• Worldwide demand for energy continues to increase at rates never before seen. • The demand is widespread geographically and impacts all energy sources.
• The Hydrocarbon demand is driving the oil and gas industry to explore new or underexplored areas.

. innovative technologies have been formulated for High-Pressure. HighTemperature (HPHT) drilling. and temperatures.• As the search for petroleum becomes more extreme in terms of depths. pressures.

HPHT FLUID SYSTEMS .

Preventive measures of Barite Sagging. .• • • • Introduction. New technologies in HPHT Drilling fluids. Challenges faced by HPHT Drilling fluids.

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• When dealing with High Pressure and Temperature everything becomes more challenging due to the natural conditions taking place within the wellbore and reservoir.• HPHT wells are defined as wells that have an initial reservoir pressure greater than 10k psi(69 MPa) or reservoir temperature greater than 300 oF(149oC). .

. extending time on location and added drilling costs. the resulting higher pressures. lead to low penetration rates. combined with the competency of rock at depth.HPHT Drilling Fluid Challenges • Require a higher density fluid which typically requires high solids loading. • High solids loading.

HPHT DRILLING FLUID CHALLENGES • Thermal degradation of polymers. high pressures it becomes extremely difficult to control the gelation. • Under high temperatures . .

HPHT Rheology Stability to contaminants Stability to aging Weighing Gas solubility Predictable in order to control sag. gelation &ECD. brine and cement. HPHT fluid loss As low as reasonably possible to prevent formation damage and risk of differential sticking. but not as high as to cause gelation. or high surge and swab pressures. Stable in the presence of gas. Properties do not change overtime under either static or dynamic conditions. Needed for accurate kick detection & modeling.Plastic viscosity As low as reasonably possible to minimize ECD. Yield stress and gels Sufficient to prevent sag. Must be able to weighed up rapidly if a kick is taken. .

• More areas are prohibiting the discharge of oilbase fluids and cuttings.• Typically. . thereby requiring densities as high as 19 lb/gal. oil-base drilling fluids are preferred over their water-base counterparts in applications where bottom hole temperatures can approach 260° C (500° F) with shut-in pressures to 25.000 psi. which increases waste management costs and potential liabilities.

• UNDER BALANCED DRILLING.• CHROME FREE WBM. . • FORMATE BRINE SOLUTIONS.

chrome-free high density water-base drilling fluid: • Low molecular-weight anionic polymers. • Divalent metal lignosulfonate. • The high-molecular weight vinyl sulfonate copolymers. • Synthetic seawater. • Synthetic polymers.CHROME FREE WBM A newly designed. .

.• Invert emulsion fluids have been used for drilling HP/HT wells. and the technology is adequate for temperatures up to 500°F.

CONVENTIONAL OVER-BALANCED DRILLING .

OVER BALANCED DRILLING UNDER BALANCED DRILLING .

BENEFITS OF UNDER BALANCED DRILLING • Prevention formation damage. . • Increase rate of penetration. • Limit drilling fluid loss. • Increase well productivity.

.FORMATE BRINE • Cesium formate brine has been used in numerous challenging HPHT wells . hydraulically efficient HPHT reservoir drilling fluid. lowviscosity clear fluid that provides the basis for a non-damaging. • Cesium formate brine is a high-density.

VISCOSITY MEASUREMENTS .

CHANDLER 7600 VISCOMETER .

BARITE SAGGING .

. • Static sag.BARITE SAGGING • The significant density variations during some operations that require the mud to remain static for an extended period of time. is caused when circulation is stopped for an extended period of time and the weighting agents begin to settle under the influence of gravity.

BARITE SAGGING .

. especially in mud pumps. • The lower the Equivalent Circulating Density. • A new water-based mud formulation is introduced that uses polyanionic cellulose and xanthan gum as viscosifiers. or manganese tetra oxide.METHODS FOR PREVENTING BARITE SAGGING • The ways involve replacing barite by other weighted materials such as ilmenite . haematite. the higher the rate of drilling operation as well as the lower pressure losses.

• Article based on a paper presented at the IADC/SPE Asia Pacific Drilling Technology Conference and Exhibition. "Environmentally Responsible Water-based Drilling Fluid for HPHT Applications.spe.cabotspecialityfluids. 10-DF-HO37. • www.REFERENCES • Article adapted from AADE Paper No. Thailand." presented at the 2010 AADE Fluids Conference and Exhibition. Bangkok.onepetro.com • www.com .

THANK YOU QUERIES .

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