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Physics SPM

# Physics SPM

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Important notes and law for SPM physics.
Important notes and law for SPM physics.

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08/31/2013

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SPM Physics 2009.SpeedDistance / Time takenVelocityDisplacement / Time takenNewton’s First Law of Motion (Inertia)Object will remain moving / rest unless acted byunbalance foreMomentumProduct of mass and velocity. mvConservation of momentumIf there’s a collision, initial momentum = finalmomentumBalanced forceDo not affect an objects motion. Eg, Engine speed upthe car, air resistance slow down the car. But the forceis balance. Therefore, car move in constant speed &direction.Unbalanced forceAffect an objects motion.Newton’s Second Lawof MotionAcceleration directly proportional to net force butinversely proportional to mass. F=maImpulsive forceRate of change of momentumImpulseChange in momentumEquilibrium forceZero net forceWorkProduct of applied force and displacement. W=FsConservation of energyEnergy can transform from one kind to anotherHookes LawForce applied to a spring is directly proportional tospring extensionPressureForce / AreaPascals PrincipleForce applied = force produced . FA=FAArchimedes PrincipleBuoyant force = Fluid displaced by objectBernoulli’s PrincipleWhen speed increase, pressure decrease Thermal equilibriumNo net heat flowSpecific heat capacityAmount of heat needed to change temperature of 1 kgby 1 K Boyles LawPressure increase, volume decrease (inverselyproportional) PVCharlesLawVolume increase, temperature increase (directlyproportional) V/TPressure LawPressure increase, temperature increase (directlyproportional) P/TDampingOscillating system that loses energy to the surroundingReflection of waveConstant frequency, wavelength, speedRefraction of waveConstant frequency.Change wavelength and speed.*in deep area, longer wavelength and less speedDiffraction of waveConstant frequency, wavelength, speed. Only directionof propagation changed.Coherent waveSame wavelength, frequencyInterferenceTwo wave meetsSound waveAmpLitude LouderFrequency – PitchElectromagneticspectrumRange of low frequency to high frequencyOhms LawCurrent is directly proportional to potential differenceCircuitsSeries CircuitParallel CircuitIman’s Property 2009

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