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Chapter3 Mole concept

Chapter3 Mole concept

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Published by: aayush_vijayvargia on Sep 30, 2012
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05/13/2014

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THE MOLE
“n”
 
The mole term is
similar to the “dozen”
term.
Just as a dozen
represents “12”; the
mole represents 6.022x 10
23
. A very largeamount.
This is due to atoms &molecules being verysmall.
 
The mole is alsoreferred to as
Avogadro’s number,
N
A
 
1 mole = N
A
= n = 6.022x 10
23
particles
Particles could beatoms, molecules, ions,electrons, even eggs.
 
 
THE MOLE & MOLAR MASS
 
The atomic or formulamass (weight) is measuredin reference to the mole.
The atomic/formula mass isalso known as theMOLARMASS.
Molar mass = MM = m/n ormass/mole.
Units for molar mass isgrams per mole or g/mol.For example:H = 1.008 amu= 1.008 g/mol= 6.022 x 10
23
 
atoms
= 1 molar massK
2
CO
3
=2K + C + 3O=2(39.10 g/mol) +12.011g/mol +3(16.00g/mol) =138.11g/mol
 
 
1. Calculate the formula weight of sucrose,C
12
H
22
O
11. 
2. Calculate the number of moles in 28.0 g of water.3. How many oxygen atoms are present in 4.20 gof NaHCO
3
? 4. Calculate how many methane (CH
4
) moleculesthere are in 25.0 g of methane. 
Mass(g)MOLEAtoms, Ions,or Molecules
Molecular MassAvogadro's #6.022 x 10
23
Calculations involving the mole
 

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