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WHAT IS ENERGY?
Energy is the ability to do work. It's what you get when you burn fuel (= stored energy) to move something like a car or kick a ball (= do work). That fuel can be stuff like coal or gas or the hydrogen which powers the sun. What you get is heat and light energy. You can feel the heat from a fire or from the sun on your skin. Ansunlight makes our daytime.
ENERGY AMEER 2) WHY ENERGY IS A VERY IMPORTANT TO US? ENERGY IS IMPORTANT TO US TO CARRY OUT OUR LIVING PROSESSES 2| Page .
Sunshine is radiant energy. Compressed springs and stretched rubber bands are examples of stored mechanical energy. the more energy is stored. is the vibration and movement of the atoms and molecules within substances. the energy in sound is far less than other forms of energy. The faster they move. Geothermal energy is the thermal energy in the Earth. Sound is produced when a force causes an object or substance to vibrate — the energy is transferred through the substance in a wave. Wind is an example of motion energy. There are many forms of energy. Gravitational Energy is energy stored in an object's height. Hydropower is another example of gravitational energy. 3| Page . objects. and motion. As an object is heated up. Electrical Energy is what is stored in a battery. molecules. Biomass. when the car comes to a total stop and releases all its motion energy at once in an uncontrolled instant. but they can all be put into two categories: potential and kinetic. When you ride a bicycle down a steep hill and pick up speed. Very large amounts of energy can be released when the nuclei are combined or split apart. There are several forms of potential energy. Thermal Energy. Electrical energy is delivered by tiny charged particles called electrons. which provides the fuel and warmth that make life on Earth possible. A dramatic example of motion is a car crash. Lightning is an example of electrical energy in nature. The sun combines the nuclei of hydrogen atoms in a process called fusion. natural gas. Radiant energy includes visible light. Nuclear power plants split the nuclei of uranium atoms in a process called fission.ENERGY AMEER 3) THE SOURCES OF ENERGY Energy is found in different forms including light. petroleum. where the dam "piles" up water from a river into a reservoir. It takes energy to get an object moving and energy is released when an object slows down. Mechanical Energy is energy stored in objects by tension. so powerful that it is not confined to a wire. the gravitational energy is being converted to motion energy. gamma rays and radio waves. Kinetic Energy Kinetic energy is motion — of waves. typically moving through a wire. Light is one type of radiant energy. Sound is the movement of energy through substances in longitudinal (compression/rarefaction) waves. or heat. the more gravitational energy is stored. and can be used to power a cell phone or start a car. Motion Energy is energy stored in the movement of objects. Chemical Energy is energy stored in the bonds of atoms and molecules. chemical. and coal are examples of stored chemical energy. Chemical energy is converted to thermal energy when we burn wood in a fireplace or burn gasoline in a car's engine. Potential Energy Potential energy is stored energy and the energy of position — gravitational energy. Nuclear Energy is energy stored in the nucleus of an atom — the energy that holds the nucleus together. Radiant Energy is electromagnetic energy that travels in transverse waves. x-rays. The higher and heavier the object. heat. Typically. and objects. substances. its atoms and molecules move and collide faster.
ENERGY AMEER THERE ARE VARIOUS SOURCES OF ENERGY 4| Page .
mechanical energy is transferred to the pins! 5| Page . • When the ball strikes the pins. Example: • The bowling ball has mechanical energy.ENERGY AMEER 4) THE TYPE OF ENERGY Mechanical / Potential Energy • Energy due to a object’s motion (kinetic) or position (potential).
ENERGY AMEER The example of potential or mechanical energy Swimmi Electrical Energy • Energy caused by the movement of electrons Easily transported through power lines and converted ROCKET into other LAUNCING forms of 6 | P a g energy e • ICE .
• The chemical bonds in a matchstick store energy that is transformed into thermal energy when the match 7 | P isgstruck.ENERGY AMEER Chemical Energy • Energy that is available for release from chemical reactions. a e .
ENERGY AMEER Example of chemical energy 8| Page .
ENERGY AMEER Dry cell Charco al Heat energy • The heat energy of an object determines how active its atoms are. 9| Page • A cooler object's molecules and atoms will show less movement . • A hot object is one whose atoms and molecules are excited and show rapid movement.
ENERGY AMEER 5) THE INFORMATION OF ENERGY ENERGY CAN BE TRANSFORMED FROM ONE FORM TO ANOTHER FORM 10 | P a g e .
ENERGY AMEER Switching on the light transform eletrical energy into light energy Electrical energy Light energy A burning candle transform chemical energy into light energy and heat energy 11 | P a g e .
ENERGY AMEER Chemical energy light energy Heat A burning candle transform chemical energy into light energy and heat energy 12 | P a g e .
ENERGY AMEER Solar energy Electrical energy Light energy 6) THE RENEWABLE ENERGY AND NONRENEWABLE ENERGY 13 | P a g e .
NON .RENEWABLE ENERGY 14 | P a g e .ENERGY AMEER RENEWABLE ENERGY Energy that can be replenished when used up.
ENERGY AMEER Energy that cannot be replenished when used up REFERENCE 15 | P a g e .
energyquest.org/needpdf/infobook_activities/ElemInfo/IntroE.com.my/images? um=1&hl=en&tbs=isch:1&sa=1&q=solar+energy&aq=f&aqi=g10&aql=& oq=&gs_rfai= 16 | P a g e .gov/story/chapter01.pdf 5) http://www.google.doe.need.ca.eia.html 2) 3) my first encyclopedia ( energy) 4) http://www.cfm? page=about_forms_of_energy-forms http://www.ENERGY 1) AMEER http://www.gov/kids/energy.