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Concrete Formwork & Shoring Systems

Concrete Construction

Table of Contents
Vertical formwork systems (wall & column systems)
Horizontal shoring systems (flying systems &
stationary systems)
Factors Affecting Formwork & Shoring Designs

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Concrete Construction

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Objectives & Goals


Develop an understanding of the current
formwork & shoring systems available today,
Review typical applications and rental costs for
each system,
Learn the factors that govern formwork &
shoring designs decisions that contractors
face,
Be able to use this knowledge in evaluating
formwork systems to fit the project.

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Factors Affecting Formwork System Selection


Safety Accident Prevention!!
Structure Type & Design

Floor to Floor Heights & changes


Column & wall layout
P/T slab or Conventionally reinforced
Construction Joint locations
Drop Caps, Slab breaks
Existing constraints (Adjacent Buildings)
Number of uses of form system

Crane size & location


Schedule (Very Important)
Manpower - Skill Level
Productivity & Cycling of equipment

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Factors Affecting Formwork System Selection


Risk
Formwork Supplier

History with similar projects


Engineering expertise
Support services
Knowledge of support personnel
Location

Buy vs. Rent

Duration of project
Future usage
Return on investment
Maintenance expense on owned equipment
Storage expense

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Vertical Formwork Systems

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Vertical Formwork Systems

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Vertical Formwork Systems


Wood Forming System

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Vertical Formwork Systems


Handset Forming System

Application: Walls & Columns


50% more productive than
snap tie wall systems
Aluminum Frame with a 5/8
plywood face
Pour Pressures =1,200 psf
Ties on 2 x 2 spacings
Cost $0.85 to $1.00/sf per month

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Vertical Formwork Systems


Handset Forming System

Panel widths vary from 1 to 30


Panel heights = 3, 4, 5, 6 & 8

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Vertical Formwork Systems


Hand-Set Forming System
Quick Pre-assembly
Moveable by Hand
Hinges & Carts Available
Braced with 2 x 4s

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Vertical Formwork Systems


Crane Set Forming System

Power Plants

Bridges

Tunnels

Commercial
Building

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Vertical Formwork Systems


Crane-Set Forming
System
Application:
Walls & Columns
Large Gang Wall Application
Steel Frame with a 3/4
plywood face Wt. = 14 psf
Pour Pressures =1,500 psf
Ties on 4 x 4 spacing

Cost $0.90 to $1.10/sf per month


European Systems : $1.45 to
1.65/sf per mo.

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Vertical Formwork System


Aluma Gang Wall Forms

Form Design: Aluma Beam with a


55 Kip Aluminum Strongback
Plywood Face: Typically 3/4
Pour Pressures: Up to 1520 psf
Taper Ties on 6 x 6 Spacing

Weight: 10 Lbs per SF


Cost $0.65 to $0.75/sf per month

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Vertical Formwork System


Aluma Gang Wall Forms
Radius wall application

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Vertical Formwork System


Roll Back Jump Forms
Problem:
Multi-lift Wall Construction
Elevator Cores
Safe Access for Rebar,
Formwork & Concrete
Placing Operations

Solution:
Rollback Jump Form

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Vertical Formwork System


Roll Back Jump Forms
Standard Aluma Gang
supported on Roll back Bracket
Provides an 8 wide work deck

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Vertical Formwork System


Roll Back Jump Forms
Form Rolls back 30 to allow
access to rebar & form Face.

30

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Vertical Formwork System


Roll Back Jump Forms
Standard Williams Type Insert

1 1/4 Landing Bolt support


the Roll Back Bracket

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Vertical Formwork System


Elevator Core Form

Exterior Roll back panels


& Interior Cores are Crane
Raised

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Horizontal Shoring Systems

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Horizontal Shoring Systems


Hand-Set Shoring Systems: Applications
Horizontal Formwork
for Cast in Place Concrete
Re-shoring

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Horizontal Shoring Systems


Hand-Set Shoring Systems:

Applications

Parking Garages
Truss Table Shoring

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Horizontal Shoring Systems


Aluma Frame Shoring System

Hand-Set Shoring is rated


by the capacity per leg
15 kips per leg
Light weight 6 x 6 frame
weighs 44 lbs.
Cost: Varies based on
Slab thickness (controls beam spacings)
Shore Heights (Frame stacks)
H = 10: $ 0.35 to $0.45/sf
H = 10 to 15: Say $0.55/sf

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Horizontal Shoring Systems


Aluma Frame Shoring System
Widest, Strongest & Lightest
shoring frame on the market
15 kips per leg
Light weight 6 x 6 frame weighs
44 lbs.
Frame Heights of 8 tall available

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Horizontal Shoring Systems


Parking Garage
Uses Aluma Beam Tables for
Deck Support

Uses Aluma Frames to


support the beams

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Horizontal Shoring Systems


Parking Garage
Step #1: Beam supports &
beam sides are pre-assembled

Step #2: Deck Panels are Pre-Assembled

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Horizontal Shoring Systems


Parking Garage
Step #3: Set Shoring Frames in place then
add pre-assembled Beam Forms

Step #4: Set Pre-Assembled Beam panels


in place

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Horizontal Shoring Systems


Parking Garage
Inserts are added to Deck Panels to allow the
stripping of the beam sides and shoring

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Horizontal Shoring Systems


Parking Garage
Step #5: Cross braces are removed and the
Aluma Frame legs are folding up to facilitate
strip and moving

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Allows access to move system


through set-up equipment
Step #6: A forklift lowers the forms and
moves to the next pour

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Horizontal Shoring Systems


Parking Garage

Casters allow forms to easily


move through project

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Horizontal Shoring Systems


Parking Garage
Questions?

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Horizontal Shoring Systems


Aluma Deck

Application:
Faster cycle times on flat slab
structures.
2 x 6 Aluminum Deck panels, shore
points are on a 6 x 8 grid

Cost: Varies based on


Building Geometry (affects post spacing)
Shore Heights
Generally: $ 1.10 to $1.25/sf per month

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Horizontal Shoring Systems


Aluma Deck

Drop Heads for Stripping


Deck removal one day after
the pour and prior to posttensioning
Reduced cycle time
Beam Hangers for column
capitals

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Horizontal Shoring Systems


Aluma Truss

Application:
Used to speed construction on multilevel building.
1st Floor shoring: Trusses are supported
on hand-set Shore X Frames

Cost: Varies based on


Slab thickness (controls beam spacings)
Shore Heights (Truss configurations)
Generally: $ 0.55 to $0.65/sf per month

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Horizontal Shoring Systems


Aluma Truss

5 & 6 deep truss

7 & 10 crossbraces
Extension legs Jacks
12 18
18 24
24 30
Lowering devices
Stripping & flying
Fillers

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Horizontal Shoring Systems


Column Hung

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Horizontal Shoring Systems


Column Hung

Cost: Varies based on


Slab thickness (controls truss joist spacing)
Column Spacing
Generally: $ 0.75 to $1.00/sf per month

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Horizontal Shoring Systems


Column Hung

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Horizontal Shoring Systems


Column Hung

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Horizontal Shoring Systems


Column Hung
Column Hung Advantages
No Reshoring
Stock Floors before you
fly tables to speed interior
finishes
Exterior can Follow closely

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Factors Affecting Formwork System Selection


Safety Accident Prevention!!
Structure Type & Design

Floor to Floor Heights & changes


Column & wall layout
P/T slab or Conventionally reinforced
Construction Joint locations
Drop Caps, Slab breaks
Existing constraints (Adjacent Buildings)
Number of uses of form system

Crane size & location


Schedule (Very Important)
Manpower - Skill Level
Productivity & Cycling of equipment

PG 043

Factors Affecting Formwork System Selection


Risk
Formwork Supplier

History with similar projects


Engineering expertise
Support services
Knowledge of support personnel
Location

Buy vs. Rent

Duration of project
Future usage
Return on investment
Maintenance expense on owned equipment
Storage expense

PG 044

Horizontal Shoring Systems


Questions?

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Thank you for attending!!

For more information on Aluma Systems


please log onto our website at:

www.aluma.com