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The Martyrs who died for the Tridentine Mass of Pope Saint Pius V

The Forty Martyrs of England and Wales who died for the Catholic Faith and the Tridentine Mass.

Did they really die in vain?
JOHN ALMOND : EDMUND ARROWSMITH : AMBROSE BARLOW : JOHN BOSTE : ALEXANDER BRIANT : EDMUND CAMPION : MARGARET CLITHEROW : PHILIP EVANS : THOMAS GARNET : EDMUND GENNINGS : RICHARD GWYN : JOHN HOUGHTON : PHILIP HOWARD : JOHN JONES : JOHN KEMBLE : LUKE KIRBY : ROBERT LAWRENCE : DAVID LEWIS : ANNE LINE : JOHN LLOYD : CUTHBERT MAYNE : HENRY MORSE : NICHOLAS OWEN : JOHN PAINE : POLYDORE PLASDEN : JOHN PLESSINGTON : RICHARD REYNOLDS : JOHN RIGBY : JOHN ROBERTS : ALBAN ROE : RALPH SHERWIN : ROBERT SOUTHWELL : JOHN SOUTHWORTH : JOHN STONE : JOHN WALL : HENRY WALPOLE : MARGARET WARD : AUGUSTINE WEBSTER : SWITHUN WELLS : EUSTACE WHITE :

Saint JOHN HOUGHTON, Saint ROBERT LAWRENCE, and Saint AUGUSTINE WEBSTER, three Carthusian Priors, were martyred together on 4 May 1535. They were the first martyrs of the English Reformation. John Houghton came from Essex and had studied at the University of Cambridge. He joined the London Charterhouse about 1515, was elected Prior of Beauvale in Nottinghamshire in 1531, and later the same year became Prior of London. Robert Lawrence was a monk of the London Charterhouse who had succeeded John Houghton as Prior of Beauvale. Augustine Webster, a monk of Sheen Charterhouse, near London, and also a graduate of Cambridge, had been Prior of Axholme in Lincolnshire since 1531. After the Act of Supremacy of 1534, which declared King Henry VIII to be supreme head of the Church in England, Lawrence and Webster came to London to consult with John Houghton about the religious issues involved, The three Priors approached Thomas Cromwell the King’s chief minister, and tried to get for their communities a form of the oath of supremacy that would be acceptable in conscience, but they failed and were committed to the Tower of London. At their trial they pleaded not guilty of the treason with which they were charged and firmly maintained that the King could not be head or the Church. The jury

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Richard Ingworth. and spent about a year in prison. While praying in his prison cell he is said to have heard a heavenly voice. where he had been a Fellow of Corpus Christi College. He was taken. His brethren. and for being faithful Roman Catholic priests. to prevent him influencing anybody else against The King’s supremacy. On the last day of their lives Saint Thomas More.’ Like them. drawn and quartered. which addressed him by name and encouraged him to suffer with constancy for his beliefs. after a distinguished career at Cambridge. The last of the four to suffer. among whom was St Edmund Campion. could he or would he recognize the King as supreme head of the Church in England. and was examined by Ingworth and the Mayor of Canterbury. Saint RICHARD REYNOLDS was perhaps the most learned monk of his time and certainly one of the holiest. All three died for the traditional Roman Catholic faith. for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Roman Catholic priest. agreed to take the oath of Supremacy. taken patiently for their Master’s sake. turning to his daughter. and. like the rest of the clergy and religious of the city. in 1513. where he took orders in the Church of England and became chaplain at St John’s College. he fearlessly told Ingworth. on the outskirts of London. All three refused the pardon offered them at the last moment if they would accept the King’s supremacy. Saint JOHN STONE was an Augustinian friar at Canterbury when King Henry VIII’s agent. drawn and quartered with them at Tyburn on 4 May 1533. came from the West Country.The Martyrs who died for the Tridentine Mass of Pope Saint Pius V deliberated at length without result. He died for the traditional Roman Catholic faith. After trial and condemnation at Canterbury. but John Stone refused. that these blessed fathers be now as cheerfully going to their deaths as bridegrooms to their marriage?’ Many of the Court are said to have been present as the monks were hanged. was reconciled to the Catholic Church. where his work as steward of the Tregian estates was for a time an effective disguise for his priestly ministry. he was hanged. but were finally coerced by Cromwell’s threats into bringing in a verdict of guilty. As a result he was tried with the three Carthusian Priors and hanged. Meg. said: ‘Lo. for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass. He left Oxford. Saint CUTHBERT MAYNE. Mayne became uneasy about his religious position. however. but he steadfastly held to his convictions. but he absolutely refused to take it. On no account. and eventually entered the newly established English College at Douai. a year later and condemned to death at Launceston Assizes. Under the influence of Catholic friends. to be examined by Thomas Cromwell. on a trumped-up charge of bringing into the country and promulgating a papal bull. He joined the Bridgettine Order at Syon Abbey. arrived there to suppress the monastery in 1538. It was thought that if such a learned and saintly man were to accept the King as head of the Church. this would put many consciences at rest. He was therefore tendered the oath of supremacy. dost thou not see. He was hanged. Born near Barnstaple in Devon. from his prison window in the Tower. on 4 May 1535. He was immediately put in confinement. where he was ordained priest in 1575. drawn and quartered there in December 1539. saw the martyrs being taken out to Tyburn. he studied at the University of Oxford. he encouraged his fellow martyrs with the promise of ‘a heavenly banquet and supper for their sharp breakfast. drawn and quartered at Launceston on 30 Page 2 of 13 . He took up residence at the manor house of Francis Tregian in that county. Isleworth. At his own earnest request he returned to England the following year and began to work in Cornwall. the protomartyr of the English seminaries. Then he was sent to London. He died for the traditional Roman Catholic faith. he also refused the pardon offered for a last-minute acknowledgement of the King’s Supremacy. for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Roman Catholic priest.

but the rigged jury brought in a verdict of guilty. He died for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Roman Catholic ‘seminary priest’. He also published. using the disguise of a fashionable gentleman. Rome. Oxford. in a house adjoining that used by Fr Robert Persons. he put up a brilliant defence. with St Edmund Campion and St Alexander Briant. After spending some time in Ireland. He died for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Roman Catholic ‘seminary priest’. Posterity will live.’ They racked him and exposed him in the snow alternately. but they were sure that Briant knew his whereabouts and determined to wring the information from him. He died for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Roman Catholic ‘seminary priest’. Saint EDMUND CAMPION was born in London about 1540. he did so and added: ‘Today rather than tomorrow. He continued his studies at the English College in Rome. Before the sentence was pronounced Campion addressed the court.’ He was hanged. When the students of the College were required to affirm on oath their readiness to be sent on the English mission. against whom he argued with spirit. and all the time he was kept without food or drink.The Martyrs who died for the Tridentine Mass of Pope Saint Pius V November 1577. His captors were disappointed that they failed to apprehend Persons. Saint ALEXANDER BRIANT came from Somerset. Saint RALPH SHERWIN.’ He returned to England in 1580 but was soon arrested and imprisoned in the Marshalsea and afterwards in the Tower of London. but he never spoke. He conformed to the new religion. In 1573 he joined the Society of Jesus in Rome. where he was ordained priest in 1578. Imprisoned in the Tower of London and severely tortured. saying: ‘In condemning us you condemn all your own ancestors. he was hanged. Derbyshire. He studied at Hart Hall. I have no boldness but in his blood. These irons he called his ‘little bells. In 1575 he went overseas to the seminary at Douai. from a secret printing press at Stonor Park. and at Douai. but was reconciled to the Catholic Church during his student days at Exeter College. God lives. near Henley-on-Thames. Their judgment is not so liable to corruption as that of those who now sentence us to death. Three weeks later he was captured at Lyford in Berkshire and brought to London. and two years later was ordained priest there. In 1581 he was arrested in London. but.’ He was offered every kind of inducement to bring him to conform. where he was put in irons and tortured. he left Oxford in 1570. To his uncle he wrote: ‘Innocency is my only comfort against all the forged villainy which is fathered on my fellow priests and me. drawn and quartered. constant to the end. he could still more than hold his own in disputation with Protestant adversaries. For two days he was deprived of food and drink.. He studied in his native city and then at the University of Oxford. he and Fr Robert Persons were chosen as The first two Jesuits to be sent on the English mission. The following year he returned to Somerset as a missionary. He took deacon’s orders in the Protestant Church about 1566. Ordained priest in Prague in 1578. Oxford. He was promised the second bishopric of England if he would conform. His bitter Passion is my only consolation.’ and remarked: ‘I have never heard such sweet harmony before. was born at Rodsley. where his name stands first in the College register. his Decem Rationes ten reasons demonstrating the truth of the Catholic religion..’ And to some friends: ‘I appeal to my Redeemer’s clemency. where he became a Fellow of St John’s College. he crossed to the Continent and entered the English College at Douai. Tried with St Ralph Sherwin and St Luke Kirby on a false charge of plotting against Queen Elizabeth I. Campion landed at Dover in June 1580 and during the next year worked in various parts of England. on I December 1581. the protomartyr of the English College. and when this brought no result he was Page 3 of 13 . gradually becoming more and more dissatisfied with the new religion. Once the racking lasted for five days and nights. at Tyburn. drawn and quartered at Tyburn on 1 December 1581. but.

saying: ‘If it please the Queen and her Council that I shall die. admitted that the martyr was entirely unmoved by threats to ‘make him a foot longer than God had made him. where he was racked severely. He was a Yorkshireman and a university graduate. drawn and quartered at Tyburn. to a dispute. After this he was cast for eight days into a pit twenty feet deep and without light. Sir William Skevington). the first Welsh martyr of Elizabeth I’s reign. on the condition that the loser should suffer death. until his body was disjointed. after St Edmund Campion and St Ralph Sherwin.’ After refusing a pardon on condition that he would conform. Returning to England with St Cuthbert Mayne the same year.’ he was pushed off the ladder and cut down while still alive and disembowelled. George Eliot. Montgomeryshire. Returning to Wales about 1562. he escaped. That ingenious instrument of torture. he showed the steadfastness of his character. the great Calvinist. in October 1584. As he prayed. but he still refused to give any information. His persecutors then thrust needles under his nails. When a student in Rome. be merciful to me a sinner. on 1 December 1581. St Alexander Briant died for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Roman Catholic priest. he was finally condemned to death at Wrexham. He entered the English College at Douai in 1574 and was ordained priest there in 1576. the ‘Scavenger’s Daughter’ (so named after its inventor.’ On the scaffold he forgave his executioner. for refusing to recognize the Queen as head of the Catholic Church in England and persuading others to become Catholics. betrayed him. Then he was brought back to the torture chamber again and racked on two successive days. he gave the shirt he was wearing to a beggar. In all these sufferings he never revealed a single secret. and after two severe rackings in the Tower he was tried. was used on him. acting on impulse. Saint JOHN PAINE was born at Peterborough in Northamptonshire. Two days before his death he was offered his freedom if he would conform to the State religion. After being tried and remanded several times at the Assizes. and then went to St John’s College. Thomas Norton. he became a schoolmaster and taught in Flintshire and Denbighshire. for I do but pay the rent before the rent day.The Martyrs who died for the Tridentine Mass of Pope Saint Pius V moved to the Tower of London. He married and had six children. He was captured immediately on arrival in England. As a prisoner in the Gatehouse and later In the Tower of London. In 1576 he entered the English College at Douai. Saint RICHARD GWYN. I refer my cause to God. was born about 1537 in Lianidloes. Arrested in Wrexham in 1578. He was hanged. acknowledged Elizabeth I to be the lawful Queen of England and denied that he had ever committed any treason against her. He studied for a short time at Oxford. he worked chiefly in Essex. making Ingatestone Hall. ‘O God. and after ordination there finished his studies in Rome. He did so and was accepted before his death. Page 4 of 13 . drawn and quartered at Chelmsford on 2 April 1582. Saint LUKE KIRBY never quite lost his schoolboy sense of adventure. Cambridge. St John Paine died for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Roman Catholic priest. He suffered death for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Roman Catholic priest. and on 30 May 1582 he was hanged. probably of Cambridge. Travelling through Switzerland with St Edmund Campion and St Ralph Sherwin. he challenged Theodore Beza. the home of Lady Ann Petre (widow of Sir William Petre). he was hanged. A notorious spy. drawn and quartered at Tyburn. but he was arrested again in 1580. his headquarters. He received his sentence calmly.’ During his torture he promised God that he would seek admission to the Society of Jesus. but he still refused to recognize her as head of the Church. the torturer in the Tower. As he left the prison on his way to execution. he said to his fellow prisoners: ‘Weep not for me. but with no effect.

laid down. in the Tollbooth. Saint MARGARET CLITHEROW was a butcher’s wife in York. Saint MARGARET WARD came from Congleton. She took a quarter of an hour to die. and in the English College at Rheims his health broke down and he was eventually found to be suffering from tuberculosis. she resolved to visit him. and then returned to England. in the Bridewell prison in London. but on 25 March 1586 she was crushed to death. Fr Watson made his escape. Staffordshire. Eventually the Sheriff’s men searched her house and threatened one of the pupils attending her school until he revealed to them the priest’s hiding place and the Mass vestments. She was offered a pardon on condition that she attended the Protestant church services. At the age of sixteen be became a page to a Catholic gentleman. Impressed by his master’s example. At her trial she readily admitted that she had helped Fr Watson to escape and absolutely refused to disclose his whereabouts. by special dispensation as he was still under the canonical age. She suffered death for hearing the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Roman Catholic Christian who served. but in the confusion he left behind the incriminating rope. on Ouse Bridge. Edmund asked to be received into the Catholic Church. burst in. with his officers. Fr William Watson. and she employed a Catholic schoolmaster for her own children and those of a few neighbours. when they all surrendered Page 5 of 13 . Catholic layman suffered death for hearing the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Roman Catholic. born in Lichfield. however. had conformed to the new religion. Her husband. when Richard Topcliffe. your hands and feet tied to posts and a sharp stone under your back. was brought up a Protestant. Cheshire. in order to save the conscience of the jury and spare her children and servants the ordeal of giving evidence against her. in which she herself also had been brought up. Saint EDMUND GENNINGS. but she would not do so. When brought before the Judge. except a little barley bread and puddle water. his mission came to an end.The Martyrs who died for the Tridentine Mass of Pope Saint Pius V St Richard Gwyn. the well-known persecutor of Catholics. Margaret refused to plead. He was not of a very robust constitution. but a daughter of hers afterwards was reconciled to the Church and became a nun at Louvain.’ The three-day sentence was not carried out. After some time spent at Le Havre he recovered. Edmund followed. He was saying Mass in the house of St Swithun Wells in London. three years after their marriage. and the third day be pressed to death. By making friends with the gaoler’s wife she got permission to see him. but gradually the authorities became less strict and she was able to smuggle in a rope. Margaret was reconciled to the Catholic Church and became a zealous helper in the apostolate for the restoration of the Catholic faith in York. and cared for her priests. and was able to resume his studies at Rheims. John. and as much weight laid on you as you are able to bear. He was ordained in 1590. During twelve years of such apostolic activity she spent a total of nearly three years in prison. once a Catholic. Her husband never returned to the Catholic faith. He died at Wrexham on 15 October 1584. miraculously it was believed. In 1574. your back upon the ground. Priests were constantly cared for in her house. She was kept in irons for eight days and was hung up by her hands and scourged. When Mr Sherwood left England to become a priest. They held the door and beat back the invaders until the Mass was finished. When she heard that there was a neglected priest. She died for hearing the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Roman Catholic Christian. As a result the Judge was obliged to pass the barbaric sentence required by the law in such cases: ‘You must be stripped naked. The gaoler immediately guessed that Margaret was responsible and had her arrested. in 1567. and so continue three days without meat or drink. She was hanged at Tyburn on 30 August 1588. At first she was thoroughly searched before and after her visits. Richard Sherwood. The congregation decided to oppose force with force rather than allow a sacrilege. Within a year. in York. landing at Whitby in Yorkshire.

’ He was hanged on 10 December 1391. if he could come to establish thy religion?’ Plasden answered: ‘I. But Richard Topcliffe intervened. against my religion. and wrote Edmund’s biography. He was ordained priest in Rome in 1388. and more patience. Edmund Gennings was hanged. to which the Judge said that ‘though he was not at the feast. of a bloody persecutor one of the Catholic Church’s children.The Martyrs who died for the Tridentine Mass of Pope Saint Pius V quietly. hunting and old pastimes. where St Edmund Gennings suffered with him. On his way to execution the martyr caught sight of an old hunting companion. Arrested in Dorset. drawn and quartered outside Swithun Wells’s house on 10 December 1591. Alice. Many miracles are said to have been worked through the intercession of St Edmund Gennings. He ordered the execution to be postponed until he went to plead with the Queen. and hearing him pray for the Queen. and put to Plasden what was known as ‘the bloody question’: ‘Then thou thinkest not to defend the Queen against the Pope. nor counsel others to fight. St Swithun Wells. Two years later he moved to London. In 1591 St Edmund Gennings and St Polydore Plasden were arrested in this house when it was raided during Fr Gennings’s Mass. During this period he attended Protestant services.’ His wife. but he insisted that Plasden be allowed to die before he was cut down. Saint POLYDORE PLASDEN. He went to Douai. At his trial he said he had not been present at the Mass but wished he had been. On the scaffold he said to Richard Topcliffe: ‘I pray God make you of a Saul a Paul. ‘with St Polydore Plasden. drawn and quartered at Tyburn on 10 December Page 6 of 13 . she died in prison ten years later. Catholic layman. whom he greeted with the words: ‘Farewell. asked. therefore I would never fight. Saint EUSTACE WHITE was born at Louth in Lincolnshire. His father. became a priest and later a Franciscan. ‘What dost thou think as thou prayest?’ After further questions Raleigh realized that here was no traitor. I am now going a better way. dear friend! Farewell all hawking. His brother. on 10 December 1591.’ After this avowal Sir Walter allowed the execution to proceed. but on his return he was immediately imprisoned. solemnly cursed him when he was converted to the Catholic faith. He studied at Rheims and Rome. who up to this time had been a Protestant. and returned to England to work in his native London. was also condemned but to her great sorrow reprieved. He was hanged.’ He was condemned to death for his priesthood and hanged.’ And kissing the rope. am a Catholic priest. more pain if thou pleasest. St Edmund Gennings died for celebrating the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a priest of the Holy Roman Catholic Church. was converted by Edmund’s martyrdom. he was brought to London and imprisoned in the Bridewell prison. I will never deny Thee for a thousand lives. he should taste of the sauce. Swithun Wells himself was absent at the time. and then returned to England and worked in the West Country for three years. He was tortured several times by Richard Topcliffe. and for many years was a schoolmaster at Monkton Farleigh in Wiltshire. Yet in all his agony they could never extract a word from him except his prayer: ‘Lord. was born at Fleet Bridge (near the present Ludgate Circus) in London. an ardent Protestant. Sir Walter Raleigh was present at his execution. outside his own house. John. So did his saintly wife. and once was hung up by his hands for eight hours on end. died for assisting at the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Roman Catholic Christian. where he was ordained priest. drawn and quartered at Tyburn. taking a house in Gray’s Inn Fields. He was arrested with St Edmund Gennings and condemned to death as a priest. for that were to deny my faith. He suffered death for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Roman Catholic priest. whose real name was Oliver Palmer. Saint SWITHUN WELLS came from Brambridge in Hampshire. he went on: ‘O Christ. but in 1583 he was reconciled to the Catholic Church.

but was finally arrested near Harrow in 1592. Leaving England. Huntingdon proudly said that he had ‘gotten one of the greatest stags in the forest. and for the comfort of many others. he was hanged. He had many hairbreadth escapes. His father. He studied at the University of Oxford. offered a special reward for his capture. while acting as chaplain with the Spanish forces in the Netherlands. he was admitted to the English College at Rheims in 1580 and ordained priest there the following year. He was cut down while still alive. His last words were: ‘This my death. On the scaffold he prayed for the Queen. however. He persisted. go on. and yet to me most happy and most fortunate. yet I hope that in time to come it will be to my eternal glory. and two years later he sought admission to the Society of Jesus in Belgium but was refused on account of his youth. betrayed by a Catholic girl who had fallen into the hands of Richard Topcliffe. After two and a half years in prison he was tried in Westminster Hall and condemned to death for being a traditional Roman Catholic priest and for saying the Catholic Latin Mass. Boste was so popular that at his execution at Durham. When he was at last caught in 1593. He appears to have stayed on at Oxford for some years. He was only in his fifteenth year when he entered the English College at Douai. and at Rheims and Rome. Westmorland. He studied at the grammar school in Norwich. It was at this time also that he produced his many well-known works of prose and poetry. although it seems here disgraceful. His mother. he was so severely racked that he was unable afterwards to stand up straight. where he was so successful that the Earl of Huntingdon. He was tried at Durham with Blessed.’ Imprisoned in the Tower of London. came from Dufton.The Martyrs who died for the Tridentine Mass of Pope Saint Pius V 1591. however. in 1572. drawn and quartered at Tyburn. a courtier of Elizabeth I. he was captured by the English and imprisoned at Flushing. for the good of my country. my last farewell to this unfortunate life. Norfolk. in 1562. He was tortured with extreme severity both in Topcliffe ‘s house and in the Tower of London. George Swallowell. he returned to England in 1586 and for the next six years he laboured with great zeal and success in and around London. 21 February 1595.’ Saint HENRY WALPOLE came from Docking. He returned home almost immediately and worked in the north. Next day. at the age of thirty-three. but his tormentors failed completely to extract any confessions from him. Peterhouse in Cambridge. He suffered death for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Roman Catholic priest. a special guard had to be put round his cart to prevent a rescue. and showed his determination by walking all the way to Rome. Gray’s Inn in London. I pray it may be for the full satisfaction of my sins. professed his faith and his priesthood. remained a Catholic and Robert was brought up in the old faith. Ordained priest. but for some time permission was withheld and he was sent to teach in Page 7 of 13 . go on. during which time he was converted to the Catholic faith. who would have recanted through fear had not John Boste encouraged him and given him absolution in court for his weakness. where he graduated M. conformed to Protestantism out of ambition. and was ordained a minister of the Anglican Church. where he was admitted to the Jesuit noviciate in 1578. then President of the Council of the North. and as his heart was torn from his body he murmured: ‘God forgive thee. on 24 July 1594. The following year. and begged his friends to pray for his perseverance in the final struggle. which give him an honoured place in the history of the golden age of English literature. he longed to work in England. Norfolk. Saint ROBERT SOUTHWELL was born at Horsham St Faith.A. Which death.’ St John Boste suffered death for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Roman Catholic priest. Saint JOHN BOSTE. Released in January 1590. He entered the Society of Jesus in Rome in 1584 and was ordained priest in Paris in 1588.

When only twelve years old. to hear a disputation between St Edmund Campion and some Protestant dignitaries in the Tower of London. when he began to work in the London district. Saint PHILIP HOWARD. drawn and quartered at York on 7 April 1595. He was offered life and liberty if he would abjure the Pope and admit the spiritual supremacy of the Queen and not to say the Catholic Latin Mass. the greater the glory with him in the next. Why not I? On 4 December 1593 he landed at Flamborough Head. was reconciled to the Catholic Church. if he would but once attend the Protestant church services. out of curiosity. He was beheaded on Tower Hill 29 December 1680. on 12 July 1598. and together they planned to flee to the Continent. where for more than ten years he endured great hardship. He was hanged. Finally. which she spent in loneliness at Arundel Castle. feeling that death was near. He was professed in their house at Ara Coeli in Rome soon afterwards and returned to England in 1592.The Martyrs who died for the Tridentine Mass of Pope Saint Pius V English seminaries in Spain and Flanders. He was married and had returned to the faith of his Martyred grandfather. Meanwhile his wife had also gone back to the old faith. on the evidence of one of Richard Topcliffe’s spies. fourth Duke of Norfolk. He was condemned for assisting at the Catholic Latin Mass and for just being a traditional Roman Catholic. A handsome and gifted young man. Born in the Strand. Fr John Gerard. Arrested in 1597. not only would his request be granted but all his honours would be restored to him. the year after the Armada. He was hanged. and a layman. drawn and quartered at St Thomas Waterings. He declared that he Page 8 of 13 . Southwark (where Albany Road meets the Old Kent Road). he often remarked: ‘Gerard doth much good. whom he had never seen. in a vain effort to extract from him information about Catholics he had known in England and abroad. In the Tower he was tortured severely. and died soon afterwards. was the eldest son of Thomas Howard. Philip. (Blessed William Howard. he was married to Anne Dacre. he appealed to the Queen to be allowed to meet his wife and his little son. the grandson of St Philip Howard. owner of large estates in the north of England. Twenty-four hours later he was arrested and imprisoned. on 19 October 1595. but the sentence was not carried out and he lingered on in prison. but probably he was already a priest when he joined the Franciscan Observants at Pontoise in France about 1590. eldest daughter of Lord Thomas Dacre of Gilsland. Yorkshire. London 1611. however. first at York and then in the Tower of London. but he refused. born at Clynog Fawr in Caernarvonshire. Little is known for certain of his early life.’ He suffered death for being a traditional Catholic layman and for attending the Catholic Latin Mass. Viscount Stafford. In his cell he engraved on the wall with his own hand the words: ‘The more suffering we endure for Christ in this world. The answer was that. he was brought to trial and sentenced to death. He suffered death for saying the Catholic Latin Mass and for being a traditional Roman Catholic priest. born in 1557. three years later. was arrested at sea as he was leaving England in 1585 and imprisoned in the Tower of London.) Saint JOHN JONES was a Welshman. so that they could practise their religion freely. and Campion’s defence of the Catholic faith made such a deep impression on him that he left the court. and Fr Jones passed the time in prayer and in speaking to the crowd. There was an hour’s delay because the hangman had forgotten his rope. In 1589. Haunted by the example of his fellow Jesuit. Finally he was sent back to York for his trial. When he was twenty-four he went. he was brought to trial the following summer and condemned for saying the Catholic Latin Mass and for being a Catholic priest. Philip went to court at the age of eighteen and led a worldly and dissolute life. He refused. Nicholas Blackwell. and finally. returned to his wife at Arundel. completely neglecting his young wife for six years.

committed him to Newgate prison. who had been summoned on a recusancy charge but was too ill to attend. that where I have entertained one I could have entertained a thousand. Fr Gerard tells us that she was ‘full of kindness. Saint ANNE LINE was born at Dunmow in Essex. constructing. and so far am I from repenting for having done so that I wish. he was banished from England and died in Flanders in 1594. it is the best tidings that ever were brought to me since I was born. Soon afterwards he was tried and condemned to death. and though his persecutors took the cruel precaution of encasing him in an iron girdle to prevent rupture. Saint JOHN RIGBY was the son of an impoverished Lancashire gentleman and was obliged to enter domestic service to earn his living. in 1581 and 1594. The priest escaped. After he had delivered his message. While in the service of Sir Edmund Huddleston at Sawston Hall. did all the housekeeping. She was hanged at Tyburn on 27 February 1601. Though she had poor health and suffered from many ailments. and possessed her soul in great peace. with consummate skill. Nicholas was taken to the Tower of London and tortured severely to make him reveal the whereabouts of his hiding holes. his position as a Catholic in a Protestant household was difficult. Entering the Society of Jesus about 1580. She was disinherited by her Protestant father. and her husband. he was sent to the sessions in London to plead excuse for Sir Edmund’s daughter.’ He was hanged. and dealt with the enquiries of strangers. Page 9 of 13 . Three months later he was brought before the court again. and Fr Henry Garnet (Superior of the English Jesuits from 1587 to 1606). likewise lost his inheritance on account of his religion. he served in succession St Edmund Campion. She managed the finances. William Heigham. (or hearing). after her conversion to the Catholic faith. After his death Anne. when word was brought to him that he was to die that day. He was already a sick man. suffering from hernia. and he outwardly conformed by occasionally attending Protestant church services. but had prayed daily for their good.The Martyrs who died for the Tridentine Mass of Pope Saint Pius V had never uttered a word or entertained a thought against the Queen or his country.’ On Candlemas Day 1601 the pursuivants arrived at the house during Mass. finding him to be a reconciled Catholic. all good people. the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a traditional Catholic. who was now left destitute. he said: ‘Bear witness with me. but Anne was taken and later condemned to death for assisting at. but his execution was postponed in the hope that he might conform to the new religion and the new Mass in English. hiding places for priests. but he was still adamant in his refusal to attend the Protestant church. in Southwark. where they were arrested soon afterwards. he answered: ‘Deo gratias.’ St John Rigby suffered death for the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a traditional Roman Catholic layman. looked after the guests. went to confession to Fr John Gerard. her maiden name was Heigham. but this he resolutely refused to do. very discreet. and when he established a house for priests in London he put her in charge of it. On 21 June 1600. Cambridgeshire. that I am now forthwith to give my life only for the Catholic Mass. however. Fr John Gerard. one of the magistrates questioned John on his own beliefs and. He spent over twenty-five years travelling up and down England. and was reconciled to the Catholic Church. He was imprisoned twice. was helped by Fr John Gerard. with all my soul. Roger Line.’ Saint NICHOLAS OWEN was a Jesuit Lay Brother. He soon repented. Arrested in 1585. the torture proved too much. On the scaffold she said: ‘I am sentenced for harbouring a Catholic priest. As he was being tied to the hurdle to be taken there. At the time of the Gun powder Plot Fr Garnet and Brother Nicholas took refuge at Hinlip Hall in Worcestershire. but always refused to give the authorities any information about his fellow Catholics. drawn and quartered at St Thomas Waterings.

and finally in Rome. was falsely implicated. then in Ireland. Brought up a Protestant. a native of Monmouthshire. And yet not death.’ He was hanged. He died for celebrating the Catholic Latin Mass of tradition and for being a traditional Catholic priest. he ministered to the sick and the dying with incredible zeal and made many converts. Born in London. when on a visit there in 1598. he entered the Society of Jesus in England in 1604. however. London. but. the following year he returned to England and was the first Benedictine missionary to work here since the suppression of the monasteries.’ Saint THOMAS GARNET. he addressed the crowd. where he was ordained priest. as Fr Gerard wrote. Liverpool. He was hanged. and at the Inns of Court. He declared he was ready to swear as much allegiance to King James as he or any Christian king could expect by the law of nature. He returned to England the following year and worked on the mission for the next ten years. During his seven years on the mission he was arrested and imprisoned five times and banished from England on three separate occasions. He was then confined in Newgate prison until his trial nine months later. His final arrest took place in London on the first Sunday of Advent in 1610. Fr Thomas was arrested also at this time. he declared: ‘I am the happiest man alive this day. spending some time in gaol in London about 1608. studied at St John’s College. On the scaffold. drawn and quartered at Tyburn on 23 June 1608. protomartyr of the Jesuit College at St Omer in France (the College eventually moved to Stonyhurst in Lancashire). he attended a grammar school at Horsham in Sussex. drawn and quartered at Tyburn on 10 December 1610. arrested and executed in connection with the Gunpowder Plot. and soon afterwards entered the Benedictine Order in that city. and though never so long at last comes death. was the nephew of Fr Henry Garnet. From Paris he went on to the English College at Valladolid. despite the cold weather. Imprisoned for eighteen months in the Tower of London. which included many noblemen. during the plague of 1603. He was condemned to death for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for his Catholic priesthood. He died for the Catholic Latin Mass and for being a priest. for the traditional Catholic Latin Mass. he was reconciled to the Catholic Church in Paris. then went to the St Omer College and finally to the English College at Valladolid. Oxford. when he was condemned to death for celebrating the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a traditional Catholic priest. Ordained priest at Valladolid in 1602. as he was saying Mass. he cheerfully remarked: ‘Here’s a hot breakfast towards. the following year and was soon back again in prison. the law of God. He laboured mostly in London. Returning to England in 1599. He returned. or the positive law of the true Catholic Church. whereby we enter into everlasting blessedness. Saint JOHN ALMOND was born at Allerton. He died in the Tower of London on 2 March 1606. and for being a traditional Catholic Jesuit lay-brother. where he was ordained priest in 1601. When arrested again in 1612.’ but nothing more.The Martyrs who died for the Tridentine Mass of Pope Saint Pius V His entrails burst out and he died in terrible agony. to cover up their guilt. and then banished from England. saying: ‘One hour over taketh another. drawn and quartered on 5 December 1612. Not long afterwards his uncle. much less his friends that were so well acquainted with his innocent life and long continued practice in virtue. for death is the gate of life unto us. as he looked at the fire prepared for the boiling of his quarters. spread the story that Nicholas had committed suicide.’ Page 10 of 13 . He studied at the nearby grammar school at Much Woolton. he refused the oath of allegiance. in the presence of the large crowd assembled.’ Saint JOHN ROBERTS. At Tyburn where he was hanged. His gaolers. On the scaffold. ‘this slander was so improbable that even his enemies did not believe it. where. Fr Henry.

The Martyrs who died for the Tridentine Mass of Pope Saint Pius V Saint EDMUND ARROWSMITH was born at Haydock. he became a Catholic. On Easter Sunday in 1641 he was arrested while preaching after Mass. drawn and quartered at Lancaster on 28 August 1628. He worked on the mission in Lancashire from 1613 to 1628. His gaiety and holiness soon won the hearts of his gaolers and he was allowed not only to receive visitors but to go out on parole. he returned to England and worked for twenty-four years in south Lancashire. He then went overseas. Returning to England. he went overseas to study for the priesthood at Douai and Valladolid and entered the Benedictine Order at Douai. and thus he was able to carry on his priestly ministry. but would be glad to seal it with his blood. Saint AMBROSE BARLOW was the fourth of fourteen children of Sir Alexander Barlow. He was soon captured and imprisoned. and often said Mass in several different places on the same day. and was banished from England in 1623. and is remembered particularly Page 11 of 13 . adding that he ‘would not only defend it in words. in 1585. mostly in the Fleet prison in London. always on foot. In spite of frequent bouts of severe pain caused by ‘the stone. but shortly afterwards he returned. about seventeen years. where he was ordained priest in 1612. around Manchester and Liverpool. He was finally betrayed by a young man whom he had reproved for unlawfully marrying his cousin before a Protestant minister. probably about 1622.’ St Ambrose Barlow was condemned for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and for being a traditional Roman Catholic priest.’ After his condemnation he spent two days. He was banished from England in 1630 but was back again three years later. in confinement. He travelled a great deal. Lancashire. where he was born in 1585. standing at the window of his cell. till near the end of his life. drawn and quartered at Lancaster on 10 September 1641. Ho entered the Benedictine Order at Dieulouard in Franca in 1612. first to Douai. He replied: ‘Tempt me no more. St John Southworth. where he became a Catholic. his kindliness and patience. in a dark hole in which he could neither stand upright nor lie down. At the beginning of 1642 he was finally brought to trial and condemned for celebrating the traditional Catholic Latin Mass and because he was a traditional Catholic priest. drawn and quartered at Tyburn on 31 January. and was ordained priest in Rome in 1624. and then returned to England. awaiting execution. and in 1624 he entered the Society of Jesus.’ he was well known for his good humour and was always ready for a laugh or joke or game of cards with his fellow prisoners. on no condition. Saint HENRY MORSE was born at Brome in Suffolk in 1595 and studied at Corpus Christi College in Cambridge and at Barnard’s Inn in London. I will not do it. he entered the Society of Jesus and worked in Northumberland and Durham until 1626. when he was arrested at Newcastle upon Tyne. About two years later he was again arrested and spent the remainder of his life. For a time he conformed to the Protestant religion. At his trial he asked for a public debate on the Catholic religion. After his ordination in 1617. in no case. of Barlow Hall. He was hanged. and then went to Douai to study for the priesthood. He was noted for his good humour and wit. was ordained priest. he was hanged. Saint ALBAN ROE was born in Suffolk and brought up a Protestant. and his frugal and abstemious manner of life. confined In Lancaster Castle. saying that ‘to die for this Mass was to him more desirable than life. He was hanged. Finally he was dragged out on a hurdle and received absolution in the courtyard of the Castle from his fellow prisoner. He was imprisoned at Lancaster but dissuaded his friends from agitating for his release. On the scaffold he was offered a pardon if he would renounce the Pope. and from there to Rome. While a student at the University of Cambridge. but returning to the Catholic Church when he was about twenty-three years of age. and with little or no food. on the outskirts of Manchester.’ For being a traditional Roman Catholic priest and saying the Catholic Latin Mass of tradition. spending a while in prison. and studied at Douai.

and at Valladolid. Saint JOHN SOUTHWORTH was born in Lancashire in 1592.’ He told them. and after three months in prison was brought to trial and condemned for celebrating the Catholic Latin Mass and for his priesthood. He was soon back again. when he was again condemned to death for saying the Catholic Latin Mass of Pope St Pius V and of Trent and also for being a traditional Catholic priest. at St Omer. Lancashire. He was eventually arrested in 1679.The Martyrs who died for the Tridentine Mass of Pope Saint Pius V for his heroic work in London during the plague of 1635-1636. drawn and quartered at Tyburn on 28 June in that year. In February 1636 he was arrested again. Several men were flogged for refusing to give evidence against the two priests. Like Philip Evans.’ His body was found buried at Douai in 1926 and is now to be seen and venerated in Westminster Cathedral. and condemned for saying the Catholic Latin Mass of Trent and for being a traditional Roman Catholic priest. he was condemned to death for his traditional Catholic priesthood. He then returned to Wales and laboured on the mission there for twenty-four years. He was later released. Ordained priest at Segovia in 1662. but eventually an old woman and her daughter were persuaded to testify that they had seen them say the traditional Catholic Latin Mass. He was ordained priest at Liege ten years later. He was hanged. Saint PHILIP EVANS and Saint JOHN LLOYD were martyred together outside Cardiff Castle on 22 July 1679. he worked in Cumberland. where he was ordained priest in 1653. drawn and quartered on Barrel Well Hill. They both died for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass of Trent and for being traditional Roman Catholic priests. John Lloyd was born in Brecknockshire and studied at Ghent and Valladolid. At the time of the Titus Oates persecution he refused to hide. He was hanged. where his final arrest took place the following year. again condemned for celebrating the Catholic traditional Latin Mass and for being a traditional Catholic priest. however. but was reprieved and in 1630 banished from England. ‘My faith is my crime. Page 12 of 13 . and in the years 1635-1636 he worked with St Henry Morse amongst the plague-stricken in London. London. He was captured at Sker in Glamorganshiro in December 1678 and spent five five months in gaol in Cardiff Castle. and then returned home and worked as a missionary in south Wales. On the scaffold he addressed the huge crowd that had gathered in spite of the rain.where St Winefride’s well was famous as a place of pilgrimage . Philip Evans was born at Monmouth in 1645 and studied at St Omer. This time the sentence was carried out and he was hanged. drawn and quartered at Tyburn on 1 February 1645. where he shared a cell with St John Lloyd. He was arrested at Lenllyn in Glamorganshire in November 1678 and imprisoned in Cardiff Castle. He was brought to London. and after working for a while in Devon and Cornwall he left England. ‘the performance of my duty the occasion of my condemnation.and then at Puddington Hall in Cheshire. He suffered three further periods of imprisonment before his final arrest in 1654. where he was ordained priest in 1619 and then returned to his native county as a missionary. He studied at a Jesuit school at Scarisbrick Hall near Ormskirk. drawn and quartered before undergoing the same barbarous fate himself. he was a victim of the Titus Oates persecution. Returning once more in 1643. Arrested in 1627. even though a local Justice of the Peace had offered a reward of £200 for his apprehension. and hence John Lloyd had the additional ordeal of seeing his fellow priest hanged. on 19 July in that year. Saint JOHN PLESSINGTON was born at Dimples Hall. he returned to England the following year and worked first at Holywell in Flintshire . near Garstang. where he entered the Society of Jesus in 1665. where it has reposed since 1930. Philip Evans was executed first. Chester. in the wave of persecution that followed the Titus Oates Plot. He studied at Douai.

He was finally arrested at Rushock Court in Worcestershire in 1678 and. He returned to England in 1648. William Bedloe. Like St John Wall. when he was eighty years old. seeing the executioner hesitate. as mentioned. Saint JOHN KEMBLE was born at St Weonards.’ But the executioner was clumsy and Fr Kemble hung for half an hour before he died. Monmouthshire. who came of a Norfolk family. Eventually he was arrested in November 1678. and condemned for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass of Trent and for being a traditional Roman Catholic priest. so they carried out the revolting sentence of drawing and quartering only after he was dead.The Martyrs who died for the Tridentine Mass of Pope Saint Pius V Saint JOHN WALL. Arrested in November 1678. where he was hanged. Two years later he returned home and worked in south Wales for over thirty years. at the Assizes in Monmouth the following March. about 1600. was born in 1620. Brought up a Protestant. was condemned for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass of St Pius V and for being a traditional Roman Catholic priest. there is no evidence to connect him with Chingle HalI. But eventually he too fell a victim to the Titus Oates scare. Page 13 of 13 . to be examined by Titus Oates. at the age of sixteen he was reconciled to the Catholic Church while visiting Paris. he was then sent to London. His headquarters was the Cwm. No one had the heart to cut down the saintly old man. His execution was postponed while he was sent to London to be questioned by Titus Oates and his associate. and finally brought back to Hereford for his execution. St John Kmeble suffered death for saying the traditional Catholic Latin Mass of Pope St Pius V and for being a traditional Roman Catholic priest. He asked for time to say his prayers. he said. where he was ordained priest in 1642 and entered the Society of Jesus in 1645. Herefordshire. in spite of his spirited defence at his trial at Worcester Assizes. he was taken to London with St John Kemble. at Llantarnan in Monmouthshire. the news came to him in prison that he was to die that day. drawn and quartered at Worcester on 22 August 1679. he worked in Herefordshire and Monmouthshire. near Preston. with St David Lewis. well known as a shelter for hunted priests. drawn and quartered on 27 August 1679. Saint DAVID LEWIS was born at Abergavenny. Then. On the scaffold. He then studied at Rome. which belonged to a Lancashire family of the same name). He studied at Douai and was ordained priest there in 1625. then joined the Franciscan Order at Douai in 1651. do thy office. He studied at Douai and Rome. smoke his last pipe and drink a cup of sack. where he was ordained priest in 1645. I forgive thee with all my heart. to be examined by Titus Oates and others. in 1616. Thou wilt do me a greater kindness than discourtesy. He was condemned as a priest at the Assizes at Hereford the following March. for more than fifty years. and finally brought back to Usk in Monmouthshire. with his headquarters at Pembridge Castle in the former county. in Lancashire (where precisely we do not know. but they failed to implicate him in the alleged plot. Four years later he came back again to England and worked in Worcestershire and the adjoining counties for over twenty years. Returning home. On 22August 1679. He was hanged. a hamlet in Herefordshire where the Jesuits occupied two remote farmhouses. ‘Be not afraid.