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Bamboo as a Structural Material

Bamboo as a Structural Material

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Research, design and analysis of a bamboo structure for housing.
Research, design and analysis of a bamboo structure for housing.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Engineers Without Borders UK on Mar 26, 2013
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01/31/2014

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2010
5/12/2010
Bamboo as a Structural MaterialClient Report
Gavin Leake - 200641821Kyle Toole - 200514202Pavel Divis - 200615422Supervisor: Carmen Torres Sanchez
 
Bamboo as a Structural MaterialTeam L Page 2
Abstract
This project summarises the work performed for EWB-UK on bamboo as a structuralcomponent for low cost housing in Pabal, India. In initial discussions with the partner NGOin Pabal, Vigyan Ashram, and with initial research into the academic literature and pastEWB studies of bamboo, it was clear the project should have an implementation focus and so was directed towards structural systems and the associated connections.It was identified early that building with bamboo in developing nations has a significantcultural aspect; the type of house reflects the occupant wealth with traditional concrete andsteel box-shaped buildings represents affluence while domes and bamboo have connotationsof poverty.The structure developed has a hexagonal plan that has several structural advantages for bamboo and can be later connected in modules and in combination with the sheet metal andstrapping connections provides a cheap housing solution for India. While the hexagonal styleis not quite a concrete box it is aesthetically closer to this configuration than a geodesic domeand also masks the structural bamboo.The connections, tools and instructions for the house are to be produced as a kit so once thecustomer has the kit can purchase their bamboo, cladding and roofing cheaply and locally.The kit also allows minimal cost by offering a low-skill do-it-yourself solution that can be built within one day by two unskilled workers with pictorial instructions to follow.
 
Bamboo as a Structural MaterialTeam L Page 3
Content
 Abstract ......................................................................................................................................... 1 Acknowledgements ...................................................................................................................... 61. Introduction ......................................................................................................................... 72. Research ............................................................................................................................... 83. Patents ................................................................................................................................ 184. Architecture ......................................................................................................................... 195. Design Specification ............................................................................................................ 216. Concept Generation ........................................................................................................... 227. Concept Development ........................................................................................................ 248. DfMA of the Base Plate ...................................................................................................... 269. Finite Element Analysis ..................................................................................................... 3310. Mechanical Testing ......................................................................................................... 4211. Failure Mode Effect Analysis ......................................................................................... 4712. Bamboo Prototyping....................................................................................................... 4813. Build Instructions ........................................................................................................... 4914. Modular Bamboo House Construction .......................................................................... 5715. Costing and Manufacturing ........................................................................................... 5816. Implementation ............................................................................................................... 6117. Future Work..................................................................................................................... 6118. Conclusion ...................................................................................................................... 62References .................................................................................................................................. 64 Appendix .................................................................................................................................... 65

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