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Must be laid out so both the work force and equipment are used effectively.

Trial-and-error process

Factors that should be taken into consideration when laying out routes:
1) Prepare location maps On a large-scale map of the area to be serviced, the following data should be plotted for each solid-waste pickup point: Location Number of containers Collection frequency If a stationary-container system with self-loading compactors is used, the estimated quantity of wastes to be collected at each pickup location 2) Prepare data summaries Estimate the quantity of wastes to be collected from pickup locations each day that the collection operation is to be conducted The number of locations that will be serviced during each pickup cycle must also be determined


Lay out preliminary collection routes starting from the dispatch station or where the collection vehicles are parked. The route should be laid out so that: I. It connects all the pickup locations to be serviced II. The last location is nearest the disposal site


Develop balanced routes After the preliminary collection routes have been laid out, the haul distance for each route should be determined 5) Determine the labour requirements per day and check against the available work times per day. 6) It may be necessary to readjust the collection routes to balance the work load and the distance traveled. 7) Draw on the master map

A master schedule for each collection route should be prepared for use by the engineering department and the transportation dispatcher A schedule on each route should be prepared for the driver A route book should be maintained by each truck driver

Example 11-3: Laying collection routes Lay out collection routes for the residential area shown in the accompanying figure. Assume the following data are applicable 1. General a) Occupants per resident = 3.5 b) Solid-waste generation rate = 1.6 kg/person.d c) Collection frequency d) Type of collection service = curb e) Collection crew size = one person f) Collection vehicle capacity = 20 m g) Compacted density of solid wastes in collection vehicle = 325 kg/m
2. a) b) Route constraints No U-turn in streets Collection from each side of street with stand-up right-hand-drivecollection vechicle


Determine total number of residences from which wastes are to be collected. Residences = 10(16) + 4(36) + 1(28) =332 Determine the compacted volume of solid waste to be collected per week Wol/wk = (332 resd x 3.5 persons/resd x 1.6 kg/person.d x 7 d.wk) / 325 kg/m = 40 m/wk Determine the number of trips/wk Trip/wk = (40 m/wk) / (20 m/trip) =2 Determine the average number of residences from which wastes are to be collected each day Residences/trip = 332/2 = 166