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Basics of Electricity

Basics of Electricity

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Published by Kevin Haworth
Comprehensive introduction to the basic components of electricity manipulation with analog (passive) components such as resistors,capacitors, and inductors.
Comprehensive introduction to the basic components of electricity manipulation with analog (passive) components such as resistors,capacitors, and inductors.

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Published by: Kevin Haworth on Mar 24, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/09/2012

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Table of Contents
Introduction..............................................................................2Electron Theory........................................................................4Conductors, Insulators and Semiconductors.........................5Electric Charges.......................................................................7Current......................................................................................9Voltage....................................................................................11Resistance..............................................................................13Simple Electric Circuit...........................................................15Ohms Law..............................................................................16DC Series Circuit....................................................................18DC Parallel Circuit..................................................................23Series-Parallel Circuits...........................................................30Power......................................................................................34Magnetism.............................................................................37Electromagnetism..................................................................39Introduction to AC.................................................................42AC Generators........................................................................44Frequency...............................................................................47Voltage and Current...............................................................48Inductance..............................................................................51Capacitance............................................................................56Inductive and Capacitive Reactance.....................................61Series R-L-C Circuit................................................................67Parallel R-L-C Circuit..............................................................69Power and Power Factor in an AC Circuit.............................71Transformers..........................................................................75Three-Phase Transformers....................................................80Review Answers....................................................................83Final Exam..............................................................................84
 
2Welcome to the first course in the STEP 2000 series,
S
iemens
T
echnical
E
ducation
P
rogram designed to prepareour distributors for the year 2000 and beyond. This coursecovers
Basics of Electricity
and is designed to prepare you for subsequent courses on Siemens Energy
&
Automationproducts.Upon completion of
Basics of Electricity
you will be able to:
Explain the difference between conductors andinsulators
Use Ohms Law to calculate current, voltage, andresistance
Calculate equivalent resistance for series, parallel, orseries-parallel circuits
Calculate voltage drop across a resistor
Calculate power given other basic values
Identify factors that determine the strength and polarityof a current-carrying coils magnetic field
Determine peak, instantaneous, and effective values ofan AC sine wave
Identify factors that effect inductive reactance and ca-pacitive reactance in an AC circuit
Calculate total impedance of an AC circuit
Explain the difference between real power and apparentpower in an AC circuit
Introduction
 
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Calculate primary and secondary voltages of single-phase and three-phase transformers
Calculate kVA of a transformerThe objectives listed above may sound strange to you. Youmay also wonder why you would need to know these thingsto sell Siemens Energy
&
Automation products. Developing abasic knowledge of electrical concepts, however, will helpyou to better understand customer applications. In addition,you will be better able to describe products to customers anddetermine important differences between products.If you are an employee of a Siemens Energy
&
Automationauthorized distributor, fill out the final exam tear-out card andmail in the card. We will mail you a certificate of completion ifyou score a passing grade. Good luck with your efforts.

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