t02 Models Neckar yarn | Determinism | Hypothesis

Bohuslav Neckář, TU Liberec, Dept.

of Textile Structures

AN INTRODUCTION TO THE MODELS SPECIFIC TO TEXTILES

AN INTRODUCTION TO THE MODELS SPECIFIC TO TEXTILES

Bohuslav Neckář, TU Liberec, Dept. of Textile Structures

AN INTRODUCTION TO THE MODELS SPECIFIC TO TEXTILES

1

A MODEL is usually an object of different nature, which behaves – to a certain degree and to a given sense – in the same manner as the original. CLASSIFICATION OF MODELS (A lot of different concepts are available in the literatures.) • material model – magnified or reduced dummy of the original • ideal model – mathematical, symbolical, and other analogical models

According to the substance of material:

Bohuslav Neckář, TU Liberec, Dept. of Textile Structures

AN INTRODUCTION TO THE MODELS SPECIFIC TO TEXTILES

2

• structural model – It is identical with the original in terms of its internal formation as well as properties. • functional model – It is identical with the original in terms of properties only. (A typical example: Statistical models of experiments) • explanatory model (interpreting) – It explains the original in terms of cause and effect relationship. • descriptive model – It simply describes the properties of the original only.

According to the mutual allocation of elements between the original and the model:

According to the possibility to clarify the original:

Bohuslav Neckář, TU Liberec, Dept. of Textile Structures

AN INTRODUCTION TO THE MODELS SPECIFIC TO TEXTILES

3

According to the depth of knowledge on the original:
• based on (random) observations • based on experiments (systematic preparation of the original materials and systematic observations) • hypothetical – based on hypotheses with different degree of verification • theoretical – fully verified interpretation about the original in the context of the present time

Notes: 1. Further, we will speak about the ideal, structural,
explanatory, and theoretical models. 2. The models used in textile sciences have some special problems following the specific structural characters of the fibrous objects.

Bohuslav Neckář, TU Liberec, Dept. of Textile Structures

AN INTRODUCTION TO THE MODELS SPECIFIC TO TEXTILES

4

SOME SPECIAL PROBLEMS 1. The interpretation of objects having very high number of particles can be based on the idea of continuum. It is possible to apply the physical and mathematical tool related to continuum (infinitesimal calculus, etc.) 2. The interpretation of objects having only a few particles (and often a definite structural character) can be based on the idea “from particle to particle” (methods of finite mathematics, etc.) 3. Number of particles (fibers, yarns) in textile objects are “something in-between” (no special calculus is existing for them) and their systems have often significantly random character. Therefore, usually a combination of ideas mentioned before are necessary.

Problem of continuum:

Bohuslav Neckář, TU Liberec, Dept. of Textile Structures

AN INTRODUCTION TO THE MODELS SPECIFIC TO TEXTILES

5

Problem of “deterministic or probabilistic” behavior:
Usually both of these behaviors are existing together in textiles. We choose first or second or a combination of both according to the actual problem. From this standpoint we distinguish •deterministic models, •probabilistic models, (Don’t confuse with the statistical models, which are not explanatory models!), and •hybrid models (a combination of the deterministic and the probabilistic models)

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