Types of Shoring
•The most general shoring is theraking shore.
–It consists of one or more timbers sloping from the face of thestructure to be supported and bedded upon the ground. –As the ground is usually of a more or less yielding nature, a stouttimber plate termed asole-piece, of sufficient area to withstandbeing driven into the soil, is placed to receive the base of theraking timber or timbers. –Awall-plate, with the object of increasing the area of support, isfixed to the face of the wall by means of hooks driven into thewall. –Where space is available, an angle of 60°is the best to adopt forthe main shore, the auxiliary members ranging in their slopefrom 45°to 75°. –In many cases, especially in towns, the angle of slope isgoverned by outside influences such as the width of the footway.
Types of Shoring (Cont’d)
In some situations, the closeproximity of existing buildings,or the need to maintain access,may prevent the use of rakingshores. In these situations, aflying shore may be effective.•This relies on transmitting loadsto the adjacent structures, forwhich obviously the owner'spermission will be necessary.•The existing building to be usedfor support should also becarefully inspected for itsadequacy to carry additionalloads.