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in Chemistry (1995), UN Environment Programme Sasakawa Environment Prize (1999). Roman Catholic, member of the Pontifical Academy of Science
José Mario Molina-Pasquel Henríquez (born March 19, 1943 in Mexico City) is a Mexican chemist and one of the most prominent precursors to the discovering of the Antarctic ozone hole. He was a corecipient (along Paul J. Crutzen and F. Sherwood Rowland) of the 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his role in elucidating the threat to the Earth's ozone layer of chlorofluorocarbon gases (or CFCs), becoming the only Mexican citizen to ever receive a Nobel Prize for science.
Mario Molina at the Senate of Mexico.
Born Nationality Fields Institutions
March 19, 1943 (age 66) Mexico City, Mexico Mexico, U.S. Chemistry UC San Diego, UC Irvine, JPL at Caltech, and MIT National Autonomous University of Mexico, Albert
Molina is the son of Roberto Molina Pasquel, a lawyer and diplomat who went on to serve as Mexican Ambassador to Ethiopia, Australia and the Philippines, and Leonor Henríquez de Molina. After completing his basic studies in Mexico City and Switzerland he earned a bachelor's degree in Chemical Engineering at the National Autonomous University of Mexico in 1965, a postgraduate degree from the Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg, West Germany, in 1967 and a doctoral degree in Chemistry from University of California, Berkeley in 1972. In 1974, as a postdoctoral researcher at UC Irvine, he and Rowland co-authored a paper in the journal Nature highlighting the threat of CFCs to the ozone layer in the stratosphere. At the time, CFCs were widely used as chemical propellants and refrigerants. Initial indifference from the
Alma mater Ludwigs University of Freiburg, University of California, Berkeley Doctoral advisor Known for Notable awards George C. Pimentel  Researched the threat of CFCs to the ozone layer in the stratosphere. Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement (1983), NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal (1989), Nobel Prize
Guadalupe Álvarez. . Between 1974 and 2004 he variously held research and teaching posts at UC Irvine. and it is for this work that Molina later shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Molina had been assigned by then-U. in which they called for a complete ban on further releases of CFCs into the atmosphere. where he held a joint appointment in the Department of Earth Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences and the Department of Chemistry. MacArthur Foundation and the Mario Molina Center. San Diego and the Center for Atmospheric Sciences at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography.  Molina divorced Luisa Tan Molina and married his second wife.academic community prompted the pair to hold a press conference at a meeting of the American Chemical Society in Atlantic City in September 1974. the National Academy of Sciences. in February 2006. On July 1. the Institute of Medicine and The National College of Mexico. however. This led to moves towards the worldwide elimination of CFCs from aerosol cans and refrigerators. Molina is a member of the Pontifical Academy of Science. His only son works as a physician in Boston. He has also received more than 18 honorary degrees and Asteroid 9680 Molina is named in his honor. He serves on the boards of several environmental organizations and also sits on a number of scientific committees including the U. the Committee on Global Security and Sustainability of the John D. President's Committee of Advisors in Science and Technology. Skepticism from scientists and commercial manufacturers persisted. the Jet Propulsion Laboratory at Caltech and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).S. 2004 Molina joined the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry at University of California. the Institutional Policy Committee.S. and Catherine T. and a consensus on the need for action only began to emerge in 1976 with the publication of a review of the science by the National Academy of Sciences. Presidentelect Barack Obama to form part of the transition team on environmental issues.