A. B. Chatterjee and G. P. Kundargi369
concentrates viz. -75 +25 mm lumps assaying 49-50 %Mn and 8.9% SiO
and a Jig concentrate assaying 46%Mn and 14% SiO
. The beneficiation methods adoptedare manual, labour intensive and primitive. Keeping inview the deterioration in ROM ore quality, stringent marketrequirements and proposed increase in productioncapacity of the mine, MOIL has decided to set up a moderncost effective beneficiation plant with the state of the arttechnology.Existing system of upgradation by semi-mechanizedmeans in several Joplin Jigs is quite labour intensive andless efficient and pose problems in maintaining quality.The present backfilling practice by sand and water mixture(sand-stowing) has resulted in silica sand adhering to theROM ore and hence deterioration of the mined ore fromBalaghat mine. The proposed increase in the minecapacity from the present level of 2.4 lakh tonnes to 5.0lakh tonnes per year and deterioration of the mined orehas necessitated setting up of an effective and modernbeneficiation plant at Balaghat mine. Hence, MOILapproached Indian Bureau of Mines (IBM) to carry outcertain test work on the ROM samples. After successfultesting of its ROM ore in a pilot plant at IBM, MOILentrusted CMPDI the assignment of preparation ofTechno-Economic Feasibility Report and Tenderdocument for setting up of a modern plant at Balaghatmine based on the Pilot scale beneficiation studies carriedout by IBM.The desired quality of Balaghat ore for supply to themajor consumer industries is given in table - 1:
Table – 1 : Desired quality of products
Assay %Product size range (mm)
-75 +25 mm-25 + 6 mmMn49.547SiO
8 (max)10 (max)P0.10.1Fe5.05.5
PRESENT SYSTEM OF HANDLING OF RUN-OF- MINEORE
Presently, the run-of mine Manganese Ore is crushedto -75mm and the crushed product is screened to getthree size fractions; namely 75-25mm; 25-6mm and 6-0mm. Quality of 75-25mm ore is upgraded by removal ofthe gangue materials by resorting to manual sorting inthe Ore Cleaning Floor (OCF). 25-6mm fraction isupgraded in a number of semi-mechanised Joplin jigs.The
6mm fraction is stored separately or subjected to jigging by Joplin jigs depending upon customer
srequirement. The entire processing facilities are semi-mechanised and labour intensive.
PILOT PLANT TEST RESULTS
A low grade manganese ore sample from Bharvelimines of MOIL has been tested in the Ore DressingLaboratory and Pilot Plant of Indian Bureau of Mines (IBM),Nagpur for studying the ore characteristics, its amenabilityto washing in various equipment including Jigs etc. Therelevant extracts from these test results are given asfollows for the purpose of tendering.
-The as received sample consisted of lumps up to300 mm size with little fines. The lumps were hardand compact in nature having blackish colour.-The bulk density of the as received sample was foundto be 2.75 T/M
.-The angle of repose of the representative sample(fed to the scrubber) as determined by formation ofa cone was found to be 33
.-The specific gravity of the ore was found to be 3.92.
A representative portion of the as received samplewas subjected to chemical analysis. The result arepresented in following table
Table - 2 : Chemical analysis of the as-receivedsample