Adobe Photoshop & Photoshop Elements Tips Transformation of inserted objects in Adobe Photoshop

Moving an object in Adobe Photoshop To move an object we can either move the layer with the inserted object, or select a layer fragment and move this immediate fragment.

Select the Move

tool from the Toolbar to move the layer or its fragment.

First of all, activate the layer with the inserted object and follow the instructions:

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Step 1. If you want to move a fragment of the layer not the layer itself, you can select the necessary area using any selection tool. Step 2. Select the Move tool from the Toolbar. Step 3. Bring the cursor inside the selected fragment to move it or on any point of the layer to move the layer itself. Step 4. Drag the object. For this purpose press the left mouse button and keeping it pressed drag the mouse cursor.

Transformation of objects in Adobe Photoshop photo editor After an object is inserted in a new layer, we can use Layer transformation commands to transform the object. To transform the layer or the selected fragment we can use one of the commands from the menu Edit - Transform. For example, the following commands: Scale, Rotate, Skew, Distort, Perspective, Rotate 180°, Rotate 90° CW, Rotate 90° CCW, Flip Horizontal, Flip Vertical. You can also use the command Free Transform from the Edit menu, which will help you to perform all transformations at one time. If you select the command Edit – Free Transform, the layer or the selected fragment will be enclosed in a frame with eight markers, and in the Options palette a number of parameters for adjustment will appear.

Scale – to adjust the scale of the image within the area you should move one of the eight markers. To change the scale proportionally you should drag the marker in the corner keeping the Shift key pressed. You can enter values for the W and H parameters in percentage from the original size directly in the Options palette. For the size to be changed proportionally, you should activate the relation sign between the W and H parameters. Flip – to flip an image you should move one of the markers behind the opposite marker. For example, if you drag the left marker all the way to the right side of the right marker, the image will flip horizontally. However, if all you want is to flip the image, you'd better use the commands Flip Horizontal and Flip Vertical from the menu Edit – Transform. Rotate – to rotate an image you should bring the cursor to the marker in the corner so that the cursor transforms in a two-side rounded arrow, press the left mouse and keeping it pressed, drag the cursor. You can set the rotation angle in the Options palette using the Rotate parameter. Skew – to skew an image you should drag the marker on the side, the upper and the lower marker keeping the Ctrl key pressed (Command in Macintosh). You can adjust the Skew transformation option in the Options palette setting the H and V parameters. Distort – it is possible to distort an image by dragging a corner marker keeping the Ctrl key pressed (Cmd in Macintosh). Perspective – to create a perspective you should drag a corner marker keeping the Ctrl and Shift keys pressed (Cmd and Shift in Macintosh). If you want to drag two points at a time, you should drag a corner marker keeping the Ctrl, Alt and Shift keys pressed (Cmd, Option and Shift in Macintosh). To confirm the transformation press Enter (Return in Macintosh) or double-click with the left mouse button inside the object. You can as well press the button in the Options palette.

To cancel the transformation press Esc or the button Adobe Photoshop & Photoshop Elements Tips Cropping An Image In Adobe Photoshop

in the Options palette.

Cropping - This changes the number of pixels in an image by "cropping" away the pixels from the surrounding area. In the photo editor Adobe Photoshop an image can be cropped with the Crop tool or the Crop command. To crop an image with the Crop tool, follow these instructions:

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Step 1. Choose the Crop tool

from the Tool Panel or press C.

Step 2. Bring the cursor to a point on the image, where a corner of the cropped image will be, and left-click the mouse. Step 3. Moving the cursor diagonally, keep the left mouse button pressed.

Step 4. Release the left mouse button. A box will appear over the image with marked corners, indicating the area that will be preserved. This box can be moved, resized, and rotated.

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To move the crop box move the cursor completely inside the selected area, press the left mouse button, and while keeping the left mouse button pressed, drag the box.

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To change the size of the selected area move the cursor to one of the corner markers, press the left mouse button and drag the marker. If the cursor is dragged while pressing Shift, the size of the box will be changed proportionally.

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To rotate the crop box move the cursor to one of the corner markers and drag the cursor.

dobe Photoshop & Photoshop Elements Tips Retouching Tools In Adobe Photoshop

The retouching tools in Adobe Photoshop are: Clone Stamp, Pattern Stamp, Healing Brush, Patch and Color Replacement. These tools repair damaged images, apply repeated patterns, or replace colors in an image. The following illustration shows the arrangement of these tools in the toolbar.

If two or more tools occupy the same cell (the icon for the tool last used is always shown), in order to choose another tool, right-click the mouse on the arrow next to the icon and and choose another tool from the menu that appears. This menu will also appear if you click on the icon and press it for some time. The Clone Stamp tool and Healing Brush clone (copy) pixels from one part of an image to another, to another layer or even to another image. The difference between the Healing Brush and the Clone Stamp tool is, the Healing Brush in Photoshop takes into account the texture, illumination and shadows of the processed image. As a result, the fragment processed by the Healing Brush blends more easily into the rest of the image. To clone an area with the Clone Stamp or Healing Brush, follow these steps:

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Step 1. Choose the tool from the Toolbar. Step 2. Set the parameters for the tool in the Options panel: size, blending mode, the amount of opacity and others. Step 3. Check Use All Layers, if you need to work with several layers at once. Step 4. Check Aligned to create one clone selected from the area around a starting point. The mouse button can be released and new fragments selected. Also, the mode and size of the tool can be changed. If Align is unchecked, then each application of the tool will create a clone from the same starting point. Step 5. Set a starting point. Do this by holding ALT, and then left-clicking on the point from which the clone will be taken.

texture. A pattern is selected from the Pattern Palette in the Options Panel. . amount of pattern opacity and other parameters for the tool in the Options Panel. Step 4. Click on the color in the image to be replaced. such as: size and shape of the brush. Step 3. the Patch takes into account the texture. Drag this area over the part of the image that needs repair. Like the Healing Brush. Choose the Patch tool from the Toolbar. Step 4. Step 4.  Step 6. luminance. for example. Press the left mouse button and drag the tool into the image. by choosing it from the Pattern Palette in the Options Panel. Choose the tool from the Toolbar. then choose a pattern from the Pattern Palette and press the Use Pattern button. Step 3. then drag the tool to the damaged area.begin by using the tool to draw a line around an area (or use a previously selected area). Step 2. Choose the shape and size of the tool in the Options panel. Choose the Patch tool from the Toolbar. A repeating pattern can also be used with the Healing Brush and Patch tool. This tool can be used. etc. Choose the tool's size and shape in the Options panel. Step 3. Define the source. Step 4. and in Patch's options select Destination. This tool can be used to created a frame or design for wallpaper or for retouching the texture of part of an image. Choose the tool from the Toolbar. opacity. Draw a line with the Patch tool around the part of the image that will be cloned. The Patch tool repairs an area with pixels copied from another area or image. To do this with the Healing Brush. To do this with the Patch tool . The Pattern Stamp tool works by drawing with a repeating pattern. Step 7. If the Healing Brush is used. follow these steps:     Step 1. in the tool's options select Pattern for the Source and choose a pattern from the Pattern Palette. Step 2. Press the left mouse button and the clone will be applied. from which the clone will be created. then the cloned fragments. blending mode. to repair the "red eye" effect. the color's blend mode. Follow these steps to use the tool:     Step 1. Step 2. Drag the selected area to a new spot. Move the cursor to the location where you want to copy the fragment. Step 2. Step 3. luminance. Set the color which will be used to replace the intended color in the image. then drag the tool to the source point. Draw a line with the Patch tool around the part of the image that needs to be restored. and shadows. The Color Replacement tool replaces one color in an image with another. color choice mode. Follow these steps:     Step 1. and shadows of the background image. Set a pattern. Set the parameters for the tool in the Options Panel. Choose the size and shape. This tool can be used in one of two ways: Define the place where the clone will be applied. Follow these steps:     Step 1. To use this tool. and select Source in Patch's options. will be processed in relation to the pixels of the background image.

press the right mouse button on the arrow next to the tool and choose the required tool from the menu that appears. but there are some small differences. Step 2. Press the left mouse button and. but they will alwaays be a little soft. The menu will also appear if you press and hold the tool's button. and are always portrayed with a pictogram of the last tool used. Step 3. To crop an image with the Crop command from the Photoshop menu. To draw free lines with the Pencil or Brush. Press Enter (Return on Macintosh) or press the button in the Options Panel to crop the image. To choose another tool. Most of the parameters used to define the Pencil and Brush tools in the Options panel are the same. Step 5. Both of these tools occupy one cell in the Toolbar. The Pencil draws free form lines with a hard edge. Bring the cursor over the image in the photo editor. Step 2. Select a rectangular area on the image Selection Tools in Adobe Photoshop). To close the crop box without cropping the image press Esc or press the button in the Options Panel. It is possibe to draw distinct or fuzzy lines with the Brush. Adobe Photoshop & Photoshop Elements Tips Painting Tools In Adobe Photoshop The main painting tools in Adobe Photoshop are the Pencil and the Brush. Lines drawn with the Pencil always have a sharp edge. To change the shape and size of the brush: . because there is no interaction with the background. Step 4. Choose Crop from the Image menu. follow these steps:    Step 1. Choose the parameters for the chosen tool in the Options Panel.draws lines with a softer edge. Choose the Rectangular marquee tool from the Tool Panel. move the cursor across the image. Step 3. Brush. while keeping the button pressed. Set the color with which colors will be drawn. The Brush parameter shows the current shape and size of the brush. Шаг 5. follow these steps:      Step 1. and the Brush . Choose a tool from the Toolbar. because its edges are indistinguishable from the background.

Brushes. When the Airbrush of a airbrush. The Sharpen tool increases the sharpness (focus) of an image. The Smudge tool spreads color in an image. Smudge. Opacity. Step 2. To change the parameter enter a value from 1 to 100 in the parameter's field. Burn and Sponge. The Blur. не занятой основным цветом. Smudge. Auto Eraser. Adobe Photoshop editing tools are: Blur. but also for drawing straight lines. displacing pixels of corresponding colors. Airbrush. The Airbrush option can also only be set for the Brush tool. the color of the lines drawn by the tool blend more intensely with the backgrounds' colors. Flow. Sharpen. Dodge. The Opacity paremeter affects the level of opacity in which a line is drawn. the Pencil tool draws over areas of the backgrounds' colors with the primary color and in areas occupied by the primary color in the backgrounds' colors. Mode. This menu can also be accessed from the screen.o o left-click on the triangle to open the drop-down palette. The Blur tool reduces the sharpness (focus) of an image. Blur. The Auto Eraser parameter is only available for the Pencil tool. by increasing the contrast of neighboring pixels. . if the icon is pressed and held for a few moments. but rather affect the colors already in an image. These modes affect how the colors applied by the brush interact with the colors of the background. while keeping it pressed. while holding it down. To use any of these tools. It does this by reducing the color contrast of neighboring pixels. This results in increased clearness and contrast of borders. а если штрих начинается из области. It is similar to the effect created by smearing your fingers through wet paint. то инструмент использует основной цвет в качестве рисующего. Press the left mouse button and. Choose a tool from the Toolbar. At lower values of Opacity. Each new application of color is more opaque than the one before. or press the triangle button and move the slider. press the triangle next to the icon and choose the desired icon from the menu that appears. start to move the cursor in either a vertical or horizontal direction. The Mode parameter sets the mode used by the brush. represented by the icon of the last tool used. Step 3. To draw a straight line with either tool (vertically or horizontally) press Shift and. Step 4. Set the parameters for the chosen tool in the Options Panel. Adobe Photoshop & Photoshop Elements Tips Editing Tools In Adobe Photoshop The editing tools do not apply paint to an image. is pressed the Brush tool paints a line with a border like that The Pencil and Brush tools not only can be used to draw free form lines. follow these steps:     Step 1. in this palette set the size and hardness of the brush or choose the shape of the brush from the list of presets. In addition the shape and size of the brushes can be changed through the Brushes palette. and heightened detail in the image. To choose another instrument. Bring the cursor into the image window. move the cursor over the image. This menu can also be brought up by right-clicking anywhere in the image window. Smudge works by "grasping" a color at the beginning of a stroke and then mixing it with other colors as it is dragged across the image. The Flow parameter affects every point of color applied by the tool. which can be opened by pressing or by using the command Window . This parameter is only available for the Brush tool. Sharpen and Smudge occupy one cell in the Toolbar. Sharpen. When Auto Eraser is checked.

Mode. Dodge. Airbrush.The following parameters can be changed for these tools in the Options Panel: Brush. In Highlights mode pixels in lighter areas are affected more. To change the tool's shape and size: o o left-click on the triangular button to open the drop-down palette. Finger Painting. When using the Blur or Sharpen tools the Strength parameter affects the extent to which the tool changes the focus (sharpness) of an image. set the tool's size and hardness in the palette or choose a shape for the tool from the selection of presets. Mode. right-click on the triangle next to the tool and choose the desired tool from the menu that appears. Exposure. These tools occupy one cell in the Toolbar.Brushes. and are represented by the icon of the last tool used. Flow and Airbrush. The Mode parameter affects how a tool is applied. Brush. Set the size and hardnesss of the tool in the palette or choose its shape from the selection of presets. If All New Users is checked when using the Blur or Sharpen tools. it is possible to increase or decrease the sharpness of colors on all visible layers of an image. They are used for lightening or darkening parts of an image. pixels in darker areas (shadows) are affected more. In the options panel. In addition the shape and size of the brush can be set in the Brushes palette. The Brush parameter sets the shape and size of the tool. Strength. . This parameter is only available for the Smudge tool. When the button is pressed the tool works in dispersion mode. change the tool's size and hardness in the Options panel or choose its shape from a selection of presets. Mode. To change the tools' shape and size: o o press the triangular button with the left moust button. the following parameters can be adjusted for Dodge and Burn: Brush. which can by opened by pressing or with the command Window . Brush. it will appear as if before smearing. Dodge. Sponge. In Shadows mode. This parameter affects the mode in which the tool is applied. The Sponge tool can be set in the Options panel with the following parameters: Brush. To choose another tool. Exposure and Airbrush. Use All Users. Brush. The palette can also be accessed by right-clicking anywhere in the image window. Strength. When using the Smudge tool this parameter defines the distance which the tool smears color in the image. Range. the "finger" has been dipped into the main color. This menu can also be accessed from the screen. if you click on the icon and hold the button down for a few moments. Burn. to open the drop-down palette. The Brush parameter displays the current shape and size of a brush. Burn and Sponge are tools that affect tone. The Sponge tool affects the saturation and contrast of an image. Finger Painting. In Midtones mode dark and light areas are affected equally. This tool lightens a part of an image. The result is that not only are colors smeared but an additional hue is added. This tool darkens a part of an image. If Finger Painting is checked. This parameter affects the degree of darkening for Burn and the degree of lightening for Dodge. The Brush parameter affects the shape and size of the tool. To change the shape and size of the brush: o o left-click on the triangular button to open the drop-down palette. Use All Users. A value of 100% leads to the maximum degree of darkening or lightening. if the cursor is dragged across it. Range.

e. If Contiguous is checked. Contiguous. When the button is pressed the tool begins to work in dispersion mode. then clicking on the triangular button next to Pattern will open a palette of patterns to choose from. Pattern. the range of colors affected by the tool will decrease. The Gradient tool is used to fill with a gradient. Parameters for the Paint Bucket are set in the Options panel. It is not necessary to make a selection if an entire layer is to be filled. If Pattern is chosen in the Fill parameter. Opacity. If you do not want these areas to be affected then Contiguous should be unchecked. To make a gradient fill: . When Anti-aliased is checked. It can accept values from 0 to 255. Fill.Mode. Flow affects every point of color applied with the tool. a translucent border is created between filled and unfilled areas. If this effect is not desired then Anti-aliased should be unchecked. This parameter sets the opacity of the fill. i. This parameter sets the degree to which pixel colors are influenced by a fill. As the value is increased. This parameter determines in what manner Paint Bucket will fill an area: with a color (Foreground) or pattern (Pattern). At lower values of the Tolerance parameter. while in Saturation mode it increases. the color applied becomes more opaque. then more pixels that share similar color shades will be affected by the tool. Anti-aliased. Flow. This menu can also be accessedif you press the tool's icon and wait for a few moments. or layer with color. Airbrush. To do this. After the Fill command is selected.these tools fill a selected object. then select blue as the primary color and click on one of the red pixels. For example. then adjacent areas that are affected by the Tolerance value will be filled. it fills with one color that gradually changes to another. The Paint Bucket is used to fill a selected area with a color or pattern by clicking on a pixel in that area. Tolerance. This parameter sets the mode in which an area is filled. When All Layers is checked. first select an area using one of the selection tools and tnen choose the command Fill in the Edit menu. With each application of the tool. Mode. This parameter switches between the modes in which the tool works. Paint Bucket will only replace pixels lighter than the primary color. right-click the triangle next to the tool and choose the desired tool from the menu that appears. For example. It is also possible to execute a fill by selecting Fill in the Edit menu. All Layers. all visible layers are affected by a fill. dobe Photoshop & Photoshop Elements Tips Fill Tools In Adobe Photoshop Fill Tools . When it is unchecked only the active layer is affected. a dialog window will open with the same settings to choose from as for the Paint Bucket tool in the Options panel. In Adobe Photoshop this is done with Paint Bucket and Gradient. Any of these can be used to fill an area. To choose another tool. The Paint Bucket and Gradient tools occupy one cell in the Toolbar. if darken mode is chosen. When Sponge is in Desaturation mode the saturation of the primary color decreases. area. and are represented by the icon of the last tool used. if you want to replace all red pixels in part of an image with blue pixels.

the more opaque the colors are. This parameter sets the level of opacity for the gradient. If you want to pick a color for the background hold the Alt-key while selecting the color with the Eyedropper tool. it appears as the foreground color in the Toolbar. for example. the ending point defines where the background color will be. which is opened by clicking on the image of the gradient itself. Diamond. Opacity. press CapsLock on the keyboard and the Eyedropper a target so that you can collect one exact pixel of a picture.      Step 1. The gradient's style can be set with one of the following buttons: Linear. Step 6. It is possible to add transparency to the gradient. Step 4. Gradient Style. Gradient. an appropriate color for the skin or the sky. Move the cursor inside the selected area. This parameter sets the mode in which color is applied. Set the tool's parameters in the Options Panel. Reverse. The following parameters for Gradient can be set in the Options Panel. Transparency. Reflected. Select an area to be filled with a gradient. To choose another type of gradient. Adobe Photoshop & Photoshop Elements Tips Eyedropper Tool The Eyedropper tool (the icon in the Toolbar) is used to sample a color from an image to use this color further. then choose a gradient pattern. The starting point defines where the primary color will begin. Tip 1. To add transparency to a gradient check Transparency. move in a straight line. Below you see the foreground/background palette of the Toolbar. . Angle. To create a complex gradient (a gradient which contains transitions between three or more colors) or to edit an existing type of gradient use the Gradient Editor. If an entire layer will be filled then it is not necessary to make a selection. It's practical as it facilitates color selection. Step 5. The length of the line determines the degree of transition from one color to another: the shorter the line. If Reverse is checked. The lower the value for Opacity. Press the left mouse button. To smooth these transitions check Dither. When you pick a color with the Eyedropper tool. Step 2. and while keeping it pressed. Radial. Mode. will turn into Tip 3. Set the primary color (the first color of the gradient) and the background color (the last color of the gradient). It is possible to pick up a color not only from the image opened in the Photoshop's workspace but from other applications too. To make the color selection more precise. When applying a gradient with many color transitions the transitions between colors will be visible as bands. the sharper the transition between colors. Dither. Step 3. The Gradient parameter displays gradient types from which to choose. Choose the Gradient tool from the Toolbar. the gradient begins with the background color and ends with the primary color. Tip 2. press the triangular button to open a palette where a different gradient can be selected.

Tip 1. put the cursor to the image of the house. Click the input field and move the mouse wheel to change the value. We want to pick up the color of the sky from a photo on a web-page (Internet Explorer). To change the Brush Size it is enough to go to the Options palette (press the triangle near the word Brush) and enter the required brush size or move the slider "Master Diameter" to the required position.Look at the picture below. We reduced the size of the Photoshop window. Hint: You can use the mouse wheel to adjust the size. Activate the Eyedropper tool. . the Options palette displays the settings for the Brush. Adobe Photoshop & Photoshop Elements Tips Brush Tool Tips When you activate the Brush tool. press the left mouse button and drag the cursor outside the Photoshop workspace to sample the color of the sky.

use the hot keys [ and ] for reducing and increasing the tip size correspondingly. You can switch to another view mode by clicking the triangle in the right upper corner of the palette and choosing an appropriate view mode (Text Only. Small Thumbnail. using different brushes is fun. Besides. animal figures. Large Thumbnail. In many cases the mode Large Thumbnail can be helpful. . without opening the Brush Size palette. Tip 2.hair presets.To change the Brush Size faster. The step is +/. etc). You can download brushes with ready for use forms . Adobe Photoshop & Photoshop Elements Tips Load New Brushes You can find many free brush presets for Adobe Photoshop on the Internet.10px. You can change the view mode of the brush presets. flowers. patterns. So you won't need to draw much yourself.

Press the triangle on the right of the word Brush and the Brush palette will open. The original brush presets that come with Adobe Photoshop are kept in this folder. In the Brush palette click the triangle in the right upper corner and you will see a fall-out menu where you should select the item Load Brushes. You will see the Load Brushes dialog box.Put the brush presets you have downloaded into the folder Photoshop\Presets\Brushes in the Adobe folder in Program Files if you use Windows or in Applications if you use Macintosh. Open a photo in Adobe Photoshop. Do as follows: Step 1. The brush presets should have an . Activate the Brush tool and you will see the settings for the Brush in the Options palette. Step 2. Even though you save the Brushes in the Photoshop's folder they will not always emerge in its workspace automatically. . For example.abr ending. Calligraphic Brushes. Choose the brush preset you want from the list. Step 3. You'll have to load them.

We have chosen the first one . you will see all the brush presets you loaded in the end of the list. . If you open the fall-out menu once again.The new Brushes will appear in the Brush palette: Tip."ACTIONFX1".

.When you press the name of the Brush preset in the fall-out menu. To come back to the custom brush presets go to the fall-out menu again and select the command Reset Brushes. the new brush presets load into the Brush palette replacing the existing ones.

Step 2. If you resize such images you will notice that they lose quality because some pixels have to be thrown away. For example. We have chosen a shape from the "Ornaments" shape presets. You can download free shape presets on the web (they should have the ending *. for example: C:\Program Files\Adobe\Photoshop\Presets\Custom Shapes\. What is the difference between bitmap images and vector graphics? Bitmap images consist of a matrix of pixels each having one definite color. The advantage of vector drawings is that they can usually be scaled without any loss in quality. Activate the Custom Shape Tool. When you click the triangle near the word Shape.csh). In this tip we will look at the Custom Shape Tool and draw a frame using the shape presets. The Options palette will show the settings for the tool.Adobe Photoshop & Photoshop Elements Tips Using Custom Shapes in Photoshop Adobe Photoshop is a bitmap editor but it has some vector graphics tools too. Step 1. you see a drop-down palette with available shapes. .  Tip 1. To add the presets to Photoshop place them into the folder Custom Shapes in Photoshop Presets folder. The Photoshop vector tools are located in one section of the Toolbar. the Custom Shape tool. etc. There are some simple forms like Rectangular Tool. Vector graphics are completely described using mathematical definitions. The shapes offered by Photoshop are exactly like that. Line Tool.

The rectangle near the word Color shows the color that will fill the shape when you draw it. but we will create one of our. Here we have selected the "Shape layers" mode . We have chosen a decoration and now draw the shape in the left lower corner of the sheet. To draw a shape with fixed height/width ratio. Step 3. Actually there are ready to use frame presets in the Custom Shape presets too. Or you can just drag the Shape 1 layer to the icon to the same effect. It's easy to flip or rotate the copied decoration. Note that it will be filled only if you use the mode "Shape layers" or "Fill pixels". Now use the Move tool from the Toolbar to drag the decoration to the right lower corner. Activate the copy of the Shape 1 layer and call the command Edit => Transform Path => Flip Horizontal. We copy the layer with the decoration by right-clicking on the Shape 1 layer and selecting the Duplicate Layer command from the drop-down menu. We want to put this flower decoration into 4 corners of the card. . too. Tip 2. We did so to choose the "Ornaments" presets. You can also use Shift + the right arrow key on the keyboard to move the ornament to the right smoothly. press the triangle in the right upper corner of the Custom Shape window (see below). We will create a frame that can be used for a letter of congratulation. To load other shape presets. You will see a drop-down list where you can choose the presets you like. Step 4. It is defined in the Options palette. A new layer appears in the Layers palette:  Tip. hold the SHIFT-key. The decoration will be mirrored horizontally. The card will look better if all buds of this flower decoration will point to the center. or a notice or a visiting card.

You can also use Shift + the Up arrow key on the keyboard to this effect (only when the Move tool is active in the Toolbar). . For this purpose we put the cursor to the Shape 1 copy layer. Step 8. we activate the Line Tool to draw a line for the frame. Then right-click the active layers once again select the command Duplicate Layer from the drop-down menu. In the next step we draw vertical lines as described in Step 5 and get the following result. All vector layers will be selected. To draw a straight line hold the SHIFT key while drawing: Step 6. Having put the second decoration to the right lower corner. The Line Tool is located under the same icon as the Custom Shape Tool. See the image below: We draw a line between the two decorations. You can activate the Line Tool right in the Options palette.Step 5. What we need now is to copy this part to form the upper part of our frame. The duplicated layers are active and we call the command Edit => Transform => Flip Vertical to mirror the copied decoration vertically. right-click it and select the command Select Similar Layers from the drop-down menu. Step 7. Now use the Move tool from the Toolbar to drag the decoration upwards.

on Shape 1 layer. press Enter on the keyboard to apply the changes. All layers with shapes will be activated. Put the cursor to one of the shape layers in the Layers palette. Now you can easily scale the frame with the command Edit => Free Transform. for example. to move and scale it we should group the layers. Step 10. as lines and decorations are on different layers. You will see markers along the frame's borders that you can drag with the left mouse button to change the frame's dimensions. but it is not easy-to-use. To be able to edit the frame as a whole. In the Layers palette you see that they reduce to one layer (layer Shape2 below).Step 9. Step 11. hold the SHIFT key while dragging. The frame is ready. Right-click on the layer and choose the command Select Similar Layers. When ready. As a result all layers with shapes form one "smart object". Now right-click the layer again and select the command Group into New Smart Object. To scale the frame keeping the width/height ratio. .

 Step 1. .  Step 2.Adobe Photoshop & Photoshop Elements Tips Curves In this tip we show you one of the powerful color and tone correction tools of Adobe Photoshop .the Curves. We will show you some its features. Even though the Curves dialog box looks quite plain it is a powerful tool for image correction. Or you can use the hotkey Ctrl+M (or Cmd+M if you use Macintosh). Call the Curves dialog box with the command Image => Adjustments => Curves.

etc. The same operation allows returning to the original grid size. Mac-users use Cmd key instead of the Ctrl. Pay attention to the icon . Ctrl+1. To switch between color channels use the hotkeys Ctrl+~. . If you press it the dialog box will get larger. Step 3.  Step 4. For precise adjustment you can make the grid finer by holding down the Alt key (Option in Mac) and clicking the grid.

. you should:  Step 1.Image Size from the Adobe Photoshop menu. Select the command Image .Adobe Photoshop & Photoshop Elements Tips Changing image size to view on a display in Adobe Photoshop You may need to reduce the size of an image to send a photo to your friends or upload it to a web-site or make an avatar. To change the image size in Adobe Photoshop to view it on the screen.

. In the Pixel Dimensions group select the unit measure and enter new values for the parameters Width and Height.  Step 6. Select the method of interpolation: Nearest Neighbour. Bilinear or Bicubic. Adobe Photoshop & Photoshop Elements Tips Changing image size for printing in Adobe Photoshop Have a lot of nice photos and want to print them? Just use the instruction.   Step 2. Make sure that the check-box Resample Image is activated. Step 4. Press the button OK. Activate the check-box Constrain Proportions to keep the ratio of the image dimensions.  Step 5. We recommend to use the Bicubic method of interpolation. Step 3.

Select the interpolation method: Nearest Neighbour.  Step 6. Adobe Photoshop & Photoshop Elements Tips Changing image resolution in Adobe Photoshop . Step 3. the resolution will change. Then press the button OK. If the check-box Resample Image is not activated. Step 5. We recommend the Bicubic method of interpolation. In the group Document Size select units and enter new values in the fields Width and Height. Select the command Image Size from the menu Image of Adobe Photoshop. if you want to keep the same image resolution. follow the steps:  Step 1. Activate the check-box Constrain Proportions to keep the image proportions. Step 4. Bilinear or Bicubic.     Step 2. Activate the check-box Resample Image.To change the image size for printing in Adobe Photoshop.

If you have the same problem this tip is for you.You may need high resolution images for printing. Set the document parameters that you need. you'll be able to quickly create a document with the size. 300 ppi. For example. RGB. It shows how to save the settings you usually use for a new document as a preset. Select the command Image . Call the command File => New. Transparent Background. You can also use the hot key Ctrl+N on Windows or Cmd+N on Macintosh. resolution. etc that you need. . To change the image resolution in Adobe Photoshop follow the instructions:           Step 1. Thus. Color Profile sRGB by default. Proceed as follows: Step 1. Adobe Photoshop & Photoshop Elements Tips Create a New Document Size Preset I often have to work with documents of the size which is not available in the standard presets of Adobe Photoshop.    Step 2. You will see the New Document dialog box.Image Size from the Adobe Photoshop menu. I set the following values: a document 12 x 9 cm.

The program offers us to save the preset as "12 cm x 9 cm". Next time you need the document of this size.. and you will see the New Document Preset dialog box.   Step 3. It's quite a good name.   Step 4.. just call the command File => New and in the Preset fall-out menu in the New Document dialog box select the "12 cm x 9 cm" preset.  . Press Save Preset. so we just press Ok to save the preset.

Adobe Photoshop offers you an easy way to find the balance between the quality and size your pictures. if you want to keep the image dimensions (Document Size). Hint: You can adjust the scale of the picture in the dialog box using the Zoom tool in the left panel. So adjusting your pictures for the web is a vital task.73 Mb. It's a psd file. In the following example we will compress a simple picture with few colors and no gradients. Step 1. Select the option Resample Image. Call the command File => Save for Web and you will see the following dialog box with the logo in it. such as images with gradients or glows. In this case the width and the height will change in such a way that the total amount of pixels will stay the same. Pictures for the web are usually saved as GIF or JPEG. In this tip we will look into its Save for Web command. Step 2. illustrations. 2. so GIF file format will suit us best. The JPEG format is best for optimizing continuous-tone images. Internet surfers will not wait till your wonderful pictures load if it takes too much time. cartoons. Enter a new value for resolution into the field Resolution (which defines how many pixels per inch your image will have). It definitely needs optimizing if prepared for the web. If you want to keep the total amount of pixels (Pixel Dimensions). Click on the picture to zoom in or ALT+click to zoom out. you should un-check this option. The GIF compression gives the best fit for optimizing flat or simple images with one-color areas.  . line art.           Step 3. You can also set the percentage in the field in the left lower corner. such as logos. We open a logo in Adobe Photoshop. Adobe Photoshop & Photoshop Elements Tips Image Optimization for Web Optimization of graphics for the web is an art of creating attractive images with the smallest file size possible.

Thus. In the upper part of the window there are tabs: Original. So you already have a choice and can pick up the image that looks better. (4) Change color reduction algorithm. We only reduced the number of colors. Step 2. You can adjust the parameters experimentally. The Color Table displays all colors present on the picture. Have a look at the info under the right picture. The optimized picture has a gray frame around it. 2-Up.73 Mb to 19.8 Kb. It will show the original picture and 3 optimized versions with different settings. the number of colors on the picture.   Step 3.the original and one of the optimized pics. It is in the GIF format but you can choose another format from the drop-out menu. etc. We can also notice that the data of the right image (above) show 47 colors while the settings below . (2) Reduce the amount of dithering. and it shows its maximum. It means that the picture contains less colors than 64. we were able to reduce the size of the picture from 2. It turned out that 4 colors were enough for this image without much loss in quality.64 colors.6. It didn't help much in this case. We see that the load time is too long for such a simple image and there is room for improvement.    Step 4. 4-Up. What can we do to reduce the size of an image in GIF format? (1) Reduce the number of colors. and finally to 12. Below are the settings for the right (optimized) image. They are helpful in many cases. That's especially true for the color reduction algorithm and lossy compression. On the photo below we showed only two pictures . Optimized. This means that it is activated and the right panel shows the settings for it. . it says the image size in KB. We choose the 4-Up tab. (3) Add lossy compression. the load time at certain speed.

 Selection Brush To make a selection with the Selection Brush Tool you should: Step 1.   Step 5. In the next dialog box you will be offered to enter the file name and select the target folder. . Adobe Photoshop & Photoshop Elements Tips Adobe Photoshop Elements: selection tools The easiest way to make a free hand selection in Adobe Photoshop Elements is to use the Selection Brush. Save the optimized picture by pressing the button Save.  Step 4. Press the button OK. Select the Selection Brush tool from the Toolbar .

Step 7. The icon on the Toolbox displays the last selected tool. you can set the values for the Overlay Color and Overlay Opacity parameters in case when the default values do not work. Activate the Rectangular marquee tool by clicking on the icon it from the floating window. you should paint over the parts of the image that should fall into the selection contour. the new selection will be added to the previous one. To select a square area of the image make a selection keeping the SHIFT key pressed. The Rectangular marquee and Elliptical marquee tools are hidden in the Toolbox under one and the same icon. If there already is a selection. Polygonal Lasso. you should keep the Alt-key pressed when making a new selection. Step 4. Take into account that if you already have a selected area the new selection will be added to the previous one. or (if the Elliptical marquee was not the last tool . and press the left mouse button. Magnetic Lasso. Keeping the left button pressed. Select the Selection or Mask mode from the fall-out Mode menu. the Mask mode is used to select the fragments of the image that must be excluded from the selection contour. Step 5. move the cursor diagonally to the opposite corner and release the button. . Step 6. Adjust the shape and the size of the brush in the Options palette. Lasso. Select the Elliptical marquee tool from the Toolbox by clicking on the icon applied) select it from the floating window. you should paint over the parts of the image that should be excluded (these parts will be covered with semitransparent red). You can also select a fragment of the image in Adobe Photoshop Elements with the following selection tools: Rectangular marquee. . the painted fragments will be subtracted from the selection. To avoid it you should press the SHIFT key only when you start selecting an area. Step 3. Elliptical marquee. If the Mask mode is activated. Set the value of the Hardness parameter. Bring the mouse cursor to the point of the image where the corner of an imaginary rectangular should be. or (if the Rectangular marquee was not the last tool applied) select Step 2.   the Selection mode is used to select the fragments that must fall into the selection contour. To select an elliptical area you should: Step 1.  Elliptical marquee This tool is used to select ellipses and circles. If the Selection mode is activated. Magic Wand. To add the new selection to the old one. you should keep the Alt-key pressed when making the new selection.  Rectangular marquee This tool is used to select rectangular and square areas. If there already is a selection. To subtract the new selection from the old one. Step 3. To select a rectangular area you should: Step 1.Step 2. To open the floating menu right-click on the arrow in the lower right corner of the displayed icon. If the Mask mode is activated.

it'll be the first point of the contour. . Magnetic Lasso tools are hidden in the Toolbox under one and the same icon. move the cursor diagonally to the opposite corner and release the button. . and press the left button. or (if Polygonal Lasso was not the last tool applied) select Step 2. Step 4. the selection is generated from the center to borders. To avoid it you should press the SHIFT key only when you start selecting an area. but its contour is made up of straight segments.  Magnetic Lasso This tool is used to make a freehand selection. The program will automatically draw a straight line between the two points. To select an area using Magnetic lasso you should: .Step 2. Step 3. or (if Lasso was not the last tool applied) select it from the Step 2.  Polygonal Lasso This tool is used to make freehand selections. Polygonal Lasso. Take into account that if you already have a selected area the new selection will be added to the previous one. To open the floating menu right-click on the arrow in the lower right corner of the displayed icon. To make a freehand selection you should: Step 1. Bring the mouse cursor to the point of the image where the corner of an imaginary rectangular with an inscribed ellipse should be. not from one corner to another. The Lasso. Move the cursor to the next point of the contour not far from the first one and left-click it again. Bring the cursor to any point near the object to be outlined and press the left mouse button . When you use Magnetic Lasso you do not need to follow the contour of the object precisely. To make a selection you should: Step 1. Step 3.  Lasso This tool is used to create freehand selections. To select a circular area of the image make a selection keeping the SHIFT key pressed. Select the Lasso tool from the Toolbox by left-clicking on the icon floating window. If you keep the Alt (Option in Macintosh) key pressed when selecting an elliptical or a rectangular area. Keep putting points in this way until the whole object is outlined and close the contour. Bring the mouse cursor to the object that must be selected and outline it keeping the left button pressed. Select the Polygonal Lasso tool from the Toolbox by clicking on the icon it from the floating window. If the object stands out against the background the border of the selected area will be traced automatically as you move the cursor along the object. Keeping the left button pressed. The icon on the Toolbox displays the last selected tool.

make a new selection. To subtract an area from the previous selection you should press the Alt (Option in Macintosh) key before you use a selection tool and. The Tolerance value ranges from 0 to 255. Adobe Photoshop & Photoshop Elements Tips Layer transformation in Adobe Photoshop Elements  Moving a layer in Adobe Photoshop Elements To move the layer or its fragment you can use the Move tool Follow the instructions: from the Toolbar. Step 2. To drag the layer or its fragment . It includes colors of the image similar to the color of the selected pixel according to the specified Tolerance value. Step 2. Select the Move tool from the Toolbar. Step 2. You can set Tolerance in the Options palette of the magic wand tool. you should: Step 1. keeping it pressed. Step 4. Select the magic wand tool in the Toolbox by clicking the icon . the more colors will fall into the selected area. If you press SHIFT and Alt (Shift and Option in Macintosh) keys simultaneously you obtain an intersection of the old and new selections. make a new selection. keeping it pressed. These selection tools are efficient due to the flexibility of their usage: you can add to. not the layer itself. Transforming a layer in Adobe Photoshop Elements Under transformation we imply the following actions: o scaling. Close the contour. If you want to move a fragment of the layer. at Tolerance equal to 255 . To select a consistently colored area. move the mouse cursor. Select the Magnetic Lasso tool from the Toolbox by clicking on the icon it from the floating window. At Tolerance equal to 0 the selected area will be represented only by one color.press the left mouse button and. . If a fastening point is irrelevant you can remove it by pressing the DELETE key and return to the previous fastening point to continue outlining the object. . Bring the cursor to the pixel of the image that must be included into the selection and left-click it. that is join the first fastening point with the last one by bringing the cursor to the first point or by making a doubleclick.  Magic Wand This tool is used to select a consistently colored area.all colors of the image will be selected. that is the whole image. subtract from or intersect a selection. you can use any selection tool to select a fragment of the image. Step 4. Press the left button and start dragging the cursor along the required object. Step 3. or (if Magnetic Lasso was not the last tool applied) select Step 3. The higher the value. o o o o  Step 1. keeping it pressed. Bring the cursor inside the selection to move the fragment or to any point of the layer to move the layer itself.Step 1. To add an area to the previous selection you should press the SHIFT key before you use a selection tool and. As a result an outline appears around the pixel. Pay attention to fastening points that appear as you outline the object and when you make a click. Bring the mouse cursor to the border of the object that should be selected.

and press the left mouse button.Transform to make all transformations in one step. Besides.to skew the image. To scale it proportionally you should drag the corner marker keeping the Shift key pressed. you can set values for width (W) and height (H) directly in the Options palette. Having selected this command. All these transformations can be applied to the whole layer or to any selected fragment of the layer.to correct the perspective. use the following commands of the submenu Image .Resize. Flip Layer/Selection Vertical . you will see a frame with eight markers around the layer (its fragment). Free Rotate Layer/Selection . drag the cursor. In order to skew. To distort the image you should drag one of the corner markers keeping the Ctrl key pressed. Having selected this command from the submenu. skew. Distort . distort.to mirror it horizontally as to the standing axis. For the dimensions to change proportionally. you will see a frame with eight markers around the layer (its fragment). To scale the layer (its fragment) you should drag one of the rectangular markers.o o o o rotation and flipping. To scale the layer or its fragment you can use the Scale tool from the menu Image . so that it transforms into a rounded twosides arrow. If you need to move two points simultaneously.to rotate it 90 degrees clockwise. Alt and Shift pressed. perspective correction. .to distort the image.to rotate it as you wish. Layer/Selection 90° Right .to rotate it on 180 degrees. Having selected this command from the submenu. and keeping it pressed. activate the linking icon between the parameters W and H. in per cent from the original size.to rotate it 90 degrees anticlockwise. Layer/Selection 180° . upper or lower marker keeping the Ctrl key pressed. Having selected this command. you will see a frame with eight markers around the layer or the selected fragment. Having selected this command from the submenu.Transform: o o o Skew . you will see a frame with eight markers around the layer or its fragment. To rotate or flip the layer or its fragment you can use the following commands from the submenu Image . To rotate the layer (fragment) you should bring the cursor to any marker. Flip Layer/Selection Horizontal .Rotate: o o o o o o Layer/Selection 90° Left . To skew the layer (fragment) you should drag the side. To select a fragment of the layer you can use any selection tool.to mirror it vertically as to the horizontal axis. Perspective . drag the corner marker keeping the keys Ctrl. deformation. you will see a frame with eight markers around the layer (its fragment). You can also use the command Free Transform from the submenu Image . To create a perspective you should drag one of the corner markers keeping the keys Ctrl and SHIFT pressed. or correct perspective.

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