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Next year’s Common Book will hit close to home — literally.“Te Center o Everything,” by University proessor Laura Moriarty, set in the fictional town o Kerrville, Kan., during the 1980s, has been selected as the 2014-2015 Common Book.“It’s the first time that we’ve chosen a book that was written by a proessor here at KU,” said Howard Graham rom the Office o First-Year Experience. “Tat lends itsel to the community aspect o the goal in a really unique way.”Incoming first-year and transer undergraduate students and aculty will receive a copy. Graham said this builds a community and creates a shared academic experience that helps students transition into college.Te novel, the first fictional Common Book, is a coming-o-age story. It deals with poverty, religion, evolution, role models, amily and Reagan-era politics, ollowing the fictional character Evelyn Bucknow rom 10 years old until going off to college.“It’s not exactly a high-concept plot,” Laura Moriarty said. “Te readers who like it tend to like it or the narrator’s  voice and the characters and the ideas.”Moriarty is an English proessor and received her undergraduate and master’s degrees at the University.
The University Daily Kansan:
What should KU students who read “Te Center o Everything” take away rom it?
Laura Moriarty:
I would never want to tell a reader what he or she should take away rom my book. But or me, the novel is  very much about a girl who, at least when she’s young, clings to black-and-white thinking as a survival skill. Tat kind o thinking does serve her or a while, when her circumstances are pretty desperate. But as she gets older, new experiences encourage her to consider a
 Volume 126 Issue 62
kansan.com
 Monday, January 20, 2014
UDK
THE UNIVERSITY DAILY KANSAN
All contents, unless stated otherwise, © 2014 The University Daily Kansan
CLASSIFIEDS 2BCROSSWORD 5ACRYPTOQUIPS 5AOPINION 4ASPORTS 1BSUDOKU 5A
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IndexDon’t ForgetToday’s Weather
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TECHNOLOGY
GEORGE MULLINIX/KANSAN
Laura Moriarty, a University english professor, shares her book, “The Center of Everything,” which has been selected as next year’s Common Book. The book is set in the fictional small Kansas town during the 1980s.
The policy faces many challenges, including faculty outrage, changes to classroom settingsProfessor David Guth tweets at NRA, creating controversyKansas Board of Regents creates policy about improper use of social media, discusses rights as an employee, rights to free speechPolicy faces backlash, starts conversation about how much control an employer has over their employees’ free speechRegents release memo that recommends a workgroup, welcomes amendmentsChancellor Gray-Little works with Regents to revise policy, sets up a dialogue for faculty, staff in MarchSep. 16, 2013Dec. 18, 2013December 2013Dec. 19, 2013Dec. 31, 2013Dec., 2013, - Jan., 2014
Te Kansas Board o Regents approved an amendment to the policy manual on Dec. 18 that outlines improper use o social media by University o Kansas aculty and staff.Te policy change comes afer David Guth, a proessor o journalism, tweeted a controversial message afer the Washington Navy Yard shooting on Sept. 16. Te University placed Guth on administrative leave and returned afer a little over a month to continue doing administrative duties. “Tere was concern around the susceptibility that allows damage to the universities,” Breeze Richardson, associate director o communications and government relations, said. “Te Regents are hoping that guidance is provided.Te new changes give the chancellor the right to punish, suspend or terminate aculty or staff based on improper social media use. “Improper use” is defined as disclosing confidential inormation, inciting violence or communicating through social media to accomplish an employee’s official duties.Although the Regents designed the policy to regulate aculty and staff social media use by taking into account their right to ree speech and their role as employees, many groups have ought against the policy, including the American Association o University Proessors and the Foundation or Individual Rights in Education, which say the policy is a threat to academic reedom. Faculty members have also expressed concern and disagreement with the policy.“National rankings will be adversely impacted as our peers across the country will expose their students to the latest topics using the most modern teaching tools, which quite ofen employ social media,” Ron Barrett-Gonzalez, associate proessor o aerospace engineering and president o the AAUP Kansas Conerence, said. “Given that the policy is still in orce, accreditation will be challenged at best as many accrediting organizations have statements which insist upon academic reedom.Te challenge to academic reedom could lead to issues with hiring new aculty and staff, as well as keeping current members. Faculty members also expressed concern that the policy will affect their lessons and change classroom curriculum, which could hurt students’ employability in the uture.“I hope that student and alumni organizations will come to realize what a grave threat this policy is to them and their ortunes and join us in resisting it,” Barrett-Gonzalez said.Te Regents said that the policy is not mandatory to implement; it only gives the University authority to act i necessary. Chancellor Bernadette Gray-Little plans to approach the policy in the same manner as other policies, by collaborating with aculty and staff.“With the working group o aculty and staff looking at revisions to the policy this semester, in the interim i there were to be an applicable situation, the Chancellor would involve aculty and staff governance in establishing a process to evaluate the situation and make recommendations about what actions, i any, should be taken,” Jack Martin, director o strategic communications or the Office o Public Affairs, said.Te Regents see the flexibility o the policy as its strength and has created a workgroup to make any necessary amendments. Te workgroup will include Charles Epp, proessor o public affairs, and Easan Selvan, associate director o Inormation echnology Services. Tey also welcome any recommendations or revisions to the policy, which can be submitted to the Governance Committee by April.Gray-Little has already begun working with the Regents to revise the policy to address some o the aculty’s concerns. With the help o Deanell Reece acha, dean o law at Pepperdine University, Gray-Little has set up a dialogue or aculty members on March 25 titled “Data and Democracy: What is Free Speech in the Age o Social Media?” which she hopes will help shape the conversations surrounding the policy. “Te world’s communications culture is undergoing a dramatic shif in response to new technologies that are inspiring an evolution in human interaction, raising questions that range rom etiquette to employment law,” Gray-Little said in a memo to aculty and staff. “Given the breadth o this issue, how KU responds to this challenge must involve the ull participation o our aculty and o our staff. We look orward to working with you and your elected governance leaders to ensure our university’s ideals are upheld.”
MCKENNA HARFORD
news@kansan.com 
Policy allows chancellor to regulate social media use 
“I hope that student and alumni organizations will come to realize what a grave threat this policy is to them and their fortunes and join us in resisting it.”
RON BARRETT-GONZALEZAssociate professor of aerospace engineering
English professor’s novel selected as next Common Book 
CAMPUS
EMILY DONOVAN
news@kansan.com 
SEE BOOK PAGE 9A
KBOR POLICY TIMELINE
 
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MONDAY, JANUARY 20, 2014PAGE 2A
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NEWS MANAGEMENTEditor-in-chief
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editor@kansan.comwww.kansan.comNewsroom: (785) 766-1491Advertising: (785) 864-4358Twitter: @KansanNewsFacebook: facebook.com/thekansanThe University Daily Kansan is the student newspaper of the University of Kansas. The first copy is paid through the student activity fee. Additional copies of The Kansan are 50 cents. Subscriptions can be purchased at the Kansan business office, 2051A Dole Human Development Center, 1000 Sunnyside Avenue, Lawrence, KS., 66045. The University Daily Kansan (ISSN 0746-4967) is published daily during the school year except Friday, Saturday, Sunday, fall break, spring break and exams and weekly during the summer session excluding holidays. Annual subscriptions by mail are $250 plus tax. Send address changes to The University Daily Kansan, 2051A Dole Human Development Center, 1000Sunnyside Avenue.
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news
MARTIN LUTHER KING JR. DAY
Nonprofit group works to reclaim roadways 
S. LOUIS — A walk down the six-mile city street named or the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. yields plenty o images that would sure-ly unsettle the civil rights leader: shuttered storeronts, open-air drug markets and a glut o pawn shops, quickie check-cashing providers and liquor stores.Te urban decay along Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Drive in St. Louis can be ound in other major American cities, rom Houston and Milwau-kee to the nation’s capital.“It’s a national prob-lem,” said Melvin White, a 46-year-old postal worker in St. Louis and ounder o a 3-year-old nonprofit group that is trying to restore King’s legacy on asphalt. “Dr. King would be turning over in his grave.”Nearly three decades into the observance o Monday’s ederal holiday, the continu-ing decline o the most vis-ible symbols o King’s work has White and others calling or a renewed commitment to the more than 900 streets nationwide named in the Atlanta native’s honor. Te effort centers in St. Louis, where the small nonprofit is working to reclaim MLK roadways as a source o pride and inspiration, not disap-pointment over a dream de-railed.White’s goals are ambitious, his resources admittedly modest. A neighborhood park is planned across the street rom the group’s head-quarters. An urban agricul-ture project to encourage residents to eat healthy and grow their own ood has preliminary support rom nearby Washington Uni- versity, one o the country’s wealthiest private colleges. Above all, Beloved Streets o America wants to build the community rom the ashes o what was once a thriving retail corridor when White was a child.Te template can be ound  just a mile away. Delmar Boulevard, which saw a sim-ilar decline, is now a vibrant retail corridor packed with restaurants, nightclubs, a renovated movie theater and a boutique hotel. Te renais-sance earned Delmar recog-nition in 2007 as one o “10 Great Streets in America” by the American Planning As-sociation.“In some ways we racial-ly profile these streets,” said Derek Alderman, author o a 2007 study that ound a smaller disparity among MLK-named streets and other “main streets” than is popularly portrayed. “We need to move beyond those images and see what con-crete lives and realities are living on those streets.”More than 50 years afer King led his march on Wash-ington, communities large and small still debate wheth-er to rename local streets in his honor. In Harrisonburg, Va., city leaders recently agreed to rename a street or King over protests by some residents. A similar debate continues in High Point, N.C., where a King street proposal first suggested two decades ago remains up in the air.
ASSOCIATED PRESS
What:
 Kansas Food: What We Eat, Who Produces It, Future Trends and Legal Developments
When:
 3 to 5 p.m.
Where:
 The Commons in Spooner Hall
About:
 Four local experts will speak about current issues in agriculture.
What:
 Hallmark Symposium Lecture Series
When:
6 to 8 p.m.
Where:
 110 Budig Hall
About:
 Previous faculty member Richard Downs will speak about his experience with printmaking.
What
: Martin Luther King Jr. Recognition: Inspired Dreams
When:
 4:30 to 6:30 p.m.
Where
: Kansas Union
About:
 The celebration of Dr. King’s life will include a reading by Kenton Rambsy and a music performance by Genuine Imitation.
What:
 Last day for 100 percent tuition refund
When:
 All day
What:
 Watchtower screening
When:
 TBA
Where:
 Lied Center
About:
 Pelin Esmer, a Turkish filmmaker, will present her film and answer questions following the screening.
What:
 First day of Spring 2014 classes
When:
 All day
What:
 KU School of Music Student Recital Series: Kai Yin Crystal Lam, Carrie Groenewold
When:
 7:30 to 9 p.m.
Where:
 Swarthout Recital Hall, Mur-phy Hall (Lam), Bales Organ Recital Hall (Groenewold)
About:
 Lam will perform on piano and Groenewold will perform on organ. These concerts are free.
ASSOCIATED PRESS
Melvin White, founder of the Beloved Streets of America project, walks past a boarded up building during a tour of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Drive in St. Louis. The nonprofit is working to revitalize a downtrodden six-mile stretch of the drive.
 
MONDAY, JANUARY 20, 2014PAGE 3ATHE UNIVERSITY DAILY KANSAN
FINANCES
Convenience of cards bring certain consumer risks 
CODY KUIPER
news@kansan.com 
When Bryn Johnson reaches into his wallet to pay or something, chances are he’s grabbing plastic, not paper.“I don’t eel comortable car-rying cash on me,” Johnson, a sophomore rom opeka, said. “I I got robbed and my debit card got stolen, I could just give the bank a call and say ‘Hey, can you cancel this credit card,’ and my money is sae. Whereas i you carry cash people can just take that and they suddenly have all your money.Johnson is not alone in his decision to keep his cash out o his wallet. According to Jav-elin Strategy & Research, only 27 percent o all retail sales were made with cash, and that number is expected to all to 23 percent by 2017. Tis trend o not using cash is particularly evident among younger generations as well. Te Mercator Advisory Group ound in a recent survey that young adults are more likely than other demographics to use debit cards, prepaid credit cards and orms o mobile payments.Proessor Shu Wu, an asso-ciate proessor o economics at the University o Kansas, said it’s not surprising that young adults would be more attracted to orms o payment other than cash. “People are always going to use the most convenient and least expensive means,” Wu said. “But there’s some sort o learning curve when it comes to using those I think, so older generations still use cash or personal checks.”Wu said the shif rom using cash and checks in transac-tions can be beneficial to a lot o businesses who no longer need to pay the potential cost o physically shipping a check around the country. He also added that a move toward more debit and credit card use can prove to be rewarding or consumers as well. “Tink about the time you spend traveling back and orth rom the AM to the grocery store. Tat adds up,” Wu said. “People are going to use new orms o technology as you make them, and i it’s a positive thing that reduces the transaction cost it’s good or both businesses and consum-ers.”Tere’s another side to the coin when it comes to debit and credit card use, however. In some cases, it can hurt the consumer more than it helps. In a 2011 study rom the Jour-nal o Consumer Research, a team o economists ound that consumers who use debit and credit cards are more apt to make indulgent and sponta-neous purchases. Wu says this side effect can help business, but it can potentially hurt shoppers.“Tis might be some kind o passive impact on people’s propensity to consume,” Wu said. “When people’s actions are decreased, it would encourage consumer activity and it would make it more prosperous or businesses, but people might spend money on things they don’t really need because they have that access to savings.”Johnson added that his de-cision to not carry cash ofen means he needs to pay more attention to his bank account.“Beore I actually got a debit card, I almost never spent money,” Johnson said. “But these days i it’s below a certain dollar amount I don’t even realize I’m spending money. I constantly need to be aware o how much I’m spending, because no one has an infinite amount.”Tose who turn to cash more than credit may have had their choice validated over this holiday season when a data breach at arget exposed millions o shoppers’ credit card inormation. Te Secret Service said hackers installed malware to steal the inorma-tion on 40,000 o the retail chain’s credit card machines throughout the country,affecting as many as 110 mil-lion shoppers.Despite its affect on consum-er spending habits, card use isn’t always preerred by some businesses. Aaron Marabel, who has been a clerk at Love Garden Sounds on 8th and Massachusetts streets or 10 years, says sometimes small businesses would rather shop-pers leave their cards at home. Te music store requires transactions to be at least $5 i a customer would like to pay with a card in order to compensate or the percentage credit companies take per transaction.“Sometimes I ask people simply i they wouldn’t mind getting cash i it’s below a certain amount or buying an-other item to bump it up, just because credit card companies are taking a cut every swipe,Marabel said. “Tat’s why small businesses benefit rom cash or check sometimes.”Nevertheless, Marabel says his desire or shoppers to use cash doesn’t mean he doesn’t cater to the store’s young shoppers’ desire to swipe their cards. “I run this credit card ma-chine all day, every day, and I don’t know how you would stay in business i you didn’t,” Marabel said. “Cash is king, but I recognize these are mod-ern times and I don’t want to make people eel alienated.”
— Edited by Katie Gilbaugh 
Only 27 percent of all retail sales are made with cash. Young adults are more likely than other de-mographics to use debit cards and prepaid credit cards and forms of mobile payments. Consumers who use debit cards are more likely to make indulgent and spontaneous purchases.
PHOTO ILLUSTRATION BY BRENT BURFORD/KANSAN
Young adults are increasingly choosing to carry cards over cash.
What’s in your wallet?
“Think about the time you spend traveling back and forth from the ATM to the grocery store. That adds up.”
SHU WUAssociate Professor of Economics
Follow @KansanNews on Twitter for up to date campus news

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