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yNRPVRV c @LiR aSxqsQLi

yNRPVRV xmsxmsLiRLi[s @RLiR s[Vyso[ INRPLjigS


gRiVLjiLixmsyRV. NUPxqsV xmspLRi*Li 350 xqsLisR=LRiLi[, xmsxqsVR ZNP[LiR
LSxts QLi[ INRP \s NRPVVLiLi[ yVNRPVRV sLiyRV. @LiVV[, C
%sxtsQR VLi\|ms %ss yRsV soyLiVV.
sLiR sLiaRPLi [R sLSRLRiNRPV gRiV\lLis RLiR gRiVxmsoT s Rs %s[][
INRP sV RNRPsLji s [zqss @RVR s[Vy%s yNRPVRV. LS ds
%sxtsQR VLi[ LRixxqsLigS, NRPVLigS ssxLjiLiRLi RxmssxqsLji @s
VRW @LiRVN][xqsLi GG sWLSsV @sLiLiy[ xqsWLiRLi s
yNRPVsNTP N_VRV @s }msLRiV sLij. yNRPVTNTP %sxts v gRiVxmsoR V
@s[ }msLRiV NRPWy soLij.
%s[bPd RVVV, N]LiRLRiV xqs*[bPd RLjiR aSxqsQV NRPWy yNRPVTs
NRPV[FyRWsV xqsWLis LSdsTgS sVVR s[aSLRiV. |\ msgS
sWNTPRVs][ xqsLjiFLRiV. NSds, Bj xmspLjig S Rxmss LRiR
RLjiRNSLRiV @FyRVLi. yNRPVRV sWNTPRVsNRPLi[ FsLi][ s[Vy%s. \|msgS %s%sR LRiLigSNRPV xqsLiLij Li
@FyLRi\sVs %ssLi soLi[j .
yNRPVRV LSds gRiVLjiLi[ NSRV, ALij NRP aSxqsQLi, g][NRP aSxqsQLi, sVsxqsR * aSxqsQLi sLi @LiaS[ @RLiR
sxmsoR NRPsLjiyRV. yNRPVRV xqsWLis @s[NPR @LiaSV lLiLiRV s[ xqsLisR=LS RLS*R NRPWy, BxmsNUP
%s%sR [aS %s[aSLigRi, ALij NRP %syyNRPV FyxmsjNRPgS soyRVLi[ ARVs FsLiR xmssLiRV][ @LiR Li
[xqsVN][s RV.
BxmsVRV N]LiRLRiV ALij NRPaSxqsQs[R V xqsWLi[ sWs%dsRVR][ NRPWTs ALij NRP xqsLixqsLRisV lLiLiRV s[ G
NTPLiR[ @sVV LjiFyRV yNRPVRV. ARVsNRPV }msR xms FsLi][ RRV soLi[j . Rs sLji RaRP[ Rs
xqsLixmsRsLiy }msRNRPV ys%sVs g]xmssQQNPT .
ARVs sQQNPT R *Li @RLiR %sbPxts Q\sVsj. RVLi @s[j yNRPVTNTP RVRV. xqsRLi N][xqsLi RNRPsLjiQ \ sy
j NRPLjiLi[ ryxzqs. @RLiR aRPNTP s VLiRLigS sos "sLiR' sLiaSs Rs sVLiyLigRiLi][ RVT|msRV
yNRPVRV. @xmsNTP NRP][, @\sNRPR][ sVVNRPVgS sos LRiR[aSs Rs RVVR RLiRLi][,
RLiRgRiVxmsos yRVNRPR*Li][ INRPgS [zqs, xqsVzqs LRiRsV sN]RV.

@LiR aSxqsQLi
ARVs LRiLis @LiR aSxqsQLi INRP @RVR gRiLiRLi @s xmssRV. BLiRV[ LS Rs Aj xmsys
NSFyRVNRPVs[LiRVNRPV, aRPRV LSsV JTLi[LiRVNRPV GG sWLSV @sLiLiy[ %ssLjiLiyRV. %s[bPd yLi
Fs [R W, R s xqsLiLiR \sVs %sxtsQR W[ Fs ssxLjiLiy[ NRPWy FyRV yNRPVRV. ALij NRP,
Fyy aSryQNRPV xqsLiLij Li Bj INRP FysWNRP gRiLiRLi.
VgRiV @sVyRLi xmso $LSsVRLiRVRV
xmsRsW% yRVM LSsXM

xmsNRPLRij NRPLRixqssVV a[ PR M
sVWsV. xmsXjyM [ Fys[ RRWssQ LiR aSryQ xmspLS*y\lLiQQM
xmsryzmsys FyRVaRPM ys xqsLixXR GNRP%sVRsV @LRiaSxqsQLi NRPXRsV.
@R ssdsyRWM FyLRisVM
y. sy* $yRFyyys aSxqsQsVyjxqsR VLRiWs.
N_dRWLiR aSxqsQLi R` yNRPL][s WxqsxtsQR W.
JLi aRPVNSyLRiVsNRPV XxxqsNTP ssVryLRisVV.
""yNRPVRV'' @s[ ysWLiRLRiLi gRi N_VRV [y N_VRV (ARVsNRPV %sxts vgRiVxmsoR s NRPWy sVL]NRP }msLRiV)
@LiR aSxqsQLi LRiLiRysNTP FyLRiLiLi A NSLRiLi sLji*xmsn VLigS N]srygRiys\ZNP x%sxts vbPyRNRP\sVs ""JLi''
NSLSs DRLjiLi @LRiaSxqsQ xmssLRiN PR V\s AyLRiV[ NRPWxqs V\s aRPVNSyLRiVsNRPV, XxxqsNTP
ssVxqsLjixqsVyRV. aRPVNSyLRiVRV LSORPQxqsV gRiVLRiVso. BRRV LRiLis @LiR aSryQsNTP ""K aRPsxqsLi'' @s }msLRiV.
ys xqsLigRixs[V ""aRPVNRP ds''. Xxxqs LRiLis gRiLiysNTP ""L>iR xqsRLi'' @s }msLRiV.
xmsXjy B:c W%sVs xqsLiFyjLiRysNTP, yss FyLiRysNTP xmspLS*yLRiVV Fss @LiR aSryQV
xmsyLRiLi[sNTP dzqsN]ssyL][ (LRiLi DyL][) ys @sLids y sLRiNRPV INRP ][ [Lij , @sgS A
gRiLiysVLi %sxtsQR WV }qsNRPLjiLi, C @LiR aSxqsQLi LRiLiRTLij.
@syLjiNRP:c C @LRiaSxqsQLi[ sVVRL i xmsj}sV @j NRPLRiV DyLiVV. xmsNRPLRis[ }msLRiV][ %ds @yLiRLRi
%sgRiLi [R VTLij. sVVRL i xmsNRPLRi xqsLi INRP sLiR Fss\ (180). y[s %sxtsQR WsV %ssLjixqsVyRV.
sVW. RryRVLi xmsNRPLRij NRPLRixqssVV a[ PR M c 1. %syxqssVV a[ RPM 2. sXR xqsLiWgRiM 3.BsRVRVM 4.
@sW][RM 5.sVsQxmsoL][z][R M 6. Dxmsy afyafRs sVsWyysV 7. gRiWR xmsoLRiVuRM 8.
gRiWR xmsoLRiVxtsQxmsj M 9. xqs*%sxtsQ[V NRPXyNRPXRxmsORPQLiR ORPQsV 10. xmsLRi%sxtsQ[V NRPXyNRPXRxmsO][QxmsgRixM 11.
sVyQj NSLRiM 12.RWRxmsj M 13. LSxmsoR LRiORPQsV 14. @sLRiVR sXR s V 15. @sLRiV [ R sXM 16.LSxmsj M 17.
saSxqsxmsj M 18. ARLRiOTPQR NRPsV B %ssRWj NSLjiNRPLi xmsRsWj NRPLRisV.
sVVR @j NRPLRiLi c %ssRWj NSLjiNRPLi
y. R}qs:c Bj (xmsRsVsj) A @LiR aSxqsQLi[s xmsNRPLRij NRPLRi xqssVV [aPR Li. %s%sR %sxtsQR WsV
xmsFyjLi[ aSxqsQgRiLiy[ aSxqsQNSLRiVV N]s xmsR RVV @sLiryLiR V. sVVLiRV xmsRs %sxtsQR W
}msLiR V xmsoyLRiV. ksNTP "D a[ PR Li' @s }msLRiV. RLRiVyR y ORPQV %ssLjiLi zmssV xmsLkiORPQ [ryLRiV.
%sy(%) xqs aSxqsQxqs xmssXMc D a[ ][, ORPQLi, xmsLkiOSQ [. RR D a[ PR xqsV ysVsW[ sxqsVxqsLiNUPLRi s sV
(RLRixtsQ}ms. 5). BNRPR xqssVV a[ PR Li @sgS D a[ PR #s[V. Bj CyRV sVsLi gRiLiyLRiLi Li[ B[ %sxtsQR V xqsWNRP
sLij.
1. %sRsV gRiWLjis %syLRiLi, 2. |msR xqsxyxqsLi, 3. BLijRWsV @RVxmso[ DLiRVN][s Li, 4. @sWRV
xmsoVNRP @sgS @sWRVsV sRV%sVLiRLi, 5. sVLi xmsoL][zRV DR (sRV%sVLiRRLi), 6.
LRixrFyRW][ @sWRV sRsTNRPsV (yRWsVryLRiLi xmssLjixqsVyLS, yRV%sLRiVR LigS xmssLjixqsVyLS
@s[ %sxtsQR Ws) xmsLkiOTPQLiRRLi 7. gRiWR yLRiV DR (xqs*LRiWxmsxqs*yjNRPLi), 8. gRiWR yLRiVsV ARW
NSLS\ZNP sWgjiLiRRLi 9. Rs [aPR Li[ Ds NRPXRVsV (N][xmsLi Dsy sV, VVsV) @NRPXRVsV

gRiWLji zqsN]s xqsLiLRiOTPQLiRVN]sRLi, 10. xmsLRiV [aPR Li[s NRPXyNRPXRxmsOSQsV Rs \sxmso xmsVN]sRLi
(aRPRVLSLi[s NRPVR VV VsW, BRLRiVsW NRPWy RsNRPV @sVNRPWLigS [zqsN]sRLi), 11. sVLiyj NSLRiLi
12. RWRsV A RW xmssV%dsVR xmsLixmsRLi, 13. LSxmsoRVsVLiT LRiORPQLi, 14. LSNRPV @sVNRPWLigS DLiRs
LSxmsoRV xmssX, 15. @ LSxmsoRV %sxtsQR VLi[ LS @sLiLiRszqss xmssX, 16. LS NRPLRi s Li 17.
LSxmsryRLi[ FyLiRszqss sRVsWV, 18. LS RssV ysV LRiOTPQLiRVN]sRLi.
Bj %ssRWj NSLjiNRPLi @s[ sVVR xmsNRPLRiLi. %ssRVLi @sgS LSNRPV NSszqss %syryjNRPLi. \QsLig`i.
ysNTP xqsLiLij Lisj %ssRWj NSLjiNRPLi.
sVW. 1. sxmsR%sss[aPR M 2. W%sVyzmsyssV 3. RVLiR %syssV 4. RVLiR %sss[aPR M 5.xqsLisyRXsRRVNRPLRi 6.
xqssWxLRiQ XxqssVVRRVxmsryxmsssV 7. @ORPQxms[ gSsNSj NSLRiM 8. xqssVVRRVxqs RVVNSxmsxXRxqs
xmsysRVssV 9. DxmsRVVNRPxmsLkiOSQ 10. aSxqsyj NSLRiM 11. N][aPR xmss[aPR LRiRxmsLkiOSQ 12. ANRPLRiNRPLSs xmssLRi s sV 13.
@ORPQaSRWLi xqsVsLSR QOPR QM 14.%sbPRWLi rsLij NRPxmsyLRiM 15. N][uygSLSR QOPR QM 16. xms R QORPQM 17.
NRPVFyR QORPQM 18.ARVVygSLSR QORPQM 19. RVsWsFRssV 20. [aPR NSsWssV 21. aRPVR QOPR QM
22.xqsWyR QOPR QM 23. {qsyR QOPR QM 24. xqsVLSR QORPQM 25. xqsWyR QOPR QM 26. gRiNSR QORPQM 27. ysR QORPQM 28. g][R QORPQM
29. @aS*R QORPQM 30. xxqsQR QORPQM31. LRiyRMORPQ 32. xmsRQ R QORPQM
33. }qsyxms xmsyLRiM 34. sVVyR QORPQM 35.%sdsyR QORPQM 36. xqssWxLRiQ X xmsyLRiM 37. gRiXxxmsNRP
\s[xNRPyxmsxqssyM xmsR RVM 38. ygRiLjiNRP xmsjM BR R QORPQ xmsyL][ j*dRVsVj NRPLRisV.
3
ALRis @j NRPLRiLi c sVLiRs gRiWLjisj
y. 1. xmsNRPXRV xqsLixmsR (@sXj [y DsRzqs ) 2. aRPsWsNTP (LSLi[ aSLiNTP), yRWsWsNUP (@sgS
NSLRisLRi*xsNTP Activity) xqsLiLij Lisj. Bj sVLiRsNTP (circle of kings) xqsLiLij Lis ALRis
@j NRPLRiLi.
sVW. uyR VxqssVV a[ PR M 2. ORPQR VryssXj saRPRVM 3. xqsLiaRPRVsXM 4. xqssV{sRVryLi gRiVBs[aPR M 5.
{sxqsLiR RVM 6. %sgRiXxqsssV 7. xqsLiyRWxqsssV 8. %sgRiXxxRWssV 9. xqsLiyRVRWssV 10.
xqsLi WRVxmsRWsV 11. RWRy%sVRWLRigRixy 12. ORPQR V[ %sLSgRi}RsM 13.
rysVyLiVVNRP%sxmsLjisVLRi+M 14. xqsLizRxmsRWNRPsV 15. xmsLjixmsyxmsLjixmsyxmsxqsXyaRP xqsLiR RVM 16.
\Q*k %sNSM xqsLij %sNRPsWM 17. RWRssXM 18. @sVgSx%sVR %sZaP[uyM 19. %sVRzLRi W%sVxqsLiRRVM
20. FyLij QgSxy 21. {saRPNTP xmspLRisV 22. sy %sgRiXx[xmsL][R }RsM 23. Rx[mssRsXR s V 24.
Rxm[ syLiVVsXR s V 25. xqsLij NRPLRi 26.xqsLij sWORPQM 27. sVR sVRLjiRsV 28. Dy{qssRLjiRsV 29.
sVRLjiRsV B uyR VLi xqsxmss VsVj NRPLRisV
GRs @j NRPLRiLi c uyR VsNTP xqsLiLij Lisj
y.1. xqsLij sVVR\s ALRiV gRiV xqsLiOTPQxmssLRiWxmsLi 2. ORPQR VLi, sNRPRgS DLiRRLi, @sXj c%ds saRPRVLi
3. AaRPLiVVLi[xmsVRV [R Vszqss %sysLi 4. xqssWsLi NRPyRV, RVLRiVRV, @j NRPVRV (@LiVVs
LS) ssxLjiLiRszqss xmsR . 5. RVLRiVRV [zqsN]sszqss xqsLij 6. %sL][R Li |msVN]s xmsaSLiRLigS
DLiRRLi. 7. xqsLij [zqsN]s xmsaSLiRLigS DLiRRLi. 8. %sL][R Li @sLiLi [}qs RVVR RWR 9. xqsLij [zqsN]s
RWsLi (\|qssLi sRxmsRLi) RVRLi 10. (BRLRiLS][) NRPzqs RVVR RWR [R VRLi 11. FsjLjiLiRszqss

ys%dsVjNTP, xqsxaRPRVso%dsVjNTP RLiR ys gRiWLji A[LiRRLi 12. xmsNRPXRV[ ORPQR VsVW, [ sVW,
%sLSgRiLi (LS%dsVR }mssV [zmsLiRRLi) %dsNTP NSLRiV 13. %sVRVLiRLRiW NRPsys gRiWLjis A[R s 14.
IxmsLiRLi xmsNSLRiLi BR LRiV LSV sVWRsys\|ms RLiR R Li 15. N]s xtsQLiR RVV |msVN]s [zqsN]s xqsLij , G
xtsQLiR RVW [s xqsLij . RssVLi G NSLRiLi [R \sy RWLRiLi @LiVVFLiVVsys][ xqsLij 16. %sys
\Q*%sR Lis xqsLik , RVVR sVW 17. RVVysNTP s[ aRPRVso[R FsjLjiLixmsRsVsyRV [R Vszqss
%syssVV 18. @sVgRizLiRszqss A RW %sVRVV (G %sVRVNRPV xqsRVLi RW) 19. %sVRxqsLij (Pact
for securing ally), zLRixqsLij (Pact for securing money), W%sVxqsLij (Pact for securing
land), NRPLRixqsLij (Pact for securing an undertaking) 20. FyLij gSxgRiWLji @sgS ssVNRPsVLiT s
yT [}qs yssgRiWLji, A[R s 21. Rgij FLiVVs aRPNTP s sVLRi xmsoLiN]sRLi 22. sLiRVs][ %sL][R Li
|msVN]s RVLiR Li[ s]NRPVN]s DLiRysNTP NSLRiV 23. \|qssLi][ FyV LigjiF[V LS
@sVxqsLjiLiRszqss %sysLi 24. \|qssLi][ xqs aRPRVLSsV LigRikxqsVN]syRV @sVxqsLjiLiRszqss %sysLi
25. xqsLij [xqsVN]sRLi 26. xqsLij N][xqsLi %dsVsVgS dzqsNRPVsyss %sTzmsLiRVN]sRLi (Liberation of the
hostage) sVR sLjig S Ds ([y sVR Ds) LSVVNRP xmssX 28. Dy{qssVRVgS Dsys xmssX
29. sVLiRLi %sxtsQR VLi[ xmssX. Bj uyR VsNTP xqsLiLij Lis GRs @j NRPLRiLi.
sVW. 1. xmsNRPXsxqsssLiR M 2. LSLSWLRi*Qxqssy 3. xmsoLRiVxtsQs xqsssLiR M 4.{msRs sLiR M 5. xqss Vs sLiR M 6.
N][aPR xqsLigRisLRiM 7. sxqsssLiR M 8. %sVRsxqsssLiR M B sxqsyj NSLjiNRPsV @xts QsVsVj NRPLRisV.
Fss%sVRs @j NRPLRiLi c AxmsRsV gRiWLjisj
y. 1. xmsNRPXRVNRPV s[ AxmsR sLiR Li 2. LSNRPV, LSsNTP NRPlgi[ AxmsRsV gRiWLjis A[R s 3. xmsoLRiVxtsvs
sxqsy (R gRiV) sLiR Li 4. @gjij{msRy sLiR Li 5. LSNSLSsV xqsLiLixms[}qsy sLRiLi 6.
R ygSLSsNTP R sLi [LiR NRPFsysNTP NSLRi sLiR Li 7. \|qsysNTP s[ AxmsR sLiR Li 8. %sVRV AxmsR sLiR Li.
Bj sxqsysV gRiWLjis Fss%sVRs @j NRPLRiLi.
sVW. aRPNTP [aPR NSssV 2. RWyNSM 3. [Fyys NSM 4. xqsyxgRiVM 5. xmsNRPLRi 6.
xmsaS][xmsy 7. sL iR xmsNRPXN][xmsdNSLRiM 8.ORPQR VsRV %sxmsLjisVLRi+M 9. sL SaSxmsRM 10.
RWxtsQaRPRVxqsLiRVVNSM 11. @LSsLiR xqsLiaRPRVRVVNSM 12. yrysVVFyRV%sNRPM zqsR RVM BRRWxqsRLRi
sssV sVj NRPLRisV.
4
]%sVRs @j NRPLRiLi c \RRWRNTP s [ ys NRPLRi
y. 1. RVVR RWRNRPV s [ sVVLiRV Rs VVNRP BRLRiVVVNRP aRPNTP,
[aPR Li, NSLi %ds sV zqsN]sRLi 2. RVVR RWRNRPV Rgjis
NSV 3. %s%sR \|qsysV }qsNRPLjiLi[ NSV 4. %s%sR \|qsysV
RVVysNTP zqsR Li [R VRLi[s gRiVV 5. aRPRV \|qsys
FsjLjiLiRgRigjis \|qsys zqsR Li [xqsVN]sRLi 6. ssNRPsVLiT s[
DxmsRysV gRiWLjis A[R s 7. LSLi \ [xms NRPgRiysNTP
@sNSaRPLi Ds xmsNRPXRV LRiVgRiVVNRPV xmsNTPRV 8. sxts QLi, sRVLi,
Li %dss gRiWLjis %ssVLRi+ 9. \ [xms DsyLji (@j NSLRiV)
sVLiT s[ AxmsRV 10. ][xNRPV, aRPRVsoNRPV xqsLiLij Lis%s,

y sVLiT NRPlgi[%s (AxmsRV) 11. xmsWy][s V (advantages) @sLS][s V (disadvantages),


xqsLiaRPRVLi][s V (uncertainty) xqsLiLij Lis (@FyRWV) 12. s[LiR V s[LRiV DFyRWV @sLiLi C
@FyRWsV @j gRi%sVLiRRLi. Bj @RWxqsRLRiNRPV xqsLiLij Lis ]%sVRs @j NRPLRiLi.
sVW. 1. xqsyyLRiss[M 2. xqsyyLRixmsRWsV 3. sxqsys xqss NSLRiORPQsV 4. NRPWRVVR %sNRPM 5.
xqs*Q\|qs[y=ssV 6. xqs*syWgRiM 7. RVVR WsVRVM 8. xmsRQ aRP*LRiRxzqsNPR LS 9.
xmsORPQNPR ORPQLiR ryyLi gRi][ spx%sgRiM 10. ryLRixmsn V%sgRiM 11. xmsRQ aRP*LRiRxzqsR VVys 12.
Rg[ iR sVxqsLixRspxspxssV 13. Rxqs xmsspxxqsLiryxmsssV B ryLigS%sVNRPLi
RaRPsVsVj NRPLRisV.
xmsRs @j NRPLRiLi c RVVysNTP xqsLiLij Lisj
y. 1. \|qsys ss[bPLiRRLi (sxmsRLi) 2. xqsLiyyLRiLisVLi RVV[LiR RLi 3. \|qsysNTP G\y AxmsR
ss NSLi[s V, ANRPsVxqssVRVLi[s V LRiOTPQLiRRLi 4. @s[NPR %sy\s NRPxmsRVVyV 5. Rs \|qsysNTP
Dy=xLi NRPgjiLiRRLi 6. Rs \|qssLi aRPRV\|qssLi][ R[V [R VRLi 7. RVVysNTP Rgjis xms[aSV 8.
NSLiV, gRiVxmso xqsyLRiVV, LRijNRPVV, gRiLRiWR VV [R Vszqss xmssVV 9. lLiNRP RgiR LRi, xmsNRP,
sVR gRiLi[s V \|qsysV spVgS GLRiLRiRRLi (xmsORPQLi @sgS \|qssLi sVVLiRVgRiLi[ sVxmsNRPV Ds
\|qssLi. NRPORPQLi @sgS ssVNRP \sxmsos FyLRi+Q*gSV. DLRiqs @sgS sVR gRiLi) 10. \sVs \|qsys
RVLRi\sVs \|qsyds %s Li A RW ryy[ DLiRRLi 11. NSLiVV, AbP*NRPVV, LRijNRPVV,
gRiLRiWR VV %ds RVVyV 12. RLiR spxLi (\|qsys NRP ANSLRiLi[ sxmsRLi) xqsLRispxLi, sVLiR
spxLi, @xqsLixRspxLi (s[LiR Vs[LiR VgS [zqs sxmsRLi) 13. %dss FsjLjiLiRysNTP RgjisVgS spV
LRiLiRRLic Bj RVVysNTP xqsLiLij Lis %sxtsQR WVs xmsRs @j NRPLRiLi.
sVW. 1. [ ][Fyyys 2. DFyLiaRPVRM B xqsLixmsn VsXR s[VNSRaRPsVj NRPLRisV.
xmsRN]LiRs @j NRPLRiLi c xqsLixmsn VLSNTP (oligarchy) xqsLiLij Lisj.
y. 1. xqsLixmsn VLS[ xmsLRixqsLRiLi [ R yV NRPgjiLi[ DFyRW xmsWgRiLi. 2. LRixxqsLigS RLiTLiRRLi
(sbPLixms[R VRLi). Bj xqsLixmsn VsXRL i @s[ xmsRN]LiRs @j NRPLRiLi.
sVW. 1. RWRNRPLRi 2. sVxqsQRVVR sV 3. }qsysVVsR M 4. sV Fy=xssV 5.aRPryQgjiLRixqsxmsR RVM 6.
%dssyryLRi xmsryLRisR M 7. WgS xqsLiyssV 8. RxqsLiyssV 9. GNRP%sRVM BydRVxqsLi y*RaRP
sVj NRPLRisV.
5
xmssLiRs @j NRPLRiLi c RVLRiVRV G%sV [R W[ }msj
y. 1. RWRsV xmsLixmsRLi 2. sVLiRLi][ (LSNUPRV FsRV][ Diplomacy) RVVR Li RVRLi 3.
aRPRV}qsyyRVNRPV RLizmsLis[R VRLi 4. LRixxqsLigS sVLiRs (LSxqssVVyRWs) FR=zLiRRLi 5.
LRixxqsLigS ARVVR xmsWgRiLi, @gjiQxmsWgRiLi, %sxtsQxmsWgRiLi [R VRLi 6. aRPRVso LSLi[sNTP G xqsLRiVNRPVW
s NRPVLiy [R VRLi ("%ssR Li' [y ""%dssR Li'' ALRixmsyLS LSNRP, ""AryLRiLi' @sgS %sVRV \|qssLi LSsRLi,
""xmsryLRiLi'' @sgS @RsosVLiT sgRiLRiLi[sNTP dxqsVN]s s[ NRP V sVVR\s%s) 7. NRPxms[FyRVLi [R

sWxqsgjiLiRRLi 8. syR V[R JTLiRRLi 9. ILiLjigS Dsyss JTLiRRLi. Bj y RVLRiV\syRV


[R Vszqss %sysLi }ms xmssLiRs @j NRPLRiLi.
sVW. 1. DxmsxmsM 2. WgRiysVssV 3. @xmsxqsLRixmsj M 4. xmsLRiVFyxqssNRPLRi 5. @ssVLiR M 6. xmsaRPsVssV B
RVLiR sWFyRVM RWRaRPsVj NRPLRisV.
xmsRsVWRs @j NRPLRiLi c RVLiR sWFyRVLi
(aRPRVRVLSs ANRP%sVLi[ DFyRVLi)
y. 1. [ ][FyRVLi xmsWgjiLi @LiRMNRPV xmsoLiRRLi 2. ARW DFyRW [R RVLiR LisVLi \ NRPV
LRizmsLiRRLi 3. LRixxqsLigS N]LiRLjis RVLiR Li[ xmss[aPR #|msRLi 4. RVLSs sVVTLiRRLi 5. RVLSs
yLRiLigS ANRP%sVLiRRLi 6. ANRP%sVLis RVLiR Li[ aSLi sN]RLi. Bj RVLiR LiF[ yRVLi @s[
xmsRsVWRs @j NRPLRiLi.
sVW. 1. xmsLRixmsn WRxmsWgRiM 2. xmssVs sV 3. xqs*[xmsxmsn WR xmsdNSLRiM BfxmssxtsQR Li RRVLiR aRPsVj NRPLRisV.
xmsyQ s @j NRPLRiLi c KxmssxtsQR Li
(aRPRVWFyRVLRixryV }msj)
y.1. aRPRV\|qsys LRixxqsLigS RLi}ms xmsR RVV @sLiLiRRLi 2. KxtsQR c sVLiyjxmsWgS y*LS
aRPRVsosV sWxqsLi[R VRLi 3. Rs \|qsysNTP Ljigjis suysNTP xmsNTPRV [xqsVN]sRLi c Bj KxmssxtsQR Li @s[
xmsyQ s @j NRPLRiLi.
sVW. RsQ RVVNRP R VVM B RsQ RVVNTPM xmsRaRPsVjNRPLRisV.
xmsj}ss @j NRPLRiLi c RLiRRVVNTP
y. RLiRRVVNRPVV @sgS C aSxqsQLi[ DxmsWgjiLis %sxtsQR VxmsFyRs xmsR RVV. Bj RLiRRVVNTP @s[
xmsj}ss @j NRPLRiLi.
sVW. aSxqsQxqssVV a[ RPM xmsRaSj NRPLRis, xqsxmsaRPRyRVaRPRsV, rybdPxmsNRPLRiaRPRsV, xtsQ a]N[ PR xqsxry.
a].[ xqsVgRix%s [ R VLi RyQ*LRixmsRsbPRsV
N_[s NRPXRLi aSxqsQLi %ssVVNRP gRixqs %sxqsLiR sV.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ %ssRWj NSLjiZNP[ xmsRsWj NRPLRi[
xmsRsW%yRVM LSsXM
y. Bk aSxqsQxqssVV a[ PR Li c @j NRPLRiV xmsj}sV, @yRWV sWRW\ , xmsNRPLRiV sWFss\ . sVVRL i
C aSxqsQLi xmssWLi ALRiVs[ a]N[ SV.
%s. CyRV sVsLi C yxqsLi[ 500 xmsyV [y 800 xmsyV DLiy @s NRP|mssVgS gRiLiysV
a]N[ S[ NRP|ms [ xmsR INRP DLij. a]N[ SsNTP sVV\|ms# lLiLiRV @ORPQLSV. A %sR LigS INRP gRiLiRLi[ Ds
@ORPQLSsV 32 ][ gjiLiRgS ss xqsLi a]N[ PR xqsLi @soRVLij. C %sR LigS C gRiLiRLi[s @ORPQLSds 32
][ gjiLiRgS 6000 a]N[ SV sryLiVV. @LiRV[R kss 6000 a]N[ S gRiLiRLi @LiLRiV.

xqsV[:c N_VRV LRiLis C aSxqsQLi s[LiR VN][s ysNUP, @LiR Li [xqsVN][s ysNUP y xqsV #\sVsj.
zqsyLiyV, xmsyV, @LSW NRPWy G %sR \sVs xqsLi[NUP yso [NPR VLiy xqsVsbPRLigS DLiLiVV.
@ssxqsLRi\sVs %sxqsLiR Li [R V.
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[, %ssRWj NSLjiNRP\sVs sVVR @j NRPLRiLi[ LSsX
@s[ xmsRsWyRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
6
@R j*dW%yRVM
xmsRsVLi xmsNRPLRisV c %syxqssVV a[ PR M; RR Ads*QOPT QNPU ryxmsy
sVW. 1. Ads*QOTPQNPU , RLiVW, yLS, RdsZaP[ %syM
2. RLiVW yLS RdsZaP[ sWsyM; RLiVW%sZaP[u ds*QOTPQNPU .
3. yLS RdsZaP[ L>iR xqsyM, xqsLisLRisWRLi z RLiVW
[NPR RWy%sR B.
4. RdslLi[NS %s[faRPsryM, RryLi z xqsLRi*%syLRisWM xmsy
B.
5. RRxqs Gs %sy B N_M. yLiR LSL_ RV` %sy` R`
%syyLi %syR*sV.
y. Ads*QOPT QNPT , RLiVV, yLRi, RLiRds @s[%s %sRV.
%s. xmsyLS xqs*LRiWFys RVVNRPV[R (}RVso[R ) xmsLkiOTPQLi[ %sR @ds*QOTPQNPT (Philosophy).
VVgRiMrysVs[yV "RLiVV'. ""NRPXztsQ (ssryRVLi), xmsaRPVFys, sLRiN PR Li %dsNTP yLRi( Economics) @s
}msLRiV.'' Rds @sgS LSds (Political Science).
2. RLiVV, yLRi, RLiRds C sVW[ %sRV @s sWssoV. RLiVV[ INRP %sZaP[xtsQs[V ( [ R s[V) @ds*QOPT QNTP NRPy?
%s. C gRiLiRLi[ sWssoV @s slLi b[ PLixmsTs ][ sWss@LiR aSxqsQLi @s[ INRP Fyds @LiR aSryQs
@sVxqsLjiLi[yLRiV @s @LiR Li. @Li[NSs Bj sVsVxqsQXNTP slLi a[ PR Li NSRV.
3. yLRi, RLiRds @s[s[ %sRV @s L>iR xqsRVV, @sgS Xxxqs LRiLis @LiR aSryQs
@sVxqsLjiLi[yLRiV. [NPR RWR, @sgS [NPR ssLRiLi, zqss ysNTP RLiVV ZNP[s Li AyR sLi sWRs[V.
%s. [NPR ssLRiLi FsLiR gS zqssy\y @RsNTP RLiVWsLi [NPR F[ yss [NPR VV yzqsNPR VRV
@LiLRiV. @ @szmsLiRVN]sNRPVLiy DLiRRLi N][xqsLi RLiVV @s[j \|mss s[xqsVNRPVs[ sVVxqsVgRiV sWRs[V.
[NPR ssLSsNTP yss xmsWsLi Gk [R V @s y @FyRVLi.
3. RLiRds INRP[ %sR @s KaRPsxqsVV. FsLiRVss @sgS xqssVxqsQ\sVs BRLRi %sR ALRiLiV @sgS
WgRiZOP[Qs WV, A RLiRds%dsVRs[ AyLRixmsT DyLiVV.

%s. KaRPsxqsV sgS aRPVNSyLRiVRV LRiLis @LiR aSxqsQLi @sVxqsLjiLi[y .


7
4. sVVR zmss yVgRiV %sR[ %sRV @s N_Vs @FyRVLi. (sWssoRV) y ryRVLi][
R LRiLSsV VxqsVNRPVLiRV NS A %sRV "%sRV' @s xmsRVRVyLiVV.
%s. %sR @sgS G\y INRP %sxtsQR VLi VxqsVN]sysNTP ryR sLi @LiVVsj @s @LiR Li. N_VRV INRP %sxtsQR Ws
gRiWLji RLjiLi[xmsVRV BRLRiV @FyRWV sVVLiRVgS zms ""NSs N_VRV B @LiRV'' @s
@LiW, Rs }msLRiV xmsRsV xmsoLRiVxtsQ[ slLi b[ PxqsW, Rs sVRLi xmsoRW DLiRV.
sVW. ryLisV, WgRiM [NSRVVRLi [yds*QOTPQNPU . R LSR L_RRWsV. @LSsL_yLSR WsV.
sRWxmssR RdsysV. [ \yryLi }RVLRids*QOPR Qs W Ads*QOPT QNPU [NPR rxmsNRPL][,
sxqss[% VR[V RLiRxms Vj sVsryxmsRV; xmsyNRPNTPRW\saSLRiRLi R NRPL][.
a].[ xmskxmsM xqsLRi*%syysVVFyRVM xqsLRi*NRPLRisV
AaRPRVM xqsLRi*R LSLi aRPaRP*yds*QOTPQNPU sVy.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ %ssRWj NSLjiZNP[ xmsRsWj NRPLRi[ j*dW%yRVM
%syxqssVV Z[ aP[ Ads*QOTPQNPU ryxmsy.
y. ryLiLi, WgRiLi, [NSRVVRLi @s[%s Ads*QOPT QNPT . RLiVVsLiRV (s[R RRVLi[) R LSR LSV
(xmsyLiVV). yLRi [ @LSsLSV ( suyV) RLjiLiRRyLiVV. RLiRds[ dssWLRiLi @%sds sWLiR Li
(RLjiLiRRyLiVV). }RVso[R , @sgS RVVNRPV[R , C %sR[ sV xmsLkiOTPQLi Ads*QOTPQNPT
[NSNRPV DxmsNSLRiLi [xqsVLij. sxqss xqssVRVLi[ @LiVVy, @sXj xqssVRVLi[ @LiVVy Vj s sNRPRgS
DLi[V [xqsVLij. xmsQ\saSLRiys, @sgS Vj [, A[R s[ rysVLSQds, sW[ s[LiR VsW,
xmssV[ rysVLSQds NRPgjixqsVLij.
%s. ryLi WgSV LRiR[aPR Li[ @ FydsNSLisVLid xmsyLRiLi[ Ds RLRi+yV. INRPys][ INRP RgiR LRi
xqsLiLiR Li Ds%s. ARxqs*LRiWFyRVsV [j ryLiVV. [NSRVVRLi @s[j s[R V INRP yzqsNPR sVRLigS
xmsLjigRiLixmsRVRVsj. xmsLRi[NSRV[ ssVNRPLi [NRP Bx[NPR ssLSZNP[ FyysLi B[y
[NSRVRVs CyRV sVsNRPVs @FyRVLi. @LiVV[ FydsNSLi[ Bj NRPWy INRP g_LRiyxqsR\ sVs
%sy%sZaP[xtsQLigS xmsLjigRiLixms[R sV @LiR aSryQjgRiLiy sVLiT VxqsVs j.
2. ""C Ads*QOTPQNPT FsxmsVRW @s %sRNUP kxmsLi @ds, @s NRPLRiNUP DFyRVLi @ds, xqsNRPR LSNUP AaRPRVLi
@ds |msR V xmsoyLRiV.''
""sLijs @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ %ssRWj NSLjiNRPLi @s[ sVVR @j NRPLRiLi[
%syxqssVV [aPR [ @ds*QOTPQNPU ryxmss @s[ %sxtsQR VLi xmsFyjLi[ j*dRWyRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
8
@R RXdW%yRVM
xmsRs[V xmsNRPLRi[ c %syxqssVV a[ PR M RR RLiVWryxmsy

sVW. 1. rysVLiR QlLi[*yM RRVM RLiVW, @RLRi*s[[xqss[_ R s[yM bPOSQ, NRP[, yNRPLRisV, sLRiVNRP s V,
R %[ sM, [xtsQ%sV ys.
2. GxtsQ RLiVWR LRiaRPRVLSLi sLSysV AaRPsWLi R xqs*R LRi ryxmsy_xmsNSLjiNRPM
3. xqs*R L][ xxqs @R RVssV, @yxmsssV, RVssV, RWssV, yssV, xmsgRixZaP[. ORPQ RVxqs
@R RVssV, RVssV, yssV, aRPryQsM, WRLRiORPQLi R. \saRPryR RVssV, RVssV, yssV,
NRPXztsQFyaRPVFy[, y R. aRPWRxqs j*aRPVaRPWuy, yLS, NSLRiVNRPVbdPsNRPLRi R.
y. rysVs[R Li, VVlgi[*RLi, RVlLi[*RLi @s[ sVWRV s[yV ""RLiVV''. C RLiVV @RLRi*s[R sVV, Bxqs
s[R sVW c Bsds s[yV. bPORPQ(sLSsV Fs DRLjiLiy[ }ms aSxqsQLi), NRPLi (ARW V [}qs
%syys [j Li[ aSxqsQLi), yNRPLRiLi, sLRiVNRPL i (xmsy sLRi*Rys }ms aSxqsQLi), R LiRMaSxqsQLi, [xtsQLi
c C ALRiW s[yLigSV.
2. s[R RRVLi[ zmss C R LRiLi yVgRiV sLSy s, yVgRiV AaRPsW y ds RsV RsV R LS[
sxmsRLi y*LS (xqssWsNTP) DxmsNSLRiLi [xqsVLij.
3. s[yR RVsLi, s[yV [j LiRRLi, RVV RVRLi, RVV [LiVVLiRRLi, ysLi (Bs*RLi), Fssl\ Liy
B}qs dzqsN]sRLi Bj xVs xqs*R LRiLi. s[yR RVsLi, RVV [R VRLi, ysLi RVRLi, ARVVyV
s[Fyj gS [xqsVN]sRLi, xmssV, BRLRi FyVsV LRiOTPQLiRRLi ORPQ RVVs xqs*R LRiLi. s[yR RVsLi,
RVV [R VRLi, yyV [R VRLi, ssryRVLi, xmsaRPVFxtsQ, sLRiN PR Li B%s \saRPVs xqs*R LRiLi. j*
(x, ORPQ RV, \saRPV)NRPV }qss [R VRLi, yLRi, bPV, gSs, syRVV aRPWRVs xqs*R LRiLi.
%s. NSLRiVM =bP. NRPV, LS , [V sVVR\s y][ xmss [}qsyRV. NRPVbdPsM=FyV FyRVRW, s[uyV
s[xqsW, ryV [xqsW xqsLiRLjiLi[yRV.
sVW. 1. gRiXxxqs xqs xqs*NSLSsM, RV\QLRixqssWsL<ij M \syxsV, VVRVgS%sVR*sV, [s zmsRj X[xtsv
ygRiMZaP[xtsQ [ sLi R.
2. xyLjiM ry*yRVM, @gjiNSLS}tsQN_, \ QORPQ sRR*sV, AylLi[ FysNUP sXM, RRs[ gRiVLRiVxmso[
xqsxyLji y.
3. ysxmsxqs xqs xRLRiLi, Ws aRPRW, syLRisV, @gjix[y}tsQN_, [s yzmsRjxmsp
ssaSLRiM
4. xmsLjiyNRPxqs xqsLiRV[s RVR*sV, @yLRisVM, sztsQLiRsR*sV, xqsLigRiygRiM, \ QORPQs V @s[NPR R,
@LRiyr, sL iR Li R afRsV.
9
y. 1. RsNRPV %sj Lis NRPLRisV s[Fyj gS gRizLiRRLi, xqssWs\sVs VVxtsvV [s @sgS xqsg][RVV [y
g][y[ VVxtsvV NRPzqssyLRiV NSs, Rs][ xqssWs\sVs y ][ %syx xqsLiLiR Li, VVRVNS[s[
LSxqsLigRisVLi [R VRLi [s RNRPV, zmsRX [s RNRPV, @RVNRPV, XRVNRPV @sgS Rs FxtsQ\|ms AyLRixmsT
Dsy NRPV B %sVgjisj sRLi, Bj gRiXxxqs Vs R LRiLi.

2. ry*yRWR RVsLi, @gjiNSLRiLi (FyRMNSLi ryRVLiNSLi @gjixmsp [R VRLi, sVWRV xmsp rysLi
[R VRLi, OSQs X @sLiLiRRLi, %syLiRLi sLRiNRPV AyLRigRiXxLi[ DLiW AyLRiVsNTP }qss [RVRLi,
AyLRiVRV [NPR F[ @Rs xmsoRVsNTP gSs, Rs s[R aS G][ @[ xqs*aSgS gRi sXR VsNTP gSs }qss [xqsW
DLiRRLi xyLjiNTP xqs*R LRiLi.
%s. s[yR RVsLi xmspLji @[VsLRiNRPV gRiVLRiVNRPVLi[ DLi[ xyLji DxmsNRPVLS* xyLji. RLRiVyR @RRV
gRiXxryaRPsVLi[ xmss[bPLiRsRV. gRiXxryaRPsVLi[ BR [syRV \|mss zmssV A %syLiRLi
gRiVLRiVaRPVaRPWxtsQ [xqsW xRLSaRPsVLi[s[ DLiTFsRVsV. @RRV \szts QNPR xyLji.
3. xRLRiLi FyLiRRLi, s[%dsVR aRPRVsLiRRLi, V, @ssVW ([T RLS) R LjiLiRRLi, @gjix[RLi
[R VRLi, sVWRV xmsp rysLi, [s RsV, zmsRX[s RsV, @RVsV xmspLiRRLi, ssLi[ Li[
sxqsVs oV sWRs[V ALRiLigS VLiRRLi Bj ysxmsxqs Vs xqs*R LRiLi.
4. BLijRWsV @RVxmso[ DLiRVN]sRLi, G xmssVW FyLRiLiLiRNRP FsRLi, N]LisVV NRPWy R sLi
[NPR FsRLi, xqsLigRiLi %sT|msRLi, @s[NPR gRiXNRPV [y gSsWNRPV s ORPQLi xqsLiFyjLiRRLi, @LRiLi[
sszqsLiRRLi, aRPLkiLRiLi \, [xms NRPWy @sgS aRPLkiLSs, sVsxqsV=sV sWsV NRPWy aRPVgS DLiRVN]sRLi
Bj xqsyzqsNTP xqs*R LRiLi.
sVW. 1. xqslLi[*uysVzLiry, xqsRLi, afRsV@sxqsWRW, AsXaRPLixqsLi ORPQsW R.
2. xqs*R LRiM xqs*LSRV AsyQRV R. RryNRPs[V [NPR M xqsLiNRPLSRV[R.
3. a].[ Rry` xqs*R LRiLi WyyLi LS s syLRi[V`.
xqs*R LRiLi xqsLiRy[ z }msR [x R ss .
sszqs yLRisVLSRM NRPXRsLSQaRPsVzqs M,
RRW z LRiOTPQ][ [NPR M xms{qsR s {qsR
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ %ssRWj NSLjiZNP[ xmsRsWj NRPLRi[ RXdW%yRVM
%syxqssVV Z[ aP[ RLiVWryxmsy.
y. 1. @zLixqs, xqsRsVW, sV[yNSRVsVV aRPVR*sVV, @xqsWRV [NPR FsRLi, NRPWLRiR*Li [NPR FsRLi,
JLRiV @s[%s @LiRLjiNUP R LS[. xqs*R LSs ARLjiLiRRLi s xqs*LiR Li, @sLiR\sVs AsLiRsVW ryLiVV.
xqs*R LSs @NRP%sV}qs ryLiNRPLRiLis [NPR Li sbPxqsVLij.
2. @LiRVss LS xms[ FssLRiW xqs*R LSs %sRsNRPVLiy DLi[V RWy. xqs*R LRiLi ARLjiLi[yRV
Bx[NPR Li[s V sVLRisLiRLRisVW NRPWy xqsLi][xtsQLi][ DLiRV. xqsLiLRiOTPQLiRTs xmspsVV\s NRPVV
gRi\, sLSQaRPsVzqs s NSFyRVRWs [NPR Li s[R RRVLi[R LRiOTPQLiRRVRW xqsVLigS DLiVLij. FssNUP
sbPLiRRV.
""sLijs'' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ %ssRWj NSLjiNRP\sVs sVVR @j NRPLRiLi[,
%syxqssVV [aPR Li[ RLiVWryxmss @sV sVWRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
10
@R RRVL]%[ yRVM
xmsRs[V xmsNRPLRi[ %syxqssVV Z[ aP[ yLSR dsryxmsy

sVW. NRPXztsQ FyaRPVFy[ s R yLS, ysxmsaRPVzLRiNRPVxms %szts Qxmsyy _xmsNSLjiNUP, RRWxqs*xmsORPQLi


xmsLRixmsORPQLi RsbdPNRPL][ RN][aSsV.
y. ssryRVLi, xmsaRPVso FysLi, sLRiN PR Li C sVWTLiNUP ""yLRi' ' @s }msLRiV. Bj yssVW, xmsaRPVsoW,
LigSLRisVW, NRPVxmssVW, NRPLRiNRPLRiVW %dss xqsLiFyjLi |msRLi y*LS DxmsWgjixqsVLij. N][aRPRLiy y*LS
xqs*xmsOSQsd , xmsLRixmsOSQsd NRPWy saRPLi[ DLiRVRVLij.
%s. sLiTLigSLSV %sVs %sVgjis yRVsoV, @LRiLi[ Li[ sRVLRiW BRLRisVV\s NRPV sVVR\ s%s c
%dsNTP "NRPVxmsLi' @s }msLRiV. RLiRLi @sgS, BNRPR, }qss @s @LiR Li.
sVW. Ads*QORPQNPU RLiVWyLSyLi WgRiZOP[Qs VryR [ RM. Rxqs dsLiR dsM. @ LS, xmsLjiLRiORPQ ,
LRiOTPQR sLij ds, sXR xqs dlLi x[tsv xmsFyRds R. RrysWRVy [NPR RWy. RryN[ PR RWyLik sRsVVRRRM
ry`. s }sLi%sR Li sa][xmssRVs sVzqs WyyLi RVyRM ByyLSM.
y. @ds*QOPT QNPT , RLiVV, yLRi %ds WgRiZOP[Qs WNTP ryR s \sVsj RLiRLi. @sgS RLiR RVLi DLi[s[ [NPR Li[
sVV \|ms %sxtsQR W %dsVR Rgjis aRPR RWxmsoyLRiV. A RLiys gRiWLji }msj, [y A RLiRLi xmsWgjiLi[
%sysLi ""RLiRds''. Bj BLiRNRPVsVVLiRV xqsLiFyjLiRs yss xqsLiFyjLiRysNUP, xqsLiFyjLisyss
LRiOTPQLiRVN]sysNUP, LRiOTPQLiRVN]syss sXj [R VysNUP, sXj [zqss yss dLiR sVVNRPV Bs*ysNTP
DxmsNRPLjixqsVLij. [NPR RWR @Liy RLiRds%dsVRs[ AyLRixmsT DLiVLij.
@LiRVss [NPR RWR xqsLjigS sRysVN]s[ LS FsxmsVRW C RLiys Fs xmsVN]s DLiy. xms
saRPLi[ DLiRVN]sysNTP RLiys %sVLis sVL]NRP ryR sLi [R V @s N]LiRLRiV AyLRiVV @yLRiV.
%s. "dLiR Li' @sgS FsslLisLjiNTP R sLi By*[, @sgS G G xmssV\ZNP R sLi LRiV|ms[ @j. BNRPR RLiRLi
@sgS bPORPQ(Punishment)@s @LiR Li.
sVW. s[ N_M, dN`Pxts QR z[ WyysVV[*dsRVM, sVXRV RM xmspM. xqsV%sRxms][ z RM
xmsM R LSLiR NS\sVL][RV. RVxtsQQRM NSsVN][ysV, @y` ysxmsxqs xmsLjiyNSszms N][xmsRV,
NTPsV xmsosLiR QXxrys. @xms][ z sWR=QyRVsVVys RV; dRWsLi z gRixqs[ RR LSs[.
[s gRiVxmsM xms sd.
y. @V NSRV @s N_VRV. RLiysNTP @LiR FyysLi Bs*NRPWRRV @s @LiR Li. dN`Pxts QLigS bPOTPQLi[yRV
xmsNRPV D[*gRiLi, RVLi][ NRPWTs [*xtsQLi NRPgjiryR V. sVXRVsogS RLiTLi[yRV xmsNRPV D[*gRiLi, RVLi][
NRPWTs [*xtsQLi, NRPgjiryR V. sVXRVsogS RLiTLi[yRV LRixqsLjiLiRRyRV. (xmsNTP [NPR Vs @soyRV).
FsLiR @sxqsLRisW @LiR RLiRxmsWgRiLi [}qsyRV xmspLixmsRgjis yRsoyRV. gS zqsN]s
(RVyaSxqsQLigS) xmsWgjiLiRTs RLiRLi xmsNRPV R LSLiR NSsWsV @LiR[xqsVLij. NSsVN][y[R gSs,
%sRNRPVsRsLi[R gSs R gS xmsWgjiLiRTs RLiRLi ys xmsxqs VNRPV, xqsyxqsVNRPV NRPWy N][xmsLi
NRPgjixqsVLij. (y NRPWy FsRVLRiV Ljilgi[V [xqsVLij). BLiNRP gRiXxxqs V sW Fy?
@xqs[ %sj LiRs RLiRLi, @xqs[ RLiRLi %sj LiRNRPF[ @j (xqssWLi[) sVR=Q yRWs xmssLjiL ixms[xqsVLij.
RLiRR LRiVRV (bPOTPQLi[yRV) [NPR F[ FsNRPVs Li DsyRV RVLRiV %sVLigjis[ryR V. (RgRiV%sR LigS
xmsWgjiLis) RLiRLi [R LRiOTPQLixmsTs RVLRiVRV NRPWy xqssVLiR VRsoyRV. sLiRVRV @soyRV.
%s. s [xmssV |msR [xms %sVLilgi[xqsVLij. B[ sVR=QyRVLi.

a].[ RRVLRi*LSQaRPsW [N][ LS R [ s FyRM


xqs*R LRiNRPLSLRi][ sLRi [ }qs*xtsv s[aPR xqsV.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ %ssRWj NSLjiZNP[ xmsRsWj NRPLRi[ RRVL]%[ yRVM
%syxqssVV [aPR M xqssWxmsM
11
y. ""RgRiV%sR \sVs RLiRxmsWgRiLi [xqsW LS[R FyLiR[
RRVLRi*LiR c RRVLSaRPsV LRiWxms\sVs C [NPR Li Rs R LRiLi FyxqsW RsV
BLiR [ xqsVLigS DLiVLij''
RLiRLi [NPR F[ FssLji [ y NRPWy xqsVLigS DLiRLRis sLi.
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR ryQLiR ysLi[
%ssRWj NSLjiNRP\sVs xmsRsWj NRPLRiLi[ ys @yRVLi, %sy
xqssVV a[ PR Li[ yLS ryxmss, RLiRds ryxmss xqssWxmsLi. %sy xqssVV a[ PR Li
xqssWxmsLi.
@R xmssWyRVM
j*d[V xmsNRPLRi[ sXR xqsLiWgRiM
sVW. 1. RryR sVWzqsr %syM. %ssRVsVW[ RM Fy XyLi
WgRiZOP[Qs xM.
2. NRPXRNRPM ry*%sNRPaRP %ssRVM NTPRW z RsLi %ssRV yRssV. aRPVaRPWuyaRPsgRixyLRi
%s[FxRyQ*s%sxts QVj Li %sy %ssRV, s[R LRisV.
3. %syyLi RV RVyxqs*sV AyLRiFysW` %ssRVM sRVsVaRP.
y. 1. @LiRVss Ads*QOPT QNPT , RLiVV, yLRi @s[ sVWRV %sRV RLiRLi (RLiRds) %dsVR AyLRixmsT DLiLiVV.
%ssRVLi%dsVR @sgS aSxqsQsLi %dsVR, AyLRixmsTs, aSxqsQsLi][ NRPWTs RLiRLi sWssoNRPV WgRiZOP[Qs WsV
BxqsVLij.
2. NRPXsVsVW, @sgS xmsRVRLi [zqs xqsLiFyjLisk, ry*%sNRPsVW, @sgS xqsxLigS @xmsRVRLigS
ssk, @s %ssRVLi lLiLiRV %syV. NTPRV (aSryQryjNRPLi) Rys (WgRiR Ds sQQNPT s)
xqsLixqsLjixqsVLij NSs @Rys (G sWRsVW WgRiR [syss) xqsLixqsLjiLiRRV. (DyxLRiNTP aSLi][
LSRVgS LSRVgS ssNTP sVLRiVxmso sxqsVLij NSs sVR NRPV LSRV).
aRPVaRPWxtsQ (%sys[ N][Lij NRP), %ssRLi, gRizLiRRLi, yLRiLi (sVLRiFNRPVLiy DLiRRLi), %ssLi (R LjiLis
%sxtsQR W[ Gj ryR sVV, Gj @ryR sVV @s[ sLi), Ex (sW[ xmssyss @sVsWs
xmssWRV[ VxqsVN]sRLi), @Fx (RVVNTP %sLRiVR \sVs yss %sTs[R VRLi), RVyLSs
VxqsVN]ys[ xmsVRcB%s DsysZNP[ %sR %ssRWs xqsLiFyjxqsVLij NSs B%s [sysNTP DxmsWgjiLiRRV.

3. %sR %sxtsQR VLi[, ARW %sR xqs*LRiWFys xms, AyLRiVs FysWs xms (A %sRsV [j Li[
AyLRiVRV G xmsR [ DLiys xmsoy][ yss @sVxqsLjiLi) %ssRVsVW (Training), sRVsVsVW
DLiLiVV.
12
%s. xqsxts QLigS xmsRs yss EzLiRVN][s RLi "Ex'. RVVNTPN PT %sLRiVR \sVsyss RLiRRLi "@Fx'.
sVW. sXR _NRPLS zmsLi, xqsLisLi ][s RVVR. sX][xmssRVxqsQLiVW sWds*QOPT QNUPLi R bP}tsQ M,
yLSs VR QZOP[Q M, RdsLi R sNRPQ QXxmsWNRPQ X M.
y. _NRPLRi xmspLji @LiVVsyRV (LSNRPVsWLRiVRV). {ms, gRiRsVW sRVsV xmspLRi*NRPLigS @ zqsLiy.
DxmssRVsLi @LiVVs RLRiVyR ARW aSryQ[ suyRV\s bPxts vsVLiT RLiVVs, Ads*QOTPQNPT s, ARW
aSR QOPR VsVLiT yLRi s V, %sxtsQR Ws [j LiRgRigjiRVVLiT A aSxqsQLi xmsWgRiLi (Putting in practice)
NRPWy zqssy sVLiT RLiRdss sRVsVxmspLRi*NRPLigS @ zqsLiy.
%s. VsNTP sVWRs xqsLisR=LRiLi[ NSs, HRs xqsLisR=LRiLi[ NSs [}qs INRP \sjNRPxqsLiryLRiLi "_Li'. Cy
xmsoVsLiRVNRPV dLiVVLiRRLi sLij.
sVW. xRLRiLi R AuRaS` sL<S`. @][ g][yssV, yLRiNRPLRi R. @xqs sRaRP %sysXR xqsLiWg][
%ssRVsXR LRisV; RsWy*` %ssRVxqs.
y. xmsRLRiV xqsLisR=LS sRVxqsV=sLRiNRPV xRLSaRPsVLi. @V zmssV g][yssRsVV; %syxsVV.
%sysLiRLRiLi NRPWy %ssRVsXj N][xqsLi %sysXR V xqsxyxqsLi sRsVW DLiy. FsLiRV[R ssgS
%ssRWsNTP %sysXR V ryLigRiRs[V sVWLi.
%s. "g][yssRLi' @sgS xRLSaRPsVLi RLRiyR gRiXxryaRPsVLi[ xmss[bPLi[ sVVLiRV [zqsN]s[ INRP sRLi.
"gSsM Rs[ s[ @zqss B g][yssV'' ZNP[aSV LiTLi[ sR sVs @LiR Li. xyLjigS DsxmsoRV ZNP[aSV
LiTLiRVN]sgRiWRRV. C sRLi ryRNSsNTP @LigRiLi. BNRPR %ssRVLi @sgS @NRPVs, aSxqsQxqsLiryLRiLi @s
@LSV (Discipline).
sVW. 1. xmspLRi*sVxLSgiR Li xxqsQaRP*LRiRxmsxLRi %syxqsV %ssRVLi gRi[ ` , xmsbPsV %sVxqsaRPs[. xmsoLSsV,
BsXR s V, ALiVVNS, DyxLRisV, R LRiaSxqsQsV, @LiR aSxqsQLi [ BxqsM. ZaP[xtsQs Vx[LSRgRisV
@xmspLRi*gRixsV, gRiX{RxmsLjiRRVLi R NRPVLS`, @gRiX{yysV @d O`PQaRPsLi R.
2. aRPVyj xmsx[msRV[, xmsRW WgRiM, WgS` ARs[ %syrysVLiR QsV.
y. xmsgRi sVVR gRiLi[ (FyLRiLi Li[) GsVgRiVsV, gRiVsV, LRiysV sRxmsRLi[s V,
ARVVR %sRRVLiRW bPORPQ F~Liy. sLji gRiLi[ BryV %ssRLi[ bPORPQ F~Liy. xmsoLSsVW
(xxmsoLSjNRPLi), BsXRL i (LSsWRV LRiyjNRPLi), ALiVVNRP (jsxmsoLRiVxtsv RLjiR, sVsVxtsv
RLjiR sVV.) DyxLRiLi
(RLiyLiVVNRP c xmsLiRRLiRLi sVVR\ s%s), R LRiaSxqsQLi, @LiR aSxqsQLi Bsds ""BxqsLi''. %sVgjis xmsgRi
gSs (sVR gSs), @sNSaRPLi Lis LSgSs xmspLjig S N]R %sxtsQR WV VxqsVN]sysNUP,

zqssyss gRi xmsLRiRVN]sysNTP (gRiX{RxmsLjiRRWsNTP), gS RVsys gRiWLji sWsWNUP %ssysNUP


%ssWgjiLiy.
2. %s%sR aSryQ @R RVsLis xms (sVWRV NSNUP xqsLiLij Lis %sxtsQR W sLi) NRPVgRiVRVLij. xmss
WgRiLi (aSxqsQLi[ zmss %sxtsQR W @sVuysLi[ aRPR c Practical application) NRPVgRiVRVLij. WgRiLis
ARsR (AR%saS*xqsLi, ARsgRixLi c self possession)n NRPVgRiVRVLij. B[ %sRs NRPlgi[ rysVLiR QLi.
a].[ %sy%sds][ LS z xmsyLi %ss[V LRiRM
@syLi xmsXj%dsLi VLiZNP[ xqsLRi* WRz[ LRiRM
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ %ssRWj NSLjiZNP[ xmsRsWj NRPLRi[ xmssW%yRVM sXR xqsLiWgRiM...
y. ysV %sR[ bPOTPQR V\, xqsNRP WRsVVNRPV zys [R VRLi[ AxqsNTP NRPgji, xmsNRPV bPORPQ Bs*RLi[
aRPR gRi LS sVL]NRP LS [s W%sVs xmsLjiFyryR V. @sgS GNRPRyj xmsRLi rygjiryR V. "sLijs' @s[
N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR yssVVsLiRV %ssRWj NSLjiNRP\sVs xmsRsWj NRPLRiLi[ "sXR xqsLiWgRiLi' @s[
xmsLiRsWyRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
13
@R xtsQu%yRVM
RXd[V xmsNRPLRi[ c BsRVRVM NSsWjxtsQTxmsosLiR sLi R
sVW. %sy%ssRV}RVLjisRVRVM NSsVN][R [ sWssVR xL<iR ygRi` NSLRiM
NRPLiR R*gRiOTPQ*xmsn W[s RWLi aRPxqsLRi+LRiWxmsLRixqs gRis x[tsQ*%sxmsxmsM BsRVRVM aSryLSsVuysLi y.
NRPXR=QLi z aSxqsQ%sVRsV BsRVRVM.
y. %sRs NRPlgi[ %ssRWsNTP }RV\ss BLijRV RWs NSsVN][R c [ (RVLSaRP)csWs(s[s V g]xmsyR
ss[ Vj )c sVR(R yRVss NRPgjis gRiLRi*Li)c xL<SsV RLiRRLi y*LS xqsLiFyjLiRVN][y. NRPLiR sVVV,
R*gjiLijRVsVV, s[yV, x*, sVVNRPV, @s[ BLijRW y*LS aRPcxqsLRi+cLRiWxmscLRixqscgRiLiysV %sLRiVR \ sVs
Lki[ NSNRP rysWs Lki[ @sV %sLiRRLi ""BLijRVRVLi''. [y aSryQ[ [j Lis %sxtsQR WsV
@sVzts QLiRRLi ""BLijRVRVLi''. FsLiRV[R ssgS sVVRL i C aSxqsQs[V
""BLijRVRVLi'' c @sgS BLijRVRWs [j xqsVLij.
sVW. Rj*LRiVR sXLiR sZaP[sRVaRPRVLRi[% zms LS xqs][ %ssaRPc RVyyN][ ysV [ M NSsW`
xNRPysVsVssWsM xqss VLSu %ssyaRP, NRPLSaRP \s[xM; N][Fy` ss[VW x[xtsv
%sNSsM , yaRP XgRiVxtsv; [\aSRVLRi*LRiQsVyLRiRVsWM r%dsLRiaSs VM; sWyysM
xmsLRiyLSs xmsRVRs , RVL][R [ LS` @LiaRPLi R, sVy` RsWR [ WyssWds, \|xRVaSLiR VsM;
xL<Sy*yzmsLRigRixqsQsVyryRRVs, sXzts QxqsLixmnsVaRP \Q*FyRVs%sV.
y. aSryQsNTP %sLRiVR \sVs xmssX NRPy\ BLijRWV @RVxmso[ [s LS yVgRiV jNRPV sLjisLRiNRPV
yzmsLis LSLi Dsy\y sLis[ sbPryR V. FssgS c [ sLiaSsNTP Lijs yLiRNRPVRV NSsVLis
x NRPssV @ztsQLi, AsVsV @xmsxLjiLi, AsV RLiT aSxmsLi[R LiR Vso][s V, LSxts QLi][s V xqs

sbPLiyRV. %s[xLS\s NRPLSVRV x {qsQs @ztsQLi xaSxmsLi[R xqsLiR VLSxts QLigS


sbPLiyRV.
ss[VRVVRs[ LS @aRP*s[VR RWgRiLi[ N][xmsLis xV %sxtsQR VLi[ xmsLSNRPsVLi RWzms y aSxmsLi
[R sbPLiyRV. BxmsoRV\s xmsoLRiWLRisoRs[ LS [ Lis yVgRiV sLS xmssVLiT @j NRPLigS R sLi
dzqsN]sRLis A yRVLRi*LSQ N][xmsLis (LRiVgRiVVs) sbPLiyRV. xqsV%dsLRi [aPR LS\s @LiRVso NRPWy
[ Lis A %sR LigSs[ sbPLiyRV.
HVRV \s%sVaRPLi[s x RVaS[ xmss[bPLi @xmsLji%sVR\sVs R sLi dzqsN]s FRWLiRgS x
aSxmsLi[R sbPLiyRs sVL]NRP NRPR DsR. sWsLis LSsVRV xmsLRiLRisV Ljigji Bs*NRPFsRLi[R ,
RVL][R sVRV LSgRiLi Bs*NRPFsRLi[R sbPLiyLRiV. RLi[ R s oRs[ LS xmsLiRLjids @ssWsLi
sLjiNTP sLRiyLSRVV][ RVVR Li[ sVLRiLiyRV.
|\ xRVsLibdPRVV\s NSLRi% sd LSLRiVsVRV gRiLRi*Lis xmsLRiaRPVLSsVVs RLiT %sxtsQR VLi[ @xmsLSR Li [zqs
xmsLRiaRPVLSsVVs [[ sVLRiLiyRV. "xL<iR Li' s yyzms @gRixqsVQ sLiLiR[LiVV @Rs aSxmsLi[R
sVLRiLiyRV. RWRso xqssVVyRVLi yxqsV sLiLiR[LiVV @Rs aSxmsLi[R sbPLiLij.
%s. ""xL<iR Li'' @sgS, BNRPR, |msR sV xmsLjixzqsLiRRLi y*LS, @ssWsLiRRLi y*LS AsLijLiRRLi @s @LiR Li.
yyzms B*V NRPR xmszqsR \sVs[. RWRsoV INRP xmsoLRiVxtsvsNTP gRiLRis \Vs {qsQ s[xtsQLi s[zqs CsVNRPV G bPaRPVso
NRPVgRiVRVLij @s @TgjisV, @RRV %dsV sLiaRPLi @Liy sbPLiRysNTP }RV\ss sVVxqsLi xmsoRVRVLiRs
zmssV sVLRiRNRPR. NSs BNRPR yxqsVs }msLRiV Dsj. NSs xmsn VRNRPLi[ yxqsVRs[ DsR.
14
a].[ G[ ys[ R xsM aRPRVxtsQR *LiR sWbPyM,
xqss VLSuy LS[ %ss[aPR VLRi[s RWM.
aRPRVxtsQR *LiR sVVR=QX sVRg][Q [s RVM,
@sVLkixtsQaPR yg][ V V[ LRiLi sV{sV.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ %ssRWj NSLjiZNP[ xmsRsWj NRPLRi[ xtsQu%yRVM BsRV[V @LjixtsQR *LiR RVM
y. ""%ds , BLiNS FsLiRL][ LSV BLijRWsV LiVVLiRNRP NSsVN][yRLjixtsQR *LSs AaRPLiVVLi
(@LjixtsQR *LSsNTP LigjiFLiVV) LiR Vso][, LSxts QLi][ xqs sbPLiyLRiV''.
xmsLRiaRPVLSsVVRV, ygRiVs NRPVsWLRiV\s @LiLkixtsvRV @LjixtsQR *LSs %sR, [LijRVV\ y NSLi W%sVs
@sV %sLiyLRiV.
%s. xmsLRiaRPVLSsVVRV BLRi\sINRP xmsLSRWV ORPQ RVsR [zqssV Dsj NSs LSLi [zqssV xmsoLSRV[
[R V.
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ %ssRWj NSLjiNRPLi @s[ xmsRsWj NRPLRiLi[,
BLijRVRVLi[ @LjixtsQR *LiR ygRiLi @s[ ALRis @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R xqsxmssW%yRVM
RXdW xmsNRPLRi[ BsRVW LSL<ij ssLRiaRP

sVW. RryRLjixtsQR *LiR ylgi[s[s RVRVLi NRPVLki*R, sXR xqsLiWlgi[s xmssV, ylLi[ RORPVM, Dys[s
WgRiZOP[Qs VryR ssV, NSLSsVaSxqss[s xqs*R LRiryxmsssV, %ssRVLi %s][xms[ZaP[s , [NPR zmsRVR*sVLiR xqsLiWlgi[s ,
z[s sXs V.
y. @LiRVss LS @LjixtsQR *LSs %sR BLijRVRVLi RW. sXR V xqsxyxqsLi[R xmssV
xqsLiFyjLiy. gRiWR yLRiV[R s[ys RW. (gRiWR yLRiVy*LS RWy). DysLi[R @sgS
sRsVW NSLRiyxmsXRVRsRLi [R WgRiZOP[Qs WV ryj Liy. FssLRiV G%sV [R W[ aSzqsLiRRLi[R
xqs*R LRiryxmssLi RW (FssLji R LRiLi y [}qsV RWy).
%s][xms[aPR Li [R (RsNRPV xmsNRPV NRPWy %ssRVLi discipline) @s[ V RW. R ys xqsLiFyjLi Rgjis
%sR LigS LRiV|msRLi[R [NPR VLiRLjiNUP zmsRVVRV NSy. zR\sVs NSLRiLi[R [NPR ssLRiLi sRFy.
sVW. GsLi sZaP[sRVM xmsLRi{qsQ RszLiryaRP sLiR [V`, xqs*xmssV, sV, @sXRsV, DR Rs[xtsQR *sV,
@sLiR xqsLiWgRiLi R, @R LRiRVVNRPs VsLiR xqsLiRVVNRPL i R ssLRisV.
y. C %sR LigS LS [LijRVV\ xmsLRi{qsQ xmsLRi R ysV, xmsLRizLixqssV sLij Liy. @sVR\sVs sRsV
(s[ NSs s[ LiRV sRsW), Rxmsy*ds, @xqsyds, yVxqsLjigS NRPs[ s[uyds, @sLiR xqsLiWgSds
(@sLSds NRPgjiLi[ y][ xqsLiLiys), @R LRiLi][ NRPWTs, @sLiR }RV\ss ssLSds (Transaction)
RLiy.
15
sVW. R LSLS%sL][ [ s NSsVLi }qss[R . s sMxqsVM ry`. xqssVLi ysLiR sV[ysVs sV. GN][ xy}qs%s][
R LSLiR NSsWysWys %sVRL_ R {msRRV.
y. R LSLSNTP R NRPgRiNRPVLiy NSsWs }qs%sLiy. [y INRPys][ INRP NRPzqs Ds C R LSLiR NSsWsV
xqssVLigSs[ }qs%sLiy. R LSLiR NSsW[ G][ INRPyss[ @j NRPLigS }qs%s}qs (INRPysZNP[ FyysLi B}qs) @j (A
}qs%sLiRTsj) RssW {msTxqsVLij, %sVgjis lLiLiTLids NRPWy {msTxqsVLij. @sgS INRP R LSs[ }qs%s}qs A
R LSsNUP {msR NRPVgRiVRVLij. @LiR NSsWNUP {msR NRPVgRiVRVLij. B [ %sVgjis lLiLiTLi %sxtsQR VLi[s V.
sVW. @LiR Gs xmsys B N_M; @LiR sVVz R LRiNSsW%s.
y. @LiR s[V xmsys\sVsj, FsLiRV[R ssgS R LRiNSsWV lLiLiTLiNUP @LiR s[V sVWLi @s N_Vs
@FyRVLi.
sVW. sVLSyLi ryxms[VyyLSssVysy, RV GssVFyRV rys[ M yLRi[VRVVM, c
yRWyNSxms][[s y LRixzqs xmssWRxqs sVRV[R VVM
y. LS AyLRiVsV gSs, @sWRVsV gSs sVLSRsVgS (NRPVVsVgS) ryzmsLiRVN][y. @sgS
Rss G\y F~LRiV Ljilgi[xmsVRV RssV |RLjiLiRRLiN][xqsLi Rs gRiVLRiVsosV gSs, @sWRVsV gSs
A %sxtsQR VLi zms ryzmsLiRVN][y. y @FyRVryysVLiT, @sgS @FyRWsNTP }RVso\s
xmssVsVLiT syLjixqsWLiy. LRixxqsLi[ F~LRiV [xqsWs LSsV, (@LiRMxmsoLSRV[ FsNRPVs xqssVRVLi
gRiRxmsRLi sLi xmssVV [xqsWs xmsoRV) yRV, yNRP @s[ @LiNRPVaRPLi][ F~RVxqsW DLiy.
%s. sVsztsQ FsLiR[ ssxmsoRV s[%dsVR xmsTs dsRsV Fyy[ N] xmsgRiV xqssVRVLi (\sVV) FsLi\s][
sLiR LiVVLi[yLRiV. g][ (yNRP) ds gSs BxqsVNRPgSs Fzqs @j NSLjiFsys xms NRPWy sLiR LiVVLi[yLRiV.

LS INRP xmss[R Vszqss xqssVRVLi yFRWsxmsVRV @LiNRPVaRPLi][ F~TsV B%s RWzms @RsNTP xqssVRVLi
VxmsoRW DLiy @s @LiR Li.
@s. xqs*RLiRV\s LS C %sR LigS FyLRiRLiRQLi FsLiRVNRPV |msVN][y @s[ xmsaRPNRPV xqssWysLi
xmsoRVyRVc
a].[ xqsRVryR Li LSR*Li RNRPs[VNRPLi s sLRi [.
NRPVLki*R xqsyLixqsry` [uyLi R aRPXVRWsRsV.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ %ssRWj NSLjiZNP[ xmsRsWj NRPLRi[ xqsxmssW%yRVM
BsRV[V LSL<ij sXR s V. BsRVRVM xqssWxmsM
y. ""LSR*Li @s[j xqsRVVsV RgiR LRi DLiRVN]s ryj LiRszqssj. INRP RNRPLi Ds LiT sRsRV.
@LiRV[R xqssosV GLSV[xqsVN][y; y @FyRVLi %sLiWLiy''
%s. BLijRWsV LiVVLis LS VVztsQsLiyRV. @LiRV[R ksNTP LSL<ij sXRL i @s }msLRiV.
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR y[ %ssRWj NSLjiNRP\sVs xmsRsWj NRPLRiLi[ BLijRVRVLi[
LSL<ij sXRL i @s[ xqsxmss WyRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
16
RRVlLi [ xmsNRPLRi[ @sW][RM
sVW. 1. xqsyLiVVsM @sWys NRPVLki*R, RXxts QafRrysVLiR Qy*j LRiy*M [ xxqs %saS*ry sds .
2. s[ %saSORPQM xqsxNUPTRy*` xmsLji ss[Q ssVc[V xxqs gRiVxxqsR LSM ys @sWys NRPVLki*R,
xqssWsbdPsxqssy*`; [ xxqs sVLRi RWyxmsLSR ds .
y. 1. xqsyRVV (Rs][ NRPzqs RRVsoNRPVsy s) @sWRVsVgS sRV%sVLiy. FsLiRV[R ssgS
y afRLi (ALij NRPssLSRV[ sWxqsLi [R VNRPFsRLi (Integrity), rysVLiR QsVW sVVLiRVgSs[ zqs
DLiLiVV NRPy, @s LRiy*RV @yRV.
2. @j RVVNRPL i NSRs @LiRV %saSORPVRV; FsLiRV[R ssgS sRsLi[ NRPzqs ARVN]sy sRLi[R y
LSsV ORPQ |msLRiV. @LiRV[R N]s LRixxqsQ\sVs @y[ Rs][ xqssWsLigS Dsy s @sWRVsVgS
sRV%sVLiy. xqssWs\sVs bdPsVW, R @yW Dsy sRLi[R BRsNTP sVs LRixryds VxqsVsV,
gRiRg S DLiy @s[ RVLi[R y @xmsLSR Li RVLRiV.
sVW. 1. ryyLRi GxtsQ ][xtsQ B xmsLSaRPLRiM, [uysVzms sVLRi RW` NRPXyNRPXyssVslLi[ R .
2. a].[ RWs][Q gRiVxsWR}tsQ s[ M xmsoLRiVuyj xmsM
@saRPM NRPLRi [s sa][ s ysysV.
3. RV GssWxmsRV= FyR RVVNSxqs*sVgRiX{ RVVM yssWys NRPVLki*R; RXuysVLSgRiy*j.

y. 1. ""C ][xtsQLi ryyLRi\sVsj; @sgS BR LjiNUP sLjixqsVLij'' @s @LiRV xmsLSaRPLRiVRV. ""%ds NTP y
LRixryds VxqsVsV NRPy'' @s[ RVLi[R LS NRPWy y xmssVV xqsLjigS [zqsy [R VNRPFLiVVy
y s @sVxqsLjiLi DLiRszqssxqsVLij.
2. ""LS Rs LRixrys (bdP LiaRPLi sVVR\syss) FsLiRsVLijNTP xmsoy][, A xmssNTP @k LRiV\, @LiRsVLijNUP
NRPWy Ligji DLiRszqs sxqsVLij''
3. @LiRV[R Fss FyFyRV}RVso\s AxmsR[ DxmsNRPLjiryL][ y s @sWRVsVgS sRV%sVLiy.
FsLiRV[R ssgS y NRPV Rs%dsVR @sVLSgRiLi DsRs[ %sxtsQR VLi RsNRPV VxqsVsV.
sVW. s[ zmsaRPVsM; NTPl Li[uy s Vj gRiVM, xqsLiylLi x[tsv NRPLRixqsVsRVVNS [V RVyjxts QsVLiR Li xqs%sZaP[xtsQLi y
NRPVLRiVM yssWys NRPVLki*R; RXxts QgRiVy*` B.
y. ""Bj RVVNRPL i NSRV'' @LiRV zmsaRPVxqsVRV (yUV }ms yLRiRVRV). Bj (AxmsR=sVRVLi[ FyV
NRPWy IT xqsRVLi[R VRLi) LS NTP @szmsLiRVN]LiVLij NSs Vj gRiVLi NSRV. "C xmsss BLiR AyRVLi
LSy' @s sVVLiRVgSs[ EzLis (xqsLiR= Calculated) xmssVV [R VysNTP sRVVNRPVQ\ Fss
@sVN]s R ys NSs, @LiRNRPV%sVLis R ys NSs xqsLiFyjLi RWxmsgRiVgRiVyL][ y s @sWRVVgS
sRV%sVLiy. FsLiRV[R sLigS y gRiVLi (Vj Li) RWRTLij. (RXxts Q= proved).
sVW. s[ N_xmsRsM . @\sQLRisWRgRiV\LRiRVVNS }[. zmsRX\|ms ysVssWys NRPVLki*R,
RXuyxmsysy*`. [ }ssVxmsRLRis s Vzmss Rs, xqsgRixqs y*`. @sWsV}tsQxtsQ*zms \R` RXaRP[ c gS[
xxqsgRixqs Li g][giR sVNRPsV xqsgRis }[ tsQ*ysxts Qs[ B.
17
y. "@ NSRV' @LiRV N_xmsRLixmsRVRV, %ds NTP @sWRV NRPVLiRszqss BRLRi gRiVV [s o NRPy? RLiT
yR RgiR LRisVLid sxqsWs NRPVVLiNTP Lijs y s @sWRVsVgS sRV%sVLiy.
%ds , @sgS A sLiaSsNTP Lijs xmspLki*NRPVV, [zqss xmssVV VxqsVsV NRPy? (%ds yRV RLiRVV, C
LSsLiaRPLiyLji][ sVLi xqsLiLiy][ DLi[yLRiV NS %ds NRPWy @[ %sR LigS DLiLRis AbPLiRsRVss
@FyRVLi).
RsV ZNP[\sVy LS @xmsNSLRiLi [zqsy y NSLisVLi xmsLjiRRVLi Dsy sRLi[R y LSsV %sR
sFLRiV.sVsVxtsvV NSs xmsaRPVxmsOSQQRV[ NRPWy Bj NRPsRVRVLij. g][s oV xmspLRi*xmsLjiRRVLi [s
g][xqssVVyRWs %sTs[zqs xmsLjiRRVLi Dsy][s[ sszqsryLiVV.
sVW. s[ yRyj M [ xxqs xqsLRi*sVsgRiXx ry*%sVs` xmsRLRids . Rryds%s][ syssWys NRPVLki*R.
syxqsV RVsVrys[ RR LRiLi sVssWyM yxmsLSR ds .
y. ""@j xqsLjiNSRV'' @s @LiRV DR soRV ($NRPXxts vs sVLi). NRPVNRPsWgRiRV\s
@sWRVV @s %sxtsQR WW RsV[[ |msVN]s y [ xms VsosV xmssLjir yLiR V. @LiRV[R N]R y^ s
dsaSxqsQs[R sV @sWRVsVgS sRV%sVLiy. N]R y RLiRR LRiV\s LSsV RVsVVgS %sLi
@xmsLSy[%sd [R VLRiV.

sVW. s[ xRdsxmsoRM aSxqsQ%sRRXxts QNPR LS NRPLRixqsV %suyRLi gRi[ ` .


@sxmsafRafLSsVLSgRiRVVNSs sWys NRPVLki*R, gRiV Fyyy`.
y. Bk NSRLiRV xRLidxmsoRVRV. aSxqsQLi zqssy\y xmss[ @sV sLi[syRV (a man
without experience and Practical Knowledge) G\sy xmssVV ssxmsoRV jgSV xmsTFyRV.
@LiRV[R gRiVZNP[ FyysLi B sLiaRPaRPVj , xms, afRLi, afLRiLi, @sVLSgRiLi DsysV @sWRVsVgS
sRV%sVLiy.
sVW. xqsLRi*sVVxmsxmss%sV N_M, NSLRirysVLSQj xmsoLRiVxtsQrysVLRiQLi NRP[. rysVLiR QRaRPcc
a].[ %s sWR%s sLi [aPR NS R NRPLRi R,
@sWyM xqsLRi* G\s[ NSLSM xqsVLRi RV sVsQM.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ %ssRWj NSLjiZNP[ xmsRsWj NRPLRi[ @xts QsWyRVM
@sW][RM.
y. (\|mss RWzmss %sR LigS) xmspLS*yLRiVV zmss RLiy RVVNRP s[V @s N_Vs @FyRVLi.
xqsyRWRV @sWRVsVgS sRV%sVLiRRLi[ ryR NRPR NSV lLiLiRW DyLiVV @s[ sW ss[V @s
@LiR Li. xmsoLRiVxtsvs rysVLSQs, @Rs NRPVs A RW NSLSV [R VgRigjis rysVLSQs xms sLiR LiVVLiy.
@sgS FsLiR xqssVLiR V\y xms INRPRW @s xmssVW IZNP[ %sR LigS ryj LiR[R V.
INRPRV INRP xmss ryj LiRNRPVgRiV[ sVL]NRPRV sVL]NRP %sR\sVs xmss ryj LiRNRPVgRiVyRV. INRP xmss gS
ryj LiRNRPRV NRPy @s @s xmssVW @[ %sR LigS ryj LiRNRPVgRiVyRs[j [R V @s @LiR Li. @LiRV[R
NSLRirysVLSQds, @sgS INRP xmss ryj LiRysNTP NSszqss rysVLSQds, xmsoLRiVxtsvsNRPV Ds rysVLSQds
RXzts Q[ |msVN]s c
""@sWRVsNTP (@sWRVRVgS sRV%sVLiRR[[VysNTP) Ds gRiVxqsLixmsRsV %sT%sTgS @LiRy s[zqs,
[aPR NSsV, NRPLRisW NRPWR RXztsQ[ DLiRVN]s C xqsx[yRWRVLiRLjids NRPWR @sWRVVgS, A RW
xmssVV ryj Li[ NRPLRixqssogS, sRV%sVLiy. %dss sVLiRVVgS (Vj xqssoVgS sWRLi)
sWgjiLiRNRPWRRV.''
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ %ssRWj NSLjiNRP\sVs xmsRsWj NRPLRiLi[
@sW][R @sV @xts Qs WyRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
18
@R sssW%yRVM
xmss[V xmsNRPLRi[ sVsQxmsoL][z][R M
sVW. sxmsRM, @RM, xqs*sgRixM, NRPXRbPM, RORPVuys, FyM, yLRiLiVVxtsvM, RORPQM, ygki, xmsgRiM,
xmsxmss Ws, Dy=xxmss RVVNRPM, ZNP a[ PR xqsxM, aRPVM, \sVRM, RXR NTPM , bdPL][giR xqsRQ *xqsLiRVVNRPM,
xqss VyxmssLij RM, xqsLizmsRVM, \sLSsVNRPlLi[ s WRxqsLixms`. @RM FyyLiR gRiV{_ sVR sWsL_.
y. @sWRVRV (@sgS xmsyysWRVRVcsVLi) Rs [aSsNTP LijsyRV, sVLi sLiaRPLi[ xmso syRV,
G\ss F~LRiV [}qsxmsVRV xqsV LigS sVLRiRgjisyRV, bP[ s[LiR Lji, s\sVs s[R\sVs
@LiR aSxqsQLi[ xmsLiTRVRV, xqsxVj xqsLixmssVRV, xmsNRPaRPNTP [y xmsVR DsyRV, xqssVLiR VRV, yNSRVLRiLi

DsyRV, xmsgRiVR V (bold), xqssVRVxqsWQ Lij g iR yRV (possessed of ready wit), Dy=xsVW,
xms VaRPNTP DsyRV (xmss=commanding power), NRPuyV xqszLiRgRiyRV, aRPV @LiVVsyRV (up
right) }qsxbdPVRV, RXR \sVs NTP NRPyRV, sVLi bdPsVV (character), sVV, AL][giR sVV, \ LRisVV
(xqsRQ *sV=spirit) DsyRV, xqsLi sVV (sVVLiTRsLi stiffness), yxmssVV (ficklene) [syRV,
xqsLizmsRVVRV (@LiRLjids ANRPVN]s[yRV amiable), @ssxqsLRi\sVs RgSyV xqsXzts QLiRsyRW @LiVV DLiy.
B[ xmsyysWRVsNTP DLiRszqss gRiVxqsLixmsR. C gRiV[ yssLiRV [syRV sVR sVVRV, xqsgRiLi
[syRV @R sVVRV.
sVW. [uyLi sxmsRsVsgRixLi yxmsR M xmsLkiZOP[QR ; xqssWs%s[ M bPLi, aSxqsQRORPVxtsQyLi R; NRPLSLRis[Vxtsv
xmsLi yLRiLiVVxts vyLi yORPQ Li R; NRPyWlgi[xtsv ygjiR*Li, FygRiQLi, xmsssRQ *Li R;
AxmsRVy=xxms_ ZNP a[ PR xqsxR*Li R; xqsLissLS` afRLi, \sVRysV, RXR NTP R *Li R; xqsLiyzqs M
bdPL][giR xqsRQ *WgRisV, @xqss VsV, @yxmsLi R; xmsRQORPQR M xqsLizmsRVR*sV, @\sLjiR*Li R.
y. \|mss zmss gRiV[ xmsos [aSs (Nationality). @sgRids (RxmsVyLji sVLi xqsV LigS
sVLiRysNTP aRPNRPQ\sVsyRV @s[ %sxtsQR Ws (tractability) LiR VsLi sVLi VxqsVN]s xmsLkiOTPQLiy.
bPQ\sxmsods, aSxqsQxqsRVLi][ RWRgRiRs[ %sxtsQR Wds A %sR[ xms%dsV\syLji y*LS xmsLkiOTPQLiy.
xmssVV ryj Li[ %syys xms (NSLRiLRiLi M = handling of undertakings), @Rs xqsxVj s,
yLRiaRPNTP sd (yLRiLiVVxts vy =perseverence), s[LiR VsW xmsLkiOTPQLiy. xqsLixtsQ[ @Rs
yNSRVLSds, xmsgRiy*ds, xqssVRVxqsWQ Lij sd xmsLkiOTPQLiy. Dy=ds, xmsyds, ZNP a[ SsV xqszLi[
aRPNTP sd AxmsR=sVRW[ xmsLkiOTPQLiy.
xqsLissLRiLi (Dealings) s afyds, }qsxbdPds, RXR NTP sd xmsLkiOTPQLiy. ys][ xqsszRLigS
DLi[y y*LS bdPds, ds, AL][gSds, \ LSds, sVVLiT xmsV yxmssVW [NPR Fsyds xmsLkiOTPQLiy.
xqsLizmsRVy*ds, @\sLjiy*ds (NRPzLi[ xqs*sLi [NPR Fsyds) xqs*RVLigS xmsLjibdPLi VxqsVN][y.
19
sVW. xmsRQORPQxmsL][OSQs Vs[VRW z LSsXM. xqs*RVLi RXxts QLi xmsRQORPQLi, xmsL][xmsjxts QLi xmsL][OPR QLi; NRPLRixqsV
NRPX[yNRPXys[OPR QsVsVs[VRVsV. RgRixmsyRV NRPLRisVs[NPR y*` @s[NPR xqs y*R [aPR NSRW sW
Wj xmsL][OPR Qs VsW\QM NSLRi[V`. BRsWRNRPLRi.
y. LSssLRiLi xmsRQORPQLigSsV, xmsL][OPR QLigSsV, @sVs[VRVLigSsV NRPWy DLiVLij. xqs*RVLigS RWsj
xmsRQOPR QLi. BRLRiVV zmssj xmsL][OPR QLi. xmspLji @LiVVs xmsss xms xmspLji NSszqssjgS EzLiR[j
@sVs[VRVLi. [R Vszqss xmssVV Fs[ DLiLiVV.
y xmssVV INRPsWV RVVN]s sryLiVV. @%s NRPWy s[LiR V s[LiR V xms[aS[ DLiLiVV. @LixmsVRV
(@ds ys[ [R Ws LS @sVN]sNRPWRRV) [aPR sVV, NSsVV %sVLiFNRPVLiy DLiyLi[ xmsL][OPR Qs VV\s
xmssVds @sWRV[R s[ [LiVVLiy. Bj @sWRNRPLRi.
sVW. xmsoL][zRsVVj][j RNRPVbdPLi xtsQR [ s[[ \s[ s%sV[ RdsyLi R @%sdsRsV, AxmsyLi
\ssWsV{tsQsV @RLRi*LRiVFy\VaRP xmsNRPLSLiR Li NRPVLki*R. RsWyLRiLi bPxtsQMzmsRLRiLi xmso][ XRM
ry*%sVs%sVs ysVslLi[ R .

y. @RVsR\sVs NRPVLi[ xmsosyRV, DR s V\sVs bdPLi NRPyRV, ALRiV @LigSV gRi s[R Li[s V,
\sLis ([s yxmssLi s) NRPlgi[ N]s xqsWRs[s V, (xmspLRi* s[ [zqss NRPLRiVVNRP xmsLjiFyNRPs[V
\sLi, A \ys gRiWLji }ms [MaSxqsQLi[s V @s NRPWy "\s[' @s[ ysNTP @LiR Li), aRPNRPVy[s V,
RLiRds[s V gS bPOTPQR VRV, \sLis NRPlgi[ AxmsRNRPV, sVsVxtsvs NRPlgi[ AxmsRNRPV @RLRi*s[R Li[
zmss sVLiy xmsWgRiLi[y, BRL][FyRW[y xmsNTPRV [R VgRiyRV @LiVVsyss xmsoL][zRV gS
GLRiLRiRVN][y.
bPxtsvQ\s LS AyLRiVQ\s A xmsoL][zRV (@s NSLS[s V @gRirysLi[ DLiR[yRV @s
""xmsoL][zR'' aRPLiR Li. xmsoLRiM k RV[ B xmsoL][zRM) xmsoRVRV RLiTs s, XRVRV ry*%sVs
(RVsWss)s xqsLRi*y @sVxqsLjiLi DLiy.
a]![ ! x[\sj RLi ORPQ RLi sVsQsVyQsVsQRsV
RVRRsVRsL i aSryQsVgRisVaRPzqsQRsV.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ %ssRWj NSLjiZNP[ xmsRsWj NRPLRi[ sssW%yRVM sVsQ xmsoL][z][R M
y. ssVNRP zmss gRiVds Ds xmsoL][zRVs [R sXj F~LijLixmsT, sVLiVVNRP sVLiRsLi @s[
sVLiRLi[R xms%sdNRPXR\sV, RLiRdsaSryQs @sVxqsLjiLiRRLi @s[ aRPryQs xmss ORPQ RVNRPVLi y
@sXj [ DLiVLij. kss FssLRiW LiVVLiRLRiV.
""sLijs @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ %ssRWj NSLjiNRP\sVs xmsRsWj NRPLRiLi[
""sVLixmsoL][z][R '' @s[ ]%sVRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
20
@R RaRPsW%yRVM
xtsQ}tsQ xmsNRPLRi[ DxmsyM afyafRssVsWyysV
sVW. sVsQxmsoL][zRxqsM rysWs[xtsQ*j NRPLRi[xtsv ryxmsLiVVy*sWys DxmsyM afR[V`.
y. sVLi][s V, xmsoL][zRVs][s V NRPWTsy\ (@sgS sVLi xmsoL][zRV xqs xmsNSLRiLi) LS
@sWRVsV N]s rysWssVV\s (@LiRgS xmsysLi NSs) @j NRPLRi[ (Offices) (@j NSLS[)
sRV%sVLi DxmsR [R y aRPVy*s xmsLkiOTPQLiy.
%s. "DxmsR ' @sgS LRixxqsQ\sVs xmsLkiORPQ (secret test); Gs[[ xms[ yV RWzms xmsLkiOTPQLiRRLi.
sVW. xmsoL][zRsVRWRWyyxmss[ sRVVNRP s V @sVXxtsQsWLi LS @sOTPQ}ms`. xqs xqsM
aRPxmsRxmspLRi*NRPs[V\ZNPNRPsVsWRsVVxms xms[V`c@yLjiN][%RVLi LS, ryR VyLjiNRPsVssVxqs RRVds
sVsLRiVR Li NRPVs[VNRPxmsgRixLi rysVss W%sNRPsV KxmsFyjNRPLi y xmsFyRRWsVM xqslLi[*uys[VR][R [, NRPRLi y
Rs[. xmsys[ aRPVLji R L][xmsy.
y. RWgRiLi [LiVVLiRNRPWRsys[R RWgRiLi [LiVVLiRsVds, s[yR RVsLi [R VNRPWRsysNTP s[R Li xmssVds
xmsoL][zRV sRV%sVLi, @RRV ysNTP @LigkiNRPLjiLiRNRPFgS LS @Rss xmsR%dsRVRV RW, [y
@ssWsLiy. @xmsVy xmsoL][zRVRV N]LiRLRiV xqsRVsV (gRiWR xmsoLRiVxtsvsV) xmsLizms y y*LS
aRPxmsRxmspLRi*NRPLigS IN]NRP @sWRV [ j Liy, xmsoLjig], @sgS ysNTP LS %sxtsQR VLi[ [*xtsQLi
NRPlgi[V RW.

B Fyc ""C LS @yLjiNRPVRV, xqslLi[; BRs rysLi[ sVL]NRPLjiscBRs sLiaSsZNP[ Lijs yss NSs,
LS[R sgRizLiRT NRPT[ DLiRTs LS NRPVsWLRiVgSs, sVLi sLiaSsNTP Lijs sVL]NRPLjis gSs, C
LSsNTP xmsys\sVs AyLRiLigS Dsyss gSs, rysVLiRV gSs @sgS F~LRiVgRiV LSLi[ DsLSsV
gSs, @R%sNTP LSgS DsyssgSs, [y sVsLi @LiRLRiLi A[Li @LigkiNRPLjiLis sVL]NRPLjis gSs
ryzmsyLi.%sVgjis y LiRLRiW Bxts QxmsyLRiV; ds sW[%sV?''. ysNTP @RRV @LigkiNRPLjiLiRNRPF[ aRPV @sV, Bj
R L][xmsR .
%s. C %sR LigS LS xmsoL][zRVRW NRPzqs yNRP sWy @s @LiR Li. xqsd = sWLRiVs[uy][ Ljilgi[ gRiWR yLji.
gRiWR xmsoLRiVxts Qxmsj xmsNRPLRiLi[ xmsRVRVLij. GNRPxmsgRixM=C LSsNTP G\ZNPNRPxqsLi LigS DsyRV @s
N]LiRLRiV, @LiRLji[R xqssVLigS g_LRi%sLiR[yRV @s N]LiRLRiW @LiR Li FyLRiV. KxmsFyjNRPM=xmsLRi*Rxqs%dsVxmsLi[
Ds LS @s NRPWy INRP yR. Bj R LRiLi }msLji [}qs DxmsR NS "R L][xmsR '.
21
@R RaRPsW%yRVM
sVW. }qsyxmsLRixqsRQgRi}sOTPQxmsM xqslLi[\ZNPNRP sVsWRsVVxms xms[V` [ ds[Vs @lLi [ s LS%syaSRVc
xqslLi[*uys[VR` L][R [; NRPRLi y Rs[ xmsys[ aRPVM, BRL]x[msy.
y. R y s [LiR dRVRLi[R @ssWsLiRTs [y D][gRiLisVLi ]gjiLiRTs }qsyxms, xqsRV
y*LS IN]NRP @sWRV, AbPLiRRgjis R sLi RWzmsLi, LSsV sbPLixms[R VRLi N][xqsLi xmsoLjig].
""@LiRLRiW BLiRVNRPV Bxts QxmsRVRVyLRiV; sVso* GsVLiso?'' @s @TgjiLiy. ksNTP @RRV Bxts QxmsRNRPF[ aRPV
@s @LiR Li. Bj @L]x[msR .
sVW. xmsLjiyNS %saS*ry @sM xmsolLi[ NRPXRxqsyLS sVsWRs[V \ZNPNRPsV Dxms}ms` ""LSsVz{tsQ y*Li
NSsVRV[, NRPXRxqssWgRisWFyRW. sVs @LiR aRP %sxtsQ'' B. xmsys[ aRPVM, B NSsWxmsy.
y. @LiRMxmsoLRiLi[ g_LRisLi F~LiRVRWs sLjiyNRP (xqsLiyzqss) @sWRV %saS*xqsLi F~Lij, IN]NRP
@sWRVs RgiR LjiNTP s B DxmsxmsLi RW (sVsxqsV= sWLS) c ""LS LRiNRPV ds%dsVR y }mssV
DLij. xqssWgRisWsNTP Rgjis DFyRWV NRPWy [LiVVLiLij. BLiNS sVLi xmsWsLi, R sLi sVVR\ sj NRPWy
xqsVLij'' @s Fy. @LiRVNRPV @RRV sLSNRPLji}qs "aRPV' @s @LiR Li. Bj NSsWxmsR .
sVW. xmsxss%sVR s[VN][%sWRM xqsLS*ssWyyyx[V`. [[[*lgi[s LS yssLRiVy`.
NSxmsNRPaSRM xmspLS*sLRiVR M [uysVLRisWysOTPQxms s[V\ZNPNRPsVsWRsV Dxms}ms`c ""@xqsRQsX][% RVLi LS,
ryR V; GsLi xy* @sLi xmsFyRLiVVuysVM. xqslLi[*uys[VR` L][R [, NRPRLi y Rs[, xmsys[ aRPVLji
Wxmsy.
y. INRP @sWRVRV xmsxsLi s%sVRL i (|msR %sLiRVN][xqsLi) %sVgjis @sWRVsV @LiRLjids A*sLiy.
@LiRVNRPV xqszLiRNRP LS y sLiRLjids R sLi gjiN]s Lij Liy. @LiRNRPV sVVLi[ NSLSgSLRiLi[ R V\ Ds
NSxmsNRPyRVRV, A @sWRV[ R ssWyV gjiN]s @ssWsLiRTs IN]NRP @sWRVs RgiR LjiNUP s
Dxms xmsLi RW (LRiVgRiVV [}qsV RW)c ""C LS xmssLRi s G%dsV gS
[R V, xqslLi[; BRss RLizmss[zqs sVL]NRPss dzqsN]s syLi; @LiRLjiNUP Bj Bxts Qs[V. ds sW G%sV'' @s @RgS.
@LiRVNRPV @LigkiNRPLjiLiRNRPF[ @RRV aRPV @s @LiR Li. Bj WxmsR .

%s. yRM NSxmsNRP=DFyyRVVRVgS[, %syLij gS[ xqsLiRLjiLi[ gRiWR yLji.


sVW. RR R L][xmsyaRPVR s R LRi{qs RVNRPNRPa][R s[xtsv ryxms[V`; @L]x[msyaRPVys
xqssWxLRiQ XcxqsLisyRXcsRRVNRPLRixqsV; NSsWxmsyaRPVys sL iR %sLRiLRiOSQxqsV;
WxmsyaRPVyyxqssNSlLi[xtsv LSM. xqsL][*xmsy aRPVys sVsM NRPVLS`. xqsLRi*yaRPVds
sRsxzqss sNRPLSs[xtsw xmsW[V`.
y. C RRVLji*]x[msyaRPVR V[ R L][xmsyaRPVR VsV R LRisLRiRV ryy[s V (Judiciary), xqsLixmsn V
][xsV @s[R VysNUP sRV%sVLiy. @L]x[msyaRPVR VsV xqssWxLRi sVgSsV (administrator),
xqsLisyR (Director of stores) DLi[ N][uygSLS[s V (rLRiV=[s V) sRV%sVLiy. NSsWxmsyaRPVRVsV
@LiRMxmsoLRiLi[s V, \ DLi[ %sLRiryy LRiORPQNPR VsVgS sRV%sVLiy.
WxmsyaRPVR VsV LSNRPV RgiR LRi DLiT [}qs (ARaRPLkiLRiLRiORPQj) NSLS[ sRV%sVLiy. @s
DxmsR [s V aRPVR V\s yLjis sVLiRVsVgS sRV%sVLiy. @s DxmsR [s V @aRPVRVV @s [sy s
gRisV[s V, @LRiLi[ DLi[ sxqsVs osV }qsNRPLjiLiRRLi[s V, gRisy[s V, NRPLSgSLS[s V sRV%sVLiy.
%s. sRRVNRPLRi = sxqsVs osV FgRiV[R VRLi (storing)
a].[ sLiR RVxqsLiaRPVyssWys }qs*xtsv NRPLRixqsV,
@j NRPVLS` RVyafR%sVyyLS sszqs yM.
y. R LRic@LiR cNSsVc RV DxmsR [ aRPVR V\s @sWRVsV y aRPVy*s xms A RW NRPLRi[
sRV%sVLiy @s FydsV\s AyLRiVV sLiR LiVVLiyLRiV. @LiVV[ C DFyj xmsWgRiLi RsNRPV @sVRLi
NSRs xmsoRVyRV.
a].[ s [*s NRPVLSyysLi [%sd Li y ORPQ%sd VaRP*LRiM,
afR}][LiR sWyys[VR` N_RLRi+ssV.
y. LS @sWRV afys xmsLkiOTPQLiRRLi N][xqsLi RssV, [%sds ORPQ LigS [R VNRPWRRV. ""LS R yRV;
LS ds %dsVR }mssV][ DLij'' Byj %sR LigS Rs }msLRiV, LS }msLRiV C xmsLkiORPQ[sNTP dzqsN]s LSNRPWRRV @s
@LiR Li. Bj N_Vs sVRLi.
a].[ s RWxtsQsVRVxts Qxqs %s}tsQ[ysVxqsaRPlLi[` ,
NRPyj xmsRVxts Qxqs yj gRis[VR x[tsQsV.
y. ds[ %sxtsQLi NRPzms FyRV [zqssV sVLiys sVsxqsV= C %sR LigS FyRV [R VNRPWRRV. (xqsxLigS
sVLiy\y NRPWy C xms[ y][ R yRV @LiVVFsRVsV @s sLi). INRP sWV TFRWy ysNTP
BLiNRP gRiVxmsRysNTP sVLiRV ]LRiNRPNRPFsRVsV.
a].[ NRPXy R NRPVuy Vj LRiVxmsyaRPRVLji*y,
ygRiy*xqsLi sslLi[ R zqs y xqsRQ *syLi R Xf.
y. zqs LRisaRPRVLi gRi k LRiV\s yLji Vj yVgRiV %syVgS DxmsR [R NRPVxtsQLi [R VTsLiVV[ @[][
sLRi RW[s LRiNRPV, LS @LiRLi [}qssLRiNRPV, ssVNRPNRPV LRigRiRV.

sVW. Rry` xsVj uysLi NRPXy*ylLi[ RRVLji* ,[


afyafRsVsWyyLi LS sWlLi [ R xqsM.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ %ssRWj NSLjiZNP[ xmsRsWj NRPLRi[ RaRPsW %yRVM
DxmsyM afyafRssVsWyysV.
y. @LiRVss LS C yVgRiV%sy\s DxmsR [ (RsNRPV NSs LSNTP gSs G%dsV xmss[VRVLi [NPR VLiy)
\yss [s\sy (sNRPVsVgSs, sxqsVs osVgSs) ORPQ Li [zqs, xqsRV y*LS @sWRV afyafysV
@s[*ztsQLiy (xmsLkiOTPQLiy).
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ %ssRWj NSLjiNRP\sVs xmsRsWj NRPLRiLi[ DxmsR [R
@sWRV afyafRsLi @s[ RaRPsWyRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
22
@R GNSRa][%yRVM
xqsxmss[V xmsNRPLRi[ gRiWR xmsoLRiVuRM
sVW. DxmsyM aRPVysWRsL][ gRiWR xmsoLRiVuysVyR[V`, NSxmsN][yzqs R gRiXxxmsNRP\s[xNRPyxmsxqssys
xqsdO`PQLRixqsRORPVNUPaRP.
y. DxmsR [R @sWRV sLiRLjids xmsLkiOTPQLis LS NSxmsNRPVsV, Dyzqs RVsV, gRiXxxmsNRPVsV,
\s[xNRPVsV, yxmsxqssLisVsV, xqsRVsV, dN`Pxts vsV, LRixqsRVsV, ORPVNUPsV gRiWR yLRiVsVgS
sRV%sVLiy. (sLisaRPLi gRiXxxmsNRP c \s[xNRPVNRPV NRPWy @s*LiVVxqsVLij. gRiXxxmssLisVV,
\s[xNRPsLisVV @s @LiR Li. \|msNTP @ NRPs[ y @s @LiR Li.
sVW. xmsLRisVLRiM xmsgRiM yRM NSxmsNRPM. RsVLiR sWysVVy=x sVdsQ WRW` c ""LSsLi sWLi R
xmssWLi NRPXy*RVxqs RVRNRPVaRPLi xmsaRPzqs R` Rydss[Vs xmsyjaRP B.
y. BRLRiV LRixrysV zqsN]sgRigjis, FR V\s %syLji ""NSxmsNRPVRV''. sVLi @Rss R sLi[R ,
xqsyLRiLi[R FR=zLi c ""LSsV ssV xmssWLigS [zqsN]s (on the authority of the King and
myself) Fsss[\sy G\y RVsV dsso RW}qs sLis[ sWNRPV Fy'' @s @Rs][ Fy.
sVW. xmssxmsRszqsRM, xmsafRRVVNRPM Dyzqs RM. xqs yLSNPR LRi xmsjuyRWLi Ws
xms WRzLRis[ y{qs NRPLRi NSLRi[V`. NRPLRixmsn R sLRi*ssyyLi gSryyR yxqsys s%sRy`.
sXNSsWLia][xms}ms`c ""G[s s[}tsQ LSLiR aRPLjiRsM, NRP s[R sNS[ R DxmsryRxmssV'' B.
xqsLRi*xmssyaRP xqs*Li xqs*Li sLiR sVVxms}msRVVM.
23
y. N]LiRNSLi xmsLjiyNRPVRVgS [aPR jsVLjigS xqsLiRLjiLi[ xqsLiyzqsgS, (\sjNRPcR c\scNSFyNSRV[
Fss\lLiy NSsRVsV) DLiT, yssVLi (A xqsLiyxqsLi sVLi) ssVNRPNRPV ssyRV, Vj sVV, afRsVW
DsyRV ""Dyzqs RVRV''. @RRV @j NRP\ sVs LigSLRiLi (R sLi) bPxtsQsLiR sVW DLiT yLSNPR LRiNRPV (ssryRVLi,
sLRiN PR Li sVVR\syNTP) slLi b[ PLiRTs xms[aPR Li[ xmss[LiVVLiy.

@, xmss [LiVVLiRgS ss xmsn Li][ ( Li][) @LiRLRiV xmsLjiyNRPVNRPV (y G xqsLixmsyRWsNTP Lijy)


ALRiLi, sxqsQLi, syxqsLi GLSV RW. y [ zqs LRi\sVs sX NSys @sVN]s[ y Fssl\ Liy DLi[
y NTP DxmsxmsLi RW.
@sgS ""%dsVLRiV C s[xtsQLi][s[ LRiVgRiVRW LSNRPV NSszqss xmss (LRixxqsxqssWyLRiLi }qsNRPLjiLiRRLi @s[ xmss)
[xqsW DLiy. [ sLi s[ NUP, RLi dzqsN]s[ s[ NUP BNRPTNTP sxqsW DLiRLiT'' @s LRixxqsLigS Fy. A
xmsLjiyNRPVLiRLRiW NRPWy RsV RsV sLSsNTP (RsV xqsLixmsyRWsNTP Lij RsV][ Dsy NTP) Blgi[
LRixxqsLigS [j Liy.
sVW NRPL<iR N][ sXQOUPQM xmsafRRVVNRPM gRiXxxmsNRPssNRPM. xqsM NRPXztsQNPR LRixmsjuyRWLi WsW%s xqssWsLi
xmsplLi[*.
y. Rs sX[ (ssryRVLi[) sxts QFLiVVs, xmsafyVss ssryRVyLRiVRV
""gRiXxxmsNRPsLisNRPVRV''. @RRV ssryRVLi [RVRLi N][xqsLi Bs*Ts W%sV[ ...... %sVgjis RLiy ssNRP
zmsys][ xqssWsLi. @sgS @RRV R sLi][s V xmsLjiyLRiLi][s V @NRPR ssryRVLi [zqs, ss Li][
Rs][ xqssWsV\s yLiRLjiNUP [ scsxqsQcsyryV GLRiLRiVxqsW, ""%dsVLRiV C xmsR [s[ DLiT LSNSLSV
[xqsW [ scs[R s xqssVRWNTP BNRPTNTP sxqsW DLiRLiT'' @s LRixxqsLigS y NRPV Fy.
sVW. yN][ sXQOUPQM xmsafRRVVNRPM \s[xNRPssM. xqs sNRPLRixmsjuyRWLi WsW%s xqssWsLi
xmsplLi[*.
y. N]LiRNSLi yFyLRiLi [zqs ys[ sxts QFLiVVs, xms, afRsVV Ds sLRiN PR VRV ""\s[xNRPsLisVRV''.
@RRV sLRiN PR Li [R VRLi N][xqsLi RsNRPV slLi b[ PLis xms[aPR Li[ .... %sVgjis RLiy \|mss zmss .[ @sgS sLRiNPR Li
[zqs, ss Li][ RssLiy NTP, NRPWy Dsy NTP [ scsxqsQcsyryV NRPLi, LS xmssVV
[R VszqsLijgS y sV LRixxqsLigS FR=zLiy.
sVW. sVV[ [ y sXNSsVM yxmsxqsssM. xqs sgRiLSZaP[ xms WRsVVs[ y{qs aSNRPLi
RVsxqssVVzts QLi y sWxqsj*sWrysL iR Li xmsNSaRPsVbdPRW`; gRiWR %sVxts Qs WLRisV. \s[xNSs[ yzqss\ZaPQQsLi
xqs%sVR W \lgigRiLRi[VRVVM, bPuyaSrys[R [VRVVM c ""@r zqsR M rys[Vj NRPM'' B.
s[VyaSzqs aSgRiyysV%sRRW bPxtsQxqsLiaRP NRPLS @s[ @szqsys AjZaP[` , @ sV,
@gjiyxsV, ][LiR RVsV, RWxtsQsR sV, RVzts QyssV, %s[aPR xmssX ssV, BRsVR a][* y %sxtsQ BRLi
y LS NRPLjixtsQd.
24
y. zqs LRi\sVs sX NSys[ N][Lij NRP gRi [T R xqsLiyzqs [y V R LjiLis xqsLiyzqs
""yxmsxqssLisVRV'' (LS @Liyss [LiR kRWs @LiR Li).
@RRV G][ INRP sgRiLRiLi RgRiLRi [T R bPxtsv][s V, V R LjiLis ysVLij][ sszqsxqsW sWrysN][ lLiLiRV
sWryN][ INRP sWV sVgRiVLRiW RWxqsVLiRgS G\sy NRPWLRigSRVV gSs, INRP zmsTZNPRV xmsRgRiT gSs
LiWLiy (@sgS BRRV sWsVWV ALRiLi sRV, sWrysNTP [y lLiLiRV sWryNTP INRPryLji BLi
ALRiLi sWRs[V LiRV @s[ xmsyLRiLi N][xqsLi @ RW) LRixxqsLigS Rs ZNP[j Bxts QLi @LiVV[ @j
LiW DLiRsRV.

\ s[zNRPVs bPxtsvV s BRss @Rj NRP\sVs LRixxqsaRPNRPV][, BRs sR g]xms aRPNRPVVyLiVV @s [y


CRVs aRPNTP s s[VsVV C C V F~LiysVV @s xmsyLRiLi [xqsW xmspLiy. ""BRRV %sxtsQRV[ g]xms
xqsLixmsRsV Bs*gRigjis zqsR xmsoLRiVxtsvRV'' @s @Rs bPxtsvV xmsyLRiLi RW.
RsVNRPV NRPgRi[[V @sXj s VxqsVN][ys s[y NRPV @LigRi%sR[R (s xmsbPLi[ y @sRVy
NRPRNRP, sVVyR V sVVR\s ys xms y xqs*yRVsV gRiVLjiL i[ %sR @LigRi%sR) bPxtsv xqsLi[y
(@LiRNRPV xmspLRi*s[V y s gRiWLji N]LiR VxqsVN]s Ds bPxtsvV LRixxqsLigS [zqs RW}ms
s[Ryyj[xts Q[R ) xmspLRi*Li y sLiaRPLi[ (NRPVVLiLi[) Ljigjis N]s %sxtsQR WV Fy.
G][ N]LiLi R s Li NRPVgRiVRVLiRds, @gjiyxLi (@gjiQxmssWRLi), ][LiR RVLi DLi[ @sNSaSVyRVds
Fy. LS][xNRPV sVLRibPORPQ xmsRVRVLiRds, LSNRPV @sVNRPWLigS Dsy^ [ G][ |msR xsV
(LSsVLiT) LS[R VLiRds Fy. %s[aS[ LRiVgRiVRWs xmssVV RsNRPV VxqsVss Fy.
N]s %sxtsQR WV C L][[, lLi[F LRigRi[yRVds, LS B [R VsVyRds Fy. (@sgS Rs RgiR LjiNTP
s[y xqs*LRiWxms xqs*yRVsV xms BLi %sxtsQR Wds NRPLi N]LiRLjiNTP N]s %sxtsQR WV, N]LiRLjiNTP
N]s %sxtsQR WV Fy @s @LiR Li.
sVW. RRxqs gRiWyM xqsM xqsLiyR[VRVVM; xqsRQ *xmsyNRPaRPNTP xqsLixmsyyLi LSs sVsVyxlLi[
ssQxqsLiWgRiLi R. sVdsQ \uyLi sXNPR LRiLi %sRV[R . [V R NSLRiRNRPVyrys LiR sWyLi
aRPsV[V`. @NSLRiNRPVys RW{ts QLi R [ s LSj*xts QNSLjiaRP.
y. C yxmsxqsVRV zmss @gjiyRVsV gRiWR yLRiVV, xqsRVV sLi @[VV RW (@sgS
@gjiyxLi, _LRiLi sVVR\s%s y B [ LjizmsLiy). ssy [ Fss\lLiy xqsRQ *sVW (\ LRisVW), xms,
yNSRVLRiLi, aRPNUP Dsy DLi[ y ][ ""%dsVNRPV LSsVgRixLi NRPVgRiVRVLij. sVLiRV][ xqsLiLiR Li
GLRiRVRVLij'' @s [xqsLi Fy. sVLi @Liy NRPV sX, xmsds (employment) NRPLiy.
gRiWR yLRiV y*LS zqssyss xms, G][ Rgjis NSLRiLi [R LS %sxtsQR VLi[ N][xmsLi Dsy s, (sVLi)
R sLi[R , xqsyLRiLi[R aSLiLixms[R W. G NSLRisVW [NPR VLiy LSsV [*ztsQLi[y RW{ts QLiRLiRLi
(gRiVVRxmsVRV NSNRPVLiy RLiTLiRRLi (silent punishment) [R RLizmss[R W. LSNRPV %sLRiVR LigS xmssLjiL i[
BRLRiVsV NRPWy Blgi[ RLiTLiy.
25
a].[ xmspyaSLRisWyLi LS LS[xms%sysV,
dsRVVM afR%sV[yM xms xqsLiryM xmsNUPLji yM.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ %ssRWj NSLjiZNP[ xmsRsWj NRPLRi[ GNSRa][%yRVM gRiWR xmsoLRiVuRf xqsLirRM.
y. C gRiWR yLRiVV LS[R R sxqsyLRi[R ARLjiLiRRVRW (LS XRM= State servant) afys
VxqsVN]LiW DLiy. C %sR LigS NSxmsNRPVRV sVVR\s HRV xqsLixqs V (establishments) xmsyLiVV.
""sLijs'' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ %ssRWj NSLjiNRP\sVs sVVR @j NRPLRiLi[
gRiWR xmsoLRiVuR[ xqsLirR @s[ xmsRN]LiRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.

@R y*Ra][%yRVM
@xts Qs[V xmsNRPLRi[ gRiWR xmsoLRiVxtsQxmsj M
sVW. [V yxqs xqssVs sM @saRP LRi yM [ ORPQsV, @%sysV, sVNPR %sysV, sWRWgRiRsV,
AaRPsVR LRisV, s%sVR s V, @xqsLiR RNRPsV BRk RWyM xqsM xqsLixqsLiR %sy y.
y. Fss\lLi[ LS][ xqsLiLiR Li NRPgji DLiL][ @sgS LSNRPV y RgRiLRigS DLiL][, A NSLRiLi[R s[ RxmsNRP
FztsQLiRRgjisyL][ y xqsRVV. C xqsRVV ORPQs (rysVVjNRPaSxqsQLi sVV.) @LigRi%sRsV (aRPLkiLRiLi
xqsQXbPLisLiR sWRLi [R s[ aRPVaRPVj%sxtsQR VLi gRizLi[ %sR), Li NRP%sRsV (sbdPNRPLRi %sR,
@LiRLSs%sR) sWRWgRiys (BLiRLi), RRVLSaRPsVR LSsW, aRPNRPVsaSryQs, @LiRLRiRNSs (@sgS
jN`PRNRPLi[ NRPlgi[ N]s FyNRPXNRPxmsn VssV xms [y xmsORPVV sVVR\sy R *sVsV xms LS[[V sVLi
RVgRiVV xmsgRilgi[ %sR), xqsLixqsLiR %sRsV (NSsVaSryQRVsV [y BRLRiV][ NRPzqs sVzqs DLi[ s[LiR V
(the art of association with men) @ zqsxqsW DLiLRiV.
%s. NSxmsNSRVV HRVgRiVLRiV INRP ][ zqs LRiLigS DLiT LSNRPV LRixxqs xqssWyLSV @LiR[xqsW DLiLRiV.
xqsRVV sVVR\sy [aPR xqsLiyLRiLi [xqsW LRixryV }qsNRPLjiryLRiV. gRiWR xmsoLRiVxtsQ xmsj @sgS
gRiWR xmsoLRiVxtsvsV ARW xmssV%dsVR sWgjiLi xmsLixmsRLi @s @LiR Li.
sVW. 1. [V sxms[ aRPWLSM RQQNSysM xzqss Li yLi y Rs}][M xmsWR [VRVVM [ dN`PuyM.
2. [V s Vxtsv Fss\lLi[ aRPWLRiV[ RsV FyNTP NRPWR NRP[R VNRPVLiy, R sLi N][xqsLi, GsVgRiV][s V, [y
yxmsn WjNRPWLRisVXgRiLi][s V RVVR Li [ryL][ yLRiV dN`Pxts vV.
3. LiR Vso%dsVR NRPWy }mssV[sy , NRPWLRiVV, rsVLRiVV @LiVVsy LRixqsRVV (%sxtsQLi |ms [ y ).
26
sVW. xmsLjiyNS sXNSsW RLjiy, %sR y, xmsgRi, xsM xmsolLi[ NRPXRxqsyLS,
sVsWRNRPVsgRi[ ` . GRRW sVVsXxtsQ[ yyM. B xqsLiyLSM.
y. sXs (g[ SsV) N][lLi[k , RLjiRVLSV, LRi sVLRiLisk, xmsgRiVLSW (sWNSLji), @LiRMxmsoLRiLi[
xqsyLSV @LiRVN]s[k , sVsWRV (Dsyj NSLRiV) B NRPV sRVRW DLi[j @LiVVs x {qsQ
""xmsLjiyNRP'' CsV[R sVVLiy, sXxtsQd NRPWy ysLixmsTs.[
@sgS sVVLiR @sgS [T R R ORPVNTP, aRPWR{qsQ NRPWy \|mss zmss x xmsLjiyNRP ss[ xmssLjiryLiR V
@s @LiR Li. %ds (xqs) sVVR\sy xqsLiyLRiVV. [aPR Li[ xqsLiRLjiLi[ gRiWR yLRiVV.
sVW. ys LS xqs*%sxtsQ[V sVsQxmsoL][zR}qsyxmsRVVsLS _yLjiNSsL iR *LibPNRP
xmsaSxqsQXxqssWxLRiQ XxqsLisyRXxms[xts Q X FLRiysLjiNRP NRPLSsNPR sVsQxmsLjixtsQR R QOPR Q RRVLSsF y%sZNP[xtsv
aRP [ R V[aPR #s[xtsQbP uyyxms[aSs NTP R M rysVLSQyxmsxqsLRi[V`.
y. LS A xqsLiyLRiV LS NTP s, y NRPVs rysVLSQds RXzts Q[ |msVN]s, sWLRiVs[uy[ Ds y
[aPR sVW, s[xtsQs VW, bPsVW, uy, LiR VssVW %dss @LiRLRiW ssVRgjisVgS DLi[V gRiLRi s zLiR
sVs zms, Rs [aPR Li[ sVLi, xmsoL][zRVRV, }qsyxms, RVVsLS, xmsysy*LRiFyNRPVRV, @LiRLRi*LibPNRPVRV

(xmsyyLiRMxmsoLRiFyNRPVRV chief of the palace guards), xmsaSxqs (s[aPR NRPVRV director), xqssWxLRi
(NSLRisLS*xNRPVRV administrator), xqsLisyR (LiygSLRi s[aPR NRPVRV director of stores), xms[xts Q
(NRPLiNRPa][R NRPVRV @sgS @xmsLSR VsV RLiTLi[yRV magistrate), yRVNRPVRV (commandent),
FLRiysLjiNRPVRV (xmsoLRiLi[s ssLSV RW[yRV city judge), NSLSLiNRPVRV (NRPLSRVs[aPR NRPVRV
director of factories), sVLi xmsLjixtsQ` (council of ministers), @R QORPVRV (superintendent), RLiRFyVRV
(chief of the army staff), RVLiR FyVRV (commandent of the fort), @LiRFyVRV (LSLi xqsLjixR V[
LRiOTPQLi[yRV (commandent of the frontier fort), A%sNRPVRV (A%sNRPV xmsLjiFyNRPVRV forest chieftain)
%ds sV C xqsLiyLRiVV gRiWR yLjiRLRiNRPV gRiVLji [}qsV RW.
sVW. [uyLi xLi yLRiLi R R XLRissFyRVNSxqss RWssx[xmsgSzM dN`Puy %sRVM. RLi xqsM
xqsLiryxqs*LRi[VRVVM.
y. dN`Pxts vV @j NSLRiV RgiR LRi R ][xmsgSxV (g]RVgRiV xms [ y ) gSsV. XLigSL][xmsgSxV (FysFyRV
dzqsN]s s[y )gSsV, s[xmsgSxV (%sLisVLRi %ds[y ) gSsV, FyRVN][xmsgSxV gSsV, RWs
(xmsNUP sVVR\sy) DxmsgSxV gSsV, yx[xmsgSxV gSsV (@aS*RVxmsgSxVgSsV) DLiT
}qs%sxqsW y \ xqssWyLRiLi (out of door activities) @Liy VxqsVN][y. A xqssWyLSs xqsRVV
xqsLixqs NRPV @LiR[R W.
sVW. xqsWRcALSNRPcryxmsNRPcxqsLiyxNRPcAxqsLiR NRPcNRPNRPcxmsryR NRPc DRNRPxmsLjiyLRiNS LRixqsyM, NRPVc
ysVscNTPLSRcsVWNRPcj LRicRc@s RysM ssLRiN PR gSRVsyRNRP ygik ssNRPVbdPyMzqsQRVaRP A sL iR Li
yLRiLi %sRVM. RLi ORPVNRPM xqsLiryxqs*LRi[VRVVM.
y. sLiy gSsV, OSQQV RRWLRiV[}qsy gSsV, rysLi [LiVVLi[y gSsV, I xms [ y gSsV,
xmsNRPV (aRPRVyV) @sVlLi[y gSsV, sVLigRi gSsV, @LiNRPLjiLi[y gSsV, ds @LijLi[ygSsV,
NTPLSRVV (s [xLi NRPy gSsV, sVWgRiy gSsV, %sy gSsV, [NPR ssLRiLi RVs
@sWRVNRPVVgSsV, gRiVT y gSsV @sLiVVLi[y , sVV (LRiryV @sLiVVLi[y ) sLRiN PR VV (NS
[R VW ATLi sXRL i [}qsy ), gSRVNRPVV, yRNRPVV (yyV yLiVVLi[y ), ygkisoV (FyRNRPRV
zms xmsoxqsNSV RRVsoRW %sLi[y ), NRPVbdPsoV (%dsjFygS ), {qsQV (sWxqsLi [}qs {qsQV,
sxmsoLixqsNRPVW NRPWR) C @j NSLRiV [xms (LRixxqs) xqssWyLSV VxqsVN][y. A xqssWyLRiLi ORPVNUPV
xqsLixqs NTP @LiRRW.
sVW. xqsLiryysVs[ yzqssM xqsLizmsM yLRixqsLiyLRiLi NRPVLRiVM s y[sLi xqsLiry}qs y %sRVM.
y. xqsLixqs [s @Li[yxqsVV (xmss[}qsy ) xqsLixmso[R (ysVV RsV xqsLiZNP[R Li[R GLRiLRiRVN]s
xmso[R ) LRixxqssXyLiRLi xmsLiFy. y [ INRPLRiV xmsLizmssj sVL]NRPLjiNTP gSs, INRP xqsLixqs xmsLizmssj sVL]NRP
xqsLixqs NTP gSs RVNRPWRRV.
27
%s. @Li[yxqsVV=INRP NSLSRVLi[ xmss[}qsy , assistants. yLRiM = gRiWR yLjiRLRi [R }qsNRPLjiLis
LRixxqs sXyLiRLi; spied out information. yLRixqsLiyLRiM= LRixxqs sXyLiRLi \|msNTP xmsLixmsRLi. Transmission
of spied out information.

sVW. ORPVNUPxms}tsQ [ y*xqs =xmsLRisVLS sWyzmsRXsyM bPNSLjiNSM NRPVbdPyM yr y


gkiRFyhRiyRgRiWR [ xqsLiLS* yLRiLi sL>RilLi[R VVM. kLRiL][g][yygjiLRixqs%sxqslLi [ y gRiWR sLiR ssV.
y. A @j NSLRiV BLiR [sNTP ORPVNUPV xmss[bPLiRRLi sztsQR \sVs xmsORPQLi[ y*LRi FyNRPV xmsLRiLixmsLRi gSs, [xms
xmss[}qsy RVV RLiRVV @s[ sLiNRP|msVN]s ssy gSs, bPNSLjiNRPVgS ss {qsQV gSs,
NRPVbdPsoVgS %dsj Fy {qsQVgS ssy gSs, y{qsV gSs, }qsNRPLjiLis LRixxqs sXyLiys LRixryLiR Li
gRi Fy[ NRPWLji gSs, Rjs[ a]N[ SRV[ NRPWLjigSs, yy[s V [y xqsLRiVNRPV[s V ys [
(yzqss [) [R gSs, xqsLi (gRiVLRiV) [R gSs yLSs (LRixxqssXyLiys) \NTP [LS.
C DFyRW[%sd NRPVRLRis xmsOSQs BLiR [ xmssy gS Ds gRiWR yLRiV[ kLiR L][giR sVV, DyRsVW @s[ sLiNRP[R
gSs, [s\ZNPy sxmsV @LiLi [y FssLji\ZNPy %sxtsQLi B, A N][xLi[ gSs ys[V LRixxqsLigS \ NRPV
s LSNRPV [y sVLiRVV sVVR\s y NRPV yLRiLi @LiR[R W.
%s. y*xqs =xmsLRiLixmsLRi @sgS INRP y*LRiFyNRPVRV lLiLiRsysNUP, lLiLiRsyRV sVWRsysNUP C %sR LigS yLRi
@LijLiy @s N]LiRLji y. C gRiWR xmsoLRiVxtsv[ INRPLji ssVNRP INRPLRiV y*LS RgiR LjiNTP s. \NRPV
@LiR[R Ws sVLjiN]LiRLji y. sVVR xmsORPQLi[ y*LRiFyNRPVV NRPWy gRiWR yLRiV[ @LiVV DLiy.
sVW. RRWs[VNRPyZNP[ xqsLixmsRRVM. [uysVd N`PxtsQsFy[ RW{tsQLiRM xms}tsQ][ y.
y. sVVgiR VLRiV gRiWR yLRiVNRPV GNRPyNRPLi DLi[, @sgS sVVgiR VLRiV xmsLizmss yLRiLi IZNP[%sR LigS DLi[, yss
ssW. A gRiWR yLRiVV sWsWNTP RxmsVV [}qs y NTP RW{ts QLiRLiR\sVy By*. [y y s A
@j NSLRiLisVLi ]gjiLiy. (RLizmss[R VRLi y*LS).
sVW. NRPNRPa][R [NSaSxmsxqsLSM xmslLi[xtsv NRPXRs[R yM s}qsRVM xqsLiFyRsaSLSLiR sV, R D RVs[R yM.
y. NRPLiNRPa][R yj NRPLRiLi[ xmsTs zqsR VV, xmsxmsRVV, RNRPRLRiVV sVVR\s gRiWR xmsoLRiVxtsvV
aRPRVsosVLiT NRPWy yV dzqsN]LiW aRPRVLSuy[ (gRiWR yLRiVVgS) sszqsxqsW @NRPR }qsNRPLjiLis
LRixxqssXyLiys RsV LSNRPV xmsLiFy. %ds BV RsV xms VsosVLid, @V aRPRVLSsVLid RLi
dxqsVN][s RLi [R D RV s[R sVV. lLiLiRV \sxmsosVLid yV dxqsVN]s[y .
%s. @xmsxqsLRiM =gRiWR yLji. xqsLiFyRsaSLSLiR sV =LRixxqsyLRi V @yRWxqsLigS [LiR RLi N]LRiNRPV [y
@yRWxqsLigS gRiWR yLRiNSLRiLi [R VRLiN][xqsLi.
28
] .[ gRiX{RxmsoRyLSLiaRP NRPVLSRV RVs[R ys,
yLiaSLjixmszys %sy` [uyLi afRLi R Rj*Q\ M.
y. D RVs[R sV LSxmsoRVsV RssR DLiRVN]s y sV (D RVs[R sVsV) aRPRVsoV sVVR\sy
LSxts QLi[sNTP xmsLiFy. aRPRVsoV sVVR\sy NRPWy @Li D RVs[R sVsV Rs LSuysNTP xmsLizms[
y s gRiVLjiL i, @Liy xqsRVLi][ y afys VxqsVN][y.
DyxLRiNTP Fss\y D RVs[R sVRV NRPVbdPsos s[xtsQLi[ Rs LSxts QLi[ DLi[ A NRPVbdPss[xtsQLi[s[ Ds
gRiWR yLji y*LS ys afRLi xmsLkiOTPQxqsW DLiy.

a].[ GsLi aRPf R %sV[ R sVR s[V ys}msRLSs.


Dy{qss[ R [uyLi R dlLi x[tsQ*uyRaRPxqszms.
y. C %sR LigS aRPRVso, %sVRVRV, sVR sVVRV, Dy{qssVRV @LiVVs LS %sxtsQR VLi[s V, y sVLic
xmsoL][zRc}qsyxmsRVV sVVR\s xms ssVLiRVgRiVLRiV @RVR s Wj NSLRiV %sxtsQR VLi[s V gRiWR yLjixmsWgRiLi
RW.
a].[ @sL iR QXxRLS}qsuyLi NRPVysVsxtsQ NSM,
bPsRM zqsQW sVWNSbPyaRP s[VRRRVM.
y. gRiWsy sV, F~y sV, xtsQLiRVd, bP[ s[LiR V gRi {qsQsV, sVWgRiy sV, %s%sR
s[VRRVy sV aRPRVsoV sVVR\sy @LiRMxmsoLS[ gRiWR yLRiVVgS xmss[aPR Li F~Li[V RW.
a].[ RVlLi x[tsv sM xqsLiry RVLSs[ zqsR yxmsryM,
NRPL<iR N][yzqs y LS}tsQ LSuys[ syzqssM.
y. RVLS[ Ds sgRiLS[ sLRiN PR VsV gRiWR yLRiVVgS sRV%sVLiy. RVLSNTP sVxms [y
xqsLjixR V[ zqsR V, yxmsxqsV, LSxts QLi[ ssryRVyLRiVd, Dyzqs RVd, LSxts QLi sLRi g]xms [
sszqsLi[ g]V sVVR\sy ds gRiWR yLRiVsVgS sRV%sVLiy.
a].[ ss[ ssRLSM NSLSM aRPsV%sNSRRVM,
xmsLRixmssX yLSM bdPxmsn WaSLRixmsLRiLixmsLSM.
y. sy[ xqsLiRLjiLi[ \s xqsyxqsVV, A%sNRPVV sVVR\s ys ssLi[ gRiWR yLRiVsVgS
sRV%sVLiy. C %sR LigS aRPRVsoV sVVR\sy G%sV [xqsVyL][ VxqsVN]sRLi N][xqsLi @bdPxmsn VLigS
xmssVV [}qs gRiWR yLRiV xmsLRiLixmsLRisV sRV%sVLiy.
a].[ xmsLRixqsQ\[ [R yryR X\ZaPlLi[s yRXaSM,
yLRixqsLjiM xqsLiry gRiWyaSgRiWR xqsLiyM.
y. BRLRiVV Rs LSxts QLi[ xmss[aPR #|mss, gRiWR yLRiVVgS NRPsRs gRiWR yLRiV\s Ljilgi[
xqsdN`PuyjgRiWR yLRiVsV(yLRixqsLiyLjiM), IZNP[ ][ DLiT gRiWR yLji NSLRiNRPsVLi Lji}msy ds (xqsLiryM) @[
%sR \sVs Rs yLRixqsLiyLjicxqsLixqs xqsRVLi][ VxqsVN]LiW DLiy.
a].[ @NRPXys NRPXRxmsOUPQ \VLiR Lji+ys NSLRi}RVM,
xmsLSxmsxqsLRiyLiR Li sVVss[xtsv yxqs[V`.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ %ssRWj NSLjiZNP[ xmsRsWj NRPLRi[ y*Ra][%yRVM
gRiWR xmsoLRiVuRf xqsLiyL][R M, gRiWR xmsoLRiVxtsQxmsj M.
y. NRPXRV xmsOSQsNTP Lijs NSLRiNSLRi[R RWxmsTs @NRPXRVQ\s sVVVsV BRLRiV gRiWR yLRiVsV
gRiWLji VxqsVN]sRLi N][xqsLi LSLi xqsLjixR V[ sszqsLixmsRW.

%s. LS[R G NSLRiLi [R \sy @ssWsRV\ LS %sxtsQR VLi[ [*xtsQ sLi][ Ds y "NRPXRVV'.
@Liy NSsy ANRPXRVV. NRPXRVsV aRPRVsoV @yRWxqsLigS RsV\sxmso xmsVN][giR VgRiVyLRiV.
NRPXRxmsORPQLiy G [V DFyRWV (NSLRi }RVsoV; @sgS NSLSNRPV }RVsoV) xmssVRW DLiL][
sVVVQ\s @j NSLRiVNRPV gS zms y ANRPXRVV @s[ %sxtsQR VLi sbPRLi [zqsN]s, y s aRPRVsoV
[}qs gRiWR yLji RLRiV NRPs|msRLiN][xqsLi LS{qssV[ sRV%sVLiy @s @LiR Li.
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ %ssRWj NSLjiNRP\sVs xmsRsWj NRPLRiLi[,
""gRiWR xmsoLRiVuR'' RVLiRV xqsLiyL][R , gRiWR xmsoLRiVxtsQxmsj @sV xmssLiRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
29
@R RWRa][%yRVM
sss[V xmsNRPLRi[ c xqs*%sxtsQ[V NRPXyNRPXRxmsORPQLiR ORPQsV
sVW. 1. NRPXRsVsWyxmsxqsLRiM FLRisxmsysxmsxqsLRi[V`.
2. xqs[ R*s*sM dLiR xqsaSxmspgRisxqssVy[Vxtsv %syRLi NRPVLRiVM. xqsLRi*gRiVxqsLixmssaSRVLi LS
aRPWRV[. s yxqs NRPbP` gRiV[ RXaRP[ RVM FLRisxmsys RNRPLSLi {msRRV B.
y. 1. sVsWRV (sVLixmsoL][zyRV) %sxtsQR VLi[ gRiWR yLRi xmsWgRiLi [zqss zmssV LS FLRiV
%sxtsQR VLi[s V, sxmsRV %sxtsQR VLi[s W NRPWy yLRi xmsWgRiLi RW.
2. xqsRVV (gRiWR yLRiVV) INRPLji][ INRPLRiV NRPxLi [xqsW, xmso dLS[s V, xqs [s V, @saS[s V,
FydsRVaS[s V, xmspgRisVV[s V (IZNP[%sR \sVs sV xqssWs[aPR Li(communal gathering) %s%sR sV
xqssWs[aS[s V, ygji*yRLi RWc ""C LS @s sVLi gRiVV DsyRs %sLiWLiLi; @LiVV[
%dss[ INRP sVLi gRiVLi NRPWy [R V. FLRiVd, sxmsRVd (xms WLRiV yLjis) NRPWy NRPhjis\sVs RLiRsLi
[y xmssV [y {msTxqsVyRV'' @s INRPLRiy.
%s. R*s*sM = NRPzxqsVs yLRiV.
sVW. RR [V%sV xmsaRPLi}qsRVVM ysRLRixqsLi R xms}tsQR [V`c ""sWR=QyRW WyM xmsM sVsVLi
\ssxqs*RLi LSsLi RNTPlLi[. ysxtsQygiR Li, xmsRaRPgRiLi, zLRiLi yxqs gRi [ R VLi xmsNRPRW sWxqsM.
[s Xy LSsM xmsyLi WgRiZOP[QsVsM. [uyLi NRPxtsQLi RNRPLS xLRis, WgRiZOP[Qs VsaRP xmsysV.
RryRVxtsQygiR sWLRiNS @zms ssxmss, R\|qs#R` gRi [ R VLi W%rys g][FyRVd. Bs RVsV
ryss[VR` LSsM xmsRQORPQ}RxmsryyM. ys ORPVQRNSs xms}tsQ [ ` .
y. @NRPR C sWV xmsNTPs y s @sVxqsLjiLi Fss\lLi[ @[ %sR LigS @LiL][ y ds, sVVR A
sWs ysds NRPWy sVL]NRPRV (sVL]NRP xqs) @ @sNRPWRRV @s s}tsQj Li B Fyc ""sWR=Q
yRVLi[R R xmsRVRVs xmsLiRLRiW (xmspLRi*Li) \ssxqs*R sVsVsosV LSsVgS [xqsVNRPVyLRiV. xmsLiTLis
ysLi[ ALRis sLiRW, xmsLi[ (@s[V sxqsVso[ c sryQRV[) xmsRs sLiRV, LigSLRisVW A LSNRPV
LiRszqss gRiLigS GLSV [aSLRiV.
ys[R FztsQLiRTs LSV xms WgRiZOP[Qs WV sLRi*zxqsW DLiLRiV. LSV %sj Li[ RLiRsVW, xmssW
xms FyFys Fg]RyLiVV; xms WgRiZOP[Qs WsV sLRi*zryLiVV. @LiRV[R s[ @LRiLi[ DLi[

ysxmsryRVV NRPWy ""Bj sVssV LRiOTPQLi[ LSNRPV LiRszqss gRiLi'' @s ysVV DLiR sX[R (LSs
gjiLiV GLRiVN]sRLi DLiR Li) xqsLiFyjLisys[ ALRis sLiRV LSNRPV BryLiR V.
xmsRQOPR Q \sVs sgRisVgRix rysVLiR QLi gRi LSV BLiRVsVVNRP, RVsVVs VVNS rysLi (BLiRRVsVV
@LiaSV LS[ DLiLiVV; @LiRV[R s[ y xmsRQORPQLigS @sVgRizLi[ aRPNTP sd , sgRizLi[ aRPNTP sd
RWxmsoRVyLRiV @s sLi). LSsV @ssWsLi[yLjiNTP [s RsVLiT NRPWy RLiRLi RgRiVVRVLij.
@LiRV[R LSsV @ssWsLiRNRPWRRV (sLijLi sgS RWRNRPWRRV) @s rysWsxms s}tsQj Liy.
30
sVW. 1. NTPLisRdsL i R %sRVM.
2. [V yxqs ysxmsaRPVzLRiyss, \LRiVxmsNRPVLRi*s sxqss[
@ VR[V y, NRPVzmsRLi s VLi, LSxts QLi y ysLRiR Vs,
@%sVRsW%sNRPLi y xms}tsQR RVs, [uyLi sVVsyM
RVuyRVxts QR *Li %sRVM.
y. 1. xqsRVV LSLi[ yzmsLi[ NTPLixmsRLiRVsV (xmsoNSLiR sV) NRPWy
VxqsVNRPVLiW DLiy.
2. LS VVNRP ysLi%dsVR, xmsaRPVso%dsVR, LigSLRiLi (R sLi) %dsVy
%sxqsW FssLRiV NRPxts Q xqssVRVLi[s V, @ VRRV xqssVRVLi[s W NRPWy
y][ A LSNRPV DxmsNRPLjixqsW DLiL][, LS %sxtsQR VLi[ N][zmsLis
LiR VsosVgSs, LSuys NSs A N][xmsLi ]gjiLi aSLiLixms[xqsW
DLiL][, aRPRVsosV NSs, @Rso[ DLi[y sV NSs LSNRPV
@xmsNSLRiLi [R VNRPVLiy s}tsQj xqsW DLiL][ y LiRLRiW LSLi[
xqsLi][xtsQLigS DyLS, xqsLi][xtsQLigS [LS @s[ %sxtsQR Ws sVVLiRV s[xtsQLi[s V, RyLRiV s[xtsQLi[s W Ds
gRiWR yLRiVV VxqsVNRPVLiW DLiy.
sVW. RVuys WRVM xmsp[V`. @RVuys RVzts Q}][M ylgi[s rysW R xmsryR[V`. xmsLRixqsLSy*
[ R [V[ys rysVy%sNRPRRVd ysLRiV [ aRP. RyxmsRVxtsQ][ RNRPLRiryR yj NSlLi[ y sxmsR%s[*xtsQLi
gSx[V`. %sj*uysVFyLiaRPVR [ s sxmsRN][}mss y ryR [V`. gRiVxmsxmsoRyLSyNRPLRiNRPLSs[xtsv y yxqs[V`
xmslLi[uysWxqsR RW`.
y. xqsLi][xtsQLi][ Dsy s BLiNS xmspLiy. (gS ARLRiLi RWzms y NTP Rs %sxtsQR VLi[ BLiNS xqsLi][xtsQLi
NRPlgi[V RW). xqsLi][ztsQLiRsy NTP xqsLi][xtsQLi NRPgRiRLi N][xqsLi R sLi B gSs, rysVLi[R gSs
(sVLiRsLi RWzmsgSs) FsNRPVs @sVNRPWVsVgS [xqsVN][y [y y [ xmsLRixqsLRiLi [ R Li NRPgjiLiy.
rysVLiRV][s V, A%sNRPV][s V, y NRPVsZNP[ Lijsy ][s V, sgRizLiRTsy ][s V %ds NTP [ R Li
(dNRP) NRPLiy. BLiNS y xqsLi][ztsQLiRNRPF[ (RsNRPV @sVNRPWVV NSNRPF[) y NRPV RLiRryR yj NSLRiLi
(xmssV sxqsWV [}qs @j NSLRiLi) B y %dsVR A FyLiRxmso sxmsRVNRPV [*tx sQLi NRPlgi[V RW.
A %sR LigS sxmsR [*uysNTP gRiVLji @LiVVsy s LRixxqs RLiRLi[R NSs, sxmsR N][xmsLi [R (A FyLiRxmso
sxmsRV LRiVgRiVV y*LS) gSs @s[R W. [y y xmsoRVd LRid Rs Ak sLi[ LRiORPQN][xqsLi
DLiRVN]s y sV gRisV[ NSs NRPLSRW[ (Factories) NSs sRV%sVLiy. @ [R VNRPF[ %ds
aRPRVxmsORPQLi[ [LjiF[V RVLi DLiVLij.

sVW. NRPVR V d yssWssxqsV xmslLi[uyLi NRPXyM. [uyLi NSLSsNPR \s%sVNPR sxLjiN PR syM
xmsLRixqsLSxqsLis sV @%sVRxmsxqssVs Li y %sRVM.
31
y. NRPVR VV (LS %sxtsQR VLi[ N][xmsLi Dsy ), RVLSaRP NRPy , LSNRPV G NSLRiLi [R \sy
RVxmsRVRVsy , (LS[R ) @ssWsLixmsTsy aRPRVsoNRPV
""NRPXRVV''; @sgS @yRWxqsLigS aRPRVsoV RsV \sxmsoNRPV dzqsN]sysNTP aRPNRPQ\sVsy . NSLSLiNRPVV
(\ys gRiWLji @sgS LRigRi[[Vys gRiWLji, }msy ), aRPNRPVyV }ms y , [xqsLi }msy c
%ds s[uy[ Ds gRiWR yLRiVV C NRPXy[ INRPLji][ INRPLjiNTP Ds xqsLiLiyds, aRPRVso][ %ds NRPVs
xqsLiLiyds gRiWLji VxqsVN][y.
%s. @ssWssM=y gRiLRi*Li NRPy @s @LiR Li NRPWy @LiVV DLiVLij. "@ssWsyM' @s DLi[s[ |\ mss
zmss @LiR Li RVVNRPL igS DLiVLij.
sVW. RVuysLiR sWyLi xmsp[V`. @RVuys rysVys [ R R M ryR RV`.
a].[ GsLi xqs*%sxtsQ[V NRPXysNRPXyLiaRP %sRORPQM,
xmsL][xmsFyR=LiLRiZOP[Q` xmsyys ORPVQRNSszms.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ %ssRWj NSLjiZNP[ xmsRsWj NRPLRi[ RWRa][%yRVM
xqs*%sxtsQ[V NRPXyNRPXRxmsORPQLRiORPQsV
y. (NRPXRVV NSs y "@NRPXRVV'). @NRPXRV[ xqsLi][xtsQLi][ Dsy s R sLi[R , xqsyLRiLi[R
xmspLiy. xqsLi][ztsQLiRs y s rysVcysc [ R cRLi][FyRW[R LigRikxqsVN][y.
C %sR LigS s[LiR VgRi LS Rs [aPR Li[ Ds NRPXRVd, @NRPXRVd NRPWy, y xmsysV\y, rysWs
sV[ @LiVVy aRPRVso [}qs gRiWR yLRiRLRiNRPV LigRiNRPVLiy xqsLiLRiOTPQLiRVN][y.
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ %ssRWj NSLjiNRP\sVs xmsRsWj NRPLRiLi[ ""Rs
LSxts QLi[ NRPXyNRPXRxmsORPQLiR ORPQLi'' @s[ xmsRsVWRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R RRVLiR a][%yRVM
RaRP#s[V xmsNRPLRi[ xmsLRi%sxtsQ[V NRPXyNRPXRxmsO][QxmsgRixM
sVW. 1. NRPXyNRPXR xmsO][QxmsgRixMxqs*%sxtsQ[V yRM; xmsLRi%sxtsQ[V yRM.
2. xqsLiaRPVyLSs %sxms M, RVNSLjiM[ bP[ y DxmsNSlLi[ y %ssWsRM, ssLRiVR , xqssWxRV
xmsLSRM, xmsyrxmsRxmsM, NRPXy* sRVsV NSLRiM, xqs*R LS` yRWyy* DxmsLRiVR M. sWyj NSLSLi
xts QM, NRPV\QLRisQ L>ij RM, xmsxqssVXxts Q{qsQNRPM, NSLSsxqsM, xmsL][NPR R RM, %sVyyLRiyzqsRM, xqsLRi*xqs*sWLjiRM,
xqsLRi*xqs*sWLjiRM, s sxmsLjiNPT Qxts QM, xmsyzqsRs VM B NRPVR sLiR M.
y. 1 . Rs LSLi[ NRPXRxmsORPQLi y ds, @NRPXRxmsORPQLiyds saRPLi [zqsN]s[ %sysLi bPLi[ NSs, INRP
xmss[ NSs xqssWs\sVs \sxmsoLi NRP BR Lji[ INRPss gS g_LRi%sLi lLiLiRs yss @ssWs}qs @
@ssWsLiRTsyRV, LSNRPV RgiR LRigS Dsy [R \|msNTP LSNRPVLiy [R VTsyRV, [y LSgRiXxLi[
xmss[aPR Li [NPR VLiy [R VTsyRV, RWRLi sVVR\syNTP zms JTLiRTsyRV, (LS sVWNRPLigS)
RWLRi[aPR syxqsLi[R R xmsR yRV, LRiV|ms NRPWy (LS}qssNSRVNRPV LiRLi sVVR\s%s B NRPWy) xmss

LRigRisyRV, Rs R LRiLi sLRi*QQLij L iRNRPVLiysW, RsNRPV LSszqss yRWRLi (Azqs) LSNRPVLiysW,


@R VN]sTsyRW, RsNRPV LSszqss xqsysLi sVLid, @j NSLRiLi sVLid xts vRW (]gjiLiRTsyRV), Rs
NRPVsNTP Lijs y [R s[ @gRi]NRPTs yRV ([y LSLiy*RV[R @gRi]NRPTsyRV),
RLRiLigS xqsQXbPLiRTs (@ssWsLiRTs) LSRVV NRPyRV, yRVrysLi[ @WgRiLi(ZNP[xqsV)[
JTFLiVVs zmssV LjisWy s[R VTsyRV ([y \RV[ Lij LiRTsyRV), BRLRiV sW xmsVN]s
RLiTLiRTsyRV, ysV [R VR|mss R AyLRiLisVLi, @yLRixmsWgRicsztsQyyLSRV sVLiT
syLjiLiRTsyRV. (LS[R ) Ds R sLi @Liy gjis[R VTsyRV, xmssV[ @R VRgRiRLi[R
R |msTsyRV [y yNSLi Lij Li j LiRR yRV, RWLRiLi xmsLizmss[R VTs LiR VsoV NRPyRV
%ds LiRLRiW NRPzqs NRPVR sLiR Li @sgS %ds LiRLRiW NRPVR sLSsNTP Lijs y. (LS%dsVR xmsgRi xms DLiLRiV.)
32
sVW. xqs*RVsVVxmsxRM, %sxmsNRPXRM, FyxmsNRPLSRM, RV ][xtsQR [ [j *gRiM, xmsLSR W%sVM, R [ [xmsxRM,
xqsLS*j NRPLRixqs M, xqsxrxms yLiR M, RRVd[FyaRPLixqsVM, xmsj*u LS, LS[*{tsQ [ d RsLiR M.
y. R yRVN][xqsLi [zqss xyRV[R xqs*RVLigS RWztsQR VRV (sVxmsLSR Li [zqssyRV),
@LiRMxmsoLSRV[ R xmssVV [zqssyRV [y FssLji[R \sy |msR @xmsNSLSsNTP gRiVLji[R VTsyRV,
FyFyRVRVgS }msLRiVsWzqssyRV, Rs][ xqssWs\sVs ][xtsQLi NRPyss(LS) bPOTPQLiRRLi[R RsNRPV NRPWy
@Li bPORPQ xmsRVRVLi[sW @s jgRiVVLijsyRV, BRLRiV W%sV ANRP%sVLiRVNRPVsyRV, RLiRLi[R
{msTRVRV, y @j NSLRiryy[ DsyRV, xRVgS FsNRPVs R ssLiRV\FLiVVsyRV, (G][
LSNUPRW][gRiLi[ DLiT xRVgS |msR R sNRPV\ FLiVVsyRV @s N]LiRLRiV "xqsLS*j NRPLRixqs M'
"xqsxrxmsyLiR M' @s[ lLiLiRV NRPzms @LiR Li yaSLRiV). A LS NRPVsNTP Lijs sVL]NRPRV @j NSLRiLi[NPT LSys
N][LiR VNRPVLiVsyRV, LS[R [*ztsQLiRTsyRV, LSsV [*ztsQLi[yRVc%ds d RsLiR Li.
sVW. xmsLjiLRiOUPQM, @yRxqs*M, NRPRLRiM, sxqsds, @yzRss LRiZaP[ V sLiR M.
y. R sLi @Liy FLiVVsyRV, (LS[R gSs BRLRiV[R gSs) gjiN]sTs y R sLi NRPyRV, [ ,
RVLRi*QxqsyV DsyRV, ssLS[ y RWNRPVRVgS F[VyRV c Bj V sLiR Li.
sVW. ARxqsLi%sRM, sWsNSsVM, aRPRVxmspsVL<jiRM, ds\LRiVxmszRRVM, dN`Pxts QM, ryxzqsNRPM, l[ gi[yxqsLiRVxts QM
B sWssLRiM.
y. ysV y g]xmsyRsVNRPVs[yRV, BRLRiVV RssV g_LRi%sLiys[ N][Lij NRP gRiyRV, Rs aRPRVsosV
BRLRiVV xmspLiRRLi[R A xmspLisy %dsVR N][xmsLi DsyRV, [y A aRPRVso%sxtsQR VLi[ @sVL<iR Li
DsyRV, s rysLi[ DLiRR yRV, Rs aRPLkiLSs gRiWLji NRPWy NRP[R VsyRV(dN`Pxts QM), ryxxqsLi][
NRPWTs xmssVV [}qsyRV, Lis ysNTP xqsLiRXzmsLiRsyRVc%ds sWssLiR Li.
sVW. [uyLi sVVs\sL][ RVRQ NPT M NRPXRxmsOUPQR VM RLi[[xmsxms[V`.
y. (aRPRVLSxts QLi[ Ds) C NRPXRV[ G NRPXRxmsORPQLiysNTP FsssRVLiRV NTP DLiVLi][ @
sVVLiRs[xtsQLi[ Ds gRiWR yLji[R , s[xtsQyLji\Vs gRiWR yLji[R , A NRPXRxmsORPQLiys[ [ R Vj
xmsoLiy (yss lLiRg]).

sVW. ""RVy sVy[ x{qs sV[ yj zts Q][ RVRyryRRV R` xqsLRi*Li xmssVXy[ssV @RVsV
@aSxqsQRORPVM @s M LS @s [ s sVs @j zts QR M FLRisxmsRyRW VRM. aRPNRPsVxqs xmsxzqs
Fy=xs[s @xmsNRPLRiVs V. @sVL<iR MNTPRVysV'' B NRPVR sLiR sVVxmsxms[V`.
y. ""sVRVQ\s sWsyRV FsNTPs sVyLiR \sVs GsVgRi @Lijsys s sgRiN]s[zqs sV gRiVT sVLi
xmsV[R [ Ds, aSxqsQLi @s[ s[RLi [s, C gRiVT LS FLRiVd, sxmsRVd RLixmsysZNP[ zqsR Li
@soRVyRV. %dss aRPRVsosV FR=zLixms[}qs %dsss ]gjiLis[R VysNTP aRPNRPLi @soRVLij. @LiRV[R LSNRPV
FsRVLRiVLRigRiLiT'' @s xmsoRW NRPVR sLSs lLiRg].
sVW. ""RVy dsM xqsLRiM RVry` RVLi xmsaRP RR %sxtsQs VVR=QX GssVRVLi LS R][uyaRPM
R*LiVV xmsoLS N][R %sxtsQsVVR=QX, @sR gRisVysV'' B d RsLiR sVVxmsxms[V`.
y. ""INRP ][ @gji Ds xqsLRiLi RsNRPV FssLjis AFyRVLi NRPVgRiVRVLiRs @sVNRPVLiVLi][ ys%dsVR %sxtsQLi
%sT|msRVRVLij. (yss NRPLRiVxqsVLij). @[ %sR LigS C LS ds s G%sV @FyRVLi sxqsVLi][ @s[ AaRPLiNRP][
ds%dsVR N][xmsLi @s[ %suys %sT|msRyRV. dsso sVL]NRP ][NTP sF'' @s zms d RsLiR Li %sxtsQR VLi[
DxmsxmsLi RW. ( [ R Li y).

33
sVW. ""RVy aRP*gRiyLi [ s VM aRP*[ RVlgi [ s x[ M GssVRVLi LS xqsRQ *xmsyNRPaRPNTP{ s[ [
RVlgi ,[ yRgRiVxqsLixmss[ M, @r LS xmsoLRiVxtsQ%sZaP[xtsQ M }qssysV'' B V sLiR sV Dxmsxms[V`.
y. ""NRPVNRPV |msLi[y Aso B[ FyV NRPVNRPN][xqss[V NSs xVN][xqsLi NSRV. @[ %sR LigS C LS
\ LRiLi, Vk , sWNSLjiRsLi, aRPNUP [sy ZNP[ DxmsWgjiryR V NSs dssLi ARgRiVV Dsy NTP
DxmsWgjiLiRRV. A LS xmsoLRiVxtsv[ Ds gRiV yLRiRsWs gRiVLjiL iRgRiyRV. @LiRV[R @Rss
}qs%sLiRLiT'' @s V sLSsNTP LRixxqsLigS sWLjiFRW.
sVW. ""RVy R[R FysM Rys[Vs Dxms[giR M ys[uysV, GssV @RVLi LS ds][ dsyys[Vs
Dxmsg[ ][ s R*j*yysV ALSsV. @r LS xmsoLRiVxtsQ%sZaP[xtsQ M, RR gRisVysV'' B sWssLiR sV
Dxmsxms[V`.
y. ""RLiyV sVLiVV RLiyVZNP[ @sV %sLiRysNTP Rgji DLiVLij. BRLRiVNRPV NSRV; @[ %sR LigS
dsRV\s C LS dsRVZNP[ Dxmsg[ iR VRV (RgiR LRi [Lij @sV %sLixmsRgjisyRV), dssLi DR s VVNTP Dxmsg[ iR VRV
NSRV. A LS xmsoLRiVxtsv yLRiRsWs gRiVLjiLiRgRiyRV, @NRPTNTP s LiT'' @s AysWssLi RV sLSs
DxmszmsLi[R W. LS%sxtsQR VLi[ y NTP [*xtsQLi |msLiy.
a].[ R[ xmsxmsyLiQrys xqsLizys xmsNRPLRi
W[VR RVyaRPNTP ryxmsxqsLSs xqs*NRPLRixqsV.
y. y [ Fss\lLi[ BLiRVNRPV @LigkiNRPLjiryL][ y [R aRPxmsRLi [LiVVLi, LSNRPV slLi[NRPLigS xmss[}qs V
[zqs, y ][ Ds gRiWR yLRiV][ xqs y sV. y aRPNTP s @sVxqsLjiLi A RW NRPLRi[ sWgjiLiy.

a].[ [ R rysVyyLi NRPXyLiaRP xmsLRi W%sVxtsv


@NRPXys [ R RLi xmsLRi][uyLiaRP RLRi+[V`.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ %ssRWj NSLjiZNP[ xmsRsWj NRPLRi[ RRVL]a[ ][%yRVM,
xmsLRi%sxtsQ[V NRPXyNRPXRxmsO][QxmsgRixM.
y. aRPRVLS[ Ds NRPXRVsV rysVy[FyRW[R Rs \sxmso xmsVN][y. @NRPXRVsV
[ R RLi][FyRW[R Rs \sxmso xmsVN][y. aRPRVso[ Ds ][uysV y NTP RWxmsoRW DLiy.
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ %ssRWj NSLjiNRP\sVs xmsRsWj NRPLRiLi[ xmsLRiLSLi[
NRPXyNRPXRxmsLjigRixLi @s[ xmsyQ s @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
34
@R xmsRa][%yRVM
GNSRZaP[ xmsNRPLRi[ sVyQj NSLRiM
sVW. 1. NRPXRxqs*xmsORPQxmsLRixmsO][QgRixM NSLSLRisWLibPs[V`, sVsQ xmspLS*M xqsLS*LRisWM.
2. RRV a[ PR M xqsLisXRM NRPyysV @sMry%ds, xmsOTPQ LRizms @y[NPR M ry`. aRPWRV[ aRPVNRPaSLjiNSLRi[Q sM
aRP*M @\sQaRP LRig][sM, Rrys[Q a[ PR sVyRVVN][ [xmsgRi[ ` . D[R sVsQ [ k .
y. 1. LS xqs*xmsORPQxmsLRixmsOSQsV gRiWR yLRiV y*LS Rs @k sLi[ DLiRVNRPVs NSLRisVV FyLRiLisV
gRiWLji A[Liy. G xms\sy sVVLiRVgS gS A[Li FyLRiLiLiy.
2. A[R sV [}qs xms[aPR Li @s \sxmso Ayj LiRT %sxtsQR WV \|msNTP s s %sR LigS DLiy. xmsORPVV
NRPWy RWRs %sR LigS DLiy. sVLiRLi (A[Lis %sxtsQR VLi) NRPV, g][LjiLiNRPV, NRPVNRPV sVVR\ s
LRigiR LiRVso y*LS \|msNTP zqsFLiVV sV %sLiVyLi NRPy? @LiRV[R @sVsV [syRV FssRW NRPWy
sVLiRLi Ljilgi[ xms[aSsNTP s NRPWRRV. sVLiys \|msNTP zmss yss RLizmss[R W.
sVW. sVsQ [ ][ z RWysWRry*%sVy%sVyNSLSsV. BRsVsysXM. ANRPXgRixsWNSLRiM.
y. RWRVVNRP, @sWRVVVNRP, xms VsoVVNRP BLigjiRLi[R , ANSLRiLi[R sVLiRLi \|msNTP zqsFRVLij.
ry*%sNRP \sVsysNRPLi %sORPQLigS DLi[ [xts Q "BLigjiRLi'. ry*%sNRP\sVs ANSLRiLiNRPLi sQQ\sVs ANSLSs
(sVVRVLiRV) gRizLiRRLi "ANSLRiLi', sVVLi LRiLigRiV sWLjiFsRLi sVVR\sj.
sVW. Rxqs xqsLisLRisV, ARVVNRPxmsoLRiVxtsQLiR ORPQsV ANSLRiNSj. [uyLi z
xmssWRsVRxqsVxmsxmsxmsNSsWjLRiV[=NRPM, xmsRs M, @ssV][ y sVsQ Li s. Rry` LRiZOP[Qs sQ sV.
y. xmss xmspLji @[VsLRiNRPV BLigjiyNSLSsV NRPzmsxmsoy; sVLiRN][xqsLi zmss @j NSLRiV %dsVR INRP NRPsVs[zqs
DLiy. FsLiRV[R ssgS c F~LRiV[R gSs, sVRsVRLi[R gSs, sR[ NSs y [}qs }msxmss,
NSsWRV D[NPR sVW, A xms[aPR Li[ ygji DsyRV, %dsT ZNP[%sd V RVRV[ @sVN]s sLiR ORPQ Li[zqss, @NRPRs[
DsyRV sVLiys \|msNTP zqsF[V V [ryLiR V. @LiRVss sVLiys gS LRiOTPQLiy.
35

sVW. sVsQ [ ][ xWgRiZOP[Qs VNRPL][ LSM, RyRVVNRPxmsoLRiVuyLi R. RryR Vxs[VN][ sVsQ [V` B
LRiy*M. sVsQsVzms sVsQ[ ss, [uysVxmss[. \|qsuy sVsQxmsLRiLixmsLS sVsQ Li sQ.
y. sVLiRLi \|msNTP zqsFsRLi LSVVNRP, LS sRV%sVLis @j NSLRiV VVNRP WgRiZOP[Qs WNRPV %sxmsn WRLi
NRPgjixqsVLij. @LiRVss LRixxqs %sxtsQR Ws gRiWLji (LS) INRP[ A[R s RW @s LRiy*RV
@yRV.
FsLiRV[R ssgS c sVLiRVNRPV NRPWy sVLiRVVLiLRiV. y NTP sVLjiN]LiRLRiV sVLiRVV. C %sR LigS GLRiTs
sVLi xmsLRiLixmsLRi sVLiRLi \|msNTP zqsF[VV [xqsVLij.
a].[ Rryyxqs xmslLi[ %sRVM NRPLRi NTPLiNUPL<ij RsV,
ALRi LRixqsV dsRVVLSLRi Li NRPXRs[Vs y.
y. ""@LiRVss LS [R VRRVNRPVs G xmsds NRPWy BRLRiVNRPV RVNRPWRRV. (sLiR RVLi @LiVVs
RLRiVyR) A xmss FyLRiLiLi[ @j NSLRiVV A FyLRiLiLis xmsss gRiWLjigSs, [y xmspLji @LiVVs xmsss gRiWLji
gSs VxqsVNRPVs[V DLiy.'' @sgS xmss FyLRiLiLis RLRiyR @j NSLRiVNRPV sLjiNTP ryj LiRszqsLij G][
}qs RVsRV. INRPxmsVRV A xmss xmspLji @LiVVs zmssVs[ A %sxtsQR VLi RVsRV @s sLi.
sVW. \sNRPxqs sVsQ zqsj LRi{qs %saSORPQM, xmsRQOPR QxmsL][OSQs Vs[VRW z LSsXM. @sVxms xqs ssV,
Dxms xqs saRPRVyssV, @LiR Q\Q*R xqs xqsLiaRPRV[ R ssV, GNRP[aPR RXxts Qxqs ZaP[uxms Lji
sVsQryR s[VR`. Rry`. Rry` Vj sX M ryLRisW{qsR sVsQ sV.
y. INRPsNTP sVLiRzqsj DLiRRV @s %saSORPVRV. @sgS LS INRP[ NRPWL]s A[R s [}qs %sxtsQR VLi xqsLjigS
sLiR LiVVLiRysNTP aRPNRPLi NSRV @s @LiR Li. FsLiRV[R ssgS LS ssLRiLi xmsRQOPR QLigSsV, xmsL][OPR QLigSsV,
@sVs[VRVLigSsV (EzLiRszqssjgSsV) sVWRV %syVgS DLiVLij.
RVs yss VxqsVN][s RLi, VxqsVNRPVsysNTP Bj BLi[ @s saRPRVLRiWxms\sVs s Bs*RLi,
@LiR Q\Q*R Li(%sxtsQR VLi[ lLiLiRV xmsOSQV) NRPgjisxmsVRV xqsLiaRPRWs [ j LiRRLi, N]LiRsLRiNRPV zqssys
%sVgjis @s @LiaSW VxqsVN][s RLi B%s sVLiRLi [R s[ ryR sVVV @soyLiVV. @LiRV[R Vj sXR V][
(xmsLjiR\sVs Vj NRPy ][) sVLiRLi N][xqsLi NRPWL][y.
a].[ s NRPLiRssVs[R xqsLRi*xqs aRPXVRWsRsV,
ryxmsLiR s` yNRPsVVxmsRVVRM.
y. xmsLiTRVRV (\ssyRV) FssLjids @ssWsLiRNRPWRRV. @LiRLji sVyds (@FyRWds) %sy. @LiR Li
DsQ LiVV[ s zmsys sWNRPWy DxmsWgjiLiy ({qs*NRPLjiLiy).
sVW. GRssQ sLi, \sRssQ LRiORPQ%sV FyLSaRPLSM, RVRxqs NSLRisV}msRLi RRQLRiWxmsNRPLi
sVsQMxmsX[ ` c NSLRi%sVRs[VssW{qs`, GsLi y RVj #s[` R` NRPRLi NRPLRis %sV. [ RVy WRVVM R`
NRPVLS`, GsLi sV[Q xms M xqsLisXaRP sd.
y. Bj sVLiRLi VxqsVN][s RLi @soRVLij NSs sVLiRLRiORPQLi NSRV @s xmsLSaRPLRisVRLi @LigkiNRPLjiLi[
xmsLSaRPLRiVV @LiLRiV. (sVLji LS G%sV [R WsgS) Rs NSLRiLi Gj Ds][ ys][ xqssWs\sVs NSLRiLi INRP
zms sVLiRV c ""xmspLRi*Li BVsLi NSLRiLi B LjigjiLij. Bj B @LiVV[ G%sV [R VRLi sVLij?'' @s

xmsbPLiy. y Fs zms[ @ RW. C %sR LigS [R VRLis sVLiRsVW (sVLiRV A[R y)


xqsVLij. @j LRixxqsLigS NRPWy DLiVLij. (@s xmsLSaRPLRiV @FyRVLi).
sVW. s[ zmsaRPVsM. sVsQ[ z sszRsVLiR Li sXR s VsXRL i y xmsXxts Qs V @yRlLi[ Vss, xmsNSaRPRVs y.
xqs ][xtsQM. RryRLRixqsV [V [VxtsQ*}ms\M xqsx sVsQ [V`. \LRisQ RVsW[ z sVsQ Vj LigRiVzmsLi R
#[ B.
y. Bj xqsLji\Vs xmsR NSRV @LiRV zmsaRPVsVRV. FsxmsV][ xmspLRi*Li LjigjiFLiVVs][ FsxmsV][ LRigRi[[V][
%sxtsQR Ws gRiWLji @Tgji[ sVLiRVV |msR ARLRiLi RWxmsNRPVLiy G][ zmss[ryLiR V, [y LS @Tgjis yss
sVgRiVLjiNUP }msryLiR V. C xmsR [ Ds ][xtsQLi B[. @LiRV[R LS G xmssV[ FssLRiV DxmsWgjiryLRiV @s
@sVNRPVLi][ y ][ A[Liy. y ][ A[Li[ xmsORPQLi[ sVLiRssVW xqsVLij. @sgS xqsLji\ Vs
A[R y ]LRiVNRPVRVLij. A sVLiRLi xqsVLRiOTPQR LigSsW DLiVLij.
sVW. s[ N_M. @ssry }uy. sVsQMM RRVLjiLS* sVsQ [VR. sVsQ RVsW[ }ZNP[s
@LiR QNRPX[Q xtsv saRPRVLi yj gRi[ ` . GNRPaRP sVdsQ RV[xts Q sVssgRixM RLRi. y*Li sVsQ RVsW[
y*Li xqsLixysV @sgRiXx[; %sgRiX{yLi %syaRP[, xtsv RRVL<RiVy \sNSxqsLi
NRPX[Q x[msxmsR[ sV][xtsQs V, DxmsxmssLi RV s RRM xmslLi[xtsv NRPX[Q @LiR saRPW gRisV[, sV[Q y
LRiORPQ [.
y. C xmsR xqsLji\Vsj NSRV @LiRV N_VRV, kss @ssxqs GLRiRVRVLij. @sgS c LS
sLRi*zLiRszqss NSLSV @s[NPR Li DLiLiVV. IN]NRP NSLSs s[LiR Vs[LiR V sVLiRV][ A[LiRRLi
FyLRiLi}qs A sVLiRV xqsLiNRPV INRP sRVsVLi DLiRRV.
G NSLSs gRiWLji FssLji][ A[Liy @s[j NRPWy IN]NRPxmsVRV [RV. @LiRV[R (LS @s
NSLSW NRPWy) sVVgiR VLRiV sVLiRV][ NSs sVgRiVLRiV sVLiRV][ NSs A[Liy. NRPxts Q\sVs %sxtsQR W[
INRP sVLi][ sWRs[V A[}qs sLRiRWsNTP LSRV. sVLi INRP[ @LiVV[ @RRV G @R W [NPR Bxts QLi
ssV xmssLjir yR V.
BR Lji][ A[Li[ LSsV A BR LRiW INRPLji][ INRPLRiV NRP}qs RsV xmsV[R [ |msVNRPVLiLRiV, yR LjiNUP
INRPLji][ INRPLjiNTP xmsRNRPF[ LSsV sbPLixms[ryLiR V. sVVgiR VLRiV [y sVgRiVLRiV sVLiRVV DLi[ sV][xtsQ}RV\ss
(g]xms AxmsRNRPV yLjid}qs) LSsgRixLi sVVR\sj RxmsNRPVLiy LRiVgRiVRVLij @s[ sW DLiRRV.
@sgS BR LRiV sVLiRVV sWRs[V DsxmsVRV Ljilgi[ @FyRVLi sVVgiR VLRiVy sVgRiVLRiVy NRPWR LRigRisRVsV
NSs ysNTP @sNSaRPLi RNRPVsgS DLiVLij @s @LiR Li. @j LRiVgRiV[ @NRPxts QLi%dsVR LRiVgRiVRVLij. DxmsxmssLi
sWRLi @soRVLij. @sgS sVVgiR VLRiV, sVgRiVLRiV sVLiRVVy NRPWR sV][xtsQLi LRigRiysNTP @sNSaRPLi
[NPR F[R V. sVLiRVV @LiRNRPLi[ FsNRPVssVLij DLi[ @NRPxts QLi %dsVR NSs NSLRisaRPRVLi LRigRiRV;
sVLiRLRiORPQLi NRPWy NRPxtsQs[V.
36
sVW. [aPR NSNSLRisZaP[s [*ZNP[s xqsx y*s[VN][ y RVy rysVLiR QLi sVsQ [VR.
y. @LiVV[ [aSs xms, xmss ]LiRLRisV xms INRP sVLi][gSs, BR Lji][ gSs, ysV INRP[ NSs, A
sVLiRVNRPV, RsNRPV Ds rysVLSQs @sVxqsLjiLi A[R s LRiFy.

sVW. NRPLRisV ALRisWFyRVM, xmsoLRiVxtsQRsxqsLixms`, [aPR NS %sgRiM, %ssFyRxmsdNSLRiM, NSLRizqsj M B


xms[ sVsQ M. ys[\ZNPNRPaRPM xmsX[ ` xqssVryLiaRP. }RV\ZaPQQuyLi sVxms%ss[NSs %sy`. @yFyLRiM NSLi
yNSsV[V`. s kLiR NSLi sVsQ [VR, s R [uyLi xmsZO^PQ M [VuysVxmsNRPVLS`.
y. ARW xmssVV ALRiLiLiRysNTP DFyRVLi, xmsoLRiVxtsQxqsLixmsR, RsxqsLixmsR (@sgS A xmssVV ryj LiRgRigjis
xmsoLRiVxtsQLi, NSszqss sxqsVs o xqssVXj ), G [aPR Li[ G NSLi[ G xmss RW @s[ [aPR %sgS
%sgSV, xmssVV FyLRiLiLi [xqsWLiRgS s[ @FyRWNTP xmsNTPRV, NSLSs ryj LiRRLi c Bj HRV
@LigSV gRi sVLiRLi. @sgS NRPLSLRiLiF[ yRWRVV sVLiysNTP Ds @LigSV (aspects).
A sVLiRV[ IN]NRPLji][s W xqsLixmsjLiy; @LiRLji][ NRP{qs xqsLixmsjLiy. y sVR [ yNTP NSLRiV
NRPWy VxqsVN][y. %sxtsQR VLi saRPLiVVLis RLRiyR NSLi yNRPWRRV. (sLis[ RLRi dxqsVN][y).
y }qsxmso sVLiRyV [xqsWs[ DLiRNRPWRRV. FssLji\ZNP[ @xmsNSLRiLi [R VsVy][ y xmsOSQsNTP Lijsy ][
sVLiRyV [R VgRiWRRV.
sVW. 1. sVsQxmsLjixtsQR Li y*RaSsWys NRPVLki*[ sWsyM.
2. uRZaP[ L>iR xqsyM
3. %sLiaRPsV BfaRPsryM.
4. RVyrysVLiR QsV B N_M.
y. 1. xmssLiRVgRiVLRiV sVLiRVVs sVLixmsLjixtsQR Vs V sRV%sVLiys.....
2. xmsRLRiVgRiVLRiV DLiys L>iR xqsRVV.
3. BLRi\ssVLij DLiys KaRPsxqsVV.
4. xmss sLRi*zLi[ y rysVLSQs xms (xqsLisRVsVLi [NPR VLiy) sVLiRVsV sRV%sVLiys
N_VRV.
sVW. [ xxqs xqs*xmsORPQLi xmsLRixmsORPQLi R s[VRVVM. @NRPXyLRisVsV, ALRisVuyssV, @sVzts QR %sZaP[xtsQs V,
sWgRixqsLixmsRLi R NRPLRiLi NRPVLRiVM. Axqs\sQM xqsx NSLS xmsZaP[`, @yxqs\sQM xqsx xmsRxqsLi}msxtsQ[s
sVsQ [VR. Bs xqs z sVsQxmsLjixtsQ` VV{tsQLi xqsxxqssV. xqs RRQORPVM. Rryjs Li R*QQORPQLi
xqsxryORPQs WxM.
y. A sVLiRVV RsV LSsNTP xqsLiLij Lis %sxtsQR WV aRPRVLSsNTP xqsLiLij Lis %sxtsQR WV NRPWy
A[xqsW DLiy. [R Vs ([R Vszqss) xmss FyLRiLiLiy. FyLRiLiLis xmss LjizmsLiy. [zqssysNTP
sVLRiVgRiVV jy. sWgRixqsLixmsRsV @sgS A RW NRPLRiV sLRi*zLi[ NSLSRW NSLS[
xqsVxqsLixmssy*s ryj Liy.
RgiR LRigS Ds sVLiRV][ NRPzqs NSLSsV gRiWLji A[R s LRiFy. RWLRiLigS Ds sVLiRV][ [ y*LS
sVLiRyV RW. BLiRVs sVLixmsLjixtsQR V[ sLiVVsVLij VVxtsvV soLiLRiV. y [ BLiRVsNTP NRP .
@LiRV[R s[ BLiRVTNTP lLiLiRV NRP sWRs[V Dy xqsxryORPVRV (s[LiVV NRP DsyRV) @s @LiLRiV.
sVW. ARLiVVZNP[ NSlLi[ sVsQM sVsQxmsLjixtsQR Li yxRV WRV`. RR RV` WLiVVuyM NSLRizqsj NRPLRiLi y
WRVVM R` NRPVLS`. NRPVLRi*RaRPc
a].[ yxqs gRiVxLi xmslLi[ %sRVbPRLi %sy` xmsLRixqs R,
gRiW}` NRPWLRi Bys RV` ry` %ssXRsWRsM.

RVy xa][RVM aSR Li s xqsyLi N[ PR Vs VL>iR ,


GssVaRPVRaSryQL][ s sVsQ Li a][R VsVL>Ri.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ %ssRWj NSLjiZNP[ xmsRsWj NRPLRi[ xmsRa][%yRVM sVyQj NSLRiM.
y. AxqsLi [R VysNTP %dsV[s ]LiRLRi xmss GLRiR xmsVRV sVLiRVd, sVLixmsLjixtsQR Vs W zms yNTP
Fy. y [ ysVLij zmssyss [y NSLRizqsj NTP DxmsNRPLjiLi[yss RW. C %sR LigS xmssVV
[xqsWLiRgSc ""Rs LRixryV aRPRVsoNRPV RVNRPWRRV. aRPRVso [FyV VxqsVNRPVLiW DLiy.
Rs @LigRiLi (LSsNTP xqsLiLij Lis %sxtsQR VLi) G\y \xmsTsLiVV[ yss y[V Rs @sRVysV
Rs[sNTP gjiN]sVgS LRixxqsLigS DLi[V [xqsVN][y''.
""xqsRVLRiVxtsv BLi[ aSys VLiRysNTP a][RVVRV NSsysNTP Fs @L>iR R [][ @[ %sR LigS aSryQLiR Li
%sssysNTP, @sgS @LiR aSxqsQLi @ zqsLiRsysNTP, sVLiys %ss[ @L>iR R [R V''.
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[, %ssRWj NSLjiNRP\sVs sVVR @j NRPLRiLi[
sVLiyj NSLRiLi @s[ xmsj}ss @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
37
@R uyRa][%yRVM y*RZaP[ xmsNRPLRi[ RWRxmsj M
sVW. DR QXRsV[Q RWRxmsj M. @sWRxqsLixms][}ms][ sxqsXuyLiR M. FyRgRiV{sM xmsLji%sVyLiR M. @LiR gRiV{sM
aSxqssxLRiM.
y. sVLiRLi sbPR \sVs RLRiyR RWR xmsWgRiLi LRigS. @sWRVNRPV DLi[ gRiVxqsLixmsR @Liy Ds
RWR ""sxqsXuyLiR VRV'' @sgS NSLRiLRiLi @Liy @Rs %dsVR %sTs[R VsRVss @LRiLi.
yssLiRV gRiVV RNRPVs DsyRV ""xmsLji%sVyLRiVRV'', (xmsLji%sVR\sVs xmsWsLi NRPyRV, @sgS
N]LiRsLRiZNP[ @RsNTP NSLRiLRiLi @xmsgjiLiy). xqsgRiLi gRiVV [syRV ""aSxqss xLRiVRV'' @sgS LS xmsLi}ms
yLRi V dzqsN]s s ysNTP sWRs[V RgjisyRV.
sVW. xqsVxms%szR RWsysxmsoLRiVxtsQxmsLjiysM xms}tsQR . ""aSxqsss[VsLi yRM xmsLRiM, xqs sORPQ [ssV, R}qsRLi
xmsyNRPsV, GssVxqsLiyRssV'' BRk RW[ gRi[ ` . @ssF yxmsoLRiLSxts Q sVV\QaRP xmsxqsLixqsLRiLi
gRi[ ` . @dsNRPrys RVVR xmsgRixmsryLRi W%dsVLS RsM xmsLRixqs ys[ZOP[QR . RVLiR LSxts QxmssWLi ryLRisX
gRiVzmsy ][xms [ R .
y. RWR RWyV ( xmsNUPV sVVR\s%s), yxyV (gRiVV sVV.), xmsoLRiVxtsvV, xmsLjiyxmssVW
(aRPRWxqsLiR jrysWgji) gS GLSV[zqsN]s RVV[LS. ([y "xmsoLRiVxtsQ xmsLjiyxmsLi' @sgS, NRPWy s[
_NRPLiR xqssVVyRVLi (Retinue). ""aRPRVso RgiR LRiNRPV s sVs LSgSLji aSxqsys (yLRi s V) C %sR LigS Fy.
@xmsVRV @RRV @ @LiRV; ysNTP y xmsRVRL RiLi B DLiy. @Rss C %sR LigS sW[
JTLiy'' @s A[LiRVNRPVLiW s.
yLji[ @%ds FyNRPV][s V, xqsLjixR V[s FyNRPV][s V, xmsoLRixmsysj NSLRiV][s V, LSxts Q
xmsysj NSLRiV][s V xmsxqsLixqsLiR Li (xqsLiLiR Li c (contact) |msVN][y. RsNRPW (Rs LSNRPV) aRPRVsoNRPW

DxmsWgjiLi[, \|qsys sxmsysNTP, RVVysNUP, xmsgRisNUP (\|qsys ss DLiRysNUP c to keep &


reserve), @xmsryLSsNUP (ssVNRPNRPV sVLRiFsysNTP c to retreat) Rgjis xms[aSV RWy. (aRPRVso VVNRP)
RVLiR LSuy xmssWds, ryLSds (aRPNTP sd c strong point), @NRPT xms %sR %syyds, LRiORPQ %syyds,
[FysW VxqsVN][y.
38
sVW. xmsLSj uyssVsVRM xms%sZaP[` . aSxqssLi R RV][NPR L i WRW` Fy %[ zms
RX}tsQ. xmsLRixqs y, sZNP[Q , RXuyLi R xmsryRLi, yNRPxmspssV, Bxts QxmsLjixmsaRPsV, gRiVNRPyxqsLigRisV,
AxqsssWxqsssV, xqsyLRisV, B}tsQxtsv xqsLRisV, %saS*xqsgRisVsLi R ORPQ[V` RVxts Qxqs; %sxmsLkiRsVRVxts Qxqs. RLi
WRW`c "'RWRsVV \s LSsM R*Li ys[ R. RryRVR[xtsQ*zms aRP#}qsQxtsv RV][NPR Li sNSLiR M
[uysVys ryLiVV[%xmssyM, NTPsV xmsosLSQxM, xmsLRi\|qs#Ry*NRPsV; GxtsQ RWRR LRiM B.
y. @sV Bs RLRiyRs[ aRPRVso BLiN[ PT s. FyNTP AR (@FyRVLi c danger) NRPVgRiVRVLiRs
NRPsRVRWsxmsVRV NRPWy aSxqsys Rs xms Vso Fs Fy][ @lgi[ Fy.
A aRPRVLS (Rs %sxtsQR VLi[) RVxts v\ (xqsRVj NRPy\ pleased) DsxmsVRV @Rs sW[s V,
sVVLi[s V, RWxmso[s W Ds xmsryyds (sLRiy*ds graciousness), sW][ [zqss ARLSds,
Bxts Q\sVsyss gRiWLji xmsbPLiRyds, (Rs xms VsoVVNRP) gRiVsV }msL]sRLi[ AxqsNTP sd , (RsNRPV) RgiR LRigS
AxqssLi Bs*yds, xqsyLSds, Bxts Q %sxtsQR WV xqsLjiLiRyds), %saRP*zqsLiRyds gRiVLjiL iy. A aRPRVLS
RVxts vRV NSsxmsVRV \|msNTP zmss ysNTP %sLRiVR LigS DLi[ @Rs xmssLRi s sV xmsLjibdPLiy.
@sgS A LS xmssLRi s sV xms @RsNTP Rs xms Vso %sxtsQR VLi[ FsLi sLi DLi][ VxqsVN][y @s
@LiR Li. ""dsNRPV, BRLRiLSNUP NRPWy RWR[ sVVLi. @LiRV[R RLixmsysNTP ARVVR Li Fss xmsVRV NRPWy RsV
xms Vso zmssj zmssV }ms RWR[ @LiR NRPWy RLixmsNRPWRRV; BLiNRP xV sW
Fy! B%s BRLRiV (A [aPR Li LS zmss) sWV. Bj RWRR LRiLi'' @s @RVxts vRVgS NRPsTs
aRPRVLS][ Fy.
sVW. s}qsR%sxqsXxtsQM, xmspRW [=QQNPR M , xmslLi[xtsv R*Li s sVs[R. yNRPsVsxts QLi xqs}R. zqsQRVM FysLi R
sLiR [V`. GNRPM aRPLiVWR. xqsVxmss VR WL>ij ssLi RXxts Qs V. NRPXRxmsO][QxmsxmssV, @NRPXRxmsZOP[Q gRiWR xmsyssV,
LSgSxmsLSg_, LRiLij LRis Li R xmsNRPXdyLi, yxmsxqs\s[xNRP sysVVxms [ R , RWLRis[ yzqsM
NTPR=NRPFyuys[ RV s[R \sLS*. [uysVxqsLiuyRWLi RWRNRPsV][ s R xqsVxmsxms\|msM, xmso
rys[s gRiXxR[xqsLiLS* yLRisVVxms [ R . Dxms rxms xmssVV}msRW`. xmslLi[ ][NPR M ry*ryLi
xmsNRPXdyLi xmsLjisWLi yROUPQR . xqsLRi*Li s[R ys WRW`; NSLRizqsj NRPLRiLi y.
y. (xmsLRiLSsNTP ss RWR) A LS Ljigji s sVs[ sLRiNRPV @NRPRs[ DLiy. @NRPR RsNRPV Lis
ARLSsNTP F~LigjiFNRPWRRV. aRPRVso sVR ys[][ FsNRPVs Li DsyRs @sVN]sNRPWRRV. @sxts Q\ sVs
sWV Fss\lLiy xmsNTPy xqszLiy, {qsQsV,
sVR Fyyds sLij Liy. ILiLjigS aRPRVsLiy. FsLiRV[R ssgS sRFRWsy yV, sVRV[
Dsy yV BRLRiVNRPV zqsFsRLi @s[j RWxqsVyLi.
39

aRPRV[aPR Li[s NRPXRxmsORPQLi, y %sxtsQR VLi[ DxmsFyds (gRiWR yLji RLRi, [y lLiRg]RLi),
@NRPXRxmsORPQLi[ gRiWR yLRiVsV xmsWgjiLiRyds, xmsNRPXRVNRPV y LS %sxtsQR VLi[ NTP ds, NTP
[NPR Fsyds, A xmsNRPXRV[ DLi[ LRiLiysV ([FysV) yxmsxqsV s[xtsQLi[s V, \s[xNRP s[xtsQLi[s W (C
aRPRV[aPR Li[ DLiWs) RsV gRiWR yLRiVsVLiT VxqsVN][y.
[y A yxmsxqs \s[x NRPsLisV RgiR LRi xmss [}qs y sVLiT (@Li[yxqsVV) gSs, \sRV s[xtsQLi[s V,
FyxtsQLiRV (yzqsNPR V) s[xtsQLi[s V Ds D RV s[R ysVLiT gSs VxqsVN][y. y ][ sWRRLi
NRPVRLRis xmsORPQLi[ RWRNRPVV, DsRVV, sVRVV (sVRsVRLi[ Dsy ), sRFRWsy }ms[
}msxmsssVLiT gSs (RsV gRiWR yLRiVLiRLRiW @xmsVRxmsVRV NRPsysNTP %ds\ s xms[aS\s)
xmsoryy[s V, [yRW[s V ( A gRiWR yLRiVV) yzqss RL iR VsoV, xmsoV c %dss }qs xqsLi
(gRiVLRiVV codes) xqsRVLi[R yLSs (LRixxqssXyLiys) }qsNRPLjiLiy.
yLRiLi zqss RLRiyR RgRiV%sR \sVs DFyRW[R xmssV lLiRg]. aRPRVso @Tgjiy Rs xmsNRPXRV
xmsLjisWs (xqsLijNSs) xmsNRPWRRV. ""RsVLjiNTP RVsj GsVVsj'' @y. [y NSLRizqsj
NRPlgi[ %sR LigS Fy.
sVW. NSLRixqs zqs_ DxmsLRiVR sWsM RLRi[V` c ""NTPLi LRiVlLi[ sxqsssWxqssLi xmsaRPs, xqs*Li y sxqssLi
xmsNRPLRiVNSsVM, FyL`izts QgSryL_ @sM N][xmssV A%sNRPLi y xqssVVyxmsLiVVRVNSsVM, %sVRsWNRPs Li y
yFyRLiVVRVNSsVM, xqs*Li y xmsLRi][ %sgRixsV @sM N][xmssW%sNRPLi y xmsNRPLRiVNSsVM, xqsLizqsR Li s[V
LRiVLSyNSsVxsVNSsVM, xqsxqsNRPVxmsxmsxqsLigRixLi RVLiR NRPLRi xqssVVysLi y NRPLRiVNSsVM, xqs*Q\|qsyyLi
y yRWsV[aPR NSyNSLiORPQs WM, xmsLji sxmssWyLi y xqsLixqsLSsVyLki y sWsVVxmsLRiVj '' B.
y* s}qsRxmsxqslLi[y*. xmsWssVs[ZOP[QR y. aSxqsssVsxts Qs VVNSQ* s sR RWR %sxqsXu%xmsxmsgRi[ ` .
@sy sRVs[VR.
y. ysV ss xmss zqsj LiRRLi %sxtsQR VLi[ aRPRVLS AxqsLi [xqsW RssV Ljigji s NRPVLiy @NRPRs[
s}mszqssxmsVRV A RWR B A[LiRVN][y. ""BRRV y xms VsoNRPV xqs%dsVxmsLi[s[ G][ AxmsR LSsVsRs
VxqsVN]yy, [y RsNRPV LSsVs sxqsysNTP xmsNTPRV [xqsVN]sRRVRVyy, [y y xms VsoNRPV
slLi[NPR LigS FyLij QgSx (ry*%sVNTPcRscxms VsoNRPVc aRPRV\ss aRPRV%sVRVRV FyL`izts QgSxRV) AryLRiV
(aRPRV%sVRVs %sVRVRV) lLiRg]RRVRVyy, [y LSLi[ @LiRMNRPV xqsXzts QLiRRLi N][xqsLi
xmsRVxqsVyy, [y A%sNRP xms VsosV lLiRg]RRVRVyy, %sVRV (y ry*%sVNTP sVVLiRVs
%sVRV) gSs ANRPLiRV (ssVNRP Ds %sVRV) gSs RLixms xmsRVxqsVyy, [y sVL]NRP aRPRVso][ Rs
NRPVs %sL][ysNTP, [y Rs LSLi[ @LiRMN][FysNTP ([xms LRiVgRiVVNTP) [y A%sNRP xms VsoNRPV xmsNTPRV
[R VRVxqsVyy, [y @Liy zqsR LigS Ds y ry*%sVVVNRP RVVR RWyNSsNTP @R VRgRis
@sVN]LiVyy, [y xqsxqsxqsLigRixsVW, NRPVxms (@LRiR sLi) xqsLigRixLi, s(BRLRisxqsVs oV) xqsLigRixsVW,
[y RVLiR NRPLRi(RVLiR sLSLi), xqssVVysLi (\|qsys xqs%dsVNRPLjiLiRRLi) [R Ws @sVNRPVLiVyy?
Rs \|qsy yRWsWsNTP (\|qssxmsWgSsNTP) Rgjis [aPR NSN][xqsLi sLkiOTPQxqsVyy, [y
LRiryLRiVj [R y (xmsLji sLi Contempt) [y @yRLRiLi[R y (xmssWRc negligence) [y sVs
ry*%sV][ @%ss QQ\sVs xqsLiLiR Li (xqsLixqsLSsVs ) DLiys N][LiR VRVyy c ssLiRVNRPV Ljigji
s dsRVRLi[R V?''
B A[Li, %sxtsQR VLi VxqsVN]s (@sxqsLSs xms) @NRPRs[ DLiTFy [y FssLjiNUP RVNRPVLiy
sFy. Rs ry*%sVNTP Bxts Q\sVs xmsWys RXzts Q[ DLiRVN]s xmssLjiL iy. aRPRVsoNRPV Bxts QLi NSs

aSxqsys (Rs ry*%sV xmsLizmss yLRi s V) zmss zmssV, LiR RVsW, sR RVsW DLi[ @RRV
s sRVss xmsNRPFLiVVy sFy. @ [R VNRPF[ Lij LixmsTFyRV.
40
a].[ }msxtsQLi xqsLij FyR*Li xmsyF %sVRxqsLigRixM
DxmsxmsM xqsVxX[ ][ RgRiWyryLRisV.
s VLRiyxmsxLRiLi yLRisLi xmsLSNRPsVM,
xqssWj sWO][Q RWRxqs NRPLRi WgRixqs yaRPRVM.
y. yLRi V xmsLixmsRLi, BRLRi LS[ Rs ry*%sV [xqsVN]s xqsLiR VsV gRi[R VRLi, Rs ry*%sV
g]xmsRys yRLi, %sVRV xqsLiFyjLiRRLi, NRPXyRV lLiRg]RLi, aRPRVso }qszRV[ [ R Li
NRPgjiLiRRLi (y s %sRkRVRLi), \|qsyds, gRiWR xmsoLRiVxtsvd aRPRVLSLi[sNTP xmss[aPR #|msRLi, aRPRVso
LiR VsosV, LRiysV (R yds) @xmsxLjiLiRRLi, LRixxqs xqssWyLSV VxqsVN][s RLi, xmsLSNRPsVLi RWxmsRLi,
xqssWj s (xmspd NRPRV N][xqsLi xmsVN][TsyRV Hostage) %sTzmsLiRRLi, LRixxqsQ\sVs DFyRWV xmssRLi c B%s
RWRV [R Vszqss xmssVV.
a].[ xqs*RW\M NSLRi[V[R ` xmsLRiRWyLiaRP LRiORPQ[V`,
xmsRWyxmsxqsLSLi RXaSRX\ZaPQQaRP LRiOTPQ M.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ %ssRWj NSLjiZNP[ xmsRsWj NRPLRi[ uRa][%yRVM RWRxmsj M.
y. LS C xmss @Liy Rs RWR [R [LiVVLiy. xmsRWRV (RWRNRPV FsRVLRiVgS xmsLixmsTs RWRV
), gRiWR yLRiVV, \|msNTP NRPs[ LRiORPQNPR VV, LRixxqsLigS Ds LRiORPQNPR VVc%ds sV xmsWgjiLi aRPRVRWRV Rs
LSLi[ [xqsWs xmssVV NRPs|msRVRW DLiy.
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ %ssRWj NSLjiNRP\sVs xmsRsWj NRPLRiLi[ "RWRxmsj '
@s[ xmsRLRis @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R xqsxmsR a][%yRVM
RWRZaP[ xmsNRPLRi[ LSxmsoRLRiORPQsV
sVW. LRiOTPQ][ LS LSLi LRiORPQyxqss[ M xmslLi[ aRP. xmspLRi*Li ylLi[ M xmso[ aRP. yLRiLRiORPQLi saSs xms_
sOSQQsVM.
y. RgiR LRiy sVLiU, RWLRiLigS Ds aRPRVsosVLiU LRiOTPQLiRTs LS LSs LRiOTPQLiRgRiVgRiVyRV.
sVVLiRVgS LRisVLiT, xmsoRVsVLiT LS RssV LRiOTPQLiRVN][y. yLRiLRiORPQs gRiWLji "saSLiRxmsj ' @s[
xmsNRPLRiLi[ xmsgRiLi.
sVW. 1. xmsoRLRiORPQsV c sxms X LSxmsoys LRiZOP[Q` . NRPLRiNRP xqsR LS[ z sNRP OSQM LSxmsoyM.
2. [uysV @R}qs} zmsRLRiVFyLiaRPVRM ZaP[R Ws LRiy*M
3. sXaRPLixqssVRXxts QsR M ORPQ R%syaRP#ZaP[ %saSORPQM. Rry[NPR ryysL][R M ZaP[R Ws.

y. 1. LS LSxmsoRV y xmsosj sVVRV LRiOTPQLiy; @sgS y s NRPs|msRVRW DLiy.


FsLiRV[R ssgS LSxmsoRVV {msR sLiy , NRPs y s[ OTPQLi[ryLiR V. {[ msR CsgSs[ RFRVLiRs c
ys F~ dVN]s zmsV \|msNTPsryR Vs) @LiLRiV.
2. ""LSxmsoRV%dsVR RLiTNTP }mssV NRPgRiNRP sVVLi[ LRixxqsLigS y s RLizmss[R VRLi (DFyLiaRPVRLiRLi) sVLij''
@s LRiy*s @FyRVLi.
3. ""RWRRs yss, @sgS FsVsLiy][ RVs yss, RLixmsRLi NRPWLRiR*Li @soRVLij. B [}qs
ORPQ RVsLiaRP#s[V sbPxqsVLij. @LiRV[R y sV INRP][ sLRij Li DLiRRLi sVLij'' @s %saSORPVRV
@LiRV.
sVW. @z RVs[VRj FyLSaRPLSM. NRPVsWL][z %sNRPsV RWyLi zmsy LRiVk Rs[Vy[NRPVLS`. Rry`
@sF yRVlLi [ yxqsM ZaP[R Ws B.
y. ""xmsoRV RgiR LRis[ sLRiLiR Li[ DLiRRLi FysVVs RVLisLij, @sgS FysVV Ds BLi[
sszqsLiRRLi sLij. FsLiRV[R ssgS ""s[s V xmsLSNRP%sVrys s[ RVLi[R ssV RLiT sLRiLiR Li[ DLiyRV''
@s zqs LSNRPVsWLRiVRV RgiR LRi DLi[ yss (xmsLSNRPsWs) [ryR V. @LiRVs LSLi xqsLjixR V
FyLi[yRV DLi[ RVLiR Li[ (LSNRPVsWLRiVs) syxqsLi (@NRPR sszqsLixms[R VRLi) sVLij'' @s FyLSaRPLRiV
@FyRVLi.
41
sVW. KLRi NRPLi RVs[VRj zmsaRPVsM. xmsyxms[Q Li>j R[s NSLRiLi y* @sF yxqsM ry`. Rry`
xqs*%sxtsQR WRxmsNRPX}tsQ rysVs R VlLi [ yxqsM ZaP[R Ws.
y. ""Bj g] s NRPlgi[ RVLi sLij. ysV Ljigji LSLi[sNTP LSsysNTP Bj INRP[ sWLiR Li @s
VxqsVN]s A LSxmsoRVRV @LiRRVLiR FyVs][ }qsxLi [xqsVN]s RLiT%dsVR @j NRPLi][ LRigRiRyRV.
@LiRV[R Rs [aSsNTP RWLRiLigS rysVLiRLS RVLiR Li[ LSxmsoRV DLiRRLi sVLij'' @s @LiRV
zmsaRPVsVRV(yLRiRVRV).
%s. g] F[ Rs FsRV Ds g] sV gRigS U N]sysNTP Rgjis s[giR Li xmsoLiN][s RLi N][xqsLi g] y
ssNRPNTP s @s[giR LigS xmsLRiVlgi s FsRV Ds g] sV N]RVRVLij. @[ %sR LigS @LiRFyRVLiR Li[
LSsNTP RWLRiLigS Ds LSNRPVsWLRiVRV @LiRFyVs][ }qsxLi [zqsN]s g]xms Li][ s RLiTs
FsRVL]LiRV @s sLi. C @FyRVs[V ""KLRi NRP RVLi''.
sVW. sR=ryss[VRj N_xmsRsM . s[=s[s z [ s VLi zmsRLRisVxqs rysV[ RV`. RryyRXs Vxtsv
yxqsM ZaP[R Ws.
y. ""NRPVsWLRiV rysVLiRLS RVLiR Li[ DLiRRLi Aso RWRsV INRP ][ Lij Li DLiRRLi sLij
(sR=rysLi). [giR RWRsV RWzmsxqsW AsosV FyV zmsNTP sV A rysVLiRLS C LSNRPVsWLRiV RWzms, @sgS
@Rss FyxqsVs LiRVNRPV xmsxmsn LigS, ys RLiT RgiR LRi (R yjNRPLi) zmsLiRVNRPVLiRV. @LiRV[R LSNRPVsWLRiV
@Rs R LiR Vso RgiR LRi DLiRRLi sVLij'' @s N_xmsRLiRVRV @LiRV.
sVW. R *ryss[VRj yRyj M. [s z R *[s @jN_bPNRPs Rxqs sWRXs y ZOP[QLiR s. Rry`
gSsVR lLi[}tsQ*ssVsxqsX[R VVM. xqsV[xmsLRiVy z xmsoyM zmsRLRiLi yRVxds .

y. ""Bj R *rysLi, @sgS A %sR LigS RLiR Vso sR DLiRTs LSNRPVsWLRiVRV R *Li sLiyRV
@soyRV. Gs[[ RWzms @jN_bPNRPVV RLi Fss V C LSNRPVsWLRiV RWzmsLi A sWRXLiR VsoV
(rysVLiRLSV, @j NSLRiVW sVVR\s y sR sVLiT) R yjNRPLi dxqsVNRPVLiLRiV.
@LiRV[R LS Rs NRPVsWLRiV }qs*RgS @s xqsVW @sV %sLi[V RW. xqsVsVRV ssLi
y*LS DxmsLRiVR V\s (INRP ][ sLRiLij LixmsTsV Ds) LSNRPVsWLRiVV RLiTNTP FsRVLRiV LRigRiLRiV'' @s
yRyj (DR soRV) @LiRV.
42
%s. N]LiRLRiV RLi FsRVN]s[ {qsQV A RW [s yxmssVV sWzqsN]sFLiVV ys RWzmsxqsW RLi
FsRVN]LiLRiV. y @jRVV. N_bPNRPVRsgS FysVVyRV. FysVVsV RWzmsLi ys ATxqsW RLi
FsRVNPR VLiRV.
@[ %sR LigS LSNRPVsWLRiV R *LigS (Liys sVVLiRV szms) R yR VV sxqsWV [ryLiR V @s yRV
yaSLRiV. ""@j N_bPNRPVV'' @s[j INRP%sR \sVs ryR Vso }msLRiV @LiVVDLiVLij. %ds N]s [s o sVV,
y NTP xqsLiLij Lis R *V xmsVN]s LRiVgRiVRW RWxqsW DLiLRiV. C [s o sV RWxmsRLi[R FssLRiW
NSRs[LiR V @s NSLilgi [ @FyRVLi.
gSsVR LRiLi @sgS gSsW[ G xmsds FyW [sy }qs*RgS RgRiVs[ sRLi, ygRiRLi, RLi
ARRLi, syLRiLi sVVR\s RVLRi*QxqsyV @s @LiR Li.
sVW. ssLRis[VRj N_M. NSxts Q%sVs z xmsn VVgiR Li LSNRPVsV%sdsRxmsoRsVRVVNRP s WRLi #[R.
Rry` VVRVsVyLi sVzuysV VV*M RLRiVsV Hs L>iR xqsRLi sLRi*}msRVVM. Axmss xqsyQ*RWLi
N_sWLRi X][ gRiLRi LRi xmss[ R %sRV[R . xmsyRWM xmsoRxqsLiryLRiLi xmsoL][zRM NRPVLS`. xqssVLiR Li
Rj*][ %ss[VRVVM.
y. C %sR LigS RVRLi @sgS LSxmsoRV }qs*RgS g[ SV @sV %sLiRdsRVRLi, NTP DLiRgSs[
sVLRiLiRRLi @s N_Vs @FyRVLi. xmsoLRiVgRiVV ]s[zqss NRP s. %sdsRVV (%syryRV[R
%ssRVLi s[LiR TsyLRiV) NSs LSxmsoRVV gRi LSsLiaRPLi aRPRVso ANRPsVLi [zqssLiRsWRLi[Rs[
%sLjigjiFRVLij.
@LiRVss xmssVxztsQ VVRVsV @LiVV DsxmsVRV VV*NRPVV HLiRL>iR xqsRQ\sVs @sgS j uyR
@LiVVs BLiRVRV, Vj NTP @j uyR @LiVVs Xxxqsd [s RVgS gRi, RLRiVsosV (FyRVxqsLi sLi
x[s VRsLi)zqsR Li RW. @sgS A RLRiVso][ BLiR XxxqsRV @sVgRixLi N][xqsLi x[s VLi RW.
AsV gRiLRis @LiVVsxmsVRV N_sWLRi XRVRV (bPaRPV\sRVRV) gRiLSs xqsLjigS FztsQLiRysNUP, @yRWxqs
xmsxqsysNUP xmsRVRLi RW. AsV NRPss RLRiyR xmsos xmsoRVsNTP xmsoL][zRVRV (RNRPLSj) xqsLiryLRiLi
RW. @RRV xqssVLiR V\s RLRiyR A RW %sRV zqss DFyyRVVV %sRV s[LS.
sVW. xqss[VNRP\ZaPQQsLi sVXgRiRWRWRsVR{qsQM xms[ #[V` c zmsRLji %sNRPsV LSLi gRiX[. RRsM
xqsd xms}tsQR [V` By%dsVR WM.
y. ""xqsRV[ (secret agents) INRPRV LSNRPVsWLRiV s[, RLi, sVRLi, {qsQVc%dss RWzms
xms[ # |ms. "RLiTs ANRP%sVLi LSLi gRiVN][' @s Dxms[bPLiy.

"@ [R VNRPWRRV' @s sVL]NRP xqs Dxms[bPLiy'' @s @LisVysVRWRVV @FyRVLi.


43
sVW. sV][xtsQs VVR [R s%sV N_M. ssLi z RsLi [Vs [VyLRi[s Dxmsjx[ RR y WxtsQ;
GssV @RVLi ssVj M RVRRV[R RR yrQxms[aPR %sVyy. Rry` R LRisVLiR Li
yrxmsjZaP[yR LRisVsLiR Li R.
y. RVsysNTP BLisds RVxmsRLi sVsLiR }RVso @s N_Vs @FyRVLi. FsLiRV[R
ssgS N]R RsLi (sVNRPVLiR sVVR\sj) ysNTP Gj Gj xmsp}qs yss[ {msVNRPVLiVLij.
@[ %sR LigS N]R Vj (sVLiR V xmspLjig S RVs Vj ) gRi C LSNRPVsWLRiVRV (BRLRiVV) Gj zms[
@[ aSrQxms[aPR Li sLij @s @sVNRPVLiRV. @LiRV[R %dssNTP R LSds, @LSds sWRs[V Dxms[bPLiy gSs
@R LSds, @sLSds Dxms[bPLiRNRPWRRV.
sVW. xqs}qsQ*sLi ""Rs xqsM'' B sgRisM Fy[RVVM. Rs[[=NS` xmsLRi{qsQxtsv sVsM NRPVLS*sV
ALSsyM{qsQLRis[VyM aRPWygSlLi[xtsv LSyso[*[VRVVM. sVRNSsV WgRiFys[s
D[*[VRVVM, RWRNSsVLi NSxms\ZNPM xmsoLRiV\|tsQLiR V[*[VRVVM, sVXgRiRWNSsVLi xmsL][R NRPs\s
ryQxqs[VRVVM, zmsRLji %sNRPsVVj LiR[R sVxms%saRP [ R [VRVVM c @FyLiR dsW LS; %sxmss[ xmsn WRM, xqsLixmss[
sLRiNRPFyRM, xqsLiN][aPR M xmslLi[NPR [xts Qs R ZaP[.
y. @LiVV[ xqsRVV ""s[VsVV ds y sVV'' @s zms (@Rs RgiR LRis[ DLiW) @Rss FyLiy.
RsssVRLis @RRV xmsLRi{qsQ%sxtsQR VLi[ sWxLi RWxmso[ DR s V {qsQ s[uy[ Ds @xms%sR\ s
dsR{qsQsV dzqsN]s s, FssLRiW [s B [ LSRVLiRV @RsNTP xmsLRi{qsQ Li[ @xqsxLi NRPlgi[ V
RW.
sVRLi ygSs @RRV @sVNRPVLi[ sVLiRV NRPzmss sVRLi B ysRVLiRV sgRiV NRPlgi[ V RW.
RLi%dsVR sVsxqsV= F[ sWxqsLi [}qs RgS s dzqsN]s s @RsNTP RLi @Li[ gjisV RW.
s[RVLiRV AxqsNTP RWzms[ N]LiRLjis yLji][zmsT ]LigRi s[xtsQLi[ xmsLizms RV|ms. RLiT %sxtsQR VLi[
xmsLSNRPsVLi RWFy @sVNRPVLi[ @LiRVNRPV (\|msNTP) @LigkiNRPLjixqsW [ ][FyRVLi[R @Rs A[R s sWLjisRWc
""LSsV FsjLjiLiRRLi sVLij NSRV. ds xmsRVRLi %sxmsn \sV[ sVLRiLi RxmsRV. xqsLixmssLi @so[ (xqsxmsn Li
@LiVV[) (RLiTs RLizmss FyFysNTP) sLRiNRPsVW sxqsVLij. [NPR sLiR NRPVgRiVRVLij. xms LiRLRiW IN]NRP sV
R ][ N] RLizmss[ryLiR V'' c (@s LRixxqsLigS Dxms[bPLiy.)
sVW. %sLSgRiLi zmsRVs[VNRPxmsoRLi y k RW`. xxmsoRM xmsRs s Vs%sxtsQR VLi y
Fyxms[V` RVR gRiLRiM, xmssV, TsW ys #s[`. ARxqsLixmssLi \|qsyxms[, RsLS[ y ryxms[V`.
44
y. (LS) Rs xmsoRVRV Rs %sxtsQR VLi[ }mssV[syRLiVV[ @RRV FsLiR Bxts v\y, INRP[ @LiVVy @Rss
Lij Liy. ysVLij xmsoRVVs LS RssV [*ztsQLi[ xmsoRV xqsLjixR V[ Ds [aSsNTP gSs sVL]NRP
[aSsNTP gSs xmsLizmssRW.

ysNTP FsNRPR gRiLRiLi (F~NTP LiT) gSs, (N]sysNTP) %sxqs sxqsVs oV gSs, ]LRiNRP[, LS[xmsRsLi
NRPgjiLiRysNTP @sNSaRPLi DLiR][ @NRPTNTP xmsLizmss[R W. xqsR VsLiRV \s xmsoRV }qsyj xmssgS gSs,
RVVsLSsVgS gSs sRV%sVLiy.
%s. FsNRPQ\[ @RRV xmsNRPV gRiLRixqs bPaRPVso, @sgS gRiRg S LRiOTPQLiRRgjisyRV NSs, @sVysNTP Rgjis
sxqsVs ogS gSs, @sgS \|msNTP RWzms R sLi xqsLiFyjLiRysNTP DxmsWgjiLi[yRV NSs, LRiVgRiVVNRPV NSLRiLigSs
NS][ @NRPTNTP xmsLiFy @s NSLilgi [ y.
sVW. Vj sWs, ALRiVj M, RVLRiVj M B xmsoR%sZaP[uyM. bPORPQ sW[ R LSLSsoxms # [ ysVxts Q R
Vj sWs. Dxms sW[ ysVxts Q ALRiVj M. @FyRVs][ R LSLiR [*{tsQ [ RVLRiVj M.
y. Vj sVLiRVRV, ALRiVj , RVLRiVj @s xmsoRVV sVWRV LRiNSV. R LSLSsV [*ztsQLi[yRV RVLRiVj .
sVW. xqs RV[NRPxmsoRM xmso][R f @xqs RV[R . xmsoNSxmsoy sVyR[Vy*. sXR xqsV yj ][ y LS
sWRXs VNRPVgRiVsy=sVyysVsRs[Vs ZOP[Q [ dsVVyR[V`. s\NRPxmsoRsV%sdsRLi LS[ ryxms[V`.
y. RVxts Q Vj [V LSNRPV G\ZNPNRPxmsoRV\[ ysNTP NRPVsWLRiVRV NRPgRiRLiN][xqsLi xmsRVLiy. [y xmsoNRPNRPV
xmsoRVV NRPlgi[ V xmsRVLi (A xmsoRV[ INRPsNTP LSLi By*). sXR V\FLiVVs, [y yj ][
R xmsRVRVs LS Rs LRiRVLiRV R\sxmso LiR VsoV, xqssWs\sVs NRPVLiy (Rs sLiaSsZNP[
Lijsy ). xqsR VsLiRV\s rysVLiRLSVc %ds [ INRPLji[R (sWgRiLi [R ) xmsoRV
DyjLixmsRW. @Li[ NSs Rs GNRPxmsoRV\s @%sdsRV (RVxts QVj s) sWRLi LSLi[ LSgS
ryzmsLiRNRPWRRV.
a].[ xys[VNRPxqsLiL][R M zmsy xmsoRz][ #s[` ,
@syxmsR HaRP*LRiLi [xts Q gji RV xmsp[.
y. ysVLij xmsoRV[ INRPRV RVxts v\[ @Rss xmsRLiR[aSRV[ sL][j Liy. RLiT xmsoRVNRPV
zRNSLRiVRVgS DLiy. G\y |msR %sxmsRV ssxmsVRV Rxms (sWsVWV xmsLjizqs RV[) |msR NRPVsWLRiVsZNP[
HaRP*LRiLi (LSLi) LiRRLi xmsaRPxqsLi.
a].[ NRPVxqs y # s[yLi NRPVxqsLi|mnsW z RVLiR RVM,
@LSsxqsyR M aRPaRP*ysxqs OTPQsV.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qs %ssRWj NSLjiZNP[ xmsRsWj NRPLRi[ xqsxmsR a][%yRVM
LSxmsoRLRiORPQsV.
y. [y LSLi sVVRL i NRPVsZNP[ NSsRVsV. @sgS A LSsLiaRPLi[s y LiRLRiW LSFyNRPVVgS
DLiy. NRPVLRiWxms\sVs LSFyNRPxqsLixmsn VLi (oligarchy) LSNRPV NRPlgi[ AxmsRs xmsNRPV G y [NPR VLiy
W%sV %dsVR aSaRP*RLigS DLiVLij. (LRiNSLi LSFysLi [xqsVLij.)
""sLijs @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ %ssRWj NSLjiNRPLi @s[ xmsRsWj NRPLRiLi[
"LSxmsoRLRiORPQLi' @s[ xmsj}Rs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
45

@R @uyRa][%yRVM RRVLiR aRPxmsRaRPxmsNRPLRiWM @sLRiVR sXR s V, @sLRiV [ R sXM


sVW. LSxmsoRM NRPXRQsXM @sRXZaP[ NRPLRi sRVVNRPM zmsRLRisVsVslLi[ R ; @sR
FyR NRPxmsNRPXN][xmsFyRZNP[ M. xmsoNRPLRi sRVVNRPM xmsoLRiVxtsQsVj uyyLRiLi RW[R . xmsoLRiVuyj ztsQR aRP
xqs%sZaP[xtsQs W[aPR sVsV}tsQ` . @LRiWxmsLi R NRPLRixmnssV KFyRVsNRPLi R xmsn Li zmsRVLRiVFys[V`.
y. (@sLRiVR VRsgS xqsLji\Vs yLji[sNTP dzqsN]s LSsRLiN][xqsLi N]s sLRiLiy[ DLiRTs LSxmsoRVRV
@s @LiR Li. BNRPR @RRV @sVxqsLjiLiRszqss xmsR RVsV xmsoRVyRV). RsNRPV RgRis xmss [R VysNTP
sRVVNRPVQ\ %sNRP NRPWy NRPxts QLigS Ds LSxmsoRVRV RLiTs @sVxqsLjiLiy.
RLiT sW syNRPWRRV. @LiVV[ Rs FyZNP[ sVVxmsV ssxmsVRV, xmsNRPXRV[ LRiVgRiVV
sxqsVLiRsxmsVRV, sVFyxmsLi NRPVgRiVRVLiRsxmsVRW RLiTs @sVxqsLjiLiR szqss xmss [R V. @RRV sVLi
xmssV[ sRVVNRPVQ\[ RsNRPV @xmsgjiLis xmss xmsLRis[OPT QLi[ INRP xmsoLRiVxtsv (@juyyLRiLi xmsoLRiVxtsQs V) BsVs
(RLiTs) N][LS.
A xmsoLRiVxtsvs xmsLRis[OPR QLi[ RLiT @xmsgjiLis xmsss (A[aPR Li) xms[NRP\sVs aRPR RWxmsoRW sLRi*zLiy. A
xmss[R VRLis Lis (sWsVWVgS Lis) xmsn ds, xms s NSsVNRPV sVVR\syLRiWxmsLi[
@j NRPLigS ss sxqsVyyjLRiWxmsxmsn ds RLiTNTP xqssVLjiLiy.
sVW. RyxmsRVxtsQs s V @szqss xmso[ ylLi[xtsv y zqsxs s V @LRiRV AxmsX[ R . s sR RW` y
RVM rysV[ yRVsXM, yLjiNRPM, xqsRyN`P, @%sxqsLiyRNRPM, xmsgRi{y, sWsLiVVy yxmsxmsyyLi
RsWaRP[VR. RRxqs M N][aPR RxqsLixmssM xms%dsLRixmsoLRiVxtsQNRPyxqsLis sV%ds xqsLis Li, NRPXRxmsO][QxmsgRixLi y NRPVLS`.
y. C %sR LigS @sVNRPWLigS Dy NRPWR RLiT xqsLi][ztsQLiRNRP sVL]NRP xmsoRVsRVLiRV, Rs R NSs
LRiRVLiRV @j NRP}qsxLi RWzmsLisLiVV[ ""s[s V @LRiyrysNTP sFysV, @sV BsVV'' @s RLiTs
N][LS. Lij ryLiR s gSs, sj ry LRis gSs RVLi DsQ LiVV[ Fss\lLiy INRP rysVLiRLSsV AaRPLiVVLiy. A
rysVLiRLS yRVxmssLRi s NRPyRV, yLjiNRPVRV, xqsRLi xmsZNP[yRV, sWxqsLi [R VsyRV (@%sxqsLiyRNRPVRV,
not given to breach of trust), aRPLRiV sy s [LiR k}qsyRV, y s RgRiV %sR LigS g_LRi%sLi[yRV
@LiVV soLiy. (@Liyss[ AaRPLiVVLiy).
@NRPRs[ DLiT, N][aPR RLiR xqssVXR V\ (@sgS R ssVW, \|qsssVW xqsLiFyjLiRVN]s), %dsLRiV\s y ][
NRPy xqsLiLiys GLRiLRiRVN]s, (@sgS %dsLRiV\s y NRPssV %syxsWT) @%ds yRVNRPV xqsLiLiR Li
GLRiLRiRVN]s, (RLiTLSLi[ Ds) NRPXRV xmsOSQs Rs \sxmso xmsVN][y.
46
sVW. GNRPRLRiM xqsVsLiR FyNRPsVLSgRi}sVLRiWxmsxmsNRPLRiNRPLSyys[` . FyxtsQ xqsLixmsn V RssVa][RVg[ RiLi
[aPR RssWR %sR yRsLi y gRiWR sVsVxms%saRP ryLiR RWsFyy R sVRsLRixqsWlgi[y xqsLiyRWxlLi[` .
FyLRigS%sVNRPLi y WgRisW}tsQ` ; sWRVM xmsLji[xms gRi} y [}tsQR .
NSLRiVbPNRPVbdPsNTPR=NRPygik ssFyxtsQs RR LS* sxts QLiR WxmsM, RR*QsxqsM [ xms%saRP LSM
aRPxqsQLRiryLi xmsxXR WRW` c ""@xsVr NRPVsWLRiM, xqsxg[ iR %sVRLi LSs[VN][ yL>iR N[ PR Vs V; RR
[V NSsVRVs[ LRiVLi ysxLi j*gRiV[s NRP s[R s[[xmsry}qs'' B. BRsLRiVR sXR s V.

y. (rysVLiRLS AaRPRVLi LiRNRP) ILiLjigSs[ DLiRszqsss LSxmsoRVRV xqsVsLRiFyNRPLi (BRLRi[NTP


xmsoLi |ms LigSLRiLi s [}qs xmss), s\sR WLSj sVVV, LRiLigRiVV, LigSLRiLi, sLiT, BRLRi %sZNP[R V
sxqsVs oV (xmsLi) %ds yFyLRiLi [xqsW, [y gRisV[s V NRPLSLiy[s V (NSLSyV) xmss[xqsW %sLiy.
[y gRiWR LigS xmss[aPR Li F~Lij, @sgS sVLi sWV zms xmspLji ssVNRPLi NRPgjiLi yzqsNRPV xqsLixmsn Wy
NRPWRs R yds, a][RVVNRPV g[ iR Li NSs(LiRs) A RW FyLiy[ s Ryds ("[s RssV', @s[
FyhRiLi[ [yRW R ys @s @LiR Li) R ssRV\s %sR s R yds @xmsxLjiLiy. [y sVRV NRPgjiLi[
sVLiRVV Bs*RLi y*LS sLRiN RPV gRiVLixmsod, JRsW N]g]. (sVVsVLiRV xmsRsVs)
FyLRigS%sVNRPWgSs @sgS aRPRVsgRiLSs sVVTLi[ DFyRWsV @ zqsLiy. R xmsORPQLiy xqsRVLi
xqsLiFyjLi xmss RW. [y NSLRiVsoV (sRLigji, NRPsVLji sVVR\sy ), bPVV (RNSLRiVV),
NRPVbdPsoV, \sRVV, ygik ssVV (NRPRV }ms sXNPR y ) FyxtsQLiRVV %ds s[uy[ LRiWxmsLi sWLRiVN]s
(sxts QLiR WxmsM), C s[uyV R LjiLis BRLRiV][ NRPzqs LSVVNRP (Rs RLiTVVNRP) RLi[ (dRVysNTP
Rgjis xqssVRVLi [y rysLi) [ xmss[bPLi, aRPryQ[R , LRixqsxmsWgRiLi[R dzqs c ""Bjg][c s[s V
LSxmsoRVRsV; LSLi @s[j @LiRLRiW NRPzqs @sV %sLiRRgjisj, kss INRP[ @sV %sLiRNRPWRRV.
Fss\lLi[ (@sWyjxmsRso[ yNRPV) xqsRVLi [R VysNTP Bxts QxmsRyL][ y s ( y RLiT Bs ysNRPLi)
lLiLixmso ALRisVW ( NRPLi c Li food) RsVW B xmsprys V'' @s |mnsWztsQLiy. Bj @sLRiVR VRV
[R Vszqss xmss.
47
sVW. 1. @sLRiVR Li RV sVVxmsoyxmsxqsLSM xmsFyys[VRVVM, sWy y xmsgRiX{y. RQQNPR L i
gRiWR xmsoLRiVuyM aRPxqsQLRiryLi xsVM. @RQQNPR L i RVbdPM {qsQM, Fys[s , sVXgRiRVRW y xmsxqs
LSysoxmsgRiXx As[VRVVM
2. a].[ Dxmszqs RLi R LS[s sWRWLiR Q*%sV rysQ *[V`,
GNRPxqs sVR xqsLiLRiVy` xmsoRys y xmsyxqs[V`.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ %ssRWj NSLjiZNP[ xmsRsWj NRPLRi[ @uyRa][%yRVM @sLRiVR sXR sV, @sLRiV [ R sXM.
y. 1. sVVVQ\s @sWyRV xmsoRVV, @xmsxqsLRiVV (LS LRixxqsLigS xmsLixmsgS @Rs xmss [}qsy c
Secret agents) @xmsLRiVR VTNTP sRzms (xmsFyR =""dsNRPV RsLSjNRPLi xqsVLij; C Li
NRPVgRiVRVLij @s zms) ssVNRPNRPV dzqsN]s LSy. [y LS g_LRiysNTP FyRVLS\s (xmsgRiX{y)
@sLRiVR Vs R\Vy dzqsN]s LSy.
FsLiR zmsy %ssNRPFsRLi [R LS[R RLiRTsyss gRiWR xmsoLRiVxtsvV aRPryQ[R , LRixqsxmsWgRiLi [R
RLizmss[R W. LSNRPV BLiNS }mssV DLiT @Rss RLiRs xmsORPQLi[ ysNTP xqssWs\sVs bdPLi gRi {qsQ][
gSs, FysLi][ gSs, s[][ gSs xqsLiLiR Li GLRiLRi (C sxqsyV @sLji) LS xmsVN]s LSRgiR LjiNTP
dzqsN]s LSy.
2. @ dxqsVN]s ss LSNRPVsWLRiVs][ (@RRV yLjiNRPV\s xmsORPQLi[) LS ""y RLRiyR C LSLi ds[''
@s zms ys][ sVLi [xqsVN][y. BLiR zmsy @RRV %ssNRPF[ @Rss INRP][ Lik RW.
BLiNS N]LiRLRiV xmsoRVVs LS C @yLjiNRPV\s xmsoRV RLizmss[R W.''

""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ %ssRWj NSLjiNRPLi @s[ sVVR @j NRPLRiLi[
@sLRiVR sXRL i, @sLRiV [ R sXM @s[ xms s%sVRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R GN][s %sLia][%yRVM
uRaRPxmsNRPLRi[ LSxmsj M (LSM NRPLRi ssV)
sVW. LSssVVxts QsWssVsWxts Qs[ XyM. xmssWRs s VsV xmssWRs. NRPLS ys ORPQR Vs.
j*xtsQj aSxqsLik RV[. RryRVyssWRsM NRPVLki*R. yNSM @xM @xts Qy LSLi R %s #[` ,
yRWxmssW[s y; FLRiV{tsQ, FLRiV{tsQ, RRVLRiV R yR W sVyx B Ry*LRiM jsxqsryxts QgSM.
\M xmsbPsW yyM.
y. LS Dy=xsLiRV\[ @Rss @sVxqsLjiLi ARs XRVV NRPWy NSLS %sxtsQR VLi[
Dy=xsLiRV\ DLiLRiV. LS NRPLRi s %ssVVV\[ XRVV NRPWy @lgi[ DLiLRiV. LSNRPV xqsLiLij Lis
xmssVds OTPQLi[ryLiR V. aRPRVsoV A LSsV sWxqsLi [ryLRiV NRPWR. @LiRV[R LS RssV ysV FsxmsVRW
Dy=xsLiRVgS (active) DLiRVN][y.
xmsgRi gSs LSds yNRP[R Fss%sVj gSVgS %s Liy. [y dsRVVNRP xmssWLi[R (F~Rso[R )
%s Liy. sVsztsQ FsLiR[ sTsxmsVRV sVVgiR VLRiV xmsoLRiVxtsv xmssWLi DsQ LiVV[ (@sgS FsLiR[
sTsys dsR F~Rso sTsys F~RsoNRPV sVWRV lLiV DsQ LiVV[) @j sVVR @xts Qs VgRiLi. INRP
xmsoLRiVxtsvs xmssWLi DLi[ @j lLiLiRs @xts QsVgRiLi.
yVgRiV @LigRiV F~Rso DsQ LiVV[ sVWRs @xts Qs VgSV, %ds[R xmsgRiVNRPV xqsLiLij Lis
xmsbPsVgSV (sVyxLi RLRiVy gSV) zms s ,[ @sgS dsR yVgRiV @LigRiV F~Rso DLi[ @j
jsxqsxmsbPsVgSsNTP Lijs sVVR @xts Qs VgRiLi. INRP xmsoLRiVxtsvs xmssWLi DLi[ lLiLiRs @xts Qs VgRiLi.
sVWRV xmsoLRiVxtsQxmssWV DLi[ sVWRs RRVLiR gRiLi. ryRVLiNS xqssVRVLi RRVLSQxts Qs VgRiLi.
48
%s. "FLRiVxtsQ' aRPsNTP Ds xmszqsyLSs dzqsN]s N]LiRLRiV zLik yRV \|ms%sR LigS @LiR Li zmsyLRiV.
gRixmsaSzqsQ A xmsy @LiR Li %ssLjiLiRNRPVLiy A xmsys[ DxmsWgjiLi ysLiyLRiV. NSs \|ms ysLi
@xqsLigRiRLigS NRPsRVRVLij.
xqsWL][RRVLi sVVRV INRP @xts Qs VgRiLi @Liy xmsoLRiVxtsvs dsR IZNP[ %sR LigS (FLRiVxtsQxmssWLi][) sVWRV
lLiV DLiT xRVgS lLiLiRs @xts Qs VgRiLi[ GNRPFLRiVxtsQxmssWLi NSRV NRPy? NRPsVNRPsVLigS RgiR VRW sxqsVLij
NRPy?
@LiRV[R FLRiVxtsQaPR Li FyLjiztsQNPR aRPLigS gRizLi A L][[ xqssVRVsLi N][xqsLi sLjiLis
bPxmsn NSRVNRPV (Sun-dial) xqsLiLij Lis %sR LigS @LiR Li [xqsVN][y. @ssLRiLi N]LiR%dsVR, sVyxqsV[s
|qsLiVVLi ysVqs RLji sy BLiNS BRLRi xms[aS[s V BLi xqssVRV s xmsn NSV DyLiVV.
DLiVVs sVVR\s xms[aS[ BLi RVLiyV y DyLiVV. @LiRV[R "FLRiVxtsQ' ByRVNRPV A
RVLiy %dsVR NRPs[ dsRVVNRP F~Rso @s @LiR Li xmsVN][y. NSLilgi [ @sVyRLi A %sR LigSs[ Dsj.
yTNS [y yNS: INRP sbPRxmssWLi gRi g]Li[ ds gSs, BxqsVNRP NSs Fzqs ys LRiLiR Li sVLi @%s
NSLRiysNTP xms [ xqssVRWs xms xmsn VNRPV sLiR LiVVLi[aSLRiV.

Cy 24 s%sVuyV INRP xmsn VNRP. @LRi\s %sxmsn VTRVV INRP xmsn VNRP [y gRiTRV. C %sR LigS yNS xqsRVLi[R
gSs, xqsWLRiyR W RVLiRxqsRVLi[R gSs xmsgRiV Fss%sVj gSV gSsV, LS Fss%sVj gSV gSsV
%s Liy. sVVRL i 16 gSV. IN]NRP gRiLi INRPsLRi gRiLiV @soRVLij.
sVW. RR xmsplLi[* jsxqsryxts Qlgi[ LRiOSQ%syssWRVsR R aRPXVRW`. j*d[V FLRisxmsyyLi
NSLS xmsZaP[`. RXd[V rys[ sLi }qss[R . ry*yRVLi R NRPVLki*R. RRVlLi [ zLRixmsgRix sVR QOSQLiaRP
NRPVLki*R. Bs[ sVsQxmsLjixtsQy xmsRxqsLi}msxtsQ[s sVsQ [VR; yLRigRiVx[R dsRWs R V [ R. xtsQ}tsQ
\|qs#*LRi%sLRiLi sVsQ Li y }qss[R . xqsxmss[V xxqsQaRP*LRiyRVVk RWs xmsZaP[`. @xts Qs[V }qsyxmsxqs[ %sNRPRVLi
s [V`. xmszts Q[%xs xqsLiysVVFy{qsR.
y. xmsgRiNTP xqsLiLij Lis sVVR @xts Qs VgRiLi[ LRiOSQ%syyds (LSLi[s LRiORPQNTP xqsLiLij Lis
GLSsV), LSTds, LRiVsW gRiWLji (@j NSLRiVV) xmsgS %sy. lLiLiRs @xts Qs VgRiLi[ FLRiV
NSLSV, xms WLji xms NSLSV RWy. sVWRs @xts Qs VgRiLi[ rys [ yV }qs%sLiy;
ry*yRWR RVsLi (s[yj xqsR Liy xmshRisLi) RW. ys @xts Qs VgRiLi[ ARW @j NSLRiVV
dzqsN]s ss R sLi dzqsN][y, ARW aSj xmsRVsV yLji yLji xmssV[ sWgjiLiy.
HRs @xts Qs V gRiLi[ [V xmsLixmsRLi y*LS sVLixmsLjixtsQR V][ xqsLixmsjLiy; gRiWR yLRiVsVLiT LRixxqs
yLRi V VxqsVN][y. ALRis @xts Qs VgRiLi[ }qs*RgS %sxLjiLiRRLi (%saSLi dzqsN][s RLi)gSs, sVLiRLi
(Rgjisy ][ A[R s) gSs }qs%sLiy (RW). GRs @xts Qs V gRiLi[ gRic@aRP*cLRiRsV,
ARVVR yLRiV\s NSLi sV RWy.
Fss%sVRs @xts Qs V gRiLi[ }qsyxms][ NRPzqs xmsLSNRPsWsNTP xqsLiLij Lis %sxtsQR WV A[Liy. xmsgRi gRiLi
xqssWxmsLi @LiVVs RLRiyR (@sgS ryRVLixqsLiR s[ ) xqsLi][ Fyxqss RW.
49
sVW. xmsRs[V LSlgi[ gRiWR xmsoLRiVuys xmsZaP[`. j*d[V rys[ sLi NRPVLki*R, ry*yRVLi R. RXd[V
RWLRi|mnsW}tsQ xqsLi%sxts QM RRVLiR s aRPLiVWR. xtsQ}tsQ RWLRi|mnsW}tsQ xmsVR M aSxqsQsV BNRPLRi syLi R
s [V`. xqsxmss[V sVsQ sVy{qsR, gRiWR xmsoLRiVuyLiaRP }msxtsQR V`. @xts Qs[V VV*gSyLRixmsoL][zRsM
xqs*xqsQRVys xmsgRiX{ RW`, NTPR=NRP sVszqsNRPsxLjiN SLiaRP xmsZaP[`. xqssy=Li [ s VLi sXxtsQ Li R
xmsROTPQNRPX][xmsrysLi gRi[ ` .
y. LSNTP xqsLiLij Lis sVVR @xts Qs VgRiLi[ gRiWR xmsoLRiVxtsv (secret agents) RWy. lLiLiRs
@xts Qs VgRiLi[ rys [ yV, ry*yRVsVW RW. sVWRs @xts Qs VgRiLi[ RWLRiR *sV][
aRPRVsLi @j zts QLi (@sgS sVLigRiyyV sWgRiVRVLiRgS aRPRVysNTP DxmsNRP%sVLi) RRVLiR c xmsLiRsVgSV
sRFy. ALRis @xts Qs V gRiLi[ RWLRi|mnsWxtsQLi][ s[Vs @LiR aSryQds, ysV [R Vszqss xmssVsV
gRiWLji A[Liy. GRs @xts Qs V gRiLi[ sVLiRLi (A[R s) LjizmsLi gRiWR xmsoLRiVxtsvNRPV y [R Vszqss
xmssVV @xmsgjiLi xmsLiFy. Fss%sVRs @xts Qs VgRiLi[ VV*NRPV][s W, AyLRiV][s V, xmsoL][zRV][s V
NRPzqs yLRiV Bs xqs*xqsQRVysV (sVLiRxmspLRi*NSbdPLS*yRVsV) {qs*NRPLjiLiy. \sRVsV, sLi BLi
sLiyss, [xtsvsV RWy. xmsNRPs[ [giR RWR Ds AsoNRPV, FsR VNRPV xmsROTPQLi [zqs Arys sVLiRxmsLi
[LS.
%s. sWLRiVs[uy[ LRiVgRiVRW LRixxqsxqssWyLSV }qsNRPLjiLi[y gRiWR yLRiVV. LRixxqsLigS %sxtsQ
xmsWgSRVFyRW[R aRPRVxmsORPQLiy s RLizmss[RVRLi sVVR\s xmssVV [}qsy gRiWR xmsoLRiVxtsvV
(Secret agents).

sVW. ARsVNRPW[s y saSxLSgSs xms%s NSLS }qss[R . DxmsrysgRiRM NSLSLij y


sVy*LSxqsLigRiLi NSLRi[V`. RVLiR L][+ z LS NSLSNSLRi%sxmsLSxqssWxms\sQM NSLRi[. RVLiR L][+ y gRi[ ` .
Rry` [s yaRPsVFyxtsQ a][RVxmsaRPVxmsoryyyLi sXR yj RsxqssyyyLi zqsQRWLi R NRPs[V
NSLS xmsZaP[`, NSLRig_LRiyyRLiVVNRPsZaP[s y.
y. [y Rs rysVLSQsNTP @sVgRiVLigS LSgSsW, xmsgRi gSsW %s Li ARW gS[ A RW
xmssVV RW. G\sVy INRP NSsRVsVLi xmsNSLRiLi xmssVV RWs @LiR Li.
Arys sVLiRxmsLi[sNTP ss RLRiyR Rs][ xmss DLiT ssy sV @LiRLjids, y*LRiLi RgiR LRi G @R LiNRPVW
[NPR VLiy, [xmsNTP LSsy*. LS RWRysNTP aRPNRPQ\sVsyRV NSNRPF[, (xmss Dsy NTP LS RLRi+sLi
Bs*NRPF[) RgiR LRi Dsy [R VRgjis xmssVW, [R VRgRis xmssVW yLRiVsWLRiV [ryLiR V. ys][ xmsNRPXRV
(xms) N][FysNTP (LRiVgRiVVNRPV) gRiVLji @soyRV. [y aRPRVsoNRPV LigjiFyRV.
@LiRV[R [s yryyV ([yRWRVV), AaRPsWV, FyxtsQLiRV ryyV, a][RVV ryyV,
xmsaRPVryyV, xmsoryyV %dsNTP xqsLiLij Lis NSLSsW, VV, sXR VV, L][giR gRixqsVV, NRPuy[
Dsy , @yRV, {qsQVc%ds NSLSsW @[ NRPsVLi[ RWy. [y A xmssNTP Ds g_LRiys,
(Fyyys, importance) xms, [y ]LiRLRisV (urgency) xms A NRPsVLi sWLji NRPWy NSLSV RWy.
50
a].[ xqsLRi*sWRLiVVNRPLi NSLRiLi aRPXVRWyFyR[V`,
NRPXRQryR sVNSs s VryR Li y %sRV[.
y. sLis[ (]LiRLRigS) [R Vszqs NSLSs sLis[ %sy. ysRVNRPWRRV. @ y |mss NSLRiLi
RLRiyR @NRPxts QLi %dsVR NSs ryj LiRysNTP aRPNRPLi NSRV; IN]NRPxmsVRV ryj LiRysZNP[ aRPNRPLi NSNRPVLiy
FRVLij.
a].[ @gRiQQgSLRigRiRM NSLRiLi xmsZaP[Q\Q*RRxmszqs*ysV,
xmsoL][zyyLRixqsM xmsRVyRWyR R.
y. \sRV @sgS %sy*LixqsV xmssVV, sVVsV xmssVV, @gji gRiXxLi[ xmsoL][zRVs][s V, AyLRiV][s V
NRPzqs DLiT, yLRiV LSgSs[ [ g_LRi%sLi ssVxqsLjiLi RWy.
a].[ Rxmszqs*yLi RV NSLS \Q%s\QM xqsx NSLRi[V`,
sWRWWgRi%syLi \s s xqs*RVLi N][xmsNSLRi`.
y. @LiVV[ c sVVsV xmssVV, sWRWxmsWgRiLi zqss y xmssVW sVWRV s[y[s V xmsLiTRV\s
yLjis xqsLixmsjLi yLji[R [LiVVLiy gSs yNRP[ [R VgRiWRRV. FsLiRV[R ssgS G\y F~LRiV
Ljigji[ y NRPV N][xmsLi LSsRVsV. (y NTP N][xmsLi LSsRLi LSNRPV sVLij NSRV).
sVW. LS[ z sRsVVysLi RVM NSLSsVaSxqsssV,
ROTPQ sXrysVLi R kOTPQR ry}tsQR ssV.
y. C %sxtsQR VLi xqsLRi*y gRiVLRiV DLiRVN][y (z) c FsxmsVRV DRsVbdPV\ DLiRRs[V (DysLi) LSNRPV
xms%sR sRLi. xmsLjiFyysLRi*xs[V (NSLSsVaSxqsss[V) RVLi. xmsLiRLji %sxtsQR VLi[s V suyQOPT QNRPLigS
xmssLjiL iRRs[V ROTPQ. LSNRPV LS}tsQNPR s[V kORPQ.

%s. ""kOTPQR ry}tsQR ssV''NRPV RVV ""kOSQ Rry}tsQR ssV'' @s FyhRiLi DLiT DLiVLij. LS G yRV
LSztsQNPR VQ\y][ Ay[ xmsFysLi @s[ RVsNTP kORPQ szLisV @s @LiR Li.
sVW. xmsxqsV[ xqsVLi LSM xmsyLi R z[ zRsV,
yRzmsRVLi zRLi LSM xmsyLi RV zmsRVLi zRsV.
y. xms xqsVLi[s[ LS xqsVLi DLij. xms zRLi[s[ LS zRLi DLij. LS RsNRPV zmsRV\sVs yss[
zRsVsVN]sNRPWRRV. xmsNRPV Gj zmsRVsW @[ Rs zRLi.
sVW. Rrys][][ LS NRPVLSRLSsVaSxqsssV,
@LiR xqs sVW sVVyssVsLiR xqs %sxmsLRiRVM.
y. @LiRVss LS sRsVW DRV\, (DRsVbdPV\) NSLS aSxqssLi (NSLRisLRi*xLi) RW.
DRsVbdPV\ DLiRRs[V NSLRizqsj NTP sVWLi. DRsVbdPVRV NSNRPFsRLi @sLSsNTP (NSLRizqsj NRPgRiNRPFsysNTP)
sVWLi.
sVW. @sVys[ R V[ yaRPM FyxmsryygRiRxqs R,
Fyxms[ xmsn sVVyy #[ yLiR xqsLixmsRsV.
51
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ %ssRWj NSLjiZNP[ xmsRsWj NRPLRi[ GN][s %sLia][%yRVM LSxmsj M
y. LS DRsVbdPVRV NSNRPF[ Lisk, LiRsVsk NRPWR sbPLiRRLi RxmsRV. DRsVbdPV\
DLiRRLi s xmsn Li F~LiRVyRV. NSLRixqsLixmsRsV NRPWy F~LiRVyRV.
""sLijs'' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ %ssRWj NSLjiNRP\sVs xmsRsWj NRPLRiLi[ LSxmsj
@s[ xmsLi]%sVRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R %sLia][%yRVM
xqsxmsR aRPxmsNRPLRi[ saSs xmsj M (LS ss sLSsV)
sVW. 1. yxqsVNRPxmsaRP# }qs [ZaP[ xqsFyNRPLRixmsLjiy*LRisVs[NPR NRPOSQQxmsLjigRiRsV, @sM xmsoLRiLi NSLRi[V`.
2. N][aPR gRiXx%sys[s y sV [ yxqsgRiXxsV, gRiWR xqsLiyLRiLi sWxsgRiXxLi Rs [ y yxqsgRiXxsV,
W%sVgRiXxLi y AxqssNSxts Q\R [s yzmsysy*LRi sVs[NPR xqsVLRiVxqsLiyLRisV, FyryRLi y gRiWR rFysLi,
xqsVztsQLiR xqss Vxmss[aSxmsryLRiLi y. yxqsgRiXxLi RVsQ R RsFyRsV NSLRi[V`. AxmsRQdNSLSLiR sV Axmsj y
NSLRi[V`. @][%sy y %sNRP[V` xqsyLiVV RW`.
y. 1. gRiXjsLSLi[ s[LiR VgRiyLRiV, yxqsVaSxqsQV xmsaRPLizqsLis (sVLi Rs zmss) xms[aPR Li[
FyNSLSV, xmsLji (@gRiR) , y*LSV, @s[NPR sVV\s NRPORPQ V (%saS\sVs yNTP ) Ds @LiRMxmsoLRiLi
sLjiLixms[R W.
2. LSsyxqs gRiXs N][aPR gRiXxLi sLjiLi[ %sysLi[, @LiRMxmsoLRisVR Li[ sLjiLixmsRW. [y g][R [
LRixxqsQ\sVs xqsLiyLRiLi (sT[ sWLiR Li) Ds INRP sWxs gRiXxLi ([xmsNTP ssy NTP FsVsVLiT \ NRPV
LSy[ RVs gRiXxLi) sLjiLixms[zqs ys sVR LSsyxqsgRiXxLi sLjiLixmsRW. [y RgiR LRi Ds

\ R ([yRVLi[s) [s R LRiWxmsLi NTP NRP][ [zqss NRPzmss[}qs y*LRiLi gRi, xqsVLRiLigS y*LS @s[NPR sVV\s
sWLSV gRi W%sVgRiXs sLjiLixms[R W.
@sgS INRP W%sV gRiXxLi sLjiLixms[zqs @FyRV xqssVRVLi[ yssVLiT \NRPV s ysNTP xqsVLRiLigRisWLSV
GLRiLRi A xqsVLRiLigRiy*LSsNTP RgiR LRi Ds [yRVLi[s [s ysVWLji NTPs NRP RVxmso @sVLS @s
@LiR Li. ys\|mss g][R [ LRixxqsLigS Ds sVV GLRiLRis s[VR gSs xqsVztsQLiR LRiWxms\sVs, @sgS sVR NSdgS
Ds xqsLi Li y*LS xmss[bPLiRysNUP, \NRPV s ysNUP sWLiR Li Ds s[VRgSs LSsyrysNTP sLjiLixms[RW.
LS[[V AxmsRNRPV xmsNTPRV N][xqsLi NSs, AxmsR=sVRVLi[ NSs A FyryRLi %dsVR LSsyxqsgRiXsNTP @sxqsLRiLi
ssxmsVRV sVVRL i A syxqsgRiXs NTPLijNTP jLixmsysNTP @sVsogS RVLiys @sVLS. [y
xqsyRVVs RVLi DLiRsRV gSs zmss %sR s[V NSNRPVLiy sVL]NRP %sR LigS NRPWy sLjiLixms[xqsVN][y.
@sgS C aSxqsQLi Rj%ssy NTP NRPWy C xmsR RVV zqs DLiLiVV. @LiRV[R yNTP C LRixryds
zqs @FyRVLi NRPgRisRVsV. @LiRV[R \|ms %sxtsQRWds sVsxqsV[ DLiRVN]s sVL]NRP %sR LigS NRPWy
LSsyxqsgRiXxLi sLjiLixms[R W @s @LiR Li.
52
sVW. sWsV}tsQgjiy LRixmsxqssLi xmsLjigRiRsVsMxmsoLRisVgjiLRi[s Rx; s yy[%gjiQLiR Q*; \ sRV[s
xqsy sVXR=LiRVVZNP[ s NRPLRiNRPyLjisxmsLi R.
y. sWsVuygji[R @xmsxqssLigS (@xmsROTPQLigS) sVWRV ryLiR V RVW xmsTs @LiRMxmsoLSs sVL]NRP @gji
NSRV; @NRPR sVL]NRP @gji sVLiRRV. [y zmsRVgRiV xmsT RFLiVVs VsV NSs xqssVW,
xmsosVsW NRPzms ys sRgRi ds ][ RTzms xmspzqsy NRPWR A @LiRMxmsoLSsNTP @gji RVLi DLiRRV.
%s. ""sWsV}tsQ @gjiy'' c aRPRVso [[ Rs sVsztsQVVNRP FssVVNRPVgSs, sVLRiRLiRLi %sj LiRgS aRPWLi
FsNTPLi RLixmsTs sVsztsQ FssVVNRPVgRis ss s[Vso][ sVjLiRgS xmsos @gji sWsVuygji.
@RLRi*s[R Li[s N]s sVLiyV RRVsoRW kss @xmsROTPQLigS @LiRMxmsoLRiLi RVW Fy.
sVW. sds c ZaP[*y c sVVxtsQNRP c xmsoxtsQsyNSLRiOUPQs[ RryaRP*R xqs xmsys[s y gRiVxmsLi xqsLS %suy y s
xmsxqsxs[. sWLSLRisVRVWLRisNRPV xmsXxtsQ][R =LiR M xqsLSs ORPQR V. aRPVNRPMaSLjiNS XLS[ y
xqsLRi%sxtsQaPR RWLi N][aPR . N_[ %suyZaP[ sWR. gSRV ssNRPM. %sVRV[ sVRN ][NPT M.
RN][LiR ryQOPT Q %sLRi[[, B[s sVgji%sxtsQxqslLi[ M xmsNRPVLki*R.
y. ss, ZaP[*R, sVVxtsQNRPLi, xmsoxtsQsLiyNRPLi c %ds ANRPVV NRP GLRiLRis RLiR][ gSs, RT Ds xms[aPR Li[
(@OUPQs[) |msLjigjis LS%sV ANRPV][ NRPs RLiR[R gSs LRiOTPQLis @LiRMxmsoLSs xqsLSV gSs, %suyV NSs
j LiRso.
%s. sds=FyNRPWLRi. sVVxtsQNRPM=sVVNRPxmsoV: @OUPQs[ Rxqs=@sgS ""NRPLRi%dsLRisXORPQLi%dsVR xmsos'' @s
gRixmsaSzqsQgSLRiV.
sWLSlLi[ c zmsVV, ssV , sVVLigjixqsV, RVNRP [ B%s }qs*RgS xqsLiRLjiLi[V %sT|msRLi xqsLSsV
OTPQLis[xqsVLij. xqsLRiaRPLiNRP, %sxtsQaRPLiNS NRPgRigSs[ NRP, g][Lij LiNRP, XLigRiLSLi (sLiNRPLRi][NPR gRi INRP xmsOTPQ),
@LRiVryLiVV. %sxtsQLi RgiR LRi DLi[ N_LiRxmsOTPQNTP sVNPR VRVLij. sLisNRPxmsOTPQ Dy=xaRPWsLi @LiVVFRVLij.
sVRN ][NPT RFRVLij. RN][LiR xmsOTPQ NRP FsRyLiVV. C %sR LigS @gji%suy xmsNTPRV [xqsVN][y.

sVW. xmsXxts QR M NRPOSQQ%slgi[ {qsQss[a][ gRiLRiyj \sRxmsyRxqsLiry sXO][QR NRPrysLi R. zM


NRPyNRPVsWLRixmsoLRisV. xmsoLRiryR LiNSLRi W%sVM, sVsQ W%sVM, DxmsryssV, NRPVsWLSR QORPQ rysLi R.
NRPOSQQsl Li[xtsQ*sL iR *LibPNRP \|qssLi }tsQ` .
y. LSsyrysNTP ssVNRP s[LiR VgS sLjiLis NRPORPQ [ LSLRi syxqsrysLi, ys ssVNRP gRiLRixqsLixqs
(gRiLRis RVNRPV syxqsLi) (ysssVNRP) yj xqsLixqs (yj RVNRPV syxqsLi), ys ssVNRP ""BLiNRP %ds L][giR Li
NRPVRLRiRV'' @s zms \sRVV %sTszqssy syxqsLi, %ds ssVNRP ][xmso, ys ssVNRP ds rysLi
(sWRVV, jgRiVRV%s sVVR\s%s) DLiy.
LSsyrysNTP sVVLiRV LS @LiNRPLjiLiRVNRPVs[ gRiXxLi, sVsQ gRiXxLi (sVLiRVV sVVR\s y ][ A[R sV
[}qs gRiXxLi) DxmsrysLi (AryssVLiRxmsLi), NRPVsWLRirysLi (LSNRPVsWLRiV syxqsLi) @R QORPQ rysLi (A RW
NSLSR QOPR V rysLi, @sgS xqssWxLRi sVVR\s y NSLSRVLi @s gRixms aSzqsQ. "NRPVsWLSR QORPQ ryssV''
@s[j INRPysZNP[ }msLRiV @s gRizLi NSLilgi [ LSNRPVsWLRiVsV RsV xmsLRis[OPR Q[ DLiRVN]s[ @j NSLji rysLi
(officer in charge of Princes) @s @LiR Li yaSLRiV. NRPORPQ sVR gS[ @LiRMxmsoLSj NSLRiV\s NRPLiRVNRPVV
sVVR\s y xqssVVyRVLi DLiy.
sVW. @sL RiQXxgRiRM xqs %sLRi{qsQxmsLjiaRPVyLi [%sd Li xmsZaP[`. s NSLiRgRi[ ` . [%sd gRiX} d[ z y R}qssLi
xmsn Ws. sWRVM aRPRWsL iR RaRP xmsoRM NSLRiWaRPsV. s sVR Vs[ %s}tsQ xmsLRixqs [%sd NSbPLSLi, %sxtsQj lgi [ s
sWxmsolLi[ \sLRisQ QsV, s[VsVy r%dsLRisV, WRsWRlLi[+s, s[Li gRiWR Li aRPxqsQLi NRPXy* [%ds
%sRWLRiRLi xmsn Ws. Rry[yyxqsys xmsLjixlLi[` .
y. sXR V\s {qsQ[R xmsLjia][j LiRTs LSs Rs BLi[s[ DLiT RWy. (Rs syxqsgRiXsNTP AsVsV
LRizmsLi NRPy). G {qsQsR NRPW ysV s NRPWRRV. LS BLi[ ygji DLiT rRLRiVRV R}qssV
RLizmss[aSRV. xmsoRVRV R aRPRV NTPLiR ygji DLiT NSLRiWaRP#[aPR LSsV RLizmss[aSRV. [s NRPzmssss zms
}msNRPV %sxtsQLi NRPzms NSbPLSsV LS RLizmss[zqsLij.
\ sLRiLiRV Rs[ ssyzqs[aPR LSsV LS %sxtsQLi xmspzqss sWxmsoLRiLi][ RLizmss[zqsLij. r%dsLRi[aPR LSsV @Rs LS
syLi[s sV][ RLizmss[zqsLij. @R Li][ WRV @Rs LS RLizmss[zqsLij. %sRWLRiRV @Rs LS Rs
R[ aRPxqsQLi y ys][ RLizmss[zqsLij. @LiRV[R C ryysV @sgS AxmsR }RVsosV
xmsLjixLjiLiy. @LiRVss[ sVVLiRV sXR {qsQ y*LS xmsLkiORPQ [LiVVLis zmssVs[ LSV][ NRPys @LiR Li.
53
sVW. sVVNRPVxNRPxmsxqsLixqsLiR Li aRP y{qsM xms}tsQR [V`. s \yM NRPVM xmsZaP[RVV LRisR
gRiLRiyj xqsLiry M. LRiWFyyM rysxmsxmsn VL<iR aRPVR aRPLkiLSM xmsLjisLji R sryQLiNSLSM xmsZaP[RVVM, AbdPNSM xmsoLRiVuyM,
xmsaRPyM zqsQW y sWyzmsRXsyM xqs %sLRisL<iR sLSgSLjiNSaSsL][yyLi afyafRLi %sRVM,
ryxms[VRVVaRP ry*%sVz[.
y. [T R xqsLiyxqsV][s V, yLRiV\s xqsLiyxqsV][s V, sLiRNRPV][s V [y sV
ATLi[y ][s V, \sVLiT ss y{qs][s V @LiRMxmsoLRi{qsQNRPV xqsLiLiys s}tsQj Liy. @LiRMxmsoLRi{qsQ
LiR VsVV NRPWR y sV gRiLRixqsLixqs [s V, yj xqsLixqs [s V Rxms sVlLiNRPy RWRNRPWRRV (NRPsNRPWRRV).
s[aPR V (@LiRMxmsoLRi{qsQsV RWRszqsssxmsVRV) rysLi[R , gS aRPLkiLRiLi LRiVR VN][s RLi[y aRPLkiLSsV
xmsLjiaRPVR Li [zqsN]s, sryQV @LiNSLSV sWLRiVN]s s RWy. (s[aPR V C %sR LigS s LSsV
RWys gRixms aSzqsQ). Fss\ xqsLisR=LS sRVxqsV= Ds xmsoLRiVxtsvV gSs, RW\ xqsLisR=LS sRVxqsV=

gRi {qsQV gSs @LiRMxmsoLRiLi[ Dsy RLiRVsVW RVsVW @s xmsVN]LiW @NRPR DLiT
@LiRMxmsoLRi{qsQafyafysV xms%sRy*xms%sRy*sV VxqsVN][y. sVVxqsy , xtsQLiRVV @LiVVs
@gSLjiNRPVV (BLi xmssVV RNRP [ y ) NRPWR BV [xqsW DLiy. %ds LiRLRiW @LiRMxmsoLRi{qsQsV
xms VzRLi[ DLiy.
a].[ xqs* Ws R s}qsR=LRiM xmsLRi Ws s xqsLiRlLi[` ,
s R }s xqsLixqsLiR Li NRPbPy sL ][ s[` .
y. @LiRMxmsoLRiLi[ DLi[ xmsdyRV Rs rysLi[s[ DLiy. BRLRiV rysLi[ xqsLiRLjiLiRNRPWRRV. FssRV
FsNRPR xmss[ sWgjiLiRy][ @NRPRs[ DLiy @s @LiR Li. @LiRMxmsoLRiLi[ Dsy sLRiW \y ][
xqsLiLiR Li |msVN]sgRiWRRV.
a].[ xqsLRi*Li ys[OPT QR Li RsLi sygRisVsLiR sVsV,
sLiR [ R gRi[ y* sVVyxqsLiNSs W%sVNRPsV.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ %ssRWj NSLjiZNP[ xmsRsWj NRPLRi[ %sLia][yRVM saSs xmsj M
y. xms sxqsVs p gS xmsLkiOTPQLis RLRiyR @j @LiRMxmsoLRiLi[sNTP LSsyds, \NRPV s ys xmsoxqsNPR Li[
yxqsVN]s (Recorded in a register), A sxqsVs o Ds |ms sVVR\s ysNTP sVVR ({qsV) s[zqs yss
@LiRMxmsoLRiLi[sNTP dzqsN]sLSsRLi gSs, \NRPV xmsLixmsRLi NSs RW.
%s. ""sVVyxqsLiNSs W%sVNRPsV'' @s[ysNTP \|ms @LiR Li gRixmsaSzqsQ zmssj.'' sVVR][ sWRs[V, @sgS
sVVRs[zqss RLRiyRs[, INRP xms[aPR LisVLi sVL]NRP xms[aSsNTP xmsLixms[j '' @s NSLilgi [ zmss @LiR Li.
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ %ssRWj NSLjiNRP\sVs xmsRsWj NRPLRiLi[
""saSLiRxmsj '' @s[ BLRi\sRVs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R GNRP%sLia][%yRVM
@uyRZaP[ xmsNRPLRi[ ARLRiOTPQR NRPsV
sVW. aRPRVyRVRM {qsQ gRi\M R s*M xmsLjigRiX}R; j*dRVryLi NRPOSQQRWLi
NRPVN][{tsQztsQ LRi*L<iR sLSgSLji\ZNPM, RXdRVryLi NRPVysVsNTPLS\M, RRVLSQLi sVsQM, xqsLis M,
_yLji\ZNPaRP FyxqsFyM.
y. LS aRPRVsLi%dsVRsVLiT [s gSs[ R sxqsV=V R LjiLis {qsQ xqssVVyRWV @Rs RVW [LS. lLiLiRs
NRPORPQ [ INRP %sR \sVs F~R\ss g_sVV sLi ys (NRPLiRVNSsV) RFygSsV R LjiLis, @LiRMxmsoLRiLi[
DLi[ sL<iR sLRiVV (xtsQLiRVV) LSgRiXxLi[s xmssVV RW[y LS RVW [LS.
sVWRs NRPORPQ [ gRiWsVy , F~y , NTPLSRVV [LS. ys NRPORPQ [ sVLiRVV, LiR VsoV, Fyxqs @s[
ARVVR Li xxqsLi[ R LjiLis y*LRiFyNRPVW LS RVW [LS..
54
sVW. zmsRX\|msysVxLi, sVxqsLiysVs Li, bPOTPQR sV, @sVLRiNRP sV, NRPXRNRPLSsV,

ssV AxqssLi NRPVLki*R; ys][[bPd RVsV @NRPXyLiR sWsLi, xqs*[bPd RVLi yxmsxmsNRPX][xmsgRiX{RsV.
@sL iR *LibPNRP\|qssLi LSssVsM xmsoLRiLi R LRiZOP[Q` .
y. RLiTyRsVLiU sxqsWs y G][ INRP sVLi xqsLiLiR Li [R RsNRPV xqsLiLij Lisy , bPORPQ
F~Lijsy , Rs\|ms @sVLSgRiLi NRPy , xmssVV ryj Li Dsy @LiVVs sVsVxtsvs[ Rs RgiR LRi
DLiRVN][y.
Rs ss G %sR \sVs sVW, xqsLisWssVW F~Lij DLiRs %s[bPd RVV gSs, xqs*[bPd RVV[ @LiVVy G][ INRP
@xmsNSLRiLi [zqs RLRiyR sVd }qss[sNTP dzqsN]sTs yss gSs RgiR LjiNTP [LiR dsRVNRPWRRV. FyryRLRiORPQNRPV
\|qssLi (@LiRLRi*LibPNRP \|qsssV) LSsW, LSLiRMxmsoLSds LRiOTPQxqsW DLiy.
sVW. gRiV}ms [ZaP[ sWszqsNRPM xqsLRi*sWry*Rx[s NRPLRi NSLRi[V`. R` LS R\s xms VR
xmspLRi*sVgRi[V sW aRP Li NRPXy*.
y. sLiy @R QORPVRV xmssxqsVs p @s[NPR xmsLSRVsVVV LRiV RWxqsW ([y sVLi LRiV DLi[ %sRLigS)
LRixxqsQ\sVs ( V[R LRiOTPQLixmsRVRVs) xms[aPR Li[ sLi [LiVVLiy. LS A xmsyLSV sLiTs xmsyLSV
sLiTsVgS (ssxqsLRiVNRPV NSNRPVLiy, sVlLi[%sd V NRPxmsNRPVLiy), sVVLiRV @gjiNUP, xmsORPVNRPV B (x[s VLi [zqs
xmsORPVNRPV szmsLi) y.
sVW. @lgi[ LSQ*R WsVdsy aRPrsLi R %sxtsQR VVNRPxqs; sRVryLi %sxmsaPR . @sruy
sVRVWLRigkiy M, \ZaPRsWaRPV, NPT Qxts Q}qss \ssLiR QsV, rRNRPR*sV, @NPT sR*Li R. syysWaRPVaRPVxtsQR*Li R
NS*RM aSsV}mnssxms%ss sM gRis xqsLRi+LRixqssRaRP. Rs[xtsv {yLjiNRP yR WRLRi+sLi
}mnssxms{qssW[LiR Q*LSRLRi+sLi R. LRixqsxqs sV [ dsLS, xmsRVxqsrysW, sVR][R VWM NSd, RR M
aSsW, sVR VsM ZaP[*y, RysWLSQsV AaRPVaSRsLi \ssLiR QLi R. NRPhjiyyLi sVXRVR*Li, sVXRWyLi
NRPhjisR*Li R. RRZaP[ ORPVQRxqsRQ *sR aRP. AxqsLiR FysLRiyLi aSsVsVy, RsVL][s VxmsORPQ aSRsLi R.
[xsVsVRWyLi xmssV[xms[xy, }qsxLSgRig_LRisxmsssLiR xqsLRi+sR aRP. B %sxtsQR VVNRP s.
y. %sxtsQLi NRPzqss xmsyLiR Li @gji[ s[}qs sVLi, F~gS NRPWy dssLiR Li[ DLiLiVV. RR RxmsVRV
@soRVLij. @j xmsORPVV Li[ RFyLiVV. DTNTPs @sLi%dsVR s[ A%sLji ssVNRPLihRiLi LRiLigRiV[ DLiVLij.
]LiRLRigS RTFRVLij. [][ zmszqsNTPsV LRiLigRiV sWLjiFRVLij. (N]LiLi ss DLi[) ds NSLjiFRVLij.
RT DLiRRV. xmsR , xmsxmsV sVVR\ s sLiyV ]LiRLRigS FsLiTFyLiVV. sxmsV%dsVR
|mssxmsVRV sVgRi DTNTPsV DTNTP, aSsVsLiR Q\sVs sVLRiVgRiV V [Lij @j @xqsV xmsyLiR Li sVLi
s[LiR VxmsTFRVLij. y yxqss, xqsLRi+, LRiVd NRPWy RFyLiVV. RsxmsyLS[ %sxtsQLi NRP}qs y LRiLigRiV
DLiRszqssysNRPLi RNRPVsgS gSs, sVVRVLRiVgS gSs DLiVLij. sVLRiVgRiV V VgS \|msNTP [
NRPsRVRVLij. \|mss lLi[V NRPsRyLiVV.
LRirysNTP (sLiVV, sWs, LRiVNRPVLRixqsLi sVVR\syNTP) \|mss dssLiR LigRi yLRiV, Fy%dsVR Fss yLRiV,
sVRLi %dsVy, ds %dsVy ss yLRiV, |msLRiVgRiV%dsVR aSsVsLiR LigRi yLRiV, [s%dsVR s yLRiV
NRPsRyLiVV. (sW%sVTxmsLiR V, yssVxmsLiR V sVVR\s) RTgRi Ry[ %sxtsQLi NRP}qs @%s ]LiRLRigS
yTFyLiVV. ss DsV FyzqsFyLiVV. DTNTPLisxmsVRV sVVRVLRiV dsLiLRiLigRiV NRP%s @soyLiVV.

aRPVxtsQRyV (LiNRPV sVVR\s%s) %sxtsQLi NRP}qs ]LiRLRigS %sT RWLiR Li @LiVVFyLiVV. LRiLigRiV sWLjiFRVLij.
%sxtsQLi NRPzqss NRPhjisxmsyLSV sVXRVsogS DLiLiVV, sVXRVxmsyLSV NRPhjisLi @soyLiVV. y xmsNRPNTP
sLiRVsoV (dsVV xmsoLRiVgRiVV sVVR\s%s) [Lji[ @%s RFyLiVV.
xmsNRP%dsVR xmsLRiRVN]s[ AxqsLRiNUP, NRPxmsVN]s[ NRPLidV sVVR\s yNUP %sxtsQxqsLRi+ Rgji[ y %dsVR ss
sVLiRV (gRiVLiRs ANSLSV) GLRiRyLiVV. y yLSNRPV L][s WNRPV xqsLiLij Lis s GzqsV
LSFyLiVV. LigSLRiLi sVVR\s [][ RRWLRiV[zqssyNUP, xqsNSjsVVV F~jgjisyNUP %sxtsQxqsLRi+
Rgji[ @%s VLRiRsLi sVLi][ xmspRVRyLiVV. y sVsVxmso, NSLid, LRiVso, xmsssVW, LRiLigRiW xqsLS+
sbPryLiVV. B%s ARW xmsyLSNRPV %sxtsQxqsLRi+ NRPgRiysNTP V.
55
sVW. 1. %sxtsQxmsRxqs RV aRPVxtsQaSssNRPQ y, yNRP=M, }qs*RM, %sXsVLi, ysWRLi s[xmsRVM, xmsxqs ssV,
yNRP%s}msORPQsV, As[aPR M, NRPLRi xqs* Ws yssrys%sV.
2. RryRxqs d%s][ xtsQaSxqsyM xqsVM.
y. 1 ALSRV[ %sxtsQLi NRPzmssys sVVLi FsLiTFLiVV sT FRVLij. sW RRRVRVLij. sV
xmsVRVLij. AsLiRV, FsNRPVs sNRPV, ]VV, xmsNRPy sW %ssRNRPFsRLi [y sWRVRW
BW @W RWRRLi (yNRP %s}msORPQLi) [xqsVs xmss[ NRPLigSLRiV INRP][ sRNRPFsRLi NRPVgRiVyLiVV.
2. @LiRVss [ s xqssVRVLi[ %sxtsQ%sR[ xms%dsVV, \sRVW LSNRPV RVVxmsNRP DLiy.
sVW. xtsQNP` \ xtsQgSLS yry*R%saRPVR sV KxtsQR Li gRiX{y* FyRNRP}msxtsQNSsV ARy R xmsry*R LS [
xmsRV[ ` . FysLi FydsRVLi _xtsQ [ s yRsV.
y. \sRVRV ysV sVVLiRVgS LRiV RWRRLi[R xmsLjiaRPVR \sVsRs saRPLiVVLis sVLiRV, sVLiRVV s*[}qs
BLi[ s VLiT dzqsN]ss, sVVLiRVgS @j sLiys[R , xmsxmsVV sVVR\s%s LRiV[yT[R (}msxtsQNPR ) LRiV
RWzmsLiR[zqs, ysVNRPWy LRiV RW @xmsVRV LSNRPV By*. FyssVV (sVRLi) FydsRVsVW (sVLids )
NRPWy KxtsQR Li [R s[ ysLiRTLij. @sgS KxtsQR Li %sxtsQR VLi[ dzqsN]sszqss gRiR V %ds
%sxtsQR VLi[ NRPWy dxqsVN][y.
sVW. NRPNRPxmsryR NSM ryRaRPVR sxqsQxryM xqssVVRsVVxmsNRPLRisV @sL iR *LibPNRPxryyyRV xmsLjiRlLi[R VVM.
y. sVLigRi , @LiNRPLjiLi[y NRPWy rysLi [zqs, xmsLjiaRPVR sVV\s sryQV R LjiLi, [R VV xmsLjiaRPVRLigS
DLiRVN]s sVVR][ NRPWTs, @sgS {qsVs[zqs Ds ryR yV @LiRMxmsoLRiLRiORPQNPR VT RgiR LRisVLiT dzqsN]s LS
RgiR LjiNTP (}qsyLiR Q\sV) LSy.
sVW. ryxmsNRPxqsLiyxNSxqsLiR NRPLRiNRPsWNSLRiNRPLRi yxqsM NRPVLRiVM, yM @j ztsQy y bPsM. ARRORPVztsQ ss[aPR
sxqsQsWLi RRVM. ryysV[xmss xmsxmsn VL<iR RWLiR yxqsrydsRWs R xqs*sO][Qxxtsv. G[s xmsLRiryygRiRNRPLi
R yRsV.
y. rysLi [LiVVLi[y, I xms [ y , Axqss aRPRVyRV%dsVR RVxmsV sVVR\s%s (NRP}msy)
xmsLji[y , yNRP , RLiRV gRiV[y [R Vszqss xmssVds y{qsV (ARsxqsV) RW. [y A
y{qs xmsLRis[OPR Q[ bPVV (ryxmsNRPxqsLiyxNSRVV) RW. sryQV, xmspsWW sVVLiRVgS RsV
s[RLi %dsVR DLiRVN]s (%sxtsQLi [R s xmsLkiORPQN][xqsLi) RLRiVyR LSNRPV By*.

rys xqssVRVLi[ DxmsWgjiLi[ ILiNTP LSxqsVNRPVs[ sxqsVs oV, ILiNTP sVgRiV |ms [ RWLSV (xmsxmsn VL<iR RWLiR )
sryQV, rys ryR yV sVVLiRVgS RsV sORPQ xqs %dsVy, xso %dsVy N]LiR}qsxmso DLiRVN]s RLRiVyR
LSNRPV By*. ks[R BRLRi [aSsVLiT ss sxqsVs o ysLiRTLij. @sgS BRLRi [aSsVLiT,
BRLRiVsVLiT ss sxqsVs osV LSNRPV xqssVLjiLi[ sVVLiRV C gRiR V dxqsVN][y @s @LiR Li.
sVW. NRPVbdPyM aRPryQgjiLRixqssLiR Li sLRi[VRVVM. A][ys \uysV @sz qs}tsQR VVM, @aRP*LRiRj*FyLSaRP.
y. NRPVbdPsoV (@sgS LS FsRV ysRWRVV [}qsy ) aRPxqsQ xmsWgRisVW, @gjiQxmsWgRisVW,
LRixqsxmsWgRisVV DLiRs AV sWRs[V xmsRLji+Liy. y DxmsWgjiLi[ yyV, @aS*LiNSLSV,
LRiyLiNSLSV, gRiLiNSLSV @LiRMxmsoLRiLi[s[ DLiy (A xqssVRVLi[ sWRs[V @%s y NTP By*s
@LiR Li).
56
sVW. sxmsoLRiVuyj ztsQR Li RWsyxssWL][}`. ysLi yxms y%sNSj zts QR sV. @s_xmsyLi
yRs[giR saSLi R [}msRW`. DRNSs[ \|qsssW{qsR. sVR=QgSx%saRPVR sVsgS}R.
ygSxxmsLjiaRPVR sVVysLi gRi[ ` .
y. %saS*xqs FyRV\s sVsVxtsvV Ds, [y xmsLkiOTPQLis, RWssVW (LiT sVV.) yxssVW
(@aS*jNRPsVW) FsNS. AxmsoQ\s y%sNRPVRV (ys sT}msyRV) Ds xmsRs FsNS. sVL]NRP xmsRsNTP NRP s
xmsRssVgSs, gS FsV DLi[ @V F[V xmsRs gSs FsNRPNRPWRRV.
(LS xmsRs[ xmsRWLi [xqsWs xmsVRV lLiLiRV gRi%dsVy) BxqsNRP xqs%dsVxmsLi[ \|qssLi s DLiy. xms y
xmsLjia][j Lis zmssVs[ ds[ jgS. FysVVV xms [y xmsLjia][j Lis zmssVs[ DysLi[ xmss[bPLiy.
sVW. V \ZNPM aRP*gRiM @Fyxqs}qss yxmsLSR RVLi RORPQ xmsLjiRRWLiR Li sVXgSLRiLi gRi[ ` .
2. AxmsaPR xqsQgSj zts QR Li zqsR yxmsxqsLi xmsZaP[`. sVsQxmsLjixtsQy rysVs R WRsV. xqssQ]%[ aRP*Li, xzqss Li, LRiRLi
yLRiWR M xqssQR sVdsNRPLi gRi[ ` .
y. [R Vy , NRPVNRPV |msLi[y sVVLiRVgS s ]LigRi s, NRPWLRisVXgS s, aRPRVsos RVLi
[R s sLiR LiVVLis sVXgRiLSsNTP (sVXgSV DLi[ @LRisNTP) RLiR\sVs (NRPj[) OSQQs N] [ s[LiR V
xqsLiFyjLiRRLi N][xqsLi (s[RysNTP) s.
2. aRPxqsQLi R LjiLis AxmsoQ\s sVsztsQs RgiR LRi DLiRVN]s (Rs RLRi+sLi N][xqsLi ss) sVVss RWy (BRRV
aRPRVso xmsLizmss gRiWR xmsoLRiVxtsvRV NSsRVsV NRPy?) rysVLiRLS xmsLixmsgS ss RWRsV sVLi xmsLjixtsQRV][
NRPzqs DLiT RWy. ARVVyRV][ zqsR LigS Ds \|qsys xmsLkiOTPQLiRys\ZNP s [ xmsVRV xqssR V\ @sgS
bPLRiryQsVW NRPsRsVW sVVR\s%s R LjiLi, @aRP*Li gSs, gRiLi gSs, LRiRLigSs FsNTP s.
sVW. sLS[%RWs[ R LSsWLiR sVV RVRM NRPXyLRiORPQLi RLRiFyxqsaPR xqsQxxqs xmsxmsRsLi gRi[ ` . s
xmsoLRiVxtsQxqsLiR sVsgS}R. RWyxqssW[R =sxmsxss R RaRPsLij NSj ztsQys gRi[ ` .
y. LSxmsryRLisVLi \NRPV s [ xmsoRV gSs LSxmsryysNTP s [ xmsoRV gSs LSsWLSsNTP lLiLiRV \ sxmso
LRiORPQNPR VV s DLiy. RLiyV [R V[ R LjiLis LS VV (RM staff bearers) LSsWLiR Li[
Ds aRPxqsQ xxqsVsV ([R V[ ARVVyV Dsy sV), xqsyxqsVsV, @LigRi%sNSLRiLi Ds y sV LS
NRPLi RNRPVLiy RWLRiLigS ]gjiLiy. NTPNTPLjizqs Ds sLi sVR [sNTP s NRPWRRV. RaRPsLij NRPVV (NRPWy

xmsjsVLij VVLi[ LRiOSQj NSLRiVV (officers in command of ten soldiers each) sVVLiRVgS s xmsLkiOTPQLis
zmssVs[ RWRNUP (fairs), xqssWNTP (gatherings), DR=yNUP, xmsxsNUP (Dys [ yRVV)
s.
a].[ RVy R WgRixmsoLRiV\|tsQLiR ys LSj xts Q
RyRVsVs [ [ LRiZOP[QyyssWRys.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ %ssRWj NSLjiZNP[ xmsRsWj NRPLRi[ GNRP%sLia][ %yRVM ARLRiOTPQR NRPsV. Gysy
N_dRWryLiR aSxqsQxqs %ssRWj NSLjiNRPLi xmsRsV sVj NRPLRiLi xqssWxmssV.
y. LS WgRixmsoLRiVxtsv y*LS (gRiWR xmsoLRiVuyRV y*LS) G %sR LigS BRLRi LSsV xmsLkiOTPQxqsW DLi][
(@sgS y %dsVR INRP NRPsV s[zqs DLi][) @[ %sR LigS BRLRi LSV WgRixmsoLRiVxtsv y*LS RsNRPV NRPgjiLi[
R sVLiT NRPWy xmsRVRxmspLRi*NRPLigS RssV LRiOTPQLiRVN][y.
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ %ssRWj NSLjiNRP\sVs xmsRsWj NRPLRiLi[
"ARLRiOTPQR NRPLi' @s[ BLRi\s INRPs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi. BLiR][ %ssRWj NSLjiNRPLi @s[ xmsRsWj NRPLRiLi
xqssWxmsLi.
57
@R @R QORPQ xmsyLRiM c j*dRVsV @j NRPLRisV
xmsRsW% yRVM
GN][s %sLiaRPxmsNRPLRi[ sxmsRss[aPR M
sVW. WRxmspLRi*sV, @ WRxmspLRi*Li y sxmsRLi xmsLRi[aSxms yxs[s , xqs*[aSxtsQs sRVs[s y ss[aPR #[V`.
aRPWRNRPL<iR NRPFyRVLi NRPVaRPysLRiLi, xmsaRPRNRPVsLRiLi gSsVLi N][aPR j*N][aPR {qssWssV, @[yLRiORPQLi ss[aPR #[V`.
sk\ZaPssgRiXzts QR Lki }qsRVs aSdaRP%dsVOUPQLRisXOSQs s[xtsv {qssWLi ryxms[V`.
y. xmspLRi*LisVLid Dsj NSs, N]Rg S sN]szqssj NSs @LiVVs sxmsys (gSsWs)
BRLRi[aSsVLi xmssV Rs [aPR Li[sNTP dzqsN]s sgSs, Rs [aPR Li[s[ (Ds ][V ysLiRgS) y
FsNRPVsgS Ds ys sVL]NRP xms[aSsNTP RLRiLiRRLi y*LS gSs sN]. sN]s gSsVLi[
aRPWRVV, ssryRVyLRiVV @j NRPLigS DLiy. NRPdsxqsLi sLiR NRPVVLiV DLiy. HRV sLiR NRPVVLiV
%sVLiRNRPWRRV. gSsWsNUP gSsWsNUP sVR xqsLjixR V (B sVLiT) INRP N][xqsV [y lLiLiRV N][xqsVV RWLRiLi
DLiy. A gSsVxqs VV xmsLRixqsLRiLi LRiOTPQLiRVN]s[V DLiy. [y INRPLji W%sVs sVL]NRPLRiV ANRP%sVLiRNRPVLiy
RWy. sj, xmsLRi*RLi, gRiXzts Q (INRP sXORPQ %sZaP[xtsQLi), |msR N]LiR[R V, }qsRV LiR sVW xqsLjixR VVgS GLRiLRiy.
xqsLjixR V sLRi WLRiVgRiVV, FyV y.
%s. "gRiXztsQ'NTP RVV " Xzts Q' @s FyhRiLi Dsj. ysNTP gRiVNRPLS , BxqsVNRP sVVR\sj
@s @LiR Li. @sgS sj FsLiTFsRLi[R NSs, sVlLi[\y NSLRiLi [R gSs G\y INRP xms[aPR Li gRiVNRPLS
sVVR\sy][ sLiT DLi[ yss xqsLjixR V RW @s @LiR Li.

sVW. @xts QaRPRgSsW sV [ rydsRVsV, RRVMaRPRgSsW ][sVVsV,


j*aRPRgSsWM NSLS*NRPsV, RaRPgS%dsVxqsLigRi} xqsLigRixLi ryxms[V`.
y. Fss%sVj sLiR gSsW sVR rydsRWs, yVgRiV sLiR gSsW sVR ][sVVs, lLiLiRV
sLiR gSsW sVR NSLS*NSs, xmsj gSsWsV xqsLigRizLi, @sgS xmsj gSsWNRPV NRPzms, xqsLigRixs
ryzmsLiy.
%s. "rydsRVLi' sVVR\s%s sWsVWV gSsVLi NRPLi[ |msR \ss |msR gSsWV [y s xmsV (towns). B%s
xmssVV sxqsWV [}qs g][xmsoRV, rysNRPVRV sVVR\s @j NSLRiVV sszqsLi[ xmsV (head quarters).
rydsRVLiNRPLi[ ][LisVVLi sj; ysNRPLi[ NSLS*NRPLi, ysNRPLi[ xqsLigRixLi sj.
sVW. @s[xtsQ*sF yRVLS sxmsRy*LS @sF yj zts Qys ryxms[V`. [uysVsL S
ygRiVLjiNRPaRPLRixmsos RLRiRLS LRiZOP[QR VVM.
y. xqsLjixR V[ xqsLjixR VV LRiOTPQLi[ (@LiRFy) RVLSV ryzmsLiy. @%s sxmsRLi[sNTP xmss[bPLiRysNTP
y*LSVgS DLiLiVV. yNTP @LiRFyVRV @R QORPVRVgS DLiRV. INRP @LiRFy RVLSsNUP sVL]NRP
@LiRFyRVLSsNUP sVR sVs xms[aSs ygRiVLjiNRPVV (FyaSV c DRVV c Igji sVXgSsV xms [ y ),
aRPLRiVV, xmsoLiRVV, RLiyVV, @LRiLi[ sszqsLi[y LRiOTPQxqsW DLiy. @sgS @LiRFyVV %ds
xqsRVLi][ A FyLiys LRiOTPQxqsW DLiy.
58
sVW. VV*gSyLRixmsoL][zRa][[V[ x[R Ws @RNRP LS @LRiWxmsyRVNSs xmsRV[ ` .
@R QORPQc xqsLiRVNSj M g][xmsc rysNRP c @dsNRPxqs c NTPR=NRPc @aRP*RsVNRP c NRPLjiZNP[ aRP %sNRPRWys sLiR sV.
y. VV*NRPVNRPV, AyLRiVNRPV, xmsoL][zRVsNTP, a][RVVNRPV (s[R %sRVNRPV) RLiRsVV (lLiLiRV xmsLiV
xmsLiTLiRszqss W%sV[ sVWRV xmsLiV xmsLiTLiRszqss W%sV[ sVWRV xmsLiV xmsLiTLiRRLi, rygRiVNRPV
FsNRPVs dsLRiV yRVN][s RLi sVVR\sysNTP %sj Liy LjisWy), xmssVW [s, Rgjis xmsoyRVNRPV Li[
@sgS y xmsoRVV, FRVV sVVR\sy NRPWy s[yR RVyj xqsLixmssVQQ\s xmsORPQLi[ sLiaRPNRPsVLi[R
y NRPV Li[, x[R WsV, (@sgS xVNRPV B[ F~sV) Bs*ssV.
ARW aS @R QOPR VNRPV, gRiNRPVNRPV (xqsLiRVNRPVV=accountants) sVVR\s y NRPV, g][xmsosNRPV (xmsj [y
HRV gSsW @j xms rysNRPVsNUP (sgRiLRiLi[s ys gSsNTP @j xms), GsVgRiVNRPV bPORPQ B[ y NRPV,
\sRVNRPV, gRiVNRPV bPORPQ B[y NRPV, Lixmsn WNRPLjiNRPVNRPV (RWLRi[aSNRPV sRVRW sxqsW DLi[ yLSxLSRVV)
@sVVN][s ysNTP gSs, AyysNTP (Rs |msRLi) gSs @j NSLRiLi [NPR VLiy (ZNP[s Li @sV %sLiRysNTP sWRLi)
W%sV By*.
sVW. NRPLRi[ M NRPXRZOP[Q y\QNRPxmsoLRiVxtsQNS xmsRV[ ` . @NRPXys NRPLRiQ X[ y[R W`.
y. NRPXRZOP[Q ysV (ssryRVLi [R VysNTP @sVgRiVLigS [R VTs WsVVsV) xmssV B[y NRPV INRP
RLSsNTP sWRs[V @sV %sLiRysNTP %dsVgS By*. @NRPXR ZOP[Q ysV (xmsLiTLiRysNTP %dsVgS [s ZOP[Q ysV)
ys gRiV [zqssy sVLiT Ljigji dzqsN]sNRPWRRV. xqsLS*j NSLS][ y ZNP[ Bs[R W.
sVW. @NRPXxtsQysWR @s[ M xmsRV[ ` . gSsV XRNRP \s[xNS y NRPX}tsQR VVM. @NRPXxtsQ[% s{sLi
RRVM. ysxmsaRPVzLRi\QZaP yssVgRiX{RW`. yssV xqsV[s RRVM.

y. Bs W%sVs RVssy sVLiT A W%sVs gjiN]s BRLRiVNRPV By*. [y gSsVLi _NRPLiR V gSs,
sLRiN PR VV gSs A W%sV[ ssryRVLi RW. ssryRVLi [R Vsy yss LSR ygSLSsNTP ss
suys Liy. ssryRVLi [}qs y NTP yssVW, xmsaRPVsoW, LigSLRisVW (RW) B
@sVgRizLiy. y dzqsN]s ys R yRVsV (xmsLiV [NTP @Lijs RLRiVyR) xqsVLigS (aRPsV NRPgRis
%sR LigS s s sVVy[) LSNRPV Ljigji Lis[R W.
sVW. @sVgRixxmsLjiL_ \ MN][aPR sXj NRPL_ Ry`iM. N][a][xmsxmsn WRN_ sLiR [V`. @N][a][ z LS
FLRisxmsys[s gRixqs[. ss[aPR xqssVNSLi RVygRiRNRPLi y xmsLjiLRiLi Ry`. ssXRxmsLjiLRis
zms[ysVgRiX{ RW`.
y. ssryRVLi [}qsy NTP, LS Rs N][aSsNTP sXj s NRPgjiLi[ @sVgRix xmsLjiLSV BxqsW DLiy
(xqs*xqs VRVgS, sxts QLi [s zqs [ DsysNTP @sXj N][xqsLi B[ RsLi @sVgRixLi. suy[ DsysNTP A
sxts QLi xmspRVN]sRLi N][xqsLi B[ RsLi xmsLjiLRiLi. xmsLjiLRi = compensation. Bj gRixms aSzqsQ y.
xmsLjiLRiLi=exemption %sVsLiVVLixmso @s NSLilgi )[ . Rs N][aSsZNP[ sxts QLi NRPgjiLi[ @sVgRix xmsLjiLSsV
sLij Liy; Bs*NRPWRRV. N][aPR Li @LigS Ds LS FLRiVd sxmsRVd NRPWy %sVLilgi[ryR V NRPy? (INRP NRPVLi,
NRPVVLiLi s INRP ][) syxqsLi GLRiLRiRVN]s sLis[ gSs, ss NRPVNRPV ssV gSs xmsLjiLRiLi
By*. xmsLjiLSV xmspLji @LiVVFLiVVs y sV RLiTs @sVgRizLiy.
59
sVW. ANRPLRiNRPLSs Rsxzqss sssNRPRyLSs, yLjixqs xms RxmsxmsR ys R ss[aPR #[V`.
y. gRisVV, NRPLSLiyV (NRPLSgSLSV), RssyV (RLiRyRVV Li[ syV), gRi syV, g]xms
sWLSV, sLRiN RPV sWLSV, sWLSV, xqs sWLSV, sxqsVso NRPRV %sNRPRV ryyV GLRiLRiy.
%s. xmsxmsR ys @sgS sxqsVs o @sVRLi N]sRLi Ljilgi[ xms[aSV @s gSs, sxqsVs oV s[ [y FsgRiVsV
[}qs JRlLi[so s gSs @LiR Li xmssRV. ""ANRPLRi .... xmsyLRis'' @s[ xmsRLi[s xmsyLRiaRPs ANRPLSjaRP][
@s*LiVVLi gRisV[s V, NRPLSgSLS[s V, Rs sy[s V, xzqs sy[s V, g]xms [s V, sLRiN PR V
sWLS[s W LRigRiszqss xmssVV sLSxmsn WLigS Ljilgi[V RWy, @s NSLilgi[ zmsyLRiV.
sVW. xqsx[R NRPsV, AL][RNRPLi y }qsRVLi s [V`. @s[uyLi y R yLi W%sVsWLiR sXO][QxmsNRPLRisVgRixLi
NRPVLS`; xmsoryyLSsWLi R. xqsLi WRV }qsRVyRxmsNSsVRM NRPLRiNRPLRidsLSM NRPLRi NRPVLRiVM. sRVNRPLRi
R gki ry`, s yLiaRPLi [ R .
y. ds][ NRPWTs }qsRVsosV gSs sVL]NRP ][sVLi dsLRiV dzqsN]s LSszqss }qsRVsosV gSs NRPLiy. @sgS
sR xmsyxLi Ds sj dsLRiV @R VN]sysNTP }qsRVso (@R NRP a-d m) NRPLiy. [y sL<][ R NRPLi gSs,
sRV[ @j NRPLigS DLi[ DRNRPLi gSs LRizmsLi ss DLi[ }qsRVsosV NRPLiy. BLi }qsRVsosV
Fss\lLiy FLRiVV NRPVRVsxmsVRV y NTP W%sV, sWLiR sVW, sXOSQW BRLRi ryR yW xqssVNRPWLji xqsRVLi
RW.
(N]LiRsVLij][ NRPzqs }qsRVLiR Li [rys s sVVLiRV zms) NRPzqs [}qs }qsRVLiR Li NSLRiLi sVLi sVR [
Fss\y RxmsVNRPVLi[ @RRV [R Vszqss xmss @Rs NRPLRiyLRiV[R [, FsR [R [ LS [LiVVLiy. LRiV[
N]LiR gRiLi A sVsztsQ LjiLi[V [R W (A }qsRVso sLSLi xmspLji @LiVVs RLRiVyR NRPlgi[ xmsn Li[)
ysNTP gRiLi Bs*NRPWRRV.

sVW. sVR=Qxms sxLjiRxmsyLi }qsRVxtsv LS ry*sVLi gRi[ ` . yryzRNRPs WssVaRPX*][ LS


%ssRVLi gSx[V`. sXR yj R sxqssyyLiaRP LS XRW`, zqsQRVsVxmsyLi, xmsyRWaRP
xmsoys.
y. }qsRVsoV sLjiLis RLRiVyR Li[ sVy=Q\|mss, RVV sVVR\s y\|mss, xmsRs xqsLRiVNRPV\|msy
LSZNP[ @j NSLRiLi. (RsV \|ms @j NSLRiV) sWV %sss yxqsVNRPW, AzRNRPVNRPW (xmspdNRPRVQ\|ms DLis
sVsVxtsvV) LiR VsoNRPW LS %ssRVLi s[LS. xqsLiLRiORPQNPR VsLRiW [s Vd, sXR Vd, yR V][
R xmsRVRVsyLjids, NRPuy[ Dsy sW, BRLRi @yR sW, g]yds, zmssV NRPs {qsQ VVNRP
(@yRV\s) xmsoRVd LS FztsQLiy.
sVW. RsLi gSsVsXy sLiR [VRVVM AssLRiFyxms`, [s RsLi R. @xmsRyLSs, sWyzmsRL_,
RYsFyxmss sLSs, gjidsM NRPyM %sR yaS RM aRPNTP s V][ y*RaRPxms[ RM, @sR xms[ M;
@sR sWRVM.
y. gSsVLi[ DLi[ sXR VV (|msR V)c(RRLiRVV sVVR\sy [s) VLRi Rys y NRPV
ssLRiLi s[sLRiNRPV, @sgS \sVyLji dLji sVLjis[ sLRiNRPW, sXj F~LijLiy. [s y RsLi NRPWy
sXj F~LijLiy. aRPNTP DLiT NRPWy xqsLiyyds, LRisW, RRLiRVsW, ssLRiLi F~LiRs (\sVsLRiVVgS
Ds) rRLRiVsW, %syxLi NSs rRLRiVsV, %sR s\s rRLkisV FztsQLiRsysNTP xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi
%sj Liy. @LiVV[ \|mss zmssy xmsRV\[ FztsQLiRsysNTP C RLiRLi [R V. NSs R xmsR @LiVVy
NRPWy FztsQLiRszqsLi[.
60
sVW. xmsoRyLRisVxms%syRV xmssRM xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM. zqsQRVLi R xmsyRVRM. Vxmss yRVM
xmss[yxmsXRQ R LRirys; @sy sRVs[VR.
y. xmsoRVNUP, LRiNUP s[Fyj NRPLiRNRPVLiy xqsLiyxqsLi dzqsN]s BV sR sF[VysNTP xmsRsV
ryxxqs RLiRLi (lLiLiRV sLiR RW\ xms RLiRLi) %sj Liy.
{qsQNTP xqsLiyxqsLi BzmsLi BV %sT sF[VV [}qs ysNTP NRPWy xmsRsV ryxxqs RLiRLi %sj Liy.
xmspLjig S \sVRVsaRPNTP DTgjis xmsoLRiVxtsvRV R LSj NSLRiV @sVsV dzqsN]s xqsLiyxqsLi dzqsN][y. @ NSNRP sVL]NRP
%sR LigS [zqss xmsORPQLi[ yss sLRiLij Liy.
sVW. ysxmsryRsM xmssRsM, xqsVyRsM xqsLixmsn VM rysVVyRVNSRsM xqssVRWsV[ y yxqs
sxmsRsVVxmss%sZaP[R .
y. ysxmsxqs VRV Rxms %sVgjis xmssRVV (xqsLiyxqsVV). LS ZOP[Qs VLi N][xqsLi, LSLi ZOP[Qs VLi N][xqsLi GLRiTs
xqsLixmsn VLi Rxms BRLRi xqsLixmsn VsVW, @LiRLRiW NRPzqs LRiVsoV Rs*RLi sVVR\s xmssVV [R VRLi N][xqsLi GLRiTs
sxqssVVyRVLi Rxms G][ INRP IxmsLiRLi][ GLRiTs xqssVVyRVLi (xqsLixmsn VLi) sxmsRLi[ syxqsLi
GLRiLRiRVN]sNRPWRRV.
%s. \sjNRP xqsLixmsyRVLi xmsNSLRiLi ysxmsxqs VVgS Dsy Rxms R xqsLiyxqsVV sVVR\s y , A [aPR Li[
xmsos y xqsLixmsn VLi Rxms %s[bPd RVV xqsLixmsn VsVW @s NSLilgi [ @LiR Li FyLRiV. C sRVsWds N]Rg S GLRiLRi[
s xmsyNRPV xqsLiLij Lis%s gSs sxmsyV zqs LRiLigS GLRiTs RLRiVyR R xqsLiyxqsVV sVVR\sy

NRPWy LS @sVsV][ sxmsRLi[ xmss[bPLiR sRVsds, FyLRiLi Li[ sWRLi A sxmsysNTP


DxmsWgjiLi[y sWRs[V LSsRVsds N]LiRLRiV ysLiyLRiV.
sVW. s R RyLSsWM %sLSLSM aSM xqsVM. ssLRi s gSRVs yRNRPygik ssNRPVbdPy y s NRPLRi%sxmsn VLi
NRPVLRiVM, sLSaRPRVy*` gSsWsV, ZOP[Q yLRiRy*R xmsoLRiVuyLi N][aPR %szts QRsys LRixqssXj LRis d.
y. gSsVLi[ DyssyV gSs, %sLRiLi N]LRiNRPV yaSRVV NSs DLiRNRPWRRV. sVV, sLRiN PR VV,
gSRVNRPVV, yyV sWgjiLi[y , ygkissVV, NRPVbdPsoV gSsW[ Ljilgi[ NRPXuyjNRPLRiNRPV %sxmsn VLi
NRPgjiLiRNRPWRRV. gSsWV sRVV sszqsLiRszqss ryyV NSso. xmsoLRiVxtsvLiRLRiW RsV RsV
NSLRiQZOP[Q y[ @yxqsNTP ][ xmssVV [xqsW DLiRRLis N][aPR sXj , NRPLRiNSLRiV sXj , sxqsVso xqssVXj , ys
xqssVXj , sLiVV sVVR\s LRiry xqssVXj NRPVgRiVRVLij.
%s. %szts QM= xmss [}qsyRV [y sLiRLigS [LiVVLiRTs xmss.
a]M[ xmsLRiRNS%dsgRixqsLi yj RVLjiQORPQ{msTRsV
[aPR Li xmsLjixlLi[y sRVNUPyaRP yLRi[V`.
y. aRPRV \|qssLi[y, A%sNRPV[y ANRP%sVLiRTsk, yR V[y RVLjiQORPQLi [y {msTLiRTsk @LiVVs
[aSs A R sVLi RWLRiLi RW. FsNRPVs sRVLi][ NRPWTs AV s}tsQj Liy.
%s. xmsLRi\|qsyjgRixqsQ\sVs W%sVNTP xmssVsVLiT %sVsLiVVLixmso By* @s NSLilgi .[
a].[ R%szts QNPR LS\ LRiZOP[QLiR VxmsxyLi NRPXztsQs V,
}qss y*xtsQgS\|LS*Qj aRP xmsaRPVss.
y. RLiRLi (sWyV) [R , syNTPLki [LiVVLiRRLi[R , xmssV[R NRPgjis {msR[R s
ssryRWs LRiOTPQLiy. @sgS gSsVxqs VNRPV RLiyj R [NPR VLiy RWy. ]LigRi[R , NRPWLRisVXgS[R ,
%sxtsQLi[R , sVVxqs [R , yR V[R {msTLiRTs xmsaRPV xqssVVyRWsV LRiOTPQLiy.
a].[ s\ M NSLjiQ\ZNPM }qsQ\sLRisFy\aRP {msTRsV,
a][R [V` xmsaRPVxqsLi\|mnsVaRP OUPQR VsWLi sNRPRsV.
y. LS s V[y @sgS LSNRPV (RsNRPV) RgiR LRigS DLi[ LiR V%sVyRV[y NSLjiNRPV[y
(NSLjiNRPVsgS xmssV sxqsWV [}qs @j NSLRiVV @s gRixmsaSzqsQ. LSNSLRisLS*xNRPV\s @j NSLRiVs
NSLilgi )[ , ]LigRi[y, xqsLjixR VsV LRiOTPQLi[ @j NSLRiV[y {msTLixmsTs, xmsaRPVxqssVVyRVLi Rgij FRVs
sLRiN PR V sWLSs A R ds ]gjiLi LRiOTPQLiy.
%s. xmsaRPVxqsLi\|mnsVM=@sgS yxmsn WRV[R ({msTLixmsRVRVs) @s gRixms aSzqsQ. \|mss yzqss %sR LigS NSLilgi .[ |\ ms
@LiR s[V RVVNRPL i @s ][xqsVLij. yxmsn WRVsV xmsaRPVso sLRiV NRPy?
a].[ GsLi Rsj*xmsssLi }qsRVs sVyNRPLSs,
LRiZOP[Q` xmspLRi*NRPXys LS syLiaSxmssLRi [V`.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QOPR Q xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ xmsRsW%yRVM sxmsRss[aPR M, Aj][ y*%sLiaRPM..

61
y. LS C %sR LigS Rs sysW, gRisysW, }qsRVLiysV, gRisVsV c xmspLRi*Li sVLid Ds ys
LRiOTPQLiy, N]R ys sLjiLixms[R W.
""sLijs'' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ @R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ lLiLiRs @j NRPLRiLi[
sxmsRss[aPR Li @s[ xmsRsWyRVLi xqssWxmsLi. sVVRsVLiT BLRi\s lLiLiRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R j*dW%yRVM
%sLiZaP[ xmsNRPLRi[ W%sVR%syssV
(Disposal of Non-agricultural land)

sVW. @NRPXuyRWLi Ws xmsaRPV[ %s%dsys xmsRV[ ` . xmsjuy RVrysLRisWs R x[ [


xrsWLRis, RFsys R Rzmszqs*[ g][LiR VRxmsLS xmsRV[ ` . ysyRs[VNRPy*LRiLi RgRiVxmsLi
xqs*RVxmsn gRiVgRiVRs VNRPNTPRVsVsV, Dys ][R WaRPRVsV, yss VXgRiRRVxtsQRsV, gRisRLixts QysV,
sWLSRVVNRP xzqssd NRP Li sVXgRissLi %sLSLiR Li LSMNSLRi[V`.
y. ssryRVLi [R VysNTP @sVNRPWLigS [s W%sV[ xmsaRPVso N][xqsLi d GLRiLRiy. xV
N]LRiNRPV x rsWLRisV, @sgS s[yR RVsLi [R VysNUP, rsVRWgRiLi [R VysNUP DxmsWgjiLi[
@LRisV, sVVsVNRPV RF sysV, N][xqsV \saSLi %sVLiRNRPVLiy sLjiLi @NRPR Ds RLRi sxqsVs oNRPV
(sVXgSRVNRPV), zqs LRi sxqsVs oNRPV (sXOSQR VNRPV) @ RVLi By* @sgS LRiORPQ NRPLiy.
%s. BNRPR ""x[ M'' ""RFsys Rxmszqs* M'' @s[%s sVWLi[ [s o. yRV [Lij DLiLRis
NSLilgi [ @FyRVLi. ysxmsryRV N][xqsLi x rsWLRiV @s sWRs[V @LiR Li. @%s xVNRPV
sWRs[V Dj xts Q\sVs%s NSso.
y. ysj:c LS %sxLjiLiRRLi N][xqsLi N][xqsV xmssWLi gRi sVXgRisys (LiRVso FyL`i) NRPWy
sLjiLiy. ysNTP IZNP[ y*LRiLi DLiy. RVW AgRiR [R LRiOTPQLixmsTs A ssLi[ RVs xmsLiR ][ sLiTs
sVVNRPV, F~RV DLiy. sVV [s V, [R V [s s LRiVsoV %sdsy\s, @sgS sVNRP
[R VTs, [ . BRLRi LiRVsoW DLiy. @NRPR Ds yxmsn Wj NRPWLRisVXgS N][LiR V, g][ {msNTPs[R W.
s[NTP s [ y NTP DxmsWgjiLi[ GsVgRiVV, AR GsVgRiVV, s GsVgRiVV (GsVgRiV zmsW) DLiy.
sVW. xqsLS*jsVXgRiLi xmsRs[ yssVXgRissLi W%sVsZaP[s y ss[aPR #[V`. NRPVxmsxmsjuyyLi R
Rys[V\ZNPNRPa][ y ssLi ss[aPR #[V`; RsssNRPLSy%dsaRP RssyFyaRPRWM.
y. LSLi xqsLjixR V[ NSs, [y Rgjis xms[aPR Li LiRys sVL]NRP ][ gSs @RVVgS s[
sVVNSs LiRVsoNRPV ry*gRiRLi B[ INRP sVXgRissLi sLjiLiy. @NRPR \sVLiT ss sVXgSNRPV (@j
sVXgSNRPV) xmspLji LRiORPQ By* @s sLi.
xmsRs[ @sgS xqs%dsVxmssVVsLiRV @s gRi.aS. NRPVxmsxmsNRPLRiLi[ zmss Ry[ ([s yLRiV sXOSQV, sVsVV,
yLRi d}qs V sVVR\sy[) IN]NRP ysNTP IN]NRP ssLi GLRiLRiy. A @%ds RyNTP xqsLiLij Lis
NRPLSgSLSV (Factories) Rssy[ xmss [}qsy NTP syxqsLigS @RsosV GLRiLRiy.

sVW. xmsRs[ xzqss ssV, @yLRiORPQLi ss[aPR #[V`. ygRisyR QOPR QM FyLRi*RLi y[R VLi ryLRixqssV, @sWxmsLi R
ygRissLi %sjRxmss[aRPsxtsQxqssLi ygRissFy\M Fy[V`. xzqsxmsn WsLi xsVM. Rs R VVgRiLi
xqs*RVLisVXRryxLRiRM xqsFyRRRVxtsQ[ M.
y. LSLi xqsLjixR V[ @Rso[ sszqsLi[yLji[R LRiOTPQLixmsTs xzqs sys (GsVgRiVsV |msLi[
sys) GLRiLRiy.
ygRisyR QORPVRV ygRi ssFyV xqsRVLi][ xmsLRi*R xqs%dsVxmsLi[ gSs, sk xqs%dsVxmsLi[gSs, xqsLRixqsV=
xqs%dsVxmsLi[gSs, FsNRPVsgS ds sV DLi[ (@sWxmsLi) xms[aPR Li RgiR LRi gSs Ds ygRi sys, ys
xqsLjixR V[, [xms xmss[bPLi[ sWLSV, \NRPV s[ sWLSV gS VxqsVNRPVs LRiOTPQLiy.
GsVgRiVsV RLizmss yss RLizmss[R W. RsLiR ys[ sVLRiLis GsVgRiV lLiLiRV RLiyW dzqsN]s ss
ysNTP yVgRiV xmsV INRP Fyso xsVgS By*.
62
sVW. ygRissFyM xzqsxmsNRPFyRFybPNRP\|qs%sVNRPssRLRiNRPFyLjiNRPLji NRPxqsM xzqss VWRxmsoLkixtsQR s gRiyM, RNUP
aSxmsRyM xmsM xqsxms LS* xzqss NUPM xqsx RLRisM aRPRWrysxmsyNRPWFy][ Z[ aP[s
xzqsNPR VxmsLRigRiLi %sRVM.
y. ygRi ss LRiORPQNPR VV sWs y ][s V, GsVgRiV FyyNRPV FyaSV s[zqs NRPRLi zqssy ][s V
(FyRFybPNRP), xqsLjixR VsV LRiOTPQLi[ y ][s V (\|qs%sVNRP), ssRLRiV][s V, FyLjiNRPLjiNRPV][s V (GsVgRiVNRPV xqsxmsLRi
[R VRLi[ s[LiR V Ds y ][s V) NRPzqs, GsVgRiV sVWRxmsoLkiuy yxqss[R BRLRisVV\s yxqssds
NRPxms[V [zqsN]s, RNTP @s[ V N]sVV NRPxmsVN]s HRV [y GRV xzqs LiR NUP][, @sgS
GsVgRiVsV xmsysNTP bPORPQ Bs AR GsVgRiV][, NRPzqs xqsLiRLjixqsW, (GsVgRiVV) aRPRVsLi[ ryyV, @RVgRiV
RV (xmsy), LiyV ( V), sRVV sVVR\s y IR sV F~T xmsRs[zqss xms[aSW %dss xms
GsVgRiV sVLiR xmsLjisWs VxqsVN][y. xmsLRigRisV @sgS GsVgRiV gRiVLixmsoV Ljilgi[ xms[aPR Li VVNRP
xmsLRisWsj s @s gRi.aS.
sVW. RVWRRLRisV, GNRPRLRisV, sLRiWRsV, RVWRxmssV xzqss Li, yLi, sVRL i, FRLi, R sVVNRPL i R
ss [ s %sRVM. @dsNRPxqsxmssW\M xmsaRPxqss yyLSs xzqs[ gRiX{ RVVM. xzqsxmsy[ z %sW LSsV.
xmsLSdsNRPspxRVLiR xqsyyLRixmssVLiR y xxmssWaRPLkiLSM FyxLRiNRPLS[ xzqss B.
y. GsVgRiV sVLiR[ Ljilgi[yss, ILiLjigS Ljilgi[yss, RVWRLi (sVLiR) sVLi \NRPV ss yss,
RVWysNTP yRVNRPR*Li szLi[ GsVgRiVsV, RVxts Qxqs*sLi gRi GsVgRiVsV (yLi), sVjLisyss, (xms[ )
s zmssV, INRPryLji Lij Li %sTs[R VTsyss, sLiR Li (NRP xmsoxqsNPR Li Register) xmsNSLRiLi (y )
VxqsVN]s DLiy.
@dsNRPxqs V, @sgS gRibPORPQ B[y , xmssWLi[R (y xqs xmsNSLRiLi) xmsaRPxqssVV\s V (ORPQV)
xmssLRi y Ds GsVgRiVsV xmsVN][y. FsLiRV[R ssgS LS %sRVLi GsVgRiV[ xmsysLigS gRij (GsVgRiV
%dsVRs[ AyLRixmsT Dsj). y |msR aRPLkiLS][ FysV xLjiLi[ xmssVV [}qs GsVgRiVV aRPRVso
\|qsysV, \|qss spsV, RVLSsV, xqsLiyyLSsV (%sVLki NSLims) sVLij Lis[ryLiVV.

a].[ "NRPgRiM ZaP[uyM FyyZaP[jNRPLRiWaRPM,


yaSLSaSxmsLSyaPR j*FyyLi sVR sW sVyM.
a].[ rLSztsQNSM Fysy}qsuyLi xmsRsLSM xqsQXyM,
xqslLi[*uyLi NRPLRi %dsLRiLi s}qsaRP sLiR [.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QOPR Q xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ j*dW%yRVM
W%sVR%syssV; AjRxqsQW%sLiaRPM.
y. NRPLigRi c @LigRi[aSNRPV Lijs GsVgRiVV ZaP[xtsQ\sVs%s. RWLRiV [aSsNTP, [ j NRPLRiWaRP [aSNRPV Lijs%s,
RaSLiR [aSsNTP Lijs%s, xmsbPsV[aSsNTP Lijs%s sVR LRiNRPLi GsVgRiVV. xqsVLSxtsQ c xmsLiRsR FyLiyNTP
Lijs%s y RNRPVs LRiNRPLi GsVgRiVV. @LiVV[ xqsLji\Vs bPORPQ B}qs (NRPLRi) G FyLiysNTP Lijy GsVgRiV
VVNRP %dsLRisVW, s[gRisVW, [xqsW= NRPWy sXj F~LiRVyLiVV.
sLijs @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ @R QOPR Q xmsyLRiLi @s[ lLiLiRs @yRVLi, sVVRsVLiT
BLRi\s sVWRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R RXdW%yRVM
GNRP%sLiaRPxmsNRPLRi[ RVLiR %syssV
sVW. RRVLij aRPLi sxmsys[ ryLixmsLSLiVVNRPLi \sNRPXRLi RVLiR Li NSLRi[V`, @sL ik Q*xmsLi xqs Li y ssWsLRiVR sV
KRNRPLi, FyxqsLiR Li gRiVLi y FyLRi*RLi sLRiVRNRPxqss VsV BLjiLi y ys*ssV, [R NRPLi xqss VgRixsLi y
ssRVLiR sV. [uyLi skxmsLRiRRVLiR Li,
sxmsyLRiORPQ ryssV, ys*sssRVLiR sV%dsryssV AxmsRxmsxqsL][ y.
63
y. [aSsNTP sLRi ([aPR Li xqsLjixR V[) yVgRiV jNRPV[s W RVVysNTP Rgjis \sNRPXR\sVs RVLSs
sLjiLiRVN][y. \sNRPXRLi @sgS xqsxLigS FsgRiVRVjgRiVRVgS Ds, aRPRVsoV xmss[bPLiRysNTP aRPNRPLi NSs
xms[aPR Li @s @LiR Li. [y KRNRPRVLSs (DRNRPLi][ sLjiLis RVLSs) GLRiLRiRVN][y.
Bj RVW dsLRiV DLiRRLis GLRiTsj NSsRVsV [y y Fs^ Q s xms[aPR Li RVW xmsLigS Ds LRiVsoV
sVVR\s%s DLiRRLi[R GLRiTsj NSsRVsV. [y FyLRi*R RVLiR Li (xmsLRi*y][ xqsLiLij Lis RVLiR Li)
GLRiLRiRVN][y.
Bj xmsLRi*Rxmso RLjiRVV RVW DLiRRLi[R gSs, xqsx\sVs |msR |msR gRiVxV DLiRRLi[R GLRiTsj gSs
NSsRVsV. [y ys*sRVLiR Li GLRiLRiRVN][y.
Bj RVW y RWLRiLisLRiNRPW ds , gRiU [sj NSsRVsV, [y RVW ExtsQLiR xms[aPR Li (R%s W%sV)
Dsj NSsRVsV. [y ssRVLiR Li GLRiLRiRVN][y. Bj VLRiR][ sLiT sRsysNTP aRPNRPLi NSs ds RVW
Dsj NSsRVsV [y s sVVNRP][s V, Fyy][s V xmss[bPLiRysNTP aRPNRPLi NSs\y @LiVV DLiRsRVsV.

C %sR LigS \sNRPXR RVLiR Li, KRNRP RVLiR Li, FyLRi*R RVLiR Li, ys*s RVLiR Li, ss RVLiR Li @s yVgRiV %sys
@LiR Li. C RVLS[ sk RVLiR , xmsLRi*R RVLSV AxmsR=sVRW[ [aSs LRiOTPQLiRysNTP DxmsWgjiryLiVV.
ys*s, ssRVLSV A%sNRPVNRPV rysLigSsV, AxmsR=sVRW[ FyLjiFLiVV ygji DLiRysNUP DxmsWgjiryLiVV.
sVW. sxmsRsV [ xqssVVRRVrysLi rydsRVLi ss[aRP#[V`. yxqsVNPR xmsaRP# }qs [ZaP[ skxqsLigRis[V xRxqs y
@%sa][xtsQry[, xqsLRixqsM RNRPxqs y sXRL i, kLiR , RRVLRixqsLi y yxqsVsZaP[s xmsROTPQ[ R NRPLi xmsxmso [ R ssV,
@LixqsyLjixmsy V}msRsV. Rxqs xmsLjizqsr RsL SM NSLRi[V` RRVLiR aRP y*RaRP RZaP[ Rs %s{qsLS M
%sryLSRsgSyM Fy][s sVLiR Li y gRisVW sVW[ RRVLRiaSM Fyuyx[mszyM Fyuy[xts QNS FyLRi+Q*y
y, ][R WsNPU M, AgRisVNPR ][R VxmspLS y xqsxmsLjiyM xmsRgSxsdM.
y. [aSsNTP sVR sgRiLRi sLSs[R V sVLiRs zmss xms[aPR Li[ skxqsLigRisVLi RgiR LRigSs, FsxmsNUP FsLiRs
xRLi xmsNRPs gSs, A xRLi xqsLRixqsV= (@sgS xqsxLigS GLRiTsj) NSsRV [y RNRPLi (sVsVxtsvV
R%s*sj) NSsRVsV. xqssVVyRWsNTP rys\sVs, @sgS xmssVV sVVR\sy y*LS ss R sLi INRP ][
xqssVNRPWLRiVN]s[ rys\sVs, rydsRWs (sV gSsV c sV sgRiLSjNSs) sLjiLiy.
@j yxqsV saRPLi [R @sgS A xms[aSs sXyNSLRiLi[ DLiRsRV. kLSNSLRiLigS DLiRsRV [y
RRVLRixqsLigS DLiRsRVsV. C rydsRWsNTP NRPVT \sxmsos xmsyxLi DLiy. ks[ xqs sWLiR Li[R ,
sWLiR Li [R [LiR ysNTP %ds\s xmso [ R sLi DLiy.
""rydsRVLi @sgS Fss%sVj sLiR gSsWNTP xmsysgSsVLi (|` NS*LiR L`i=). sxqsWV [zqss xmssVV BNRPR
[LiR VryLiR V. N][[ Ds LS xmsys sgRiLRiLigS NRPWy Bj xmsRVRW DLiVLij. ""xmsxmso [ R ssV''
@sgS @s[NPR xms[aSsVLi ss xqsLRiVNRPV xqsLiRVV %s}ms rysLi @s @LiR Li.
64
R}qs c A rydsRWsNTP RVW INRPysNUP INRP ysNUP sVR INRP RLiRLi (ALRiRVgRiVV) FsRLi Ds sVWRV
NRPLiRNSV R%s*Liy. y sRV (FyNSLRiLi RgiR LRi Dsys sRV sVVRV) sLRixqsgS xmsyVgRiV
RLiyV, xmssLiRV RLiyV, xmsj RLiyV DLiy. y [R V sRV[s yVgRiV sLiRV[ sVWRV
sLiRVVgSs, xqsgRiLi gSs DLiy.
y @RVgRiV sVLi sRV \|mss Ds gRiVNUP sVR FsLiR sRV DLi][ @RVgRiV sVLi sRV NRPWy @Li[
DLiy. xmspLjig S LS ][ NRP; [y y FyLS+Q*V (ds xmsNRPgRiV sWRLi) LS ][s V BVNRP][s V NRP
(Rxms RW).
W%sV[s ds sLRiNRPW (s[[s dsLRiV \NRPV s[sLRiNRPW [R VgS) R%s*s%s gSs, [y \sVLiT dsLRiV
s[%sgS gSs DLiy. ds FsNRPVs DsxmsVRV yss \NRPV sjs[}qs sWLRiLi (xmsLjiyxLi) DLiy.
y[ xmsyV, sVVxqs |msLiy.
sVW. RRVLiR Q sNRPXxts QLi xmsLjiRWM xtsQR [ QRsV, @sLRiVR Li Rj *gRiV%sxtsQsVLi y` sxmsLi
NSLRi[VRWLiR Q*RRVLi sVxmsXxtsQLi, NRPVsVNPR VOTPQNPR Li y xzqs L][ aRP ORPVQ Li NRPNTPgRiV %sxtsQs d xmsysss s V.
FyLixqsVZaP[}tsQ yxqsVRLi y xmspLRi[V`.
y. xmsLjiNRPV yVgRiV RLiy RWLRiLi[ (xmsLjiV) R%s*s sV][ ALRiVRLiy (35 @RVgRiV Fs^ Q s sxmsLi
(g][R ) sLjiLiy. NTPLiRsVLi NRPLjigjiFNRPVLiy y gRigS DLi[V RW. ys sRV FsRVNPR V lLi Lixmso

DLiy. A sxmsLi ELiR Q*RRVLi (NTPLiR sogSsV \|msNTP s gS s gS xqssLigSsV Dsj) gSs, sVxmsXxts QLi
(RRV\ss \|ms gRiLi NRPj) gSs ""NRPVLi NRPVOTPQNPR Li'' (NRPVLiR sLi F~gRij @sgS sVR gRiLi[ \|msNTP DsV
Dsj) gSs @LiVVsoLiy. Bj gRi.aS. y.
ELiR Q*RRVLigS @sgS \|ms \|msNTP s gS xqssgS DLiT \|ms gSs RRVsVgS DLiy @s NSLilgi .[ (kss sLjiLi[
xqssVRVLi[) sVs GsVgRiV[R , FsR [R ]NTPLiy. ksNTP @s \sxmso sVV F~RV, %sxtsQxmso dgRiV
DLiy. sxmsLi NRPgS %sVgjis sV sgRiLRiLi[ [y LS ss FyLiRLi[ Ds yxqsVys (FsgRiVRV
jgRiVRVgS DLiRRLi[R gSs RjRLRi NSLRi[R gSs gRiXjsLSNTP @sVsogS [s xms[aSs) xmspy.
sVW. sxmsrxmsLji FyNSLRiLi %sxtsQsVj *gRiV[ [=R sV, Hxts QNPR Li, y*RaRPxryR WLiR Q*sV. JLi RVVgRiLi y
ARRVLji*LiaRPxryj NSLRi[V`. LRiRRLSxqsLiyLRiLi ysVWsVVLRi\ZNPM NRPzmsbdPL<iR Q\ZNPaSygRiLi,
xmsXRVbPxqszRLi y\ZaPLi NSLRi[V`; s[*s NSxts Qs VRVsV. @gjiLRisz][ z Rzqss sxqs.
65
y. sxmsLi \|mss NSs BVNRP][ FyNSLRiLi sLjiLiy. ys FsRV sRVNRPV lLiLixmso DLiy. FsRV
xmssLiRV xryV y BLRi\s yVgRiV xry yNS DLiy. xry xqsLi 13, 15, 17 Byj %sR LigS [zqs
xqsLi[ NSs 12, 14, 16 Byj Lki[ xqsLji xqsLi[ NSs DLiRsRV.
C FyNSLRiLi %dsVR LRiyV sT[V DLiy. FyNSLRiLi \|ms gRiLi %dsVR yV sVVRV ANSLRiLi[s V, sV
ANSLRiLi[s V, N][ R ANSLRiLi[s V (@LiRV RgiR LRi) |msR |msR jsVV NRPLiy. [y BNRPNRPV RVV
|msR LS LiR][ NRPWLjis bPsVRV\sVs FyNSLRiLi NRPLiy. NRP][ sWRLi FssRW NRPLiRNRPWRRV.
ys[ FsxmsVRW @gji xqssVRVLi N][xqsLi s[ DLiVLij.
sVW. %sxtsQsVR RVLRiaRPsVNRPsVV[=R xqssWsZOP[QxmsLi rFysLi NSLRi[V`. LiaRPR sL iR Li R.
y. FyNSLRiLi %dsVR ys sRVNRPV RRVLRixqsLigS DLi[ @NSs (VLRiVsV) sLjiLiy. @sgS FyNSLRiLi
sRV ALRiV xryV DLi[ ALRiV xry RRVLRiryNSLRiLi[ Ds VLRiVsV NRPLiy. ys%dsVR sVLi
jgRiysNTP sVV NRPLiy. A sV FsRV FsLiR DLiVLi][ y sRV @Li[ DLiy. BLi VLRiVNUP
VLRiVNUP sVR sVV\|ms# RLiy ssysLi DLiy.
sVW. R*WLRiNRPWLRi [ xqsxLRi+Qj*RsVR LSRWsWLi xms][d Li NSLRi[V`. @NRP xms][d sV [
ysVuyj uysLi ryzmsysR xmsn NRPxqsLizR %sVds N][aPR Li NSLRi[V`.
y. lLiLiRV @NS (VLRiV) sVR lLiLiRxqsVV gRi xLRiQLi (s s[VR) ][ NRPWTs sRVNRPLi[
INRPsLRi lLiV F~Rso gRi xms][s (gRiXx %sZaP[xtsQLi gRi.aS.) NRPLiy. xms][ @sgS Fs^ Qs g][xmsoLRiLi sLij,
xLRiQLi @sgS V (NSLi)
2. @NSsNUP xms][d NTP sVR sVVgiR VLRiV R sVLSLRiVV DLiRysNTP Rgjis, sVWRV Ds y][ NRPWTs
xmsn NS][ sLjiLis BLiRN][aSs sLjiLixms[R W. ks xmsn NS[ y yV DLiRRLi[R ksNTP
BLiRN][aPR Li @s }msLRiV (NSLi).
sVW. 1. @sl Li[xtsv j*xxqs%sxtsQsVLi FylLi[+Q* RRVLiR VRWsVsV @sVFyNSLRisV @xts QxryR VRLi [s xmsRLi
NSLRi[V`.

2. RsL S j*RsL S y yLSM NSLRi[V`, @gS} [ZaP[ xmsy%sNSLi sxtsvxy*LRiLi R.


y. FyNSLSs @sVxqsLjiLi (FyNSLRiLi sLiT) @NRP c xms][d c BLiRN][aS sVR [s xmsRLi
(LRixxqssWLiR Li. gRi.) sLjiLixms[R W. ys sRV lLiLiRV xryVLiy. xmsNRPRVLiRV Fss%sVj xry
F~Rso DLiy. (@xts QxryR VRsV @s[j ""RRVLiR VRWsVsV'' @s[ xmsysNTP %ssLRiLi).
2. aRPRVsoV ANRP%sVLiRysNTP aRPNRPLi NSs xms[aPR Li[ INRP RLiRLi [y lLiLiRV RLiy sRV gRi yLRiV
GLSV [LiVVLiy. xmsy%sNRPsV, sxtsvx y*LRiLi NRPWy GLSV [LiVVLiy.
%s. yLRi @sgS FsNTP jlgi[ xms[aPR Li "xmsy%sNS' @sgS VV ygji DLiRysNTP
Rgjis y\s xms[aPR Li. "sxtsvxy*LRiLi' V ]sLi y*LRiLi. aRPRVso Fss\lLiy ssxmsVRV y
xqsLiyLSs NRPs|msysNTP DxmsWgjiLi[j (gRi). VV [s xmsRLisVLi FyNSLRiLi \ g][R RgiR LjiNTP s ysNTP
DxmsWgjiLi[ y*LRiLi @s N]LiRLRiV.
sVW. zLSsV ds aRPWxmsNRPLRiNRPWxmsNRPsFyRNRPNRPxmsxqsLSz xmsXxts Q, yxmsRaRPXNRP aRP*RLiuyLRi[
xmsxqss sFyRVNSsVLkiuRNRPFyss\ZNPM R sxmsRLi NSLRi[V`.
y. N][NTP \ [y xmsLjiNTP \ sV Lis sVVR\s ys @NRPRNRPR DLi NRPzmss[zqss sWLiR Li
sLjiLixms[R W. sV sM = sWNS %sLjilgi[V [}qs NRP][ [zqss RVLiy xqsWjsVVsVs NUPV
(s[VNRPV sLi%s). %dsNTP "sVsWd, @s NRPWy }msLRiV'. aRPWxmsNRPLRiM=gRi NRP][s V, [xLi][s V [zqss
yT\Vs aRPW xqssVVyRVLi. NRPWxmsM=sVLiVV, NRPWM=BsVxms ERV. @sFyyM=gRiT sVVR\s y][
NRPzmss g][R VV. NRPNRPxmsxqsLSM =BsVxmssVV DsdgRiV.
@zxmsXuys=sWLixqsLi [s FysVV @zqs xmsLiLRiLi ANSLRiLi[ Ds xqsWj sVVsV gRi BsVxms sxqsVsoV,
yxmsy=@Lis[ yNRPV ANSLRiLi[ Ds%s. aRPXNSs=sVWRV N]sVs [x RVLiyV.
aRP*RLiuyM=NRPVNRP RLiy ANSLRiLi[ Ds RVLiyV.
@LiR s=@R gRiTRV ANSLRiLi[ Ds RVLiyV. Dxmsxqss ys=NSNTP Rgji sVsztsQ [LS xms[ V [}qs
NRPV. FyRVNSM=INRP FyysNTP sWRs[V xqsLjiF[V, VLRiR][ sLizmss g][R VV, @sVLkiuy= NRPNRP[
sxmsVVs g][R VV. DRNRPFyssNSs=Fy\FLiVVs (sVVLjiNTP) ds ][ sLizmss s gRiVLiV (sWLiR Li @Liy
%ds][ NRPzmsLiy).
66
sVW. 1. FyNSLRisVV RV][ sVxmsNRP sVR LiR RLi NRPXy* xms][d xtsQssL iR Li y*LRiLi ss[aPR #[V`. xmsR
[N][R L iR sXy Axts QR j RRVLRiaRPsV. j*RLi y xtsQygiR sWRWsW Rj NRPsVxts Q gRiLiy.
2. xmsRaRPxry[N][R L iR sVuyRaRPxryj RV[[=R M.
3. xqss Vxqs xmsLjiZOP[QFyMxtsQyRWsWMj*gRiV[ sRM RWNSRWaRPRVLSgiR M.
y. 1. (y*LRiLi sLjiLiRRs][) FyNSLSsNTP lLiLiRV \sxmso INRPsLRi RLiy xmssWLi gRi
sVLiRxmsNSs (sVVLiRVNRPV F~RVRVN]s s[, g] R ANSLRiLi[ DLi[ sLSLi sVLiRxmsNRPLi) sLjiLiy.

xms][N][xqsLi ALRiV RWNTP ][V DLi[V [zqs (NSLi) xms][NTP AyLRi\sVs ALRiV xqsLiV @sVLji y
xmsNRPs[ (gRi.aS) (sVLiRxmsNSsVR ) y*LRiLi sLjiLiy.
A y*LRiLi FyNSLSsNTP @sVgRiVLigS (@sgS xmsNSLRiLi sRVsV xms) HRV RLiyV sVVRV, IN]NRP RLiRLi
|msLiRVNRPVLiW Fss%sVj RLiy RRVLRixqsLigS DLiy. N]LiRLji @FyRVLi xmsNSLRiLi y*LRiLi sRV lLiLiRV
RLiyV yV.
FsRV FsLiR Ds][ ysNRPLi (y*LRiLi sRV) ALRis sLiRVgSs, Fss%sVRs sLiRV gSs FsNRPVs DLiy.
(HRV RLiy RRVLRiaRPLi @LiVV[ ys AL][ gRiLi sVWRV xry Fss%sVj @LigRiVV. Fss%sVRsgRiLi
lLiLiRVsLRi xryV. BLRi\s yVgRiV @LigRiVV INRP xxqsLi. yVgRiV xryV INRP RLiRLi: xtsQR LiyjRRVLRiaSV
DsxmsVRV C%sR LigSs[ NRPNRPVN][y. gRi.aS.)
2. RVxqsLi FsRV xmsj}sV xrysVLi IN]NRP xxqsLi |msLiRVN]LiW xms s%sVj xryV DLi[V
RWy. "R[[=R M' @s[ FyhRiLi[ y*LRiLi RgiR LRiNRPV s [ s[ FsRV BLiR DLiy @s @LiR Li.
3. xqsLi Li xmsLjiR VV (RVVN]RV) F~Rso[ ALRis gRiLi DLiy. s[[ xqsLi Li xmsLjij ysNTP
(ALRisgSsNTP) lLiLixmso DLiy. @sgS sVWRsgRiLi DLiy. xqsLigRiLi xmsLjij ys gRiLi DLiy. @sgS
xqsLi Li FsRV xmsj}sV xryV DLi[ ys RVVN]R lLiLiRVsLRi xryV DLiy. sVVR[ s[[ HRV
xryV DLiy. sLRi DLi[ RWNRP xqsLi Li xmsLjij [ ys gRiLi DLiy.
sVW. AjRxqs xms gSM aS, y{ms, {qssWgRiXxLi R RaRPgjiN_ xqssVR yLRi _* xmssV @sL iR Li
AM xLRiQLi R xqssVVRQRWRLiR RLi, xqs Wss aRP. ALiR yxqsVNPR sVVR s WgSLRiLi gSsL iR Li y,
Bxts QNSsR FyLRi+Q*Li, ysVRM xmsROTPQrFysLi gRiWR rFys%sVRLRiRM.
y. NTPLij @LiRxqsV[ HRV gSV [zqs y[ INRP aS (V), jgRiVRV%s, xqsLjixR V BV (@LiRVRgiR LjiNTP
s[V INRP gRij) NRPLiy. ""sVR gRiLi[ yzms, yzmsNTP BV @V kLiR RRVLRiry\s lLiLiRV aSV,
aSFyLiy[ (sLiR [) {qssWgRiXxLi(gRij) sLjiLiy'' (gRi.aS) aS[ xmsRssLiRV rysLi[ FsRVlLiRVLRiVgS
lLiLiRV @LRiVgRiVV y%dsVR s gRiRVV (sVR yLRi) NRPLiy.
aS{qssWgRiX sVR A (@sgS s y*LRiLi) sLjiLixmsRW. sVVR @LiRxqsV FsRV[ xqsgRiLi FsRV
DLi[V \|mss xLRiQLi (\|ms @LiRxqsV, RLiRaS @s NRPWR ksNTP }msLRiV) sLjiLixms[R W. lLiLiRs @LiRxqsV[
xqsLiV RgiR LRi RgiR LRigS sLiy. sVWRs @LiRxqsV (DR s WgSLRiLi) @LRiyxqsVNPR Li FsRV DLiy. (yxqsVNPR Li
@sgS sVWRV RLiyV. @LRiyxqsVNRPLi INRPsLRi RLiyV). (Bj HRV RLiy RRVLRixqs\sVs y*LSsNTP). [y
HRV RLiy[ sVWRs sLiRV @sNSaRPLi DLi[V kss (DR s WgSLSs) sLjiLiy.
ys xmsNRPV BVNRP][ NRP. FsRsV xmsNRP xmsROTPQ rFys sWLiR Li (gRiVLiRLigS LRiVgRiVRW jgRiszqss sVVc
round stair-case) NRPVT xmsNRPs g][R sVR LRixxqs rFys sWLiR Li sLjiLiy.
67
sVW. j*xxqsLi ][LiR bPLRiM, xmsgjiN_ _* NRPyWg_, _* _* xmsLjixmsn , @LRi Ljis NUPM,
xmsxxqss Vy*LRiLi, Ry*L][ xmsLjixmsn WM.
y. ][LiR Li FsRV lLiLiRV xryV DLiy. lLiLiRV RVxmso sRV HRV sLiRV][ sVWRV sLiRV VLiy.
lLiLiRV lLiLiRV @R gRiTRVV (xmsLjixmsn ), @LRi (yyxmso xms s%sVj @LigRiVV) F~R\ss BLiRNUPLi (RVxmsoV

sVWzqss RLRiyR s[R Vszqss, s[[sNTP jlgi[ BsVxms NRPU , HRV xry Fs^ Q s @y*LRiLi (xmsNRPy*LRiLi) [y
|msR RVxmso sVR [s s y*LRiLi GLRiLRiy.
yVgRiV xzqsxmsLiR V @sgS GsVgRiVV U N]s RVxmsoV xmsgRiN]NRPVLiy DLi[V sVVsV [s BsVxmsNRPU V,
y*LRiLi \ RVxmsoNRPV DLiy (NSLi). yVgRiV GsVgRiVV INRPsWLRiV xmss[bPLiRysNTP yLji DLiy (gRi.aS.).
sVW. ss[aSLiR Li xzqss M sVVxqssVM, xqsLiNRPsVM @xqsLiLRi y W%sVsVW y sLRiVRZNP[.
y. RVLiR Li[NPT jgRiRLiN][xqsLi xzqss Li @sgS GsVgRiV g][LiR V s NRPsVLigS NTPLijNTP yV Ds sV j
GLRiLRiy. ys FsRV y*LRiss[aPR Li xmssWLi[ xqsgRiLi FsRV DLiy. @j y*LRi%sryLiR Li][ rysWsQ\ sVs
%sryLiR Li][ DLiy. (ys RLRiyR, dzqss[R VysNTP @sVsogS DLi[ sLis gSs, ds [s xms[aPR #\ sV[ sV
sLis gSs sLjiLiy.
sVW. FyNSLRixqssVLi sVVsVsryxms gRig][ysVVLi g][xmsoLRiLi NSLRi[V`. FyNSLRisV [ NRPXy* y{msLi
xmsoxtsQLjiy*LRiLi, RRVMaSsV @R LSsL SNRPLi NRPVsWLkixmsoLRiLi, sVVxLRiQLi j*RLi sVVNRPy*LRiLi,
W%sVRssZaP[s y. gSj NSRWsWM yzdsMNRPVMNSLRi[V`.
y. BLiRsLRiNRPV zmssj sVy*LRisLSLi. BxmsVRV BRLRi%s%sR y*LS sLSLi xmsoRVyRV. sVVLi,
@sgS \NRPV s[ sWLRiLi FyNSLRiLi FsRV][ xqssWsLigS [zqs sVWRV sLiRV gRiLi DRVsVV sVVLi
ANSLRiLi[ Ds g][xmsoLRiLi (y*LRiLi) sLjiLixmsRW. FyNSLRiLi sVR jgRiVRV%s sLjiLi (aRPRVsoV A yLjis
s}qs ys[ xmsTFsRLiN][xqsLi), @NRPR xmsoxtsQLjiy*LRiLi (jgRiVRV%sNTP xqsLiLij Lis y*LRiLi) sLjiLiy.
IN]NRP ysNTP INRPsLRi RLiy RWLRiLi DLi[V yVgRiV aSV(Halls) sLjiLi yNTP s LRiLiyV
DLi[ V RW. A aSRRVxts QR WsNTP NRPVsWLkixmsoLRiLi, @sgS y*LRiLi sLjiLiy. Q\sVs W%sVs xms ,
sxqsVs osV xms lLiLiRLiRxqsV sVVLiRNRPxLRiQLi ([T s[VR @sgS bPLSRVV [s s[VR) ysNTP
sVVLiRNRPy*LRiLi (sVVLiRNRPxLRiQLi NS ys y*LRiLi sVVLiRNRPy*LRiLi) sLjiLiy.
(FyNSLRiLi RgRiLRis[) rysWsVV BW @W RLRiLiRysNTP DxmsWgjiLi[ NSsV sLjiLiy. y F~Rso
sRVNRPLi sVWRs sLiRV @j NRPLigS DLiy. (gRi.aS.) A RW sxqsVs osV ss[xqsVN]sysNTP @Li
g][R VV R%s*Liy.(NSLi.).
a].[ yxqsV FyuyNRPVyNRPVhSLkiNSNRPyM,
sVVxqsXsVVR LS RRNRPRVsQ aRPRxmsn VRVM.
NSLSM NSLSLjiNSM aRPWs[R ygSaRP s[sM,
Dxts Qgki[%gji xqsLiWgSM NRPVxmsNRP[ R W %sj M.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QOPR Q xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ RXdW%yRVM,
RVLiR %syssV; AjR aRPLRiVLji*LiaRPM.
y. A NSs[ LS , gRiVsFyV, s g]R , V, GsVgRiVNRPV xqsLiLij Lis DxmsNRPLRiV (NRPy),
BsxmssVV Ds NRP][ [zqss gRiRV (sVVxqsX), sVVR LSV (xqs W\sVs @gRigRiLi gRi kLiR Q \sVs
ARVVR %sZaP[xtsQLi), RLiyV (%szqslLi[ NRPV), RNSV, sVRgRiQQLi, sVLi sVVR\s RVLiyV, aRPRxmsn VVV
(INRPsWLRiV sLiRsVLijs RLixmsgRi RVLiyV, BsVxmssVV ][ sLiT yVgRiV y F~Rso gRi INSNRP
ARVVR Li) NRPsVLiR V RRWLRiV [}qs ][s VLSRVV, sLRi aRPWV, F~T[ BRLRi ryR yV gjiLi Ds sRVLRiV

NRPV, ILi sVR ANSLRiLi[ DLi[ NRPRVV, aRPRVso%dsVR @gjis xmsWgjiLiRysNTP DxmsWgjiLi[ gRiVgiR VV,
sVRsLi, xqsLiR LRixqsLi, $s[xts QLi, gRiLiR FyuyLi sVVR\s @gjixqsLiWgSV, NRPVFyR QORPQ xmsNRPLRiLi[ zmss
%sR VV gRiR [zqs DLiy.
"sLijs' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ @R QORPQ xmsyLRi sVs[ lLiLiRs @j NRPLRiLi[ RVLRi%sysLi
@s[ RXdRWyRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi BLRi\sys @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
68
@R RRVL]%[ yRVM
y*%sLiaRPLRiNRPLRi[ RVLiR ss[aPR M
sVW. 1. RRVM Fydy LSsWLSM, RRVM DkdyM B yxqsV%sgRiM.xqs y*RaRPy*L][
RVVN][ R NRP W%sVRs xmsRM.
2. RRVLiR Q sL S LRiyM. LSsWLiR Q][sVVrydsRVLSxts Q %s%dsRxmsyM
xqsLiRWdsRVspxaRPaSsgSsVxmsyaSxts QR M. RRVLiR Q M }qsRVssxmsRM. j*R[ xzqsQZOP[Q RxmsRM.
xmsLRiRW LRiRxmsRM, Ry*LRiM xmsaRPVRM, _* ORPVQRxmsaRPVsVsVxtsQxmsRM.
y. 1. RWLRiV xmsRsVLRiNRPV sVWRV, DRL iR ROTPQNTP sVWRV LSsWLSV DLiy. Bj yxqsV%sgRiLi; @sgS
N][[s s syxqs rysLi[ LSsWLS y*LS [R Vszqss %sgRiLi. C yxqsV %sgRiLi[ xmsLSsWLSsNTP
lLiLi[zqs ]xmsVs xmssLiRV y*LSV DLiy. RgRiV %sR LigS (NSszqssLiR, DRNRPLi (sWRVV, jgRiVRVsoV
sVVR\s%s), sVVLjiNTPdsLRiV F[V sWLiR Li ( W%sV), LRixxqs sWLSV (r~LRiLigSV) DLiy.
2. s sWLS (LRiR) sRV yVgRiV RLiyV. LSsWLiR c][sVVcrydsRVc LSxts Qc%s%dsRxmsyV,
xqsLiRWdsRVcspxc aRPaSscgSsVxmsyV Fss%sVj RLiy sRV DLiy. (LSxmsRLi @sgS LSsWLiR Li highway ][ sVV xmsRLi= yVgRiV sLiR gSsW sVVZNP[LiysNTP s [ sWLiR Li. rydsRV xmsRL i= Fss%sVj
sLiR gSsW sVVZNP[LiysNTP s [ sWLRiLi. LSxts Q xmsRLi= gSsV FyLiyNTP s [ sWLiR Li. %s%dsRxmsRL i=
xmsaRPVsoV s[V}qs xms[aSNTP s [ sWLiR Li. xqsLiRWdsRV xmsRLi = aRPRVso yT s sxmsVRV \|qssNRPVV sLis[
spxLi xmssVN]s[ ][NTP s [ s WLiR Li. gSsV xmsRLi = gSsW[ sWLRiLi).
}qsRVssxmsRLi @sgS ds FyLRiVR N][xqsLi NRPs }qsRVso sR sWLiR Li, @LRiLi[ sWLiR Li, yVgRiV RLiy
sRV DLiy. GsVgRiVV sszqsLi[ xms[aPR Li[ sWLiR Li lLiLiRV RLiy sRV DLiy. [y GsVgRiVV s [
sWLiR Li, F~NTP s [ sWLiR Li lLiLiRV RLiyV DLiy. AsoV sVVR\s xmsaRPVsoV s [ sWLiR Li (xmsaRPVxmsRLi)
yVgRiV @LRiRVV (yyxmso lLiLiRV gRiV) sRV DLiy.
ORPVQR xmsaRPVcsVsVxtsQxmsRLi (s[VNRPV sVVR\s s xmsaRPVsoV, sVsVxtsvV sT[ sWLiR Li) lLiLiRV
@LRiRVVLiy. (C sWLSV N][ [xmss[ NSNRPVLiy \ DLi[ xmsoLRigSsWRVNRPV NRPWy xqsLiLij LisV
NRPsRVRVLij.)
sVW. xms%dslLi[ yxqsVs LSss[aPR M yRVLRi*LiR QxqssWs[. yxqsVxXRRWRVRl Li[ sslgi[ RV][NPR % sys sVsMxmsoLRiLi
FyV sVVRVLi y NSLRi[V`. Rxqs xmspL][*RLiR Li gRisWyLRixmsoL][z[][R VrysLi sVsQaRP
As}qsRVVM. xmspLRi*ROTPQLi gRiLi

sVsxqsLi xzqsaS N][uygSLRiLi R. RRMxmsLRiLi gRis sWysLRixqsxmsM, xmsysNSLRisM, ORPQ RWaRP xmspLS*Li
jaRPsVj s}qsRVVM. ROTPQ xmspLRi*Li gRiLi gSLRi sVORPQxmsLi NRPLRisxtsQyaRP. ROTPQxmsbPsVLi gRiLi
NRPVxmsgRiXxsV ARVVygSLRiLi R. RRM xmsLRiLi sgRiLRiysysLjiNRP NSLSsNRP R QOSQM,
xmsNS*sxqsVLSsWLixqsxmsM, LRiWFyyrysRLS \saSaRP ROTPQLi jaRPsVj s}qsRVVM. xmsbPsVROTPQLi gRiLi
L][xts QgRiVzmsrysLi NRPLRigRiXxLi R. xmsbPsWRL iR Li gRiLi RWsLRiRaSM. RRMxmsLRisV ELSxqsWRs[VRLRisLRi
aRPryQsLRiNSLRisM aRPWyaRP xmsbPsWLi jaRPsVj s}qsRVVM, DRL iR xmsbPsVLi gRiLi xmsQ\ xtsQgRiXxsV,
DRL iR xmspLRi*Li gRiLi N][a][ gRiyaRP*Li R. RRM xmsLRiLi sgRiLRiLS[s y [xsVNSLRi[ xa[ ][RL SLi
jaRPsVj s}qsRVVM, yxqsVysV}qsxtsv ZaP[xmssxNRPsNSRW As}qsRVVM.
y. ZaP[xts Qs VW ryLRisLiRsVW, yVgRiV sLS y sysNTP @sVNRPWsVW
@LiVVs yxqsVs o sLiRV (ssyxqsWgRiQ\sVs W%sV %dsVR) LSxmsryRLi sLjiLiy. yxqsV xXRRVLi
(sVR gRiLi) VVNRP DRL iR xmso ]%sVRs gRiLi[ aSxqsQLi[ zmss GLS][ @LiRMxmsoLRiLi RWLRiVsVVLigS
NSs, DRL SsVVLigS gSs sLjiLixms[R W. LSFyryysNTP xmspL][*RL iR (CaSs) gRiLi[ AyLRiVV,
xmsoL][zRVV, sVLiRVV sszqsLiy. RVaSV, DRNRPryyV NRPWy @NRP[ DLiy.
xmspLRi* ROTPQ(Algi[RV) gRiLi[ sLi BV, gRiaS, N][uygSLRiLi (rysWs V s* DLi[ |msR gRijc g][_s)
DLiy. (Bsds LS syLiRLiR yV). LS sysNTP @sR RWLRiV jNRPV[ xqsVgRiLiR RyV, xmsoxtsQ
sWNRPV, yyV, LRiryV(sRVV) c %dss @s[Vy , xmsysV\s bPVV, ORPQ RVVV sszqsLiy.
ROTPQ xmspLRi* gRiLi[ LiygSLRiLi AyRV sRV gRis [}qsy aS (@ORPQxmsLi), xqs*LiR LRiRbPryyV
(gRi.aS.) NRPLRiyLRiV gRiXV(NSLi) DLiy. ROTPQ xmsbPsVgRiLi (\sLRiX)[ NRPVxmsgRiXxLi ([ LigSLRiLi sLiU Rxms
%sVgjis%s [}qs gRiXxLi (gRi.aS.) @LRi[ Li[ sxqsVs oV gRiR [}qs BV (NSLi)] ARVVR gRiXxLi
DLiy.
69
ys RLRiyR ROTPQjNRPVsLiRV sgRiLRiLi[ ysyFyLRiLi [}qsy , NRPLSgSLS @j NSLRiVV (NSLSLiNRP =
factory officers), }qsyR QORPVV, xmsNS*sc sVR sWLiryV @s[Vy , s[aPR V, sLRiN PR VV, \ saRPVV DLiy.
xmsbPsWRL iR (yRVVs) jNRPV[ gSTR, ILi aSV, NRPLSgSLSV DLiy.
xmsbPsWRL iR (yRVVs) jNRPV[ yxsaSV, LRiRaSV DLiy. y RLRiyR xmsbPsWRL iR (yRVVs)
jNRPV[ yxsaSV, LRiRaSV DLiy.
y RLRiyR xmsbPsV jNRPV[ Ds V s[}qsy , sWV V s[}qsy , sRVLRiVxmss [}qsy
(s[VRLiR V), RLRiNSLRiVV, NRPsyV RRWLRiV[}qsy , ARVVyV RRWLRiV[}qsy , AsLRij (yV,
NRPsyV sVVR\s%s RRWLRiV[}qs y , aRPWRVV sszqsLiy.
yRVs jNRPVsLiRV xms (@sV}ms %s%sR sxqsVs o) gRiXV, sVLiRV gRiXV DLiy. DRL iR
xmspLRi*(CaSs) gRiLi[ R ygSLRiLi, g][s oV, @aS*V DLiy. y RLRiyR DRL iR jNRPVsLiRV sgRiLRi
[s RV, LS[s RV, [ xmssVV [}qs bPVV, LRiR xmsLkiORPQNPR VV (LRiy xmss y ) xVV
DLiy. ssyxqs ryyV NSs xms[aS[ GLRiLRis @sVry[ (RVW g][R sVVR\s%s NRP s
xms[aS[ sLRiN PR V xqsLixmsn WV (ZaP[) %s[bPd RVV\s sLRiN PR VV sszqsLiy.

sVW. @xmsLSyxmsxR\sRVsN ][xts QNSs, bPs\saRPsbP*$sVjLS gRiXxLi R xmsoLRisV [ NSLRi[V`.


\|s RWsVQ\|qsyxmsys y*LS. zMxmsLjiRWMR sVMaRPysNRPXuyM \Rxmsorysss
}qsRVyMNSLSM, RVyjaRPLi R jlgi [ s yM.
y. xmsoLRisVR [ @xmsLSy(RVLS) c @xmsxR (%sxts v) c NRPVsWLRiry*%sV (RVLiR) c BLiR (\sRVLiR)
N][xts QNSV, bPscNRPV[LiR c@bP*dsc OUPQ c sVjLS[%sd sVLijLSV sLjiLiy. \|mss zmss N][xtsQNS[s V,
sVLijLS[s V, Rgjis ryy[ A yxqsV[s RsV ryzmsLiy. sgRiLSsNRPVs yVgRiV y*LSV .
xcHs cRWsVc \|qsyxmsyV; @sgS DRL iR y*LRiLi x[s yNRPLi, RWLRiV y*LRiLi BLiR[s yNRPLi,
ROTPQy*LRiLi RVsV[s yNRPLi, xmsbPsVy*LRiLi NRPVsWLRiry*%sV[s yNRPLi, @LiVVs y*LSV DLiy. xmsLjiNTP
sVxms sWLRiV R sVxqsV= (lLiLiRV sLiR gRi) RWLRiLi[ xmspryyV, xmsoryyV, syV,
}qsRVLiyV GLRiLRiy. jNRPVsV @sVxqsLjiLi A RW jlgi [ s RsV ryzmsLiy.
sVW. 1. DRL iR M xmspL][* y aRPaSsyM. ROTPQ[s sL][ R s WysV. RryNRPs[V xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM.
FyxtsQ RyLi aRPaSys[ yxqsM.
2. NRPLSsL iR ZOP[Q RsZaP[s R NRPVV%sVyLi {qssWsLi ryxms[V`. [xtsv xmsoxmsn yxtsQ ZNP[yLSs
ysxmsRsRWLiaRP @sVyM NRPVLRiVM. RaRPNRPVdyLi NRPWxmsryssV.
xqsLRi*}qsxysQOSQLiR sgRis \ xtsQaRPVxtsQ aSNRPRVsxqsW LRiRXNSxts Q[xRLSLRiryRVV%sxtsQ%suys[V
sryLRiyLRiVxmsxLRisLRiaRPsRRWss[NSs GNRPsL<]x[msg[ Rixqss NSLRi[V`. ss[yssLi a][R [V`.
70
3. xxqsQaRP*LRiRFyyRsVs[NPR sVVsVs ryxms[V`. @s[NPR sVVLi z xmsLRixqsLRi RW` xmsL][ xmsLi [|\ msd.
4. G[ysF yRVLiR xqsLiryLS yyM.
5. a].[ s R zLjiNSs NRPVLS` xmsoLRiLSuxmsxmsn WRNSs,
OTPQ}mssxmsRrys[ xqsLS*s y yxms[VRLSs.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QOPR Q xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ RRVL]%[ yRVM
RVLiR ss[aRPM; AjRM xms%sLiaRPM.
y. 1. aRPaSs xms[aPR Li DRL iR jNRPV[ NSs RWLRiVjNRPV[ NSs DLiy. NTPLij sLS y NTP ROTPQs DLiy.
C sRVsWs @NRP%sV}qs sVVR ryxxqsRLiRLi, @sgS lLiLiRV sLiR RW\ xms RLiRLi %sj Liy.
FyxtsQLiRVNRPV (RVLSyLSV FyLi[ NSFyNRPVV sVVR\sy NUP) RLiyVLRiNUP aRPaSs xqs%dsVxmsLi[ syxqsLi.
2. NRPVVLidNRPVNRPV y [}qs xmssVNRPV NSszqss W%sVxmssWs @sVxqsLjiLi xqsLjixR VV GLRiLRiy.
ARW xmssVV [R VgRiy LS (@j NSLRiV) @sVsV][ xmsoso* ][V, xmsLiR ][V, xmsyRV
xqssVVyRWV, sLjiF~V, yy xqssVVyRWV, BRLRi sxqsV xqssVVyRWV A F~[ xmsLiTLiy.
BLRi\s ygRi ][ RVs ssryRVLi [R VysNTP xqsLjixmsR W%sV, ysNTP NSszqss dsLRiV B[ sVLiVV DLi[V
ZOP[Q yV %s Li ssryRVLi [}qs y NTP By*.
y xqsLisR=LSNTP xqsLjixms[VgS @s LRiNS \V, yyV, OSQLSV (xmsLiRyLRi, NSLi.), DxmsV, xqsVgRiLiR
RyV, KxtsQyV, FsLiRs NRPWLRigSRVV, xmsaRPVgSxqsLi, FsLiRs sWLixqsLi, IgRiT , NRP, [V,

RLSV, giR V, }msgRiVV (ryRVV), %suyV, N]sVVV, sRVLRiVNRPV, LRi gRi NRP, ARVVyV, NRPsyV,
LS ss[zqs DLiy. FyRy rysLi[ N]R% s [LiR VxqsWLiy.
3. gRi \|qsys, @aRP*Q\|qsys, LRiR\|qsys, NSLiV \|qsys RVLS[ zqsR LigS DLiRVN][y. A
\|qsyNRPV y sVLij yRVNRPV sRV%sVLiy. ysVLij yRVNRPVVs \|qssLi INRPLjis RW INRPLRiV
RVxmsRRLi[R aRPRVsoV [}qs NRPVNRPV (y ys [ yRV y*LS RsV \sxmso xmsVN]s[LiRVNRPV [}qs
xmsRVysNTP, (DxmsFysNTP) LigRiRV.
4. ks[R , @sgS xmsys sgRiLRi RVLiR xqsLi%sysLi[R LSLi xqsLjixR V[ DLi[ RVLSNRPV [R Vszqss
xqsLiryLSV ysLiRyLiVV. @sgS A RVLS xqsLi%sysLi NRPWy xmsoLRi RVLS xqsLi%sysLi ss[ DLiy
@s @LiR Li.
5. (LS) xmsoLSNTP, LSuysNTP @FyRVLi NRPgjiLi[ zLjiNRPVsV (\y ssLjids c NSLi.), RgS ,
sLiRNRPVV, sVV, sLRiN PR VV sVVR\sy sc (gRi.aS.) sgRiLRiLi[ sszqsLiRdsRVNRPWRRV. y LiRLjids [aPR Li
sLjiNTP yLRiLigS xmsLizmssRW. [y y RgRiLRisVLi @s %sy xmssVW sxqsWV RW.
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ @R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ j*dRWj NRPLRiLi[ RVLRiss[aPR Li
@s[ ys @yRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi BLRi\sHRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R xmssW% yRVM
RW%sLiaRPLi xmsNRPLRisV c xqsLisyRXsRRVNRPLRi

71

(The work of store - keeping by the Director of Stores)

sVW. 1. xqssyy N][aPR gRiXxLi, xmsgRiXxLi, N][uygSLRiLi, NRPVxmsgRiXxsV, ARVVygSLRiLi, s ygSLRiLi R


NSLRi[V`.
2. RRVLRiaSLi y{mssVsVRN][xms}qsLi sLiVVy* xmsXRVbPM D RVRM FyLRi+Q*Li sVWLi R xmsR
ryLRiyLRiVxmsLRiLi W%sVxqssVRsV @s[NPR %sysLi NRPVsV[aPR rysRsV, GNRPy*LRiLi, RVsQ RVVNRPrFysLi,
[s yzmsysLi W%sVgRiXxLi NSLRi[V`. RrxmsLji D RV][s}tsQR Li xqsxmsgkissV Hxts QNPR Li yzdsxmsLjiOTPQxmsLi
N][aPR gRiXxLi NSLRi[V` FyryRLi y. sxmsys[ R Vssj sWxmsRLiR sV @RQQZNP^ Q M xmsoLRiV\|tsQM NSLRi[V`.
y. xqsLi%syR (%s%sR sxqsV xqsLiLRiORPQj NSLji LiygSLSj xms) N][aPR gRiXxLi (R y gSLRiLi), xms gRiXxLi (@s[V
sxqsVs o gRiXxLi), ARVVygSLRiLi, LiR ygSLRiLi (\ZNPRV) sLjiLixmsRW. dsLRiV [s V [s RRVLRiryNSLRi\ sVs
jgRiVRV%s sLi g]LiVV R%s*Liy. ys @RVgRiVgRiLi lLiLiRV xmsNRP |msR bP][ NRPLiy. gRi NRP][ INRP
xmsLiLRiLi [LiVVLi WgRiXxLi sLjiLiy. @j s[][ xqssVLigS DLiy. ys[ @s[NPR %sgS][ sVWRV
@LiRxqsVV DLiy. A @LiRxqsV @RVgRiV gSV Rxms [zqss s[ s
DLiy. A WgRiXsNTP IZNP[ y*LRiLi, RVLiRLi][ NRPWTs sVV, @sgS INRP ][ sVLi sVL]NRP ][ NTP
dzqsN]ss ysNTP DxmsWgjiLi[ sVV, ys NRPxmsV%dsVR [s y %sgRixLi [LiVVLiy. A W%sVgRiXxLi |\ mss
N][aPR gRiXxLi sLjiLiy. ysNTP [xms \ NRPWy gRiTRVV Ds xmsLiRV BNRP][ NRPs sVVy*LRiLi
GLRiLRiy.

A y*LSsNTP lLiLiRV xmsNRP rysWsVV dxqsVN]s s [ sLRiLiyV DLiy. C N][aPR gRiXxLi FyryRLi s
DLiy(gRi.aS.). N][aPR gRiXs C %sR LigS WgRiXxLi%dsVR NSNRPVLiy sWsVWV FyryRLi s s[%dsVRs[
NRPLiy (NSLi) (NSs sVVR @LiR s[V gRiVsV NRPsRVRVLij).
[aPR Li xqsLjixR V[ AxmsR=sVRW[ @NRPLRiNRPV LSsRLiN][xqsLi INRP zqs LRi\sVs sj s (N][aPR gRiXs) sVLRiRLiRLi
%sj Lis sVsVxtsv[R [LiVVLiy. (sVR xmsoLRiVxtsv gRiXx sLS NSLi[ FsNRPTNUP s NRPVLiy
RWxqsVN]s, A xmss xmspLji @LiVVs RLRiyR y NTP @LiRNRPV xmspLRi*Li %sj Lis sVLRiRLiRLi xmsNSLRiLi RLizmsLi
s[}qs LRixxqsLi \xmsRRV).
sVW. 1. xmsZNP[*xts QNPR xqss VLi RRVMaSsV GNRPy*LRisV @s[NPR rysRLi, %ssXRxqss WxmsryLRisV D RVRM
xmsgRiXxLi; N][uygSLRiLi R, kLiR xaSLi NRPOSQQsXRNRPVRsVsM NRPVxmsgRiXxLi, R[s W%sVgRiXxRVVNRP s V
ARVVygSLRiLi, xmsXRN`P R LRi{qs RVLi, sVsWdRVLi, %s NRP{ qsQxmsoLRiVxtsQryssV @xmsryLRiRM xqsVgRiVxmsNPR ORPQ Li
s ygSLRiLi NSLRi[V`.
2. xqslLi[*uyLi aS][R FyssLRirysgRiXgji%sxtsQysWLS LRisNRPVLRiOSQM xqs*Q\sxmspsRVVNSM NSLRi[V`.
3. N][uygSlLi[ sL<iR sWs sVLRisVVLi NRPVLi ryxms[V`.
72
y. 1. xmsgRiXsNTP N][uygSLSsNUP NRPWy xmsLiRV BVNRP][ NRPs xqsLiV gRi yVgRiV aSV DLiy. IZNP[
y*LRiLi DLiy. @s[NPR \sVs @LRiV, @LiRxqsVV DLiy. ys lLiLiRV \sxmso xqsLi[xms sVLi
(FyLjiFsysNTP) y*LSV DLiy. @sgS xqsLiV [xms gRiV%sgS DLiT LRixxqsy*LSV DLiy.
NRPVFysNTP F~R\ss @s[NPR \sVs aSV, [xms RVW gRiRVVs xqsLiV DLiy. A NRPVxms gRiXxLi ss[
ARVVygSLRi sLSLi DLiy; @LiVV[ ysNTP W%sV gRiXxLi NRPWy DLiy.
yRWj NSLRiV[R bPOTPQLiRTs y N]LRiNRPV (R LRi{qsRVsV) s[LiR VgSsV, sVsWRV (Dsyj NSLRiVV) [R
bPOTPQLiRTsy N]LRiNRPV s[LiR VgSsV \RVV DLiy. {qsQNRPV, xmsoLRiVxtsvNRPV A NSLSgSLS[ s[LiR V s[LiR V ryyV
DLiy. y sLRiW RzmsLiRVN]s FyLjiFNRPVLiy sVLi LRiORPQ GLRiLRiy.
2. N][aSgSLRiLi sVVR\s ALjiLiNUP NRPWy aS[ g]LiVV, sVLiVV, afRrysLi (sLRi rysLi), rys gRiXV,
@gjisVLid %sxtsQLi sVLid LRiORPQNRPV DxmsNRPLRiV, [y %sxtsQ LiRVsosVLi LRiORPQ N]LRi\ZNP zmsVV, sVVLigjixqsV,
LRiORPQNPR VV DLi[V RWy. A RW ryy @j uys [s RNRPV xmspV [}qs GLSV DLiy.
(N][aPR gRiXsNTP [s R NRPV[LiR VRV; xmsgSLRi c N][uygSLSNTP $[%s; NRPVxmsgRiXsNTP %saRP*NRPLRi; ARVVygSLSsNTP
RVsVVRV, LiR ygSLSsNTP sLRiVVRV. gRi.aS. )
3. N][uygSLRiLi[ @LRiQxmssWLi sVW gRi NRPVLiRsV sL<Ss N]sysNTP DLiy.
sVW. 1. RR NRPLRij zts QR M xmsoLSLi, ssLi R LRiRLi, ryLRiLi xmnsV NRPVxmsLi y xmsgRiX{ RW`. RR LRi][xms_
DRsW RM NRPLRiVMNSLRiLiVVRVaRP; ryL][xms_ sVR sVM, xmsn VNRPVFxms_ RR ysR RM.
2. LRiWxmsNRP RLRi+NRP %saRPVR Li zLRiLi xmsgRiX{ RW`; @aRPVR Li [ R [V`. AxLRiVM xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM.
3. aRPVR Li, xmspLiR sV, @ssLi R ysLi xmsgRiX{ RW`. %sxmsLRi[V sVWj*gRiV[ RM.

4. [s xmsLi, NRPVxmsRLi R yRsV.


5. xqsLS*j NRPLRi[xtsv RVVN][xmsRVVNRP R RVLRiVuyLi xmsj*xms RRVxtsQM, xmsLRisVxmslLi[xtsv
xmspLRisVR sWR sVsy RM.
6. N][aSj zts QR xqs N][aSs[[ xmsn WRM. R\Q*RWsXRQ NSLS sVLiR RM. xmsLjixtsQsV%s[. ][LSsVR L<iR [
][ xmsn WRM.
7. RryyxmsxmsoLRiVuyj ztsQR M xqsLisyy sRRWssV}tsQ` .
y. 1. (xqsLisyR) ysRVLiRV (LRiyjxmsLkiORPQR VLiRV) s[LiR V gRi NRPLRisV (NSRVxqs VsV) @j zts QLi (y
xqssVVyRWsNTP @j xmsgS DLiT, y xqs\|ms) Fyds\sVs [y s%dss\sVs LRiysV, ZaP[xtsQ\sVs (FsNRPVs
LkiRVgRi) RLiRyjNSs rysWsQ\sVs LkiRVgRi sryQRVsV (xmsn V) @LRi sxqsVs osV }qsNRPLjiLiy.
LRiy %sxtsQR VLi[ sWxqsLi [}qs sWxqsLi [zqssysNTP, [LiVVLisysNTP NRPWy DR s V RLiRLi, @sgS sLiVV
@ LSy %sj Liy. ZaP[xts Q sxqsVs o %sxtsQR VLi[ sWxqsLi [}qs G sxqsVs o %sxtsQR VLi[ sWxqsLi LjigjiLi][ A
sxqsVs o, ys][ FyV ys sVWLi FsLiR DLiVLi][ @k LSygS sxqsWV RW.
2. y sVLi R V zqssy [R xmsLkiOTPQLiRTs LigSLSs, (LigSLRiV yV sVVR\sys)
}qsNRPLjiLiy. @aRPVy\s ys sVR NTP [ j LixmsRW. @Li yV dzqsNRPVs ssysNTP xmspLRi*
ryxxqs RLiRLi %sj Liy.
3. xmsLjiaRPVR \sVs%ds, F~V [s%ds @LiVVs yyV }qsNRPLjiLiy. R ys Bs ysNTP sVWsNTP (@xqsV
sVWsNTP) lLiLiRV lLiV LSy sRW.
4. xmsLi %sxtsQR VLi[s V, NRPVxmsLi %sxtsQR VLi[s V, ARVVy %sxtsQR VLi[s V NRPWy @sVxqsLjiLiRszqss xmsR
B[.
5. @s @j NRPLRi[s V NRPWy (aSV) sxqsVso @xmsLRiLi Ljigji[ @j NSLRiVNRPV, y NTPLij @j NSLRiVNRPV,
_NRPLiR NRPV sLRixqsgS INRP xmsLi, lLiLiRV xmsV, yVgRiV xmsV LSy sRW. sVd @xmsLRiLi Ljigji[
xmspLRi*ryxxqs c sVR sV ryxxqs c DR s V ryxry LSy %sj Liy. sVd Ljigji[ RLiRLi sR
(sVLRiRLiRLi. gRi.aS. N]LRiy sLi aSLkiLRiNRP {msyRLiRLi. NSLi).
6. N][aSj NSLji N][aSsNTP NRPsLi s[R VRLi sVVR\sy y*LS R sLi @xmsxLji}qs sVLRiRLiRLi. ys NTPLiR xmss
[}qsy NTP (R\Q*RWsXRQ NSLSsV) FLiVVs R sLi[ xqsgRiLi LSygS %sj Liy. y NTP RVNRPVLiy
@xmsxLRiLi Ljigji[ y s sLijLi %sT sRW. ]LigRiV N][aSs ][R VNRPVLi[ y NTP RLiRLi RsR .
7. @LiRVs @j uyR %saS*xqsFyRV\sy xqsRVLi][ A RW sxqsVs osV }qsNRPLjiLiRRLi (sRRWs)
RW.
73
a].[ xsW sL iR Li yRVLi %syR*L<RiaRPyRzms.
RVyxmsXu s xqs [ R sRVZaP[xtsQLi R RLRi+[V`.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QOPR Q xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ xmssW%yRVM

xqsLisyRXsRRVNRPLRi AjRM xtsQT *LiaRPM.


y. @LiRVs xqsLisyR xQ\sVs (LSLisVLiT ss) ARWs gRiWLji, A LiRLRi\sVs (sgRiLRiLisVLi
ss) ARWs gRiWLji sWLRiV xqsLisR=LSNRPV xqsLiLij Lis NRPV @Tgjiy NRPWy ]VxmsRNRPVLiy
DLi[V @sds VxqsVN]s DLiy. LRiV @sgS %sVgjisyss RWxmsgRigji DLiy.
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ @R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ lLiLiRs @j NRPLRiLi[
xqsLisyRXRRVNRPLRi @s[ xmsLiRsWyRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi BLRi\s ALRis @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.

@R xtsQu% yRVM

RRVLji*LiaRPLi xmsNRPLRisV. xqssWxLRiQ XxqssVVRRVxmsryxmssLi


(Setting up of revenue by the administrator)

sVW. 1. xqssWxLS RVLiR Li, LSxts QLi, sLi, }qsRVLi, ssLi, sLi, sNRPXRLi ys[ZOP[QR .
2. aRPVLi, RM, FRsLi, ygRiLjiNRPM, ORPQR QORPQM, sVVyR QOPR QM, xqsVLS, xqsWy, xqsWRsV, \sV, xmsn VXRsV,
OSQLiR M, rsLjiNRPM, xmsxqsLiry, s[aS, RWRLi, yxqsVNRPLi, NSLRiVbPgRiM, [s yR QOPR Q, y*LRizLRiNS[R VLi R
RVLiR sV.
3. {qsy, gRiM, M, NRPLRiM, sN`P, skFyM, RLRiM, ysM, xmssLi, %s%dsRLi, sLRi sd , LRiM, ][LiR LRiaRP LSxts QsV.
4. xqsVsLiR LRiR ssVsVVNSxmsyaRP[xs W%sVxmsxqsLiR LRixqsyRsM sM.
5. xmsoxtsQxmsn yxtsQ ZNP[yLRisVWyFyM }qsRVM.
6. xmsaRPVsVXgRiRsxzqss sxmsLjigRixM sssV.
7. g][s VzxtsQs V%sNRPLi L][xts QsV @aS*aRP*RLSaRP sM.
8. xqs xms][ yLjixmsRaRP sNRPRM.
ByRVaRPLkiLRisV. sVWLi, gRiM, y, xmsLjixmsn VM, NPR Vxmss V, LRiWzmsNRPsV, @RRVaRP ARVsVVsV.
y. 1. rysWxLRi @sgS [aPR Li[s xmssV aS @R QORPVRV (Administrator) RVLiR c LSxts Qc sc
}qsRVcsscscsNRPy xmsLRis[OPR QLi RW.
2. aRPVLi(xmsn V[ xmssVV), LSyV, FRsLi (RWsNRP N]R xmsLkiORPQ), ygRiLjiNRPVRV (sgRiLSR QOPR VRV),
ORPQR QORPVRV (yV RRWLRiV[}qs NSLSgSLRiLi @R QOPR VRV), sVVyR QORPVRV (FyqsFLiR VV B[ aS
@R QORPVRV) sVRLi, sWV, \Li, sLiVV, OSQLiR Li (Li @s[VyRV), NRPLiry, sxqsV %sNRPRV rysLi, s[aPR V,
RWRLi, gRiXV sLjiLi[ y{ms s[VzqsQ sRLigji sVVR\sy , NSLRiVsoV (xqs W bP
sLSRV), bPVV (xqsWORPQ bPV c sgji{tsQV sVVR\s%s c [}qsy ) [yRW @R QOPR VRV,
y*LS[R VLi (xmsoLSj y*LRiFyNRPV RLi sVV.gRi. aS. y*LS RgiR LRi sxqsWV [R Vszqss xmssV. NSLi.)
zLRiNRP[R VLi (ssLRiN SRV sVLiT sxqsWV [R Vszqss xmssV(gRi.aS.) N][ \ Dsy sVLiT sxqsWV
[R Vszqss xmssV. NSLi.) Bsds ""RVLiR Li''. \|ms ys s[ AyRWsNTP "RVLiR Li' @s }msLRiV.
3. ssryRVLi, xmsLi[ ALRis gRiLi, (LS NTP[ xsVRVV), xmssV, sLRiN PR VV, skLRiORPQNPR VRV, RLRiLi
(sRVV sVVR\s%s yLisxmsoRV Bs*szqss xmssV) xmsLi (ssgRiLSsVLiT AyRVLi. (gRi.aS.)
JRlLi[s oV, (NSLi) %s%dsRLi (d sVLiT s[ xmssV) sLRi s (L][R xmssV. NSLi. xqsLjixR VV LRiOTPQLi[ys y*LS

s[ xmssV (gRi.aS.) LRi (A RW FyLiysV LRiOTPQLi[yssVLiT s[ AyRVLi (gRi.aS.) W%sVN]RV.


(NSLi.) ][LiR LRiso (]LigRisV xmsVN][s RLi) c %ds s AyRVLi "LSxts QLi'.
4. LigSLRiLi, sLiT, sV, sVVV, sVVyV, xmsgRiyV, aRPLiV, [V, DxmsV, W%sVsVLid
LS sVLid d}qs%s, LRiryV c B%s "s'.
74
5. xmsoxtsQsyV (NRPVLiNRPVsWjxmsoxtsQsyV. gRi.aS). xmsn syV (NRPWLRigSRV][V (gRi.aS.) yV (LRiNRPV][V
(gRi.aS.) xtsQLiyV (@LRi, FNRP][V (gRi.aS.), ysLi xmsLiTLi[ F~V, sVWyFyV (@Li, xmsxqsVxmso
sVVR\sy ][V (gRi.aS.) c B%s }qsRVso. NSLilgi [ xmsNSLRiLi xmsoxtsQ c xmsn syV, NRPWLRigSRV][V (xtsQLiR),
sLji[V sVVR\s%s, RVLixmsV |msLi[ WsVVV c B%s }qsRVso.
6. LiRVsoV, [ , ssLi[ Li[ sxqsVs oV c %dss xqsLiLRiOTPQLi[ ryyV, gRisyV B%s c "ssLi'.
7. AsoV, FsR VV, lgi[V, RVsFRVV, s[VNRPV, g] V, gSTRV, ILiV, @aS*V, NRPLiRLRi gSTRV c
B%s "sLi'.
8. xqs sWLiR c sWLSV sNRPRLi. Bj ARVLiVVNRP (LSTVVNRP) aRPLkiLRiLi. @sgS C RVLSRVV GRW
ARWsNTP ryyV. sVWLi, gRiLi, y, xmsLjixmnsV, NRPVxmsLi, LRiWzmsNRPLi, @RRVLi @s[%s xmsys\sVs
ARVy*LSV. sVWLi=ysxmsn RVsV @sVgS ss R sLi (gRi.aS) sVWLi (NSLi.) gRiLi=ALRis
gRiLi(gRi.aS.) y(NSLi.) y=BLRi\sRVssLiRV sVd N]V}qs RgiR NRPVLiy DLiRysNTP dxqsVNRPVs[j (gRi.aS.)
xmssV%dsVR xmssV cSurcharge(NSLi). xmsLjixmsn V=ARLR iRsLi. sRVV sVVR\s%s yLiRysNTP xmssV.
(gRi.aS.) NPR VxmsLi=C gSsVLi sVLi BLiR LSy @s sxqsWV [}qs R sLi, ysLi. (gRi.aS.) sLSLjiR\sVs
xmssV(NSLi.). LRiWzmsNRPLi=sR QORPVRV sLi @s[V y sVLi sWLRiV xmsryNRPV Fss%sVRs sLiRV ]xmsVs
dxqsVNRPVs[ sLi (gRi.aS.) sxqsVs oV RRWLRiV[zqssLiRVNRPV xmssV(NSLi) @RRVLi=LSy s s[
R sLi(gRi.aS.) LSsRVsWsV j NRPLjiLisLiRVNRPV sxqsWV [}qs R sLi (NSLi).
sVW. [s zmsRX xmsp yyLiR Li xqs*zqs yRssVsM xmsoLRiLi sVsxqsLi, RWRxmssLji s VLi, N][uygSLRisV,
ARVVygSLRisV, xmsgRiXxLi, NRPVxmsgRiXxLi, NRPLSsM , %szts QM, xmsRQ aRP*LRiRj*xmsxmsLjigRixM, g][s VsV, xmsaRPV sVXgRi
xmsOTPQy yM, NSxts QR XyZaP[ sRV aRPLkiLRisV.
y. [s y xmsp N]LRiNRPV, zmsRX[s yxmspN]LRiNRPV, BRLRi yy N]LRiNRPV, aSLiNRP Fzts QNPR NRPLRiN][xqsLi
(xqs*zqsyRsLi), @LiRMxmsoLRiLi, sLiBV, RWRsV xmsLixmsRLi, %s%sR sxqsVs osV xqsLiLRiOTPQLiRRLi N][xqsLi GLRiLRis
N][uygSLRiLi, ARVVygSLRiLi, xmsgRiXxLi (N]s sxqsVs oV ss[}qs gRiXxLi), NRPVxmsgRiXxLi (@%dssxqsVsosV
xqsLiLRiOTPQLi[ gRiXxLi) NRPLSsL i (NRPXuyRVV c gRi.aS. NRPLSgSLSV c NSLi) }qssNRPVV, NSLiV, @aS*V, LRiyV,
GsVgRiVV c %ds }qsNRPLRi, g][s VLiRLi (AsoV, V, s[VNRPV, g] V sVVR\s%s), xmsaRPVso, [ , xmsORPV,
NRPWLRi LiRVso yV (syryV), NRP yV (ss[}qs ryyV) gRiT ss[}qs ryyV c Bsds
sRV aRPLkiLRiLi, LRiV @[V sWLSV.
sVW. LSsL<iR M, sWxqsM, xmsORPQM, jsxqsaRP soxts QsV. sL<S}sVs gkiuyLi RXdRVxqsxmss W
jsryMxmsOSQMZaP[uyMxmspLS. xmsXRgRij NRPsWxqsM NSM.

y. LSsL<iR Li (G LS FyxqsVy][ A LS @j NSLSsNTP ss xqsLisR=LRiLi), sWxqsLi, xmsORPQLi, jsxqsLi %dsNTP


"soxts QLi' @s }msLRiV, @sgS xmsn y LS xqsLisR=LRiLi[, xmsn yysNTPs R sLi @s sLiR xmsoxqsNSRV[
(sWLRiV xmsoxqsNS[) NRPV s[xqsVN][y @s @LiR Li.
sL<S c }sVR c gkixtsQVVRVso[ sVWRs GRs xmsOSQ[ INRP L][ RgiR VRVLij. %sVgjis xmsOSQV
xmspLSVgS DLiLiVV. (yLiRsWsLi xmsNSLRiLi s[ sWxqsLi) rLRisWssWxqsLi NRPLi[ @j NRPLigS DLiVLij. Bj
NSLi. (ssLRiLi[ @sVxqsLjiLiRszqss NSLi.)
sVW. 1. NRPLRiRVLi, zqsR Li, ZaP[xtsQs V, ARVsR, ds%ds R.
2. xqsLirysLi, xmsyLRiM, aRPLkiLSsryxmsssV, AyssV, xqsLRi*xqssVV RRVzmsM, xqsLiRsV GR` NRPLRiRVsV.
3. N][aSLjiRLi, LSLRiM, xmsoLRisRVaRP xms%sxts QLi, xmsLRisVxqsLisR=LSsVsXRL i, aSxqsssVVNRPLi, sVVxmsLi R
AFyRdsRVsV GR` zqsR sV.
4. zqsj xmsNRPLRiWgRiM, RZaP[xtsQsV, AxLRiRVsV, `NRPXR xmsxqs sV, @sxqsXxtsQLi R xmsa][R sV,
GR[xtsQs VryLRisVryLRiLi R.
y. 1. NRPLRiRVLi, zqsR Li, ZaP[xtsQLi, ARVLi, sRVLi, ds%s @s[%s ALRiV.
2. xqsLirysLi (C gSsVLisVLi BLiR LSy @s sLRiRVLi), xmsyLRiLi ([aPR Li), aRPLkiLSs ryxmssLi (sxmsRLisVLid
sgRiLRiLisVLid LSszqss AyRVLi BLiR @s saRPRVLi), AysLi (xqssVRVLi xmsNSLRiLi yszLRiRVV
sxqsWV [R VRLi), xqsLRi*xqssVVRRVzmsLiRLi (xmsd gSsVLi sVLid, sgRiLRiLisVLid sxqsW\s R sLi FsLi][
VxqsVN][s RLi), xqsLiRLi (@s DFyRV[R BLiR R sLi LiLiRs VxqsVN][s RLi) c C ALjiLiNUP
"NRPLRiRVLi' @s }msLRiV.
75
3. N][aPR Li[ [Lij sj, LS RsN][xqsLi dxqsVNRPVsj, sgRiLRiLi[ A RW xmssVN][xqsLi [zqss sRVLi c C
sVWTLiNUP "xms%sxts QLi' @s }msLRiV. gRiRFLiVVs xqsLisR=LRiLi sVLi @sVxqsLjixqsW ssj. LSVVNRP
aSxqss[[R Lki [zqss R sLi, [sW AzmsLiRT (Lki[zqss R sLi) C sVWTLiNUP "AFyRdsRVLi' @s
}msLRiV. C "xms%sxts Q' "AFyRdsRW'NTP, "zqsR Li' @s }msLRiV.
4. zqsj NRPLRi xmsWgRiLi (xmssV NRPsy sR sVLiT yyR VV ry*k sLi [xqsVN][s RLi), RLiRZaP[xtsQLi
(\|qssLiN][xqsLi LRiVV |msgS %sVgjisj) C lLiLiTLiNUP "AxLRiRVLi' @s }msLRiV. Bs*NRPVLiy yLRiLigS
]NTP|mssj, @sxqsXxts QLi (@yRWxqsLigS Bs*szqssy Bsj), C lLiLiTLiNUP "xmsa][R Li' @s }msLRiV.
aRPsVxmsT sxqsWV [zqsy ryLRiLi [sk, @ryLRisVW c C ALRiW "ZaP[xtsQLi'.
sVW. sLRi sWsM, xmsLRiVztsQR M, @sRaRP ARVM. jsrysVsX][ sLRi s WsM. xmsLRisVryLisR=LjiNRPM
xmsLRixmsyLRixqsLiNS[ y xmsLRiVztsQR M. sxts QxmsxqsQXRsWRVVNRP R M FyLRiQLi, FyLji{NRPsV KFyRVsNRPLi,
RsVLRigRiRNRPxqs*sV, @xmsoRNRPLi, sj M R @sRM. %sZOP[Qxmsyj ys LSLRisVZaP[xtsQaPR sRVxmsyRVM. %sNRP[V
xmsysV @LRisXj LRiVxms, sW[ys%sZaP[u y, NRPRVxqsLixmsn VlLi< [ y sXj M ByRVM.
y. sLRis WsLi, xmsLRiVztsQR Li, @sRLi @s ARVLi sVWRV %syV. xmsL][ s[ ARVLi sLRi s WsLi.
gRiRs xqsLisR=LSsNTP Lijy C xqsLisR=LRiLi sxqsW\sj, xmsLRi xmsyLRi xqsLiNSLiRLi (ssVNRP @R QORPVssVLi
ssj [y aRPRV[aPR LisVLiT ssj) xmsLRiVztsQR Li. sxts QxmsxqsQXRLi (sxts Q\sV sVLjiFLiVVsj), @xmsLSR Li

[zqss ARW NSLSR QOPR VNRPV %sj Lis LSy, FyLRi+Q*Li (xmssV |msLiRRLi sLi sN][FyRW y*LS
Lisj), FyLji{NRPLi (xqsrys xmsaRPVsoV FyRV [zqssxmsVRV %sj Lis LSys Lis R sLi),
DFyRVsLigS gRizLisR sLi (sLSy), xmsVTs LijFV ]LigRisVLi Lis R sLi, xmsoRVV
[sy R sLi, sj Li C Fss%sVj LRiNS ARVLi @sRLi. %sZOP[Qxms ZaP[xtsQLi, (G][ xmss%dsVR \|qssLi %dsVR
LRiV|msgS %sVgjisj), yj R ZaP[xtsQLi (\sRaS[ LRiV[R VgS %sVgjis R sLi) @LiRLSLRiLi #ZaP[xtsQLi
(R|mss RVLiR sLSRVNRPV sRVLi[R VgS %sVgjis R sLi) @LiRLSLRiLi #ZaP[xtsQLi (R|mss
RVLiR sLSRVNRPV sRVLi [R VgS %sVgjis R sLi) C sVWTLiNTP "sRVxmsyRVLi' (sRVLi sVLi Ljigji
ss ARVLi) @s }msLRiV. sxqsVs o s |msLi @%sVsy sVLiT sxqsWV [zqss R sLi, Dxms
(@sVNRPWRsys @sVRLis @%sVsy sVLiT ss R sLi), N]R[s V, RWNS[s V sxqsVs osV
|msLiRRLis, @ [zqssy sVLiT sxqsWV [zqss R sLi, N]xqsLRiVgS dxqsVN]s[ BLRi\sRVssLiRV, N]sRLi[
N]s[y [ Fs Lis R sLi BLi sds ARVLi.
76
sVW. 1. s][ s][yjN][ M [ yjNRPM B sRVM. jsrysVsX][ sRM. xmsORPQs WxqsxqsLisR=LRi M
M. RWLRiVRsM s][yRNRPM [ yjNRP B.
2. sRVxqsLiyyRVsRV%saRPVy ds%ds FyFy ysVsXy [.
3. a].[ GsLi NRPVLSR=sVVRRVLi sXj Li yRVxqs RLRi+[V`,
xqsLi sRVxqs R FyM ryR [VR %sxmsLRiRVsV.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QOPR Q xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ xtsQu%yRVM xqssWxLRiQ X xqssVVRRVxmsryxmssLi, AjRM
xqsxms%sLiaRPM.
y. 1. sRsVV, s][yjNRPsVW, sVW, [ yjNRPsVW @s sRVLi yVgRiV %syV. xmsL][
[R Vszqss sRVLi "sRLi'. xmsORPQLi RLRiyR, sWxqsLi RLRiyR, xqsLisR=LRiLi RLRiyR ARW }qssNRPVNRPV
yN][xqsLi [}qs sRVLi Li. sRs DRsQQ\sVs sRVLi sLRixqsgS "s][yjNRPLi',
"[ yjNRPLi' @sgS sRLi B[ NRPWdNTP @RsLigS @xmsVRxmsVRV R sLi Bs*szqss}qs @j
"s][yjNRPsRVLi'. @[ %sR LigS xmsORPQ c sWxqs c xqsLisR=LSNRPV saRPLiVVLisysNRPLi[ FsNRPVsgS Bs*szqs
s}qs @j "[ yjNRPsRVLi'.
2. @s %sy\s sRVsVW FgS, ARVsRWV xqsLjigS NRPRWs zmssV %sVgjisj, sVVLiRVNRPV rylgi[k
@LiVVs R sLi "ds%s'.
3. (xqssWxLRi) C %sR LigS R [R RW. ARVsXj RWzmsLiy. sVLi s[LiR VgRiy\ RNRPVs sRVLi
RWzmsLiy. ksNTP \sxmsLkiRLi LSNRPVLiy @sgS ARVLi RgiR NRPVLiy, sRVLi |msLRigRiNRPVLiy RgRiV DFyRWV
RW.
""sLijs'' @sV N_dRWLiR aSxqsQysLi[ @R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ j*dRWj NRPLRiLi[ ALRis
@yRVLi, sVVRsVLi BLRi\s GRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R xqsxmssWyRVM
xms%sLiaRPLi xmsNRPLRisV c @ORPQxms[ gSsNSj NSLRiM
(The Topic of Accounts in the Records and Audit office)

sVW. 1. @ORPQxmssVR QORPQM FyVsV DRVLi y %s N][xmsrysLi ss xmsoxqsNPR rysLi NSLRi[V`.


2. Ryj NRPLRiyLi xqsLixmsyLRixqsLiygRiLi, NRPLSyyLi RsxmsWlgi[ sXj ORPQR VsRVxmsRWsVy
WgRirys s[R s%szts Q xmssWLi,
LRiRryLRixmsn VNRPVFyysVLiR QxmssL<iR NRP xms sWs sW[ysLi [aPR gSsVNRPVxqsLixmsn WyLi R LRissLRi
yLjiRxqsLirysLi LS[xms%syLi xmsgRixxms[aPR g[ iR xmsLjiLRi NRP s[R s Li, LSaRP xmsdxmsoyLi
LRiR W%sV sV, slLi [afyjNRPxmsdNSLRi Li %sVy%sVyLi R xqss %sNRPsVxmsyyysLi ss xmsoxqsNPR xqs Li
NSLRi[V`.
y. 1. @R QORPVRV sLiR xmsoxqsNSV gRiLRi [}qs rys\sVs @ORPQxmss s[LiR V s[LiR VgS Ds %saS\sVs
gRiVLRiV][ xmspLS*sVVLigS NSs, DRL SsVVLigS gSs sLjiLixms[R W. ARV sRWRVNRPW, ARW
sxqsVs o NRPNUP xqsLiLij Lis xmsoxqsNSV DLi[ NSLSRWsNTP "@ORPQxmsLi' @s }msLRiV. sLiR xmsoxqsNSV
@sgS Ljixqs LiR V.
2. A @ORPQxmsLi[ ARW aS (AyRVLi s[ %sgS) xqsLisV, xmsyLRiLi VVNRP (sxmsRLiVVNRP),
xqsLiRLiVVNRP (sVVRL i R [R VVNRP @sgS sxmsysVLiT Li[ sVVRL i AyRVLiVVNRP) @gSs
(Bj BLiR @s[ %sxtsQR Ws) sLiR xmsoxqsNS[ yLiVVLiy. NRPLSLiy (NRPLSRW)[ LRiV|ms s
R ysNTP sxqsVs oNUP xqsLiLij Lis sXj , RLRiVgRiVR, sRVLi, xmsRWsVLi (zqsR ysLSbP), y (N]R[s V
RWNS[s V @j NRPLigS dxqsVNRPVs Fss%sVRs sLiRV) NRPdV, ryyV, yV, syNTPLki c %ds xmssWs
yLiVVLiy.
LRiyV, %sV\ss sxqsVs oV, @LiR %sV\ss%s NSs sxqsVs oV, @RsosVLiT Li[ sxqsVs oV c %dsNTP
xqsLiLij Lis sVWLi, xmssLRiNRPLi (y sVLi R V), LRiVso, sWsLi(N]R, FsRV), DysLi(RWNRPLi),
LiRLi (sVWR sLi). (gRi.aS.) ys DLis |ms V sVV. (NSLi.) %dss sLiR xmsoxqsNS[ yLiVVLiy. A
RW [aSNTP (FyLiyNTP) gSsWNTP, sLSNTP, NRPVVLiNUP, xqsLixmsn WNUP Lijs sRVsWsV y[%sd sV,
AyLSsV, @sVxqsWRLigS s[ @ysV sLiR xmsoxqsNS[ yLiVVLiy.
LSsV AaRPLiVVLi DLi[ sVLi xmsoL][zyRVNRPV Lji}ms g_LRis sVLSRV (xmsgRixLi) y syry GLSV
(xms[aPR ) y NTP[ xsVRVV (g[ iR ), xmssV sVLiT %sVsLiVVLixmso (xmsLjiLRiLi), @aRP*gRixmsyyRVNRPV
ALRiLi (@sgS Li) RLi c%ds s sLiR xmsoxqsNS[ yLiVVLiy. LS, LSLRiV, LSxmsoRVV
@sV %sLi[ LRiy, WsVV s NRPWy yLiVVLiy.
LScLSLScxmsoyRVNRPV sRLi B[j NSNRPVLiy @j NRPLigS B[ "rysVLiR sxms[aPR Li' @s[ }msLRiV gRi
R yjNSs, DR=yRV[ Lis R ss (KyjNRP Li), yyRV NTPR=N][xqsLi B[
R ss (xmsdNSLRi Li) yLiVVLiy.
""KRNPR Li'' @s[ FyhRiLi[ A xmsysNTP [a][xmsRsxqsWRNS\s @xmsaRPNRPVyV NRPgji[ aSLiyRV N][xqsLi
LRiV |ms [ R sLi @s @LiR Li. %sVy%sVRV][ xqsLij %sNRPsV xmsyyyys (@sgS %sVRV][ xqsLij [zqsN]s
y NTP[ R ys, aRPRVsosV sgRizLi y sVLiT gRizLis R yds NRPWy sLiR xmsoxqsNPR Li[
yLiVVLiy.
77

sVW. 1. RRM xqsLS*j NRPLRiyLi NRPLRiRVLi, zqsR Li, ZaP[xtsQs V, ARVsR, ds%dssV, DmsryssV,
xmsyLRiRLjiRxqsLirysLi R ss [ s xmsRV[ ` . DR s VsVR sWslLi[xtsv R NRPLRixqsV RNRPsVR QORPQLi NRPVLS`;
rysVVyLiVVZNP[xtsQ*sNPR VzmsNPR Li, RVsVVxmsxR s LSsVR}msR.
2. xqsxgSzM, xms VsM NRPL][xms%ssM, xmsoyM, RLRiM, LS, RVzRLRiM, XyaSxqs NRPLRi[ R Li
s}RVVM.
y. 1. A RW @j NRPLRi (A RW aS @R QORPV) NRPLRi ys, Ljigjisyss, %sVgjisyss (BV\|ms
[R Vszqss xmsss), ARVsRWsV, ss Ds R ys, NRPLRiyLRiVV NSLSRW[ DLiRszqss NSds
(DxmsrysLi), y NRPLRi y xmsLjij s (NSLi) [aSds(gRi.aS.), AyLSsV (RLjiR), sbPR\sVs sRVsWsV
(xqsLirysLi) sLiR xmsoxqsNS y*LS @s aS @j xmsRVNRPV @LiR[R W. DR s VNSLSNRPV A ZNP[
Lijsyss, sVR sV NSLS[ A NTP Lijsyss, @R sV (RNRPVsLRiNRPLi) NSLRiLi[ @Li NTP
Lijs yss @R QORPVgS RW.
rysVVyLiVVNRP NRPLRi[ @sgS ysVLij NRPzqs [R Vszqss xmssV[ @Li xmssVsV sLRi*zLiRRLi[
}msLRiV F~Lijsy (@xmsNPR VzmsNPR ) @R QORPVgS [R W. @LiVV[ @ sRV%sVLiRTs G @j NSLji @xmsLSR Li
[zqssxmsVRV ysNTP sVLRibPORPQ %sj LiRszqss}qs LS xmsaSyxmsLi LiRszqs DLiR][ @Liyss[
sRV%sVLiy. @sgS LiR V%sVyRVsV sRV%sVLiRNRPWRRV.
2. A @j NSLji VVNRP NRPLRi [ ys( @RRV xqsLjigS xmss[R VNRPFsRLis ss suys) @Rs][ NRPzqs
xmss[}qsy , %dsVsV Dsy , ARs D][gRiLi %dsVR %sLi[y , xmsoRVV, rRLRiVV, xmsoNRPV, ARs
XRVV LjiLiy.
sVW. 1. aRPRLi RRVMxmsaRPR @x[LSyLi NRPLRisR=LRiM. RsWuyU xmsLRisryssV EsLi, xmspLiR Li y
Ry`. NRPLRij zts QR sV @j sWxqsNRPLi NRPVLS`. @xmsxqsLSj zts QR Li R xmsyLRisV. xmsyLRiRLjiRxqsLiryys
@sVxms sW[ z xmsNRPXRM xqssVVRRVs[s xmsLjixmsRV; DysZNP[aSsxy*y}qss,
aRPjztsQ*sRWlLi x[tsv xmssW[s , xqsLiN][aSR LSsLiR d LRiVM #[Vs, NSLSLij xtsv @sVgRixVj M NSs[Vs,
zLiryVj M N][}mss, %syRssFyaRPRW` RlLi[, RVsWsRLRigRiNSsL ][xmsyy` [ [ s .
2. [uysWsVxmspLS*Q` RWysL]x[msxmsn WRM yys[N][R L ][ R BsWsyM. xqsLRi*R @xts Qs VgRiV B
FyLSaRPLSM. RaRPgRiV B L>iR xqsyM. %sLiaRPgRiV BfaRPsryM. RVyxmsLSR sV B N_M.
78
y.1. NRPLRi xqsLisR=LRiLi (xmss [}qs xqsLisR=LRiLi) sVWRVsLiR RW\ yVgRiV L][V. xqsLisR=LRiLi NRP
AuyR xmspLjisVsVLi RW. yV sVVR\s%s AuyR xmspLij sV][ FyLRiLi Li @[V NRPLRi sR=LSs xms
@j Rgij y, sLiTy NRPNRP By*. NRPLRiLi [R (gRiNRPVs[R ) G sNTP A s s[LiR V s[LRiVgS NRPV
s[LiVVLiy.
xmsyLSs (sxmsys gRi.aS. A RW @j NSLRiV xmssV. NSLi) gRiWR yLRiV y*LS NRPs|msRVRW DLiy.
sxmsy AyLSsV (LRiVgRiVRVs %sxtsQR WsV, @ysV. NSLi.) zqs LRiLigS DLi[ sRVsWsV xqsLjigS
VxqsVN]ss @R QOPR VRV @sLi[R xmssVV sVVR\s LSuysNTP Lijs LSTNTP sxts QLi NRPgjiryR V.

xmss [R VRLi[s aRPsVsV (DysZNP [aPR Li) xqszLiRNRPFsRLi s @xqsR*Li[R (rsVLjiRsLi [R ),


xqsLigkiyRV\s BLijRV xqsVNTP sVLRigRiRLis xmssWRLi (F~LRiV) [R VRLi[R , @LiRLRiV RyLRi[,
@R LRiLi @[, @sLiR Li NRPVgRiVRVLiR[ RVxms[yRV RVLi[R , NSLSLRiVNRPV G][ %sR LigS xqsRVLi
RWs @sVN]s[yRV NSsVLi[R , zLiry Vj NRPyRV N][xmsLi[R , %sRs, R sLi s,
LSs V(LSNRPV RgiR LRigS DLi[y ) AaRPRVLis NRPgjis RLRiLi[R , RWNS[s V, N]R[s V,
RxmsVRV @LiRy[R (RLSLiRLRi), RxmsVRV NRP[R sWxqsLi[R VRLi y*LS [ Li [R LSxts QLi LSTNTP
sxts QLi NRPgjiryR V.
2. [uysWsVxmspLS*Q` RWysL]x[msxmsn WRM yys[N][R L ][ R B sWsyM. xqsLRi*R @xts Qs VgRiV B
FyLSaRPLSM. RaRPgRiV B L>iR xqsyM. %sLiaRPgRiV BfaRPsryM. RVyxmsLSR sV B N_M.
y. 1. NRPLRi xqsLisR=LRiLi (xmss [}qs xqsLisR=LRiLi) sVWRV sLiR RW\ yVgRiV L][V. xqsLisR=LRiLi NRP
AuyR xmspLjisVsVLi RW. yV sVVR\s%s AuyR xmspLij sV][ FyLRiLi Li @[V NRPLRisR=LSs xms
@j Rgij y, sLiTy NRPNRP By*. NRPLRiLi[R (gRiNRPVs[R ) G sNTP A s s[LiR V s[LiR VgS NRPV
s[LiVVLiy.
xmsyLSs (sxmsys gRi.aS. A RW @j NSLRiV xmssV. NSLi) gRiWR yLRiV y*LS NRPs|msRVRW DLiy.
sxmsy AyLSsV (LRiVgRiVRVs %sxtsQR WsV, @ysV. NSLi.) zqs LRiLigS DLi[ sRVsWsV xqsLjigS
VxqsVN]ss @R QOPR VRV @sLi[R xmssVV sVVR\s LSuysNTP Lijs LSTNTP sxts QLi NRPgjiryR V.
xmss[R VRLi[s aRPsVsV (DysZNP x[tsQLi) xqszLiRNRPFsRLi s @xqsR*Li [R (rsVLjiRsLi [R ),
xqsLigkiyRV\s BLijRV xqsVNTP sVLRigRiRLis xmssWRLi (F~LRiV) [R VRLi[R , @LiRLRiV RyLRi[,
@R LRiLi @[, @sLiR Li NRPVgRiVRVLiR[ RVxms[yRV RVLi[R , NSLSLRiVNRPV G][ %sR LigS xqsRVLi
RWs @sVN]s[yRV NSsVLi[R , zLiryVj NRPyRV N][xmsLi[R , %sR s, R sLi s, LSs V
(LSNRPV RgiR LRigS DLi[y ) AaRPRVLi s NRPgjis RLRiLi[R , RWNS[s V, N]R[s V, RxmsVRV
@LiRy[R (RLSLiRLRi), RxmsVRV NRP[R sWxqsLi [R VRLi y*LS [ Li[R LSxts QLi LSTNTP sxts QLi
NRPgjiryR V.
79
2. @yRV\s C Fss%sVj %sy\s @xmsLSy[ AsVxmspLji*[R (sVVRysNRPLi[ lLiLiRsj @s[ NRPsVLi[)
LST[ FsLiR sxts QLi sLi][ @LiR R sLi, ysNTP lLiLixmsp RLiRLi %sj Liys sWss sVysVRWRVVV
@LiVyLRiV.
@sgS sVVRLRiNRPLi @xmsLSysNTP lLiLixmso, lLiLiRs LRiNRPLi @xmsLSysNTP lLiLiRV lLiV Byj%sR LigS LSy @s
y @FyRVLi.
@s %sy\s @xmsLSyNUP Fss%sVj lLiV RLiRLi @s FyLSaRPLRisVRLi @sVxqsLjiLi[y , xmsj lLis Xxxqs
sVysVryLRiVV, BLRi\slLis aRPVNSyLRi sVysVRWRVVV xmsoRVyLRiV. @xmsLSys xms RRsVgRiVLigS
RLiRLi %sj Liys N_Vs @FyRVLi.
sVW. gSsNSyuyU sWgRi[ R VVM. AgRiyyLi xqssVVR xmsoxqs ds%dsNSysV GNRPR @xqsLiuysL][R Li
NSLRi[V`. ARVsRV ds%dsysWgS aRPVy* ds%dssV @sLRi[V`. RVygSyRVxqs @sL RislLi [ sd y slLi [ R
sRVxqs y RV` xmsLjixms[V` RRxts QgiR VsV @R QORPQLi yxms[V`. %sxmsLRi[V Rs[Vs xmsry`.

y. xqsLisR=LSsNTP xqsLiLij Lis AyRVxmso NRPds AuyR xmspLij sV yNTP (LS N][aSgSLSsNTP) LSy.
ARW FyLiysVLi gSsNSsV dxqsVN]sss @R QORPV NRPLiRLjiNUP, sVVRV ({qs )s[zqss NRP
xmsoxqsNS |ms V, R sLi y RgiR LRi DsxmsVRV, AyryV GLRiLRi, y INRP ][ INRP sWRVN]s[
@sNSaRPLi [NPR VLi[V RWy.
y [][ zmss ARVcsRVcdsso (ds%s=%sVgjis R sLi) sVVysV (@gS) %ss ds%ss N][aPR Li [xmsNTP
zmsLiy. @LiRLRisLiR Li[ (s= RWzmsLi[ xmsoxqsNPR Li[) Ds ds%s (s=) sVVRL i NRPLi[ @xqsV ss
AyRVLi FsNRPVs Dy, @sgS AyRWsLiRds xmspLjig S RWxmsNRPVLiy s= RNRPVs RWzmsy, [y
DLiRszqss ds%sNRPLi[ FsNRPVsgS sRVLi RWzmsy, @j FsLiR R sLi [y DLiVLi][ ysNTP Fss%sVj lLiV A
@j NSLjisVLiT RLiRLRiWxmsLi[ LS.
ksNTP %sxmsLRiRVLi (sWLRiV), @sgS ARWs ssysNRPLi[ FsNRPVsgS xmsoxqsNPR Li[ RWxmsRLi [y
LRiV|msgS %sVgjis yss FsNRPVsgS RWxmsRLi Ljigji[ FsNRPVs ss R sLi A @j NSLjiNTP Ljigji Bs[R W.
sVW. 1. RVyNSsVygRiyysV @xmsoxqssd %dsNSyLi y [R V RaRP[ R M. NSLjiZNP[ ][xmszqs[
NSLRiNRPryxmsR RM xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM; %sxmsLRi[V NSLjiNRPxqs j*gRiVM.
2. xmsyLRixqssVLi sVsWyM xqssVgSM aSs[VRVVM @%sxtsQs VsWyM. xmsXRgRiW][ %sVyyk
\uysVVR s VRLi Ry`.
3. @NRPXyx[LiR WxmsxLRiLi sWxqssWNS ZOP[QR . sWryRWLiR Q*Li sWxqsj*aRP][R L iR Li RLi
Ry`. @ZaP[xtsQsd %dsNRPLi xmsLSRsWNSZOP[QR RRMxmsLRisV
1. @j NSLRiVV sLik R xqssVRWsNTP LSNRPFLiVVy, xmsoxqsNSV, ds%s dzqsN]s LSNRPVLiy sy y NTP,
dxqsVNRPVsLSszqss ys[ xmsRssLiRV LSy sRW. NSLjiNRPVRV (NRPLSR QOPR VRV) xmsoxqsNSsV
xmsLkiOTPQLiRysNTP sLik R\sVs xqssVRVLi[ Dxmszqs RV\ DLiRgS NSLRiNRPVRV (NRPV RWxmsszqss @j NSLji) s
NRPV RWxmsNRPF[ ysNTP xmspLRi* ryxxqs RLiRLi %sj Liy. ysNTP slLi[NPR Li @LiVV[ c @sgS NSLRiNRPVRV
s NSLjiNRPVRV LSNRPF[ NSLjiNRPVsNTP \|mss zmss ysNTP lLiLixmso RLiRLi.
2. sVsWRVV (Dsyj NSLRiVV) @LiRLRiW NRPzqs s RsV RsV NRPLRi yNRPV @sVgRiVLigS, [y FyyV
G%ds [NPR VLiy NRPV %sszmsLiy. y [ G INRPQ\y s[LiR VgS xmssLjiL iy, @xqsRLi zmsy @RRV DR s V
ryxxqs RLiRLi Liy.
3. G L][NRPV A L][ NRPV RWxmsszqssyRV LSNRPF[ INRP sWxqsLi sLkiOTPQLiy. sWxqsLi y[, IN]NRP
sWrysNTP lLiLi[zqs sLiRV |msLiRVRW \|mss zmss RLiRLi %sj Liy. RNRPVs ds%s %sVgjisys N][xqsLi sWxqsLi
RLRiyR NRPWy HRV L][V sLkiOTPQLiy. (RLRiyR \|mss zmss %sR LigS RLiTLiy.)
sVW. 1. N][aPR xmspLRi*sVx[LiR WxmsxLRiLi R LRissLRiRLjiRxqsLirys xqsLiNRPssLRi*QQLiR ysVsWsyLRixmsW\lgiLRis[ZOP[QR .
80

2. jsxqsxmsLSRxmsORPQs WxqsyRVLSxqsxqsLisR=Q\lLiaRP xms xqssWs[V`.


soxts Q[aPR NSsVV[R RQ sVsXxmssWyRVNRPyxmsNRP
ss NRPxmsgSx\ZNPaSRVLi xqssWs[V`. soxtsQ[aPR NSsVV
NSLRi[R VWgRixmsLjisWxmsN][yLRiNRP syRXxmsgSx\ZNPaRP sRVLi
xqssWs[V`. soxts Q[aPR NSsVVsVsLRi s LRiWxmsORPQxmsLjisWsZOP[Qxms
sg][FyRV\ZNPaRP ds%dsLi xqssWs[V`.
y. 1. N][aPR Li][ FyV (R sLi][ FyV) RRW\lLis xmsL][NRPV
xqsLiLij Lis NRP xmsoxqsNSV dxqsVNRPVs ss yss (AxqsLigS
dzqsN]sss yss) BRRV sLigS sVLiy[y yLiNRPVy @s
R LRiaSxqsQ sRVsWsVryLRiLigS, ssLRiLi, [NSyLRiLi, xmspLRi*xmsozqs ,
sVVRL i r~sVVsV NRPWT NRPV RRWLRiV[R VRLi, NSLRiLi sLRi*zLi[
xmsR , @sVsWsLi ([zqss yss xms [R Vszqss xmsss EzLiRRLi)
gRiWR yLRiV xmsWgRiLi %ds[R xmsLkiOTPQLiy.
2. L][, @LiVVRV L][V, xmsj}sV L][V, sWxqsLi, yVgRiV sWryV, xqsLisR=LRiLi %ds %sgSsV xms ,
ARVcsRVc dsso NRPV xmsLkiOTPQLi RRWLRiV[zqs DLiy. soxts QLi (LSsL<iR csWxqsc xmsORPQcjsryjNRPLi), [aPR Li,
sL<SjNSLi, ARVsVVLi (ARVy*LRiLi), ARVy*LSsVLiT ss aRPVjNRPLi, ssVNRP xqsLisR=LRiLisVLi
[y BRLRi\sVs xmsR VsVLiT @sVsLjiL is R sLi, xmssWLi, xmssV Li[yRV, xmssV sxqsWV[}qs
LSxmsoLRiVxtsvRV, sLiR NRPVRV ([NRPVRV), ss R sLi dzqsN]s[ xmsgSxNRPVRV c %dsssLids xmsLjigRis[sNTP
dxqsVNRPVLiW ARVLi NRPV RW.
@[ %sR LigS soxts QLi, [aPR Li, NSLi, sVVLi, xmsORPQs Wxqs xqsLisR=LS[ ss Li, A sNTP NSLRiLi,
BRLRiVNRPV, Bs*szqss RsLi, WgRiLi (RyxmsRyV NRPxmsRLi), xmsLjisWLi, LRiV A[bPLis @jNSLji,
DyLRiNRPVRV (N][aPR LisVLi R sLi dzqssyRV), syRXNRPVRV (yssVLi dzqsN]s BRLRiVsNTP BsyRV),
xmsgSxNRPVRV (A R sLi yssVLi dxqsVN]syRV) c C @s %ssLRi][ sRWsNTP xqsLiLij Lis NRPV
RRWLRiV [R W.
soxts QLi, [aPR Li, NSLi, ARVsVVLi, @sVsLRi s Li, LRiWxmsLi (R sxqs*LRiWxmsLi) ys ORPQV. xmsLjisWLi, @j
DLis rysLi, ys LRiORPQNPR VRV c C %ssLSsLids RWxmsoRW ds%s (s=) NTP xqsLiLij Lis NRPV
yRW.
sVW. 1. LSlLi [ NSLRiNRPxqs @xmsR RM, xms}tsQR RV][ y ALi syyRVsRVsVy yzms NRPRVRM
xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM.
2. NRPsWs{ssV, DRQsVsV, @%sRsV, xmsosLRiVNRPL i y sxqsVNPR sV @sRM y*RaRPxms[ RM.
3. ds%dssVsRM j*gRiVM, ORPQR VRM @xts QgRiVM, yaRPRVRM xmss M xmsysLi R. %sVyy[ }qsR VRM.
xmsaS` xms[ j*gRiVM, xmsxqsQX][R s[R.
y. 1. LSNRPV xqsLiLij Lis R yj LRiWxms\sVs NSLRiLi[ NRPV xqsLjigS yRVNRPFLiVVy, LSNRPV @R V
Rgjiy, sLiR Li (Ljixqs L`i) [ yzqss ARVsRWsV yLRiVsWLRiV [zqsy, @Li gRiyj NSLjiNTP
(NSLRiNRPVsNTP) xmspLRi* ryxxqs RLiRLi %sj Liy.

2. sLiR xmsoxqsNS[ xqsLji\Vs NRPsVLi [NPR VLiy sxqsVNSs (NRPV) RxmsVgS yzqssysNTP, yRVszqss
xmsR NTP %sLRiVR LigS yzqssysNUP, @xqsxts QLigS yzqssysNUP, yzqss[ sVd yzqssysNUP xmssLiRV xms
RLiRLi.
3. ds%ss (s=) \|mss zmss %sR LigS RxmsVgS yzqssysNTP lLiLixmso (24 xms) RLiRLi. ds%ss
%sVLilgi[zqssysNTP ]Li\ALRiV xms RLiRLi. ds%sNTP sxtsQLi NRPgjiLisysNTP @sgS ds%s[s N]LiR R ys
sXysRWRVV [zqssysNTP, @ sRVLi[zqssys[ @LiVVRs sLiRV R sLi RLiRLigS %sj Li, @
sRVLi [zqssyss yssVLiT LS.
81
@xqsRLi zms[ ]LigjiLisLiRVNRPV FsLiR RLiRsW @LiR RLiRLi.
sLiR xmsoxqsNPR Li yRVszqssj yRVsV RLRiyR gRiVLjiL iRTy,
yRVRLi sVLji RLRiyR yzqsy }qsR VRLiysNTP lLiLixmso RLiRLi.
a].[ @xmsLSR Li xqs}yLi RV}tsQR[%zms ][R [V.
sVx[xmsNSLRiLi yR QOPR QLi xmsgRi}xmsp[V`.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QORPQ xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[
xqsxmssW%yRVM.
@ORPQxms[ gSsNSyRVM., AjRM @uy%sLiaRPM.
y. s s F~LRiV Ljigjiy LS xqszLiy. DRRVLi
(ARVLi) RNRPVsgS Dy xqsLi][ztsQLiy. LSsNTP y DxmsNSLRiLi
[zqss @R QOPR V ARsNTP @s[NPR %sy V NRPgjiLi gS
g_LRi%sLiy. (ARss A rysLi[ zqsLRiLigS sWgjiLiy. gRi. aS.)
"sLijs' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ @R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ lLiLiRs @j NRPLRiLi[,
@ORPQxmsLi[ gSsNSj NSLRiLi @s[ GRs @yRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi BLRi\s Fss%sVRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R @xts QsW%yRVM
xtsQT *LiaRPLi xmsNRPLRisV cxqssVVRRVxqs RVVNSxmsxXRxqs xmsysRVssV. RVVNRPVV (@j NSLRiVV) @xmsxLjiLis
xqssVVRRVLi (lLissW) Ljigji LRizmsLiRRLi.
sVW. 1. N][aPR xmspLS*M xqssWLRisWM. Rry` xmspLRi*Li N][aPR sVs[ZOP[QR .
2. xmsyLRixqssVXj M, RLjiysVgRixM, ][LiR gRixM, RVVNRP xms}tsQR M, xqsxqsxqsLixms`, xmsxsV,
DxmsxqsLiR QxmssWORPQM, xmsLjiLRiORPQR VM, zLRi[ FyRVs%sV N][aPR xqssVXj M.
3. xmss M, xmsWgRiM, ssLRiM, @sryLiR M, xmsLjixmssV, Dxmsg[ iR M, xmsLjisLRi s sV, @xmsLRiZaP[ N][aPR ORPQR VM.
y. 1. @s xmssVW N][aPR Li%dsVRs[ AyLRixmsT DLiLiVV. @LiRV[R sVVLiRVgS N][aSs gRiLRig S
xmsLRis[OPT QLiRVN][y.

2. xmsyLRi xqssVXj (@s %sy\s NSLRiNRPFyV sLji*xmsn VLigS N]srygjiLiRRLi. NSLi. sxmsy xqssVXj gRi.aS.),
xqssWLi[s A RW AyLSsV FyLiRRLi, ]LigRisV xmsVN]sRLi, @j NSLRiVV LiyV dxqsVN][sRLi
sVVR\s xmssVV [R VNRPVLiy y s @RVxmso[ DLiRRLi, xqsxqsxqsLixmsR, %s%sR sxqsVs oV xqssVXj gS LiRRLi,
@gjiQxmssWyRVxmsRyV NRPgRiNRPVLiy gRiLRi V dzqsN]sRLi, N]LiRsVLijNTP B[ xmsLjiLSsV (xmssVV
LiRRLi, @xmsV dLRiRLi sVVR\s yNTP B[ %sVsLiVVLixmsosV) Rgij LiRRLi, (R sNRPrysVLiyRVsVLiT)
R sLi NSsVNRPgS gRizLiRRLi c B%s N][aPR Li sXj LiRysNTP DFyRWV.
3. xmsLiR Li, xmsWgRiLi, ssLRiLi, @sryLiR Li, xmsLjixmsLi, Dxmsg[ iR Li, xmsLjisLRi s Li, @xmsLRiLi c B%s N][aPR Li
OUPQLiRysNTP }RVsoV.
sVW. 1. zqsk ysV @xmsryR ssV, @ssyLRisV, @xmss[aPR sLi y xmss M. RR RaRP[ RM.
2. N][aPR RyLi sXj xmsWgRiM xmsWgRiM. xmsssL][ ssLRiM. RR xmsn j*gRiV[ RM.
3. zqsR Li NSsVFyxmsLi NRPL][, @FyxmsLi FyxmsLi y BRsryLiR M. RR xms [ RM.
4. NPR Vxmss WRVLi xmsLjixmsRV, sRVLi y %ssLiR RVd xmsLjixmssV. RR {sRRVLiR V[ RM.
5. xqs*RVsV\sQLS* LSRysVVxms[ ssVVxmsg[ iR M. RR LRi][xmsl[ gi[ xmsn WRM, ryL][xmsl[ gi[ sVR sVM
ryxxqsRM, xmsn VNRPVFxmsl[ gi[ RR ysR RM.
6. LSRysVsRs[ AysLi xmsLjisLRi s sV. R` Dxmsl[ gi[s yRsV.
7. zqsR sWRVLi s xmss[aPR RV, sR Li sRVLi s xmsRVR, FyFyLi ds%dsLi %sxmsds[ BRxmsLRiM. RR
y*RaRPgRiV[ RM.
82
y. 1. LSNRPV @LiRszqss zqsR RysV (xmssVV sVVR\sys) DR [R VNRPFsRLi (gRi.aS.) xmssVV
[R VNRPFsRLi (NSLi.) DRsQQ\sVs ys [NTP @LijLiRNRPFsRLi (gRi.aS) y xmsn sV @LijLiRNRPFsRLi
(NSLi) @xmss[aPR sLi, LiygSLSsNTP [LRiNRPFsRLi B%s "xmsLiR Li'. A s[LSsNTP LSszqss r~sVV[ xmsRs
sLiRV RLiRLi.
2. R ygSLRiLi[ Ds Rys dxqsVN]s yss sUNTP zms R sLi xqsLiFyjLiRRLi "xmsWgRiLi'. LSNRPV
xqsLiLij Lis sxqsVs o][ yFyLRiLi rygjiLiRRLi "ssLRiLi'. C @xmsLSR Li [zqssLiRVNRPV B [zqs
xqsLiFyjLis R ysNTP lLiLixmso RLiRLi.
3. R sLi sxqsWV [R Vszqss NSLi sy (LiRLi sVVR\s%s dxqsVN]s) yss F~TgjiLiy, NSLi
LSNRPFLiVVy ([*uyRV[R ) ssV sxqsW [zqsy @j "@sryLiR Li'. Bj [zqss @j NSLjiNTP A R sLi[
HRs sLiRV RLiRLi.
4. sLiR LiVVLiRTs AyRWs Rgij Liy, sLRiLiVVLisysNRPLi FsNRPVs sRVLi [zqsy @j "xmsLjixmsLi'.
@ [zqss @j NSLjiNTP sxtsQLi ss R ysNTP yVgRiV lLiV RLiRLi.

5. LSRys xqs*RVLigS @sV %sLiy, BRLRiV[R @sV %sLixms[zqsy @j "Dxmsg[ iR Li'. @LiRV[ LRiy
Dxmsg[ iR Li Ljigji[ sVLRiRLiRLi. ZaP[xts Q\sVs sxqsVs o Dxmsg[ SsNTP sVR sV ryxxqs RLiRLi. @LiRgS ZaP[xts QLi NSs
y Dxmsg[ iR Li gSs, @LRiLisVLi Li[ sxqsVs o Dxmsg[ iR Li gSs Ljigji[ A sxqsVs o sVWLi][ FyV
ys][ xqssWs \sVs R sLi RLiRLi.
6. (Lki\s) LSRysV dzqsN]s y rysLi[ yzqsLRiNRPLi BRLRi RyV DLiRRLi "xmsLjisLRi s Li'. Bj
Dxmsg[ iR Li[R s[ ysLiRTLij. @sgS Dxmsg[ iR Li %sxtsQR VLi[ %sj Li[ RLiRs[V ksNTP %sj Liy.
83
7. zqsR \sVs (DRsQQ\sVs, sxqsW\s) ARWs N][aSsNTP [LiR NRPFsLi, xmsoxqsNS[ yzqss sRVLi
[R VNRPFsRLi ds%ss(sV=sV) yLRiVsWLRiV[R VRLi Bj "@xmsLRiLi'. @LiRVNRPV A @j NSLjis A R ysNTP
xmssLiRV lLiV R sLi LSy s[zqs bPOTPQLiy.
sVW. [uyLi xLRiF[ yRWM Ry*LjiLiaRP` c xmspLRi*Li zqsR Li xmsaSRsyLjiRsV, xmsaS=R Li xmspLRi*
sVsyLjiRsV, ryR Li s zqsR sV, @ryR Li zqsR sV, zqsR sVzqsR Li NRPXRsV, @zqsR Li zqsR Li NRPXRsV, @zqsRLi
x NRPXRsV, xzqsR sVLi NRPXRsV, @s` zqsRsVs` NRPXRsV, @sRM zqsR sVsRM NRPXRsV, [R VLi s
RR s V[R VLi RR s V, NS[ s RR s VNS[ RR s V, @Li RRL i x NRPXRsV, x RR s VLi NRPXRsV,
@s` RR s VsRQXRsV, @s][ RR s VsRM NRPXRsV, xms%sxts QsVxms%sxts QLi NRPXRsV, @xms%sxts QLi xms%sxts QLi NRPXRsV,
NRPVxmssVRR s VWLi xms%sxtsQs V, RR s VWLi s xms%sxts Qs V, xqsLiZOP[QF %sZOP[QxmsM NRPXRM, %sZOP[QxmsM xqsLiZOP[QF y,
sVLiR sVQlLi [ xmsLjisLji R sV, @QLiR Li sVlLi [ y, xqssWL][zmsRM @LiR M, xmsRsL][zms][ y, LSRRVVM
xqssWL][zmsyM, xmsRsL][zmsy y, xqsLisR=L][ sWxqs%sxtsQs VM NRPXRM, sWr jsxqs%sxtsQsW y, xqssWgRisV%sxtsQs VM,
sVV%sxtsQs VM, NSLjiNRP%sxtsQs VM, sLRi*QQLiR s %sxtsQs VM, zms%sxtsQs VM, sLiR %sxtsQsVM, @LiR %sxtsQs V, sWs%sxtsQs VM,
sWxmss%sxtsQs VM, s%sxtsQs VM B xLRiF[ yRWM.
y. @R QOPR VV R ys @xmsxLjiLi[ DFyRWV s\ DyLiVV. (1) sVVLiRVgS ss xqsryjNSs,
R ys N]LiRNSLi RLRiyR sLiR xmsoxqsNS[ FsNTPLiRRLi. (2)RLRiyR ssyss sVVLiRV yRVRLi, (3)
LiRLi sVVR\s%s dxqsVN]s sxqsWV [R Vszqss yss sxqsWV [R VNRPFsRLi, (4) xmssV NRPszqss xmss
[sy sVLiT LRixxqsLigS xmssV sxqsWV [R VRLi, (5) sxqsWV @LiVVs xmssVsV sxqsW\sV
RWxmsNRPFsRLi, (6) sxqsWV NSs yss sxqsW\sV RWxmsRLi, (7) RNRPVsgS sxqsW\s yss FsNRPVsgS
RWxmsRLi, (8)y sxqsW\s yss N]LiLigS RWxmsRLi, (9) INRP sxqsVs o sxqsWV [zqs sVL]NRP sxqsW\sV
RWxmsRLi, (10) INRPssVLiT sxqsW\syss sVL]NRPssVLiT sxqsW\sV RWxmsRLi, (11) Bs*szqssj
Bs*NRPFsRLi, (12) Bs*szqss xmss [s yss BsV RWxmsRLi (13) Bs*szqss xqssVRVLi[ Bs*NRP A
xqssVRVLi y Bs*RLi (14) RNRPVs B FsNRPVs BsV yRVRLi, (15) @j NRPLigS B @LigS
BsV RWxmsRLi (16) INRP B sVL]NRP BsV yRVRLi, (17) INRPsNTP Bs*szqssj sVL]NRPLjiNTP
Bs*RLi (18) y[sNTP ssyss ssV RWxmsNRPFsRLi (19) LSs yss ssV RWxmsRLi (20)
A%sNRP sxqsVs o sVWLi LiRNRPVLiy N][aPR Li[ [LiR RLi (21)s B N]s yss yRVNRPFsRLi (22)
xqssVWxLisVLi sxqsWV [R Vszqss R ys s[LiR V s[LiR V sNRPVsVLiT sxqsWV [R VRLi (23)s[LiR V s[LRiV
sNRPVsVLiT gRizLiRszqs Ds yss @LiRLjisVLid gRizLiRRLi (24) y Lki\s sxqsVs osV dzqss[zqs ys
rysLi[ RNRPVs s Dsyss DLiRRLi (25) RNRPVs s gRiys rysLi[ FsNRPVs s Dsj DLiRRLi
(26) sxqsVs o LkiRV |msLiRRLi (27)N]s sxqsVs o LkiRVV Rgij LiRRLi (28) L][V |msLiRRLi (Dy. HRV
L][NTP RLi B GRV L][NTPsV yRVRLi) (29) L][V Rgij LiRRLi (Dy. xmsj L][NRPV RV
dxqsVN]s @LiVVRV L][ZNP[ NRPW Bs*RLi) (30) xqsLisR=LRiLi[ sWxqsLi [y sWryV [y s[V

[R VRLi @sgS xmsj sWryV xmss [LiVVLiRVN]s INRP xqsLisR=LRiLi xmss [LiVVLiRVNRPVsVgS RWzmsLi lLiLiRV
sWry RLi NS[R VRLi (31) sWxqsLi[s jsry[ [y RWxmsRLi (32) INRP %sR LigS ss R sLi sVL]NRP
%sR LigS ssV yRVRLi (33) INRP ARVsVVsNTP RVV sVL]NRP ARVsVVLi yRVRLi, (34)
xmssVN]LRiNRPV sWgjiLis sVsVxtsv xqsLiRV[ \sxtsQs VLi (NSLi) (gRi.aS.FyhRiLi yLjiNRP %sxtsQs VM. @sgS
R LRiNSLSRV[ \sxtsQs VLi, RNRPVs LRiV |ms FsNRPVs yRVRLi), (35) sVVRL i r~sVV[ [yV
RWxmsRLi, (36) sxqsVs o yR[ [yV, (37)LkiRV[ [yV (38) RWNS[ [yV (39) N]R[
[yV (40)sxqsVsosV xqsLiLRiOTPQLi[ |ms V sVVR\sy[ (xqsLi[) [yV B%s A RW @R QOPR VV
@sLiLi[ LSR yxmsxLRiF[ yRWV.
84
sVW. RR DxmsRVVNRPc syRVNRPcss NRPcxmsgSxNRPcyRVNRPc yxmsNRPcsVsQc sVsQQ\sRWsXRNRPLSs G\ZNPNRPaRPM
@sVRVVR. %sVyy[ \uyLi RVVNRPxqssW RM. xmsylLi[ ys|mnsWxtsQ[V` c ""@sVVy xmsNRPX[s DxmsxyM
xmsxmsRVsV'' B. xmsxmsRV][ RV][xmsxmsn WRLi yxms[V`. @s[ZNP[xtsv R @Wlgi[xtsv @xmssRVsWsM
xqsNRPX[s xmsL][NPR M xqsLRi*Li #[R . \sxtsQs[V xqsLRi*R @sVWgRiLi Ry`. sVxRLSxmslLi[ y[yzms zqsR M xqsLRi*Li
#[R .
y. C %sR \sVs sWryV LjigjisxmsoRV DxmsRVVNRPV (RVVNRPVs NTPLij @j NSLjis), syRVNRPV (rysWsVV
RxmsLji[y), sLiR NRPV (sLiR xmsoxqsNSV gRiR [}qsy), dxqsVN]sy, Bsy, BzmsLisy
(RVVNRPVs)xqsyLRiV, A xqsyLRiV NTPLiR xmss[}qsy s[LiR V s[LiR VgS zmszmsLi xmsbPLiy. %ds [ Fssl\ Liy
@xqsRLi zms[ RVVNRPVsNTP (@j NSLjiZNP) FsLiR RLiRsW @LiR RLiRLi %sj Liy.
A RVVNRPVs xmsyLRiLi[ (NSLRiQZOP[Q RLi[ c ysNTP @j NSLRiLi Ds FyLiRLi[) ""C xmsn y @j NSLji [R
sWxqsgjiLiRTsy NTP y NTP Ljigjis sxts QLi xmsNSLRiLi A @j NSLji[R BzmsLiy. y @WgSV (sxtsQLi
NRPgjiLisV zmsRWLkiV) ssxmsoRV A @j NSLji ysV [zqssV @LigkiNRPLjiLiRNRPFLiVVy INRPsWLRiV INRP
@WgRiLi[ ][ztsQgS sLSLRi [R VTsLiVV[ @s @WgSNUP yss bPOTPQLiy.
@xmsLSys N]LiRsLRiNRPV @LigkiNRPLjiLis LiVV[ sVVRL i @s @xmsLSy %sxtsQR VLi[s V A @j NSLjis
xmsLkiOTPQLiy. @Rj NRP\sVs R ys @xmsxLjiLi sV @WgRiLi ssxmsDRV ys[ N]LiR gRiLi sWRs[V
@xmsxLjiLisV sLSLRi [R VTy NRPWR sVVRL i R sLi (A RVVNRPVR V) By*.
sVW. 1. NRPXRxmsxmsn Wysxqs M xqsWRNRPM sxtsQyQLiR M xtsQxts Qs VLiaRPLi [ R ; y*RaRPsVLiaRPLi XRNRPM.
xms WyWgSRsxtsQfsxtsQsryLiaRPLi [ R . @sxtsQs[ aSLkiLRiNRPLi \|LRiLi y RLi [ R ; s
ysVgSxM.
2. a].[ sxtsQy sOTPQ}msy*RsWysLi yxmsyx[V`,
@RVVN][xmsFyRV xqsWRN][ sR sWxmsoRW`.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QOPR Q xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ @xts QsWyRVM
xqssVVRRVxqs. RVVNSxXRxqs xmsysRVssV; AjRM GN][s LiaRPM.
y. 1. @j NSLji xmssLRi s sV xmsLkiOTPQxqsW DLiRszqsLijgS GLRiLRiRTs xqsWRNRPVsNTP (LRixrys @LiR[}qsysNTP)
@RRV [R Vszqss xmss xmspLji @LiVVs RLRiyR, @sgS @j NSLji ][ztsQ @s sLSLRi [R VTs RLRiyR, A

R sLi[ ALRis sLiRV By*. A xqsWRNRPVRV LSxmsoLRiVxtsv[ (xms VR*Li[ xmss[}qsy[) @LiVV[ ysNTP
xmssLiRs sLiRV By*.
@RRV @j NSLji %sxtsQR VLi[ RWzmss @xmsLSR Li sLSLRi NSNRPF[ A xqsWRNRPVTNTP N]LRiy sLi aSLkiLRiNRP
RLiRLi gSs, R sLi LRiWxmsLi[ LSy gSs %sj Li RLRiyR yss FssRW @sVgRizLiRNRPWRRV; @sgS
RgiR LRigS LSdsRVNRPWRRV.
2. RVVNRPVR V (@j NSLji) @xmsLSR Li [zqs sV sLSLRi @LiVVs RLRiyR xqsWRNRPVRV A @j NSLjisVLi LiRLi
sVVR\s%s dzqsN]s A @WgSs DxmsxqsLixLjiLiRVNRPVy, [y RsV NRPsRNRPVLiy FLiVVy ysNTP
sVLRiRLiRLi %sj Liy.
"sLijs' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[, @R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ j*dRWj NRPLRiLi[ RVVNRPVV
@xmsxLjiLis xqssVVRRWs Ljigji LSRLi @s[ @xts Qs WyRVLi, sVVR sVLi BLRi\s ]%sVRs @yRVLi
xqssWxmsLi.
@R sssW%yRVM
xqsxms%sLiaRPLi xmsNRPLRisV c DxmsRVVNRPxmsLkiOSQ (@j NSLRiV xmssV xmsLRis[OPR Q)
sVW. 1. @sWRxqsLixms][}msyM xqsLS*R QOSQM aRPNTP R M NRPLRixqsV sWM. NRPLRixqsV \uyLi sRLi xmsLkiOSQLi NSLRi[V`;
ysRy*ssVuysV. @aRP*xqsR LS[ z sVsVuyM sRVVNSM NRPLRixqsV %sNRPVLRi*[.
85
2. Rry` NRPLSLRiLi, NRPLRiLi, [aRPLi, NSLi, NSLRiLi, xmsZOP[QxmssV, DRRVLi R Gxtsv %sy`. [
RVyxqsLi[aPR sVxqsLixyM @%sgRiX{yM NRPLS NRPVLRiVM. xqsLixyM ORPQ[VRVVM; %sgRiX{yM %syaRP#[VRVVM. s
yss[R LRiVM NTPLiyLRisVLi NRPVLRiVM @sR AxmsRQdNSlLi[ M. xmssWRrys[xtsv \uysVRRVLi ryxms[V`
jsxqss[R ssRVj*gRiVsV.
y. 1. @sWRxqsLixmsR Ds @R QORPV sLiRLjids yLji yLji aRPNTP s @sVxqsLjiLi A RW NRPLRi[ sRV%sVLiy.
sWsso RL i RLiRLi. @LiRV[R NRPLRi %sxtsQR VLi[ sRsVW y s xmsLkiOTPQLiy. sVsVxtsvV
gRiVsLi y , xmssV[ sRV%sVLis RLRiyR %sNRPXRLigS, @R jR LigS xmssLjir yLiR V.
2. @LiRVs INRP xmss [}qs @j NSLjis, [}qs %syys, [aSds, NSds NSLSds, NSLRi xmsLjij s, s
VxqsVNRPVLiW DLiy. A @R QORPVLiRLRiW LSsVryLRiLi, INRPLji][ INRPLRiV NRPsNRPVLiy, INRPLji][ INRPLjiNTP
%sL][R Li [NPR VLiy RsV RsV xmssVV sLRi*QQLij L iy. y LiRLRiW NRP}qs s[ryLiR V. %sL][R Li][ DLi[ xmssVV
Rg]RyLRiV.
xRVgS ss AxmsRNRPV xmsNTPRV [R Vszqss xqsLiRLS[ Rxms y FssRW xms VsoNRPV
xmsNRPVLiy G xmsds [R VNRPWRRV. A @j NSLRiVV {qsQc RWRcFyyRV[R RsV %sR V %sxtsQR VLi[ xmssWRLi
(@aRPR ) RWzms[ A L][NRPV LSszqss ysNUP, y @rysysLi s NRPgjis sRWsNUP lLiLiRVlLiV @RRVLi
(\|mnss, |msyd ) sLiR LiVVLiy.
sVW. 1. RV\ZaPQQuyLi RVyjxts QsVLiR Li xqs%sZaP[xtsQLi y NRPL][ xqs ryssW_ [ R .

2. @RVZaP[ssW ORPQR V. %sxmsLRi[V RVyRV sRVaRP s ORPQR V ByyLSM.


@xmsxqslLi[Q\s Dxms [ B N_M.
3. RVM xqssVVRRVLi xmsLjixmsRV[ xqs LSLiR Li ORPQRV. xqs [R yjM xmsLjixmsRV R[s Li RVygRiVLi
yxms[V`.
4. RVM xqssVVRRVLi j*gRiVsVVysRV xqs sxmsRLi ORPQR V. xqs [yLiR sVVxmssRV @xmsLS [
yLRiLiVVRsM. sVx RVyxmsLSR Li RLiVVRsM.
5. RVM xqssVVRRVLi sRVsVVxmssRV xqs xmsoLRiVxtsQNPR LS ORPQR V. xqs NRPLRijsxqsc
RscsVWcxmsoLRiVxtsQcs[R yxmslLi[xtsv RVyxmsLSR Li RLiVVRsM.
6. RryRxqs W RVzqssj NRPLRi[ aSxqssxqs M xqs Rxqs NRPLRi[ RWyRRsWRVsR R
yxqsssWrysWROUPQR .
y. 1. C @j NSLRiV[ G @j NSLji LS A[bPLis xmsNSLRiLi, [y BLiNS %sbPxts QLigS Rs NSLRiLi [ry][
@RsNTP DsRxmsR%s, g_LRissVW Liy.
2. @Q\sVs ARVLi gRi @j NSLji @j NRPLigS LRiV|msRVRVyRLi[ @RRV LSRys OTPQxqsVyRs @LiR Li.
@LiRVNRPV %sLRiVR LigS FsLiR ARVLi DLi][ @LiR sRVLi [}qsyRV OTPQLiRRLi [R V'' @s AyLRiV
@FyRVLi. ""C %sxtsQR VLi gRiWR yLRiV y*LS RW'' @s N_VRV @LiRV.
3. xqssVVRRWs (AyRVLi) RgjiLiRsyRV LSR ys OTPQLis[xqsVyRV. @RRV (gSsNSj NSLRiLi[
zmss) @yRV [R (@scAxqsc RVcxmssWRcNSsVcN][xmsc RLRic[ [R ) xqssVVRRVLi[ [xmsLi
NRPgji}qs ARss ARW NSLRiNTP Rgjis %sR LigS Fss lLiLixmso[ R sLi B[V [R VRLi RVVNRP sW @s
lLiV R sLi B[V RW.
4. lLiLixmso xqssVVRRVLi sxqsWV [zqssyRV sxmsys OTPQxqsVyRV. A @j NSLji A R ys LSNRPV
@LiR[}qs @xmsLSR Li @Q\sVs xmsORPQLi[ BV\|mss @ [R VsR s sVLiRLiy. @xmsLSR Li |msR \[
@xmsLSysVryLRiLi yss RLiTLiy.
86
5. RsV sxqsWV [zqss xqssVVRRWs sRVLi NTPLiR RWzmssyRV xmsoLRiVxtsQ NRPLRisV OTPQLi s[xqsVyRV (NSLi).
sRVLi N][xqsLi ZNP[LiVVLis R sLi xqssVVRRVLi[ [Lij syRV xmsoLRiVxtsQNPR LRisV OTPQLi s[xqsVyRV (gRi.aRP.)
@sgS xmsoLRiVxtsv[R [LiVVLiRszqss xmss [LiVVLiRNRPFsRLi[R ysNTP %sxmsn WRLi NRPgRi[xqsVyRV @s @LiR Li.
@Li @j NSLjis NRPLRijsry suyds, RssVWsuyds, xmsoLRiVxtsvNRPV Bs*szqss RLi suyds xms
@xmsLSysVryLRiLi RLiTLiy.
6. @LiRVs G @j NSLji LSaSxqssLi xmsNSLRiLi G @j NRPLRiLi[ sRVVNRPVQ\ Dy][ @RRV A NRPLRiNRPV
xqsLiLij Lis RVyLiR %sxtsQR WsW, AyRV sRWsW, s[LiR V s[LRiVgSsV, @sLids NRP{ms NRPWR LSNRPV
ss[j xqsW DLiy.

sVW. 1. sVWxLRiyy*NRPNRPRLSLiaRP xms}tsQR [VR. RVM zmsRX\|msysVxsVLiR sV @y[Vs ORPQR V xqs


sVWxLRiM. W RVR RVRR[ RR R QORPQR V xqs yy*NRPM. W XyR{msysVV xms[R LiR Li
NRPRLRiM. s xmsORPQys [` @y[R VM. %sxmsLRi[V xmsLSyRsM.
2. RVM sVxRLiR xqssVVR[V zqs RM NRPRLRiM xqssR [, @ssR [, @srysRV ycxqsLisR [ xqs*s[aPR s,
@ssR [ FLRisxms[xtsv, @srysRV xmsLRi%sxtsQ[VcRxqs xqsd sVsQ%sVR XRs VxmsORPQs WgRiLigRiLi R
RysVVxms [ R .
y. 1. sVWxLRicyy*NRPcNRPRLRiVsV A %sR LigS DLiRNRPVLiy RW. RLiT yRsVLiT ss
R ys @yRVxmspLRi*NRPLigS OTPQLi[yRV sVWxLRiVRV. L][ xqsLiFyjLis R OTPQLi[yRV
yy*NRPVRV. FztsQLiRRgjisy s RssW NRPWR {msTxqsW R sLi NRPWR [ yRV NRPRLRiVRV.
C sVWRV %sy sVsVxtsvsV (A%sR LigS xmssLjiL iRsR s s}tsQj LiyNRPWR @lgi[ xmssLji} qs) y %dsVR
AyLRixmsTsy DsQ LiVV[ y R sLi dzqsN]sNRPWRRV. @Li y sLRiW [NPR F[ y R ys LS
dxqsVN][y. ys R sLi dzqsN]ss xmsORPQLi[ ARss xmsR%ssVLiT ]gjiLiy (gRi.aS.). (sLji RLiRLi ZNP[sLi
[ ZNP[ @s NSLi.)
87
2. @Rj NRP\sVs R sxqssVVRRVLi Ds [ @LiVVs @j NSLji A R ysLiRds Rs BLi[s[ sgRiWR LigS
yRVNRPVy, FLRiV%dsVR sxmsRV%dsVR VVjLRiWxmsLi[ B DLiy, aRPRV[aSsNTP LRixxqsLigS
RLRiLiy (AR VsNRPNSLi[ %s[aS[s LiNRPV[ yRVN]sV) xqs (gRiWR yLji\Vs @j NSLji) ysNTP
xqsV B[y , %sVRVV, XRVV, LiR VsoV sVVR\s ys xmsORPQLi y ds, sxqsVs oV [xmsNTP
LSsys, \NRPV s ys VxqsVN][y.
sVW. 1. RVaSxqs xmsLRi%sxtsQ[V xqsLiyLRiLi NRPVLS` RsVsVxms%saRP sVsQ Li %sy`. xqsV%sj[ aRPRVaSxqsyxms[ZaP[s
GsLi xmsn WR[V`.
2. RryRryR QOSQM xqsLiRVNRP[NRP LRiWxmsRLRi+NRP ds%dsgSxN][R LSR QORPQxqsM NRPLS NRPVLRiVM.
3. DRL SR QORPVV gRisV, @aS*sV, LRiysV FsZNP[ RVVR sxmsoVVgS DLiy. (y NSLSRWNRPV
LRiORPQNPR VV). y RgiR LRi DLi[ bP[ s[LiR V gRiy , sVLi bdPLi NRPy xqsLiRVNSRV%dsVR
gRiWR yLRiVVgS xmssRW.
4. @j NRPLRiLi (TFyLiR VsVLiV)[ ysVLijs xmsyyj NSLRiVsV sRV%sVLiy. @LiVV[ Fsssds zqsLRiLigS
(|msLRisLigS) sRV%sVLiRNRPWRRV.
a].[ RVy xyry*RLiVVRVLi s aRPNRPLi
*Rxqs Li sVR V y %sxtsQLi y,
@LiR xqsy xLiR RlLi[ LSM
xqs*[%xmsyry*RLiVVRVLi s aRPNRPM.
y. yVNRP \|msgRiLi %dsVR Ds [ssV gSs %suys gSs Ary*jLiRNRPVLiy DLiRRLi G %sR LigS aRPNRPLi NS][
@[ %sR LigS ALij NRP %sxtsQR WV RW[ @j NSLji N]Li\sVy LS R ys sNRPVLiy DLiRRV.

a].[ sVy=Q RVysMxqs[ RLRi[


RVLi s aRPNSM xqsLi zmssM ,
RVVNSxqsy NSLRi%s_ sRVVNS
RVLi s aRPNS R ssWRyyM.
y. ds [ Ljilgi[ [xmsV FsxmsVRV ds ygRiVyW VxqsVN]sRLi Fs NRPxts QsW @[ %sR LigS ARW
NSLSsV sLRi*zLiRysNTP sRVVNRPVQ\s RVVNRPVV (@j NSLRiVV) R sLi Fs NS[ryL][ RVysNTP aRPNRPLi
NSRV.
a].[ @zms aRPNS gRiL`iRVLi xmsRyLi [ xmsRsV,
s RV xmsRs yyLi RVVNSyLi RLRiyLi gRiM.
y. ANSaRPLi %dsVR FsgjilLi[ xmsORPV sWLiR s[Vy gRiVLjiL iRsRVs[sW NSs \|msNTP G%dsV NRPsRNRPVLiy (G yW
NRPsRdsRVNRPVLiy) xmssVV [}qs @j NSLRiV gRis sWRLi (y Fs R sLi @xmsxLjixqsVyL][ @s[ %sxtsQR VLi
sWRLi) RV aRPNRPLi NSRV.
a].[ Arys[V][xmsys %sxmsLRi}qsR NRPLRixqsV,
RVy s ORPQR VsQ LiR Li OTPQR Li sLRi*sVs y.
y. (ALij NRPLigS) zqs Ds @j NSLRiV[R A R sLi NRPNTPLiy. xmssV[ y s sWLS. INRP aSsVLiT
sVL]NRP aSNTP sWLS. NSLi. \|ms xmsR%ssVLi NTPLij xmsR%sNTP jLizmss[R W. y R sLi %sVLigjis[R VNRPVLiy gSs,
%sVLigjisys NRPZNP[V gSs RWRVN][y.
a].[ s ORPQR Vs [V R*LSs yRV][ sLiR RVs R,
syj NSLSM NSLS}qs LSM zmsRVz[ LRiyM.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QORPQ xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ sssW%yRVM
DxmsRVVNRPxmsLkiOSQ, AjRzqsQLiaRPM.
y. LSVVNRP zmsRVsVVsLiRV, zRsVVsLiRW AxqsNRPVQ\ G @j NSLRiVV R ysV OTPQLiRL][, yRVLi
xmsNSLRiLi sXj F~LijryL][ y s sRQ\sVs @j NSLRiLi NRPy sgS RW. (|msLRisLiV RW).
"sLijs' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ @R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ j*dRWj NRPLRiLi[
DxmsRVVNRPxmsLkiORPQ @s[ sssWyRVLi, sVVRsVLi sVV\|ms#RVs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
88
@R RaRPsW%yRVM
@uy%sLiaRPLi xmsNRPLRisV c aSxqsyj NSLRiM.
(LSaSxqsyV yLiVVLi[ %syys gRiWLji)
sVW. 1. aSxqss[ aSxqss%sVyRORPQ[. aSxqssxmsyy z LSsM; RsWy*` xqsLij %sgRixWM.
2. RryRsWRxqsLixmsy D}msRM xqsLRi*xqssVRV%s`, AaRPVgRis M, yLRi*QORPQLiR M, [yRsxqssVLiR M, [NRPM ry`. xqsM
@sgRisVyM LSM xqsLi[aPR Li aRPVy* sbPyLiR Li [Li %sRy`, c [\ZaPaRP*LRisLiaRPysV [ W xmsyLRi %dsVaRP*LRixqs,
[aPR ysV [WxmsyLRi sVdsaRP*LRixqs.

3. a].[ Li, NRPVLi, ryssRVMaRPVys NRPLRiLij bdPsR [aPR NS,


RysVs R xqs%dsVORPQ NSlLi[ [Li %sRyRVLRiVuysVLRiWxmssV.
y. 1. xmsRLi %dsVR %sxtsQR VLi |mssxmsVRV aSxqssLi @LiLRiV. (sW][ zmssj aSxqssLi NSRV @s @LiR Li).
LSNRPV aSxqssLi y xmsys\sVsj. FsLiRVs ssgS xqsLik , %sgRixsVW NRPWy aSxqssLi %dsVRs[ AyLRixmsT
DLiLiVV.
2. @LiRV[R [NRPVRV (yRVxqsgSRV) @sWRxqsLixmsR NRPy\, @s xqssVRWsV (NRPVsV) FsLjigji
DLiy. bdPxmsn VLigS %sxtsQR VLi NRPWLRigRigji DLiy. RxqsWLik @LiRLigS DLiy. BRLRiV BRLRiV [sV
RRsysNTP xqssVLiR V\ DLiy. A [NRPVRV sgRiLi NSs sVsxqsV=][, (GNSgRi\sVs sVsxqsV=][) LS }ms
xqsLi[aPR Li %ss sbPR\sVs (xqsLi[NTP yso [s) @LiR Li gRi [ yRW. xms VsoNRPV xqsLiLij LisxmsVRV
[aPR Li, HaRP*LRiLi, sLiaRPLi, ysV [ R VLi ryRLRiLigS yRW. xms Vso NSsys %sxtsQR VLi[ [aPR cysV [ R WsV
ryRLRiLigS }msL]y.
3. NSLRiLi %sxtsQR VLi[ y}qsxmsVRV FssLjiNTP yxqsVy][ ys s, NRPVds, ryyds (xmsR%s), sRVxqsV=sV,
%sRsV, @RRV [}qs xmsss, HaRP*LSs, bdPs, [aPR NSsV, \syzNRPxqsLiLiys RXzts Q[ DLiRVN]s, A
xmsoLRiVxtsvsNTP RgjisVgS [ RRWLRiV RW.
sVW. 1. @LiR QNRPsVM, xqsLis M, xmsLjixmspLiR y, sWR VLRisV, KyLRisV, xqsxts QR *sV B [ xqsLixms`.
2. RR RVysRsVxmspLRi*NTPRW, xmsysryLiR xqs xmspLRi*sVss[aPR M BRLiR xqs NRPsVM.
3. xmsxqsVR xqs @LiR xqs @sVxmsL][y` DRL iR xqs %syssV AxqssW}msLij xqsLis M.
4. @LiR xmsyORPQLSsV @sWysLjiNRP y }RWyxLRiRXuys^ QM @L]x[mssLRiy aSsxmsRy B xmsLjixmspLRiy.
5. xqsV[xmsdsRyLRi*LiR aRPysLi sWR VLRisV.
6. @gSsVaRPyssV KyLRisV.
7. xmsdRaRPxmsWgRiM xqsxts QR *%sV.
y. 1. @LiR NRPsVLi, xqsLiLiR Li, xmsLjixmspLiR R, sWR VLRiLi, KyLRiLi, xqsXxts QR *Li @s[%s [ xqsLixmsR ([
NRPVLiRszqss xmsys gRiVV).
2. (xmsszqss %sxtsQR Ws) RgRiV %sR LigS INRP NRPsVLi[ NRPWLRiRLi, xmsys\ sVs %sxtsQR Ws sVVLiRV [LRiRLic
B%s "@LiR NRPsVLi'.
3. xmsxqsVR \sVs %sxtsQR WsNTP %sL][R Li [NPR VLiy sLjisLRiNRPW RLRiy %sxtsQR WV NRPWLRiRLi "xqsLiLiR Li'.
4. @LiR Li, xmsyV, @ORPQLSVcB%s @sWysLjiNRPL igS (RNRPVsgS gSs FsNRPVs gSs [NPR VLiy) DLiRRLi, Rgjis
}RVsoV, DyxLRiV (aSxqsQLi sVLi xqssVLRiNS\s yNSV), RXuyLiRLi (NTPNRP\sVs zqss %sxtsQR WV)
RWxmsoRW %sxtsQR Ws xmsFyjLiRRLi, xmsyNTP @xqs [NPR FsRLi @sgS xmsRs %sxtsQR VLi xqsxts QLigS
xmsNRPgji DLiRRLi c B%s "xmsLjixmspLiR R'.

89
5. @LiR\sVs @LSs (%sxtsQR Ws) @yRWxqsLigS [j LiR gRi aRP xmsWgRiLi "sWR VLRiLi'.
6. @gSsWQ\s aRPsV xmsWgjiLiRRLi "KyLRiLi'.
7. xmszqsR \sVs aRP xmsWgRiLi "xqsxts QR *Li'.
sVW. 1. @NSLSRW sLSM xtsQzts QM.
2. sLiR xqsLixmsn WRM xmsRsV. RRRVLji*R sV c ysW][ xmsxqsLiR sFyyZaP[. RR
ysV xqsyQ*yLiVV. @%sbPxts QsWRLi NTPRWy. NTPRW%sZaP[xtsQNSM FyRRVM DxqsLSM. @sRWaSRW
sFyyM.
3. xmsRxqssVWx[ yNRPsVLiR xmsLjixqssWF. GNRPxmsysLRiM xmsRxmsLRiM xmsLRixmsyLSsVL][ [ s sLiR M.
[xmsLjixqsLixLRiLiR %sV aRPM yNRPsV }qs R.
y. 1. ANSLRiLi sVVR\s sLSV sVVRL i @LRi\ssVWRV (xxqs*ckLiR cs oR [ y[R @RVV BLRi\slLiLiRV, HRV
NRPsLSRVVcBLRi\s @LiVVRV: RV,LRi,,s,aRP,xtsQ,xqs,x c Fss%sVj. @WgRiyx s[ }msLRiV gRi
@sVry*LRic%sxqsLiR c*sVWdRVcDxmsydsRWV yVgRiV, RVsWV yVgRiV, (sLiR Li[s xmsRsV j*dRV
RXdRV RRVLSORPQLSNTP xmsLiRsWORPQLiR Li xmsLRi\sVsxmsoRV, xmsN`P+ds = "xmsNUPQ' ByRV[ s ssVNRP @ORPQLiR Li
sLi @ORPQLiR Li @j NRPLigS sxqsVLij. ysNTP "RVsVLi' @s }msLRiV).
2. sLS xqssVVyRVLi xmsRLi. ysVLi, ARLi, DxmsxqsLiR , sFyR @s xmsRLi yVgRiV %syV. INRP sxqsVs osV
[j Li[j ysV. NTPRVsV [j Li[j ARLi. ysNTP LigRiLi DLiRRV. NTPRV[s @LiR %sZaP[uys [j Li[ "xms'
sVVR\s%s DxmsxqsLiR V. "R' sVVR\s @sRWV sFyRV.
3. INRP @LiR Li xmspLjig S }ms xmsRxqssVWxLi yNRPLi. INRP xmsysNUP, NRPdsxqsLi INRP xmsRLi][, sVWRV xmsyV
%sVLiRNRPVLiy, ssNRP Ds xmsRLi @LSs, LS[[V xmsRLi @LSds @sVxqsLjiLi xqssWxqsLi RW. [y "sLiR Li'
@sgS NSsW, xmsoryms sLi %sLSsV xLi
@s @LiR Li. xmspLS*xmsLRixmsy @LSsNTP LigRiLi (Li cConfusion) NRPgRiNRPVLiy NRPdsxqsLi INRP xmsRLi RgiR LRi, sVWRV
xmsyNRPV %sVLiRNRPVLiy @R gkiR, RVNRP sLi %sLSsVxLi DLiy. (gRi.aS.). [sV sVVgjiLisV
xqsWLiRysNTP sLRi "B' [LS. ""Bj xmsn y yLji yNRPLi (sW, yLRi, A)'' @s sVVgjiLiy.
1. a].[ sy xmsaRPLiry xmsXy R RyssVyLRiy,
xmsyssVVFysVM xms}tsQ]%[ R ][R y.
rysQ *sV sxmsaPR LRiQ =ysVsR Ry,
G[xtsQ*LSM xmssLRi s[ RWRaRP xqsV[M.
2. RysaRPLkiLRiNRPLRiLi ][xtsQs RsLi sy. gRiVsRss[V[uys[Vs xmsaRPLiry. NRPRs[VRj xmsXy. GssV
ByssV. [{RLiR y. s xmsRVy%dsV xmsyssV, @ssVLRiWxmsLi sRM BRVFysVM. sW NSL<ik M

B xms}tsQR M. BRLi NTPRVysV B ][R y. W%xLi xqs ys, c sVsV RVR sLi R` sRM B DxmsgRixM
rysQ *sV. sxqssryRVsV sxmsM. xqs][xtsQs WRVxmsRLRi+ssV @ LRiQ =ssV. @sVsRVM sR M c
@LiR NRPXf, @NRPs[V, xmsoLRiVuyjsxqss[ [.
y. 1. "sLiR, xmsaRPLixqs, xmsXR, AsLi, @LiR s, xmsysLi, DFyLi Li, xms}tsQR Li, ][R s, ryLiR*Li,
@ sxms, LRiQ =sLi, @sVsRVLi' c C xmsRsVWRV [[ yRVszqss %sxtsQR WV'.
2. INRPLji sLiaSsNTP, aRPLkiLSsNTP, xmssVNRPV xqsLiLij Lis ][uysV DLiNTPLiRRLi "sLiR'. %dsZNP[ xqsLiLij Lis
gRiVsV sLij LiRRLi "xmsaRPLixqs'. Bj FsgRi?' @s @RgRiRLi "xmsXR'. "Bj BV' @s xmsRLi "AsLi'.
BsVV @s @RgRiRLi "@LiR s'.
90
"Bs*sV' @sRLi "xmsysLi'.
"B [R VRLi dsNRPV RgRiRV' @sRLi "DFyLi Li'.
"B [R VsR V' @sRLi "xms}tsQR Li'.
"Bj B LiVV' @sRLi "][R s'.
"s[s[ sVso*; y RsLi @Liy ds[' @s DxmsgRixLi (@sVNRPWLigS sWRRLi) "ryLiR*Li'.
NRPuy[ xqsRVxmsRRLi "@ sxms'.
"C %sR LigS bPOTPQrys V; gRiLRig S DLiRV' @s @LiW %sxtsQRV[ NRPgjiLiR[[V ][uysV xqsWLiRRLi
"@ LRiQ =sLi'.
G\s INRP xmss [zqs|mssVs sWRLi, Rss @xmsLSR Li LjigjisxmsoRV sVsLiRszqsLijgS N][LiR RLi,
%sVRVsNTP xmsoLRiVuyjsxqssLi (zmsyRV sVLRijNRPLi) NRPgjisxmsVRV, A xqssVRVLi[ NSNRP NSLiRLRiLi[
JyLRiRLi @s "@sVsRVLi' sVWRV %syV.
a].[ xmsxmsyxmsLjiys[xqsy xmsLkiLRisxqsXzts Q[,
FysXNPR aRP xms[ Gs xqsLRi*RgRiZaP[ z aSxqsys.
y. xmsxmss[, A [, xmsLjiys [, xmsLkiLRi [, sxqsXzts Q [, FysXNPR [, xms [, xqsLRi*RgRi [
@s aSxqsyV Fss%sVj %syV.
a].[ @s[s %szmsRs[VssWx Rk RWyLi [R j RRQ *sVzqs,
LSM xqs%dsV}ms sLRiNSLRisWx xmsxms\suy %s%s]x[msjuy.
y. ""xmsn yyRV B yLRi xmsLizmsLiyRV; B @LiVyRV. @LiRV[R ys[ sLi DLi[ sVso* Bj
By*''.
""LSgSLji sVVLiRV xmsn yyRV sVso* ryj Lis g]xms xmsss gRiWLji FyRV' c Byj %sR LigS xmsxmss
@s[NPR %syVgS DLiVLij.

a].[ LRiVLS #s[R R sgRisVgRix xms,


%sZaP[}tsQ RV X[xtsv Ry[ORPQsV.
y. sgRisVgRisV gRiWLji, xmsysLigS LS XRV sgRisVgRisV gRiWLji xms Vso A Ds [
"A ['.
a].[ RVyL>iR gRiVxqsLiRVVNS xmsp RV][xmsORPQ [,
@Fy_ xmsLjiys[ y sRrysoxmsgRix.

91

y. NRPxts QxqssVRW[ NSs, @sVgRixLi RWzmsLi[ xmsVRV gSs, DR s Vc sVR sWR sVV %sxtsQR VLi[
RgRiV%sR \sVs @L>iR RsV xms [zqss xmsp (g_LRisLi) RWxmsoRW yzqss [ "xmsLjiys['.
a].[ [Lij *ZaP[}tsQxtsv xmsoLkixtsv \s gSs[Vxtsv [s[xtsv R [xtsv [xtsv,
@sVgRix[ W sXxms[Lij [aS` R`M xmsLkiLRi B ss}qs`.
y. N]s RV %sxtsQR VLi[ gSs, A RW xmsoLS %sxtsQR VLi[ gSs, gSsW %sxtsQR VLi[ gSs, [aS
%sxtsQR VLi[ gSs LSQxmsNSLRiLi @sVgRixLi (xmssVV sVVR\s ysVLiT %sVsLiVVLixmso) RWxmsoRW yzqss
[ xmsLjiLRi [.
a].[ sxqsXzts Qryxmsy NSLRiNRPLRi[ sRs[ Ry,
GxtsQ yNRP[M ry` # s[\sQxqsXzts QN][%zms xqsM
y. xmssVV [LiVVLiRRLi %sxtsQR VLi[ NSs, N]s AV Bs*ysNTP gSs sVL]NRPLjiNTP @j NSLRiLi BxqsW LS Lki
[zqss [ "yNRP ['. ksZNP[ "\sxqsXzts QNPR [' @s NRPWy }msLRiV.
a].[ %s%syLi \sxqsLiRVVNSLi RRQ *Li \s sWsV{tsQs V,
j*%syLi yLi ssxqss xmssXLi aSxqssLi xms.
y. INRP aSxqsysNTP xqsLiLij Lis xmssX (yLRi) lLiLiRV %sy DLiVLiRs xmsoyLRiV. \sLi s NRPgjis
@NSsL<SV, xqsxqs xqssVXj , sL<SyRVV %dsNTP xqsLiLij Lisj sVVRj. sWsso xmssXs s Ljigjis
RVyLiR %sxtsQR WNRPV xqsLiLij Lisj lLiLiRsj. C lLiLiRV %sy xmssX Dsj "xmssX['.
a].[ RXuy* [Li RVyRRQ *Li RRM xmsRsVxtsQ R,
xms[[ #s[yL][ RVy LSsRxqsy.
y. BRLRiVsVLiT ss [sV DsRVsV sVVLiRVgS RRVsoN]s @LiR Li [xqsVN]s RLRiyR \|msNTP Rj%s
%sszmsLi LS G %sR LigS zms[ A %sR LigS xqssWysLi "xms [' yRW.
a].[ RV[aPR *LSLiaSj NRPXyLiaRP LS LRiO][QxmsNSL_ xmsjNSLiR sWx,
xqsLRi*Rg][ ysV #s[` xqs sWlLi [ [ZaP[ R xqsLRi*R R s[j RsM.
y. LS G [[ xmsjNRPV LRiORPQNRPV, y NRPV xqsRVxmsRysNUP A[bPxqsW RVLiR Fy LSuyLiRFyRVNRPW,
BRLRi @j NSLRiVNRPW yry][ A [ "xqsLRi*RgRi ['. @j sWLS[s V, [aPR Li @LiR NRPWy xmsyLRiLi
[R Vszqss [.

sVW. 1. DFyRWM rysWxmsxmsys [ R RM.


2. RR rysV xms%sR sV c gRiV xqsLiNUPLRi s sV, xqsLiF[ ysLi, xmsLRixqsL][xmsNSLRi xqsLiRLRi+ssV, ARV
xmsRLRi+ssV, A][xmssys%sV.
3. RR @s aRPLkiLRiNRPLRixmsNRPXaRPVRRykyLi gRiVgRiVgRixLi xmsaRPLiry, xqsVM gRiVxqsLiNUPLRi s sV.
4. Rs s rs NRPV xXRRV %sVRxqsLiNUPLRi s Li xqsLi[ FyssV.
5. xqs*xmsORPQxmsLRixmsORPQWM @[[xmsNSLRixqsLiNUPLRi s Li xmsLRixqsL][xmsNSLRi RLRi+ssV.
6. @zqss[sLiNRPX[ BRsWsWLRis B AaSsssV ARVxmsRLRi+ssV.
7. W%xLi xqs ys; RVssV R sLi R` sy xqs*NRPX[xtsv xmsWysV By][xms%syssV B.
y. 1. rysVcDxmsxmsysc [ R cRLiyV DFyRWV.
2. y[ gRiV xqsLiNUPLRi s Li, xqsLiLi]F[ ysLi, xmsLRixqsL][xmsNSLRi xqsLiRLRi+sLi, ARV xmsRLRi+sLi,
A][xmssysLi @s rysVLi @LiVVRV %syV.
3. FsRVys sLiaRPLi, aRPLkiLRi rLiRLRiLi, NRPLRi, xqs*sLi, %sR, RsLi sVVR\sy[ Ds sVLi R sV
xmsRLi xmsaRPLixqs. [s gRiVsV zms xqsVLiRRLi "gRiV xqsLiNUPLRi s Li'. (gRiVgRixsV @s[ FyhRiLi[ gRiVsV
gRizLiRRLi @sgS sLij LiRRLi @s @LiR Li).
4. ys RVV, %syx xqsLiLiR Li, %syxqsLiLiR Li, RVRVs GLRiTs xqsLiLiR Li, NRPVxqsLiLiR Li,
xXRRV (}qsx) xqsLiLiR Li, %sVRVV sVVR\s ys xmsRLi "xqsLiLi]F[ ysLi'.
92
5. xqs*xmsORPQcxmsLRi xmsOSQNRPV xmsLRixqsLRiLi DxmsNSLRiLi NRPVgRiVRVLiRs xmsRLi "xmsLRixqsL][xmsNSLRi xqsLiRLRi+sLi'.
6. C xmss B [}qs sVsR LjiNUP C Li NRPVgRiVRVLiRs AaRP RWxmsRLi "ARV xmsRLRi+sLi'.
7. ""s[s W, sVsp* INRP[. y Rys sVso* ds xmssV[ }qs*RgS DxmsWgjiLiRVN]ssRV'' @s xmsRLi
"A][xmssysLi'.
sVW. 1. DxmsxmsyssVL]x[msNSLRiM.
2. aRPssLi sLRiLRi=sLi R [ R M.
3. sR M, xmsLjiZNP [aPR M, @LiR xLRiLi R B.
y. 1. R sLi Bs*RLi y*LS DxmsNSLRiLi [R VRLi "DxmsxmsysLi'.
2. sVsxqsV=[ aRPLiNRP NRPgjiLiRRLi, RV|msRLi " [ R Li'.
3. RLixmsRLi, LiR s yRyRV [R R NRPgjiLiRRLi "RLiRLi'.
sVW. 1. @NSsM, yxmsn WRM, xmsosLRiVNRP s V, @xmsaRPM, xqsLixms sM B [][uyM.

2. RR NSxmsRNRPsV, @yLRiV%sxtsQs V%sLSgSORPQLRiR*sV @NSsM.


3. xmsplLi[* xmsbPsVxqs @sVxmsxmsM yxmsn WRM.
4. DNRPxqs @%sZaP[}tsQ j*dRVsVVyLRiLi xmsosLRiVNRP sV.
5. sRsNSNSLRiNSsVsyxmsWgRiM @xmsaRPM.
6. @slLi [ sLRiNRPLRisV, slLi [ ysLiR QNTPRW, gRiV%sxmsLSxqsM xqsLixms sM B.
y. 1. @NSLi, yxmsn WRLi, xmsosLRiVNRPL i, @xmsaRPLi, xqsLixms sLi C HRW [ ][uyV.
2. y[ ss xmsyV DxmsWgjiLiRRLi, @LiRLigS [NPR , FsgRiVRVjgRiVRVgS NRPsU NRPsRNRPVLiy @ORPQLSV
DLiRRLi "@NSLi'.
3. sVVR zmssysNTP RLRiVyR zmssj %sLRiVR LigS DLiRRLi "yxmsn WRLi'
4. zmss yss @[ %sR LigS (%sZaP[xtsQLi G%dsV [NPR VLiy) sVd xmsRLi "xmsosLRiVNRPL i'.
5. LigSV, sRyV, NSLi, NSLRiNSV xmsWgjiLiRszqss %sR LigS NSNRP sVL]NRP%sR LigS xmsWgjiLiRRLi
@xmsaRPLi.
6. %sLSsV rysLi NSs ][ %sLSsVrysLi Bs*RLi, %sLSsVLi DLiRszqss ][ %sLSsVLi Bs*NRPFsRLi,
@LiR QNRPsVLi sVVR\s gRiVNRPV %sLRiVR LigS DLiRRLi "xqsLixms sLi'.
a].[ xqsLRi*aSryQsVNRPsV xmsWgRisVVxms R,
N_[s slLi[ylLi [ aSxqssxqs %sj M NRPXRM.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QOPR Q xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ RaRPsW%yRVM,
aSxqsyj NSLRiM AjRM GNRPLiaRPM.
y. xqsNRP aSryQV xmsLjibdPLi, xmsWgSsV xmsLkiOTPQLi N_Vs [R LSNRPV DxmsWgRixmsRRLi s%sVRL i
aSxqss%sj xmsTLij. (kss xms xmspLRi*gRiLiy[ C %sxtsQR VLi sLi. NSLi).
"sLijs' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ @R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ j*dRWj NRPLRiLi[
aSxqsyj NSLRiLi @s[ RaRPsWyRVLi, sVVRsVLi sVV\|ms#INRPs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R GNSRa][%yRVM
(N][aPR Li [sNTP dzqsN]sRgjis @sVWsxqsVs o xmsLkiORPQ)
sVW. 1. N][aSR QORPQM N][aPR xmss[aPR Li LRiRLi, ryLRisV, xmsn V, NRPVxmsLi y, RRNRPLRij ztsQR M xmsgRiX{ RW`.
2. ysVxmsLij NRPsV, FyNRPyNRPsV, FybPNRPsV, N_[R VsV, _lLi[ R VsV, Fy}s sV, NSLiR %sVNRPsV, rR{qsRVsV,
xkRVsV, \|sVsRLi R sNTPN PR sV.
3. aRPM, aRPVNTPM , xmsNUPLiR NRPLi R WsRVM.
93
4. sVxqsWLRiNRPLi, xmsoNRPLi, NRPWLRiNRPsV, @LiR Rs NRPsV, NRPVNTPRLi, RVsVNRPLi, NRPLRiN PR Li, LRiNRPLi, zqsNPR NRPLi,
NSsVVNRPsV, aSssV, dssV, RVLji*R Li yxmsaRPxqssV.

5. xqs WLi, sXRL i, sxqsLi, xts v, ZaP[*RLi, gRiVLRiV, zqsQgiR Li, [aPR %sR Li R xmsaRPxqss V.
y. 1. N][aSR QOPR VRV ARW sxqsVs o yRsV xmsLkiOTPQLiR xqssVLRiV\s NRPLRiNRPV @R QORPQR szLi N][aPR Li[
xmss[aPR #|msRgjis LRiysV, ZaP[xts Q\sVs sxqsVs osV, ryyLRisVV\s sxqsVs osV, @%ssVLi Li[
sxqsVs osV {qs*NRPLjiLiy.
2. ysV xmsLik sj[ xmsosj, sVRVN][ xmsLRi*RLi %dsVR xmsosj, Fy RgiR LRi Ds FybPNSsj[ xmso sj,
zqsLix k*xmsLi[s sVRVWLRi gSsVLi[ NRPVsj[ xmsosj, ZNP[LiR #[aPR Li[s RWLik sj[ xmsosj,
sV}LiRxmsLRi*RLi RgiR LRi Ds xqssVVRLi[ xmsosj, FyLRi{qsNRP [aPR Li[s NRPLiR sWsj[ xmsosj, LRiLRiNRPWLi[
rRzqs @s[ sj[ xmsosj, LRiLRiNRPWLi[ INRP xqssVVRgRiLi[ $xmsn VLiLi @s[ xRLi[ (LRiVso[)
xmsosj, zsWRVLi%dsVR xmsosj c C %sR LigS sVVyV xmsj ZOP[Q y[ ryLiVV.
3. aRPLiLi, sVVRxmso xms, BRLRi\sVs gRiNRPVLiRVV sVVyV xmso [ ryyV.
4. sVxqsWLjigjiLi ANSLRiLi NRPj, xmsoNRPLi @s[ ysLi gjiLi ANSLRiLi gRij, NRPWLSNSLRiLi gRij, @LiR RLiyNSLRiLi
gRij, \|mss ]RVgRiV Dsj, LigS Dsj, R \sj, gRiRVNRPVVsj, @sLi sVRVNRPV ANSLRiLi[
RVNRPVsj, NRPsVLiRLi ANSLRiLi[ Dsj, NRPzmsaRP (Vxmso sVxmso) sLRiLi gRij, dssLiR Q\sVsj, RxmsVgS
LRiLiR Li [R VTsj @LiVVs sVVRLi xmsaRPxqsLi NSRV.
5. xqs WLigS Dsj, sXRL igS (gRiVLiRLigS) Dsj, sVV (RLi) [sj, xmsNSbPxqsWs j, gS Dsj,
sVsgS Dsj, xqsLji\Vs ][ LRiLiR Li [zqssk @LiVVs sVVRLi xmsaRPxqsQ\sVsj.
sVW. 1. bdPL<iR NRPsV , DxmsbdPL<iR NRPsV, xmsNSNRPsV, @sxmsn WNRPsV, RLRixmss Li [ RVzts Qxms [ yM.
2. RV{ts QysVxts Qxqsxxqs%sVs Rs M. R][%LiR Li %sRVRs M. aRPRLi[s Rs M. RRVMxtsQzts QLiR LiR LRiM.
RRVxtsQaRP`LRibPNRPxmsM. y*LiaRP` gRiVRM.
xqsxms%sLiaRPLRiQORPQ RsW; RRVLji*LiaRPLRiLiR gRiVRM. %sLiaRPLSsNRPM. R][%LiR sWsNS ss. GNRPbdPL<ij NRPM aRPV] [ LRiM.
RR*[u yM. sVsV][ %LRisWsNRPM xmsn NRPM, xmsn NRPLRiM, xmsxmsn N][ y. xqsWRs[VNSsd aRPVy. \|qss
sVsVyRVztsQM. }sVsVyLRiysd. }sVsVsVVNSs L iR M @xmssLRiN PR M. xqsVsLRixqsWysL iR Li rFysNRPsV.
sVsVR Li y sVrFysNRPsV.
3. [s bPL][xxqsFyRNRPNRPxmsNRP%sNRP yyM.
y. 1. bdPL<iR NRPLi, DxmsbdPL<RiNRPLi, xmsNSLiRLi, @sxmsn WNRPLi, RLRixmsLiR Li @s RVxts v (sVVy xqsLS[)
[ yV. sVR |msR sVVRLi ys lLiLiRV xmsNRP IZNP[ xmssWLi[ s sVVyV Ds RVzts Q "bdPL<jiNRPLi'. INRP
|msR sVVRLi C %sR LigS gRiVs RVzts Q "Dxms bdPL<RiNRPLi'. sVR |msR sVVRLi ys lLiLiRV xmsNRP lLiLi[zqs s
sVVyV.
C %sR LigS @s[NPR \sVs xmsLiRNS][ (xmsLiRsNTPN PR xqssVVyRW][) RRWLRiV[zqssj "xmsNSLiRNRPLi'. sVR
xmsys\sVs INRP |msR sVVRLi, ys lLiLiRV xmsNRP, sLRixqsgS, INRPysNRPLi[ INRP sjgS Ds sVVyV
gRiVs RVzts Q "@sxmsn WNRPLi'. xqssWs\sVs xmssWLi gRi sVVy][ gRiVs RVzts Q "RLRi xms LiR Li.'
94

2. INRP sLiVV Fss%sVj RVxts v][ NRPsysNTP "BLiRRLiRLi' @s }msLRiV. ys[ xqsgRiLi @LiVV[
"%sRVRLiRLi'. sWLRiV RVxtsv][ NRPsj [s RLiRLi. @LRi\syVgRiV RVxts v][ NRPsj "@LiR LRiLi'.
RW\ yVgRiV RVxts v][ NRPsj "LRibPNRPxmsLi'. sVV\|ms# lLiLiTLi][ NRPsj gRiVRLi. BLRi\sGTLi][ NRP sj
"sORPQ RsW'. BLRi\sygjiLi][ NRPsj "@LiR gRiVRLi'.
BLRi\s RVxts v][ NRPsj "sWsNRPLi'. ys[ xqsgRiLi "@LiR sWsNRPLi'. C BLiRRLiyRVZNP[ sVR [ sV
DLi[ @xmsVRV y }msLRiV "BLiRRLiRsWsNRP', "%sRVRLiRsWsNRP' ByRV soyLiVV.
ZNP[s Li bdPL<iR NSRV][ NRPs BLiR RLiyRVV, @sgS DxmsbdPL<iR NSRVV NRPss%s aRPVR LSV, @sgS
"BLiRRLiR bdPL<iR NRP aRPVR LRiLi', "%sRVRLiR bdPL<iR NRP aRPVR LRiLi' Byj ysV [ R W][ DLiLiVV.
@[ %sR LigS "BLiRRLiR DxmsbdPL<RiNRP LRiLi' "BLiRRLiRNRP xmsNSLiR aRPVR LRiLi' ByRVV NRPWy. sVR [
sVLRiNRPyj sVVV NRPWLjis @LiR sWsNRPLi (ssVNRP zmss RaRPRVzts QNPR LRiLi) sVWRV [y HRV
LigSLRiVxmsn NS][ NRPWT DsxmsVRV ysNTP "xmsn NRPLRiLi' @s }msLRiV. (xmsn NRPLRiLi, xmsLiRxmsn NRPLRiLi) @s
}msLiR V).
sVVV [s bdPL<iR NSjLS NSsNTP IZNP[ }ms DsQ LiVV[ ysNTP "xqsWRLi' @s }msLRiV. ysZNP[ sVR sV DLi[
"RVzts Q' @s }msLRiV. LigSLRiV sVV (xmspxqs) [R %sR\sVs RVzts QNPT "LRiys' @s }msLRiV. LigSLRiV xmspxqsV,
sVVV, sVVyV NRPzms gRiVsj "@xmssLRiN PR Li'. sVR LigSLRiV xqsWRLi][ [y LigSLRiV ][ NRPWLjis
sVVy LRiLi }msLRiV "rFysNRPLi'. sVR sVR sVVV NRPWLji RRWLRiV [zqss sVVyLRiLi
"sVrFysNRPLi'.
3. BLiRsLRiNRPV zmss bdPL<iR NSjNRPLihS LRixmsR [R bPLRixqsV=%dsVR, xryNRPV, FyyNRPV, NRPxms[aPR Li%dsVR R LjiLi[
NRPxmssW(xqsLRiLi) NRPLi (xqsLSxqssVVyRVLi) ysLis .[ @sgS bPL][xryR VLiRV R LjiLi[ yNTP NRPWR
sLSs xms Bs[ }msLiR V @s @LiR Li.
sVW. 1. sVM N_[, sW[R VNRPM, FyLRixqssVVRNRPaRP.
2. rgRis NRPM, xmsRLSgRiM, @ssRLSgRiM, FyLjiRxmsoxtsQNRPM, xqsWLRiNRPM.
3. \sRWLRiM c DRsLiR M, bPLkixtsQxmsoxtsQNRP, DRNRPsLiR M, sLiaRPLSgRiM, aRPVNRPxmsRsLiR M, xmsoxtsQLSg][, g][s VWRNRPM, g][s[VRNRPM.
4. dssdRVM, Bs dsM, NRPRVxmsoxtsQNRPM, sVdsM, sVy , sVWRxms M, ss NRPM, xqsssR M.
5. aRPVR xqsNRPM, sVWsLiR M, bdPRsXzts QM, xqsWLRiNSsZ aP[ sVRVM.
y. 1. N_Li, sW[R VNRPLi, FyLRixqssVVRNRPLi @s sV sVWRV %syV. N][[, @sgS sVRVcrygRiLS sVR
sVs xms[aPR Li[ xmsosj "N_Li'. sVRVLi[ INRP gRi\sVs NRPLik ssLi @s[ ysWLiRLRiLi gRi sW @s[
xms[aPR Li[ xmsosj "sW[R VNRPLi'. FyLRixqssVVRLi @sgS zqsLixk*xmsLi[ Ds L][xj. @NRPR xmso s sV
"FyLRixqssVVRNRPLi'. xqsNRPc\sRWLRicsVLRiNRPyRVV %sLiR c%sRWLRicRLiR LSRV[ NRPWy xmsoRyLiVV. @LiRV[R
BNRPR sVV DRryyV FyLiVVNRPLigS (ryyLRiLigS)BNRPR xmsoRyLiVV @s[ RXzts Q[ xmsTsj.
(gRi.aS.).
2. rgRiLij NRPLi, xmsRLSgRiLi, @ssRLSgRiLi, FyLjiR xmsoxtsQNRPLi, xqsWLRiNRPLi @s sVV[ HRV
RVVLiLiVV. rgRiLij NRP xmsoxtsQLi s N]LiLi dsLi LRiLigRiV NRPzqss FsLRiVxmso LRiLigRiV gRij "rgRiLij NRPLi'.
xmsRsLiR Li gRij "xmsRLSgRiLi'. @ssRLi @sgS NRPVLiNRPVsVxmsoso*. A LRiLigRiV gRij "@ssRLSgRiLi'.
FyLjiRxmsoxtsQLi LRiLigRiV gRij "FyLjiR xmsoxtsQNRPLi'. DRLiVVxqsWs xqsWLRiVs sLiR Li gRij "xqsWLRiNRPLi'.

3. NRPVs LRiLigRiV gRi g][s[VRNRPLi "DRsLiR Li'. bPLkixtsQ xmsoxtsQsLiR Li gRij "bPLkixtsQ xmsoxtsQNRPLi'. aRPVR \sVs ds LRiLigRiV
gRij "DRNRPsLiR Li'. sRVLRiVNRPV LRiLigRiV gRij "sLiaRPLSgRiLi'. NRPlLiNRP LRiLigRiV gRij "aRPVNRPxmsRsLiR Li'. xmsxqsVxmsoLRiLigRiV
gRij xmsoxtsQLSgRiLi. g][s VWRLi LRiLigRiV[ Dsj "g][s VWRNRPLi'. g][s[VRLi @sgS g][L][R sLi. A LRiLigRiV gRij
"g][s[VRNRPLi'. C %sR LigS \sRWLRiLi Fss%sVj %syVgS DLiVLij.
95
4. BLiRds[s [ yV:c gSs[ DLiT ds LRiLigRiV LRi Vsj dssdRVLi. ssV zmsLiR Li LRiLigRiV[
Dsj "BLiRdsLi'. NRPRVLi @s[ ys%sZaP[xtsQLi VVNRP xmsoxtsQLi sLi LRiLigRiV gRij "NRPRVxmsoxtsQNRPLi'.
RVsVR LRiLigRiV[ Dsj "sVdsLi'. s[lLi[R VxmsLiRV LRiLigRiV[ Dsj "Liy Li'.
s[Vxmsn VLi LRiLigRiV[ Dsj "sVWRxms Li'. [xms gS \ sgS Dsj sLiRNRPLi'. ds NSLRiVRVsV
NRPs[ NTPLRi xmsryLRiLi gRij xqsssR Li.
5. xqsNS[s [ yV:c gS gS Dsj aRPVR xqsNRPLi'. RsVVLRiV (ss) dzqss[zqss |msLRiVgRiV LRiLigRiV[
DLi[j sVWsLiR Li' RLiRNTPLRiV RgRigSs[ Rs dsLRiV xqs%sLi[ RLiRNSLiRLi "bdPRsXzts Q'.
xqsWLRiNTPLRixqsLRi+[R sxmsV NRPZNP[j xqsWLRiNSLiRLi'. B%s sV [ yV.
sVW. 1. xtsQR aRPM, RRVLRia][, sX][ y, dsLSgRiM, xqsLirysys, @RM, zqsQgiR M, gRiVLRiVM, @Ljiuys, @sL iR Rxms M,
xmssV[{ms R B sVgRiVM.
2. sVs LSgRixms M, xqsaRPLRiLRiM, xmsoxtsQRM, M, RVLji*R M, [NUPLiR M B ][uyM.
3. %ssVNRPM, xqsxqsNRPM, @ssVWNRPM, zmsRN PR M, xqsV NRPM, [zyORPQM, sVXgSaRPNRPM, [dLRixqsNRPM, \sV[R VNRPM,
AzRRNRPM, NRPWLRiM, xmsNRPWLRiM, xqsVgRis NRPWLRiM, OUPQLiR xmsNRPM, aRPVNTP R WLiR NRPM, bPxmsyNRPM, xmsoNRPM, aRPVNRPxmsoNRPM
BRsL iR RRVM.
4. ZaP[uyM NSRsVRVM.
y. 1. ALRiV @LiRVV (N][V) gRij, yVgRiV N][V gRij, [y gRiVLiRLigS Dsj, ds\sVs LRiLigRiV gRij
(gS xmsNSbPLi[j ) @LiNSLS[ NRPWLRiysNTP Rgjis @sRVy NRPWLRiV gRij, sLRisVV, sVsgS Dsj.
LRiV\ssj, NSLi gRij, sVR [ NSLi][ RR[k , Rs NSLi[R xmsNRPsVs sxqsVs osV xmsp}qsk @s C
xmsRN]LiRV sVNTP DLiRszqss sVLi gRiVV.
2. sVLiR\sVs LRiLigRiV, NSLi gRij, BxqsVNRP lLi[Vso Vsj, sVR [ RVNRPVsj, R \sj, R gS LRiLiR Li
[R VTsj, gkiRV xmsR jc @s. B%s sVV ][uyV.
3. VxmsocsVxmso sLRiLi gRij, dsLigS Dsj, dsLigSsV sgSsV Dsj, g][zmsRL i LRiLigRiV gRij, sj,
sLiR [ FsgSsV sVR sgSsW Dsj, Vxmso sVxmso NRPzqss LRiLigRiV gRij, Vxmsp FsLRiVxmsp LRiLigRiV gRij,
BLigRiVs LRiLigRiV gRij, sVLiR\sVs LRiLigRiV
gRij, BxqsVNRP][ sLiTs Vsj, sVRVNRPV LRiLigRiV gRij, |msxqsLRigjiLi LRiLigRiV gRij, Fy LRiLigRiV gRij, @s[NPR \ sVs
LRiLigRiVV gRij, xmsgRiRsVV LRiLigRiV [y gRiVLRiV LRiLigRiV gRij, @s[NPR \sVs LRiLigRiVV gRij, xmsgRiRsVV LRiLigRiV [y
gRiVLRiV LRiLigRiV gRij, sVR sgS Dsj, sVR gS Dsj c C %sR LigS sVV[ xms s%sVj @yLiRLRi
RVV DLiLiVV.

4. (C sVVds xmsaRPxqsQ\sVs%s) BLiNRP %sVgjis%s @xmsaRPxqsQ\sVs gS xmspxqsV.


sVW. 1. xqsLSxts QNRPLi, sVR sVLSxts QNRPLi, NS{qsLiR LSxts QNRPLi, $NRPsNRPLi, sVsVsN PR Li, Bs ysNRPLi R ssV.
2. sM, rRM, xmsNUPLiR NRPLi R WsRVM.
3. sWLSLSORPQNPR Li R bPLkixtsQxmsoxtsQNRPLi, g][sVWRNRPLi, g][s[VRNRPsV, aRPVR xqsNRPLi, sVWxmsoxtsQNRPsLRisV,
sVsLSysVsRsVsLRi%sV ssLSM.
4. xqs WLi, zqsQgiR Li, gRiVLRiV, xmsLRixqsxLi, xqssVN][NRPLi, s[d , RLRiV%sV, xts v R xmsaRPxqss V.
5. sxts QN][Li, sLRibP, FyLS+Q*xmssXRL i R @xmsaRPxqss V.
y. 1. %sRLRi[aPR Li[ xmsosj, N][xqs[aPR Li[ xmsosj. NS{qsLiR LSxts QLi[ xmsosj, $NRPsxmsLRi*RLi%dsVR xmso sj,
DRL iR [aPR Li[ Ds sVsVLiRNRPLi @s[ xmsLRi*RLi%dsVR xmsosj,
NRPLigRi[aPR Li[ xmsosjc C%sR LigS sNRPV ALRiV DR ryyV. @LiVV[ BNRPR zmss%s NSNRP BLiNS N]s
s[R ryyV DyLiVV(gRi.aS.).
96
2. gRisVV, skxmsyxLi, gRiRLiRsVWj BRLRiryyV %dsNTP DR ryyV.
3. zms NRP LRiLigRiV gRij, bPLkixtsQxmsoxtsQLi LRiLigRiV gRij, g][s VWRLi LRiLigRiV gRij, g][s[VRNRPLi LRiLigRiV gRij,
aRPVR xqsNRPLi LRiLigRiV gRij, sVWxmsoxtsQLi sLi LRiLigRiV gRij, BRLRi sVV sLS[ G][ INRP sVVVNRP
LRiLigRiV gRij @s ssLSV.
4. xqs WLigS Dsj, xqsVsgS Dsj, LRiVsogS Dsj, sgRiN]y sgRisj, xqssWs\sVs @LiRVV gRij,
FyR[ s[zqs BW @W zms[ A FyRNRPV gkiRV xms[V [}qsj, RLRiVso (INRP RVLiRLi) s gRiVLiRLigS
Ljilgi[j cBLi sLi xmsaRPxqsLi.
5. N][V [sj, @LiRVV [sj, INRP mx sNRPNRPV LjigjiFLiVV sV Dsj @xmsaRPxqsLi.
sVW. xmsyNRPsV c ANRPs NRPLi, \ssLij NRPLi, R LRiNRPL i xmsRLSgRiLi R NRPLRigRiLjiNSsLiR %sV.
y. LRiLRiNRPWLi[s INRP xqssVVRgRiLi[ xmsosj, RVssk*xmsLi[s INRP xqssVVRFyLiRLi[ xmso sj @s
lLiLiRV DR ryyV NRPj, Fssj, xmsRLSgRisLiR sVW @s lLiLiRV LRiLigRiVV gRik @s xmsyLi(xmsgRiRLi)
xqs*LRiWxmsLi. xmsoLRiVgRiVV s[zqssj, sVR [ xqs WLigS Dsk @LiVVs xmsgRiRLi xmsLjiRLiRRgjisj.
sVW. 1. Rs ssV c ryRsLi, LRiNRPL i, W%sVsgRis . g][bPd L<RiNRPLi, NSysVLi sVR=QgRis .
xLjiRs sLi aRPVNRPxmsRsLiR sV AsVgRis . yLiR xqsLi R. gSs[VLRiVNRPLi LRiNRPL i, LRiNRPN SLi ysxqss VWRgRis . \sxqs [ R VLi LRiNRPL i
xmsRgRis . sNRPLi R. [ NRPLi LRiNRPL i, LRiNRPN SLi y zqsQgiR sV. fLRiWxmsLi R. sW[R VNRPLi FyVLRiNRP s V, NRPVRs sLi
NSsLiR NRPLi g][s VWRgRis . NSxmsLRi*RNRPLi LRiWORPQsV, @gRiVLRiVNSLi, LRiNRPL i, LRiNRPN SLi y. N][aPR NSLRixmsLRi*RNRPLi NSLi,
NSRLi y. bdP][R NUPRVLi xmsy Li, NSzqsQgiR Li y. ygRixmsLRi*RNRPLi LRiWORPQLiQ\ZaPs sLiR Li y. aSNRPLi NRPzms%sV.

2. xmsn VV, zqsQgiR sV, @aSssV, xqsLjiM}qsx[zms, gRis xqsVLi, R*gRisVryLji, @sVsV, @%sLSgji, Dxts QxqsxLi,
yxgSz, xqsVxqsLRi+s%sV Rs sgRiVM.
y. 1. RLiRys gRiWLji xmsRVRVsj c ryRs[aPR Li[ xmsos RLiRsLi FsgS, NSs s[%dsVR ds
R[ s[ xqsVyxqss][ DLiVLij. g][bPd L<iR [aPR Li[ xmsos RLiRsLi LRiLigRiV sVxmsocFsLRiVxmso NRPzqs DLiVLij. ks
yxqss sVR=QLi yxqss. Fss NRPLRi%dsLRixmsoxtsQLi yxqss sLi yxqss @s N]LiRLRiV. xLji[aPR Li[ xmsos RLiRsLi
LRiLigRiV
VNRPlLiNRP LRiLigRiV. xqsVyxqss sW%sVTxmsLiRV yxqss. RXxqsLi @s[ sj dLRiLi[ xmsos RLiRsLi NRPWy C
%sR LigSs[ DLiVLij. gSs[VLRiVso[ xmsos RLiRsLi LRiLigRiV FsLRiVxmspcsVxmsp NRPzqs DLiVLij. yxqss
s[VNRPsVWRLi yxqss, NRPxqsWLij yxqss @s N]LiRLRiV. [sxqs [ xmsos RLiRsLi FsgS, xmsRxqsVgRiLiR Li][ DLiVLij.
(BLiRsLRiNRPW zmss ryRsLi sVVR\s xmsRsVWRV sVRVxmsLRi*RLi VVNRP %s%sR xms[aSV). sNRP[aPR Li[
xmsos RLiRsLi NRPWy \sxqs [ R VLi ss[ DLiVLij. [LigRiNRP[aRPLi[ xmsosj FsgS gSs, FsLRiVxmsosVxmsp
NRPzqss LRiLigRiV][ NSs, N]LiLi R VgS xmsRxqsVgRiLiR Li][ DLiVLij. fLRiWxmsLi NRPWy Blgi[ DLiVLij.
(sNSRVV sVWRV NSsVLRiWxms[aSsNTP (@ry=Li) Lijs%s). sW[R VNRPLi LRiLigRiV gS VxmsocFsLRiVxmso
%sVaRPsLiR LigS DLiVLij. xqsVyxqss xmsRLi xqsVyxqss. NRPVRLiRsLi LRiLigRiV sVxmso. yxqss g][sVWRLi yxqss.
g][s VWRLi ss DLi[ xqsVyxqss sxqsVLiR. g][s VWR aRPsNTP sNRPVs @s @LiR Li @s N]LiRLRiV. yss xms
ks yxqss sNRPVs yxqss @s xmsVN][y. NS xmsLRi*R FyLiRLi[ xmsosj gRiLRiVNRPVgS DLiVLij. @gRiVLRiV
s sgS NSs, FsgS gSs, FsLRiVxmsp sVxmsp NRPzqss LRiLigRiV][ NSs DLiVLij. N][aPR NSLRi xmsLRi*RLi%dsVR xmso s
RLiRsLi sgS gSs, sVxmsp sVLjiN]s LRiLigRiVV NRPzqs NSs DLiVLij. bdP][R NRP [aPR Li[ xmsosys LRiLigRiV
xmsRLi LRiLigRiV gSs, sgS sVLRiVxqsW gSs DLiVLij. ygRixmsLRi*RLi%dsVR xmsosj gRiLRiVNRPVgS, yRVLRiLigRiV][
DLiVLij. aSNRP[aPR Li[ xmsosj NRPzmssLiR Li][ (Vxmso FsLRiVxmsoNRPzqs) DLiVLij.
97
2. [NRPgS, sVsgS, sVVR NRPNRPVLiy (yNSsNTP gSs FsLiTFNRPVLiy), s[ }qsxLi (R V)sLi }qsxLi][
aRPLkiLSsNTP xmsLiRVN]sysNTP %dsVgS, xqsVNRPLRi\sVs xqsVyxqss][, aRPLkiLRiLi RLSsNTP gS @LiVN]s, \|msNTP
NRPsRNRPVLiy DLiW, sV sVVR\s%s NRPzqsy LiRNRPVLiy, aRPLkiLRiLi[s s[T s ]gjixqsW, \|mssVLi s[
yFys ]gjiLi, xqsLRi+NRPV xqsVNRPLRiLigS DLiRRLi c B%s RLiRs gRiVV.
sVW. 1. @gRiVLRiVc[ NRPLi NSLi, NSRLi, sVRLi y. aSsVLi ][ NRPsV. FyLRixqssVVRNRPLi RLRiWxmssV.
DbdPLRigRis sssWNSgRis s[.
2. gRiVLRiV, zqsQgiR Li, }msaRPgRiLij , sL>SLji, @gjixqsxsV, @xqsLixms oRR WsVLi, xqssVgRis sV, %ssVLiR xqsx%sVRgRiVLRiVgRiVM.
y.1. @gRiVLRiVsosV gRiWLji xmsRVRVsj c [LigRiNRPLi @s[ @gRiVLRiVso sgS gSs, ss s lLi[][ gSs,
sgSsV gSsV Ds RVNRP][ gSs DLiVLij. ][LigRiNRPLi @s[ @gRiVLRiVso sgS DLiVLij. zqsLix
k*xmsLi[ xmsos @gRiVLRiVso RsLiR LigS DLiVLij. (y LRiLigRiVV NRPzqs DLiVLij). @gRiVLRiVso yxqss ss[
yxqss s [y, ssVyNS xmsouy yxqss s DLiVLij.
2. LRiVso, sVR R sLi, xqsVNRPVsWLRi\sVs gRiLiR Li, RWLRiLigS yzmsLi[ gRiLiR Li, @gji[ s[zqsy sVLiRNRPFsRLi, BV
@W RLRis R WsVLi, IZNP[ %sR \sVs yxqss, sryQRV %dsVR sVLij Liy yxqss RNRPFsRLi c B%s @gRiVLRiVso
VVNRP gRiVV.

sVW. \xmsLij NRPLi c @a][NPR gS%sVNRPLi, sWLixqssLRiLi, xmsRgRis . [ NRPLi LRiNRP{msRNRPsV, DRgRis , g][sVWRgRis y.
gSs[VLRiVNRPLi zqsQgiR Li, g][s VWRgRis . rsLiR NRPVRNRPLi LRiNRP{ msRLi sWRVVgRis. xmspLiR NRPk*xmsNRPLi xmsRgRis , ssdsRgRis
s[.
98
y. \sLij NRPLi @s[j @gji[ s[zqs NS[ INRP RsLi. NSsVLRiWxms [aPR Li[s @a][NRP gSsVLi[ xmsos \ sLij NRPLi
[T sWLixqsLi LRiLigRiV[ DLiVLij. xqsVyxqss xmsRLi yxqss. NSsVLRiWxms[aPR Li[ [ NRPLi @s[ gSsVLi[ xmsos
ys LRiLigRiV FsLRiVxmso xmsxqsVxmsoLRiLigRiV NRPzqs DLiVLij. ys yxqss NRPs yxqss [y g][s VWRLi yxqss.
NSsVLRiWxms [aPR Li[s[ Ds gSs[VLRiVNRP gSsVLi[ xmsosj sVRg S, g][s VWRgRiLiR Li][ DLiVLij. @[ [aPR Li[
xqsVsLiR NRPVR gSsVLi[ xmsosj LRiNRPc {msRsLiR Li][ sWRVVLigRi xmsn Li yxqss][ DLiVLij. A [aPR Li[s[ xmspLiR NRP
k*FysNTP Lijsys gRiLiR Li xmsRgRiLiR Li s [y ss xqsVyxqss s DLiVLij.
sVW. 1. R$RVsV c FyLRizRNRPLi dsLRisV. AsL iR sRsVV bdPLRisLiR sV. D RVLi NRPVxtsQgiR s [.
2. NS[R VNRPM c xqs*LiR W%sVM, zqsQgRi{msRNRPM. KRL iR xmsLRi*LiRN][ LRiNRP{ msRNRPM. B ryLSM.
3. zmsNS*RR WsVxqsx sV%sLSgji WgSsV%syLiVV R. Rs ygRiVLRiV sR [uyLi gRiVM.
y. 1. R$RVLi @s[ RLiRsLi (NRPLRiWLRiLi @s N]LiRLRiV) NSsVLRiWxms[aPR Li[s zR @s[ sRLi
(N]LiRNSs) @sR IR Vs xmsoRVRVLij. ks LRiLigRiV xmsoxtsQLi LRiLigRiV. @ry=Li[s[ ALiRLRis @s[ sj
dLRiLi[ xmsosj ss[ LRiLigRiV][ DLiVLij. C lLiLiTLi xqsVgRiLiR Li FyLjisLi @s[ JxtsQj sLij.
2. NS[R VNRPLi @s[ INRP NRP xqsVsLRi[aPR Li[ (LS[) xmsoRVRVLij. sVRg S xmsRgS DLiVLij. zsVsRLRi*RLi
%dsVR xmsosj sVbP LRiLigRiV[ DLiVLij. BLiRsLRiNRPV zmss xmsyLSV ryLRisVVV. (Lki\s ZaP[xts QxmsyLSV).
3. \sLij NRPLi sVVR\s sVWRW NRPWy zmsLiT [zqs sVVR gS [zqsy, DTNTPLiy, R WxmsLis[zqsy xqsVyxqss
RNRPVLiy DLiLiVV. BRLRi sxqsVs o][ (RV][) NRPzqsy G%dsV Rso. BRLRisxqsVs o][ NRPzms[
NRPzqsFyLiVV. %ds gRiVV RLiRysNTP @gRiVLRiVsoNUP Ds gRiV sLi%s.
sVW. 1. NSs ysNRPLi, \|ms#RVNRPLi R KRL iR xmsLRi*RNRPLi RLRi. NSs ysNRPLi sVRVWLRigkiy sV. \|ms#RVNRPLi ds{msRLi,
ZaP[*RLi, [s VRsV. RRV RVsVuyRWsVsV.
2. {qs, sV{qs R y*RaRPgS%dsV[V. @sQQNPR LiR WFy RVzNS y y {qs. xmsLRiVuy, ZaP[*yFyRW sV{qs.
y*RaSVRVsV sVV RVsV.
3. aS%sVNS, NSNS, NRPRd, R[ RL S, aSNRPV R AL][xM. NRPzms s Vy y aS%sVNS. NSNS NRPzms,
NRPFRsLS y. RRV RV sVuyVRWsVsV. xmsLRiVuy NRPRd xryR Vy \|qss Rs y s][R L S. NRPRd
gS aSNRPV N][hiR sVy NRPXRNRPLij NSsy [.
y. 1. xmsn VsxqsVs o[ (@LiRgS Lki\s%s NSs sxqsVs o[ RLSsV gRiWLji [xmsoRVyRV.)
zsVsRLRi*ysNTP Lijs%s NSLiRysNRPLi, \|ms#RVNRPLi @s[ RLSV. NSLiRysNRPLi ssVNRPLihRiLi LRiLigRiV[
DLiVLij. \|ms#RVNRPLi ds{msRsLiR Li][s V, gSsV, gkiR][s V, RVNRP][s V RsLiR LigSsV DLiVLij. C
lLiLiTLi F~Rso Fss%sVj @LigRiVV.

2. zqs, sVzqs @s[%s zsWRV FyLiRLi[s xmssLiRV gSsW[ ryLiVV. zqs @s[ RLRiLi LRiLigRiV
Blgi[ DLiVLiRs sLSLRi [R VysNTP aRPNRPLi NSRV. RV DLiVLij. [y RsLiR Li][ DLiVLij. sVzqs
xmsLRiVxtsQLigS, ysLRiNRPV gS DLiVLij. C lLiLiTLi F~Rso xmssLiRV @LigRiVV.
3. aS%sVNRP, NSNRP, NRPR, RLi][R L iR , aSNRPV @s[%s zsVsRLRi*RLi %dsVRs[ AL][xLi @s[ xms[aPR Li[ ryLiVV.
aS%sVNRP NRPzmssLiR Li[ WTRLRiLigRiV RVNRP][ RLigS DLiVLij. NSNRP NRPzmssLiR Li][ gSs FysoLRiLi LRiLigRiV][
NSs DLiVLij. C lLiLiTLi F~Rso Fss%sVj @LigRiVV. NRPR xmsLRiVxtsQLigS (gRigS) INRP xxqsLi (24 @LigRiVV)
F~Rso DLiVLij. C NRPR %dsVR RLiyNRPLRi\sVs LiRVsoV (RVNRPV) DLi[ ysNTP "RLi][R L iR ' @s }msLRiV.
aSNRPV F~Rso NRPRF~Rso[ sVWRssLiRV (Fss%sVj @LigRiVV) DLiVLij.
NRPRNRPLi[ sVWRVlLiV F~Rso @s N]LiRLRiV. Fss gRiVLiRs lLi[][ RLigS DLiVLij. xqsxLigS GLRiTs
RLRigRiLiRV][ (RLRiLi%dsVR GLRiTs sVVRV][) @LiRLigS DLiVLij.
99
sVW. 1. rysVWLRiLi, ds{qs, rysVWd R x s[R WM. xtsQ LiaRPRV sVssLRiLi rysVWLRisV. ds{qs LRiNRPN Sd,
FyVNSd R. rysVWd g][R WsVslLi [ .
2. ryy, sRW, RXRxmsoy R KyM. ryy NRPXuy. sRWsLS. NRPzms sXRxmsoy R. B
RLRiRRVM.
3. RLRiLi sVXRV, zqsQgiR Li, x[s V R ZaP[xts Qs V.
y. 1. x s[aSsNTP xqsLiLij Lis (N`PRW @s NSLi. zsVsRLRi*RFyLiRLi @s gRi.aS.) RLSV
rysVWLRiLi, dszqs, rysVW @s sVWRV LRiNSV. rysVWLRiLi F~Rso sVV\|ms#ALRiV @LigRiVV; LRiLigRiV NSVNRP
LRiLigRiV. dszqs LRiLigRiV FsLRiVxmso sVxmso NRPzqs gSs Vxmso sVxmso NRPzqs gSs DLiVLij. rysVW LRiLigRiV
g][R VsVLRiLigRiV.
2. BLiRsLRiNRPV xqs RLS RLSV zms BxmsVRV RLS RLSV xmsoRVyRV c DRLi @s[ ds[ DLi[
zms RLSsNTP KRLi @s }msLRiV. rys, sRW, sXRxmsoR @s ys RLSV sVWRV LRiNSV. rys LRiLigRiV
sVxmso. sRW LRiLigRiV sLi @s[ gRiT sVLiT xmsos RWjLRiLigRiV sLi LRiLigRiV. sXRxmsoR LRiLigRiV NRPzmsLi (Vxmso,
FsLRiVxmso NRPLiVVNRP). B%s RLRiRVV.
3. RLS[ sVRg S sVsgS y L][s WV Dsj ZaP[xts QLi.
sVW. 1. aRPVR Li, aRPVR LRiNRPL i, xmsORPQLiR NRPL i R A%sNRPsV. RLi ysRLi, xqsLixmsn WRLi, RsV%ss Li R.
2. NRPsVM, ZNP[R NRPM, NRP%sVNS, ry%sVNS, RVLRigS xqsLiR sV, sLiR NRPsV, RRNPR sV, yLRiyM, xmsLjirsVM,
xqssVs RNRPLi R @%sNRPsV.
3. @xts QFxqsLixmsn Wy, NRPXuy, {qs, sL<iR yLRisV, @xmsryLRiNRP B \sFyNRPsV.
y. 1. @%sNRPLi (g] L][s W][ RRW\lLisj) xmspLjig S gSsV, xmspLjig S FsgSsV, N]LiR FsgRisV
(FyLSQ*[ FsgSsV) DLiVLij. C xqsWRV][ @sj, RsLSV DLi[V s[zqssj, sVVNRPV @NTP
RRWLRiV [zqssj, N]LiR gRiLi yLSV [NPR VLiy dsLij c BV sVWRV LkiRV[ DLiVLij.

2. NRPLid, ZNP[R NRPLi (@Rso[ Ljilgi[y bPLRiryQLi), NRP%sVNRP (GsVgRi%dsVR s[}qs AxqsLiR Li), r%sVNRP(ss
gRixqsLiR Li), @aS*xqsLRiLi, sLiR NRPLi (LRiLigRiVNRPLid), RRNPR Li (INRP LRiNRPLi NRPLi), yLRiFyLi(F~RVgRiV ]NS),
xmsLjirs VLi (%saSsVW RsLiR sVV @LiVVs NRPLid), xqssVLiR RNRPLi (gRiRV ssVNRPgRiLi%dsVR LRiORPQLiN][xqsLi
NRP}msj) c Bsds NRPWR g] L][s W][ [zqss sxqsQ [ yV.
3. sVsgS LjiFRVsV, RTzqssV NRPs[j , xqsss yLS][ s[zqssj, sVR sj @LiVVs A%sNRPLi
ZaP[xts Q\sVsj.
4. s[Fy[aPR Li[ RRWLRi[V "Ligjizqs' @s[ Ds Fss%sVj sVVNRPV @NTP sgS DLiVLij. @xmsryLRiNRPLi
@s[j sL<iR LisVLi LRiOTPQxqsVLij.
sVW. 1. xqsLixmsoNS, RRVLjibPNS, sVLS, NRPysNRPLi, FysLRiNRPM, xqsR% sZNP[ sVXgRiL][s V.
2. yNRPLi ZaP[*RLi zqsQgiR Li, RVNRPWLi; FNRPLi aSsVLi, sVzqsQgiR Li; rsLiR NRPVRNRPLi xqsWLRisLiR sV.
sVzqsQg][ R NRPyssV, RRVLRiaRPysLi, y%sVaRPysLi R.
3. G[uys[VNSLiaRPVNRPsV @R LiR j*RRVLRiLiaRPVNRP%sV.
4. [s NSbPNRPLi FNRPLi R O_QsVLi yRsV.
100
y. 2. sLigRi[aPR Li[ RRW\lLis xmsV gS sVsgS DLiVLij. soLiR[aPR Li[ RRW\lLisj sgS
sVLRiNRPRsV s sgRisgRiRVRW DLiVLij. @ry=Li[s xqsVsLiR NRPVRLi @s[ xms[aPR Li[ RRW\lLisj xqsWLRiVs
LRiLigRiV[ DLiVLij. C sVWRV LRiNS RVNRPWV NRPWR RRWLRiV[R VysNTP sVVLiRV yLRiLi ds [ ys ,
sV][ yss gS LSzqs s[ryLRiV.
A %sR LigS s[zqssj "sVzqsQg][ R NRP ysLi'. sV s sVsgS, DRNRPLi s FyLRiRLRi+NRPLigS DLiVLiRs N]LiRLRiV.
sVL]NRP yLRiLi NRPssj ""RRVLRiaRPyxqsLi''. sWW, xmsW NRPzms [y lLiLiRV LRiLigRiV xmsV][, s[zqssj
"y%sVaRPysLi.'
3. %ds[ N]s IZNP[ LRiNRPLi yLRiLi][ s[zqss%s; @%s GNSLiaRPVNSV. sVso[ INRP yLRiLi, @R Li[ sV|ms s lLiLiRV
yLSV [y sVso[ lLiLiRV yLSV, @R LigS INRP yLRiLi Dsj "@R LSLiaRPVNRPLi', sVsp @R sVW NRPWR
lLiLi[zqs yLSV sV s[zqs s[zqssj "R*QLiaRPVNRPLi', sVWRV yLSV sV s[zqs s[zqssj "RQLiaRPVNRPLi', yVgRiV
yLSV sVs[zqs s[zqssj "RRVLRiLiaRPVNRPLi'.
4. ks [R NSbdP[ RRW\lLis O_Qs VLi(xmsV) soLiR[aPR Li[ RRW\lLisk NRPWy ysLiRTsj. @sgS
A O_Qs V sryQ xqs*LRiWxmsxqs*yV NRPWy GNSLiaRPVNSj LkiRV[ DLiLiVV @s @LRiLi.
sVW. 1. sWgRij NS, FNS, rsLiR NRPVRNS R xms][LSM. ygRisXO][Q, NRPVRM, sNRPVM, saRPWsRVM, {msNS
ygRisXOTPQNS. g][R WsVsLSQ\NRPVd. ZaP[*y yNRPVd, ZaP[uy ssdsRsLS.
2. yryLi rsLiR NRPVRNS ZaP[uy. RRW N_ZaP[R VLi dsxmsaRP ds W%sVM yyM.

y. 1. sVgRiR [aPR Li[ xmsos%s, DLiR [aPR Li[ xmsos%s, xqsVsLiR NRPVRNRP FyLiRLi[ xmsos%s @s xms][LS V
sVWRV %syV. (ARW ANRPVV s xmsoLRiVgRiV Li sVLiT sLis yLRiLi "xms][LiR '. xms][LiR V
sWgRij NRP, FLiTNRP, rsLiR NRPVRNRP @s sVWRV %syV, %dsNTP ygRisXORPQLi, ssVV, gRiRV, sV V,
DR ryyV.
ygRisXORPQLi s xmsosj, @sgS ygRisXORPQLi ANRPVV s xmsoLRiVgRiV Li sVLiT xmsos xmsV xmsRgS
DLiVLij. NRPVRsXORPQLi y*LS xmsosj g][R VsVsLRiLi[ DLiVLij. sNRPV sXORPQLi y*LS Lisj gS
DLiVLij. s sXOSQsNTP xqsLiLij Lisj ss LRiLigRiV[ DLiVLij.
2. y[ rsLiR NRPVRNRP \sVs xms][LiR ZaP[xts Q\sVsj. C rsLiR NRPVRNRP[R ds W%sV[ xmsos (\y [aPR Li @s
N]LiRLRiV, "ds' @s[ INRP zsWRV FyLiR W%sV @s sVLji N]LiRLRiV) xmsV, xmsVV ysLiRTs .[
sVW. sWR VLRisV, AxmsLSsN PR Li, NSNRPLi, NSbPNRPLi, yNRPLi, yR=NRPLi, sVzxtsQNPR Li R NSLSzqsNRPLi ZaP[xts Q%sV.
y. ROTPQ [aPR Li[s sVR VLRi[s V, N][LiNRP[aPR Li[s V, NRPLigRi[aPR Li[s V, NSbdP[s V, sLigRi[aPR Li[s V,
sR=[aPR Li[s V, sVzxtsQ [aPR Li[s V xmsLiTs xms][ RRW\lLis sWV ZaP[xts Q\sVsj.
a].[ @RM xmslLi[uyLi LRiyyLi xmssWLi sVWORPQsV,
Li LRiWxmsLi R dsRWsysLi ssNRPLRiR.
a].[ xmsoLSxmsxqsLiryLRiLi NRPLRigRiVxsVVxmsxqsLSs,
[aPR NSxmsLkig[ iR Li zLiryLi R xmsNTPRWsV.
B $ N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QORPQ xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ GNSRa][%yRVM
N][aPR xmss[aRPLRiRxmsLkiOSQ; Aj][ y*LiaRPM.
y. BLiRsLRiNRPV zmss xmsj}RV LRiNS sxqsVso %sxtsQR VLi[s[ NSNRPVLiy BLiNS BRLRi LRiy (ZaP[xts Qs xqsVs o)
xmssWLi, sVWLi, ORPQV, , LRiWxmsLi, ys gRiR [}qs xmsR (%sysLi), ys N]R ysgS
RRWLRiV[R VRLi, FyRyNTP xqsLiryLRiLi [R VRLi (ys gRiV[R VRLi), yNTP xqsLiLij Lis
LRixxqsNRPLRisV (sVLRiVgRiV|msRLi sVVR\sj), ryR yV (DxmsxqsLRi), Rgjis [aPR Li[s V NSLi[s V y
DxmsWgSV, [y @%s Li[ [aPR cNSV, y DxmsWgRiLi, ys FyRV[}qs NTP%sV NUPNRP
sVWxtsQNSRVsVLiT LRiORPQF[ yRWV c Bsds N][aSR QORPVRV RNRPgS VxqsVN]s DLiy.
"sLijs' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR yssVVsLiRV @R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ j*dRWj NRPLRiLi[
N][aPR xmss[aRPLRiRxmsLkiORPQ @s[ xmsRN]LiRs @yRVLi, sVVRsVLi sVV\|ms#sVWRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R y*Ra][%yRVM
LiaRPLi xmsNRPLRisV c ANRPLRiNRPLSs xmssLRi s sV
(gRisVV NRPLSgSLSV FyLRiLiLi sRxmsRLi)
sVW. 1. ANRPLSR QOPR QM aRPVyRVaSxqsQLRixqsFyNRPsVLSgRixqs[ y RRNRPLRiNRPLRix[msxqsLixmssM
NTPsVWuyLRi xqsLi yNRPLRiLi WRxmspLRi*sV WRxmspLRi*Li y, W%sVxmsxqsLRiLRixqsyRVsVRLiR sLiR g_LRissV
DgRigRis LRixqsLi xmsLkiZOP[QR .

2. xmsLRi*yysV][ a[ SyLi gRiVx[xmsRNSRVsgRiWR [xtsv @sM


xmsxqsssM sVW WRyxmsn xmsNRP*xLjiy [ R xLjiy O_QRzVNRP xmsoLkiNRP aRPVNRPsVRVWLRixmsRsLSM
xqssL][ R N_xtsQj xmsLRiyM NRPM %saRPyM LjiNSaRP LRiryM NSsNSM.
3. @xmso= sxts wyM \sj*xqsLjiM xmssVgSzaRP ysV LRiWxmsWM aRPyRVxmsLji s[yLRiM.
4. RRQLRiWxmsNRPsVVgRigRis LRixqsLi bPRV %sy`.
101
y. 1. ANRPLSR QORPVRV (gRisV \lLiNPR LRiV) aRPVaSxqsQLi ( W%sV[xms DLi[ A RW s lLi[ aSxqsQLi),
yRVaSxqsQLi, LRixqsFyNRPLi ([ sVVT xqsLRiVNRPVsV NRPLjigjiLi [V \|msNTP dRVRLi), sVVNRPV LRiLigRiV s[R VRLi
(sVLSgRiLi) c C %sRV zqssy\ DLiy; [y A aSryQ[ xms%dsV\s y xqsRVLi dxqsVN][y.
sRsVW A xmssVV [}qs NRPLRi yLRiV][s V, ryR y][s V NRPWTsy\ gRiss [xsVLi, sVWxqsV (NRPLjigjiLi[
FyRV) giR VV, WTR sVVR\s gRiVLRiVsV xms xmspLRi*Li Fss][ DxmsWgjiLi %sTs[zqss gRiss
xmsLkiOTPQLiy.
[y s[%dsVy(s[[s V), xmsLRi*y LS [s V, LRixqsLRiWxmsLi[s V (xmsgSsV) yRVsoV ([ sVVTxqsLRiVNRPV)
Ds, @j NRP\sVs sLiR Li, LRiVso, ds\sVs yxqss, LRiVd Ds N]R gRisVsV gSs xmsLkiOTPQLiy.
2. gRiVLjiL iRTs, [y xmspLRi* LSRV y*LS xmszqsR sVV\s, xms[aSV gRi xmsLRi*y LRiLiy[s V,
gRiVx[s V, N]LiR xmsNRP NTPLij xms[aS[s V, LS sV ] RRWLRiV[zqss gRiX[s V (RVs),
LRixxqsLigS ]zmsLi |msR |msR LS ][ sVWzqs s[LiVVLis g][R V[s V xqs%sLi[ LRiryV LigSLSsNTP
xqsLiLij Lis%s.
@sgS @Li RsxmsyLSsVLi LigSLRiLi xqsVLij. A LRiryV NRPgS, aRPV LigS (sLRiLigS) LRiVsogS
DLiLiVV. y LRiLigRiV s[lLi[R VxmsLiRV, sW%sVTxmsLiRV, yxmsLiRV, sLiT sVR NRPV %sLjis xmsxqsVxmsoN]sVV LRiLigRiV,
@LRiRLi (xLjiyLi), [s, zLigRiVNRPLi, xmsRLi, VNRP lLiNRPV, ssV lLiNRPV c %ds LRiLigRiV s DLiVLij.
ys RVVxmsNRP Ds ds , sVVNRPV C LRiLigRiV][s[ DLiLiVV.
3. A LRirysV ds %dsVR R[ @%s sWss ds %dsVR yzmsryLiVV. VLRiRsV, sVVLjiNTPs RsV[ NRPzqsF[VV
[xqsVNRPVLiLiVV. sWLRiV lLiV LRiVsos LSgjis, sLiTs RsV[ NRPVxmsoN]s ys NRPWR LigSLRiLigS [zqss[ryLiVV.
4. \|mss zmss LRixqsLi ss[ DLiT DgRi\sVs yxqss, LRiVd Dsj bPRV @s VxqsVN][y.
sVW. {msRNSM, ysVNSM, ysV{msRNS y W%sVxmsxqsLRiyRsM, yM dsLSsVsM , sVVR sWxtsQNPR XxqsLRisLS y,
Rj s VzmsyM, xLjiyxLkiRNUPxmsR xmsR\ZaPsRVNRPX`{ms ssRsLSM, yM
RVVyVNS[s Vxqs*zqsNPR ssM xqsgRiVNSM, @LjixtsQsM yxmssWyM s Rs[,
x}mnssR WsWaRPxqsVsLiR yRsM, xmsdyFyLSM, ysVLRiWxmss[R yM.
y. W%sV, bPV, yRVsoV, xmsRgS gSs, FsgSgSs, FsLRiVxmso xmsxqsVxmso LRiLigRiV][ gSs DLiLiVV. ys
sVR NRPV R V N]T[ dsLRiLigRiV lLi[VLiLiVV, [y |msxqsV, %sVsVsVVV, xmsogRiLi %ds sLiR Li[ DLiLiVV.
|msLRiVgRiV RVNRP sLi RVNRP][s V, |msLRiVgRiV sVVR sLi sVVR ][s V %sRLigS DLiLiVV. xmsxqsVxmso,
NRPLRiNSRV, xmsRLi lLi[NPR VV, yRV, RVNRPX` (aRPLkiLRiLi[ DLi[ INRP %sR \sVs sWLixqsLiRLi), {ms xLi (gRiVLi),

NRPVLiNRPVsVxmsoso* %ds LRiLigRiV][ DLiLiVV. R V N]sxmsVRV xqsWORPQ Q \sVs BxqsVNRP lLi[VsoV, lLi[V, RVNRPV,
xqs*zqsNSNSLRiLi[ DLi[ lLi[V DLiLiVV. y[ gRiVLiRs LS DLiLiVV. NSLi DLiVLij.
FsLiR s[T [zqsy R sso. y sVLRiVgRiV, R WsVLi sryLiVV. Bsds xqsVsLiR yRVsoV. %dss LSgji][s V,
sLiT][s V NRPzms[ ys LigSLRiLigS sWLRiVryLiVV. s[R Li=INRP [s sVL]NRP [xLigS sWLRiRLi.
xmsdyxmsLi= RWLiR Li [zqs s[R [R Vszqss ys[, @j NRPLjigji DsxmsVRV NRPxmsRLi.
sVW. aRPNRPLRiWLRixqsNRPssdsRNRPFRFyLSsR%ssVNRPsVRVWLRi gkiysLSMsV xqsxqsNRPg][s[VRNRP
gRiVRsVR=QNSsLSM, N][%syLRixmsRFydNRP RVO_Qs WR{qsxmsoxtsQsLSM, xqs{qsryM, ryyM, %sryM, yM,
ZaP[*yM, NRPXuyM, ZaP[*yM xqslLi[* y [s VyM sVXR[ yRVsWyM s xqsVs x}mnssR WsWaRP
LRiWxmsyRsM.
y. sLiT yRVsoV aRPLiLi, NRPLRiWLRiLi, xqsNRPLi, ssdsRLi, @R%s FysoLRiLi, gSsW[ DLi[ FysoLRiLi,
%ssVNRPLi (VxmsoFsLRiVxmsp NRPzqs Ds INRP sV), ssV NRPLihRiLi %ds LRiLigRiV[s V, xqsxqsNRPLi(dssV), g][s[VRNRPLi
@s[ sV, Li, xmsLiRyLRi c %ds LRiLigRiV[s V, N][%syLRixmsoxtsQLi, xmsRLi, FydxmsoxtsQLi. NRPRVxmsoxtsQLi,
xmsV, @R{qsxmsoxtsQLi c %ds LRiLigRiV[s V DLiLiVV. %ds[ N]LiR FyV {qsxqsLi DLiVLij.
@LisLi ({qsxqsLi s s INRP xmsyLiR Li) DLiVLij. RVLiR LiR Li][ DLiLiVV. R VN]T[ gSsV sVR
sgSsV, [y sgSsV sVR gSsV, [y @ds ZaP[*RsLiR LigSsV DLiLiVV. lLi[][s V, RVNRP][s V
RLigS, sVXRVsogS DLiLiVV. ys xmsoLi s[zqssxmsVRV }msso. %dsNTP NRPWR sVLRiVgRiV, R WsVLi @j NRPLigS
DLiLiVV.
102
sVW. 1. xqsLRi*yRWyLi g_LRisX_ xqsRQ *sXj M. [uysVaRPVy sVWR gRiLS y dN`Pxts Qs VWROSQLiR %syM,
LSsXORPQs {msVg][zmsRL ][R y sVzxtsQLRiNRPLRi sVWRzmsyM, RRQdyFyM, RRs[Fy y %saRPVyM
xqsss.
2. RVssWxtsQ xmsaRP {msVOSQ\lLiM g][OPU QLSOUPQ \lLiLS* NRPRd sNRPs xmsdyxmsM sWLiR sN
y. 1. G yRV\sy LRiVso FsNRPVsgS Ds N]k ys ryLRiLi FsNRPVsgS DLiVLij. y[ BRLRixmsyLSV
NRPsRLi[R @aRPVR \sVs NSs, sVWR gRiLSVgSs (sVR @LiRgS ryLRiLi [s%s gSs) @LiVVs yRVsosV
dN`Pxts Q\sVs sVWRLi[y, OSQLiR Li (@LRiRVLixms sVVR\s%s NS RRWLRiV[zqss WTR) [y ss (N]y
y[ yss xqsLixqsLjiLiRRLi) [zqsy, LSsXORPQLi, sVV, {msVsXORPQLi (%ds LRi s[zqs xqsxqs
F~LigjiLis ds ), g][zmsRL i, g][L][R sLi, RVsFRVc gSTRcs ILi %ds sVWRLi][s V, }msR][s V C
yRVsosV NRPzms, A sVVR ][ NRPxmsysNTP sVVLiRV y ssLids C yRVso[ NRPzms, \|mss xmspzqs
ss[zqs sLiVV[, xmsoLi sVVR\s%s s[}qs A yRVsoV xmsLjiaRPVy\ ryLSs \|msNTP s NRPNRPVyLiVV.
2. RVsV, %sVsVsVVV, V xmsaRPc {msVsXOSQ LRi sWT RRWLRiV[zqss OSQLS][ gSs
AsoFy][s V s[VNRPFy][s V gSs @LRiRVLixms, sNRPLiRLi RVLixms NRPzms (y rys NRPzms) A yRVso[
xmsdyxmsLi [}qs (NRPzms[) sWLiR sLi NRPVgRiVRVLij.
a].[ sVR VsVR VNRPsVxmsRVMxqs\Li xmsn VXRgRiVRNTP*RVVRLi xqsNRPs dNRPsV,
RVRzms aRPRxqsxxqsy %ssLi s sVXRV lLi[s Rs}tsQ\ZNPM.

y. [s, sVR VNRPLi @s[ V s[LiR V, s[VNRP FyV, sVso* sWs, sLiVV, Li, NTP*Li (sVRLi
RRWLRiV[R VysNTP DxmsWgjiLi[ INRP %sR \sVs dLi) NRPLiR (FyRVxms[aS[ xmso [ INRP RVLixms) %ds][
RRWLRiV[zqss xmsyLiR Li[ ZNP[s Li sVWRV xmsLSRWV sWRs[V yRVsosV s[zqs DLiy NRPWR, sLiR
sVVNRPVgS s[LiVV sVVNRPVgS %sTFLiVV Dy NRPWR, @%s sVRxm sRyLiVV.
sVW. 1. g][R sa PR XxmsdyF sVXRVxqsLi sM.
2. LjiNRPM, zqsQgiR M, sVXRVaRP xmsxqsLiR yRVM W%sVg][ y zmsM, xLjiRM, FyM, [z][ y ysVyRVM.
3. NSNRPs[VRNRPM, NRPFRL][R ysLiR M, ZaP[*RLSs][ y %sxqsM{qsxqsyRVM.
4. ExtsQLiR NRPLRiVLiR M xmsNRP*[xts QsL][ y RxmsoyRVM.
5. NRPVLRiVsVM, FyVL][zRM, zqss VyLRixmsoxtsQsL][ y dN`Pxts QyRVM.
6. NSNS VxmsRsL][ y \sNRPXsN PR yRVM.
7. @RM zqsQgiR M, xqsxms M, |mnsWxtsQys, bdPRdsM, RsVLSgRiaRP sVyRVM.
y. 1 . FsR V [NPR Aso RLiy RWLRiLi, y N]sVV RWLiR Li NRPzms[ yRVso gRixmsRVRVLij.
2. LRiVsogSsV, sVsgSsV, sVXRVsogSsV Ds xmsxqsLiR (LSLiVV) yRVso gSs, WgRiLi gSs ysVyRVso.
ys LRiLigRiV xmsRgS, dsLigS, N]LiLi FsgS, [y FsgS DLiVLij.
3. {qsxqsyRVso NSNTPsVxmso LRiLigRiV[s V, FysoLRiLi LRiLigRiV[s V, g][L][R sLi LRiLigRiV[s V DLiVLij. ys%dsVR gS
gkiRV DLiLiVV.
103
4. RxmsoyRVso(RgRiLRiLi) ExtsQLRiZOP[Q RLi[s sV s N]LiLi gSsV, NSs sV R LRiLigRiV[s V DLiVLij.
5. BsVsVV Li[ yRVso sVss LS LRiWxmsLi[s V, Vxmso FsLRiVxmsogSsV, [y zqsLiRVyLRixmsoxtsQLi
LRiLigRiV[s V DLiVLij.
6. \sNRPXLiRNRPLi @s[ yRVso NSNTP gRiVR V LRiLigRiV[ NSs("NSNSLiRLi' @s INRP VNRPV }msLRiV @s N]LiRLRiV)
WLiR xmsRsLiR Li[ gSs DLiVLij.
7. sVyRVso (sVVV RRWLRi[V yRVso) xqs*RLigS, sVsgS, sVLRiVxqsW, LiNRPLi][, N]T[ RxmsVRV
@soRW DLiVLij. sxmsV%dsVRsVLi jLizmss sLis[ RTFRVLij. ys LRiLigRiV y RNRPVsgS DLiVLij.
sVW. 1. yRVxqssVVR Li RRNRPLSs[xtsv xmsW[V`.
2. NRPXRssLRisV, GNRPsVVsV, @RRVLi R @sR NRPLRiQ XZNP[R X%sZNP[R RYLi ryxms[V`.
3. ANRPLjiNRPsVxmsxLRis s V @xts QgiR VLi yxms[VRsR LRi[ M
4. }qss sV, @sxqsXuxms%ssLi R y* NRPLRi NSLRi[V`; Rx[msNSLjiLi R.
5. sRVNTPRW%sNRPsV ANRPLRiLi lgi[s xmsNRP[V y Ry`; xmsn V%sNRPsWRy NSLRi[V`.
6. [R QOPR QM ysV{qsxqsRxmso\sNRPXsN SLRiNRPWsXRN RPLi xqsy[x NRPLSys NSLRi[V`; [xssLRiLi R.

y.1. yRVsosVLiT Lisyss (sVVT xqsLRiVNRPVsV) A RW [V RRWLRiV [}qs NRPLSgSLSNRPV xmsLizms


ysVLiT [V dLiVVLiy.
2. RRW\lLis sxqsVs osV ([sV) IZNP[ xms[aPR Li[ @s[VV RW. @ NSNRP BRLRixqs [ [V
RRWLRiV[}qsy ds, N]s[y ds, @s[Vy ds LSyV s[zqs bPOTPQLiy. (BLRi\sHRV xms LSy
"@RRVLi' gRi.aS.).
3. LRiyV Rxms, gRisV[ Lis xmsyLSsV @xmsxLjiLi[ @NRPR xmss[}qsyssVLiT Fss%sVj lLiV
sxqsWV RW. (LRiyQQ\[ sVLRibPORPQ xms[R VyRV.).
4. ]LigRisW, @sV [NPR VLiy [V RRWLRiV[zqs y%dsVR %sLi[ ysds Lij Li y [R (gRisV[) xmss
[LiVVLiy. RLi][xmsNSLji[R (RLiRLi @sV %sLiRysNTP RVV xmss[rys s @LigkiNRPLjiLi[ys[R ) NRPWy
gRisV[ xmss[LiVVLiy.
5. LRiV RXzts Q[R , xmss RXzts Q[y LRiVso @szmsLi[ gRiss, ys[ Li[ys[ N]LiR gRiLi dzqsN]s
BRLRiVNRPV By*. [y BRLRiVNRPV @%sVs[R W. LRiV[s V, xmss[s V aRPsV @LiRgS [s gRis[
xqs*RVLigSs[ (LSLi xmsOSQs ) xmss [LiVVLiy.
6. [R QOPR VRV LSgji, {qsxqsLi, RgRiLRiLi, \sNRPXLiRNRPLi, BR T , sXRL i (DNRPV), NRPLiRV, yLi (yV
RRWLRiV[}qsj) BsVsVV c %ds NRPLSgSLSV ryzmsLiy. RRW\lLis [V @s[V GLSV NRPWy [LiVVLiy.
sVW. 1. ORPQR QOPR QM RRVLSgiR ysVLi, LRiWxmsLRiWxmssV, dN`Pxts QRxmso{qsryyysV @sRsVsWxtsQd RVVRLi
NSLRi[V` xmssV, @LiR xmssV, FyRsV, @xts Q gRi%sV. FyysLi ysVLRiWxmsLi. sWxtsQNRPsVLiR sWxtsQNPR Li
NSNRPsVLRiNSNRP%sV.
2. LRiWxmsRLRi+NRPM xmsRWyLi ysLjiNUPLi N][aRPxmss[aSLi R ryxms[V`. LRiWzmsNRPsV, @xts QNPR Li, aRPRsV, xmsNRPsV,
aRPRLi, yLi, FyLkiOTPQNPR sV @xts Q gRiLi aRPRsV. xmsNRPsV, aRPRLi, yLi, FyLkiOTPQNRPsV @xts Q gRiLi aRPRsV.
xms%sLiaRPxmssVRRVLi ysR NRPLRiQ XZNP[R XxmsLkiOTPQRX M.
104
y. 1. ORPQR QOPR VRV (LiNRPaSR QORPVRV) sLiT yV, LSgji yV [LiVVLiy. sLiTy[ ys
gRiLi LSgji DLiy. (xmssNTP xmsRLRiV sWuyV). xmsLi sLiT LRiWxmsLi (sLi)[ BsVsVV gSs, RgRiLRiLi gSs,
{qsxqsLigSs, LRiryLisLi NSs dLRiWxmsLi[ (yLi RRWLRiV[R VysNTP DxmsNRPLjiLiRRLiN][xqsLi) INRP sWxtsQLi FsRV
s[zqs "xmsLi' @s[ (sLiT) yLi RRWLRiV [LiVVLiy.
Bs[ xmssW[ ARW [V [Lij @LiR xmsLi, FyR (yssLiRV) xmsLi, @xts Q gRixmsLi RRWLRiV
[LiVVLiy. ys sLiRV sVL]NRP [xLi G\y gRiN][xqsLi NRPzms sWxtsQNPR Li, @LiR sWxtsQNPR Li, NSNRP, @LRiNSNRP @s[
LSgji yV [LiVVLiy.
2. LRiWxmsRLRi+NRPVRV (yV xmsLkiOTPQLi[ @j NSLji) G yV ssLRiLi[sNTP (RsVNTP) xmsLiFy, s[ s
R ygSLRiLi[ xmss[aPR #|ms @s[ %sxtsQR VLi sLiR LiVVLiy. sWNTP Fss%sVj yV (LRiWzmsNRPLi)
RRWLRiV[zqssysNTP X(NRPW) @ds, sWNTP HRV (y) LSsLiRV @ds, sWLRiV[ Fss%sVRssLiRV
(FyLkiORPQNPT ) xmsLkiORPQNPR VsNTP X @ds sLiR LiVVLiy.

LSLiNRPaS[ NSNRP \ yV RRWLRiV[zqss yLjisVLi, (@%s DxmsWgjiLi) N]s[y sVLi,


@s[Vy sVLid, xmsLkiOTPQLisy sVLi (sWNTP) BLRi\sHRV xms ]xmsVs LSy sxqsWV RW.
sVW. 1. sR QOPR QM aRPssVsVVNSxmsyOSQLiR NRPLSys NSLRi[V` xmssssLRiLi R.
2. sR QOPR QM FyNRPsVVNRPL i sgRiLi xmsNRPRVLi R RVyNSLi xqsLigRiX{ RW`, %sNRPRWR sVWLi, LRiWxmsLi
yLi R.
3. AgRisVsLi xtsQygRiLi Ry`. RR gRi%sgRixqs %sNRPRVM. xmsNRPLi aRPRLi ysV, LRiWxmsLi, LRiWzmsNRPLi R.
ZNP[y aRPVLi LRiWxmsLi R \sR LRiLi Ry`. @sR ZNP[y xtsQR RsVRRVLi R.
4. %sssVVR s VLi RLi Ry`. @sxqsXuxms%ds R @sR ysxms}qs M. a][RWM, Rxmszqs*sM, %sxts QRVaRP
NRP sLi xlLi[R VVM.
105
5. @][%[ sOSQLiR sLiR M aRPVLi Ry`.
y. 1. sR QORPVRV RRW\lLis RLRiyR %sRVR [zqss (FyNRPsVVNRPLi) LSNRPV LSszqss s gSs,
sss @ NRPV BsLiRVNRPV Bs*szqss r~sVVsV sLik R NSLi[ dxqsVN][y. yss @sVgS ss
sVWds, xmsLkiORPQNPR VsNTP LSszqss Fss%sVRsLiRVsV (LRiWxmsLi), ys (N]R[ RLRiVgRiVV xmsp[LiRVNRPV
B[ N]xqsLRiW) NRPWy dxqsVN][y.
2. \ sVLi ss sLi[ ALRis sLiRV LSNRPV By*. \sVLiT sLi dzqsN]s ssyRV LS
NTPs*szqss gRiLi, %sgRiLi (y) Bs RLRiyRs[ @sW. sWNTP HRV xms ]xmsVs ys,
xmsLkiORPQNPR VsNTP Bs*szqss sW[ Fss%sVRs sLiRV @LiVVs "LRiWxmsLi', sWNTP Fss%sVj ]xmsVs B[ "LRiWzmsNRPLi'
NRPWy By*. N]s[yRV @sVNRPLi xmssV, ysV sLi dzqsN]ss @sVRLis LS RgiR LRi Ds xmsLi
(@s[VxqsLRiVNRPV[) FsLiR sxts QLi sxqsVLi][ A suysNTP @sVgRiVLigS "\sR LRiLi' (suys Lki [R VysNTP \ sR LRiLi
@s }msLRiV) By*. sVL]NRP][ N]s[yRV \|msgS ALRiV sLiR xms @RRVLi (|msyd ) Liy.
3. R sLi @s[VyRV DR s V ryxxqs RLiRLi Liy. LSsVsV [NPR VLiy sLi RRWLRiV[zqs
@s[VyRV NRPWy DR s V ryxxqs RLiRLi Liy. ys xmsxqs V\[ C RLiRLi LiRssxqsLRiLi [R V.
s[yR RVsLi [zqss a][RVVV, sVVsVV, NRPW [zqs ZNP[y RsV ALRiLi[sNTP NSszqss sLi
sVWLi LiRNRPVLiy dzqsN]s s sRVsV.
4. C sLi Rxms %sVgjis s sLSs, OSQLiR sLSs RRWLRiV[}qsy xmssV sWRLi Liy.
a].[ GsLi sVWLi %sgRiLi R yLi xmsLjixmsn VsVRRVsV,
aRPVLi \sR LRiLi RLi LRiWxmsLi LRiWzmsNRPs[Vs R.
s[ y*RaRP%sR Li yRVLi xmsLi R xqsLixlLi[` .
GsLi xqslLi[*xtsv xms[xtsv ryxms[VsVxqsLigRixsV.
y. C %sR LigS gRisVsVLiT sVWsVW, LSNRPV LSszqss ALRis sLiRV y, y (Bj sW[
HRssLiRV, N]R[ [yFyyV sy xqsLiR VN][s RLi N][xqsLi B[ @Rsxmso RsLi @s lLiLiRV %syV),
xNRPV xmssV, @RRVLi @j NRPLigS %sj Lis xmssV (|msyd ), xmssV, sxts Q xmsLjiLRiLi (\sR LRiLi), LSy

LRiWxmsLi[ s[ R sLi, LRiWxmsLi (xmsLkiOTPQLisLiRVNRPV aRPVLi), LRiWzmsNRPLi (sqx sVs oV RRWLRiV[zqssLiRVNRPV aRPVLi),
xmssLiRV %sy yRVsoV, @sVRgjis xqsLRiVNRPV (xmsLi) %dss }qsNRPLjiLiy. C %sR LigS
@s xqsLRiVNRPVsW ARW sVV NTPLiR s[LRiV s[LiR V NRPV RWxmsoRW xqsLigRizLiy.
a].[ ALRixms sM N][aPR M N][aSR M xmsRV[.
xmsXj%ds N][aPR RLi Fyxms[ N][aPR WxtsQ.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QOPR Q xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[
y*Ra][%yRVM ANRPLRiNRPLSs xmssLRi s sV, AjRM RRVzqsQLiaRPM.
y. N][aPR Li gRisVss[ xmsoRVRVLij. N][aPR Li ss[ \|qssLi sLjiLiRRVRVLij. N][aPR RLiy [R xmsXj%s (LSLi)
xqsVLij. ysNTP N][aRP#s[V @LiNSLRiLi.
"" sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ @R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ lLiLiRs @j NRPLRiLi[ ANRPLRi
NRPLSLiR xmssLRi s Li @s[ xmssLiRs @yRVLi, sVVRsVLiT sVV\|ms#sVWRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R RWRa][%yRVM
GNRPLiaRPLi xmsNRPLRisV c @ORPQaSRWLi xqsVsLSR QORPQM
(NRPLSgSLRiLi[ xqsVsLSR QOPR VRV)
sVW. 1. xqsVsLSR QORPQM xqsVsLRiRNRPLSyysV @xqsLiLiys[aPR s RRVMaSsV, GNRPy*LSsV @ORPQaSLi NSLRi[V`.
%sbPsV [ rsLij NRPLi bPss s V, @RLi, FyRLiVVNRPLi R ryxms[V`.
2. sVWsRLi, aSRNRPVsVLi, NRPLi, \ssLi, aRPXaRPVNTP Li, RLRiWxmsLi, LRixqs%sR sV, ANRPL][R RLi R xqsVsLiR sV.
3. NTPsLiR Li, sVXRV, zqsQgiR sV, @yj, xts v R ZaP[xts Qs V. LRiNRP{ msRLi sVR sVsV. LRiNRP s VsLRiLi ZaP[uyysV.
4. FyVZaP[*RLi yFyxmsNPR sV. R` [Vs @FyxmsNPR Li RRRVLiR V[s {qs}qss a][R [V`; {qsrys*[Vs RsWsLi
aRPVxtsQxms\M yxms[V`; LRiWORPQy*` RsWsLi \g][s V[V s}tsQR[V`.
5. ANRPL][R RLi {qsrys*[Vs RsWsLi FyNRPxmsy NRPXy* gRiNSxqsV NRPV[V`, NRPs dsNRPs NRP[ y
s}tsQR [V`.
y. 1. xqsVsLSR QOPR VRV LigSLRiLi, sLiT xmssVV [}qsy N]LRi\ZNP INRP @ORPQaSsV sLjiLixmsRW. ysNTP
yVgRiV aSV(VV) DLiy. INRP aS][ sVL]NRP aSNTP xqsLiLiR Li DLiRNRPWRRV; INRPyssVLi
sVL]NRPysNTP yLji DLiRNRPWRRV. @ORPQaS NRPLiRNUP INRP[ y*LRiLi DLiy. AxmssWLiR Li sVR (sWlLiV
L][R VsVR ) bPLi[ xms%dsVRV, sVLi sLiaRPLi[ xmsosyRV, %saS*xqsFyRVRV @LiVVs rsLij NRPV (LigSLRiLi
sLiU @sVRLi N]sRLi [}qs @j NSLjis) sRV%sVLiy.
106
2. LigSLRiLi c LiW sj[ xmsosj, aRPRNRPVLi xmsLRi*RLi%dsVR xmsosj. NRP xmsLRi*RLi %dsVR xmsosj, xqsxLigS
Lisj, LRiry y*LS (LRiryRVs xmsyLS][) RRWLRiV[zqssj, gRisV[ xmsosj (@s Fss%sVj LRiNSV).

3. xmsy[s NTPLi LRiLigRiV gRij, sVR sj, sVsgS Dsj, RxmsVRV [sj sWgjiLiy sWgRisj)
sVLji}qsk @LiVVs LigSLRiLi ZaP[xts Q\sVsj. FsLRiVxmso cVxmso %sVaRPsLiR Li[ Dsj sVR sVLi. FsgS DLi[j
@sLi[NPU @R sV\sVsj.
4. xmsRgSsV, gSsV, Dsj "@FyxmsNPR Li' c @sgS sVL]NRP RsLi G][ NRPsRLi[R DR s V\sVs LRiLigRiV LSsj.
G RsLi NRPsRLi[R @j @FyxmsNPR Li @LiVVs][ ysNTP yVgRiV lLiV {qsxqsLi[R a][j LixmsRW. {qsxqsLi
NRPxmsRLi [R @j %sTF[ sVso* sWs NRPzmss g][s VRVLi[ ysLiy.
5. gRissVLi dzqss LigSLRiLi {qsxqsLi NRPzmssxmsVRV %sTF[ ys s s ANRPVVgS [zqs gRiLiTNRP%dsVR
(BsVxms jsV%dsVR) sgRiN]Liy, [y NRPLiRd @s[ dgRiRVLixms, sLi sVVNRP RVLixms, ysVLRi RVLixms %ds][
[zqss NRPLi (NRPuyRVLi)[ ysLiy.
sVW. 1. RV][ R RLi, g_TNRPLi, NSsVVNRPLi, yNRPyNRPLi R LRiWxmsNRPsV, ZaP[*RLi, zqsQgiR Li, sVXRV R ZaP[xts Qs V.
%sxmsLRi[V, rsLi R RVxts Qs V. R` zqsxqsRRVLSlgi[s a][R [V`.
2. DR RRWNRPsV, @RLi, xts v, Rj sLiR Li R aRPVR sV.
3. aRPVR \|qs#N][ LjiRxqs xqsVsL][ sLiR NRPM. RRM aRPVNSNRPVRL SxmsryLjiy ARRVM{qssWyj uRaRPsLiR NSM.
y. 1. RVR xmsLRi*RLi sVLiT xmsosj, NSsVLRiWxms[aPR Li (@ry=Li)[ xmsosj, NRPLiV xmsLRi*RLi%dsVR xmso sj,
RNRPyLi gRissVLi xmsosj @s sLiT yVgRiV %syV. gS, sVsgS, sVXRVsogS Ds sLiT ZaP[xts Q\ sVsj.
@LiRVNRPV sLigS Dy, R \FLiVVy @j RVxts Q\sVsj. @Liys yssLiRV {qsxqsLi][ aRPVj
[LiVVLiy.
2. \|msNTP N]sVV [sj(NSLi) VRgRiV ssj (gRi.aS.) xqs*Rs VW, sVLji}qsj, |msLRiVgRiV LRiLigRiV[ DLi[k @LiVVs
sLiT aRPVR \sVsj.
3. aRPVR \sVs xqsVsLSsNTP xmsRLRiV ssV xmsoRVyRV c sVR NRPV %sLjis xmsxqsVxmso N]sVV LRiLigRiV gRij aRPVR \ sVs
LigSLRiLi. @j aRPVR \sVs "sLiR NRPLi', @Li xqsVsLRiLi[ NSNRP xmssWLi gRi LSgji NRPzms[, @[ %sR LigS
|msLiRVN]LiW FLiVV yVgRiV sWrysLRiNRPW LSgji NRPzms[ sVVRL i xmsRLRiV ssV (sLiR NSV) GLRiRyLiVV.
LSgji NRPzqss%s GLRiRyLiVV.
sVW. 1. xqsVsLiR Li xmspLRi*Li sNRPxtsQ xmsaSR*Lij NSLi sNRPxtsQ[V`. xqssVLSgRi[sV
@ssWs[ [ZaP[ sNRPztsQR sV. xmsLjisVXjRLi, xmsLjidR Li, ssL Sy* \lgiLjiZNP[sRWLij RsV Dxmsj Li %sy`.
zVZNP[s , xmsoxtsQNS{qs}qss y g][sVWR%s[s jlgi [ ygRix}qss xqsLixqsQXxts QLi xqsVsLiR Li ZaP[*d s.
2. xqsZNP[xqsLRiM, zqsQgRiM, sVXRVM, xts vaRP sNRPxmsLSgRiM ZaP[xts QM.
3. NSNRPM y{ms Fyuy[ y sVVR sL][ sNRPxtsQM ZaP[xts QM. xqssVLSgki %sNRPRVNRPRVzRM. xzqsR %sNRPM, xqsxLjiRM,
xmsLSgki, %sNRPRVzRM. zqs LRiM, xmsLRiVxtsQM, %sxtsQs VsLiR aRP @xmsLSgki NRPRVzRM.
4. [ R M, NRPM, xqssVsLiR M, aPR N`PQxts QM, sVXRVM xts vxtsQ ZaP[xts QM.
5. y}ms zLRisa PR xqssVMNTPsLiR M, NRPVLRiNRPxmsoxtsQsL][ y ZaP[xts QM. aSsM dsaRP @FyxmsNPR M.

y. 1. sVVLiRV gkiVLSLiVV%dsVR xmsLkiOTPQLiRszqss LigSLRiLi gkizqs, ys%dsVR sLij NRPsV aRPVR \sVs LigSLSs
gjiRW. aRPVR \sVs LigSLRiLi][ xqssWs\sVs lLi[V Dsyss, FsRV xmsV [s gkiVLSLiVV%dsVR gkizqss yss
xqsLjigS xmsLkiOTPQLi sV VxqsVN][y. gRigS LSzqsy, [NRPgS LSzqsy, g][ sVLi \lgiLjiNRPyRVso F~T (FRL`i) A
gkiR%dsVR xms[ V [zqsy @j sWxqsLi @s gRizLiy. @Lji[NTP (@gRixxqsLi) [y s[ NTP g][s VWRLi[
ss[zqss zLigRiVNRPLi (INRP %sR \sVs xmsxqsVxmso) gSs, xmsoxtsQNS{qssLi gSs (HLRis xqs[ ) LSxqsVN]s
sVVVNRPVLi[ LigSLRiLi RVRVLij. @Li LigSLRiLi NRPWy sWxqsLi LigSLRis[V.
2. NTPLiV DLiT, sVsgS, sVXRVsogS, sVLRiVxqsW DLi[ gkiVLSLiVV%dsVR gkizqss gkiR LRiLigRiV ZaP[xts Q\sVsj.
3. NRPLigRi[aPR Li[s sV}LiR xmsLRi*RLi%dsVy, y{mssj[s W Li[ |msxqsLRigjiLi LRiLigRiV gkiVLSLiVV ZaP[xts Q\ sVsj.
xqsLji\Vs LRiLigRiV RWzmsLi[ gkiVLSLiVV, LigSLRiLi @s[Vy NUP, N]s[y NUP NRPWR zR\sVsj. GsVgRiV RLRiLi LRiLigRiV
gRij, ANRPVxmsRRsLi Dsj, FsNRPVs LRiLigRiV RW}msk (xmsLSgki) @LiVVs gkiVLSLiVV @s[VysNTP NRPLRiLi.
gRigS, xmsLRiVxtsQLigS, %sxtsQs V\sVs LRiLigRiV][ DLiT xqsLjigS LRiLigRiV RWxmss gkiVLSLiVV N]s[ysNTP NRPLRi\ sVsj.
4. LigSLSsNTP [ R xmsLkiORPQ xmsoRVyRV c [ j Lis LigSLRiLi sVVNRP NRPgS, \|msy [xms xqssWs\sVs
LRiLigRiV][, sVsgS, sVXRVsogS, sVLRiVxqsW DLi[ A LigSLRiLi ZaP[xtsQ\sVsj.
5. NS xmsLkiOTPQLiRys xmsoRVyRV:c LigSLSs NSsxmsVRV @j \ [xms xqssVLigS DLiT,
NTPLi LRiLigRiV][ NSs, NRPVLRiLiRNRP xmsoxtsQLi LRiLigRiV][ gSs DLi[ A LigSLRiLi ZaP[xts QLi. aSsLigS (Vxmso, sVxmso
NRPzqs) gSs, dssLiR Li][ NSs DLi[ @j "@FyxmsNPR Li'. @sgS @aRPVR \sVsj.
107
sVW. 1. RVxmssWsNRPLi FRyR QZOP[Q sOSQQsVM. [[xms[ZaP[s LRiWxmsxqsVsLiR Li Ry yRkR R.
2. @ORPQaSsV @yRVNRPM [xmsgRi[ ` . @gRiRs V[ R M. ARVVN][ y xqsLRiWxmsxqs*LiR M [\ss [VR.
%sRsxqsQxxqsgiR VM NSsxmsXxtsQR R* xts Q XRxmsdsRVNSLRisM yRVNRPRLRiFyLixqsVysNSMxms%sZaP[R VVM
sxtsQ}qsRVVaRP. xqsLRi*Li \uysV DxmsNRPLRisV @szts QyaRP xmsWgSM R\Qs @s}tsQLRis. gRiX{RLi xqsVsLRiLi
R XRLi R xmsWgRiLi NRPLRisV [ Ry`. ryRVLi FyRaRP OTPQR Li NRPLRiQ XNSLRiLiVVRXsVVyLi sRy`.
y. 1. @sVsVLiRRsyRV @ORPQaSZNP[zqs s NRPWRRV. @ Fss\y sT[ ys RgiR LRi DsRLiy
dzqss[xqsVN]y. @sVsVLiRTs NRPLRiyLji NRPWy FsLiR sLiT LigSLRiLi [xmsNTP dzqsN]s sRVRVy][ @Liy
NRPWR ys RgiR LjisVLi RLiRLigS dzqss[xqsVN][y. NSLiRs NSLRiVsoV (LRixqss[R [R LigSLRiLi [}qsy),
ssxmspxqs sLi%s RRWLRiV [}qsy , FyyRVV RRWLRiV[}qsy , %s%sR @LiNSLSV
RRWLRiV[}qsy , yRVNRPVV (N]%sV E[y ), xmsLjiyLRiNRPVV, WTR aRPVj [}qsy %ds sryQV,
[R VV, LRixxqs xms[aSV sRNTP xmsLkiOTPQLis RLRiyRs[ [xmsNTP xmss[bPLiRRLi gSs, \NRPV s RLi NSs
RW.
y @s ryR yV, xmspLji NSs xmssVV (@s ryR yV, xmspLji NSs xmssVV (@szts QyM xmsWgSM) @NRPRs[
DLiy. (y RsV][ dxqsVN]s s NRPWRRV). xmss FyLRiLi Li[ dxqsVNRPVs LigSLRiLi, [zqss sxqsVs oW,
RWNRPLi xmsNSLRiLi NRPLRi (NRPV y}qs y ) sVR (y sV ryORPVsVgS DLiRVN]s) rsLij NRPVsNTP
@xmsFy. ryRVLiNSLi, FyRMNSsVLiRW NRPWy [zqssys sVVR ({qsV), [LiVVLis @j NSLji sVVy
lLiLiRW s[zqs xqsVsLSs @ORPQaS[ DLiy.

sVW. 1. ZOP[Qxms,[ gRiVM, ORPVQRNRPsV B NRPLS, ZOP[QxmsNRPM NSyLRiks. gRiVM xqsWRyyks. xmsn VsLi, xqsVztsQLiR Li,
xmsXxtsQyjRVVNRPL i R ORPVQRNRP%sV.
2. @LRi[V` NSRNRPLRiM xmsgRisV, NSsLi RaRPgRiLi NRPVsWssV. ysVFyRRVVNRPL i LRiWxmsLi
LRiWxmsFyRRVVNRPL i y xqsVsLiR Li xqsLixqsQXRNRPLi RryRZOP[Q` .
3. xmsXxtsQR NSRNRPLRiM RW z gSM xmsLjiLi, _* yxqsVNPR sV. Ry*L][ y yxqsVNPR Li RRVM xmsLjisV.
y. 1. ZOP[QxmsLi, gRiVLi, ORPVQRNRPLi @s LigSLRiLi xmssVV sVWRV %syV. LigSLRiLi[ sVVV F~RgRiRLi
sVVR\s xmss "ZOP[QxmsLi'. xqss dgRiV [zqs @RLi sVVR\sj "gRiVLi'. xmsn Vs\sVs (LRiLiR Li [s) gRiV
sVVR\s%s, LRiLiyVs xmspxqsV, gRiVNRPV sVVR\s%s Ds A LRiV RRWLRiV[R VRLi "ORPVQRNRPLi' (s
s LigSLRiLi xmss).
108
2. sVVsV F~jlgi[ xmss[ A sVVVNRP @RVgRiVs ys (sVVVNRP) HRsgRiLi sVW}qsV LigSLRiLi
NRPWLS. ys xmsRsgSs (RVW \|msy NRPWR) LigSLRiLi][ gjiLiy. (C %sR LigS [zqss gjiLixmsoNRPV
"NRPVsWsLi' @s }msLRiV). B @RVgRiVy, RVW LigSLRiLi gjiLi[ xqssVRVLi[ xqs*LRiNSLRiVRV yssLiRV LSgji
NRPzmss
sLiT NSs, yssLiRV sLiT NRPzqss LigSLRiLiNSs NRPzmss[zqs RxqsLjiLi[ @sNSaRPLi DLij. @ [R VNRPVLiy
LRiOTPQLiy. (RWy).
3. LigSLRiV gRiV NRPzmss sVVV F~jlgi[ xmss[ DxmsWgjiLi[ LigSLRiLi[ sVWRV sLiRVV LigSLRiLi xmsRNRP
xqs*zqsNSyNSLRiLi[ gjiLiRszqss A gRiV sVVW gjiLiRysNUP (xmsLjiLiRLi), lLiLiRV sLiRV LigSLRiLi
y yxqsVNSsNTP (@RVgRiV gSsNUP) DxmsWgjiLiy. [y LigSLRiLi GRV gSV [zqs yVgRiV gSV
yxqsVNSsNUP, sVWRV gSV xmsLjiLiysNUP yy.
sVW.1. Rxts Q XNRPLRiM c aRPVLi xqssVxqsVslLi [ s xqsLiRVWx[V`. LRiWxmsLi xmsn VsLi, xmsn VsxqsVztsQLiR Li y
xqsVsLSQlLi [ s @s[xms[V`. RRVLSgiR xqsVsLiR Li yVNSLiVVVNRPxqs LRi}qss RWlLi [ s y yxqs[V`.
2. RxmsdsRVLi [xts QLi xqsVsLRiLi xqsVLSgRiLi xqssV{qsryNSsL i FyNRPxmsRxmsNRP*Li \|qss %sNRPRW D*RLi
ds{msRZaP[*RxLjiRaRPVNRPFRsLSyLi xmsNRPXLRis. dN`Pxts QLi \yxqs sVRVWLRigkiy Li, ZaP[*R ,
%sVsWLiVVRLi {msRRWLij RLi NSNRPNRPM xqsVsLiR LSgRiM.
y. BxmsVRV R*xts Q (ysVLRiyjFyyRVNRPV xmspR|ms [ yRV) [}qs xmss xmsRVRVsj. LSgji sxqsVs o
(LiRLi) sV xqssV\sVs xmssWLi gRi xqsVsLRiLi[ (16 [y 17 ss LigSLRiLi][) NRPFy. xmsn VsLRiWxmsLi[
(DLigRiLSV, NRPLiNRPV sVV.) Ds [y xmsn VsxqsVztsQLiR LRiWxmsLi[ (NRPaRPV, FyRV sVVR\sy LRiWxmsLi[)
Ds sLiT sxqsVs oNRPV A sLiT[ xqsgRiLi xqsVsLRiLi][ xmspR |msLiy. [y A sLiT FyRNRPV ys sLiRV
xqsVsLiR Li, yVNS zLigRiVLi (INRPLRiNRP\sVs xmsxqsVxmso RWLiR Li) NRPLjigjiLi RRWLRiV[zqss LRixqsLi][ NSs, y RWLiR Li][
NSs (LigSLRiV) sVLRiVgRiV|ms.
2. LigSLRiLi][s V, LigSLRisVW BRLRi [V NRPzmss %sVaRP[][s V RRWLRiV[}qs s[LiR V s[LiR V LRiLigRiV
A LRiRVsV gRiWLji xmsoRVyRVc N]s sxqsVs oNRPV ZaP[xts Q\sVs sVLi LRiLigRiV gRi xqsVsLiR Li (16 [y 17
ss LigSLRiLi) HRV sLS sxqsVs oNRPV xmsNRPXgS (ys RRWLRiV[}qs sVWRsLigS) DxmsWgjixqsVLij.

xqssVxmssWLi[ {qsxqsLi NRPzms s xmsyVgS [zqs @LRi g][s VRVLi][ NS, \|qsLiR %sNRP][ (rLSxts QLi[ [y
zqsLiR V[aPR Li[ Li[ sV[R ) sVLRiVxmso |msTs LigSLRiLi dsLRiLigRiV, xmsxqsVxmso LRiLigRiV, ANRPVxmsRs LRiLigRiV,
NRPzms LRiLigRiV gRi %sVaRP [NTP xmsNRPX @soRVLij.
ksNTP BsVsVV NRPzms[ ssVNRPLihRiLi LRiLigRiV][, sVR NTP %sLRiV}qs gS DLiT ""sVsV'' @s sVLRiVxqsW DLiVLij.
xmsj sWuy xqsVsLiR Li[ INRP NSNTP xmssWLi gRi BsVsVV NS RWLiR Li [zqs NRPzms[ \|mss zmss %sR LigS
DLiVLij.
sVW. 1. yLRisVVxmsaRPVR Li y. @zqs RV [ RRVM; xqssV{qs}qs RRVM, aRPVxtsQRV [ RRVM, NRPFy[ M, g][s V[V j*M,
GsLi xqsxmsR aRPaRPRVyNSsL i \|qss %sNRPRW D*RsV. GRry`
NSNRPVRL S @xmsryLjiy Aj*sWuyj xqsVslLi [ [R VsV; xmsaS` LSgRiWgRiM ZaP[*RyLRiLi s.
2. RW%iLiaSLiiM RxmsdsRVxqs y*LiaRPygiR ZaP[*RyLRisVWLjiR Li R` ZaP[*R[zRLi s. ysVLi {msRNRPLi
NRPL][.
3. RxmsdsRVsVV* LSgRigRiLi Ry`. {msRLSgRiLi s.
4. ZaP[*RyLRig_ _* GNRPxqsxmsdsRVxqs sVVR sLiR Li NRPL][.
5. NSRVxqsryLiR gS QQNPR L i NRPXxts QLi s. xms[zmsy LRi}qss j*gRiV QQNPR L i RxmsdsRVLi aRPVNRPxmsRsLiR Li s.
RryLRis[V LSgRi%sZaP[}tsQxtsv xmssLij NSLi gRiX{ RW`.
6. dN`Pxts QysVxqsLiryLRiLi R V [ R. Rry` ssVsVWNSxmsy LRiWFysV @xmss[LiVVsWsLi R
LRiWxmsxqsVsLiR s xmssWs [.
y. 1. [y xmsLjiaRPVR \sVs sLiTs xmsNRPXgS DxmsWgjiLiy. FssVVNRP F~T NRPzmss sV][ RRWLRiV[zqss
sVWxqs[ yVgRiV xmsLSRWV, {qsxqsLi, sV, xqssWs\sVs Fy [ NRPzms RRWLRiV[zqss sVWxqs[ yVgRiV
xmsLSRWV, LRiV\|qss BxqsVNRP][ RRWLRiV[zqss sVWxqs[ yVgRiV xmsLSRWV, aRPVR \sVs sV][ RRWLRiV[zqss
sVWxqs[ sVWRV xmsLSRWV, g][sVRVLi][ [zqss sVWxqs[ lLiLiRV xmsLSRWV c C%sR LigS xmsj}RV
sVWxqsV (xmsoV) xmspLji @LiVVs RLRiyR \|qsLiR %sNRP sVXNPR ][ sVLRiVgRiV |ms.
B RRW\lLis sLiTsVLiT NSNRP sVVRV lLiLiRV sWuysLRiNRPV dzqss[zqs yss xqsVsLRiQxmssWLi gRi
sWsVWV sLiT[ NRPzms RLRiyR LRiLigRiV s[ %syyV RW. @xmsVRV Bj NRPzmss sLiT (rysWsLi
sLiT) gS gS @soRVLij.
2. RxmsdsRVLi VVNRP (@LiNSLSV [}qs LigSLRiLi VVNRP) sVWRV gSV sVV\|ms#lLiLiRV gS s
sLiT][ NRPzms[ @j Vxmso FsLRiVxmso LRiLigRiV gRijgS RRWLRisoRVLij. A %sR LigS LSgji[ NRPzms[ yss
xmsxqsVxmsoxmsRgS [xqsVLij.
3. rysWsxqs*LSs \|qsLiR %sNRP][ sVLRiVgRiV |ms ys[ a][j Rxqs*LiR Li sVWRV gSV NRPzms[ ys LRiLigRiV
xmsxqsVxmsoxmsRgS RRWLRisoRVLij.
4. sLiT lLiLiRV gSV, RxmsdsRVLi INRP gRiLi NRPVxmso[ |msxqsLRi gjiLi LRiLigRiV GLRiRVRVLij.

109
5. xqsgRiLi gRiLi BsVsVV][ xmspR |msT[ RxmsdsRVLi sgS @soRVLij. RxmsdsRWsNTP lLiLiRV lLiV gS
@LiVNRPVs[ LRiryRVsRsLi[ ysT[ ys LRiLigRiV NRP lLiNRP LRiLigRiV s DLiVLij. C LRiLigRiVV sWlLi[
%sysLi FyLRiLiLi[xmsVRV sVVLiRVgS A RW LRiLigRiV %sxtsQR VLi[ @%s FsLiRsLRiNRPV A [sNTP @LiVyLiVV
@s[ %sxtsQR VLi[ xmsLkiORPQ RW.
6. BsVsVVsV, LSgjis Fs xqsLixqsLjiLiy[ yRVa][Rs aSxqsQLisVLi VxqsVN][y.
@LiRVs sV, sVVV, sVVyV, F~gRiyV c %ds][ RRWLRiV [}qs y[ (xqs*LiR NSLRiV y*LS) G G
%sR LigS sxts QLi NRPVgRiVRVLi][ A %sxtsQR Wds, sLiT LigSLRiLi sxqsVs o RRWLkis, y xmssWsW gRiWLji
VxqsVN]s DLiy.
a].[ xqssVLSgRiLi xqssVR*s *sVxqsNRPxmsXxtsQR Li zqs LRisV,
xqsVxmssVXxts QsVxqsLi{msRLi %s NRPLi yLRi[ xqsVsV,
@dsRLi xmsRVVNRPL i xqsLiryssVR VLRiLi xqssVsV,
sV[s[yLSsVLi R RxmsdsRVgRiVM xqsQXyM.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QOPR Q xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ RWRa][%yRVM,
@ORPQaSRWLi xqsVsLSR QOPR QM, AjRM RRVzqsQLiaRPM.
y. LigSLRiLi][ [zqss G A LRi\sVy xqssWs\sVs LRiLigRiV][, FsgRiVRV jgRiV NSNRPVLiy, xmspxqsV INRP ysNTP
INRP NRPsNRPVLiy DLiy. @j zqs LRiLigS gS aRPV Li [R VT DLiy. sVLRiVxmsoN][xqsLi FsNRPVsdsLRiV
|msNRPWRRV. ys %s%sR gSV xqsxts QLigS s[LiR Vs[LiR VgS DLiy. R LjiLiRysNTP xqsVNRPLRiLigS, N]ssV
NRPsRNRPVLiy (@dsRsV=not- gaudy), NSLisVLiR\sV @LiR\sVs ANSLRiLi][ xqssVLigS, sVsxqsV=NRPV, RWRysNUP
ARNRPLRiLigS DLiy.
""sLijs'' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ @R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ j*dRWj NRPLRiLi[
""xqsVsLSjaS[ xqsVsLSR QOPR VRV'' @s[ xmsRsVWRs @yRVLi, sVVR sVLiT sVV\|ms#ys @yRVLi
xqssWxmsLi.
@R RRVLiR a][%yRVM
y*LiaRPLi xmsNRPLRisV. %sbPRWLi rsLij NRPxmsyLRiM
(%sbP[ rsLjiNRPVs xmss).
sVW. 1. rsLij NRPM FLRisxmsyyLi LRiWxmsxqsVsLRisWs[aPR sM NSLRi[V`. sLij Qxts QNSNSLRiLi R NRPVLRiVM,
@sLij Qxts QNSLi NSLSxms[aPR sV.
2. NSFyRs[ FyR{sLi s[R sLi Rj *gRiVaRP RM. NSLRirys yNRPLRi[
s[R syaRPM Rj *gRiVaRP RM.

3. RVy sLiR QxmssWLi sZOP[QxmsLi gRiX{ RVVM Ry%sR s[VyLRi[VRVVM, NSsL SRzms R Ry%sR s[Vs
xmsgRiX{ RVVM @sR OUPQxmsLjibdPLSsV.
4. As[aPR sM xqsVsLiR xmsoR ORPQxmsWlgi[xtsv RR dsRW`.
5. RxmsNPR _RNRPWM NSNRPNRPM xqsVslLi [ ORPQW [R VM dN`Pxts QNSNRP LRiWxmsj*gRiV LSgRixmsZOP[QxmsM Rxqs xtsQygiR M
ORPQR VM.
6. sLiR {s[ sWuyslLi[ xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM, xmssW{s[ sVR sVM, RVxmssW[xms_ DR s VM,
NRPXRx[ms_ R.
y. 1. rsLij NRPVRV (NRPLiry) As[aPR sV[R (bPaS[ xmss[}qs xqsVsLiR NSLSRV\s bPV[R )
sgRiLRisyxqsVNRPV, \ DLi[ gSsWjyxqsVNRPV xqsLiLij Lis sLiT LigSLRiLi xmssVsV [LiVVLiy. y C
xmss BLiRNSLi[ xmspLji RW @s sLij Qxts Q\sVs xmssVV RW. xmss xqs*ys xms NSLi sLiR LiVVLiRRLi
aRPNRPLi NSs xmsORPQLi[ NSslLi a[ PR Li [NPR VLiys[ xmssVV RVsRV.
2. slLi b[ PLis NSLi yF[ A bP RLi[ ys sLiRV Rgij Li, ysNTP lLiLixmso LSy sRW.
[R Vszqss xmss sVL]NRP %sR LigS [}qs Bs*szqss RLi Bs*NRPVLiy lLiLixmso LSy sRW.
3. G LRiLigRiV, FsLiR xmssWLi Ds sZOP[QxmsLi (xqsLRiVNRPV) dxqsVNRPVLiL][ yss @[ LRiLigRiV[, @Li[ xmssWLi[
Ljigji @xmsgjiLiy. G NSLRiLi [R \sy @sVNRPVs NSLi yFLiVVy NRPWR G %sR \ sVs xqsLRiVNRPV B Dy][
@Li xqsLRiVZNP[ (Bs FLRisxmsyRVV) Ljigji dxqsVN][y. (GsWRLi [y Dy dxqsVN]sgRiWRRV). A
xqsLRiVNRPV[ N]LiR @LjigjiFLiVVy, N]LiR gRiLi LSFLiVVy Ds RVsVgS dzqsN]sNRPWRRV. @sgS A suysNTP
xmsLjiLRiLi sxqsWV RW.
4. rsLij NRPVRV As[aPR sV xqsRVLi][ LigSLRiLi, xmsoRV (ys][ [}qs sxqsVs oV) %ds ORPQsV, y
RRWLRiV [}qs %syyds(xmsWgRiLi) gS VxqsVN]s DLiy (NSLi). LigSLRiLi, LigSLRiLi][ [}qs sxqsVs oV,
y ORPQV, xmsWgRiLic Bsds gS VxqsVN]s DLiy (gRi.aS.).
5. @LiNSLSRVNRPV DxmsWgjiLi[ LigSLRiLi[s V, sLiT[s V xqsVsLiR Li @s[ xmssWLi[ NSNRPNRPLi (xmsRLRiV
sWuy[ sWxtsQLi[ yssLiRV) RLRiVgRiV [zqss ysNTP By*. LRiLigRiV N][xqsLi INRP BsVxmsNSNRP, sLiT ys[
ysNTP lLiLixmso NRPFy. ys[ ALRis sLiRV RLRiVgRiV @LigkiNRPLjiLiRsRVsV. (@sgS [Lij s sVWRV NSNRPV[
ALRissLiRV c @LiR NSNRP, RLRiVgRiV @LigkiNRPLjiLiy).
110
6. NRPdsxqsLi sWxtsQLi xqsVsLiR Li ss Rgij [ (bPNTP) xmspLRi* ryxxqsRLiRLi %sj Liy. RWNRPLi[ sWxtsQLi Rgij [
sVR sV ryxxqsRLiRLi. yxqsV[ NSs, RWNRPLi LS [ gSs sWxqsLi DLi[ DR s V ryxxqsRLiRLi. RRWLRiV[zqss
sxqsVs o[ sWxqsLi NRPsT[ NRPWy DR s V ryxxqs RLiRLi.
sVW. 1. rsLij ZNP[s @RXxts QsV @sR y xmsWgRiLi NSLRiRVRM y*Ra][xms[ RM. NRPLRiVM j*gRiVM ryxmsryLRiZaP[`.
@sxmsryLRiM NRPNRPa][R yRV ds[VR. NRPLRiVaPR j*aRP][ RM xms[ R sLi y.
2. RVxmssWsLi FRsxry` NUPRVVM. @sy y*RaRPxms[ RM.

3. xmsn VsLi, xqsVztsQLiR Li, xqsLiRVWxsV, @s[xmsLi, xqsLixmsn WRLi, yzqsRNRPLi R NSLRiVNRPLRi.
4. RV%sxtsQs V sVxmsryLRiLi %srysLi }msNRPM zmsZaP[ xLRiF[ yRWM.
5. xqsLiy%sVds, DRLij NS, ssVxqsN][xmsNRP, NRPVbPNS, xqsNRPVNRPOSQQ FyLjis[d , @RVryyQ R RVxts QR VM.
y. 1. rsLij NRPVsNTP NRPsRNRPVLiy gSs, sVL]NRP xms[aPR Li[ gSs xmss[LiVVxqsVs ysNTP xmssLiRV xms
LSy. @ [R VysNTP Rgjis NSLRiLi (@xmsryLRiLi) DLi[ bPNTP lLiLixmso LSy. @xmsryLRiLi
(%sVsLiVVLixmso) [syss NRPLiNRP a][R sLi N][xqsLi (sV}qs RgiR LjiNTP) dzqsN]s s. sxqsVs o RRWLRiV [zqss
bPNTP lLiLiRV sLiR xmsV LSy, [y ys [ s[ [ j Li s[R W.
2. xqsVsLiR NSLSRVV yxqsV, RWNRPLi, LS sVVR\s%s FRsos RgiR LRi (RWsNRP N]R @j NSLji RgiR LRi) N]y.
@ NSNRPF[ xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi.
3. xmsn VsLi (DLigRiLRiLi sVVR\sj), xmsn VsxqsVztsQLRiLi (FyRV sVV.), xqsLiRVWxLi (\|mss lLi[NPR V @RNRPRLi), xqsLixmsn WRLi
(gjiLiRRLi), yzqsRNRPLi (\|mss xmspR xmspRVRLi) @s bPNRPLRi(HRV %syV).
4. RV%sxtsQs VLi, @xmsryLRiLi, %srysLi, }msNRPLi, zmsLiNRPLi @s[%s xLjiLi[ DFyRWV.
5. RV %sxtsQR Ws (yxqsV[ DLi[ ][uyV) xmsoRVyRV:c xqsLiy%sVs (sVR s [xLi][ sLjiLisj),
DdLij NRP (BsVxms RWLiR Li][ NSs, FyRLRixqsLi NSs sLizmss [xms LRiLiyV NRPj), ssVxqsNPR (sLRi \|mss
LRiLiyV Dsj c @Lij gSNTP INRP xmsNRPNRPV sLigjiFRVLij), DxmsNRPLihji (y sVV , gRiLiRVV Dsj),
NRPVbPNRP (lLiLiRV xmsNRP s[ [ D V xqsLjigS [sj), xqsNRPV NRPORPQ (xqsLjigS RWxmss sVVV NRPj), FyLjis[ (BW
@W EgjiF[Vj), @RVryLiRLi][ sLjiLisj c B%s R yxqsVV, %ds][ [}qs sWxqsLi "RV%sxtsQsVLi'.
sVW. 1. LRiWxmsxqs _* g_, GNRPM aRPVxqs xmsoNRPsV, [s ANRPL][R RsVxmsryLRi[ R` xmsoNSxmsryLjiRsV;
aRPV[s aRPVxmsryLjiRsV; s[ ZNP[s s[ NSxmsryLjiRsV. aRPVLiR rylLi[ }sW }sWxmsryLjiRsV.
111
2. sVWNRPsVWuy, xmspNTPM, NRPLRiNRPsVVsV, yd, xqsLiRLiaRPM, [ ds, xqsVsLjiNS, sLi R[s
xqsVsLiR %sVRxmsryLRisWLSM. xmspLRi*xms zy y zmsyVNS sVWuy [ yRgjiQuy Dj RVs[.
3. xmsaSRs s[ ARNRPxmsR xmsLkiOSQR WLi y LRiWxmsLRiW}ms xmsLji sLRi s Li %sryssV; zmsyVNSyLi
[xzmsyVNSLS*.
4. gSR aS VRRWLiR aRP }msNRPM xqsLiRVWs[xms xqsLixmsn W[xtsv NTPRV[. {qsxqsLRiWxmsLi xqsVsLiR xms[ @sxmss V
@ sL iR sVxts QZNP[s R Li gSR }msNRPM. xqs Gs xmsxqsLixmso[xtsv @ VyLRiM. xmsRsWbPQxts QLi RVsVNRPxmsRLi y
@s[}msxtsv NTPRV[. aRPVLi yLRiLi y gRiLRiM xmsyLi xqsLixmsn W[xtsv NTPRV[, aRPVLRiWxmsLi
xqsVsLiR xmsRxqsLixRLi xmssVXxts QLi xqsVFyLRi+Q*sV. R[s RVsVNRPxmsRxqsLixRLi xmssVXxts QsV. ysVyLRiLRiWxmsLi
][R L iR sLiR NRPM.
y. 1. NRPd LigSLRiLi sVVR\s%s NRPzms sVLi LigSLRiLi Fs AxmsxLjiryL][ xmsoRVyRV c lLiLiRV Fy
sLiT, INRP FyV LSgji NRPzmssj xmsoNRPLi. gRis[s VLi dzqss sVLi LigSLRiLi[ xmsoNRPLi NRPzms sVLi
LigSLRiLi dzqss[xqsVNRPVLi[ @j "xmsoNSxmsryLjiRLi'. LSgji NRPzms @xmsxLji}qs @j "aRPWxmsryLjiRLi'. xqssWs\ sVs

Fy [ sLiT BsVsVV NRPzms RRWLRiV[zqssj "s[ NRPLi' A s[ NSs NRPzms sVLi LigSLRiLi dzqss[R VRLi
"s[ NSxmsryLjiRLi' LigSLRiLi][ xqssV\sVs Fy [ LSgji NRPzms A %sR LigS RRW\lLis %sVaRP [xLi NRPzms sVLi
LigSLRiLi dzqss[R VRLi "}sWxmsryLjiRLi'.
2. sVWNRP sVWxtsQ c sVWxqs[ DLis xmss[R Vs sVWxqs), [ sVLi (NTPLi, RVxmsV sVV.), NSNTP sVV
ANSLRiLi[ DLi[ INRP ryR sLi (NRPLRiNRPsVVLi), g]Li, xmsVNSLRiV, ][V , xqsVsLjiNRP @s[ INRP %sR \sVs sLi,
sWsVWV sLi, @[ LigSLRiLi s NRPs[ sVL]NRP yzqsLRiNRP\sVs LigSLRiLi, Bsds sVLi LigSLRiLi dzqss[}qs
sWLSV. @gji[ sVWxqs |ms [ sVVLiRV BxqsVNRP sVVR VgS [zqs @gji[ DLi, sVWxqs R \FLiVVs RLRiyR A
BxqsVNRP sVVR V dzqss[R VRLi NRPWy sVL]NRP DFyRVLi.
3. INRP FyR sVVR\sj sVVLiRVgS RRWLRiV[zqs ysNTP RLRiyR lLi[NPR V ]Tlgi[xmsVRV gSs, ]Tlgi[ lLi[NPR VsV
xmsLkiOTPQLi[ xmsVRV gSs LigSLRiV lLi[NPR VNRPV RVV sLiT lLi[NPR V DxmsWgjiLiRysNTP "%srysLi' @s }msLRiV. [y
LigSLRiLi DLi[ BxqsVNRP sVVR rysLi[ BsVsVV DLi[ BxqsVNRPsVVR V DLiRRLi NRPWy "%sryss[V.'
4. (\|mss zmss) xqsLiRVWx c @s[xms c xqsLixmsn Wy[ }msNRPLi (@RNRPRLi) gSR LigSsV, %sRkRVysNTP
xqsVV\ssj gSsV DLiVLij. {qsxqsLi lLi[NPR V %dsVR LigSLRiV lLi[NPR V][ NRPzms sVR NRP sVVR\s y][ gRi gS gji}qs
@j "gSR }msNRPxqsLiRVWxLi'. lLi[NPR VsV
ZNP[s Li RgiR LRi [Lij RRWLRiV[}qs @j %sRkRVysNTP xqsVVsogS DLiVLij. @LiRV[R @j "@ Vy LRi }msNRP
xqsLiRVWxLi'. @s[Fy[ LigSLRiVxmspR INRP xmsNRPs[ [R VRVRVLij [y \|msy [xms NRPWy
[R VRVRVLij. A lLi[NPR V sVR LSgji gSs sLiT gSs DLiVLij. xqsLixmsn Wy[ LSgji lLi[NPR VNRPV LigSLRiV lLi[NPR V
@NTPLi sVLRiVgRiV|ms INRP xmsNRP @LiRLigS DLi[V [R VRVRVLij. LSgjilLi[NPR VZNP[ lLiLiRV xmsNRP lLiLiRV
LigSLRiV lLi[NPR VV @Li}qs @j "xmssVXxtsQLi'. N]sLiNTP LigSLRis[V NSNRPVLiy \|mss LSgji, sLiU NRPWy @sVLRiRLi,
xmspRVRLi LRiVgRiVRVLij. (yNTP [xms DLi[j G BsVxms sxqsV[ @LiVV DLiVLij).
sVW. RRV RVLi yxmssNRPuyLi sMaRP[ [ yLi y %sy`. @ VyLRiLi RLSs[V s[ R ZNP[ y
ryRRVs. B }msNRPM.
y. gSR }msNRP c @ VyLRi}msNSsV NS, gkiVLSLiVV%dsVR gkizqs NSs, [y R RxmsVRVsVxms gSs [y
yT\Vs @gRiLi gRi ryR sLi][ gRigS LSzqsgSs xmsLkiOTPQLiy. @ VyLSs lLi[gij xms LRixqsLi[ NSs DxmsV
NRPzmss ds [ gSs ys xmsLkiOTPQLiy. Bj }msNSsNTP xqsLiLij Lis sWxqsLi.
sVW. 1. xmsn VsxqsVztsQlLi[ y LRiW}ms xqsVsLiR sVXyVNSzVVNRPNRP[ y RxmsM @sxts Q[. RXR yxqsVZNP[ y LRiW}ms
yVNS%sVaRPRVgSyLRixms[ y RxmsM @sxts Q[, RWM yxmsysV @sR *LixqssLi y aRPVj M. xqsxmsLji [ y
LRiW}ms ssVVRW NRPVaRPLRiLRiRW y Rxmss V @sxts Q[. RxqsNS*RsLi aRPVj M. @ xmssV @xts QZNP[s
j*gRiVyxqsVZNP[ y LRiW}ms R [. Rxqs @zmszRNSRNRPxqs DRZNP[ ssVRM GNRP[aPR M {qsR. xmssl Li[xtsv y
xqsWy R[. sVRVM, LRiWxmsLi, xqsVsLRiLi y xmsn VsxqsVztsQLSLi zmsM. Rxqs yxmsssV @sR *LixqssLi y
aRPVj M, B zmsM.
2. Rry` ssVsVVNSxmsyLRiWxmsLi LRiWxmssLiR QxmssW xmsoR ORPQsVxms [ R .
y. 1. xmsn VssVW LRiLiy Vsk @LiVVs @LiNSLRiLi[ (xmsn VsxqsVztsQLiR Li) xqsVsLRisVX` @s[ [xLi NSs,
xqsVsLiR sWVNS @s[ [xLi, zLigRiNRPLi c C lLiLiRW NRPzms RRWLRiV[zqss NRPLi (sVVR ) gSs gS s[T [zqs
NRPzms[ (A @LiNSLRiLi [xms @Li}qs) @j @lgi[ ys[ DLiTFRVLij. gRi yxqsVNPR Li ({mshRiLiR Li c

@RVgRiVgRiLi) gRi @LiNSLRiLi[ BxqsVNRP NRPzmss NRPgSs, gSLiyLRi [aRPLi[ Li @[V xmsLiNRPLi, @sgS Fss
RgRiLRiLi, gS s[T [zqs @gji[ zqs LRiLigS DLiTFRVLij. (C @LiNSLS[ [}qs sWxqsLi Bj @s @LiR Li).
C lLiLiRV LRiNS\s ys (xmsn VsxqsVztsQLiR RXR yxqsVNSLiNSLSsV) gS NSy, gRigS N]y aRPVj
NRPVgRiVRVLij c @sgS A NRPzmss xqsLRiVNRPV \NRPV s[xqsVLij, RVW [xLi Ds (LigSLRiV) sxqsVs o%dsVR gS
s[T gS Ds *][ gRiLRiVNRPV BxqsVNRP][ NS}qs @j A sxqsVsoNRPV @LiVN]sFRVLij. @Li sxqsVs osV gS
DTNTP}qs @j aRPVR Li @soRVLij.
112
lLiLiRV lLi AyLRiLi gRi sxqsVso[ NRP][ @ xmss (\sVNS F~LRisV) @NTPLiRsRVsV. [xms
gSxmspxqsV s[zqs \|mss NRPzmss[zqss A sxqsVs osV xmsLkiORPQN][xqsLi ds [ sVVLi[ ys INRP gRiLi sVVsVgRiVRVLij. A
F~LRi \sVNS F~LRi NSNRP LSgji sVVR\s y F~LRi @LiVV[ yss xqsWj][ F~T}qs @j [ j LiRRVRVLij.
xmsn VsxqsVztsQLS\s (gSV DLigRiLSV sVVR\s) A LRi %sxtsQR VLi[ sVVV (gSLS ), sLiT [y
@aRPVR \sVs xqsVsLiR Li c B%s zmsLiNRPLi; @sgS sVLi gSs xLjiLiRysNTP DFyRWV. @Li @LiNSLSs
NSRLi NSs, LiTLiRRLi NSs [}qs ysNTP aRPVj . BLiRsLRiNRPV zmsLiNSs gRiWLji xmsTLij. (zmsLiNRPLi @sgS
{mshRiLiR Li @s NSLilgi)[ .
2. @LiRVs rsLij NRPVRV sV, sVVyV, xmsgRiyV, %ds s, LRiWFyds, sLSds, xmssWds, y][
RRWLRiV[zqss A LRiRVd, y ORPQsW gS VxqsVN]s DLiy.
sVW. NRPXRxmsLkiOSQR WLi, xmsoLSxmsxqsLirylLi[ y Ry*L][ xLRiF[ yRWM. xmsLjiNRPVssV, @s[R ssV,
D [ sLi, xmsLjisVLiR sLi y. }msNSxms[ZaP[s xmsXxtsQR Li gRiVLi zmsNSLi y RV` xmsLjiaSRRVs R` xmsLjiNRPVssV.
RV` j*gRiVyxqsVNSyLi y LRiW}ms {qsxqsLRiWxmsLi xmsOTPQxms @ sL iR sVss s RRs[ R ssV. RV` xmsn VyyLi
dN`P}tsQs Ds RRV [ ssV. xLjiysVsMbPzVNRP RWLSysVsRs[Vs NRPVLRiV%ss RWlLi [ s y sxqsQLi
xqsLiRVWx RV` xmsLjisVXRQs R` xmsLjisVLiR ssV. [s rsLRiLSys s OUPQR Vs[. s \uyLi NTPLiRsLRiVgiR Li
s.
y. RRW\lLis sxqsVs osV xmsLkiOTPQLiRRLi[s V, FyR sxqsVsosV gRiV[R VRLi[s V xmsLjiNRPVsLi, [ j LiRRLi,
D [ sLi, sVLiR sLi @s[ yVgRiV xLRiF[ yRWV DyLiVV. \|mss Ds AyR ys(\|ms F~LRisV) xmsLkiOTPQLiRRLi
@s[ sLiNRP[R s gRiVNRPsV gSs, s dgRisLiyss gSs, INRP F~LRisV gSs NTPLijNTP LRi%sRsRLi
"xmsLjiNRPVsLi'.
lLiLiRV lLiV {mshRiLiR Li (yxqsVNRPLi) Ds sxqsVs o LRiWxmsLi[ {qsxqsLi lLi[NPR V DLi sVR sVs LigSLRiLi
dzqss[R VRLi "@s[ R sLi'. xmsn VsLRiWxmsLi[ Ds sxqsVs osV G\s yT\Vs ryR sLi][ gkiRVRLi "D [sLi'.
xLjiyLi, sVbP, zLigRiVNRPLi c %ds RWLRiLi][ NSs, NRPVLRiV%sLiRLi @s[ INSNRP LS RWLiR Li][ NSs sryQs
xmspzqs (C RWLS[ sxqsQLi IRVR W) gRigS sxqsVs osV A sxqsQLi][ LSRVRLi ""xmsLjisVLiR sLi''. B
[R VRLi[R LigSLRiV A LRiV, sLiT A LRiV @LjigjiFyLiVV. kss sxqsVs oV G%dsV TFso.
sVW. 1. gRixmsn VXuyyLi xqsRVWyLi xqsRXZaP[ysVsWsLi NRPVLS` c @s[FyyLi RWsRVyRLi
ysRVysVsWsLi NRPVLS`. %sLRiWFyLi y. yxmss sVVRNRP}msxtsQLi R xaRPM NRPVLS`.

2. @sZOP[QxmsM, xmssWssV, @gjiM, gRi NS, NSj NRPLRi, zmsM, xqsWRsV, [ Li, [ sLi, bPLS, DR=M,
sVOTPQNS, xqs*NS[VOSQ, RXM, DRNRPaRPLSssV, @gjiQxts Q%sV NSRLi %sy`.
3. LSyyLi %sxqsLi, sVgSz, xmsLRiVxtsQLi, xms{qsR Li, %ssLiR Li y RVxtsQ%sV %sy`.
y. 1. sLji NRPVsLi [zqs %sLRigRig]Ts%s, @s[ R sLi[R @xmsxLjiLiRTs%s, D [ sc xmsLjisVLiR y[R
@xmsxLjiLiRTs%s @LiVVs xqsLiRVW (lLi[NPR V @NTPs sxqsVs o)[s FLiVVs xmsyLRiLi xmssWs (@Li
BRLRisxqsVso xmssWs xms) EzLiy. @s[FyQ\s (xmspR xmspzqss) sxqsVs o[ FsLiR
@xmsxLjiLiRTLi][ VxqsVN]sysNTP bP FsLiR gRiLi ERkaS][ @LiR gRiLi ERkzqs yss xms
EzLiy. @lgi[ LRiLigRiV sWLjiFLiVVs sxqsVs o %sxtsQR VLi[ NRPWR. sxqsVs osV xmsLkiOTPQLiRysNTP @s[NPR
xmsLSRVsVVV NS RWzqs` ds [ ys.
2. @sZOP[QxmsLi (xxqsxmsn VsLi[R @xmsxLjiLiRR), RWNRPxmso LS , LSjsV, R V |ms [ ys AyLRiLi
(LiTNSj NRPLRi), ssVzmsLiR Li, xqsWRLi, sxqsQLi, sW[ sVLjizmsLiRRLi ([ sLi), R, IT, CgRi(CgRiV
][VNRPVLiVsV s sVVNRPV RWLRiLigS %szqsLjis[R VRLi), Rs aRPLkiLRiLi ZNP[zqs RWxqsVNRPVLiW DLiRRLi, ][V,
ds sVWNRPVRV, @gji[ s[zqs DLis @aRPVR \sVs xmsyLiR Li c Bsds NSRLi @sgS @xmsxLRiF[ yRVLi @s
VxqsVN][y.
1. sLiTsxqsVs o[ RVLiR LiR Li gRij, sVsLigS DLi[j (s[j ), xmsLRiVxtsQ xqsLRi+ gRij, NRPhjis\sVsj, sVLi
LRiLigRiV [sj RVxts Q sVs gRizLiy.
a].[ GsLi ssLi R LiR Li R %sLRiWxmsLi yzms NRPsV,
xmsLkiZOP[QyRRVLi \uyLi RV][j xts QLi xmsNRP[V`.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QOPR Q xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ RRVLiR a][%yRVM, %sbPRWLi rsLij NRPxmsyLRiM, AjRM
xmsLiaRPM.
y. rsLij NRPVRV N]R k , FyRk, LRiLigRiV Tsk @LiVVs sxqsVs osV C %sR LigS xmsLkiOTPQLiy. %dsNTP zmss %sR LigS
sxts QxmsLjiLRiLi GLRiLRiy.
""sLijs'' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ @R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ j*dRWj NRPLRiLi[, %sbP[
rsLjiNRP xmsyLRiLi @s[ xmsyQ s @yRVLi, FyLRiLiLisVLi sVV\|ms#HRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R xmsRa][%yRVM

113

RRVzqsQLiaRPLi xmsNRPLRisV c N][uygSLSR QOPR QM (%s%sR sxqsVs osV ss DLi[ rysLi @R QOPR VRV)
sVW. 1. N][uygSLSR QORPQM {qsyc LSxts QcNRPLiVVsVVcxmsLjisLRiN PR cFy%sVRNRPc @xms%sVRNRP c zqsLixsNSsc
sRVxmsyWxmsryys Dxms [ R .
2. {qsyR QO][QxmsdsRM xqsxqssLiR NRPM {qsy.
3. zmsNRPLRiM, xtsQygRiM, }qsy NRP sV, M, NRPLRiM, DR=M, FyLRi+Q*sV, FyLji{NRPsV, KFyRVNRPsV, N_}tsQRVNRPLi
R LSxts QsV.

4. yssVWLi, N][aPR sL>SLRiM, xmsWgRixmsyysLi R NRPLiVVssV.


5. xqsxqssLSy sVLSsl Li[ %sssVRVM xmsLjisLRiN PR M.
6. xqsxqsRWRs sVsRM Fy%sVRNRPsV.
7. R[s xmsyyLiR sV Axms%sVRNRPsV.
8. NRPVNRPL][R NRPxqsNRPVaPR VNRPz msxtsQNPR LRi Rss[xtsv \{msRssV KLRi yNTPZNP[xtsv BORPWLi R OSQLiR NRPLRi zqsLixsNS.
9. sxts QxmsxqsQXyjLRisRM.
10. %sZOP[Qxmsyj ysL SLRisVZaP[xtsQLi R sRVxmsyRVM.
11. RVsWysL iR Li xxqsxmspLRisV DRLRiM, y, xmsLRiVztsQR sV, FyLij RLi R Dxmsrys%sV.
y. 1. N][uygSLSR QOPR VRV (%s%sR sxqsVs osV xqsLigRizLi ss[}qs rysLi N][uygSLRiLi; ys @R QORPVRV.
Superintendent of the magazine) {qsR, LSxts QLi, NRPLiVVsVLi, xmsLjisLRiN PR Li, Fy%sVRNRPLi, @xms%sVRNRPLi, zqsLixsNRP,
@sRLi, sRVxmsyRVLi, DxmsrysLi c %dss gRiWLji xmsLjibdPyxmspLRi*NRPLigS VxqsVN][y.
2. {qsyR QOPR VRV (ysLRiWxms\sVs xmssV sxqsWV [}qs @j NSLji) N][uygSLSsNTP dzqsN]s ss %s%sR xqsxqs
RVV "{qsR'.
3. gSsWRVsVLiT rysVWzNRPLigS sxqsWV [R Vszqss xmssV, A RW FyLiy[ sxqsWV [R Vszqss
ALRis sLiRV xqsryjNRPLi, \|qssLi N]LRiNRPV GLRiLRi[ Li, N]s xms[aSsVLiT sbPR LRiWxmsLi[ sxqsWV
[R Vszqss xmsRs sLiRV, BLRi\sRVs sLiRV sVVR\s xqsryjgRiLi(), xmsn sXOSQR VNRPV xqsLiLij Lis
LS NUPRVszqss gRiLi (NRPLRiLi), LSNRPV xmsoRyRVR=s xqssVRWRV[ FLRiVV, sxmsRVV @LijLi[
[s sVVR\s sxqsVs oV (DR=LigRiLi), sWsVWVgS sxqsWV [zqs ysNRPLi[ @j NRPLigS sxqsWV [zqss xmssV
(FyLRi+Q*sV), RRVuyyRV y*LS NRPgjis xqsxqsyaSsNTP xmsLjiLRiLi (FyLji{NRPLi), LSNRPV DFyRVsLigS
xqssVLjiLi[ xmsVV sVVR\s%s (KFyRVsNRPLi), LS sLjiLis LRiVsoV, DyssyV
sVVR\sysVLiT Li[j (N_}tsQR VNRPLi) c %dsNTP "LSxts QLi' @s }msLRiV. @sgS Bj LSxts QLi[ Li[ xmssV.
114
4. ysLi @sVgS ss r~sVV, r~sVV sLi ysLi N]sVg][V, BRLRiVNRPV Bs yss sU ][ xqs
sxqsWV [R VRLi C sVWTLiNUP "NRPLiVVsVLi' @s }msLRiV.
5. xqsxqs RVNRPV Lijsy[ INRP LRiNRPLi ysLi B ysNTP RVV sVL]NRP LRiNRPLi ysLi dxqsVN]sRLi
"xmsLjisLRiN PR Li'.
6. BRLRiV sVLiT RWLi xqsxqsLi dxqsVN]sRLi "Fy%sVRNRPLi'. Bj Ljigji Bs*szqss xmss DLiRRV.
7. Ljigji Brys s zms A %sR LigS @xmsVgS dxqsVN]sRLi "Axms%sVRNRPLi'.
8. RLiRRLi, \|msLRiVV IsRLi, (LRiVgRi[) %sxqsLRiRLi, sWRNRPRyV RRWLRiV[R VRLi, zmsLiT
RRWLRiV[R VRLi @s[ ys syyLRiLigS [xqsVN]s %sLi[y [R A xmssVV [LiVVLiRRLi, g]

NSxmsLiR [R , gSsVgRiV }msy [R sWs dLiVVLiRRLi, LRiVNRPV LRixqsLi dLiVVLi sLiTLiRRLi sVVR\sj
"zqsLixsNRP'.
9. sxts Q\sVsj, sVLRiFLiVVsj sVVR\sj "@sRLi'.
10. \|qssLiN][xqsLi xmsLizmssys[s V, yj RVNRPV NTPR= [R VRLiN][xqsLi xmsLizmss RsLi[s V LRiV|msgS
%sVgjisj "sRVxmsyRVLi.'
11. RWNRPLi[s V N]R[s V ss [yV, NRPVLiRLi sVVR\sy[ FsNRPVsgS xms [ V [][ sLixmsRLi,
yyRV LSbP, y (N]xqsLRiVgS dzqsN]s RsLi) gRiRs xqsLisR=LSsNTP Lijs ss sxqsVs oV, Rs
s[LiR V[R xqsLiFyjLis xmsoxtsQyLiWjNRPLi c%dsNTP "DxmsrysLi' @s }msLRiV.
sVW. 1. ys}qsxOSQLiR sysV.
2. ysNRPLi {qsyR QZOP[Qs OSQQsVM. xqsLji|q^s# srysVsM }qsM.
3. FnyRgRiVRsVR=QNSaRPLRiLSM OSQLiR sLiR M.
4. \|qss srysVVR%sRRVsOSQLiR rsLRi[[ R M ssLiR M.
5. O_QQRLi sWLik Q*NRPLi R sVR V.
6. BORPVLRixqsgRiVsVR VFnyRsVsxmssryysVsRsW s[VxtsQ aRPXzmsxmsdNS*yxtsv][ sWzqsNRPM, uyzqsNRPM,
ryLisR=LjiN][ y j[LS*LRiVZNP[OPR VNSsVxmsn sVNSsxqsVRM aRPV][ y aRPVNRP s LiR M.
7. sXOSQs VNRPLRi sVLSQsV%sRsVNRPsWRVV N][RLRi r%dsLRiNRPxtsQLiR WxtsQNSjM xmsn sVsLiR M.
8. Rj yysWjLiR QysVsLiR M.
9. zmsxmsdsVLjiRaRPXs[LSNTPLSRNRPg _LRixqsL<iR xmsNRPVxqsVs VVLRiV ][LiR NRPRsVsNRPsVLRiVsNRP bPgRiVNSjM NRPVsLRiM.
10. aRPVxtsQsVR=QsWLixqsNRPs sVWxmsn aSNSj R aSNRPsLiR M.
y. 1. BV\|mss ysLi, }qsV, OSQLSV, sV %dss gRiWLji xmsRVRVsj.
2. yyNRPV xqsLiLij Lis %sysLi {qssWR QOSQyRVLi[ xmsgRiLi. sLiVV, \Li, sxqs,
sV(FssVVNRP[s V sWLixqsLi[s V DLi[ gRiV) c B%s }qsV.
3. FnyRLi (sVVzqsqs) , Li, sVR=QLiTNRP (sNUP, LiRaRPLRiLRiNUP sVR @sxqs ) LiRaRPLRiLRi (xmsNRPLi)
B%s OSQLiR sLiR Li.
4. \|qsLiR s sLi, xqssVVRsLi, %sRsLi RVsOSQLiR Li (ry {msL`i) rsLRiLi Rxms W%sVsVLi dzqssj
c B%s ssLiR Li.
5. [sgRiV }qsNRPLjiLisj, yORPQxms sVLi dzqssj @s sVR Vso lLiLiRV LRiNSV.
6. LRiVNRPVLRixqsLi, gRiVLi (Li), sVR Vso, FyRLi, s[lLi[R Vxms LRixqsLi, xmssxqsxms LRixqsLic%ds[ G\s INRPys[
s[VxtsQaPR XLigjiczmszms s[zqs sVLRigRi|ms [zqss NS*RLi][ NRPzms RRWLRiV[zqss sWRNRPRsLi sWxqsLi ss Dsj,
ALRiV sWryV ss Dsj, xqsLisR=LRiLi ss Dsj @s sVWRV %syVgS DLiVLij. ks[s[ jLi
(dRVs ][xqs), sgRiLRiV ][xqs, LRiVNRPVNRP, sW%sVTxmsLiRV, DzqsLjiNSRVV c %ds LRixqsLi][ NRPzms NSs, NRPxmsNRPVLiy
gSs RRWLRiV[R VsRV. Bj aRPVNRP s LiR Li.
7. LiR, NRPLRisVLiR Li, sW%sVT, %sRLi (@yxqs), DzqsLji, sWkxmsn Li, INRP LRiNRPLi lLi[gji, lLi[gij , NRPxtsQ(iLi)LRiWxtsQNPR Li
sVVR\sj xmsn sVsLiR Li (xmsos xmsLiR V).

8. |msLRiVgRiV yysVLi (NRPRVgRiV) sVVR\s%s RysVsLiR Li.


9. zmszms , %sVLjiRVLi, @Li, NRP, NTPLSRNRPL i @s[ JxtsQj , AyV, N]%sVLji, ][LiR NRPLi, RsVsNRPLi,
sVLRiVsNRPLi, sVVNSR sVVR\sj NRPVNRPsLiR Li.
10. FsLiTs [xmsV, FsLiTs sWLixqsLi, RVLixmsV, sVWV, xmsn V, aSNSV, sVVR\s%s aSNRPsLiR Li.
sVW. 1. RR%LiR sWxmsRLiR Li sxmsyyLi ryxms[V`. @LiR sVV xmsRVVR. ss[s yssLi a][R [V`.
2. ORPVQ xmsn VXzmsxts Q XuyysWLRiQaRPVxtsQzqsyyLi R yyyLi sXj ORPQR VxmssWs xmsRQOUPQNPR VLki*R.
3. N][Rs%ds{sVLiR Li ryLRiM, aSdysVxts Q g][s M, g][s M sLRiNSsV. zmsRVWsVLiR Li ryLRiM
ssgRisXj aRP. DyLRiNRPxqsVM. RVyM g][R WsWaRP ORPVQM.
4. M, RVyM, sVVR sWuyaRP xmsn VXuyM xmsgRisXj M g][R WsVM xqsNRPs aRP. Fy][yNRPRVRsV{qs.
sVVR sWuysVLiR Fy][y. \ZaPsWysVLiR Li ryLRiM. g][[ sVxqsWLSsV.
115
y. 1. N][uygSLSsNTP [Lij s xqsLRiVNRPV[ xqsgRiLi [aPR Li[ RVLjiQOSQyxmsRV s}qs ARVN][s ysNTP gRiLRi[zqs
DLiy. INRP xqsgRis[V DxmsWgjiLiy. N]R xqsLRiVNRPV][ FyR xqsLRiVNRPVsV a][j Liy. FyRj dzqss[zqs ys rysLi[
N]R j [LS @s @LiR Li.
2. RLis%s, gS szmss%s, zmsLiT [zqss%s, s[LiVVLis%s, RT%s, FsLiTs%s, sLiT sysNTP zqsR LigS Ds%s c
C GRV LRiNS yy[ FsxmsVRV @%s (xmssWRV[) |msLRiVgRiVyW, RLRiVgRiVyW, FsxmsVRV G
xmssWLi DLiVLi][ N][uygSLSR QORPVRV xqs*RVLigS RW VxqsVN]s DLiy.
3. N][s V, sLjiysLi[s V ryLRiLi xqsgRiLi DLiVLij. @sgS lLiLiRV NRPVLiy yysNTP INRP NRPVLiRLi RVLi
sryR Vs @LiR Li. aSysLi[ xqsgRisVW Fss%sVRssLiRV RgiR VR DLiVLij. @sgS Fss%sVj NRPVLiy
aSyysNTP sVWRV NRPVLiyV RVLi sryLiVV. sLRiNRPNTP sVWRssLiRV RgiR VRVLij. @sgS sVWRV NRPVLiy
sLRiNRPNTP lLiLiRV NRPVLiy RVLi sryLiVV. zmsRVLigRiVsoNRPV xqsgRiLi ryLRiLi DLiVLij; ]%sVRs sLiRV
|msLRiVgRiVRVLij. @sgS Fss%sVj NRPVLiyNTP HRV NRPVLiy RVLi sryLiVV.
FsLiTs ys RLizms}qs xqsgRiLi ryLRiLi, RTzms[ ]%sVRssLiRV |msLRiVgRiVR @s @LiR Li. DyNRPysLi NRPWy
RLiy RLiRsxmsVRV FsLiR xmssWsW @Li[ DLiVLij. RVsV, g][R VsVV RLizmsLiy NRPWR xmssWLi[
sWLRiV DLiRRV.
4. V, RVsV, |msxqsV, %sVsVsVVV, sN]y (xmsxmsV [zqsy NRPWR) xmssWLi[ sWLRiV DLiRRV,
g][R VsVV sgRiN]y, RVsV s[LiVVLi zmsLiT [zqsy HRs sLiRV xmssWLi |msLRiVgRiVRVLij. NRPRVLi
(INRPLRiNRPLi aRPsgRi) zmsLiT (RsV{qs) yssLiRV RgRiVRVLij. (yVgRiV NRPVLiyV NRPRVLi zmsLiT [}qs sVWRV
NRPVLiyV @soRVLij). |msxqsV, %sVsVsVVV, zmsLiT [LiVV}qs Fss%sVRs sLiRV RgRiVRVLij. \ZaP (DsV
sVVR\sy[) ryLRiLi xqsgRis[V DLiVLij. sVxqsWLS[ (INRPLRiNRPLi aRPsgRiV) sVWRs sLiRV RgiR VRVLij.
sVW. 1. zmsxts QsWsVLi NRPVxtsQaSR LRigRiVM. j*gRiV[ RWsNRPM. xmsoNRPM zmsxts QLi R zqsR sV.

2. N][RssLRiN][yLRiNRPzmsRVWLi gRiVsVsLi RRVLiR VLi %ds{sV. xmsgRiVLi aSdysV.


%sVRsVxmsLSsLi j*gRiVsVLSj NRPLi %sLRiWyysV.
3. xmsgRisXj M XuyysV. NRPW j*gRiVM, M LRiVaRP.
y. 1. g][R VsVV sVVR\sy xms (RTgS Ds)zmsLiT, DTNTPLis |msxqsV, %sVsVsVVV sVVR\ sy
xmssWsVW NRPWy xqsgRiLi |msLRiVgRiVRVLij. (yVgRiV) NRPVRVV ALRiV NRPVRVV @soyLiVV. F~V dzqss[zqss
RVs RWLiR Li lLiLixmso @soRVLij. DTNTPLis xmsoNRPV (\|ms \|mss F~Vdzqss RLiRVV) g][R WsVRWLSjNRPLi
DTNTP}qs lLiLixmso @soyLiVV.
2. N][RyV (N]V), sLRiNRPV, DyLRiNRPV, zmsRVLigRiVsoV sLiT[ sVWRV lLi @sLi RRWLRisoRVLij. sLji
RVLi DTNTP}qs yVgRiV lLi @sLi RRWLRisoRVLij. aS ysLi (@Rso[ xmsLi[ INRP LRiNRPLi sLji) sLiT[
HRV lLi @sLi RRWLRisoRVLij. RTzmss @xmsLSsLi, @sgS aRPsgRiV sVVR\sy @sLi lLiLiRV lLiV
@soRVLij. @LiNRPVLjiLis (xmspLjig S sVVRLRis) aRPsgRiV sVVR\s y @sLi xqsgRiLi @j NRPLi @soRVLij.
3. g][R VsWRVV s[LiVV}qs HRs sLiRV xmssWLi |msLRiVgRiVRVLij. NRPRVLi (INRP LRiNRPLi aRPsgRi) s[LiVV}qs lLi Lixmso
@soRVLij. RVLi, RVsW s[LiVV}qs lLiLixmso @soyLiVV.
sVW. 1. xtsQLi \sVR{qsysV. ssVNRPVaSsVNRPzmsykyLi xmsgRiM. RRVLSgij NSM
NRPVxqsVsVs VR WZNP[ Vk}qsM.
2. NSLSxqsO_Qs WLi xmsxms[ xmsxqsWRsV.
y. 1. @%szqsgjiLisVLi ALRis sLiRV, s[xms, NRPVaRP, sW%sVT, sgRi gjiLi sVLiT HRs sLiRV, sVso* sVLiT,
NRPVxqsVLi dsVLiT sVR WNRP dsVLiT, gSLRiNSRV sVLiT ys sLiRV sWs xqsVLij.
2. HRV xms xmsNPT , O_Qs WsNTP (INRP LRiNRP\sVs sVVNRP LRiRV ) INRP xmsLi yLRiLi xqsVLij.
sVW. xms][[ aSdyLi y*RaSR NRPLi RVyLi NRP [ ssV, GNSRaRPNRPLi yyLi,
RaRPNRPsxmsyyLi, ssNRPLi ryLiyyLi, @xts QNPR Li xmsd yLi, xqsxmsNPR Li sVVyLi, xtsQLi [%sd NRPVsWLSLi,
xmsNRPLi LSsV, @xmsLjiaRPVyyLi y RVyLi xmsxqs M.
y. INRP ][Li (BLRi\s AR NSV) aSysLi sVLi F~V, sWNRPV, sVVR\s%s RNRPVs dRVRLi, N]LiLi
FsNRPVs dRVRLi c @Li [ysV xms xmssLiRV AR NSV, xmsRN]LiRV AR NSV, xmsj AR NSV c C
sVVR\s Lki[ RVLi sryLiVV. xmspLjig S gRiV [zqssLiVV[ HRV AR NS RVLi ryLiVV. A %sR \ sVs
RVLi FssLjiNTP FsLi%s By*[ xmsoRVyRV. C y xtsQ[ FyLi[ xmssLiRs sLiLRiV RVLi,
xmsRN]LiRs sLiLRiV RVLi Byj%sR LigS xmssRV.
s GsVgRiV (GsVgRiV zms) ALSsNTP 12 s sLiLRiV RVLi, RVxts Q\sVs (@RVxmso[ DLiRs) GsVgRiVNTP 11
s sLiLRiV RVLi, xqsyLki GsVgRiVNTP 10 s sLiLRiV RVLi, RVVR Li[ DxmsWgjiLi[ GsVgRiVNRPV 9s sLiLRiV
RVLi, NSLiVNRPV 8s sLiLRiV RVLi, xmsysV\s VNRPV 7s sLiLRiV RVLi, LSVNRPV,
LSxmsoRVNRPV 6s sLiLRiV RVLi, LSNRPV 5s sLiLRiV RVLi xqsLRixmnsLS RW. [y LSNRPV BLRi\ s
AR NS ysLi sVLi INRP xmsxqs Li s[V dzqss sVVNRP %sLRigRis xmsLjiaRPVR \sVs RLiRVV %ssWgjiLiy.

116
sVW. 1. RRVLSgiR M xqsWxmsM, xqsWxmsuRa][ sLiaRPM, RRVLSgiR M xqsLjixtsQM \xqs y, GNRPsWLRi NRPs V.
xmsxqs xtsQygiR M xqsWxmsM, @LRi}qsxsV sLSsV. Fy][s Li {qsQsV. @LRiLi ysV.
2. sWLixqsxms%sLiaRPy }qsLiR NRPVRVsM, xmsN][ sryLiaRPM, OSQLiR xmsWgRiM, j*R LRiNRPM NRPVNRPWgRiM,
RR aSLiR Qxmsxqs M.
3. [[R L iR Li yRsV, aSNSysVR LiR gRiVM, aRPVuyLi j*gRiVM. xqs \s WgRiM.
y. (INRP xmsxqs Li RVLi) INRP xmsxqs Li[ ysgRiLi xqsWxmsLi (xmsxmsV jsVxqsVV), xqsWxmsLi[ xmsRLRis gRiLi
DxmsV, ys[ ys gRiLi sLiVV [y \ Li c Bj ALRiVsNTP (sVR sV xmsxms @sgS sVR LRiNRPLi ryqs
NRPysNTP) [ sLi. RNRPVs xmsxms (Status) NRPy [ sLi c xmsxqs Li[ ALRis sLiRV xqsWxmsLi, ys[ xqsgRiLi
\Lic ALRiLi. ALRi {qsQNRPV xmsoLRiVxtsv ALRiLi[ yssLiRV RNRPVs. VNRPV @sgS ALRiVLRiNRPV,
@sLRiVLRiNRPV A xmsoLRiVxtsv ALRiLi[ xqsgRiLi.
2. sWLirys xqsLixqsLjiLiRysNTP c BLRi\s xms sWLirysNTP @LiR NRPVRVLi (xmsxqs Li[ Fss%sVRs sLiRV NRPVRVLi;
xmsRLRis sLiRV @LiR NRPVRVLi) sWs, sLi INRP xmsLi, sLi [NPR F[ INRP xmsLi xqsVsLjiNS c RVsOSQLSjNRPLi,
lLiLiRV R LRiV xmssWLi gRi zmsxms , %sVLjiRWV, BLigRiVs sVVR\s sVuyV, xmsxqs Li[ xqsgRiLi |msLRiVgRiV
[LS c (B%s [Lij sWLixqsLi sLiy).
3. sVV\|ms# xms sWLixqsLi, @LiRNRPLi[ FsNRPVs sWLixqsLi sLiRysNTP %sVgjis xqsLRiVNRPV xmssWLi C Fy[s[
|msLiRVNRPVLiW Fy. aSNSNTP \|mss zmss xqsLRiVNRPVds xqsgRiLi |msLi DxmsWgjiLiy. FsLiTs sWLixqsLi, aSNRPLi
sVVR\syNTP A xqsLRiVNRPVV \|mss zmss xmssWNTP lLiLixmso xmssW[ [LS.
sVW. 1. xxqsQaRP*WM RRR QZOP[Q %syxmssWLi sOSQQsVM. dsLSyLi sWxtsQ][Li, RVyyLi y xmsoNRPM.
ZaP[xtsQs VaRP*%syssV. %sZaP[u xmsn WzmsNRPRVNRPNRPVNRPLi, RaSR NRPLi y.
2. j*gRiVLi sVzuuysV. @LiR Q][Li LRixmsXxtsQRL][zyysV. AR NRPs[VNRPVLRisV.
@LSR NRPsV\NRPsLSLi j*gRiVLi y NRPNRPVNRPsV. xmsrRsM aRPVysV. xLixqsN_sVRVWLSsV
@LiR Qxmsxqs M ZaP[uysV @RM
sVXgRixmsaRPVxmsOTPQyys[VNRP NSs VsWsLi gSx[V`.
117
y. 1. GsVgRiVNUP, @aS*NUP Bs*szqss ALSs gRiWLji gRiR QOPR Q c @aS*R QORPQ xmsNRPLRi[ xmsoyLi.
FsR VNRPV INRP ][Li %sVsVsVVV [y RVs fRV INRP ][Li By*. %sVgjisj @aS*NTP zmss .[ %dsNTP
sWRs[V B[ ALRiLi[ %sZaP[xtsQLi GsVsgS c INRP RV(sWLRiV xmsV) [y xmsj @R NS RVLi sWNRP s
By*.
2. RVsFRVNUP, ILiNUP, ksNTP lLiLixmso ALRiLigS By*. gSTRNUP, RVNRP [ NTP, L][zys[ Fs [ NUP
xqsgRiLi ][Li xmssWLi[ sWuyRVV By*. GV, NRPVLRiLigSV @s[ [ NTP INRP AR NRPLi By*.
s[VNRPNTP, g] NTP, xmsLiRVNUP AR NRPLi[ xqsgRiLi (lLiLiRV xmsryV) [y INRP AR NRPLi RVxmso sWNRP gRiLi By*.
NRPVNRPNTP INRP xmsxqs Li xmssWLi gRi @sLi By*. xLixqsNTP, N_LiR xmsORPVNTP, ssV NUP xmsxqs Li[ xqsgRiLi @sLi

By*. B%s NSNRP %sVgjis sVXgSNTP, xmsaRPVsoNRPV, xmsORPVNRPV, NRPWLRisVXgSNRPV, @%s FsLiR ALRiLi
sgRiVgRiVyW ys xms DLiVVLixmso [zqs ALRiLi By*.
sVW. @LSLi xqsVuys [xNRPLSs [FyyLi LRi[V`. NRPNSM yxqsNRPLRiNRPLRixqsWxmsNSLSsV. @][%s`
KRsNSxmspzmsZNP[ M xmsRV[ ` .
2. RVsWsLi L][R dsRXxtsQVxqs[W NRPVNRPL][R NRPRVsQ
xmsRNRPaRPWLRiysNSNRP[ d zmsNRPxqsLisWLiR saRP DxmsNRPLRis.
3. sWLiR NSLRiORPQNPR yLRiNRPsWRVNRPsWxmsyRVNRP yxmsNRP aRPNSxms gSxNRP yxqsNRPLRiNRPLRisLiR aRP %szts QM.
4. a].[ D\QLSsxqs sZOP[QF sVWyM OSQLiR xqs xqsLixyM,
sVXyxts QN][uyM }qsxxqs xmsXj%ds sxqs R
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QOPR Q xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ xmsRa][%yRVM
N][uygSLSR QOPR QM; AjRM xtsQLiaRPM
y. 1. giR VV, ENRPc %dss [xNSLRiVNRPV, g][R \|msxmspRV s[}qsy NTP xmsLizmsLiy. sWNRPV yxqsVNUP,
NRPLRiNSLRiVNUP, xqsWxmsNSLRiVNRPV (gRiLi sVVR\s%s sLi[y NTP) y ALRiLi N][xqsLi By*. %sVgjis xqsLRiVNRPV
@sLi sLi[ sLiy NUP, @xmspFyV (ZNP[NP` =) RRWLRiV[}qs y NUP (@%s RRWLRiV[R VRLi N]LRiNRPV) By*.
2. RWNSV s[}qs rysWgji (RV LiRLi) N]RV s[}qs rysVgji (sWsLiRLi), LRigRi (L][R ds), sWLRiVN]s[
xqssZNPV(RXxtsQ` ), L][NPR , L][ , NRPVNRPRVLiRLi (ILisVR ANSLRiLi[ DLi[ RVLiRLi; RVLi sVVR\ s%s
zmsLiT[R VysNTP DxmsWgjiLi[j ), L][R NRPRVLiRLi (sgRiN] [ RVLiRLi; kss sVsVxtsvV NSs, FsR VV NSs,
yLRigSs sTzmsryLiVV), xmsRNRPLi (yyRV BW @W s[V NRPLRi][ [zqss ryR sLi), y, R,
sRVLRiV VV (NRPLi][d ) |ms V (zmsNRP), dxmso c Bsds
xqssVNRPWLRiVN]sszqss ryR yV.
3. RVT[yRV (sWLiR NRP), ALRiORPQNPR VRV (N][uygSLSs LRiOTPQLi[ y`sWs), yLRiNRPVRV (RWNSV RW[yRV),
sWxmsNRPVRV (N]RV N][yRV), yRVNRPVRV (xqsLRiVNRPVV B[yRV c sLki [}qsyRV), yxmsNRPVRV
(yRVNRPV%dsVR @j NSLji c BzmsLi[yRV),
aRPNS xms gSxNRPVRV (RWs [y N]s rysWsVV dzqsN]s[yRV gRi.aS.) NRPV RW[yRV c
@N_LiLiV c NSLilgi .[ ), yxqsVRV (R sLi B N]syRV; A %syLiRLi xmss [R VszqssyRV) NRPLRiNRPLRiVV
(yyNRPLigS ysNTP NRPVjLjis xmssy ) %ds LiRLRiW "%sztsQ' @sgS LS XRVV.
yys ss[R VysNTP W%sV xqsLRi+ [s DsR ryyV DxmsWgjiLiy. Li sVVR\s OSQLSsV
ss[R VysNTP gRigS gjiLi NRPs RXRV][ [zqss LiR yV GLRiLRiy. sLiVV, sWsV sVVR\s
}qsxRysV ss[R VysNTP sV][s W, NRP][s W RRWLRiV [zqss FyRV DxmsWgjiLiy. sLi
W%sV[ Fy|ms xqsLiLRiOTPQLiy.
"sLijs' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ @R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ lLiLiRs @j NRPLRiLi[
N][uygSLSR QORPV gRiWLjis xmsj}ss @yRVLi, sVVRsVLi sVV\|ms# ALRis @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.

@R uRa][%yRVM
RRVzqsQLiaRPLi xmsNRPLRisV c xmsR QOPR QM
sVW. 1. xmsR QOPR QM xqs yLi yy%syyLi xmsyLi xqs xmsRyLjixms][xmsRWyyLi ryLRixmsn *QLS sL iR Li
zmsRWzmsRVyLi R %sy`. Ry %sZOP[QxmsxqsLiZOP[QxmsNRPRV%sNRPRVxmsWgRiNSs.
2. RVR xmsLi xmsRVLRiLi R[NPU NRPXR @LiR sWL][xms[V`. Fy}ms @lLi [ y @LSsL iR Li NSLRi[V`.
3. xqs* W%sVyLi LSxmsysV GNRPsVVLi ssLRiLi ryxms[V`. xmsLRi W%sVysV @s[NPR sVVsV. D RVLi
R xmsysVsV gRi} %sNSxms[V`. xqs WsVzms R Li xmsysV KxmsNSLjiNRPLi yLRi[V`. @xqsxmsyLi
NS[xmsL][R Li xqsLiNRPV][xtsQLi y [yR[V`.
118
y. 1. xmsR QORPVRV, (@sVRgjis LSRysNTP "xmsLi' @s }msLRiV. @ @s[V aSNRPV @R QORPVRV, s[%dsVR
xmsos%s, Li[ xmsos%ds @LiVVs xmssxqsVs oV xqs sWLiR Li y*LS, sWLiR Li y*LS Rs NSLSRWsNTP
ssxmsVRV A xms[ G%s ZaP[xts Q\sVs[, G%s yzqsLRiNRP\sVs[ VxqsVN][y.
y sVWLi[ yLRiRsWs G%s N]s[y NTP zmsRV\sVs[ (]LiRLRigS @sVVRV FyW) G%s @LiRgS
zmsRVLi NSs[ (]LiRLRigS @sVVRV F[) VxqsVN][y. @[ %sR LigS A xqsLRiVNRPVsV G G xqssVRW[
%s%sR xms[aSNRPV xmsLiFy[, FsxmsVRV ys DxmsxqsLixLjiLiy[ (%s` y), FsxmsVRV N]y[, FsxmsVRV
@sW[ c Rgjis NSLi NRPWy VxqsVN]s DLiy.
2. y FsNRPVsgS Ds xmss @LiRds INRP ][ [Lij ys LkiRV |msLiy. @sVNRPVs R LRi ss RLRiyR
ysNTP sVL]NRP sVWLi sLiR LiVVLiy (RgjiLiy).
3. (LS) Rs LSLi[ xmsos sxqsVs o NRPRV %sNRPRV ssLRiLi INRP ][sVLi[ Ljilgi[V RW. BRLRi
LSsVLi ssy NRPRV %sNRPRV ssLRiLi @s[NPR ryy sVLi sTzmsLiy. lLiLiRV %sy\ s
(xqs* W%sV c xmsLRi W%sV) xmsds NRPWy xmsNRPV {msR NRPgRiNRPVLiy @%sVLiy. Li @j NRPLigS xqsVLij
NRPy @s xmsNRPV ZNP [aPR Li NRPgjiLi[ Li xqsLiFyjLiRNRPWRRV. sysxqsLRi sxqsVso (FyV NRPWLRiV sVV. )
%sxtsQR VLi[ NS[xmsL][R Li (xqssVRWsNTP @%s xmsNRPV @LiRNRPVLiy [R VRLi) gSs, xqsLiNRPV][xtsQLi (xqsLRiVNRPV ss
DLiRgS BLiNS xqsLRiVNRPV dzqsN]s s NRPxmsRLi) gSs [R VNRPWRRV.
sVW. 1. xsVVLi y LSxmsLi \s[xNSMNRPXyLiR Li %sNUPLRis. [ ysVLRiWxmsLi R \sR LRiLi RRVM.
2. uRaRPg][ sWsy. %sLiaRPgRiM RVsWssV. gRi xmsysV GNSRaRPgRiM.
3. xmsLRi W%sVLi xmssV @sVgRi}y}`. y%sNRPryLiR y} aRP xmsLjiLRisWRVORPQs VLi Ry`.
@sWgRiaSlLi x[tsv AgRisWysVsR xqs[ xmsNSLjiM.
y. 1. sLRiN PR VV R LRi sLiR LiVVLis LSxmss s[LRiV s[LiR V xms[aS[ @sVsRVsV. @%sVs sxqsVs o R LRi[
G\y sxts QLi ( [ R Li) s}qs ysNTP Rgjis \sR LRiLi (suys xmspLjiLiRRLi c sxts Q xmsLjiLRiLi) Liy.

2. N][ sxqsVs o %dsVR LSNRPV B[ y xmsRLRis sLiRV. (y @sgS @j NRPLigS Bs*szqssj c xqsL`i
yLij @sgS 16 NTP[gSsVV xqsLRiVNRPV @%sV[ INRP NTP[gSsV LSNRPV By*) RW @s[Vy%dsVR BLRi\sRVs
sLiRV y. NRP|ms @s[Vy%dsVR
y xmsRN]LiRs gRiLi.
3. BRLRi [aS[ xmsLiTs xqsLRiVNRPVsV [ sLRiN PR VNRPV @LiRFyVV, A%sNRPVV, LSNRPV RgRiLjiy c BLi
y sVLiT G y NRPgRiNRPVLiy jgRiVsV [LiVVLiRVN][y. JR[s V xmsRs[s V xqsLRiVNRPV [y NTP
(y%sNRP), ryLiR yxNUP (y sVLij NRPzqs s[ sLRiN PR VNUP) y NTP @LiVVs LRiVNRPV xmsLjiLRiLi By*.
@LiVV[ C xmsLjiLRiLi %sxtsQRV[ sxts QLi NRPgjiLi[j gS DLiRNRPWRRV. %s[bPd RVV\s sLRiN PR V %sxtsQR VLi[ FssLRiW
@WgRiLi (ZNP[xqsVV |msRLi) [R VNRPVLiy RWy. @LiVV[ A sLRiN PR VNRPV DxmsNSLRiLi [zqss xqs VV (xqssVV)
y %dsVR @WgRiLi [R Vszqss}qs @sVsVLiy. (xqs*[bPd RVV\s sLRiN PR xqsLixmsn WNTP Lijsy , y NRPV
xqsLiLij Lisy @WgRiLi [}qs @sVsVLiy. NSLilgi )[ .
sVW. xmsj uyyLRiM xmssVWs[VNRPsVVLi NSxts Q][sV GNRPyzmsyyRWLi sRR VM. @xaSxts Qs[V
lgi[ xmsR QORPQryLRi[VRVVM c BRLi %sNUPRsV, BRLi ZaP[xtsQ%sV. RVsWsNRPLi yLRi[VRVVM, B
xqs*%sxtsQ[V yRsV.
y. LSxmss @s[V @j NSLRiVV xmsLi @sVgS ss sVVRL i sVWs IZNP[ LRiLiR Li, sVWy Ds
NRP |ms [ gRiLRi RW. A R sLi @Liy xmsgRi Fss%sVRs gRiLi[ (ryRVLiNSLi) ""Bj @sVTLij; Bj
%sVgjiLij'' @s RWzmsLi xmsR QORPVsNTP @LjiLiy. RWNSV RW[ rysVgji N]R rysVgki NRPWy @RsNTP
@xmsFy. BLiRsLRiNRPV Rs LSLi[ Li[ xmsLi %sxtsQR VLi[ xmsTLij.
sVW. xmsLRi%sxtsQ[V RVcxmsxmsxmsWM @LiR Li sVWLi R AgRisVRV
aRPVsLRi yyzNRPgRiVRLRi[R V NRP NRPsRVaRPVR sVV RRVLi xmsZaP[`. @xqsRVR[V sLRi*x[s
xmsxmsxmsQlLi [ y Li xmsZaP[`. RRMryLRiFy[s xqsssLRisVR *yZOP[Qs[V xmsW[V`.
@ssF yxmsoLRiLSxts QsVV\QaRP xmsxqsLixqsLiR Li gRi[ R sVgRiLiR sV.
y. %s[aSsNTP Rs [aPR LisVLi xmss xmsLi}msxmsVRV c Rs xmssNTP, ysNTP RVVgS %s[aPR LisVLi s[
xmssNUP Ds LkiRV (@LiR Li) (@sVNRPxmso R LRi) %sVs (sVWLi N]sVg][V R LRi) VxqsVN]s xmssVV, yLji
LRiVV (sLRi sd ), xms][ NRPWy s[ xqsLiLRiORPQNPR VNRPV LRiVV (@yzNRP), @NRPRNRPR xmssWR xqs [
sN]T Ds LRiORPQNPR ss[aSNRPV Bs*szqssj (gRiV[R VLi), sRVV sVVR\s%s yLiRysNTP
Bs*szqss R sLi (RLRi[R VLi), yV ( NRP) , @ V (NRP) c %dsNTP @[V LRiVV FgS %sVgRiysNTP
@sNSaRPLi Ds s RWRVN][y.
C %sR LigS Li [s xmsORPQLi[ Rs Liys (xqsLRiVNRPVsV) BRLRi[aPR Li[sNTP xmsLixmsRLi s (@sgS N]LiR
NSs\ZNPy yss @NRPR %sNRPLiVVLiRRLis) [y Rs xqsLRiVNRPV B ysNTP RVV @NRPT xqsLRiVNRPVsV jgRiVsV
[xqsVN][s RLis Li G\y DLiVLiy @s[j RWRVN][y. @ DLiVLiRsVN]sxmsVRV c y ZaP[xts Q\ sVs
xqsLRiVNRPV[ ys sLiRV sWRs[V dzqsN]s (NSLilgi )[ FsLiR Li xqsVLiRs @sVNRPVLi][ ys[ yssLiRV
%sVs gRi xqsLRiVNRPV dzqsN]s (gRi.aS.) @FyRWV [s sWLiR Li gRiVLiy xqs ssLRiLi ( sVVR\sy y*LS
xqsLRiVNRPVxmsLixmsRLi) [LiVVLiy.

@RsosV xqsLiLRiOTPQLi[y ][s V, xqsLjixR VV LRiOTPQLi[ y ][s V, xms[s xmsys sNRPV][s V


(@j NSLRiV][s V), LSxts Q xmsysV][s V y xqsRVLi LiRRLi N]LRiNRPV, xsVRVV sVVR\s%s Bs*RLi
sLi sVLi xmssV y*LS xqsR=LiLiyV sN]VN]y.
119
sVW. 1. Axmsj ryLRisV AysLi y sWORPQ[V`. AR[ y W%sVsVFyxmsM xqsLRi*[R V%saRPVR Li ssxlLi[` .
2. yLjixms[ R RWsNRPxmsRRsxmsxmsxmsQLiR QxmssW RWyNS RVxmsdNSLRixms
xmsR s yLjiyVxms [ R .
3. a].[ skxms[ R %sRV ssLRiLi RLjiRRM,
RV][ xqs][ gRi[ R Li xmsLjisLiR [V`.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QOPR Q xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ uRa][%yRVM
xmsR QOPR QM., AjRM xqsxms%sLiaRPM.
y. 1. yFyLRiLi N]LRiNRPV %s[aPR Li[ DsyRV AxmsR=sVRVLi[ Rs RgiR LRi Ds sxqsVs o[ ZaP[xts Q\sVs
sxqsVs osW, RssW NRPWy LRiOTPQLiRVN][y. Ljigji Rs [aPR Li [lLi[s LRiNRPV %s[aRPLi[ LiRszqss xmssVV
sVVR\ssds Li, G%sR \sVs NUPV [NPR VLiy ssxLjiLiy.
2. sWLiR Li %sxtsQR VLi[ c xmsRs sT}msy NTP Bs*szqss @ , yLji[ [ yV, xmsLi LkiRVNUP ysNTP
RVVgS dxqsVN]s[ xmsxmsLi LkiRVNUP Ds yLRiRsVLi, xmsRWLi [R VysNTP Rgjis NSLi, RWNRPV
xmsNTPRV, ysV Rs xmss G xmssNTP dzqsN]s sRVRVy][ @NRPR DLi[ xmsR RVV (@yV) %dss
@sLids VxqsVN][y.
""(xqssVVRsWLiR Li[s[ NSNRPVLiy) sksWLiR Li[ NRPWy A RW xms[aS RLjiRsV xms @NRPR Dsy
ssLRiLi VxqsVN]s, FsV\sxmso sT[ Li NRPVgRiVRVLi][ @V\sxmso s. Li DLiRRs[ [aSs
xmsLjiRLiy. (@V s NRPWRRV).
"sLijs' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ @R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ lLiLiRs @j NRPLRiLi[
xmsR QOPR V gRiWLjis xmsRLRis @yRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi sVV\|ms#GRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R xqsxmsR a][%yRVM
xmsLiaRPLi xmsNRPLRisV c NRPVFyR QORPQM
sVW. 1. NRPVFyR QO][Q RsssFy\M NRPVxmssWyRV [V`. Rsss NRPLSyLiaRP xmsW[V`.
RsssyLi R [R VsVRRVLi R ryxms[V`, @syxmsRQM.
120
y. NRPVFyR QORPVRsgS @Rso[s VLi Li[ Ry @R QORPVRV (Director of Forest Produce). Rs
ssLi @sgS LSsNTP RsLi (R sLi) xqsLiFyjLi[ @LRiLi. NRPVxmsLi @sgS @RsosVLi Li[ %sV\ss
sxqsVs oV. NRPVFyR QORPVRV Rs ss LRiORPQNPR V [R NRPVFys zmsLiy.

A NRPVxmsLi][ Rsss NRPLSLiysV, @sgS ssLisVLi Li[ xqsLRiVNRPV][ ARW sxqsVs oV RRWLRiV[}qs
NRPLSgSLSsV GLRiLRiy. Rs syV [ j Li[y NTPs*szqss ys, @sVsV [NPR VLiy [ j Li[y NTP
%sj LiRszqss RLiys(@RRVLi) sLSLRi [R W. AxmsR=sVRW[ Bj [R Vszqss xmss [R V.
sVW. 1. NRPVxmssLiR M c aSNRPc saRPcR s*sc@LiR VscsVR WNRPcNRPc ryc bPLiaRPFyc @Lji [ R c LSRs c
bPLkixtsQcjLRicxqsLRicycxqsLiR c @aRP*NRPLRicrsVsc NRPaRPc AsVc zmsRVNRP c R yjM ryLRiyLRiVsLiR M.
2. D c%sVRV c yxmscs[VcsLiaRPcrydscNRPNRPcWNSj lLi[*VsLiR M.
3. s[RcbdPNRPsd c ybdPc aSsVycygRiyjM sd sLRiM.
4. sWdcsVWLS*c@LRicaRPcgRis[R VNSc @Rryj LRi*sLiR M.
5. sVVcj LRisV. ydcyc WLSyLi xmsRsV NTPLiaRPVNRPNRPVxqsVLi NRPVVsWyLi xmsoxtsQsV.
6. NRPs sVWxmsn jL_xtsQR sLiR M.
7. NSNRPW c sR=y c x c s[VxtsQaPR Xc sVVryc NRPVxts Qc sV%sxtsQcs[ RNRPc
g_LSLiR QcNRPcsWLRic\|sVsRc NSNRPcyLRiRNRPc @[ryLRiNRPc Dxts QNSks %suy. xqsLSM NUPaRP. R Gs
NRPVsVgRiyM. %sxtsQs LiR M.
y. 1. NRPVxmssLRiLi, @LRiLi[ Li[ RyV xmsRVRVyLiVVc aSNRP cRsaRP sVVR\s 21 sXORPQ [ yV.
B%s, BLi BRLRisXOSQV ryLRiyLRiVsLSsNTP (sVLi NRP B[ sXOSQ NTP) LiRVyLiVV).
2. D sVVR\s%s sRVLRiV RV }msLiR V. B%s s[V sLSsNTP LiRVyLiVV.
3. s[RLi (}msxms) sVVR\s%s ssLSsNTP LiRVyLiVV. y LRiRV @s[NPR sxqsVs osV RRWLRiV [R VysNTP
DxmsWgjixqsVLij.
4. sWd sVVR\s%s ssLSsNTP LiRVyLiVV. y LRiRV @s[NPR sxqsVs osV RRWLRiV[R VysNTP
DxmsWgjixqsVLij.
5. sVVLiLi, Li sVVR\sj LRiLiRLi; y RRWLRiV[R VysNTP DxmsWgjiLi[ rysVgji. AR
yV (yd), FRV yV, WLiR sXOSQV c %dssVLiT ANRPV xqsVLij. NTPLiaRPVNRPsXORPQLi, NRPVxqsVLi sXORPQLi,
NRPVLiNRPVsVVVNRP %dssVLiT xmsouyV ryLiVV.
6. RVLixmsV, sVVNRP s[ , xmnsV sVVR\s%s KxtsQj sLSsNTP LiRVyLiVV.
7. NSNRPWLi, sR=y Li, xLi, s[VxtsQaPR XLigRiLi, sVVxqs, NRPVxts QLi, sV%sxtsQLi, s[ RNRPLi, g_LSLiR QLi, NRPLi,
sWLRiLi, \|sVsRLi, NSLigRiNRPLi, yLRiRNRPLi, @LiN][ryLRiNRPLi, Dxts QNRPLi sVVR\s%s A RW }msLRiV gRi
sVVNRPsVLiT Li[ %suyV. xqsLSV, N]s NUPV (xmsoLRiVgRiVV [ sVVR\s%s) %suyV, ys[
NRPVLiR[ |ms (y][ sWLRixtsQyV RRWLRiV[R VysNTP) DLiRVyLRiV. Bsds %sxtsQsLSsNTP Lijs%s.
sVW. 1. g][yc }qsLRiNRPck*zmsc bPLiaRPVsWLRic zqsLixc yxmsn Vc xzqsc sVzxtsQc RsVLRic xqsXsVLRic R c g][c sVXgRic
gRisRWyLi RLSzqs zmsRr yRV*QOTPQR LiR aRPXVLRixmsoys @s[uyLi yzms sVXgRixmsaRPVxmsOTPQyysV.

2. NSRVxqsysVsXRN SLixqs{qsxqsxmsoRxmso\sNRPXsN SLRiNRPWs [s.


3. %sRsVXNSsVRVLi sV.
4. @LRiRVxtsQ rys sVXgRixmsaRPVxmsOTPQyyM NSxts QR XyZaP[.
y. 1. DRVsVV, }qsLRiNRPLi (INRPLRiNRPLi DRVsVV), LRiVRxmso, bPLiaRPVsWLRiLi, zqsLixLi, |msR xmso, GsVgRiVV,
RVsFRVV, RsVLRisVXgSV, xqsXsVLRisVXgSV, R sVXgSV, FsR VV, [ , gRisRVsVXgSV c %ds RLRiV,
zmsRL i, }msgRiVV, NRP , RLiyV, N]sVVV, NRPV, ][NPR V DxmsWgjiryLiVV. BRLRi\sVs sVXgS, xmsORPV,
NRPWLRisVXgS aRPLkiLSsRVyV NRPWy DxmsWgjiryLiVV. Bsds NRPVxmsLi[ [LiR VyLiVV. %dss }qsNRPLjiLiy.
2. BsVsVV, LSgji, NRPLiRV [y DNRPV, {qsxqsLi, RgRiLRiLi, \sNRPXLiRNRPLi, BR T c B%s @LRiLi[ NRPWR Li[ [V.
3. sRVLRiV LRi sVVR\sy][s V sV][s V RRWLRiV[}qs FyRV (gRiLixmsV, |msR NRPVLiRV sVV.).
4. giR VV, F~V, xqsLi, sVXgSV, xmsaRPVsoV, xmsORPVV, NRPWLRisVXgSV DLi[ ryyV, NRPV gRiT Li[
ryyV NRPWR NRPVFy[.
a].[ zLRisa PR NRPLSy %s NSM xqsLRi*NSM,
@sxmsoLRiLRiOSQLSM NSLSM NRPVFxms%sy.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QOPR Q xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ xqsxmsR a][%yRVM
NRPVFyR QORPQM; AjRM @uyLiaRPM
y. NRPVFyR QORPVRV N][ [xms \ NRPWy @RsosVLiT Li[ sxqsVs o][ bPV sX N]LRiNRPV,
sgRiLRiLRiORPQLi N]LRiNRPW NRPWy @s %sy sxqsVs oW RRWLRiV[}qs s[LiR V s[LiR V NRPLSgSLSsV sN].
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ @R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ lLiLiRs @j NRPLRiLi[
NRPVFyR QORPV gRiWLjis xmsj}Rs @yRVLi; FyLRiLi LisVLi sVV\|ms# Fss%sVRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R @uyRa][%yRVM
xtsQLiaRPLi xmsNRPLRisV c ARVVygSLSR QORPQM
sVW. ARVVygSLSR QOPR QM ryLigS%sVNRPLi, _LiR NRPLjiNRPLi, xmsLRixmsoLS xmsn WNRPLi RVsQ sV, ARVVR sV, AsLRisV,
DxmsNRPLRiLi R RR NSLRiVbPM NRPXRNRPLRixmssWNSs[R sxmsn sxtsQ M NSLRi[V`, xqs* Ws R ryxms[V`.
rysxmsLjisLRi s sV, @RxmsxmsyRxmsysLi R xaRPM NRPVLS`. Euxms}qsx NTP%sVLRiVxmsxssWssVsy
ryxms[V`. LRiWxmsORPQ xmssWgRisV sVWsZOP[QQ\|ms a][xms [ R ..
121
y. ARVVygSLSR QORPVRV RVVysNTP DxmsWgjiLi[%s, RVLiR LRiORPQNRPV DxmsWgjiLi[%s, aRPRVxmsoLSsV
[ j LiRysNTP DxmsWgjiLi[%s @LiVVs RVLiysV, ARVVysV, NRPsysV [y BsVxms ssV,
BRLRiryR ysV A RW sxqsVs oV RRWLRiV[}qs y [R (NSLRiV), s s sgji{tsQsLi%s [}qsy[R
(bPVV) c BLiR xmss, BLiR NSLi[ BLiR ysNTP xmspLji [R W @s sVVLiRVgSs[ sLiR LiVVLi [LiVVLiy.

[zqss ys @sLids Rs @j NSLRiLi[ Ds xms[aPR Li[ DLiRVN][y. sWsWNTP y ][V sWLjiT


[xqsW FsLiRcgS Rgji[V [xqsWLiy. s[T NUP, [s VNUP, Fy\FyLiVV @sVN]s[yds, xmsoLRiVgRiVV FyRV[ryLiVV
@sVN]s[ ys @Li%s LRigRiNRPVLiy Rgjis ryy[ DLiy.
A RW sxqsVs o xqs*sLi, y xqs*LRiWxmsLi, y ORPQV, xmssWV @%s FsNRPTsVLi ss[ A
AgRisVryyV, y LkiRVV, ys FsNRPR DLiRRLi LjigjiLi][ A %sxtsQR VLi Bsds gS VxqsVN]s
DLiy.
sVW. 1. xqsLRi*][ R c sVRgRiQQ c xsVV c %saS*xqsxmsn Wc xqsLixmsn W c RWsNRP c xmsLiR sNRP c xc
ELiR Q*xs zqs RRVyQ.
2. xmsNRPc [s Rc xqsWNRPLjiNSsVVc sVVxqsRVzts QcxzqsyLRiNRPc ysXsc sVVR LRic RVxmsn Vc
gRiycxqsQXNRP cNRPVLSc ArsVc DysVc DysVc aRPR{msn Vc aRPWc RNS RRVyQ.
y. xqsLRi*][ RLi sVVR\s%s zqs RRVLiyV INRP ][ zqs LRiLigS s}ms RVLiyV. g][R %dsVR @sVLjis gRiLiR LRi*
%sgRixLi [[ DLi[j , LiTRNRPLi @LiRxmssWLi dO`PQ\sVs @LiRV gRij @LiVVs RVLiRLi "xqsLRi*][ RLi'.
ks zms[ @s \sxmso LS sVVRVLij. sVR sVs LRiLiR Li[ |msR V @sVLjis RVLiRLi
"sVRgRiQQLi'. FyNSLRiLi FsRVs RNS ANSLRiLi[ sVWRV yVgRiV gS (@LiRxqsV) INRP VLRiV sLij
"xsVVLi'. ks RLRi][ NRPzms DLiRVyLRiV. ys[s VLi R sVLSLRiVV @s \sxmso V
xmsWgjiryLiR V.
sgRiLRiLi \ gRiTRV RgiR LRi @sVLjis RVLiRLi "%saS*xqs xmsn W'. yss NRPRxmsgSs[ @j %dsVRxmsT RFyLRiV. N][
VLRiVV sVVR\syNTP sxmsV @LiLiRysNTP F~R\ss NRP sLRi @sVLjis @gjiRVLiRLi "xqsLixmsn W'.
RNS%dsVR @sVLji INRP RLiRLi F~R\ss xmsn NRPLi "RWs NRPLi'. @gjis RlLi[ DRNRPRVLiRLi "xmsLiR sNRPLi'.
xmsLiR sNRP RVLiRLi[ xqsgRiLi xmssWLi DLiT FsRVlLiRVLRiVgS DLi[ lLiLiRV xqsLiV "x RVLiRLi'. A
RVLiys %sRg]gSs[ @NRPTNTP ssy sVLRiryLiR V. xmsLRisNRP RVLiRLi xmssWLi][ \|msNTP Ds
|msR xqsLi Li "ELRiQ*xRVLiRLi'. ys NRPRxmsgSs[ RgiR LRi Dsy sVLRiryLiR V. ELiR Q*xRVLiRLi[
xqsgRiLi xmssWLi gRij "@LRi x RVLiRLi'. C xmsj zqs RRVLiyV.
2. xmsLiyNRP sVVR\s%s RRVLiyV. yT\Vs N]xqsV y Ds NRP][ [zqss xmsn NRPLi "xmsLiyNRP'. kss
FyNSLRiLi sxms ds [ DLiRVyLRiV. aRPRVsoNRPV gRiVRVN]s y sVVLiRVNRPV LSNRPVLiy [xqsVLij. FyNSLRiLi%dsVR
s}ms sVV [s |msR xqsLi Li "[s RLiRLi'. ksZNP[ "xmsdRL][R Li' @s NRPWR }msLRiV.
RWj, Ds sLizmss |msR RLRiLi][ [zqss |msR xqsLid "xqsWNRPLjiNRP'. xmsLij ANSLRiLi[ DLiVLij. \sVLi LS
@R VN]sRLiN][xqsLi g][xmsoLSNUP, VLRiVNUP, [s xmsRLi sVVR\syNUP @sVLRiVryLiR V. jLRiLi @s[ V NRP][
[zqss aRPWLi "sVVxqsRVzts Q'. GsVgRiVsV sVVLiRVNRPV LSNRPVLiy @R VNRPVs[ lLiLiRV sVWRV sVVV gRi |msR
aRPWLi "xzqsyLRiNRPLi'.
gSs xmsoLi[ RVLiRLi "ysXLiRLi'. "sVVR LRiLi', "gRiR' @s[%s xmszqsR \ sVs ARVVR %sZaP[uyV. yT\ Vs
s[VNRPVVs gRiR "xqsQXNRP '. "NRPVyLi' @sgS gRiVsxmsLi. sVVR LRiLi ANSLRiLi[ DLi[ ARVVR %sZaP[xtsQLi "RVxmsn VLi'.
yVgRiV xqsLiV DLiT RLRi[R NRPxmsTs RVLiRLi "ArsVLi'. ks xqsRVLi][ LS sV sVVR\ s%s
RWLRiLigS %sxqsVLRiVyLRiV.

sVVR LRiLi ANSLRiLi[ DLi[ INSNRP RVLiRLi DysVLi. xqsLiRVsV dysNTP DxmsWgjiLi[ RVLiRLi
"DysVLi'. ksZNP[ "ZaP[s RVLiRLi' @s }msLRiV. sogS F~RsogS DLi[ BsVxms {qsV @sVLjis lLiLiRV
xmsNRP RNSVLi[ |msR xqsLi Li aRPRzmsn V. Bj FyNSLRiLi\|mss DLiRVyLRiV. "aRPWLi', "RNRPLi' @s[%s xmszqsR \ sVs
ARVVyV. C xmsj}RW RRVLiyV.
sVW. aRPNTPc FyxqscNRPVsc NRPc sFycaRPWc ][s VLRic sLSxNRPLiR c NRPRVcNRPLRic yzqsNSks R xsVVs.
y. aRPNTP sVVR\s%s x sVV\s, @sgS dN`Pxts Q\sVs @gSV gRi, ARVVyV. aRPNTP xmspLjig S BsVsVV][
[R VRVRVLij. ks @gRiLi NRPLRi%dsLRi sXORPQ xmsRLi ANSLRiLi[ DLiVLij. NTPLiR g][xqsyNSLRiLi[ DLiVLij. ks
F~Rso yVgRiV xryV. FyxqsLi xmspLjig S BsVsVV][ RRWLRiV[R VT BLRi\syVgRiV @LigRiV F~Rso
DLiVLij. lLiLiRV {mshSV (sVR sVLi[ jsVV) gRiLRiLi[ NRP DLiLiVV. NRPVLiRLi NRPWy BsVxms[. GRV
xry F~Rso Dsj NRPsxts QLi.
NSsNTP sVWRV ][ BsVxms sVVVNRPVV DLiLiVV. ks xmssWLi NRPVLiR xmssWLi sLi[ c |msR xmsn Li
(@gRigRiLi) Ds NRPVLiRs[V LiTFyLi. aRPWsNTP IZNP[ @gRigRiLi gRij ][s VLRiLi. yVgRiV xry F~Rsos
][s VLRiLi NRPsxts QLi, yVgRiVsLRi xryVsj sVR sVLi, HRV xryVsj DR s VLi. Fyxqs @gRigRiLi xmsLij%s
ANSLRiLi[ DLi[ @j sLSxNRPLiR Li. xmspLjig S BsVsVV][ RRW\lLi lLiLiRV sLS sVW[zqs sVV ANSLRiLi[ Ds
@gRigSV, sVR zmsTNTP][ xmsVN][s ysNTP xqssLigS Dsj NRPRVLi.
Bj BLRi\s @LigRiV F~Rso DLi[ NRPsxts QLi, BLRi\s lLiLiRV @LigRiV F~Rso sVR sVLi, BLRi\syVgRiV
@LigRiVVsj DR s VLi. ][s VLRiLi sLi xmssWLi][, NRPVs, [][ %szqslLi[ Li NRPLRiLi. xmspLjig S
[xLi][ [R VT RWR (N][T xmsoLi s%sd VR sVs sWLixqsxmsRLi sLi N]sV) NRPj yzqsNRP. ks xmssWLi
FyxqsxmssWLi @LiR DLiVLij.
122
sVW. 1. yyxmsyLRisaSL`i NSLRiVNRPN][R RWLi R sWLiztsQ.
2. sVWLS*LRiaRPgRis[R Vs[VryRVWs M.
3. s[VaRPLRiaRPNSRxqssyLSyaRP BxtsQs M. [uyLi sVVs [ R s [ R s yRys, ARVryzqs yLRiy.
y. 1. R sxqsV=V yT VsVLi dzqss [s NRP, yxmsLi @s[ s[R VLRiV, R s*sLi sVVR\s ryLRisLiR\ sVs
NRPLRi, N]sVVVc %ds][ RRWLRiV[R VRyLiVV. y xmssWs xms NSLRiVNRPLi, N][R LiRLi, RWLi @s[
[ yV DLiLiVV.
2. R sxqsV=NRPV NRP [ @ yRV sVWLRi*gRiT ][s V, @LRisXORPQLi yLRi][s V, sxmsyLRi][s V, gRis[R VsXORPQLi yLRi][s V,
sRVLRiV LRiRV][s V RRWLRiV[ryLiR V.
3. V DLi, %sVRVLi sVVR\s RVNRPV Lijs sRVLRiV][s V, aRPLRiLi INRP LRiNRP\sVs gRi
lLiVNSLiy][s V, gRi NRPxmso][s V RRWLRiV[R VRyLiVV. xqsgRiLi NRP xqsgRiLi BsVsVW Dsj RxqssLi.
xmspLji BsVsVV][ [zqssj yLSRLi. y sVVV BsVsVV][s V, FssVVNRP][s V, NRP][s V [R VRyLiVV.
N]s [ j LiRysNTP, N]s R V N]ysNTP, N]s N]ysNTP DxmsWgjiryLiVV.
sVW. szqsQLiaRPsVgSzqsRVxts QR VM yM. R sVzxtsQyLRi %suyyLRiVs[VsVWs R=LRisM.

y. szqsQLiaRPLi sVVR\s%s R [ yV. sLRi sLiNRPLRigS Ds R Li szqsQLiaRPLi.


@LiR sXyNSLRiLi[ Ds @gRiLi gRij sVLiRgRiLi. xqssgS kLiR LigS DLi[j @zqsRVzts Q. R=LRiVso @sgS NRPzmsT.
kss R sVXgRiLi N]sVV][s V, RVsFRV N]sVV][s V, GsVgRiVRLiRLi][s V, gRi NRPLRi][s V, sRVLRiV
sVVRV][s V RRWLRiV [ryLRiV.
sVW. 1. xmsLRiaRPVNRPVhSLRixmsxqssRNRPVyNRPNRPRNS[ RyM ORPVLRiNRPM.
123
2. RVsQ g][xtsQsVVzts QFyuyL][R dsRXxtsQR aSRVVys.
y. 1. xmsLRiaRPVso sVVR\s%s ORPVLRiNRPV, ORPVLRiLi @sgS sVLigRi NRP. ys s yTgS DLi[%s ORPVLRiNRPV.
xmspLjig S BsVsVV][ [zqss BLRi\syVgRiV @LigRiV ORPVLRiNRPLi xmsLRiaRPVso. NRPVhSLRiLi @sgS g]R . lLiLiRV xmsNRP
aRPWLi Dsj xmsxqsLi. sRLi @sgS gRiVsxmsLi. NRPVyLi @sgS F~R\ss NRP sLRi gjiLis W%sVs Rs[*
ryR sLi. NRPNRPRLi @sgS LixmsLi. NSLiR[ R sLi @sgS V sLjiZNP[ g]R .
2. RVLiRLi[R %szqslLi[ LS , g][xtsQLi @s[ ryR sLi][ (DLi[V) %szqslLi[ LS [][ %szqslLi[ LS , R V
N] [ LS , |msR LS c B%s bPRVVyV.
sVW.[xcNScxmscNRPsRcxqsWRcNRPcbPLiaRPVsWLRiNRPcR c [ s VNRP cxzqsc g][R LRi cVLRicaRPXxqsLixmsn WRLi
RLS. bPLRiryQcNRPycNRPWLSscBVNRPcyLRic xmscyg][R LjiNSM, }mscRLRicxzqsNPR LiR c
ysVWcR sVsNS NRPy NTPNSxmsxRsxNSy aSsLRis.
2. xzqsLiR RyyLi WgRisWLiNSLjiNRPLi xqsyxNPR ya][xmsNRPLRis. Hs NRPsxmssxtsQj NRPLi R NRPLRi.
3. NRPLSyyLi Rc
a].[ Bys WLRisVsxtsQLi xmsWgRiLi ysVVR RVsV,
ORPQR VsR R dsRW` NRPVFyysWRVV a[ PR *LRiM.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QOPR Q xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ @uyRa][%yRVM,
ARVVygSLSR QORPQM c AjR GN][s Ry*LjiLiaRPM.
y. 1. [xLi sVVR\s%s NRPsyV. bPLRiryQLi (bPLRixqsV= LRiOTPQLi[ NRPsRLi)][ xqs DLi[, aRPLkiLSyR sLi
[}qs BsVxms s sLij "[xLi'. RNRPV sWRLi LRiORPQN][xqsLi R LjiLi[ BsVxms s sLij "NRP'. [R VV
[s [xNRPsRLi "[xxmsLi'. sORPQMxqs Li \|msgSs sWRs[V LRiOTPQLi[ [R VV [s NRPsRLi "[x NRPsRLi'.
sWV sVVR\s y][ RRWLRiV [zqssj "xqsWRNRPLiNRPLi'.
bPLiaRPVsWLRiLi (ysLRiLi), R sVXgRiLi, [ s VNRPsVXgRiLi, GsVgRiV, FsR V c %ds RLRiV, NRPV, N]sVVV
@sVLjis NRPsyV. bPLRiryQRVV GRV c bPLRixqsV=NRPV sWRs[V R LjiLi[ NRPsRLi "bPLRiryQLi'. NRPLihSsNTP sWRs[V
R LjiLi[j "NRPLihRiyLi'. xqsgRiLi xsoV NRP}ms NRPsRLi "NRPWLSxqsLi.' sWNS sLRiNRPV NRP}msj "NRPLiRVNRPLi'.
dsVLiRsLRiNRPV DLi[j "yLRiyLi', [R VV [sj "xmsLi'. [ s[ NRPV RgRiVVN]s[j "yg][R LjiNRP'. }ms
sVVR\s%s [][ R LjiLiRszqss%s.

NRP][ RRWLRiV[zqss yV "}ms'. RLRi][ [zqss xmsn NRPLi RLRi. [s NRP}ms xmsn NRPLi "xzqsNPR LiR Li'. NRP][ [zqss
sVL]NRP %sR \sVs yV "y sVWLi'. gRi yLS][ [zqssj "R sVsNRP'. NRP][s[ [zqss sVL]NRP LRiNRPLi yV
"NRPyLi'. RLRiLi][s V, sRVLRiV R ][s V [zqssj "NTPNRP'. xxqsyLRiNRPLi @s[ sVL]NRP }msLRiV gRi INRP LRiNRP\ sVs gRi
yV "@xmsxRLi'. ksZNP[ sLiR BsVsVV @sVLji}qs @j "sxNSLiRLi'. Bsds xrys LRiV.
2. GsVgRiVNRPV, LRiysNTP NRP [ gRiVNRPV WgRi (@sgS \QsLigRiV) B[xmsVRV DxmsWgjiLi[ @LiNRPVaRPLi N]LRiy
sVVR\s rysWsV, y @LiNRPLRisNTP DxmsWgjiLi[ sLiyV, xmspxqsV sVVR\s%s, y LRiORPQN][xqsLi
NRP [ NRPsyRVV B%s DxmsNRPLRiV. HLiRNRPLi, KxmssxtsQj NRPLi NRPWy DxmsNRPLRiLRiWxms\sVs NRPLRi[V. s
\|qsys |msR \|qssLigS NRPs[ V [R VRLi, @gji [s][ @gji DsV RWxmsRLi sVVR\sj "BLiR
NRPLi'. %sxtsQR WsVLi, dss ygRiysNTP xmssNTP LSNRPVLiy [R VRLi, sWxqsgjiLiRRLi sVVR\s
(KxmssxtsQj NSj NRPLRiLi[ xms[[V%s) KxmssxtsQj NRPLi.
3. ARVVyR QOPR VRV NSLSgSLS %sxtsQR VLi[ LS @FyRWds, xmss FyLRiLiLiRszqss %syys, ys
ryxmsn ds, ][uyds (yLi), ds, %s%sR @LRisxqsVs o suyds, LRiVsW gS VxqsVN]s
DLiy.
"sLijs' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ @R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ lLiLiRs @j NRPLRiLi[
ARVVygSLSR QORPV gRiWLjis xms s%sVRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi. sVVR sVLi sVV\|ms#]%sVRs @yRVLi
xqssWxmsLi.
@R GN][s %sLia][%yRVM
xqsxmsLiaRPLi xmsNRPLRiLi c RVsWsFRsLi.
sVW. 1. FRyR QOPR QM FRsNRPLSys NSLRi[V`.
2. yssWuyM RaRP xqsVsLiR sWxtsQNPR M; xmsM yM uRaRP xqsVsLiR M NRPL<][ y. RRVxtsQL<iR Li xmssV.
3. @uybdPM g_LRixqsL<RiFyM LRiWxmssWxtsQNPR M. [ uRaRP R LRisV. \ZaPsWQs y %sLiaRPM.
4. %sLiaRPRVLi sR LRisV.
5. @LiR sWxtsQNPR M, sWxtsQNPR M, _*, Ry*LRiM, @u sWxtsQNSM, xqsVsL],[ _*, Ry*LRiM, @u xqsVsLSM, RaRP, %sLiaRPM,
LiaRP`, Ry*LjiLiaRP`, aRPR%sV.
6. [s R LRis yys.
124
y. 1. RWsNRPV, N]RV INRP sbPRLRiWxmsLi[ sLSLRi[R VysNTP FRsLi @s }msLRiV. C FRysNTP
@R QORPVRVgS DsyRV (Superintendent of weights and measure) FRysNTP xqsLiLij Lis NRPLSgSLSV
sN].
2. xmsj %sVsxms gjiLiV INRP LigSLRiV sWxtsQNPR Li. @sgS xmsj %sVsxmsgjiLi FsRV LigSLRiV sWxtsQNPR Li. [y HRV
gRiVLji%sLiRgjiLi FsRV LigSLRiLi INRP sWxtsQNPR Li. xmsj sWxtsQNSV INRP xqsVsLiR Li [y NRPL<iR Li. yVgRiV NRPL<SV INRP xmsLi
(B%s LigSLRiLi RWsNRPV).

3. Fss\ Fss%sVj AsgjiLiV INRP sLiT sWxtsQNPR Li. @sgS Fss\ Fss%sVj Ay FsRV sLiT INRP
sWxtsQNPR Li. xmsRLRiV sWxtsQNSV INRP R LRiLi. [y BLRi\s \ZaPLiLi gjiLiV INRP R LRiLi(B%s sLiT RWNSV).
4. sLi RWNRPLi xmsoRVyRV c BLRi\s sVR LRiNRPLi RVxmso gjiLi FsRV INRP sR LRiLi.
5. @LiR sWxtsQNPR Li, sWxtsQNPR Li, lLiLiRV sWxtsQNSV, yVgRiV sWxtsQNSV, Fss%sVj sWxtsQNSV, xqsVsLiR Li, lLiLiRV
xqsVsLSV, yVgRiV xqsVsLSV, Fss%sVj xqsVsLSV, xmsj xqsVsLSV, BLRi\s xqsVsLSV, sVV\|ms# xqsVsLSV, s\
xqsVsLSV, sWLRiV xqsVsLSV c C %sR LigS N]RV DLiLiVV. RWNRPxmso LS C NRP xmsNSLRiLi DLiy @s
@LiR Li.
6. LigSLRiLi %sxtsQR VLi[ zmss xqsVsLiR Li @s[ RWNSs xms sLiTNTP xqsLiLij Lis R LRis (lLiLiRV sVLi
sWLRiVsLRiNRPV) EzLiRVN][y. @sgS sLiT RWRysNTP LS R LRi NRP[ DLiy @s @LiR Li.
sVW. 1. xmssWysWsVRWs sWgRiR s[VNRP\ZaPsVRWs, RWs y [R NRPxms[Li sXj Li gRi[R VVM
D}tsQs y xqssV.
2. xtsQR V[R L SM RaRP RVM NSLRi[V`. [xxmsRWLiR Q*sV GNRPxms[R L SM. RVsQ sV D RVRM bPNRPLi y.
3. xms%sLiaRP` xms[Li j*xqsxmsR VRWsWLi xqssVsXyLi NSLRi[V`. RryMxmsxmsNRPLi sVLi y *
xqs%dsVNRPLRiLi NSLRi[V`. RRM NRPL<][ R L iR xmsLi, xms[R L iR Li RaRPxmsLi, y*RaRP, xmsRaRP %sLiaRPLji xmsys NSLRi[V`.
RR AaRPy` Ra][R L iR Li NSLRi[V`. @ZOP[Qxtsv sk zmssR Li NSLRi[V`.
y. 1. RWsNRP LS sVVR\syNTP xmssWsLi @s }msLRiV. xmssWysV BsVsVV][ NSs, sVgRiR [aPR Li[
Li[ LS ][ NSs, GNRPLi @s[ @R%s[ Li[ LS ][ NSs, dsNTP RTzqsy \|mss G\sVy xmspzqsy
sXj LiRs (LRiVso |msLRigRis), s[T NTP xqsLi F~LiRs (LRiVso RLRigRis) sVLji G BRLRi Ry][ \sy gSs
RRWLRiV [LiVVLiy.
2. ALRiV @LigRiV F~Rso RV sVVRV, Fss%sV[zqs Fss%sV[zqs @LigRiVV |msLiRVNRPVLiW xmsj RVV
(yxqsVV) [LiVVLiy. INRP xmsLi BsVsVVsVLi, sLRixqsgS IN]NRP xmsLi BsVsVV |msLiRVRW c @sgS
ALRiLigRiV RVNTP INRP xmsLi BsVsVV, xmsyVgRiV @LigRiV RVNTP lLiLiRV xms BsVsVV Byj%sR LigS xmsj
RVNTP BsVsVV LRiVso |msLiRVRW RRWLRiV [LiVVLiy. RVLiysNTP (RVRLiysNTP) lLiLiRV xmsNRP lLiLiRV
D V gSs, INRP D sWRs[V NSs [LiVVLiy. (B%s sLiT LigSLSV RW[ RVV).
3. BRLRi xmsyLS RWNSsNTP RVV (RZNPRV) xmsoRVyRV c sVV\|ms#Q\VRV xms [xLi][ \QlLiLiRV
@LigRiV F~Rso gRi xqssVsXRQ \sVs (gRiVLiRLigS DLi[ RLiRLi gRi) RVsV [LiVVLiy. ksNTP xqssVsXR R V
@s }msLRiV. ysNTP HRV xms [xLi][ sVLiRLi c @sgS sVR xmsVN]s RZNPR \|msNTP [s k}qs, sVR sVVV
DLi[
sVLiRNSLRi\sVs N]NTP c NRP yss |RV RgRiVV [NPR VLiy xqssVLigS sVR DLi[V (RVRLiRLi BV
@V sLigRiNRPVLiy xqssVLigS DLi[V) GLRiLRiy. RVRLiRLi%dsVR INRP NRPL<iR Li, lLiLiRV NRPL<SV, sVWRV NRPL<SV,
yVgRiV NRPL<SV, INRP xmsLi, lLiLiRV xmsV, C %sR LigS xmsj xms yNSsW, RLRiyR xmssLiRV, xmsj}sV,
BLRi\s xmssLRiNRPW gRiVLRiVV(lLi[V) |msLiy. BLRi\s xms RLRiyR xms[zqs xmsNRPV INRP gRiVLRiV ]xmsVs sWLRiV
xmssLRiNRPV gRiVLRiVV |msLiy. xms HRV xmsNUP xqsWyNSLRiLi[ lLi[V (|msR %s) GLRiLRiy.

sVW. 1. j*gRiV[sV RVsV @RM xtsQ sRVRWsWLi xmsLjiLiNSLRi[V`. RryMaRPRxmsyRWLiR Q*Li


%sLiaRPM, xmsaRP`, aRPR%sV xmsys NSLRi[V`.
2. %sLiaRPfN][ LRiM
3. RaRPR LRiNRPLi xmssV. RRaRPRsWRVsWds.
4. xmsxmssLS ysLjiNUP ds @sM xmsoLRids R.
5. yrysVLiR R LRisLRiLi xmssV. j*xmssLRisVVRL iR [xsV.
6. xmspLRi*WM xmsxmsNRPMxmsRWsW sWLixqsLi[xssVsLiR sV.
y. 1. xqssVRVNRPV lLiLixmso (\Q xms) BsVsVV][ [LiVVLis ]Li\ALRiV @LigRiV F~Rso gRi RV
}msLRiV xmsLjisW. ys%dsVR NRPWR xqssVsXR R VNRPV s sWLRiV xmssLRiNRPV gRiVLRiVV |msLi RLRiyR sWBLRi\ s,
sWRW\ , lLiLiRV sLiRV xmsNUP gRiVLRiVV GLRiLRiy.
2. xmsj xmsV INRP RV. BLRi\s RVV INRP LRiLi.
3. sLiT LigSLSV RW[ xmsLiNRPLi sQQ\sVs @LiRNRPLi |msR \s xmsLi sVVR\s%s xmsoRVyRV c xmsj
R LRiVV INRP xmsLi. sWLRiV xmsV xmsLjisWLi gRij ARVsWs @s[ RV. @sgS LSTs RW[ RVNRPV
ARVsWds @s }msLRiV.
125
4. ARVsWsNRPLi[ HRV xmsV RNRPVs(95 xmsV) xmsLjisWLi gRi
RV ysLjiNTP. (NRPRV%sNRPRVssLSV [}qsj). ysNRPLi[ HRV
xmsV RNRPVs (90xmsV) RV s ( XRVNRPV s[R sLi B[j).
ysNRPLi HRV xmsV RNRPVs (85 xmsV) xmsLjisWLi gRij
@LiRMxmsoLRi s (LSVNRPV LSNRPVsWLRiVNRPV RsLi Bs*ysNTP
Rgjisj).
5. \|ms sVWRV LRiNS RV[s V xqsgRiLi R LRiLi Rgij Liy. @sgS
ARVsWs RV[ xmsj R LRiVNTP INRP xmsLi ]xmsVs DLi[
ysLjiNTP[ INRP xmsLi 91/2 R LRiV, @LiRMxmsoLRis[ xmssNTP
81/2 R LRiVV DLiLiVV.
RVsV RRWLRiV[R VysNTP BsVsVV NRPWy DRL ][R L iR Li lLiLi[zqs
xmsV Rgij Liy. @sgS ARVsWsNTP 35 xms BsVsVV DxmsWgji}qs
ysLjiNTPNTP 33 xmsV, sNTP 31 xmsV, @LiRMxmsoLRisNTP 19
xmsV DxmsWgjiLiy. %ds F~RsoNRPWy sVVLiRV yNRPLi RLRiVy y[ AlLi[zqs @LigRiVV Rgij Liy.
@sgS c ARVsWs RV F~Rso 72 @LigRiVV DLi[, ysLjiNTP RV F~Rso 66 @LigRiVV, s
F~Rso 60 @LigRiVV, @LiRMxmsoLRis F~Rso 54 @LigRiVV DLiy.
sVW .1. xmspLRi*WM xmsxmsNRPM xmsRWsW sWLixqs[xs sVsLiR sV.

2. NSxts QR V @xts Qxry xmsRsd, xmssWssd, sVRVWLRi xmsyjuyy.


3. NSxts Qxms%sLiaRPxmsLi RVxmsxqs ryR ssV. GxtsQ xms[a][ x*WM.
4. B RVxmssWsLi yRsV.
5. @R yssWxtsQj *xmsaRPRLi ][sWRVsWssV. xqsFybPd xmsaRPRsV. @LiR xmsLi R ysLjiNRPsV.
xmsxqsxmsxmsaRPRLi dsRVsV.
j*xtsQzts QxmsaRPRsVLiR xmsLi ysM xmsoLRidsRVsV.
y. 1. xmsLjisW c ARVsWs RV[ sWLixqsLi, BsVsVV, DxmsV, sVVV Rxms BRLRi xmsyLSV
RW[xmsVRV HRV xmsV @j NRPLigS RWy. kss xmsRWsVLi @LiLRiV.
2. NRP V RW[ RV Fss%sVj xryV F~Rso DLiy. ys%dsVR INRP, lLiLiRV, sVWRV sVVR\s NRP
gRiVLRiVV GLRiLRiy. ks RWsNRP LS gS bPV DLiy. ks AyLRixqsLi FyyV ssV Fyy ssV
s DLiy.
3. INRP xmsxqs Li RVLi DRNRPysNTP 25 xms NRP xqsLjixmsRVRVLij. C NRP xmsNSLRiLigS FsNRPVscRNRPVs NRP
DxmsWgjiLiy.
4. C %sR LigS xmsRLRiVLRiNS RVV, xmsysVgRiV LRiNS RWsNRP LS xmsyLiVV.
5. BxmsVRV N]RV xmsRVRVyLiVV.
lLiLiRV sLiR xms %sVsVsVVV INRP ARVsWs][Li (LSN][aSgSLRiLi[sNTP dxqsVN]s[ xmsVRV DxmsWgjiLi[
sWsLi). sW \QGRVsLRi xmsV INRP ysLjiNRP (NRPRV%sNRPRW[ DxmsWgjiLi[) ][Li. sW
\QQ\VRV xmsV INRP dsRV][Li ( XRVNRPV DxmsWgjiLi[j ). sW@LRi\slLiLiRVsLRi xmsV
@LiRMxmsoLRidsRVRLi.
sVW. 1. [uysV AR NRPxmsxqs NRPVRyM RRVLSgSsLSM.
2. uRaRP][, Lki, %sLiaRP][NS NRPVsVM. NRPV\sVLiR aRPM sxM.
3. aRPVxtsQryLRiyLRiVsVRVLi xqssVLi RRVLSgiR bPLi sWsLi NSLRi[V`
@sM bPLi y. LRixqsxqs RV
126
4. xqsVLSRWM xmsoxtsQxmsn WM RVuyLSLi xqsVyRWaRP bPsWsLi
j*gRiV[ R L S sXj M.
5. xqsFyRxms[ ][sVWsV. AR NRPxqs Fy][s M, xtsQxtsQNSM xmsxqs xqs.
sWxtsQNPR M NRPVRxqs.
y. 1. ][Li[ ys sLiRV @j NRPLi, AR NRPLi[ yssLiRV xmsxqs Li.
xmsxqs Li[ ys sLiRV NRPVRLi.

2. xmsRLRiV ][V INRP Lji. BLRi\s ][V INRP NRPVLi Li. xmsj NRPVLiV INRP sxLi.
3. gS FsLiTs ZaP[xts Q\sVs NRP][ yyRVV N][ FyRV [LiVVLiy. A FyR[ NRPLihRiLi][ xqs yVgRiV
gSV DLiy. NRPLihRiLi[ ysLi[s ys sLiRV xms [ V DLiy. [y NRPLihRigRiLi sLiRNRPVLiy ys
NTPLijZNP[ NSszqss xmsLjisWLi s[V NRPLihRigRiLi NSdgS DLi[V [LiVVLiy. sLiVV, \Li N][
FyRV NRPWy C %sR LigS DLiy (gRi.aS.) ksNTP sVL]NRP %sR LigS @LRiLi [ gRiVLiVLij. gS FsLiTs gRi
NRP][ N]FyRV [LiVVLiy. ys R%dsVR s[ yyRVV ys sLiRV DLiy (bP @sgS FyR%dsVR
s[j ). \V, sLiVV sVVR\s LRiry sWsFyR\[ (yNTP bP DLiRRV gSs) sVVRL i NSszqss
xmssWLi FyR[s[ DLi[V [LiVVLiy.
4. xqsVLRi (NRPV) NTP, xmsoxtsQxmsn NUP, ENRPcgiR VNTP, sVVgRiVNUP NRPWR bPsWsLi, @sgS \|msNTP FsRVgS s[V
N]sRgjis sWsLi [LiVVLiy. @LiVV[ xqsVLRiNRPLi[ xmsoxtsQxmsn NRPV FsNRPVs bP DLiVLij. xmsoxtsQxmsn NRPLi[
lLiLixmso ENRPNUP giR VNUP bP DLiVLij. sVVgiR V N]R[ GLRi[ bP ENRPcgiR V bP%dsVR lLiLixmso DLiVLij.
5. NRP][ [zqss ][xmsLjisW sWsFyR LkiRV INRPLiFyso xmsV DLiy. AR NRPsWsFyR LkiRV
sVVFyso xmsLi DLiy. xmsxqs sWsFyR LkiRV ALRiV sWxtsQNSV DLiy. NRPVRsWsFyR LkiRV INRP
sWxtsQNPR Li DLiy.
sVW. 1. j*gRiVkyLi LRirykyLi sWssVWsV.
2. %sLiaRPxmsM xmssWsxqs RVsVWLi gRiM.
3. yRVLSzqsNRPLi Fys[R sNRPLi NSLRi[V`. @xms%sR ryRRVM xqsFyRM xqsxms%sLiaRPxmsM, Fys[R sNRPLi
NSNRPsVxLRixM FRyR QOSQR V RRVM.
4. y*LiaRPygiR M Rxmsy, xqsLjixtsQM RRVMxtsQzts QgRiM \xqs xmsaRPyg][ sWsry[ RysV.
5. NRPVRLiR RRVLRixts Q gSs sWys NSLRi[V`.
y. 1. sLiVV, sWs sVVR\s LRiryV N][ N]RFyR s yyRV sWsFyRNRPLi[ lLi Lixmso
DLiy.
2. xmsyVgRiV LRiNS\s sVVRL i xmssWy (RWNRPLi LS ) LkiRV BLRi\s xmsV DLiy. sVVRL i @s LRiNS
RV LkiRV 62/3 xmsV DLiy.
3. FRyR QOPR VRV yVgRiV sWryNTP INRPryLji RV c xmssWs c sWy xmsLkiORPQ RW (yNTP {qs
sRW c NSLilgi )[ . @ xmsLkiORPQ [LiVVLiRVN]ss [y {qs s[LiVVLiRVN]ss sLRiN PR VRV BLRi\s[VRVLiFyso xms
@RRVLi (LjisWy) Liy. B xmsLkiORPQ [zqssLiRVNRPV xmssVgS (Fys[R NRPLi) sLRiN PR VV L][NRPV INRP NSNRPNRP
]xmsVs yVgRiV sWryNUP sW BLRi\s NSNRPNRPV FRyR QORPVTNTP Liy.
4. NSs (s[T gS Ds) sLiVV @%sVsxmsVRV sVV\|ms#lLiLiRs sLiRV @j NRPLigS (y =N]xqsLRiV) By*.
sWs%dsVR @LRi\sys sLiRV By*. BRLRi Rs xmsyLSsLiNUP RW\ RVs sLiRV sWsLi %dsVR sVLiT
FlLi [ V [zqs @sW.

5. s N]R N][xqsLi NRPVRLiR Li (NRPVRLi[ xqsgRiLi), NRPVRLi[ yssLiRV Fss%sVRsLiRV sWyV (N][
FyRV sVV.) [LiVVLiy.
a].[ NRPVRaRPRVLSbdPLS*LRiNRPM xqsLjiu sVRM,
RRVMxtsQzts QxqsV \xqs FyRaRP xmsn WNSsWM.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QOPR Q xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ GN][s %sLia][yRVM,
RVsWsFRssV; AjRaRPy*LjiLiaRPM
y. Fss\ yVgRiV NRPVRV sLiVV xms [ FyR yLRiNRPLi (xmsn VXRyLRiNRPLi). @LRi\syVgRiV NRPVRV \Li xms [
FyR NRPWy yLRiNRPLi (\yLRiNRPLi). %ds[ ys sLiRV xms [ j xmsn VNRP (xmsn VXRxmsn VNRP, \xmsn VNRP).
"sLijs' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSxqsQy[ @R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ lLiLiRs @j NRPLRiLi[ RVsWsFRsLi
@s[ xmsLi]%sVRs @yRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi s\ RVs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R %sLiaRPRsW%yRVM
@xts QLiaRPLi xmsNRPLRisV c [aPR NSsWssV
sVW. 1. sWyR QO][Q [aPR NSsWsLi %sy`.
2. @u xmsLRisW[ LRiRRNRP%sxmsX. y @u OSQ. y @u RVWNS sVR M. y @u RVssVR M. @u
RVssVyM @VsV.
3. sVR sVxqs xmsoLRiVxtsQxqs sVR sWRW @VM sVR sVxmsNRPL<][ y @VsV.
4. RRVLRiV[ R sVLiR QxM. @uyV R sVLRiVzts QM.
y. 1. sWyR QOPR VRV (Superintendent of measures of space and time) [aPR sWys, NSsWyds
VxqsVN]s DLiy
127
2. (NRPLiNTP NRPsRs) Fss%sVj xmsLRisWVsoV NRP}qs @j LRiRRNRPLi
sVLi FsgjilLi[ NRPLiNTP NRPs[ R W (LRiR%sxmsX). @Li LRiR%sxmsXVV
Fss%sVj xmsNRP xmsNRP [LRiV}qs @j INRP ORPQ. Fss%sVj ORPQV INRP
RVWNSsVR Li. Fss%sVj RVWNSsVyV INRP RVssVR Li. Fss%sVj
RVssVyV INRP @LigRiVLi.
3. [y sVR sV xmssWLi gRi xmsoLRiVxtsvs (gS F~RVgRiVgS gSs
F~gS gSs [y gS sogS gSs xqssLigS gSs DLiRsys) [
sVR s[V sVR xmsNRPL<Ri @Rj NRP\sVs (maximum) sVR gRiLi
(sVR NRPVxmsocNSLilgi )[ , sVR gRiLi RVVN]R (gRi.aS.) @LigRiVLi.
4. yVgRiV @LigRiVV INRP R sVLiR QxLi. Fss%sVj @LigRiVV
R sVLRiVzts Q.

sVW. 1. y*RaSV %sRzqsM yRW FLRiVxtsQLi R. RRVLiR aSVLi aRPsVM, aRPM, xmsLjiLRiRVM, xmsRLi R. j*%sRzqsM
@LRiM Fyxms][ xxqsM.
2. xqsR sVLiR QxM FRs%s%dsRsWssV. xqsR sVLRiVzts QM NTPxtsvM NRPLir y.
3. j*Ry*LjiLiaRPRVM RO`PQM, NSNRPNRPNTPxtsvM, xqsyyLRiRVLRi LSxmsLjigRixsWssV. RRVxtsQaRPRVM
NRPVxmsssxxqsM.
4. RRVLRibdPRV[ ysW LRisWsLi. RFLRiVxtsQLi R.
5. RRVLRiLRiM R[ R sVLSNS FLRiVxtsQLi R.
6. gSL>iR xmsRsVxts QaPR yVLi R sVM xmsjFyNSLRisWssV. FLRiVxtsQLi R @gjiyysV.
y. 1. xmssLiRV @LigRiVV INRP %sRzqs. yRWFLRiVxtsQLi @sgS aRPLiNRPVso NRPWy xmssLiRV @LigRiV[.
xmsyVgRiV @LigRiVNTP aRPRVLi, aRPLi, xmsLjiLRiRVLi, xmsRLi @s }msLRiV. lLiLiRV %sRxqsVV @LRi. Bj %saRP*NRPLRiNRPV
xqsLisVRQ \sVs xxqsLi.
2. @LRiNTP (FyxmsRxrysNTP) R sVLiR QxLi NRPzms[, @sgS BLRi\s Fss%sVj @LigRiVV, FRs%dsRsWsLi;
@sgS NSxts QR VRVV N]sysNUP, xmsaRPVso d sVVR\s%s N]sysNTP DxmsWgjiLi[ xxqss WsLi. @LRiNTP
R sVLRiVzts Q (Fss%sVj @LigRiVV) NRPzms[ @j NTPxtsvso [y NRPLixqsLi.
3. s\ lLiLiRV @LigRiV xxqsLi sRLigji DxmsWgjiLi[j . B[ LRiLixmsLi xmss[}qs y NTPxtsvso. }qsy ss[aRPLi,
RVLiR Li sVVR\s LSxqsLiLij NRPLRi[ B[ DxmsWgjiLiRRVRVLij. RW\ yVgRiV @LigRiV xxqsLi
@R%s[ Li[ NRP sVVR\s%s N]sysNTP DxmsWgjiLi[j .
4. Fss\ yVgRiV @LigRiV xxqsLi }msLRiV ysVLi. @j LRisWsLi (yRV N]R). @[ NRPWFyRVV
R%s*LiRysNTP xmsoLRiVxtsQs WsLigS (sVsRVgS) gRizLiRRVRVLij.
5. yVgRiV @LRiRVNTP (48 @LigRiVV) RLiRLi, R sxqsV=, yNRP, FLRiVxtsQLi @s }msLiR V.
6. gRiXxxms @sgS %saRP*NRPLRi. %saRP*NRPLRi zmss R sVxqsV= sW Fss%sVj @LigRiV F~Rso. kss FyNSLSV,
sWLSV N]sysNTP DxmsWgjiryLiR V. @gjiRRVsLi sVVR\sy[ (N]s RWgS[) FLRiVxtsQs WsLi
DxmsWgjiryLiR V.
sVW. 1. xtsQLir RLiiM x[R WRsWssV. RaRPR LRiM. j*LRiNRPM xmsLji[aPR M. LRiNRPLi ssLRi ssV.
2. GNRP][ j*Rj N][ xM. j*R sVMxqsxxqsLi g][LiR VRsV. RRVL]a[ PR RLi WssV. B [aPR sWssV.
y. 1. ALRiV NRPLiry xmssWLi (192 @LigRiVV) x[R WsNUP AysNUP N]R. (VV*NRPVV sVVR\ s
xVNRPV B[j x[R VLi. @RV [ yRVN]LRi\ZNP GLRiLRis W%sV ARLi). xmsj RLiyV INRP
LRiso, lLiLiRV LRisoV INRP xmsLji[aPR Li. sVWRV LRisoV ssLRi s Li.
2. INRP xmsNRP lLiLiRV RLiyV @j NRPLigS Ds ssLRi s Li INRP xso. @sgS W%sV N]R[ (@R Li[) INRP
xmsNRP sVso[ INRP ssLRi s Li lLiLiRV RLiyV Ds xqs Li xmsLjisWLi xso @s @LiR Li lLiLiRV s[

R sxqsV=V g][LiR VRLi. @sgS FsR V LRiLiZNPs[}qs %ss[ RWLRiLi. (ksZNP[ N][aRPLi @s }msLRiV). yVgRiV g][LRiVyV INRP
WsLi. BLiRsLRiNRPV [aPR sWsLi xmsTLij.
sVW. 1. NSsWssVR ELiR Q*sV. RV[, [, ss[VxtsQM, NSuy, NRP, yNS, sVVxLRiM , xmspLRi*xmsLRigRiM, jsxqsM,
LSM, xmsORPQM, sWxqsM, VVRVM, @RVssV, xqsLisR=LRiLi, RVVgRisV B NSM.
2. ss[VxtsQR RVLSgiR M RVM. 3. _* RV sM. 4. _* _ ss[VxtsQM. xmsss[VuyM NSuy. 5. LiaRP` NSuyM
NRP. 6. Ry*LjiLiaRP` NRPM yTNS.
y. 1. BV\|mss NSsVsLi xmsRVRVsj. RVLi, sLi, ss[VxtsQLi, NSxts Q, NRP, yNRP, sVVxLRiL i,
xmspLRi*gRiLi, @xmsLRigRiLi, xmsgRiV, LS, xmsORPQLi, sWxqsLi, VVRVso, @RVsLi, xqsLisR=LRiLi, RVVgRiLi @s
NSxmssW [ yV. 2. INRP ss[VxtsQLi (NRPsV sVWzqs Ljis NSLi ss[VxtsQLi) [ ys sLiRV RVLi. 3. lLiLiRV
RVV INRP sLi. 4. lLiLiRV yV INRP ss[VxtsQLi. HRV ss[VuyV INRP NSxts Q. 5. sVV\|ms# NSxts QV INRP NRP. 6.
s\ NRPV INRP yTNRP.
sVW. 1. xqsVsLiR sWxtsQNSM Ry*LRiM RRVLRiVRWsWM NRPVsVRsV AR NRPsV @sVr y yNS.
128
2. j*yN][ sVVxLRiM . xmsRaRPsVVxL][ jsr LSaRP \ [
sWzqs AaRP*RVV[ R sWzqs sRM. RRM xmsLRiLi M sVVxlLi^ Q M
@sRLRiM xtsQxqsLi sLiR [ xxqs[ [.
3. yRWRWsV @xts QFLRiVuysV @uyRaRPgRi[ R M, xtsQLRiVuyLi
RRVLiR aRPgRiM, RRVuLRiVuysV @xts QgRiM, j*FLRiVuyLi xtsQygiR M,
FLRiVuyLi RRVLSgiR M, @uyVRWLi RWRaRP gSM,
RRVLRiVRWsV @xts Q gSM; @yR VM sVyx B.
4. xmsLSsX[ js}qs ZaP[xtsQs[VsLi %sy`.

xmsRVRVLi][ @j yNRP.

y. 1. [y INRP NRPVLiRNTP yVgRiV xqsVsLS sRV. yVgRiV


@LigRiV F~Rso Ds LRiLiR Li RRWLRiV [zqs ysNTP xqsLjixmsTs INRP
g]Li gjiLi A NRPVLiR[ INRP AR NRPLi xmssWLi gRi dsLRiV sLiFy. A
g]Li y*LS A dsLRiV @Liy \NRPV NSLjiFsysNTP FsLiR xqssVRVLi

2. lLiLiRV yNRPV INRP sVVxLRiL i. \RsWxqsLi[s V, AaRP*RVV sWxqsLi[s V xmsgRigRiLi xmsj}sV


sVVxLSV, LS xmsj}sV sVVxLSV DLiVLij. (jsxqsLi[ sVVR xqsgRiLi xmspLRi*gRiLi lLiLiRs xqsgRiLi
@xmsLRigRiLi. @ [ LS sVVR xqsgRiLi xmspLRi*gRiLi, lLiLiRs xqsgRiLi @xmsLRigRiLi.
C %sxtsQR VLi xqsxts Qs[V NSs gRiLiRNSLRiVRV %ssLjiLiR[R V). A sWry RLRiyR ALRiV sWry FyV sVWRV
sVVxLS NSLi |msLRiVgRiVRVLij, RLRiVgRiVRVLij. @sgS \RsWxqsLi sVVRV ALRiV sWry FyV xmsgRiV N]Li
N]LiLi |msLRiVgRiVRVLij; LS RLRiVgRiVRVLij. B LRigRigS sLjiNTP LSNUP xmsgRiNUP xmssWLi[ sVWRV
sVVxLSV [y sxqsVLij. AaRP*RVVLi sVVRV NRPsVLigS ALRiV sWryFyV xmsgRiV RLRiVgRiVRVLij; LS
|RVRVLij.

3. xmsgRiV FsLiR xqssVRVLi gRiTLi][, BLiNS FsLiR %sVgjiLi][ VxqsVN]sysNTP sLij QxtsQ\sVs F~Rso gRi xqsLi Li
FyRVyLRiV. ys dsRs xms xqssVRVLi sLiR RVLi [ryLiR V. ys dsR xms[][ gRiVLRiVV DLiRVyLRiV. A dsRs xms
xmsgRiV FsLiR xqssVRVLi gRiTs][ FsLiR %sVgjiLi][ VxqsVN]s[ xmsR BNRPR xmsRVRVsj.
dsRF~Rso ]Li\ ALRiV @LigRiVV DLi[ xmsgRi[ 18 s gRiLi gRiRsV NRP. @sgS xmsgRiV sVV\|ms#
yTNRP\[ INRPsVVFyso yTNRPV gRiR, BLRi\sFss%sVj yTNRPV INRP Fyso %sVgjisV. (%sVgjis y
%sxtsQR VLi[ NRPWy C %sR LigSs[ RWRVN][y. \QlLiLiRV @LigRiV dsR DLi[ xmsyQ s gRiLi xmsgRigRiLi
gRiTsV, s\Fss%sVj @LigRiV dsR DLi[ Fss%sVRs gRiLi gRiTsV. BLRi\s yVgRiV @LigRiV F~Rso
dsR DLi[ ALRis gRiLi gRiRsV. xmssLiRV @LigRiV F~Rso dsR DLi[ ys gRiLi gRiRsV.
dsR Fss%sVj @LigRiVV DLi[ xmsj gS[ sVWRV gSV gRiRsV. dsR yVgRiV @LigRiVV DLi[
Fss%sVj gS[ sVWRV gSV gRiRsV. dsR yVgRiV @LigRiVV DLi[ Fss%sVj gSV gRiRsV.
yVgRiV @LigRiVV DLi[ Fss%sVj gS[ sVWRV gSV gRiRsV. dsR [NPR F[ (xqsLi Li [y aRPLiNRPVso
sVVR[ s[ DLi[) sVyxLi.
129
4. sVyxLi RLRiyR NRPWR C %sR LigSs[ RWRVN][y. @LiVV[
gRiRs gSNTP RVV %sVgjis gSV NRP |msVN][y.
DyxLRiNTP dsR yVgRiV @LigRiVVLi[ Fss%sVj gS[ sVWRV
gSV %sVgjisV NRP. C %sR LigS RWRVN][y.
sVW. 1. Auy [ sWzqs sxts QyW sVyx[ s. @RM xmsLRiLi
aSskyLi xtsQryyLi R*QV[R L S sWxmnsWkyLi R*QVsLS
yRW B.
2. xmsRaSx[LSyM xmsORPQM rsWFyRVsM aRPVNPR M. rsWs[ R [
xM.
3. j*xmsO][Q sWxqsM. 4. LiaRPRx[LSRM xmsNRPLRisWxqsM. 5. ryLiR MrLRiM. 6.
@LiR sWsM ys sWxqsM. 7. xqsxms%sLiaRPM yORPQ RsWxqsM. 8. y*LiaRP`
sVsWxqsM. 9. xmsLiaRPRaRP*yRWM. 10. Ry*LjiLiaRP`
xzqsyRWM. 11. _* sWr VVRVM. 12. aSsM Fxts QxmsRaRP sL<SM 13. AaRP*RVVM NSLjiN PR aRP aRPLRi`. 14.
sWLiR bPL<iR M FxtsQaRP }sVsM . 15. sWxmsn VM FnyVsaRP bPbPLRiM. 16. \][ \saSaRP sxqssM . 17. [uysVWdRV
AuyR aRP gkixtsQM. 18. bPbPLSRVRL SRVsV. sL<Sj ROTPQRVssV. 19. R*QRVsM xqsLisR=LRiM. 20.
xmsxqsLisR=L][ RVVgRi%sV.
y. 1. AuyRsWryLiRLi[ sVyxLi dsR DLiRRV. @sgS xmspLjig S xqsLi Li sVVR[ s[ DLiVLij. RLRiyR
aSsLi sVVRV ALRiV sWry @Liy[ sLRixqsgS lLiLi[zqs @LigRiVV |msLRiVgRiVRVLij. @sgS aSsLiRLi[
lLiLiRV @LigRiVV, RxmsyLiRLi[ yVgRiV @LigRiVV, AaRP*RVVLiRLi[ ALRiV @LigRiVV,
NSLjiN SLiRLi[ Fss%sVj @LigRiVV, sWLiR bPL<SLiRLi[ xmsj @LigRiVV, xmsoxtsQsWryLiRLi[ xmssLiRV
@LigRiVV |msLRiVgRiVRVLij. sWxmsn VsWryLiRLi sVVRV ALRiV sWry @LiyV lLiLi[zqs @LigRiVV RgiR VRVLij.

2. xmsj}sV @x[LSRVV (LSLis ) INRP xmsORPQLi. RLiRsXj NRPgjiLi[j aRPVNPR xmsORPQLi. RLiRVsNTP xqsLi
NRPgjiLi[j xxmsORPQLi. 3. lLiLiRV xmsOSQV INRP sWxqsLi. 4. sVV\|ms# @x[LSyV xmsNRPLRisWxqsLi, @sgS
XyRVNRPV s[R sLi Bs*ysNTP NRPNRP [ sWxqsLi. 5. sVV\|ms#sLRi @x[LSyV INRP rLRisWxqsLi. 6.
BLRi\s]%sVjsLRi @x[LSyV RLiRsWxqsLi. 7. BLRi\sGRV @x[LSyV sORPQ RsWxqsLi. 8. sVV\|ms#lLiLiRV
@x[LSRVV sVsWxqsLi. 9. sVV\|ms#HRV @x[LSyV @aRP*yxsWxqsLi; @sgS @aS*sV xmsLjiLRiOTPQLi[
XRVNRPV RLi Bs*ysNTP NRPV NRP [ sWxqsLi.
10. s\ @x[LSyV gRiyxsWxqsLi (gRixqsLiLRiORPQNPR V sWxqsLi). 11. lLiLiRV sWryV INRP VVRVso. 12.
aSsRxmsyV sL<iR LRiVs o. 13. AaRP*RVVNSLjiN PR sWryV aRPLRiRXRVso. 14. sWLRibdPL<iR FxtsQs WryV
}sVLiRLRiVs o. 15. sWxmsn VFyVxqssWryV bPbPLRiLRiVso. 16. \R\saSsWryV sxqsLiRLRiVs o. 17.
[uyuyR sWryV gkixtsQLRiVs o. 18. bPbPLRiLRiVs o sVVRV DRL SRVLi. 19. sL<iR LRiVs o sVVRV ROTPQRVsLi. 20.
lLiLiRV @RVyV INRP xqsLisR=LRiLi. 21. HRV xqsLisR=LSV INRP RVVgRiLi.
a].[ jsxqss xLRiRLRiM xtsQzts QgRisVXf RRM,
NRPL][[NRPsVxZaP[ R Li R\\sNRPLi R Rs sWM.
GssVLiR RXdRWysVsVysVj sWxqsNRPsV,
gki}tsQ sRVRM xmspLRi*Li xmss[ R xmsbPsVsV.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QOPR Q xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ %sLia][%yRVM;
[aPR NSsWssV, AjR GNRPRy*LjiLiaRPM.
y. xqsWLRiVRV xmsjsxqsLi[s V INRP xmsn VTRV (jsxqsLi[ @LRi\sRVs sLiRV) FsNRPVs dxqsVNRPVLiRV. C
xmsR [ xqsWLRiVRV INRP xqsLisR=LRiLi[ ALRiV jsryV, lLiLiRV xqsLisR=LS[ xmssLiRV jsryV, lLiLiRVsLRi
xqsLisR=LS[ xmsj}sV jyV, |msLjilgi[V [ryRV. @[ %sR LigS RLiRVRV xms VVRVso[s V IN]NRP
jsLi Rgij ryR V.
ks[R lLiLiRVsLRi xqsLisR=LS[ xmsj}sV jyV RgiR VyLiVV. C %sR LigS xqsWLRiRLiRVV gRisVys xms
INRP sWxqsLi[s jy xmssWLi[ |RVRgiR VV NRPVgRiVRWLiLiVV. C NRP xmsNSLRiLi xqsWLRiRLiRV
gRisVsLi y*LS lLiLiRVsLRi xqsLisR=LSNRPV INRPryLji gkixtsQLRiVs o[ sVVR sWxqsLi sVsWxqsLi @soRVLij. HRV
xqsLisR=LS N]NRPryLji }sVLiRVVRVso[ lLiLiRssWxqsLi sVsWxqsLi @soRVLij. sV sWrysNTP @j NRPsWxqsLi
@s NRPWR }msLRiV. Bj lLiLiRVsLRi xqsLisR=LSN]NRPryLji s INRP sWxqsLi [ysV xmspLji [xqsVLij.
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ @R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ j*dRWj NRPLRiLi[
[aPR NSsWsxmsFyRNRP\sVs BLRi\sRVs @yRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi s\ INRPs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R GNRP%sLia][%yRVM
GN][s Ry*LjiLiaRPLi xmsNRPLRisV c aRPVR QOPR QM
sVW. 1. aRPVR QOPR QMaRPVaSLi R *Li R FyVsV DRVLi y sVy*LSZaP[ ss[aPR #[V`.
2. aRPVyLiVVsaRPy*LRiM xms y ryL]x[msRWys s[ [R VVM c ZNP[, NRPVRryQM, NTPRVRM,
NRP*yssVVy y NRPX[.

3. @sVVysVRW j*gRiVM. 4. NRPWsVVyLi aRPVxts QgiR V[ RM. 5. ssVVysV @RRVM


xmsn VNSrys[ ryssV. 6. LSsVVyxmsLjisLRi s[ ysVNRPX[ y xqsFyRxmsNRPLi sxsLi yxms[V`.
130
y. 1. LSLi[sNTP jgRiVsV @soRWs sxqsVs o%dsVR s[}qs xmssV,
sgRiLRiLi[sNTP dzqsN]s sxqsWs sxqsVs o%dsVR xmssV sVVR\sj aRPVLi.
A aRPVLi sxqsWV [}qs xmsyyj NSLji aRPVR QORPVRV (Collector of
customs and tolls). aRPVR QORPVRV aRP VaSsV, aRPVaSNRPV gRiVLRiVgS
s}ms R *ds sVy*LRiLi (sgRiLRi xmsysy*LRiLi) RgiR LRi
xmspLRi*sVVLigS gSs, DRL SsVVLigS gSs sN].
2. sVgRiVLRiV [y HRVgRiVLRiV aRPVLi sxqsWV [}qsy INRP gRiVLixmsogS
ss [y xqsLRiVNRPV dzqsN]s ss sLRiN PR VsV gRiWLji y FssLRiV,
FsNRPTy , FsLiR xmsLi (@s[V RsLi) dzqsN]ssyLRiV. y
@ssVVR (gRiVLjiL ixmso sVVR) FsNRPR s[R VTLij c C %sxtsQR Wds
Ljixqs L`i[ yxqsVN][y. 3. sVVR[NPR VLiy Ds sxqsVs o %dsVR
y%dsVR sxqsWV [R Vszqss xmssVNRPV lLiLixmso @RRVLi (|msyd )
sxqsWV RW. 4. NRPWsVVR (sWxqsLi [R VysNTP s[zqss sNTPd
sVVR)NRPV aRPVLi NRPLi Fss%sVj lLiV RLiRLi. 5. sVVR R V N]sy NTP sVWRV xmsn VTRV FyV (A
@xmsLSys @LiRLjiNUP xmsoRW) @NRPRs[ sRLi RLiRLi (gRi.aS.). A xqsLRiVNRPV @Liy dzqss[zqsN]s g][_sV[
[LiR RLi RLiRLi (NSLilgi )[ 6. LSsVVR sWLjis[zqsy, [xms Ds xqsLRiVNRPV }msLRiV sWLjiy A xmsLi dzqsN]s
ss ys [R INRPLiFyso xmsV LRisWygS Lixms[R W.
sVW. 1. R *sVW[xmszqsRxqs xmssWsV, @LiR Li R \s[xNSM xmsxqs WRVVM c GRRQsW[ylLi [
xms%sVRLi NRPM ZNP[y B. LRiV]z[ tsQR sVLji[ Ry`. ZNP[R XxqsLixmsn VlLi< [ sVWsXj M xqsaRPV N][aRPLi gRi[` .
2. aRPV RW` xmsxmssWLi sVWLi y {sLi VsRM RRLjiNRPL i LS xlLi[` . aRPVsVxtsQgiR VLi y
Ry`.
3. @LiRVs (sWrysNTP @sNSaRPLi DLiRRLis) xmssV RW gSs, N]gSs, NRP|ms gSs @sW.
giR VV sVVR\s RNRPVsLRiNRPLi xms%dsVR, @sVgSzNSV (NRPs=xtsQs [y xqs=U B[) sRV%dsVy
RWRRLi sVVR\s%s [R VNRPVLiy RLRiLi [R (DLiVVLixmsos) xmssV sRW.
4. aRPVLi LiRNRPVLiy aRPV rysLi RgiR LRi szmss R *Li y sVVLiRVNRPV xqsLRiVNRPV dzqsN]sFLiVVsLiVV[ A
xqsLRiVNRPV %dsVR sWsVWVgS LiRszqss aRPVLiNRPLi[ Fss%sVj lLiV xmssV sRW. C %sR LigS Fssl\ Liy
aRPVLi LiRNRPVLiy sFRVyLS @s[ %sxtsQR Ws LRixxqs s[uy[ Ds sVsVxtsvV A FyLiRLi
sWLS[s V, sWLSV(L][R V) [s xms[aS[s V LRiVgRiVRW gRiVLjixq sWLiy.
5. %syxLi, @R yLjiLiNTP s [ {qsQ @LRiLi, @sxqsyRV[ ALSRVV, RVRVV, xmsxqs%sLisy NRPV
\sRLi sVVR\s%s [LiVVLiRRLi, [yRWRV[ [s RNRPV sR \s%sVNPR xmspRVV, _Li, DxmssRVsLi,
ryRNRPsRLi, sRkORPQ sVVR\s NTPRW %sZaP[uy N]LRi\ZNP dzqsN]s s [ xqsLRiVNRPV%dsVR xmssV s[R VNRPWRRV.

6. %syRVN][xqsLi NSNRPFLiVVy yN][xqsLi dzqsN]s sRVRVsV @xqsRLi zmssysNTP }qsR VRLiRLi


(]LigRiRsLi [}qs %sj Li[ RLiRLi) %sj Liy.
sVW. 1. NRPXRaRPV[s @NRPXRaRPVLi sLS*xRVRM, j*dRV s[VNRPsVVRRW yQ*
xmsosVxmsxLRiRM \s[xNRPxqs RR ysR RM.
2. aRPVryy` g][s VRVxmsLi xmssWLi NRPXy* @xmsxLRiRM DR s VM ryxxqsRM.
3. aRPxqsQsLRiNRPsR[xLRiRLRiRysxmsaRPWysVsRsVsVsLS*xLi sLS*xRM RVysxmsn VVztsQR M RM
xmsyaRPaRP.
4. [uysVsRsVxqs AsRVs[ zlLi[s DRV[ %sNRPRVM.
y. 1. aRPVLi s[zqss xqsLRiVNRPV][ FyV aRPVLi s[R Vs xqsLRiVNRPVNRPWy NRPsVsVLjigjiLi [xmsNTP dzqsN]s FRWs
sLRiN PR VsNTP, INRP xmsyxqssLi %dsVR s[zqss aRPVsVVRsV RWzms @VsLi sVL]NRP xmsyxqsys
dzqsN]ssRVRVsysNTP, A xqsLRiVNRPV][ FyV @j FsLiR Ds][ @LiR xqsLRiVNRPV NRPWy RLiRLigS %sj Liy.
2. }msR[s V, gRiT sVVR\sy[s V y ryLRiRys aRPVrysLisVLi dzqsN]sFRVsysNTP
DR s VryxxqsRLiRLi (sLiVV xms LSy) %sj Liy.
3. ""[sNTP FssLRiW dzqsN]s s NRPWRRV'' @s G NSLRiLi[R \sy LS s}tsQj Lis ARVVysV, BsVxms
AyR ssV (sLRi), NRPsysV, [sV, LRiysV, LRiysV, yysW, xmsaRPVsosV [xmsNTP
dzqsN]ssRVRVsysNTP, G RLiRLi %sj LiRRVRVLiRs LS [R yLiRTLi][ A RLiRLi %sj Liy. A
xqsLRiVNRPV NRPWy saRPLi [xqsVN][y.
4. \|mss zmss sztsQR sxqsVs o[ [s\sy dzqsN]ss}qs yss xmsVN]s yss N][ y*LRiLi \s[ aRPVLi
[NPR VLiy @%sVs[zqs A r~sVV y[ [LS.
sVW. 1. @sF yM xqsFyRxmsNSLi sLRi sd Li gRiX{ RW` xmssxsxqs; xmsNSsV GNRPVLRixqs,
xmsaRPWysVLiR xmsNSsV; ORPVQRxmsaRPWyLi FyjNRPsV. @LixqsLRixqs sWztsQNRPsV. suyxmsxXRLi R xmsRy`.
2. \s[aPR Li ryLRiLi NRPXRryLRixmsn V%sRRVssV, @ssV, sVVyLi
R RyQ* }msxtsQ[VRR QORPQxqs.
3. \s[xNRPs[ y ryLiR QxmssWLi LSM }msxtsQ[V`. [s xms[ZaP[s
LS aRPVR QORPQxqs ryLRiQxmssWsVVxmsjZaP[` xqsLRi*R*xmsyLiR sV.
RRMryLiR sVR QO][Q%gRisV WRW` c BR sVsVVuysVVxtsQ
ryLRiLi xmsn VLi R s sgRiWzRssV; GxtsQ LSM xmss B
131
4. sgRiWxRM xmsn VLi aRPVxts QgiR V[ RM, ryLRiLi xqsLS*xmsLRiM.
y. 1. xqsLjixR VV LRiOTPQLi[ @j NSLji (@LiRFyVRV) xqsLRiVNRPV dzqsN]s
ss LiT sVVR\sy[ IN]NRP ys%dsVR INRPLiFyso xmsV

Rs sLRi sgS ( XgS, Rs RLigS cgRi.aS) (sLRi s @sgS L][R V xmssVc NSLilgi )[ gRizLiy.
INRP NRP Ds @aS*RVNRPV INRP xmsLi, g][s oV sVVR\s xmsaRPVsoNRPV @LiR xmsLi, s[VNRPV sVVR\s s
xmsaRPVsoNRPV xmsLi[ yssLiRVsV, VLi LRiVsoNRPV sWztsQNPR sV sxqsWV RW. G sLRiN PR V xqsLRiV\ZNPy
sxts Q\sVy, @xmsxLjiLiRTy yss G][ %sR LigS sVd xqsLiFyjLi @LiRFyVRV y NTP @xmsgjiLiy.
2. %s[aSsVLi ss sLRiN PR V xqssVVyRWs y RgiR LRi %sV\ss%s, ryyLRi \sVs%s @LiVVs GG
xmssxqsVs o VyW xqsxts QLi [xqsW @sLi (gRiVLRiV xms [ xmsRLi c0 HTLiT NSLiR V), sVVR({qsV) B
xmsR QOPR Vs RgiR LjiNTP xmsLiFy.
3. sLRiN PR Vs s[xtsQLi[ Ds gRiWR yLji A sLRiN RPV gRiVLixmsosV gRiWLjis %sxtsQR Wds (y FsLiRsVLij, FssLRiV G
G xqsLRiVNRPV dxqsVN]syyLRiV sVV.) LSNRPV LRixxqsLigS @LiR[R W. LS RsNRPV @ds VxqsVsV @sV
sRLiN][xqsLi A sLRiN PR VNRPV xqsLiLij Lis %sxtsQR Wds xmsR QOPR VsNTP Fy. @xmsVRV xmsR QORPVRV
sLRiN PR V xqssVVyRVLi RgiR LjiNTP s ""xmsy xmsn y y sR xmsn y xmsn y %sV\ss xmsLi, rysWsQ\ sVs
xmsLi DLij. FssLRiW yRNRPWRRV; sW LSgSLjiNTP RVs %sxtsQR VLi @LiW DLiRRV'' @s y s
|RLjiLiy.
4. xmsn V LiRLi (rysWsQ\sVs xqsLRiVNRPV) y|mssysNTP aRPVsNTP Fss%sVj lLiV R sLi LSy sRW.
%sV\ss sxqsVs osV ysLiVV[ A sxqsVs o ry*k sLi [xqsVN][y.
a].[ LSxts Q{msyNRPLRiLi sVVyRxmsn Li R RV`,
sVx[xmsNSLRisVVRVLi NRPVLS` dLi RV RVLiR sV.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QOPR Q xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ GNRP%sLia][%yRVM
aRPVR QORPQM, Aj][ j*Ry*LjiLiaRPM.
y. LSuysNTP s NRPgjiLi[ %sxtsQxmsyLSV, sVRLi sVVR\s Liys (xqsLRiVNRPVsV) @Q\sVs xmsWsLi
gRi sLiNSRVV, AsxmsNSRVV sLi ys, Rs LSLi[sNTP jgRiVsV [xqsVN]sgRiWRRV. ALSRVNRPV,
\sRLi sVVR\syNTP DxmsWgjiLi[ sVx[xmsNSLRiNRP\sVs, Rs LSLi[ LiRs dsV, ysLi,
%sVLjiRWV, NRPLRiNSRVV sVVR\sys xmssV s[R VNRPVLiy jgRiVsV [xqsVN][y.
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[
@R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ j*dRWj NRPLRiLi[ aRPVR QORPV gRiWLjis
BLRi\sINRPs @yRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi s\ lLiLiRs @yRVLi
xqssWxmsLi
132
@R y*%sLia][yRVM
GN][s Ry*LjiLiaRPR s VLi xmsNRPLRisV c aRPVR QOPR QM c aRPVssLRiM
1. aRPVssLRiM. 2. xsV, A sL RiLi yRLi, suyQsVLi,
xmss[aPR Li R aRPVsV. 3. xmss[aSyLi sVWxmssVgRiM. 4.

xmsoxtsQxmsn sVWNRPs sNRPdxtsQsVR=QsWLiryyLi xtsQygiR Li gRiX{ RW`.


5. aRPssV sVVNSxmsyLSLi RRxmsoLRiV\|tsQM NSLRi[V` NRPXRNRPLRi xmssWNSs[R sxmsn sxtsQ M.
y. 1 . aRPVsNTP xqsLiLij Lis ssLRiLi xmsRVRVsj.
2. xLi, @ LiRLRiLi, ARLi @s aRPVLi sVWRV %syV. Rs [aPR Li[s xms%dsVRsVLi ss
aRPVLi xLi. N][[s xms%dsVRsVLiT Lisj @ LiRLRiLi. %s[aSsVLiT ss sxqsVso%dsVR
Lis aRPVLi ARLi. xmsLi \NRPV s [ xmsVRV LiRszqss xmssV suyQsVaRPVLi. xmsLi
[xmsNTP s[xmsVRV s[}qs xmssV xmss[aPR Li. 3. [xmsNTP jgRiVsV @[V xms%dsVR y sVWLi[ HRs
gRiLi xmssVgS sxqsWV [R W. 4. xmsouyV, xmsn V, NRPWLRiV, AVgRiR V sVVR\s%s, RVLixmsV, dgRiNRPV
NS}qs gRiVsVT sVVR\s%s (yNRP), ysLi, FsLiRV[xmsV, sWLixqsLi c %ds sVWLi[ ALRis sLiRV xmssV.
5. aRPLiV, sV, sVVV, sVVyV, F~gRiy LSV c %ds%dsVR xmssV xmss, xmssWLi, xqssVRVLi, NRPW,
xmsn Li c %ds ssLis gS xmsLjibdPLiRNRPgjis A RW sxqsVs o ORPQV gS zqssy [R FsLiR xmssV
sRW[ sLiR LiVVLixms[zqs A xmssV %sj Liy.
sVW. 1. O_Qs VRVNRPWNTP%sVysNRPxLjiysVsMbPzV NRP[xsLiR yRWyLi
Rs ygRiVLRiVNRPVNRPVNRPNTP*sLSLi xqsVLSRys O_Qs VRVNRPWsNRPLSxqsLiR FysLRiNTP%sVyysV @\NRPxqs R
RaRPgRiM, xmsgRiM. AsVgSzNRPLi RVy[a][xmsNSLRiLi ryxms[V`.
3. y*LS[R VLi aRPVxmsgRiM. AsVgSzNRPLi RVy[a][xmsNSLRiLi ryxms[V`.
y. 1. sVVRNRP xmsV, xqsss xmsV, NTP%sVysLi (dsxmsV ) NRPLiNRPLi (yLRiLi][ [zqss NRPsRLi,
(|qs*L`isLij), xLjiyLi, sVbP, zLigRiVNRPLi, BsVsVV, BRLRi yRVsoV (sxmsyLSV), RLiRsLi,
@gRiVLRiV, NRPVNRPLi (zmszms sVV), NTP*Li (sVRV NRPgjiLi[ INSNRP sVVT xmsyLiR Li c \RV[s sVT sLij),
@sLSV (@Li LRi xqsLRiVNRPVV), sVRLi, GsVgRiV RLiyV, sVXgS RLSV, xmsV yLRiLi, xqssxmsV
yLRiLi, s[%dsVR xmsLRiVRVN]s[ LiVyV (AxqsLiR ), NRPxmsVN]s[ aSVsV( FysLRi), xmsV xmsoLRiVgRiVsVLiT
dzqss xmsV, s[VNRPsVLiT, g] sVLiT dzqss sxqsVs oV (Ds sVV.) y%dsVR y LkiRV[ xmsRs gRiLi gSs,
xmsj}ssgRiLi gSs xmssV.
2. sryQV, yVgRiV NS LiRVsoV, sVsVxtsvV, yLRiLi, xms, xqsVgRiLiR RyV, KxtsQyV, NRPV, sRV ,
yLRiV, RLRiV, sV FyRV, ysLi, \V, OSQLSV, sLi, sVRLi, xmsNS*sLi (xmsLiTs xmsyLSV)
%ds %dsVR %ds sVWLi[ BLRi\sRVsgRiLi gSs, BLRi\s\VRsgRiLi gSs xmssV.
3. LiRszqss aRPVLi[ HRssLiRV y*LRiLi RgRiLRis[ sxqsWV RW. [y [aSsNTP DxmsNSLRiLi @[V
%sR LigS A xmssV[ N]LiR AsVgSzNRPLi (NRPs=xtsQs ) sLiR LiVVLiy.
sVW. 1. W%sVxtsv R xmsysV%sNRPRVM. 2. s[ yRVxmsys[ xtsQR RsV @RRVM. 3.
xmsoxtsQxmsn y[ M xmsoxtsQxmsn ys[ RRVxtsQaRPR[ RM. 5. ZOP[Q [ M xqsLRi*xqsryys[ xmsaRPRM,
xms%[ R LiR xmsaRP {qsyRRVM.
y. 1. xmssV @%s xmsLiTs ][ @sVNRPWRRV. 2. gRisVsVLi yRVLRiWxms\sVs xmss N]sysNTP,
@%sVsysNUP NRPWR ALRiV sLiR xmsV @RRVLi (LSy). 3. xmsoso* ][sVLiT, xmsLiR ][ sVLi
xmsoxtsQxmsn V @%sVy N]y, RW\ yVgRiV xms RLiRLi. 4. NRPWLRiV xmsLi[ ][sVLiT aSNSV, sVWV,

NRPLiyV @%sVy, N]y, RW\ sVWRV xms RLiRLi. ssryRVLi WsVV[ xmsLiTsys @NRPR
@%sVy N]yN]sysNTP INRP xmsLi, @%sVsysNTP INRPsLRi xmsV (RW\ sVWRV xmsV NSNRP) RLiRLi.
a].[ @][ ssxmsoLSyLi [aPR RLjiRRM,
xmsyLi ryxms[VRVsVRRVLi yxmsNSLRiRM.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QOPR Q xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ y*%sLia][%yRVM
aRPVssLRiM; AjRaRPy*LjiLiaRPM.
y. @LiRVs aRPVR QORPVRV A RW FyLiy RLjiRsV xms, RV RLjiRsV xms N]R% ds, FyR%ds @LiVVs
xms aRPVs sLSLRi RW. Ljigjis suys xms RLiRLi %sj Liy.
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ @R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ j*dRWj NRPLRiLi[
aRPVssLSs gRiWLjis BLRi\slLiLiRs @yRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi s\ RVs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi
133
@R RW%sLia][%yRVM
Ry*LjiLiaRPR s VLi xmsNRPLRisV c xqsWyR QORPQM
sVW. 1. xqsWyR QOPR QMxqsWRsLRisxqsQLRissLRiLi RRxmsoLRiV\|tsQM
NSLRi[V`. 2. ELSsNSLSxqsRWaRPO_Qs W R %sR y s NRPy
xmssy RxmsdNSLjiM LRiWFyysWRXNSM, sXR LSy{qsM,
soxmsLRi][xmsrys[s y{qsaRP NRPLRi [V`.
3. aPR N`PQxts Qxqs WsVR sVyLi R xqsWRxqs %sjy*s[R sLi NRP[V`.
x*yLi R. xqsWRxmssWLi y* \sVN][R *QQLiR Q \ slLi[y
@sVgRiX{ RW`.
4. jxtsv xmsFyRssW\saRP NRPLRi NSLRiLiVVRyM. xqsWR}qs
s[R sxqsM RsryLS`.
y. 1. xqsWyR QORPVRV (sWV, N`P=Q\= aS xmsLRis[OPR Qj NSLji) yLRiLi, yLRiLi][ [zqss NRPsyV, sryQV,
y , %ds yFyLRiLi %ds[ sVLi s[LiR VgRiy [R [LiVVLiy.
2. Ds, yLRi, xms, WLRiVgRiVRWj sVVR\s RWj, sxmsyLRi, xmsVyLRiLi c %dss LRi V RsFLiVVs
{qsQ[R , @%s ARy [R , NRPs[R , BV sjs[zqss {qsQ[R , xmss[R VRLi y*LS bPORPQ @sV %sxqsWs
{qsQ[R , s[aPR RV [R , sVVxqsy^ s LSyxqs{qsQ[R , [yRWNRPV s RLi sWs s[zqs (A
xmsssVLi Lji\\lLis) [s y{qs[R sTNTPLiRRLi, s[LiVVLiRRLi sVVR\s%s [LiVVLiy.
3. sWV xqssLigS DLiRRLi, sogS DLiRRLi, sVRLRiNRPLi[ DLiRRLi c %dss y NTP yV GLRiLRiy.
y FsNRPVs xmss [R VNRPgji DLiRRLi, RNRPVs xmss [R VNRPgji DLiRRLi c %dss xms NRPWy yV

sLiR LiVVLiy. y FsLiR RWLRiLi xmss [aSL][ VxqsVN]s gS xmss[zqssy NTP \Li DzqsLjiNSRVV aRPLkiLSsNTP
(DuxmsaSLiNTP) sVgRiV |msVN]s[ xmsyLSV B @sVgRizLiy.
4. xmsLiRVgRi[ y NTP G\sVy @j NRPLigS sVV[zqs, g_LRi%sLi xmssVV [LiVVLiRVN][y. y Ljigji
@xmsgjiLiRszqss xqsWRLi RgiR V[ ys %sVssV xms RLi][ N][R %sj Liy.
sVW. 1. NRPXRNRPLRixmssWNSs[R sxmsn sxtsQ M NSLRiVaRP NRPLRi NSLRi[V`, xmsxqsLixqsLiR Li R gRi[ ` .
2. O_Qs VRVNRPWNTP%sVysLSsNSLSxqsxqsWRysNRPLSyLiaRP xmsRVV[ gRis sWy\sM @\sQaRP
KxmsgSz\ZNPM ALSR [V`. sryQxqsLiR FysLRi%sNRPsVyxms[V`.
3. NRPNRPLSyLiaRP RRNSLRiVbPM NSLRi[V`.
4. RWaRP @suyzqssM FztsQR %sR yM sM NRPsNSM y AysLi XRVVM yM xqs*y{qsLRisVryLRi
rxmsgRixLi NRPLRiNSLRiLiVVRyM.
5. xqs*RVsWgRiRsd yLi y xqsWRaSLi xmsRVxtsQzqs s[R s %sssVRVLi NSLRi[V`. xqsWRxmsLkiOSQLiR sWRM
xmskxmsM.
y.1. FsLiR xmss RW. FsLiR NSLi RW, RLi FsLiR, FsLiR xmsn Li xqsLiFyjLiy @s[ %sxtsQR WV
sLiR LiVVLi bPV[R xmss [LiVVLiy. y ][ RgiR LRi xqsLiLiR Li |msVN][y.
2. sVVRNRP xmsV, xqsss xmsV, xmsV xmsoLRiVgRiVsVLiT dzqss xmsV, Ds, xms %ds yLRiLi s[}qs NRPLSgSLSV
(%sVVV) GLRiLRi @NRPR xmss[}qsy NTP gRiLiR RyV, sWV, BLiNS BRLRi\sVs ANRPL<iR NRPsVV\s sxqsVs oV
BxqsW y NRPV xqsLi][xtsQLi NRPgjixqsW DLiy. y [R @s[NPR %sy\s sryQV, AxqsLiR V, aRPLkiLRiLi %dsVR NRPxmsVN]s[
sryQV, RRWLRiV[LiVVLiy.
3. xqsWy][ NRPsyV RRWLRiV [R VRLi[ s[LiR VgRi bPV[R @Li NRPsyV RRWLRiV[}qs
NRPLSgSLSV sTzmsLiy.
4. BLisVLi \NRPV LSs {qsQV, LRi V RWLRi[aPR Li[ DsyV, %sR sV, @sRVs [FyV Dsy .
%syxLi NSs y , RsV NS %dsVRs[ ysVV sy @sVNRPVs[ {qsQV c BLi {qsQsV Rs y{qs{qsQ[R
IzmsLi y [R xsWs xmspLRi*NRPLigS C xmssVV [LiVVLiy. (xqsLRiVNRPV y B ZNP[ xmsLizmsLi xmss
[LiVVLiy).
5. xqsWRaSNRPV xqs*RVLigS yLRiV sVVsLi[ s[ {qsQsVLiT y RRWLRiV[zqss xqsLRiVNRPV dzqsN]s y
RLi By*. A xqssVRVLi[ xqsWRLi xmsLkiOTPQLiRysNTP sWRs[V xqsLjixms[ NSLi gRi kxmsLi DLiy.
sVW. 1. zqsQRW sVVxqsLiRLRi+s[ @sNSLRixqsLiuyRWLi y xmspLRi*MryxxqsRM. s[R sNSFy[ sVRsVM.
@NRPXRNRPLRis[R sxmsys[R .
2. gRiX{y*s[R sLi NRPLRi @NRPVLRi*yM @Vxts QxqsLiRLiaRPLi yxms[V`. OTPQy xmsxXysxqssyyLi R. s[R s[xtsv
R NRPLRiNRPLSsVxmsLSR ][ RM.
3. LRisLRiQ \ZNPM RLRiNRP\lLiaRP xqs*RVLi xqsLixqsX[R. s R sLRiy ks sLRi [V`.

y. 1. @ ss {qsQ sVVLi RWy, xqsWys gRiWLji sWRs[V Rxms sVLji G BRLRi %sxtsQR WV A {qsQ][
sWTy A xmsLkiORPQNRPVsNTP xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi %sj Liy. RLi Bs*szqss NSLi yT[
sVR sVryxxqsRLiRLi. xmss[R VNRPVLiy s[R sLi By NRPWR sVR sV ryxxqsRLiRs[V.
134
2. s[R sLi dzqsN]s xmss [R Vs {qsQ scsVR s[
[ j LixmsRW. Bs xqsLRiVNRPV NS[zqsy, ys @xmsxLjiLi
FyLjiFLiVVy \|mss zmss RLiRs[V %sj Liy. NRPLRiNRPLRiVV G\y
@xmsLSR Li [}qs [zqss @xmsLSys xms RLi[ Rgij Li RLiTLiy.
3. y }mss[y ][s V, NRPLRiNSLRiV][s V xqsWyR QOPR VRV xqs*RVLigS
xqsLiLiR Li |msVN][y. y [R xmsaRPVsosV Lij Li[ y sVVR\ s
xqsLRiVNRPVV }mssLiy.
a].[ xqsWRssVLiVW LRiLRi*LRiy \sR\s%dsM,
ryy s dsRWaRP RWsRVVgRixqs NSLRi[V`.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QORPQ xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[
RW%sLia][yRVM, xqsWyR QORPQM, AjRaRPRVaRPy*LjiLiaRPM.
y. xms yLRiLi sVVR\sy][s V, sxmsyLRi sVVR\sy][s V y , }msxms, sRVLRiV LRi ][ sLRiRsV
(gRi y ) RRWLRiV [LiVVLiy. B%s RVVR LRiLigS[s V, , LRiyV, NRPysNUP, @aS*RVsV LRiyRVNRPV
NRPysNTP DxmsWgjiryLiVV.
""sLijs'' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ @R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ j*dRWj NRPLRiLi[
xqsWyR QOPR V gRiWLjis BLRi\ssVWRs @yRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi s\ ys @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R RRVLji*Lia][%yRVM
GNRPRy*LjiLiaRPLi xmsNRPLRisV c {qsyR QOPR QM
sVW. 1. {qsyR QOPR QM NRPXztsQR sQ aRPVsXOSQR VVlLi[*RM R`xqs[ y
xqsLRi*ysxmsoxtsQxmsn aSNRPNRPs sVWyNRPQO_Qs VNSLSxqsds RVyNSLi gRiX{ RW`.
2. x xxmsLjiNRPXuyRWLi xqs* Ws yxqsNRPLRiNRPLRiRxmsNRPLRiQ X LS*xms[V`.
3. NRPL<iR RV[Q xmsNRPLRidslLi^ Q\ZaPQQuysWxqsLi NSLRi[V`. NSLRiVaRP NRPLSLRiNRPVNRP [ R NRPLRisLRiN PR xqsLRigSjaRP.
4. [uyLi NRPLRi xmsn %ssFy[ RRsLi RM.
y. 1. {qsyR QORPVRV (ssryRVaS @R QOPR VRV) sXR xmsLSaRPLSRVV LRiLis NRPXztsQaSxqsQLi, aRPVaSxqsQLi
( W%sV[s yRVsV VxqsVNRPVs[ aSxqsQLi), @gjis[aSRVV LRiLis sXOSQR VVlLi[*RLic %ds[ Fy%dsLi
xqsLiFyjLi, [y, %ds[ Fy%dsLi Dsy xqsRVLi dzqsN]s xqssVxqsQ\sVs ys dsV,
xmsoxtsQcxmsn caSNRPcNRPLiRcsVWdsV, dgRiNRPV NS}qs gRiVsVT sVVR\s y dsV, O_Qs VLi d}qs
dsV, xms dsV A RW Rgjis xqssVRW[ }qsNRPLjiLiy.

2. A dsV y ygRi [R RVss xqs* W%sV[ (A RW xmsLiNRPV @sV\ss W%sV[) yxqsV[R ,


NRPLRiNRPLRiV[R , RLiRxmsNRPLRi [R (G\s @xmsLSysNTP @sV %sLiRRgjis NSLSgSLRiyryjbPORPQNPR V RVV xmssVV
[}qsy RLiRxmsNRPLRi V) RLiy.
135
3. Rrxms LRiQXxxqs[M rysgRisVsgRiLSys[ M aRPVN][
RRWxqss VRVylLi[ M xqsWLRixqs xmsNRPX\sNRPXyR.
4. xqsWLS` dzqsj M. Xxxqs[M xqsryyLi xqss VNRPLjiy. aRPVNS`
sXzts QLji.
y. 1. A RW LRiNS WsVV[ xmsLiV gS xmsLiRysNTP
@sxqsLRi\sVs sL<RiFyRLi xmsoRVyRV. c sVLRiV WsVV[ xmsRLRiV
][ sL<iR Li, @sWFy[ (FyRV\sVscds gS Li[
WsVV[) BLRi\syVgRiV ][ sL<iR Li xmsLiNRPV @sVNRPWLigS
DLiVLij.
(sL<ij Lis ds N]sysNTP sLjiLis INRP xxqsLiQ\ZNPyLRiLi gRi FyR[
INRP ][Li ds sLiRV[ @NRPR INRP ][Li sL<RiLi NRPVLjizqssV NRP. A
%sR LigS xmsRLRiV][V sVVR\s NRPV NRP G W%sVNTP FsLiR dsLRiV
xqsLjixmsRVRVLi][ RWRVN]s[yLRiV). BxmsVRV A RW [aSNRPV FsLiR sL<iR Li @sxqsLRiLi @soRVLi][ xmsRVRVsj.
@aRPNRP (ALRi) [aPR Li[ xmsRsVWRVsLRi ][ sL<iR Li, @sLi[aPR Li[ BLRi\ssVWRV ][ sL<iR Li, FyaSR
[aSNRPV @%sVR\sVs sL<iR Li @sxqsLRiLi. sVLiRV[R xmsLiV xmsLi[ xms[aS[s V zsVsyQLiRxms[aS[s V
NSs y*LS rygRiV Ljilgi[ [aS[s V A RW NSsV xms xqsxqssxtsQ gRiVLiVLij. @sgS %dsNTP sL<S}msORPQ
@LiRgS DLiRRV.
2. \|mss zmss [aS[s sL<iR FyRLi[ sVWRs sLiRV sL<iR Li sL<SNSsWry\s aSsRxmsR AaRP*RVV
NSLjiN PR sWry s[ yVgRiV sWry[ sVVRj ysj @LiVVs aSs NSLkiN PR sWry[ xmsRVRVLij. %sVgjis
lLiLiRV sVWRs sLiRV sL<iR Li sVR [s RxmsR AaRP*RVVsWry[ xmsRVRVLij. sL<iR Li C %sR LigS DLi[
[aPR Li NSLisVLiRLigS DLiVLij.
3. Xxxqs gRixLi VVNRP ryscgRisVscgRiLSyys, aRPVNRPVs DRRVc @xqss VRVcyLSs, xqsWLRiVs
xmsNRPX\sNRPXRLis xqsVxtsQs WLRiWFys ([aPR Li NSLisVLiRLigS DLiVLiRs[ %sxtsQR VLi) EzLiRRVRVLij.
Xxxqs s[VuyjLSxqsV[ DLiRRLi rysLi. sXxtsQ RV[ xmss[bPLiRRLi gRisVsLi. sWLRibdPL<iR Li sVVR\s ALRiV
sWry[ sVLiRV xmsRRLi sVVR\sj gRiLSysLi. aRPVNRPVRV xqsWLRiVRVs LSzqssVLi RWLRiLigS DLiRRLi
DRRVLi. xqsWLRiVs][ NRPzqs INRP LSzqs[ DLiRRLi @xqss VRVLi. AuyR sWxqsLi[ xmsLiR%sV sVVR\s ]%sVj
RV[ (A RW LSxqsV[ xqsLiRLjiLiRRLi yLRiLi. xqsWLRiVs xqs*ysNTP %sLRiVR LigS gRiWRV NRPRLi sVVR\ sj
xmsNRPX\sNRPXRLi.
4. xqsWLRiVs zqs s xms xqsxqsxmsn zqsj EzLiRRVRVLij. Xxxqs zqs s xms xqsryV ssV s[R VRLi
EzLiRRVRVLij. aRPVNRPVs zqs s xms sL<iR Li EzLiRRVRVLij.

a].[ RRVM ryFyzNS s[Vxmsn W @bdPM NRPbdPNRPLSM,


xtsQzts QLSRxmss[Vxmsn Wys[Vuy sXztsQM xqssWzy.
yRsWRxmsWgRiLi R %s s RVR sL<Ri,
ds NRPL<iR NSLi aRP sRVLixqsR xqsrygRisW R VsM.
y. sVWRV s[Vxmsn WV GRV @x[LSyV @%ss LigS sL<iR Li NRPVLRiVryLiVV. Fss\ s[Vxmsn WV |msR xmsLjisWLi[
Ds RVLixmsLRiV sL<ij ryLiVV. @LRi\s s[Vxmsn WV FsLiR][ NRPzqs DLiLiVV. c INRP xmsNRP sL<iR Li INRPxmsNRP FsLiy
DLiWLiLiVV @s @LiR Li. C %sR \sVs sL<iR FyRLi xqssV\sVs sL<iR FyRLi, Bj xqsrysVNRPW\sVsj.
G [aPR Li[ s[VxmnsVLi sL<Sds, FsLiRsW RNRPgS %s Li sL<jixqsW sVWRV sVWRV NRPXxtsvsV xmssLjiL ixms[xqsVLi][
(sVWRV xmsLiV s[R VysNTP %dsV NRPxqsVLi][) @NRPR sVLi xmsLi Rxmss xqsLjigS xmsLiRVRVLij. ""ds
NRPL<iR NSs''NRPV RVV ""ds NRPLkiuys'' @s[ FyhRiLi DsR. A xmsORPQLi[ sVWRV xmsLSRWV g][s VRWRVsV
FsLRiVsos%sVRL i }qsNRPLjiLiRysNTP %dsV NRPxqsVLi][ @s @LiR Li.
sVW. 1. RRM xms W][R NRPsV @[RNRPLi y xqsxqsLi yxms[V`.
2. aS%dszN][RszmsRVyLRiNRPsLRiNSM xmspLRi*yFyM. sVVR sWxtsQ\ZaP sVR yFyM.
NRPVxqsVsVs VxqsWLRiNRPVVR RVsg][R WsVNRPRWR{qs xqsL<iR FyM xmsaSy*FyM.
3. RVRLRiVs ZaP[s y dyFyM.
4. yFyLjiNRP s VLiR {qsNSM NRPVLRiVM. xqs*%dsL][xms%s[ y RRVLiR xmsgjiNSM. RV[xts Qs VsszqsRgRiLi RRVLRisR
NRPX[Q M.
y. 1. FsLiR sL<iR Li xmsTLi][ VxqsVN]s RLRiyR sL<iR QxmssWs xms, FsNRPVs dsLRiV NSszqss xmsLigSs,
RNRPVs dsLRiV NSszqss xmsLi gSs sRW.
2. aS (INRP sLji), %dsz (INRPLRiNRPLi sLji), N]V, V, zmsRVLigRiVsoV, yLRiNRPVV, sLRiNRPV c B%s NSLi[
sVVLiRV Rszqss%s. |msxqsV, %sVsVsVVV, \ZaPV c B%s sVR Rszqss%s. NRPVxqsVLi Li, sVxqsWLRiLi (INRP LRiNRPLi
aRPsgRiV). DsV, RVsV, g][R VsVV, NRPRWV, @RxqsVV, AyV ({qss) sLRi Rszqss%s.
3. [y VVRVsosV xms xqsLji\Vs NSLi sLiR LiVVLiRVN]s %sR yV R.
4. {qsyR QOPR VRV %sR yV RgS %sVgjis W%sV[ @LiR {qsNRPVV (xmsLi[ xqsgRiLi gRiLi dxqsVN]s[
ssryRVyLRiVV) ssryRVLi RW, [y xqs*%dsL][xmssoV (NRPxts QxmsT xmss[}qs y ) ys sLiRV
gSs, HRs sLiRV gSs dzqsN]s ssryRVLi RW. %sVgjisj LSNRPV LiRVRVLij @s @LiR Li.
ssryRVLi [rys Vs W%sV dzqsN]s A xmss xmspLji [R Vsy LS FsLiR %sj }qs @LiR xmsLi LSNRPV
By*. @LiVV[ 3 FyNRPXNRP ZNP a[ S[R \sy Bs*sy LSNRPV G%dsV Bs*szqss xmss [R V.
136

C xqsLiRLRiLi[ gRixms aSzqsQ INRP Fydsa]N[ PR Li DyxLjiLiyLRiVc


""LS Ws[VM xmsLiR QXxtsQM aSxqsQ LRiVRNRPxqs R,
ysVsRV RVR sLi RR ry*sVLi NRPVV%sVsM''.
"" W%dsV dsLRiW NRPWR LS r~RV. NRPVVLisLiRVNRPV C lLiLiTLis
%sVsLiVVLi gRiXx xmsaS*RV%dsVR sWRs[V @j NSLRiLi''.
sVW. 1. xqs*}qsRV MxxqsxmssLji R sVVRNRPgRiLi xmssVLi RRVM.
xqss FysLji s VLi RRVLRisV, r][R VsQ FysLji s VLi RXdRVsV.
2. RRVLiR Li skxqsLRixqsNRPNRPWFysV.
3. NRPL][RNRPxmssW[s \ZNPyLRiLi, \|sVsLi, \lgiQQztsQNRPLi y xqsxqsLi
ryxms[V`.
4. aSj [xts Qs V, xtsQ[ sVR sVM. BORPVM xmsRsLRiM. BORPQ[ z *yM sRVgSzaRP.
5. }mnsyxmsn W][ sd xmsn yLi, xmsLkiyyM, zmsxms%dssVXk*ZNP[OPR WsV, NRPWxmsxmsLRiyM aSNRPsVWysV,
xLRixmsLRiyMxLjiRNSyLi, Fy[yyLi gRis \ xtsQ[ bdPLRi{s[LiR zmsVNSkysV, RVyxqs*Li W%sVxtsv
\Rs xqs*aSsWFyafxtsQk M ryxms[V`.
y. 1. RsV RWsVLi[ [R V][ (NRPVLiRV sVVR\s y][) dsLRiV Fzqs xmsLiTLis y xmsLi[
HRsgRiLi LSNRPV By*. NSsT %dsVR dsLRiV dxqsVN]s xmsLiTLis ys[ ys sLiRV By*. sW
sVVR\s RVLiy [R dsLRiV dxqsVN]s xmsLiTLisys[ sVWRs sLiRV By*.
2. sRVV, |msR LRiVsoV, s LRiVsoV, sWRVV c %dssVLiT RVLiy y*LS dsLRiV dxqsVN]s
xmsLiTLisys[ ys sLiRV By*.
3. dsLRiV LiRys xms sLji[[ xmsLi[ys, bdPRNSLi xmsLisW, gkixtsQLi[ xmsLi[ xmsLisV yLiy.
4. aS sVVR\s%s @RVRQ \sVs%s, @LRi sVVR\sj sVR sVLi. LRiVNRPVxmsLi @R sVLi; FsLiRVsssgS
LRiVNRPVxmsLiNRPV y %sxmnsWyV NRPVgRiVRVLiLiVV, LRiV NRPWy FsNRPVs @soRVLij.
5. dgRiNRPV NS}qs xmsn NRPV (dLRi, gRiVsVT sVV.) ds sVLRiVgRiV Rgji[ xms[aSV sVLi%s. xmsysNTP RgRiLRigS
Ds xms[aSV zmsxms NTP, yORPQNPT , LRiVsoNTP sVLi%s, NRPWLRigSRVNTP, RVLixmsNTP sWNTP RgiR LRigS Ds W%sV,
NSs xmsNRP WsVVV xmsRgRiT sVVR\syNTP, F~Li sVR GLRiLRi dsLRiV sLizmss WsVVV (Fy) N][zqs
dxqsVNRPVs[ gRiLiR Ry sVVNRPNUP, D sVVR\s KxtsQ]x[msRVVNRPQ \sVsyNUP, {s[LiR Li, zmsLiyVNRPLi
sVVR\syNUP sVLi%s. A RW WsVVNRPV RgjisVgS sV WsVV[s W, [s Vs[[s V xmsLi[ xmsLiV
s[LiVVLiy.
sVW. 1. RVuyLRiFyRVssV Dxts Qa][xtsQLi y xqsxmsLSyj ysdysV. LSRLi xmsLSRLi y
N][bPd yyysV. sVR VxmnsVXR xqsWNRPLRisryM aRPNRPXRVQQNS MNSdyLi [ R [xmsM, sVR Vxmsn VX[s NRPyysV.
@zqs dyLi aRPNRPXy[xmsM. aSyLi gRiLRi yx[ g][zqs aRPNRPXjMNS[ _xXRLiR.

2. xmsLRiWyLiaRP @aRPVxtsQNRPVsVy=QLiaRP xqsVzOUPQlLi[ FyRV[V`.


3. a].[ NSLSxqsFyLRiLi sL][NRPLi xqsLRixqs R xqssWxlLi[` ,
s xqsLSxqsR xts Qs R WsW RV\QxtsQ xts Q.
y. yy %sR ysV GRV L][ FyV LSRVRVLiRV sVLiRV[ DLiRVRW xmsgRiV FsLiR[ FsLiR.
%sVsVsVVV, |msxqsV sVVR\s N][bPd yy (\|mss gRiV DLi[ yy) %sR yNRPV sVWRV L][V gSs, HRV
L][V gSs C %sR LigS RW. LRiVNRPV sVVR\s NSRV Fy[ dsV(NSLiRdsV) N][zqss ][
}msR[ [s, sLiVV, xmsLij N]so* NRPzms xmspRW. RVLixms RV %sR ysV N][zqss ][ [s, sLiVV
xmspRW.
FssVVNRP s gRigS DLi[ xms sVVR\s y %sR yNRPV }msR xmspRW. sW%sVT sVVR\s sVVNRPV
FyRysNTP sVVLiRV Fy[ g][R VsV NS Fyy; xmsoxtsQxmsn RV NSLi[ _xXRLi (V gS |msLjigji gS
xmspRVysNTP, NSRVysNUP [}qs xqsLiryLSsNTP _xXRLi @s }msLRiV) RW.
2. \|ms dV sVVNRPs sLis[ y%dsVR xmsgS Ds s [xmsV NRPzmss xqsVz @s[ sVVNRPsVLiT
dzqss FyV FsLRiVsogS sRW. (B [}qs xmsoLRiVgRiV xmsNRPVLiy DLiVLij).
3. ""xmsgij LiV, FysVV NRPVVxqsLi C lLiLiRW NRPzms R WxmsLi s[}qs A R WxmsLi s[zqss ][ xqsLSV DLiRso.''
sVW. 1. xqsLRi*dyLi RV xmsRsVy}ms xqsVsL][ R NRPxqsLixms oyLi xmspLRi*sVVztsQLi yxms[V`. @sVVLi sVsQ Li R
WRW`.
a].[ ""xmsxmsR[V NSaRPFyRV [yRV ssVM xqsy
{qsy s[V VVR yLi [%sd d[xtsv R R s[xtsv R''
2. xtsQ y g][FyNRPyxqsNRPLRiNRPlLi[ M RVy xmsoLRiVxts QxmsLjiyxmsLi NRPL i NRPVLS`. xqsFyRxmsNRPLi sWxqsLi Ry`.
NRPLSsVLRiWxmsLi NSLRiV[ NRP s[R ssV.
3. xmsbdPLiR Li R xmsoxtsQxmsn Li [s NSLSLRiLi, %dszRVssWgRiRVLiR Li a][RWxqsxmszqs*saSxlLi[R VVM. LSbPsVWsV
DsXR R VM.
137
y. 1. G %sR y\y sVVLiRVgS R [ xmsVRV sVVsVVR zmsTZNPRV
%sR yV LigSLRiLi sVVLis ds ][ RTzms C sVLiRLi RRVsoRW
RLiy c
""xqsXzts QNPR LRiQ \Vs NSaRPxmsosNUP [y x[s osNUP, xqsWLRiVsNUP,
xmsLiR s[s osNUP (sL<iR [s RNRPV) FsxmsVRV ssVryLRiLi. [%s\Vs
(xmspLS\s, R\Vs) {qsR (RVss s[) %dsVR Rs %sR yV,
xmsLiV gS sXj F~LiRVgSNRP''
2. @LRi ][V, LRiVNRPV ][V sVVR\sys (xtsQ ) LRiOTPQLi[y NRPV,
g][FyNRPVNRPV (g][s osV, FsR VsV LRiOTPQLi[y NRPW), yxqsVNRPV,

xmssy NRPV y [zqss xmssNTP Rgjis %sR LigS [ yV ( NRPL i=Li) GLSV RW. sNRPV INRPLiFyso
xmsV RLi By*. sRLigRiVV sVVR\s bPVNRPV y [zqss xmssVsV xms [ sLi (Li) RLi
By*.
3. xqs*RVLigS LSs xmsoso*W, xmsLiR W [s yxmspRV s%sVR s VW, xqs*RVLigS LSs ysLi, RVsV
AgRiRVLi N]LRiNRPV (xmsLiV N]Rg S ssxmsVRV A yyRV][ [}qs INSNRP Bzts QNPT c RWgSsNTP c
AgRiRVLi @s }msLRiV) a][RVVV, sVVsVV dzqsN]ssRVsV. NRP Li[s ysLSaRPVV dzqss[zqss ][ %sVgji
@NRPR xmsT Ds ssVV DLiR sX[}qs y (@Li%s GLRiVN]s y][ %sLi[y ) dzqsN]ssRVsV.
a].[ RVyNSLi R xqsryj RLi RLi xmss[aPR # [V`.
s ZOP[Q [ ryxms[V` NTPLi` xmssVzms xmsRM.
xmsNRPLSLi xqssVVyQRWs sd LS* Ry%syM,
s xqsLixys NRPVLki*R s RVys bPLSLizqs R.
xqs xmsNRPLSs NRPVLSss[ xqssWbPys.
@sgjiNSM rRNSaRP [ xqsVM xmsLjiNRPLjiM.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QOPR Q xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ RRVLji*Lia][%yRVM
{qsyR QORPQM, AjRM xmsRy*LjiLiaRPM
y. ""ARW NS[ xmsLiTs xqsrys xmsLiTsj xmsLiT sVgS N][uygSLRiLi[ [LS. \ss {qsyR QOPR VRV
G%dsV NRPWy, sLjiNTP F~V, sgRiU NRPWy F~Li[ %sT|msNRPWRRV''.
""ysLi ss[}qs ryysV y FsRVgS NRPLiy. [y A %sR \sVs y FsRVgS DLi[ y BLiR sV
sLjiLiy. A N][uyV INRPys N]NRP RgiR LRi RgiR LRigS DLi[V NRPLiRNRPWRRV. y\|ms NRPxmsVV [NRPgS DLi[
V sLjiLiRNRPWRRV. LRi&VLiLRi&VWsWLRiVyRVNRPV FsgjiLjiFNRPVLiy y gRigS DLi[V NRPLiy.''
""xmsNRPLRisV (ysN][uysV) sVLiRNSLRiLigS DLi[ NRP RgiR LRigS DLi[V GLRiLRiy. NRP[ xmss
[}qsy sxmsV RgiR LRiNRPV LSdsRVNRPWRRV; ds RgRiLRigS DLiRVN][y (@gjiQxmssWRLi sVLi
LRiOTPQLiRVN]sRLiN]LRiNRPV)''.
""sLijs'' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ @R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ j*dRWj NRPLRiLi[
{qsyR QORPV gRiWLjis BLRi\sys @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi. FyLRiLi Li
sVLi s\ HRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R xms%sLia][%yRVM
j*Ry*LjiLiaRPLi xmsNRPLRisV c xqsVLSR QOPR QM
138
sVW. 1. xqsVLSR QOPR QM xqsVLSNTP*ssLSs RVlLi [ sxms[ xqsy ylLi[ y
RRxqsVLSNTP*ssLjiM NSLRi[V[NPR sVVsVs[NPR sVVLi y,
%sNRPRVNRPRVsZaP[s y, xtsQR sVRRVsVsR NRPLRiQ X%sZNP[R YLi
ryxms[V`. gSsWRsLiR RVs sVxqsLiFyRLi R xqsVLSRWM, xmssWR RW`

NRPLRixqsV sLij QuyysV, sVLS yNRPsV RWyLSsV, Dy=xs RWR dN`PuyysV.


2. OTPQR sVLi y RRVLSgiR sV, @LRiNRPVRVLi, NRPVRVsV, @LRiQxmsxqs Li s[ Rafy sL>iR lLi[R VVM.
3. FyygSlLi[xtsv y zms[R VVLRixqsLiyLjiM.
4. sZOP[QFxmssj xmsWgSxmsxXykysV, @suyxmsgRiyysV R RyLi yLiR sV @ry*%sVNRPLi NRPVxmsLi
zLRiLi ][xms sZOP[QFyLiR sVsR sxms[ZaP[s gSx[V`. @sRVNRPLSLRisV, @yRVsRVLi R.
y. 1. xqsVLSR QORPVRV (The Controller of spirituous liquors) sVysNUP, NTPNTP (Ferments) xqsLiLij Lis
NRPRV %sNRPRV ssLSsV, yRVLiRV s[LiR V NRPy [R (C ssLRiLi[s[ xmso |msLjigjis
y [R cRR) RVLiR Li[s V, sxmsR Li[s V (gSsV FyLiRLi[s V) \|qsyyry[s V, INRP xms[aPR Li[ gSs,
@s[NPR \sVs ryy[ gSs, NRPRV %sNRPRWNRPV %dsV DLiRys gSs [LiVVLiy.
C %sR LigS sLiR LiVVLis ryy[ NSNRP BRLRi ryy[ sVyRVV RRWLRiV[zqss y NUP, N]s[y NUP,
@s[Vy NUP ALRiV sLiRV xmsV LSy sLiR LiVVLiy.
sVyRVsV gSsVsVLiT \NRPV dzqsN]s s RLi gSs, yss FsNRPVs xmssWLi[ s*[R VRLi gSs
LRigRiss*NRPWRRV. @ Ljigji[ NRPLRi[ sRVVNRPVQ\sy RsV NRPLRi y %sxtsQR VLi[ rsVLjiRsLi szryLiR V.
ALRiVV (|msR sVsztsQ RLRigS DLiRszqssy ) sRVsWsV @NRP%sVryLiR V. dN`Pxts Qxqs*sLi gRiy
sVRLi ygji NRPWLRi NRPXyV [ryLiR V.
2. @LiVV[ |msR sVsVxtsvVgS gRiVLjiL ixmsTs sNRPVV sVVR s[zqss @ xmssW\sVs xqsVLRisV gSs, ys
sLiRV NRPVRVLi gSs, @LiR NRPVRVLi gSs, INRP NRPVRVLi gSs, xmsxqs Li[ xqsgRiLi gSs, INRP xmsxqs Li NSs dzqsN]s
s sRVsV.
3. [y y sVRVgS Ds xqssVRVLi[ \ LRigRiNRPVLiy Fys gRiX[s[ sVR FysLi [R VsRVsV.
4. sVR FysLi N][xqsLi FysaSNTP ssy Fss\lLiy RsV%s NSs NRPVFys (yRVNRPV) gSs, LigSLRiLi NSs
NRPVRVsT[, xqsLi[xLi NRPgjis xqsVLSR QORPVRV, sZOP[QxmsLi y*LS gSs (yRysNTP Bs*RLi sZOP[QxmsLi) DxmssjgS
(INRPLji RgiR LRi DLiRTsjc TFy)gSs, yNRPVgS gSs @xmsxLjiLiRRLis gSs y NTP Lis%ds, [y
G\y sVL]NRP @xmssWLiR Li y*LS y NTP Lis%ds @LiVVs A r~sVV @xqsV ry*%sVs VxqsVN]sRLi N][xqsLi
y s G][ sLiNRP%dsVR sVRaS[ NSNRP sVL]NRP rysLi[ LS V[R xmsLiy. FsNRPVs R sLi LRiV
|msRVRVsysds, AyRWsNTP %sVLis LRiV [xqsVs ysds NRPWy xmsLiy.
sVW. 1. s yslLi[ NSNSLi y xqsVLSLi Ry` @sR RVxts QxqsVLSRWM. ysVsR %sNSxms[V`.
yxqsNRPLRiNRPlLi[ [ y s[R sLi Ry`. yxsxmsFysLi, xqsWNRPLRiFxtsQLi y Ry`.
2. FyygSLS @s[NPR NRPOSQQ %s NRPaPR RVyxqssss Fy[ a[ Ss gRis sW[RNRPss VVRVxqsVs NSLRi[V`.
3. RRryM xmsNRPXfRN_ sR gRiWy %sRVM AgRisWLiaRP.
4. ZNP[R YLi sVRxqsVFyysV @LSyR szLRis R %sRVM. RyZaP[ sM RR ysR RLi
RRVM.

5. sxqsV xqsLisX[xtsv NRPOSQQ%slgi[xtsv xqs*y{qsM }msaRPLRiWFy LSgRisWyLi yxqsyyLi R ALRiLRiWFyLi


sVRxqsVFyyLi sLi %sRVM.
y. 1. xqsVLRiNRPV sLis[ LkiRV dxqsVN]sNRPVLiy NSLiRLRiLi[ ys LkiRV Li[ xmsR [ yss
@sVNRPWRRV. RVxts Q\sVs xqsVLRi @LiVV[ sWRLi yss @LRiVsoNRPV @sVsRVsV. @Li RVxts Q\sVs
(Fy\FLiVVs, ss DLiTFLiVVs) xqsVLRisV sVL]NRP ][NTP xmsLizms @NRPR @%sVLiy. [y ys yxqsVNRPV,
NRPLRiNSLRiVNRPW ysNTP RVV By*. [y yss FsR VV, gRiVV sVVR\s lgi[ xmsaRPVsoNRPV sVRV
Li NRPgjiLi[ FysLigS By* [y xmsLiRVNRPV FxtsQNPR FydsRVLigS By*.
2. FysgRiX[ y gRiRVV, y[ s[LiR V s[LiR V xmsNRPV, AxqsyV GLRiLRiy. sVR FysLi [}qs
ryy[ xqsVyxqssV, RyV, xmsoxtsQsWV, DRNRPLi DLi[V RWy. s[LiR V s[LiR V VVRVso[
xqsVNRPLRiLigS DLi[ V GLRiLRiy.
3. gRiWR yLRiVV @NRPR DxmsyLRiNRPV s[uy[ DLiT sVRFysLi [}qsy sWsVWVgS [}qs LRiVW,
N]s %sbPxts Q xqssVRW[ [}qs LRiVW xmsLjibdPxqsW DLiy. %s[aSsVLi s[y s gRiWLji
VxqsVNRPVLiWLiy.
4. sVNPT sRFRWs ZNP[R (sVRLi N]s[y ) aRPLkiLS%dsVR G @LiNSLSV, G %sR \sVs sryQV
DyW, FsLiR R sLi DLi][ VxqsVN][y. @%s G\sVy F[ sLRiN PR VV FsLiR r~sVV DLiVLi][ @k, ysNTP
sVLRiLiR r~sVV RLiRLigS y NTP (r~sVV FLiVVs sVR}qssNRPVNRPV) By*.
139
5. sLRiN PR V\[ LRixxqsQ\sVs NRPOSQQ%sgS[ (gRiRV[s s
%sgS[) sVNPT sRFRWs, ALRiV s (|msR sVsVxtsv s)
NRPsRVRVs %s[bPd RVV ysW, A gSsV sgRiLSRV[s[
sszqsLi[y ysW xqsVNRPVsWLRi\sVs LRiWxmsLi gRi RsV y{qs{qsQ
y*LS VxqsVNRPVLiW DLiy.
sVW. 1. s[VRNRPxmsxqsyxqsyLjixts Q\sVlLi[R VsVR WysV.
2. DRNRP][Li, RVy sVLSR NRPLi, RRVMxmsryMNTP*}qs
s[VRNRPWgRiM.
3. y*RaSR NRPLi zmsxts Qxqs, xmsxmsryMNTP*xqs, xmsoRNRPR*N`Pxmsn RVVN][ y
xqsLiLRiM xmsxqsyWgRiM.
Fyyj N][ [xts QM, FyR{sM NRPsxts QM.

4. NRPFR RVFnyRLi xmsfNRPLi xmsrsVR VsM ByxqssWgRiM.

5. NTPR=NRPxmssWM xms[NRPa][ %sNSLSsVLjiuyM.


6. s[VxtsQaPR X R*NSQ*yxtsv][ gRiVxmsdyxmsM zmsxmsdsVLjiRxqsLiLRiM xmsn RVVN][ y \sVlLi[R VM.
gRiVRVVNSyLi y xqslLi[*uyLi xmsn xqsLiLRiM.

7. sVXk*NSLRir sVR V. Rxqs xqs*[a][ ysLi NSzmsaSRVsLi LRixLRiNRP %sV.


y. 1. s[VRNRPLi, xmsxqss, AxqssLi, @LjixtsQLi, \sVlLi[R VLi, sVR V @s[ ALRiV LRiNS\s sVyV RRWLRiV[}qs %sysLi
xmsRVRVsj.
2. INRP ][Li ds , AR NRPLi[ xqsgRiLi RVLi, sVWRV xmsryV NTP*Li B%s NRPzms[ s[VRNRPLi @s[ sVRLi
RRWLRisoRVLij. NTP*Li @sgS sVR dLi; N]s sxqsVs oV NRPzms sLiT RRWLRiV [zqss xmsys sWRNRP
RsLi.
3. xmssLiRV AR NS zmsLiT, HRV xmsry NTP*Li [y HRV xmsry NTP*Li sLi xqsLiLRiLi (%sVN`PaRPL`i) xmsoRNRPLi
@s[ V LRiRV, xmsLiR V NRPzmssj xmsxqss @s[ sVRLi RRWLRiV [}qs WgRiLi.
4. INRP RV (sWLRi xmsn V) sgRi gRiV, HRV RV FnyRLi, INRP xmsxqs Li [s NRPzms[ AxqssLi RRWLRisoRVLij.
[s xmsrysNTP INRP Fyso |}qs ZaP[xts Q\sVs AxqssLi RRWLRisoRVLij, INRP Fyso Rgij }qs yzqsLRiNRPLi AxqssLi
RRWLRisoRVLij.
5. yR xmsN][xmsLi sLi L][gSNRPV \sRVV }ms sxqsVs osV ARW xmssW[ DxmsWgjiLi s[LiR V s[LRiV
@LjiuyV RRWLRiV RW.
6. s[VxtsQ aRPXLigji @s[ V LRiRV DTNTPLi RRWLRiV[zqss NS*RLi (NRPuyRVLi) NTP, N]LiR Li NRPzms zmszms ,
%sVLjiRWV RWLRiLi [zqs RRWLRiV[zqss RWLiR Li gSs, xmsn RWLiR Li gSs NRPzmssLiVV[ \sVlLi[R VLi @s[ sVRLi
RRWLRisoRVLij. Li NRPzqss @s %sy\s sVy[s V xmsn RWLiR Li NRPxmssRVsV.
7. yORPQ xms LRixqsLi][ RRWLRiV[zqssj "sVR V' @s[ sVRLi. @j RRWLRiV [}qs [aSs xms ysNTP
"NSzmsaSRVsLi' (NRPzmsaSsk dLRixqs [aPR Li[ RRWLRiLiVVsj) @ds, "LRi xLRiNRPLi' (LRi xLRiLi @s[ sgRiLRiLi[
RRWLRiLiVVsj) @ds }msLiR V.
sVW. 1. sWxtsQNPR ds ][sWsVLi zqsR Li y gSjNRPRVLi sWLRikyLi NSL<jiNRPgRiRVVNRPLi NTP*s M.
2.FyhS[R [[s [yVNRPsVR VNRPsVR VLRiryzmsRVV yLRiVxLjiysVLjiRzmsxmsdc yLi R FyNRPL<ij NRPM
xqsLiLRiWgRiM s[VRNRPxqs xmsxqsyRWaRP. sVR VNRPsLRiWxRVVNS NRPaRPLRiLS sLiR QxmsryRds R.
3. ][R RNRP%sgRizmsxmsdyLi R NSL<ij NRPM NRPsVVNRP sVR VNRPsVVry[yLi j*NSL<ij NRP aSxqssxqsLiLRiM.
RaRPgRi\ZaPQQuyLi ds M.
4. xmsxqsyWgRiM ZaP[*RxqsVLSRWM.
y. 1. DTNTPLiRsj gSs DTNTPLisj gSs INRP ][Li %sVsVgRiV ][%s, ysNTP sVWRs sLiRV @j NRP\ sVs (11/3)
RVLi zmsLiT, IN]NRP NSL<ij NRPLi sWLRi sVVR\s%s B%s NTP*Li (sWRNRP RsdLi) RRWLRiV [}qs WgRiLi.
2. FyhRi, [R Li, [[s , GNSRVV, sVR VNRPLi, sVR VLRixqs, zmsRVLigRiVso NRP zmsxms, xmsxqsVxmso, %sVLjiRWV,
zmsxms c %ds RWLiR Li H[zqs NRPL<SV s[VRNRPLi, xmsxqss @s[ sVRLi RRWLRiV[R VysNTP NRPFy. %dsNTP sVLi
LRiLigRiV LSsRLiN]LRiNRPV sVR VNRPLi NRPuyRVLi[ NRPaRPLRiLRi [Lij y[ NRPFy.

3. ][R Li, RNRPLi, NRP%sLigRiLi, gRizmsxms %ds RWLiR Li IN]NRP NRPL<iR Li, NRPsVVNRPLi, sVR VNRPLi, sVVxqs, [R Lic%ds
RWLSV lLiLi[zqs NRPL<SV c B%s AxqsysNTP DxmsWgjiLi[ xqsLiLRiLi. %ds[ xmsRs sLiRV NTP*Li [LS.
4. s sVRLi RRWLRiV [R VysNTP NRPWy xmsxqssNTP zmss WgRis[V.
sVW. 1. xqsxNSLRixqsVLS, LRirRL S, d[R L S y sVxqsVLS, xqsLiLjiNUP y.
2. yryLi sWLRixmsaRPxmsRWLiR s[VxtsQaPR X NRPLRiOUPQLiR sXORPQNPR uyRV %sRLi RgiR NRPaRPLRiLSRWLiR Li [R R
NRP%sFyhSsVVry NRP RVsyLRiVxLji[sd sLRiaRPRxmsouysWLRixqsxmsxmsLiR ssWrR NRPLiR RVVNRP sVsL iR [
sVVzts QM NRPV%dsVLi LS}msRWLi xmsryRRV. FnyRM xmsxmsaSR LRixqssXj M [R VM.
3. NRPVV%sVs M NRPX[xtsv ZaP[*RxqsVLSsV KxtsQyLiR Li y @s` y NRPLRiVLi L[ iR s.
4. DR=sRWyxqsV RRVLRixM rLjiN][ [R VM. [xtsv @ssVyyLi xmsxssL i \szqsNRPsVRRVLi
gRiX{ RW`.
140
y. xqsxNSLRi (sW%sVT) \Li [y LRixqsLi NRPzmss xqsVLRi xqsxNSLRixqsVLRi.
Li FyV FsNRPVs NRPzmssj LRirRL iR . ksZNP[ bdPR Vso @s NRPWR }msLRiV.
d RsLi FyV FsNRPVs NRPzmssj sVxqsVLRi. xqsLiLS Fy
FsNRPVs NRPzmssj xqsLiLjiNTP. C yVgRiW xqsVLS [ yV.
2. \|mss zmss yVgRiV LRiNS xqsVLRi[ INRP NRPVLiNTP (INRP NRPVLi
xmssWLi gRi xqsVLRiNTP) sWLRi, sWRVgRi, xmsRWLiR Li s[VxtsQaPR XLigji, NRPLRiLiLi,
sV sVVR\s Fy LRiRV c %ds NRPuyRVLi][, NSs NRPaRPLRiLRi
RWLSs ss[zqs (aRPVj [zqs), ys][ [R Li (R VgRi) RNRPLi,
%sLigRiLi, FyhRi, sVVxqs NRPLigRiRVsV, NRPxmsxqsVxmso, NRPsRVLixms, aRPRxmsoxtsQ,
DRl Li[, GyNRPV @LRi, s[xms, ArR Li %ds NRPLi (sWLjis sVVR ) A
RWLiR Li[ xqsgRiLi FyV DLi[ V RWRVN]s s[ g][ NRPsR NRPVLiy
DLi[V xmss INRP zmsTNTP. @j NRPzms[ @j LS}msRVLi @LiVVs
xqsVLRisV xmsLjiaRPV Li [xqsVLij, LSV NRPWy ygRiysNTP DxmsWgjiLi[
xqsVLRi RRWLRiV[xqsVLij. ks LRiV |msLiRysNTP HRV xms Li FyNRPLi NRPFy.
3. DR=yRV[ s xqsVLRisV, KxtsQR LigS @Ljiuys gSs, sVLji BRLRi }msRWs gSs RRWLRiV[xqsVN]sysNTP
NRPVVLisLiRVNRPV @sV By*.
4. DR=y[s V, ysVLij NRPzqs AsLi][R =yV LRiVxmsoNRPVs[xmsVRV, RLRi[s V yVgRiV L][V xqsVLRi
RRWLRiV[zqsN]sysNTP (FLRiVNRPV) @sVsV By*. @sVsV [NPR VLiy xqsVLRi RRWLRiV[}qsy s
AsLi][R =yV Ljigjis @s L][NRPW RLiRLi %sj Liy.
sVW. 1. xqsVLSNTP*%sRRVLi zqsQW aRP NRPVLRiVM.
2. @LSxmsM xmsNRPLi aRPRLi aRPVLi RRVM, xqsVLRiNSs[VRNSLjixts Q sVR Vxmsn sWsVbdPR WysV.
3. a].[ @xaRP %sNRPRVLi yLi y* sWszLRiWM,
Ry \sR LRiLi NRPVLSRVRLi ysVsLRi [V`.

B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QOPR Q xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ xms%sLia][%yRVM


xqsVLSR QOPR QM, AjRM xtsQy*LjiLiaRPM.
y. 1. xqsVLRi, NTP*Li RRWLRiV[R VRLi (y LRiV RVs) {qsQNTP, VLRiNRPW @xmsFy.
2. xms VR*Li][ xqsLiLiR Li [NPR VLiy sVRLi RRWLRiV [zqs @s[Vy xqsVLRi, s[VRNRPLi, @Ljixts QLi, sVR Vso,
xmsn sVLi (yNRPV, N]LjiNRPV sVVR\sj) @sVbdPR Vso (xmsozqss bdPR Vso) %ds%dsVR sWNTP HRV sLiRVV
aRPVLi Liy.
141
3. \|mss zmss aRPVLi][FyV sxqsWV [R Vszqss @Rsxmso xmssV
xmsoRVyRV c
""L][NRPV Ljilgi[ @sVNSs, FsLiR xqsLRiVNRPV @sVVRsoRVLi][ ys
xmssWs sLSLRi [zqs N]s xqsLRiVNRPV%dsVR xmsRLRis sLiRV
sWsys, @sVgS ss R sLi[ BLRi\s sLiRV zLRiys
NRPWR y sVLi sxqsWV RW. FsxmsVRW y ][ xqsRQsLRi s
DLi[V RW.''
"sLijs' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[
@R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ j*dRWj NRPLRiLi[ xqsVLSR QORPV gRiWLjis
BLRi\sHRs @yRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi s\ ALRis @yRVLi
xqssWxmsLi.
@R xtsQT *Lia][%yRVM
Ry*LjiLiaRPR sVLi xmsNRPLRisV c xqsWyR QOPR QM,
sVW. 1. xqsWyR QORPQMxmsjuy RWysV, @ RVssyzqsyLi R sVXgRixmsaRPVxmsOTPQs Vy=QyLi s sR zLiryRWsV
DR s VLi RLi NSLRi[V`. NRPVV%sVysV RVssxmsLjigRi}xtsv sVR sVsV.
2. @xmssXR s yyLi sVR=QxmsOTPQLi s sR zLiryRWLi Fy][s xqsxms %sLiaRPxmssV @RRVLi NRPVLS`.
sVXgRixmsaRPWyLi R j*gRiVsV.
3. xmssXRz LiryysV @xmsLjigRiX{yyLi xtsQygiR Li gRiX{ RW`. sVR=QxmsOTPQLi RaRPgRiLi yj NRPLi,
sVXgRixmsaRPWyLi aRPVLi j NRPsV.
4. xmsOTPQs VXgSLi s`xtsQygiR sV RVss[xtsv xmssVV[`.
y. 1. Bs*Ts @ RVLi NRP%s, @sgS s[s RLixmsNRPWRRV @s LS Azmsry][ @%s, @ RV sy[
@sgS A ssLi[ Ds G LiRVsod RLixmsNRPWRRV @s LS Ds sy[ sszqsLi[%sd @LiVVs [sV,
xmsaRPVsosV, xmsORPVsV, sVy=QsV Lij Liy, RLizmsy, zLizqsLiy @ [zqss y NTP xqsWyR QOPR VRV
(LiRVsR aSR QORPVRV) DR s V ryxxqs RLiRLi %sj Liy. NRPVVLisLiRVV GLRiLRiRVN]s @ RVsy[
Ds ys zLizqs}qs sVR sV ryxxqs RLiRLi %sj Liy.

2. y NSLisVLi RLi}ms @yV [s sVy=QsW, xmsORPVsW Lij Liy, sj Liy, zLizqsLiy


BLRi\sRWLRiV sVVFyso xms LSy sRW. @Li [ ds, xmsaRPVsod zLizqs}qs lLiLixmso LSy.
3. RLi}ms @yV[ Ds%ds, @ RWLRi[ DLiRRs%ds @LiVVs sVXgRi xmsaRPVso[ ALRis sLiRV xmssVgS
dxqsVN][y. sVy=QNUP xmsaRPVsoNUP xmsRssLiRV @j NRPLigS dzqsN][y. sVXgS%dsVy xmsaRPVso%dsVy y
LkiRVsV xms \|mss ALRis sLiRV sWRs[V NSNRPVLiy aRPVLi (xmssV) @j NRPLigS dxqsVN][y.
4. %sLi Ds sVVRL i xmsOTPQ sVXgS[ ALRis sLiRV @ RVsy[ %sRy.
sVW. 1. rysVVRxxqsQaRP*xmsoLRiVxtsQs XxtsQgiR LiR NRPXRW sVy=Q iMryLRiryM y[R WM RNRPNRPV[Ry y,
N_[][QaRPNRP yRWx xLixqs RNRPyNRP ssNRP XaSs[%zms FysM xmsOTPQs VXgSM zLiry[ M
LRiOSQQM. LRiOSQNRPs[V xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM.
2. sVXgRixmsaRPWysV @zqs sWLixqsLi xqs][xRLi %sNUPLRis. @zqs sVRM xmsFyRLi RRVM. RV{s {yxts QgiR VsV.
3. s][= sXu [ s V\ZaPQQuysVsyM. xmnsVRM xmsaRP][ RM. NPT Qxts Qxmsn WRLi xmsn WRRVRaRP.
4. xmsLjixqsWssV, @bPLRiMFyyzqs , %sgRis Li, xqs*RVLisVXRLi R s %sNUPLRis. @sy y*RaRPxms[ RM.
y. 1. xqssVVRLi[ Li[ gRic@aRP*cxmsoLRiVxtsQcgRiLiR NSLS[ DLi[ sVy=QsV, sRV[s V, LRiVso[s V,
NSs[s V Li[ ryLRixqsxmsORPVsV, N_LiRxmsORPVsV, g][Lij LiNRPsV, yRWsV, xLixqssV, RNRPyNSsV,
sLisNSsV, XLigRiLSxmsORPVsV, RN][LSsV, sVRN ][NPT sV, ssV sV, NRPsV, sVRysV, aSLjiNRPsV,
BLiNS BLi %sLRi xmsORPVsV (%s[R Li N][xqsLi DxmsWgjiLi[ xmsORPVsV), sVLigRiNRPLS\s BRLRi FyVsV, xmsOTPQ
sVXgSsV zLixqssVLiT, R sVLiT LRiOTPQLiy. C LRiORPQNRPV G sWRLi %sxmsn WRLi NRPgjiLiy xmspLRi*
ryxxqsRLiRLi %sj Liy.
2. [ s, BRLRi xmsaRPVsods RLizmss sLis[ dzqss, FssVVNRPV [s sWLixqsLi @sW. FssVVNRPV Ds sWLirysNTP
xmsFyRLi (sVVRLS) By*. RWNRPLi[ Rgij sysNTP Fss%sVj lLiV sWLixqsLi N]sy NTP BzmsLiy.
3. sR NRPV @sV Ds sVXgRixmsaRPVso[ NRPWR FyV ylgi[ s zmsd, zmsd xmsoLiRgRigjis sVgRi
sVXgRixmsaRPVsod (sXxtsQ), zms NRPsgRigjis sRVxqsV=[ Dsyds RLixmsNRPWRRV. @ RLizmssysNTP
RW\ xms RLiRLi. sVXgRixmsaRPVsosV RsR [zqs RLi}msy NTP NRPWR
RW\ xms RLiRLi.
4. sR gRiX \ RLizmssy sWLirys, R FssVVNRPV, Fyy
FssVVNRPV [s (@sgS) @LRiLi[ G yxmsn WRV[ RLizms, s
%sTs[zqss sWLirys), RVLiR LiR Li Ds sWLirys @sVNRPWRRV.
@ @%sV[ xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi.
142
a].[ RVuyM xmsaRPVsVXgRiyM sVy=QaS RVyLjiM,
@sR gRiVzmsrys[ [ sR s sVyxmsoRVVM.

B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QOPR Q xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ xtsQT *Lia][%yRVM


xqsWyR QORPQM, AjRM xqsxmsR y*LjiLiaRPM.
y. @ RVsy[ DLis xmsaRPVsoV, [ , NRPWLRiLiRVsoV, sVy=QV RVxts Q\sVs%sgS RRW\lLi[ ys
A @ RVsy \NRPV dzqsN]ss y LiR s syV [LiVVLiy.
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ @R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ j*dRWj NRPLRiLi[
xqsWyR QORPV gRiWLjis BLRi\sALRis @yRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi s\ GRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R xqsxms%sLia][%yRVM
RRVaRPy*LjiLiaRPLi xmsNRPLRisV c gRiNSR QORPQM
sVW. 1. gRiNSR QO][Q gRiNSs*RWsV @gRiNSs*RWLi y LRiWxmsRss bPxqsLixmsyLi xqsx}qs gRiNSLi
NSLRi[V`. NRPVVsWlLi [ s xmsgRiNSsV.
2. sxtsQy}msRWM RVzy gjids y NRPVVsVLi #lLi[R . Ryy y xmsgRiNSLi ryxms[V`. yrysVs[
LS xlLi[` .
3. rgSLRisXy xqsx}qs yLRiLi NRPsxts QLi sVR sV sVVR s VLi y AL][xms[V`.
R R XLRissbPNS{mshjiNSLRi[xtsv R %sZaP[uyLiR sV.
y. 1. gRiNSR QORPVRV (Superintendent of Courtiers) LRiWxmsc Rssc NRP \sxmsoVs s[aPR
NRPVVLiLi[ xmsos {qsQs gSs, s[aSNRPVVLiLi[ xmsos sVLji VVNRP {qsQsgSs sLiVV xmsV |msVT |ms
gRiNRPsVgS sRV%sVLiy. xqsgRiLi NRPVVLiLi LRiV B (HRVsLiR xmsV B) xmsgRiNRPsV (gRiNRPNRPV
RVVgS @sxqsLRiLi ssxmsVRV xmss [R VgRiyss (Deputy Courtiers) sRV%sVLiy.
2. @ sRV%sVLis gRiNRP FyLjiFLiVVy sVLRiLiy AsV NRPWRVLRiV gSs, rRLji gSs NRPVVLis FztsQLi
sX sTzmsLiy. [y (@Li) gRiNRP R xmsgRiNRPsV GLRiLRiy. Bs[%sd NRPVRLRisxmsVRV A NRPVVLisNTP
xqsLiLij Lis R sLi LS saRPLi [xqsVN][y.
3. gRiNRP[ Ds rgRiLi[R @LiNRPLRi[R sXj s GLRiLRiVxqsW y NRPV NRPsxts QLi, sVR sVLi, DR s VLi @LiVVs
yLSs (LS}qsysNSaSs) NRPLiy. ryyLRi rLiRLSLiNSLSRVVs gRiNRPNRPV sLiVV xms s[RsLi][
NRPsxts Q yLRiLi, DR s V rLiRLSRVVs gRiNRPNRPV sVWRV s[ xms s[R sLi][ DR s VyLRiLi NRPLiy. RNRPVs
rLiRLSRVVs gRiNRPLS RgiR LRi R RcFysFyRyLjigSsV, sVR sVVLSV xmsNUP RgRiLRi %sLisVLRi
%ds[j gSsV, DR s VgRiNRP {mshRicLRiyRV RgiR LRi LSNRPV xqsszRVLSVgSsV DLiT }qss RW.
sVW. 1. rgRi # [ sWRXNSLi NRPVLS`.
2. sxtsQQRVM RRVLji*LiaRPryxr gRiNSRWM. y*RaRPryxr gRiNSxmsoRxqs. @xts Qs L<S` xms X LSM
NRPVbdPsNRPLRi NRPVLS`.
3. gRiNSy{qs gRig[ S N][uygSlLi[ sVs}qs y NRPLRi NRPVLS`. @%saRPds xqsFyRxmssVsLRiVy sWxqss[R sLi
Ry`.

4. g[ iR Li, yRVsV, ARVLi, sRVsV, ARVLi R gRiNSRW ss [V`. @sRVNRPLRi R yLRi[V`.


y. 1. yLiR NSRV[R rLiRLRiLi Rgij FLiVVs gRiNRPsV g[ iR WgRiVLS\s gRiNRPNRPV sWRX rysLi[ DLiy.
@sgS AsV RVVs\Vs gRiNRP RgS ssxLjiLiy.
2. gRiNRP LSyxqsLisVLi sVVNRPVLSV NSyLi[ BLRi\s\VRV s[ xmsV Liy. gRiNSxmsoRVRV yxqsLi
sVLi %ssVVNRPVR V NSyLi[ xmssLiRV s[ xmsV Liy. LS}qss[s[ DLi[ xmsORPQLi[ Fss%sVj
xqsLisR=LS sRVxqsV=sVLi LS RgiR LRi NRPVbdPsos (FyV Fy[ys) xmss RW.
3. gRiNRP RgiR LRi yzqsgS Ds {qsQ g[ iR RVVNRPQ \sVs sRVxqsV= yF[ N][uygSLRiLi (N][aSgSLRiLi) [ NSs, sLi
BLi[ NSs xmss RW. @ xmss[R Vs gRiNS yzqss Fss\y DLiRVN]s xmsORPQLi[(@sLRiVy) gRiNRPNRPV
sNTP INRPLiFyso xmsLi s[R sLi Liy.
4. gRiNRPNRPV AsVsV @sV %sLisy sVLiT ss r~sVVsV (yRVLi), RsVLi xqsLiNRP%sVLis R yds,
BRLRi %sy ss AyRWds, LRiVsV, BRLRi sV gRiNSR QORPVRV xmsoxqsNPR Li[ (Ljixqs L`i[)
yLiVVLiy. AsV FsNRPVs LRiV |msNRPVLiy RWy.
sVW. 1. sWRXxryR sy LRiy}qs xqsFyRRRVxtsQ[ RM. ry*xms[R VLi, %sNRPRVsV, AysLi sRVyQM
xqsFyRxmsaRPR[ RM.
2. RRVLji*LiaRPxms[ yNSLRiV}tsQ. j*gRiV[ RFyLRiV}tsQ. xqsFyRxmsaRPRM, xmsM, @LiR xmsaRP NRPLiR [ R s[.
3. @NSsWRWMNRPVsWLSy ryx}qs DR sW RM. xqsNSsWRWM xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM.
143
y. 1. gRiNRP Rs A LRisV sWR (s[aSsWR) RgiR LRi NSNRPVLiy
sVlLisLjisR \sy yRysNTP DLi[ yVgRiV xms Fyso LjisWy.
Rs r~RVs V (sryQ LRijNSs) @%sV s[zqsy, yNRPV (AysLi)
|msy RW\ xms Fyso RLiRLi %sj Liy.
2. gRiNRP FssLji\sy (Rs N][xqsLi ss y s) RWztsQ}qs BLRi\ syVgRiV
xms RLiRLi. RLiR FyLRiVuysNTP (Fsss\sy NRP sVVR\s y][
N]}qs) RW\ xms RLiRLi. FssLji\y %s [ j }qs FysoRNRPVs
RW\ lLiLiRV xms RLiRLi.
3. Bxts QxmsRs gRiNRPsV gSs, s sRVxqsV[ Dsyss gSs
RLjiLis ysNTP DR s V ryxxqsRLiRLi %sj Liy. Bxts QxmsTs
ssRVxqsV zmssV @sV %sLis ysNTP xmspLRi* ryxxqsRLiRLi
%sj Liy.
4. Bxts QLi[s gRiNRPsV sLRiLij Li BLi[ DLiRVNRPVy, AsV FyLjiFsysNTP xqsRVxmsTy, AsV aRPLkiLRiLi %dsVR
sV NRPLi AsV LRiWFys Rg]y sLiVV xms RLiRLi. gSRVxmsLRis ryys xms LSy
|msLiy. sLjiNTP %sj LiRszqss |msR LjisWy sxtsQQRWsNTP (BLRi\s yVgRiVs[ xmsNTP) lLiLixmso yNS
DLiRsRV. [y sLiVV xmsV RLiRLi. C sLji yNRPLi (xmsxqsxxqsLi y RM) C xqsLiRLRiLi[ NRPVRLRiRLi

[R V. N]LiRLRiV ksNTP ysLi NRPWy yRV[R V. @LiRV[R Bj xmsOTPQxmsQ\sVs yNRPLi @LiVV DLiVLiRs
gRixmsaSzqsQ.
sVW. 1. FyFyj NSLSLi gRiNSLi xmsn WRRVRM sxtsQQRVgRiV[ RM. sWRXNSRVzRXNSLRiWxmsy{qsyLi xmnsW[
DR s VM ryxxqsRM.
2. xqsLRi*R xmsRs[V%xmsLS [ xmsRsVM, j*d[V j*gRiVM. RXd[V gRiVM. RRVlLi[ RVyNS%dsV ry`.
3. LSRW xmsoLRiVxtsQs VsgRiRsd gRiNS bPFnyxqsxxqsLi [ R . xmsxqsxxqsLi y RM.
4. g[ iR Li gRiX{y* j*xtsQy g[ iR j*gRiV[ RM. sxqsg[ SxmslLi[ g[ iR sVxts QgiR VLi Ry` @sR
yj xmsoLRiVxtsQ][}tsQ M.
y. 1. LSrysLi[ @j NSLRiLi F~Lijs gRiNRPsV RLizmss ysNTP \QlLiLiRV s[ xms RLiRLi. s[aPR sWRsV
gSs, s gRiNRPsV (gRiNRPVVNRP xmsoNRPsV)gSs, LRiWxmsyzqs (gRiNRPsV @LiNRPLjiLi[ yzqs)s gSs RLizms[ DR s V
ryxxqsRLiRLi.
2. \|mss zmss @s @xmsLSy[s W sVVR @xmsLSysNTP sVVR zmss RLiRLi. lLiLiRs @xmsLSysNTP
lLiLixmso RLiRLi. sVWRs @xmsLSysNTP sVWRV lLiV RLiRLi. ys sWLRiV @xmsLSysNTP Bxts QLi ssLiR RLiRLi
%sj LiRsRV.
3. LS AzmsLiy INRP xmsoLRiVxtsvs RgiR LjiNTP s s gRiNRPNRPV sLiVV N]LRiyV, [y HRV s[ xms
RLiRLi.
4. g[ iR Li (xqsLig[ iR s[R sLi) dzqsN]s A Bsyss [LiR ysNTP Bxts QxmsRs gRiNRPNRPV g[ SsNTP lLiLixmso RLiRLi. A
NRPVLiR W C NRPVLiR W zms LS xqsLig[ iR Li LRigRiNRPVLiy [zqss gRiNRPNRPV g[ iR s[R ysNTP Fss%sVj lLiV RLiRLi.
@LiVV[ ss xmsoLRiVxtsvRV L][gij \Vy, BRLRi ][uyV G\sy Dsy\y C RLiRLi DLiRRV.
144
sVW. 1. xmsoLRiVxtsQLi xmsn VyM yxmsyxmsM @xmso= xmss[aRPsLi y.
2. gRiNS LRisV, @LiR Li, g[ iR Li y @xmsxLRiRM @xts QgRiV[ RM.
gRiNSg[ iR sV, ARVLi xmsoLRiVxtsQLi R ss[R [V`.
3. G[s s sLRiN PR gSRVNRP yRNRP ygik ss NRPVbdPs xmssNRP rNRP yLRi
{qsQssLjiLi zqsQW gRiWyyaRP yyM.
4. [uyLi RWLRisV AgRisVNPR Li xmsxmsLi }msOSQs[R sLi Ry`.
5. LRiWFyyM g[ iR R*RVgRiVLi sWxqsLi RRVM.
6. gkiR yR FyhRi sXR yQOPR QLRi R %ds s[V sVXR xmsLRiR
s gRis sWxqsLiRVWxs xqsLiFyRs xqsLiyxs \sbPNRP NRPys
gRiNSM y{qsLRix[ms%sdsaRP gSxRV][ LSsVysLi NRPVLS`.

7. gRiNSxmsoys LRix[ms%syLi R sVVs suyR[VRVVM xqsLRi*ysRLSLi R.


y. 1. Rs RgiR LjiNTP ss xmsoLRiVxtsv RLizmss gRiNRPsV ys R %dsVRs[ xmsRs[zqs NSs[R W, [y ds [
sVVLiy.
2. gRiNRP A LRisV NSs, BRLRi R ys gSs, xqsLig[ iR s[R sLi gSs @xmsxLjiLis ysNTP @xmsxLjiLisysNTP
Fss%sVj lLiV RLiRLi. gRiNRP ysV FsLiR g[ iR s[R sLi dxqsVNRPVLiVLi][, FsLiR AyRVLi ss][, G xmsoLRiVxtsvRV
Rs RgiR LjiNTP sy][ gRiNSR QORPVsNTP Fy.
3. BLiR sLRiNRPV zmss yss xms sRV {qsQsV gRiWLjis sRVsWV, LRixxqsLigS syLRi sX[R
%sLi[ {qsQNRPV xqsLiLij Lis sRVsWV zmss [; @sgS C sRVsWV y NTP NRPWy sLjir yLiVV.
sLRiN PR VV=@sRVyV NRPRVxmsoRW sXRLi [}qsy . gSRVNRPVV=FygS , yRNRPVV=yyV
sWgjiLi[y , ygik ssVV=NRPRNRPVV, VNRPR sLi%s }msy , NRPVbdPsoV=sLRiN PU {qsQ][ NRPWy DLiT [y
xqs*RLiRLigS FyV Fy[y . xms sNRPVV=y %dsVR A[y , ]sVLjiy , rNRPVV=HLiRNRPVV.
yLRiVV=%sVV sVVV sVVR\sy . {qsQ ssLRiVV={qsQ][ ssxLjiLi[ yLRiVRVgS .
4. %s[aSsVLi ss ssLRiN SRVV RWLRiLi (yRxqssVVyRVLi, @sgS Wxmso) xmsRLRi+sLi [zqssLiRVNRPV
LSNRPV HRV xms xmssV (xmsRLRi+ss[R sLi) NRP.
5. gRiNRPV y lLiLiRV L][[ xqsLiFyjLis [giR Li (xmsRLRi+saRPVLi) INRP sWrysNTP xmssVgS NRP.
6. gRiNRPNRPV, gRiNRPV NSs s[aPR NRPV, yLRiLigRiLi%dsVR %sLi[ sRV LRiNRPV gkiyRVV s[Lij syLjiNTP
gSsVcsgRiLSRVs LSNRPV Lis R sLisVLi RLi By*.
FyhRiLi=@LiVVNRPV sVVR\s%s. sXRL i=xmsyLS @sRVLi. yLi=yNSLS @sRVLi, yNSRV
xmsWgRiLi. @ORPQLiR Li=zms. yR. RLi=LiRRLi, xmsLRiR sLi= FsRVyLji sVsxqsV= gRizLi[ %sysLi.
gRiLiR xqsLi RVWxsLi=xqsVgRiLiR RyV RRWLRiV [RVRLi. sWxqsLiFyRsLi=sWNRPV @RLi.
xqsLiyxsLi=I xmsRLi. \sbPNRPsV=RRN SyLSRVV LRiLis s[aSaSxqsQLi. NRPV=\|mss zmss%s NSNRP
RRVxts Qzts QNPR [ [Lij s BRLRi NRPV.
7. LRiLigRiLi%dsVR %sLi[ sRV[s V, %sVgjis xqssVxqsQ\sVs xqsLigkiyRV %dsVR %sLi[ y [s V gRiNSxmsoRVV
xmsysVVgS DLi[V(A yyyLRiVV) RW.
a].[ xqsLiuysL iR aRP zqsQRV}qsuysVyRxqsV,
yLRixmsn WRxmssWyLRiLi xmsW s VyxyM.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QOPR Q xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ xqsxms%sLia][%yRVM
gRiNSR QOPR QM, AjRM @xts QR y*LjiLiaRPM.
y. A RW xqsLiV (gRiVLRiVV) %s%sR xtsQV zqss A sRV {qsQsV, y LiR Vso xqsRVLi][
LSLi[ RVxts v %sxtsQR VLi[ xmsWgjiLi y LRixryV VxqsVN][s RLi N][xqsLi, y s RLixmsRLiN][xqsLi,
y s RxmsVRVyLji xmsLiRRLi N][xqsLi %ssWgjiLiy.
"sLijs' @sV N_dRWLiR ryQLiR ysLi[ @R QOPR Q xmsyLRiLi @s[ lLiLiRs @j NRPLRiLi[ gRiNSR QOPR V
gRiWLjis BLRi\sGRs @yRVLi, FyLRiLi Li sVLi s\ Fss%sVRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.

145
@R @uy%sLiaRPM @yRVM
sRy*LjiLiaRPR s VLi xmsNRPLRisV. ysR QOPR QM
(JR, xmsRs @R QOPR VRV)
sVW. 1. ysR QORPQM xqssVVRxqsLiRWssksVVRLRixmsyLSs [s xqsL][
%sxqsL][s kRLSLiaRP rydsRWjxtsQ*s[ZOP[QR .
2. R[*NRPWgSsWM NPR VxmsLi RRVM.
3. sVR=Qs NSM _NSNRPLi xtsQygiR Li RRVM. xmsR ysVsXRL i
aRPVgRiLi s[ RRVM. RWys[R sLi LS_M xqsLixmsRsM .
aRPsVVNS gSz[ _NRPLi RRVM. xqs*_LS*RlLi[R VVM.
4. @R QORPQ \ZaPQQuyLi sR QZOP[Q yRM.
y. 1. ysR QOPR VRV (JR, xmsRs @R QOPR VRV) rydsRWRV[, @sgS rydsRV][sVVc
LRi*NRPcxqsLigRixgSsWRV[, xqssVVRxmsRWV, sksVVLi (sj xqssVVRLi][ NRP}qs rysLi sksVVLi)
y[ sWLSV, @NRPTNTP s [ sWLSV, xqsxLigS GLRiTs |msR xqsLRixqsV=V, s xqsLRixqsV=V, sRVV y[
sWLSV, %ds ssLids xmsLRis[OPT QxqsW DLiy.
2. xqssVVR dLS RgiR LRi, sRVV sVVR\s y IR V%dsVR Ds gSsWV sLik R\sVs xmssV LSNRPV
xqsWLiy.
3. [xmsV xms [ y LS_NRPV DxmsWgjiLisLiRVNRPV @ gS xmss sVy=QRV[ ALRis sLiRV By*.
xmsR y[ (JR lLi[s o[) sLik R\sVs aRPV gRiLi sLRiN PR VV Liy. xms VR*Li xmsRs %dsVR xmsRWLi
[}qsy @LiRVNRPV s[R sLi (xmssV) Liy. aRPLiV, sVVyV xms [ y xmsRsNRPV @ By*, [y
RsV xmsRs %dsVR xmsRWLi [R VsRV.
4. aRPLiRV %sxtsQR VLi ysR QOPR VRV, sR QOPR VRV [zqssV, RW. @sgS NRPLigS Lis
aRPLiRVsV gRiV[R VRLi sLi xmssVN]LRiNRPV NRPLSgSLSsV sN] y @sVNSsNTP Rgjis GLSV
RW.
sVW. 1. xmsR yR QOPR Qss Li xmsxmsR s yLjiRLi ysR QOPR QM Fy[V`.
2. sVWR yyxyLi yLi zms[s @sVgRiX{ RW`. DRNRPFyxmsLi xmssV @aRPVsVLiR aRPVLi y NRPVLS`.
3. RVysLij Quy\ZaPQQyM xmsxmsR s RWyNS[xtsv }msxtsQ[V`. xqsLiRWdsM ysM ZOP[Q ysVgRiyM aRPVLi RW[R .
zLizqsNSM sLSR[V`, @%sVR%sxtsQR WgSM xmsxmsR s yLji][xmsxmsn WNSaRP.
4. aSxqsNRPsRWsVNRP yRLRibP gSxN][[=RNSj zts QyaRP sVy[ }sVs gkixtsQyLSxqsV sVskxtsv
xmsW[V`. ORPVQjNSM ORPVQjNSxqsV sL<SQry%sxtsv.
5. R dLSQ\ZaPQQyM NSLSM LSj*xts QNSLjiLi RLRi RW`.

y. 1. ysR QOPR VRV xmsxmsR y[ (xqsLRiVNRPV FsgRiVsV jgRiVsVRVV [xqsVN]s[ JR lLi[s o[) xmsR yR QORPVRV
GLRiLRis sRVsWsV @NRP%sVLiRNRPWRRV.
2. G\y JR jNRPVV RVNRPFsRLi[R gSs, gS xmsNRPWLigS DLiRRLi [R gSs Rs lLi[s oNRPV
ssLiVV[ A JRsV RLiT s @sVgRizLiy. @j sVVLiRVNRPV rygRiysNTP xqsRVLi RW. ds [
RTzqss xqsLRiVNRPV%dsVR xmssV %sj LiRgRiWRRV; [y xqsgRiLi xmssV %sj Liy.
3. xmssV [s%s gSs, xqsgRiLi xmssV sWRs[V %sj Lis%s gSs @LiVVs BLi JRsV xqsLji\Vs xqssVRVLi[
xqsLRiVNRPV][ lLi[s oNRPV s [ NS[ A RW lLi[s oNRPV xmsLiFy. xmsRWLi [xqsWs JRV Rs @j NSLRixmsLjij [s
FyLiysNTP ssxmsVRV aRPVLi dxqsVN][y. ]LigRiV sVVR\s NRPWLRiV dzqsN]sss JRsV,
aRPRV[aSsVLi ss yds, xms xmsR s Li (JR lLi[s o) sRVsWsV DLizmsn VLisys sbPLixmsRW.
4. aSxqsNRPVRV (JRNRPV @j xms Captain) sRWsVNRPVRV (yss sTzmsLi[ %syys sRV%sVLi[yRV (\|ms)
N]Rs , LRiLiFyV, y sVVR\s%s NSszqssxmsVRV DxmsWgjiLiRgRigjisy , D[=RNRPVV (JR[
xmss[bPLis dsLRiV \NRPV ][T s[}qs y ) c %ds Ds |msR JRsV }sVLiR gkixtsQLRiVso[ xmsRWLi
[R VRgjis sVsRV[ sTzmsLiy. sL<SNSLi[ xmsszLi[ s sRV[ s xmsRsV sTzmsLiy.
5. LSNRPV @xmsNSLRiLi [}qsy FssLRiW jgRiNRPVLiy DLiRRLi N][xqsLi A JRV yszqss lLi[s osV
sLiR LiVVLiy. @sgS @ sLRiLiVVLis lLi[s o[s[ JRV jgS (NSLilgi )[ JRlLi[s o[ @LiR LRiORPQNPR VsV
DLi LRiORPQ GLRiLRiy.
sVW. 1. @NS[ @dlLi [ \Rs RLRiRM xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM. NS[ dlLi [ R @sxqsXxts QyLjiM Fy][s xqsxms%sLiaRPxmsM
RLSRRVM.
2. \ZNPsLRiN Sxts QR XLRixmsoxtsQxmsn yxtsQ g][FyNSysV @sRRVM, xqsLisRWysVFyyLi R.
}qsyyLRixmsWgSLi R xqs*RLRi\xqs LRiyLi d NRP R[xmsxqsLSLiaRP @sWxmsgSsWLi yLRi[V`.
3. xxmssRsXR yj RaSxqssxLRigRiLji[ ysR QOPR Q sVVyM RlLi[R VVM.
4. NRPXRxmss[aSM FyLRi%sxtsQLiVVNSM ryLiR QxmssW y %sZaP[R VVM.
5. xmsLRixqs LSLi, NRPyLi, %sRL i y @xmsxLRisL i aRPRsV, A%sgRisV, Dy NRPXRLi, sV [ s sVWLij Q
lLi[ @syR RVsL i, xqs][gRiX{RsLi @sLi y xmssRsV,
@ORPQ yj RLi, RV%sNSLjiLi, gRiWR ryLRiaSxqssaRPryQgjiWgRiLi,
%sxtsQxxqsLi, kLiR xmsjNRPsV @sVVRLi R DxmsgSx[V`.
146
y. 1. NSLi NSs NSLi[s V, lLi[s o NSs][ yVRVsysNTP xmspLRi*
ryxxqs RLiRLi %sj Liy. @sVsV [NPR VLiy yVRVs ysNTP @
ysLiRVNRPV Fyso RNRPVs BLRi\s[VRV xmsV LSy %sj Liy.
2. xms y NRPV ([xmsV xms [ y NRPV), NRP V, gRiT sWxmso sW}qsy NRPV
xmsp][W, xmsLiR ][W NSxms NS}qsy NRPV, @LRi][V
sVVR\sys NSxms NS}qsy NRPV, g][FyNRPVNRPV, RWRs

NRPs[ys ssVNRP s [ yLjiNUP, \|qssNRPVNRPV rysVgjis dzqsN]s s [ yLjiNTP, gRiWR yLRiV N]LRiNRPV rysWsV dzqsN]s
s [ y NUP, C LSy DLiRRV. RsV RLRi ryR y][ (CRRLi, FsLiRV AsxmsNSRV sVVR\s%s
DxmsWgjiLiRRLi y*LS) y[y NTP, %sR yV, @sLi, xmsoxtsQxmsn aSjRyV, ELRigSRVV sVVR\ s%s
yxqsWs FyRV gSsW[ sszqsLi[yLjiNTP NRPWy LSy [R V.
3. xVV, xqsyxqsVV, VV, sXR VV, VxmsR y , LSaSxqsyV dxqsVNRPVs s [ y , gRiLji
{qsQV yyR QORPVs sVVR (xmsLjicFyqs) dxqsVN]s (aRPVLi LiRNRPVLiys[) ysRV.
4. %s[aSsVLi s[ y @sVsV F~Lij gSs, ysVV G sLRiN PR V ryLiR Li][ (gRiVLixmso][) DyL][ yss
xmssWLigS RWzms gSs LSLi[ xmss[bPLiy.
5. xmsLRiV LRisV gSs, NRPssV gSs, R sLi gSs @xmsxLjiLi dzqsN]s FRWs yss, aRPLiNTPLiR RgjisVgS
Dsyss, jgRiVVgS Dsyss, |msR LRiVso sWxqsVN]s FRVs yss, |msR LRiVso NTPLiR sVVLi
NRPsRNRPVLiy [xqsVN]syss, @xmsV[ xqsyzqs V R LjiLis yss, xqsLiyzqs V [s
xqsLiyzqss, L][gRigRixqsVR ss \|msNTP xmsoRVy G L][giR Li NRPsRsyss, sVVLi ss LRiRLi sVVR\ s
RV%sNSLSV Dsyss, ZaP[xts Q\sVs sxqsVs osV, aSxqsyds, ARVVysW, @gjiWgSs
(KxmssxtsQR xmsNRPLRiLi[ xms[[V @gji xmsWgRi ryR yds) LRixxqsLigS dxqsVNRPVssRVRVs y sV, %sxtsQLi
dzqsN]s sRVRVsyss, RWLRixmsRWLi [zqs sxqsWs yss, ysR QORPVs sVVR [s yss xms Liy.
sVW. 1. ORPVQRxmsaRPVM sVsVxtsQaRP xqsLRiMsWxtsQNPR Li Ry`. bPL][ LRiM, NSRVLRiM gRiyaRP*Li R _*. Dxts QsVzxtsQLi
RRVLRiM. xmsxmsn VVRWssV. xtsQ` g][sV. xqsxms aRPNRPsV. xmsLRiM FyRsV.
2. [s L][ yRM. j*gRiV[ sVskxtsv RLRiM.
3. NPR Vxmss VsWxmsgSsW NRPs[R sLi RRVM.
4. xmsRs[xtsv RLSM aRPVsWyzNRPLi sLRi sd Li R gRiX{ RVVM. sLiR RR aRP
@sVVRxqs Li xlLi[R VVM, @lLi[ @s[RWsV @dlLi [ RLRiRaRP.
5. xmsoLRiVuxmsNRPLRi{yRWsV @xqsLixqsQXyRWLi y y%s %sxmsyRWLi ysR QORPQM sxts QLi %ssxts QLi y
@s}`.
y. 1. s[VNRPV g] V sLi s xmsaRPVsoNRPV, LRiVso][ Ds sVsztsQNPT lLi[s o yysNTP xmssV INRP sWxtsQLi.
s%sd VR LRiVso |msVN]sysNTP, sT %dsVR LRiVso |msV N]sysNTP, g][s oNRPV (FsR VVcAsoV) gRiVNRPV
lLiLiRV sWuy xmssV. ILiNRPV RVsFRVNRPV yVgRiV sWuyV xmssV. s yxysNTP HRV sWuyV.
ILi FsR V LiT yLiRysNTP ALRiV sWuyV |msR LiT yLiRysNTP GRV sWuyV. xmsLSsNTP
(BLRi\sRV xmssNTP) sWxtsQLi[ ys sLiRV xmssV.
147

2. kss xms LiRLi (BRLRi\sVs xqsLRiVNRPV) LSsNTP xmssV NRPWy


zmss [ (NSLilgi )[ .
FsR V%dsVR ILi%dsVR FsNTPLi dxqsVN]s s [ xqsLRiVNRPV%dsVR
%sj LiRszqss xmssV NRPWy zmss .[ IN]NRP LSsNTP IN]NRP
sWxtsQLi Liy. sVsRV %sxtsQR VLi[ C RLRiLi (yLiRysNTP
sxqsWV [}qs lLi[s o lLiLixmso DLiVLij.).
3. sWLS xqs%dsVxmsLi[s gSsW[ sszqsLi[y ys
yLi[ysNTP (xms VR*Li sVLiT Li[ RLi NSNRPVLiy @j NRPLigS)
[ ysNTP LRiVV G][ N]LiR saRPLiVVLi By*.
4. LSLi F~sWLRi[ DLi[ ys yLi[y sLRiN PR VsVLi,
yLiRysNTP xms Vy*sNTP s [ xmssW, @LiRFyNRPVsNTP Bs*szqss
r~sVVsV sxqsWV RW. Fss\y ysR QORPVs sVVR (Fyqs)
[NPR VLiy \NRPV FRVLi[ ys Liys xLjiLiy. xqssVRVLi NSs
xqssVRVLi[ lLi[s o NSs ][sVLiT FsNRPVs LRiVso][ yVRVsys LiRLi NRPWy xLjiLiy.
5. G\y ys DLiRszqssLiR sVLij xmsoLRiVxtsvV (ys sT}ms zqsLij), NSszqss ryR yV [NPR [y
xqsLixqsLjiLiRRNRP (@sgS Rgjis gRiVV [R VNRP) AxmsR[ NRPVN]sQ LiVV[ ysR QOPR VRV @ sVVsgjiFLiVVs
ys[ xmspLjig S sbPLis ysNTP TFLiVVs xqsLRiVNRPVNRPV RVV @Li xqsLRiVNRPV By*.
a].[ xqsFyxsXys WuyU Li NSLjiN PU Li ysL SRLRiM,
NSLjiNRPM xmsRRVLi Ry` sRLi yzNRP sWs}`.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QOPR Q xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ @uy%sLia][yRVM ysR QOPR QM, AjRM GN][s xmsM.
y. AuyR sWxqsxmspLjisV RLRiyR GRV jyV gRiR, NSLjiN PR xmspLij sV RLRiyR GRV jyV gRiTs
sVR NSLi[ @sgS AuyR xaRP @xts Q%sV sVVRV NSLjiN PR x @xts Q%sV sLRiNRPV sL<SNSLi[, (s
sRV[) RLRiLi (y[ GLSV) RW. |msR sRV\[ FsxmsVRW RW @s @LRiLi. xmsRs[ xmss [}qs
NSLjiNRPVRV xmsRRVLi(ysV gRiLRig S xmss[rys s RxmspLRi*NRPLigS B[ s%sVNRP) B xmsL][ sxqsW\s
r~sVV ysR QOPR VTNTP By*.
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR ryLiR ysLi[ @R QOPR Q xmsyLRiLi @s[ lLiLiRs @j NRPLRiLi[ ysR QORPVs
gRiWLjis BLRi\sVs%sVRs @yRVLi, FyLRiLi Li sVLi s\ ]%sVRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R GN][s Lia][%yRVM
xtsQy*LjiLiaRPR s VLi xmsNRPLRisVcg][%R QORPQM
sVW. 1. g][%R QOPR QM s[R [xmsgSzNRPLi NRPLRixmsNRPLRiLi g][R=QXxts QNPR Li gSsVxms%sxts QNPR Li
sxmsLRigRiLi sxts QLi %ssxts QLi OUPQLiR xmsn VXRxqsLiRLi ][xms [ R .

2. g][FyNRPzmsLRiNRP][xNRPsVs NRPV NSM aRPRLi aRPRLi [ s WyLi zLRi XyM Fy[VRVVM. OUPQLRixmsn VXR Xy z
sy=sVxmsxsVLji s[R [xmsgSzNRPsV. LRiR V [ s VgRiLjixmsu{sR=RLkiLi xqssV%sgRiLi LRiWxms aRPRs[VNRPM
Fy[V`. xmsn VXRryu yLRiNSs xmsNRPLi xmsoRLi @RLRi R yL<jiNRPLi Ryj NRPLRixmsNRPLRiM.
y. 1. g][%R QORPVRV (xmsaRPVgRiR QOPR VRV) s[R [xmsgSzNRPLi, NRPLRixmsNRPLRiLi, g][RQXxts QNPR Li, gS sVxms%sxtsQNPR Li,
sxmsLRigRiLi, sxts QLi, %ssxts QLi, OUPQLiR xmnsVXR xqsLiRLi @s[ C Fss%sVj %sxtsQR WW gRiLRig S xmsLRis[OPT QxqsW DLiy.
2. g][FyNRPVRV (g][s oV FyLi[yRV), zmsLiyLRiNRPVRV (lgi[V NS}qsyRV), ][xNRPVRV (FyV zmsZNP[yRV),
sVs NRPVRV (|msLRiVgRiV ZNP[yRV), V NRPVRV (NRPWLRisVXgS sVLiT LRiOTPQLi[yRV) c C HRVgRiVLRiV sxqsLji
y%dsVR sLi[zqs [ s VsosV (lgi[sV NRPWR) FyLiy. ss Fy[s V, sLiVV[s V BLiR gRiLi @s
sLiR LiVVLi y NTP[ xmsORPQLi[ y [giR RWRsV RLi}msryLiR V, @LiRV[R y yV R sLRiWxmsLi[s[ By*.
Bj "s[R [xmsgSzNRPLi''.
3. sVVxqs AsoV, FyV BxqsWs AsoV, RWRV AsoV, A[R VsV N][lLi[ AsoV (xmsuz), @xmsV[ FyV
ygRiRLi sWs[zqss RWRV %dss xqssVLigS %s Li @sgS BLRi\s ]xmsVs %s Li sVVRL i sLiR Aso
INRPRV FyLiy. C AsosV @xmsgjiLisLiRVNRPV xmsgS @RRV LSNRPV xqsLisR=LSsNTP Fss\ yVgRiV NRPRy
sLiVV, ][NPR INRPLiNTP, @sgS IN]NRP AsoNRPV, IN]NRP xmsLi, LSxLi s[zqss INRP RLRi By*. Bj
""NRPLRixmsNRPLRiLi''.
sVW. 1. yj ysss][{RVL][ xmsoR{msn VyLi R xqssV%sgRiLi LRiWxmsaRPRLi FyRVsM RNRPLi gRiLi
RRVLji g][R=QXxts QNPR sV.
2. xmsLRiRNS%ds RWRsVxms%suyyLi xmsaRPWyLi FysR lLi[ RaRP gRiLi RRVLji gSsVxms%sxts QNRPsV.

148
3. sy=M, sR=RLSM, RsWM, szsM, sXuyM, DOSQaRP
xmsoyM. RVVgRiyxsaRPNRPsM sXxtsQ M. xqsWysVzuyM
xmsXxts Qxqss yzsaRP sVzuyM. s=NS, sR=RLki, xmsu{,
gRiLji, [ s VaRP @xmsy syaRP gS[ sVzxtsQaRP.
sWxqsj*sWxqsyM yrysVVxmsM sy=M s=NSaRP.
sWxqsj*sWxqsys @[V`, sWxqsj*sWxqsxmsLRiVztsQR sV
@[V`. @[V`. @Li xLi sLiR Li, aRPXsL iR Li R
ORPQsV. GssVVxmsM ss [Vj xmsxmsLRigRisV.
y. 1. L][gSVs%s, @sRVs %sNSLRiLi NRP%s, INRPsZNP[ NSs
sVlLisLjiNUP FyV zmsRNRPss*s%s, LiyV sVVR\s%s s[zqs y
aRPsVxmsT zmsRNRP Rgjis%s, gRiLRirysLi F~LiRVRW DLi[%sd @LiVVs
HRV LRiNS AsosV BLRi\s[Vzqs ]xmsVs INRP sLiR
FyLi[y ssVNRP zmss sxqsVs o[ xqsgRiLi [y sVWRs
sLiRV Byj%sR LigS LSNRPV By*. Bj g][R=QXxts QNPR Li.
2. aRPRVsoV sWxqsgjiryLiR s[ RVLi[R , @Rsos (NRPWLRisVXgSRVs) RVLi[R RsV xmsaRPVsosV
LSVVNRP sLi[, Aso g][xts QLi[, DLisy ys FyLisLiRVNRPV xmsxmsn LigS xmsRs sLiRV
By*. Bj gSsVxms%sxts QNPR Li.
3. sR=V (FyV ylgi[%s) sR=RLSV (@xmsV[ FyV sRs%s) RsWV ( ygRi
sVVR\syNTP NRPysNTP bPORPQ Bs*Rgjis%s), sVVR\s%s lgi[%s, sXuyV (gRiLRiyLRiLi [LiVVLiR
gRigjis%s), sVVxqs%s C ALRiV %sy\s%s, ZNP[s Li sWLixqsgRiXNTP sWRs[V DxmsWgjiLi[%s, %dsxmso%dsVR
VLi%dsVR LRiLi sW}qs%s @s RVsFRVV yVgRiV %syV.
s=NRPV (FyV ygRiVRVs%s) sR=RLRiVV, sXxtsQ}msORPQ gRi%s, gRiLRiLi R LjiLis%s, FyV B[%s,
RWRVNRP [ sRVxqsV= LSs%s (@xmsR), g]R V%s @s AsoV, lgi[V NRPWR GRV %syV. sWxqsLi NTPRLi
lLiLiRV sWry NTPRLi xmsos y (Aso lgi[) sR=NRPV s=NRPNRPV "DxmsV' @s }msLRiV. xmso sWxqsLi
[y lLiLiRV sWryV @LiVVs RWRNRPV (AsoRWRNRPV lgi[RWRNRPV) NSs BsVsVV][ sVVRV
sRW.
LSsLi[ INRP lLiLiRV sWryV DLiTFLiVVs yNTP NRPWR sVVRV sRW. BsVsVV NS s[zqss
xqs*zqsNSjsVVR @LiNRPLi. s ][NPR , ][NPR sVVR\s%s V. sVxmso, Vxmso, FsLRiVxmso sVVR\s%s
sLSV. N]sVV ANSLRi [ yV aRPXLigSLiRLRiLi B%s ORPQV. Dxms NRPVs C ORPQsV Ljixts QL`i[
yLiVVLiy. Bj ""sxmsLRigRiLi''.
sVW. 1. ][LRixXRsV, @sRVWRxms%sxts Qs V, @sdsLi y sxts QsV.
2. xms%sxtsQs Vyj LS][R WLSsxqssLi, sXORPQR NSxts Q bPxR sV,
CaSsyxqsLRigSxyygji%sxmssLi %ssxts Qs V. xmssWyRs}RVVM.
3. GsLi LRiWFygRiLi %sy`.

4. xqs*RVLi xy, xmsn WRLiVVy, xLS, LRiLiVVy y sR M.


y. 1. ][LiR VV xLjiLisj, sVL]NRP gRiVLixmso[ [Lij FLiVVsj, NRPsRNRPVLiy FLiVVsj "sxts QLi'.
2. VLRiR[s V, FsgRiVRV jgRiVRV xms[aS[s V, yj[R , sVVxqsRsLi [R , DRNRPLi[R , R ALRiLi[R
sVLRiLisj, V xmsTgSs, IR V NRPW gSs, NRP Rgji gSs, LiVV xmsTgSs, \ssaRPLi[R (zmsRVgRiV
sVVR\s ys[R ) gSs, NRPWLRisVXgRiLi [R gSs, xqsLRiLi NRPLRisRLi[R gSs, sVVxqs xmsVN]sRLi [R gSs,
yygji[R gSs sVLRiLisj "%ssxts QLi'. FyNRPVs @gRiLRi [R RFLiVVsLiVV[ ys %sVs
yssVLiT LS.
3. C %sR LigS g][s oV sVVR\s%s sVVRL i Fss DyW VxqsVNRPVLiW DLiy.
4. Fss\y xqs*RVLigS g][s osV [y lgi[sV RLizmsy, BRLRiV[R RLizmsLiy, xLjiLiy,
xLjiLixms[zqsy C yVgRiV LRiNS @xmsLSysNTP sVLRiRLiRLi %sj Liy.
sVW. 1. xmsLRixmsaRPWyLi LS[s xmsLjisLRiL iVVy LRiWxmsxqs xmspLRi*Li ryxxqsRLi Ry`.
2. xqs*[bPd RWyLi ][LRixXRLi xmsydsRV sVNRPLi LRiWxmsLi xlLi[` . xmsLRi[bPd RWyLi sWORPQLiVVy @LiR Li
xlLi[` .
3. sXR yj yyLi g][FyNSM xmsNRPVLRiVM.
4. V NRPaRP*gRiM @Fyxqs}qss yxmsLRiR RVsV VVRV%s NRP s V @LRiLi yLRi[VRVVM.
5. xqsLRiyyxqsyLiR Li g][R LSsVFyRyLiR Li R RxqsWyLi xmsn VRWLRiLi R k RVVM.
6. xqssVspR dLiR sV @NRPLiR sVgSxsV DRNRPsV @syLRi[VRVVM Fy[VRVVaRP.
y. 1. LSRxmss VVyxLi[R BRLRiV xmsaRPVso LRiWFys sWLjis[zqss yRV xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi
Liy.
2. Rs [aPR Li[s xmsaRPVso[ ]LigRiV xLjiLisyss [y xLjiLis ys xmsVN]s Ljigji
dzqsN]sssyRV sLik R\sVs xqs*LRiWFys @sgS xmsaRPVsosV (FyLji][ztsQNRPLigS) dxqsVN][y. xmsLRi[bPd RVV
xmsaRPVso[ NRPzqsFLiVVs yss, ]LigRiV xLjiLisyss dzqsN]sssyRV \|mss zmssys[ xqsgRiLi
dxqsVN]sssV.
3. s%s, sVVxqs%s, VxmsTs%s @LiVVs xmsaRPVsosV g][FyNRPVV xqsLiLRiOTPQLiy.

149

4. G VVRVsoNRPV G @LRiLi @sVNRPWLigS DLiVLi][ RWRVN]s


%s Li, @NRPR @Rso[ sszqsLi[ [R Vy [R , NRPVNRPsV
|msLi[ y [R ]LigRi RVLi, NRPWLRisVXgS RVLi, aRPRV RVLi
[NPR VLiy [zqs A @LRi[ xmsaRPVsosV s[VFy.
5. xqsLSsV NRPWLRisVXgSsV RV|msRLiN][xqsLi, G d [
s[VxqsVyW RVRLi N][xqsLi RVxms[ xqs*sLi gRi g][s oV
sVVR\s y sVR[ gS sWlgi[ gRiLiV NRP.
6. %sVxmsV [NPR VLiy gS NRPs lLi[s o[ VLRiR NSs sVVxqs NSs
[s ds[ xmsaRPVsosV jLixmsoRW FyLiy.
sVW. 1. }qss yxqsLRigSxgRiX{RLi yj LSsxqssLi R
As[R [VRVVM, @sy LRiWxmssVWLi #[LiR s.
2. NSLRisVXRxqs @RLRi g][s VzxtsQxqs, NRPLRiORPQsV%sNSyLi,
xmsoRs V @RLRi R @aRP*L][uyLi, RLRiszqszmsRr yRVVRs VLRiaRPX{qs s R AxlLi[R VVM.
3. sWLixqssV AsVsV ALRiQsV aRPVxtsQLi y %sNUPRVVM.
4. DRbP*` aRP*sLS}[ RRVM.
5. NRPWLjiNSLi }qsy NSLiR sWxlLi[R VVM.
6. NTP[ xmsn WzmsNRPZNP [ yLiR M.
7. xmsaRPV%sZNP[y FyjNRPLi LRiWxmsLi Ry`.
8. yL<SaRPLRi [ s Vys V RVRM NSLi RVxM. bPbPLRisxqss gkiuys[NPR NSsV.
y. 1. ]LigRiV xLjiLisyss gRiWLji, NRPWLRisVXgS[R , xqsLS[R , sVVxqs [R gRizLiRTs yss
(sVLRiLisyss) gRiWLji, yj [R sVVxqsRsLi[R sVLRiLisyss gRiWLji gRiyR QORPVTNTP Fy. @
xmsNRPF[ A xqs*LRiWxmsLi LkiRV LiRszqs DLiVLij.
2. yyjNSLRi[R sVLRiLis FsR VVVNRP RVsFRVVVNRP sVVyLiNRPLi Ds RLRisV,
s[VNRPVVNRP g] VVNRP gRiVLRiVVs so, gRiVV, gSTRV, ILiV c %ds ][NPR V, xLi Ds RLRi
ssVNRPLiN][xqsLi dzqsN]s s RWzmsLiy. sLiRVNRPV (RV sVV.) RLRiV, sVWyaRPRVLi, zmsRL i, }msgRiVV,
RLiyV, NRPV, N]sVVV, FssVVNRPV (NRPVxmsLigS) dzqsN]ss gRiyR QORPVsNTP By*.
3. RTgS Ds xmssWLixqsLi gSs, FsLiTs sWLixqsLi gSs @%sVs[R W.
4. sVgRi NRPVNRPNUP sLSNUP F~RW.
5. gRi |msLRiVgRiVsV \|qssNRPV ALRiLi N][xqsLi dzqsN]s LSy.
6. FysVT s xmsaRPVsoNRPV ALRiLigS B[ gSsVgRisVLiT s, NRPzmsLiTs ysysNTP DxmsWgjiLiy.

7. xmsaRPVsosV @s[VyRV IN]NRP xmsaRPVsoNRPV ys sLiRV xmsLi ]xmsVs gRiyR QORPVTNTP Liy.
8. sL<ScaRPLRi`c}sVLiR VVRVso[ lLiLiRV xmsp FyV zmsRNS. bPbPLRic sxqsLiRc gkixtsQVVRVso[ INRP
xmsp sWRs[V zmsRNS.
sVW. 1. j*dRVNS][giR VM @Vxts Q[ ][ RM. ][xNSsV @NSsVRM RRsLi RM.
2. G[s sxqsRsVRVVgRizmsssLRi s NSM yyM.
150
3. OUPQLiR ][[ gRiyLi xmsn VXRxmsxqs M. xmsgSj N][ sVz{tsQsV.
j*gSj N][%%dsysV. sV[ y xqslLi[*uyLi xmssWsV,
W%sVRX[ R NRP%s ZaP[uyj OUPQLiR xmsn VXRsXj LRis .
4. RVWRsXxtsQLi sX}tsQsFyRRVRM xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM, xmsn WRRVRM
DR s VM, sLSsL][ [ s RaRPdLRiOSQ.
y. 1. bPbPLSRV[ lLiLiRs xmsp NRPWy FyV zmsNTPsysNTP bPORPQ
ss[V sLjiNTPs[R VRLi. FyV zmsRNRPszqss NSLi y sysNTP A
L][ RLi Rgij Lis[R VRLi RLiRLi.
2. \|mss zmss ys[R c sxqsNSLi (sVVNRPVNRPV LRiLiR Li [}qsNSLi),
RsVNSLi (FsR VNRPV bPORPQ B[ NSLi), RVVgRizmsLigRisNSLi
(@yVs FsR V][ @yV [s FsR VsV NRPzms NSTNTP NRP bPORPQ
B[ NSLi), sLRi s NSLi (ALRiLi Bs*szqss NSLi) y sysNTP
B[ RLiRLi NRPWy zmss .[ @sgS L][ RLi Rgij Lis[R W.
3. INRP ][Li FyNRPV INRP xmsxqsLi sLiVV xqsVLij. lgi[ Fy[ HRs sLiRV sLiVV @j NRPLigS xqsVLij.
s[VNRPFy[s V, g] Fy[s V lLiLiRs sLiRV @j NRPLigS xqsVLij. [y @s FyNUP, sVjLisxmsVRV Li[
sLiVVs xms FsLiR ss xqsVLi][ VxqsVN][y. FsLiRVsssgS W%sV %sZaP[uys xms, s[ gRiT [s
%sZaP[uys xms, ds %sZaP[uys xms Fy |msLRiVgRiVR, sLiVV |msLRiVgRiVR DLiLiVV.
4. RVWRsXuys (AsoV [y lgi[V sVVR\s y sVLiR[ DLi[ A[R V, RVs[R V sVVR\sys)
sVL]NRP sXxtsQLi][ RVVR Li [LiVVLi NTPLiR xmsTF[V V [zqssysNTP xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi, RLizmsLisysNTP
DR s Vryxxqs RLiRLi.
5. A RW xmsaRPVso LRiLigRiVsV xms xms[zqs xmsaRPVsosV INRP gRiVLixmsogS [zqs y LRiORPQLi RW. @sgS
FsLRiLigRiV%s xmsj, LRiLigRiV%s xmsj, C %sR LigS s[LiR V s[LiR V gRiVLixmsoV NRP.
sVW. 1. Dxmsss[aPR jgji*g][ g][xmsyLS` s*RV][ y gRiyLi LRiOSQrysVLSQR.
2. @kysV uyzqsNUPsV ELSLi gSx[V`.
3. [s @aRP*L][xts QsLSxs yyM.

4. dsLSyLi sryaRP* RgRiyzyLi RVsxqsryLiR LRiM, RXxqs j*gRiVsV, RV xmsn WzmsNRPxqs.


RaSR NRPLi NRPNRPVNRPxqs, xmsxmsNRPLi sVVssV, \NRPVRV[ sxqssV, xmsxqs M FyssV, sWLixqs RV,
RyaSR NRPsV, RVs][Li, sWuyLi y xmsoNRPM, OUPQLiR ][sV, @LSR NRPsV y xqsVLSRWM, }qsxxmsxqs M,
OSQLiR RaRPxmssV, aRPXs[LRixmsLi R xmsFyssV.
5. Fy][s sVaRP*RLRig][LSLi, j*gRiVLi sVzuuyLi, NRPLRiNRPLRidsLSyLi, FyRVyLSyLi R [ s WysV,
NRPLRi NSRM xmsn RaRP %syssV. xqslLi[*uyLi RX[ R NRPFyNSsVsV. B g][s VLi yRsV.
y. 1. g][s o Dxmsss[aPR Li (y ssLids INRP ][ [Lij DLi[ xms[aPR Li) G jNRPVs DLiy @s[ %sxtsQR VLi
(s[VR\ZNP) g][so xqsLiyLSsNTP @sVgRiVLigS DLiRys, g][s o xqsLisV, ys LRiOTPQLiRysNTP rNRPLRiLi
DLiRys xms sLiR LiVVLiy.
2. s[VNRPV g] V sVVR\sy Ds ALRiV sWry N]NRPryLji dLiVVLiy. (NRPLij Liy).
3. g][s o sVLiR %sxtsQR VLi[ zmss @s %sxtsQR WW gRiVV, gSTRV, ILiV, sLSV c %ds
sVLiR %sxtsQR VLi[ NRPWy sLjir yLiVV.
4. sVVNRPVNRPV yRV s[zqss FsR VNRPV sVLi @aS* sLi sRNRP][ sVVR\s%s lgi[ FsR VNRPV sWxmso
(LRiLi)[ xqsgRiLi xmsRgRiT , ysNTP lLiLixmso gRiT , INRP RV gSsVgRi NRPzmsLiT, RVxmsosWNRPVs NRPRVgRiV xmsj
@R NSV, xmsj xms F~RW. INRP xmsxqs Li \Li FysLigS By*. [y INRP RV sWLixqsLi INRP AR NRPLi
|msLRiVgRiV, INRP ][Li RVsV gSs, %sVsVsVV F~VgSs By*. INRP ][Li FyV gSs xqsgRiLi AR NRPLi xqsVLRi gSs,
INRP xmsxqs Li \Li [y sLiVV, xmsj xms Li, INRP xmsLi @Li Bsds NRPzms xmsFysLigS (hRiLSgjis
|msLiF~LijLi[ FysLigS) By*.
5. NRPLiRLjigSTRNRPV, AsoNRPV, gSTRNRPV \|mss zmss ALRiLi[ ys sLiRV RgjiLi By*.
RVsFRVNRPV, ILiNRPV lLiLixmso ALRiLi By*. xmss [}qs FsR VNRPV, RWRNRPV FyV B[ [ s VsoNRPV
xmss[}qs NSs xms, xmsn s xms ALRi %sysLi DLiy. @s xmsaRPVsoNUP NRPWR NSszqssLiR gRiT , ds
By*. C %sR LigS g][s VLiRsNTP xqsLiLij Lis %sxtsQR WV xmsyLiVV.
a].[ xmsL<iR Li LSaS*ysV%dsyLi RaRPL<iR sV,
aRPRLi g][sVzuuyLi RVWRLi NRPVLSRRVLRi*QXxtsQs V.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QORPQ xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ GN][s Lia][%yRVM
g][%R QORPQM, AjRM xmsaRPM.
y. sLi[zqs gSTRV sVVR\sys INRP RVWRLigS (sVLiRgS) GLRiLRiy. INRP gSTR RVWRLi[s V
gRiV RVWRLi[s V H[zqs sXuyV (zmssV xmsoLiRNRPgjis xmsoLRiVxtsQLSaS*V) DLiy. s[VNRP sVLiR[s V,
g] sVLiR[s V xms[zqs sXuyV DLiy. g][s o sVLiR[s V, sVzxtsQ RVWRLi[s V, ILi sVLiR[s V
yVlgi[zqs sXuyV DLiy.
""sLijs'' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ @R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ lLiLiRs @j NRPLRiLi[ g][R QOPR V
gRiWLjis BLRi\s]%sVRs @yRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi RW\ RVs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
151

@R Lia][%yRVM
xqsxmsR y*LjiLiaRPLi xmsNRPLRisV c @aS*R QORPQM
sVW. 1. @aS*R QORPQM xmsgSLjiNRPLi, NRPWFygRiRsV, Axs sV,
ARLi, ryRWgRiRNRPLi, xmszqs RLi, RWsyNRPLi y @aRP*xmsLRigRiLi
NRPVsWsLRixNRPLRisLSgRi\sVM [[V`.
2. @xmsaRPxqss yj yLiaRP As[R [V`.
3. N][aPR N][uygSLSLi R gRiX{y* sWxqs sVaRP*yxM s [V`.
4. @aRP*%s #s[s ARVysV @aS*RWsVj*gRiV%sryLSLi RRVLSQ*L][
FysLRi s sVyLi xqsxmsgkiyLi xmsy*LSxqssxmsn RVVNSLi ysLRisVRVWLRi
xmsXxtsQR sNRPVRN][LRiaRPVNRPaSLjiNSLSNUPLSLi aSLi ss[aPR # [V`.
y. 1. @aS*R QOPR VRV (Superintendent of Horses) FyLji][ztsQNPR LigS
ss%s, N]s%s, RVVR Li[ Lis%s, ryRVLi N]LRiNRPV BRLRiVsVLiT ss%s, yNRPV |mss%s, N]LiR
NSLi xmss [LiVVLiRVN]sRLi N][xqsLi FsLRiVso RVN]s%s @LiVVs sVVRL i @aS* NRPVLi, sRVxqsV=, LRiLigRiV,
gRiVLRiVV, @%s [R VgRigjis xmssVV, G G sLSsNTP (FyLRi{qsNRP [bPd RVsVVV ByjsLSsNTP) Lijs%s @s[
%sxtsQR VLi, @%s G %sR LigS LiyLiVV @s[ %sxtsQR VLi c Bsds xmsoxqsNPR Li[ yLiVVLiy.
2. xmsaRPxqsLi NSs%s, @LigRi\sNRPLi NRP%s, VxmsR %s c ysgRiWLji NTPy=RVN][xqsLi sWLRiRLiN][xqsLi Fy.
3. @aRP*yxRV (@aRP*xqsLiLRiORPVRV) INRP sWrysNTP xqsLjixmsTs R sLi, @aS* ALRiLi R ygSLRiLisVLid,
N][uygSLRiLisVLid dzqsN]s @aS*sV gRiWLjis %sxtsQR Wds RWRVN][y.
4. @aS*R QOPR VRV INRP @aRP*aSsV sLjiLixmsRW. @j @aRP*xqsLixmsRsV xms F~RsogS DLiy. ys sRV
@aS*RWsWsNTP (@aRP*Li F~RsoNRPV) lLiLixmso DLiy. ysNTP yVgRiV y*LSV DLiy. ys sVR gRiVV
F~LRiysNTP ][V DLiy. ysNTP sVVLiRV sVVFyryRLi (xmss[aPR y*LRiLi) DLiy. xmsysy*LRiLi RgiR LRi
NRPWL]sysNTP V DLiy. %sxtsQ RWRVV [NPR VLiy RWRVN][s RLi N][xqsLi A aS[ N][R VV, ssV ,
RVNRP[ , sVVLigjixqsV, RN][LSV, NRPV, g][Lij LiNRPV DLiy.
sVW 1. @aS*RWsVRRVLRiaPR N`PQxts Qxmsn NSryLRiLi xqsRsN][xts QNPR Li xqssVWR xmsoLkiuR=LiR sV, G\ZNPNRPM FyVsV
DRVLi y rysLi ss[aPR #[V`. aSsZaP[s y jgji*gRiLi NRP[V`. sRsXxtsQNPT a][LSsV GNSs[xtsv.
2. @aS*RWM xmsyRWM LSRLi xmsn VXRxmsxqs FyssV. @R ELiR Q*Li xqsNRPVxmsxqs M, }qsx\ xtsQxmsFysLi
RaRPLSRLi, RRMxmsoN][ RVsxqssV ALRis aSLRiM.
y. 1. IN]NRP @aS*sNTP @j FsLiR F~Rso DLiVLi][ ysNTP RRVLRixqsLigS DLi[ rysLi GLRiLRiy. ys
s[%dsVR sVss xmsn NSV xmsLjizmsLiy. ys ALSsNTP INRP N][xts QLi, sVWRxmsoLkiuyV INRP ][NRPV [lLi[V INRP
xms[aPR Li GLRiLRiy. A rysLi
RWLRiVsVVLigS NSs, DRL iR sVVLigS gSs DLiy. [y @aRP*aSsV xms @aRP*ryy jNRPV %sgRiLi
GLRiLRiy. ARgRiVV, zmssV xmsoLiRgRigjis sXuyaS*V, zms gRiVVc%dsNTP INRP ysNTP INRP
NRPsRNRPVLiy GNSLiRryyV GLRiLRiy.

2. Css AR gRiVsNTP sVWRV L][ FyV INRP xmsxqs Li sLiVV ygjiLiy. RLRiVyR xmsj L][V INRP xmsxqs Li
s }mszmsLiT, RsVVLRiV][ NRPWTs KxtsQy][ RRWLRiV[zqss xmsFysLi (ANRP xmsoLi[ RsxmsyLiR Li)
By*. RLRiyR gjiLi F~V, xmsRgRiT , A RW VVRVsoNRPV @sVgRiV\sVs ALRiLi By*.
sVW. 1. RaRPLSyRWLiR Q*Li NTPa][LiR xqs xmnsVXRRRVLSgiR M xqsNRPVNPR VRVM, OUPQLiR xmsxqs aRP ALRiM AxtsQryj. RRM xmsLRiLi
sWrRL iR sV @LiR sXj M RVsxmsxqs M AsL<S`, ][ ARRVLRi*L<S j. @R ELiR Q*Li RRVLRi*L<iR M xmssL<][ y
NRPLRiM xmspLiR QxmssWM.
2. y*LiaRPRVLi sVVsVVR s WaRP*xqs, xmssVVyRWsVM, %sLiaRPRV , RRVLiR Q D[=R M,
RQVsLRiLi sVR sWsLRiWM. aRPyVM xmsLjixM xmsgSsLRiLi sVR sWsLRiWM.
3. DR s WaRP*xqs j*][Li aS%dszRVszmsRVWsV @LiR aRPVxtsQsV @LiR zqsR Li y, sVVR sWuyLi y
xmsoNRPM, }qsxxmsxqs aRP, xmsxmsLi sxqs, sWLixqsLi xmsaRPRNRPsV. LRixqsryR NRPLi j*gRiVLi y RR M
zmsZNP [ R yLiR sV. OSQLiR xmsxmsNRPM xqsVLSRWM xmsxqs M xmsRVr y j*gRiVM xmsFyssV. kLiR xmsRLRiNSyyLi R
RyLiR Li }qsxxmsr%sVyxqsssV. NRPVRV[ sxqsNRPLRiM, RVsxqsryLiR LRiM, RXxqs gRiVM, xtsQR LRixmsLjiZOP[QxmsM
xmsogRix[ y.
y. gRiVLi zmsNTP @j xmsos xmsjL][ RLRiyR ALRiV sWry sLRiNRPV INRP Fyso NRPVRVLi sLiVV NRPzmss INRP
NRPVRVLi xqsNRPVs o, INRP xmsxqs Li FyV ALRiLi By*. RLRiyR sVWRV xqsLisR=LSsLRiNRPV sNTP INRP xmsxqs Li RVsV
By*. C RVsV sNRPV @LiR Qxmsxqs Li |msLiRVRW By*. yVgRiV xqsLisR=LSsLRiNRPV INRP ][Li By*.
@V\|mss yVgRiV [y HRV xqsLisR=LS sRVxqsV= ss gRiVLi xmssNTP DxmsWgjixqsVLij, xmspLiR QxmssWLi gRi
@aRP*LigS RRWLRisoRVLij.
152
2. DR s V\sVs @aRP*Li sVVLi F~Rso sVV\|ms#lLiLiRV @LigRiVV
DLiVLij. A @aRP*Li F~Rso HRV sVVV, @sgS sW @LRi\ s
@LigRiVV DLiVLij. ys zmsNRP F~Rso BLRi\s @LigRiVV DLiVLij.
gRiVLi FsRV yVgRiV zmsNRP F~Rso, @sgS Fss\ @LigRiVV.
sVR LRiNRPLi gRiVLi sVVRV xmssWLi DR s WaRP*sVVRV xmssWLi
sVR sWaRP*sVVRV xmssWLiNRPLi[ sVWRV @LigRiVV RNRPVs
DLiVLij. DR s WaRP*Li sLiR @LigRiV xmsLjixLi (so) DLiVLij.
sVR sWaRP*Li xmsLjixLi Fss\ @LigRiVV, @R sWaRP*xmsLjixLi @LRi\s
yVgRiV @LigRiVV DLiVLij.
3. DR s WaS*sNTP ALRiLi c xqsgRiLi FsLiTs [y xqsgRiLi DTNTPs lLiLiRV
][ aSysLi gSs, RVsV gSs, zmsRVLigRiVsoV gSs By*.
[y lLiLiRV ][ DTNTPLis |msxqsV, %sVsVsVVV By*. INRP xmsxqs Li
}qsxLi (sLiVV [y sWs) HRV xms sLi RW\ xms
sWLixqsLi By*. INRP xmsxqs Li }qsxLi (sLiVV [y sWs) HRV xms sLi RW\ xms sWLixqsLi By*.
s ALRiLi RRsysNTP INRP AR NRPLi LRixqsLi (sWLixqs xqsLixqsQXR\sVs Li) gSs, lLiLiRV AR NS |msLRiVgRiV gSs
By*. HRV xmsV Li sVVR\s%s NRPzmss INRP xmsxqs Li xqsVLRi gSs, lLiLiRV xmsry FyV gSs xmsFysLi

(@xmsLSx Li[ ylgi[ FydsRVLi) By*. y RWLRiLi xmsRWLi [zqs [y LRiVso sWzqs @zqsFLiVVs
@aS*NTP ANRP xmso gS sRLi N][xqsLi INRP xmsxqs Li }qsxLi (sLiVV [y sWs) @sVyxqssLigS By*.
(F~NPR RVxmso aRPVj [}qs FydsRVLi "@sVyxqssLi'). sxqsNRPLRiNRPV (sVVNRPV[ FRVysNTP) INRP NRPVRVLi }qsxLi
By*. xmsRgRiT xqsgRiLi LRiLi (sWxmso), [y gRiT INRP LRiLi (LRiLi=BLRi\s RVV) [y ALRiV xry so
gRi @sgS lLiLiRV [R V][ xmsRgjis sogRi xmsoLigRixLi, @sgS F~R\ss xmsRgRiT sWxmso gSs By*.
sVW. 1. FyysLRis[VRsR sWsLRiWM. DR s VxqssW LRi][ sXxtsQaPR sVR sVM. sVR sVxqssVaRP
@sLRiMFyR{sLi RyLi FyLRiaRPsWyLi R. @][%LiR Li NTPa][LSsV. B %syWgRiM.
2. %syFyRNRPxqsWRgSxNRPNTPR=NSM xmsry*RM.
3. RVVR yj LSNRPLRiQOUPQM zmsg][R LjiNSM xqsVM. @xqssVLRi xmsWgSM FLRisxmsyysVlLi [ s sXuy
sRyry*WM.
4. xmsWgSysVVR sWM NSsW\|qss yLRiyyRVVM. sVR sW UNRP Fy}msRVNRP r%dsLRiNRP \RM.
ZaP[uyM xmsRsLSM.
5. [uyLi dN`Pxts Q RsVs sZaP[s ryysV KxmsyxNRPLi y NRPLRi xmsW[V`.
6. RRVLRiaRPLi NRPLRi @aRP*xqs ryyxsV.
153
y. 1. DR s WaS*sNTP zmss j*][jxmsLjisWLi[ ys sLiRV
Rgij Li sVR sWaS*sNTP, ys[ ys sLiRV Rgij Li @R sWaS*sNTP
ALSRVV By*. LRiysNTP NRP [ @aRP*Li DR s WaRP*Li][ xqssWsLi.
sXuyaRP*Li (zmssV xmsoLi[ @aRP*Li) sVR sVLi. LRiRLi lgi[ @R sWaRP*Li
NRPWy sVR sWaRP*Li][ xqssWsLi. @R sV sXuyaRP*Li NRPWy
sVR sWaRP*Li][ xqssWsLi. sVWRV RVNRPV Lijs AR gRiVNRPV,
NRPLiRLjigSTRNRPV DR s WaS*RVNRPV zmss ALRi%sysLi[ xqsgRiLi
By*. zms gRiVNTP ys[ xqsgRiLi By*. Bj %syWgRiLi. @sgS
@aS* ALSj ysxmsR .
2. @aS*LRiLi sLi[y NTP, @aRP*xmsLjiyLRiNRPVNTP, @aRP*Q\sRVNTP @aS*
%syWgRiLi[ gRiLi By*. @sgS y NTP NRPWy ALRiLi By*.
3. RVVR Li[ V syNUP, yj [R , sVVxqsRsLi [R , xmss
[{qs [zqs DLiRRLi[R OUPQ\sVsyNTP ZNP[s Li @%s %sLiRysNTP sWRLi xqsLjixms[ ALRiLi By*. RVVy[
DxmsWgjiLiRysNTP RgRisys FLRiVNRPV sxmsRVNRPV Ds @sxqsLSs xms sXuyaS*sgS ARgRiV][
NRPsysNTP %ssWgjiLiy.
4. RVVR Li[ DxmsWgjiLiRRgjisy[ NSLi[ (NSW) c zqsLiR V c ALRi c syRVV(@LRi) [aS[
xmsos%s DR s V\sVs%s. { NRP c (RWqs c xqsR sRV sVR Ds [aPR Li)c

xmsbPsWRL iR {qssWFyLiR(Fy}msRV) c r%dsLRi c (LSrys) c \R[aS[ xmsos%s sVR sWaS*V. %sVgjis


[aS[ xmsos%s @R sWaS*V.
5. %ds[ dN`PuyaS*[R (@Rj NRP\sVs [xqsV=, xqsRVs NRPj dN`Pxts QLi. @j G sWRLi xqszLiRRV)
yaRP*Li[R (sVLi [MxqsyQ* Vsj yaRP*Li. sVgS N] xmss [LiVVLiRVN]ssRV), sVLiyaRP*Li[R
(xqsyQ*V RNRPVs. gS N]T[s[ gSs xmss [R VRV) y y xqs*ys @sVxqsLjiLi ryyxNSLRiLi
(RVVR LRiLigRiLi[ xmss), KxmsyxNRPLi (NUPyRWyV lgi[ xmss) [LiVVLiy.
6. aSx[yRVV zmss %sR LigS gRiVLi[R RNRPgS RVVyRVV [LiVVLi[ xmss ryyxLi.
sVW. 1. s[ ds\LiR RM sM ]L[ iR [ yL][xts QaRP KxmsyxM.
2. Rfxmss[VN][ sLiR sWsN][ RVsVNRPM AdR xms oRM (xmspLRi*gRiM), xmsXRVgRiM, NRPyd R ssM.
3. xqs Gs bPLRiMNRPLiR %saRPV][ ds\LiR RM uRaRPsWL][ y. xmsNUPLiR NRPM, xmsNUPL][ R L ][, sxtsQ M, FyLS+Q*sVsXRM, ELjisWLiR M,
aRPLRi NUPTRM, aRPLRi xms oRM, y[, sVsXRM , xmsFy, zqsLiRVRM, ry*R WRM, NPT Qxts QM, bPQ RM,
XLizRM, xmsouyNUPLRiZaP[ ds\LiR RsWLSM.
4. NRPzmsxms o][, N[ PR xms oRM, Gxms oRM, N][NPT xqsLiyLki DLRixqsM, NRPxqsLiyLki sM.
y. 1. ssLi, ds\LiR RLi, Lixmsn VsLi, ]L[ iR Li, yL][xts QLi @s[%s KxmsyaS* gRiRVV.
2. Kxmss[VNRPLi (INRP xxqsLi sWRLi xms[aPR Li[ sVLiRNSLRiLi[ LRigRiRLi), sLiR sWsNRPLi (sVWNRPVRV s sW
sWNTP gRiVLiRLigS LRigRiRLi), RVsVNRPLi (\|ms lLiLiRV %sy LRigRiRLi), AdR xms oRLi (INRP NSV sLi lLiLiRs NSV
yzms sRsRLi) xmspLRi*gRiLi (aRPLkiLRiLi VVNRP xmspLS*LiR Li NRPRVxmsoRW sRsRLi), NRPyd (aRPLkiLRiLi ssVNRP gSs
LigS NRPRVxmsoRW sRsRLi) B%s ssgRi [ yV, "xmsXRVgRiM' @s[ FyhRiLi[ |msR @LigRiV s[zqs sRsRLi @s
@LiR Li.
3. bPLRixqsV=sLiRV, so[ NSs %sNSLRiLi [NPR VLiy DLi[ sss[V "ds\LiR RLi'. ks[ xmsRLRiV %sy\s, xmsNUPLiR NRPLi
sVVR\s, sWLSV DLiLiVV. @s %sy\s gRiRV xqsLiNRPLRiLi "xmsNUPLRiLi'. y[ INRP LRiNRP\sVs gRiNTP FyysLi
Dsj "xmsNUPL][ R L iR Li'. %dsxmso NRPRxmsNRPVLiy [}qs gRi "sxtsQ Li'. @R LigS sRsRLi "FyLS+Q*sVsXR' gRi. |\ msNTP
FsgRiVLRiVRW jgRiVRW [}qs gRi "ELjisWLiR Li''. "aRPLRi NUPTRLi' @sgS RssLi[ Ds GsVgRiV s
ARVNRPVLiWsV sRsRLi.
@ GsVgRiV s RVsVNRPRLi "aRPLRi xms oRLi'. sVWRV NS %dsVR sRsRLi "yLi'. NRPVT xmsNRPNTP FsRsV xmsNRPNTP
LRiVgRiVRW sRsRLi "sVsXRL i'. sVWRV NS INRP sWV As ys NSV lLiLiRV sWV s[%dsVR
xmsn VLiRRLi "xmsLiRFy'. zqsLixLi s sRNRP "zqsLiRVRLi'. |msR |msR @LigRiV s[xqsW sRsRLi "ry*R WRLi'.
LRiyRV IRVRVRVNRPVV [NPR VLiy gRiVRVsxmsVRV gRi "NPT Qxts QLi'. aRPLkiLRixmspLRi*gRiLi sVVLiRVNRPV sLi sRsRLi
"bPLigjiRLi'. aRPLkiLRixmspLRi*gRiLi \|msNTP Fs gRisVsLi "XLizRLi'. sLiNRPLRiLiNRPLRigS sRsRLi "xmsouyNUPLRiLi'. B%s
ds\LiR RsWLiR Li[s xmsRLRiV [ yV.
4. NRPzmsxms oRLi sVVR\s%s Lixmsn VsgRi [ yV. N][ s RVsVNRPRLi "NRPzmsxms oRLi'. NRPxms s gRiLiRVRVRLi
" N[ PR xms oRLi'. [T s RVsVNRPRLi "Gxms oRLi'. sVWRV NS sVV INRP NS%dsVR FsgRiLRiRLi "GNRPFyRxms oRLi'. N][NPT
s xqsLiRLjiLiRRLi "N][NTP xqsLiyLji'. @s NS sVVs[zqs sORPQ xqs Li Li%dsVR RVsVNRPRLi "DLRixqsLi'. N]LigRi
s sRsRLi "NRPyLji'.
sVW. 1. NS[, yLjiNS[, sWRVWLRiM, @LiR sWRVWLRiM, yNRPVM, @LiR yNRPVM, yLSxM, @LiR yLSZaP[
]L[ iR M.

2. xqsLiQxmsNSL][ yL][xts QM B.
3. xtsQ s y*RZaP[ Wysy* LRiy*ysV. xmsWys @LSQxts Qs Ws, RZaP[
xmsXxts QyysVaS*ysVy*.
4. %sNRPsW yaS*r LRiyx B sWLSM.
154
5. %sNRPsW, sRsV, DxmsNRPsV, DxmssM. saRP yLSM.
6. [uyLi s [xmsNRPLRiLi WgSyLSM xmsjZaP[R VVM. ryLigS%sVNRPLi
LRiyaS*LiNSLRiLi R xqsWyM. @aS*yLi NTPR=NSM aRPLkiLRixqssXj
xmsdNSLRisV VVRV%s NRPL i yLRisV.
y. 1. ]L[ iR NSLiNSj [ R Li[R Fss%sVj %syV. gRiR s gRi
"NSLiNRPLi' ds xmsORPV s gRi yLjiNSLiNRPLi'. ssV s gRi
"sWRVWLRiLi'. xqsgRiLi ssV gRis Fsj
"@LiR sWRVWLRiLi'. sVVLigjixqs s gRi "yNRPVLi'. xqsgRiLi sVVLigjixqsgRis
Fsj "@LiR yNRPVLi'. sLSxLi sRNRPsV Fsj "yLSxLi'. xqsgRiLi
sLSxgRis Fsj "@LiR yLSxLi'.
2. L_RV zmssV sRsRLi "yL][xts QLi'.
3. LRiRLi lgi[ @R sVcsVR sVcDR s WaS*[ @R sWaRP*Li L][NRPV ALRiV WyV xmsRWLi [xqsVLij.
sVR sVLi ]%sVj WyV, DR s VLi xmssLiRV WyV xmsRWLi [ryLiVV. L_RV xqsyLki [}qs
gRiV[s V, rysWsV sW}qs gRiV[s V @R sWaRP*Li L][NRPV HRV WyV, sVR sWaRP*Li GRVsLRi
WyV, DR s WaRP*Li xmsj WyV xmsRWLi [ryLiVV. (WsLi @sgS Fss%sVj [y xmsj \ sV ).
4. %sNRPRVLi (sVgS sRsRLi), yaS*xqsLi (ARWxqsLi [NPR VLiy sVR LRiNRPLi s[giR Li][ sRsRLi), LRiyxLi
(bdPxmsn VLigS sRsRLi) @s[%s C @R sVcsVR sVcDR sWaS* gRisVs [ yV.
5. %sNRPsVLi (sVgS sRsRLi) sRLi (RVsVNRPRLi), DxmsNRPLihRiLi (FsgjiLji FsgjiLji sRsRLi), DxmssLi
(rysWss[giR Li) sLi (@s[giR Li) B%s @aRP*yLRiV.
6. C @aS* sVVRVNRPV NRP [ LiR yV, NRPV sVVR\s DxmsNRPLRiV FsNRPNRPR Fs DLiy @s[
%sxtsQR VLi @aRP*bPORPQ B[ AyLRiVV [j Liy. RVVysNTP DxmsWgjiLi[ LRiyLiNSLSRVsV,
@aS*LiNSLSRVsV ryLRiRVV Dxms[bPLiy. @aRP*Q\sRVV y aRPLkiLRiLi NTPFLiVVy, sNTPy ysNTP
xmsNTPRV RW. G VVRVso[ G ALRiLi By*[ sLiR LiVVLi Fy.
sVW. 1. xqsWRgSxNSaRP*s NRP RWszqsNRP%syFyRNRPrysFyZNP[aPR NSLRi d %sRaRP xqs*NRPLRiLRiaS*yLSR [VRVVM.

2. NRPLSNRPs[V \uyLi jsxqss[R s[ R Li NRPVLS`. dsLS[xmsLRiVR Li yxRVRM, NTPR=N][xmsLRiVR Li y


y*RaRPxms[ RM, NTPRW\ xtsQxqsLilgi[s yj sX_ xmsdNSLRij*gRiV[ RM. RRxmsLS [ s \s[s[V xmsRsVWLi
RM.
3. [s g][s VLi, L][xts QsVzxtsQs V, @%sNRPLi R yRsV.
y. 1. xqsWRyxNRPVRV (@aS*sNTP yRV NRP dzqsN]ss ds ygjiLiRRLi, ]Lij LiRRLi, aRPLkiLSsNTP sVry
[R VRLi sLi xmssVV [}qsyRV), @aRP*LiR NRPVRV (NRP Li, sV sVVR\s%s NRPysNTP sRVVNRPVR V),
RWszqsNRPVRV (xmsRgRiT s[V}qsyRV) ALRiLi sLi[yRV, @aRP*rysxqsLiLRiORPVRV, ZNP[aPR NSLRiVRV (V
NRPLij Li[yRV) %sxtsQ%sysxmsoVRV c %ds LiRLRiW gRiV }qss (RsV RsV %sR VV sLRi*QQLij xqsW) [xqsWLiy.
2. y xmssVV [R VNRPF[ @ [R Vs L][ RLi Rgij Liy. dsLSsLiN][xqsLi sxmsTs gRiVs, \ sRLi
N][xqsLi sxmsTs @aS*s xmss[LiVVLiRRLi N][xqsLi dzqsN]ss [ ysNTP xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi %sj Liy.
NTPR= [R VRLi[gSs, sVLiRV Bs*RLi[ gSs AxqsLi [R VRLi[R gRiVLi yj sVVjLjiF[ @
NTPR=[R VysNTP FsLiR LRiV @soRVLi][ ysNTP lLiLixmso RLiRLi (@aS*R QORPVsNTP) %sj Liy. NTPy=RV[
%sxmsLkiRxmsn Li NRPgji[ A gRiVLi LkiRV FsLi][ @j @aS*R QORPVsNTP LjisWy.
3. @aS*NTP zmss ALSR yRVV g][s VLiRLi, gSTRV, ILiV, sVzuyV, s[VNRPV g] V, sVVR\ sy
%sxtsQR VLi[ NRPWy sLjir yLiVV.
a].[ j*LRixM ryssVaS*yLi gRis sVWLi R yxms[V`,
NRPXxts QxqsLij xtsv W[M aRPVZNP x[tsv xqs*zqsyRNRPsV.
y. @aS*NRPV (gkixtsQaRPLRiy[) L][NRPV lLiLiRV ryLiR V rysLi [LiVVLiy. xmsL][ xqsVgRiLiR RyV,
xmsoxtsQsWW By*. NRPXxts QxmsORPQxqsLiR VRVLiRV (@sWyxqsRVLiRV) WRxmspV, xmspLij sVRVLiRV
xV[R xqs*zqsyRssVW [LiVVLiy.
a].[ dsLSyaRP*RVV[ NSLRi[Vsss[V%xs,
RWyyssrys[ y y_ y aSsZNP[ LRiRM.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QOPR Q xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ Lia][%yRVM
@aS*R QOPR QM, AjRM GNRPxmsaRPM.
y. AaRP*RVVsWxqsLi[ ss%sVyRV @aS*NTP dsLSsLi BzmsLiy. RVVR RWR FyLRiLi Li[s V,
RVVR LRiLigRiLisVLi Ljigji ss RLRiyy NRPWR dsLSsLi BzmsLiy. @aS*NRPV yR VV rNTPsxmsVRV NRPWR
dsLSsLi BzmsLiy. @aS*R QORPVRV C %sR \sVs aSLiNRPLRiRVLiRV aRPR NRPy\ DLiy.
""sLijs'' @sV N_dRWLiR ryQLiR ysLi[ @R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ j*dRWj NRPLRiLi[
@aS*R QORPV gRiWLjis sVV\|ms#RVs @yRVLi, FyLRiLi Li sVLi RW\ INRPs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
155

@R GNRPLia][yRVM
@xts QR y*LjiLiaRPR s VLi xmsNRPLRisV cxxqsQR QORPQM
(Superintendent of elephents)

sVW. 1. xxqsQR QO][Q xzqss sLRiOSQLi RsVNRPLRiQOSQyyLi xzqsxzqssd


NRPyLi aSrysaRPRW NRPLRi%syRVsxqsxmssWLi, NRPLRiry*WgRiLi,
s [xmsNRPLRiLi, ryLigS%sVNRPsVLiNSLRiLi NTPR=NSdsNRPrxmsryRVVNRPsLiR Li
ysV}tsQ` .
2. xryQRWsVj*gRiV[ [=R %sxtsQsWR WsWLi, xzqssd ryyj NSLi,
xqsxmsgkiyLi, NRPVsWLkixqsLigRiLi, FyVdsV, DRVdLi y aSLi
s[aPR # [V`.
3. xryQRWsVRRVLRiaRPaPR O`PQsxqss Vxmsn NSsL iR NRPLi sVWRxmsoLkisV
uR=LiR QrysLi ss[aPR #[V`. rysxqssVaRPRWsVLSFyaRPRWLi RVlLi [ ryyxxms yyLi
zLiR sVyysV.
y. xxqsQR QORPVRV gRissLiVVNRP LRiORPQs V, bPORPQ Bs*ysNTP Rgjis GsVgRiVV, AR GsVgRiVV, GsVgRi gRiVsV
c %ds aSV, ys NRP [ xms[aPR Li, aRPRV, ryLiyxLi sVVR\s NRPLRi, ALRiLi, xmsRgRiT sVVR\sy
xmssWLi. bPORPQ Bs*RLi sVVR\s xmssV[ AxqsNTP, ys Lij Li[ ryR yV, RVVR Li[ yNTP s[R Vszqss
NRPsyRVV, LRiVLiyV sVVR\s @LiNSLSV NTPR= [}qsy , @dsNRPxqs VV (gRibPORPQRVLiRV s[LiR V
gRiy ), DxmsryRVVNRPVV (xmss [}qsy ) c %ds (NTPR=NSRV) xqssVVyRWs xmsLRis[OPT QLiy.
2. GsVgRiV F~Rso NRPLi[ lLiLixmso FsRV, sRV, F~Rsp Ds aSsV sLjiLiy. ys RgiR LRi AR GsVgRiVNRPV
rysLi NRPWR sLjiLiy. xzqsaSNRPV sVVLiRV INRPxmsgkisLi (sVVaS) DLiy. ys[ GsVgRiVsV NRPysNTP
AsLi (BsVxmsxqsLi Li) A xqsLi Li sLRi NRPVsWLji (RZNPR ANSLRiLi[ s @R BsVxmsRWLi cxqsLi Li[
gRiLigS) DLiy. A aS RWLRiV jNRPVNRPV @sVVLigS gSs, DRL SsVVLigS gSs DLiy.
3. IN]NRP GsVgRiVNRPV A GsVgRi F~RsoNRPV RRVLRiaRPLigS (GsVgRiV F~Rso ]%sVj x ryVLi[ ]%sVj xry
sVRRLRiLigS DLi[) INRP rysLi GLRiLRiy. ys[ sVsgS DLi[ gRiLiR sxqsLi Li DLiy. s[%dsVR
sVss xmsn NSV xmsLjis, yVgS DLi[, sVWRxmsoLkiuyV %sT[ rysLi GLRiLRiy. @%s NTPLiRNTP LjiF[VV
yLi |ms. GsVgRiVV NRPWL]sysNTP, xmsLiRVN]sysNUP yVgRiVsLRi xry FsRV Ds Rxms GLRiLRiy.
RVVysNTP DxmsWgjiLi[ GsVgRiVNRPV, xqsyLki[R VysNTP DxmsWgjiLi[ yNUP RVLiR Li[s[ rysLi GLRiLRiy.
bPORPQ Bs*szqss GsVgRiVNRPV, F~gRiLRisWRV GsVgRiVNRPV N][ \s[ rysLi GLRiLRiy.
sVW. 1. xmsRsVxqsxmssWsxtsQs Vg_ @xMrysNS, RRssL iR Li %syRWM. xmspLS*} yRWsVNSM.
xmsaSxMxmsFysNSM. LSg__* xqs*xmsNS; gRiM xqsLis[aPR [ysNRPM
156

2. gki}tsQ gRixNSM. %sLiaRPsL<][ gSxM


3. %sNRPM sVWR M sVRVM, yj RM, gRiLji, [ s VNSxzqssd ygSM.
4. xqsFyLiR M D[=R M, syRWsVM, RaRPxmsLjixM, xmssWRM
Ry*LjiLiaRPR*L<iR M. LiaRPR*L<][ sVR sVM. xms%sLiaRPsL<iR M @sLRiM.
y. 1. xmsgRis Fss%sVj xqssVgSVgS %s LiRgS sVVR gRiLi,
GRs gRiLi GsVgRiVNRPV rysLi [LiVVLiRszqss NSV.
ryysLiRLRiLi sLiTs ALRiLi B[ NSLi. xmspLS*x Li yRWsVLi
[LiVVLi[ NSLi. @xmsLSx Li Li B[ FysLi ygjiLi[ NSLi. LSs
sVWRV gSV [R VgS lLiLiRV gSV sjLi[ NSLi. INRP gRiLi
xmsLiRVN]sysNTP [s ysNUP NSLi.
2. GsVgRiVsV xms [ NSLi gkixtsQVVRVso, BLRi\s xqsLisR=LS GsVgRiVsV
[y BLRi\s xqsLisR=LS sRVxqsV= ys GsVgRiVsV xmsLiy.
3. %sNRPLi (FyVylgi[j ), sVWR Li (AR GsVgRi sLi s RLiyV gRij), sVRVLi (RLiyV [sj), yj
gRij @LiVVs GsVgRiVsW, gRiLji, FyV B[j @LiVVs AR GsVgRiVsW xmsNRPWRRV.
4. GRV @LRiRV (xry) FsRV, ]%sVj @LRiRV F~Rso, xmsj @LRiRV RVV N]R Ds
s\ xqsLisR=LS sRVxqsV= gRi GsVgRi DR s VLi. sVV\|ms# xqsLisR=LS sRVxqsV= gRij sVR sVLi. BLRi\ s
@LiVVRV xqsLisR=LS sRVxqsV= gRij @R sVLi.
sVW. 1. RWM FyysL][ %sy%sj M.
2. @LRif RV][M. @LSR NRPLi \xqs. xqsLjixtsQM RRVMxmsryM. RaRPxmsLi sxqs. sWLixqsLi xmsaRPRNRPsV.
LRixqsryR NRPLi j*gRiVLi y RR M zmsZNP [ R yLiR sV. OSQLRiLi RaRPxmsNRPsV. sVRxqs AR NRPLi j*gRiVLi y RR M
xmsFyssV, gSys}qsNRPM \xmsxqs M, bPLRixqsM @xts Q gRiM FykzmsNRPaRP. RVsxqsxqs _* L_ xqsFy_, aRPxtsQxqs
aRPVxtsQxqs @LRiRXdW LRiM. NRPRLRixqs @sRVsVM.
3. xqsFyLiR y RV[ sM @uyLRiM @RLSM.
4. RVyxxqss V @sZaP[xtsQM xtsQR LRiM xmsLRiaRP.
y. 1. A lLiLiTLiNUP xmsNS*LRiLi B[ %sysLi IN]NRP Fyso RgiR VRVLij. @sgS xms[[V ALRi %sysLi
DR s VgRiLiNRPLi[ sVR sVgRisNTP yssLiRV RNRPVs, ysNRPLi ys sLiRV RNRPVs @sLRigRisNTP.
2. GsVgRiVV Fss @LRiRV FsRV DLiW A @LRiRVsV IN]NRP @LRiNTP INRP ][Li RVLi, xqsgRiLi
AR NRPLi \Li, sVWRV xmsryV sLiVV, xmsj xmsV sLi, RW\ xms sWLixqsLi By*. sWLixqsLRixqsLi INRP
AR NRPLi [y |msLRiVgRiV lLiLiRV AR NSV
s ALRiLi RRsysNTP By*. gRiVyjOSQLiR Li xmsj xmsV, INRP AR NRPLi sVRLi [y lLiLiRV AR NSV FyV
xmsFysLi (ryRVLiNSLi LiN][xqsLi ygjiLi[j ), aRPLkiLSsNTP xmsLiRysNTP INRP xmsxqs Li \Li, bPLRixqsV=NRPV
xmsLiRysNTP xmsxqs Li[ Fss%sVRs gRiLi (@LiR NRPVRVLi), kFysNTP \Li NRPWy @LiR NRPVRVLi lLiLiRV LS (s\

RV) xmsRgRiT , lLiLiRV LSV INRP Fyso [R xmsRgRiT ; lLiLiRVsLRi LS FsLiRV gRiT , ANRPVV sVVR\ sy
%sxtsQR VLi[ sRVsVLi [R V.
|\ mss zmss NRPV INRP @LRiNTP zmss%s. GRV @LRiRV FsRV GsVgRiVNRPV \|ms N]RV GRV lLiV [zqs
gRizLiRszqs DLiVLij. INRPL][\ZNP[ Bj y @jNRPLi @LiVVFRVLij. @LiRV[R Bj (GRV lLiV [zqss
ALSjNRPLi) sNTP @LiVV DLiVLij. (NSLilgi )[ .
3. xqsFyLiR RV FsRV gRi GsVgRiVNRPV zmss ALSjNRPs[V Fss%sVj @LRiRV Fs^ Qs @RLSLi @s[ GsVgRiVNRPV
NRPWy By*.
4. ALRiV @LRiRV FsRV, HRV @LRiRV FsRV Ds GsVgRiVNRPV @%s Fss xry FsRV DLiW yss xms
(ALRiV @LRiRV GsVgRiNRPV ALRiV ][V RLiRWV, HRV @LRiRV GsVgRiNRPV HRV ][ RLiRVV
Byj%sR LigS) By*.
sVW. 1. OUPQLiR RWszqsN][ %sNRPM NUPyLiR Li gSxM.
2. xqsLiR[zy xmsRy, xqsLixmsxmsOSQ, xqssVNRPOSQQ, sNUPLiR sWLiry, xqssVRR R][ ZNP[ a][ M.
y. 1. FyV ylgi[ GsVgRi zmssV ZNP[s Li NUPR N][xqsLi xmsVN]yysNTP FyV, xmsRgRiT sWRs[V ALRiLi
By*.
2. FsLRiVxmso NRPsRVRVsj, (sWLixqsLi [R ) NRPxmsTsj, FyLS+Q*V sVsgS GLRiTsj, so xqssVLigS Dsj,
sWLixqsLi NRPLiRLSV aRPLkiLRiLi @LiR xqssVLigS Dsk, sVWxmso xqssVRLigS Dsk, %dsxmso sVR sLixmso GLRiTsj
@s B%s GsVgRiVVVNRP a][ %sZaP[uyV.
a].[ a][ sZaP[s yRWsVLi RLi sVs Li R NSLRi[V`.
sVXgRixqsLiNUPLiR VLi R NRPLRixqs*QXsZaP[s y.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QOPR Q xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ GNRPLia][%yRVM
xxqsQR QORPQM, Aj][ j*xmsaRPM.
y. RLi, sVLiRLi, sVXgRiLi, sVXgSjxqsLiNUPLiR Li @LiVVs GsVgRiV[R , ys[ NRPs[ rsaRPLi[R
([xxqs*LRiWFys xms) ryLiyxxmsyjNRPLRi RVLiRV, aRPLRiyj VVRVsosV @sVxqsLjiLi yRWsVLi
[LiVVLiy. bPORPQ By*. ( RLi, sVLiRLi, sVXgRiLi @s[%sd , C sVWTLi xqsLiNUPLiR ORPQVs R sVLiRLi,
R sVXgRiLi sVVR\s%s
GsVgRiV[ s[LiR V s[LRiV RVV) ARW RV GsVgRiV xqs*LRiWxmsxqs* c yRVsV xms yNTP bPORPQ By*
@s @LiR Li.
""sLijs'' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ @R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ j*dRWj NRPLRiLi[
xxqsQR QORPVs gRiWLjis sVV\|ms# INRPs @yRVLi. FyLRiLi LisVLi RW\ lLiLiRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
157

@R y*Lia][%yRVM
@uyRy*LjiLiaRPLi xmsNRPLRisV c xxqsQR QOPR QM c xzqsxmsyLRiM
(Activity of elephants)
sVW. 1. NRPLRixqsyaRPy*LRiM c RsVM, ryLiysM, yaRP.
2. RR RsVM xms%sR M c xqss gRiRM, xqss VgiR RM, yLjigRiRM,
@yFyRgRiRM, RVWRgRiRZaP[. Rrxms%syL][ %sNRPNRPLRi.
3. ryLiyxMxqsxmsNTPRWxmsRM c DxmsrysLi, xqsLisLRi s sV, xqsLiRWsLi,
sysR M, xzqsR VVR Li, ygRiLSRVLi, ryLigS%sVNRPLi R. Rxqs
Dxms%syLRiM NRPOSQQNRPLRi \lgiQQs[R VNRPLRi RVWRNRPLRi R.

R.

4. KxmsyxM @xts Q%sR M c ARLRiM, NRPVL_xmsyxM, ]L[ iR M,


AysgRiNRPM, RVxtsvxmsyxM, ][][xmsyxM, aRPV]x[msyxM,
sWLSRVVNRPZaP[. Rrxms%syLRiM c aSLRiRNRPLRi, {sNRPLRi, yL][xts QNRPLRi

y.1. GsVgRiV[ y NRPLRisV xms RsVLi, ryLiyxLi, KxmsyxLi, yLi @s yVgRiV


RLRigRiRVVLiLiVV. bPORPQ Bs*Rgjisj RsVLi. RVVysNTP DxmsWgjiLiRRgjisj ryLiyxLi. yxyRVVgS
DxmsWgjiLiRRgjisj KxmsyxLi, zmss sW %ssNRPVLiy sVVLiTgS xmssLjiL i[j yLi.
2. xqsLiR gRiRLi (sVWxmso%dsVR sVsztsQ NRPWL]sysNTP @yV xmsR j), xqsLi gRiRLi (xqsLisNTP NRPysNTP @yV
xmsR j), yLji gRiRLi (gRisV Lij Li[ rysLi[ DLi[j ), @sFyRgRiRLi (GsVgRiVsV Lij LiRysNTP RRWLRiV
[zqss g][NTP @yV xmsR j), RVWR gRiRLi (sVLiR[ [lLi[j ) @s RsVLi HRV %syV. FyV ylgi[ GsVgRiV
zmsNRPV FsLi DxmsyLRiLi RW[ (ALSj%sysLi y*LS) @[ ksNTP NRPWy.
3. ryLiyxLi GRV %sy\s NRPLRiV [xqsVLij. (1) Dxms rysLi @sgS sVVLiRV @sRVysV ssVNRP
@sRVysV NRPRVxmsoRW sLigRiRLi [s RLi, R *V, sVLiRVRWs NRP V, sRV , y sVVR\sys
yRLi, (2) xqsLisLRi s Li, @sgS xmsLiRVN]sRLi NRPWL]sRLi, gkizqss lLi[sV, FsgRiVRVjgRiVRV xms[aSsV,
g][R VsV yRLi sVVR\sj, (3) xqsLiRWsLi, @sgS VVsogSsV, sLiNRPLRigSsV, g][s VWNSj ANSLS[s V
sVLiRNSLSRV[s V sRsRLi, (4) sy sR @sgS @aRP*LRiyRVsV U N]s sbPLixms[R VRLi, (5) aRPRV
gRi][ FLSRRLi, (6) sgRiLRi y*LSV, g][xmsoLSV sVVR\sys xmsRN]RLi (7) ryLigS%sVNRPLi
(RVVR LRiLigRiLi[ FysRLi) @s[%s C NRPLRiV, ksNTP NRPOSQQ NRPLRi @sgS sRVsVVNRPV NRPsyRVV gjiLiRRLi,
\lgiQQs[R VNRPLRi (sVRNRPV g]VxqsVV) sVVR\s%s RgRiRLi, RVWRNRPLRi (G GsVgRiV G GsVgRiV gRiVLixmso[
xqsVLigS DLiRgRiVRVLi][ A gRiVLixmso[ [LiR RLi) c B%s ryyxgRisNTP [R Vszqss DxmsyLRiV.
KxmsyxLi Fss%sVj %syV c (1)ARLRiLi (aRPLkiLRiLi xmspLRi*gSs sLiRRLi \|msNTP [xmsRLi, DRL iR NSRWs
sLiRRLi [xmsRLi @s[ %s%sR gRiRVsV @sLiLi[j ), (2) NRPVLiL_xmsyxLi (sVL]NRP GsVgRiV][ NRPzqs xmss
[}qsj), (3) ]L[ RiLi (INRP FyLRi+Q*Li [R s[ @s xmssVV [}qsj) (4) AysgRiNRPLi (lLiLiRV sVWRV %sy
gRiRV[ sRsgRigjisj) (5) RVxts vxmsyxLi (sWsVWV NRP][ ][[s[ xmss[}qsj) (6) ][][xmsyxLi
(sVVVNRP DxmsWgji}qss[ xmss[}qsj) (7) aRPV]x[msyxLi (RVzts Q][yRV @sxqsLRiLi [NPR VLiy
Fyyxmsn WyRV[R s[ xmss [}qsj) (8) sWLSRVVNRPLi (s[NTP s [ xmsVRV DxmsWgjiLi[j .

ksNTP Bs*szqss DxmsyLSV sVWRV c aSLRiRNRPLRi (gS sogS Ds yss ZNP[V [R VRLi, NTPs
yss }qsV [R VRLi, ANRP sVLiRgjiLisys ANRP |msLi[ DFyRWV [R VRLi, sWsVWVgS
Dsys ry*rys xmsLjiLRiOTPQLiRRLi C yLiNTP "aSLRiRNRPLRi' @s }msLRiV). {sNRPLRi (yRWsVLi [NPR VLiy
DsysNTP yRWsVLi Bs*RLi), yL][xts QNRPLRi (sWsyRV Bs xqsLisV xms xmss[}qs RLkiRV
Bs*RLi).
sVW. 1. y GNRPNTPRWxmsRM. Rrxms%syLRiM ARV\sVNRPLRiORPQM, NRPLRiaRPRM, @sLRiVR M, %sxtsQs VM, xmssM,
xmss%ssaRPRVM, sVR}RV %ssxRVaRP.
2. NTPRW%sxms[yM. aRPVR M xqsVsRM. %sxtsQs VM xqsLRi*][xtsQxmsRVxts QaPR .
3. [uyLi s [xmsNRPLRisVdsNRPxqs xmssWsV. As\lgiQQs[R VNRPOSQQ xmsLSRVxmsLjiZOP[QFRL SjNRPLi s ssV.
@VaRP#s[VRVyQjNRPsVVxmsNRPLRisV. \sRVdsQ OPR VLRixmssWxqsLiR NRPVyjNRPLi WxtsQsV. sLRi][s VLRiaRPLSyxms RV
yQjNRPM ryLigS%sVNSLiNSLRiM.
y. 1. ysNTP IZNP[ %sR \sVs NTPRWsWLiR Li DLiVLij. yss gRiWLjis Dxms%syLRiLi (%sZaP[xtsQ ORPQjNRPLi)
GsVsgSc @j ARV\sVNRPLRiORPQLi, yss LRiOTPQLiRysNTP IZNP[ sQQNPT s sRV%sVLiy. @sgS sVsVxtsvsV
sWLRiNRPWRRV. [y RLiRsxmspLRi*NRPLigSs[ yss LRiOTPQLiy. @j NRPLRiaRPLiNTPRLi (bPORPQNSLi[ zmssV [R VRV).
@sLRiVR Li (G xmssNUP DxmsWgjiLiRNRPFsRLi [R D}msOTPQLiRRgjisj). %sxtsQs VLi (xRVgS Bxts QLi ssV
[xqsVLij). xmssLi (sVRLi xqs%sLi[j ). xmss %ssaRPRVLi (sVRLis, ALSj ][xtsQLi s yNRPVLigS
Dsj). sVR }RV %ssaRPRVLi (FsxmsVRW sVRLi][s[ DLiVLij, A sVysNTP NSLRiLi G%sV[ RVRV).
158
2. ygRiLiVVNRP rysWs ORPQV c RVxtsQ\sVs NRPLRi[R
RWztsQR \sVsj yLi. y [ yV c aRPVR Li (xms s%sVj ][uyVLiU
FssLji\sy RLixmsysNTP sWRLi DxmsWgjixqsVLij). xqsVsRLi (xmsj}sV
][uyV DLiT ZNP[s Li %sxtsQs VLi sTzms}qs sRVxqsVLij). %sxtsQs VLi (aRPVy sNUP
xqsVsysNUP Ds ORPQ][ ][uy][ xmsn WRs yyNTP
DxmsWgjixqsVLij).
xqsLRi* ][xtsQ RVxts QLi (\|mss zmss sVV\|ms#sVWRV ][uyV, Rs
xms[NRPLigS DLi[ xmsLi]%sVj ][uyV Dsj). aRPVyRV ORPQV,
y ][uyV xzqs aSxqsQLi[ xmsyLiVV (gRi.aS.).
3. GsVgRiV LiR ysV gRiWLji, y%dsVR DLiRszqss DxmsNRPLRisV
(ryR ysV) gRiWLji gRi bPORPQ sxmsoVsVLiT VxqsVN]s A %sR LigS
RW. @yRVV LiR yV. AsLi = GsVgRiVsV NRP [ xqsLi Li.
\lgiQQs[R VLi=NRPLihSsNTP NRP [ @LiNSLSRVV. NRPOSQQ=sRVsVVsNRPV gjiLi[
NRPsyRVV, xmsLSRVL i= GsVgRiV\|msNTP FsNRPysNTP DxmsWgjiLi[ yRV. xmsLjiZOP[QxmsLii= FyyNRPV NRP [ FyaSRVV.
DRL iR Lii= lLiLiRs \lgiQQs[R WjNRPLi. @LiNRPVaRPLi, sRVLRiV NRP, RVLiRLi sVVR\s%s DxmsNRPLRiLi.
(ARVVygSLSR QORPQLi[ zmss FyLiyNRP sVVR\sj RVLiRLi), \sRVLi (gRixmsyNRP c s Liy), ORPVLRi

xmssW (sORPQ RsW), AxqsLiR Li (\|mss NRP}ms gRi AyR sLi) NRPVR (LRiLigRiV LRiLigRiV AxqsLiR Li) sVVR\ s%s
WxtsQLi, NRPsRLi, ][sVLRiLi, @LiVF~j, %s%sR RVLiyVc B%s RVVR xqssVRVLi[ s[}qs @LiNSLSV.
sVW. 1. NTPR=NSdsNRPryL][xNS]L[ iR xzqsxmsN_xmsyLjiNRP%syFyRNRP RWszqsNRPFyRFybPNRPNRPVLRiORPQN_xmsaSLiVVNSjM
KxmsryLiVVNRPsLiR M.
2. NTPR=NRP NRPVLRiORPQNPR %syFyRNSM xmsrRsLi }qsxxmsxqsXLi OSQLiR sWaRP j*xmsNRPLi xlLi[R VVM. RaRPxmsLi
sWLixqsrysR NTPR=ZNP[ M.
3. xmsjyj NRPLRisVRLSRFyyLi NTPR=NSM xmsNRPVLRiVM,
4. rysryaRPVj M, RVsxqsrygRixLi, xqs [ aSRVssV, @lgi[ xmnsWRM, xmsLSL][xsV, @NS[ RWssV,
@ Ws @dlLi [ @syLRiLi, RLRiVxtsQ B @RRVryys. RsV GuyLi NRP s[R y yRkR.
y. 1. \sRVRV, gRi bPOSQR V[ xms%dsVRV, GsVgRiV%dsVR FsZNP[yRV, A]L[ RiVRV (GsVgRiVNRPV xqsLiLij Lis
aSrQQ NPR % sxtsQR WV zqssyRV), gRiLRiORPQNPR VRV, GsVgRiVNRPV DxmsyLRiLi [}qsyRV, ALRiLi sLi[yRV, xmsRgRiT
[yRV, NS NRPV LiyV s[}qsyRV, gRiaSsV aRPV Li [xqsW LRiOTPQLi[yRV, GsVgRiV aS RgiR LRi
aRPRVsLi[yRVc %ds LiRLRiW KxmsryLiVVNRP sLSsNTP (gRixmsLjiyLRiNRPsLSsNTP) Lijsy .
159
2. NTPR=NRP c NRPVLRiORPQNPR c %syFyRNRPVV IN]NRPLRiV GsVgRiVNTP[
ALRiLi[s VLi INRP xmsxqs Li @sLi, INRP ylLiRV RsVVLRiV, lLiLi[zqs
xms OSQLiR sV dzqsN]ssRVsV. \sRVRV Rxms %sVgjis
yR LRiW xms[zqs xms sWLixqsLi NRPWy dzqsN]ssRVsV.
3. RWLRi xmsRWLi [R , yj [R , FsNRPVs xmss[RVRLi[R , sVRLi
[R , sVVxqsRsLi [R {msTLixmsTs GsVgRiVNRPV NTPR=NRPVV \ sRLi
RW.
4. GsVgRiVV DLi[ ryys aRPV Li [R VNRPFsRLi, xmsRgRiT
szmsLiRNRPFsRLi, AxqsLRi [s s[%dsVR xmsLiRVN]s|msRLi,
sVLRixqs Li[ N]RLi, GsVgRiVsV @j NSLRiLi [syRV FsNRPRLi,
xqssVRVLi NSs xqssVRVLi[ sTzmsLiRRLi, xqsLji\Vsj NSs s[%dsVR,
lLi[s o [s][ syRV[ jLixmsRLi, ][[ GsVgRiVsV
sRs[R VRLi c B%s Kxms ryLiVVNRP sLSsNTP Lijsy s RLiTLiRRgjis
xmssVV. A LSysV y Li ( NRPL i) sVLid RLisVLi N][xqsVN][y.
a].[ r dsLSyM NSLSaSRVLSxqsQXRVxqss xtsv,
WyyLi NRPXxts Qxqsds M }qsysM aRPVNRPxqsLij xtsv.
Rs s VWxmsLkixj*gRiVLi FQ NRP[V`.
@ [ R*QlLi [ skyLi xms [ xmsLRi*fNRPrysV.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QORPQ xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ y*Lia][%yRVM
xzqsxmsyLRiM, AjRM xmsaRPM.

y. GsVgRiV @sXj , ZOP[Qs VLi sVVR\syN]LRiNRPV yVlgi[zqs sWryNRPV INRPryLji sVWRV dsLSyV By*.
VVRVso xqsLiR V[ NRPWR dsLSyV By*. NRPXxts Q xmsORPQ xqsLij RVLiRV (@sWyxqsRVLiRV) WR {ms\ZNP
x[s WV [LiVVLiy. aRPVNPR xmsORPQ xqsLiR VRVLiRV (xmspLij sVRVLiRV) NRPVsWLRiry*%sV {ms\ZNP x[s WV
[LiVVLiy.
sk FyLiy[ xqsLiRLjiLi[ GsVgRiVNRPV lLiLiRVsLRi xqsLisR=LS N]NRPryLji, xmsLRi*y %dsVR xqsLiRLjiLi[yNTP
HRV xqsLisR=LS N]NRPryLji RLiRsVW so FsLiR DLiVLi][ ysNTP lLiLixmso F~Rso RLiRLi %sT|ms
%sVgjis RLiRgSs [ j Lixms[R W.
""sLijs'' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ @R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ lLiLiRs @j NRPLRiLi[
xzqsxmsyLRiLi @s[ sVV\|ms#lLiLiRs @yRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi RW\ sVWRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R RRVzqsQLia][%yRVM
GN][s xmsaRP` c xmsaRP` c GNRPxmsaRPR sVxmsNRPLRis. LRiyR QOPR QM,
xmsR R QOPR QM. }qsyxmsxmsyLRiM
(The Superintendent of chariots, The Superintendent of foot Soldiers, The Activity of the
Commandent of the Army)

sVW. 1. @aS*R QZOP[Q LRiyR QO][Q yRM.


2. xqs LRiRNRPLSys NSLRi[V`.
3. RaRPxmsoLRiVu y*RaSsL ][ LRiRM. Rry[NSsL SsLS AxtsQR sL Sj xqsxms LRiyM.
4. [s LRiR xmsoxtsQLRiR ryLigS%sVNRP FyLjiRWNRP xmsLRixmsoLSRWsNRP \ssLiVVNSLiaRP LRiys NSLRi[V`.
y. 1. @aS*R QORPVRV [R Vszqss xmssVsV LRiyR QOPR Vs xmssVV NRPWy %ssLjiLis .[
2. LRiyR QORPVRV LRiy NRPLSgSLSsV GLSV RW.
3. xmsj xmsoLRiVxtsv FsRV @sgS xmsj %sRxqsVV [y HRV xryV FsRV, xmssLiRV xmsoLRiVxtsvV @sgS ALRiV
xryV %sryLiR Li Dsj |msR LRiRLi. C LRiRLi NRPLi[ %sryLiR Li[ IN]NRP %sRzqs Rgij LiRVNRPVLiW ALRiV %sRxqsV
%sryLiR Li sLRiNRPW s gS, 11, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, %sRxqsV %sryLiR Li gRi ALRiV %syV, sVVR |msR LRiRLi c sVVRL i
GRV LRiNS LRiyV.
4. [s LRiyRV RRWLRiV [LiVVLiy. [s R xmssVsV ElLi[gij Lixmso N]LRiNRPV dzqsN]s s [ LRiRLi [s LRiRLi.
%syj sVLigRisxqsLS[ DxmsWgjiLi[j "xmsoxtsQ LRiRLi'. RVVR LRiLigRiLi[ DxmsWgjiLi[j "ryLigS%sVNRPLRiRLi'.
sWLiR Li[ xmsRWLiN][xqsLi DxmsWgjiLi[j "FyLjiRWNRPLRiRLi'. aRPRV xmsoLSsV sVVTLi[xmsVRV
DxmsWgjiLi[j "\ssLiVVNRPLi'.
sVW. 1. BxtsQ*xqsQxmsxLRisLRix[msNRPLRiNRPyM ryLRijLRijNRPLRiyyLi R NRPLRiry*WgRiLi %sRy`. ANRPLRi aRP
NRP s[R sLi XyysV XyyLi R WgSLRiOSQs VuyssVLiR sWsNRPLRi R.
2. G[s xmsRQ R QO][Q yRM. xqs s XRZaP[%sVy%sVy%ds yLi ryLRixmsn VyLi %sy`.
ssVQxqs xmsNSaRPNRPWsNSNSaRPjyLS RVVR yRWsVLi R %sy`. AWgRisVWgRiLi R NRPLRixqsV.

y. 1. V, R sxqsV=V, BRLRi ARVVyV, NRPsyV, BRLRi ryR yV c %ds GLSsV, ryLRiRVV,


LRijNRPVV, @aS*V B%s RsV RsV xmssV[ rysVLiR QLi][ gRiR*Li][ DLiRys LRiyR QOPR VRV VxqsVN][y.
zqs LRiLigS DLi[ XRVNRPV, INRP xmss @[V sLRiNRPV sWRs[V NRPVRLRiVN]s XRVNRPV xmssVV xmspLji @[VsLRiNRPV
ALRiLi, yV BxqsW, y NTP Rgjis bPORPQ, LRiORPQLi BxqsW, @j NRPLigS R sLi, B y RVR g_LRisLi][
xmssLjiL iy.
160
2. LRiyR QORPVs NRPLRi ysV xmsRLi[R NS LiV @R QORPVs
NRPLRi yV NRPWy zmss .[ xmsRQ R QORPVRV s \|qssLi
(sLiaRPNRPsWsVgRiRLigS sxqsWs zqs LRi\|qssLi) XR \|qssLi (RLi%dsVR
NRPVRLRiVN]s \|qssLi), ZaP[\|qssLi (sxmsRLi[ DLi[ ARVVR yLRiV
\|qssLi), %sVR\|qssLi, aRPRV\|qssLi, A%sNRP\|qssLi y[ G |\ qssLi
ryLRisLiRsW, Gj NS][ VxqsVNRPVLiW DLiy. ssV RVVR Li
sVVR\s @xts Q%sR RVVy bPORPQsV zqsN]s DLiy.
ssVRVVR Li = sVxms[aS[ [}qs RVVR Li. xmsNSaRPRVVR Li =
zLRiLigRiLigS [}qs RVVR Li, NRPWRVVR Li = NRPxmsRVVR Li, sNRPRVVR Li
= W%sV[ xqsVLRiLigSV R%s* @NRPTsVLiT [}qs RVVR Li, ANSaRPRVVR Li
= FyNSLSRV%dsVRsVLiT [}qs RVVR Li, jyLS RVVyV =
LSxmsgRiV [}qs RVVyV, NSLiV LiRLRiW RsV NRPLRiyV aRPR gS
sLRi*QQLij xqsVyLS [y @s[ %sxtsQR VLi VxqsVN][y.
sVW. 1. R[s }qsyxmsM xqsLRi*RVVR xmsxLRi%sy%sdsRM xxqsQ aRP*LRiRRLSxqsLixmsn VVxts QM RRVLRixqs xqs
@sVuysLi %sy`.
2. xqs* W%sVLi, RVVR NSLi, xmsRdsNRPsV, @s [ R ssV, sxqsLiysLi, xqsLixR [ R sLi, ssR Li,
RVLiR sR Li, RWyNSLi R xmsZaP[`.
y. 1. }qsyxms @s %sy\s RVVy[s V, ARVVR xmsWgS[s V, %sR[s V bPORPQ F~Lij,
gRic@aRP*cLRiy\|ms FsNTP RVVR Li [R VRLi[ xmszqsR V\ DLiy. @aRP*cgRicLRiRcxmsyLRiWxms\sVs \|qssLi VVNRP
xmss dLRiVsV gRiWLji, @aS*R QOSQR VV G %sxtsQR WV VxqsVN]s DLiL][ y ssLids VxqsVN]s DLiy.
2. Rs W%sV ([aPR Li), RVVysNTP Rgjis NSLi, aRPRV}qss, NRPzqs Ds aRPRV\|qsys RVLRiV [R VRLi,
R\lLi Ds Rs \|qsys xqs%dsVNRPLjiLiRRLi, xmsLRixqsLRi LRiORPQ N]LRiNRPV NRPzqs aRPRV}qsssV %sRg]RLi, @
%sRg]sys xqsLixLjiLiRRLi, RVLSsV sbPLixms[R VRLi, RVVR RWy NSLi c Bsds RWRVN][y.
a].[ RWLRiR *xmsyNSLRiW*QxxqsLiM xmsNRP[V`,
rys[ RWs[ xmsxLRi[ \|qsyyLi %ss[V LRiRM.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QOPR Q xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ RRVzqsQLia][%yRVM LRiyR QORPQM, xmsRQ R QORPQM,
}qsyxmsxmsyLRiaRP, AjRM RRVxtsQaRPM.

y. sRRLi %sxtsQR VLi[s V, sVVLiRVNRPV rygRiRLi %sxtsQR VLi[s V, aRPRVsosV ANRP%sVLiRRLi %sxtsQR VLi[s V,
RWLS[R , R *[R , sLiy[R aRPRVsoNRPV RVs, Rs \|qssNRPVNRPV sWRs[V zqss N]s
LRixxqsQ\sVs gRiVLRiVV GLRiLRi A gRiVLRiV %sxtsQR VLi[ Rs \|qssNRPVNRPV bPORPQ Bs*RLi[ aRPR RWFy. @sgS C
%sR \sVs yRLi sWgji}qs sVVLiRVNRPV rygRisR ds, C %sR LigS sWgji}qs sVVLiRVNRPV sRssVds, @[ %sR LigS C
Liy RWzms[ B [R Ws N]s LRixxqs xqsLiZNP[yV GLRiLRiy @s sLi.
""sLijs'' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ @R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[
LRiyR QORPQcxmsRQ R QORPQc }qsyxmsxmsyLSsV gRiWLjis sVV\|ms#sVWRs @yRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi RW\ys
@yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
161
@R RRVzqsQLia][%yRVM
j*xmsaRPQxmsaRPR s VxmsNRPLRi[ c sVVyR QOPR QM, %s%dsyR QOPR QM
(The Superintendent of passports, The Superintendent of
Pasture lands)

sVW. 1. sVVyR QOPR QM sVVyLi sWxtsQZNP[ Ry`.


2. xqssVV][ sxmsRLi xmss[xts vLi sxtsQQ%sVRVLi y [ R .
3. y*RaRPxmssV @sVV][ sxms][ Ry`. NRPWsVVyRWLi xmspLRi*M
ryxxqsRM. L][sxmsRxqs DR s VM.
4. %s%dsyR QO][Q sVVyLi xmsZaP[`.

(FyqsFLiR V) By*.

y. 1. sVVR @sgS LSgSLji {qsV [y gRiVLRiV Ds xmsRLi.


sVVyR QORPVRV INRP sWxtsQNPR Li (sWxtsQNPR Li INRP yLi) dzqsN]s sVVR

2. sVVR DsyRV sWRs[V sxmsRLi[ ([aPR Li[) xmss[bPLiRysNTP gSs \NRPV s ysNTP gSs %dsVLiVLij.
3. sVVR [NPR VLiy Ds sxmsRVRV xmssLiRV xmsV LjisWy Liy. NRPWsVVR (sWxqsLi [R VysNTP
xqsXzts QLis sVVR) RWzms[ xmspLRi*ryxxqs RLiRLi. sVL]NRP [aPR LiyRV sVVR [NPR VLiy xmss[bP}qs DR s V ryxxqs
RLiRLi.
4. %s%dsRLi @sgS xmsaRPVsoV s[VR s[V}qs xmsNRP RVV, %s%dsyR QORPVRV %s%dsRLi [sNTP xmss[bPLisys sR
sVVR Ds][ [][ xmsLkiOTPQLiy.
sVW. 1. gSsWsl Li[xtsv R %s%dsRLi ryxms[V`. ][LiR y RWssWLRis.
2. @sVRZNP[ NRPWxms}qsRV[ y=s ryxms[V`, xmsoxtsQxmsn yLiaRP.
3. V NRPaRP*gRisM xmsLjis[R VVLRiLRis. RxqsLS%sVygRis[V aRPRVs VaRPsVgSM NRPVLRiVM;
\ZaPsXOSQj LRiWy y bdPxmsn Vyxy y.

4. @%sVy%dsLRixqsLiyLRiLi R LS[ gRiXxNRPF\LRiVyRVVZNP^ Q Q L>SLRi [VRVVM, R WsWgjixmsLRiLixmsLRiRW y.


y. 1. gSsW sVR %s%dsRLi ryzmsLiy. xms[ Ds @LRisV ][LiR VsVLiT, NRPWLRisVXgS sVLiT
RVLi [NPR VLiy DLi[V a][j Liy.
2. DRNRPLi [s xms[aS[ sWRVV R%s*Liy. xmsyNTP }qsRVsoV NRPLi ds sVLiy. E soV
(DR=) R%s*Liy. xmsoxtsQcxmsn syV yLiy.
3. VNRPVV ([R V y ) NRPVNRPsV |msLi[y @LRi RVW LRiVgRiVRW DLiy. ]LigRiV, aRPRVsoV
ssxmsVRV y NTP xmsVRNRPVLiy N]LiRV V FsNTPgSs, bdPxmsn VLigS xmsLRiVlgi[ yxy%dsVR xmsRWxqsW
gSs aRPLiR *s, RVLiRV R *s RW.
4. sVVR Ds |msLixmsoRV FysoLS y*LS gSs, sLRixqsgS INRPys RLRiyR INRPgS R WsWgRiVsV LRigji gSs
LSNRPV aRPRVsoV @R%s[ xqsLiRLjixqsVs %sxtsQR VLi Fy.
a].[ Rsxzqss ysLi sLRi sd Li ][LRiLRiORPQsV,
ry*LSyxLi g][LiR ORPQ Li ssLRiLi R NSLRi[V`.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QORPQ xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ RRVzqsQLia][%yRVM
sVVyR QORPQM, %s%dsyR QORPQM, AjRM mx sxmsaRPM
y. %s%dsyR QORPVRV A RW sxqsVs oV Li[ @RsoV, gRisyV |msLisy NTP RLi By*. sWLRiLi xmssV
sxqsWV RW. ][LRiVsVLiT LRiORPQ NRPLiy. ryLSs (sLRiN PR V gRiVLixmsosV) RLigS yLiy. g][s o
LRiORPQ, ssLRiLi (sLRiN PR Li) RW. Bj NSLilgi [ zmss @LiR Li. gRixmsaSzqsQ zmss @LiR Li Rssy[s V,
xzqss y[s V A RW s[xmsWgji RyV xmsLiTLiy [y xqsLiFyjLiy.
N][NTP s [ yLji[ xmssV, ][LiR VsVLiT LRiOTPQLisLiRVNRPV, ry*LSsV RLigS yLisLiRVNRPV, g][s osV
LRiOTPQLisLiRVNRPV xmssV sxqsWV RW. ARW sy[ Li[ Ry NRPRV%sNRPRVssLRiLi RW.
"sLijs' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR yssVVsLiRV @R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ j*dRWj NRPLRiLi[
sVVyR QOPR Q c %s%dsyR QORPVsV gRiWLjis sVV\|ms#ys @yRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi RW\ \VRs @yRVLi
xqssWxmsLi.
@R xmsLia][%yRVM
RRVMxmsaRP`xmsxmsaRPR sVxmsNRPLRi[ c xqssWxLRiQ XxmsyLRiM gRiXxxms \s[xNRP yxmsssyM xmsR RVM
(The Activities of the administrator) gRiXxxqs V s[uy[s V, sLRiN PR V s[uy[s V, xqsLiyxqsV s[uy[s V
xqsLiRLjiLi[ gRiWR yLRiVV.
sVW. 1. xqssWxLS RRVLS sxmsRLi %s [xts Qs VR sVNRPsxts Q %slgi[s gSsWgRiLi, FyLjiLjiNRPsV,
ARVVk RVLi, ysxmsaRPVzLRiNRPVxms %szts QxmsNRPLRisV BRs[Vysj ss [V`.
2. RRQjxts QM xmsgS%dsVLi RaRPgS%dsVLi y g][xmsbPs [V`.

3. {qssWsL][ [ s gSsWgRiLi NRPXuyNRPXxts Qxqs ZNP[yLSLSsVxtsQ y ssyxqsV


\R[s gRiXx}qsRVs aRPaSsxqsRxmsFyxmsorys %s%dsRxmsjxqsLi s[s ZOP[Q ygRiLi, [s {qssWLi ZOP[Q yLi R
sVLSyLRixmsjxmssWxqsLixmsys %sNRPRWsVgRixxmsLjiLRisys NSLRi[V`. gRiXLi R NRPLRiyNRPLRiR
xqsLis[s .
162
sVW. 1. sVVyR QOPR QM sVVyLi sWxtsQZNP[ Ry`.
y. 1. xqssWxLRi sVVRL i sxmsys yVgRiV %sgSVgS [zqs
y[s sVVRL i gSsWsV gRiWLji C gSsWV ZaP[xts Q\sVs%s, B%s
sVR LRiNRP\sVs%s, B%s sVWRs LRiNRP\sVs%s @s %s Li xmsoxqsNPR Li[
yLiVVLiy. C gSsWsNTP xmssV Bs*NRPVLiy @sVsV
(%sVsLiVVLixmso) DLij, C gSsVLi BLiRsVLij RVVR V BxqsVLij.
C gSsVLisVLi ys LRiWxmsLi[s V, xmsaRPVso LRiWxmsLi[s V,
R sLRiWxmsLi[s V, @%dsxqsLixmsR LRiWxmsLi[s V, xmss[}qsy LRiWxmsLi[s V
BLiR xmssV xqsVLij, @s[ %sxtsQR VLi NRPWy xmsoxqsNS[ yLiVVLiy.
2. xqssWxLRi xmsLRis[OPR Q[ g][xmsoRV (lLi%ssW @j NSLji) HRV gSsW
%sxtsQR WV gSs, xmsj gSsW %sxtsQR WV gSs RWy.
3. sj, xmsLRi*RLi sVVR\sys gSsW xqsLjixR VsV xmssWs sLiR LiVVLiy. RVs[ W%sV, RVss
(rygRiV[[s) W%sV, ZNP[yLRiLi (ERV W%sV), DysLi, @LRi][V sVVR\s%s, yLi (LRiVNRPV][
sVVR\s%s), ssLi, yxqsVs o (B NRPs xms[aPR Li), \yV, (xms%sRryyV [y syV (NSLilgi )[
sVsXOSQV gRi.aS), [yRWV, AsNRPV, aRPaSyV, xqsyV (@sysaSV), FydsRV aSV,
xmsoryyV, xmsaRPVsoV s[V}qs d , sWLSV (L][R V) c %ds @sLiNUP xqsLiLij Lis %sxtsQR WV NRPWR
xmsoxqsNS[ yLiVVLiy.
%dss xms xqsLjixR V xmssWs, @LRi xmssWs, sWLS xmssWs, qx sLixmsyys (FssLRiV FssLjiNTP
Gj ByL][ yss), @sVNSsV, yyRVsV, VVV B NRPL<iR NSRV %sxtsQR VLi[ RWzmss
@sVgRids, xmsLjiLSs (%sVsLiVVLixmsosV) xmsoxqsNS[ yLiVVLi gRiR [R W. Fss B DyW,
y[ Fss xmssV ryW, Fss LiR[ c A %sxtsQR VLi NRPWy xmsoxqsNPR xqsLi [LiVVLiy (Bsds g][xmsoRV
[R Vszqss xmssVV).
sVW. 1. [xtsv R Gys` yRVLRi*LRiQsV, GyssMNRPL<iR NRPg][LiR ORPQNPR \s[x NSLRiVNRPLRiNRPLRiyryaRP; GysR
j*xmsRRRVxtsQRsV, BRLi R zLRi %sbPxts Q aRPVRLi xqssVVxts Qd .
2. NRPVyLi R {qsQxmsoLRiVuyLi R sXR NRPLRiRLjiysssRV xmsLjisWLi %sy`.
3. GsLi R sxmsRRRVLSgiR Li rysNRPM s [V`.
4. g][xmsrysNRPrys[xtsv xms[uyLRiM NSLRiNRPLRiLi gRixLi R NRPVLRiVM.

y. 1. A gRiX[ yVgRiV sLSNRPV Lijsy BLiRsVLij sszqsxqsVyLRiV; BLiR sVLij


ssryRVyLRiVV, g][LiR ORPQNPR VV, bPVV, NRPLRiNRPLRiVV, yxqsVV A gSsVLi[ DyLRiV. sVVRL i BLiRsVLij
sVsVxtsvV, Bs xmsaRPVsoV DyLiVV. C gSsVLisVLi BLiR R sLi, %sbPxts Q\sVs xmssV (xmsn VV
sVVR\sy[ B[ xmssV), BLiRsVLij \|qssNRPVV ryLiR V @s[ %sxtsQR WV xms gSsVLi %sxtsQR VLi[s V
xmsoxqsNPR Li[ yRW.
2 A RW NRPV[ (NRPVVLi[) FsLiRsVLij {qsQV, xmsoLRiVxtsvV, VV, sXR VV DyL][ y G G
xmssVV [ryL][, y sRsTNRP FsLi][, y sX G][, FsLiR LRiV |msRVRWLiL][ C %sxtsQR Wds
VxqsVN][y.
3. C %sR LigS sxmsRLi[s ys gSs gRiWLjis @s %sxtsQR WW rysNRPVRV (sxmsR RRVLiR gSj xms c
Divisional officer) VxqsVN]s DLiy.
4. xms[xts QV (@xmsLSR VsV RLiTLi[ @j NSLRiVVc yRVsVWLRiVV ) g][xmso VVNRP, rysNRPVVVNRP xmsys
NSLSRW[ RsV NRPLRi ysV sLRi*zxqsW FyR NUPsV () sxqsWV [xqsVLiy.
sVW. 1. xqssWxLRiQ XxmsjuyaRP gRiXxxmssyM [Vxtsv gSs[Vxtsv xmszyM [uyLi gSsWLi
ZOP[Q RcgRiXxcNRPVgRiLi %sRVM. sWsxqsLiyLi ZOP[Q y, g[ iR xmsLjiLSLi gRiX, sLiR NRPLRiLi NRPVs R.
[uyLi QgRisV, ARVsR R %sRVM. xmszqs ygRiyyLi R xmsyryyxqsNSLRisVsLSQyLi R {qsQ
xmsoLRiVuyLi yyLRixmsyLRiLi %sRVM.
y. xqssWxLRi [R xmsLixmsTs gRiXxxqs V s[uy[ Ds gRiWR yLRiVV G gSsWNRPV gRiWR yLRiVVgS
xmsLixmsyL][ A gSsW[ sVVRL i ssryRV W%sV FsLiR DLij, Fss B DyLiVV, Fss NRPVV
(NRPVVLiV) DyLiVV @s[ %sxtsQR WV VxqsVN][y. ssryRVLi [}qs W%sV FsLiR xmssWLi[ DLi][
yss FsLiR xmsLi xqsVLi][ VxqsVN][y.
gRiX %sxtsQR VLi[ c G gRiXsNTP FsLiR xmssV %sj LiRTLi][, [sNTP xmssV [][ VxqsVN][y. NRPV
%sxtsQR VLi[ G NRPVVLiLi G sLSsNTP Lijs][, Gj G xmss (sXgS) [xqsVLi][ VxqsVN][y. A NRPV[
sVVRL i FsLiRsVLij sVsVxtsvV, xmsaRPVsoV (Lixmsn WgRiLi = sVVRL i LigRisWV, sT[%s) DyW, y
ARVLi FsLi][, sRVLi FsLi][ VxqsVN][y.
gSsVLi sR sVL]NRP gSsWsNTP (syryLiR Li) RLRiss y , BRLRi
gSsWsVLi s C gSsVLi[ sszqsLi[ y , gSsVLi %sT s
Ljigji ss y @ [R VysNTP (xmsyxqsLi s ysNTP, Ljigji
LSsysNTP) NSLRiLi GsW VxqsVN][y. @sLSsNTP NSLRi WRV\s
yNRPV, NRPVV sVVR\s {qsQVVNRP, %sVV RLRiVV
sVVR\s xmsoLRiVxtsvVVNRP LSNRPFNRPsV, gRiWR yLRiV NSLRiNRPFysV
VxqsVN][y.
163
sVW. 1. GsLi \s[xNRPsyM xqs* W%sVyLi LSxmsyLi,
s}qsRVssNRPLSsQ ZOP[Q RyLi xmsLjisWsVLiR %sRVM.
xmsLRi W%sVyyLi yLjixqsxms][xmsRWyyLi ryLRixmsn VxmsyLi

NRPLRixqsV R. aRPVsLRi y yzNRPgRiVRLRi[R VgRixmsgSLRixmssWLi %sRVM.


2. GsLi xqssWxLRiQ XxmsjuyM yxmsxqssyM NRPL<RiNRPg][LRiORPQNPR \s[xNS ysV @R QOSQLi R afyafRLi %sRVM.
xmsoLS][LiR syaRP @s[ yzqssM \RRRVxtsQRaRPWsxms][R Fys
sksFysdLSRVRyaRPsWLRiQ\ZaPssgRixs[xtsv}qsy%sVRxms%dsLRixmsoLRiVuyLi R
xmss[aPR srysgRisVsxmsWysVxms L[ iR s.
y. 1. C %sR LigSs[ xqssWxLRi xmsLizmss sLRiN PR V s[xtsQLi[ Ds gRiWR yLRiVV W%sV[ (RsV LSLi[)
xmsLiTs LSxms xmsLjisWs, y LkiRVsV, gRisV[s V, }qsRVso[s V, sy[s V, NSLSgSLS[s V,
F~[s V xmsos (RRW\lLis xmsLiTs) xms xmssWds, y LkiRVsV VxqsVN][y.
xmsLRiLSuy[ xmso (RRW\lLi) sWLRi xqs sWLS y*LS ss ZaP[xts Q\sVs sxqsVs o VVNRP,
ryyLRisxqsVs o VVNRP NRPRV %sNRPRWsV VxqsVN][y. aRPVLi (xmssV) sLRi s (sWLiR Li xmssV), sLRiN RPV
xqsLRiVNRPV [LiR s[}qsxmsVRV NRPWy s LRiOTPQLisLiRVNRPV xmssV, gRiVLi (LS rysLi) RgiR LRi Bs*szqss
xmssV, xmsRs yysNTP xmssV (ZNP[s o) gSV, Li, xms gRiXsNTP Bs*szqss @ c%ds xmssWs (@sgS
%dss FsLiR R sLi sxqsVs ][) VxqsVN][y.
2 @ [ xqssWxLRi xmsLixmsgS xqsLiyxqsV s[uy[ ss gRiWR yLRiVV ssryRV yLRiV VVNRP, g][LiR ORPQNRPV
VVNRP, sLRiN PR V VVNRP ARW aSR QOPR V VVNRP afy afysV (R sLi %sxtsQR VLi[ sLiVVd][
DLiRRLi [NPR FsRLi @s[ %sxtsQR WsV) VxqsVN][y. xqssWxLRi VVNRP @Li[yxqsVV (RgRiLRigS DLi[
@LiRLRiLigjiNRPVV) FyR]LigRi s[uy][ (@sgS ysVV A FyLiy[ xmspLRi*Li y ryLRiV ]LigRiRyV
[aSsVds, RsVNRPV @NRPR @sVFysVds VxqsVsds xmsVN]s xmsLjiRRVLi GLRiLRiRVN]s) \y[s V,
RRVxtsQy[s V, saRPWsryy[s V, sWRVV LRiVsoV sVVR\sy RgiR LRi, sRV RgiR LRi, FyygSLS
RgiR LRi, lLi[s o sR , [yRW RgiR LRi, AaRPsVc@LRicxmsLRi*RcDyy[s V, xmss[bPLiRysNTP NRPxtsQ\sVs F~RV
sVVR\s%s Ds][ LRiVgRiVRW ]LigRiV, aRPRVsoV @j NRP%dsLRiV\s xmsoLRiVxtsvV sVVR\s y FsLiRVNRPV
sxqsVyL][ FsNRPR DLiVyL][ VxqsVN][y.
a].[ xqssWxLS sxmsRLi s [V[s sVVRM,
s [VRVVaRP xqsLiryryM xqsLiryaSyM xqs*WsRVM.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QOPR Q xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ xmsLia][%yRVM xqssWxLRiQ XxmsyLRiM gRiXxxms
\s[xNRPyxmsxqsssxmsR RVaRP, AjRM xtsQaRPM.
y. xqssWxLRi FsxmsVRV gRiLRiWNRPV\ sxmsys RWRVN][y. (\|mss zmss) A gRiWR yLji xqsLixqs V NRPWy
sxmsys RWRVN][y. BRLRi NSLRis GLRiLRiRTs BRLRi xqsLixqs V NRPWy sxmsysNTP xqsLiLij Lis
%sxtsQR WV RWRVN][y.
sLijs @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ @R QOPR Q xmsyLRiLi @s[ j*dRWj NRPLRiLi[
xqssWxLRiQ XxmsyLRiLi, gRiXxxms\s[xNRPyxmsxqssLisxmsR VV @s[ sVV\|ms#HRs @yRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLiT
RW\ ALRis @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R xtsQLia][%yRVM
xtsQaRPR s VLi xmsNRPLRisV c ygRiLjiNRPxmsj M
(Rules for City Superintendent)

sVW. 1. xqssWxLRiQ Xs` ygRiLjiN][ sgRiLRiLi s [V`. RaRPNRPVdLi g][xmsM; %sLiaRPNRPVdLi Ry*LjiLiaRPRVdLi y. xqs
RryLi {qsQxmsoLRiVuyLi g][RysVNRPLRiM QgRisWRVsR R %sy`.
2. GsLi RVLiR RRVLSgiR Li rysNRPM s [V`.
3. R LSsxqsjsLiiM FyxtsQ xmsjNSys[R yxqs[VRVVM. xqs*xmsRRWaRP Rxmszqs*sM a][RWLiaRP.
y. 1. xqssWxLRi sxmsRssLS ds RWRVN]sV ygRiLjiNRPVRV sgRiLSsNTP xqsLiLij Lis @s %sxtsQR WV
RWRVN][y. g][xmsoRV (|qsORPQs A{msn xqsL`i) xmsj [y BLRi\s [y s\ NRPVVLiV RWRVN][y. @RRV Rs
xmsLRis[OPR Q[ Ds NRPVVLi[ FsLiRsVLij {qsQ xmsoLRiVxtsvVyL][, y , }msLiR V, g][yV, y [}qs
xmssVV VxqsVN][y.
2. @ [ rysNRPVRV(T%ss ylLi s) RVLiR LiVVNRP ysgRiLi RWRVN][y.
3. R LRisxqsRVV (R LRi aSj NSLRiVV) ryLRiVVgS ss FyxtsQLiRVNRPV (FyaRPVxmsRaSNRPORPVNSRVNRPV)
sVVLiRVgS g][xmsosNTP zms @Rs @sVsV][ syxqsLi By*. RxmsxqsV= [xqsVN]s[y NRPV, s[yR RVsLi
[zqssy NRPV, ys[ xmsLkiOTPQLi, RsNRPV xqsLiRXzms NRPgji[ yxqsLi By*.
sVW. 1. NSLRiVbPsM xqs*NRPLRirys[xtsv xqs*sLi yxqs[VRVVM. \s[xNSaRP @[sLi xqs*NRPLRirys[xtsv
xmsysV[aPR NS%sZNP[yLRisV, @xqs*NRPLRiLi R ss[R [VRVVM.
2. afNRPFyNRP*sWLizqsN_RsNRPLRiWFyyM xmsLjiRsWyxqs[VRVVM.
@sRVNRPLSLiR sV @yzRNRPLSLi R ss[R [VRVVM.
164
3. NTPR=NRPM xmsRs QsxmsdNSLRiNSLRiLiVVyLRisV, @xmsRNSLjiLi R
gRiXxry*%dsV R ss[R g][xmsrysNRPWM sVVR[ @sy RV][xtsQM
ry`.
y. 1. s s xmssVV [}qsy (NSLRiV) bPVV RsV
sVsVxtsv RsV NRPLRi ryy[s[ sszqsLixms RW. sLRiN PR VV BRLRi
sLRiN PR VsV xmsLRixqsLRiLi RsV NRPLRi ryy[ sszqsLixmsRW. G xmsLi
@s[VyRV A xmsLi @s[Vyss[ DLiRVN][y @s[ sRVsVLi
[NPR VLiy G sLRiN PR Vs sR \sy INRP sLRiN PR V DLiRVN]ssRV @s sLi.
xmssV [aPR Li NSs [aPR Li[ NSLi NSs NSLi[ @s[Vyss, Rsj
NSs xqsLRiVNRPV @s[Vyss g][xmscrysNRPVNRPV RVxmsLS.

g][xmscrysNRPVNRPV RVxmsLS.

2. sVRLi @s[Vy , xmsNRP*sWLixqsLi @s[Vy , @sLi @s[Vy ,


s[aPR V RsVNRPV xmspLRi*xmsLjiRRVLi Dsyss[ RsV BLi[ DLiRVN][y.
@j NRPLigS LRiV |ms [ yss, ryxxqsNRPXyV [}qsyss

3. \sRVRV LRixxqsLigS sNTP NTPR= [LiVVLiRVN]s[ysds, BLi RVsWs @xmsRQ\sVs xmssVV (unsocial acts)
[}qs Rs BLi[ Dsysds g][xmsrysNRPVNRPV zmssLiVV[ y R RsVLiT %ssVVNRPVRLRiV. @ NSs
xmsORPQLi[ %ds NRPWy y ][ xqssWs][xtsQLi NRPy @soyLRiV.
sVW. 1. xmszqs ygRif R ss[R [V`. @sy LS][xtsQLi #[R . ZOP[Qs VLSxtsv xmsLi Ry`.
2. xmsjN][R jNSaRP zLRisa PR sgRiLRixqs [s gRiXxxmsorysss aRPaSs[xtsv xqsssV, @suxmsNRPLRisV,
Dy NRPXRsV, A%sgRisV, @ xqs*xmssV, @R *NSss V @xmspLRi*Li y gRiX{ RVVM.
3. GssV sl Li[ aRPWsss[aSs[aPR safN_RsNRP FyNRP*sWLizqsNRP RWRFyxtsQ y}qsxtsv %sRRVLi NRPVLRiVM
4. @gjiQxmsdNSLRiLi R gki}tsQ. sVR sVWLRixM RRVLSgiR WM @xts Q g][%gjiRM. zLRij aRPRVLi s NRPVLRiVM.
y. 1. gRiXxry*%sV Rs LiVVLi[s VLi Fss\lLiy \NRPV sy, s sy g][xmsrysNRPVNRPV Fy. @
xmsNRPF[ LS _LSxmsLSR Li G\y Ljigji[ @j %dssNTP NRPWy @LiVRVLij. @Li ][xtsQLi Gk
LRigRiNRPFLiVVy NRPWR y NTP xmssLiRVNRPV sVWRV xmsV LSy Liy.
2. xmsjNRPVV (sVsWLS[ Ljilgi[ gRiWR yLRiVV) DRjNRPVV (s sWLS[ Ljilgi[y ) sgRiLSsNTP \
[xms NRPWR [yRV c xms%sRrys c @LRi c aRPaSy[ NRPsTs gSRVxmsTsyss, DLiRNRPWRs
DxmsNRPLRiV Dsyss, |msR LRiVsoNTPLiR ygji Dsyss, NRPLigSLRiVxmsRVRVsyss, @gS
sRFRVsyss, RWLRixmsRWLi [zqs @zqss yss, N]R yss xmsVN][y.
165
3 B [ rydsRVLi[xms NRPWy s aRPWs rysLi[s V, As[aPR sLi[s V
(bP aS[s V), sVRLi, @sLi, xmsNRP* sWLixqsLi @s[Vy
syry[s V, RLRiV B [s V, NSFyNSjFyxtsQLiRV B [ s V
xqssRVsV sRNS.
4. gkixtsQLi[ FLRiVV @gjiQxmssWRLi LRigRiNRPVLiy RWRVN][y. xmsgRi
sVR sVsVV\s lLiLiRV @xts Qs VgS[ (@sgS xmsgRi NSs yVgRiV
gSV [R VgS lLiLiRV sVWRV RRVLiR gS[) @gji LRigRisysNTP
xmsLi[ Fss%sVRs sLiRV RLiRLi. RxmssxqsLji @LiVV[ A xqssVRVLi[
sLi BLi \ [xqsVN][y.
sVW. 1. FyRM xmsxmsn VysV, NRPVsV][ sMZaP[xmsLRiaRPVaRPWLS
VaRPNRPRgRixRXdyLi yNRPLRi[.
2. RXNRPRysxmss[V`. @gji%ss GNRPrys yxqs[V`.
xqs*gRiXxxmsy*lLi[xtsv gRiXxry*%sVsM s}qsRVVLRixqsLiFy[ LSf. LRiyxqsV NRPVsM xqsxxqsLi }tsQR VVM,
RRVxtsQRy*LRiLSxmsLjigRi}xtsv R.
y. 1. ds sLizmss HRV s NRPVLiRV, NRPVLi Li, |msR NRP], ss, g]R , [, @LiNRPVaRPLi, NRPxmsV%dsVR
Ds ANRPVV sVVR\s%s lgi[ ryR sLi (NRPRgRix) c %dss gRiXxxqs VV y*LRiLi sVVLiRV zqsR LigS DLiRNRPF[
FysoxmsLi RLiRLi.

2. ygRiLjiNRPVRV gRiT , yxmsV NRPzmss sxqsVs oV ]gjiLixmsRW. @gji][ %sLi[y sLiRLjids INRP ][
sszqsLixmsRW. LSRVLiRV gRiXxry*sVVLiRLRiW INRP ][ gRiV%sVNRPWRNRPVLiy RsV RsV B sVVLigji RgiR LRi
DLiy. %dsRV[ ds sLizmss sLiVVNRPVLiRV LRiV[ DLiy. yVgRiV %dsRV sVVgRi[s V,
sgRiLRiy*LSRV RgiR LRi, LSNRPV xqsLiLij Lis N][aSgSLRiNRPVFygSLSRV RgiR LRi NRPWy C %sR LigSs[ xmsn VxqsxxqsLi
DLiy.
sVW. 1. xmskxmss VsysRM gRiXxry*%sV[ y*RaRPxms[ RM. xtsQM @sNRPLiVVM. xmssWy` k}msxtsv
RRVxtsQaRPR[ RM.
2. FykzmsN][%gjiy sR M.
3. FyLixqsVy}qs LRiyRWsVxts Q g][ RM. xms[RNRPxqsLisL][ [ FyRM. LSsWlLi[ j*gRiVM.
4. xmsory[R NRPrys[s gRiXxLSxmsLjigRi}xtsv xms[ R L S %suyRM, sVW[xtsQ*LiR RM.
5. \ xtsQyj RVs%sVR s V @RM.
y. 1. G\y BLiNTP @gjiQxmssWRLi LjigjisxmsVRV @j ALRiysNTP s s @NRPR Ds gRiXxry*%sVNTP
xmssLiRV xmsV RLiRLi. @ BLi[ DLiVsysNTP ALRiV xmsV RLiRLi. @gRiR [R B @LiVNRPVLi[
@ @gRiRg S DsysNTP RW\ yVgRiV mx s RLiRLi.
2. FssLji BLi\ZNPy sxmsV @LiLisyss A sxmsV[s[ xmsRs[zqs NSs[R W.
3. %dsj[ WTR, R F}qs xmsLi[ Fss%sVRs sLiRV RLiRLi. VLRiR][ NRPWTs ds %dsj[ s[ V
[zqssLiVV[ FysoxmsLi RLiRLi. LSsWLiR Li[ WTR FRVRLi, VLRiR s[V [R VRLi c ksNTP \|mss
zmss ysNTP lLiLixmso RLiRLi.
4. xmso ryy[s V, DRNRPryy[s V, [s ygRiX RgiR LRi, LSgRiX RgiR LRi sV%sxqsLiR s [}qs IN]NRP
xmsLi |msLiRVNRPVLiW RLiRLi %sj Liy. @sgS xmsoryy[ INRP xmsLi, DRNRPryy[ lLiLiRV xmsV
Byj%sR LigS. sVWR%sxqsLRis [}qs zmss RLiy[ xqsgRiLi.
5. sVVLiRV dzqsN]sRLis, yj s, RVLis Bj Ljigji[ RLiTLiRNRPWRRV.
sVW. 1. sWLSaRP*sNRPVxqsLRi}msyyLi sgRiLRirysL iR VR=lLi [ xms[ RM. L][uyaRP*RLSaRP*xmsaRPV}msyyLi
xtsQM, sVsVxtsQ}msyyLi xmsaRPRM.
2. sWLiR %sxmsLS}qs aRPsy*LSRsRM aRPssLiR RVs[ xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM. y*MryyLi j*aRPRsV. aRPaSyRsR
y}qs Rxs[ R y*RaRPxms[ RM.
3. %sxtsQNRPsVV RV][LSRLi RWsVRWLRisV. RWLRiaRP# [ LS[ gRiXZaP[ xqsFyRxmssVORPQyRsLi
xmsRsVxmsbPsVRW%sVNRPsV, sVR sVRW%sVNRPLi j*gRiVsV. zaRPRVLiR VsV.
y. 1. zms, NRPVNRP, sVVLigjixqs, xqsLRiLic%ds sVXR[V sgRiLRisVR [ xmsRs[zqssysNTP sVWRV xmsV RLiRLi.
gSTR, ILi, NRPLiRLjigSTR, gRiVLi, AsoV sVVR\s BRLRixmsaRPVsoVc%ds sVXRaRPLkiLSsV xmsRs[zqss ysNTP ALRiV
xms RLiRLi. sVsVxtsQaRPsLi xmsRs[zqss ysNTP RW\ xms RLiRLi.

2. aRPysV dzqsN]s s szqss sWLiR Li NSNRP sVL][NPR sWLiR Li[ dzqsN]s sy, aRPsy*LRiLi NSNRP sVL]NRP y*LRiLi
sVLi dxqsVN]s sy xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi %sj Liy. y*LRiFyNRPVNTP lLiLiRV sLiR xms RLiRLi. aRPaSsLi
NSNRP sVL]NRP ][ aRPys szmsy, NSy xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi.
3. C RWsVLi[ LSFyryRLi RgiR LRi sxqsLiyLRiLi LRigRiNRPWRRV @s xqsWLi[ RWLRiLi RWsVRWLRiLi. LS
lLiLiRV sLiR Ds RWsW[s V, @sgS sVVR RWsVLi[s V ys RWsVLi[s V RWsVRWLRiLi
sWgjiLiy. @LiVV[ sVVR RWsVLi[ ALRiV gRiTRVV ys RLRiyR sLji RWsVLi[ BLiNS ALRiV
gRiTRVV DLiRgS sWgjiLiy. (%sxtsQNRPLi @sgS ALRiV yNRPV, gRiTRVV %sT|ms @s @LiR Li.
RWsVLi @sgS sVVc sVWRV gRiLiV). RWLRiaRPLi [zqss RLRiyR sVVR RWsVLi[s V sLji
RWsVLi[s V LSFyryRLi RgiR LRi xqsLiRLji}qs INRPLiFyso xmsV @xqssVRVxqsLiyLRiRLiRLi. lLiLiRV sVWRV
RWsW[ xqsLiRLji}qs lLiLiRVsLRi xmsV RLiRLi. LSFyryysNTP xqsLiLij Lis \ xms[aS[ xqsLiRLji}qs
ksNTP yVgRiV lLiV RLiRLi.
166
sVW. 1. aRPds[V [ZaP[ [ xmspLS*xmsys[ R gRiX{RsV @sVRVVs.
2. LSxmsLjigRix[xmsgRisVs[ sgRiLRiLRiOSQL][x[ R sVR sVM ryxxqsRM.
3. xqsWNSNTPR=NRP }msRxmskxmsRWsygRiLjiNRPRWLRi}msOSQgij s%sVRL i
sVVyaRP @gSM.
4. yLRiLSxtsv xmsRs %sxmsLkiRs[uyM xmssyM RaRPxqsQxryaPR
sVsVuyM ][xtsQ][ RM.
y. aRPLiNTPLiRszqss xms[aPR Li[ DsxmsVRV aRPLiNTPLiRRgjis gRiVLRiV][
(sVVxqsVgRiV s[xqsVN]sRLi, dsR[ sNTP sRRLi sVVR\s%s)
DsxmsVRV, xmspLRi* @xmsLSyV [zqssyRVgS }msLRiV DsxmsVRV,
xmsVTsyss ""BNRPR FsLiRVNRPV Dyso'' Byj %sR LigS
xmsbPLiy.
2. LSxqsLiLij DyyRV[ xmss[bPLiy, sgRiLRiLRiORPQN][xqsLi GLRiLRis FyNSLSRVV FsNTPy
sVR sVryxxqsRLiRLi %sj Liy.
3. {qsQ xmsxqs%sLis xqsLiRLRiLi[s V, \sRVsN]LRiNRPV, Fss\lLiy sVLRiLisxmsVRV, kxmsLi][s V, LiT][s V,
ygRiLjiNRPVs RWLRiLi sWgjisxmsVRV, yNSRVV RWRRLiN]LRiNRPV, @gjiQxmssWyRVV ssxmsVRV
xqsLiRLjiLi[y s, sVVR RgiR LRi DLiRVN]s xqsLiRLjiLi[y s xmsVN]sgRiWRRV.
4. }qs*RgS xqsLiRLjiLiRysNTP @sVsV Ds LSRV[ (DR=yjxqssVRW[) LRixxqss[uy[
Dsy ds, %sxmsLkiRs[uy[ (@sgS {qsQV xmsoLRiVxtsQs[xtsQLi[ xmsoLRiVxtsvV {qsQs[xtsQLi[) Dsy ds, Ljilgi[
xqsLiyxqsVd (ryR Vso s[xtsQLi[ Dsy ds) NRPW ARVVyV [[ Dsy ds xms y @xmsLSys
@sVxqsLjiLi RLiTLiy.

sVW. 1. LRiOTPQsVyLRiLi yLRiRVyLi, yLRiLi yyLRiRVysV @ORPQj*gRiV[ RM. zqsQRVLi


y{qssVj s[VxRVyLi xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM; @y{qsLi sVR sVM, NRPXysL][ysV DR s VM, NRPVzqsQRVLi sR M.
2. [R y[R sNRPLi LS][xtsQs VaRPLixqsRM ygRiLjiNRPxqs ][uysVLRiWxmsM RM, xmssWRrys[ R.
3. sRsVVRNRPryssWLiR W%sVRs xmsRsxmsFyNSLRiLRiOSQs[OPR QLi sxts QxmsxqsQXyyLi R LRiORPQsV.
4. s ygSlLi[ R sXR yj yyyyLi RsORPQ RFLiR sW{qsxtsv %sxqsLiR M. xmsobdPM xqssVRWsVy y
][xtsQsxtsQQRVLi RRVM.
y. 1. LRiORPQNPR VV syLjiLiRRgRisyss syLjiLiy, syLjiLiRRgjis yss syLjiLiRNRPFLiVVy y NTP
@ORPQRLiysNTP lLiLixmso RLiRLi. (xqssVRVLi NSs xqssVRVLi[ xqsLiLjiLisLiRVNRPV %sj Li[ RLiRLi
""@ORPQRLiRLi''. ssVNRP xmsTs INRPLiFyso xms RLiRLi. ysNTP lLiLixmso lLiLiRVsLRi xmsV). yzqs\Vs
{qsQs RLjiLi sWs LigRiLi [zqss LS VNRPV xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi %sj Liy. yzqs NSs {qsQs
RLji}qs sVR sVryxxqsRLiRLi. INRP xmsoLRiVxtsvs][ sbPRLigS Ds {qsQs RLji}qs DR s Vryxxqs RLiRLi.
NRPV{qsQs RLjiLisysNTP sVLRiRLiRLi.
2. LRiORPQNPR VRV LSRVLiRV xqs[R ssNRPVs gSs, @[R ssxqsVso sgSs Ljigjis ][uys ygRiLjiNRPVsNTP
xmsNRPFLiVVy, Rs NRPLRi s Li[ GsVLjiFyV][ Dy A ][uysNTP RLiRLi %sj Liy.
3. sRVV, sWRVV, LRiVsoV sVVR\s DRNRPryysV, sWLSsV, xmsyxryysV, LRixxqssWLSsV
(xqsVLRiLigSV), FyNSLRiLi sVWgSs (sxmsLi), FyNSLSs LRiOTPQLi[ GLSsV ygRiLjiNRPVRV sRsVW xmsLRis[OPT QxqsW
DLiy. sxts Q\sVs (ry*%sV ArysysLigS DLiRRLi[R FLiVVs), sVLRi %sTs[zqss, RzmsLiRVN]s FLiVVs
(xmsaRPVsoV sVVR\s%s) sxqsVs osV NRPWy ygRiLjiNRPVRV LRiOTPQLi ry*%sVNTP @LiR[R W.
4. NSLSgSLRiLi[ R V\ Ds V, sXR Vd, yj gRixqsVd , @yRVd LSgSLji
ssORPQ ][R =sxqssVRW[s V, FLiR sWxqsVRVLiRV %sT|mss[R W. DR s Vxqs*sLi gRiyLRiV gSs,
""BRRV sVd BLi @xmsLSR Li [R VNRPVLiy s[s V RWRVNRPVLisV'' @s %dsV B[yLRiV (xqssVRWsVy M)
gSs NSLSgSLRiLisVLi %sRszqssy @xmsLSysNTP sxtsQQRVLi (%dsVsV) By*.
a].[ js}qs xmsLS[ y s srys %sa][R [V`,
NRPLRi NSRVR [ s zLRisVgRi} y.
y. xmsL][, [y HRV L][ N]NRPryLji \ZNPk[R xmss [LiVVLi gSs, V N]Li gSs,
y RgiR LRisVLiT R sLi dzqsN]s gSs y [zqss @xmsLSR Li Rlgi [ V RW.
a].[ @xmspLRi*[aSj gRis[V RVVsLS}tsQR s[,
xmsoRss y sWO][Q s sxqs %sk RV[.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ @R QOPR Q xmsylLi[ j*dRWj NRPLRi[ xtsQQ Lia][%yRVM
ygRiLjiNRPxmsj M; AjRM xqsxmsxmsaRPM.
Gysy N_dRWLiR aSxqsQxqs @R QORPQ xmsyL][ j*dRVsVj NRPLRiLi xqssWxmsLi.

y. N]R [aPR Li LiVVLisxmsVRV, RVVsLSNRPV @}tsQNPR Li [zqssxmsVRV, xmsoRVRV sLisxmsVRV LS


\ZNPksV %sT|ms.
""sLijs'' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ @R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ lLiLiRs @j NRPLRiLi[
ygRiLjiNRPxmsj @s[ sVV\|ms#ALRis @yRVLi, FyLRiLiLisVLi RW\ GRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi. ks][
N_dRWLiR aSxqsQLi[s @R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ lLiLiRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
R LRi{qs RVLi c RXdRVsVj NRPLRisV
xmsRsW%yRVM.
xqsxmsxmsaRP, @xts QxmsZaP[ xmsNRPLRi[ c ssLRiryxmsy, %syRxmsRss M
(R LRi{qsRVLi = yRWj NSLRiVsV gRiWLjisj (Concerning Judges) ssLRiryxmss = Gj xqsLji\Vs
ssLRisW, Gj NS][ sLiR LiVVLiRRLi (Determination of valid and invalid transactions). %syRxmsRs
LiR Li = %syysV yRVryysNTP dzqsN]ss RLi (Filling of Law-suits).
sVW. 1. R LRiryM RRVxqsQW%sWyM sxmsRxqsLijxqsLigRix ][sVVryds[Vxtsv ysLjiNRPsLSs NRPVLRiVM.
2. LjizysL iR gSLRisNSLiR [ xmsR Vxmsx*LRiNRPXyLiaRP ssLSs xms}tsQR [VRVVM. NRPLRiVM NSLRiLiVVRVaRP xmspLRi*M
ryxxqsRM. a][R Ys[V\ZNPNRPLi xms @LiR RM. aRP [ R WyLi RV RssxmssRVM
3. xmsL][ZOP[Qj NRPLiR QgRixsV @sNRPs NRPLS yL][zyM zqs [ RVVM.
4. yRVsZOP[QFxmssj %syxxqsLiRVVNSM {qsQsVsuyzqsdsyLi yj yyLi R @sVWR xqsLiysV
@sL SgSLRiNRPXyM zqs [ R VVM.
y. 1. R LRixqs V\s (yRWj NSLRiV\s sVVgiR VLRiV @sWRVV NRPzqs sxmsRxqsLij (@sgS xqsLjixR V[s
@LiRFyRVLiR Li), [s V, xqsLigRixLi (xmsjgSsW xmsyyj uysLi) (Head quarters)[s V, ][sVVLi
(yVgRiV sLiR gSsW xmsyyj uysLi)[s V, rydsRVLi (Fss%sVj sLiR gSsW xmsyyj uysLi)[s V
ARW ssLSNRPV (Litigations) xqsLiLij Lis %sxtsQR WV RWy.
167
y. N]R [aPR Li LiVVLisxmsVRV, RVVsLSNRPV @}tsQNPR Li
[zqssxmsVRV, xmsoRVRV sLisxmsVRV LS \ZNPksV %sT|ms.
""sLijs'' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[
@R QORPQ xmsyLRiLi @s[ lLiLiRs @j NRPLRiLi[ ygRiLjiNRPxmsj @s[
sVV\|ms#ALRis @yRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi RW\ GRs @yRVLi
xqssWxmsLi.
ks][ N_dRWLiR aSxqsQLi[s @R QOPR Q xmsyLRiLi @s[ lLiLiRs @yRVLi
xqssWxmsLi.

R LRi{qs RVLi c RXdRVsVj NRPLRisV


xmsRsW%yRVM
xqsxmsxmsaRP, @xts QxmsZaP[ xmsNRPLRi[ c ssLRiryxmsy, %syRxmsRss M
(R LRi{qsRVLi = yRWj NSLRiVsV gRiWLjisj (Concerning Judges) ssLRiryxmss = Gj xqsLji\Vs
ssLRisW, Gj NS][ sLiR LiVVLiRRLi (Determination of valid and invalid transactions). %syRxmsRs
LiR Li = %syysV yRVryysNTP dzqsN]ss RLi (Filling of Law-suits).
sVW. 1. R LRiryM RRVxqsQW%sWyM sxmsRxqsLijxqsLigRix ][sVVryds[Vxtsv ysLjiNRPsLSs NRPVLRiVM.
2. LjizysL iR gSLRisNSLiR [ xmsR Vxmsx*LRiNRPXyLiaRP ssLSs xms}tsQR [VRVVM. NRPLRiVM NSLRiLiVVRVaRP xmspLRi*M
ryxxqsRM. a][R Ys[V\ZNPNRPLi xms @LiR RM. aRP [ R WyLi RV RssxmssRVM
3. xmsL][ZOP[Qj NRPLiR QgRixsV @sNRPs NRPLS yL][zyM zqs [ RVVM.
4. yRVsZOP[QFxmssj %syxxqsLiRVVNSM {qsQsVsuyzqsdsyLi yj yyLi R @sVWR xqsLiysV
@sL SgSLRiNRPXyM zqs [ R VVM.
y. 1. R LRixqs V\s (yRWj NSLRiV\s sVVgiR VLRiV @sWRVV NRPzqs sxmsRxqsLij (@sgS xqsLjixR V[s
@LiRFyRVLiR Li), [s V, xqsLigRixLi (xmsjgSsW xmsyyj uysLi) (Head quarters)[s V, ][sVVLi
(yVgRiV sLiR gSsW xmsyyj uysLi)[s V, rydsRVLi (Fss%sVj sLiR gSsW xmsyyj uysLi)[s V A
RW ssLSNRPV (Litigations) xqsLiLij Lis %sxtsQR WV RWy.
168
2. xqsLiLij Lis sVsztsQ [s xqssVRVLi[s V (L][zRc in absence),
BLi[xms, LSRVLiRV, @LRiLi[s V [R VTs%s
sLiRyxmspLRi*NRPLigS [R VTs%s, sVW][ysNTP RVNRPVLiy BR Lji
sVR sWRs[V Ljigjis%s @LiVVs ssLSV (Transactions)
ss s}tsQj Liy.
L][zRLi ry*%sVc[aPR cNScNTPRWc Ryj [ y[R @s[NPR %sR \sVsj.
ry*%sV @sV [NPR VLiy Bs R yjNRPLi ry*%sVL][zRLi. ryORPVV
[NPR VLiy FsNRP][ Ljigjisj [aPR L][zRLi. y NSLi FyV
D}msOTPQR \sVs VVjNRPLi NSL][zRLi. xmssWxmsRLi (Fy%sVxqsLki
[V) FsNRP][ DLi VVs dLRisVs @RgRiRLi NTPRWL][zRLi.
j*FyRcRRVuyyRVsV FsRV RWxmsNRPVLiy ssxLjiLiRRLi
RsL][zRLi (gRi.aS.). BLi ssLRiLi LjizmssysNUP
LjizmsLisysNUP NRPWR xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi %sj Liy. ryORPVNRPV
IN]NRPLjiNTP xqsgRiLi xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi, BLi ssLRiLi Ljizmssy ssVNRPxqsVQ\[ A R sLi sWRLi
dzqss[xqsVN]y. RLiRLi DLiRRV.

2. G\y INRP sxqsVs o @NRPR [NPR FLiVVy yss yNRPV |ms dzqsN]s VVV, @NRPR DLi[ AyLSs xms
][xtsQLi [s%sgS %sLiR[ L][zRssLSV VyLiVV.
3. yRV%sgRiLi, (Azqs xmsLixmsNSV), yRysNTP sxqsVs oV Bs*RLi (sZOP[QxmsLi), [xms GsVVyW RWxmsNRPVLiy
{qsV s[zqs N]s sxqsVsoV sVL]NRPLji RgRiLRi DLiRRLi (Dxmssj ), %syxxqsLiLiR \sVs ssLSV, \NRPV s s
{qsQNRPV xqsLiLij Lis ssLSV, xqsQX Rxmss yj gRixqsV ssLSV BLi sVR Ljigjiy @%s
VyLiVV.
sVW. 1. ryxrysVxmss[aPR NRPx%syxLSsWgRiRVVNSM xmspLRi* LSRssLjiLi R LSNRPXyM zqs [ RVVM.
2. ryLiR QsaRPsVyR yLRisV [ xtsQ*LRiRLSsVLRiNRPXyM zqs [ RVVM.
3. gRiWy%sxtsv R Dxmsj NRPXyM zqs [ RVVM.
4. %sVRMxqssVy[V R Dxmsx*LRiNRPXyM zqs [ RVVM.
5. @][%sy s zqs [ RVVM @FyaRPRVsjaPR NRPXyM, zmsRXsVy xmso[, zmsy xmsoRsy, sxtsv[s y,
NRPs}tsQy%s NSLiZaP[s , xmssVy xmsoRsy R zqsQRW, yryzRNSsV, @FyFyd RssLSsV,
@aRPxqsxmssRssxqssaRP @sR sxqsXxts QsslLi[ M.
y. 1. ryxxqsRVVNRP s VW (yLRiLigS gjiN]sRLi sVVR\s xmsR RV[ LRixmsTsj), BRLRiV B [
xmss[bPLi [R VTsj, NRPxRVVNRPL i, (NRPzLi [zqss ssLRiLi), %syxxqsLiLiR \sVs ssLRiLi,
LSs Ljigjisk, LS xmspLRi*gRiLi[ ssxLjiLi[ s[aPR V, NRPV RVNSy sVVR\sy ssLRiLi
c B%s LSRVRVLiRV Ljigjiy VyLiVV. @Li ssLSsV ss N] s[R VNRPWRRV.
2 sLRiN PR V xqssVVyRWV, g][FyNSRVV, AaRPsVyxqsVV, [R Vy (A%sNRPVV), yLRiVV (gSLRiUy
sVVR\sy ), ssRLRiVVc%ds sVR Ljigjis ssLSV @LRi[ Ljigjiy NRPWR VyLiVV.
3. gRiWR \sVs AsNRP NRPy (sNTPd LigSLRiLi, sNTPd yV sVVR\sy][ ssxLjiLi[y ) [zqss
(sWxqsLi][ [zqss) ssLSV VyLiVV. @sgS ys yRWj NSLRiVV %syLRiNRPV [xms.
4. {qsQxmsoLRiVxtsvV LRixxqsLigS [xqsVN]s gSLiR LRi*%syRVV VyLiVV.
5. \|mss zmss @syRVV (exceptions) Rxms %sVgjis L][zyjssLSV so. ys
%syLjiLiRszqss xmss [R V. @xqs*RLiRVV, RLiT Ds NRPVsWLRiVRV, NRPVsWLRiVRVs RLiT, NRPVVLiLisVLi
\NRPV sFLiVVs rRLRiVRV, Azqs xmsLiRVN]ss syRV (s rRLRiVRV), LRi, xmsoRVRV Ds {qsQ,
yxqsVRV, yNRPV y*LS xmss [}qsyRV, Fyxmss sLRiVRV NSsyRV @sgS \sVyLik dLRisyRV,
ssLRisRVxqsV= yFLiVVsyRV @sgS \QG sRVxqsV= ysyRV (gRi.aS) xmsLiRVsVVRVxqs\V
ssxLjiLiRs zqs [ DsyRV (NSLilgi)[ sVFyRNSV [zqs ss[R VTsyRV, xqsLiyxqsLi
dxqsVN]syRV, sVWgRi, sVVRW sVVR\s ][uyVsyRV, sVRFyyjsxqsyVsyRV dzqsN]sss
ssLSV NRPWR so. @LiVV[ %ds[ xms[NRPLigS @sVsV F~Lij [zqss ssLSV VyLiVV. @sgS
RLiT NRPVsWLRiVsNTP, NRPVsWLRiVRV RLiTNTP, LRiQ XxmsoRVV {qsQNTP Byj%sR LigS @sVsV (Power of attorny) B}qs
VyLiVV.

sVW. 1. Ryzms NRPV [ ylLi[ s , sV[ s , Ds[ s , @sgRiX{[s y NRPXy ssLSM s zqs [ RVVM.
NRPLRiQ XNSLRiLiVVRXa][R YLi xmsXRgRi][NSM RM.
2. }qs* }qs* RV slLi [ [ZaP[ NS[ R xqs*NRPLRiNRPXyM xqsLixmspLSyLSM aRPVR [aSM RXxts QLiR WxmsORPQxmssWgRiVM
xqsLRi*ssLSM zqs [ RVVM.
3. xmsbPsVLi \uyLi NRPLRisW[aSj sLiR Li aRP [ R VsV.
y. 1. @LiVV[ c @sxqsXxts Qs sLRiV[ NRPWR N][xmsLi][ DsyRV, sVRV[ DsyRV, DsRVR V, BRLRiV
@k sLi[ DsyRV [zqss ssLSV so. @Liy ssLRiLi dzqsN]ss sxmsVRV
[zqssy s, [LiVVLisy s, ryORPVsW s[LiR Vs[LiR VgS ssVNRP zmssV RLiTLiy.
169
2. xqssWLi[s A RW sLSNRPV Lijsy Rgjis xms[aPR Li[, Rgjis
NSLi[, RsVNRPV Ds xNRPVxmsNSLRiLi (xqs*NRPLRi) [zqss, xmspLji
sRVsWsVxqsLRiLi gRi (xqsLixmspLRiyLSM c done with all formalities
duly observed), ][xtsQLi [s ryOSQQjxmssWLi gRi (aRPVR [aSM c With
admissible evidence), RWRTs xqs*LRiWFyV, ORPQV,
xmssWV (LRiVso FsRV sVVR\s%s) Vxmso sVxmso sVVR\ s
gRiVV gRi xqssVxqss sLSV NRPWR VyLiVV.
3. C ssLS[ lLiLiRV NRPLRiV (yxqsVN]s xmsyV c
documents) DsxmsVRV sLjiyss ssW. @LiVV[ A[aPR Li (INRP
sxqsVs osV N]sRLi y*LS gSs, ysLigS gSs RsjgS [xqsVN][s RLi
A[aPR Li), yNRPVcC lLiLiTLi %sxtsQR VLi[ sVVR NRPLRis[V xmssWLi.
sVW. 1. xqsLisR=LRisV, VVRVLi, sWxqsLi, jsxqsLi, NRPLRisV, @j NRPLRisV,
VVLi s[R NSs[R NRPWM NRPXRssVLSsxqs WM
[aPR gSsVg][RysVNRPLS y yjxmsyjxmsaSs @LSsV xmspLS*Q ss[aPR #[V`, s%suyLiaRP
@s[ZOP[QR .
2. sR Li FyRsVVR=QX @sLi FyRLi xqsLiNSsV. xmspL][*Q NPR L i xmsbPsWlLi [ s yxqsLiR[.
xmsLRiyNRPsVsgSxsVgSx @sxts Q[. xmsRV [aPR Li sLjiZaP[R VQQZNP[ s sLij aRP. {s[aPR sV[aPR Li y sLij aRP.
sLij Quy RsLi [aPR sVVxmsryxmsRV, Dxmszqs [ @LiR sRs[ \sssV BRxmssRV[. ryOTPQ LRisR XRLi s[R .
@xqsLi}tsQ [ZaP[ ryOTPQ M %sVRM xqsLixtsQ[ B xmsL][NPR }RsM.
y. 1. Fss\lLiy @WgRiLi][ (ZNP[xqsV |msysNTP) yRVryysNTP ssxmsVRV @NRPR Ds [NRPVRV
NRPcaRPNSjsL<iR Li, sWxqsLi, xmsORPQLi, jsxqsLi (j), scs sVVR\sNRPLRiLi(gRi.aS) NSLRirysLi Office (NSLilgi )[
@j NRPLRiLi (rydsRVLi, ][sVVLi sVVR\sj) VVLi, VVLi BsyRV dxqsVN]syRV @s
sLiR LiVVLiRTs (NRPXRxqssVLSsxqs WM) s[R NRPVsVVNRP (yjVVNRP) @s[R NRPVsVVNRP (xmsyjVVNRP)
[aPR cgSsVccg][RcysV sXRVV yzqs yjxmsyRV xmsaRPsV (xqssWyysV) @LiR QNRPsVLi[ yRW.
@ yzqss%s xqsLjigS DyRW [y @s sVd RWRVN][y. [y yRWj NSLji xmsLjibdPLiy.

2. @WgRiLi[ JTFsysNTP }RVsosV xmsoRVyRV c yj sVVLiRV yLiVVLis %sxtsQR VLi %sT|ms


sVL]NRP %sxtsQR VLi[sNTP sRyRV. sVVLiRV zmssyss RLRiyR zmssys[R xqssVLij LiRRV, (sVVLiRV INRP
RLRiyR sVL]NRP xmsoyRV). RWztsQLiRRgRis xmsyj zmss sWV RWztsQLi @LiRV[ G%sV ][xtsQLi DLij
@s @Tgji[ ssLigS DLiTFyRV. [aSs @sgS ryORPVsV xms [zqs @sgS yNRPV
sVVgiR VLRiV ryORPVVyLRiV @s zms, y sL][ xmssVLi[ xmsRV (gRi.aS.) INRP %sxtsQR VLi gRigS zms
ryOSQQyLSV RWxmssVLi[ RWxmsRV. sVVgiR VLRiV ryORPV RWxmsoyss zms INRPss[ RWxmsoyRV. ryORPVVgS
DLiRNRPWRs RgiR LRiLiR Vso ryORPVVgS RWxmsoyRV. (gRi.aS) Li [s ryOSQQyLRiLi ([aPR Li = Evidence
RWxmsoyRV; [y RxmsVRV ryOSQQyLRiLigS (False evidence gS) RWxmsoyRV (NSLilgi )[ . sVVLiRV zmss ryOTPQs
NSNRP sVL]NRP ryOTPQs dxqsVN]ssryR V (gRi.aS) sVVLiRV RWxmsoyss ryOSQQyLSsNTP RVV sVL]NRP RWzmsryR V
(NSLilgi )[ . ss ryOTPQ %sxtsQR VLi [xmsoRWLiRgS @j @ NSRV @s sLSNRPLjiryR V (gRi.aS.) ryOSQQyLRiLi
(Evidence) RWzmssxmsVRV @j xqsLji\Vsj NSRV @s @LiRV. ryORPVV zmssyss IxmsVN]sRV. ryORPV][
sWRNRPWRs xms[aPR Li[ y ][ sWRyRVc Bsds xmsL][NPR } RVsoV @sgS @WgRiLi[ xmsLSRVLi
(xmsL][NPR ) LiRysNTP }RVsoV.
sVW. 1. xmsL][NPR s M xmss M, xqs*RVLiyjRM RaRPs M. xmsoLRiVxtsQ XLRiuyLiaRPM, xmsj NRP s VLiR %sZaP[xtsQR M, RRV RVLi
sRVsW Ry`.
2. @RVVN][ s xmsRRVVR, @sR NRPxryxryLiR xqssV y[V M. s yRVVZNP[ @Wg][%zqs.
3. @WNS[` xmsRVQQNPR M RRxlLi[s s xmsWRW`, xmsL][NPR M ry`. NRPXRNSLRi%ssaRPW xWNS,
yRVVNRPM.
4. RryxmsVsRM LSRLi xqsxmsLSR%sV. @R ELiR Q*Li xmssLSLiR QLi y*RaRPxmsxmsLRiLi RLi NRPVLS`.
xmsOSQR WLiR Q*sV @xmsVsRM xmsL][NPR R Li NRPXy RWsxqs Ry xqsVM R][%WNSLiR Li xmsFyR[V`
@sRsXRVQxmsNRPLRi[ M. R[s sxtsQRRM @RVVNRPxqs NRPVLS`. @WNRPVM suyRxqssVNSM xmsL][NPR sM.
}msRxqs sxqss[ y ryOTPQs RyM ryLRisV. @WNS RLi RyQ* NRPLRi NSLRi[V`. Aj Li y xqs NSsVLi
xmss[aPR #[V`. LRiO][Qxmsn VLRiOTPQR Li y NRPLRi xmsFyR[V`, @sR x` B.
y. 1. @WgRiLi[ xmsLSRVLi F~LijsysNTP (%syyxqsR\sVs R sLi[) HRs sLiRV LSy. ryORPVV
[NPR VLiy Rs[ yjLiRVN]sysNTP (gRi.aS), xqs*RVLigS Rs RxmsV @LigkiNRPLjiLisysNTP xmsRs sLiRV RLiRLi.
_NRPLRiVNRPV xmsLi[ Fss%sVRs gRiLi By*. yLjiLi (ryORPV
dxqsVN]sLSsRLi sLi xmssV%dsVR ssLiRVNRPV) @xmsVRVs LkiRVsV
xms By*. C lLiLiRV LRiVW xmsLSRVRV By*.
170
2. @RVVNRPVR V (Fsss%dsVR ZNP[xqsV |msTLi][ @RRV) @WNRP %dsVR
@WgRiLi dxqsVN]sLSNRPWRRV. @LiVV[ NRPxLi, yLRiLigS
R yxmsLRiLi sVVR\s ryxxqsLi, sLRiN PR V xqssVVyRVLi %dsNTP
xqsLiLij Lis @WgSV sRVxqsVs xmsVRV @RVVNRPVR V
@WNRP% sd VR @WgRiLi dzqsN]sLSsRV, INRPs\|ms INRP @WgRiLi

%syLRi LRiVgRiVRVsxmsVRV A @RVVNRPVs %dsVR sVL]NRPRV N]R @WgRiLi dzqsN]sLSNRPWRRV.


3. @WNRP (Plaintiff) Rs yysNTP @RVVNRPVR V (Defendent) xqssWysLi zms sxmsVRV sLis[ A
L][s[, ysNTP xmsxqssWysLi xmsNRPF[ @RRV (@WNRP) xmsLSRVRV @soyRV. FsLiRVs ssgS
sVVLiRVgS INRP NSLSs (RsNRPV BLiR LSy, BLi @yRVLi LjigjiLij Byj%sR LigS) sLRiLiVVLiRVN]s[
@WNRP yRWRWsNTP sryR V NRPy? @RVVNRPVR V A %sR LigS LSRV.
4. @RVVNRPVR V Rs\|mss ss @WgSsNTP xqssWysLi xmsysNTP (yRWj NSLji) sVWRV L][V gSs
GRV L][V gSs xqssVRVLi By*. A xqssVRVLi ys RLRiyR NRPWy xqssWysLi LSNRPF[ NRPdsxqsLi sVWRV
xmsV, gRiLjixtsQLi xmssLiRV xmsV LSy sRW. sVWRV xmsOSQ RLRiyR NRPWy xqssWysLi xmsNRPF[
@WgRiLi[ xmsLSRVLi F~LijsLiRVNRPV %sj LiRszqss LjisWy s[zqs ARs RysV @WNRPN PR V saRPLi
RW. ys sXNPT DxmsWgjiLi[ ryR yV sWRLi xmso [R VNRPWRRV, @RVVNRPVR V xmsNRPVLiy
FyLjiFLiVVsxmsVRV (xmsLSLki @LiVVsxmsVRV) NRPWR B [ RW. @RVVNRPVR V FyLjiF[ sLis[ @RRV
xmsLSRVLi F~Lijs .[ @WNRPg Ss, @RVVNRPVR V gSs sVLRiLiy, AxmsR[ NRPVN]y y R sLi
ryORPVV RWzmss y LiR VsoNRPV LiRVRVLij.(gRi.aS.)
@LiVV[ NSLilgi [ ""ryOTPQsRssVryLRisV'' ryORPQ Li zmss RLRiyR A ryOTPQ sVLRiLiy, AxmsR[ NRPVN]y
@RRV @LiRNRPV sVVLiRV zmss ryOSQQsNTP %sVs [R V @s @LiR Li FyRV. C FyhRiLi gRizLiy NRPWR
""}msyxqsRV sxqss[ y'' @s[ ys ssVNRP yNRPLi[ Ds ""@WNRPVM''NRPV @s*LiVVLi c ""@WNRP
sVLRiLiy, AxmsR Lijy ryORPV ryOSQQsNTP %sVs DLiRRV'' @s @LiR Li xmso[ gRiVLiVLij.
@RVVNRPVR V sLRisV\s xmsORPQLi[ @WNRP @RVVNRPVR V LiRszqss LSy ys[ yRWRWsNTP
Li @LiRVNRPV xmsgS ys[R xmss [LiVVLiRVN][y. [y ys[R Rs RgiR LRi G\s yNRPV |ms Liy
(NSLilgi )[ . @RVVNRPVR V RsNRPV RVV sVL]NRPss xmsLizms (Aj )xmss[LiVVLiy (gRi.aS) [y xVRV Rxms
BRLRiV\s @WNRP @RVVNRPV LRiO][Qxmsn VsVLiy[R LRiOTPQLi (ysNTP G RVLRiVk NRPgRiNRPVLiy [zqs) xmss
[LiVVLiRVN][y. ([y xVRV Rxms BRLRi @RVVNRPV %sxtsQR VLi[ B RW @s NRPWy @LiR Li
xmssRVsV.
a].[ RRVLRi*LSQaRPsVryRVLi [NPR ryyLRiLRiORPQ`,
saRPyLi xqsLRi*R LSLi LSR LRiM xmssLRiN PR M.
y. yRV\sVs Lki[ ssLSsV xmsLRis[OPT QLiRRLi @s[ C LSR LRiLi yVgRiV sLSV, yVgRiV
AaRPsWV(xRLSyaRPsWV) @s[ [NPR Li VVNRP AyLSs (xmssLRi s sV) LRiOTPQLiRRLi y*LS LRiORPQ [NPR F[
sbPLixmsF[V xqsLRi*R LSsV RNRPgS xmssLjiL ixms[xqsVLij.
a].[ R LRiaRP ssLRiaRP RLjiRLi LSaSxqsssV,
%syyLiR aRPRVuyRM xmsbPsVM xmspLRi*ryR NRPM.
171

y. xms[ s[ %syR%sxtsQR WNRPV (%syy xmsLjiuyLSsNTP)


R LRiLi, ssLRiLi (B xmsoRVN][s yV = transactions),
xms[s AyLSV, LSaSxqssLi @s yVgRiV FyyV DLiLiVV.
RLRiVyRj xmspLS*s j xqsVLij. @sgS R LRiLiNRPLi[ ssLRiLi,
R LRissLS NRPLi[ RLjiRLi, R LRicssLRicRLjiyNRPLi[
LSaSxqssLi sRL iR Li.
a].[ @R xqs[ zqs ][ R L][ ssLRixqsV ryOTPQxtsv,
RLjiRLi xqsLigRi} xmsoLiryLi LSsW RV aSxqsssV.
y. C yLi[ R LRiLi xqsRLi%dsVR AyLRixmsT Dsj. Dsj
DsVgS RWRRLi R LRiLi @s @LiR Li. ssLRiLi ryORPV%dsVR
AyLRixmsT DLiVLij. yLjiRLi xqssWLi[s xmsjsVLik @sVN]s
sLiR LiVVLis ys%dsVR AyLRixmsT DLiVLij. aSxqssLi @sgS LS A.
a].[ LSM xqs*R LRiM xqs*LSRV xms R lLi[ LRiOTPQR VM,
@LRiOTPQR VLS* ZOP[QxmsoLS* %sVyRsV][%sy.
y. xmssV R LSsVryLRiLi LRiOTPQLiRRLi @s[j LSVVNRP xqs*R LRiLi. @j LSNRPV xqs*LiR Li Lixms[xqsVLij.
LRiOTPQLiRsysNTP gSs, @yRV\sVs RLiys %sj Li[ysNTP gSs NRPlgi[ xmsn Li ksNTP %sLRiVR LigS (sLRiNRP LRiWxmsLi[)
DLiVLij.
a].[ R[ z ZNP[s [ [NPR Li xmsLRiLi [s VLi R LRiORPQR B,
LS xmso[ R aRPf R RVy][xtsQLi xqssVLi R XRM.
y. aRPRVso %sxtsQR VLi[s V, xmsoRVs %sxtsQR VLi[s V [ R Li [NPR VLiy, ][uysVryLRiLi LS %sj Li[ RLiRLi
sWRs[V C [NSds, xmsLRi[NSds LRiOTPQxqsVLij.
a].[ @sVaSxqsj R lLi[ sslLi[ xqsLixqs RVW,
y[Vs R RRVlLi [ s RRVLRiyLi sV{Li [V`.
y. R LSds, ssLSds, [NSyLSds, ys\s yRWds @sVxqsLjiLi Fys N]srygjiLi[ LS
yVgRiV FsVs W%sVsLiy LiVVLiRNRPVgRiVyRV.
a].[ xqsLixqs RW (ry y) R LRiaS}qsQ aSxqsQLi y ysLjiNRPsV,
RVzqs sQlLi [ %sLRiV [ R R lLi[LiR Li %ssLRi[V`.
y. G %sxtsQR VLi[ [NSyLRiLi gSs, ssLRiLi N][xqsLi NRPR\sVs aSxqsQLigSs R LRiaSryQsNTP %sLRiVR LigS
DLiVLi][ @NRPR A %sxtsQR Ws R LRiaSryQsVryLRiLi sLiR LiVVLiy. (ZNPV=[ Bs FyhRiLi
dzqsN]sTLij).
a].[ aSxqsQLi %sxmsxms[R R LRiy[Vs ZNP[s `,
yRVxqsQR xmssWLi ry` RR Fyh][ z saRP.

y. G\y INRP R LSsNTP xqsLiLij Lis yRVLi][ R LRiaSryQsNTP %sL][R Li s}qs @NRPR yRVs[V xmssWLi.
@Li %sxtsQR VLi[ R LRiaSxqsQsRsLi %sxmsn Li @soRVLij. yRVLi @sgS [NSyLRiLi @s gRi.aS. LSaSxqssLi
@s NSLilgi .[
a].[ RXxts Q][xtsQM xqs*RVLiyRM xqs*xmsORPQxmsLRixmsORPQWM,
@sVWgSLiR sLi }RVM aRPxmsRaSLRiryR NRPM.
y. INRP @WgSs sLiR LiVVLiRysNTP ryORPV[ NSNRPVLiy sVLji N]s DFyRWV xmsoRVyRV c xmsRQOPR QLigS
RWs ][xtsQLi (@xmsLSR Li), [zqssyRV xqs*RVLigS IxmsVN]sRLi, Rs xmsORPQLi y ds, xmsLRixmsORPQLiy ds
xmsbPLiRRLi ALiR sLi (sWxqsLi [NPR FsRLi), RVVNTP, IV |msLiRRLi B%s NRPWy %sxtsQR Ws sLSLRi[R VysNTP
ryR yV.
a].[ xmspL][*RL SLiR yxmsn W[ ryOTPQs NRP s NSLRi[,
yLRixryR suy[ xms[xts Qs M xmsLSRVM.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ R LRixqsLi{qs [V RXdRWj NRPLRi xmsRsW%yRVM
%syRxmsRss M Aj][%xts QxmsaRPM
y. sVVLiRV zmssysNUP RLRiyR zmssysNUP %sL][R Li Dy, ryORPV ryORPQ Li[ ][xtsQLi Dy,
NSLSgSLRiLRiORPQNPR VsVLiT RzmsLiRVN]s FyLjiFLiVVy A @WgRiLi N]sRW.
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[, R LRi{qs RVLi @s[ RXdRWj NRPLRiLi[ %syR xmsR
sLiys gRiWLjis sVVR @yRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi RW\ Fss%sVRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R j*dW%yRVM GN][s xtsQzts QR sVLi xmsNRPLRiLi c %syxxqsLiRVVNRPL i c %syxR LRiM {qsQR sNRPM,
Aj s[R sNRPsV (LRi DLiRgS xmsoLRiVxtsvRV sVL]NRP%syxLi [zqsN]sRLi Aj s[R sNRPLi)
sVW. 1. %syxxmspL][* ssLRiM, 2. NRPyysLi NRPysVLiNRPXR x[ %syxM, 3. xqsxR LRiRLS
FyxmsRM, 4. g][%sVRVyyyyL<iR M, 5. @sl Li[*ysVX*[ yy` \sM. 6. %sVRMxqssVyRV` gSs LRi*M, 7.
aRPVyyyxqsVLRiM. 8. xmsxqsyyyOSQxqsM. 9. xqsVFyyy` \|msaSRM. 10. zmsRXxmssWM Ry*LRiM xmsplLi[*
R LSQM. sWyzmsRXxmssWM ZaP[uyM. f z aRPVxL_ RVzRVM. @sRLSs[ @sRL][ y. 11. j*dRVLi
aRPVLi {qsQ xlLi[R . xqslLi[*uyLi {msyL][xms sVxmsztsQR sV.
y. 1. @s ssLSV (y[%sd V) %syxLi][s[ FyLRiLi Li @soyLiVV. 2. NRPss @LiNRPLjiLi sLRiVsNTP
Bs*RLi "x%syxLi'. 3. BR LRiW NRPzqs R LRiLi ARLjiLiRLiT @s zms NRPssV B}qs @j
"FyxmsR%syxLi', 4. sLRiVssVLi g][%sVRVsLi (Aso, FsR V) dzqsN]s NRPss}qs @j "AL<iR %syxLi' , 5.
RVs[j RgiR LRi VV*NRPVNTP NRPssV B}qs @j "\s%syxLi', 6. {qsQ xmsoLRiVxtsvV ILi]LRiV IxmsLiRLi][
[zqsN]s %syxLi "gSLiR LRi*%syxLi', 7. sLRiVs RgRiLRisVLi aRPVLi dzqsN]s NRPss}qs @j "AxqsVLRi%syxLi',
8. RLjiLis NRPssV xLjiLi dzqsN]sF[ @j ""LSORPQxqs%syxLi'', 9. sRFRWs NRPssV dzqsN]sF[
"\|msaSR%syxLi'.
172

10. sVVR yVgRiV %sy %syV RLiT @sVsV][ Ljigji[


R LRixqssVR\sVs%s. %sVgjis%s RRLiRVR Lji @sVsV][ Ljigji[
R LRixqsLisVR\sVs%s. FsLiRVs ssgS NRPVsWlLiNPR V yR lLi[ aRPVLi
dxqsVNRPVLiLRiV. yR Lji[ INRPLRiV [NPR F[ DsyLRiV dxqsVNRPVLiLRiV.
11. j*dRVaRPVLi, @sgS sLRiVs][ sLiR LiVVLisj NSNRP {mssaRPLi[R
Bs aRPVLi, {qsQ[V (NRPs[V) dxqsVN][y. ZNP[s Li sLRiV[ NSRV
sLRiLiR VsoV sVVR\sy @LiRLRiW NRPWR {msxmspLRi*NRPLigS
WxtsQRVV NRPsNRPV Bs*RLi[ ][xtsQLi G%dsV [R V. @j NRPsZNP[
LiRVRVLij @s @LiR Li.
sVW. 1. sXM As Li y{qsQR ssV, xmsLRij*ryxry ryFy sXM.
AysRVsVVM.
2. RyRxmsoRxqsVuy LRi xmsyryxms%sys[ R LSRW
N[ PR Vs V][xtsQM. xmsL][R NRPyj RVLjiQOPR Q RVxmsdNSlLi[ R LRiNSlLi[ R
xmsRVM. xqsLi WRV y RsV][LjiRVsLi xmsRWzqsQsL<]x[ms VNRPL i R R Lji}tsQxtsv %sy}xtsv ysVRVV R.
gSs LS*xqsVL][xms VNRPL i xqssXj NRPsVV RVLi y}msR. LSORPQxqs\|msaS][xms VNRPL i }qsR VLi Ry`. B %syxR LRiM.
y. 1. {qsQVVNRP sXN][xqsLi GLRiLRis W%sV R sLi sVVR\s%s, AsVNRPV LiR Vso s @LiNSLSjNRPsVW
C lLiLiRW {qsQR sLi. AsVNRPV s[Fyj s%sVRL i lLiLiRVs[ xmsV (NSLilgi )[ (lLiLiRVs[ NSL<SxmsV gRi.aS.)
%sVLiRNRPVLiy R sLi GLRiLRiy. As Li @sgS @LiNSLSRV %sxtsQR VLi[ BLiR @s sRVsVLi [R V.
2. LRi ({qsQ) RsVVNRP xmsoRVVVNRP N][R VVNRP FxtsQLi s%sVRL i, xmsyxqsLi ss LRi sysNTP Rgjis
GLSV [R VsxmsVRV A {qsQR ys LRiV|msy RxmsV[R V. @ [ LRi ]LigRiV, yj , RVLjiQORPQLi, BRLRi
RWV %dsNTP xmsNTPRV [R VRLiN]LRiNRPV gSs, R LRiNSLSNRPV gSs {qsQR ys LRiV |msy RxmsV[R V.
xqsLiysLi NRPgjis RLRiyR RLixmsRVR LRiW A R ys NRPzqs @sV %sLiy RxmsV[R V. @ [ xmspLjig S
R LRixqsLisVR\sVs xcFyxmsRcAL<iR c\s%syV [zqsN]s RLixmsRVV sVWRV xqsLisR=LS FyV A
{qsQ R sLi @sV %sLiy {qsQ LRi s V Ljigji BsVs @RgRiNRPWRRV (NSLilgi )[ . (R Ljixts Q%syV [zqsN]s
RLixmsRVV zmsV xmsos RLRiyR sVWRV xqsLisR=LSV @sV %sLiy @s gRi.aS.)
gSLiR LS*xqsVLRi%syV [zqsN]sy A R sLi @sV %s}qs LRi yss sU ][ xqs {qsQNTP Ljigji Bs[RW.
LSORPQxqsc\|msaS%syV [zqsN]sy @sV %s}qs ]LigRi r~sVVsV RLiRLi][ NRPzms BsV {qsQNTP
Bs[R W. Bj %syxR LRiLi.
sVW. sVX[ LRiL ij R LRiNSsW Rydss[VysryFy LRiLi aRPVZaP[xtsQLi R [ R . * y %ss sWy
xqssXj NRPsVV RVLi y}msR. NRPVVsVNSsW RV aRP*aRPVLRixmsRRL i ss[aPR NS[ [ R . ss[aPR NSLi z kLiR Qxmsy}qs
yrysVM.
2. aRP*aRPVLRiFy[s[Vs y s%suy aRP*aRPVLRixmsRRL i [VR. xryR sVXuyRW RW RVygRiX{RLi
RRVM.

3. yWxmsgRiyRWM xmsxmsy {qsQR sLi g][Fy[V`. 4. xmsyRVLi %ss sWy [VR. R LRiNSsW V R. 5.
xmsoRsd %ss sWy {qsQR sLi [VR. RRV {qsQR sLi xmsoy xlLi[R VVM. 6. xmsoR LRiLRiLi y %ss sWy xmsoyLiR Li
ry*dNRPVLS`.
y. 1. LRi sVLRiLisxmsVRV R LSRLRisVVsLiRV @xtsQ gRi {qsQNTP sLis[ AsV sXN][xqsLi DLis
R yds, A LRisW, @sV %sLiRgS %sVgjis aRPVds Bs[R W. Bsds dxqsVN]s RLRiyR AsV sVd
%syxLi [xqsVNRPVsQ LiVV[ AsV [R A lLiLiRV %sy\s R yW NRPWR sU ][ xqs Ljigji BzmsLis[R W.
NRPVVLiLi (xqsLiysLi) NSys N][Lij NRP gRi {qsQ sVd %syxLi [xqsVNRPVsQ LiVV[ (NSLilgi )[ ([s LSRVs
sWgRiLi [R xmsoRVsV NRPssLiVV[ gRi.aS.) ss[aPR NSLi[, xmspLRi*Li aRP*aRPVLRiVRV (sWsV) (sVLRiLis) LRi
Bs R ys sVd F~Liy. (ss[aRPNSLi) @sgS GsW kLiR Qxmsyrys gRiWLji }ms xqsLiRLRiLi[ %ssLjiryLi.
2. aRP*aRPVLRiVs @LigkiNSLRiLi [NPR VLiy sVL]NRP %syxLi [zqsN]s {qsQ aRP*aRPVLRiVs sVLiT sVLRiLis LRi s VLiU
Lis R sLi aRP*aRPVLRiVsNTP Bs[R W. LiR VsosVLiT yLRiLigS dxqsVN]sFLiVVs {qsQVVNRP, A
%sR LigS sFLiVV sVL]NRP %syxLi [zqsN]s {qsQ VVNRP, N]R LiR VsoV (lLiLiRs LRi sVVR\sy )
xmspLRi*%syxLi[ aRP*aRPVLRic LRi sVLiT Lis R sLi Ljigji y NTP Bs[R W.
3. {qsQ yRVxqsLisVRLigS (sVLRij sVVR\sy s gRi.aS.) %syx sWT[ AsVsV {qs*NRPLjiLisyRV AsV
R ys gRiLRig S LRiOTPQLiy; (ysV @sV %sLiRgRiWRRV), 4. lLiLiRs %syxLi [zqsN]s {qsQ[R LRi y*LS
Lis Azqss Ljigji aRP*aRPVLRiNRPVsNTP BzmsLis[R W. R LRiLi ARLjiLiys[ N][Lij NRP][ sVd %syxLi [zqsN]ss
{qsQ A Azqss @sV %sLiRsRVsV. 5. xmsoRVV NRPgjis RLRiyR NRPWR j*dRV %syxLi [zqsN]s {qsQsVLi
{qsQR ys dzqss[zqsN][y. A {qsQR sLi (xmsRsV LRi s xmsos) xmsoRVNRPV LiRVRVLij. 6. xmsoRV
FztsQLiRVN]sRLi N][xqsLi sVd %syxLi [xqsVN]s {qsQ Rs {qsQ R ys sXj F~LijLiy.
173
sVW. 1. x xmsoLRiVxtsQ xmsyyLi xmsoyLi RVyzmsRXRRL i
{qsQR ssVsryxms[V`.
2. NSsVNSLRiRVsVzms {qsQR sLi %ss sWy xmsoRxqsLixqs Li NRPVLS`.
3. @xmsoy xmsaRPRVsLi FyRVds gRiVLRiVxqs%dsV}ms {qsQR sLi A
ARVVMORPQR V` VR. AxmsRLiR Li z {qsQR ssV, ELiR Q*Li yRWRLi
gRi[ ` .
4. s LRiL ij sVXyRWM xmsoy RVzRLRiaRP {qsQR sLi %s #[LiR s.
@xmsoyRWM RVzRLRiM. RRs[ LS, aRPVsVy* [ R VsVsy*
s VLiR RL i s y lLi[R VVM B {qsQR sNRPM.
5. sL<SuysxmsRVsWysV @xmsoyLi syLi yNSZOP[Q R; RaRP
%ss VsV; y*RaRP NRPyxmsxqs%sdssV.
6. RRM xmsoyLik j*dRWLi %ss [ R . RryNRPs[V aRPVLi {qsQR ssVLiR Li yj s[R sNRPLi Ry`.
RRVLji*LiaRPxmsxmsLRiLi R RsV.

y. 1. ysVLij xmsoLRiVxtsvs xmsos xmsoRV[ G xmsoRVV G xmsoLRiVxtsvs s xmsoL][ A xmsoLRiVxtsv y*LS


Lis {qsQR sLi A xmsoRVNRPV By*.
2. sVL]NRP xmsoLRiVxtsv %syxsW[ {qsQ Rs Bxts QLi xmsNSLRiLi %ssWgjiLiRRgjis {qsQ R ys NRPWy xmsoRVNRPV
By*.
3. (xms sVLRiLis) xmsoRVV [s {qsQ xmsaRPRVys FyxqsW (xmssRgS) DLiW |msR y RgRiLRi
(@Rc sWsVcsVVR\s y sR ) DLiW %sLi sLiRsLRiNRPV {qsQR ys @sV %sLiRsRVsV. {qsQR sLi @s[j
AxmsR=sVRW[ DxmsWgjiLiRysZNP[ NRPy? AsV @sLiRLRiLi A R sLi yRWRVNRPV LiRVRVLij.
4. LRi %sLi DLiRgS sVLRiLis {qsQVVNRP R ys xmsoRVV, xmsoNRPV xmsLiRVN][y. xmsoRVV [s\[
NRPVsWlLiV xmsLiRVN][y. y [NPR F[ LRi dzqsN][y. LRiN PR Li sVVLiRVgS {qsQ sVLRiLisLiVV[ %syx
xqssVRVLi[ Bs aRPVds, AsV RLiT BLisVLiT RVN]s R yds BRLRiLiR soV AsVNRPV Bs
R yds AsV LiR VsoV (RLiT NRPVVLisNTP Lijs y ) dzqsN][y. BLiRsLRiNRPV {qsR ysNTP xqsLiLij Lis
%sxtsQR VLi xmsTLij.
5. xmsoLRiVxtsvRV Rs LRi xqsLiysLi NRPss\y (NSLilgi [) (INRP R sV NRPs Ljigji sVL]NRP R sV NRPsNRPFLiVVy) gRi.aS.).
xmsoRVV [s\y, g]y\y Fss%sVj xqsLisR=LSV sLkiOTPQLiy. LiRVsosV (@sgS xmsos zms LiRLRiW
RFRWs {qsQs) xmsj xqsLisR=LSV sLkiOTPQLiy. ARzmssV sWRs[V NRPs[ {qsQs xmssLiRV xqsLisR=LSV
sLkiOTPQLiy.
174
6. xmsoRVV NSysVN]s[yRV A NSLi ys RLRiVyR lLiLiRs
LRisV %syxLi [xqsVN]ssRVsV. \|mss zmss NSs @NRP%sVLi
sLiVV[ @sgS sVVLiRVgSs[ lLiLiRs %syxLi [xqsVNRPVLi[, @RRV
aRPVsVW, {qsQR ssVW, @j s[R sLi (lLiLiRs %syxLi)
[xqsVNRPVsLiRVNRPV A {qsQ R sLi][ FyV ys[ xqsgRisVW AsVNRPV
By*. (gRiLjixts QxmssWLigS) BLRi\syVgRiV xms sLRiNRPV RLiRLi LSNRPV
Liy.
sVW. 1. aRPVLi, {qsQ R ssV, @aRPV{qsQR yRWM
RRQsWsWj s[R sNRPsV, @sVLRiWFyLi R sXLi RyQ* {*LRizms
%ss [ R . xmsoyLS z zqsQRVM
2. dLiR xqssVy[V yryLi RVy%syxLi xmspL][*yLi sRVRNSLi y
xmspLRi*Li gRi[ ` .
3. dLiR gRiWxygRisVs[ xtsQ sLiR Q M. xmsoRsdLi R LRiNSsWLi, syLi, s VLi, dsLRiryLi y
yNSsWsVV}msRW`; s yNSsVM xmsoLRiVxtsQM NRPVzts Qsd sVVsyLi y gRi[ ` . {qsQ RV xmsoyLiR s[VsLi WRLi
[xmsgRi[ ` .
y. 1. aRPVLi {qsQR ssVW [s xmspLRi*Li %syxLi [zqsN]s {qsQNTP aRPVsVV, {qsQR ssVW @Li[ xmssWLi gRi
Aj s[R sNRPsVW (xmsosLji*yxLi [xqsVN]LiVs xmsoLRiVxtsvRV xmspLRi*Li Ds LRiNRPV Bs*szqss R sLi

Aj s[R sNRPLi), Rgjis sXsd B ysVLij {qsQsV NRPWR %syx sWRsRVsV. FsLiRVs ssgS {qsQ
sVVxmsWsLi xmsoRxqsLiysLi NRPsRs[V NRPy?
2. {qsQ VVRVNSLi IZNP[ xqssVRVLi[ ssxmsVRV %syxNRPsWsVryLRiLi xmspLRi*Li %syxLi [xqsVN]s
LRisV gSs, xmsoRVV %sLi Ds LRisV gSs sVVLiRV NRPy.
3. VVRVNSs yy, LRi s V [LiR NRPFLiVVy {qsQNTP ]Li\ALRiV xms RLiRLi %sj Liy. NSsVLi[s xmsoRs
\Vs LRisV gSs, syRVV ARLjixqsWs g]ys gSs LiRVsosV gSs, LRixqsV= AgjiFLiVVs yss gSs
NRPsgRiWRRV. Bxts QLi [s xmsoLRiVxtsvRV NRPVxts QL][giR Li gRi yss gSs, DsRVLSs gSs NRPsgRiWRRV. {qsQ sWRLi
C %sR \sVs LRi s V NRPWy xmsoRVsV NRPsRLiN][xqsLi NRP}qs NRPRVsRVsV.
a].[ dsRR*Li xmsLRi[aPR Li y xmszqs ][ LSNTP{tsQ,
Fyxy xmsRryQM NPU [%zms y mx sM.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ R LRi{qs [V RXdRWj NRPLRi[ j*dW%yRVM,
%syxxqsLiRVVZNP[ %syxR LRiM, {qsQR sNRPM, Aj s[RsNRPsV, AjRM GN][s xtsQzts QR sVM.
y. INRP {qsQ, Rs LRi dsRy*s F~Lijy, xmsLRi[aSsNTP sFLiVVy, LS][xLi [zqsy, Rs FyNTP
sVVxmsV [yRLiVVy, sVFyRNSRVV [zqs xmsRV\y, sxmsoLixqsNRPV\y yss %sTsRW.
""sLijs''@sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ R LRi{qsRVLi @s[ RXdRWj NRPLRiLi[
""%syxxqsLiRVVNRPL i[ %syxR LRiLi. {qsQR sNRPLi, Aj s[R sNRPLi'' @s[ j*dRWyRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi
RW\ ]%sVRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R RXdW%yRVM
GN][s xtsQzts QR sVLi xmsNRPLRisV, %ssxxqsLiRVVNRP s V c
aRPVaRPWuy LRiFyLRiVxtsQ[*uyyL][xmsNSLRissLRixms}tsQyaRP.
sVW. 1. y*RaRPsL<S {qsQ Fyxmss sLS s. uRaRPsL<iR M xmsosWs. @R ELRiQ*sV @aRPVaRPWuyRWLi y*RaRPxmsM
zqsQRW RM xmsoLir j*gRiVM.
2. LRiRWsVsLij Qxts QNSRWLi gSryyR sLi yj NRPLi RVyxmsoLRiVxtsQxmsLjiyxmsLi xqs%sZaP[xtsQLi Ry`.
sLij Qxts QNSRWLi R[s xqsLiRV s Li R Ry`. aRPV{qsQR yj s[R sNSysV @yys[ R.
3. aRP*aRPVLRiNRPVxms%suyRWLi %s NSR WLi y yWM xmsM B LRi.
y. 1. xmssLiRV xqsLisR=LS sRVxqsV= sLiTs {qsQ, xmsRLRiV xqsLisR=LS sRVxqsV=sLiTs xmsoLRiVxtsvRV
Fyxmss sLRiVV, @sgS ssLRiWgRiVV (s[VLji ssyV) @soyLRiV. @V\|mss @sgS (s[VLji
ss RLRiyR) aRPVaRPWxtsQ, @sgS gRiXxxqs VV [R Vszqss NRPLRi yV, [R Vs {qsQNTP xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi;
xmsoLRiVxtsvsNTP lLiLixmso (BLRi\syVgRiV xms RLiRLi).
2. LRiLi ( LRiLi maintenance) BLiRNSsNTP BLiR @s sLiR LiVVLiRsxmsVRV LRi RssV %sTs[zqss
LRiNRPV ALRiLi, sxqsQLi sVVR\s%s NRPVVLiLi[ Ds BRLRi xqs VsV @sgS xmsNRPVVLixqs Vs%dsVR FsLiR
LRiV @soRVLij @s[ %sxtsQR Ws RXzts Q[ DLiRVN]s By*. gSryyR yjNRPLi NRPLi @j NRPLigS NRPWR
sVLi%s Bs*sRV. C NSsNTP BLiR @s sLiR LiVVLisLiVV[ gSryyR yjNRPLi A NRP xmsNSLRis[V A RW

NS[ (Installmentsin yLiVVy%dsVR) By*. LiR Li NRPWy By*. @sgS AsV BsysNTP
@LigkiNRPLjiLiRNRPF[ Bs*szqss R sLi[ HRs gSs [y xmsRsgSs NRPWy @j NRPLigS By*. AsVNRPV
aRPVLi, {qsQR sLi, Aj s[R sNRPLi (BRRV sVL]NRP %syxLi [xqsVN]sLiRVNRPV Bs N]LiRR sLi (compensation)
Bs*NRPFLiVVy NRPWR AsVNRPV C %sR LigSs[ By*.
3. AsV (RssV %sR) (AsV) sWsVgSLji BLi Dy, Azqs xmsLiRVN]s sFLiVVy LRi% sd VR @WgRiLi
dzqsN]sLSNRPWRRV. Bj LRiNRPV ( LRisNTP) xqsLiLij Lis %sxtsQR VLi.
175
sVW. 1. s}tsQ! %ss}tsQ! s ![ @zmsRXZNP[! @sWRXZNP[! BRslLi Z[ aP[s
%ssRVgSxsV, s[VRLRixryysV @sRs[Vs y xmsX}tsQ
LSxmsn WRM. RryNRPs[V ygiR Q xmsLRiVxtsQRsVLiR RM.
2. R[s zqsQRW LRiLij xmszqsR ][uyRWM. CL<iR QRW x%slLi[xtsv
y*lLi[xtsv @RW RVysLij Qxts QM. B FyLRiVxtsQsV.
3. LSLiR Li j*xtsQd {qsQ xqsFyQ LiR yssVRVsWy Rydss[Vs
ryFy LRiLi syRV LSLiR sV @sRW xqsx RWssVsVaRPLiVWR.
4. ORPVNRPy*j NRPVysV @sRs[V y LSj *xtsQs zqsQRVsV
GNSsV @sVaRPLiVWR.
y. 1. ""sxts vLS! %ssxts vLS! %sNRPXRaRPLkiLRiLi NRPyy! RLiT
[syy! R [syy!'' Byj %sR LigS V NRPVLiy LRiNRPV
%ssRVLi s[LS. %ssNRPF[ sRVLRiVR , yRV, LiVV %ds[ G][ INRPys[R AsV %dsxmso%dsVR sVWRVryLiR V
N]. C %sR LigS NSNRP sVL]NRP %sR LigS AsVNRPV %ssRVLi s[LiR ysNTP xmsRVQ}qs yNSLRiVxtsQ
RLiRFyLRiVuyNRPV %sj Li[ RLiRLi[ xqsgRiLi RLiRLi @RsNTP %sj Liy.
2. LRi %sxtsQR VLi[ R gS xmssLjixqsVs V xmszqsR VLS\s {qsQNTP NRPWR @[ RLiRLi %sj Liy. N][xmsLi][ BLi\
}qs*RgS %sxLjixqsWs {qsQNTP LRi sVL]NRP {qsQ][ xqsLiLiR Li |msVNRPVy @LigkiNRPLjiLiy.
4. {qsQRVLiRV [*xtsQLi gRi LRi AsV ILiLjigS R xqsLiyzqss BLi[ gSs, @y*j (AsV {qsQR sLi
LRiOTPQLi[ys guardian) BLi[ gSs, AsV xmsoLi gSs DLiRysNTP @sVsVLiy.
sVW. 1. RXxts Q \[ sVRVyxmslLi[ xqssLSxmsxqsL][xmsgRis[V y %sVyyk y*RaRPxmsLi Ry`.
2. @sWOSQQ LRiVLiR NSsVxqs j*xtsQd LS LSRW aRP LS. xmsLRixqsLRiLi [*uy[QORPQM.
3. {qsQ%sxmsNSLSy* xmsoLRiVxtsQZaP[[QORPQ%sV[ ` RVygRiX{RsV\|qs# Ry`. xmsoLRiVxtsQ%sxmsNSLSy* {qsQ
[[QORPQ%sV[ ` y\|qs# RVygRiX{RLi Ry`. @sWO][Q R LRi%syysV. B [*xtsQM.
y. 1. xmsLRi{qsQ][ xqsLigRisVLi [zqssV AyLSV Dy NRPWR [R VsV @xqsRLi xmsZNP[yRV, INRP xqssLRi{qsQNTP
RW sVVR\sy [R LRixxqsLigS RssV NRPsszqsLij @s yLRi xmsLizmssyRV xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi
Liy.

2. LRi yLixmsR%s[ ysNTP @LigkiNRPLjiLiRsxmsVRV A LRi s V [*ztsQxqsVy {qsQNTP


sWORPQLi (yLixmsR[ ysV) Bs*NRPWRRV. @[ %sRLigS LRi {qsQs [*ztsQxqsVy LRi sWOSQsNTP
@LigkiNRPLjiLiRsxmsVRV NRPWR y NRPV sWORPQLi @sVsVLiRNRPWRRV. sWORPQLi NSys BR LRiW @LigkiNRPLji}qss[
@sVsVLiy.
3. {qsQRVLiRV ][xtsQLi DLiRRLis xmsoLRiVxtsvRV sWORPQLi N][Lij [ @RRV AsV sVLi dxqsVN]s R yjNRPLi @Liy
AsVNRPV Ljigji Bs[R W. xmsoLRiVxtsvs ][xtsQLis {qsQ sWORPQLi N][Lij [ @RRV AsVsVLiT dxqsVN]syss
Bs*szqss xmss [R V. C %syNRPVV Bs*RLi @s[j xLi sVVR\s yVgRiV R LRi%sy[ DLiRRV.
AxqsVLSj%syV [xqsVN]sy sWRs[V B %sTFsRVsV. Bj [*uys gRiWLjis sRVsVLi.
sVW. 1. xmsztsQy {qsQ RLRisVRNUPyRWLi xmsLi RLi Ry`. jy{qsQ}msOSQ%sLRigRisVs[ xtsQ[ RM,
xmsoLRiVxtsQ}msOSQ%sLRigRisVs[ y*RaRPxmsM, LSf suyxqss[ j*gRiVM.
2. xqsVxmss VR xmsss[ LRiVLRiys[ R y*LRixqs y*RaRPxmsM. LSf suyxqss[ j*gRiVM.
3. {qsQxmsoLixqsW\lLiQQRVylLi [ @s[uyRWLi LRix[bPd xqsLiuyRWLi y RRVLji*LiaRPxmsM zqsQRW RM,
xmsoLir j*gRiVM.
4. ZNP[aPR ds%dsRs s ssVs[xtsv xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM, xmsoLir j*gRiVM.
5. aRPRrys[ xqsLiuyRWLi R xmsrys[ bPFnyRM. {qsQLi gSsVsV [ RM xmsOSQs l Li[ xmsbPFny Ry`
xmsNRPLi y xmsLRiLi sWORPQ[V`. BRyLRiM.
y. 1. Fss\lLiy {qsQ LRi s Ry NRPWR RLRisVRNUPRRVLiRV (RLRiNUPR @sgS RLRiLi][ [}qs A,
sVRFysNUPRcgRi.aS. RLRiLi][ sVRNUPRcNSLilgi )[ xmssLji} qs sVWRV xmsV LSy Liy. xmsgRiV {qsQV
[}qs yNSj xmsRLRi+sNRPV gSs, Dyyj%sLSRVNRPV NSs sT[ ALRiV xms RLiRLi. xmsoLRiVxtsvV [}qs
}msORPQ (yNSjxmsRLRi+s)NRPV gSs, xmsoLRiVxtsv][ %sLSsNTP (Picnic) gSs sT[ xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi. C xmssVV
LS [}qs lLiLixmso RLiRLi. ({qsQ }msOSQR VNRPV LS sT[ xmssLiRV xmsV, xmsoLRiVxtsQ}msOSQR VNRPV LS sT[
BLRi\syVgRiV xmsV RLiRLi).
2. LRi sRFRVsxmsVRV, sVRV[ DsxmsVRW {qsQ BLisVLi \NRPV sy, LRi s sxmsVRV RVxmso
dRVNRPFLiVVy xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi. LS LRi s V BLi[ sNTP LSNRPVLiy [}qs, [y \NRPV lgiLis[}qs, BLRi\ s
xms RLiRLi.
3. {qsQ xmsoLRiVxtsvV V, sxqsQLiR Li xqsQXbPLiy, LRixxqsLigS @bdP \sVs sWV sWTy {qsQNTP
BLRi\syVgRiV xms RLiRLi, xmsoLRiVxtsvsNTP s\ Fss%sVj xms RLiRLi.
4. {qsQ xmsoLRiVxtsvs V, sxqsQLiR Li xqsQXbPLiy, RLiRORPQR sORPQyV [zqsy AsVNRPV xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi
%sj Liy. xmsoLRiVxtsvRV {qsQs A %sR LigS [}qs ysNTP lLiLixmso, @sgS HRV sLiR xms RLiRLi %sj Liy.
176

5. xqsLi[zLiRszqss rysLi[ sWTsLiVV[ xmsV LSy


s[R VysNTP RVV N]LRiy RLiRLi %sj Liy. gSsVsVR Li[
@LiRLRiW RWxqsVLiRgS, A xmssN][xqsLi sRVVNRPVQ\s RLiyVRV {qsQNRPV
aRPLkiLRiFyLRi+Q*gS[ HRV N]LRiy V N]. [y xmsLRiWxmsLi[
RLiRLi }qs C N]LRiy %sVsLiVVLixmso F~LiRsRVsV. Bj
@yLSsNTP (syLSsNTP) xqsLiLij Lis %sxtsQR VLi.
sVW. 1. xmsztsQR WM {qsQxmsoLixqsWM @[[xmsNSlLi[ ORPVQRNRP RyLi
y*RaRPxms[ RM, xqs WRyLi RRVLji*LiaRPxmsM, zLRi
xqsVsLiR WM RRVxtsQaRPRM zqsQRWM. RM xmsoLir j*gRiVM R Gs
@gRisVWM @LiR RM.
2. Ry xmsztsQR xmsoLRiVxtsQs slLi[xtsv R. B xms}tsQR M.
y. 1. G {qsQ xmsoLRiVxtsv sVR ssLRiLi sztsQR sW yR LRiW s
s sxqsVs oV xmsLRixqsLRisVW FyLji][xtsQNPR LigS BxmsoRVN]syV
[zqssLiVV[ xmssLiRV xmsV RLiRLi; |msR sxqsVs o LiVV[ BLRi\syVgRiV xms RLiRLi; R sLi (zLRiLi)
LigSLRiLi sVVR\s\s[ RW\ yVgRiV xms RLiRLi. C RLiRLi {qsQNTP. xmsoLRiVxtsvs NRPLiVV[ lLiLixmso RLiRLi.
@gRisVVQ\s (\LigjiNRP xqsLiLiR Li DLiRNRPWRs) {qsQxmsoLRiVxtsv sVR BLi ssLRiLi Ljigji[ \|mss zmss
RLiRLi[ xqsgRiLi RLiRLi %sj Liy.
2. xmsLRixqsLRisVW BLi ssLRiLi [zqsN]sNRPWRRs s}tsQj LiRTs BR LRiV xmsoLRiVxtsvV C %sR LigS
ssxLjiLiy NRPWR C RLiRLi %sj Liy. Bj xms}tsQysNTP xqsLiLij Lisj.
a].[ LSj*uyyLSsWyxmsNRPsV[s R,
{qsQR ydsRaRPVysVry*sVLi RV[ zqsQRWM.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ R LRi{qs [V RXdRWj NRPLRi[ RXdW%yRVM;
%syxxqsLiRVVZNP[ aRPVaRPWuy LRixmsLRiVxtsQ[*uyyL][xmsNSLRissLRi xms}tsQyaRP, AjRM xmsxtsQzts QM.
y. {qsQ LS[*uysNTP FyRVLS\y, @yLRiLi [zqsy, LRi s V %sT sFLiVVy AsV {qsQR sLi%dsVy,
xmsoLisVLi dzqsN]s ss R yRV%dsVy, aRPVLi%dsVy Ds xNRPVsV N][[RVLij.
""sLijs'' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ R LRi{qs RVLi @s[ sVWRs @j NRPLRiLi[,
%syxxqsLiRVVNSsNTP xqsLiLij Lis aRPVaRPWxtsQc LRicFyLRiVxtsQc[*xtsQc@yLRic DxmsyLRi ssLRixms}tsQy sV
gRiWLjis sVWRs @yRVLi, FyLRiLi Li sVLi @LRi\s\VRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
177

2. Fys[bPORPVNRP\s[xNSysV @sNSaRPOSQxmsys[ y*RaRPxms[


RM. xmsztsQyyLi xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM. xmsLRigRiXgRiyRWM
RRVLji*LiaRPxmsM.
3. xmsLRiLSsNSaRPys[ aRP][ RM @syxmsRQM. yLRi sWM
sL]x[tsQM.
4. xms%sxmsNSLS` xmsxqsVsxqs gS%sVNSy*j ORPVNUP NRPVysV
@sRsVxmsoLRiVxtsQsV gRisVs V][xtsQ ByyLSM.
y. 1. {qsQ LRi NRPVVLiLi %sT [F[ ALRiV xmsV RLiRLi
%sj Liy. @LiVV[ LRi @xmsLSR Li[zqssxmsVRV [F[ ][xtsQLi [R V.
s sR s s}tsQj Liy NRPWR [F[ xmssLiRV xmsV RLiRLi.
F~LRiVgjiLiy BLiNTP sF[ ALRiV xmsV LSy.
2. {qsQ BLRiVgRiVF~LRiVgRiVy DLiRysNTP ][V By, xmsRV\s
xqsLiyxqsVNRPV ORPQ |msy, R sLRiN PR VsVLi sxqsVsoV N]y, xmssLiRV xms LSy(gRi.aS.)
(BLRiVgRiVF~LRiVgRiVyLRiV AsVNRPV RsV BLi[ ][V By, ORPVNRPVV ALRiLi By, sLRiN PR VV sxqsVs oV
By y NRPV xmssLiRV xms LSy. NSLilgi )[ . s}tsQj Liy NRPWR A {qsQ A %sR LigS [}qs
xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi (gRi.aS.) s}tsQj Liy NRPWR Fys[bPNSRVV AsVNRPV AaRPRWRVV B}qs
xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi. (NSLilgi )[ . {qsQ @xmsLjiRV B NTP sT[ BLRi\syVgRiV xms LSy.
3. xmsLRiLRiNRPV AyxqsLi BsysNTP sWLRiV xmsV LSy. AxmsR=sVRVLi[ AyxqsLi By ][xtsQLi[R V.
AsVsV ""sWLiVVLiNTP LSsR V'' @s syLjiLiy NRPWR AsV sy, RsNRPV RVNRPVLiy sy gRiXxxqsV
][ztsQ NSRV.
4. Fss\lLiy INRP {qsQ, LRi RVxts vRsRLiss, xmsoLRiVxtsvV [s LRi RV BLiNUP, xqsVsxqs Vs BLiNUP,
gSsVFyNRPVs BLiNUP, @y*j (@sgS {qsQ R sxqsLiLRiORPQNPR Vs) BLiNUP, R xqsLiyzqss BLiNUP, xmsoLiNUP sy
NRPWR ][xtsQLi [R V @s AyLRiVV xmsoRVyLRiV (xqsVsxqs VRV @sgS Rs %syxLi NRPVjLjisyRV, [y
xqsLiLRiORPVRV).
sVW. 1. xqsxmsoLRiVxtsQLi y NRPVsV. NRPV][ z ryk *sxqs RLi; xqsVs[VRRs[R VsV B N_M.
2. }msRyj sxqssgRiLRis%sVR s VxmsztsQR s[Vs NRPVgRisVssV.
3. Rs%sVRL i yLRiRV][ y*RaRPxms[ RM. Ryzms {qsQR sLi [VR; RW y gRiWxsM aRPVZaP[xtsQs V. B
sxtsQRssV.
4. xmsNRPV sxtsQR gSsWsL iR gRisVs[ y*RaRPxms[ RM, ryFy LRi[xmsaRP. gRis[Vs y xmsoLiry xqsx xmsrys[
RRVLji*LiaRPxmsM, xqsLRi*R LRi[xmsaSsR LRiysdLiR gRisVysV. xmsoLixqsM xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM
RVZaP[R VxqsM, Fy{msRVr sVR sVM. s VLRiRM. xms}tsQ [ @LiR RM.
5. xmsjssl Li[ gRiWR [aSgRisVs[ \sVRVylLi [ s aRPRxmsztsQyLi y xmsRsVrylLi[ xqsLigRixLi %sy`.

6. ysRLRisVR=Qs V NRPg][FyNRPafNSysVs[uyLi R xmsxqsXxts Q{qsQNSLi xmsRsVxqsLRisV][xtsQM.


xmsztsQ [ y sRVRM xmsoLixqsM zqsQRW y gRiRyQM R GyLiR RM. B xmsRsVxqsLRisV.
y. 1. LRi LiR Vso BLi[s V, xmsoLi[s V xmsoLRiVxtsvV Dy NRPWR @NRPTNTP s sRVsV. ryR V*Q\ s
(sVLi sRsTNRP gRi) {qsQV sWxqsLi FsLiRVNRPV [ryLRiV? y G\sVy F~LRiV [zqsy sLis[ zqsFRVLij
NRPWR @s N_VRV.
2. Fss\lLiy sVLRiLiy, yj gRixqsVQ\y, AxmsR sy [y xmsxqssLiN][xqs\sVy, xmsoLiNTP s RLi[ ][xtsQLi
[R V.
3. A NSLRi[R sRVRWs {qsQs syLjixqsVs LRiN PR V xmssLiRV xms LSy. @Li xqssVRW[
sy NRPWR @NRPR LRixxqsLigS AgjiFLiVVs {qsQ sVLi {qsQ R sLi LS. AsVsV ysLiVV[ RV
sVLi ZaP[ztsQLis aRPVs gjiN]y. Bj sxtsQRysNTP ( LRi VVNRP BV %sT sFsysNTP)
xqsLiLij Lisj.
4. LRi gRiXxLi %sT gSsWLiRLSsNTP ss {qsQNTP xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi. AsVNRPV xqsLiLij Lis ryxmsLi (AsV
}msLRi DLis R sLi Endowment) @LiNSLSV NRPWy N][[RVLij. gRisVVQ\s (xqsLiWgRiLi [R VNRPWRRs[
s}tsQR Li [s @sgS rRLSjsVQQ\s) xmsoLRiVxtsvs][ NRPzqs sFLiVVsLiVV[ BLRi\syVgRiV xmsV RLiRLi.
xqsLRi*R LSV NRPWy [zmsryLiVV. @sgS LRi [}qs RVRV[ Fys[ @j NSLRiLi FRVLij. (gRi.aS.) @s
xNRPVW N][[RVLij. (NSLilgi )[ .
@LiVV[ Rs FxtsQN]LRiNRPV gSs VVRVNSgRisVsLiN]LRiNRPV LRi R gRiLjiNTP gSs ssLiVV[ ][xtsQLi [R V (gRi.aS.)
AsVNRPV LRiLi sWRLi By*, VVRVNSxqsLigRisVLi RW (NSLilgi )[ . AsVsV Rs][ dzqsN]s ss
xmsoLRiVxtsvRV sLSRV[ AsV][ xqssWsV\y [y @j NRPV\y xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi (250 xmsV); AsVNRPLi
RNRPVs y\[ sVR sVryxxqsRLiRLi (500 xmsV). NSs A xmsoLRiVxtsvRV LiR V\s[ @RsNTP RLiRLi DLiRRV.
LRi sLSNRPLjiLiy AsVsV dzqsN]ssT[ sWRLi LiR V\sy ARsNTP xqsgRiLi RLiRLi %sj Liy.
5. sWLSsNTP (L][R VNTP) RWLRiLigS Ds LRixxqsxms[aSsNTP sy, aRPLiNTPLiRRgjis xmsoLRiVxtsvs][s V, LRi s}tsQj Lis
xmsoLRiVxtsvs][s V \sVRVyxtsQ][ yLji[ NRPzqs sy @ {qsQNTP {qsQxqsLigRixLi[ xms[s o RLiRLi
%sj Liy.
178
6. ysRLRiVV (sVV), yLRiVV (FyV FyRVRW [aPR xqsLiyLRiLi
[}qsy ), xms y , @Rso[ xmsOSQQRVsV xms [ V NRPVV,
g][FyNRPVV, afLiTNRPVV (NRPV @s[Vy ) c %ds {qsQV, @sV
Bs*Ts yLiWNRP c sWNSLSRV {qsQV, xmsLRixmsoLRiVxtsv[
xmsRsVxqsLRiLi (sWLiR Li[ sLi s RLi) [zqsy NRPWR ][xtsQLi [R V.
@LiVV[ A {qsQ[ @LiVVy, LRi s}tsQj Liy NRPWR, y sV dzqsN]s
ss xmsoLRiVxtsvsNUP, ys][ NRPzqs ss {qsQNTP \|mss zmss @LiR RLiyV
%sj Liy. Bj xmsRsVxqsLRisNTP xqsLiLij Lisj.

sVW. 1. xxqs*xmsyzqsyLi aRPWR\saRPQORPQ RVxyLi LSM xqsLisR=L][R L RiLi NSsWNSZOP[QLiR s


@xmsyM; xqsLisR=LSj NRPLi xmsyM, xms%szyM j*gRiVLi NSsV. @xms%szyM xqsVsryM XRVVM;
xmsLRiLi Ry*Lji sL<S @u y RRVM. R][ RVyRR s WyRV xmssVV[RVVM.
2. xsVk RWsLi RaRPsL<Sxmsy, y*RaRP xmsy. LSxmsoLRiVxtsQs V AARVVMORPQR W` ANSZOP[QR.
xqssLiR RaRP xmsy yxmsyRLi [ R . NRPVVsVLij [}ms y xqsVs|qs^ M %ssVVNS RV[xts QLi %ss [ R %syLiR sV
AxmsR y y.
y. 1. s xmsyxqsLi %dsVR ss aRPWR c \saRPc ORPQ RVc xV, zmsV [s LRiV INRP xqsLisR=LRiLi
gRiLjixts QNSLi (xqsLisR=L][R L iR Li = one year maximum ) LRi LSNRP\ZNP sLkiOTPQLiy. zmsVsy xqsLisR=LRiLiNRPLi
@j NRPNSLi sLkiOTPQLiy. xmsyrysNTP s [ sVVLiRV LRi y %sNRPNRPV GLSV [zqs DsQ LiVV[ lLiLixmso NSLi
sLkiOTPQLiy.
@Li GLSV G%ds [R Vs {qsQsV (@xms%szyM) xqsVsxqs VV (y %syV NRPVRLjis
{qsQR sLRiORPQNPR V\s |msR V) FztsQLiy. @V RLS*R yVgRiV [y Fss%sVj xqsLisR=LSV xmsoLiyLRiV
FztsQLiy. RLRiyR y FsLiR B}qs @LiR dxqsVN]s y sV %sT|ms c @sgS LRiN ]LRiNRPV sLkiOTPQLi[
@sxqsLRiLi [NPR VLiy xqs*RLiRVLS sVgS RW.
2. %syR RVsLiN]LRiNRPV xmsyxqsLi ss xVsN][xqsLi zmsV[s {qsQ xmsj xqsLisR=LSV, zmsVs {qsQ
xmssLiRV xqsLisR=LSV sLkiOTPQLiy. xmsyxqsLi ss LSxmsoLRiVxtsvT (LSNUPW][gRixqs VT) N][xqsLi ARs LRi
A%syLiRLi sLkiOTPQLiy. sLkiOTPQLiRszqss NSLi sLkiOTPQLis RLRiyR xqssWssLiR Liy\s xmsoLRiVxtsvsss
zmssV NRPs {qsQ RLiTLiRRgjisj NSRV. NRPVVLiLi[ (xmsoLi[ gSs LRi NRPVVLiLi[ gSs) R sLi
RLjigjiFLiVV, xqsVxqs V[R NRPWR %sRsTs {qsQ, sVL]NRP sWLiR Li Gk [NPR FLiVVy (AxmsR y)
sssLS*xLiN]LRi\ZNPy Rs NTPxts QLi ss yss %syxLi [xqsVN]ssRVsV.
sVW. 1. R LRi%sy` NRPVsWLki xmsLjigRi{yLRisVyRV FztsQR sV, @aRPWRVsWLi xqsxmsd LSyNSZOP[Q R;
xqsLisR=LRiLi aRPWRVsWsV ARV FztsQR sV. @aRPWRVsWLi
xms dLSyNSZOP[QR , RaRP aRPWRVsWsV, GNRP[aRPRRa PR VLi d dLSs @aRPWRVsWLi, aRPWRVsWLi xqsxms
dLSyNSZOP[QR . RRa PR VLi xms dLSs @aRPWRVsWLi, RaRP aRPWRVsWsV. RRM xmsLRiLi R LRi|qs^ Lji*xqsXuy
RV[xts QLi %ss [ R . dL]x[msL][][ z R LRisR B N_M. B xxqs*xmsyxqsM.
2. kLiR QxmsyzqssM, xmsxmsRxqs, }msRxqs y LS xqsxmsd LSy NSZOP[QR ; xqsLisR=LRiLi xmsy. RRM xmsrRLRiLi
gRi[ ` . xxtsv xmsyxqssLi, yLjiNRPLi, LRixqssVLRiLi, NRPsxts QsV, @LRiLi y. RRs[%xmsrRLRiLi xqszmsLi
NRPVLi y AxqsssV. G[uysV GxtsQ Gs NRPsVM.
y. 1. jR LRi%syV [xqsVN]s, NRPVsWLji, @sgS LRiQ XxqsLigRisVLi [R Vs RVVs, RsNRPV xmsNRPVLiy
RWLRixmsyrysNTP ss, %ssxmsRs (FsNRPRVy][ RVs) LRiN ][xqsLi GRV VVRVNSV sLkiOTPQLiy.
%ssTsysN][xqsLi (FsNRPRVy][ zqss LiVV[ ys N][xqsLi) INRP xqsLisR=LRiLi sLkiOTPQLiy. zms xmsyxqsLi
ss, %ssRs LRiN ][xqsLi HRV VVRVso NSV sLkiOTPQLiy.
%ssRVRVsysN][xqsLi xmsj VVRVNSV sLkiOTPQLiy. aRPVLi[ N]LiR gRiLi B xmsyxqsLi ss, %ssRs
LRiN ][xqsLi sVWRV VVRVNSV, %ssRVRVsysN][xqsLi GRV VVRVNSV sLkiOTPQLiy. aRPVLi B

xmsyrysNTP ss %ssRs ysN][xqsLi HRV VVRVNSV, %ssRVRVs ysN][xqsLi xmsj VVRVNSV


sLkiOTPQLiy.
@V \|mss R LRixqsV (R LSj NSLRiV) @sVsV F~Lij Rs Bxts QLi ss yss %syxLi [xqsVN]ssRVsV,
dL]x[msL][R Li (VVRVNSs sLiR Li [R VRLi) R LRisR @s N_Vs @FyRVLi. Bj xxqs*xmsyxqsLi
%sxtsQR VLi.
2. kLiR QxmsyxqsLi ssys LRi, xqsLiyxqsLi dxqsVN]sys LRi. sVLRiLisys LRi xqsLiysLi [s\[
GRV dLSV (VVRVNSV) sLkiOTPQLiy. xqsLiyssLiRVLSV INRP xqsLisR=LRiLi sLkiOTPQLiy. @V\|mss LRi
rRLRiV %syxLi [xqsVN][y. LRi rRLRiVV y sVLij DLi[ LRiN PR V RgiR Lji rRLRiV, yLjiNRPV , RssV
LjiLi[ rysVLiR QLi Dsyss, [y LRi[s @LiRLjiNRPLi syss %syxLi [xqsVN][y.
LRi rRLRiV sLRiW [NPR F[ ys xqssRsVVs [y @ssV, [y xqszmsLiRV [y LRi NRPVLi[ (sLiaRPLi[)
xmsosyss %syxLi [xqsVN][y. \|mss zmss y[ Fss LiR ys mx s RgiR LRiy[ y sV
[xqsVN][y. %ds [ FyLiRszqss NRPsVLi B[.
sVW. GysVRQsV yRWys s[R s[ LRiNRPLRi,
LRi{qsQ yRXs[yLiR M xqsLiFyFyM xqsLigRiRRVsV.
B N_d[V @LiR aS}qsQ R LRizqs [V RXdRWj NRPLRi[ RRVL]%[ yRVM
%syxxqsLiRVVZNP[ sxtsQRsLi, xmsRsVxqsLRiLi, xxqs*xmsyxqsM kLRiQxmsyxqsaRPc %syxxqsLiRVVNRPL i xqssWxmssV AjR
GNRPxtsQzts QR sVM.
y. C yRWRVsV NSRs sVLji BRLRiVsV FssLji\sy %syxLi [xqsVN]y, syLRiLi [zqsy A LRiVRV,
{qsQ, {qsQs LRiVsNTP NRPWLjisyRV, AsVsV %syxLi [zqsN]syRV %ds LiRLRiW {qsQxqsLigRixsNTP %sj Li[
RLiysNTP FyRVV.
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[, R LRi{qs RVLi @s[ RXdRWj NRPLRiLi[,
%syxxqsLiRVVNRPL i[ sxtsQRsLi, xmsRsVxqsLRiLi, xxqs*xmsyxqsLi, kLiR QxmsyxqsLi @s[ RRVLSyRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
FyLRiLi LisVLi @LRi\sINRPs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
179
@R xmssW%yRVM
xtsQzts QR sVLi xmsNRPLRisV. yRV%sgRiM c RR yRVNRPsVM
sVW. 1. @dsaRP*LSM zmsRXsVsM zqs RzmsRXsWRXNSM xmsoyM. [uysV
ELiR Q*Li zmsRX][yRV%sgRiM zmsRXRysV. xqs*RVsWLjiRsV
@%ssV @sR zmsRXRyRV[ M.
2. zmsRXRyR%s N][xmsgRiyyLi xmsoyM Fy y ARRVLS
jRLiaRPM. ysR%ss M zms[ s. %ss zmsM xqslLi[* xqssVLi
%s #[LiR s.

3. @zmsRXRyM %s NRPz msRXRy y xqsxssM xmsosLji* #[LiR s. RVRaRP D}tsQR xqs R*QLiaRPLi [ R .
y. 1. RLiT gRicRRLiRVV %sLi Ds c xmsoRVNRPV Azqs%sd VR xNRPV[R V. RLiT RsFLiVVs RLRiyRs[
y RLiT AxqsVsV xmsLiRVN][y. A xmsoRV[ Fss\lLiy xqs*RVLigS xqsLiFyjLiRVN]s Azqss xmsLiRgRiWRRV.
@j @RsNTP sWRs[V LiRVRVLij. @LiVV[ RLiTsVLi R sLi dzqsN]s ys xqsRVLi][ A xmsoRVRV Azqs
xqsLiFyjLis LiVV[ yss xmsoRVLiRLRiW xmsLiRVN][y.
2. RLiT RsLisVLi xmsLiRNRPVLiy ss sxqsVs o[ xmsoRVV, FRVV, xmsFRVVc C %sR LigS ysRLRiLi
sLRiNRPV RsV RsV @LiaSsV F~LiRVyLRiV. @sgS xqssVzts Q NRPVVLi[ RLiT Azqss xmsoRVV xmsLiRVN]sNRPVLiy
NRPzqs DLiT ARs xmsFRVNSLi[ xmsLiRVN]sRLi LRiVgRiV[ FRVNRPV, xmsFRVNRPV y xqssVLigS NSNRP y
xqsLisV xms N]LiRgRis[V xqsVLij. xmsoRVNRPV FsNRPVs @LiaRPLi, @LiRNRPLi RNRPVs @LiaRPLi FRVNRPV,
@LiRNRPLi RNRPVs @LiaRPLi xmsFRVNRPV xqsVLij @s @LiR Li. FsLiRVs
ssgS ys RLRiLi sLRiNRPV zmsLiR[ R Li DLiRRV. (ysRLRiLiyRV aSyRV[ zmsRX[s RNRPV zmsLiRLi
B[xmsVRV sVWRV RLS ssNRP yLjisLRiNRPV, RLiTNTP, yRNRPV, sVVyR NRPV BryR V. HRs RLRiLi yRV
s[xmsNTP ysRLRiLi ys sVVyR NRPV zmsLiRLi DLiRRV). ys RLRiLi RLRiyR HRs RLRiLi[sy
%ss zmsLiRV\FyLRiV. @sgS A @s[yRV, B NRPVsWLRiVRV, C FRVRV, D xmsFRVRV. DNTP A,B,C V
xqszmsLiRVV. E xmsFRVs xmsoRVRV. E sVVR\sy A Azqs xmsLiRVN]sszqsssxmsoRV @LiRLRiW xqssVLigS
xmsLiRVN][y.
180
3. RLiT Azqs [sy gSs [y RLiT Azqs xmsLiRVN]sy gSs
(xqssVzts QNPR VVLiLigS) NRPzqs DsQ LiVV[ y sVd xmsLiRVN][y. A
xmsoRV[ G xmsoRVRV R sLi sXj F~Lijry][ @RRV lLiLiRV yV
dxqsVN][y.
sVW. 1. RssVxmsoRxqs rRLSM RLRiM xqsx%s[ y xlLi[R VVM
NRPyaRP.
2. LjiNPR Li xmsoRsRM xmsoy RVzRL][ y R Lji}tsQxtsv %sy}xtsv yM,
RRs[ zmsy R LRisWM, zmsRs[ RL][ RXxmsoyaRP.
3. @zmsRXNS x[%zms R RLRiM RXxmsoyaRP zmsRVlLi[NPR sVLiaRPLi
xlLi[R VVM.
4. rRLSsVs[NPR zmsRXNSLi zmsRX][ yRV%sgRiM.
y. 1. xmsoRVV [sys RsLi ARs][ NRPzqs Ds xqssW[R LRiV\s
rRLRiVV, NRPsV xmsLiRVN][y. ([y ARs rRLRiVV, ARs][ NRPzqs
%sLisy , NRPsV xmsLiRVN][y. NSLilgi )[ .
2. xmsoRVVsyRV sVLRiLisxmsoRV, ARs yRWs xLi sVVR\s R LRixqsLisVR\sVs %sys
xmsos xmsoRVV, xmsoRVV [NPR F[ NRPVsWlLiV, y NRPWy [NPR F[ %sLi Ds ARs RLiT, RLiT [NPR F[
rRLRiVV, rRLRiV xmsoRVV dzqsN][y.
3. RLiT Azqs xmsLiRVN][s zqss rRLRiV[ INRP rRLRiVs xmsoRVV y sVLij DLiT xmsLixmsNS xqssVRWsNTP
y RLiT sVLRiLisxmsVRV, y ARsNTP LSszqss RsLi sWRs[V yV [zqsN]s xmsLiRVN][y.
@sgS RsV RLiT rRLRiV][ xqssVLigS y NRPV yV LSso @s @LRiLi.
4. IZNP[ R gRiLSs xmsosy ysVLij DLiT y RLiRVV s[LiR V s[l\ Li[ FssLji RLiT Azqs A xmsoRVV

xmsLiRVN][y.
sVW. 1. zmsRX RXxmsoyLi xmsplLi[* %sRsWs[ yxmsLRisVssVs[; [}tsQ R NRPsxts Qs VLiR QgSzM.
2. sj*lgi[ zmsy \sNRPLi %sZaP[xtsQ[V`. s \NRPsVNSLRisLji* #[R . zmsRVLRixqsRlLi [ [uyM NRPsuyssVgRiX{ RVVM,
@sR %sVysX[ M.
3. Fyxmss sLSLi %sgRiM. @Fyxmss sLSLi [R V%saRPVj Li sWRXs Vxtsv gSsVsX xt[ sv y
ryxms[VRVVM A ssLRiFyxms`. FztsQR xqs y.
4. xqsLis%sxts QxqssVxqsLis%s}tsQ [ \ss[bPNRPLi RRVM NRPy aRP FyysNRPsV.
y. gRi.aS. ""@LiR QgSzM'' @s[ FyhRiLi @LigkiNRPLjiLi ysNTP C %sR LigS ysLiyLRiVc xqssVzts Q NRPVVLisNTP
VVLi B yss sxqsWV [zqsN]sRsy (@LiR QgSzM) A NRPVVLiLi[ RLiT, rRLRiVV, y
xmsoRVW %ds [ xmspLRiV*V %sLi
DLiRgS RLRiyR y %dsVR @WgRiLi [R VLSRV. [xts vRV DLiRgS sys%dsVR @WgRiLi RW.
@RRV [NPR F[ ARs xmsoRV%dsVR, y [NPR F[ y xmsoRV %dsVR; @[ %sR LigS rRLRiV[ [xts vs%dsVRs[
@WgRiLi RW. NSs NRPsxts vs %dsVR
[R VgRiWRRV, @LiR QgSzsV @s[ FyhRiLi gRizLi NSLilgi [ C %sR LigS ysLiyLRiV c xqssVzts QNPR VVLiLi[s
xqs VV, RLiTcrRLRiVVcy xmsoRVVc%ds [ \|msy %sLi DLiRgS RLRiyy %dsVR AyLRixmsRNRPWRRV.
[xts vRV DLiRgS, @LiR QgSz @LiVVy, @sgS R sLi xqsLiFyjLisy\y NRPsxts vs%dsVR AyLRixmsRNRPWRRV.
2. RLiT %sLi DLiRgSs[ Azqs xmsLi[xmsVRV RLiT xmsoRV[ G INRPs %sxtsQR VLi[s V [ R Li RWxmsNRPWRRV.
@LiRLjiNUP xqssVLigS xmsLiy. xqsLji\Vs NSLRiLi Gk [NPR VLiy INRP xmsoRVTNTP y [NPR VLiy [R VgRiWRRV. RLiT
xqsLiFyjLis R sLi [NPR F[ |msR y s rRLRiVsV @sVgRizLiy c ARVN][y. @LiVV[ y
RVxtsQQsLRi s NRPy^ [ sWRLi @sVgRizLiRszqss xmss [R V.
3. AzqsxmsLixmsNRPLi Fyxmss sLRiVZNP[, @sgS \sVyLji dLji sVLji ssy ZNP[. @Fyxmss sLRiV (sVLji
LSsy ) R sLi, ys%dsVR G VV LSjNRPsVW [NRPVLiy [zqs s[VssWsVV sVVR\s R LiR Vso
sR gSs, gSsVLi |msR sR gSs, s[VLji s[sLRiNRPV, xqsLiLRiORPQLiN][xqsLi DLiy. @[ %sR LigS xmsLixmsNS
xqssVRVLi[ xmsyxqsLi[ Ds ys R sLi NRPWR @RRV Ljigji s[ sLRiNRPV y RgiR LRi DLiy.
4. rRLRiV[ N]LiRsVLij %syRVV NSNRP %sRLi[ zqs LRixmsRsxmsVRV y NRPV, %syRVV [zqsN]s
zqs LRixmsTsy %syRVN][xqsLi FsLiR R sLi sRVLi @soRVLi][ @LiR R sLi @j NRPLigS By*. NRPsNRPV
%syxLi N][xqsLi @sxqsLRi\sVs R sLi s[LiR VgS dzqs By*.
sVW. 1. VVLjiNPR WM xqssW %sgRiM.
2. DRNRPFyyzms sztsQy %s #[R VVLjiyyLSM, R s[VRj N_M. xqs][%LiR xqs %sgRiM yxqsRM.
3. GyysLiR M rysWsM. R\|qs#yys xmsRLiaRPM BRsVxtsQVss ryOTPQxtsv %sgRiLi NSLRi[V`. RVLji*NRP s V,
@[yxmsxXRsV, @sQ Li>j RsV, @%s][R sLi y xmsosLji* #[LiR s.
4. AyRVNRPLi LS xlLi[` {qsQsX}msRNSLRisLRisV, @sR
a][RVRy`. R` \Q%s[ M xmsRV[ ` .
181
y. 1. xmsoRVV RLiT Azqssd , @xmsVsW NRPWy xqssVLigS
xmsLiRVN][y.
2. Azqs G%dsV [sy ds gjisV NRPWR xmsLiRVN][ys AyLRiVV
FyLRiV. Bj G][ Fys zmss[ NSs @LiR xmsys\ sVs
%sxtsQR VLi NSRV @s N_Vs @FyRVLi; Azqs DLi[ NRPy
xmsLiRVNRPVs[j ; [sysNTP xmsLixmsNRPLi G%sV? @sgS Gj DLi[ @j

(DRNRPFyR][ xqsx) xmsLiRVN]sszqsLi[, %sZaP[ztsQLi C sW xms xmss[R V @s sLi.


3. ""@LiRLRiW xmsLiRVN][s zqss sVVRL i Azqs Bj; ks[ IN]NRPLjiNTP BLiR y sxqsVLij.'' @s Azqss xqsxts QLigS
slLi b[ PxqsW zms ryORPV FsRV %sgRiLi RW. RxmsVgS %s Liy, INRPLji Azqs INRPLRiV @xmsxLjiLiy,
y|msy, NSLiRLRiLi[ RVNRPVLiy \xmsTy @Li Azqs sVd xmsLiy.
4. INRP AzqsNPT yRWRVV (yLRixqsVV) FssLRiW [s xmsVRV A Azqs[ {qsQ %sNRP N]LRiNRPV, }msRNSLSN]LRiNRPV
@sxqsLRi\sVs R sLi %sVsLiVVLi, %sVgjisj @Liy LS dzqsN]y. @LiVV[ a][RVRsLi sWRLi
dzqsN]sNRPWRRV. yss sVWRVs[yV @R RVsLi [zqss y NTP Bs[R W.
sVW. 1. xmsRM, xmsy` RM, NPU aRP @sLiaSM, ][s ys NRPVzts Qs aRP. xqs LSlLi [ [uysVxmsRsVRj*R Li
gRiLi xlLi[` . gSryyR s%sVRlLi[ xmsRsLSM.
2. a].[ [uyLi R NRPXR yLSLi V}ms xmsss[ xqs,
sVX[R VVLSs yM xmsoyLi }qsuysVLiaSs xmsNRP[V`.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ R LRi{qs [V RXdRWj NRPLRi[ xmssW%yRVM yRV%slgi[ yRVNRPsVM, Aj][
j*xtsQzts QR sVM.
y. 1. xmsRVsNTP, xmsRVss xmsosysNTP, sxmsoLixqsNRPVsNTP, %sRNRPVsysNTP, zmsysNTP, gRiVT ysNTP,
NRPVxts QL][gij NTP Azqs[ y DLiRRV. y NTP %syxLi @LiVV[ y NTP xmsos xmsoRVV, RVV, zmsy ,
gRiVT y , NRPVxts vL][giR VV NSs xmsORPQLi[ y dzqsN][y. xmsRVNRPV Rxms ][s yR VNRPV ALRiLi, sxqsQLi
By*.
2. %syxLi [zqsN]s ][s yR VV xmso][R aPR NTPs N][[LiVVsLiVV[ y LRiRVLiRV
(][s yR V) LiR VsoV xmsoRVsV xmsoLisxmsVRV @ xmsos xmsoRVNRPV yV GLRiLRiy.
""sLijs'' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ R LRi{qs RVLi @s[ sVWRs @j NRPLRiLi[,
yRV%sgRiLi[ yRVNRPsVLi @s[ HRs @yRVLi, FyLRiLi Li sVLi
@LRi\slLiLiRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R xtsQu%yRVM
xtsQzts QR sVLi xmsNRPLRisV yRV%sgRiM c @LiaRP%sgRiM
sVW. 1. GNRP{qsQxmsoyLi [uyLiaRPM xysV @M, ORPQ RWsV @aS*M, \saSyLi gSsM, aRPWysV
@sRVM.
2. sWsVxtsQ{[[xts QM RXdRVsVLiaRPLi [uyLiaS [ R . RRVLiR sV @yRVsXM, ssXR R LRiNSL][ y.
NSsVyLRiM xqsLRi*Li [V`. 3. [s sVR sVNRPsu yf. RWLSsVu}msRM [uLiaSRLiR sV [ R.
4. yy{qsQxmsoyLi RV xqsLixqsQXyxqsLixqsQXRWM NRPyNRPXR NTPRVW LRis[ R GNRPryM
xmsoRWLRisVWLS*xmspLRi*sy [xts Q sM.
y. 1. gjisVNRPV (ARzmsNRPV) RLiT Azqs[ y DLiRRV. RNTP xqsLiLij Lis xmsLjiyxmsLi[
(xqs*sxqsVs o[) [ yRVNRPV DxmsWgjiLi[ NRPLiRV FyRV, @LiNSLSV y dxqsVN][y.

2. FLRiVxtsQLi [s, @sgS INRP xmsoLRiVxtsvRVgS [R Vszqss xmssVV [R Vs, FyVxmsRs, [xts vsNTP [uyLiaRPLi[
sVWRs sLiRV sWRs[V xqsVLij. A [xts vRV @yRV\sVs xmssLRi s NRPy\y, R LRiNSLSV
[R VNRPFLiVVy, ysNTP [xts Q gRiLi[ xqsgRiLi sWRs[V xqsVLij. @RVxmso AV [NPR }qs*RgS xqsLiRLjiLi[ysNTP
[xts Q gRiLi Bs*szqss xmss[R V.
3. kss xms sVR sVcNRPsxts vsV gRiWLji NRPWR zmss .[ sVR sVNRPsxts v[ FLRiVxtsQxmssXNPR yRV
[uyLiaRPLi[ xqsgRiLi dxqsVN][y.
4. y sVLij LRi xmsoRV[ FssRV sVVLiRV sLiy][ @RRV [xts vRV. @LiVV[ A LRi[ INRP[
jR LRi%syxLi[R xqsLixqsQXRVLS\, sVL]NRP gSLiR LS*j%sysLi y*LS xmsLjiR @sRLi[R
@xqsLixqsQXR\V Dy, INRP LRi NRPsgSs[ @sgS BRLRixmsoLRiVxtsQxqsLiLiR Li[NPR VLiy xmsLjiR\V, lLiLiRsj
xmspLRi*Li xmsoLRiVuyLiRLRixqsLiLiR Li DLiT, zmssV %dss[R xmsLjiR\Vy [xts QR *Li xmsoVNRP[R NSRV;
xqsLixqsQXRLRi xmsoRV[ FssRV |msR y][ @R[ [xts vRV. @ [ NRPsgS DLiRgS %syxLi [xqsVN]s LRi
xmsoRV[ FssRV |msR y][ @R[ [xts vRV. INRP {qsQ NRPssV NRPsQ LiVV[ sVVLiRV xmsosyRV [xts vRV.
sVW. 1. xqsWRsWgRiR yRLRiRNSLS\sVaRP*LRi][ %sgRiM. ZaP[uyM RsVVxmss[R VVM. @dsaRP*LSM xqssV%sgS B.
182
2. yRVLRi*LiR QxmsoyLi xxmsoRM RRVL][LiaSs;
ORPQ RWxmsoR{qsQs @LiaSs, \saSxmso][ y*sLiaf, GNRPLi aRPWyxmsoRM.
3. [s sLiR j*sLRixmsoR%sgRiM ORPQ RV\saRPWLS*QRM.
4. xryssL SxmsoRxqsVLiaRPM, ORPQ RV\saRPWM @LS LiaRPM.
RVLia][ y sWsVu}msRM.
y. 1. xqsWRcsWgRiR cyRcLRiRNSLRiV[ sXRV[ \sxmsos xms
yRV%sgRiLi [xqsVN][y. @LiVV[ FsssNTP Rs sX[ @j NRP\sVs
\sxmsoLi, rysVLiR QLi (HaRP*LRiRM) DLiW ARsZNP[ RLiT Azqs
xqsLiNRP%sVxqsVLij. %sVgjisy LiRLRiW ARss AaRPLiVVLi %sLiy.
yLji[ G INRPLjiNUP %sbPxts QrysVLiR QLi [NPR F[ y LiRLRiW xqssVLigS
xmsLiRVN][y.
2. INRP xVsNTP yVgRiVsLSNRPV Lijs {qsQRVLiRV xmsoRVV xmsosxmsVRV x{qsQxmsoRVsNTP
yVgRiV @LiaSV (gSV) ORPQ RV{qsQ xmsoRVsNTP sVWRV @LiaSV, \saRP{qsQ xmsoRVsNTP lLiLiRV @LiaSV,
aRPWR{qsQxmsoRVsNTP INRP @LiaRPLi yRVgRiLigS xqsVLij.
3. kssxms ORPQ RVc\saRPVNRPV sVWRV sLS {qsQRVLiRV, lLiLiRV sLS {qsQRVLiRV xmsos xmsoRV
@LiaSV zmss .[ @sgS ORPQ RVVsNTP ORPQ RV{qsQRVLiRV xmsos xmsoRVsNTP sVWRV @LiaSV, \saSxmsoRVsNTP
lLiLiRV @LiaSV, aRPWyxmsoRVsNTP INRP @LiaRPLi. @ [ \saRPVsNRPV \saRP{qsQRVLiRV xmsos xmsoRVsNTP lLiLiRV @LiaSV,
aRPWR{qsQRVLiRV xmsosysNTP INRP @LiaRPLi. %ds @sLi[s W NRPWR [xts vs @LiaRPLi sVVLiRV s[LiR VgS DLi
%sVgjisyss[ xmsLiy.

4. xVRV Rs sLSsNTP Lijs {qsQs, ORPQ RV{qsQs %syxsWTsxmsVRV yR LjiNUP xmsos xmsoRVNRPV
xqssVLigSs[ yRV%sgRiLi RW. ORPQ RVVsNTP ORPQ RVLRi, \saRPLRi DsxmsVRV y xmsoRV[
\saSxmsoRVsNTP xqsgRiLi @LiaRP#s[V xqsVLij. \saRPVsNRPV \saRPLRi aRPWRLRi DsxmsVRV aRPWyxmsoRVsNRPV xqsgRiLi
@LiaRP#s[V xqsVLij. @LiVV[ \|mss zmss lLiLiRV %sy\sy [ \saRP{qsQxmsoRVRV aRPWR{qsQxmsoRVRV
FLRiVxtsQs LiRV\[ y NTP NRPWR ORPQ RWc\saSxmsoRV][ xqssVLigS yRVgRiLi By*.
sVW. 1. RVRVWM GNRPxmsoRM xqsLRi*Li xlLi[` , s WLiaRP XRW`.
2. xyLi RV FyLRiaRPsM RXdRVsVLiaRPLi [ R . y*sLiaf xqszmsM NRPV[ y AxqssM xqs*yys}][M.
RRs[ zmsRVLSyLRiM @s[ y{qs y.
3. a].[ ZOP[Q [ y sWRxqs sRVVNRPM ZOP[Q RLi xqsVRsV,
sWRXs VM xqsg][][ y R\|qs# R` xmsjZaP[` R ssV.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ R LRi{qs [V RXdRWj NRPLRi[ xtsQu%yRVM. yRV%slgi[ @LiaRP%sgRiM AjRM
xtsQzts QR sVM.
y. 1. xqssLiR {qsQ, @xqssLiR {qsQ c %ds [ INRPNRPV sWRs[V INRP xmsoRVRV xmsosLiVV[ @R[ Azqs @Liy dzqsN]s
RLiT FztsQLiRszqssy sLiRLjids FztsQLiy.
2. @LiVV[ c xV %sxtsQR VLi[ c FyLRiaRPsoRV sWRs[V (aRPWR{qsQ RVLiRVxmsos NRPVsWLRiVRV sWRs[V)
DsQ LiVV[ @RsNTP sVWRV gS[ INRP gRis[V xqsVLij. %sVgjis lLiLiRV gSV A xVs
xqszmsLiRVsNTP gSs, RgiR LRiy\s xqsNRPVdsVsNTP gSs, (A xVsNTP) aSyRVV [R VRLiN]LRiNRPV By*.
@Liy [NPR F[ A xVs AyLRiVsNTP gSs, bPxtsvsNTP gSs By*.
183
3. [y c R LiR Vso gSs, xqssWsg][RLi NRPyRV gSs ARs
(sVLRiLisys) LRiRVLiRV sRVVNRPVQ\ ZOP[Q RxmsoRV xmso Liy.
A R sLi @Liy (lLiLiRV yV) ysNTP By*.
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSxqsQLi[ R LRi{qs RVLi @s[
RXdRWj NRPLRiLi[ ""yRV%sgRiLi[ @LiaRP%sgRiLi'' @s[ ALRis
@yRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi @LRi\ssVWRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R xqsxmssW%yRVM
xtsQzts QR sVLi xmsNRPLRisV c yRV%sgRiM c xmsoR%sgRiM
sVW. 1. xmsLRixmsLjigRi} dsVVR=QXxts QLi ZOP[Q ByyLSM, 2. sWy
ryQM; RVxqs lLi[R xqsxqs @xmsRsV BRxmslLi[. 3. %sRsWssV D RVsV
B N_M.
4. xqs*RVLi RM NRPXRNTPRWRWsV KLRixqsM. [s RVM xmsoNSxmsoRM. xqsg][[sg][[ y sRVVZNP[
ZOP[Q RRM ZOP[Q RM xmsoRM. sLiVVRVM @xqs @szqss xmso[ xqs Gs j*xmsRXN][j *g][][ y R*WLRizms

xqs*yLjiNPR N`P s. RR=R LS s WLSLi gRiX} gRiWR RxqsV gRiWR M. s Vy DxqsXxts QM @xms%sR M. xqsLixqsLRiVM
xmsoRM. NRPygRiLRiM NSdssM. xqsgRiL][yRWM xqsx[R M. xmsosLRiWyRWM FsLRis M.
y. 1. xmsLRiLRiRVLiRV dLi %sRsxmsVRV yss xmsosyRV A ZOP[Q RLi NRPysZNP[ (AsV LRiZ NP[)
LiRVyRs AyLRiV @FyRVLi. 2. R RLRi zqsQNRP sWRs[V; lLi[R xqsV= Fsss][ xmsoRVRV ysZNP[
LiRVyRV @s sVLjiN]LiRLRiV @LiLRiV. 3. lLiLiRV xmsR RVW DyRVs N_Vs sVRLi.
4. ysV %syxLi [zqsN]s {qsQRVLiRV Rss xmsosyRV KLRixqsxmsoRVRV. xmsoNSxmsoRVRV KLRixqsVs][
xqssWsVRV (xmsoRVV [syRV Rs NRPVsWlLis V ""@ryLi W RV[ gRiLRiM xqs s[V xmso][ %sxtsQ'',
""CsVRVLiRV xmsosyRV y xmsoRV_yRV'' @s %syxxqssVRVLi[ zms ysLi [zqss NRPVsWlLiNRPV "xmsoNRP'
@s }msLRiV).
xqssWsg][RLi gRiyRVgSs, s[LiR Vg][RLi NRPyRVgSs sRV%sVRV\ (dsso CsVRVLiRV xmsoRV xmso LiRssV
@s sRVVNRPVQ\) sVL]NRPs LRiRVLiRV xmsoLis xmsoRVRV A %sR LigS sWgjiLis LRiN PR V ""ZOP[Q RxmsoRVRV''.
C %sR LigS sWgjiLiRT xmsLRiZOP[Q RLi[ xmsoRV xmsoLisysNTP xqs*LRiRVLiRV xmsoRVRV NRPgRiNRPF[ A
ZOP[Q RxmsoRV[ BR LRiV RLiRVV NRPyRV, lLiLiRV g][yV NRPyRV @soyRV.
A BR LRiV RLiRVNRPV aSyRVV RW, A BR Lji AxqsVW dzqsN]y. sWgRiLi [NPR VLiy LiR Vso BLi[
LRixxqsLigS xmsosyRV ZOP[Q RxmsoRVssLiy[; %dssNTP ""gRiWR xmsoRVRV'' @s }msLRiV. RRLiRVV
%sT|mss[zqssyRV ""@xms%sR xmsoRVRV''. ysNTP FssRV DxmssRVyjxqsLiryLSV ry][ @R[ ys RLiT.
%syxLi NSs NRPs gRiLRiLi[ sLisyRV ""NSdssxmsoRVRV''. gRiLRis \Vs {qsQs %syxLi [zqsN]s zmssV
xmsosyRV ""xqsx[R xmsoRVRV''. (sVVR LRi s V NSNRP sVL]NRPss) lLiLiRs %syxLi [zqsN]s {qsQNTP xmso syRV
"FsLRis xmsoRVRV''.
sVW. 1. xqs*RVLiRM zmsRXs WyLi R yRWRM; xmsLRiRM xqsLixqsLRiVlLi[s , s s WysV, 2. RR=R LS
sWyzmsRXsV @jM RRM . 3. xqs*RVLi s VLS* xmsoR[xmsgRiRM DxmsgRiRM, 4. xmsoR[* @j NRPXRM NRPXRNRPM,
xmsLjiNUPRM, NUPRM B.
5. KLRi}qs RWRs[ xqssLSM RXdRWLiaRPxLSM @xqssLSM gSryyR sgjisM.
6. xORPQ RVWM @ssL SxmsoyM xqssLSM; GNSsL SM @xqssLSM.
y. 1. KLRixqsxmsoRVRV RLiT AzqsNUP, (@sxqsLSs xms) BRLRiLiR Vso AzqsNPU yRWRVRV (yLRixqsVRV)
@soyRV. xmsLRiVs s xmsosyRV (ZOP[Q RjxmsoRVRV) DxmssRVyjxqsLiryLRiLi [zqssysNTP sWRs[V
yRWRV_yRV. 2. RRLiRVV DRNRP%sxqsLiR sxmspLRi*NRPLigS sVL]NRPLjiNTP BsyRV ""RRxmsoRVRV''. BRRV
KLRixqsxmsoRVs][ xqssWsVRV. 3. xqs*RVLigS gSs, LiR Vso y*LS gSs sVL]NRPsNTP xmsoRR*Li F~Lij y
NRPVVLiLi[ NRPzqssyRV ""DxmsgRiRxmsoRVRV'' 4. ""sVso* sW NRPVsWLRiVRso'' @s @j NSLRiLi Bs*TsyRV
""NRPXRNRPxmsoRVRV''. R sLi B N]syRV ""NUPRxmsoRVRV''. 5. BLi xmsoRVV DsysNTP NSLiRLRiLi[
KLRixqsxmsoRVRV NRPgji[ xqssLiR V\s BRLRi %sy\s xmsoRVV Azqs[ sVWRssLiRV sWRs[V xmsLiRVN][y. y
@xqssVLiR V\[ y NTP LiT, sWRs[V By*.
6. xORPQ RVVNRPV @sLiRLRisLSsNTP Lijs {qsQRVLiRV xmsosy xqssLiR VV. INRP sLiR Li ssysLi
DLi[ @xqssLiR VV. @sgS xVsNTP ORPQ RV{qsQRVLiRV xmsosyRV, ORPQ RVVsNTP \saRP{qsQRVLiRV

xmsosyRV xqssLiR VV. xVsNTP \saRPaRPWR{qsQRVLiRV xmsosyRV, ORPQ RVVsNTP aRPWR{qsQRVLiRV


xmsosyRV @xqssLiR VV.
sVW. 1. xxqs \saSRWsVsVxts QM; aRPWyRWLi suyRM FyLRiaRP[ y. ORPQ RVxqs aRPWyRWsVVgRiM, 2.
aRPWR Gs \saRPxqs, 3. xqssLSxqsV \uysV @RLjiRs[ [ yM yyM. BRsV[s WM. 4.
aRPWyyWgRisORPQR yM, 5. \saSygRiR \s[xN_, 6. ORPQ RW` xqsWRM.
y. 1. xVsNTP \saRP{qsQRVLiRV xmsosyRV @Lixts vRV; aRPWR{qsQRVLiRV xmsosyRV suyRVRV [y
FyLRiaRPsoRV. ORPQ RVVsNTP aRPWR{qsQRVLiRV xmsosyRV DgRiVRV.
184
2. \saRPVsNTP aRPWR{qsQ RVLiRV xmsosyRV aRPWRV[. 3. C sVWRV
sLS (xQOPR Q RV\saRPsLS) y DxmssRVyj xqsLiryLSV
syV [NPR VLiy RsV xqssLiR {qsQs[ %syxsWRgS y NRPV A
xqssLiR {qsQRVLiRV xmsosy ""yRVV''. BLiRsLRiNRPV zmss RVV
@sV[s VRVV c xmsoLRiVxtsvV \|ms sLSy {qsQV NTPLij
sLSy @LiVVs RVV.
4. aRPWRVsNTP \saRP{qsQRVLiRV xmsosyRV ""AWgRisoRV''.
ORPQ RV{qsQRVLiRV xmsosyRV "ORPQR ' . x{qsQRVLiRV xmso syRV
""RLiyVRV'', 5. \saRPVsNTP ORPQ RV{qsQRVLiRV xmsosyRV sWgRiR VRV;
x{qsQRVLiRV xmsosyRV \s[xNRPVRV. ORPQ RVVsNTP
x{qsQRVLiRV xmsosyRV xqsWRVRV.
sVW. 1. FLSNRPxqsQ*sM xqsW][ sWgRiR aRP xQORPQ y` %sZaP[xtsQR M.
2. R G[ xms[s WM xqs*R LSNRPsW` LSM xqsLi ss.
3. DgS\sQuyyLi NRPVNRPVNRPM, %sxmsLRi[V xmsosM. \s[zNSRsVuy` \sM; %sxmsLRi[V NRPVbdPsM, ORPQyR WsV
DgS` aRP*FyNRPM. B[[ @s[ R @sL SM, NRPLRi \s[ LRiRNSLRiM. (\sa][ LRiRNSLRiM @s NSLilgi [ Bs FyhRiLi).
4. [uyLi xqs*W_ %syxM xmspLS*sLRigS%sVR*Li sXys VsXRL i R xqs*R LSs ryxms[V`. aRPWRxqsR LS[ y
@sR R[ M, 5. ZNP[s s[VsLi sLRi sWsM xqs*LiR sWF LS sLRiNRPsVsy, 6. xqslLi[*uysVsL SyLi xqssW
%sgRiM.
y. 1. xmsoLS[ zmss xqsWRVRV ARs][ FyV zmss sWgRiR VRV s[LiR V. y C xqsWRsWgRiR VVNSLRiV,
A xqsWRVRV xVsNRPLi g]xmsyRV, A sWgRiRVRV ORPQ RVVsNRPLi g]xmsyRV.
2. LS sLSQaRPsVxmsLjiLRiORPQLi @s[ xqs*R LRiLi ARLjiLiRNRPF[ BLi xms[s VRVV (R \|ms sLSNTP Lij
RLiT NTPLij sLSsNTP Lijs RVV) GLRiRyLiVV.
3. DgRiVsNTP \suyjRVLiRV xmsosyRV ""NRPVNRPVNRPVRV''. suyRVsNTP DgRiRVLiRV xmsosyRV xmsosVRV.
@Lixts vsNTP \s[zNRPRVLiRV xmsosyRV \sVRV; \s[zNRPVsNTP @Lixts QR VLiRV xmsosyRV NRPVbdPsoRV.

DgRiVsNTP ORPQR R VLiRV xmsosyRV aRP*FyNRPVRV. B%s BLiNS BLi @LiRLSRVV (sLS sVR GLRiTs
RVV), \sV[ (\saRPV[ NSLilgi)[ sRLigRiLi, y{msxmss sVVR\s%s xmsRLis LRiRNSLRiVRV @soyRV.
4. %ds LiRLRiW RsV RsV RV[s[ %syxLi [xqsVN][y. C RV[ NRPWR \|ms y NTPLij
{qsQ][ xqsLiLiR Li |msVN]sRLi, sLiaRPNRPsWgRiR\sVs sXRVV [xmsRLi C sVVR\s xqs*R LSV FyLi[ V
LS RW. [y RLiyVV Rxms %sVgjis @yLiRLRiRV y LiRLRiW, aRPWRxqssWsVVgS
xmssLjiL i[V, aRPWRVV G R LSV ARLjiLiy[ A R LSV ARLjiLi[ V RW.
5. C %sR LigS R LRiFysLi [}qs LS sWRs[V xqs*LRiLi F~LiRVyRV. @ NSNRPF[ sLRiNRPLi[ xmsRyRV, 6. C
@LiRLS RV[s @sRsVVV RLiT Azqs xqssVLigS xmsLiRVN][y.
a].[ [aPR xqs yM xqsLixmsn Vxqs R L][ gSsVxqs yzms RVM,
DRxqsxqs [\ss yRVR LRiLi xmsNRP[V`.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ R LRi{qs [V RXdRWj NRPLRi[ xqsxmssW%yRVM, yRV%slgi[ xmsoR%sgRiM, yRV%sgRiM
xqssWxmsM. AjRM RRVM xtsQzts QR sW%yRVM.
y. G [aPR Li[ G [, G xqsLixmsn VLi[, [y G gSsVLi[ G R LRiLi xmsLRiLixmsLSgRiRLigS sxqsWs ][ ys
xmsNSLRis[V A RW [aPR ccxqsLixmsn VcgSsW[ yRVR LRiLi GLRiLRiy.
""sLijs'' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ R LRi{qs RVLi @s[ RXdRWj NRPLRiLi[,
""yRV%sgRiLi[ xmsoR%sgRiLi'' @s[ xqsxmss WyRVLi xqssWxmsLi. FyLRiLi LisVLi @LRi\sys @yRVLi
xqssWxmsLi.
@R @xts QsW%yRVM
GNRPxtsQzts QR sVLi xmsNRPLRisV c yxqsVNPR sV c gRiXxyxqsVNPR sV
sVW. 1. rysVs xmsRRWM yxqsV%syyM. 2. gRiXxLi, ZOP[Q RsV, ALSsVM. }qsRVs M, RNRPsV, AyL][y yxqsVM.
3. NRPLiR NUPRVxqsxqssV%[ sVgRiXxLi}qsRVM. RVy}qsRVg[ iR Li s[aPR NSLRi[V`. 4. @ WRLi y xmsLRiNRPVyRxmsNRPsV
y*sLRidQxmskLi Fy[ s Li NSLRi[V`. 5. @sxqsLRiLi, sVsV, DFyysLi y s gRiXx[yRsRM; @sR
xqsWNSNRPWFyysLiR aSj. RryNRPs[V xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM.
y. 1. yxqsVs oNRPV xqsLiLij Lis %syysV BLRiVgRiV F~LRiVgRiVs Dsy sWsV AyLRiLigS dzqsN]s
xmsLjixtsQLjiLiy. 2. gRiXxLi, F~Li, DysLi, }qsRVLiR Li (|msR gRiV), LRiVso, BRLRiyLRiLi c B%s yxqsVs o,
3. BLis @sVxqsLjiLi sVW[ BsVxmsxqsLiV Fys BsVxmsdgRi][ xqsLjixR V (}qsRV) GLRiLRiy. A
xqsLjixR V gRiVLiy BV sLjiLi[ V RW.
4. [y BRLRiV g][R sVLi lLiLiRV @LRiRVV [y sVWRV xmsyV BsR Rs BLi g][R sVVR N]R
xqsLjixR VgS [s (LiR Li) NRPLiy. R F}qs NRPVLiU, y[ ds xmsszLi[ rysLi( sV) sVLiVV %dss Rs
gRiXsNTP Rgjis xms[aPR Li NRPLi sQQ\sVs xqs [ GLRiLRiRNRPWRRV. @LiVV[ xmsoLjiLiNTP xqsLiLij Lis ds s [
g]LiVV sWRLi, xmsoLjiL][V xmsj L][V y[s LRiNRPV sWRs[V FsNRPQ\y R%s*LiRsRVsV. \|mss zmss
ysNTP %sLRiVR LigS [zqss ysNTP xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi %sj Liy.
185

sVW. 1. [s[s ysxmsn WRsNRPXRLi NRPNRPX[uy*ysWRNRPsWLSaRP


yyM.
2. xmskxmsNSs s VR LiR sVLRiLi y xmss[aPR gSR xmsxqsXRsVVRNRP sWLiR Li
xmsxqssxmsFyRLi y NSLRi[V`. RryNRPs[V RRVuyR[ RM.
3. GNRPxmskxmsNSs s VLRiLi y RNTP RRVxtsQRryssV @gjiQxts Qs V
DRLRirysLi, L][R dsLi NRPVdsLi y NSLRi[V`. RryNRPs[V
RRVLji*LiaRPxms[ RM.
4. xqsLRi*yxqsVNPR WM FyOTPQxmsNPR WLS* aSWM NTPxtsvM @sL ij NS xmsk
y. RWaRPRVLRiVLi dsFysL iR Li xqssWLRiWR NRPLi y. NTPxtsv sWRsV
Ay*LRisV @sL ij NSRWLi xmsoLiR sV @xqsLiFyRLi NSLRi[V`.
xmsNSaSLiR sV @sVWLiR Q*Li yyRVsLi NSLRi[V`. RRszqs[ s[aPR s
yR [V`. xqsLi WRV y gRiXxry*%sVsM RV[xts QLi NSLRi[VRVVM;
@sxts QLi yLRi[VRVVM.
y.1. xqsWNSNRPWFys xms, %syRVR=y[ NRP V R V N]Li[ ryyV, V sVVR\s%s aRPV Li
[R VysNTP NRPLis DRNRPsWLSV zmss .[ @sgS ys NRPWR gRiXxFyLigRiLi[ %dsVs][
GLRiLRiRVN]s A DR=yRVV xmspLji @LiVVFLiVVs sLis[ ]gjiLiy @s @LiR Li.
2. BRLRiV B g][R sVLi sVWRV xmsyV [y INRPsLRi @LRiRV RWLRiLi DLi[ V RWRVN]s [RVgS
xmsszLi[ DRNRPsWLRiLi (sVLids xmsszLi[ sWLRiLi) gSs, ds s xms[ rysLi gSs (Sump or cascade)
sLjiLixms[xqsVN][y. C sRVsWs @NRP%sV}qs RW\ yVgRiV xms RLiRLi (DRNRPsWLiR Li @sgS sVLi ds
s[ sWLiR Li @ds, sVLi @sgS sVVLjiNTPds sWLiR Li @ds NSLilgi .[ DRNRPsWLRi sVsgS sVVLjiNTP ds sWLiR Li @s
gRi.aS.).
3. F~LjigjiLiy g][R sVLi INRP xmsRLi [y INRP @LRi RWLRiLi %sT|ms NRPV, yVgRiV NS xmsaRPVsoNRPV
ryys, [y ysLi RLi}ms ryys GLRiLRiy. BLiRVNRPV %sLRiVR LigS GLRiLRiV}qs BLRi\s xms RLiRLi.
4. \|mss zmss yxqsVs o[ (gRiXxLi, LiT, xmsaRPVsoV sVVR\sy ryy[) xms lLiLiRV ryyNUP [y
sVVLiRVNRPV F~RVRVN]s s[ xms lLiLiRV ryyNUP sVR INRP NTPxtsvso, [y sVWRV xmsy sRV xqsLiRV
DLiy. A lLiLiRV aS RWLRi sVR yVgRiV @LigRiV @sNSaRPLi DLiy. [y lLiLiRV RWLiR W INRPys][
INRP NRPzqs DLiRsRVsV. lLiLiRV aS sVR sVs xqsLiRV[ G\sVy Fy\FLiVVsxmsVRV
gRiV[LiVVLiRRLi INRP NTPxtsvso xmssWLi gRi s y*LRiLi GLRiLRiy. A y*LRiLi gRiVLiy FsNRPVs LSNRPFNRPV
DLiRgRiWRRV. sVRVLRiV N]LRiNRPV \|mss INRP s NTPNUP GLRiLRiy. BLi[ sszqsxqsVs xmsVRV ys \|mss NRPxmsV
s[LiVVLiy. [y A RW gRiX RVsWsVV NRPzqs xmsLRixqsLSLigkiNSLRiLi][ xqsLiRV sVVRV NTPNUP sLRiNRPV \|mss
zmss BRLRi\sVsys RsVNRPV Bxts QLi ss xmsNSLRiLigS GLRiLRiRVN]ssRV. G%dsV @sxts QLi NRPgRiNRPVLiy sWRLi
y RWRVN][y.
186

sVW. 1. ysa][LiR Q*sWyLRigRiLi NRPxmsRs sV, @ssVLRi+


Li y NSLRi[V` sL<RiR RW`. RryNRPs[V xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM.
2. s[s Vy*LRi yyRVsyRWLi R @sR LSsWLiR LRiy M.
3. RrFysxmsdsZaP[sxqsLRi\lgiLRizLSyRWLi g[ iR sgRi}
R.
4. xmsLRiNRPVRsVVRZNP[[xmsxmnsVRM y*RaRPxms[ RM. sVWRxmsoLkiuxms xmsn W[
j*gRiVM.
5. xmsdsWO][Q sL<iR , @sy y*RaRPxms[ RM.
y. 1. sLRiLiy \|msgSs sL<SsNTP RRsNRPVLiy DLi[V gRi
yxms][ NRPzmsLiy. [y ys%dsVR \|msNRPxmsVNRPV Rgji[V yxmsogS
DLi[ g][R NRPLiy. B [R VNRPF[ xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi.
2. LSsWLRiLi \sxmso, %dsj\sxmso NSNRP BRLRi FyLS+Q*[ F~LRiVgjiLiy NRPV @rNRPLRiLi NRPgjiLi[ y*LRiLi gSs NTPNUP
gSs GLRiLRiy NRPWR xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi %sj Liy.
3. g]LiVV, sVV, dsNSs, ss, RN PR VLiU c %ds gSV \NRPV ]RVN]s s[V [zqs BRLRiVNRPV
R NRPgjiLiy, y NRPV @j NSLRiLi Ds][ sVxqsysNTP @sL][R Li NRPgjiLiy NRPWR xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi
%sj Liy.
4. ds [R xmsNRPy BLi g][R sV FyRV[}qsysNTP xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi. sVWRxmsoLkiuy y*LS BRLRiV
g][R V Rg]sysNTP BLRi\syVgRiV xms RLiRLi, sL<iR Li NRPVLRiVxqsVs xmsVRV RWsVVNSVsV LjisRW.
@ [R VNRPF[, @sgS sL<ij xqsVs xmsVRV LRisNRPFLiVVy, sL<ij LiRsxmsVRV Ljiy xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi.
sVW. 1. xmsztsQR xqs R sxqsRM, sLRixqsRaRP @sNRPRVsV; @sR
FyLRiVxtsQ}qsR VryxxqsxqsLigRix%sVyl[ gi[ M. xqs*RVsVxmszqs ][ sL<S sNRPRVZaP[xtsQLi Ry`.
2. rysWs[ s[aPR s ryRVsVxmsRVRR M, rysWssVVxmsLRiVs ][ g[ iR Li R gRiX} y*RaRPxms[ RM,
%syaRPRVRM Rj *gRiVM.
3.a].[ N][xts QNSsLSysVgji NRPVsaSWM,
%ssXyyLi R xqslLi[*uyLi rysW[ g[ iR BxtsQ[.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ R LRi{qs [V RXdRWj NRPLRi[ @xts QsW%yRVM, yxqsVZNP[ gRiXxyxqsVNPR sV, AjRM
xmsxtsQzts QR sW%yRVM.
y. 1. BLi[ @ NRPV DsyRV (NSLilgi)[ , BLiR NSsNTP BLiR RLi Brys V @s NRPVRVLRiVN]ss
}qssNRPVRV(gRi.aS.) sLiR LiVVLiRVN]s NSLi ys RLRiyR ""BLiNRP sszqsLiRsRV'' @s zmsy NRPWR
sszqsLiy, BLiNS sLiR LiVVLiRVNRPVs NSLi xmspLjiN SNRPsVVLi[ yss s g]y xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi. @LiVV[
FyLRiVxtsQLi, ]LigRiRsLi, ryxxqsNRPXRLi, {qsQxqsLiLiR Li, @sV %sLi[ @j NSLRiLi [syss @sV %sLiRRLi @s[

][uyV [zqssyss s g]y RLiRLi [R V. RsLiR ys[ sVR [ sF[VyRV xqsLisR=LSsNTP


Bs*szqss ys[ %sVgjis r~sVVsV Bs[R W.
2. IZNP[ BLi[ DLiVy NRPWR @sxqsLRiLi ssxmsVRV xqsRVLi RVs ysNTP BLi[ @LiRLRiW xqssVLigS
DxmsWgjiLiRszqss ysNTP (rysWsg[ iR Li) @sL][R Li NRPLisysNUP xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi. @Li
rysWsg[ Ss sbPLixms[}qs BLRi\syVgRiV xmsV RLiRLi.
3. N][uyV (sheds) sVVLiRV yNTP , sVsVWR%sxqsLiR s ryyV, @gjiQrysLi, ysLi RLi}ms rysLi,
AyR sLi [s BRLRixms[aSV BLi[ Ds y LiRLjiNUP (BLiRVsWsVNRPV, @ NRPV Dsy NUP)
rysWsg[ iR LigS xmsyLiVV.
""sLijs'' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ R LRi{qs RVLi @s[ RXdRWj NRPLRiLi[, ""yxqsVNPR Li[
gRiXxyxqsVNPR Li'' @s[ Fss%sVRs @yRVLi, FyLRiLi Li sVLi @LRi\sHRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R sssW%yRVM
GNRPxtsQzts QR sVLi xmsNRPLRisV c yxqsVNPR Li, yxqsV%sNRPRVM
sVW. 1. rysVs R sNSM NRPs[V W%sVxmsLjigRis ZNP[R VsV #s[R VVM. R][%s[ M. 2.
rysVsR y*LjiLiaRPRV gRiXxxmssVV[ s[aPR aSs[VRVVM. rysVs gSsVsX x[tsv ZOP[Q RsV, ALSsVsV,
}qsRVs Li RNRPsV, AyLRiLi y sVLSyxqsV RVy}qsRVWgRisV. ""@s[ylLi [ NRPM ZNP[y'' B M Axmsn VVztsQR sV
@yxRLi ZNP[y ZNP[R VLi [ R . 3. xqsLiR RW y sVWsLiR s[ sVWsXj M xqsaRPV N][aPR Li gRi[ ` .
%sNRPRVxmsN][uy aRPVLi Ry`.
y. 1. gRiXRVV @sVNSsNTP |mssxmsVRV A gRiXjzqs LSxqsVsV ( W%sVxmsLjigRis) N]sysNTP NRPsVLigS
RVV (yRWRVV), yRWRVV [NPR F[ BLRiVgRiVF~LRiVgRiVy , y [NPR F[ VVLi Bsy (R sNRP)
@L>iR R NRPy . C sVWRV LRiNSy NRPWR [NPR F[ \y N]ssRVsV.
2. BLRiVgRiVF~LRiVgRiV NRPVVLiNRPV Lijs s\ sVLij @sVRs BLi FsRV sT (C BV @sVRVsV
@s RVxmsLS. F~V, DyyV, }qsRVLiR Li (gRiV) LRiVso, BRLRiyLSV @s[VxmsVRV
BLRiVgRiVF~LRiVgRiVyLjis, gSsV|msR sV zmszmsLi, y xqsLjixR V RgiR LRi sT, xqsLjixR V gRiVLRiVsV RWxmsoRW
ys gRiWLji %sszmsLixms[R W. ""kss BLiR sVWLi B FssLRiV N]LiLRiV'' @s sVWRVryLiR V giR LRigS
|mnsWxtsQ [zqss RLRiyR, RVV sVVR\s y sLRiW @ LiRLRiLi
xmsNRPF[ yss N]sRRVN]syRV N]ssRVsV.
187
3. FxmsT sVWLi |msLisLiVV[ A |msLis sVWLi xmssV][
xqs LSgSLji y[ [LS. @%sVsxmsVRV FsNRPVs Fy FyT
N]syRV (%sNRPRVxmsN][xts Q) xmssV Liy.
sVW. 1. @ry*%sVxmsN][ZaP[ RRVLji*LiaRPxms[ RM. xqsxmsLSyRWLiR Q*sV
@sxqsLRiRM xmsNRPVu %sNUPR. xmsNRPVuyNRPs[V yxqsVs j*aRP][ RM,
@sR RRVLji*LiaRPxms[ RM. B yxqsV%sNRPRVM.

2. {qssW%syRLi gSsVWLRiV WMrysVy xmsgS%dsV RaRPgS%dsV y }qsRVM rys\lLiM NRPX\sVLS* NRPVLS`.


3. NRPL<iR NRPg][FysXR NSM xmspLRi* VNTPN S y, @M }qsRWysV @M xsM GN][ y sLjixtsQ {qssW}qsRWs
%sxmsLkiRs[uyM {qssWsLi s[VRVVM. Dj uyyLi }qsRWysV @RLRi+s[ xqsxxqsRM. R[s ds[ {qssWxmsLjiLi
}qsRVyLi R NRPVLS`.
y. 1. gRiXRVRVLiRV @j NSLRiLi [syRV y @sVNSs\ZNP s[Li Fy |msT[ BLRi\syVgRiV xms
RLiRLi. FyFyTsyRV GRV L][ yNS A N]s Azqss ry*k sLi [xqsVN]sysNTP LSNRPF[, GRV L][
RLRiyR A yxqsVs osV sVL]NRPLjiNTP @%sVsLiVV[ lLiLiRV sLiR xms RLiRLi. yxqsVso NSNRP xmsaRPVsoV
sVVR\sys @%sV[ BLRi\syVgRiV xms RLiRLi. Bj yxqsV%sNRPRWsNTP xqsLiLij Lis %sxtsQR VLi.
2. lLiLiRV gSsW sVR {qssW%syRLi (F~s[VLRisV gRiWLjis %syRLi) GLRiTsxmsVRV RVV xmsNRP HRV
gSsWy gSs, xmsj gSsWy gSs, @sgS A gSsW[ Ds ssLRi\s |msR sVsVxtsvV
zqs LRi\sVs (xmsLRi*yV, sRVV, @LRiV sVVR\s }qsRVsosV) (xqsLjixR V gRiVLRiVsV) xms gSs,
NRPXsVsVV\s, (sVsVxtsvV GLRiLRis W%sV[ NRPzmss) ENRP, giR VV, WTR sVVR\s }qsRVsosV
xmsgSs sLiR RVLi RW.
3. xmspLRi*Li A FyLiysV @sV %sLis NRPL<RiNRPV[ sXR VV gSs, g][FyV[ sXR VV gSs, A }qsRVsosV
gRiWLji gS zqss @NRPRs[ sszqsLi[y ysVLij gSs, INRP[ gSs {qsQs[xtsQLi R LjiLi xqsLjixR V[s
}qsRVsosV s[ ][ RWzms xqsLjixR VV sLiR LiVVLiy (y {qsQs[xtsQLi R LjiLiRRLi INRP AyLRiLi). y zmss
}qsRVsoV NRPsRNRPF[ RWzmssysNTP sLiVV xmsV RLiRLi. y zmss xmsNSLRiLi {qssV sLiR LiVVLisLiVV[
@NRPR xqsLjixR V QQ\s sXOSQR VsV N]s[zqs xqsLjixR VV NRPsRNRPVLiy [R VysNTP xmsRVLisy NTP
NRPWy @[ RLiRLi %sj Liy.
sVW. 1. xmssxts Q}qsRVg[ iR Li y {qssWsLi LS RV][xmsNSLRiLi %s #[` .
2. ZOP[Q R%syRLi rysVs gSsVsXyM NRPVLRiVM. [uyLi \Q*k s[R V][ xsM aRPVRRVM, @sVsVy y R][
sRV[ R VVM. sVR Li y gRiX{ RVVM. RRV RVxmsL][NPR L i yxqsV LS xlLi[` xmssxts Qry*%sVNRPLi R. RV][xmsNSLRiLi
y %s #[` .
3. xmsxqsys[ yxqsVs }qsR VRM, NSLRiys[ xmsRWxqssV AsLi R xmsLjixqsLiRV s Li Ry`.
sVLSyxmsxLRi[ xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM. sVLSy [ [ RRVLji*LiaRPxmsM.
4. [s RFss%s%dsRsVxmsRaRPaSs[s NRPVRVsxmsorys %syy yyM. B sVLSyryxmsssV.
y. 1. xqsLjixR V gRiVLRiVV xmspLjig S FLiVV, FssLji g[ iR Li[ (FssLji [ NTPLiR) Ds][ NRPWR RVs
xqsLjixR VsV LS DxmsNSLSsNTP @sVgRiVLigS (@LiRLjiNUP DxmsWgjiLi[ %sR LigS) %s Liy. (sLRiLiVVLiy).
2. F~NTP xqsLiLij Lis %syysV RVV xmsNRP Ds gSsVsXR VV xmsLjixtsQLjiLiy. y [
@FyRV [ R Li DLi[ ysVLij G xmsORPQLi[ DLiL][ A xmsOSQsNTP gSs, xmsLjiaRPVR \sVs RLjiR NRPy zmss
%sR LigS gSs, %syRLi ss lLiLiRV xmsOSQy NRPV @LigkiNSLRiWgRiQ\sVs %sR LigS gSs sLiR LiVVLiy. [y
sVR sWLiR Li @sLiLi sLRiLiVVLiy (RVsRgRiso). G xmsORPQLiy NUP LiRsjgS xmsTs yxqsVs osV, ry*%sV
[s yxqsVs osV LS dxqsVN][y. [y A FyLiRLi[ @LiRLjiNUP DxmsWgjiLi[ %sR LigS %s Liy.

3. yxqsVs osV yLRiLigS ANRP%sV}qs ]LigRiRsLi [zqssLiRVNRPV FsLi RLiRsW @Li RLiRLi %sj Liy.
INRPRV sVLji VVNRPs yxqsVs osV (VVLi Bs*RLisLi) Rgjis }RVso[R ANRP%sVLisLiVV[ ssVNRP
RVsWs aRPLkiLRiNRPuyds, ARsNTP NSszqss s[Fyjds NRPRW ysNTP A LiR Li (r~sVV) By*.
xqsLjixR V gRiVLRiVsV dzqss[zqssysNTP xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi %sj Liy. xqsLjixR V gRiVLRiVV N]LiRsLRiNRPV [NPR VLiy
[zqssysNTP BLRi\syVgRiV xms RLiRLi.
4. BLiRsLRiNRPV zmss gRiXj{qssV %syys xms RFsyV, %s%dsyV (xmsaRPVxqsLiyLRi WsVVV),
sVsWLSV (High ways), aRPaSyV, [yRWV, RVQryyV, xmsoryyVc %dsNTP xqsLiLij Lis
%syyV ysLiRTs%s. @sgS A sRVsW[ %dsNTP NRPWy sLjiryLiVV @s @LiR Li. Bj sVLSyryxmsysNTP
(xqsLjixR V sLiR RWsNTP) xqsLiLij Lis %sxtsQR VLi.
188
sVW. 1. xqsLRi* Gs %syyM rysVs xmsRRWM. %s%dsRxqs
ZNP[yLRixtsQ s[aPR yxsN][uyyLi xmspLRi*Li xmspLRi*sVR Li xqs}R.
2. xrsWLRi[s RVsxmsoryssLSM xqsxms[aSM. 3.
AyLRixmsLjiyxZNP[yL][ xms\l[ giM xmsLRiZOP[Q RNRPXxts Qd zLiryRWLi
RV][xmsxmsn WRLi sVWLi RRVM. ZNP[yLSLSsV}qsRVyyLi
xmsLRixqsLRizLiryRWLi zLiryj*gRiV[ RM.
3. xmsaSs%sxts Qs VR LRiRNRPLi [xmsLjiRNRPxqs ZNP[yLRisVVRZNP[y
Fys[V`. DxmsLjis%sxts QLi sR LRiRNRPxqs xmspLSrysLi yLRi[V` @sR
sL<]x[msLRiRNRPLRiM. RryNRPs[V xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM RNRPysVsLi R.
y. 1. @s %syyV BLRiVgRiVF~LRiVgRiVy B[ ryOSQQyLSsV
xms sLiR LiVVLiy. %s%dsRLi(xmsaRPVxqsLiyLRi W%sV), sVWsVVV, sLji
sVVR\sy ryyV c %ds[ xmspLRi*xmspLRi*Li DRL ][R L iR Lis NRPlgi[
aRPsVsV xqszLiy. @sgS xqs Lis %s%dsysNTP ANRPsVjNRPLi Ljigjiy, ZNP[yLRiLis %s%dsRxqs NTP ANRPsVLi
Ljigjiy C RLRiVyy[R xmspLRi*Li zmssyNTP A R Li NRPgjiy @j @LiRgS %syRrysLi NSNRPWRRV
@s @LiR Li.
2. \|msszmss xqs [ (sVxms[aS[) s[yR RVsLi Ljilgi[ @LRiV, RVLi [}qs @LRiV,
[s xmspryyV, xmsoryyV [LiR so. %dss rysWs xqs VgS xmsLjigRiLiRNRPWRRV @s @LiR Li. 3. yLRiLi
(Reservoir) Rs*RLi[R gSs, ds xmsszLixms[R VRLi[R gSs, [NRPV ds |msRLi[R gSs xmsNRPy
RVsVN]s W%sVNTP, dNUP zLixqs NRPgji[ sxts QLi @LiRy s[zqs @j Liy. ZNP[yLSV, ALSsWV,
}qsRVLiyV c %dsNTP INRPyss INRPysNTP R NRPgji[ FsLiR sxts QLi NRPgjis][ ysNTP lLiLixmso RLiRLi.
3. xmsLi[ RLRiyR R%s*Lis LRiVsods[ @LiRNRPV sVVLi[ FsRV%sd VR sVs LRiVso ds][ rygRiV [}qs [sV
sLixmsNRPWRRV, FsRV%sd VR sVs LRiVsosVLi xmsLi[ Ds LRiVso[sNTP sRVRVs ds xmsys
@R V|msgRiWRRV. @LiVV[ xmsLi[ Ds LRiVso sVWRV xqsLisR=LSFyV FsLiTFLiVV ys y*LS rygRiV
LRigRisxmsVRV ys[sNTP dsLRiV LSNRPVLiy [zqsy ][xtsQLi [R V. kss @NRP%sV}qs xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi %sj Liy,
A RNSs aRPWsLi RW.

sVW. 1. xmssL<]x[msLRiRNRPLRiM }qsRVs xqs ry*sVLi V}msR @sR AxmsRQM.


2. RNRP}qsRVyyLi ssxmssLRi s[ FysL<ij NRPM xmsLjiLRiM. g][R=QXuyyLi yRVLRi*L<ij NRPM. xqssVVFyLRiWyyLi
\QsL<ij NRPM. xqs xqs \Q*sL<jiNRPM. ry*yys[ %sNRP[V R.
3. RFysXs VsksyRVRsRNRPZNP[yLSLSsVxtsQ yFyyLi xqsxqssLiR g][R
LjiNRPsV, @s[[ y RV][xmsNSLRiLi RRVM.
4. xmsNRPRWsNRPRWj gRig[ iR sxqsXuxmsN[ SLiR \ZaPQQuyLi xmsNRPVLRiVM. @xmsdNSlLi[ {sj*gRiV[ RM.
189
y. 1. HRV xqsLisR=LS FyV DxmsWgjiLiRs }qsRVLiR Li (AsNRP =
Water work ) %dsVR ys ry*%sVNTP (RVsWsNTP) ry*%sVR*Li
(Ownership) ]gjiFRVLij.
@LiVV[c G\s AxmsR[R yss DxmsWgjiLiRNRPF[ ]gRiRV.
2. LRiVsoV, }qsRVLiyV N]Rg S GLRiLji}qs @ GLRiLRisy NTP
HRV xqsLisR=LS FyV xmssV xmsLjiLRiLi (%sVsLiVVLixmso) DLiVLij.
Fy\FLiVVsys, %sT|mss[zqssys sVLRisVRV[zqs xmsosLRiVR Lji}qs
yVgRiV xqsLisR=LS FyV xmssV %sVsLiVVLixmso. gRiT , sVVNRPV
sVV Fy\FLiVVs ys xmsosLRiVR Lji}qs sVWRV xqsLisR=LSV xmssV
%sVsLiVVLixmso, sV W%sVs }qsRLi[sNTP dzqsN]ss}qs lLiLiRV
xqsLisR=LSV xmssV %sVsLiVVLixmso. BLiys
xmsosLRiVR LjiLisysNTP ys yNRPV|msysNTP, @sVysNUP NRPWR
@j NSLRiLi DLiVLij.
3. C yNRPLi[ "RNRP' RLRiyR "DRNRPsV' @s DLi[ gRiVLiVLiRs
NSLilgi .[ R%s*s sosVLiT, sRVsVLiT, sRVNRPV AsNRP NRPgS yssVLiT, LRiVsosVLiT Li[ s
y ry*sVVV sLji[V, ][V, ALRi][xmsoV sVVR\sys |msLi[yLjiNTP sVLi xqsxqsLi[ N]LiRgRiLi
dzqsN]s By*. BRLRiVNRPV NRPWy, y RsV NTP[ xmsxmsn sVryLRiLi Bs*sRV.
4. ZOP[Q yRVsV N]sVN]s @sV %sLi[ y , N_VNTP @sV %sLi[y , @ NRPV @sV %sLi[y yNRPV
dzqsN]s @sV %sLi[y , @sVsV dzqsN]s @sV%sLi[y C sWRVV sVVR\syNTP @sxqsLRiLi
ssxmsVRV sVLRisVRV [xqsW DLiy. [R VNRPF[, [R VNRPFsRLis NRPgjis suysNTP lLiLixmso RLiRLi.
a].[ }qsRV[ sVVRrR VsVylLi[ xtsQxms[ RsVM,
ylLi[ y ][R VsVs[uyLi xmssW[[xmsLRiVs RM.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ R LRi{qs [V RXdRWj NRPLRi[ sssW%yRVM, yxqsVZNP[ yxqsV%sNRPRVM, {qssW%syRM,
ZOP[Q R%syRM, sVLSyryxmsssV, yj NRPsV; AjRM xtsQxtsQzts QR sW%yRVM.
y. Rs sLiRV NSsxmsVRV }qsRVsosVLiT ds Rs [s V[sNTP %sT[ysNTP ALRiV xms RLiRLi. BRLRiV
sLiRV @LiVVsxmsVRV, RVNRP, dsLRiV s NRPVLiy [zqssysNTP NRPWR ALRiV xms RLiRLi.
""sLijs'' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ R LRi{qs RVLi @s[ RXdRWj NRPLRiLi[, yxqsVNRPLi[
yxqsV%sNRPRVLi, {qssW%syRLi, ZOP[Q R%syRLi, sVLSyryxmssLi, yj NRPLi'' @s[ sssWyRVLi,
FyLRiLi LisVLi @LRi\sALRis @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R RaRPsW%yRVM
GNRPxtsQxts QR sV c j*xtsQzts QR sVxmsNRPLRi[ c yxqsVNPR Li, %s%dsRZOP[Q RxmsRzLiry,

xqssVRVrysFyNRPLRi R. (yxqsVNRPLi xmsaRPVxqsLiyLRiryyNTP, F~NTP, sWLSNTP sxts QLi NRPgjiLiRRLi. @yVgS


sxqsWs sRVsWsV FyLiRNRPFsRLi).
sVW. 1. NRPL][RNRPsWLRisVVRLi LRiVs RM NRPVLRi*RM @sVRLi y xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM.
2. }qsRVNRPWxmsxmsorys\R[yRVRys R xmsLRi Ws ss[aPR RVRM xmspLS*sVsXRL i R LRi}qsRVsWysLi,
%sNRPRVLi y sRV][ yRVRV][ y sVR sVM ryxxqsRM, a][R YsVVR s VM @sR g][R=QXuy`.
3. ry*sVs[ gSsWM xmsobdP y xmsNRPVLRiVM.
4. xmsjxmssWLi RVLiR ss[aPR #s[ yRsV. ORPVQRxmsaRPVsVsVxtsQ xmsRLiLRiVs RM y*RaRPxms[ RM. sVxmsaRPVxmsRLi
RRVLji*LiaRPxmsM. xzqsQZOP[Q R xmsRLi RRVxtsQaRPRM. }qsRVssxmsRLi xtsQR RM. aRPaSsgSsVxmsRLi j*aRPRM.
][sVVxmsRLi xmsaRPRM. rydsRVLSxts Q%s%dsRxmsRLi ryxxqsM. @NRPL<iR [ \uyLi RRRVLS RM. NRPL<Ri[
xmspL][*Q NSM.
y. 1. y NSLisVLi DLiWs rygRiVNRPV DxmsWgjiLi[ sWLSsNTP (NSVsV sVVR\syNTP)
@R V|msy, xmspLRi*sVLid [s yss N]Rg S GLSV [zqsy @ [zqssysNTP xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi.
2. BRLRiV xqs [ }qsRVsoV, NRPWFyV, xmsoryyV, \yV, [yRWV GLSV [zqssysNTP
(NRPsysNTP), xmspLRi*LisVLid sxqsWs R LRi}qsRVsosV (R LSLRiLi FydsVsL][ sN]s
}qsRVNRPWxmsRNSjNSs water work) yNRPV |msy [NPR @%sVs[zqsy, @ [zqss ysNTP, [LiVVLisysNTP
sVR sVryxxqsRLiRLi. @LiVV[ A R LRi}qsRVso sVVR\s%s FyRVxmsTFLiVVy, DxmsWgRiLi[ [NPR FLiVVy C
RLiRLi DLiRRV.
3. C R LRi}qsRVsosV ryzmsLis ry*%sV ys xmsoRFyRVV [NPR F[ xmsoxqs*sLi gRi yLRiV gSs
gSsVxqs VV gSs ys xmsosLRiVR LjiLiy.
4. sWLS (L][R ) xmssWLi Fs DLiy[ RVLiR ss[aRPLi[ xmsTLij. s[VNRPV g] V sVVR\s s
xmsaRPVsoV, sVsVxtsvV sT[ sWLSsNTP @sL][R Li NRPgjiLisysNTP xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi. g][s oV, @aS*V
sVVR\s |msR xmsaRPVso sWLSsNTP @sL][R Li NRPLisysNTP BLRi\syVgRiV xms RLiRLi. gRixqsLiyLRisWLSsNTP
@sL][R Li NRPLisysNTP RW\ yVgRiV xms RLiRLi. }qsRVso RgiR LjiNUP, @LRiNUP s [ sWLSsNTP @sL][R Li
NRPgjiLi[ysNTP ALRiV sLiR xms RLiRLi. aRPaSssWLSsNTP, gSsVsWLSsNTP
@sL][R Li NRPLisysNTP HRV sLiR xms RLiRLi. ][sVVsWLSsNTP, LSxts QsWLSsNTP, %s%dsRsWLSsNTP
@R V NRPLi[ysNTP sLiVV xms RLiRLi. C sWLSNRPV xmspLjig S @sL][R Li NRPgjiLiRNRPVLiy %ds \saSLi
Rgij LisysNTP \|mss zmss RLiy[ ys sLiRV RLiRLi. A sWLSV RVs ssryRVLi [}qs \|mss
zmss RLiRs[V %sj Liy.
190
sVW. 1. ZOP[Q NRPxqs AOTPQxmsRM ZOP[Q RsV Dxmsyxqsxqs y RRM dNS[
y*RaRPxms[ RM @sR ][uxmssFyy%sxtsQ} M.
2. NRPLRiyM NRPLRi[xtsv AysLi %sNRPRVLi y NRPVLRiVM, x[LiVVNS
x[LiVVZNP[xtsv. @sy xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM, NRPLRiRxqs y%NRPLRiRgSsVLi
xms%saRPRM.
3. NRPLRiRLi RV xms%saRPRM xqsLRi*Rs[xtsv FyNSsVLi ry` @sR @gSLS`.
RRxmsQ\|qs# Ry`.
4. @y[R VsV @NRPXxtsQR M @sM xms sL<S Dxms V
xmsRWxqssxtsQQ[V Ry`.

5. @NRPLRiyM xmsLRiR ssM g[ RisVVxmss[R VVM.


y. 1. %sR yV R [ NSLi[ Wry*%sV N_VyLRiVsVLiT W%sV ssVNRPNRPV dxqsVN]y, N_VyLRiV %sRyV
yNRPFLiVVy xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi. @LiVV[ ZOP[Q RLi[ ][xtsQLi Dy, ANRPzqsNRP\sVs AxmsR G\y sy,
xqszLixmsaRPNRPLiNSs L][gSRVV NRPgjiy RLiRLi [R V.
2. LSNRPV xmssV Li[y RsV AxqsVsV xmssV Li[y ZNP[ yNRPV |msRLi NSs, @sVRLi NSs
RW. xmssVV [NPR VLiy ysLi [zqss WsVV ry*sVV\s xVV (x[LiVVNRPVV) RsV
WsVVsV @Li x[R VVZNP[ yNRPV |msRLi gSs, @sVRLi gSs RW.
3. xmssV B[ gSsVLi[ DLi[yRV xmssV B[ sVL]NRP gSsWsNTP syryLiR Li sT[ ARRV gRiXxLi Rxms
RsNRPV NSszqsssds F~LiRsRVsV. NSs (gSsWj NSLjiNTP Bxts QLi @LiVV[) ARsNTP gRiXxLi NRPWy Bs*sRVsV.
4. INRP Wry*%sV ssryRVLi [R VysNTP aRPNRPLiNSs W%sVs RVsNRPF[ A W%sVs sVL]NRPRV
ARssVLiT dzqsN]s, HRV xqsLisR=LSV @sV %sLi, sWRVV LRiVsoV Rs*RLi sLi ysV [zqss
xmsLjiaRPsVNRPV xmsxmsn Li (sxtsQQRVLi=Compensation) dzqsN]s Ljigji A Wry*%sVNTP Bs[R W.
5. sVL]NRP xms[aPR Li[ sszqsLi[ xmssV Bs*s Wry*sVVV WsVVsVLiT s[ys @sV %sLiRsRV.
xmssV Li[y sWRLi N_VNRPV Bs*NRPWRRV @s sLi @LiVVDLiVLiRs NSLilgi.[
sVW. 1. gSsWlLi[ s gS%sVNRPLi ssL i DxmsyryM xmsLS[V @sV gRi[ R VVM. @ssVgRiRs M xmsLiR xmsNRPLi
WsLi RRVM.
2. gS%sVNRPxqs gSsWR}qss FyLRiyLjiNRPLi sLRixqsRM RRVLji*LiaRPxms[ RM, gSsVrR s VM.
3. sLRixqsxqs xmss[a][ xj gRis[Vs yRM.
4. xqsQ\sVM xqssVs ][ gSsW` R sVMaRPyxmsNRPXxts Qs VVxmsryLi NSLRi[V`.
5. xmsaRPVxmsyLSLiR Li %s%dsRsWss[s Dxmss[R VVM.
y. 1. gSsVsVVVRV gSsVLi xmss%dsVR \NRPV sRVRVsxmsVRV N_VyLRiVV sLiRV xmsNSLRiLi ARs][
NRPWy s. @ s sy WsLi RWLSsNTP INRPsLRi xms ]xmsVs (ARsNTP [y LSNRPV) LSy
Liy.
2. gSsVsVVVRV ]LigRiNSsyss NSs, xmsLRiLSgS%sV NSs yss gSs gSsVLisVLi \ NRPV lgiLiLi s[}qs
A gSsVsVVVsNTP BLRi\syVgRiV xms RLiRLi. gSsWsNTP DsVTgS DR s VryxxqsRLiRLi.
3. gSsVLisVLi zxtsQLjiLiRTsyRV (][LiR VRV, xmsLRiLSgS%sV sVVR\syRV) Ljigji gSsVLi[ xmss[bP}qs
FsLiR RLiRLi %sj Liy @s[j @j gRisVLi[R (s}tsQj LiRTs ryysNTP sT[ G RLiRLi xmsTLi][ ys[R )
%saRPkNRPLjiLiRTs ,[ @sgS @j gRisWsNTP (Tresspass) G RLiRsW @[.
4. gSsVLi RVW sWLRiV R sVxqsV= RWLRiLi[ bPxqsLi][ gSs NRP xqsLi][ gSs DxmsFyNSLRiLi (FyNSLRiLi
[xms s FyNSLRiLi) sLjiLixms RW.
5. gSsVLi[ Ds N]LiRsVLij xmsaRPVxqsLiyLRi W%sV[ Ds gRiT N][zqsN]s s[Fyj NRPLiRVN][y.

sVW. 1. %s%dsRLi ORPQLiVVy* @xmsxqsXyysV Dxts QsVzuyLi FyLjiNRPLi LRiWxmsLi gRiX{ RVVM. gRiyaRP*LSLi
yLiR FyjNRPsV. ORPVQRxmsaRPWyLi uRaRPgjiNRPsV.
2. ORPQLiVVy* sxtsQ ys[VR Gs j*gRiV RM. xmsLjisxqsyLi RRVLiR VM. gSsV[s sXuy y @sLiR aS y
[ s VM DOSQM, g][s XuyaRP @RM.
3. xqsxqs ORPQ[ xqsrxmsxmsn WRLi sxtsQR M xmsLjixqsLiRV j*gRiVLi yxms[V`.
4. ry*%sVsaS @ss[R yLRiRV][M y*RaRPxms[ RM. xmssVV RaRPRVM Lji*LiaRPxmsM FyysVLiR RM. R[s
xtsQ ORPQ[ NRPVLS`. y [ [ j*gRiVM. s[aPR sRVgRiyyLi R yyyLi ORPQ[ zLiryxmsdNSLRiLi NRPVLS`.
191
y. 1. ILiV, RVsFRVV %s%dsRLi[ (xmsNRPdRV[) s[Vzqs
sF[ xmsLi[ ys sLiRV sxqsWV RW. g][s oV, gRiVV,
gSTRV s[Vzqs sF[ xmsLi[ Fss%sVRs sLiRV, s[VNRPV sWR\s
s xmsaRPVsoNRPV xmsLi[ xmsRLRissLiRV sxqsWV RW.
2. @%s s[Vzqs @NRPRs[ NRPWLRiVLi[ \|mss zmss RLiyNRPV lLi Lixmso
sxqsWV RW. LSNRPWy @NRPRs[ DLiTF[ yVgRiV lLiV
RLiRLi. gSsV[yRWsNTP xqsLiLij Lis A[R V, Cs xmsjL][V
xmspLjiN Ss Aso, zmssV xmsoLiRNRPgjis FsR VV s[Vzqsy RLiRLi [R V.
3. xmsaRPVsoV FssLji [s[ \sy xmsT OTPQLi xqsrysNTP sxts QLi NRPgji}qs
FsLiR sxts QLi NRPgji DLiVLi][ @LiRy s[zqs ysNTP lLiLixmso A
Wry*%sVNTP BzmsLiy.
4. Wry*%sVNTP xmsNRPVLiy @Rs W%sV[ Rs xmsaRPVso s[VzmssysNTP
xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi. A W%sV[ Rs xmsaRPVsosV sRs[}qs BLRi\syVgRiV xms RLiRLi. ZOP[Q RFyNRPVRV
(Fy[LiR V) A %sR LigS [}qs xqsgRiLi RLiRLi. xtsQLiyV (@LRi][V sVVR\s%s) y NRPWR @Li[ RLiRLi,
NRPLisV [ j Li xmsaRPVsosV s[VxmsRLi sVVR\sj [}qs \|mss zmssysNTP lLiLixmso RLiRLi. BLi[ s V, NRP Li[s V,
LSzqs[s V Ds ysLi y NRPWR @Li[ RLiRLi. \|mss zmss @s %sy NRPgjis suysNTP xmsdNSLRiLi
(xmsLjiLRiLi Compensation) NRPWy RW. (BzmsLiy).
sVW. 1. @ RVsssVXgSM xmsLjigRiX{y y ORPQR VsM ry*%sV[ ss[R RVysyM Ry xms}tsQR yM.
2. xmsaRP[ LRibPxms][yLi yLRiLiVVRyM. [uysV @sy zLiryRWLi RFyLRiVxtsQRM. FyLiR RVsWyM
RXuyxmsLSy y xqsL][*Fy\VM sRVs yM. B ZOP[Q RxmsRzLiry.
3. NRPL<iR NRPxqs gSsVsV V}msR @NRPVLRi*RM gSsV Gs @RRVLi xlLi[` , NRPLSNRPLRi[ NRPLRis[R yj *gRiVsV,
zLRiys[ xmsRLiaRPj*gRiVsV; ORPQ }msRWys[ R xmsxs[xtsv j*gRiVsVLiaRPLi Ry`.
y. 1. xqsryRVsV @ RVssLi[s sVXgSV gSs, LRiOTPQLiRTs sVXgSVgSs OTPQxqsWs xmsVRV y
ry*sVVNRPV zms, A xmsaRPVsoNRPV RgRiNRPVLiy ys syLjiLiy.

2. xmsaRPVsosV y ][s V, N]LRiy][s V N] syLjiLiy. @LiRNRPLi gRigS N] syLji}qs RLiRFyLRiVuysNTP G


RLiRsW A RLiRLi (N]sysNTP) %sj Liy. FsjLjiLi %dsVR xms[ xmsaRPVsod, xmspLRi*Li FssLji\sy F~T
zLizqsLisV xmszqsR \sVs xmsaRPVso @s %sy\s DFyRW[R @RVxmsoRW. Bj ZOP[Q RxmsRzLixqs.
192
3. Fss\lLiy NRPL<iR NRPVRV ssryRVLi xmss [rys s @LigkiNRPLjiLi gSsWsNTP
s @NRPR sszqsxqsW A xmss [R VNRPFLiVVsLiVV[ yssVLiT
sxqsWV [}qs LSy gSsVLiy [ dxqsVN][y. (LS
dxqsVN]sNRPWRRV), @LiRLRiW NRPzqs [}qs xmss[ @RRV RssLiRV xmss
[R VsLiRVNRPV RLiRLi @RRV xmss [}qs FsLiR s[R ssW ysNTP lLi Lixmso
%sj Liy.
@LiRLRiW NRPzqs LRiVxmsoN]s[ DR=yRV[ Rs sLiRVRLiy
Bs*syRV xms INRP @LiaSsNUP lLiLixmso Liy. BRLRiV][ FyV
Bs*szqss s[ sxqsVs oV, FydsRWV Bs*syRV lLiLixmso @LiaRPL
i(hare) By*.
sVW. 1. }msOSQR WsVsLiaRPRM xqsxqs*[ s }msZOP[QR . xmsRs QaRPs[OPR Q[ R
xqsLRi*z[ R NRPLRi sgRi} j*gRiVLi Ry`.
2. xqsLRi*zRs[VNRPxqs VsRM NRPVLRiVLSsV. @NRPLRi[ y*RaRPxms[ RM. RLi [` xqsLi WRV y xsVM
xmsXRlgi[uysVxmsLSy` j*gRiV[ RM. DxmsxsQ Xxtsv %sbPxts QM.
3. xR\ZaPQQuyLi \Qxts QLi sRVs[VR. xmsxs[xtsv \uyLi x[ yNSsWM NRPVLRiVM, @LiaRPLi R L[ iR s.
4. [s [aPR NRPVxqsLixmsn WyLi xqssVRVrysFyNRPLRi yRsV.
5. a].[ LS [aPR zys }qsRWs NRPVLRi*yLi xmsj xqsLiNRPsWs, gSsVa][aRP LRiOSQaPR [uyLi zmsRVzRLi RlLi[` .
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ R LRi{qs [V RXdRWj NRPLRi[ RaRPsW%yRVM, yxqsVZNP[ %s%dsRZOP[Q RxmsRzLiry; yxqsVNPR Li
xqssWxmsLi xqssVRVrysFyNRPLRi R. AjRM xqsxmsxtsQztsQR sW%yRVM.
y. 1. gSsVLi[ yNRPc sXRxqsLigkiyjxmsRLRi+sV GLSV [zqssxmsVRV ysV Bs*szqss RLiy
Bs*syRV ysV RWRNRPWRRV, Rsy s RWR ss*NRPWRRV. LRixxqsLigS %sy RWy, gSsVxqs V LiRLjiNUP
zRNRPLRi\sVs xmss[ FysNRPFLiVVy yssVLi @RRV Bs*szqss RLiyNRPV lLiLixmso sLiRLigS sxqsWV
RW (NSLilgi )[ . @LiRLjiNUP zR\sVs xmss[ @R V Rgji[ lLiLixmso RLiy sxqsWV [R W (gRi. aS).
2. INRP sQQNPT @LiRLjiNUP zR\sVs xmsss Dxms[bPLisxmsVRV @LiRLRiW ARs A FyLiy. FyLiRsysNTP
xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi. @LiRLRiW NRPVsVNRPLiVV @ Dxms[bPLisyss N]T[ N]s y LiRLjiNUP IN]NRPsNTP
@Li @xmsLSR Li [}qs FsLiR RLiRsW ysNTP lLiLixmso RLiRLi %sj Liy. @sgS BLRi\syVgRiV xms ]xmsVs
RLiRLi %sj Liy. ARsNTP gSRVLi Rgji[V N]T[ @j NRP\sVs RLiRLi %sj Liy. FssLji[R \sy N] }qs sVVR
zmss RLiRLi, xqs*RVLigS N]T[ @j NRP\sVs RLiRLi @s gRi.aS.

3. gSsVxqs V[ xjsLS NRPsWs xms [xts Qy*s (|msR sVsztsQR ys) sLiR LiVVLiy. @LiRLRiW
NRPzqs GLSV [zqsN]s {ms[ yRV[ (xmsxs[xtsv) Bxts QLi[NPR F[ xVV [LiR ssxqsLRiLi [R V.
RsVNRPV LSszqss gRiLi sWRLi F~LiRsRV (NSLilgi)[ .
4. \|mss zmss ys[R INRP [aPR Li[s V, [s V, NRPVLi[s V, xqsLixmsn VLi[s V Ds NRPVsV (xqssVRV)
@NRP%sVLiRNRPWRRV @s[ %sxtsQR VLi, @NRP%sVLisLiRVNRPV RLiRLi sVVR\s%s %saRPkNRPLjiLis .[
5. LS [aSsNTP zRLi [NPR WlLi[y NUP, }qsRVsoV (AsNRPV) sLjiLi[y NUP, sWLS%dsVR sLisV
sLjiLi[y NUP, gSsWs @LiRLigS DLi[y NUP, gSsVLRiORPQ GLRiLRi[y NUP zmsRVsVVV, zRsVVV @LiVVs
xmssVV [xqsW DLiy.
""sLijs'' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ R LRi{qs RVLi @s[ RXdRWj NRPLRiLi[
RaRPsWyRVLi xqssWxmsLi. yxqsVNPR Li[ %s%dsRZOP[Q RxmsRzLixqs xqssWxmsLi. yxqsVNPR Li, xqssVRVrysFyNRPLRiNRPWR
xqssWxmsLi. FyLRiLi LisVLi @LRi\sGRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@\NSRa][%yRVM. xtsQzts QR sVLi xmsNRPLRisV c VVyssV (@xmsV dzqsN]sRLi)
sVW. 1. xqsFyRxms R LSQ sWxqssXj M xmsaRPRxqs, xmsxms ysLjiNUP, RaRPxms NSyLRigSsV, %sLiaRPxms
rysVVysV.
2. RRMxmsLRiLi NRPLRiVM NSLRiLiVVRVaRP xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM. a][R Ys[V\ZNPNRPLi xmsRQLiR RM.
3. LSsWgRiZOP[Qs Vs} RV R sNRPyLRiNRPWM RLjiRsVs[ZOP[QR .
4. yssXj M xqsxqssxtsQf DFyLS. xmsLRiLi sVWNRPXy slLi [ R . xmsZOP[QxmssXj M DRRWRLiR Li xqssysxqsy
yL<ij NUP [R W.
y. 1. sWLRiV xmsNRPV sNRPV INRPLiFyso xms sU R LRixqsLisVR\sVsj. yFyLRiLi s%sVRL i B[ VVsNTP
sWNTP HRV xmsV sU . @LRi%dsVRVgS xmsRWLi [}qsy sWNTP xmsj xmsV sU By*.
xqssVVRxmsRWLi [}qs sLRiN RPVV sWNTP BLRi\s xmsV sU By*.
2. BLiRVNRPV %sVLi sU %sj }qs BsysNTP, %sj LisysNUP NRPWR xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi, xms ryOTPQNPU
xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi[ xqsgRiLi RLiRLi %sj Liy.
3. LS @xmsV Bsys, dzqsN]sys WgRiZOP[QsWV RW[
xmsLjizqs [ [NPR F[ (yRWj NSLji) R sNRPcyLRiNRPV(@zmssys c
dzqsN]sysVVNRP) RLjiR Fs][ xmsLkiOTPQLi sLiR RVLi RW.
193
4. yy\|ms (yy\|ms ysLRiWxmsLi[ sxqsWV [}qs) sU
xmsLiL][[ Bsys%dsVR xqsgRiLi DLiy. @sgS INRP ry ysLi
@zms}qs sU gS @LRi ry ysLi By*. xmsLiL][V NSsxmsVRV
yss R sLRiWxmsLi[ sWLji sNTP BLiR @s sU By*. @xqsV %dsVR

(capital) sU Li[ xqsgRiLi By*. yys INRP N][xts QLi[ ss DLi \|mss zmss xmsNSLRiLi sU INRP
xqsLisR=LSsNTP By*.
sVW. 1. LRixmsyxqsM xqsLixqss Vxms%su y sVWj*gRiVLi Ry`. @NRPXy* sXj Li ryR RV][ sLiR RV][ y
sVWLi y sXj sWL][xms aSsRV][ s aRPRVLiR V[ RM. RVRaSsRWsV WRaRPRVLRiVM. Rxqs
gRisWyy Ry`; ZaP[xtsQLi xmsyy.
2. kLiR xqsRyj gRiVLRiVNRPV[xmsLRiVR Li sVryLRiLi y sLiR sVsV slLi [ R . sVVRsWssV VVLi @xmsgRiXx ][
y*RaRPxms[ RM. NSLRixms[ZaP[s ssXRa PR Vj NRPsV @sR }tsQ` .
y. 1. yNSLi [aSLiRLRiLi[ DLiTFLiVVsyRV, sVVLiTRsLi][ Fss sWV @Tgjiy Bs*syRV @xqsVNTP
lLiLixmso By*. BLiR sU @s sVVLiRV sLiR LiVVLiRVN]sNRPVLiy @zmss r~sVV sxqsWV [zqsy, sU |msLi
sxqsWV [zqsy, BsysNRPLi FsNRPVs @xqsV zmsy, LiR LiNRPLi(HRs sLiRV [y xmsRs sLiRVNRPLi)
yVgRiV lLiV LSy %sj Liy. G%dsV @xmsV Bs*NRPVLiys[ BLiR @xmsV Byss }msysNTP @ zmss
r~sVVNRPV yVgRiVlLiV RLiRLi. C RLiRLi[ sVWRs sLiRV @zmsyss zms sxqsWV [zqssyRV
Liy; %sVgjis lLiLiRV sLiRVV ysNTP xqsRVLi [zqssyRV Liy.
2. @xmsV dxqsVN]syRV kLiR NSRVLi[ DLiRRLi[R gSs, yj [R gSs, gRiVLRiVNRPVLi[
DLiTFsRLi[R gSs xqssVRWsNTP Bs*[NPR FLiVVy, V\y, jy dzqssy\y ys VVLi sXj
F~LiRRV @sgS sU |msLRigRiRV. @xmsV dLRiVrys s ssyssVLi @xmsV BsyRV dzqsN]sNRPF[ xmssLiRV
xms RLiRLi. VVLi BsyRV Rgjis NSLRiLi zms dzqsN]syRV Ljigji BxqsVy dzqsN]sNRPF[ @xmsVRV
ysNTP sU DLiRRV; A r~sVV Fss\lLiy sVR sLji RgiR LRi DLiy.
sVW. 1. RaRPsL<]}[ msOTPQR sV VVsV @xmsgSxsV @sR sXR yj Rsxqss
FztsQR [aPR ygRiLS%s s[V M.
2. }msRxqs xmsoyM NRPV{qsRLi RRVM. yRWy y LjiNPR xLSM xqsxgSzM xms V[ y. s FyssVs`.
@ryLRiLi Fy ssV. AxqsLiR[aPR NSLi RV xmsoyM FyM yRWy y LjiNPR Li xLRisW RRVM.
3. %sR%syx W%sVFyssV @xqsLiR[aPR NSLi RV xmsoyM Fy y s}RVVM.
4. ysLiR xqssVy[V RV \sNRPLi _* RVVgRixmsRs[R WysV @sR xmsxts Qs Wy`. Ryzms gRiX{ysVxmspLS*Q
LSa][RVRsLi y xmspLRi*Li xmsFyR[V`.
y. 1. VVLi Bs RLRiyR xmsj xqsLisR=LSV y sLiVV[ VVyR yss sVd dzqsN]sNRPWRRV
@sgS A R sLi%dsVR xNRPV N][[yRV. @LiVV[ VVLi BsyRV VRV gSs, sXR VRV gSs, L][giR gRixqsVR V
gSs, sxqsyV NRPyRV gSs, RWLRi[aSsNTP xmsyxqsLi ssyRV NSs, AxmsR=sVRVLi[ [aSs %sT
sFLiVVsyRVgSs @LiVVy, LS[xmsRyRVV NRPgjiy xmsj xqsLisR=LSV yy NRPWR A VVLi Bs
r~sVV Ljigji dzqsN]ssRV. NS][xtsQLi [R V.
2. VVLi dzqsN]syRV sVLRi}qs ARs xmsoRVV gSs, yRWRVV gSs, Azqs xmsLiRVN]s[y gSs, @Rs][
NRPzqs (VVLi) dxqsVN]sy gSs, %dsVsV Dsy gSs(xms VsM), A VVLi sU ][ xqs Liy.
%dsVsV DLiRRLi @Li[ B[, sVL]NRP LRiNRPLi %dsVsV DLiRRLi @s[j [R V. VRV (\sVyLji dLRisyRV)

%dsVsV Dy @j RV. xmsn y rysLi[ By*s NSs, xmsn y NSLi[ By*s NSs sLSLRi
[R VNRPVLiy dxqsVN]s VVs xmsoRVV, FRVV, yRWRVV [y yLRixqsVV Liy.
3. %sRLi %sxtsQR VLi[ gSs, %syxLi %sxtsQR VLi[ gSs ({qsQR yRV %sxtsQR VLi[ gSs), W%sVNTP gSs %dsVsV
BsyRV sVLRiLisLiVV[, [aPR NSRV][ xqsLiLiR Li [NPR VLiy A R RsV xmsoRVV, FRVV
szLiy.
4. INRP sQQNPT ysVLijNTP @xmsVxmsTsxmsVRV IZNP[ xqssVRVLi[ @Rs%dsVR BR LRiV R sNRPVV @WgRiLi
dzqsN]sLSNRPWRRV. @LiVV[ R sNRPVRV (VVyR) ELRiV sj sFRWsxmsVRV sWRLi @LiRNRPV sVVLiRV
INRPs @WgRiLi sRVxqsVy NRPWR @xmsV dxqsVN]sys%dsVR @WgRiLi [R VsRVsV. ysVLij RgiR LRi
@xmsV dzqsN]syRV FssLjisVLiT sVVLiRVgS @xmsV dxqsVNRPVLi][ ysNTP sVVLiRVgS By*. y [ NRPWR
LSRsLi, a][RVRsLi sVVLiRV dLS.
sVW. 1. RsV][M, zmsyxmsoRWM, RYLi y%s NSyLi xmsLRixqsLRiNRPXRsV VVsVryR sV.
2. @gSM NRPLRiNS[xtsv NRPL<iR NS LSxmsoLRiVuyaRP {qsQ y xmsaS%s xmsNRPXRsV VVsV, @sR
g][FyNSLiR {qsZNP[ M.
3. xmsxqsVgSxM {qsQNRPXRsV VVsV @xms%syRV FztsQR B.
4. xqsLixmsxmsys oR s VM. @xqsLixmsxmsf RV ryOTPQM xmssWLi FyRLiVVNSM aRPVRRVM @sVsVy y RRVM
@sLSLSQM. xmsOSQs VsVf y _* VVLi xms, s [*Q\sNRPM.
194
5. xmsztsQyM ryxqsRWs*Lij R sNRPyLRiNRP\sLjis R XR RM.
xmsplLi[* yssLSM LSa][RVgS sV XRNRPNRPVzts QssM
xmsRR NRPV=RNRPLSM @s j LRi sVWNSxLiyjsM
{qsQLSxmsoLRiVuyaRP. @sR xqs*slLi [ M.
y. 1. LS LRi V, RLiTcNRPVsWLRiVV, Azqs xmsLiRVN]ss rRLRiVV
INRPLji RgiR LRi sVL]NRPLRiV [zqss @xmsVsV gRiWLji yRVryysNTP
s gRiWRRV.
2. ssryRVyLRiV, LSxmsoLRiVxtsv (gRisLRisVLiV xqsLki*xqsV[
Dsy s) y RsV RsV xmssV[ DsxmsVRV @xmsV Bs*sVs
xmsVN]sgRiWRRV. LRi [zqss VVsNTP @sVsV Bs*s LRi
R VLSV NSRV. @LiVV[ g][FyVRV, xqsgRiLi FyVNRPV W%sV N_VNTP
RVs[y [}qs @xmsVNRPV y LRiNRPV R R DLiVLij.
3. LRi %sNRPNRPV GLRiV [R VNRPVLiy xmsyxqsLi ss LRi AsV [zqss @xmsVNRPV R VRsoyRV.
4. VVNRPVRV R sNRPVRV By*s @LiWs R ys @LigkiNRPLji}qs @j DR s VxmsORPQLi. @RRV @LigkiNRPLjiLiRs xmsORPQLi[
ssVRgjisy , xqsRLjiR NRPy , sVLiy s @LiRLRiW @LigkiNRPLjiLisy @LiVVs sVVgiR VLjiNTP RNRPVs

NSNRPVLiy ryORPVV G%sV zms[ @j xmssWLi. VVLi %sxtsQR VLi[ yjxmsyRVR LRiW @LigkiNRPLji}qs BR LRiV
ryORPVVy yV. Fs xmsLjizqs RV[s W INRP ryOTPQ yRV.
5. ryVRV (LRi rRLRiVRV), xqsRVVRV, AyLRixmsTsyRV, R sNRPVRV (VVyR), yLRiNRPVRV (VV
{qs*NRPLRi) , aRPRVso, @sRVs\sNRPLi DsyRV, LSRLiRLi @sV %sLisyRV ryORPVVgS DLiRNRPWRRV. @ [
ssNRP zmss @ssLRiVV (@sgS RLixmsRVV, RLiT c NRPVsWLRiVV, @%s NRPr RLRiVV @s @LiR Li), LS,
a][RVVRV, gSsV_NRPLRiV, NRPVxts QL][gij , s][ R xmsRVRVsyRV, xmsRVRV, RLiyVRV, dsRNRPLRi
[}qsy , gRiVT yRV, %syRV, sVWgRiyRV, @xLiNSLji (s[s V ryORPQ Li xmsoyss @LiW sVVLiRVNRPV
s[yRV), {qsQ, LSxmsoLRiVxtsvRV c %ds s NRPWy ryORPVVgS RWxmsgRiWRRV. @LiVV[ \|mss zmssy [ RsV
RsV xqsLixmsn W sVR %syRLi GLRiTsxmsVRV y sV NRPWR ryORPVsVgS RWxmssRVsV.
sVW. 1. FyLRiVxtsQ}qsR VxqsLigRix[xtsv RV \sLjiryxqsRVsLSM. LRixxqssslLi[xtsv GNS {qsQ, xmsoLRiVxtsQM,
Dxmsa][y, DxmsRuy y ryOUPQ ry` LSyxmsxqssLiR sV.
2. ry*%sV[ XyysV, VV*gSyLSMbPuyLi, sWyzmsRL_ xmsoyLi ysgRi} ryORPQ Li NRPVLRiVM.
[uy%sVRlLi[ y. xmsLRixqsLSWlgi[ \uysV DR s WM xmsL][NSM RaRPs Li RRVM; @sLSM xmss sV. B
ryORPQ j NSLRiM.
y. 1. yNSLRiVxtsQRLiRFyLRiVuy[s V, ]LigRiRsLi[s V, syLRiLi[s V (xqsLigRixLi=adultery) aRPRVsoV,
ssVLjij, \|ms xmssV[ xqsRVxmsTsyRV Rxms @LiRLRiW ryORPVVgS DLiRsRVsV. LRixxqsssLS[
INRP {qsQ gSs, INRP xmsoLRiVxtsvRV gSs, INRP Dxmsa][R (RWRXNPR LigS @NRPR DLiT %ssyRV) gSs, DxmsRxts Q
(RWRXNPR LigS RWsyRV) gSs ryOTPQgS DLiRsRVsV. LSsV, sVVss sWRLi ryOTPQgS RWxmsgRiWRRV.
195
2. XRV %sxtsQR VLi[ ry*sVVV (RVsWsVV), bPxtsv
%sxtsQR VLi[ VV*NRPVV, AyLRiVV, xmsoRV %sxtsQR VLi[
RRLiRVV ryORPVVgS DLiRsRVsV, NSs y s yLRiLi
[R VgRiWRRV.
ry*sVVV sVVR\sy NRPV XRVV sVVR\sy ryORPVVgS
DLiRsRV, %ds [ xmsLRixqsLRiLi @WgRiLi ssxmsVRV DR s VVV,
@sgS ry*%sV VV*gSyLSRVV, @WgRiLi[ xmsLSRV\[ xmsRs
sLiRV LSy Liy. RNRPVsy @sgS XyRVV
xmsLSRV\[ HRs sLiRV LSy Liy. Bj ryORPVsV gRiWLjis
%sxtsQR VLi.
sVW. 1. x[ R NRPVsWgij xqsNSZaP[ ryOTPQM xmsLjigRiX{ RW`. RR
xLi WRW` ""xqsRLi Wz'' B. LSsLi \saRPLi y c
""sW Rs[uyxmspLRixmsn sV, NRPFyxxqsM aRPRVNRPVLi OSQLik gRi[M '' B.
aRPWRsV c ""ssVLRisl Li[ RVR*M xmsoxmsn Li R` LSyLi gRi[ ` . LSaRP NTPxtsQLi RVVuys
@syy[. RaSsVs M. xmsaSRzms [VR RVyRXxts QaRPVRsV. GNRPsVyQM xqsRsVsxLRiR'' B.
2. @ssxLRiyLi xqsxmsLSyRWLiR Q*Li y*RaRPxms[ RM, xmsOSQ RWLiR Q*sV @WgRiLi RRVM.

3. ryOTPQ [ [ RV][ xsM aRPVRRVM @sVsVyM y R][ sRV[ R VVM sVR Li y gRiX{ RVVM. Ry* RsLi
LS xlLi[` . ryOTPQZaP[RWgSRWsLi WRVVM @LjiNRPr yWNS s Li Ry`. @LjiNRPL i y WRVVM
RRLjiNRPL i LS xlLi[` . aSRWNRPVLS* RVMaRPVRLi RVLij RLi {msyss[aPR Li y xqs%dsVORPQ
ryOTPQ xmsRRVs[Vs ry`.
y. 1. yRWj xms ryORPV, xVRV, xmspLiR NRPaRPLi, @gji c %ds RgRiLRi xmsbPLiy. ryOTPQgS ss
xVs][ ""xqsRs[V xmsV'' @y. ORPQ RVc \saRPV][ c ""%dsV LRixqsRLi zms[ RWgSRVxmsxmsn Li,
NRPWxmsRNSRVV sLjiLiRRLis NRPgjis xmsosW sbPLiFRVLij. xms [][ xmsVN]s aRPRVso
B sVVLiRV RLi @RVNRPVLiLRiV'' @s @y.
aRPWRVs][ c ""%dsVLRiV RxmsVRV ryORPQ Li zms[ scsVLRisVR %dsVLRiV xqsLiFyjLis xmsoLi LSNRPV
sFRVLij. LS FyxmsLi %dsVNRPV @LiVNRPVLiVLij. bPORPQ NRPWy xmsRVRVLij. BxmsVRV %dsVLRiV NRPzmsxmsoy xmspLRi*Li
Gj %ssTLi][, Gj RWRTLi][ @j NSLiRLRiLi[\sy sWNRPV VxqsVLij. IZNP[ %sR \sVs A[R s NRPy\lLi
sLi xmsLiT'' @s @y.
2. y ryORPQ Li GRV L][[ xmsNRPF[, RLRiyR xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi, sVWRV xmsOSQV y[ FsLiR
R sN][xqsLi @WgRiLi RVTLi][ @RLiy y By*.
3. INRP ryOUPQ sVL]NRP ryOUPQ zmss ys[ [y DLi[ ysVLij ryORPVV, xqsRLjiR gRi ryORPVV, @LiRLjiNTP
AsWRWgRiVQ\s ryORPVV G xmsORPQLi \sxmso xmsoyL][ A xmsOSQsNTP @sVgRiVLigS yRWj xmsRVV sLiR LiVVLiy,
[y sV [ sWLiR Li @sLiLiy. @j NRPWy NRPVRLRiNRPF[ %syyxqsR\sVs R ys LS dzqss[xqsVN][y.
ryORPVV @WgRiLi [zqss r~sVVNRPLi RNRPVs zms[ A FsNRPVs r~sVV[ HRs sLiRV @WNRP
(@WgRiLi [zqssyRV) LSygS Liy.
ryORPVV @j NRP\sVs r~sVV zms[ @j NRP\sVsyss LS dxqsVN][y. @LiVV[ @WNRP VVNRP sVWLiR R*Lis
(F~LRiVs) RxmsVgS %sy, RxmsVgS yxqsVN]y, sVLRiLisyRV @LiRNRPV sVVLiRV G\y @ss[aPR Li
yzqs By (@ss[aPR Li=affidavit) xmsLkiOTPQLi ryORPVV zmss xmsNSLRis[V sLiR LiVVLiy.
sVW. 1. ryOTPQZaP[ }tsQ*s xmsXRgRisVWlgi[ [aPR NSNSLSLi xmspLRi*sVR sWR s WR sVRM BfaRPsryM.
2. NRPWryOTPQ[ RVsVLiR sV WRLi y NRPVLRiVM WRLi y yaRP# [VRVVM RR aRPgRiVLi RLi RRVM B sWsyM.
3. aS` y %sxqsLisRyLi ][ xmsn WR B L>iR xqsyM.
4. s[ N_M. R Vy z ryOTPQM a][R yM. @aRPX*yLi RRVLji*LiaRPxms[ RM, R][%LiR sVR VysV.
5. a].[ [aPR NS%sRWLRirys ryOTPQM xmsFyR[V`,
RWLRirysxmsryLSy* ry*%sVyZNP[s ryR [V`.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ R LRi{qs [V RXdRWj NRPLRi[ GNSRa][%yRVM, VVyssV, AjRM @xts QxtsQzts QR sVM.
y. 1. ryORPVsV s[LiR V s[LiR VgS xmsbPLisxmsVRV y sVWLiR R*Lis [aPR Li %sxtsQR VLi[s V, NSLi
%sxtsQR VLi[s V, NSLRiLi %sxtsQR VLi[s V (y sW[) [yV ssxmsVRV [aPR Li %sxtsQR VLi[ @LiVV[
xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi, NSLi %sxtsQR VLi[ @LiVV[ sVR sVryxxqsRLiRLi, NSLRiLi %sxtsQR VLi[ @LiVV[
DR s VryxxqsRLiRLi A ryORPVNRPV %sj Liy @s KaRPsxqsV @FyRVLi.

2. NRPWryORPVV (@xqsR ryORPQ Li }msy ) Ljigjis %sxtsQR Ws LRigRisV [y LRigRis yss LjigjisV
zms A NSLSs sbPLixms[zqssLiVV[ TFLiVVsysNTP xmsj lLiV (A ryORPVV) By* @s
sVsVaSryQsVryLRiV @FyRVLi.
3. sVWLiR R*Li s s[LiR V s[LiR V %syVgS ryORPQ Li }msy NTP RsR [V RLiRLi @s
XxxqsaSryQsVryLRiV @FyRVLi.
196
4. @V NSRV @s N_Vs @FyRVLi. R VsryORPVV (@sgS RVVxmsNRP sVs s\ NRPVVLiNRPV
xqsLiLij Lis ryORPVV) }ms ryORPQ Li sWRs[V %sy. y s ryORPQ Li xqsLjigS xmsNRPF[ BLRi\ syVgRiV
xms RLiRLi. (R VsryORPVV [s xmsVRV @R VsryORPVV ryORPQ Li Bs*szqs DLiVLij). y ryORPQ Li
Bs*NRPF[ xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi.
5. yj [aPR Li[R NSLi[R RgiR LRigS Ds ryORPVsV xqs*RVLigS dzqsN]s LSy. RWLRi[aS[ Dsy s,
RgiR LRi DLiT NRPWy LSs y ds yRWj xms A xmsNSLRiLi LRizmsLiy.
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ R LRi{qsRVLi @s[ RXdRWj NRPLRiLi[ VVysLi
@s[ GNSRaSyRVLi FyLRiLi LisVLi @LRi\s Fss%sVRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R y*Ra][%yRVM
RRVMxtsQzts QR sVLi xmsNRPLRisV c Kxmssj NRPsV
(Concernign Deposits)
sVW. Dxmssj M VV[s yRM. xmsLRiRNS%sNSLi RVLS LSsV%s[}ms y, xmsL][R \ZNPLS*
gSsVryLRiQs%s[}ms, RNRPRVVNRP yZaP[ y, gSsVsVygRiVQQRNS [ y NTPLiRsWORPQR VsW
NRPVxmssVsL>SLRisLiR s[VNRP [aPR sVVNRP Rs[y, *s[g][xmsLRiV [ y y%s ssVgSRWLi sVVztsQyRWLi y
xqs*RVsVVxmsLRiW][ [xmsj sV #s[` .
y. Dxmssj @sgS sVL]NRPLjisR DLiRTs sxqsVs o (deposit). VVLi[R Dxmssj s NRPWR ysLis .[
@sgS VVLi dzqsN]syRV, ys xmsoRFyyRVV G %sR LigS VVLi dLS[, Bs*sxmsORPQLi[ ryOSQQRV
xqsRVLi][ %syRLi xmsLjixtsQLjiLiy[ @ [ Dxmssj %sxtsQR VLi[ NRPWR @s @LiR Li. Bj @Liy Dxmssj ZNP[ NSNRPVLiy
Aj (yNRPV), A[aRPLi (AsVryLRiLi INRP sxqsVs osV Bs*RLi), @y*j (sVL]NRPs NTPs*sVs zms INRPsNTP
@xmsgjiLis sxqsVs o) sVVR\syNTP NRPWR sLjixq sVLij. Dxmssj sgRiWLji %syRLi RVNRPWRs xmsLjizqs RVV
xmsoRVyRV c aRPRV\|qssLi [R , A%sNRPV[R RVLRiLi, LSxts QLi j LiRTsxmsVRV, ][zmsT ]LigRiV gSsWs
sLRiN PR V gRiVLixmsosV, ss N]g]sxmsVRV, LiT sbPLisxmsVRV, gSsV sVR [ @gjiR gSs, sLRiRs
R gSs NRPgjiy, NSysNTPgSs, ds[ N]VN]sFsysNTP gSs aRPNRPLi NSs A%sNRP sxqsVs oV Rxms sVLji
BRLRi sxqsVs osV s[ds A @gjiR %sVgRiNRPFLiVVy, [y sxqsVs o[ (Dxmssj [) N]LiR gRiLi
sWRs[V %sVgjiy, [y Dxmssj sWRs[V
@gji*[ Ax @LiVVFLiVVy, JR sVVsgjiFLiVVy, ]LigRiV ][s[zqsy ys[ NRPVN]syRV
Dxmssj s Ljigji B[ xmss [R V.

sVW. 1. Dxmssj N[ S [aPR NSsVLRiWxmsLi g[ iR s[R sLi Ry`. y*RaRPxmsLi R RsV. Dxmsg[ iR s%sVRL i sxts QLi,
%ssxts QLi ys}`; RRVLji*LiaRPxmsaRP RM @sy y sxtsQRs[. }msRLi sxqssgRiRLi y s Dxmssj
sVs}`.
2. Ays%sNRPRWxmssRVs[xtsv yxqs RRVLiR Vxms[ RM. xmsLjisLRi s[, suyRs[ y sVWxqssVM.
3. [s Aj xmsa][xmsg[ iR %sNRPRWyyxmsLSM yyM.
4. yj M rxmsNSLRiM {qs[` . s yxqs sVWLi slLi [ R @sR sxqsLS`. sLRiVxmsNSLRiM {qs[s WLi yxqs slLi [ R .
y. 1. Rs RgiR LRi BRLRiVV DLis Dxmssj s @sV%sLisyRV [aPR NSsV gRiVLigS g[ iR s[R sLi
(@sV %sLisLiRVNRPV B[ xmsxmsn Li) ys ry*%sVNTP By*. @ @sV %sLisLiRVNRPV LSNRPV xmssLiRV
xms LSy Liy. @sV %sLiRRLiN][xqsLi dxqsVNRPVsj sbPLiy, Fy\y ysNTP sVVRLSLiVVLixmso
By*. BLRi\syVgRiVxms RLiRLi LSNRPV Liy. A Dxmssj @sV %sLiRNRPFLiVVy, sVL]NRP][ NTP
sFLiVVy NRPWR ysNTP sVVRLSLiVVLixmso By*. LSNRPV \|ms LSy Liy. Dxmssj dxqsVN]s sQQNPT
sVLRiLiy, NRPuy[ NRPVN]y, AxmsR[ NRPVN]yyss BzmsLiRszqss xmss[R V (gRi.aS.).
Dxmssj (@aRP*gRiyjNRPLi) sVLRiLiy, AxmsR[ NRPVN]y yss BzmsLiRssxqsLRiLi [R V (NSLilgi )[ .
2. Dxmssj gS DLisyss sVlLisLji\ZNPy yNRPV |msy, @%sVs[zqsy, R gS LRiV[zqsy (gRi.aS.) yNRPV
Bs*[R s @xqsRLi xmsNTPy (NSLilgi )[ ys %sVs[ HRs sLiRVNRPV yVgRiV lLiV LSy. INRPysNTP RVV
sVL]NRP sWLjiy, sVL]NRP][NTP xmsLizmss[zqsy ys %sVs FsLiR DLiVLi][ @LiR RLiRLi.
3. Dxmssj s gRiWLjiQ\|mss zmss RLiyRVV Aj (yNRPV sxqsVs o) sbPLiy, @sV %sLiy, @%sVy,
sVL]NRPLjiNTP yNRPV |msy, @xmsxLjiLiy NRPWR sLjiryLiVV.
4. FyV Bs*RLi, xmssNTP DxmsWgjiLiRRLi sVVR\syNTP DxmsNRPLjiLi[ (AsoV FsR VV sLi) Aj
(yNRPV|mssj) N]LiRNSsNTP VVLi BsysNTP LijFRVLij @s[ sW DLiRRV. @xqsV r~sVV%dsVR
sU NRPWR DLiRRV. VVLi dxqsVN]syRV sVVLiRVgSs[ @LigkiNRPLji}qs sWRLi \|mss zmssj DLiRRV. A %sR LigS
DxmsNRPLjiLiRs yNRPV sxqsVs o N]LiRNSsNTP VVyR r~RV @LiVVFRVLij. ys LkiRV NRPWR (sU NRPWR)
|msLRiVgRiVRVLij.
197
197
sVW. 1. Dxmszqs Rxqs Aj sVxmsRVRR M y*RaRPxms[ RM. xmsWNSxqssys[ y gSsVsX x[tsv ryxmsLiVVy*
sxtsQQRVsWj Li xms xms[R. ssXR s Xj N][ y Aj M RyNRPXRsVWM R\Qs @s}tsQR ;
@yaRP%syaRPNRPLRij zts Q][ y . yLRiNRPxqsLisys[ y %syaRP RWRVR yLiR Li R LRirysV][ %sNUPR.
@j FyxmsRWy.
2. rysLRisV xmsRWsg[ iR M xmnsg[ ][ y xmsZOP[QxmssXjsVWaRPVR sV AssV @sVWQORPQ[Vxm[ ss[V`.
y. yNRPV %sTzmsLiRVN]sys\ZNP ssys yNRPV |mss sxqsVs o Bs*sysNTP xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi.
[y @zmssyRV gSsVLi[ [NPR F[ @xmsV dxqsVN]syRV (yNRPV |mssyRV) ysV Bs*szqss
r~sVV gSsVLi[s |msR sR DLi Aj s dzqsN]ssRVsV. [y A sxqsVso %sVs A yRV FsLiR DLiVLi][
sLSLRi [LiVVLi, A L][ sVVRV sU [NPR VLiy (VVyR Ljigji s[sLRiNRPV) @NRPRs[ DLiRsRV. [y
@j FNRPVLiy, yss FssLRiW FyRV[R VNRPVLiy xqsLiLRiOTPQLi[ @j NSLji RgiR LRi DLiy. yNRPV dzqsN]s

VVyR, @xmsVdxqsVN]syRV gSsWLiRLSRVNRPV s RLi[R @NRPR [s xmsVRV, A sxqsVs o jFRVLij


@s[ RVLi DsxmsVRV, yRWj NSLji @sVsV dzqsN]s ysNTP FsLiR @j NRPLigS sVWLi sxqsVLi][ @LiR
sVWsNTP yss @%sVs[R W. [y @j FyVRV (yNRPVsV xqsLiLRiOTPQLi[ @j NSLji) G %sR LigS zms[ @
[R W. ([y @j FyVsNTP ssVNRPLi NRPVjLjisLiR sVWsNTP @%sVs[R W).
2. aRPsVxmsT gSs, aRPsVxmsRNRPVLiy NSs @sV %sLiRRgjisj NSs @LiVVs yNRPV |mss zqs LSzqs%dsVR, sVWRsLi
%dsVR FsLiR sU Bs*szqs Ds][ @LiRNRPLi @j NRP\sVs Li ssxmsVRV, (@ ss s yNRPV
xmssyRV @sV %sLiy NRPWR) A ss s @xqsVsVLi Rgij LiRszqss xmss [R V.
sVW. 1. @sxqsXuxmsN[ S sVWaRPVR sWsLi s Li R Ry`. ZaP[xtsQs VVxmssj y yRsV.
2. G[s A[aPR M @y*j aRP yf. rylLi [ s @y*j xr y xmsLjiuyLi W%sVsVFyxmsM][\lLiM g][R=QXu y
yy*j sVs}`. @sl Li[ y sVXRxqs yRW][%zms ys}`. ZaP[xtsQs VVxmssj y yRsV.
3. RWRNRPsV, @sNUPRNRPLi y RVy%sR Li gRiX{ RVVM Ry %sR s[Vs @LRi[VRVVM. u[ xmssFyyLi
[aPR NS[xmsL][j RRL i, sxts QLi, %ssxts QLi y y #s[R VVM. ZaP[xtsQs VVxmssj y yRsV.
4. \sRWxmsXR%sNRPRVxqsV c \sRWxmsXRNRPLSM RVy[aPR NSLi %sNUPyM xmsLi RVyRLi sVWsVVRRVLi
R RRVM.
y. 1. yNRPV|mssys @sVsV [NPR VLiy @sV %sLisyRV sU FgS %sVgjis s
@xmsVdxqsVN]sysNTP By*. @ @sV %sLi sLiRVNRPV N]LiRgRiLi (HRsgRiLi [y xmsRs gRiLi) LSNRPV
LSygS Liy. Aj NTP xqsLiLij Lis %sVgjis %sxtsQR Wds Dxmssj %sxtsQR VLi[ zmss %sR LigSs[
gRizLiy.
198
2. kss xms A[aPR Li, @y*[aPR Li NRPWy %ssLjiLiRTs .[ A[aPR Li @sgS ""C sxqsVs osV [y r~sVVsV
xmsn yyLjiNTP BsVV'' @s sVL]NRPs y*LS xmsLizmssj''. @[ %sR LigS FsNRP][ RWLRiLigS Dsy NTP sVL]NRPLji
y*LS xmsLizmssj ""@y*j '' ryLiR Li][ (sLRiN PR V gRiVLixmso][) NRPzqs @y*j dxqsVN]s sRVRVsyRV @sVNRPVs
xms[aSsNTP [lLi[ [gSs[ ]LigRiV ANRP%sVLi r~sVV gjiN]s %sT sxmsVRV A @y*j s Bs*szqss xmss
[R V.
@RRV sWLiR sVR Li[ sVLRiLiy ARs yRWRVV A @y*j s Bs*szqss xmss [R V. @y*j NTP
xqsLiLij Lis BRLRi%sxtsQR Wds Dxmssj s gRiWLji zmssVgSs[ sLjir yLiVV.
3. RWRNSs (FsLRiVso dxqsVN]s sxqsVs osV), @sNUPRNSs (@ NRPV dxqsVN]syss) Fs dxqsVNRPVyL][
@lgi[ Ljigji By*. xmsn y xms[aPR Li[, xmsn y NSLi[ By* @s xtsQLiR RV |ms Bs sxqsVs o x[tsQ[R
G[ sVgRiVV gRiVV sVVR\s ys NRPgjis AxmsR, (gRi.aS.) ysLiR @[ LiR Li @LiVVFsRLi] gSs
@NRPzqsNRP\sVs ][LSRVxmsRsLi [R gSs Fy\FLiVVy, sbPLiy yss Ljigji Bs*ssxqsLRiLi [R V. %sVgjis
%saRPRWds Dxmssj NTP zmsss[ ksNTP NRPWy sLjir yLiVV.
4. \sRWxmsXR%sNRPRVLi (GLi y*LS @sVRLi) FssgS c [aPR NSsVryLRiLigS xmss @s[V
\sRWxmsXRNRPLRiVV (GLiV) Lis sVWds, ds ss%s ssV (xmsry*%sVNTP) By*.

sVW. 1. [aPR NSFyRs[ y xmsLji{Li xqsLixmsysNSZNP[s @lLi [ sVWsV DRRVLi R RRVM.


2. RVyxqsLiztsQR Li y %sNUPyM [ RVsVj gRi[ R VVM, sVWs[Vs RRVM. @LiR xmsRs[ y xmsLji{Li
RVyxmsLji{Li sVW sVWsLi RRVM.
3. ryLissLjiZNP[xtsv y FyRLiVVZNP[xtsQ*LSy[xtsv u[ xmssFyyLi sxts QLi %ssxts Qs Vzms y sVWsVzms s
RRVM. [aPR NSsL ij yyLi RV xmsyLi ORPQR VsRV%saRPVR Li sVWsVVRRVLi R RRVM. xmsxqssVyRWyLi
R xmsRLiaRPsV, ZaP[xtsQs VVxmssj y yRsV. GsLi \sRWxmsXR %sNRPW yRM.
y. 1. \sRWxmsXRNRPLRiVRV sLiR LiVVLis xms[aSs, NSs y|msRLi[R xqsLRiVNRPV LkiRV Rgij FLiVVy NRPWy
ysV A xqsLRiVNRPV ry*%sVsVLi dxqsVN]ss xqssVRWsNTP Ds sVWs, ds NRPWy ry*%sVNTP Liy.
2. BLiR R LRiNTP @sW @s sVVLiRVgSs[ sLiR LiVVLiRVN]sy sLiR LiVVLis sVWLi sWRLi xqsLRiVNRPV
RVsWsNTP B}qs yV; Li ys[V DLiRVN]ssRVsV. @s[V xqssVRWsNTP LkiRV xmsTF[, FsLiR
xmsTFLiVVLi][ @j Rgij Li sVWLi ry*%sVNTP Liy.
3. ssVNRPxqsVV, LSxqsLiLiR \sVs ][uyL][xmsRVV (xms VR*Li[ ZNP[xqsVV) G%ds [sy @LiVVs
ryLissLjiNRPVV (INRPLjisVLiT sxqsVs oV dxqsVN]s @sVNSV Lji}msy ) @LiVV[, A sxqsVs oV x[tsQ[R
(RLRiVgRiVR sVVR\sy[R ), ANRPzqsNRPxmssWy[R Fy\y, sbPLiy y sVWLi NRPWy B[ xmss
[R V.
[aPR Li[R , NSLi[R ssysLi GLRiRRLi[R @sgS sVL]NRP xms[aPR Li[s V, sVL]NRP NSLi[s V @sVszqs
LSsRLi[R xqsLRiVNRPVNRPV ss RLRiVgRiV, yV, xmssVV sVVR\s LRiVW Rgij LiRVN]s %sVgjis sVWLi,
Li By*. s[LiR V s[LiR V xmsV DsxmsVRV IN]NRPysNTP xqsLiLij Lis yV By*. %sVgjis
%sxtsQR Wds Dxmssj [ zmss .[ C %sR LigS\sRWxmsXR%sNRPRVLi %ssLjiLiRTLij.
sVW. 1. sZOP[Qxmsa][xmssj y. RsVs[s sOTPQxmss V @sxqs @LRiRVRM {[VR. sZOP[QFyxmslLi[ xmspLS*xmsysLi
sZOP[QFyLiR aRP xmssWsV. @aRPVRW z NSLRisM, \suyLi NRPLRixmspL][* sZOP[QxmsR LRiM. NRPLRi{sLi
sZOP[QxmssVxmssRVsWsLi gRiWR s rys ryOTPQ[ sZOP[QFy LRixxqsxmsFy[s xmsxms[V`; xmsys[ y
sVRxmsxs%saS*}qss.
2. LRixzqs sX][ yj ][ y \s[xNRPM NRPbP` NRPXRORPQLi RssVxqs x}qs sOTPQFyxmsgRi[ ` . Rxqs xms[ZaP[s
xmso][ y y @gRisV sZOP[QxmsLi RW[R . ys[ aRPVj M. @sy sZOP[QxmsLi }qsR VRLi R Ry`.
y. 1. sZOP[QFysNTP xqsLiLij Lis sRVsWsV (yR sVs Bs sxqsVs o sZOP[QxmsLi) (BNRPR bPV NTPs
LigSLRiLi sVVR\sj sZOP[QxmsLi @s gRi.aS.) Dxmssj [R %ssLjiLis .[ INRPRV RssR DLis sZOP[QFys sVL]NRPsNTP
BsLiVV[ @j sbPLis [ (FLiVVs )[ . sZOP[QFys @xmsxLjiLisxmsVRV FssssR sZOP[QxmsLi DLiRTLi][ ys
xmspLRi*RLjiR, A sZOP[QxmsLi DLisy C lLiLiTLids xms sLiR RVLi RW. bPVV ryyLRiLigS sWxqsLi
[}qs xqs*sLi NRPy , y INRP RgiR LRi INRP sZOP[QxmsLi DLiRVN]s[xmsVRV NRPLRiV (yLiVVLiRVN][s RLi,
ryORPVV sVVR\s xmssWV) DLiRso. NRPLRiLi [s sZOP[QFys gRiWLji yss dxqsVN]syRV yNRPV Bs*[R V
@s LiNTPsxmsVRV sZOP[Qxms (sZOP[QxmsLi DLisyRV) N]LiRLRiV ryORPV g][R ssNRP y y NRPV %ss[V, @
LiZNP[ ys NS %dsVRxmsT (LRixxqs xms[aPR Li[) FyLjiLiy. [y G DysssLi[[ sVRFysg][zts Q
GLSV[zqs, %saS*xqsLi GLRiTs A xqssVRVLi[ yss FyLij Liy.

199
2. sXR VRW [y yj ][ R xmsRVRVsyRV @LiVVs Fssl\ Liy INRP
sLRiN PR VRV INRP RysNTP N]s gRiVLRiVV DLi yss ys [[ (bP
[[ gRi.aS.) sZOP[QxmsLigS DLi sFy. @RRV xmsLixmsgS ARs
xmsoRVRV gSs, rRLRiVRVgSs ys RgiR LRiNRPV s sZOP[QxmsLi Bs*sVs
@RgS.
Ljigji Bs[zqssLiVV[ @RRV aRPVR VRV (sLiVVd DsyRV) @s
@LiR Li. Bs*NRPF[ A sZOP[QFys Ljigji Bs[zqs ]LigRiRsLi [zqssLiRVNRPV
LSy NRPWR xms Vy*sNTP Liy.
sVW. 1. xmsssVV[ y aRP [ R VM NRPbP` NRPXRORPQLi RssVxqs
x}qs sOTPQxms xms}tsQR . RRM NSsL SgRi][ RW[R ; ys[ aRPVM;
@sy sZOP[QxmsLi }qsR VRLi R Ry`. NRPXRORPQ[s y Rs[
xmsys[V[s sV. aRPdW y LSf LSyLiVVNSORPQd RM
ryLRisVxqs x}qs sOTPQxms @xmsgRi[ ` . xqs GsLi s ygSLRigRi][ RW[R .
ys[ aRPVM. @sy sZOP[QxmsLi }qsR VRLi R Ry`.
2. @s[s yxqsgRiX} ssVV RVLi RW[R . @sRLSys[ RV][NPR L i xmsoLRiry` .
3. Rsg[ SysWgRisVLi yrysVRVVR. Rxqs yLiR xqs ssL][xmsssV @WNRPVaSLiR rysVLiR QsV.
4. G[s %sVRMxqssVyW yRM.
y. 1. gSsWLiRLSRVNRPV s ysNTP zqsR LigS Ds, %saRP*zqsLiRRgjis (|msR sVsztsQgS }msLRiV F~Lijs) Fssl\ Liy INRP
sQQNPT gRiVLRiVV DLis Rys ys[[ (bP [[) |ms sFy. NSLiRLRiLi[ s y sxqsVs o
y NTPsVs @RgS. B}qs @RRV sLiVVd NRPyRs @LiR Li. Bs*NRPF[ @RRV (Bs*syRV) A sZOP[QFys
ry*%sVNTP B ys][ FyV ]LigRiRysNTP LiRszqss LSy LSNRPV Liy.
[y (ys BV ry [zqs) gRiVLRiVV DLis A sxqsVs o][ xqsx yss xms (|msR sVsVxtsv RgiR LjiNTP) dzqsN]s
LSy. [y @sWRVNRPVRVs NRPs[yRV LSNRPV A sxqsVs o Bs*szqssxqsVLiRs gSs, xqssVRVLiNSs
xqssVRVLi[ LRiVgRiVRVsLiRVNRPVgSs RVxmsT ( RVxmsTsV sxqsW) @sVWQ\sVs G\s INRP sxqsVs osV,
LS, A bP RgiR LRi DLiy. RLRiyR @RRV \ZNPRV[ sLRiLij RV\ yss (y sxqsVs o y NTPsVs c RssV
\ZNPRVsVLi %sTzmsLiRV N]sRLiN][xqsLi @sV) @RgS. Ljigji A sxqsVs o @RsNTP B}qs @RRV aRPVR VRs @LRiLi.
Bs*NRPF[ A sZOP[QFys B ys][ FyV ]LigRiNRPV %sj Li[ LSy LSNRPV Liy.
2. (sZOP[QxmsLi dzqsN]syRV sVLRiLisLiVV[) ARs BLiNTP s BLi[ Dsy s gRiVLRiVVs sxqsVs osV,
gRiVLRiV[s LRiy sLi ZaP[xts QsxqsVsod @RgS. A lLiLiTLi[ G INRP yss Bs*NRPFLiVVy \|mss zmssV
RW.
3. R LSj NSLji yNRPVV xms [ ys BLi[ DLi[ ARRsV %sxqsWs A RW rysWsVV ARsNTP Fs syW
@RgS. @RRV zmss %sR LigS A sxqsVs oV LSsysNTP @sNSaRPLi Dsy [y @Bs @sVsWsxmssWLi[R

(Ex[R ) VxqsVN][y. @WgRiLi [zqssys RsrysVLSQs NRPWy VxqsVN][y. @sgS @RRV yNRPV
|mssV xmsoRVs sxqsVs oV ys RgiR LRi DLiRysNTP @sNSaRPLi Dsy [y @s[ %sxtsQR VLi VxqsVN][y.
4. sZOP[QFys sLSNRPLjiLisLiRVNRPV zmss ssLRi%syys xms LRixxqsLigS GLRiLRiLRiRVN]s IxmsLiyV
NRPWy (LRixxqsLigS dxqsVN]s @xmsVV, gSLiR LRi*%syRVV) %ssLjiLis .[
a].[ Rry` ryOTPQsVRRs Li NRPVLS*R=sVgji*ztsQRsV,
}qs* xmslLi[ y s[ NSLRiLi [aPR NSgRisLiR RM
B N_dRWLiR aRP# }qsQ R LRi{qs [V RXdRWj NRPLRi[ y*Ra][%yRVM Kxmssj NRPsV;
AjRM GN][xqsxqsxmsRsVM.
y. @LiRVs (INRP sxqsVs osV dxqsVN]s[R s @xmsxmsLi [R VysNTP @sNSaRPLi DLiRRLis) Rsy RgiR LRis[
@LiVVy, BRLRiV RgiR LRi \sy, INRP sxqsVs osV DLi[xmsVRV ryORPV xqssVORPQLi[, LRixxqsLigS NSNRPVLiy
(zLRiLigRiLigS) [aPR Li, NSLi, sxqsVs o sVVRL i xqsLi, y xqs*LRiWxmsLi (sLRiLi) sVVR\s %sxtsQR Wds
xqsxts QLigS sWRVN]s A xmss RW.
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ R LRi{qsRVLi @s[ RXdRWj NRPLRiLi[, KxmssjNRPLi
@s[ xmssLiRs @yRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi @LRi\s]%sVRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
200
@R RWRa][%yRVM.
xmsxtsQzts QR sVLi xmsNRPLRisV, yxqsNRPLRiNRPLRiNRPM
(Law Concerning slaves and labourers)

sVW. 1. DRLRiyxqssLiR sV ALRiFyxmss V @Fyxmss sLRiLi aRPWRLi


%sNRPRWysLi sRVRM xqs*sxqs y*RaRPxms[ RM. \saRPLi j*gRiVM.
ORPQ RVLi gRiVM. xLi RRVLiR VM. xmsLRisxqs
xmspLRi*sVR sWR sVsy RM ZNP[R Xa][R YLi R.
2. s[VyysV][xtsQM xmsLi %sZNP[R VsWyRVLi y. s [*yLRixqs
yxqssM.
3. @R y ALRisWyRV NRPVs s[ ALSsWxmsj sxtsQQRVLi
yj gRisV Li ryRVyyLRiLi y xmspLRi*Li s{tsQQLRis.
y. 1. F~N][xqsLi yxqsV\syss Rxms ALRiVRV, \sVyLji dLRisyRW @LiVVs (AFyxmss sLRiLi) aRPWRV
@%sVy, yNRPV |msy, @ [zqssyRV LiR V\s[ xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi, \saRPV @ [zqssysNTP
BLRi\syVgRiV xmsV; ORPQ RVV [zqssysNTP sVV\|ms# ALRiV xmsV RLiRLi. xVs @ [zqssysNTP
s\ Fss%sVj xmsV RLiRLi.

LiR VsVV NSNRP BRLRiVV aRPWyRVsV @%sVy, yNRPV|msy, @ [R VTsyRV aRPWRV\[


xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi, \saRPVQ\[ sVR sVryxxqsRLiRLi, ORPQ RVV\[ DR s VryxxqsRLiRLi, xV\[
sVLRiRLiRLi %sj Liy. C RLiyV N]sy NUP, ryORPVNUP NRPWR %sj Liy.
2. s[VRVV xqsLiyys @%sVy, yNRPV |msy @xmsLSR Li NSRV. Fs xmsLjizqs [s W ALRiVsNTP yxqsR*Li
DLiRNRPWRRV.
3. [y NRPVVLisNTP y NPT Qxts QxmsLjizqs RVV GLRiTsxmsVRW, ysVLij ALRiVNRPV AxmsR xqsLi %sLisxmsVRV
N]LiRR sLi dxqsVN]s (ALRi) V yNRPV |mssRVsV. yNRPV %sTzmsLiRVN]sysNTP xqsLjixmsTsLiR R sLi
NRPWLRiVN]s sLis[ sVVLiRVgS V %sTzmsLiy. Fss\lLiy (VRV NSsyRV) RsLiR ysVgS
xqsRVLi[R VysNTP s yNRPVNRPV [\s[ yss sVVLiRV %sTzmsLiy.
sVW. 1. xqsNRPXyyyy sxtsQRM {qs[` . j*LRis[ yzRNRPM. xqsNRPXRV xmsLRi%sxtsQR WsVV.
2. %syxmsLji[ y yxqsxqs ALRissVxmsxLRiRM @LiR RM. sxtsQR}msRsxqssysWyy sVWLi #[R .
3. }msR%sW][xts QgRix sWzRxqs sgRiryxmssLi, R}msxtsQsV, @NRPsVLi R {qsQLi
sVWyaRPNRPLRisV. ydxmsLjiyLjiNSLiR {qsN][xmsyLjiNSLi R sWORPQNPR LRisV. zqsR sVVxmsyLRiNRPryxmsRxqs
@xmsNRPsVsV.
4. ydsWzNSLi y @NSsWLi xqs*saSsVj gRi[ RM xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM. xmsLRisaSLi sVR sVM.
NRPysWzNSLi y xqs*RVsVs[s y RWxtsQR VRM sVWyaRPM.
aRPVLi Rj *gRiVaRP RM.
y. 1. RssV ys[ yNRPV |msVN]syRV FyLjiFLiVVsLiVV[ @RRV RLRiyR yNRPVgS xmsLjigRiLixmsRRV,
%syLiRLi yxqsV\Fy. sVL]NRPLRiV yNRPV |mssyRV lLiLiRV xmsLSRWV FyLjiF[ yNRPVgS
xmsLjigRiLixmsRNRP yxqsV\FyRV. \|mss lLiLiRV LRiNSy NRPWR INRPryLji sWRs[V aRPRV[aPR Li \sxmso FyLjiFLiVVy
\|mss zmssV @soyLRiV.
2. yxqsVRVgS DsyRV RVsWs R ys @xmsxLij }qs ysNTP ALRiVs R sLi @xmsxLji}qs FsLiR RLiRsW
ys[ xqsgRiLi RLiRLi %sj Liy. (gRi.aS.) (ALRiV yxqsVsgS DLiRVN]sysNTP @LiR RLiRLi) yNRPVgS
DLiRTsyRV FyLjiFLiVVy, sVLRiLiy, AxmsR[ NRPVN]y
yNRPV |mssyRV VVLi Liy.
201
3. yNRPV |mss {qsQ[R gSs xmsoLRiVxtsvs[R gSs aRPysV,
sVsVWysV, FsLigji sV dLiVVLiy, yNRPV |mss {qsQ[R
sgRixmsoLRiVxtsvsNTP rysLi [LiVVLiy, AsVsV bPOTPQLiy, AsVsV
@sV %sLiy @xmsV dxqsVN]s R sLi sbPxqsVLij. @sgS @Li
yNRPV[ DsyV @xmsV dLRiszqss xmss[R V.
y (zmssV |msLiRRLiN][xqsLi NRPVRLRiVN]sQ{qsQ), xmsLjiyLjiNRP (BLi \
xmss [}qsj) xqsgRiLi N_VNRPV ssryRVLi [}qs {qsQ, DxmsyLjiNRP

(xmsNRPVs[R VRLi, ysVLRiLi xmsRLi sVVR\s BLi[s xmssVV[}qs {qsQ) %ds [R BLi xmssVV [LiVV}qs y
sWORPQLi F~LiRsRV, @sgS A RVsWss %sT sFsRVsV.
DxmsyLRiLi [R VysNTP NRPVjLjisyRV [y NRPVjLjis {qsQ xqsLiysLi NRPsQ LiVV[ %sT sFsRLi[ ][xtsQLi [R V
@s gRi.aS. C @LiR Li NRPWy @LiRgS NRPVRLRiRLi [R V. "@xmsRxqs' @s[ xmsysNTP DR s VNRPVLi[ xmso syRV
@s @LiR Li zms[ c ""DR s VNRPVLi[ xmsosyRV G NSLRiLi[R \sy DxmsyLRiNRPVRVgS [Lij [ @RRV A
%syLiRLi @lgi[ DLiRNRPVLiy sVR RVLiRV DxmsyLRiLi [LiVVLiRVN]LiVsyss %sT sFsRVsV'' @s
C yNSsNTP @LiR Li xmssRVsV.
Bxts QLi [s xqs*RLiRVLS\s (@sgS LRi xqsLiLRiORPQ[ [s) ys NSs, yNRPV |msTs {qsQs gSs LRis
ysNTP xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi. xmsLSk sVLS\s yss LRiysNTP sVR sVryxxqsRLiRLi. AzNRP (yNRPV |ms s)
NRPssV xqs*RVLigS LRiy, BRLRiV[R LjizmsLixms[zqsy @zmss r~sVV sbPxqsVLij (FRVLij), AsVNRPV
NRPs NTPs*szqss aRPVLi By*; ysNTP lLiLixmso LSNRPV LSy Liy.
sVW. 1. AR%sNRPLiVVM xmssV ALSLi %sy`. Ayj gRiRLi ry*%sVNRPLS%sLRiVR Li [ R , zmsRQLi R yRVsV.
sVW[s yLRiR*Li gRi[ ` . [s DRLRiyryzRN_ yf.
2. xmsZOP[QFysVLRiWxmsaSxqs sxtsQQRVM. RxmsRM NRPLRi RsVVxmss[V`.
3. ALRiFy[ R *xXRM NRPLRiNSsVLRiW}ms sVW[ylLi [ y %ssVV[R.
4. gRiXxRyRWgRiR NUPyysVsRsVLi yxqssVWyxts Qs L<iR Li %ss VsV @NSsVLi ds[ NRPLRi %s[ZaP[ y{qsLi
y xqsgRiLSs V @xms%szR gRiLRi LRiLi %sNRPRWysLi sRVRMxmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM, ZNP[R Xa][R Y.
y. 1. RssV ysV @sVVN]s yxqsV\y ys xqsLiysLi sWRLi ALRiR*Li NRPjgSs[ DLiVLij. @sgS
ys xmsoyRVV ALRiV[ NSs yxqsVV NSLRiV. AR%sNRPLiVV, ry*%sVNSLSNRPV %sLRiVR Li NSNRPVLiy, ysV
xqsLiFyjLiRVN]s R ys, RLiT Azqssd NRPWR F~LiRsRVsV. ysV @xmsV dzqsN]s R sLi Ljigji Bs[zqs
ALRiy*s F~LiRsRVsV. C zmssRLiy DRLRiyxqsVs ( VNTPN ][xqsLi yxqsV\sys) %sxtsQR VLi[s V, yNRPV
|msTs ys %sxtsQR VLi[s W NRPWy sLjixqsVLij.
2. AR%sNRPLiVV RssV %sTzmsLiRVN]sRLi N][xqsLi N]sysNTP B[ r~sVV ARRV FsLiR r~sVV |ms RssV
N]y][ ysNTP @sVgRiVLigS DLiy.
3. LjisWy LiRszqssyRV R sLi [NPR F[ LjisWyNRPV RVV xmss [zqs %sRVR F~LiRsRVsV.
4. RVVR Li[ xmsVR ALRiVRV BLiRNSLi FyV xmss[rys V @s sLRiLiVVLiRVN]s A %sR LigS xmss [zqs gSs,
G][ s NRPLi ys[ xqsgRiLi B gSs %ssVVNTP F~LiRsRVsV.
5. BLi[ xmsosyRV, yRVLi y*LS LisyRV, FsNRPR[ ]LjiNTPsyRV, N]sTsyRV @s yVgRiV
%sy\s yxqsV[ Fss%sVj xqsLisR=LS [xmsoyRV, LiR VsoV [syRV, BxtsQLi [syRW @LiVVs yxqsV ,
dsRNRPLRi [R VysNTP sWgjiLiy, %s[aPR Li[ @%sVs[zqsy, yNRPV |msy, @ [ gRiLRis \Vs yzqss
xmsxqsysNTP NSszqss LRiVNRPV GLRiV G%ds [R VNRPVLiy %s[aPR Li[ @%sVs[zqsy, yNRPV|msy @%sVsysNTP,
N]sysNTP, ryORPVNRPW NRPWR xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi.

sVW. 1. yxqssVsVLRiW}ms sxtsQQ[V ALRisVNRPVLRi*RM y*RaRPxms[ RM. xqsLiL][R aSNRPLRi`. yxqsRsxqs


RW yRWyM. [uysV @s[ ry*%dsV.
2. ry*%sVsM xqs*ryLi yryLi RLi xqssWRXNRPsV yxqsLi %sy`. gRiX [` NRPVVsWLiR s sd sWy,
y, gjids yry AyryM xqsVM.
3. yxqsLi y{qsLi y s{tsQQRV xmsosLji*NRPRWysLi sRVRM y*RaRPxms[ RM @sR xqs*RVLiyj M. B
yxqsNRPM.
4. NRPLRiNRPLRixqs NRPLRixqsLis sWxqsyM %sRVM. RVyxqsLiztsQR Li s[R sLi [ R . NRPLRiNSsVLRiWxmssV
@xqsLiztsQR s[R ssV. NRPL<iR NRPM xqsryyLi, g][FyNRPM xqsLjiuyLi, \s[xNRPM xmsysWRy ssxXyyLi,
RaRPgRisVxqsLiztsQR s[R [ [ R . xqsLiztsQR s[R sxqsV RVyxqsLiztsQR sV.
y. 1. yxqsVRVgS DsyRV RssV %sTzmsLiRVN]sysNTP NSszqss R sLi (sxtsQQRVLi) B %sRsszqsLiRs
@TgjisxmsVRV A %sR LigS ARsNTP yxqsR*LisVLi %sRVR B ALRiVgS [R Vs ysNTP xmssLiRV xms
LSy. yxqsV ALRiVsgS [}qs sLRiNRPV [R Vsyss Lij Liy. yxqsVs RysNTP ARs LiR Vso[
yRWRVV. RVsLRiW [s xmsORPQLi[ A R sLi ry*%sVNTP LiRVRVLij.
2. yzqsgS Ds {qsQRVLiRV ry*%sVNTP xqsLiysLi NRPgji[ A xqsLiyysNUP, RNUP NRPWR (y{qsNTP NRPWR) yxqsR*Li
DLiRRV. A yzqsgS Ds {qsQ gRiXxgS (BVgS) @LiVV NRPVVLi%sxtsQR Wds RWRVNRPVLiVLi[ AsV RNUP,
rRLRiVNRPW, rRLkiNRPV yxqsR*Li ]gjiFRVLij.
202
3. yxqsV gSs, y{qss gSs sxtsQQRVLi [zqss RLRiyR
(ys*szqss R sLi LSVN]s %sRVR Bs RLRiyR) sVd
y sV @%sVy, yNRPV |msy xmssLiRV xms LSy. @LiVV[
sxtsQQRVLi F~Lijsy [ @LiRVNRPV @LigkiNRPLji}qs ][xtsQLi [R V. Bj
yxqs%sysLi.
4. NRPLRiNRPLRiVV ysVV [R Vszqss xmssVV aRPR gS [xqsVyLS [y @s[
%sxtsQR VLi[ RgiR LRigS DLiT (@j NSLRiVV) xmsLjibdPxqsWLiy. A
NRPLRiNRPLRiVNRPV sWRVNRPVsVgS RLi Liy. sVVLiRVgS
sWRVN]sNRPF[ FsLiR }qsxmso NRPLRi [aSL][ yss xms y NRPV yV
By*. BLiR RLi @s sWRVN]ss ssryRVLi [}qsysNTP
xqsry[ xmsRssLiRV, g][FyNRPVsNTP s[[ xmsRs sLiRV sLRiN PR VsNTP
ARRV ssxLjiLi[ (N]sRLi @sVNRPLi [}qs) xqsLRiVNRPV[ xmsRs sLiRV
By*. RLi gRiWLji sVVLiRVgSs[ sWRVN]s DsQ LiVV[
sWRVN]sLiR RLi sWRs[V ARsNTP By*.
sVW. 1. NSLRiV bP NRPVbdPs NTPR=NRP ygik ss xmsLjiyLRiNSjM AaSNSLRiNRPsLRixqsV RVysM Rj*R M NRPVLS`. RVy
y NRPVaRPM NRP[V RVVM Ry s[R sLi [ R . ryOTPQ xmsRRVs[Vs ry`. ryOTPQsVs[ RVRM NRPLRi
R][%sVRVVR.

2. s[R yys[ RaRP[ RM, xtsQ[ y. @xmssRVsWs[ y*RaRPxms[ RM. xms[ y.


3. sks[giR * }qss y[xmsLRiVR M xqsLRi*xqs*xmsoRyLSRys[s ALRiM yyLRisWxRV s{qsLiR M NRPVaRPxmsjxts QLi
s[R sLi Ry`. [s xqsLRi*yLRi yysVaRPRWM yyM.
y. 1. NSLRiVsoV (sRLigRiVV sVV.), bPVV, FyV Fy[y , \sRVV, sW][ %sLi[y
(ygik soV=xLjiNRPRV VNRPRV sVVR\s%s }msy ), xmsLjiyLRiNRPVV sVVR\s AaSNSLjiNRPV (xmss
sVsZNP[\sVy xqsVLij @s[ AaRP][ xmss [}qsy ) sLSNRPV Lijsy c A LRiNRPLi sVsVxtsvV RsV xmssVV
Fs [ryL][ @ RW. [y C xmssV[ s[LiR V gRiy G %sR LigS sLRiLiVV}qs A %sR LigS RLi
dxqsVN][y. G\sy %syyV s}qs y sLiR RVLi ryORPVsV xms sWRs[V RW. ryORPVsLRiW [NPR F[
xmspLRi*Li BLi xmss [zqs sxmsVRV sVL]NRPLRiV ysNTP FsLiR RLi ByL][ @j VxqsVN]s (yRWj NSLji)
sLiR LiVVLiy.
2. RLi Bs*NRPF[ Bs*szqss RLi[ xmsRs sLiRV [y ALRiV xms LSy. RLi dzqsN]s
dzqsN]s[R s @xqsRLi xmsZNP[ NSLRiVsoV sVVR\sy NTP xmssLiRV xmsV [y RLi[ HRs sLiRV LSy.
3. sks[giR Li, @gji*V, ]LigRiV, NRPWLRisVXgSV ANRPsVLi C AxmsR[ NRPVN]s ssV LRiOTPQLisy NTP
y xqsLRi*xqs*Li Brys V, y xmsoRV Brys V, y LRisV Brys V, ss[ B[rys LiW ALRi yyV [zqssyRV
FssLji[R \sy LRiOTPQLiRT sxmsVRV C %sxtsQR WV gS zqssy sLiR LiVVLis r~sVV A LRiOTPQLiRT
sxmsVRV C %sxtsQR WV gS zqssy sLRiLiVVLis r~sVV A LRiOTPQLisysNTP By*. (ysV Brys s
@s%s Bs*s xmsORPQLi[ @s gRi.aS.) kss xms ALRiVR V Bs*szqss yss Bs*s (@sVaRPRVLi) xqsLixmsn Vs
ssLids %ssLjiLis .[ @sgS \|mss zmss AxmsR[ NSNRP BRLRi AxmsRsVLiT LRiORPQ F~Lij @sVaRPRVLi
(sW%dsVR sRNRPFsRLi) Ljigjis ][ @sLi[ C sRVsVs[V sLjixqsVLij.
a].[ [ R xmsoLiaRPd g[ iR Li xqsLigRisVrxmsy`,
@RWy RV [VR _LRiy%ss[Vs y.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ R LRi{qs [V RXdRWj NRPLRi[ RWRa][%yRVM, yxqsNRPLRi NRPLRiNRP[, yxqsNRPM,
NRPLRiNRPLRiNRP[ ry*sVj NSLRiM, AjRM xqsxmsRsW%yRVM.
y. xmsoLiaRP (Lji \Vs {qsQ)NTP xqsLigRisVLi [zqssV gRiVLRiVV zqss RLRiyRs[ g[ iR Li (g[ SsNTP RLi)
By*. FsNRPVsgS @Tgjiy, xmsoLRiVxtsvs %sxtsQR VLi[ R
@FyRVLi][s V, F~gRiLRiVsWRVRsLi][s V xmssLjiL iy bPOTPQLiy.
""sLijs @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ R LRi{qs RVLi
@s[ RXdRWj NRPLRiLi[ yxqsNRPLRiNRPLRiNRPLi, yxqsNRPLi, NRPLRiNRPLRiNRPLi,
ry*sVj NSLRiLi @s[ xmsRsVWRs @yRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi
\QRVs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
203
@R RRVLiR a][%yRVM
xtsQ< zts QR sVLi xmsNRPLRisV c NRPLRiNRPLRiNRPM xqsLi WRVxqssVVyssV
(undertaking a partnership)

sVW. 1. gRiX{y* s[R sLi NRPLRi @NRPVLRi*RM XRNRPxqs y*RaRPxms[ RM xqsLiL][R aSNRPLRi`.
2. @aRPNRPM NRPV=[ NRPLRi y_ sxqss[ y @sVaRPRVLi [ R , xmslLi[ y NSLRiLiVVRVsV. Rxqs sRVNRPLRi [ R
LS y NSLRiLiVVRVsV.
3. ysxqsQ*RW NSLRiLiVVRsM sVRW y ysxqs NRPLRi s sV BRsL][ [ LRiVM @NSLRiRVRM XRNRPxqs @NRPVLRi*RM
y y*RaRPxmsM RM. NRPLRisuyxmss[ LRiVLiR sR
gRiX{Rs[R [ yxmsNSsVM NRPVLS`.
4. Dxmszqs RsVNSLRiRVRM NRPXRs[Vs %syjyyLSM.
y. 1. RLi dzqsN]s xmss RVs XRVsNTP xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi. A xmss xmspLji[}qssLRiNRPV yss
Lij Liy.
2. [R Vszqss xmss dsR\sVy, yj sy, AxmsR[ sVy [rys s xmss [R Vs XRVsNTP
%sRVR By*, [y sVL]NRPLji[R A xmss [LiVVLiRysNTP @sVsVLiy. [y LRi( RVsWs) @Li
XRVs LRiV][ Rs xmss [LiVVLiRVN]sysNTP @sVsV F~Liy (yRWj NSLjisVLi).
3. ""sVso* sVL]NRPLji[R FssLji[y xmss[LiVVLiRVN]sNRPWRRV; s[s V NRPWR sVlLis*LjiNUP xmss [R VNRPWRRV'' @s
@LigkiNSLRiLi NRPVRVLRiVN]s RLRiyR xmss [LiVVLiRVN]sNRPF[, LRiN PR V, xmss[R VNRPF[ XRNRPVsNUP xmssLiRV xms
RLiRLi. RssV xmssNTP NRPVRVLRiVN]s LRi xms VsoNRPV [R Vszqss xmss [zqss[zqss RLRiyR sVL]NRPs RgiR LRi RLi
dzqsN]s NRPLRiNRPLRiVRV, RsNRPV Bxts QLi [NPR F[ sVVRys RgiR LRi xmss [R Vszqss xmss [R V.
4. xmss [R VysNTP ss NRPLRiNRPLRiVs[R xmss [LiVVLiRVN]sNRPF[ @RRV xmss [zqss [ %sLiy (@sgS
@RRV dzqsN]s RLi Ljigji Bs*szqss xmss [R s sLi) @s AyLRiV @FyRVLi.
sVW. 1. s[ N_M. NRPXRxqs s[R sLi, yNRPXRxqs Azqs. xqs [R sVzms NSLRiLiVVy* s NSLRi[V`, NRPXRs[Vs
@xqs %sy`. [aPR NS Fy[s NRPLRisVsyNRPLRi[ y yxqsNSsVM NRPXRsVsVsVs[R xqsLiztsQy
Rj NRPNTPRWRWLi xmsRWxqsLi s sWxmsn VLi NRPVLS`.
2. [s xqsLixmsn V Xy yyMc [uysWj M xqsxmsLSRsW{qsR. R][%ssVVxmsryxms[V` NRPLRisuyNRPLi R. s
yss[R LRiVM xqsLixmsn VM NRPLi` xmsLjixlLi[` Dxmss[Vy*. RryNRPs[V RRVLji*LiaRPxms[ RM. xqsLi}mnsVs
xmsLjixXRxqs @LiR RM. B XRNSj NSLRiM.
y. 1. @j RVVNRPL i NSRs N_VRV @LiRV. RLi [zqss xmssZNP[ NSs [R VsysNTP NSRV. @LiVV[ A
RVsWs N]Li\sVy xmss [LiVVLiRVN]s RLRiyR [LiVVLiRVN]sNRPF[ @xmsVRV A XRVRV @LiR xmsds
[zqss [ %sLiy. xmss [}qs XRVRV Rgjis [aSds NSds y|msy, zmssysNTP %sLRiVR LigS [zqsy
RVsWs Bxts QxmsRNRPF[ A xmsss @sVsVLiRszqss xmss [R V sWRV N]sysNRPLi FsNRPVs xmss
[zqssLiVV[ XRVs aRPsVsV sLiR Li [R VNRPWRRV.
2. BLiRsLRiNRPW zmssj xqsLixmsn V XRV ( xqsLixmsn VLigS GLRiTs NRPLRiNRPLRiV c labour unions) %sxtsQR VLi[ NRPWy
sLjixqsVLij. xqsLixmsn WsNTP Lijsy Aj (xmss[ sRV%sVLiRRLi) GRV L][V (INRP yLRiLi) @sVV[ DLiVLij.
RLRiyR A xqsLixmsn VLi A xmssNTP sVL]NRPLjis [y sVLji N]LiRsVLijs xmsLiFy. ssVNRP xqsLixmsn VLiy [zqss xmsss
N]R y NTP Fy.
LRiN PR V (xmss[LiVVLiRVN]s[ RVsWsNTP) xmsNRPVLiy, Dsy ssLjids ]gjiLiRNRPWRRV. N]R y s dzqsN]s
LSgRiWRRV. C sRVsWs @NRP%sVLisy NTP BLRi\syVgRiV xms RLiRLi. xqsLixmsn VLi[R ]gjiLiRTsysNTP
xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi. Bj XRNSj NSLRiLi c NRPLRiNRPLRiVNRPV xqsLiLij Lis %sxtsQR WV }ms xmsNRPLRiLi.

204
sVW. 1. xqsLixmsn V XyM xqsLi WRVxqssVVyyL][ y
RVyxqsLiztsQR Li s[R sLi xqssVLi y %s #[LiR s.
2. NRPL<iR NRP\s[xNS y xqsxqsxmsLRisVxmsLRisryysl Li[ xqssxqs
RVyNRPXRxqs NRPLRiM xmsRLiaRPLi RRVM. xmsoLRiVuxmsrys[
xqssVgRisVLiaRPLi RRVM. xqsLizqs [ RWR QXRxms[ xqssxqs Rydss[Vs
xmsRLiaRPLi RRVM. rysWy z xmsj zqsj LRizqsj aRP.
3. xmsNSs[ RV NRPLRi xqs*xqs xqs @xmsNSsVRM y*RaRPxms[ RM. s
R FyNSsVsVxmsNRPsV[.
4. ][LiR Li R* RVxmspLRi*Li NRPLRiM xmsRLiaRP#ZNP[s gSx[V`;
Ry` xmsRLiaRPsV RVLi R. xmsosM}qs[V xmsyxqsssV @sR
gRisVs[ R. sVxmsLS [ RV RWxtsQsyRlLi[` .
y. 1. xqsLixmsn V XRVV (xqsLixmsn VLigS GLRiT xmss [}qs XRVV),
xqsLi WRVxqssVVysLi [}qsy (INRP xqsLixmsn VLigS GLRiT sLRiN PR Li [}qsy ) ss s[R ys [y
s sVVLiRVgS sWRVN]s xmsNSLRiLi xmsLiRVN][y. [y xqssVLigS xmsLiRVN][y.
2. NRPL<iR NRPxqsLixmsn VLi[s V, sLRiN PR V xqsLixmsn VLi[s W, xqsxqsLi FyLRiLiLi xmsLRisrysLi Li[[gS [y sxqsVs o
@sVNRPLi FyLRiLi Li @LiVV xmspLji @[V[gS, Fss\y INRPRV yj gRixqsVQ\[, @RRV FsLiR xmss [zqs
Dy][ yss xms ys y By*. ARRV RsNRPV RVV sVL]NRP xmsoLRiVxtsv xmsLizmssLiVV[ ARsNTP
xmspLji y By*. @LiRLRiW NRPzqs dzqsN]sss xqsLRiVNRPV xqsLizqsR \sV[ (@sVNRPLi sVVR\s%s xmspLji
@LiVV[) V xmsR ys y @NRPT NRPNRPRs[ Bs[R W. sWLiR Li[ xqsLRiVNRPV gRiLRig S DLiRRLi
DLiRNRPFsRLi lLiLiRW NRPWR LRigRisRVsV NRPy?
3. xmss FyLRiLi Li @LiVVs RLRiyR gRixqs VRV AL][gRiLigS DLiT NRPWy ssryRVLi, sLRiN PR Li sVVR\ s A
xmssVsVLi RxmsVNRPVLi[ ysNTP xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi. LjisWy NRPsV NRPy @s @RRV
sFsysNTP NRPWy %dsV[R V.
4. sLRiN PR xqsLixmsn WRV[ Fss\y ]LigRiRsLi [zqssV @sVsWsLi DLi[ ysNTP @ RVLi B, xmss[
ysNTP LSszqss y NRPWy B yss xmsLiy. @sgS "ss[%dsV RVsVV; ds y NRPWy
dsNTPryLi, sLi xmsV' @s ys[R [zqss _LRiLi IzmsLiy. zmss xmsNSLRiLi @ RVLi B ys
y NRPWy ysNTP Bs[R W. sVd sVL]NRP sWV _LRiLi [zqsy, xqsLixmnsWs %sT sFLiVVy
yss [aSLiRLRiLi xmsLizmss[R W. |msR @xmsLSR Li [}qs sWRLi RWxtsv ([aPR ][RVV [zqssy )
bPOTPQLisV bPOTPQLiy.
sVW. 1. RWNSM xqs*xmsyLRiRs sLiR Li RVyxqsLiztsQR Li s[R sLi xqssVLi %s # [LiR s.
2. @gjiQusWjxtsv R NRPRVxtsv kORPQRWLRiQ*Li RWNRPM xqssM xmssVsVLiaRPLi [ R .
rsV%sNRPRWRWLiR Q*Li RRVLiR sVLiaRPsV. sVR sWxms xqsRM xmssL]Q[ y*xqsyRWLiR Q*Li RXdRVsVLiaRPsV.
sVyRWLiR Q*sVLiR sVLiaRPsV. xqsV[ FyRMxqssyRWLiR Q*Li Fy][s sVLi aRPsV. sWR sy` xqssyRWLiR Q*Li

xqssVgRisVLiaRPLi [ R , dsy z ROTPQ ss. XxxqsxqssssLiR Li xmsxqsssLi z ROTPQ kRVs[,


[yxLiR ROTPQ yyM.
3. xmss FyLRiLi Li @LiVVs RLRiyR gRixqs VRV AL][gRiLigS DLiT NRPWy ssryRVLi, sLRiN PR Li sVVR\ s A
xmssVsVLi RxmsVNRPVLi[ ysNTP xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi. LjisWy NRPsV NRPy @s @RRV
sFsysNTP NRPWy %dsV[R V.
4. sLRiN PR xqsLixmsn WRV[ Fss\y ]LigRiRsLi [zqssV @sVsWsLi DLi[ ysNTP @ RVLi B, xmss[
ysNTP LSszqss y NRPWy B yss xmsLiy. @sgS "ss[%dsV RVsVV; ds y NRPWy
dsNTPryLi, sLi xmsV' @s ys[R [zqss _LRiLi IzmsLiy. zmss xmsNSLRiLi @ RVLi B ys
y NRPWy ysNTP Bs[R W. sVd sVL]NRP sWV _LRiLi [zqsy, xqsLixmnsWs %sT sFLiVVy
yss [aSLiRLRiLi xmsLizmss[R W. |msR @xmsLSR Li [}qs sWRLi RWxtsv ([aPR ][RVV [zqssy )
bPOTPQLisV bPOTPQLiy.
sVW. 1. RWNSM xqs*xmsyLRiRssLiR Li RVyxqsLiztsQR Li s[R sLi xqssVLi %s #[LiR s.
2. @gjiQusWjxtsv R NRPRVxtsv kORPQRWLRiQ*Li RWNRPM xqssM xmssVsVLiaRPLi [ R .
rsV%sNRPRWRWLiR Q*Li RRVLiR sVLiaRPsV. sVR sWxms xqsRM xmssL]Q[ y*xqsyRWLiR Q*Li RXdRVsVLiaRPsV.
sVyRWLiR Q*sVLiR sVLiaRPsV. xqsV[ FyRMxqssyRWLiR Q*Li Fy][s sVLi aRPsV. sWR sy` xqssyRWLiR Q*Li
xqssVgRisVLiaRPLi [ R , dsy z ROTPQ ss. XxxqsxqssssLiR Li xmsxqsssLi z ROTPQ kRVs[,
[yxLiR ROTPQ yyM.
3. xqsyysV ARaSx[LSy` ZaP[xtsQ XyM NRPLRi NRPVLRiVM. @s[ y xqs*xmsRRWM.
y. 1. RVLi[ Fys[ VV*NRPVV RsV xmssVsV xms s[LiR V s[LiR VgS Li[ RysV Rxms
%sVgjis s[R ys sVVLiRVgS sWRVN]s xmsNSLRiLi xqssVLigS xmsLiRVN]s dxqsVN][y.
2. @gjiQusVLi sVVR\s NRPRVso[ (RVsWsVRV) kORPQ dzqsN]s RLRiyR L][giR gRixqsVQ\s VV*NRPVNRPV
LSszqss ROTPQLi[ HRs sLiRV xqsVLij. rsVR @sVRLi @LiVVs RLRiyR ys sLiRV
xqsVLij. sVR sWxmsxqsRVNPR V xqsLiLij Lis xmssL]Q[ y*xqssLi RLRiyR xqsgRiLi xqsVLij. xqsVyxLi][
FyRMxqsssLi RLRiyR ys sLiRV Rgij Lis gRiLi xqsVLij. sWR LijsxqsssLi RLRiyR ROTPQV
BryLiR V NRPy? BNRPR zmss yss xms y L][ FyV [R Vszqss RWgS ROTPQsV gRiWLji
NRPWR zmss .[
205

@R xmsRa][% yRVM
xqsxmsxtsQzts QR sVLi xmsNRPLRisV c %sNUPRNUPysVaRPRVLiiM
(@sVNSsNTP N]sysNUP xqsLiLij Lis %syyV)
sVW. 1. %sNUPRV xmssV @xmsRVRR M y*RaRPxms[ RM; @sR
][uxmssFyy%sxtsQ} M.
2. xms][xtsQM ][xtsQM. LS][LSgRiVQQRNRPR DxmssFyRM.
xgRiV{ssWLRiN PR XRLi y @%sxtsQxsV.
3. \s[xNSys[VNRPLSyssVaRPRVM. NRPL<iR NSLi LSRsV. g][LiR ORPQNSLi
xmsLSRsV. y%sVaSsVVR sWyLi R sLSyLi sX%sNRP[V
xqsxmsLSRsV.
4. AFyNSyLi xmsysVsy%sZNP[R V%sVRsL][ [ y sVaRPWM [R VM. RryNRPsV[ RRVLji*LiaRPxms[
RM, xmsRaRP g][y.
5. NUPy* xmssVxmsgRiXx RM y*RaRPxms[ RM, @sR ][uyxmssFyy%sxtsQ} M. xqssWsaSsVaRPRVM
%sZNP[R VLRisVaRP#[Vs.
y. 1. xqsLRiVNRPV @%sVs RLRiyR yss (N]sysNTP) Bs*sysNTP xmssLiRV xmsV RLiRLi. ][xtsQLi,
DxmssFyRLi @%sxtsQxLi c %ds[ sWRLi RLiRLi DLiRRV.
2. xqsLRiVNRPV sVLij NSNRPFsRLi "][xtsQLi'. xRVgS LSs, ][LiR Vs, @gjis, DRNRPLis NRPgjis AxmsR
"DxmssFyR'. y lLiV RNRPVs @LiVVsj (@sgS y Lki\s sxqsVsosV @xqs*Q\sVs sVWsNTP
@%sVy), ALRiVR V (y NRPxts QxmsLjizqs [ DsyRV) @%sVy @j "@%sxtsQxLi'.
3. sLRiN PR VNRPV INRP L][ sWRs[V @sVaRPRVLi. (@%sVs xqsLRiVNRPV Bs*NRPVLiy DLiRysNTP @sVsVLiR Rgjis NSLi.
@sVaRPRVLi @sgS @sVNRPVs [LiR Li sVVR\syss ssVNRPNRPV dxqsVN][s RLi) NRPL<iR NRPVNRPV sVWRV L][V
@sVaRPRVLi. g][LRiORPQNPR VNRPV HRV L][V @sVaRPRVLi, %sVaRP sLSy , DR s VsLSy RsV sXNPT
ryR s\sVs ys @%sVsxmsVRV GRV L][V @sVaRPRVLi.
4. sLis[ @sVRgjis (ss DLiRs) rysWsV %sxtsQR VLi[ "%dss sVL]NRPLjiNTP @sVgRiWRRV' @s xtsQLiR RV
(@sL][R Li) |ms @sVaRPRVLi By*. A xtsQLiR RVsV FyLiRNRPF[ BLRi\syVgRiV xmsV [y A xqsLRiVNRPV[
xmsRssLiRV RLiRLi.
5. xmss N]s RLRiyR yss dzqsN]ssysNTP xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi. ][xtsQc DxmssFyRc@%sxtsQV
NSLRiLigS dzqsN]sNRPF[ @xmsLSR Li [R V. @%sVs ysNTP FsLiR @sVaRPRVsW NRPWy @Li[ @sVaRPRVLi.
sVW. %syyLi RVRRWLi xmsplLi[*uyLi sLSyLi FygRix zqsR sVVFysLRi s sV. aRPWyLi R xmsNRPLRiM.
sXRF ygRixWLRizms ][xtsQs xmsaSLiVVNRPLi RXuy zqsR sVVFysLRi s sV, s [*yxmsRWM.
2. NRPy][xtsQs V KxmsaSLiVVNRPsVyRV xmsRVRR M xtsQ sLiR Q M. aRPV{qsQR sxmsFyRsLi R.

3. sLRiLiVVRVLS* sLRi][xtsQs WyRV %ss ][ RV*gRiVM, aRPV{qsQR s yaRPaRP.


4. j*xmsRRRVxtsQyyLi RV NRPVxts Qyj yaRPVdysV Dy=xry*xqs aRPVdysWs[ y*RaRPxms[ RM.
5. AxmsOSQj RRVxtsQyysVVFysLRi s sV; A xqsLisR=LSj sVsVuysV. ysy z NS[s aRPNRPLi
afyaf[ RV%sV.
y. 1. \|ms sVWRV sLSNRPV Lijsy %sy[ FygRixLi (sR WsLRiV LRiVsoLRiV INRPLji [LiVV INRPLRiV
xmsVN]sRLi) Ljigji[ DFysLRi s Li (A %syxLi LRiR sRLi) DLiRRV. aRPWRV %syxLi xqsLiWsLiRLRiLi LRiR V
NSRV. FygRixLi Ljigjis RLRiyR NRPWR \LigjiNRP ][xtsQLi \xmsT[ DFysLRi s Li LRigRisRV. zmsV xmso s
RLRiyR sWRLi DFysLRi s Li LRigRiysNTP %dsV[R V.
2. NRPs[ Ds \LigjiNRP][uys xmsNRPVLiy A NRPssV BsysNTP ]Li\ ALRiV xmsV RLiRLi. @RRV NRPsNRPV
dzqsN]s aRPVRW, {qsQR ssVW NRPWR Ljigji Bs[R W.
3. Rs \LigjiNRP ][xtsQLi xmsNRPVLiy %syxLi [zqsN]s NRPysLRiVsNTP sW]Li\ lLiLiRV xms RLiRLi, @RRV
NRPsNRPV Bs aRPVLi {qsQR sLi NRPWR FyLiVV.
4. sVLiRsV\Vs sVsztsQs Dy=xsLiRVRds, yj Ds RRVuyLiRVsosV AL][giR Li NRPRds,
Axms%sR\sVsys xms%sR\sVs sds zms BsLiRVNRPV xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi.
5. sVWRV xmsOSQsLRiNRPV RW RRVuyLiRVsosV, INRP xqsLisR=LRiLi RW sVsVxtsvsV Ljigji Bs[R W.
y [y y sVLi R V @LiR NSsNTP zqsFyLiVV NRPy?
a].[ yy xmsgRi{y R ryyLi [xmsxf RVy
ys[ NRPWysVaRPRVLi Ry NRPVLRiVM xqssRM.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ R LRi{qs [V RXdRWj NRPLRi[ xmsRa][%yRVM
%sNUPRNUPysVaRPRVM, Aj][ j*xqsxmsRsVM.
y. ysLi %sxtsQR VLi[s V, NRPRVLi %sxtsQR VLi[s V B[ysNUP dzqsN]s[ ysNUP sxts QLi NRPgRiNRPVLiy DLi[ %sR LigS
xqsxqsRVV (R LRisLiR RVxqsxqs VV) @sVaRPRVLi sLiR LiVVLiy.
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[, R LRi{qs RVsV
@s[ RXdRWj NRPLRiLi[ %sNUPRNUPysVaRPRVsVs[ xmsj}ss @yRVLi,
FyLRiLi LisVLi \QlLiLiRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
206
@R uRa][yRVM
@xts QxtsQzts QR \sVN][s xqsxmsRsVxqsxmsRsVxmsNRPLRisc RRr ysFyNRPLRi,
@ry*%sV %sNRPRVM, xqs*ry%sVxqsLis M (Brys s Bs*NRPFsRLi, ry*%sV
NSsyRV @sVRLi, r~RVNPR V r~RV NRPysNTP xqsLiLiR Li)

sVW. 1. RRr yxmsyssV VVys[s yRsV.


2. RR s VssLRisV GNRPR @sVaRP#[V slLi[ R . xqsLRi*xqs*Li, xmsoRyLRiLi, AysLi xmsyRV @sVaRPRVsM
xmsRV[ ` . R LRiyssVryR Vxtsv, NRPLRixqsV _xmsxmsn WZNP[xtsv y @LiR yssV. @sVxmsNSLjixtsv @xmsNSLjixtsv y.
NSsVyssV slLi> x[tsv R. RVy R yy xmsgRi{y [xmsxf ryyLi RysVaRPRVLi NRPVaRPM NRP[VRVVM.
3. R RW`, AN][aPR RW`, @sLiR RWy* RVysLi xmsgRiXx RM }qsR VRM xmsRVRR aRP L][xtsQysLi
xmsLRizLiryRWsV. LSsVVxmsLji RLRiysLi R. R][R sW RM.
y. 1. RRL i @sgS xsVgS Bs sxqsVs o c yss Bs*NRPFsRLi @sgS Brys s Bs*NRPFsRLi,
VVLi dLRiNRPFsRLi @s[ %sxtsQR VLi [R s[ ysLiRTLij. dxqsVN]s VVLi dLRiNRPF[ [R Vszqss
ssLRis[V ks %sxtsQR VLi[ NRPWR sLjixqsVLij.
2. ssxLjiLiRysNTP aRPNRPLi NSs @sgS R LRiryysNTP dzqsN]s s ysNTP aRPNRPLi NSs, RRL i @sVaRPRVLi[
INRPs RgiR LRis[ DLiy (@sgS RVsWs RgiR LRis[ DLiy). @sVaRP# [V @sgS sW ssVNRPNRPV dzqsN]s zqs [
@s @LiR Li. xqsLRi*ry*s, xmsoRyLRisV, RssV BRLRiVNRPV Brys s zmsy ys @sVaRPLiVVZNP[ Bs[R W.
@sgS @ @sLiR sWRLi[R BRLRiVNRPV BzmsLiRNRPWRRV. @ryR VsoNRPV, %syaRPNRPLRi\sVs NRPLRiRVLiRV
DxmsWgjiLi[yLjiNTP R LRiRXzts Q][ Bsyss, DxmsNSLRiLi [R Vsy NTP, @xmsNSLRiLi [}qs y NUP, A %sxtsQR VLi
RVNRP [zqss @LiR yyds, RgRisy NTP Bs NSsVyyds (y N][Lij NRPV dLRiVryLi @s[ sWsV)
yRWj xms syssgS N]sRW. s[LiR LRiV\s yRWj xmsRVV yRNRPV, xmsgRi{RNRPV NRPWR sxts QLi
NRPgRis %sR LigS @sVaRPRWs GLRiLRiy.
3. RLiR RVLis gSs, sLijryR s[ RVLis gSs, L][gSRsLSV NRPVgRiVyLiVV @s[ RVLi sgSs
RVysLi (L][gSRVs RsVNRPV NRPlgi[ RVLi ssLjiL iRRLiN][xqsLi Bs ysLi) dxqsVN]sysNTP ]LigRiNRPV
Bs RLiRLi By*. A ysLi Bs ysNTP NRPWy @[ RLiRLi By*.
xmsLRiVsV zLizqsLiRRLi N][xqsLi L][xtsQysLi [zqsy, @sgS INRPsNTP L][xtsQLi NRPgjiLi }mslLi[zmsLi Ry*LS xmsLRiVNRPV
zLixqs NRPgjiLiy, @ }mslLi[zmsLiRTsysNTP }mslLi[zmsLisysNUP NRPWR }qsR VRLiRs[V. gRiLRi*Li[R Fss\y
sXR gkiyjsxmsoVNRPV LS B[ysNRPLi @j NRPLigS B}qs ysNTP DR s V ryxxqsRLiRLi %sj Liy.
sVW. 1. FysLi RaRPVZaP[xtsQsWOTPQNPR Li rLjiNRPLi NSsVysLi R yNSsVM xmso][ yRW][ y LjiNPR xL][
Ry`. B RRr ysFyNRPLRi.
2. @ry*%sV%sNRPRVxqsV c suyxmsxXRsWryR ry*%dsV R LRi}qss gSx[V`.
[aPR NSxmsf y xqs*RVLi gRiX{][*xmsxlLi[` , R LRixqs aRP ry*%sVssVsVRVVRc NRPVR}qs %sV. xqs
[yyLRiNRPsVLi RLRi+[VR, s %sZNP[yLRiLi, Rxqs Rsxqs @xqslLi [ sVV[R. %sZNP[y [` RXZaP[R sVWLi
}qsR VRLi R. xqs [R xmsryLRisVj gRi[ ` @xmsxqslLi[R xmsryLRiORPQR W j. ORPQ[V sVWLi }qsR VRLi R Ry`.
y. 1. Azqss xmsLiRVN]s[ yRWRVRV gSs(RLiT Bs*szqss) %dsVsVNRPV xqsLiLij Lis r~sVV gSs,
RLiRZaP[xtsQLi gSs, aRPVLi gSs, RLi[ Bs*szqss ys[s ZaP[xtsQLi gSs, sVRLi N][xqsLi
Bs*szqssys[s ZaP[xtsQLi gSs, ssLRiN SRVNRPV ByxmspLRi*NRPLigS Bs*szqssys[s ZaP[xtsQLi gSs, Rs
NTPxts QLi [NPR F[ Bs*szqss xmss[R V.

207
2. ry*%sV NSs yRV [}qs @sVNRPLi:c sxts Q\sVs, [y @xmsxLjiLiRTs
RsLi sVL]NRPs RgiR LRi DLiRRLi RW ys @xqsV ry*%sV, A RsLi
Ds sQQNPT s R LRixqs Vs[R (yRWj NSLji[R ) xmsLiy. [y [aPR Li,
NSLi yFyLiVV @sVNRPVLi[ ys[ xms yss yRWj xms RgiR LjiNTP
dzqsN]s LSy.
R LRixqs VRV A RsLi VVNRP ry*%sVs ""dsNRPV Bj FsNRPR ]LjiNTPLij?''
@s xmsbPLiy. @RRV @j Rs RgiR LjiNTP Fs sLi][ zmssLiVV[,
xmsn yyRV @sWRV @s xmsNRPF[, A Rys @xqsV ry*%sVNTP
Bs[R VRLi[ %sRVR F~LiRVyRV. @%sVsyRV xmsVT[, A
RsLi VVNRP ry*%sVNTP ys sVWLi ]LigRiRsLi [R VRLi @s[
@xmsLSR LisVLi %ssVVNTP F~Li[ DFyRVLi (@xmsryLRiLi) RWxmsgRigji[ A
@xmsryLRiLi OUPQLi[s LRiNRPW, %sRVR F~Liy.
A @xmsryLRiLi OUPQ}qs (@sgS xmsLkiOTPQLiRgS xmsLkiOTPQLiRgS @xqsV ]LigRiRsLi
[zqssyRV sLjiNTP xmsVT[) A sLjiyRV ]LigRiRysNTP FsLiR RLiRsW @LiR RLiRLi LSNRPV Liy.
sVW. 1. yzts QNPR Li R xqs*NRPLRiLi NRPXy sxts QxmsyxXRLi [ R . xqs*NRPLRis[ xms[ RM. RR RsLi
LSR LRiLi ry`.
2. suyxmsxXRsV @ss[R DRL<iR RM ry*%sVsM xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM.
3. aRPVrys[ suyxmsxX][R sLi }tsQ` . xmsOSQR WLiR Q*sV @sryLRiLi LS xlLi[` . ry*%dsV xqs*NRPLRi[s .
4. xmsxmsNRPLi j*xmsRLRiWxmsxqs sxtsQQRVLi Ry`. RRVxtsQNRPsV GNRPVLRixqs. j*xmsNRPLi g][s VzxtsQxqs.
FyjNRPLi ORPVQRxmsaRPWysV. LRiRryLRixmsn VNRPV FyyLi xmsNRPLi aRPRLi Ry`.
5. xmsLRiRNS%dsxXRLi RV xmsydsRV LS RVyxqs*Li xmsRV[ ` . ][LiR xXRsV%sRsWsLi xqs*Rs[ M
xmsRV[ ` . xmsys[R VsVaRPN][ y. xqs*RVLigS}xXRLi xmsydsRV RsxtsQQRVLi y xmsRV[ ` .
y. 1. Bj y r~[ @s sLRiWzmsLiRysNTP DxmsNRPLjiLi[ NRPLRiLi (ryOTPQc[RVsV) RWzms sxts Q\sVsyss
@xmsxLjiLiRTsyss ry*%sV dxqsVN][y. @Li NRPLRiV [NPR F[ A RsLi VVNRP sVWLi[ HRs
sLiRV RLiRLi. A RsLi NRPWy LSNRPV LiRVRVLij.
2. sxts Qs VW,@xmsxXRsVW @LiVVs Rys @j NSLRiVNRPV VxmsNRPVLiy ys[ dxqsVN]s ry*%sVNTP xmspLRi* ryxxqs
RLiRLi %sj Liy.
3. sxts QLi @LiVV [y @xmsxLjiLiRT (@j NSLRiVNRPV) Lis RsLi aRPV rysLi[s[ DLiy. ys ry*%sV
FssL][ RVNRPF[ sVWRV xmsOSQ RLRiyR A RsLi LS dxqsVN][y, [y @xqsV ry*%sV Rs RgiR LRi Ds
NRPLRiLi (ryOSQQRVV) RWzms dzqsN][y.
4. A %sR LigS @j NSLRiVV xmsVN]sj sVsVxtsvQ\[ (yxqsyryRVV) A sNRPV %sTzmsLiRVN]sysNTP @xqsV
ry*%sV xms Vy*sNTP HRV xmsV Liy. INRP NRP Ds @aS*RV %sTzmsLiRVN]sysNTP yVgRiV xmsV,

g][s oNRPV, RVsFRVNRPV lLiLiRV xmsV, s[VNRPV g] V sVVR\s s xmsaRPVsoNRPV xmsLi[ ys sLiRV,
LRiyNRPV, ZaP[xts Q sxqsVs oNRPV, rysWsQ\sVs sxqsVs oNRPV, @R%ssVLi Li[yNUP sW[ HRs sLiRV
Liy.
5. aRPRVsoV, A%sNRPVV @xmsxLjiLis Rys Ljigji dzqsN]s s, LS, G RsLi FssLji][ @j yNTP
Bs[R W. ][LRiVV @xmsxLjiLis, VxmsLi @LiVVFLiVVs Rys LS Rs RsLi[s VLi ry*%sVNTP
By*. A ]LigRisV xms dxqsVN]s LSsxmsVRV NRPWy LS A %sR LigSs[ RW. xqs*RVLigS xmsVN]s
][LiR Vs RgiR LRisVLiT Lis sxqsVs osV, [y ysNTP xqsLjixmsTsLiR sVWs ry*%sVNTP (LS) By*.
208
sVW. 1. xmsLRi%sxtsQR W y* %sNRPs[VdsRLi RVyxmsjxts QLi LS V R
@sR ALRiFyRs[ M, [s xRxmszqs*Rs[ aRP.
BRry*%sV%sNRPRVM.
2. xqs*ry*%sVxqsLis xqsV c g[ SsVsXM Ds [aSyLi RVyxqs*Li
RysV.
3. RV` xqs*sV\sQLRiVsWsLi RaRPsL<SV}msZOP[QR {[Vyxqs @sR
sXR yj Rsxqss FztsQR [aPR ygRiLS%s s[V M.
4. %sLiaRPsL<][}msOTPQR sV @sVszqsRLi yxqsV ysVRVVR.
5. RRVM a][RWM FyxtsQ y LSsVxqss_ xmsLRiyxqsVxtsv
%ssxqssM s l[ gi[s xlLi[R VVM, Dxmssj sWj Li sj Li sZOP[QxmsLi zqsQRVLi
{qssWsLi LSa][RVRy R.
y. aRPRVLSLisVLiT xmsLSNRPsVLi [R dxqsVN]s ss Rys LS AzmsLis %sR LigS ARW
\|qssNSRVV @sV %sLiy. @LiVV[ ALRi%sys gRiT}msy [s RV ([yRWRVV), xVV,
sVVsVVc%ds RyV sWRLi @sV %sLiRNRPWRRV. (y NTP Ljigji Bs[R W). Bj @ry*%sV %sNRPRVLi.
2. xqsLRi*Li @sgS r~RV. ry*%sV @sgS ys xms Vso. xqs*ry*%sV xqsLiLiR Li FssgS c y %s NSso @s
xmsysNTP Rgjis G ryORPVW [s RysV FssLRiV sVVLiRVsVLid @sV %sxqsWLiL][ y [ RsV RsV
Ak sLi[ Dsys @sV %sxqsW DLiRsRV.
3. INRPRV Rs Rys sVL]NRPRV @sV %sxqsWLiRgS xmsj xqsLisR=LSFyV D}msOTPQLisLiVV[ ys%dsVR ys
xqs*LiRLi FRVLij. @LiVV[ VLRiV, sXR VV, L][giR gRixqsVV, AxmsR[ Dsy , xmsyxqsLi ssy ,
[aSs %sT ssy LS[xmsRsLi[ NRPVN]sy c %ds NTP xqsLiLij Lis RsLi %sxtsQR VLi[ C
sRVsVLi sLjiLiRRV.
4. BLRi\s xqsLisR=LS FyV sVL]NRPLRiV @%ss LigS sszqsLis gRiXs y sV BsVs @RgRiNRPWRRV.
5. LSNRPV RWLRiLigS Ds BRLRiV gRiX[ sszqsxqsWs BLi ry*sVV LiR VsoNRPV, a][RVVNRPV,
FyxtsQLiRVNRPV (s[yRVRVLiRV %saS*xqsLi [s s][xmsyryRVV [}qs R \yRVV) A B %dsVR @j NSLRiLi

LiRRV. @ [ Dxmssj , Aj , sj , sZOP[QxmsLi, {qsQV, xqsLjixR VV, LSRsLi, a][RVRsLi c %ds%dsVR NRPWy
FssLjiNUP @j NSLRiLi LiRRV.
sVW. 1. AaRP%sVM FyxtsQ y @sVxRsNSZaP[ xmsLRixqsLRisV R sWyM s}qsRVVM. @Li yLi xqs}LRis.
xmspLS*gRi][ y yxqsxmsLSRVLi Ry`. @xmsyy sLRi}qsR.
2. ysxmsxqs RV xyLji sWyLRibPxtsQRXxqssWsdLSQM LjiNPR M NRPs[V.
3. %syRxms[xtsv \uyLi RWssM xmsM RM ysd LSdM ORPQxms}tsQNSgji
NSLRisVNRPXRQsLiR ys LSaRPlLi[R VVM. @zLRixqsVsLSM FyxtsQM ryR sM. [ RVyxqs*sV
Dxmsyxqss\LSLSR [VRVVM @sR FyLRiVxtsQ}qsR VryxxqsxqsLigRix[ M. [xtsv RV][NSM RM NSLSM.
y. 1. s xms[aS[ sszqsLi[ AaRPsVyxqsVV, FyxtsQLiRVV INRPLji NRPLRiV {msTLiRNRPVLiRgS sszqsLiy. s
s @rNRPLSV NRPgjiy xqszLiRVN][y. sVVLiRVgS s @NRPR DsyRV RLRiyR ssysNTP sLiRV
xmsNSLRiLi syxqsLi By*. @ Bs*syss @NRPTsVLi xmsLizmss[R W.
2. ys xmsxqs VV, xqsLiyxqsVV, xyLRiVVc %ds AxqsVNRPV AyLRiVRV, bPxtsvRV, R LRiR (R LSRLRiLi[
rRLRiVRV) xqsyLiVVc%ds NRPsVLigS (sVVRyRV [NPR F[ lLiLiRsyRV ByjNRPsVLi[) yLRixqsVV. \|mss
zmss AyLSRV sVR Azqs %sxtsQR VLi[ %syRLi GLRiTsxmsVRV %syRLi[ xmsLSRV\sy NTP Fss
xms RLiRLi %sj LiRRVRVLi][ @s L][FyV y LS ZaP[R VxqsV= N]LRiNRPV ORPQxmsLi (DxmsyxqsLi),
@}tsQNSV, @gjix[s WV, yLiyRVLi, FyxmsRLi sVVR\s NRPXRQsyV RW.
R ssVV, LigSLRisVW [s FyxtsQLiRVV ryR VsoV (xqsRVLRiVxtsvV) NRPWR RsV RsV xmsR RV xmsNSLRiLi
Dxmsyry[R sy[R LSsV ALSj Liy (LSZaP[R VxqsV=N]LRiNRPV xmsRVLiy). @LiVV[ \|mss
zmssy FyLRiVxtsQLi, ]LigRiRsLi, ryxxqsLi, {qsQRWxtsQLi [}qs sWRLi A @xmsLSyNTP G G RLiyV
%sj LixmsRyW @%s @sV %sLiy.
a].[ xmssxqsV sXyyLSs LS R [ s yLRi[V`,
R L][ xR L][xmsxRM aSryLiR Li xsVQ }msOTPQR M.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ R LRi{qs [V RXdRWj NRPLRi[ uRa][%yRVM, RRr ysFyNRPLRi, @ry*%sV%sNRPRVM,
xqs*ry*%sVxqsLis M AjRzqsQxqsxmsRsVM.
y. Fss\lLiy, s\sVs @L>iR R (\sLSgSRVV) [NPR VLiy ELjiZNP[ xqsLiyxqsLi dxqsVN]s LRiVgRiVRWLi[ @Li
]LigRi xqsyxqsVsV RLiTLi LS @ [R VNRPVLiy syLjiLiy. @R LRiLi R LSs {msTxqsWs xmsVRV LS
RWxqsW ELRiVNRPVLi[ @j A LSs[ dxqsVLij.
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ R LRi{qsRVLi @s[ RXdRWj NRPLRiLi[, yys
dLRiNRPFsRLi, @xqs*%sV%sNRPRVLi, xqs*ry*%sVxqsLiLiR Li @s[ xmsRLRis @yRVLi. FyLRiLi LisVLi
\QsVWRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
209

@R xqsxmsR a][%yRVM
GNRPxqsxmsRsVLi xmsNRPLRisV c ryxxqssV
yLRiLigS ANRP%sVLiRRLi
sVW. 1. ryxxqssV @s*RVs` xmsxqs NRPLRi. sLRis*[V
}qsR VsVxmssRVs[ R.
2. LRiRryLRixmsn VNRPVFyyLi ryx}qs sVWxqssW R B sWsyM.
sVWj*gRiV BfaRPsryM. RVyxmsLSR B N_M.
3. xmsoxtsQxmsn aSNRPsVWNRPs xmsNS*sRLRis[VsVXy kyLi
ORPVQRNRPRyLi y*RaRPxmsxmsLRiM RRVLji*LiaRPxmsxmsL][ RM.
4. NSRVxqsNSxts QLiR RsQORPVRxmsaRPVxmsn VkyLi xqs WNRPRyLi
RRVLji*LiaRPxmssL][%xts QR y*LjiLiaRPRxmsL][ RM. ysVsXRN PR LixqsNSRRs kyLi xqs WNRPRysV
@xts QR y*LjiLiaRPRsLRiM xtsQ sxmsLRiM xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM. sVxmsaRPVsVsVxtsQQZOP[Q RgRiXxzLRi xqsVsLiR W%sV
xqsWORPQ sryQkyLi xqs WNRPRyLi j*aRPysLRiM xmsaRPRxmsLRiM sVR sVM ryxxqsRM.
y. 1. ysVLijNTP xqsLiLij Lis Rys y [ [Lij s INRPRV @xmsxLjiLiRRLi ryxxqsLi. INRPsNTP (xmsLRiVsNTP)
xqsLiLij Lis Rys xLjiLiRRLi ]LigRiRsLi. @ dxqsVN]s [R s xmsRLi NRPWR }qsR Vs[V (gRi.aS.) A
Ry ry*%sV sVVR\sy RWxqsWLiRgSs[ yLRiLigS Rys @xmsxLjiLiRRLi ryxxqsLi. ry*%sVNTP
RVNRPVLiy xLjiLiRRLi }qsR VLi. @ xLjiLi xLjiLiR[R s zmsy NRPWR }qsR Vs[V (NSLilgi )[ .
2. LRiyV, ZaP[xts Q\sVs sxqsVs oV, sWsVWV sxqsVs oV, @R%s[, Li[ sxqsVsoV %ds %sxtsQR VLi[ ryxxqsLi
[zqss ysNTP y sVWLi FsLiR DLiVLi][ @LiR LSy @s sVsVR LRiaSxqsQLi @sVxqsLjiLi[y .
sVWsNTP lLiLixmso LSy %sj Liys aRPVNRPdsaSryQsVryLRiVV. @xmsLSys xms sLiR LiVVLiy @s
N_VRV.
3. xmsoso*V, xmsLiR V, NRPWLRiV, sVWV, RVLixmsV, zqsR \sVs ALRiRyV, RLRiLi][s V, sRVLRiV][s V,
sV][s V [zqss rysWs V c C %sR \sVs ORPVQR sxqsVso ryxrysNTP NRPdsxqsLi xmssLiRV xmsV, gRiLjixts QLi
BLRi\syVgRiV xmsV RLiRLi %sj Liy.
4. BsVsVV][s V NRP][s V y ][s V RRW\lLis sxqsVs oV, s[VNRPsLi ORPVQR xmsaRPVsoV, sryQV sVVR\ s
xqs WRy ryxrysNTP NRPsxts QLi BLRi\syVgRiV xmsV, gRiLjixts QLi ]Li\ RWLRiV xms xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi
%sj Liy. |msR xmsaRPVsoV, sVsVxtsvV, F~V, B , R sLi, LigSLRiLi, xqsss V sVVR\s
xqs WRy ryxrysNTP NRPsxts QLi lLiLiRV sLiR xms RLiRLi, gRiLjixtsQLi HRV sLiR xms sVR sV
ryxxqsRLiRLi %sj Liy.
sVW. 1. zqsQRVLi xmsoLRiVxtsQLi y @xtsQx R RM s RV][ y sWORPQR VRM xmsaRPysLRiM xqsxxqsxmsLRiM DR s VM
ryxxqsRM.

2. RVM ryxxqsLi xmsxms[ NSLRiRV xqs RV*gRiVLi Ry`. RWsj LRisV DxmsWORPQ [ ys` yry%dsV
xqs RRVLiR VLi RLi Ry`. RV Gysj LRiLi yry%dsV xmssWsVVj aRP NSLRiRV xqsRV][NPR L i zLRiLi
RLi R Ry` B L>iR xqsyM.
3. xqs [` N][xmsLi sVRLi sWxLi yxmsjZaP[` RV][NPR s` Rs[VsLi NRPVLSj N_M. .
210
y. 1. sLiRLigS {qsQsgSs xmsoLRiVxtsv gSs Lij Liy,
Lij LiRTs yss %sTzmsLiy NRPsxts QLi HRVsLiR xms RLiRLi,
gRiLjixts QLi sLiVV xms ryxxqsRLiRLi @s AyLRiV @FyRVLi.
2. "sVso* ryxxqsLi LiVV; s[s V ds ssNRPs[ DLisV' @s zms
ryxxqsLi [LiVVLisyRV lLiLixmso RLiRLi Liy. ""C ryxxqsLi
[R VysNTP FsLiR R sLi NSy[ @Liy s[s V Brys V'' @s zms
ryxxqsLi [LiVVLis ysNTP yVgRiVlLiV RLiRLi. ""dsNRPV BLiR R sLi
Brys V'' @s R sxmssWLi zms ryxxqsLi [LiVVLisyRV @
sLiR LiVVLis R sLi][FyV \|mss zmss %sR LigS RLiRLi NRPWy LSNRPV
Liy. @s Xxxqs sVysVRWRVVV xmsoRVyLRiV.
3. ryxxqsLi [LiVVLisyRV ""s[s V A xqssVRVLi[ N][Fys[aPR Li[R ,
sVRV[R , @sLi[R @ [LiVVLiysV'' @s @sQ LiVV[ %dssNTP
NRPWR ryxxqsLi [zqss ysNTP FsLiR RLiRsW @LiR RLiRs[V %sj Liys
N_Vs @FyRVLi.
a].[ RNRPLRixqsV xqslLi[*xtsv LRiWxmssVxts QxmsLi aRPRsV,
aRPyRlLi[xtsv yLi R %sy` xmsxmsLi aRPRsV.
xmsyLi ][xtsQxyLi y s][xtsQR M,
LRiWxmsysR Lji}tsQ R LSQ RV xmsNRPXM xqsQXy.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ R LRi{qs [V RXdRWj NRPLRi[ xqsxmsR a][%yRVM ryxxqssV, AjRaRPRVMxqsxmsRsVM.
y. 1. @s %sy\s LSy[s V sWNTP Fss%sVj xmsV LRiWxmsLigS sxqsWV RW. INRP sLiRNRPV
%sVLi LSy[ sWNTP HRV xms ]xmsVs ys sxqsWV RW. @sgS \|msgS s[}qs xmssV. y
@sgS zmss ysNRPLi @j NRPLigS dxqsVN]s[j (xqsL`i yLij ).
""xms[ @xmsLSyV [}qsy xqsLi |msLjigjiFsRLis, [y LS s][xtsQLi (RVLSaRP sVVR\s%s) s
LRiWxmscysV sxqsWV [R VRLi @yV[sNTP ssj. @%s R LRixqsLisVyV NSso. sWsVWVgS
%sj LiRTs RLiRLi sWRs[V yRVxqsLisVR\sVsj.
""sLijs'' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ R LRi{qs RVLi @s[ RXdRWj NRPLRiLi[ ryxxqsLi @s[
xmsj}Rs @yRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi \Qys @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.

@R @uyRa][%yRVM
j*xqsxmsRsVLi xmsNRPLRisV. yNSLRiVxtsQsV (Verbal Inuj ry)
sVW. 1. yNSLRiVxtsQsVVxmsyRM, NRPVR=ssV, @ LRiQ s%sV.
2. aRPLkiLRixmsNRPXaRPVRsXsxmsyyLi aRPLkiL][xmsy[s NSjM xqs[ xms[ RM. %sV][xmsy[ xtsQ[
RM.
3. a][ yOTPQs Vs B NSkyLi xqsVsyRWLi y*RaRPxms[ RM.
4. NRPVuyRZNP^ jM NRPVy=RWLi R. xqsR%sVyxqsVsyxqsV y*RaRPxms[ R L SM RM RV[xtsv. %sbP}tsQxtsv
j*gRiVM. {s[xtsQ*LiR RM. xmsLRi{qsQxtsv j*gRiVM. xmssWRsVRsWjM @LiR RM.
y. 1. RLi, sLijLiRRLi, RV|msRLi c B%s yNSLRiVxtsQLi.
2. aRPLkiLRiLi, xqs*sLi, RRVso, sX, [aPR Li c %ds[ aRPLkiLRiLi[ Ds ][uysV DLiNTPxqsW gRiVT yRV, NRPVLiyRV
Byj LkiRV[ sxmsVRV, sLigS A ][uyV DLi[ sVWRVxmsV RLiRLi. [s ][uyV AL][zmsLi T[
ALRiV xmsV RLiRLi.
3. gRiVT y sV, NRPVLiy sV xmsVN]s "y @LiR\sVs s[yV NRPyRV', Byj%sR LigS xqsVxqsWs V
sLij}qs xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi.
211
4. NRPVxts QL][giR Li, zms, sxmsoLixqsNRPR*Li sVVR\sys DyxLjixqsW
sLij}qs c A ][uyV sLigS DLi[ xmssLiRV xmsV, sLigS
[NPR F[ BLRi\syVgRiV xmsV, xqsVxqsVs V sLij}qs s\ Fss%sVj
xmsV RLiRLi. RsNRPLi DR s VV\sy s sLij}qs lLiLixmso RLiRLi.
F~LRiV[R , sVRV[ DsxmsVRV, @sLi [R sLij}qs xqsgRiLi
RLiRLi.
sVW. 1. NRPVuyRWM xqsLisNRPXuyM, NTPR=NSM, xmsosWLixqsaRP
xmssWsV. NUPs[ zqsQRVM. sVWR}mnssM, @xmso= %suyssVsLi R.
2. xmsNRPXRVxmsy[ xORPQ RV\saRPaRPWyys ryLiVVysV @xmslLi[
xmspLRi*xqs xms[ R L SM RM. xmsplLi[*xmsLRixqs j*xmsR LSM.
NRPVxjaRP NRPVy=RWsV.
3. [s aRPV][xmsy][ ygik syyLi, NSLRiVNRPVbdPyyLi sXRVQxmsyRM,
FygiR WNRPgSyLSkyLi R sxms][xmsyyM yyM.
4. RVM xmsLRisV GsLi y*Li NRPLjiuy%sV B NRPLRi[s @ LRiQ [V` @NRPLRi[, RVxqsxqs NRPLRi[ RM RRM @LRiRLi
Ry`.

y. 1. NRPVxts QLi, DyRLi c %ds %sxtsQR VLi[ \sRVV, RgiR LRi sszqsLi[ xmsoLRiVxtsvV xmssWLi. sxmsoLixqsNRPR*Li
%sxtsQR VLi[ {qsQV, sVWRLi[ sVLRiVgRiV (sVLRiVgRiV [NRPF[ sxmsoLixqsNRPVRs gRiVLRiV) ds [ sVLi sVVsgjiFsRLi
B%s xmssWV.
2. xmsNRPXRVxmsyRLi[ (xqs*ys sLijLiRRLi[) @LiRRV aRPWRV, aRPWRVRV \saRPV, \saRPVRV
ORPQ RVV, ORPQ RVVRV xs sLij}qs sVWRV xms RLiRLi. \|ms y s sLij}qs sVW[zqs xmsV
|msLRiVgRiVRVLij. DyxLRiNTP @LiRRV aRPWRV sLij}qs sVWRV xmsV, \saRPV sLij}qs ALRiV xmsV,
ORPQ RVV sLij}qs ]%sVj xmsV, xV sLij}qs ]%sVj xmsV. \saRPVRV xVs sLij}qs ALRiV
xmsV.
|\ ms yRV NTPLij y sLij}qs NRPsVLigS lLiLi[zqs xmsV RgiR VRVLij. @sgS xVRV ORPQ RVV
sLij}qs Fss%sVj xmsV. \saRPV sLij}qs ALRiV xmsV, aRPWRV sLij}qs yVgRiV xmsV, @LiR sLij}qs
lLiLiRV xmsV. R xVy, R ORPQ RVVy ByjLkiRV[ sLijLiy B[ RLiRLi.
3. \|mss zmss ys[R ygik ssV (sW][ N[ PR RV zms] %sLi[y ) %sRsV DLiNTPxqsW AZOP[QzmsLiRRLi,
[xmssy VVNRP, ssNRPLRiN PR gSRVNSRV VVNRP sXs DLiNTPxqsW AZOP[QzmsLiRRLi, RWLRiV[aSy @s,
x [aPR Li y ds, gSLiyLRi [aPR Li y ds @LiW [aSsV xms sLijLiRRLi %ssLjiLiRTs .[ C
@xmsLSyNRPV NRPWy \|mss zmss %sR LigSs[ RLiRLi %sj Liy @s @LiR Li.
4. BRLRiV ""ssV B [rys V, @ [rys V'' @s @LiW RV|mssyRV @ G%dsV [R VNRPFLiVVy,
ysNTP @ [}qs G%sV RLiRsW ys[ xqsgRiLi RLiRLi By*.
sVW. 1. @aRPNRPM N][xmsLi, sVRLi, sWxLi y @xmsjZaP[` , y*RaRPxmsLi Ry`.
2. R\sLSaRPRVM aRPNRPaSxmsNRPLRiVLi RWs%sNSsxqs Li Ry`.
3.a].[ xqs*[aPR gSsVWM xmspLRi*Li sVR sVLi xqsLixmnsVsWM,
AN][aS` [s \yysVVR s VLi RsVL>Ri.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ, R LRi{qs[V RXdRWj NRPLRi[ @uyRa][%yRVM yNSLRiVxtsQsV, AjRM xmsxqsxmsRsVM.
y. 1. \|ms %sR LigS N]RysV, RLixmsoysV @s jLjiLiy @Li xmssVV [R VsyRV ""s[s[][
N][xmsLi[, sVRV[, @sLi[R @ @ysV'' @s sW[ ysNTP xmssLiRV xms LSy %sj Liy.
2. sLigSs[ \sLRiLi DLiT, @ @xmsNSLRiLi [R VysNTP rysVLiR QLi NRPWy DsyRV @ jLji}qs %syLiRLi
sLRiNRPW R LSj NSLRiV sR %dsVsV By*.
3. Rs [aSs sLijLisysNTP xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi. Rs s, xqsLixmsn Wds sLijLis ysNTP sVR sV
ryxxqs RLiRLi %sj Liy. [s RsW, \ysV (xms%sRsXOSQV, xms%sRryyV, yVgRiV %dsR V sVVgRiV,
R %sLSRVV %ds NRPsLiNUP \RLi @s[ }msLRiV DsV NRPsRVRVLij) sLijLisysNTP DR s V
ryxxqsRLiRLi %sj Liy.
""sLijs'' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ R LRi{qs RVLi @s[ RXdRWj NRPLRiLi[ yNSLRiVxtsQLi
@s[ xms s%sVRs @yRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi \QHRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.

212
@R GN][s %sLia][%yRVM
xqsxmsRsVLi xmsNRPLRisV. RFyLRiVxtsQsV
sVW. 1. RFyLRiVxtsQLi xqsLRi+ssV, @sgRiWLiR Li, xmsxR%sV.
2. y L[ iR R MNSRVLi xxqsxms xqsFyLiaRPVM B xqsQXaRPRM xms[ RM.
3. \lLi[s @s[V\ QM FyR{tsQ%sNSLi R xtsQM. R Lij sVWRxmsoLki uyjM
y*RaRPxmsM. y L[ iR VxmsLji j*gRiVM. bPLRizqs RRVLiR VM xqss[Vxtsv.
4. %sbP}tsQxtsv j*gRiVM. {s[xtsv @LiR RM. xmsLRi{qsQxtsv j*gRiVM.
xmssWRsVRsWjM @LiR RM.
5. FyRsxqsQxxqsZNP[aSssVs[xtsv xtsQ[ R L S RM.
FyRLiVVy* @xmsNRPsVRM @LiR RM.

6. {msRys[xts QysxmsNRPL<iR yxqss[xtsv xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM.

7. aRPW][ [Vy [ s xsVxy` RRxqs [ R [V`. @sgRiWlLi[ sxtsQQRVM, xqslLi[+ @LiR RM. [s
RaRPVRW yyM.
y. 1. BRLRiVs aRPLkiLRiLi xqsQXbPLiRRLi, N]ysNTP LiVV FsR R Li [y N]RLi, gSRVLi NRPgjiLiRRLi c B%s
RLiRFyLRiVxtsQLi.
2. BRLRiV aRPLkiLRiLi y NTPLij gRiLi [][ xqsQXbPLiy, A aRPLkiLRigRiLi %dsVR VLRiR, NSs WTR, xmsLSgRiLi
Ry sVWRV xms RLiRLi.
3. @xms%sy\s A xryR V[R , FyRLi[R , D%sV[R xqsQXbP}qs ALRiV xms RLiRLi. y[R ,
sVWRxmsoLkiuy [R xqsQXbP}qs xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi. y\|msgRiLi[ xqsQXbP}qs \|ms zmss RLiyds
lLiLixmso %sj Liy. bPLRixqsV=%dsVR xqsQXbP}qs @sLiNUP NRPWy yVgRiV lLiV RLiRLi %sj Liy.
4. B%s RsNRPLi[ %sbPxts v\s yLji %sxtsQR VLi[ [}qs lLiLixmso RLiyV. RNRPVsy %sxtsQR VLi[ [}qs xqsgRiLi
RLiyV. xmsLRi {qsQ %sxtsQR VLi[ lLiLixmso, F~LRiV[R , sVRLi [R , @sLi [R C @xmsLSyV [}qs
zmss RLiyV xqsgSsNTP Rgij Liy.
5. BRLRiV FyyV, sryQV, [R VV, W xmsVNRPVLi[ sLRixqsgS AlLi[zqs xmsV |msLiRVRW RLiRLi %sj Liy.
@sgS FyyV xmsVNRPVsLiRVNRPV ALRiV, sryQNRPV xmssLiRV, [R VNRPV xms s%sVj, VNRPV BLRi\syVgRiV xms
RLiRLi.
6. BRLRiV NS [R VV sVVR\s @sRVyV {msTLiy, sV|msy, sLiy, s[%dsVR sVsztsQs xmsRs[zqs
gjiy, ys%dsVR NRPWLRiVy xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi. sVsztsQs s[%dsVR xmsR][zqs sF[
xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi[ xqsgRiLi RLiRLi %sj Liy.

7. aRPWRVRV G @sRVsLi DxmsWgjiLi xV N]Ry][ ys A @sRVys [ j Lixms [LiVVLiy.


N]ysNTP LiVV sVVR\sj Fs[ sxtsQQRVLi LiVV [ j LiRysNTP RVV LjisWy Liy. xqsQXbP}qs
RLiRLi[ xqsgRiLi. aRPWRVs %sxtsQR VLi[ zmssj RLiyVs %sxtsQR VLi[, @xms%sRVs %sxtsQR VLi[ NRPWy
sLjixqsVLij.
213
sVW. 1. x}qsysgRiWlLi [ xmssL][ y*RaRPxmsL][ RM. Fy[s
j*gRiVM. RVM[yRs[s Rs[ xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM Fyj ZNP[s
sVR sVM.
2. NSxts Q[xts QFyuy[xRLRiRysVsRs[Vs
RVMsVa][RsVVyRRVRM RRVLji*LiaRPxms[ RM. a][][yRs[
j*gRiVM @sR RVxts Qa][y`.
3. sVXRNRPsV @a][RLi xmsn VRM xxqsFyRFyLRiNRPLi y NRPVLRi*RM
xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM. FyFyRRs # ,[ NRPLiR yry[ Rs[ s%syLRi[
R @sR RVxts Qs[ .
4. xqsNPT Qgkiy s[ s[R [ R s[ y yNRP[uy[ [xmsL][ x[tsv R
sVR sVM ryxxqsRM., xqssVVyssRVaRP, %sxmsfNPR NRPa][R yRV
ds[VR.
y. 1. LiVV Fs %dsVjNTP s}qs (N]T[) NRPsxts QLi sVWRV xmsV, gRiLjixts QLi xmssLiRV xmsV RLiRLi. RsVyss
FyRLi Fs[ (RsV[) lLiLixmso RLiRLi. RVMLi NRPgjiLi[ sxqsVs o [R j }qs xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi. FysNTP
R NRPlgi[ y[R {msT}qs sVR sV ryxxqsRLiRLi.
2. NRP, sVR , LiVV, [xRLiRLi(ER), y C sxqsVs o[ G\s INRPys][, LRiNRPL i sWRLi LSNRPVLiy,
R NRPgji}qs BLRi\syVgRiV xms RLiRLi. RVxts QLiR NRPL i (sVVLi[ Ds ssLi ysVLiT s[ LRiNRPL i) NSLji[
sWRLi C RLiRLi [R V; \|mss zmss RLiRs[V.
3. RsV xmsTF[VV (LRiNRPL i sWRLi LSNRPVLiy) N]y, xxqsFyyRV RVLiRV FyLRiLiNRPLi (NUP
LjiFsRLicFssVVNRP TqsZNP[xtsQs ) c NRPlgi[V [zqsy xmspLRi* ryxxqsRLiRLi. [R VV, NS , RLiyV
%sLjigjiy, soV sVVNRPW [ j Liy, gSRVLi xms[V [zqsy c (xmspLRi*s[V Ds RVxts QsV \xmsT[ ][xtsQLi
[R V) xmspLRi* ryxxqsRLiRLi.
4. ]R, sVR %sLjis[zqsy, s[RLi F~Ty, sWNRPV, [xts QNRPV, [ sLi [R VysNTP @sL][R Li NRPlgi[V
[zqsy sVR sV ryxxqsRLiRLi. @%s sWsysNTP [LiVVLiRVN]s[ NTPR=NRPV @[V LRiVNRPWy LjiLiy. sVsztsQ
sVLRi}qs NRPLiNRP a][R sLi[ zmss xmsNSLRiLi bPOTPQLiRysNTP @xmsLSj s xmsLiFy.
sVW. 1. sVsxqs GNRPLi xmsn VRM xms[NRPLi j*gRiV[ RM. 2. xmsLRiVztsQR M NRPxM @sVxmss[a][ y yW
ByyLSM. 3. yxqsQxmsNSLji[ sWORPQ B N_M.
4. NRP} xmspLRi*gRi][ RV, @ORPQs VsW[ z xmsys ByyLSM. 5. s[ N_M. xmspLRi*Li xmsaSy*
AgRiRxqs ryOTPQM xmssWsV. @ryOTPQZNP[ xmnsWRM NRPx[xmssLi y.

5. xmsn WyWgRisV @xmsVsRM RRxlLi[s xmsaSyLRiM.


6. NRP} RssVxmsxLRi][ RaRPxms[ RM.
7. ORPVQRNRPRszLiryRWLi RR ysR RM.
y. 1. y sVLij NRPzqs INRP N]sLiVV[ y LiRLjiNUP IN]NRPLjiNTP, INRPRV sVL]NRPss N]sxmsVRV FsLiR
RLiRsW ysNTP lLiLixmso RLiRLi %sj Liy.
2. yNSLi NTPRLi Ljigjis NRPxLi NSs, BRLRiV B [ sNTP ]LRixmsRRLi @s[ @xmsLSR Li gSs yRWRVLi[
%syLjiLiRRgjisj NSRV @s N]LiRLRiV AyLRiV @FyRVLi.
3. FsLiRNSLi @LiVVy @xmsNSLRiLi [zqssyss %sT|msgRiWRRV @s N_VRV.
4. ""NRPxLi[ sVVLiRV yRVryysNTP ssyRV lgiVryR V; yRWRWsNTP s syRV c s
R xmsRVRVsyRV c FyLjiFyRV; yRWRVLi sVLi RWLRiLigS DLiRV'' @s AyLRiV @FyRVLi.
5. Bj RVVNRPL i NSRLiRV N_VRV. yRWRWsNTP sVVLiRV sy RLRiyR sy yRVLi
sLiR LiVVLiRysNTP xmssWLi ryORPV[. ryORPVV [s xmsVRV Rgjis V, BRLRi\sVs NRPxV xmssWLigS
gRizLiRRyLiVV.
214
6. N]sV ss @WgSsNTP xqssWysLi xmss yss A L][s[
bPOTPQLiy.
7. NRPxLi[, G\s sxqsVs osV @xmsxLjiLisysNTP xmsj xmsV RLiRLi.
8. NRPxLi sVWs s sxqsVsoNRPV (xmsoxtsQxmsn RVNRPV) zLixqs
NRPVgRiV[ (@%s sgjiF[) y LkiRV By*; @Li[ LSy LSNRPV
Liy.
sVW. 1. xqs WNRPRszLiryRWLi RR j*gRiVaRP RM.
2. sryQ LRizLRixqsVsLiR zLiryRWLi RR xmspLRi*aRP
ryxxqsRM.
FyRs s[ y*RaRPxmsM xmsdNSLRiaRP.

3. xmsLRiNRPVRsVxmsn W[s O][Q RVRM xms[ RM. [ Rs [ R s[ xtsQM.

4. RVM[yRsLi RssV @ss[aPR s xmsOTPQxmsRM y*RaRPxms[ RM. Fyj NRPLi xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM.
5. ORPVQRxmsaRPWyLi NSuyjLiR VM[yRs[ xms,[ j*xms[ y RM. a][][yRs[ j*gRiVM.
6. sVxmsaRPWysV G[}tsQ*s rys[xtsv j*gRiV[ RM; xqssVVys sRVaRP.

7. xmsoL][xmssssxqsdyLi xmsoxtsQxmsn yR WsyLi xmsL][x[ R s[ xtsQM. ORPVQRaS [ R s[ y*RaRPxmsM.


{mssaS[ R s[ RRVLji*LiaRPxmsM. xqss s [ xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM. xqssVVf sVR sVM.
8. xmsoxtsQxmsn yR WsR VyysV @LiR RM, xmsorysRFss aRPaSsRVs[Vxtsv R.
y. 1. NRPxLi[ |msR sxqsVs oNRPV sxts QLi y[ lLiLixmso RLiRLi.
2. sryQNUP, A LRiNUP, R ysNUP, LigSLRixmso sxqsVsoNUP sxts QLi y[ y
sVWLi BzmsLiy. xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi %sj Liy.
3. BRLRiV g][R NRPV @xmsn WRLi[R ([s][ \sy U N]LiRRLi[R ) O][Q Lixms[zqssysNTP sVWRV xms RLiRLi.
A g][R sV gRig]y (NRPsLi R%s*y) R VN]y ALRiV xmsV RLiRLi. xmsRg]y %sLRigRig]y xmssLiRV
xms RLiRLi; A g][R gRiV[LiVVLi By*.
4. RVMLi NRPgjiLi[ sxqsVs osV BRLRiV BLi[ xmsRs[zqssysNTP xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi. FyNRPV @FyRVLi
NRPgjiLi[ sxqsVs osV xmsRs[zqssysNTP xmspLRi* ryxxqsRLiRLi.
5. NRP sVVR\sy][ s LiRVsoNRPV RVMLi NRPgji}qs INRP xmsLi [y lLiLiRV xmsV RLiRLi. LRiNRPL i
s[V N]T[ lLiLixmso RLiRLi.
6. C xmssV[ |msR xmsaRPVso %sxtsQR VLi[ [}qs lLiLixmso RLiRLi. y NTPR=NRPV @[V LRiV NRPWy LjiLiy.
7. xmsoso*W, xmsLiR W, dsy B[ sgRiL][yssXOSQ gRiV N][zqssLiVV[ ALRiV xms RLiRLi. s N]sVV
[ j }qs xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi. \ss N]sVV sLjiNTP[ BLRi\syVgRiV xms RLiRLi. sWsV [ j }qs xmspLRi*
ryxxqsRLiRLi. xmspLjig S |msNRPLis[}qs sVR sV ryxxqsRLiRLi.
8. xmsoso*V, xmsLiR V, dsy B[ F~RV, dgRiV gRiV sVVR\s%s [ j }qs xmspLRi* ryxxqsRLiRLi. xmspLjig S
|msNRPLis[}qs sVR sV ryxxqsRLiRLi. xmsoryy[s V, RFsy[s V, aRPaSy[s V Ds
%sxtsQR VLi[ RLiyV C %sR LigSs[ DLiy.
a].[ {qssVsXZOP[Qxtsv \[xtsv RVs[Vuy*OTPQ[xtsv R,
R Gs j*gRiV RM NSLS LSss[xtsv R.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ R LRi{qs [V RXdRWj NRPLRi[ GN][s %sLia][yRVM RFyLRiVxtsQsV, AjRM xtsQ=xmsRsVM.
y. xqsLjixR V[ Fys sXOSQV, xms%sRryy[s sXOSQV, gS |msLjigji |msR %sgS NRPsRVRVs sXOSQV,
LS[yy[s sXOSQVc%ds %sxtsQR VLi[ \|mss zmss @LiNRPVLRi[ R yRVV Ljigji[ lLiLixmso LSyV
%sj Liy.
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ R LRi{qsRVLi @s[ RXdRWj NRPLRiLi[ RLiRFyLRiVxtsQLi
@s[ xmsLi]%sVRs @yRVLi FyLRiLi LisVLi \Q ALRis @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
215

@R %sLia][%yRVM
RRVMxqsxmsRsVxmsxqsxmsRsVxmsNRPLRi[cRWRxqssWx*RVsV,
xmsNUPLiR NSs RWRLic RLi c xqssWx*RVLi (xmsLiyV c Lig`i),
xmsNUPLiR NSV (%s%sR %sxtsQR WV c BRLRi %sxtsQR WV).
sVW. 1. RWyR QOPR QM RWRsV GNRPsVVLi NSLRi[V` @sR ks][
y*RaRPxms[ RM gRiWy%sxmsyLRisV.
2. RWyWlgi[[R VM xmspLRi*MryxxqsRM. xmsLSRxqs sVR sVM.
aRPdW }xtsQ[R VNSsVM xmsLSRVLi s ORPQs VR ByyLSM.
s[ N_M. xmsLSRZaP[` j*gRiVRMNTP[VR. s NRPaRPs LSssV
@xqsLjixtsQ. FyRVa][ z NTPRyM NRPWs[j sM.
y. 1. RWyR QORPVRV RWRLi IZNP[ xms[aPR Li[ Ljilgi[V RWy.
sLik R rysLi[NSNRP sVL]NRP ][ RLi A[ysNTP xmssLiRV xms
RLiRLi. RWRaSsV GLRiLRiRRLi LRixxqsssLi Lji}ms ]LigRiV sVVR\sy s xmsysNTP DxmsWgjixqsVLij.
FsNRPVsgS RLi A[y @Li y [ DLiLRiV. y s xmsysNTP INRP ][ y NRP}qsV [}qs
@sVNRPWLigS DLiVLij @s sLi.
2. ""RWRLi %sxtsQR VLi[ @WgRiLi ssxmsVRV RLi[ sgij sysNTP xmspLRi* ryxxqsRLiRLi. JTFLiVVs
ysNTP sVR sV ryxxqsRLiRLi. FsLiRVsssgS LiVVLiys @sVN]s[ C JTFLiVVsyRV ryyLRiLigS
sVWLiR Vs sLiy\ DLiRV. @LiRVs J%sVs xqszLiRRV'' @s AyLRiV @FyRVLi. @j RVVNRPL i NSRV
@s N_VRV. JTFLiVVsysNTP lLiLixmso bPORPQ %sj }qs yRVLiN][xqsLi Fss*RW LS RgiR LjiNTP LSRV. ryyLRiLigS
RLRiVV A[ sWry[ [xqsWLiLRiV NRPy?
sVW. 1. [uysVR QOSQM aRPVyM NSNRPLRiOSQLiaRP ryxms[VRVVM.
2. NSNRPQOSQ[xmsys[ y*RaRPxms[ RM. NRPWNRPLRi xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM, RxmsyyssV, Dxms_
}qsR VRaRP.
3. RRyRR QOPR QM xmsNRPLi aRPRsWRkR, NSNRPQOSQLiR aRPNS sNRPRVsVVRNRP W%sVNRPLRiNRPRVLi R.
RysWysLi %sNRPRVLi R NRPVLS`. @ORPQ W%sVxxqs][uyLi yxms}tsQR s[ j*gRiV[ RM.
4. [s ryxr yRM, @sR %sybPxqssWx*RWj.
y. 1. RWRgRiX @R QORPVV s[V LRiNRPLi NSNRPsV (gRis*sV) FyNRPsV @NRPR zqsR LigS DLiy.
2. DLis NSNRP rysLi[s V, FyNRP rysLi[s V s[\lLis NSNRPQOSQV
DLisLiVV[ @ DLisy NTP xmspLRi* ryxxqsRLiRLi. A[ sWxqsLi [}qs xmspLRi* ryxxqsRLiRLi. @
[zqssyssVLiT LiVVLis r~sVVsV dzqss[zqsN][y. FyNRP %sxtsQR VLi[ (gRiVLRiVV sWLRiRLisLi) G\sVy
sWxqsLi [}qs ]LigRiRysNTP %sj Li[ RLiRLi NRPWy %sjLiy.

3. RWyR QORPVRV RLRiVV sgij s R sLi[ sWNTP HRV dzqsN][y. gRis*NTP, FyNRPNTP, @LRiNRPV
(RLRixmsNRP sLi%s), aRPNRPNTP (RLiyRV][ RRWLRiV[zqss
kLiR RRVLRiaRPLigS DLi[ RWRNUPyryR yV) @sNRPRVLi(@ ), ds , ][ V, A %dsNTP LRiVsW NRPWR
RLRiVsVLiT sxqsWV RW. FyNRP[s V, RLi A[ xqs Li[s V, DLi[ ][uysV, RLRiV
xxqs][uysV (A[ %sysLi[ y [}qs [ %sxqsVLiR sV) s}tsQj LiRNRPF[ (RWyR QORPVsNTP) \|mss RLRiVNRPV
zmss RLiysNTP lLiLixmso RLiRLi.
4. ks[R %sR %sxtsQR VLi[s V, bP %sxtsQR VLi[s W [}qs xqssWx*RVLi (xmsLiLi) Rxms %sVgjis
xqssWx*RWV (N][T xmsLiLi, g] xmsLiLi sVVR\s%s) NRPWy ysLis .[ RLi[ zmss
RLiR%sysLi yNTP NRPWy sLjixqsVLij.
sVW. 1. xmsNUPLiR NRPLi RVcRWRNSsNUPRNSzRNRPsZOP[QxmsNSLi RVy [aPR NSsVys[,
RWsVyR WxqssVVxmss[aRPxqsLizqs dyLi y [aPR NSFyRs[, gRiVRLRi[R VLi xLi ryR RVRM
xmss[aSsVs[aPR WLRiVxmsLji ssVsQ [ R y*RaRPxms[ RM.
216
2. xqssxts Qs VLiR sVxmsRVRR M, RXLSLi x}qss RVRM,
LRiWFyysV @[xmsLRiVyLi gRiRR M, xmsLRisNRP s Li xmsLi NUPsxqs,
xqssVVRLi gRiXxsVVjs RM, rysVsR y*LjiLiaRPRV
ysWRLRiRaRP @xts QR y*LjiLiaRP`xms[ RM.
y. 1. xmsNUPLiR NRPLi, @sgS %s%sR %sxtsQR WV,
xmsRVRVyLiVVcRWRNSs (FsLRiVso dxqsVN]syss)
@sNUPRNSs (@ NRPV dzqsN]syss), AzRNSs (yNRPV
|mssyss), sZOP[QxmsNSs (DLiRsVs Bsyss), @sVN]s
xms[aPR Li[, NSLi[ Ljigji Bs*NRPFLiVVy, ""LS xmsn y RWsVLi[
(sVV[), xmsgRiV xmsn y xqssVRVLi[ sVsLi @LiRLRiLi NRPVyLi [y
NRPWLRiVLiyLi'' @s sLiR LiVVLiRVN]s RLRiyR yss FyLiRNRPFLiVVy,
xVssR sVLi gRiVLi (LRiORPQNPR rysLi) RgiR LRi Bs*szqss
aRPVds, sj yysNTP B[ aRPVds yLRiLigS
sxqsWV[zqsy, BLiNTP FsRVLRiVgSsV, BLi xmsNS Ds a][RVV NSRs sVL]NRPss (FL][zyRVV
[LiVVLiRRLiN]LRiNRPV) zmsy xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi.
2. INRPLjiNTP BsVs xmsLizmss sxqsVs o Bs*s ysNUP, rRLRiVs LRisV [][ xqsQXbPLisysNUP, sVL]NRPRV
DLiRVN]s s[aPR ][ xqsLigRisVLi [zqssysNTP, BRLRiVNRPV Lijsj @s zmss xmss (xqsLRiVNRPVsV) N]sysNUP,
{qsVs[zqss BLi[ {qsV R V N] xmss[bPLisysNUP, RVVxmsNRPsVs s\ NRPVVLiNTP LijsyLjiNTP
FssLji\ZNPy R NRPgjiLi[ysNUP, s\ Fss%sVj xms RLiRLi.
sVW. 1. NRPVds%dsgSxNRPxqs @xmssRVs[, %sR yLi R syzqsdsLi xmsxqsj RLRiRM Rxqs ALSLi xqsQXaRPRM,
xmsyxqsssV AxmsRs ysRM, suyLRisV @yssLi NRPVLRi*RM, aSNRPsNSks sXxtsQxmssys
[s zmsRXNSlLi[xtsv [ RVRM aRP][ RM.

217
2. aRPxmsRyNSsVWgRisVsxqsXxts QLi NRPVLRi*RM, RVVNRPN PR LRi yRVVNRPxqs,
ORPVQRxmsaRPVsXuyLi xmsoLirQ*xmsxmsn WsM, yry gRiLRisV KxtsQ [ s
FyRRVRaRP xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM.
3. zmsyxmsoRWM, RsV][M, RX gji[M, sWRVgjis[ RVWM,
bPuyyLRiWLS xmsLRixqsLRisVxmsRLi RRM, xqsLSxmsRWRLi
gSsVsV [ y RRM xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM. NSylLi[ sVR sVM.
Rs%sVRL i x[tsQR VRM DR s VM. xqsxxmsryLiVVxtsQ*s[xtsQ*LiR RM.
4. xmsoLRiVxtsQs Vs dsRVLi R RM, s RVRM, s Li y sWORPQR VRM,
sVFyxmss sLRiLi R RM s RV][ y xqsxxqsLi RM.
xmsoLRiVuyxmsLSR %sZaP[}tsQ R%sZaP[xtsQM NSLSM.
y. 1. NRPVVLisNTP xqsLiLij Lis DsVT R sLi dzqsN]syRV
dzqsN][[R s zmssysNUP, xqs*RLiRLigS DLiWs Bxts QLi [s %sR ssV
RLjiLi xqsLigRisVLi [zqssysNUP, ALRi {qsQs xqsQXbPLis RLiyVsNUP, AxmsR=sVRVLi[
BLRiVgRiVF~LRiVgRiVysNTP xqsRVLi [R VRLiN][xqsLi ]LiRLRigS xmsLRiVlgiR sysNUP, G NSLRisVW [NPR VLiy
xmsLRiVlgiRVR VsysNUP, [s zmsRX NSLS[ R VNRPV, \sVNRPV, BRLRiV\s @\sjNRP xqsLiyxqsVNRPV [ yV
|mssysNTP sWLRiV xms RLiRLi.
2. aRPLiNTPLisys[R aRPxmsRLi [LiVVLi yss xmsbPLi[ @j NSLRiLi [NPR FLiVVy @ [zqssysNUP, @j NSLji
NSNRPFLiVVy @j NSLji [}qs xmssVV [xqsWs ysNUP, zmssV xmsoLi[ WgRiR gRi s xmsaRPVso xmsoLRiVxtsQy*sNTP
Axmsn WRLi NRPgjiLisysNUP, KxtsQy y{qsNTP gRiLRirysLi [LiVVLisysNTP xmspLRi* ryxxqsRLiRLi %sj Liy.
3. RLiUcN]RVNRPV[s V, LS LRi [s V, rRLkirRLRiV[s V, s[VssWsVc s[VsV [s V,
bPxtsQcAyLRiV[s V xmsRVRV NSs INRPss sVL]NRPLRiV %sT|msy, sLRiN PR V gRiVLixmso yRVNRPVRV RsV][
sxqsWs yss (L][giR gRixqsVQ\sxmsVRV) gSsVsVR Li[ %sT sFLiVVy xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi %sj Liy.
yss @R%s[ %sT|ms sF[ sVR ryxxqsRLiRLi. A %sR LigS [R VRLi[R ysNTP @FyRVLi
NRPgjiLisLiVV[ DR s V ryxxqsRLiRLi. A sLRiN PR xqsLixmsn VLi[ Ds %sVgjis xqsxxqsryRVVNRPV (NRPzqs s [y NTP)
IN]NRPLjiNTP zmss RLiy[ xqsgRiLi %sj Liy.
4. Lij LiRNRPWRs Lij LisysNUP, Lij Lixms[zqssysNUP, LiR Li[ Dsyss %sTzmsLisysNTP, \ sVyLji
dLRis (@Fyxmss sLRiVRV) V Lij LisysNTP, Lij Lixms[zqssysNTP s[Vzqs xmsV LSy. A RW
xmsoLRiVxtsv @xmsLSR %sZaP[uys xms RLiR%sZaP[xtsQLi %sj Liy.
sVW. 1. dLiR NRPLRixqsxms{qs*, yj RM, ORPVFyryR *NSsM, L][sxmsRM, R[k ,
sztsQsaRP @sVgSM.
2. [s xRxmszqs*{qsQsXR yj yysV @yyysV, @xqsLRiyLi R LRiryMNSLS NRPVLRiVM. s R
[aPR NSg[ iR R[s @xlLi[R VVM.

3. xmsp %syVj FLRiVuysNRPLSaRPRVRaRP xmsoLRiVuyM.


4. a].[ GsLi NRPLS R LRiryM NRPVLRiVLRiRRLji+sM,
xqssWM xqslLi[*xtsv s[xtsv %saS*ry [NPR xqsLizmsRWM.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ R LRi{qs [V RXdRWj NRPLRi[ %sLia][%yRVM RWRxqssWx*RVLi, xmsNUPLiR NSs. AjRM
xqsxmsxqsxmsRsW%yRVM. Gysy N_dRWLiR aSxqsQxqs R LRi{qs RVLi RXdRVsVj NRPLRiLi xqssWxmss V.
y. 1. dLiR NRPLRiVRV (G\s INRP sVysNTP xqsLiLij Lis xqsLixmsn WsNTP @j xms), RxmsxqsV= [zqsN]s[yRV,
VxmsR yRV, ANRPRzmsNRP][s V kLiR QxmsRWLi[R @zqsFLiVVsyRV, %s[aPR LisVLi ssyRV, bPORPQV
@sV %sLi NRPxts QxmsRVRVsyRV, G%dsV [syRVc%ds %sxtsQR VLi[ R LSj NSLRiVV @sVgRixLi RWFy. NRPhjisLigS
xmssLjiL iRgRiWRRV.
218
2. @yR\s (LRiOTPQLi[y FssLRiW [s) [s RV ([yRWRVV),
xVV, RxmsxqsV= [xqsVN]s[y , {qsQV, VLRiV, sXR VV,
yj gRixqsVV c %ds yRWRWsNTP s [s zqs [ DsxmsVRV
yRWj NSLRiV[ xqs*RVLigS y NRPV xqsLiLij Lis @WgSV
%syLRiNRPV [ y NRPV yRVLi [NPR WLS.
@Li[ NSs ""Bj [aPR Li NSRV, Bj NSLi NSRV, C Azqs FssLji
@sV sLi[ DLi][ RVRV'' BLi ryNRPVV xmsNRPWRRV.
3. %sy, Vj , FLRiVxtsQLi, DsR sLiaRPLi, [}qs xmss %ds @aRPRWs
xms sVsVxtsvNRPV sVLSR By*.
4. yRWj NSLRiVLiRLRiW G sWRLi NRPxmsLi [sy\lLi @LiRLji
%sxtsQR VLi[s V xqssVLigS xmssLjixqsW @LiRLji %saS*rys RWLRig]LiW,
@LiRLjiNUP }mssVFyRV\ RsV %sR VV sLRi*QQLij L iy.
""sLijs'' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ R LRi{qs RVLi @s[ RXdRWj NRPLRiLi[
RWRxqssWx*RVLi, xmsNUPLiR NSV @s[ BLRi\sRVs @yRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi \QGRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
R LRi{qs RVLi @s[ sVWRs @j NRPLRiLi xqssWxmsLi.
NRPNRPa][R ssV (Suppression of Criminals) @RRRVLiR sVj NRPLRisV
xtsQxqsxmsRsV xmsNRPLRisV c xmsRsW%yRVM
NSLRiVLRiORPQsV=NSLRiVso ([xmssVV [}qsy ) sVLiT LRiOTPQLiRRLi
sVW. 1. xms[uyLRiM RRVxqsQRVM @sWyM NRPNRPa][RsLi NRPVLRiVM.
2. @LiR QxmsdNSLSM NSLRiVaSzqsyLRiM xqsLisZOP[QFyLRiM xqs*%sRN SLRisM, ZaP[ xmssWM sZOP[QxmsLi gRiX{ RVVM. %sxmsf
ZaP[sZOP[QxmsLi #[R . sLij Qxts Q[aPR NSNSLRiLi R NRPLRi NRPVLRiVM. @sLij Qxts Q[aPR NSLi NSLSxms[aPR sV.

y. 1. @sWRV ryLiVV gRi sVVgiR VlLi[zqs xms[xts QV (NRPLiNRPa][R yj NSLRiVV - yRVsVWLRiVV) NRPLiNRP a][R sLi
RW. NRPLiNRPa][R sLi sVV ]gjiLiRRLi @sgS xqsLixmsn V %s][x GLjis[R VRLi.
2. sxqsVs osV RRWLRiV [R VRLi[ xqssVLiR VV, sVVT xqsLRiVNRPVsV dzqsN]sRLi %sxtsQR VLi[ ssVNRPxqsVV @LiVVs
NSLRiVaSzqsRV (RsV NTPLiR N]LiRsVLij NSLRiVsosV @sgS sRLigRiVV NRPsVLRiVV sVVR\sy s
sRV%sVLiRVN]s y [R xmssVV [LiVVLi[y ), ys[V |msVT |ms xqs*RLiRLigS xmssVV [R VgRigjis
NSLRiVsoV, ZaP[V (xqsLixmsn W guilds) xmspdNRPRV%sd VR sZOP[QFys (ysVV RRWLRiV [R Vszqss sxqsVs oNRPV
NSszqss xqsLRiVNRPVsV) xmssVLi dzqsN]y. @ dzqsN]syNTP G\y AxmsR s}qs A sZOP[QFys ZaP[
LjiLiy.
A NSLRiVaSzqsRV, NSLRiVsoW NRPWR sLiR LiVVLiRVN]s [aPR Li, NSLi, sxqsVs ossVxqsLjiLi xmssVVRW.
[R Vszqss xmssVVNRP xqs*LRiWFys sVVLiRVgSs[ [LiVVLiRVN]s[y NTP zms [aPR NSsRVsVLi [NPR VLiy
sxqsVs oV RRWLRiV[zqs By*. @sgS C %sR \sVsxmsss ByQ [ xmspLji [ryLi @s xmsRLi NRPxts QLi @s
sVVLiRVgSs[ zms A xmss [xms.
sVW. 1. NSFyRs[ FyR{sLi s[R sLi Rj *gRiVaRP RM. @sR u[ xmssFyyLi sxts QLi %ssxts QLi
ys}RVVM. NSLRirys yNRPLRi[ s[R syaRPM Rj *gRiVaRP RM.
2. RsVyRWM R\ZaPNSRbPNRPLi xqsWRLi sLiR [VRVVM sXj [ [ [ R j*gRiV[ RM.
3. xqsWRsVWyss[R ssV. O_Qs VN_ZaP[R WysV @R LiR gRiVsV xms][LSNRPsVRVNRPWyLi j*gRiVsV.
4. sWs{s[ {ys{sLi s[R sLi Rj *gRiVaRP RM RV{s[ {sRRVLRiV[ RM. xqsWRxmsLjisLRi s[
sVWj*gRiVM. [s j*xmsysLi yRsV.
219
y. 1. @sVN]s NSsNTP Bs*NRPF[ RLi[ ys sLiRV
Rgij Liy; ysNTP lLiLixmso LSy %sj Liy. dxqsVN]s xqsLRiVNRPV[
N]LiR gRiLi FLiVVy, xmspLjig S FLiVVy ysNTP sVVRLS By*.
@LiVV[ A xqsLRiVNRPV[s[ xqsxLigS RLRiVgRiV sy, ANRPzqsNSxmsR[R
xqsLRiVNRPV sbPLiy Bs*szqss xmss [R V. zmssV NSNRPVLiy sVL]NRP
%sR LigS [}qs s[R sLi Bs*NRPWRRV; ysNTP lLiLixmso LSy %sj Liy.
2. ryy xmsj xms sWVNRPV xmsRN]LiRV xms sXj RWzmsLiy.
@ RWxmsszqss sXj [ [xmsLi s}qs FsLiR RgjiLi][ ysNTP lLi Lixmso
LSy. (sWVsV aRPV Li [zqs gRiLi sVVR\s%s |msRLi s
LRiVso[ |msLRiVgRiVR LSy @s sLi @LiVV DLiVLij).
s[zqssLiRVNRPV s[R sLi sWV LkiRVNRPV INRPsLRi lLiV. xms][LiR , NRPLi,
RVNRPWLi s[zqssLiRVNRPV sWV LkiRVNTP lLiLixmso s[R sLi.

4. zmss N]RV Rgij sLiVV[ Rgij syss xms RLi Rgij Liy. ysNTP lLiLixmso LSy %sj Liy.
LRiVso[ RgiR VR DLi[ FsLiR Rgij s][ ysNTP yVgRiV lLiV LSy, Bs sWV sWLji}qs ys LkiRVNRPV
lLiLixmso RLiRLi. BLiRsLRiNRPV zmssyss xms j*xmsLi (RVxms) s[R VRLi %sxtsQR VLi NRPWy zmss .[
sVW. 1. ELSRVRWM xmsxmsN][ %sxss[ ][ L][s V[ R aRP.
2. LRiNSM NSxts Qxmsn NRPaPR N`PQxts QbPxqsV sryQ s[sM. @sR s[sRM srQxmsxmsn WRLi xtsQLi R RLi RRVM.
3. sVVR LSRsy*xqsM xmsLjiRyyM xmsLi RLi RRVM. xmsLRisxqsQ%sNRPRWsNRPRWys[xtsv R y*RaRPxms[
RM. xmsLjisLRi s[ sVW j*gRiV[ sxqsQysLi R.
4. sVVNRPVsyRLi bPxmsaRPVR Li _RxqsWRsLiR Li xmssVXxts QZaP[*RLi R GNRPLS][R L iR RRVM.
5. xmsLSNRPLi RsVLSgRiLi, xtsQyNRPLi dsLi, xmsoxtsQOSQs Vuy LRiNRPLi, gRiVLRiVxmsLjiNRPLRi, RV][ xmsyLRiLi
RLi yxqsM xqsxmsLSNRPsV. RRM xmsLRiLi s[R ssLi FyxmsoRVVM.
y. 1. INRP RV (sWLRiV xms) Ds (aRPVj [R VRLi sVVR\sy[) HRV xms RLRiVgRiV, N]LiR L][s W
RLRiVgRiV @LigkiNRPLjiLiy.
2. yNRP V NRP %dsVR, sVss LS %dsVR DRNS. @%s NSNRP sVLji s[%dsVR DNTPy sxqsQLi
sLiRVNRPV sVVRLS, ALRiV xms RLiRLi By*.
3. sVVR LRiLi @s[ ARVVR Li sV Ds sxqsQLi Rxms sVLji G BRLRi\sVs sxqsQLi R LjiLiy y sVWRV xms
RLiRLi By*. (Bj BRLRiV sryQV R LjiLiRNRPVLiy DLiRysNTP [zqss sRVsVLi). BRLRiV sryQV
@%sVy, @ NRPV By, yNRPV |msy xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi. INRP sryQsNTP RVV sVL]NRP sxqsQLi B}qs
@xqsV sxqsQLi B ys sVWsNTP lLiLixmso RLiRLi Liy.
4. sVVgiR s gS Ds sxqsQLi, LSLiR%dsVR DNTPs sxqsQLi, s yLRiLi LRiLigRiV gRi sxqsQLi, gS gS
[R VTs sxqsQLi c %dss IN]NRP L][ F~TgjixqsW By*. @sgS sVVNRPVsyRLi INRP L][s, bPxmsaRPVR Li
lLiLiRV L][[s V c C%sR LigS By*.
5. [R LRiLigRiV V HRV L][NRPV, dssVLiRV |mss V ALRiV L][NRPV, xmsouy][s V NRP][s V,
sVLixts Q][s V LRiLigRiVs[zqss ys, y sgji{tsQV (xmsLjiNRPLRi) DLiRRLi[R gRiLRig S DRNRPRgjis DR s VNTP
Lijs sryQsV GRV L][NRPV Ljigji By*. (C %sR LigS NRPV yNRP LRiLigRiVV s[}qsyLRis ][xqsVLij).
@LiRNRPLi[ AxqsLi [}qs s[R sLi[ N][R %sj Liy.
220

sVW. 1. aRP [ R WM LSgRi%sy[xtsv s[R sLi NRPVaRPM NRP[VRVVM.


2. xmsLSLSQyLi xms[s[R sLi, sVR sWysVLRixmsM, xmsRsLSLi
FyRM.
3. xqs WNSyLi sWxtsQj *sWxtsQNPR Li j*gRiVLi LRiNRPN SysV.
xmsRsVs[s[ RRVLSgiR M ORPQR VM. j*d[V xmsgRiM. [[R L iR Li
yRsV.
4. LRi\ZNPM RVsyRWM yyM.
5. xqsVsLiR NSLSsV c @aRPVxryRWxmsLi xqsVsLRisVyRV
xqsLRiWxmsLi NUPyLi y*RaRPxms[ RM. %sLRiWxmsLi RRVLji*LiaRPxmsM;
][LiR xryR xts QR y*LjiLiaRPRM. xmsRs %sLRiWxmssVW{s[xtsv
}qsR VRM, NRPXRx[ms_ R.
y. 1. LRiLigRiVsV gRiWLji %syyV ssxmsVRV ssVRgjis s[LiR LRiVV s[R ys sLiR LiVVLiy.
2. Lki\s sVLi LRiLigRiVV s[zqssLiRVNRPV INRP xmsLi s[R sLi. sVR LRiNRPLi LRiLigRiVNRPV @LiR xmsLi, RNRPVsLRiNRPLi
LRiLigRiVNRPV xmsLi[ Fyso.
3. sVVRNRPV DNTPsLiRVNRPV INRP lLiLiRV sWuyV, LRiLigRiV NRPV lLiLixmso @sgS lLiLiRV [y yVgRiV
sWuyV. sVVR DRVNRPVNTP %ss[ yssLiRV RLRiVgRiVRVLij. lLiLiRs DRVNRPVNTP, HRs gRiLi
RLRiVgRiVRVLij. C %sR LigSs[ %sVgjis DRVNRPVNTP RWRVN][y.
221
4. LRiNRPV %sxtsQR VLi[ zmss sRVsWV RVsyRVVNRPV
(NRPVVxmssyLjiNTP) NRPWy sLjir yLiVV.
5. BxmsVTLiNRP xqsVsLiR NSLRiV %sxtsQR VLi c @LiNSLS LRiWxmsLi[ Ds
(xqsLRiWxmsLi) sLiT gSs, LigSLRiLi gSs, xqsVsLSR QOPR VsNTP xmsNRPVLiy,
yxqsVRV, xmsLjiyLRiNRPVRV sVVR\s @aRPVsNRPVsVLiT N]s
xqsVsLiR NSLRiVsNTP xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi.
y LRiWxmsLi sWLji @%sVs%s N]sysNTP BLRi\syVgRiV xms RLiRLi.
]LigRisVLiT N]sysNTP s\ Fss%sVj xmsRLiRLi. LRixxqsLigS
dzqsN]s ss LRiRxqsVsLSsV LRiWxmsLi sWLjis ys RNRPVs
LkiRVNRPV N]sysNTP ]LigRiRysNTP %sj Li[ RLiRLi %sj Liy. [zqss
sxqsVs osV (@LiNSLSsV) sWLjiy NRPWR }qsR VRLiRLi.
sVW. 1. xqsVsLSyxtsQNPR sVxmsxLRiRM j*aRP][R M. LRiWxmsR LRiyxtsQ
NRPsVxmsxLRiRM y*RaRPxmsM. [[R L iR Li yRsV.

2. sL][ R L<iR sVryLSLi WgRiLi y ryR RVRM xmsaRP][ RM. RWLRixmsRLRi[ LSgRiryxmsLRiLi %sy`.
sWxtsQN][ s[R sLi LRiWxmsR LRixqs xqsVsLiR ryxtsQ gRiM. bPOSQ%sZaP[}tsQ j*gRiVs[R ssXj M. [[R L iR Li yRsV.
3. ysVsXRN PR Lixqs\sNRPXsN SLRiNRPWyLi xmsNRPLi aRPRLi s[R ssV. ysVzms[ RaRPgRiORPQR VM. xms{s[
{sj*gRiV[ R M. [[R L iR Li yRsV.
y. 1. xqsVsLiR Li FsRV LigSLRiLisVLi sWxtsQNPR Li LigSLRiLi @xmsxLjiLis xqs*LRiNSLRiVsNTP lLiLiRV sLiR xms
RLiRLi. INRP R LRiLi FsRV sLiTsVLi INRP sWxtsQNRPLi sLiT @xmsxLjiLis ysNTP xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi. kss
xms lLiLiRV sWuyV, sVWRV sWuyV Byj%sR LigS xLjiLisxmsVRV FsLiR RLiRsW zmss .[
2. yzqsLRiNRPLi LigSLRiLi sVVR\sys sVLiysgS RWxmsysNTP sVLi LRiLigRiV DLi[V [zqsy, sVLi
LigSLRiLi dzqss[R VRLi R j NRPxmsRLi sLi%s [zqsy HRVsLiR xms RLiRLi. sLiT LigSLS %sxtsQR VLi[
sWxqsLi [zqssLiVV[ y LRiLigRiV Rgij LisV xmsLjigRiLiy.
3. INRP R LRiLi xmssWLi gRi sLiT][ sxqsVs oV [zqssLiRVNRPV INRP sWxtsQLi sLiT s[R sLi. xmsRLRiV sWuy FsRV
LigSLSsNTP xqsVsLiR sWxtsQLi[ Fss%sVRs sLiRV s[R sLi (gRi.aS.) xmsLi[ Fss%sVRs sLiRV @s NSLilgi .[ xqs*LRiNSLRiVs
xmssRsLi[ Ds %sZaP[uys xms s[R s sXj lLiLixmso. kss xms FsNRPVs RWNS %sxtsQR VLi[ NRPWy
RWRVN][y.
4. LSgji, DNRPV, NRPLiRV, \sNRPXRNRPLi, BR T %dsNTP sWLRiV xmsNRPV HRV xmsV s[R sLi. LSgji sVVR ][
xmss[zqssxmsVRV xmsRs sLiRV RLRiVgRiV DLiVLij. @LiRNRPV %sVLi INRP xmsLi Rgij [ Rgij sysNTP lLiLixmso RLiRLi.
ks[R lLiLiRV xmsV sVVR\sys gRiWLji zmss .[
sVW. 1. {qsxqsRxmsozms[ %sLiaRPgRiORPQR VM. NSNRP yxqs xmss[R ssV. NSRVxqszmsM
xmsgRiORPQR VM. NSNRPR*RVLi yxqs xmss[R ssV. [[R L iR Li yRsV.
2. LRiWxmsRLRi+NRPxqs zqsyLi xmsRWysV @N][FyLi N][xmsRVRM, N][FysVN][R VRM y*RaRPxms[ RM.
3. yxmsLjiaRPVyxmsRWy. xmsyxtsQNPR sVVxmss][ y*RaRPxms[ RM. [[R L iR Li yRsV.
4. NRPWLRiWxmsLi NSLRiRVRMxmsgRiXx ][, sLSxmsRVRM y xqsxxqsLi RM. [[R L iR Li yRsV.
5. xqsLRiNRPFyLixqsVysNSM ryLRigRiLi L[ iR s. _* LS LRiRLi R. LRiyxmslLi[ DR sW RM.
y. 1. {qsxqsLi sVVR ][s V RgRiLRiLisVVR ][s V sxqsVs oV RRWLRiV [zqssxmsVRV BLRi\s RVs gRiLi RLRiVgRiV.
BsxmssVVR [ HRs gRiLi RLRiVgRiV. %ds][ sxqsVs oV RRWLRiV [zqssLiRVNRPV INRP xmssNTP lLiLiRV NSNRPV s[R sLi.
kss xms xqsLRiVNRPV |msLjigjisN]k s[R sLi |msLixmso RWRVN][y.
222

2. xms yV xmsLkiOTPQLi[ @j NSLji @sVV[ Ds RWztsQLixmsLSs


xms RsVs C yV sVLi%s NSss RWztsQLiy,
RWztsQLiRRgjisys RWztsQLiRNRPFLiVVy xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi.
3. LSNRPV LiRszqss ys (sWNTP HRssLiRVsV) Lis
RLRiyRs[ xmsV RsV[NPT dzqsN]s LSy. RsVN][xqsLi
xmsLizmss xmssNTP sWxtsQLi ]xmsVs dzqsN]s xmsLkiOSQj NSLjiNTP xmssLiRV
xms RLiRLi. kss xms yss %sVLis yss gRiWLji zmss ;[
@sgS xmssNTP lLiLiRV sWuyV dxqsVNRPVLi[ BLRi\syVgRiV xms RLiRLi
Byj %sR LigS RWRVN][y @s @LiR Li.
4. sNTPd yV [LiVVLisysNTP, dzqsN]sysNUP, RsV[sNTP
dzqsN]s ssysNTP sLiVV xms RLiRLi. LSN][aPR Li[sNTP
[Lij sysNTP sVLRibPORPQ.
5. xqsLRiNRPLi @sgS LRiRLi. gRis[ Lis LRiyNRPV xms Ds sV s
xmsLjiaRPV Li [zqss y @Li LRiy[ sVWRs sLiRV dzqsN]ssRVsV(gRi.aS.) NSLilgi [ "xqsLRiNRPV'NRPV RVV
"RLRiNRP' @s[ FyhRiLi gRizLi ""G\ss ZaP[xts Qs xqsVs osV NRPsVg]s ys xmsLjiaRPVR Li [zqssy A ZaP[xts Q sxqsVso[
sVWRs sLiRV dzqsN]ssRVsV'' @s @LRiLi FyLRiV. LS
A ryLRisxqsVs o[ lLiLiRV sLiRVV, LRiyV ]LjiNTP[ yds dzqsN][y. LRiysV @xmsxLjiLisysNTP DR s V
ryxxqsRLiRLi.
sVW. 1. sLRiRsj ss[R s[xtsv xtsQxts Qs VLiaRPLi ss[y [ R y*RaRPsVLiaRPLi XRNRPM.
2. aRPRxqsxryRWLiR Q*Li LSgS%dsV sj M. Es[ xtsQxts QsVLiaRPLi Ry`.
3. xmspLRi*FLRiVztsQNPR Li sj Li sxmsRM aRPVM xqs*NRPLRi[s xqssVgRiLi [ R . xqs*NRPLRis[ xmsaRP][ RM.
xmsRyys[ xqsxxqssV.
4. xtsQM Fyj NRPsV @yRV DxmsNRPsVsWxqs %sxmsf xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM. NRPLSxmsLS [ s %sxmsf
sVR sVM. sVLRis[R \sgRiVNRPLRi[ RFyLRiVxtsQLi %sy`.
5. NRPVbdPyM sL<SLSsV GNRPry s}qsRVVM. NSsVyssVsWRsV GNRPxqs @yRLi R sLiR [VRVVM. RryNRPs[V
y*RaRPxms[ RM. NSsVLi [aPR g][RRLRi\sVRVyxmss[ sLRi[VRVVM.
y. 1. gRisVV, LRiyV, sR VV c %dss gRiWLji RVxmsLRisysNTP y[s ALRis sLiRV By*. @
zqssyRV LS XRVQ\[ ysNTP xmssLiRs sLiRV By*.
2. sj ORPQ xmsNRPLi[ FsNRPVs DLi[ @j LSNRPV LiRVRVLij. RNRPVs DLi[ ys[ ALRissLiRV A sj s
gRiWLji zmssysNTP (LS) By*.
3. yRVxmssX gRi (aRPVM) FLRiVRV Rs xmspLRi*sLibdPNRPVNRPV Lijs sj s, xmssWV RWzmsLi, xmspLjigS
ys[ F~LiRsRVsV. Rsj @s xmsgRilgi[ xmssWV [NPR F[ HRV sLiR xms RLiRLi. LRixxqsLigS A
sj s dzqss[xqsVNRPVLi[ sLiVV xms RLiRLi.

4. L][gij NTP FyFyRVLi NRPgRisRVsV @s[ %sxtsQR VLi @j NSLRiVNRPV VxmsNRPVLiy NTPR= [R VRLi FyLRiLiLis
\sRVsNTP, A L][gij sVLRi}qs, xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi %sjLiy. \sRLi[ F~LRiV[R L][gji sVLRi}qs sVR sV
ryxxqsRLiRLi. sVLRiryysNTP R NRPgjiLi L][gij NTP @sRVs\sNRPLi NRPgji}qs yss RLiRFyLRiVxtsQLigS
xmsLjigRiLi \sRV bPOTPQLiy.
5. s sLRiN PR gSRVNSRVV sL<iR NSLi @Liy IZNP[ ][ sszqsLiy. y gSsW[sNTP s y %sRV
xmsRLji+LiRRLi FyLRiLi}qs ssryRVLi xmssVNRPV LigRiLi yVRVLij gSs y [aPR xqsLiyLRiLi [R VNRPWRRV
@s sLi. y FssLjiRgiR LjisVLid @Rj NRPLigS NSsVysLi (xqsLi][xtsQxmspLRi*NRPLigS B[ R yjNRPLi)
dzqsN]sgRiWRRV.
Fsssds @gS F~gRiRgRiWRRV. C sRVsWs @NRP%sVLisy NTP xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi. @LiVV[ A RW
[aS[s V, RV[s V, NRPVVLi[s V, @R RVs ZNP[Liy[s V, Ds N]s @ysV,
}mssVNRPFysV xmsLjixqsxmspLRi*NRPLigS sLij xqsW %s[R Li NRPgjiLiRysNTP G sWRLi @ LiRLRiLi DLiRgRiWRRV.
223
sVW. 1. NRPVbdP\sM yLRiM ORPVNSaRP yyM. [uysV @RVM aRPW[s
RWsRM xmsssV @s[R VVM yssM bPFnyxmsLSM RM.
2. ZaP[uyLi NRPLRiLi sxtsQs[R sLi bPyLi NRP[V`.
3. a].[ GsLi ][LSs][LSs sNSLRiVNRPVbdPys,
ORPVNSs NRPVxNSLiaSys yLRi[V` [aPR {msRy`.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ NRPNRPa][R s[ RRVLSj NRPLRi[ xmsRsW%yRVM
NSLRiVNRPLRiORPQsV, AjRM @xts QxqsxmsRsVM.
y. 1. NRPVbdPso[R yLRiVV, ([aPR xqsLiyLRiLi [xqsW FyV
Fy[y ), ORPVNRPVV ysLiRTyLRiV A sRVsWV %ds NTP
NRPWy sLjir yLiVV. y @RVMaRPWLi, @sgS BRLRiVNRPV y R V
NRPgjiLi[ xmssVV [}qs, yRVslLi [ R V Fss xms RLiRLi %sj ryL][ yNTP RVV (y sLiR sV\[) @s
N]LRiy V N]Liy.
2. bPVV BRLRi\sVs xmssVV [zqssLiRVNRPV, [zqss xmssVNRPV @sVgRiVLigS s[R sLi GLSV [LiVVLiy.
3. C %sR LigS ]LigRis[ }msLRiV [s ]LigRi\s sLRiN PR VV, [xmssVV [}qsy , bPVV, ORPVNRPVV, BRLRiV\s
sLiRNRPVV [aSs {msTLiRNRPVLiy LS syLjiLiy.
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ NRPLiNRPa][R sLi @s[ ys @j NRPLRiLi[ NSLRiVLRiORPQLi
@s[ xmsRsWyRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi \QFss%sVRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R j*dW%yRVM
xqsxmsxqsxmsRsVLi xmsNRPLRisV c \s[xNRPLRiORPQsV
(sLRiN PR VsVLi xmssV LRiOTPQLiRRLi)

sVW. 1. xqsLiryR QORPQMxmsxqsLiryRWLi xmsoLSyLi xqs*NRPLRi%s aRPVyysV AysLi %sNRPRVLi y ryxms[V`.


RVsWss ys[ZOP[QR , FRyxmsyLS`.
2. xmsLjisW][WLRiLiR xms{yLjiNRP s V][xtsQM. xms{yLjiZNP[ y*RaRPxms[ RM. [s xms[R L S
RsXj LS*Qy.
3. RVRWM NRPL<iR {yLjiNRP s V][xtsQM. j*NRPL<Ri{yLjiZNP[ xtsQ[ RM. [s NRPL<][ R L S RsXj LS*Qy.
4. AR NRPxqs @LiR NRPL<iR {yLjiNRP s V][xtsQM. NRPL<iR {yLjiZNP[ xms[ RM. [s NRPL][RL S RsXj LS*Qy.
5. RVsWs%sZaP[uysV][%s[uysVsVsWsLi NRPVLS`.
y. 1. xqsLiryR QOPR VRV (%sxmssWLSR QOPR VRV Superintendent of markets) xmsxqsLixqs [ (yFyLRiLi [}qs
rysLi[ market) y ry*%sV FssL][ sbPRLigS sLiR LiVVLiRTs xmsoLS LiysV (FyR xqsLRiVNRPVsV, @sgS
yyRV\s FyR xms sxqsVs osV) (@sV RWxmsysNTP gRi.aS. yNRPV |msysNTP NSLilgi )[ @sVysNTP GLSV
[R VssV. FRLi[ G%dsV ][xtsQLi [NPR VLiy DLiRysNTP RWNSV, N]RV [}qs sxqsVsosV xmsLkiOTPQLiy.
2. xmsLjisW, ][Li @s[ N]R[ (B%s IN]NRP lLiLi[zqs sLiR xmsV) @LiR xmsLi Rgij y |y
][xtsQLi [R V. xmsLi Rgij y, |msLjigjiy xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi. kss xms xms xqsLi |msLjigjisN]k RLiRLi
Fs |msLiy[ EzLiRVN][y.
3. INRP RV[ INRP NRPL<iR Li Rgij y |y ][xtsQLi [R V. lLiLiRV NRPL<SV Rgjiy |y ALRiV xms RLiRLi.
kss xms NRPL<S xqsLi |msLjigjisN]k RLiRLi Fs |msLiy[ EzLiRsRVsV.
224
4. AR NRPLi[ @LiR NRPL<iR Li Rgij y |msLjigjiy ][xtsQLi [R V. NRPL<iR Li RLjigjiy,
|msLjigjiy sVWRV xms RLiRLi. kss xms NRPL<SV |msLjigjisN]k RLiRLi
Fs |msLRiVgRiVRVLi][ EzLiRsRVsV.
5. \|mss zmss yss xms %sVgjis A RW RVcsWysV gRiWLji
EzLiRVN][y.
sVW. 1. RVsWysVLjiNS Li NUPy*{yLi %sNUP sxqs R
Gs j*gRiV RM.
2. gRixms[xtsQ*xts Q gRiLi xmssVW[xtsQ*xmsxLRiRM xtsQ sLiR Q M.
3. NSxts Q[xsVsVRVLi LRiRLRisVXsRVLi, xqsWRsL][s VsVRVLi
y R%sVRRLi %sNRPRWysLi sRV][ sVWxts QgiR V[ RM.
4. ryLRi%sVRryLRiLi, RR%sVRRRsV, LSyRVVNRP s V, Dxmsj RVVNRPs V, xqssVVR xmsLjisXRL i y
%sNRPRWysLi sRVRM {ssVWLi RRVxtsQaRPR[ RM; xmssVWLi j*gRiVM. j*xmssVWLi
j*aRPRM [yLiR sX_ RsXj M yy. [yLiR sX_ RsXj M yy.

5. NSLRiVbPyLi NRPLRigRiVxmsNRPL<RisV, AsLi, %sNRPRVNRPWxmsxmsn WRLi y xqsLi WRV xqssVVyxmsRVyLi xqsxxqsLi


RM.
y. 1. ysV xqsLRiVNRPV N]s[xmsVRV FsNRPVs RWlgi[ RZNPRV sVVR\sys, s sVVR\s N][
ryR ysV DxmsWgjiLi A xqsLRiVNRPV @s[VxmsVRV RNRPVs RWlgi[y][s V, RNRPVs N][y][s V
@%sVsysNTP \|mss zmss y*RaRPxmsLi sVVR\s RLiyV lLiLixmso %sj Liy.
2. NRP|ms @s[V sxqsVs o sVW[ Fss%sVRs sLiRV @xmsxLjiLisysNTP ]Li\ ALRiV xmsV RLiRLi.
225
3. NRP][s V, [][s V sVV][s V RRWLRiV [zqss sxqsVs osV
gSs, y ][s V, RLRi][s V, sV][s V [zqss sxqsVs osV gSs,
yLRiLi][s V, yLRi][s V, L][s W][s V RRWLRiV[zqssys gSs,
yzqsxqsLRiVNRPV RWzms sVLiRs zms @%sVsysNTP, yNRPV |ms sysNTP
ys sVWsNTP Fss%sVj lLiV RLiRLi.
4. yzqsLRiNRPLi sxqsVs osV y sVLiRs zms, A [aSsNTP
xqsLiLij LiRs yss @NRPTRs zms, @%sVy yNRPV |ms y, \|ms \|ms
sVLRiVgRiV |mssyss (LSyRVVNRPL i), sWxqsLi][ NRPWTsyss, |ms V
sWLjisyss @%sVy yNRPV |msy, Bss RNRPVs LkiRV gRi\s[
RW\ yVgRiV xms RLiRLi. INRP xmsLi LkiRV gRi\s[ sWFss%sVj
xms RLiRLi; lLiLiRV xms sVWLi NRP\s[ lLiLiRV sLiR xms
RLiRLi. C %sR LigS LkiRVsV |msLisN]k RLiRLi NRPWy |msLiRVRW
%sj Liy.
5. NSLRiVsoV, bPVV INRP ][ INRP NRPVsVNRPLiVV NSys sxqsVs o[s yRsV Rgij Liy, @LiRLRiW NRPzqs
Li |msLiRVN]y, yFyLSsNTP (@sVNSsNTP N]sysNTP) yxmsn WRLi NRPgjiLiy sLiVV xms RLiRLi.
sVW. 1. \s[xNSyLi y xqsLi WRV xmssVsLRiVs ysVslLi [ %sNUPyLi NUPyLi y xqsxxqsLi RM.
2. RVsWysL iR sV @LiR sLSsL iR Li y. R LRiNRPxqs sWRVNRPxqs y xmssVWRxts QgRiLi xxqs][uyyRLRiRM
j*gRiV[ RM. [s j*aRP][R L S RsXj M yy.
3. ys }qsxOSQLiR sgRis \ xtsQRyLi xqssVsL]xm[ sys[ y*RaRPxms[ RM.
4. RVs xqsXxts Qs VVxmss[R VVM, R[uyLi jsxqsxqsLiRLi xqsLiRV sN`P ryxms[V`. ZNP[R X%sZNP[][M
@sRLRixmsRsWyRWRsLi s. [s ysxmssRRWLiaRP @sVyM NRPVLRiVM. @sy sRs[VuyLi
xmsR QO][Q gRiX{ RW`. [s ysxms%sNRP[V ssxlLi[R @sVgRi} xmsysV.
y. 1. sLRiN PR VV @LiRLRiW NRPVNRP xmss ys[zqsy , FsNRPVs LkiRVNRPV @%sVy, N]y sLiVV xmsV
RLiRLi.
2. RWNRPLi[s V, N]R[s V [y sy, LkiRV[s V, xqsLRiVNRPV LRiWxmsLi (NS*)[s V [y sy,
RW[yRV gSs N][yRV gSs INRP xmsLi LkiRV gRi sxqsVs o[ Fss%sVRs sLiRV BW @W @[VV,

xxqsxmsn VsLi [R [zqsy lLiLiRVsLiR xmsV RLiRLi. kss xms lLiLiRVsLiR xms %sVLi RLiRLi G
xmsLjizqs [ %sj Liy[ zmss .[
3. yyV, \V, OSQLSV (Li sVVR\s%s), DxmsV, gRiLiR RyV, KxtsQyVc%ds[ xqssWs\ sVs sLiR Li
gRi (xqssWsNTP Lijs) yzqsLRiNRPLi yyRVV NRPzms[ xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi.
4. sLRiN PR VRV L][NRPV s[ s NRP|ms Rs NTPLiR xmss[}qs @s[Vy FsLiR dzqsN]ssRV[ sLiR LiVVLi
y @j dzqsN]s[V @sVsVLiy. ZNP[R NTP %sZNP[RNUP @sgS NRPRV%sNRPRWNTP sVR LSs xqsLRiVNRPV, @sgS
%sVgjiFLiVVs xqsLRiVNRPV, AyRVLigS ( LigS) xmsLjigRiLiRRRV. (Rs NTPLiR xmss[}qsy NTP Xs Bs*RLi[
yss xmsLjigRi[sNTP dzqsN]sszqss xmss [R V @s @LiR Li).
A xqsLRiVNRPV][ sLRiN PR VV xmsR QORPVs @sVsV F~Lij yyV BRLRi xmsV ss [R VsRVsV. sVL]NRP
%sR LigS ss[zqss xqsLRiVNRPVsV xmsR QORPVRV dzqss[xqsVN]y. @ dxqsVN]s ys xms][ xmsNRPV
DxmsNSLRiLi Ljilgi[ %sR LigS xmsR QORPVRV ysxms %sNRPRVLi RW.
226
sVW. 1. @sVRNRPRWRVxmsLji \uyLi xqs*[bPd RWyLi xmsyLi
xmsNRPLi aRPRsWsLi ryxms[V`. xmsLRi[bPd RWyLi RaRPNRPsV. RRM
xmsLRisVLiR Li sLRiRVyLi NRP[V %sNRP[V y sRVyLi xmsaRP#[
xmsxms` j*aRP][.
2. xqsLi WRVNRP[V \uyLi @%sNUP[ ysLi xqsLi WRVNRPRVLi Ry`.
xms[ xmsxmsn W[ \uysV @sVgRixLi NRPVLS`.
3. xmsx`xmsR QORPQM xqsLRi*xmss[NRPsVVs %sNUPR.
[xtsQ*%sNUP[xtsv ys[ %sNUPLRis. ys jsxqss[R s[s %sNUPLRis
@sVgRi} xmsysV.
y. 1. xqs*[aPR Li[s sxqsVs o%dsVR, @sVsVLis sNRPLi[, sWNTP
HRV sLiRVV sLRiN PR VNRPV AsLi (s[Fyj @sgS Li)
@sVsVLiy. xmsLRi[aPR Li sVLi s sxqsVs o %dsVR sWNTP xmsj
sLiRVV (xmsjaSRLi) @sVsVLiy. @LiRNRPV %sVLi LkiRVV |msLisy NUP, N]s[xmsVRV gSs,
@s[VxmsVRV gSs Li xqsLiFyjLisy NUP, sWLRiV xmsNTP HRV xmsV @j NRP Li xqsLiFyj}qs
lLiLiRVsLiR xmsV RLiRLi. kss xms FsLiR LkiRV |msLisLiRVNRPV FsLiR RLiRLi |msLiy[ EzLiRVN][y.
2. sLRiN PR VV N]LiRsVLij xqsLixmnsVLigS GLRiT N]s xqsLRiVNRPV @sVVRsNRPVLiy DLiTF[ sVd y A %sR LigS
N]sysNTP @sVsVLiRNRPWRRV. @gjiRVxmsRy[R sLRiN PR V xqsLRiVNRPV sbPLiFLiVVsxmsVRV xmsRQORPVRV
y NTP xqsRVLi RW.
3. xmsV y DsxmsVRV xmsR QORPVRV @s xmssV IZNP[ rysLi sVLi @%sVLiy. @sVzmss%s
@sVVR[VsLRiNRPV xmspLRi*Li @sVsV F~Lijsy Rxms BRLRiVsLRiW A xqsLRiVNRPV @sVNRPWRRV. A xmssV
xmsNRPV DxmsNSLRiLi Ljilgi[ Lki[ sVsVxtsv L][ NRPWdNTP sRV%sVLi @%sVLiy.
sVW. [aPR NSsLij yyLi RV xmsysV c

a].[ xmsZOP[QxmsLi xmssxtsQLi aRPVLi sXj sVsNRPRVsV,


sRWsyLiaRP xqsLiRV ryxms[VRLiR sVLiR %s`.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ NRPNRPa][R s[ RRVLSj NRPLRi[ j*dW%yRVM \s[xNRPLRiORPQsV, AjRM GN][ybdPRsVM.
y. RWLRi [aSNTP RWLRiNSNUP xqsLiLij Lis xms %sxtsQR VLi[, R LRiV sLiR LiVVLiRRLi[ s[LiR VgRi
xmsR QOPR VRV xmsZOP[QFyds (|msVTds), xmssVsW, sU s, @sNRPRWds (LRiyLRiVsV gRi.aS. @ sV NSLilgi )[
BRLRi\sVs LRiVsV xmsLjigRi[sNTP dzqsN]s LkiRVV sLiR LiVVLiy.
""sLijs'' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR QysLi[ NRPLiNRPa][R sLi @s[ ys @j NRPLRiLi[
\s[xNRPLRiORPQs gRiWLjis lLiLiRs @yRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi Fss\ RVs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R RXdWyRVM
@xts QxqsxmsRsVLi xmsNRPLRisV c DxmssFyRxmsdNSLRiM
(ANRPzqsN][xmsRyNRPV xmsNTPRV)
sVW. 1. \ysu sV RWs c @gjiM, DRNRPLi, yj M. RVLjiQOPR Qs V, sVWztsQNSM, yM, xqsLSM, LRiOSQLi{qs.
[ [ sxmsRLi LRiZOP[Q` .
2. gki}tsQ zLRij aRPRVLi gSsWM NRPVLRiVM. RaRPNRPVdxqsLigRi} @j zts Qy y. ygRiLjiNRPxms_ @gjiQxms}tsQ][
yRM. saSs xms_ LSxmsLjigRi} R.
3. x[s Vxqs*zqsyR\sM xmsLRi*xqsV ygjixmspM NSLRi[V`.
4. sL<SLSRsV @sWxmsgSsWM xmspLRis[sVVR=QX s}qsRVVM NSxts Qs[VysaRP @sgRiX{ RVVM.
y. 1. @gji, DRNRPLi, yR VV, NRPLRiVso, FsVNRPV, NRPWLRiLiRVsoV, xqsLSV, LSORPQxqsVV c B%s \sLis NRPlgi[
Fss%sVj sV RWV. LS ysVLiT [aSs LRiOTPQLiy.
2. gSsWV (gSsW[s y ) gkixtsQVVRVso[ sLiV BLi RV RW [y g][xmsoRs[
xmsjNRPVVLi LRiORPQNPR VRV ""%dsVLRiV sLiV BNRPR [zqsN]sLiT'' @s AzmsLis ][ [zqsN]y. ""ygRiLjiNRP
xmsj '' @yRVLi[ @gji RV syLRiF[ yRVLi %ssLjiLiRTLij. saSLiRxmsj [s V, LSxmsLjigRixLi[s W
NRPWy %ssLjiLiRTLij.
3. xmsLRi*jy[ V (xmsp%sys%sZaP[uy) [R , x[s W[R ,
xqs*zqs yRy [R @gji xmspV [LiVVLiy.
227
4. FyRV xms[aS[s gSsW[ DLi[y sL<SNSLi[
sLRiRV s[ sRV IR VsV %sR RWLRiLigS sszqsLiy. NRP,
sRVLRiV NRPV, ysV xqsLigRizLiRVN]s DLiRVN][y.
sVW. 1. DxsWssV @WRVxms sgRiNSs[NSM yLRi[VRVVM.
@sxqsLRiyLi y*RaRPxms[ RM @sR xms s{s[ M.

2. xmsLRi*xqsV skxmspM NSLRi[V`.


3. sWRWWgRi%s][ s[R %s][ sL<RisVRlLi[R VVM.
4. sL<SsgRi} aRPdyRgRixmsLRi*RsVNRPRxmspM NSLRi[V`.
5. yj RVsV KxmssxtsQ\M xmsdNS\lLiM xmsNRPVLRiVM. KxtsQ\ M NTPR=NSM, aSsFyRVbP^ QL S* zqsR yxmsryM.
6. [s sVLRiN][ yRM. dLS}tsQR sLi, sVNRPRs LiR sLi, gRiyLi aRPaSys][xsLi, NRPs RxsLi, [s LSLi
R NSLRi[V`.
y. 1. ds xmsyxLi[ N]VN]s FRVsyss FsLiRV AsxmsNSRV [R , ][V RV[R , V
sWsV[R , }msss y [R LRiOTPQLiy. BLi ds %dsVR [[ ryR yV [s y^ [ Rxms Dsy
N]VN]sFRVsy LRiOTPQLiRysNTP s NRPF[ xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi.
2. xmsLRi*jy[ sRV xmspV [LiVVLiy.
3. sWRW WgRiLi zqssy , @RLRi*s[R s[R V xms x[s WRV[R sL<Ss Rgij Liy.
4. @ysXzts Q GLRiTsxmsVRV [s[LiRVsNTP, xmsLRi*yNTP, xqssVVysNTP xmspV [LiVVLiy.
5. yR Vs NRPgjis RWs KxtsQR xmsNRPLRiLi[ xms[[V syLRiF[ yRW[R syLjiLiy. \ sRVV
KxtsQy[R , zqsR VV yxmsxqsVV NRPWy aSLiRV [R FyRVbPy[R syLjiLixms[R W.
6. sV sWLji @s[ yj %sxtsQR VLi[ NRPWy \|ms xmsNTPRVV [LiVVLiy. gRiLigSjxms%sR dLS[ rysLi,
xqssVVRxmsp, AsosV aRPaSy[ FyV zmsRNRPRLi, RVLi zmsLiT][ [zqss jzts QsVsV NSRLi,
LSRVRVLiRV [s yxmspV [LiVVLiy. [s LS xmsp @sgS G\s INRP rysLi[ [s RsV xmspLi LS
gRiLRiLi [R VRLi. gRi.aS.
sVW. 1. xmsaRPVyj sVLRiZNP[ ryyLiR dsLSssV, xqs*Q\sRxmspsLi R NSLRi[V`.
2. RVLjiQZOP[Q LS d N][xmsgRixLi NRPXy* @sVgRixLi NRPVLS`. RVLiR }qsRVNRPLRi y NSs VgRi}. NRPxqsLi%sgRiLi
y. [aPR sZOP[QxmsLi y. %sVy y sFyaRP[VR. NRPLRi+sLi ssVsLi y NRPVLS`.
3. sxtsQsxqsxqssVs%sxtsQR VLi y xqssxms][ RWRW`. xqssVVRxqsLRixqsNSs y xqsLiaRP[VR.
yssVWxmsn yFys }qsRVxtsv NRPVLki*R. sVXgRixmsaRPVxmsOTPQysVy=QLRisWs y.
4. sVWztsQNPR # [V sWLSLRisNRPVWLRiVR=LiR M. [uyLi gRix zLiryRWLi y*RaRPxms[ RM. aRPVysVsgRi} R
@sR @LRiRlLi[ M.
y. 1. xmsaRPVsoNRPV yR VV, @LiV yR VV ssxmsVRV y syxqsryyNUP, yNTP xqsLiLij Lis
BRLRisxqsVsoNRPV dsLSsLi BzmsLiy. ARW xmsaRPVso [s RsV xmspLiy. GsVgRiV xqs*[s R
xqsVxry*%sV, gRiVNTP @bP*ds[s RV, g][s oNRPV bPsoRV, RVsFRVNRPV lgi[NRPV sLRiVVRV, gSTRNRPV
NRPLiRLRigSTRNRPV yRVVso; s[VNRPNRPV @gji (gRi.aS.).
228

2. RVLjiQORPQ xqssVRVLi[ LS %sR yV, ALRiLi xqsLRixmsn LS [LiVVLi


xmssV ARVN][y. @sLi NRPWdgS |msRVRW RVLSsNTP xqsLiLij Lis
xmssVV, }qsRVsoNRPV xqsLiLij Lis xmssVV [LiVVLiRVN][y. [y
ALRiLi xmsLi|ms.
""N]LiRNSLi y xmssV NSFyRVsVV'' @s zms sVL]NRP [aPR Li[
xmssV DLiy. [y %sVRVsV AaRPLiVVLi yyRVV
xqsLiFyjLiy. [y N]LiRsVLijs [aSLiRLRiLi xmsLizmss[R W. [y
xqsVORPQLigS Ds][NTP RLRiLiy.
3. [y xmsLiRLjids NRPWy dzqsN]s xqsxqsLi xmsLiTs sVL]NRP [aSsNTP
sFy. xqssVVR dLRiLi, xqsLRixqsV=V, LRiVsoV AaRPLiVVLiy
(sVy=QRVsV s %sLiRRLiN][xqsLi). }qsRVso RgiR LRi yyNTP,
NRPWLRiNUP, sVWNUP, xmsn NUP dV y. [y [ , xmsaRPVsoV,
xmsORPVV, NRPWLRisVXgSV, sVy=QV c %dss s[T RLiFy.
4. FsVNRP R NRPgjisxmsVRV zmsV, sVVLigjixqsds %sT|ms. ys Fss\lLiy xmsy zLizqsLiy
xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi. @R%s NRPVNRPsV Rxms BRLRi\sVs (zmsV sVVLigjixqssV RLi}ms) NRPVNRP
Lij LiRNRPF[ Lij LiRsy NTP NRPWR xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi.
sVW. 1. xqsVzOUPQLiR Fys yys %sxqsX[` . DxmssxtsQ][gRiRVVNSs y. sVWztsQNPR NRPLRiLi y xmsRVVR. aSsLi y
zqsR yxmsryM NRPVLRiVM. xmsLRi*xqsV R sVWztsQNPR xmspM NSLRi[V`.
2. [s aRP xmsOTPQ NTP%sV RVxmsdNSLSM yyM.
3. y #[V sVRsLRixqsRVVNSs xmsaRPVaRPys xmsxqsX[` . sVRsN][RsxmspLSs KRLS y.
4. V NSM aRP*gRi[ y NRPWxmsLSsFy\aRPlLi[R VVM. AsLRisM aRPxqsQFyW ysxsVM. @sxqsLRiVM
y*RaRPxms[ RM xqs Gs[ yxmsn WsM.
5. xmsLRi*xqsV R xmsLRi*RxmspM NSLRi[V`. [s sVXgRixmsOTPQxqsLigSxxmsdNSLS yyM.
229
y. 1. ""xqsVz'' @s[ sVVNRP FyV xmspzqss ysxmso gjiLiV
@NRPRNRPR R. (@%s s FsVNRPV RFyLiVV). [y
DxmssxtsQ][gRiLi[ xmssVs sxqsVs o][ NRPWTs NRPWTs ysxmso
gjiLiV R. [y FsNRP%dsVR xmssV %sj Liy. zqsR VV yxmsxqsVV
aSLi RW. xmsLRi*jy[ FsVNRP xmsp [LiVVLiy.
2. ks[R %sVRRV, xmsORPVV, xmsoLRiVgRiVV c %dss NRPlgi[ RWs
ysLis .[
3. NRPWLRisVXgSsVLi RVLi NRPgjisxmsVRV DxmssxtsQ][gRiLi[
xms[[V sVRsLRixqsLi][ NRPWTs xmsaRPVso aRPysV (ys s

NRPWLRisVXgSV ysRLi N][xqsLi) @NRPRNRPR DLiy. xmsaRPVso }msgRiV[ sVRsN][RyV (sVRsLi @s[ %sxtsQLi
NRPzmss N]V) sLizms @NRPRNRPR DLiy.
4. NRPVNRP gRiVLixmso][ NRPWTs V NRPVV ([R Vy )sWxqsgjiLi[ (\|msNTP NRPsRs) xmsLiLS[s V, g][R V[s V
ys xmsysNTP xmsRVLiy. NRPsyV R LjiLis ARVVR yLRiVV ys FsjLjiLi RLiFy. NRPWLRisVXgRiLi
Ljis xmsTsyss LRiOTPQLiRysNTP s sysNTP xmssLiRV xms RLiRLi. NRPWLRisVXgSs RLizmssysNTP xmssLiRV
xms FyL][][xtsQNPR Li By*.
5. xmsLRi* NS[ xmsLRi*yNTP xmspV [LiVVLiy. ks[R [ gRiVLixmsoV, xmsOTPQ xqssVVyRWV, sVVxqs c
%dsNTP xmsNTPRVV zmss .[
sVW. 1. xqsLRi #[V sVs^ QQM KxtsQj aRP d%sRaRPlLi[R VVM, xqsLi WRV y DxmsxqsLSs xsVM. @RLRi*s[R %s][
y @RlLi[R VVM. xmsLRi*xqsV R ygRixmspM NSLRi[V`. [s DRNRPFy RVxmsdNSLSM yyM.
2. LRiO][Q #[V LRiO][Qxmsn Ws @RLRi*%sRM sWRWWgRi%s][ y NRPLS NRPVLRiVM. xmsLRi*xqsV R
%sRLij R][ z[ msNSxxqsxmsyNSyg][xms\lLiM \RxmspM NSLRi[V`. RLRiVLi saRPLSsVM B[sLi xqsLRi* #[Vxtsv
@x[LSRLi RlLi[R VVM.
3. xqsLRi*R ][xmsxys zms[ysVgRiX{ RW`.
4. a].[ sWRWWgRi%sRxqsryj*xtsQ[V zqsR yxmsryM,
s}qsRVVM xmspy LS \yxmsRQNSLjiM.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ NRPNRPa][R s[ RRVLSj NRPLRi[ RXdW%yRVM DxmssFyRxmsdNSLRiM AjRM @bdPRsVM.
y. 1. xqsLRi RVLi NRPgjisxmsoRV %sxtsQ RVLi ]gjiLi[ %sysLi zqssy sVLiy][s V, JxtsQR V][s V
xqsLRiy syLRiN]LRiNRPV xmssLjiLiy. FLRiVLiRLRiW NRPzqs NRPsTs xqsLSssLids RLiFy. @R LRi*s[R Li
zqssy yNTP xmsNTPRV RW. xmsLRi*jy[ ygRixmspV [LiVVLiy. ks[R DRNRPLi[ DLi[
FyVs NRPlgi[ RWNTP xmsNTPRVV zmss .[
2. LSORPQxqsVs RVLi NRPgjisxmsVRV @RLRi*s[R s[R V, sWRWWgSV zqssy LSORPQxqs %syaRPNS\s
NRPLRiV RW. xmsLRi*jy[ RVW xmsT NRPLiRRLi, R RLi, ALRisxqsVsoV, s LiyV, s[VNRPVV c
%ds][ \RsXOSQNTP xmspV [LiVVLiy.
@s %sy\s RW[s V ""RLRiVLi saRPLSsVM'' (%dsVNRPV x%sxqsV= BxqsVysVV) @s @LiW LSLigRi
xqsLiRLjiLiy. (""RLRiVLi saRPLSsVM'' @s[j G\s sVLiysNTP FyLRiLi Li @LiVV DLiVLij).
2. LS GLi NRPuy[R j RV\sy \sy RLiTs ARVN][y.
3. ""@LiRVs \sLis NRPlgi[ AxmsRNRPV xmsNTPRVV [R VNRPgjis, sWRWWgSV zqss zqsR yxmssVV,
LSsVLiT g_LRisLi F~LiRVRW, LSLi[ sszqsLiy''.
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ NRPLiNRPa][R sLi @s[ RRVLSj NRPLRiLi[ DxmssFyR
xmsdNSLRiLi @s[ sVWRs @yRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi Fss\ RVs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.

230
@R RRVL]%[ yRVM
GN][ybdPRsW%yRVM c gRiWy%syLi LRiOSQ
(LRixxqsLigS LiyV sVVR\s%s dzqsN]s %sLi[y NRPV xmsNTPRV,
@Liy sVLiT xmssV LRiOTPQLiRRLi)
sVW. 1. xqssWxLRiQ Xxms_ sxmsRLRiORPQsVVNRP s V, Rxqs NRPNRPa][R sLi
sOSQQsVM.
2. xqssWxLS sxms[ zqsR yxmsxqsxmssRRNRPRLRiyLRiNRPVxNRP
xmsRs NSLSsNRP\s%sVNPR
sxLjiN PR NTPR=N][s R s VWNRPj LRiys \s[x NSLRiVbP
NRPVbdPss[aRPafNSxmspzmsNRP FyNRP*sWLizqsN_RsNRPsys xmsRy`. [
gSsWsVR QOSQLi R afyafRLi %sRVM. RVLi yR gRiWR %ssLi
aRP#[R RLi xqs @xmsxqsLRi[V`. R LRixqs Li %saS*rxmsgRiRLi
xqsdWRW` c @r s[V s VLRiRVVNRPM ; RryRVsVsLiR M xmsNTPRVysV. ARVLi yLiR M xmsgRiXxysV B.
xqs [` Ry NRPVLS` DxmsygSxNRP B xmsy}qsR. 3. [s xms[uyLRiM yyM.
y.1. ""xqssWxLRiQ Xxmsj ''[ (xqssWxLRiQ X xmsyLRiLi @s[ xmsNRPLRiLi[) ssNRP [aPR LRiORPQ
%sxtsQR VLi xmsTLij. BxmsVRV sxmsRLi[ [R Vszqss NRPLiNRPa][R ys gRiWLji xms[R VyLi.
2. xqssWxLRi [aPR Li[ zqsR yxmsxqsVV (RxmsxqsV= [xqsVN]s[y ), xqsLiyxqsVV RNRPRLRiVV ([aPR xqsLiyLRiLi
[}qsy . gRi.aS. sT}msy . NSLilgi )[ FyV FyRVRW Ljilgi[y , NRPVxNRPVV (sWRVV [}qsy),
xmsRLiRNRPVV (}qs*RgS Ljilgi[y ), [xtsvV, aRPNRPVyV }msy , sVVxLSV |ms [ y ,
\sRVV, zmsy , %sy , %sRNRPVsy, sVVxLSV |ms [ y , \sRVV, zmsy ,
gRiVT y , sLRiN PR VV, [xmssVV [}qs NSLRiVsoV, bPVV, sssLRiN PR gSRVNSRVV, s[aPR VV (syLRigRiXV
sT}msy ), sVRgRiXV sT}msy , RVs xmsyLSV @s[Vy , sLiTs sWLixqsLi @s[Vy , @sLi
@s[Vy c C s[uy[ DLi[ gRiWR yLRiVsV [aPR Li[ @NRPRNRPR DLi FLRiV sRsTNRP, @j NSLRiV
xmssLRi s xmsLkiOTPQxqsW DLiy. y sVLiRys, R Rys, xmsLkiOTPQLiy. LRixxqsLigS R sLi xqsLiFyjxqsVyRs
Fsss%dsVR aRPLiNRP NRPVgRiVRVLi][ ys %sxtsQR VLi[ gRiWRyLji y*LS gRiWR yLjiRLRi [LiVVLiy.
INRP xqs(gRiWR yLji) Rs%dsVR ssVNRPLi NRPVjLjis yRWj NSLjisR NRPV s c ""xmsn yys%dsVR @WgRiLi
sLij. @RRV y LiR Vso ysNTP @xmsNSLRiLi Gk LRigRiNRPVLiy xmsNTPRV sVso* RW. BLiR R sLi dzqsN][''
@s Fy. @RRV A %sR LigS [}qs yss LiRg]LiT @s saRPLiVVLi [aPR LisVLi s g]. 3. ks[R
xms[xts Q (sV}qs) %sxtsQR VLi NRPWy zmss .[
sVW. 1. gSsVNRPWsV @R QOPR QLi y xqsd WRW` c @r M xms WRRsM; RryRVsVsLRiM. [s GssV
ALRiRV}qs*. xqs [` RyNRPVLS` D][RNRPM B xmsy}qsR.

2. NRPXRNSRVVN][ y NRPWryOTPQM @ys @LiR Q\sxmso[s ALRi [ R . [ [` Ry NRPVLRiVM NRPWryOTPQ B


xmsy}qsLRis. sVs[R RLi xqsd WRW` c @sVVxtsQ LSLi xqsVuyLi RVzRLRiLi y NSsV[V, ry sWLi xms
NSsVRVysV; @RVLi yLiR M xmsgRiXxysV B. xqs [R y NRPVLS` xqsLisssNSLRiNRP B xmsy}qsR.
3. [s NRPXyyLRibdP yf.
4. RVLi y LRixqsxqs sNSLiR Li, ZNP[yLRiLi, %sZNP[yLRiLi, \ xtsQLRi ssLjiLi y LRixqsRLi sVs[R RLi xqsd
WRW` c ""@r s[V aRPRVM, Rrxmsxmsn WRM NTPRVysV; @RVLi yLiR M xmsgRiXxysV'' B. xqs [R y
NRPVLS` LRixqsR B xmsy}qsR. [s sVRsWgRissLki yRM.
y. 1. xqs gSsVsVVVssR NRPV gSs, G\s aSNRPV @R QORPV\syssR NRPV gSs s ""xmsn y RVxtsvs RgiR LRi
y R sLi DLij. yTxmsVRV C NRPxts QLi[ DyRV. @LiRV[R ys RgiR LRisVLi R sLi @Liy gjiN]['' @s
Fy. @RRV A %sR LigS [}qs @RRV RLjiLi R sLi lgi[yRV @s saRPLiVVLi [aRPLisVLi
zxtsQLjiLiy.
231
2. Rs%dsVR G @WgRisVW LSNRPFLiVVy ssV xmsoRW gRiWR yLji
aRPLiNSxqsRV\s @R Li ryORPQ Li }msy RgiR LjiNTP s ""y%dsVR C
@WgRiLi sLij. %dsVLRiV @Rj NRP\sVs R sLi dzqsN]s ryORPQ Li
Fy'' @s y s IzmsLiy. @LiRVNRPV y @LigkiNRPLji}qs %ds
NRPWryORPQ Li }msy @s saRPLiVVLi [aPR LisVLi s g].
3. ks[R RsVNRPV @sVNRPWLigS NRPWryORPQ Li zmsLi[y %sxtsQR VLi
NRPWR xmsTs .[
4. sVLi][FyRW[R , KxtsQR xmsWgS[R sbdPNRPLRiLi [ryR V @s
@sVsWsLisys RgiR LRiNRPV s xqsc ""yNRPV xmnsyys LRisV
[y N][R s, [y NRPVsWlLis V F~Liys[ N][Lij NRP DLij. AsVNRPV NRPWy
y %dsVR }mssV NRPlgi[V RW. C R sLi dxqsVN]['' @s Fy.
@RRV A %sR LigS [}qs BRRV sbdPNRPLRiLi [}qsyRV @s saRPLiVVLi
[aPR LisVLi zxtsQLjiLiy.
5. ks[R RRWV AszLixms[}qsy %sxtsQR VLi, @yLRi xmsWgRiLi[R RLi}msy %sxtsQR VLi NRPWy
zmss .[
6. ""BRRV LRixqsRVRV, LRirys (%suys gRiWLji) xmsoyRV, N]LiRV, @sVVyRV, \sRLi [xqsW
sVLiRV[s V, ALRiLi[s V %sxtsQLi NRPVxmsoyRV'' @s @sVsWsLi Dsys RgiR LjiNTP xqs s ""xmsn yyRV
y aRPRVso. sVso* yss RLizmss[R W, @LiRVNRPV xmsxmsn LigS C R sLi dzqsN]['' @s Fy. @RRV @
[}qs BRRV ""LRixqsRVRV'' @s sLiR LiVVLi [aPR LisVLi sRg]. ks[R sVRs WgRi ssLji
(sVRVs VLiRV][ ssxLjiLi[ys) %sxtsQR VLi NRPWR xmsTs .[
sVW. 1. RVLi y yy[xOSQLSsV @LRi ryQxqsLiRLiaRPsVVzts Q NSj NRPLRisVsVWuysV @dN`Pxts QLi
ZNP[yLRiLi sV{tsQ xqsR WsVjgRi xxqss xqsQLi NRPLSL][xmsNRPLRixqsLisLiR Li NRPWLRiWxmsNSLRiNRPLi sVs[R RLi xqsd

bPxtsQ[*s xqsLisslLi[ R @sVxms%saRP xmsxms[V`. xmsRM NRPWLRiWxmsNSLRiNRP B xmsy}qsR. [s


LSgRiryxmsxLS NRPWxqsVsLiR ssLki R yRM.
2. a].[ ALRi LRixqsV zLiryRW gRiWyyxqsQWRaRP,
%syry sxtsQQRWLiR Li y RRVL]x[tsQ%sZaP[xtsQR M.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ NRPNRPa][R s[ RRVLSj NRPLRi[ RRVL]%[ yRVM
gRiWy%syLi LRiOSQ, AjRM GNSbdPRsVM.
y. 1. Fss\y @s[NPR %sy\s [V, OSQLSV (RWzqs`=) giR VV, NRPVLixms E[ ][V, xmsNSLRiV,
sVVzts QNPR (zmsTNTP ]RVgRiV), @j NRPLRi (xqsV][ [V N]ysNTP DxmsWgjiLi[ BsVxms jsV) LiLi
(sVVRV), LiNRPLi, sVWxqsV c %dss FsNRPVsgS N]LiW [R VW sryQV sVzqs xmss gRiVLRiVVs yRVgS
NRPsT[ xqs yssR bPxtsvRVgS [Lij , RgiR LRi xqsLiLiR Li GLRiLRiRVN]s LSNRPV Fy.
@RRV ]LigRi yV RRWLRiV[ryR s[ %sxtsQR VLi zqss RLRiyR yss [aPR LisVLi zxtsQLjiLiy. ks
[R xqsVsLSRV LRiLigRiV, yR Rgij Li[ys %sxtsQR VLi, NRPWxqsVsLiR Li (sNTPd LigSLRiLi) @s[Vys %sxtsQR VLi
NRPWy zmss .[
C %sR LigS zLixqsNRPV, [N][xmsRysNTP FyT[ c R LRixqs VRV, xms[xts Q, gSsVsVVVRV, @R QORPVRV, NRPWryOTPQ,
NRPWaSsNRPVRV, xqsLisssNRPLRi, NRPXybdPVRV, @yLRibdPVRV, LRixqsRVRV, sVRsWgRi ssxLRi, NRPWLRiWxmsNRPLRi,
NRPWxqsVsLRissLji @s[ xmsRsVWRVLRiNS\s gRiWR so [aPR LisVLi zxtsQLjiLiy. [y y @xmsLSR Li
xqs*ys @sVxqsLjiLi LSyV Li y %sRVR F~Liy.
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ NRPLiNRPa][R sLi @s[ ys @j NRPLRiLi[
""gRiWy%sLRiORPQ'' @s[ RRVLSyRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi Fss\ INRPs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
@R xmssW%yRVM
@bdPRsVLi xmsNRPLRisV. zqsR s\sLSsxmsNSaRPssV
(WgRiVV yxmsxqsVV sVVR\s xms%sRxmsoLRiVxtsv s[uy[ Ds gRiWR yLRiV y*LS ][LSRV\s RVxts vsV
sgRizLiRRLi)
sVW. 1. xqsxmsWgSRWLiR Q*Li zqsR syM sWys sWs %syMxms[ #[VRVVM. xmsry*xmsysL Ss
y*LSFxsVs[Q xmsL][R NRPs, xqsLissssVs[Q FyLRiRNSs.
2. [uyLi NRPX][y=yLi sVsL i xqsLixmsn VsWyRV LSyssLi gSsVsVVj aRP @sLi gSsVLi
NRPXRNRP{qsQxmsoLRiVxtsQLi gRiy* WRVVM c ""B\|s %syxms[ RXaRPysV. NRPXRQM xmsLRigSsW gRisVsV'' B. RRM
y*LSFxsVs[Q y*LSFx ""xms%saRPysV'' B WRVVM. @sL SssVs[Q gRiysWLRiOTPQLi
sV [ s sWysNSsV[VRVVM. xmsry*xmsssVs[Q xmsry*xmsLiVVy* LRiOTPQMaRPRWM sW\sM
xqsLiyLRi[VRVVM. xqsLissssVs[ LSsyM xmslLi[uyLi sW\sM xqsLisWR[VRVVM.
y. 1. xqsRV xmsWgRiLi RLRiyR sVLiRzqsR V s[xtsQLi[ Ds gRiWR yLRiVV ][LSj RVxts vsV y NRPV
Bxts Q\sVs ORPVQR%sR[R [ #|ms. sRsV NRPgjiLi[ sVLiy [R , @LiRLSs sVLiy[R , y*LSV
LjizmsLi[ sVLiy[R ]LigRisV, sbdPNRPLRi sVLiy [R xmsLRi LSxqsNRPVsV [ #|ms.

232
2. Dy=xLi |msLjigjis @Li sWsso |msR xqsLixmsn Ws LS
sLiVN]s, INRP gSsWsNTP sRysVs zms sVVLiRVgSs[ xqsLiZNP[yV
Bs*Ts {qsQxmsoLRiVxtsvV gRi (@sgS C %sR LigS N]LiRsVLijs dzqsN]s
sryLi, %dsVLRiV s[VLi zmss %sR LigS xmssLjiL iRT @s sVVLiRVgSs[ A
gSsVLi[s {qsQxmsoLRiVxtsvNRPV zms) sVL]NRP gSsWsNTP dzqsN]s s
""sVsLi sVVLiRV @sVNRPVs gSsVLi[ xmss[bPLiRRLi NRPxts QLi; sW %sR
xmssLi BNRPRs[ RWRLiT'' @s zms y*LSV Lji[ sVLiRLi Rj%s
y*LSV LjizmsLi ""[xmsNTP xmss[bPLiRLiT'' @s Fy.
@LiRLSssVLiRLi Rj%s y*LSV LjizmsLi ""[xmsNTP xmss[bPLiRLiT''
@s Fy.
@LiRLSssVLiRLi Rj%s LRiORPQNRP VV sVNRPVsgS DLiRgSs[ y
sVR sVLi sWso sVVLiRVNRPV dzqsN]s s. sjLixms[}qs
sVLiRLi[R LRiORPQNPR VsV sjxqsVs V [zqs y aRPRVy %dsVRVgS
sWsosV sTzmsLiy. sbdPNRPLRisVLiRLi[R xmsLRiLRi s[uy[ Ds sVVLi[ sWT DLis ssRsV
A sWso][ NRPzqs AsLijLi[V RW.
sVW. 1. Dxms %syxmsyyLi xmsoLRiaRPLRiyjZaP[R VVM @yLRisV.
2. NRPXRORPQRs[xtsv y s[aPR xqsV NRPLRi NSLRi[VRVVM. @sVxms%suyy* GNRPR gSx[VRVVM
3. NRPXRORPQRsNRPRV%sNRPRWys[xtsv WgRixqsVLSsVys y gSx[VRVVM. gRiX{ys
xmspLS*xmsysxqsRWssVRVVR.
4. xmsoLRi][LiR sy y ][LSssVxms%suyM R\s NRPLRi NSLRi[VRVVM gSx[VRVVaRP.
5. gRiX{ys xqssWxLS FLRisxmsyyLi RLRi+[V` c ][LiR gRixLi %sysVk [ LS; Rrxms[aSjs[V ][LS
gRiX{yM; WRVaRP gRi{uy%sV. yLRiLiVVR[ sM xqs*sM FyFyyLRiM B.
y. 1. RsV %syxmssLi%dsVR y NRPV ssVNRPLi NRPVjLjis RLRiyR, y s gRiVLjiLiRysNTP %dsVgS DLiRysNTP,
sVLiR xmsosaRPLRiLi sVVR\s %sxtsQR WV y NTP Dxms[bPLiy.
2. sxqsVs oNRPV gRiVLRiVV |mss B [ y [R ]LigRiRsLi [LiVVLiy. [y y LiRLRiW INRP BLi[
xmss[bPLiRgSs[ y s xmsLiy.
3. gRiVLRiVVs sxqsVs osV N]sRLi, @sVRLi, yNRPV |msRLi c C xmssVV LRiVgRiVRVsxmsVRV sVLiRV[R
xqsVLRi[R sVRV[ Dsy sV xmsLiy. @ xmsVR y s y @LiRNRPV sVVLiRV [zqss xmssVsV gRiWLji,
y NRPV xqsRVxmsR y sV gRiWLji xmsbPLiy.
4. [y N]LiRLRiV gRiWR yLRiVV FyR ]LigRiRsLi s[LiR xqsV s[uy][ ]LigRi[ [Lij \|mss zmss %sR LigS
y [R ]LigRiRsLi [LiVVLi xmsLiy.

5. @ xmsVR ]LigRisV xqssWxLRi FLRiVNRPV sxmsRVNRPV RWzmsLi c""LS ]LigRisV xms [ %sR
s[LiR VNRPVLiVyRV. ARVs xmsRLiss[ C ]LigRiV xmsVyLRiV. BLiNS xmsVNRPVLisV. %dsVLRiV BLi
FyxmsNRPXyV [}qs %dsVy sV syLjiLiRLiT'' @s Fy.
sVW. 1. RVLi yR DxmsxqsL][xms[ZaP[s aRPsWxms][ykysVxmsxLSLiR Li dsRW` Rs[VuyLi xmsyjZaP[` c ""GxtsQ
LSM xmssM'' B.
2. xmsoLS][LiR g][FyyR aRP*gRisaRP ss][LS%sNSssVxms%suyM xms WRNRPWzLRiNRPVxms x[tsv
ryLiR QsgSs[Vxtsv Gys @W[VRVVM. @Wlgi[ gRiWR \QLSR[VRVVM, sVRsLRixqsRVVZNP[ s y
xmsyRs[s . @sVgRiX{R[xmsQLSs ARVRgRiRxmsLjiaSys xmsxqs*xmsRM xmsxs[xtsv WgRixqsVLSsVys y
gSx[VRVVM.
3.a].[ xmspLRi*sR gRiX{\Q*ys xqssWxLS xmsLRiWxms[V`,
xqsLRi*xmssLi LSM NSLRiRVs LSxts Qyzqsxtsv.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ NRPNRPa][R s[ RRVLSj NRPLRi[ xmssW%yRVM zqsR s\sM sWsxmsNSaRPssV, AjRM
RQbdPRsVM.
233
y. 1. NST{qs, N]LRiy sVVR\s s s sxqsVs osV
@xmsxLjiLisyss gRiWLji gRiWR yLRiV y*LS zqssxmsVRV yss
FLRisxmsRV sVVLiRV s ""B[ LSgSLji xmssLi'' @s y NTP
Fy.
2. xmsxqsVR Li LS}qss[ Ds FyR ]LigRiV, g][FyNRPVV, [R Vy ,
NRPVNRPV |msLi[y . ssLi[ ]LigRiRyV [}qsy[ s V,
@%sNRPV[s V NRPzqsFLiVV y [R sNTPd LigSLRiLi, ss sxqsV xqsLixmsR
@j NRPLigS Ds sLRiN PR V gRiVLixmsosV, g]xms sV, gSsWsV
][R VN]s[V RW.
y ][R VNRPVLiVs xqssVRVLi[ LRixxqs }qss[R y s
RLizmsLiy. [y %sxtsQLiR xqsLi NRPzmss sWLiR sVR [ s[ ALRiLi[R
RLizmsLiy. LRiV\ss ][R VN]s sxqsVs osV sWxqsVNRPVLiW s
RWLRixmsRWLi[R @zqsFLiVV sjxqsVs xmsVRV, [y AsLiRLi][
LRiVxmsoNRPVs[ sVRFy[R =y[ sVLiRV NRPzmss xqsVLRi ygjis sVRV[ DsxmsVRV y sV xmsLiy.
3. xqssWxLRi %ds LiRLjids xmsLi LSxts QLi[ s%szqsLi[y sVVLiRV ""LSNRPV RVs RLiW [R V'' @s ssVNRP
zmssV sLRiWzmsLiy.
""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ NRPLiNRPa][R sLi @s[ ys @j NRPLRiLi[
""sVLiRzqsR V s[uy[ Dsy [R RVxts vsV xmsLiRRLi'' @s[ xmsLiRsWyRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi
Fss\ lLiLiRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.

@R xtsQu%yRVM
GNSbdPRsVLi xmsNRPLRisV c aRPLRiWxmsNRPLSgRixM.
(aRPLiNTPLiRRLi [R , ]LigjiLis sxqsVs oV RgiR LRiVLiRRLi[R , ]LigRiRsLi [aSRs[ xqsWRs[R ]LigRisV
xmsRLi)
sVW. 1. zqsR xmsWgSRWLRiQ*Li aRPLRiWxmsNRPLSgRixM.
2. OTPQyRVNRPVVsVsV, @slLi[*aRPsV, %sxmsLkiR[aRPg][RysV NRPLSxms[aPR sV, xmsRs sXNPR LSsV,
sWLixqsxqsVLS ORPQ [ sgRis sWsxqsQ %s WxtsQ[xtsv xmsxqsNRP s V, @sRVNRPLSLSsV, xmsoLiaRPdRWRaf ZNP[xtsv
xmsxqsNRP s V, @d N`PxtsQxmsyzqsssV, @%sRrysgRisVssV, GNSyLiR sxtsv%sNSyLjisV, xmsRs[ ry%sV}tsQ y
[ZaP[ xsVsQ xqsLisFyRLi, xqsRMORPQR syLi gRiWRxmsNSLRiLiVVyLRiLi @sL iR QXxsRsV, @ j gRiyLiR sV,
NSyxmsLRiLi, xmsLRixmsLjigRiLi, xmsLRi{qsQRss[aPR ysVdN`Pxts QxmsuyLRiLi, NRPV=RNRPLRiaRPrQxmsNRPLRi xqsLixqsLiR Li, %sLS[
R sNRPVRyR WxqsLiyLjisV, %sLRiWxmsRysV @[aPR NS%sZNP[yLRiLi, R\sLSaRPRVLi, {sNRPLRiLi,
%sgRiWxsWs LRiWxmssV, [ s @sLi sLi y yyLRiLi xmspLRi*NRPXyxmsysLi, xqs*NRPLRiLRixmsjxts QLi,
ygRiLjiNRPsVsWRRLRi+s[ gRiWxsWssV, @xmsxqsLRiss V, @sVyQ*rxmss[bPssV, A%sgRiLi,
aRPVxtsQsxqs*LRisVVsLiR Li, aRPxqsQxxqs sVsVxtsQxqsLiFyRyzqssLi, zLixqs}qss sj sZOP[QFyxmsLRixmsLRi xmsWgRi
gRiWy%sysV @sRsVLi aRP# [R B aRPgRixM.
y. 1. sVLiRzqsR V xmsWgRiLi RLRiyR aRPLiNTPLiRRLi[R sgRixLi, ]LigjiLis sxqsVs oV DLiRRLi[R
sgRizLiRRLi, ]LigRiRsLi [xqsWLiRgS RWRRLi[R sgRizLiRRsVW xmsRVRVyLiVV.
2. yLRixqsR*LigS ss AyRVsVW, NRPVVLi AyRVsVW Rgij FLiVVsysds, LiTNTP NUP xqsLjixmsRs RLi
NRPysds, Rs [aPR ccg][y, }msLRiV, RsV [}qs xmsds %ds %sxtsQR VLi[ @xqsyV xmsZNP[yss, LRixxqsQ\sVs
sX, xmssVV [}qsyss, sWLixqsLi, sVRLi, sVLiyLSV, [ yV, xqsVgRiLiR RyV, sWV, sryQV,
@LiNSLSV %dsRVLiRV @yxqsNTP NRPyss, FsNRPVs R sLi LRiV|msRVRVsyss, Lji{qsQ][s V, RLi
A[y ][s V, sVRFyyxqsNRPV][s V FsNRPVsgS xqsLiLiR Li Dsyss, FsNRPVsgS xmsyryNTP
sRVRWLi[yss, FsNRPRVLi][ FsNRPTNTP sRVRVLi][ RVsyss, saRPWs xms[aS[s V,
@LRi[s V, gRiXx[yy[s V xqssVRVLi NSs xqssVRVLi[ xqsLiRLjixqsW DLi[yss, LRixxqs xms[aS[
gSs, ry%sVxtsQ\sVs @sgS FsNRPR ]LigRiRsLi sVVR\s%s [}qs R yjNRPLi ]LRiVNRPVRVLi][ @Li R sNRPgRiXRV
RgiR LRiNRPV sWsWNUP sRVRW ryy ][ sVLiRyV Lji}msysds, N]Rg S Rgjis NUP gSRWNUP
LRixxqsLigS NTPR= [LiVVLiRVN]s[yss, sRsVW BLi[s[ DLi[yss, BRLRiVNRPV xRVgS
FsRVLRiVs [ yss, {qsQ[Vds, BRLRiV AxqsVsV gRiWLji, xmsLRiV {qsQsV gRiWLji, RysV gRiWLji, BsV
gRiWLki, }msLiR sV gRiWLki FsNRPVsgS RVVxmsNRPy sV xmsbPLi[yss, sLiRQ\sVs xmssVV [R VysNTP
DxmsWgjiLi[ ARVVyV ryR yV RgiR LRi Dsyss, @LiR LSRVLiRV sNRPVRW sNRPVRW g][R dsR sLi
sT[yss, Rs ANSLSs NRPxmsVN]s[yss @sgS sWLRiVs[uy][ Ljilgi[yss, xqsyQQzqs NSNRPFLiVVy
xqsyQQzqss[xtsQLi[ Dsyss, xqsyQQzqs @LiVV DLiT xqsyzqs AyLSsNTP sLigS xmssLjiL i[ yss, xmspLRi*Li
_LSRVV [zqssyss, ysV sVVLiRV [zqss xmsLRiLSxmsxLRiLi sLi xmssV[R xmszqsj Lijsysds,
ygRiLjiNRPV sVsWRV RWRgSs[ ygjiN]s[yss, @NRPTsVLi RWLRiLigS sF[Vyss, (y FsRV)
EzmsLji gRixms NRPWLRiVLi[yss, NRPLigSLRiV xmsRVRVsyss, sVVLi FsLiTFLiVV xqs*LRiLi sWLjiFLiVVsyss,
ARVVyV [[ Ds sVsVxtsv LSNRPsV RWRgSs[ RVxms[yss c xmsn WRNRPVsgS[ (xR [zqss yRV)
]LigRigS[, sj sZOP[QFyV @xmsxLjiLisyssgS[, aRPRVsoV xmsLixmsgS ssyssgS[, gRiWR \sVs sX
NRPyssgS[ aRPLiNTPLiy. Bj aRPLiNSgRisNTP xqsLiLij Lis %sxtsQR VLi.

234
sVW. 1. LRiWFygRixxqsV c suyxmsxXRsV%sRsWsLi RRss
Ljixtsv ss[R [V`. R[ss[j RsWryR xmsyR[VRVVM
rysNRPLRi][xtsQ sWxmsoRVVM. @s[% xqs RsryxqslLi [ sVV[LRis.
s yss[R xqsLiryR QORPQxqs xmsoLSysWysLi %sNRPRVLi y
NRPVLRiVM.
2. R[ss[j RsWry[R LRiWFygRiX{RsWgRisVLi xmsX[ ` c
""NRPVR}qs sV'' B. xqs [` WRW` c
""yRWyRyxmss VsVVuy sV, NUPRsV, NSLjiRsWj xmsRs sV,
@RVsVxqs [aPR MNSa][xmsxqsLiFyxmsM, @RVsVryQLiR M, xmssWLi, ORPQLi,
sVWLi R'' B RrygRisVxqssW_ sVV[R.
3. yzts QNPR ZaP[` R[s xmsxqss y`, RVxqs xmspL][* kLiR aRP xmsLjig[ iR M
aRPVLS* [aPR M Rxqs Rs%sV %sy`. RRVxtsQRj*xmsyysVzms z
LRiWxmsrysWsLi s, NTPsV xmsosM GNRPWsRsNRPLRiQ XxmsxqsWyyLi
NRPVFy LRiysV B.
y. 1. LRiWFygRixLi FssgS c sxts QLi @sRLi[R gSs, @xmsxLjiLiRT gSs
NRPsRNRPVLiy FLiVVs sxqsVs osV gRiWLji, @Li sxqsVs o][ ssxLjiLi[y NTP RVxmsLS. @ zmss
sxqsVs o RsV RgRiLRiNRPV sy NRPWR LS[R s y NRPzmsxmsosLiVV[ ]LigRiRysNTP xqsRVxmsR @xmsLSR Li
[zqssy soyLRiV. @j ]LigRi sxqsVss RVNRP dzqsN]sy yss Ljigji Bs[}qs sLRixmsLSR VV @soyLRiV.
xqsLiryR QORPVsNTP xmsNRPVLiy y FyRsxqsVs osV yNRPV |msRLigSs, @sVRLigSs [R VgRiWRRV.
2. y NTP RVxmsLRis A sxqsVs o (FLiVVs sxqsVs o) ]LjiNTPsLiVV[ xqsLiryR QORPVRV A sxqsVs o][
xmsVTsyss c ""Bj dsZNPNRPTsVLi ssj?'' @s @RgS.
""yNRPV Azqs xmsLixmsNRPLi[ LiLij; xmsn yys sVLiT LiLij. s[s V N]ysV, s[s V [LiVVLiysV; BLiR
NSLi Bj yNRPV[ DLiRRLi[R \NRPV LS[R V. BxmsVRV Bj LSsysNTP Rgjis C [aPR Li, C NSLi syLiVV.
ks LkiRV BLiR; RWNRPLi BLiR; Bj ks gRiVLRiV; s[s V ks NTPs sVWLi BLiR'' @s @RRV xmsgS A
sxqsVs o ARs RgiR LRi DLiRRLi RVVNRP s[V @s ][[ yss %sTs[R VsRVsV.
3. yzts QNPR VRV (sxqsVs o FLiVVLiRs @WgRiLi [zqssyRV) NRPWR @s[ gRiVLRiVV zms[ A BR Lji[ A sxqsVs osV,
FssRV y NSLi @sV %sLi Dy][, Fsss ryOTPQ([aPR Li) ssVRgjisy][, A RsLi ARsj @s
sLiR LiVVLiy. RRVuyLiRVso[s V, sVsVxtsv[s V NRPWy LRiWFyV, gRiVLRiVV IZNP[ %sR LigS DLiLiVV.
@LixmsVRV IZNP[ LRiNRP\sVs xqsLRiVNRPV][ IZNP[ sQQNPT RRWLRiV[zqss @LRisxqsVs oV, @ LRiRVV IZNP[ %sR LigS
DLiRVsgS ks[ @xqsLisLi GsVVLij? (@LiRV[R BR LRiV sNRPVV IZNP[ %sR \sVs gRiVLRiVV xmsysNTP
@sNSaRPLi [NPR F[R V @s @LiR Li).
sVW. 1. xqs [R WQRW` c RWRNRPsV @sNUPRsV, AFyNRPLi, sZOP[QxmssV, Dxmssj Li, \sRWxmsXR LRi y
@sVVxtsQ B Rxqs @xmsryLRixms xqsLiys[s sVV[R.

2. \sssV BRxmsryL][ y WRW`. LRiWFygRiX{RM xmsLRixqs ysNSLRisWRsM {msgRixNSLRisV DxmssLi


y yRVNRPyxmsNRPs s NRPxmsgSxN][xms[xts Q XM Dxmsa][R XLS* xmsxqssWs[V`.
3. DRxmssxts QsxtsQ][xms xqs [aPR NSxm[ ss[s aRPVj M @aRPVR xqsR ysR RLi Ry`. @sy
}qsR VRLi # [R B LRiWFygRixM.
y. 1. ""C sxqsVs o xmsn y yLjij, s[s V FsLRiVso dxqsVN]ysV, @ NRPV dxqsVNRPVysV, yNRPV |msTLij;
yRysNTP Bs*TLij. y RgiR LRi DLiRTLij. [y NRPRV%sNRPRWj yFyLRiLi N][xqsLi Bs*TLij'' @s Rs A
sxqsVs o RgiR LRi DLiRVN]syRV zmssLiVV[ ARRV zmss %sR LigS ssy NSy @s @xmsxqsLRiVs
sWsV xms xmsLkiOTPQLi @j RVVNRP s[V @s ][s][ yss sjs[R VsRVsV. (@xmsxqsLRiVRV @sgS
xmsVR ys sVLi R sV gRiWLji }msyRV).
2. @xmsxqsLRiVRV ""@RRV zmssj sLi NSRV'' @s @sQ LiVV[, sxqsVs o][ xmsVR yRV, BRLRiVRV A
sxqsVs osV RsNRPV FsLiRVNRPV By][ ysV FsLiRVNRPV dxqsVNRPVy][ Rgjis gRiVLRiVV Fy, ysV zmssj
xqsRs[Vss Bsys[R , BzmsLisys[R , xmsRLi yzqssys[R , dxqsVN]sys[R , yRgSRV
yRVgS B yRW @s zmssys[R , ryORPV[R LRiVso [LiVVLiy.
235
3. sVLRi FyLRis[zqsN]s sryQ LRijNSs, sVLiR[s VLi \ NRPV
FLiVVs xmsaRPVsoV sVVR\sys, FyLjiFLiVVs yryRV @%s G
[aPR Li[, G NSLi[ LiyW Rgjis gRiVLRiVV zms aRPVj
(@WgRiLisVLi %ssVVNTP) F~Liy. @aRPVR V\[ A sxqsVs osV Ljigji
Bs[zqs ys LkiRVsV RLiRLigS Liy. @V NSNRPF[ ]LigRiRsLi
[zqss RLiys F~Liy. Bj LRiWFygRixLi (]LigRir~RV][
xmsVRRLi).
sVW. 1. NRPLSgRixxqsV c sVVztsQR s[aPR sM xmss[aRPsxtsQQsVsVy*lLi[,
y*LRixqs xqsLij y d[s y s[R sV, DR s WgSLRixqs
yyRVsdsss[R sV, AL][xsRLRi[ R NRPVRxqss[R sV,
DxmsssLi y gRiWR RssZOP[QxmsgRixF[ yRVsV Dxms[a][xms sV,
@ sL iR [ ][R LRixmsLjisVL]x[msNRPLRisV @ sL iR NRPXRLi %sy`. %sxmsLRi[V
xNRPXRsV; D RVRM D RVNRPXRsV.
2. @ sL iR NRPX[ y xmsoLRiVxtsQs WxqssLi sxqsssLi NRPWLRixqsRVLi RxqsL][xmsNRPLRixqsLixqsLiR Li, zqsQRVLi y RLjiRNRPV
sVsxmsxqsNSLi, xmsLjiyLRiNRPsLi y Rj*yyLRi sVxqs*xmsLi syNSs s V, Aj NSs s V, A%sgRiLi, aRPVxtsQs
xqs*LRisVVsLiR sV, @sszqs RsV, @xmszmsssV, Dy L][xxqsLiLRi gSRLi,
%sWssxmsn VXxts Q sFyRaRPLkiLRisxqsQLi, RNTPxqsLiLRigSRLi, %sWssxmsn VXxts Q sFyR aRPLkiLRisxqsQLi,
RNTPxqsLiLRi xxqsFyRLi, FyLixqsVxmspLiR ZNP[aPR sLi, %sWs VgRiZNP[aPR sLi y, xqssVN`P ryysVxmsLi,
\xmssVXxts QgSRLi, xqs][_RxxqsFyRLi y FyLixqsVzms[xtsv RV FyRxmsR sZOP[QxmsLi, xmss[aRPsxtsQxqssWLS*
RVsWsVRgRis sxqsQ[ R %s[xmss }qs*RLi xmsLkiZOP[QR . ][LiR Li FyLRiyLjiNRPLi y %sy`.
y. 1. [zqss xmsss xms sLRiLij LiRRLi FssgS c (BLi[ sy [zqssj, \|ms y [zqssj, BR LRiW NRPzqs
[zqssj @s ]LigRiRsLi sVWRV %syV. BLi[ s y (AsW FysW zqssy ) [zqssysNTP gRiVLRiVV

xmsoRVyRVc ]LigRiRsLi [zqss BLiN[ PT y*LRiLi sVLi NSNRPVLiy sVL]NRP %sR LigS xmss[bPLiRRLi (NSLilgi)[ ,
ssVNRP y*LRiLi sVLi xmss[bPLiRRLi (gRi.aS), y*LRiLi xqsLiR V gSs, gRiTRVV gSs xmsgRiV N]RLi, s[VR%dsVR
ds gSs, NTPNUP gSs, RWLRiV gSs %sLRigRig]RLi FsNRPysNUP jgRiysNUP g][R NRPV LRiLiyV N]RLi, g][R [s V,
W%sV[s V ys R sLi @xmsxLjiLiRRLiN]LRiNRPV, zms[s[ NSs RVs y xmsNRP Rs*RLi, [xms
Rs*RLis s[ sV sVVR\s%s, Rs*ysNTP xmsgRiN]ysNTP DxmsWgjiLi[ ryR yV ]LRiNRPRLi c BLi
sds DLi[ BLi ]LigRi ]LigRiRsLi [zqssV gRizLiy. ksNTP sLigS DLi[ \ ]LigRi ]LigRiRsLi
[zqssV, lLiLiRV %sy\s gRiVLRiVW NRPsT[ BR LRiW [zqssW gRizLiy.
2. BLiy[ ]LigRiRsLi [zqssLiVV[ RVLRi*QxqsyVsyRV, NRPWLRiV][ }qsxLi [}qsyRV, ]LigRi
ryR yV DsyRV @LiVVs RgiR LRi xmsoLRiVxtsv gSs, yLjiRQLi][ R xmsRVRWs NRPVVLiLisVLi ss
[y BRLRi xmsoLRiVuyxqsNRPVLS\s RgiR Lji {qsQs gSs xmsLkiOTPQLiy. @Liy^ s xmsLjiyLRiNRPVsV, FsNRPVs
sRFRWsyss, sR[NPR @zqsFLiVVsyss, jgRiVV][ Dsyss, FsLiTs xqs*LRiLi sWLjiFLiVVs
sVVsLiR Li NRPyss, sNRPR[syss, FsNRPVsgS sW[yss, \|msNTP FsNRPRLi[R ARWxqsxmsRVRWs
aRPLkiLRiLi NRPyss, sgjis, LSzqsN]sFLiVVs, Rgjis, dLRiVN]sFLiVVs aRPLkiLRisVW sryQV NRPyss,
NSRVV NSs FsNRPVsgS NRPjFRWsc Vs [R VV FyyV NRPyss, gS rysLi [zqs
xqsVgRiLiR RyV aRPLkiLSsNTP xmspzqsN]syss, aRPLkiLSsNTP \Li LSxqsVN]syss, @xmsV[ [R VW NS
NRPTgjiN]syss, WTR NRPzmss s[%dsVR Rs Fyy][ xqssWs\sVs @RVgRiV Asy Ds yss,
xmss[bPLis][ \NRPV ss ][ IZNP[ %sR \sVs xmsoxtsQsWV, sVRgRiLiR Li, sxqsQLiyV, %s[xmsyV,
sV NRPyss xmsLkiOTPQLiy. @LiyRV ]LigRi [y xmsLRi LSxqsNRPVR V @s gRizLiy.
a].[ xqsg][xmsrysN][ xLi xms[uy ][LiR sWLRisV,
NRPVLSygRiLjiNRPaSs R VlLi [ sLij Qxts Q}RVM.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ NRPNRPa][R s[ RRVLSj NRPLRi[ xtsQu%yRVM
aRPLRiWxmsNRPLSgRixM, AjRxqsQQbdPRsVM.
y. xms[xts Q (NRPLiNRPa][R yj NSLji) g][xmsos][s V (HRV NRPVVLisV, xmsj NRPVVLisV LRiOTPQLi[ @j NSLji][s V),
rysNRPVs][s V (RVLSs sxmsRLi[ ys gSs LRiOTPQLi[ @j NSLji][s V) NRPzqs, \|mss zmss gRiVLRiVsV xms
][LiR VsV sRNS. ygRiLjiNRPVRV \|ms gRiVLRiVsV xms RVLiR Li [xms ]LigRisV sRNTP xms.
""sLijs'' @sV N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ NRPLiNRPa][R sLi @s[ RRVLSj NRPLRiLi[
aRPLiNSLRiWxmsNRPLSgRixLi @s[ ALRis @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi Fss\ sVWRs @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi.
236
@R xtsQu%yRVM
R*QbdPRsVLi xmsNRPLRisV c AaRPVsVXRNRPxmsLkiOSQ
(ANRPzqsNRP sVLRiLi F~Lij[ xmsLkiORPQ)
sVW. 1. \ QQNPR s WaRPVsVXRNRPLi xmsLkiZOP[QR .
2. s{tsQLiR sVWRxmsoLkixtsQLi yRxmspLiR N][xts QR *NRPLi, aRPWsFyRFysV, DdsyORPQLi xqss sNRPLi
{msRssLRiV][ yQ*xqsxRLi %sy`.
3. Rs[Vs xqsLiNRPVRxxqsNPT sVVRs sxRLi %sy`.

4. aRPWsFyFy][R LRisV, @xmsgRiyORPQs V, DR*QXR ysV @sL][zRLi %sy`.


5. sxqs gRiVyORPQLi, xqss xts Qx*sV, Ay][R LRisV DRNRPxRLi %sy`.
6. xqsLi gRixqsVRgSRsV @sOTPQxmsLi %sy`.
y. 1. @xmso[ sVLRiLis yss, ys aRPLkiLSsNTP \Li xmspzqs xmsLkiOTPQLiy.
2. sVWR xmsoLkiuyV %sTsyRV, gS][ sLiTs F~, RLRiLi NRPyRV, FyyV [R VV ysyRV, NRP
[[zqssyRV, NRPLihRiLi%dsVR gRiVLRiVVsyRV, NRPLihRiLi sV%sVs[zqs RLixmsTsVgS gRizLiy.
3. @s[ ORPQV DLiW [R VW ]RW sLiNRPLRi Ljigji[ @RRV DLji FzqsN]sRLi[R RLixmsyRs
gRizLiy.
4. [R VW FyyW F~ y, NRP [R VNRPV FLiVV, R V \|msNTP ssyRV aRPWLi%dsVR FsNTPLi
RLixmsyRs VxqsVN][y.
5. gRiVR rysLi, NRP sVWzqsN]sFLiVV, yVNRP NRPLRiRVN]s, F~ D DsyRV ds[ sVVsgji sVLRiLiyRs
gRizLiy.
6. LRiNRPL i][ RTzqs %sLjigji R \s aRPLkiLRiLi NRPyRV NRP[R gSs, N]LRiy[R gSs N] RLixmsyRs
gRizLiy.
7. %sLjigji s aRPLkiLRiLi NRPyRV \|mssVLi NTPLijNTP xmsR][R VTyRs gRizLiy.
sVW. 1. aSsFyFyRRs s Li bPjsWLixqsL][s VRLSLi }mns[xmsjgiR sVVLi %sxtsQxRLi %sy`.
2. Rs[Vs xqsa][RRLiaRPLi xqsLRiNUPxRLi %sy`.
3. %sOTPQxmss xqsQgSRsV, @ys% sLjiNRPL i sVRsWgRixRLi %sy`.
4. @][%sRs[Vs NSLRi[s xRLi xy* y R RWRVRs sNRPXRN PR Li %sy`.
5. %sxtsQxRxqs [ sZaP[xtsQLi sWM xmsLkiZOP[QR . xXRRWRVR QXR @g_ xmsOTPQxmsLi RVjs R sVLRi*LiR Li
%sxtsQR VVNRPL i %sy`. RgiR xqs xXRRVsVRgiR Li RXuy* y.
6. Rxqs xmsLjiyLRiNRPsLi ygiR Q FyRVuy Li sWlLi[ R RVM[xms xRsVsxmsxqsNRPL i y {qsQsLi,
yRVssX{qsQysVyLiR Li y s VsV, R[s x][R R xqs xmsLkiZOP[QR .
y. 1. [R VV, FyyV, RLiyV, g][ dsLRiLigRiVgS DLiT, sWLixqsLi, L][s WV, RLRi bPjLigS DLiT
sVVLi sVLRiVgRiV[R xmspRVT DsQ LiVV[ %sxtsQLi[R RLixmsyRs gRizLiy.
2. @s[ ORPQVLiT LRiNRPL i][ NRPWTs NSV Dsyss xqsLRiLi[R gSs, xmsoLRiVgRiV[R gSs RLixmsTsyssgS
VxqsVN][y.

3. sryQV @sRVyV @W BW xmsT DLiT yLiRVV %slLi[R yV FsNRPVsgS ssyRV sVRV NRPgjiLi[
LRiryRVsLi B RLixmsTyRs gRizLiy.
4. \|mss zmss NSLRi[ G][ INRP NSLRiLi[R sVLRiLiyRds [y FssL][ RLizmss[zqs RLiRs RVLis
DLjidzqs NRPLihRiLi [ j LiyLRids VxqsVN][y.
5. %sxtsQLi [R RLixmsTsyRV sgS %sVgjis @ys xmsORPVNRPV s[zqs xmsLkiOTPQLiy. gRiVLisVLi s sVVNRPdzqs
sxmsV[ xmsRs[zqsssxmsVRV @j RxmsVRV [zqsy, BLiRR sxqsV= LRiLigRiV gRij @LiVVy @j %sxtsQLi][
NRPWTsRs VxqsVN][y. [y aRPLkiLRiLi NSsxmsVRV gRiVLi NSNRPF[ NRPWy %sxtsQLis sVLRiLisV
gRizLiy.
6. sVLRiLisyRV @LiRNRPV sVVLiRV G xmsLjiyLRiNRPV yNSLRiVxtsQLi[R , RLiRFyLRiVxtsQLi[R {msTLi DLi][
y s xmsLkiOTPQLiy. FsNRPVs RVMLi][ {msTLixmsTs [y xmsLRixmso LRiVuyxqsNRPVLS^ s {qsQsV xmsLkiOTPQLiy. BRRV
RsF[ yNRPV yRVLi (Azqs) sxqsVLij, [y ssX (syyLRiLi) xqsVLij, [y ys {qsQV ryLRiV @s
FsRVLRiVRW[ LiR VsosV xmsLkiOTPQLiy. RLizms RLRiyR DLjikzqssys %sxtsQR VLi[ NRPWR B [ xmsLkiOTPQLiy.
sVW. 1. xqs*RVsVVRR xqs y %sxmsNSLRisV @RVVNRPL i sWlLi [ R .
2. xqslLi[*uyLi z {qsQyRWR][xtsQM, NRPLRixqsLS, xmsxmsORPQ[*xtsQM, xmsxqsLiry, xqssVyW y %syRxmsyysV
@sRsVLi y L][xtsQryssV. L][xtsQs%sV][ xmsn WRM.
3. xqs*RVsWjxts QxmsoLRiV \|tsQLS* ][\lLiLRiLRis%sVRL i ryRXaSRsQ\sLjiLS* xRxqs xmsn WRsWxqss[ M xmsLkiZOP[QR .
[VyxRM xqsxzqs RM xmszqs ][ xR W%sVsWds][ y, R sVsVRVVR. [V yxqs xR WsWyxqssRLSM
ys[\ZNPNRPaRPM xmsX[ ` c ""ZNP[yRV%sVdsRM, x][ y; NRPM xqsaRPxqsQM xqsLigRiWxsWsM Dj*g][ y RVVuyLRiQxts Q
B, [ RVy WRVVxqsysVRVVR.
y. 1. xqs*RVLigS DLjiFzqsN]s RsFLiVVsyRV @ [R VysNTP NSLRi\sVs ds\sVs {msRsLi G%sV[
xmsLkiOTPQLiy.
2. ryyLRiLigS @LiRLjiNUP NRPWy {qsQ s%sVRQ \sVs ][xtsQs VW, AxqsVNRPV xqsLiLij Lis RgSyV, [}qs sXRV
%sxtsQR VLi[ F, aRPRVso%dsVR [*xtsQLi, [y xmsryy[ (sWlLi[ NRPsRLi) (NRPzqs yFyLRiLi |msRLi) c
B%s %syyV LSsysNTP NSLRisoRVLiLiVV. N][xmsLi NRPgRiysNTP }RVsoVgS DLiLiVV. A L][xtsQLis
RLixmsRLi LRiVgRiVRVLij.
237
3. xqs*RVLigS RLizmsy, sVL]NRPLjis xmsoLjig] RLizmsLiy, ]LigRiV R sLiN][xqsLi RLizmsy, BRLRiV aRPRVsoV
FNRPsV F~LRiVs RLixmsRsyss NSNRP sVL]NRPss RLizmsy, A xRsV gRiWLji RgiR LRi DsyLjisVLiT
xmsLkiOTPQLiy.
RLixmsTsyRV Fsss[R zmssyRV, Fsss][ NRPWy DyRV, Fsss][ NRPzqs sRV, Fsss[R
RLizmssryysNTP dzqsN]s LSyRV @s[ %sxtsQR VLi A RgiR LRiy s xmsbPLiy.

yss RLizmss rysLi[ Fss A RLixmsTsys RgiR LRi DyL][ y s IN]NRPss s[LiR V s[LiR VgS zms c
""BRss BNRPTNTP FssRV dzqsN]ssyRV, FssRV RLiFyRV, FssRV ARVVR Li [[ xmsVN]s ygRiVRW,
NRPLigSLRiVxmsRVRW %dsVNRPV NRPsyRV?'' @s @RgS. y zmssys xmsNSLRiLi ry RW.
a].[ @yRxqs aRPLkiLRixqs sVVxmsg[ iR Li xmsLjiRR sV,
sxqsQLi s[xtsQLi %s WuyLi y RXuy RR*QsLjiM.
@sVRVVR xqsLiWgRiLi syxqsLi yxqsNSLRisV,
NRPLRi R ssLRiLi R R][ sWLiR sWRlLi[` .
y. 1. yRVRV [s sVXRaRPLkiLRiLi%dsVR Ds sWV sVVR\s Dxmsg[ Ss, g]RVgRiV xmsVV sVVR\ s
xmsLjiRys, sryQs, s[uys, @LiNSLSsV RW A sxqsVs o][ ssxLjiLi[y sV (@LisxqsVs oV
@s[Vy sV) sVLRiLisys][ y NRPVs xqsLiLiys, @Rs syrys, @NRPR sszqsLiRysNTP NSLRids,
@RRV [}qs xmsss, B xmsoRVN][s RLi sVVR\s ssLSds gRiWLji xmsbPLiy. RLRiyR @s[*xtsQLi
FyLRiLiLiy.
a].[ LRiaRPxqsQ%s\|tsQLS*zms NSsVN][R sZaP[s RVM,
xmsn WR[V` xqs*RVsWysLi {qsQ y Fy}mss sWzy.
LRiy LSsWlLi [ yLi R[yxmsNRPL<iR [V`,
s aRPaSs%sj }qsuyLi s xqssVs NTPRWxqsy.
y. G sQQNPT ({qsQ gSs xmsoLRiVxtsvRV NSs) NSsWsNUP, N][ysNUP saRPLi @LiVVFsRLi[R , sVFyxmsLi G][
[R VRLi[R , DLjiyRV, ARVVR Li, %sxtsQLi DxmsWgjiLi ARxR [xqsVNRPVLi][ ([xqsVNRPVLiVLi][) A sQQNPT s
yRV NRP LSsWLiR Li %dsVRVgS CTLiy. @Liy NTP aRPaSsLi[ RxsLi [R VNRPWRRV. LiR Vso sLRiW
}msRNSLSV [R VNRPWRRV.
a].[ s V}qsuyLi RV RVM NRPVLS` }msRNSLRiNTPRW%sj sV,
RR Li xqs RlLi[R aS` xqs*yy* xmssVVR[.
y. y NTP }msRNSLSV [}qs LiR Vso NRPWy @[ gRis F~Liy. [y yss BRLRi LiR VsoV
ssRW.
a].[ xqsLisR=lLi[ xmsR xms[s xqssWRLRis,
RWyyxmsy_y` \aS[%zms xqssWRLRis.
B N_dRWLiR aS}qsQ NRPNRPa][R s[ RRVLSj NRPLRi[ xqsxmssWeyRVM AaRPVsVXRNRPxmsLkiOSQ, AjRaRPRVLRibdPRsVM.
y. xmsRVs][ RWsLi (RVLi [LiVVLiRRLi) @yxmssLi, %syxxqsLi LiR Li sVVR\s xqsLiLiyV
|msVN]syRV, INRP xqsLisR=LRiLiFyV xqsLiLiR Li |msVN]syRV xmsRV_yRV. @Liy ][ (xmsRVs][
xqsLiLiR Li |msVN]s xmsRV\sys][) xqsLiLiR Li |msVN]syRV NRPWR xmsRV_yRV.

""sLijs'' @s[ N_dRWLiR aSryQLiR ysLi[ NRPLiNRPa][R sLi @s[ ys @j NRPLRiLi[


AaRPVsVXRNRPxmsLkiORPQ @s[ GRs @yRVLi, FyLRiLi LisVLi Fss\ ys @yRVLi xqssWxmsLi..
238
@R @xts QsWeyRVM
RQbdPRsVLi xmsNRPLRisV c yNRPNRPLSsVWgRiM
(xmsbPLiRRLiy*LS, {msTLiRRLiy*LS xmsLkiOTPQLiRRLi c Investigation through interrogation and
torture)
sVW. 1. sVVztsQR xqsLis_ ysW sL SLi R ryOTPQsV aRPxqsxqs
[aPR g][RysVNRPLRiryLRixqsRVsyryssVRVVR. yLiaSxms[\ZaPM xmsxqssWs[V`. RRM
xmspLRi*ryx M xmsyLRiLi LSf syxqsLi R AgRixj @sVRVVR; RryxmsryLRixmsxqsLiys[ aRPVR M
ry`. @sy NRPLRiFyxmsM.
2. LSyRWLiR Q*sV @gSxM aRPRNRPM, xmsXyyRs][xmsNRPLRi RLRi+y`.
3. @][LiR Li ][LiR BRyxLRiRM ][LiR xqssW RM, ][LiR Li xmsyR RVRaRP.
y. 1. Fsss r~RV xLjiLiRTs][ ys RgiR LRi (FsRV) NRPLiNRPa][R yj NSLji sLijRVs [aPR Li, ,
g][RLi (NRPVVLiLi) }msLRiV, sX, Li, xqsRVVV, syxqsLi c C %sxtsQR WsV gRiWLji \ryORPVsV,
ALiRLRi ryORPVsW xmsbPLiy. y zmss [aSRVsV DxmsxmsRV[R (gRi.aS.) BRLRiVV zmss y][
(NSLilgi )[ xqsLji RWRVN][y. RLRiyR A xmsVTsyRV ssVNRP L][s FsNRPR LjigS][, xmsV[s LRiNRPV
LS FsNRPR Dy][ @Tgji VxqsVN][y. @RRV @xmsLSR Li sVLi %ssVVNRPVR sysNTP Rgjis xmssWV
DLi[ @RRV aRPVR VRs saRPLiVVLiy.
2. @xmsLSj gS aRPLiNTPLiRTsyss sVWRV L][ RLRiyR sgRizLiRNRPWRRV. FsLiRVsssgS
xmsbPLiRysNTP %dsVLiRRV. @LiVV[ ]LigRiRsLi [zqss ryR yV ysRgiR LRi DLi[ sWRLi
sgRizLiRsRVsV.
3. ]LigRi NSsyss ]LigRi @sysNTP ]LigRiNTP[ bPORPQ %sj Liy. ]LigRisV ysysNTP NRPWR @[ bPORPQ.
sVW. 1. ][lLi[aRPr \sLRi[*uysVxmsjxts QNPR M aRPVR M ry`. aRPVR Li xmsLjiyxqsRVRM xmspLRi*M ryxxqsRM.
2. aRPsxtsQssV, DxmsNRPLRisVsQxqsRVLRiWxms\sRWxmsXRNRPLSs suyR[V`.
NRPLRiaRP xmss[aSyyLiaRP%s\lgiM xmsxqssWs[V`.
3. G[uyLi NSLRiysV @sxqsLiys[ %sxmsxmss s V @][LiR Li %sy`. RXaRP[ x][L][ezms ][LRisWlLi [
RVRXRR W xqssFy[ ][LiR s[xtsQaPR xqsQrysWs[s gRiXxsWM, ][LiR rxmsy}qss y, RVy
z sWsM NRPLRiZNP a[ RP RWR][LiR M ""][L][ezqs'' B VyM.

4. Rry` xqssWxmsNPR LRiLi sRVsV[V`.


5. sVyxmsLSR Li, Li, sXR Li, yj RsV, DsRL i, ORPV FyryR *NSss V, @ybPRsV, AsVNSbPRLi,
RVLRiLi y s NRPLRi NSLRi[V`.
y. 1. INRP ]LigRi[R ]LigRi @s sLijRV\syRV, ZNP[s Li \sLRi[*uy[R s[ @
sLijLiRRVRVyRV @s zqss RLRiyR yss %sTs[R W. sLRixmsLSj s sLRiLiR Li[ DLis
xms[xts QNPR V xmspLRi*ryxxqsRLiRLi %sj Liy.
2. aRPLiNTPLi Lij Li ys sVLi ARRV DxmsWgjiLis ryR yV, ys xqsyLRiVV, xqsRVNRPVV,
xLjiLis RsLi, ys RLRixmsos xmss [zqssy %dssV gRiWLjis xqssWyLRiLi LS. [xms FssLRiV
xmss[bPLiyLRiV, FsLiR RsLi xLjiLiyLRiV, FsLiLiR yV xmsLiRVN]yLRiV @s[ %sxtsQR W xqsLji F
RWRVN]s ]LigRiRys gRiWLji sLiR LiVVLiy.
3. C NSLRids (][LRiy*s R VsxmsLji[ @LiaSds) xqsLjigS NRPVRLRiNRPF[ xmsVR yRV @xqsLiR LigS
sWRVRVy NRPWR @RRV ][LiR VRV NSRs sLiR LiVVLiy. FsLiRV[R ssgS RWRXNPR LigS ][LiR VRV
ss yLji[ sRVRVLi[ ][LiR VRV NSsyss NRPWR ][LiR Vs s[xtsQLi s[xtsQLi sLi s[xtsQLi, ARVVyV,
RsLi DLiRRLi[R gSs [y ]LigjiLiRTs RsLi ys xmsNRPs DLiRRLi[R gSs xmsVN]sRLi
NRPsRVRVLij NRPy?
DyxLRiNTP LS VV {msTrylLi[sW @s[ RVLi[R sWLiRsoRs[ sVxL<ij ysV ]LigRi NSNRPFLiVVy
""s[s V ]LigRisV'' @s xmsNTPyRV. (@xmsVRV @RsNTP ][LiR VNTP %sj Li[ aRPWLi%dsVR gRiVRRLi @s[ bPORPQ
%sj LisV sVLRiRNRPR.)
4. @LiRVs @s %sy xmsLkiORPQV xmspLji @LiVVsyss[ Lij Lixms[R W.
5. y s @xmsLSR Li [zqssyss, Vs, sXR Vs, L][giR gRixqsV , sVRFyssVRV , zmsyss,
ANRPRzmsNRP][, RWLRixmsRWLi[R @zqssyss, FsNRPVsgS s Dsyss, sj LiR LiNSs yss,
RVLRiV aRPLkiLRiNRPRLiRLi B {msTLiRgRiWRRV.
239
sVW. 1. RVbdPxmsoLiaRPdFyyjNRPNRPysNSaRP[ syRXLRixms xqsLRi[V`. GssV @xqsLiRy`. RVy y
sZOP[QFyxmsxlLi[ yRsV.
2. AR ][xtsQLi NRPLRi NSLRi[V`, s[*s zqsQRVLi gRiLjiLi xqsWNSLi y sWrysLRixmsysV, zqsQRWxqsQ*LiR NRPLRi;
yNSsVWg][ y.
3. xxqs xqsxmsLjigRixM aRPVRsRxqsxmszqs*saRP. RryNRPs[V DR sW RM NRPLRiVM NSLRiLiVVRVaRP NRPLRi
yFyRs[s R.
4. ysLjiNRPLi NRPLRiRRVxtsQLi c xtsQ` RM, xqsxms NRPaSM, y*soxmsLjis_, DRNRPyNS R.

y. 1. xqssWs\sVs xqs*sLi NRPy s, Lji{qsQsV FyyjNRPVsV (sWV gS sW[y sV), NRPRV


}msy sV, syxqsLi B[y sV, [ sLi |ms [ y sV, gRiWR yLRiVsVgS xmsWgjiLi ]LigRisV xms.
C %sR LigS ]LigRisV sWxqsgjiLiy. [y sZOP[QFyxmsLRiLi[ zmss %syyV @sLiLi ]LigRisV xms.
2. @xmsLSj gS saRPLiVVLiRysNTP %dsVs ]LigRi[R (sLi LSysNTP) NRPhjis\sVs xmssVV [LiVVLiy.
gRiLji{qsQ[R , xmsoLRiVRV s sxmspLji NSs {qsQ[R [LiVVLiRNRPWRRV. {qsQ[R xmsoLRiVxtsvRV [}qs xmss[ xqsgRiLi
xmss [LiVVLiy. [y {qsQ[R xmss[LiVVLiRNRPVLiy ZNP[s Li xmsbPLi sLi LS.
3. %sysLiRV\s xVs %sxtsQR VLi[s V RxmsMaS\Vs xVs %sxtsQR VLi[s V @xmsLSR Li [aSy
[y @s xqsLi[xLi ssxmsVRV ZNP[s Li gRiWR yLRiV xmsWgRiLi sWRs[V RW. aRPLkiLRi {msyRV (Torture)
[R sLi LSysNTP xmsRVLiRNRPWRRV. C sRVsW @NRP%sV}qs @NRP%sVLisysNTP,
@NRP%sVLixms[zqssysNUP NRPWR DR s Vryxxqs RLiRLi, aRPLkiLRi{msyNRPLRi \sVs NRPLRi[R ARss RLizmsy B[ RLiRLi.
4. sWsVWVgS @yV[ Ds {msRs%syyV (methods of torture) yVgRiVyLiVV. NRP][ ALRiV V
N]RLi, GRV N]LRiy V N]RLi, lLiLiRV [R VW ssNRPNTP NRP ys sVd sVRNTP NRPRLi, sVVNRPV[
g]Li][ DxmsV NRPzmss ds FRVRLi.
sVW. 1. xmsLRiLi FyxmsNRPLRiLi sss[Ryy*RaRPNRPsV, y*spLRiVs[u,
%sLiaRPLRiQQNPR s WyM, y*LiaRP` RM, _* sXbPNRP_, DsVs[ R [*, xqsWdxxqsxqs, RVygRiW{msRxqs
GNRPxmsLRi*RxssVVM, }qsx{msRxqs xmsyxmsss[VNRPsVxM, bPbPLSf gRiaRPRW, [R uyRaRPNRPLi NRPLRi.
2. RrxmsNRPLRiLi xmssWLi, xmsxLRiLi, xmsyLRisV, @syLRiLi R LRixmsygRisV[V`.
3. jsrysL iR s[V\ZNPNRPLi NRPLRi NSLRi[V`.
4. xmspLRi*NRPXyxmsysLi, xmsRWxmsxLRis s V, GNRP[aPR RXxts QRssV, NRPLRi LRiW}ms y gRiX{RsV,
LSN][aPR sVsxqsQXsL i, NRPLRisR Li y LSsRy` xqssVxqsLi sxqss V xqsLi s NRPLRi NSLRi[V`.
y. 1. FyxmsNRPLRiV [zqssy \ZNP[ N]R }msxmsRL i][ xmssLiRV V, lLiLiRV y [R NS gjiLi A
NS ][ bPLRixqsV=sV NRPWy NRPzms gjiLiRRLi @s[ lLiLiRV LRiNS ELRiVs[xts QyV, sNRP sW dgRi][ BLRi\s V,
sVV\|ms#lLiLiRV LixmsV, lLiLiRV [R VV, lLiLiRV FyyV NRPzms ssNTP %sLji NRPRLi @s[ lLiLiRV
sXbPNRPLiyV, lLiLiRV [R VV NRP sVsztsQs \|msNTP s[ RkRVRLi, lLiLiRV FyyW NRP \|msNTP s[ RkRVRLi
@s[ lLiLiRV @LiyV, [ g][ sVVR[ xqsWj][ gRiVRRLi, FsNRPVsgS gRiLi ygjiLiRRLi, s[ INRP NRPVxmso
NSRLi, gS RsVVLRiV ygjiLi sxmsV RgiR LRi gSs INRP L][ FsLiR[ gSs NRPWL][|msRLi, bPbPLRiLSRVLiRV
Li @s[ gRiT N]s%dsVR xmsRVN][ |msRLi @s[%s \|mss zmss yVgRiV NRPxmsgS, xms s%sVj %sy\s NRPLRiV
({msRs%syyV).
2. C {msRyNTP DxmsWgjiLi[ y sVVR\s ryR ysV, y xmssWsV (N]RsV), RL i sVVR\ s
N] [ ryR ysV, sVsztsQs s [ %syys, aRPLkiLSsNTP @sVgRiV\sVs RLiRLi sLiR LiVVLiRys LRixmsLi @s[
gRiLiRLi sVLi gRizLiy.
3. IN]NRP NRPLRi L][ %sT L][ [LiVVLiy.

4. xmspLRi*Li _LRiLi [zqs Dsyss, [aSss @LigkiNRPLjiLi RLRiyR [R V[R s LiZNP[yss(NSLilgi)[ , ]LigRiRsLi
[rys s zms [}qsyss, N]LiR ]LigRi r~RV RgiR LRi Dsyss, _LRiLi [xqsVs xmsVRV gSs, sxqsVs o][ NSs
xmsVR yss, LSN][aSs (LS r~sVVsV) NRPzmsxmsoRVRVs @j NSLjis, LS xmsNSLRiLi {msTLi
RLixmsRgjisyss, %ds LiRLjids INRP ][ NRPzms gSs, s[LiR Vs[LRiVgS gSs, sWsWNUP NSs {msTLiy.
sVW. 1. xqsLS*xms x[tsv @{msRdsW x: RryaRPry[[ ry` ssLRixmsRyRV }qs[V ry*,
sVsVxtsQs [ NRPs : gRiVLRiVR[ gRi` xqsVLSFys[ sVRR *:
2 a].[ xLi FyxmsNRPLSsVVR VuyNRPXRssV.
NRPVLSsLji*xtsQR VLi LS yxqs[VyNRPlLi[xtsv y.