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  (1

) 'U C(t) ' ‫(א‬.I = 0,50mA !‫ "אא!א‬#$%
‫  مא  א‬ 
:-<=
‫و(;א >א‬5‫א‬% ‫ل‬3456‫א‬7 ' ‫)א‬89-:/‫א (وذ‬- ‫ א‬.‫ *)א‬+‫א א‬


 





 .t ‫ و‬C0‫و‬I 7 uc  ‫ "א‬E ' ‫א‬5@D@.‫ن‬BC ‫(نא‬t = 0 s.‫(@א‬11
 ./‫@=<א‬،C0 ‫ 
א‬8<‫و‬F> ‫א‬583‫(א‬21


RCH‫;א‬IJ ‫( دא‬2
> ‫ *א‬+‫و(;א‬K1LM‫א‬NO<P)J‫ن‬BC ‫(نא‬،K0" ‫א‬LE8L:t =0 .‫@א‬
 :; ‫א‬



  



 @D(‫و‬56‫א‬RC‫ن‬F‫د‬Q‫(@ 
دא‬1.2
 .C = 1µF ‫ن א‬FS 
@‫ذא‬OR 
8R  ‫)א‬Jτ 56‫ א‬J-‫د‬%(2.2
" EU C ' ‫;وא‬I T‫>א א‬NO‫א‬B(* %‫و‬V ‫)دون‬I T‫אא!א‬9U/ 8‫(א=@>و‬3.2
 (H< ‫;א‬E- @7‫א >א‬NO WF) ‫א‬

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‫اال‬.‫ذ‬
 . UC  ' ‫א‬TYX‫א‬MZ ‫א دא‬R  ‫)א‬JR ‫و‬UR‫ و‬UC9 'X‫א‬83‫א‬S-JF(4.2
 ./‫<א‬3 
[ \ T‫ 
א!א‬8<‫و‬F(5.2
 ./‫@=<א‬، t ≈ 0 !‫]אא‬C.+UR‫و‬UC 
8‫د‬%(6.2
5τ 5D[Ft 583‫;א‬I T‫!א א‬W 
8<‫و‬F(7.2
dU C
= 10 4 (5 − U C ) : ‫ن‬F (8.2
dt

 (1)q= It‫ن‬F)(11
uc=q/C0=I/C0.t (2)  (1)  ‫( و‬2) uc=q/C0

. UC= f (t) ‫" ل‬# ‫ ا‬$%&' ( ‫" ا )" ا‬# I/C0 ‫( ا ار‬2.1
3,5/15 = 0,233 V/s=I/C0 : ‫ع‬.‫ت‬
I/C0=0,233 ⇒ C0 = I/0,233 = 5 10-4 / 0,233 = 2,14 10-3 F= 2,14 mF.

(2
(1.2
U
R= = V . A −1
I
Q C I .t
C= = = = A.V −1 .s
U U U
[RC ] = V . A −1 .A.V −1 .s = s
(2.2

.

τ = RC= 10-4 s

C= 10-6 F
⇒ R= Ω
100Ω

(3.2

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‫اال‬.‫ذ‬
 :^‫א ' א‬UMO‫ن‬8H %(4.2

i = dqA/dt. ‫ و‬uR= Ri ‫و‬ uc+uR= E

: ‫و‬ i = dqA/dt = C duc/dt ‫ إذا‬Cuc=qA

dU C
U C + R. =E
dt
5τ 7 5/‫ أآ‬t ‫  ة‬3#4 ‫ ا‬56 7% 51 ‫ ا‬8%9 ‫&)وي‬1 E = 5V )%.)%/ (5.2

)%( ‫ن‬DE 5%= 3#4 ‫ن ا‬4) UC = 0 ‫ و‬i0 ‫)ر‬% ‫ة ا‬B ‫ن‬41 ( 5?@ ‫ار ا‬A ) ‫( > ='< ا ارة‬6.2
UR =Ri0

8)G. KL ‫ق ا ارة‬N=‫ إ‬8OD 7 i0 ‫ة‬E ‫ ا‬F?. )G H)5G4 ‫)ر ا‬% ‫ة ا‬B ‫ن‬I ‫)ر‬%' "#J   ‫) أن ا‬
i0 = 5/100= 5.10-2A ‫ أي‬i0 = E/R ‫ إذن‬7DE ‫ا‬

‫)ر‬% ‫ة ا‬B )% E ‫ &)وي‬P/Q‫ أ‬UC %56 7% 51 ‫ وا‬7DB 9 3#4 ‫ن ا‬4 t 〉 5τ ‫ ل‬8/& ) (7.2
UR = 0 ‫ إذا‬i = 0 RD/Q‫أ‬

(8.2

dU C dU C 1 1
U C + RC =E⇔ = ( E − U C ) = − 4 (5 − U C ) = 10 4 (5 − U C )
dt dt RC 10

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‫اال‬.‫ذ‬