Refinery of PalmOil
Introduction to Palm Oil: From dust to dawn
The economical history of the oil palm (
) began in the rainforests of western Africa in the late 19th century. Since its introduction into Malaysia inthe early 20th century until the early sixties its impact on the economy was marginal. For many years the economy of Malaysia had depended for its wealth and prosperity uponrubber. In 1961, Malaysia embarked on an intensive agricultural diversification program,and the crop that has achieved the most notable success since then is palm oil. Within arelatively short period, Malaysia became the world's largest commercial producer andexporter of palm oil in 1966. Diversification into oil palm means that the country is nowless dependent on the fortunes of rubber as a plantation crop.
Palm Oil a Cost Effective Product
Palm oil is obtained from the flesh of the palm fruit. Each palm tree producesapproximately one fruit bunch, containing as many as 3000 fruitlets, per month. Inaddition, each palm tree continues producing fruit economically for up to 25 years. Thisensures a constant stable supply, as compared with other annual crops.Naturally, palm oil is characterized as stabilized oil due to its chemicalcomposition. As such, it can be used in most food applications without hydrogenation,thus, reducing production cost by as much as 30%. Palm oil also is priced competitivelyand can represent a saving of upto several cents per pound, compared to other edible oils.Palm oil is available in a variety of forms: crude palm oil, palm olein, palmstearin, RBD palm oil, fractionated palm olein and pal mid-fraction. While most of the oilMalaysia exports is RBD palm oil and RBD palm olein, the range of products is availableto suit a variety of manufacturing needs and in forms that are ready-to-use and require nofurther processing.
Palm Oil Composition