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Food in China

Charles Chen
Alex Guan
Sio Chong Dao
Danny Ma
http://www.mapsofworld.com/images/world-map-new.jpg
http://www.cs.chalmers.se/~yzhang/presentation/01_China_map.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org
Chopsticks

http://cimg2.163.com/lady/2007/4/30/20070430104207e970d.jp
www.kovis.idv.tw/wp/?p=184
http://blog.roodo.com/tou
_14/2c412796.jpg
Chopsticks
• How to use them?
•Rice
•Tea
•Sweet Potatoes
•Sugarcane
•Fruit and Vegetable
•Stir-frying, frying,
stewing, frying in
boiling oil, bao are
common cooking http://www.historyforkids.org/l
techniques earn/china/economy/pictures/ri
cepaddy.jpg
•Wheat
•Sweet Potatoes
•Cotton
•Soybeans
•Corn
•Fruit and
Vegetable
•Millet
•Roasting and
“Explode Frying”
are common
cooking http://cache.daylife.co
techniques m/imageserve/06tZeiF
cIu2iA/340x.jpg
•3 meals a day

•The importance of
Grains http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedi
a/commons/f/f2/CantonesecuisineStir
fryvegetables.jpg
•Dessert: Fresh or
Preserved Fruits; not
a common practice

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%7Esockeye/ep/chinpaltofuhotpla
•Zao Chan 早餐

•Congee (Rice Porridge),


served with Youtiao
(Chinese Doughnut)

•Fried Noodles, Steamed http://p4.p.pixnet.net/album


s/userpics/4/3/649843/1200
Bread, and Dummplings 030304.jpg

http://www.hb.xinhuanet.com/f
ood/2007-
• Wu Chan 午餐
• Similar to Dinner
but in smaller
portions and eaten
much quicker
• Usually rice and
accompaniments
of meat, poultry,
fish or vegetables
• Sometimes rice
and noodle stir-
fry with other
accompaniments
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xoDVPg/R5MSr4UtlHI/AAAAAAAA
AUg/2pDqXQZqZxk/s1600-
• Wan Chan 晚餐
• The most important
meal of the day
• The meal where
family members are
gathered
• Usually rice and
accompaniments
of meat, poultry,
fish or vegetables
• Rice and
accompaniments are
alwas separated

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GxoDVPg/R585W3lwFMI/AAAAA
AAAAWo/u4AGk4Mxefo/s1600-
• Always served with tea
• Bite-Sized Dumplings
• Eaten between Breakfast
and Lunch to replace them
• Usually eaten during http://touringmalaysia.files.
weekends wordpress.com/2008/04/dims
• Usually people take their um.jpg
time
• can be steamed, deep-
fried or baked,

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&current=SSW_DimSum.gifums/u125/kookycu
Lunar New Year
Mythology

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03.gif
Chinese Candy Box

• Placed in the living


room during CNY
• Items stored, e.g.:
– Chocolate coins
– Dried candied lotus
seed
– Dried candied lotus
root
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
– Melon seed Chinese_candy_box
Dragon Boat
Festival

Myth: as a
memorial festival
for Qu Yuan, a
patriach offical in
the Zhou dynasty,
who threw himself
into a river.

People make
zhongzi to throw
into the river to
prevent fish from
Zong zi

•Glutinous rice or sweet


sticky rice that may be
stuffed with:

•Beans
•Eggs and meat
•Sweet potato
•Walnuts
•Or a combination of
all of them
Moon Festival

Myth: A long time ago during the Yuan


dynasty (AD 1280-1368) China was ruled my
Mongolian people after they overtook the
Sung dynasty. The leaders of the Sung
dynasty wanted to revolt without being
caught, so they coordinated a way send
messages to each other without being
noticed. Since the moon festival was near,
they ordered special cakes, moon cakes,
and had messages inscribed inside each of
them. On the night of the moon festival,
Moon Cakes

•round or rectangular with


Chinese character imprinted on
the top.
•thin crust outside with dense
filling
•Often made with:
•Lotus seeds
•Taro paste
•Red Bean paste
•Jujube paste
Chinese Believes On Food: Yin
& Yang

http://www.gotomars.net/images/yinyang.jpg
The Nature of Food
•   Yang                     
Yin
Hot < Warm < Neutral > Cool > Cold

Swee Sour
• Nature Salty Bitter Spicy
of Taste
t
Spleen & Liver & Heart & Kidney & Lung &
Stomach Gall Small Bladder Large
bladder Intestine Intestine
How to Eat According to
Season
• Spring is dominated
by wind.
• Summer is dominated by
fire/heat.
• Fall is dominated by
dryness.
• Winter is dominated
by Cold.

http://fc34.deviantart.com/fs12/f/2006/338/
/8/four_seasons_wallpaper_by_Dawn42.jpg
Eat according to the Nature of
Sickness
Illness Nature
Fever Yang Evil
Cough Wind Evil
Dizziness Yin Evil
Diarrhea Damp Evil
Chinese Herbs

http://www.nuhs.edu/resources/images/chinese_herbs.jpg
Common Therapeutic Food -
Plants
• Caterpillar fungus
• Ginseng
• Ginger
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia
/commons/0/07/Cordyceps_Sinensis.j
pg

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ticle%20Images/Ginseng.jpg

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rcgRs/Rb_n_LljaI/AAAAAAAAAA0/G
5b1nBnxSoo/s400/Ginger1.jpg
Common Therapeutic Food from
Animal
• Dried Deer horn
• Tai He Chicken
• To be continue on
weird/Exotic food…

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%5Cimage%5Cproducts%5C
%E4%B9%8C%E9%B8%A1(2).jpg

http://www.catf.agri.gov.cn/mca/mcai
mg/1175159942453cp.JPG
Unusual Food
• Dry Lizard
• Alligator
• Stinky Tofu
• Bird’s Nest Soup
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4.static.flic
kr.com/302
3/2325678
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058cc.jpg?
v=0
Weird Food
• Caterpillar
• Scorpion
• Baby Mouse Liquor
Exotic Food
Life Expectancy
• Average = 73.18 years
– Male: 71.37 years
– Female: 75.18 years
• Longer expectancy in Macau and
Hong Kong SAR
Health Issue: Smoking
• 67% of men and 4% of women
smoke
• More than 3 million Chinese Smokers
• Contributes to four of the five leading
causes, in which heart disease,
cancer and stroke are the first three.
Heart Disease: Coronary artery
Disease
• the most prevalent heart disease
• Cause: changing dietary habit
– More fast food, atherogenic, high fat and
salt intake
– >800 Kentucky and >430 Mcdonald’s
Cancer: Lung Cancer
• Increased by 465% in the past 30
years
• Most deadly cancer in China
• Causes: smoking, air-pollution
PNDC:
Public Nutrition and Development
of China
•Growing Number of Nutrition Related Diseases
•Aim to maintain a health nutrition status
•Ensure health care system is not overloaded

What is PDNC doing?


-Research
-Advocating a National Working Committee on
Nutrition
-Coordinate and advance UNICEF nutrition
program in China
-Encouraging and creating communication with
between government, industry, consumers, and
research and development institutions
--Increasing access to nutrition related
Summary
Chinese population is denser in South East
region, and food culture is more developed and
recognized there
Major Staples in Southern China: Rice, Tea
Sweet Potatoes, sugarcane and Fruit and
Vegetable
Major Staples in Northern China: Wheat, Sweet
Potatoes, Cotton, Soybeans, Corn, Fruit and
Vegetables
Grains are importain in breakfast, lunch, and
dinner as well.
Dim Sum is a family gathering during weekend,
eaten in Brunch hours.
Chinese New Years, Dragon Boat Festival, and
Summary Con’d
Chinese people believe that health is a result of
balancing yin and yang in the body; Food and
season can affect the balance, so food choices
should be based on improving the balance for
optimal health.
There are more than 2000 recorded Therapeutic
food in China. Examples are caterpillar fungus,
ginseng, and ginger etc.
Some of the Chinese people eat very exotic food,
such as Dry lizard, Caterpillar, and animals' penis.
Smoking contributes to all the top five causes of
death in China, including Heart Disease and
Cancer
PNDC is the center that works on reducing
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http://www.cs.chalmers.se/~yzhang/presentation/01_China_map.jpg
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seasons_wallpaper_by_Dawn42.jpg
http://www.gotomars.net/images/yinyang.jpg
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