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Now and Then

A wide variety of people have contributed to the development of physical education

▶ Developed over time, by adding a pieces by pieces er/history.html

▶More on the history

bookrags.Johann Bernhard Basedow 1723-1790 ∗First to recognize the importance of exercise ∗Required a specific uniform for his students to allow unrestricted movement ∗Offered a camp for 2 months during the summer for the children ∗Was known as a difficult man to work with For More Information go to sedow .

Charles Beck 1798-1866 ⋆Friend and follower of Jahn ⋆Was hired to teach Latin and Physical Education in the form of German gymnastics ⋆Became the first official Physical Education teacher in America .

 Games from the “Old Days” Skip Away  Chasingers Charlie Over the Water  Frog in the Middle  Hat Ball  Blind Man’s Buff   .

One member (IT) of the class or group is blindfolded and counts to 20 or is spun around. The blindfolded person has to chase and catch somebody and identify him or her correctly. whilst the rest scatter about the room. then the game begins again with the same person as IT. Rules . the person identified becomes IT.  Any number can play. If IT guesses correctly. by touch alone. If IT doesn’t identify the person.

frail and women to have a system they could use ♣ Opened the Normal Institute of Physical Education in Boston ♣ Invented bean bags and wooden dumbells ♣ Also used music to enhance his exercises For More Information go to: http://en.wikipedia.Diocletian (Dio) Lewis 1823-1866 ♣ Did more to promote physical education than any other single individual ♣ Wanted the feeble. an_Lewis . fat.

whereupon a series of prescribed exercises was given to meet the demands of each particular case .He took these measurements and compared them with standards at a given age.Dudley Allen Sargent 1840-1924 ☺ Invented over 80 machines. using pulleys & weights ☺ Contributed to anthropometric measurements .

 School Time Games Midnight  Roll Ball  Puss in the Circle  Spider  Huntsman  Brownies and Fairies  Frog in the Sea  The Lost Child  Run for Your Supper  Crows and Cranes  .

Should the teacher call. The side having the greatest number of players at the end of the playing times wins. “crows the play is reversed. If the teacher calls out “cranes” the cranes will turn and chase them. Those tagged go over to the other side. the other cranes.  . the same number in each line. back to back and about one yard apart  The Game – One line is designated as the crows.Rules  Formation – Two lines of players.

Exercise – From the Latin words “ex” & “arcere. Do you ever wonder where some of the words we use in physical education come from?   Kinesiology – From the Greek words “kinesis” movement .” Physiology – From the Greek words “phusio.” to restrain.” nature and ology for branch of learning. to bend. .” physics and “educatio.   Flexibility – From the Latin word “flexus”. Gymnasium – From the Greek word “gumnasion” or “gumnazein” meaning to exercise naked.   Physical Education – From the Latin words “physica.

many states required that schools teach physical education ◉ For the first time.◉ 1820s Some American schools integrated P. after a 1.E. colleges offered intercollegiate sports such as rowing. into their curriculum ◉ After the Civil War. and track and field ◉ The Olympic Games were restored in 1896. football.400-year interlude . specialized training was offered for physical education instructors ◉ In another first.

skill rubrics Old PE Looks Like This New PE Looks Like This . level. selfevaluation. limited equipment Athletes are leaders Skill related Teacher directed Emphasis on competition Grades based on attendance.      Large groups. dress. peer assessment. skill. adequate equipment for active participation All students have opportunities for success Health related Teacher as coach/guide Emphasis on cooperation Grades based on selfimprovement. fitness scores       Small groups.

equipment) ⊛ Meaningful Content (variety.Should Include the Following Three Things ⊛ Opportunities for students to learn ( pos_paper/pe_critical.pdf .aahperd. practice. assessment) -Importance at each level: www. understanding) ⊛ Appropriate Instruction (inclusion.

The purpose of physical education is for all students ♦ To learn and develop fundamental movement skills ♦ To become physically fit to participate regularly in physical activity ♦ To know the implications of and the benefits from involvement in physical activities ♦ To appreciate the value of physical activity and its contributions to a healthy lifestyle .

000 deaths per year.htm  . • The cost of overweight and obesity to the U.S. • Physical inactivity and poor diet account for an estimated fit. Inactive children are more likely to become inactive adults. economy is $117 billion annually in direct and indirect medical costs.obus.    Tips to getting fit http://archieves. • The percentage of overweight children has more than doubled since the early 1970s.

.Confidence ☼ Stress Reduction ☼ Increase Their Love of School and ☼ ☼ Performance in Academics ☼ Development of Lifetime Skills and Activities .Why is Physical Education So Important? Here's Why . ☼ Reduced Risk of Heart Failure ☼Improved Physical Fitness ☼ Weight Reduction ☼ Good Health Promotion ☼ Self Discipline ☼ Skill Development ☼ Improved Self ..

Uniform Consist of  ◦ White t-shirt ◦ Shorts in the school color ◦ A change of shoes Uniforms can vary depending on the school. . Most schools require students to change into athletic clothes of their own while others require a uniform.

Much is not yet understood." .President John Fitzgerald Kennedy . it is the basis of dynamic and creative intellectual activity. But we do know what the Greeks knew: that intelligence and skill can only function at the peak of their capacity when the body is healthy and strong. The relationship between the soundness of the body and the activities of the mind is subtle and complex.Physical fitness is not only one of the most important keys to a healthy body.

org/wiki/Physical_Education http://en.