Catholic Church. Philip went to court at the age of eighteen and led a worldly and dissolute life. and a layman. he often remarked: ‘Gerard doth much good. and finally.The Martyrs who died for the Tridentine Mass of Pope Saint Pius V English seminaries in Spain and Flanders. but he refused. He refused. (Blessed William Howard. the grandson of St Philip Howard. In the Tower he was tortured severely. There was an hour’s delay because the hangman had forgotten his rope. He declared that he Page 8 of 13 . and Fr Jones passed the time in prayer and in speaking to the crowd. however. which she spent in loneliness at Arundel Castle. Finally. Viscount Stafford. if he would but once attend the Protestant church services. Haunted by the example of his fellow Jesuit. Saint PHILIP HOWARD. out of curiosity. London 1611. returned to his wife at Arundel. but probably he was already a priest when he joined the Franciscan Observants at Pontoise in France about 1590. fourth Duke of Norfolk. In 1589. Fr John Gerard. He was hanged. and Campion’s defence of the Catholic faith made such a deep impression on him that he left the court. Why not I? On 4 December 1593 he landed at Flamborough Head. born in 1557. Southwark (where Albany Road meets the Old Kent Road). When he was twenty-four he went. he was brought to trial and sentenced to death. eldest daughter of Lord Thomas Dacre of Gilsland. He was hanged. Philip. drawn and quartered at St Thomas Waterings. owner of large estates in the north of England. Finally he was sent back to York for his trial. born at Clynog Fawr in Caernarvonshire. was arrested at sea as he was leaving England in 1585 and imprisoned in the Tower of London. in a vain effort to extract from him information about Catholics he had known in England and abroad. Nicholas Blackwell. first at York and then in the Tower of London. The answer was that. He was condemned for assisting at the Catholic Latin Mass and for just being a traditional Roman Catholic. A handsome and gifted young man. He was beheaded on Tower Hill 29 December 1680. drawn and quartered at York on 7 April 1595. When only twelve years old. on 12 July 1598. on 19 October 1595. Arrested in 1597. He was married and had returned to the faith of his Martyred grandfather. on the evidence of one of Richard Topcliffe’s spies. he was married to Anne Dacre. where for more than ten years he endured great hardship. three years later. whom he had never seen. In his cell he engraved on the wall with his own hand the words: ‘The more suffering we endure for Christ in this world.’ He suffered death for being a traditional Catholic layman and for attending the Catholic Latin Mass. feeling that death was near. when he began to work in the London district. He suffered death for saying the Catholic Latin Mass and for being a traditional Roman Catholic priest. He was professed in their house at Ara Coeli in Rome soon afterwards and returned to England in 1592. Little is known for certain of his early life. to hear a disputation between St Edmund Campion and some Protestant dignitaries in the Tower of London. the year after the Armada.) Saint JOHN JONES was a Welshman. so that they could practise their religion freely. he appealed to the Queen to be allowed to meet his wife and his little son. was the eldest son of Thomas Howard. the greater the glory with him in the next. not only would his request be granted but all his honours would be restored to him. and together they planned to flee to the Continent. and died soon afterwards. he was brought to trial the following summer and condemned for saying the Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Catholic priest. Born in the Strand. Meanwhile his wife had also gone back to the old faith. completely neglecting his young wife for six years. Yorkshire. He was offered life and liberty if he would abjure the Pope and admit the spiritual supremacy of the Queen and not to say the Catholic Latin Mass.

He spent over twenty-five years travelling up and down England. He was imprisoned twice. it is the best tidings that ever were brought to me since I was born. he said: ‘Bear witness with me. As he was being tied to the hurdle to be taken there. At the time of the Gun powder Plot Fr Garnet and Brother Nicholas took refuge at Hinlip Hall in Worcestershire. and her husband. and though his persecutors took the cruel precaution of encasing him in an iron girdle to prevent rupture. the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a traditional Catholic. He was already a sick man. but always refused to give the authorities any information about his fellow Catholics. with all my soul. She was disinherited by her Protestant father. he was banished from England and died in Flanders in 1594. constructing. after her conversion to the Catholic faith. Cambridgeshire. On the scaffold she said: ‘I am sentenced for harbouring a Catholic priest. Fr John Gerard. hiding places for priests. and possessed her soul in great peace. drawn and quartered at St Thomas Waterings. in Southwark. that I am now forthwith to give my life only for the Catholic Mass. but Anne was taken and later condemned to death for assisting at. but this he resolutely refused to do.’ He was hanged. but his execution was postponed in the hope that he might conform to the new religion and the new Mass in English. very discreet. She managed the finances. On 21 June 1600. Soon afterwards he was tried and condemned to death. his position as a Catholic in a Protestant household was difficult. likewise lost his inheritance on account of his religion. and so far am I from repenting for having done so that I wish. where they were arrested soon afterwards. Three months later he was brought before the court again. looked after the guests. her maiden name was Heigham. was helped by Fr John Gerard. (or hearing). Though she had poor health and suffered from many ailments. in 1581 and 1594. but he was still adamant in his refusal to attend the Protestant church. went to confession to Fr John Gerard. Arrested in 1585.’ St John Rigby suffered death for the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a traditional Roman Catholic layman. suffering from hernia. and when he established a house for priests in London he put her in charge of it. did all the housekeeping. Roger Line. He soon repented. but had prayed daily for their good. Saint ANNE LINE was born at Dunmow in Essex. After he had delivered his message. who was now left destitute.The Martyrs who died for the Tridentine Mass of Pope Saint Pius V had never uttered a word or entertained a thought against the Queen or his country. While in the service of Sir Edmund Huddleston at Sawston Hall. the torture proved too much. Saint JOHN RIGBY was the son of an impoverished Lancashire gentleman and was obliged to enter domestic service to earn his living. She was hanged at Tyburn on 27 February 1601. one of the magistrates questioned John on his own beliefs and. finding him to be a reconciled Catholic. After his death Anne.’ On Candlemas Day 1601 the pursuivants arrived at the house during Mass. and was reconciled to the Catholic Church. Nicholas was taken to the Tower of London and tortured severely to make him reveal the whereabouts of his hiding holes. Fr Gerard tells us that she was ‘full of kindness. he answered: ‘Deo gratias. who had been summoned on a recusancy charge but was too ill to attend. and dealt with the enquiries of strangers. when word was brought to him that he was to die that day. Entering the Society of Jesus about 1580. The priest escaped. and Fr Henry Garnet (Superior of the English Jesuits from 1587 to 1606). he served in succession St Edmund Campion. however. with consummate skill. Page 9 of 13 .’ Saint NICHOLAS OWEN was a Jesuit Lay Brother. that where I have entertained one I could have entertained a thousand. William Heigham. and he outwardly conformed by occasionally attending Protestant church services. all good people. he was sent to the sessions in London to plead excuse for Sir Edmund’s daughter. committed him to Newgate prison.

He returned. but. the law of God. and finally in Rome. When arrested again in 1612. which included many noblemen. where. Ordained priest at Valladolid in 1602. a native of Monmouthshire. he refused the oath of allegiance. much less his friends that were so well acquainted with his innocent life and long continued practice in virtue. and soon afterwards entered the Benedictine Order in that city. and though never so long at last comes death. He laboured mostly in London. He died in the Tower of London on 2 March 1606. Fr Thomas was arrested also at this time.’ Page 10 of 13 . saying: ‘One hour over taketh another. despite the cold weather.The Martyrs who died for the Tridentine Mass of Pope Saint Pius V His entrails burst out and he died in terrible agony. and for being a traditional Catholic Jesuit lay-brother. drawn and quartered at Tyburn on 10 December 1610. He returned to England the following year and worked on the mission for the next ten years. the following year and was soon back again in prison. as Fr Gerard wrote. Liverpool. as he looked at the fire prepared for the boiling of his quarters. ‘this slander was so improbable that even his enemies did not believe it. and then banished from England. drawn and quartered on 5 December 1612. or the positive law of the true Catholic Church. He was hanged. He died for celebrating the Catholic Latin Mass of tradition and for being a traditional Catholic priest. he declared: ‘I am the happiest man alive this day. where he was ordained priest.’ but nothing more. studied at St John’s College. He studied at the nearby grammar school at Much Woolton. He died for the Catholic Latin Mass and for being a priest. London. His final arrest took place in London on the first Sunday of Advent in 1610. and at the Inns of Court. was falsely implicated. however. then in Ireland. On the scaffold. he was reconciled to the Catholic Church in Paris. Brought up a Protestant. From Paris he went on to the English College at Valladolid. he attended a grammar school at Horsham in Sussex. Imprisoned for eighteen months in the Tower of London. he ministered to the sick and the dying with incredible zeal and made many converts. arrested and executed in connection with the Gunpowder Plot. drawn and quartered at Tyburn on 23 June 1608. he addressed the crowd. Saint JOHN ALMOND was born at Allerton. where he was ordained priest in 1601. His gaolers.’ Saint JOHN ROBERTS. Oxford. for the traditional Catholic Latin Mass. And yet not death. as he was saying Mass. he entered the Society of Jesus in England in 1604. He was then confined in Newgate prison until his trial nine months later.’ Saint THOMAS GARNET. the following year he returned to England and was the first Benedictine missionary to work here since the suppression of the monasteries. to cover up their guilt.’ He was hanged. whereby we enter into everlasting blessedness. when on a visit there in 1598. Born in London. He was condemned to death for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for his Catholic priesthood. At Tyburn where he was hanged. he cheerfully remarked: ‘Here’s a hot breakfast towards. Not long afterwards his uncle. On the scaffold. in the presence of the large crowd assembled. for death is the gate of life unto us. During his seven years on the mission he was arrested and imprisoned five times and banished from England on three separate occasions. Returning to England in 1599. protomartyr of the Jesuit College at St Omer in France (the College eventually moved to Stonyhurst in Lancashire). when he was condemned to death for celebrating the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a traditional Catholic priest. then went to the St Omer College and finally to the English College at Valladolid. He declared he was ready to swear as much allegiance to King James as he or any Christian king could expect by the law of nature. during the plague of 1603. spread the story that Nicholas had committed suicide. Fr Henry. spending some time in gaol in London about 1608. was the nephew of Fr Henry Garnet.

At the beginning of 1642 he was finally brought to trial and condemned for celebrating the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and because he was a traditional Catholic priest. he returned to England and worked for twenty-four years in south Lancashire. While a student at the University of Cambridge. probably about 1622. He replied: ‘Tempt me no more. He was finally betrayed by a young man whom he had reproved for unlawfully marrying his cousin before a Protestant minister. His gaiety and holiness soon won the hearts of his gaolers and he was allowed not only to receive visitors but to go out on parole. first to Douai. and in 1624 he entered the Society of Jesus. and was banished from England in 1623. about seventeen years. After his ordination in 1617. He was hanged. when he was arrested at Newcastle upon Tyne. and then went to Douai to study for the priesthood. He was imprisoned at Lancaster but dissuaded his friends from agitating for his release. his kindliness and patience. around Manchester and Liverpool. He was soon captured and imprisoned. of Barlow Hall. For a time he conformed to the Protestant religion. where he was ordained priest in 1612. and was ordained priest in Rome in 1624. Saint AMBROSE BARLOW was the fourth of fourteen children of Sir Alexander Barlow. confined In Lancaster Castle. and then returned to England. and with little or no food. On the scaffold he was offered a pardon if he would renounce the Pope. He was banished from England in 1630 but was back again three years later. drawn and quartered at Lancaster on 28 August 1628. Saint ALBAN ROE was born in Suffolk and brought up a Protestant. and often said Mass in several different places on the same day.’ he was well known for his good humour and was always ready for a laugh or joke or game of cards with his fellow prisoners. He then went overseas. but would be glad to seal it with his blood. At his trial he asked for a public debate on the Catholic religion. Finally he was dragged out on a hurdle and received absolution in the courtyard of the Castle from his fellow prisoner. He was noted for his good humour and wit. and studied at Douai.’ For being a traditional Roman Catholic priest and saying the Catholic Latin Mass of tradition. awaiting execution. I will not do it. and is remembered particularly Page 11 of 13 . he went overseas to study for the priesthood at Douai and Valladolid and entered the Benedictine Order at Douai.The Martyrs who died for the Tridentine Mass of Pope Saint Pius V Saint EDMUND ARROWSMITH was born at Haydock. He was hanged. drawn and quartered at Lancaster on 10 September 1641. Ho entered the Benedictine Order at Dieulouard in Franca in 1612. He travelled a great deal. About two years later he was again arrested and spent the remainder of his life.’ St Ambrose Barlow was condemned for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a traditional Roman Catholic priest. till near the end of his life. and thus he was able to carry on his priestly ministry. in 1585. saying that ‘to die for this Mass was to him more desirable than life. on the outskirts of Manchester. On Easter Sunday in 1641 he was arrested while preaching after Mass. Lancashire. In spite of frequent bouts of severe pain caused by ‘the stone. St John Southworth. he was hanged. always on foot. where he became a Catholic. and his frugal and abstemious manner of life. in confinement. Saint HENRY MORSE was born at Brome in Suffolk in 1595 and studied at Corpus Christi College in Cambridge and at Barnard’s Inn in London. spending a while in prison. but shortly afterwards he returned. mostly in the Fleet prison in London. He worked on the mission in Lancashire from 1613 to 1628. was ordained priest. but returning to the Catholic Church when he was about twenty-three years of age. he entered the Society of Jesus and worked in Northumberland and Durham until 1626. adding that he ‘would not only defend it in words. where he was born in 1585. standing at the window of his cell. and from there to Rome. drawn and quartered at Tyburn on 31 January. in a dark hole in which he could neither stand upright nor lie down. in no case. he became a Catholic. on no condition. Returning to England.’ After his condemnation he spent two days.

This time the sentence was carried out and he was hanged. He was captured at Sker in Glamorganshiro in December 1678 and spent five five months in gaol in Cardiff Castle. even though a local Justice of the Peace had offered a reward of £200 for his apprehension. and hence John Lloyd had the additional ordeal of seeing his fellow priest hanged. He was arrested at Lenllyn in Glamorganshire in November 1678 and imprisoned in Cardiff Castle. Like Philip Evans. however. and after three months in prison was brought to trial and condemned for celebrating the Catholic Latin Mass and for his priesthood. drawn and quartered at Tyburn on 28 June in that year. Saint JOHN SOUTHWORTH was born in Lancashire in 1592. drawn and quartered before undergoing the same barbarous fate himself. he worked in Cumberland. drawn and quartered on Barrel Well Hill. He was ordained priest at Liege ten years later.The Martyrs who died for the Tridentine Mass of Pope Saint Pius V for his heroic work in London during the plague of 1635-1636. He was later released. London. Lancashire. He was hanged. He studied at a Jesuit school at Scarisbrick Hall near Ormskirk. and at Valladolid. where he was ordained priest in 1619 and then returned to his native county as a missionary. at St Omer. ‘My faith is my crime. where his final arrest took place the following year. but eventually an old woman and her daughter were persuaded to testify that they had seen them say the traditional Catholic Latin Mass. he was a victim of the Titus Oates persecution. He was hanged. where he shared a cell with St John Lloyd. and after working for a while in Devon and Cornwall he left England. and then returned home and worked as a missionary in south Wales. he was condemned to death for his traditional Catholic priesthood. near Garstang. He suffered three further periods of imprisonment before his final arrest in 1654. where he was ordained priest in 1653.’ He told them. He was eventually arrested in 1679. drawn and quartered at Tyburn on 1 February 1645. again condemned for celebrating the Catholic traditional Latin Mass and for being a traditional Catholic priest. in the wave of persecution that followed the Titus Oates Plot. ‘the performance of my duty the occasion of my condemnation. he returned to England the following year and worked first at Holywell in Flintshire . They both died for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass of Trent and for being traditional Roman Catholic priests. Saint PHILIP EVANS and Saint JOHN LLOYD were martyred together outside Cardiff Castle on 22 July 1679. Philip Evans was born at Monmouth in 1645 and studied at St Omer. Page 12 of 13 . Saint JOHN PLESSINGTON was born at Dimples Hall. He studied at Douai. Philip Evans was executed first. when he was again condemned to death for saying the Catholic Latin Mass of Pope St Pius V and of Trent and also for being a traditional Catholic priest. He was soon back again. Chester. Returning once more in 1643. and in the years 1635-1636 he worked with St Henry Morse amongst the plague-stricken in London.and then at Puddington Hall in Cheshire. John Lloyd was born in Brecknockshire and studied at Ghent and Valladolid. but was reprieved and in 1630 banished from England. Arrested in 1627. He then returned to Wales and laboured on the mission there for twenty-four years. On the scaffold he addressed the huge crowd that had gathered in spite of the rain.’ His body was found buried at Douai in 1926 and is now to be seen and venerated in Westminster Cathedral. on 19 July in that year. and condemned for saying the Catholic Latin Mass of Trent and for being a traditional Roman Catholic priest.where St Winefride’s well was famous as a place of pilgrimage . where it has reposed since 1930. In February 1636 he was arrested again. He was brought to London. Ordained priest at Segovia in 1662. Several men were flogged for refusing to give evidence against the two priests. where he entered the Society of Jesus in 1665. At the time of the Titus Oates persecution he refused to hide.

I forgive thee with all my heart.’ But the executioner was clumsy and Fr Kemble hung for half an hour before he died. seeing the executioner hesitate. He was condemned as a priest at the Assizes at Hereford the following March. well known as a shelter for hunted priests. drawn and quartered at Worcester on 22 August 1679. Thou wilt do me a greater kindness than discourtesy. in 1616. Four years later he came back again to England and worked in Worcestershire and the adjoining counties for over twenty years. St John Kmeble suffered death for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass of Pope St Pius V and for being a traditional Roman Catholic priest. was condemned for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass of St Pius V and for being a traditional Roman Catholic priest. On 22August 1679. Like St John Wall. at the age of sixteen he was reconciled to the Catholic Church while visiting Paris. for more than fifty years. He was finally arrested at Rushock Court in Worcestershire in 1678 and. to be examined by Titus Oates. he worked in Herefordshire and Monmouthshire. but they failed to implicate him in the alleged plot. do thy office. he was taken to London with St John Kemble. so they carried out the revolting sentence of drawing and quartering only after he was dead. a hamlet in Herefordshire where the Jesuits occupied two remote farmhouses. Then. in spite of his spirited defence at his trial at Worcester Assizes. Monmouthshire. where he was ordained priest in 1645. where he was hanged. Saint JOHN KEMBLE was born at St Weonards. and finally brought back to Hereford for his execution. He was hanged. Eventually he was arrested in November 1678. But eventually he too fell a victim to the Titus Oates scare. He returned to England in 1648. Herefordshire. Saint DAVID LEWIS was born at Abergavenny. Brought up a Protestant. with St David Lewis. when he was eighty years old.The Martyrs who died for the Tridentine Mass of Pope Saint Pius V Saint JOHN WALL. near Preston. at the Assizes in Monmouth the following March. His headquarters was the Cwm. the news came to him in prison that he was to die that day. He studied at Douai and was ordained priest there in 1625. On the scaffold. at Llantarnan in Monmouthshire. with his headquarters at Pembridge Castle in the former county. and condemned for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass of Trent and for being a traditional Roman Catholic priest. smoke his last pipe and drink a cup of sack. Arrested in November 1678. and finally brought back to Usk in Monmouthshire. in Lancashire (where precisely we do not know. about 1600. ‘Be not afraid. where he was ordained priest in 1642 and entered the Society of Jesus in 1645. as mentioned. who came of a Norfolk family. then joined the Franciscan Order at Douai in 1651. Returning home. to be examined by Titus Oates and others. he said. He studied at Douai and Rome. which belonged to a Lancashire family of the same name). he was then sent to London. He then studied at Rome. there is no evidence to connect him with Chingle HalI. No one had the heart to cut down the saintly old man. William Bedloe. His execution was postponed while he was sent to London to be questioned by Titus Oates and his associate. Page 13 of 13 . was born in 1620. He asked for time to say his prayers. Two years later he returned home and worked in south Wales for over thirty years. drawn and quartered on 27 August 1679.