Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
23Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
WIND ENERGY DEVELOPMENT IN GHANA

WIND ENERGY DEVELOPMENT IN GHANA

Ratings: (0)|Views: 1,261 |Likes:
Published by Mathias Michael
Thesis topic: Planning and Design of 40MW Wind farm in Tema, Ghana. Research area: Renewable energy
Thesis topic: Planning and Design of 40MW Wind farm in Tema, Ghana. Research area: Renewable energy

More info:

Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Mathias Michael on Oct 05, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

11/11/2012

pdf

text

original

 
THE THESIS PROPOSAL
PROJECT TOPIC:
PLANNING AND DESIGN OF A 40 MWWIND FARM AT TEMA, GHANA
 Author 
:
Mathias B. Michael
Master’s ThesisRenewable Energy EngineeringSchool of Engineering and Physical SciencesHeriot-Watt University, EdinburghJUNE, 2008
Project Supervisor:
Dr. Wolf G. FruhSchool of Engineering and Physical Sciences
1
 
PROJECT BACKGROUND
This thesis is proposed to carried-out as a final stage of my MSc. Programmein the Department of Mechanical Engineering and the school of Engineeringand Physical Sciences. Wind is simple air in motion, it is caused by theuneven heating of the earth’s surface by the sun. Since the earth’s surface ismade of different types of land and water, it absorbs the sun’s heat at differentrates. Today, wind energy is mainly used to generate electricity. Windenergy is also world’s fastest growing energy source and is a clean andrenewable source that has been in use for centuries. Wind energy is a cleanenergy source as electricity generated by wind turbines do not pollute the air or emit pollutant like other energy sources. Wind farm is group of windturbines in the same location used for production of electric power. Individualturbines are interconnected with a medium voltage power collection systemand communications network.Wind energy development is increasingly becoming popular, currently about93,849 MW of electricity is generated globally. The 40MW wind energydevelopment in Ghana will go a long way to save the energy situation inGhana. Energy crisis in Ghana requires urgent solution. The design aspect othe project looks at the technicalities of wind farm which includes wind turbinesiting where the positions of the wind turbine will be optimised for best windcaptivity. Generation, transmission and storage of power, whiles the planningdeals with the environmental, legal and socio-economics issues. The power would be transmitted from the generation site to the grid through a 5km over head transmission line. Power quality is a very important factor so far as windenergy development is concerned. For that reason, energy storage plant(Compressed-Air Energy Storage) would be installed to compensate for shortpeak demand as well as maintaining steady output of the distribution network.The environmental impact assessment would be carried out and the reportwould be presented to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Socio-economic assessment report of the proposed project would be submitted to
2
 
the Energy Commission. The contingent valuation method would be used inthe environmental cost analysis survey.
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
Ghana is suffering from serious energy shortage for the decade as a result of serious draught in South Saharan Africa and the dramatic increase inpopulation which leads to increase in annual growth of electricity demand.The conventional hydro-power plant which is the main reliable powegenerating plant is now generating only about 65% of the country’s electricitydemand which is about 70% of its generation capacity. Although, there arenumber of thermal electricity generation plants which produce a total of 550MW representing 32 percent of the current electricity supply and the106MW Mini Hydro supporting the national grid, but their capacity do not meetthe national demand due the following constraints; poor availability, high fuelprice and the environmental constraint. This power shortage has resulted aserious power rational for the period of decade and consequently led to theclosure of some heavy industries in Tema which has significantly affected theeconomy of Ghana. However, Tema has a considerably amount of windenergy potential. Therefore, the main aims and objectives of this project is toutilised the potential wind energy at Tema to generate a 40 MW electricitypower to support the medium voltage side of the electricity network at Tema.The project aims at supplying power to the residential and light commercialnetwork in the Tema Municipality, in order to divert more of the power supplyby the conventional hydro power plant to the heavy industrial network whichhas the highest demand.
3

Activity (23)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Oye Ofei-kwapong liked this
Oye Ofei-kwapong liked this
Oye Ofei-kwapong liked this
Oye Ofei-kwapong liked this
ikennaekwueme liked this
cuadra7 liked this
Addisu Dagne liked this
sayed liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->