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messenger-no77

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Published by: European Southern Observatory on May 07, 2009
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02/01/2013

N o . 7 7 - S e p te m b e r 1 9 9 4
T h e E n c o u n te ro f C o m e t S h o e m a k e r-L e v y9 w ith J u p ite r
A n
e x tra o rd in a ry e v e n t to o k p la c e
in
J u ly
1 9 9 4 :th e
c o llis io n
o fac o m e t w ith J u p ite r (C o m e t
S h o e m a k e r-L e v y9 ).T h e re is e v e r y in d ic a tio n th a t th is is a n e x tr e m e ly ra re e v e n t. F o r th is re a s o n
th e p la n e ta ry a s tro n o m e rsin
th e
w o rld o r g a n iz e d a n d c a rrie d o u t e x te n s iv e o b s e rv a tio n so fth e
e n c o u n te r. T h e d a ta o b ta in e d a re tru ly u n iq u e .
T h is is s u eo fth e M e s s e n g e r p r e s e n ts fir s t re s u lts o b ta in e d a t E S O L a S illa (s e e p a g e s2 8 -4 9 ).
L a te s t D e v e lo p m e n ts A ro u n d P a ra n a l
R .G IA C C O N I, D ire c to r G e n e ra lo fE S O

T h e reh a v e b e e n a n u m b e r o f im p o r\ue000 ta n t d e v e lo p m e n ts a ro u n d th e P a ra n a lis \ue000 s u e s in c e m y la s t re p o rtin th e E S O M e s \ue000 s e n g e r (J u n e 1 9 9 4 ).Inp a rtic u la r, C o u n \ue000 c ild e c id e d

to
c o n tin u e th e

c o n s tru c tio n o f th e V L T O b s e rv a to rya tP a r a n a l, w h ile a t th e

sam e
tim e
re q u e s tin g
th e
E S O
M a n a g e m e n t to p u r s u e th e o n g o in g s tu d \ue000
ie s
o f a lte rn a tiv e
s o lu tio n s .
D u rin g
th e
p a s t
m o n th s ,
p ro g re s s
h a s
a ls o
b e e n
a c h ie v e d to w a r d s th e c o n c lu s io n

of ne\ue000 g o tia tio n s o f a S u p p le m e n ta r y T re a ty b e \ue000 tw e e n C h ile a n d E S O .

T h e C o u n c il D e c is io n s
T h e
E S O
C o u n c il
m et
in
e x tra o rd i\ue000
n a ry s e s s io n
a t th e
E S O
H e a d q u a rte rs
o n
A u g u s t
8
a n d
9 ,
1 9 9 4 .
T h e
m a in
a g e n d a
ite m s w e re
c o n c e rn e d
w ith
th e
re c e n t
d e v e lo p m e n ts
a ro u n d
E S O 's
re la tio n s
w ith
th e
R e p u b lic o f C h ile , a s
w e ll a s th e s ta tu s o f th e
V LT
p r o je c ta t
P a ra n a !.
T h is m e e tin g fo llo w e d c o n tin u e d c o n \ue000
s u lta tio n s
a t d iffe re n t
le v e ls
w ith in
th e
E S O

m e m b e r s ta te s a n d in c lu d e d c a re \ue000 fu l c o n s id e r a tio n o f a ll a s p e c ts o f th e c u r\ue000 re n t s itu a tio n . C o u n c il to o k n o te o f re c e n t p o s itiv e

d e v e lo p m e n ts
w h ic h
h a v e

o c \ue000 c u rre d s in c e th e M a y 1 9 9 4 ro u n d o f d is \ue000 c u s s io n s w ith

th e
C h ile a n

a u th o ritie sin S a n tia g o . T h e c o n fir m a tio n o f E S O 's im \ue000 m u n itie s a sa nIn te rn a tio n a l O rg a n iz a tio n

inC h ile , c o n ta in e d ina n u m b e r o f im p o r\ue000
ta n t s ta te m e n ts a n d d o c u m e n ts ,isc o n \ue000
s id e r e d a s ig n ific a n t s te p b y th e C h ile a n
G o v e rn m e n tto in s u r e to E S O th e u n h in \ue000
d e re d e re c tio n a n d la te r o p e ra tio n o f th e
V LTo nP a ra n a !.
U n d e r th e s e c irc u m s ta n c e s a n dino r\ue000
d e r
to
m a in ta in
p ro g re s s
o n
th e
V LT
p ro je c t, th e E S O
C o u n c il a u th o riz e d th e
E S O
M a n a g e m e n t to
c o n tin u e
th e
o n \ue000
s ite w o rk a t P a ra n a !.
C o u n c il a ls o
to o k
n o te
o f th e

d e s ir e e x p r e s s e d b y th e C h ile a nG o v e rn m e n tto c o m p le te n e g o tia tio n o f a S u p p le m e n ta r y a n d A m e n d in g A g re e m e n t, a n ditw as de\ue000 c id e d th a t a C o u n c il D e le g a tio n s h a ll c o n \ue000 c lu d ea ss o o n a s p o s s ib le th e n e g o tia tio n o f th is A g re e m e n t. C o u n c il n o te d th a t th e C h ile a n D e le g a tio n h a s a c c e p te d E S O 's in v ita tio n to h o ld th e fin a l ro u n d o f n e g o \ue000 tia tio n s

in
E u ro p e
a n d
p ro p o s e d
th a tit
s h a ll b e
h e ld
inth e e a rly a u tu m n
1 9 9 4 ,
i.e . w e ll b e fo r e fh e n e x t C o u n c il m e e tin g
o nN ovem ber 3D -D ecem ber1 , 1994.
N o n e th e le s s , C o u n c il a ls o e x p r e s s e d
its p r e o c c u p a tio n w ith re g a rd to re m a in -
1
in g
a m b ig u itie s
c o n ta in e d
in
som e
o ffi\ue000
c ia l s ta te m e n ts
a c c o r d in g
to
w h ic h
th e
fo rm a l
r e c o g n itio n
o f
E S O 's
s ta tu s
o n
P a r a n a l w o u ld d e p e n do n th e c o n c lu s io n
o f th e
a b o v e -m e n tio n e d

A g re e m e n t.A t th e M a y 1 9 9 4 m e e tin g sin S a n tia g o , u n \ue000 d e rs ta n d in g

had been
re a c h e d th a t th is
A g re e m e n t
w ill
m e re ly
c o n firm
th e
a l\ue000
r e a d y e x is tin g
le g a l s itu a tio n . T h e
m a in
o b je c tiv e
is
to
e x p a n d
th e
c o o p e ra tio n
b e tw e e n C h ile a n d E S O

b yg ra n tin g e n \ue000 s u re d a c c e s s fo r C h ile a n a s tro n o m e rs to E S O 's fa c ilitie s a n d in c o r p o r a te e le m e n ts o f C h ile a n la b o u r le g is la tio n in to th e E S O in te rn a l s ta ff re g u la tio n s .

In
v ie w
o f th e s e
c irc u m s ta n c e s , a n d
p e n d in g
th e
s u c c e s s fu l
c o n c lu s io n
o f
th e s e n e g o tia tio n s , C o u n c il th e re fo re in \ue000
s tru c te d
th e
E S O
M a n a g e m e n t to
c o n \ue000
tin u e
e x p lo r in g
a lte rn a tiv e
s ite s
fo r th e
V L T .
In
a fin a l s ta te m e n t, th e
E S O

C oun\ue000 c ila g a in e x p r e s s e d its h o p e th a t th e s c i\ue000 e n tific c o -o p e ra tio n b e tw e e n E u ro p e a n d C h ileinth e fie ld o f a s tr o n o m y w h ic h b e \ue000 g a nin1 9 6 3 w ill c o n tin u e to d e v e lo p a n d e x p a n d w e ll in to th e n e x t c e n tu r y to th e m u tu a l b e n e fito fs c ie n c ein b o th c o m m u \ue000 n itie s .

T h e C o n tin u a tio n o f th e V L T
P ro je c t a t P a ra n a l
Inp ra c tic a l te rm s , th e a b o v e d e c is io n
b yC o u n c il im p lie s th a t E S O
isn o w ta k \ue000
in g
th e
s te p s
n e c e s s a ry
to
m ove
fro m
E u r o p e to P a ra n a l th e m a in m e c h a n ic a l
p a rts o f th e
ro ta tin g
dom e
(to ta l w e ig h t
a ro u n d
5 0 0
to n s ) fo r th e
firs tV LT
8 .2 \ue000
m e tre
u n it te le s c o p e . T h e
tra n s p o rt w ill
b e g in
in
la te
S e p te m b e r a n d
it
is
e x -
p e c te d
th a t th e
s h ip
w ill u n lo a d
its p r e \ue000
c io u s c a rg o
inA n to fa g a s ta s o m e tim e
in

N o v e m b e r . T h e a s s e m b ly a t P a r a n a l w ill b e g in s o o n th e re a fte r, o n c e th e c o n c re te base, now

u n d e r c o n s tru c tio n ,isre a d y .
T h is w ill e n a b le th e
V LT
p r o je c t to s ta y
w ith in
th e
p la n n e d
tim e lin e
fo r c o m p le \ue000
tio n ju s t a fte r th e y e a r2 0 0 0 .
A Visit to C hile
Ino rd e r to a s s e s s th e c u rre n t s itu a tio n
inC h ile , I p a id
a v is it to th is c o u n tr y
in
th e p e rio d A u g u s t2 3 -2 6 , 1 9 9 4 , to g e th e r
w ith
th e
H ead
o f th e
V LT
p ro je c t, P ro f.
M .T a re n g h i.
O n
A u g u s t2 4
w e
v is ite d
th e P a ra n a l s ite to g e th e r w ith th e A n to fa \ue000
g a s ta a u th o r itie s , in c lu d in g
m e m b e rs o f
th e
R e g io n a l G o v e r n m e n t a n d
a ls o
th e

M e m b e rs o f th e C h ile a n P a r lia m e n t fro m th e S e c o n d R e g io n , S e n a to rA .A le s s a n \ue000 d ri,

M e s s rs .
R .
G a ja rd o
a n d
F .
V a le n \ue000
z u e la . T h e M a y o r o f T a lta l a ls o jo in e d th e
v is ito r so nth e m o u n ta in to p .
B o th
th e s ite
a n d
th e fo u n d a tio n

la y \ue000 o u t w e re v e ry im p re s s iv e , a n d fo r th e firs t tim eitw a s p o s s ib le to g e t a fe e lin g o f th e fu ll m a g n itu d e o f th is e n o r m o u s p ro je c t. T h e re w e re m a n y p o s itiv e c o m m e n tsb y th e v is ito r s a n d th is w a sa n e x c e lle n t o p \ue000 p o r tu n ity fo r E S O to s h o w itsV LT p r o je c t a n d fu tu r e a m b itio n s to th e lo c a l a u th o r i\ue000 tie s .

L a te r th a td a y ,th eE S O
M anagem ent

m a d e a th o ro u g h p re s e n ta tio n o f th eV L T p ro je c tin th e p re s e n c e o f m o re th a n1 5 0 p e rs o n sa t H o te l A n to fa g a s tain th a tc ity . A m ong

th o s e
p re s e n t
w e re
th e
M em \ue000
b e rso f th e
P a rlia m e n t, v a rio u s a u th o r i\ue000
tie s fro m
th e A n to fa g a s ta a n d T a lta l m u \ue000
n ic ip a litie s a n d a ls o m a n y lo c a l b u s in e s s -
m e n . T h is e v e n t c o n fir m e d
th e
p o s itiv e
m ood
a n d
th e
p ro fo u n d
s u p p o r t w h ic h
E S O
e n jo y sin th e S e c o n d R e g io n . T h is
w as
a ls o
o b v io u s
d u rin g
a
v is it w h ic h
D a n ie l H o fs ta d t a n d
I p a id to th e
In te n \ue000
d e n te (G o v e rn o r) th e n e x td a y .
T r a v e llin g
o n
to
S a n tia g o
th e
n e x t
d a y ,o u r d e le g a tio n m e t w ith th e A m b a s \ue000
s a d o rs o f th e
E S O
m e m b e r s ta te s
a n d

w eg a v e a re p o rto n th e la te s t d e v e lo p \ue000 m e n ts a t th e E S O C o u n c il,a s w e ll a s th e s ta tu s

o f th e
re la tio n s
w ith
th e
C h ile a n
a u th o ritie s . T h e
sam e
d a y w e a tte n d e d
a m e e tin ga tth e
M in is tr y o f F o re ig n A f\ue000
fa irs
in
S a n tia g o d u rin g
w h ic h

p re p a ra \ue000 tio n s w e r e m a d e fo r th e fin a l n e g o tia tio n s o f th e S u p p le m e n ta ry A g re e m e n t.

L a te r th a t d a yw e
m e t w ith
M r.J.M .
In s u lz a , U n d e r-S e c re ta ry o f F o re ig n
A f\ue000
fa irs , fo r a fu rth e r e x c h a n g e o f v ie w so n
a llre la te d
m a tte rs .W e w e r e p le a s e d to
fe e l a g a in
th e
v e ry
p o s itiv e
a ttitu d e
o f

th e U n d e r-S e c re ta ry p e rs o n a lly a n d a ls o th e s in c e re d e s ireo fth e C h ile a n G o v e r n \ue000 m entto

s e e
th e
V LT
in s ta lle d
in
C h ile .
M r.In s u lz ais g o in g to v is it E u ro p e la te r
th is y e a r, a n dw eto o k th e o p p o rtu n ity to
e x te n d
a warm
in v ita tio n to
h im
to v is it
th eE S O
H e a d q u a rte rsin G a rc h in g d u r\ue000
in g h is s t a yinG e rm a n y .
F in a lly ,a sm a n y o f th e a d m in is tr a tiv e
a n d
s c ie n tific
a c tiv itie s
h a v e
n o w
b e e n
tra n s fe rre d fro m
L aS illa to S a n tia g o ,w e
d e c id e d
to
in a u g u ra te
th e
V ita c u ra
o f\ue000
fic e s
o n
th is
o c c a s io n . T h e

b rie f c e re \ue000 m o n y w a s a tte n d e d b y m a n y C h ile a n a s \ue000 tro n o m e rs a n d

re la te d
s c ie n tific a u th o r\ue000
itie s .
I to o k th is
o p p o rtu n ity to
e x p re s s
a g a in th e im p o r ta n c e o f c le a r s u p p o r t fo r
E S O 's c a s e
fro m
th e
s c ie n tific c o m m u \ue000
n ityinC h ile .
T E L E S C O P E S
A N D
IN S T R U M E N T A T IO N
V L T P ro g re s s R e p o rt
M .T A R E N G H I, E S O -G a rc h in g
T h efo llo w in g s e r ie so f p ic tu r e s b e s t illu s tr a te s th e e n o r m o u s p r o g r e s s m a d ein th e
V LT P r o je c t w h ic his n o w
inan e w a n d d y n a m ic p h a s eo f c o n s tr u c tio n .T h e r e c e n t d e c is io nb y th e C o u n c ilto c o n tin u e w ith th e e r e c tio n is
th en a tu r a l c o n s e q u e n c eo f th e m a jo r p r o g r e s s m a d ein th e c o n s tru c tio no f th e firs t u n it te le s c o p ein E u ro p e .T h e
firs t 8 .2 -m
m ir r o r is c u rre n tly u n d e rg o in g th e p o lis h in g p ro c e s sa t R E O S C , a n d th e firs t in te rfe ro g ra m
w a s ta k e n

s u c c e s s fu lly . B la n kn o .2is n o w r e a d y a n d S c h o tt w ill d e liv e ritto R E O S Cin O c to b e r. B la n k n o .3h a s s u c c e s s fu lly c o m p le te d th e c e r a m iz a tio n p h a s e .InM ila n , th e fo u n d a tio n s fo r th e p re -e re c tio nin E u ro p e a re re a d yto re c e iv e th e a z im u th tra c k ,1 6mind ia m e te r, w h ic h w a s m a c h in e da t A n s a ld o inG enova.

F ig u re
1 s h o w s th e
a z im u th tra c ko n
th etu rn in g
ta b le
s u p p o rte d
b yth e
s p e \ue000
c ia l to o l (th e
b lu e
p a rt) w h ic h
w as
d e -
2
s ig n e d
a n d
m a n u fa c tu re d
fo r
th e
V LT
P ro je c t.
E le m e n ts
o f th e
fo rk
s tru c tu re
h a v e
b e e n w e ld e d a n d m a c h in e d a s s h o w nin
F ig u re
2 .In
a d d itio n , m a n y o fth e
s u b \ue000
s y s te m s o f th e tu b e a reinth e a d v a n c e d
F ig u re1 .
F ig u re2 .
F ig u re3 .
F ig u re4 .
p h a s e o f m a n u fa c tu re ,a sc a nb e s e e nin
F ig u r e s 3 a n d4 .
Inth e c o u rs e o f th e firs t h a lf o f 1 9 9 5 ,

w ith th e fu ll in te g r a tio n o f th e te le s c o p ein M ila n , w e w illb e a b le to s e e th eV LTre \ue000 s e m b lin g F ig u r e 5 w h ic h s h o w s a g r a p h ic p re s e n ta tio n

o f th e
u n it te le s c o p e
p re \ue000
p a re d b yJ .Q u e b a tte .
W h ile te le s c o p e
n o . 1is re a d y to
b e
a s s e m b le d
in
M ila n , e n c lo s u r e
n o .1is

r e a d y t ob e a s s e m b le din C h ile . T h e c iv il e n g in e e r in g a c tiv itie so n P a ra n a l a re p ro \ue000 c e e d in g a s p la n n e d a n d w illb ere p o rte d

ing r e a te r d e ta ilina n a rtic le
inth e n e x t
M e s s e n g e r.
Itis
e x p e c te d
to
s ta rt th e
e re c tio n o f th e firs t e n c lo s u r ein D e c e m \ue000
ber 1994.
T h e fir s t e le m e n ts o f th e e n c lo s u re , th e
m in i- s e is m ic s u p p o r ts e m b e d d e d
in
th e
fo u n d a tio n s ,
a re
a lre a d y
in
C h ile
(F ig \ue000
ure 6o n
p a g e
4 ).In a fe w
w e e k s th e y
w illb e p la c e d a t t h e ir fin a l lo c a tio n .
A ll
s tru c tu ra l
e le m e n ts
o f
e n c lo s u r e
n o .
1
h a v e
b e e n
m a c h in e d ,
a n d
fo r
a few
c r itic a l s u b - a s s e m b lie s
th e re
w ill
b e
a
p re -e re c tio n
in
E u ro p e
to
te s t
p e rfo rm a n c e s
a n d
in te rfa c e s .
F ig u re
7
(p a g e 4 ) s h o w s th e u p p e r rin g o f th e fix e d
s tru c tu re
o n
w h ic h
th e
b o o g ie s
w illb e
F ig u re5 .
3

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