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Measurement Free Chlorine, Chlorine Dioxide n Ozone in Water

Measurement Free Chlorine, Chlorine Dioxide n Ozone in Water

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Published by hiloactive
For reasons of hygiene, drinking water, or any other water that people come into direct or indirect
contact with, often has to be treated with compounds that destroy any micro-organisms contained
in it. Chlorine, chlorine compounds or ozone are very often used as disinfectants. In this sensitive
area, a high level of safety for the consumer is an absolute requirement, and for this reason, systems
are used for fully automatic monitoring, control and recording of the disinfectant concentration.
For reasons of hygiene, drinking water, or any other water that people come into direct or indirect
contact with, often has to be treated with compounds that destroy any micro-organisms contained
in it. Chlorine, chlorine compounds or ozone are very often used as disinfectants. In this sensitive
area, a high level of safety for the consumer is an absolute requirement, and for this reason, systems
are used for fully automatic monitoring, control and recording of the disinfectant concentration.

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Published by: hiloactive on Jul 17, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/30/2012

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JUMOGmbH& Co.KG
Informationon the amperometricmeasurementof free chlorine,chlorine dioxideand ozone in water
 
Contents
1Introduction ................................................................................ 62Fundamentals of the microbiological treatment of water ...... 7
2.1Regulations for hygienic water quality ..................................................... 72.2Permitted disinfectants for drinking and bathing water ......................... 72.3Treatment of water with oxidizing agents ................................................ 82.4Criteria for hygienic water quality ............................................................. 82.5Chlorination of water .................................................................................. 9
2.5.1Definitions ................................................................................................... 11
2.6Use of chlorine dioxide as a treatment method for water .................... 122.7Use of ozone as a treatment mehtod for water ..................................... 122.8Advantages and disadvantages of chlorine, chlorine dioxideand ozone as treatment methods for water ........................................... 13
2.8.1Chlorine ...................................................................................................... 132.8.2Chlorine dioxide .......................................................................................... 132.8.3Ozone ......................................................................................................... 14
3Analytical determination methods .......................................... 15
3.1Determination of chlorine in accordance with EN ISO 7393-2(formerly DIN 38408-G4) ........................................................................... 153.2Determination of chlorine dioxide in accordancewith DIN 38408-G5 ................................................................................... 153.3Determination of ozone in accordance with DIN 38408-G3 ................ 163.4Continuous measuring method for disinfectant concentration ........... 163.5Amperometric sensors ............................................................................. 16
3.5.1Reactions on metal surfaces, Nernst diffusion layer .................................. 193.5.2Two-electrode system ................................................................................ 193.5.3Three-electrode system .............................................................................. 21
3.6Chemical processes at the measuring electrode .................................. 22
3.6.1Temperature dependence .......................................................................... 223.6.2Calibration procedure ................................................................................. 22

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