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pengantar teori politik
Environmentalism (Green politic)
politic A new political movement A radical policy change
relation with democracy Greater state authority Greater order and regulations Transparent mode of policymaking Environmental citizenship
rights Waste managements ( 3 R)
crisis Resource scarcity Environmental catastrophe vThe solution is sustainable development
Ophuls (1977), Garret Hardin
“democracy is the problem to environmental issues” “Democracy encourages environmental destruction by stimulating popular demands for more and more consumption, energy, job, income, etc.”
How? b) Individualism c) Liberty d) Materialistic vtechnocratic dictatorship
democracy is needed… Economic security Socio-economic equality Produce alternatives Allow openness of idea
Environmental problems (climate
change, habitat destruction, animal welfare, water and soil scarcity, etc)
are not just technical to be resolved BUT it is our obligation to future generations.
& sustainable development Local Agenda 21 (1992 Rio Earth Summit) Environmental protection and the revival of democracy
of politic and environment “green democracy through regulation of economic sphere to achieve sustainability” “markets operate within the constraints imposed by public decisions made for common good” “environmentalism requires regulations to achieve social justice and equality”
& corporate interests are determined by the green politics Environmental protection is articulated within a democratic political process rather than a market.
principles in “green politics”
is global & transnational dimensional Protect the democratic society not just the political system Promote civil society Decentralization (political decision is transparent & accountable) Citizens empowerment (recycling, using biodegradable product, practicing SOV, etc.)
political theory is viewed as…
Radical Comprehensive Substantial Principles
that fit in the discussions of eco, soc, policy-making, globalization, etc.