QUALITIES OF A GROUP

Do You Consider These
To be a Group?
Individuals on a flight from Toronto to
Montreal?
Watching a Toronto
Maple Leafs game at the
ACC?
Individuals taking the subway?
3 children playing in a sandbox?
The American Idols?
An executive board?

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

INTERACTION
INTERDEPENDENCE
STRUCTURE
GOALS
COHESIVENESS

A. INTERACTION
 The

social actions of individuals in a
group, particularly those that are
influenced either directly or indirectly by a
group.
 Arguments, talk over issues, and make
decisions.
 Group members teach one another new
things; they communicate with one
another verbally and nonverbally.

2 CLASSES OF INTERACTION
TASK INTERACTION – it includes all group behavior
that is focused principally on the group’s work,
projects, plans and goals.
- members must coordinate their various skills,
resources and motivations.
B. RELATIONSHIP INTERACTION – actions performed by
group members that relate to or influence the
emotional and interpersonal bonds within the group,
including both positive actions (social support,
consideration) and negative actions (criticism,
conflict).
- kind words, suggestions and other forms of help.
-they sustain emotional bonds linking the members
to one another and to the group.
A.

B. INTERDEPENDENCE
 Mutual

dependence or influence, as when
one’s outcome, actions, thoughts,
feelings, and experience are determined in
whole or in part by others.
 Members are obligated or responsible to
other group members, for they provide
each other with support and assistance.

Interdependence Diagram

 Sequential

– influence of one
member to the next.
 Reciprocal – two or more members
may influence each other
 Multilevel – the outcome of larger
groups are influenced by the
activities of smaller groups

C. STRUCTURE
 Norms,

roles and stable patterns of
relations among members of a group.
 Roles – specify the general behaviors
expected of people who occupy different
positions within the group.
– Leader, seeker, information giver, elaborator,
procedural technician, encourager,
compromiser, harmonizer,

 NORMS

– a consensual and often
implicit standard that describes what
behaviors should and should not be
performed in a given context.

D. GOALS
 The

aim or outcome sought by the
group and its members.
 People solve problems, create
products, create standards,
communicate knowledge, have fun,
perform arts, create institution
 McGrath’s Circumplex Model of
Group Tasks

e. Cohesiveness

Group Cohesion: the strength of the
bonds linking individuals to the group

FEELINGS of attraction to specific group
members and efforts to achieve goals

The unity of the group

The degree to which group members
coordinate their efforts to acheve goals