In West Arica, the sahelo-saharian context ischaracterized by its huge area and high spatio –temporal rainall variability. An important part o thepopulation lives rom extensive breeding systems thatare largely based on inter seasonal movements linkedto the availability o two natural resources: water andpasture. In these areas and because o the size o thepastoral spaces, the di cult access to the resourcesand a very low demographic density, ood securityand population vulnerability monitoring cannot bedone in the same way than in sedentary areas. Inthis environment, the use o Geographic InormationSystem (GIS) tools and Remote Sensing (RS) appearto be very appropriate in order to address those largeareas and allow an e cient monitoring o the pastoralresources.Action Contre la Faim (ACF) International and itspartners have progressively developed an innovativepastoral surveillance and early warning system atnational and regional levels. The aim o this systemis to prevent humanitarian, ood and nutrition crises
DISASTER RISK REDUCTION
Pastoral Surveillance and Early Warning SytemTo support resilience to climate change in the Sahel
The pastoral surveillance andearly warning system allowsa timely analysis of pastoralresource availability and informabout the plausible growingvulnerability of communities inpastoral and agro – pastoral areasin Sahel:
It gives a picture o relative availabilityo pastoral resources or a given year incomparison to the average value.It gives quantitative values o vegetationproduction to be integrated into a eedinventory.It gives insights o breeders’ spatial adaptationstrategies toward incoming chocks and stresses
Picture: A. Saleyin Sahelian pastoral areas through the provision otimely and reliable drought risk inormation to local,national and international stakeholders.