LIBYA CRISIS

Presented by: Divya M Doel Mukherjee Gautam Jain

LIBYA HISTORY
‡ Prior to WWII Libya was an Italian colony ‡ After WWII it came under English & French control as a UN trusteeship in 1947 ‡ On 21 Nov 1949, UN General Assembly passed a resolution that Libya should become independent. ‡ Libya got independence on 24 Dec 1951. ‡ 25 April 1963, federal system of government was abolished & kingship was established.

MUAMMAR MAHUMMAD GADDAFI
‡ Leader of Libya since 1969. ‡ Born on 7th June 1942. ‡ Longest serving of all current non royal national leaders. ‡ On 1/9/1969, in a coupe over threw the kingship and proclaimed the LIBYAN ARAB REPUBLIC. 

Libyan citizens were prevented from exercising their right to publish private newspapers. Muammar Gaddafi has spread his wealth, estimated to run into hundreds of billions of dollars across at least 35 nations on four continents, as Western bankers attempt to unravel his financial tentacles.

CAUSES OF UPRISING 
Political conversations with foreigners is a crime punishable by 3 yrs of prison. Ban on learning foreign languages. Use of national resources & wealth to provide safe haven to anti western radicals. 

Libyans were prevented from writing and expressing their opinions which may not agree with the views of the then existing political regimes. Breakdown of diplomatic relations with other nations. Murder of the government's political opposition.

TIMELINE OF UPRISING
‡ The arrest of human rights activist Fathi Terbil 15th Feburary ‡ 22nd feb, Gaddafi started hiring African mercenaries to put down the uprising. ‡ 1st March, Australian defence minister made a statement that it would exercise military options.

17th March, Gaddafi warned that any foreign intervention would invite retaliation.

IMPACT OF LIBYA CRISIS 
Oil is set to touch more than 100 $ per barrel in international market. Libya has fallen in the category of failed states. The revolution has spread into neighbouring Islamic states Chad, Saudi Arabia. 

Indirectly increase the rate of inflation for south Asian countries. Rise in the prices of both gold and silver.

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