Calculo de poligonales

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Traverse Calculations

Calculo de poligonales

© All Rights Reserved

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Balance Angular Misclosure

Determine Directions of Sides

Latitudes and Departures

Determine Linear Misclosure

Adjust Linear Misclosure

Determine Area Enclosed

Angular Misclosure

Total = (n-2)(180)

n = 5, Total = 540

8626 E

D

+ 10709

+ 10825 9220

14537

+ 9220 A

8626

+ 14537 10825

= 53957 1079 C

Misclosure = -3

Acceptable? B

Balance Angular Error

Contribution to Error

Angles not consistent more work

Assign contribution - C

Correction = C*(-error/C)

Say angle A, B turned twice; C,D, E 4 times

A & B are twice as likely to contribute to error

CA = CB = 2, CC = CD = CE = 1, C = 7

Correction = C*(3/7) = 26*C

CorrA = CorrB = 51, CorrC = CorrD = CorrE = 26

Much easier if all angles contribute equally

Balancing Angular Error

8627

Assuming all work is consistent + 10709

E = error, n = number of angles + 10825

+ 9221

Correction = -E/n + 14538

Reflect precision E

= 54000 OK! D

C = -(-3)/5 = 36

Work recorded to 1 9220

14537 21

Adjust 3 by 1 38

Shortest shots A 8626

27 10825 C

Add 1 to A, E, D

Check that total works! 1079

B

Determine Directions of Sides

Use Adjusted Angles

AzBC = BackAzAB + ABC

AZAB = 14145

E D

AZBC = 32145 + 1079 = 6854

AZCD = 24854 + 10825 = 35719 9221

14538

AZDE = 17719 + 9221 = 26940 A 141 45

AZEA = 8940 + 14538 = 23518 8627 10825

Check that last angle! 1079

C

AZAB = 5518 + 8627 = 14145

B

Latitudes and Departures

Latitude = Length*Cos(Az or Bearing Angle)

Departure = Length*Sin(Az or B.A.)

D

= -247.86

DepAB = 315.65 Sin(14145)

= 195.40 A

polar -> rectangular key! C

B

Latitudes and Departures

Side Length Azimuth Latitude Departure

AB 315.62 14145 -247.86 195.40

Determine Linear Misclosure

You should end up where you started

Sum of Lats = 0

Sum of Deps = 0

Linear Misclosure (error)

A line connects starting and ending point

Linear error = length of line

eDep = 0.03

eLin eLat

2

eDep

2

eLat = 0.37

0.36 2 0.032 0.37

Relative Error

Is the linear error acceptable?

Relative Error

Relates error to total distance surveyed

Expressed as 1/xxxx

eLin 0.37 1

RE

Length 1684.11 4550

Adjust Linear Error

Transit rule

When angles are more accurate than distances

Proportion L error based on total N-S distance

Proportion Dep error based on total E-W distance

Compass Rule more common

Assumes angles are as accurate as distances

Proportion both errors based on total distance

Least-Squares

Uses square roots of sums of Lats and Deps

Typically requires computer program

Adjust Linear Error

Compass Rule

Proportion Lat, Dep error to length of side

eLat eDep

Lat Length Dep Length

Lengths Lengths

0.36

Lat AB 315.62 0.07

1684.11

0.03

Dep AB 315.62 0.006 0.01

1684.11

Adjusting Lats and Deps

Adjd Adjd

Side Length Lat Lat Dep Dep

Lat Dep

AB 315.62 -247.86 -.07 -247.93 195.40 -.01 195.39

Area by DMD

Double Meridian Distance

Use adjusted Lats and Deps

Meridian through west point

E

Use Lat, Dep to define D

triangles, trapezoids

Note formulas A

A = bh

A = b(h1+h2)

C

DMD double area

B

Area by DMD

Process follows around the boundary

DMDBC = DMDAB + DepAB + DepBC

Multiply DMD * Lat for each side

Add up = Double area

Divide total by 2

Areas by DMD

Adjd Adjd

Side DMD DMD x LAt

Lat Dep

AB -247.93 195.39 195.39 -48,443

Coordinates

Assign an origin W and S of point A

N CoordB = N CoordA + LatAB

E CoordB = E CoordA + DepAB

Area by Coordinates

Multiply E CoordA * N CoordB, repeat, add

Multiply E CoordB * N CoordA, repeat, add

2A = Difference of sums

Coordinates

Adjd Adjd

Side Point N E Up Down

Lat Dep

A 300.00 100.00 5,207

770,326 448,975

Why Use Coordinates?

What line connects B and D?

Lat = ND NB = 409.55 52.07 = 357.48

Dep = ED EB = 755.84 295.39 = 460.45

L = (357.482 + 460.452)

= 582.93 E D

Az = Tan-1(460.45/357.48)

= 521030

A

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