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7/2/2009 1. Sampling program details.

`Groundwater Vulnerability in Kickapoo River Watershed WI 6/26/09


_Lynn Chakoian 6/26/09_________

2. Distribution List Names and telephone numbers of those receiving copies of this QAPP. Name i. Jeff Goelke, City of Viroqua ii. Fred Madison, UW CALS iii. UW CALS iv. Kelvin Rodolfo v. Gary Thompson, VSN vi. Margaret Thielke vii. Lab that is chosen Telephone 637-7154 ext 18 (608)263.4004 (608) 262-1445 637 6159 637-3615 637-6742

3. Project/Task Organization

List key project personnel and their corresponding responsibilities. Name Project Title Advisory Panel (contact) Project Manager QA Consultant Field/Sampling Leader Responsibility Fred Madison Lynn Chakoian Margaret Thielke Gary Thompson


Laboratory Manager/Leader


4. Problem Definition/Background Problem Statement Karst topography and related surface features allow unusually fast transport of surface waters into the groundwater system. To measure this effect and the potential for pollutants to travel unabated through the system we will monitor active springs for rises in temperature after rainfall, and for those with a temperature signal we will take grab samples after rain events to characterize the chemical and biological pollutants present in the spring water.

Intended Usage of Data This data will be correlated with stratigraphy, surface features in the area, soils data, land spreading of septic waste and animal manure, septic systems, historic features (filled karst features, old homesteads that might indicate an abandoned well), and current chemical data from wells in the area. The patterns of all these variables will indicate potential areas of higher vulnerability for the groundwater resource. The spring data will help to confirm the other observational data.

Project/Task Description General Overview of Project We hope to better understand the nature of the karst topography in the vicinity of the City of Viroqua. We also hope to generate a vulnerability map that can be tested against well water quality data, Ground Electrical Resistivity data and this data of spring water quality.

Project Timetable

7/2/2009 Activity Projected Start Date 7/09 Anticipated Date of Completion 7/09 Who Responsible

Temperatu re data logger installation Download data Baseline Chem, Physical, and bio data collection Chemical and e. Coli sampling Lab analysis of samples Final Report

Gary Thompson VSN

7/09 7/09

6/10 8/09

Gary Thompson VSN Gary Thompson VSN

Fall 2009

Spring 2010 as needed Spring 2010

Gary Thompson VSN

Fall 2009

June 2010

June 2010

Kelvin Rodolfo and Lynn Chakoian

5. Sampling Process Design Rationale for Selection of Sampling Sites

We are selecting sites in the vicinity of the City of Viroqua and City of Westby. This area was selected because of municipal, and county landfill well log data that will assist in characterization of the stratigraphy, reported private and public well contamination in this area, and known karst features on the landscape. The springs will be active year around, accessible physically and landowner permissions, and widely dispersed over the study area. This is a pilot study and of limited areal scope in an effort to assess which observations provide the most information for the purpose of determining

7/2/2009 vulnerability of groundwater resources.

Sample Design Logistics

Type of Sample

Numbe r of Sample s

Samplin g Frequen cy

Sampli ng Period

Project ed Cost

Biologica Baseline1 l and Chemica l Biologica Event l and Chemica l Physical Continuous temperature Flow, conductivity , pH Event


6 sites 2 to 3 times summer dry conditions and 2-3 after summer rain 4-6 sites and 4 events

7/09 to 8/09


16 to 24

9/09 to 11/09



Collect data monthly When at the site Depends on the success of the Fall sampling

7/09 to 6/10


Field collected Data Spring Data Collectio n

Each samplin g time As needed

7/09 to 6/10




Field Costs

We will try to minimize the baseline samples by comparing the first two sample results with springhead sampling results in Hydrologic assessment of the Kickapoo Watershed, southwestern Wisconsin by Stephen J. Gaffield, Kenneth R.Bradbury, and KennethW. Potter (1998).

7/2/2009 No. of Personnel Gary Thompson Student Intern Travel Distance TBD TBD Hourly Rate w/ Mileage $10/hr . 585/mile $8/hr . 585/mile Mileage TBD TBD

7. Sampling Method Requirements


Sampling Equipment In the field

Sampling Method


Flow, conductivity, pH, temperature

Temperature Datalogger2 pH meter Flow Conductivity

$900 VSN equip DNR will supply Cond, meter TBD

Total suspended solids, nitrite-nitrate, phosphorus

In Lab

Grab baseline and also take grab samples in fall or spring after rain events. Presence of e. Coli initial analysis and possibly run samples on # of colonies as needed

e. Coli

In Lab


StowAway TidbiT submersible, 32K of memory, up to 7944 data points. Life expectency 4 1/2 yr. Accuracy plus/minus 0.2 degrees celcius. Temp. range -5 to 37 degrees celcius. This model is compatible with those used by the Vernon County LWCD that will help with data retrieval and analysis.