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University of Science and Technology of Southern Philippines

Structural
Systems
Reference: NSCP 2015
Section 208.4.10.2
Prepared by KSDY
Braced Frame
Shear Wall
Basic
Structural Moment-Resisting Frame
Systems
Competing
Criteria Stiffness
Strength
Aesthetics
Functionality
Cost
NSCP 2015 Provision
Structural System
Table 208-11A
Table 208-11B
Table 208-11B
Table 208-
11C/D
A structural system with bearing walls providing
support for all or major portions of the vertical loads.
Shear walls or braced frames provide seismic-force
resistance.
Bearing Wall
Systems
A structural system with an essentially complete
space frame providing support for vertical loads.
Seismic-force resistance is provided by shear walls or
braced frames.
Building Frame
Systems
A building frame system is a system in which the
gravity loads are carried primarily by a frame
Building Frame supported on columns rather than by bearing walls.
Some minor portions of the gravity load may be carried
Systems on bearing walls, but the amount so carried should not
represent more than a few percent of the building area.
- NEHRP
The horizontal beams and vertical columns provide both
support for the structures weight and the strength and
stiffness needed to resist lateral loads.
Moment Stiffness and strength are achieved through the use of rigid
Resisting connections between the beams and columns that prevent
these elements from rotating relative to one other.
Frame System
They do not required braced frames or structural walls,
therefore large open spaced and facades with many
unobstructed window openings
Ordinary Moment-Resisting frame (OMRF)
A frame not meeting special detailing requirements for ductile
behavior.
Types of MRFs These provide the least resistance to lateral motion and so are only
recommended for zero/low seismic regions.
Intermediate Moment Resisting Frame (IMRF)
A frame designed in accordance with section 412 (concrete-
diaphragm)
IMFs are the next level up, designed to resist limited inelastic
deformations as the result of lateral forces.
Special Moment-Resisting Frames (SMRF)
moment resisting frame specially detailed to provide ductile
behavior
A structural system with an essentially complete space frame
providing support for vertical loads. Seismic lateral force
resistance is provided by a moment frame and shear walls or
braced frames. (SMRF, MRWF or steel OMRF)
The two systems shall be designed to resist the total design
Dual Systems base shear in proportion to their relative rigidities considering
the interaction of the dual system at all levels.
Dual Systems A structural system with an essentially complete space frame
providing support for vertical loads. Seismic lateral force
with resistance is provided by a intermediate moment resisting
Intermediate frame and shear walls or braced frames.
Moment
Frames
Cantilevered
Column
Building A structural system relying on
column elements that
System cantilever from a fixed base
and have minimal rotational
resistance capacity at the top
with lateral forces applied
essentially at the top and are
used for lateral resistance.
A structural system which uses combinations of shear walls
and frames designed to resist seismic lateral forces in
Shear Wall- proportion to their rigidities, considering interaction between
shear walls and frames on all levels. Support of vertical loads is
Frame provided by same shear walls and frames .
Interaction
system
208.4.10.3
Combination
of Structural
System If combinations of structural systems are
incorporated into the same structure, the
requirements of the following sections
must be satisfied!
208.4.10.3
Vertical
Combinations The value of R used in the design of every
storey shall be less than or equal to the
value of R used in the given direction for
the storey above!
208.4.10.3
Vertical
Combinations Exception: This requirement need not to be
applied to a storey where the dead weight
above that storey is less than 10 percent of
the total dead weight of the structure.
208.4.10.3
The entire structure is designed using the
Vertical lowest R of the lateral force-resisting
Combinations systems used or:
Two stage static analysis procedure
Flexible upper portion : R/
Rigid lower portion: R/
208.4.10.3.2
Combinations
along different In Seismic zone 4, if bearing wall system is in
axis one direction, R used in orthogonal section
shall not be greater than that used for the
bearing wall system.
Example 1:
208.4.10.3.3
Combinations
along the
same axis Value of R used in that direction shall not be
greater than the least value for any of the
systems utilized in that same direction.
Example 2:
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