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Matrix optics

Matrix optics

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Dr. G. Mirjalili Physics Dept. Yazd
University
Matrix optics
Dr. G. Mirjalili Physics Dept. Yazd
University
R e fra c tio n M a trix
R e fra c tio n M a trix
Refraction
T
l ti
T
rans
l
a
ti
on
R
f
ti
h1
h
Refraction
h
2
Dr. G. Mirjalili Physics Dept. Yazd
University
R e fra c tio n M a trix
R e fra c tio n M a trix
G auss
\u2019
s fo rm u la fo r re fra c tio n a t a s in g le s u rfa c e :
n
n
n
n
2
1
2
1
=
\u2212
+
n
n
2
1=
+
\u03b2
G a
u
s s s fo rm
u
la fo r re fra c tio n a t a s in g le s
u
rfa c e
:
i
R
o
i
o
+
\u03b2
h
h
h
\u03b3
\u03b3`
\u03b3
\u03b3
\u2032
=
\u21d2
=
h
h
h
o
o
h
o
i
\u03b3
\u03b3
\u2032
=
\u21d2
=
\u2032
h
i
i
h
n
n
2
1\u03b3
\u23a5\u23a6\u23a4
\u23a2\u23a3\u23a1\u2032
=
\u23a5\u23a6\u23a4
\u23a2\u23a3\u23a1
\u23a5\u23a6\u23a4
\u23a2\u23a3\u23a1
h
n
h
n
\u03b3
\u03b3
\u03b2
2
1
1
0
1
h
n
h
n
2
1
=
+
\u03b3
\u03b2
n
h
n
\u2032
=
+
2
1
\u03b3
\u03b2
\u03b3
\u23a5
\u23a4
\u23a2
\u23a1
=1\u03b2
R
{
Refraction
h
h=
+
0
\u23a5
\u23a6
\u23a2
\u23a3
1
0
R
{
Matrix
Dr. G. Mirjalili Physics Dept. Yazd
University
E x a m p le
E x a m p le
n1=1
n2=1.62
\u03b3
?
\u03b3`=?
R
\u23a5
\u23a4
\u23a2
\u23a1\u2032
=
\u23a5
\u23a4
\u23a2
\u23a1
\u23a5
\u23a4
\u23a2
\u23a1
n
n
\u03b3
\u03b3
\u03b2
2
1
1
R=+5cm
\u23a5
\u23a6
\u23a2
\u23a3
\u23a5
\u23a6
\u23a2
\u23a3
\u23a5
\u23a6
\u23a2
\u23a3
h
h
1
0
\u03b2
=
(
n
2
-n
1
)/R=
(
1.62-1
)
/
(
+0.05
)
=12.4 m-1
\u03b2
(
2
1)
(
) (
)
60=0.01047
\u23a4
\u23a1
\u2032
\u23a4
\u23a1
\u23a4
\u23a1
)
6 2
1
(
)
0 1 0 4 7
0
(
1
4
1 2
1
\u03b3
\u23a5\u23a6
\u23a4
\u23a2\u23a3
\u23a1
=
\u23a5\u23a6
\u23a4
\u23a2\u23a3
\u23a1
\u2212
\u23a5\u23a6
\u23a4
\u23a2\u23a3
\u23a1
02
.
0
)
6 2
.
1
(
02
.
0
)
0 1 0 4 7
.
0
(
1
1
0
4
.
1 2
1
\u03b3
\u03b3`=+50
Dr. G. Mirjalili Physics Dept. Yazd
University
T ra n s la tio n M a trix
T ra n s la tio n M a trix
h1
h2
\u03b3`
h1
h2
\u2206h = h
h
= d tan\u03b3
`
= d\u03b3
`
d
d
2
1
2
0
n
h
n
\u2032
=
\u00d7
+
\u2032
\u03b3
\u03b3
{
h
1
h
2
\u2206h
=
h
1-
h
2=
d tan
\u03b3=
d
\u03b3
\u03b3\u2032
=
\u22122
1
d
h
h
2
1
2
2
h
h
n
nd
=
+
\u2032
\u2212
\u03b3
{
\u03b3
\u03b3
\u2032
=
\u2032
+
\u2212
2
2
2
1
2
nh
nh
n
d
\u23a5
\u23a6
\u23a4
\u23a2
\u23a3
\u23a1
=
\u23a5
\u23a6
\u23a4
\u23a2
\u23a3
\u23a1
\u23a5\u23a5
\u23a6
\u23a4
\u23a2\u23a2
\u23a3
\u23a1
\u2212
22
12
10
1
h
n
h
n
n
d
\u03b3
+
\u2212
\u2032
=
\u2212
2
1
2
1
h
h
d
d
h
h
\u23a5
\u23a4
\u23a2
\u23a1
=
0
1d
T
\u23a6
\u23a3
\u23a6
\u23a3
\u23a6
\u23a3
2
1
2
n
Translation
\u03b3
\u03b3
\u2032
=
\u2032
+
2
2
2
1
2
n
n
n
\u23a5
\u23a5
\u23a6
\u23a2
\u23a2
\u23a3\u2212
=
1
n
d
T
T ra n s la tio n
Matrix
Dr. G. Mirjalili Physics Dept. Yazd
University
E x a m p le
E x a m p le
C
id
P l
l
f
1 5
\u2022
C
ons
id
er a
P l
ano-convex
l
ens o
f
n=
1
.
5
and cente thickness 6mm.
The convex surface
has radius of 2.5 cm and is facin
g
R1=2.5 cm
R2=\u221e
h a s
ra d iu s o f 2
.
5 c m a n d is fa c in g
the incident light . Determine the system matrix
Solution:
D= 0.06 cm
n1=1.5
S=[R2][T][R1] matrix system
R2
T
R1
\u23a5
\u23a6
\u23a4
\u23a2
\u23a3
\u23a1
\u23a5\u23a5
\u23a6
\u23a4
\u23a2\u23a2
\u23a3
\u23a1
\u2212
\u23a5
\u23a6
\u23a4
\u23a2
\u23a3
\u23a1
=
1
0
1
10
1
1
0
1
1
2
\u03b2
\u03b2
n
d
S
\u23a6
\u23a3
\u23a5\u23a6
\u23a2\u23a3
\u23a6
\u23a3
n
\u03b21=(n2-n1)/R=(1.5-1)/0.025=+20 m-1
\u03b22
=
( 1
-
1 5)/\u221e
=
0
\u03b2
2
(1 1
.
5 )/\u221e
0
\u23a5
\u23a6
\u23a4
\u23a2
\u23a3
\u23a1
\u2212
=
\u23a5
\u23a6
\u23a4
\u23a2
\u23a3
\u23a1
\u23a5
\u23a5
\u23a6
\u23a4
\u23a2
\u23a2
\u23a3
\u23a1
\u2212
\u23a5
\u23a6
\u23a4
\u23a2
\u23a3
\u23a1
=
9 2
0
0 0 4
0
20
1
1
0
20
1
1
006
.
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
S
\u23a6
\u23a3
\u23a6
\u23a3
\u23a5\u23a6
\u23a2\u23a3
\u23a6
\u23a3
9 2
.
0
0 0 4
.
0
1
0
5
.
1
1
0
Dr. G. Mirjalili Physics Dept. Yazd
University
D o th e s y s te m m a trix is c o rre c t?
D o th e s y s te m m a trix is c o rre c t?
T
h
k
h
l
f
i
l
l
h
d
i
\u2022 To check the result of system matrix, calculate the determinate:
\u2022 Multiplying the elements on the rightward arrow and subtracting the
p
roduct of the elements on the leftwards arrow
p
\u23a4
\u23a1
20
1
\u23a5\u23a6
\u23a4
\u23a2\u23a3
\u23a1
\u2212
=
92
.
0
004
.
0
2 0
1
S
(1X0.92)-(20x-0.004)=0.92+0.08=1
) (
)
The result should beunity, as indeed it is
Dr. G. Mirjalili Physics Dept. Yazd
University
M a trix o f a o p tic a l s y s te m
M a trix o f a o p tic a l s y s te m
R1
R2
R 4
T1
2
T2
R3
T3
R 4
T4
R5
T 5
R6
T1
T 5
[S]= [R6][T5][R5][T4][R4][T3][R3][T2][R2][T1][R1]
\u23a5
\u23a4
\u23a2
\u23a1
=1\u03b2
R
[
]
\u23a5
\u23a4
\u23a2
\u23a1
0
1
d
T
\u23a5\u23a6
\u23a2
\u23a3
=
1
0
R
\u23a5
\u23a5
\u23a6
\u23a2
\u23a2
\u23a3\u2212
=
1
n
d
T
Dr. G. Mirjalili Physics Dept. Yazd
University
C a rd in a l p o in ts
C a rd in a l p o in ts
n
fE
1
1
\u2212
=
n
fE
3
2
a
=
a1
\u23a4
\u23a1
a
b
a
fE2
)
1
(
b
n
H
V
\u2212
fv1
V1
H1
V2
H1
\u23a5\u23a6
\u23a4
\u23a2\u23a3
\u23a1
c
d
)
1
(
)
(
1
1
1
c
n
H
V
a
n
H
V
\u2212
=
=
fE1
)
(
3
2
2
a
n
H
V
=
bn
a
f
v
1
1
1
\u2212
=
=
]
)
[ (
1
1
1
1
H
V
n
b
fE
+
\u2212
\u2212
=
cn
a
f
a
fv
3
2
2
1
1
=
=
]
[
]
)
[ (
1
1
3
2
1
1
1
1
H
V
cn
f
a
f
EE
+
+
=
a
a
f
v
2
2
]
[
1
1
2
H
V
a
f
E
+
+
Dr. G. Mirjalili Physics Dept. Yazd
University
T h e o ry o f c a rd in a l p o in ts (1 )
T h e o ry o f c a rd in a l p o in ts (1 )
\u2022 o.s
y
u
u`
y
`
n
n`
y
1
k
y
[B]
[M]
[B`]
[N ]
=
[ B
`
][M ][B ]
l1
[N ]
[B ][M ][B ]
\u23a4
\u23a1
\u23a4
\u23a1
\u23a4
\u23a1
\u23a4
\u23a1
\u23a4
\u23a1
\u23a4
\u23a1
\u23a4
\u23a1\u2032
M
M
N
N
0
1
0
1
\u23a5\u23a6
\u23a4
\u23a2\u23a3
\u23a1
\u23a5\u23a6
\u23a4
\u23a2\u23a3
\u23a1
\u2212
\u23a5\u23a6
\u23a4
\u23a2\u23a3
\u23a1
\u23a5\u23a6
\u23a4
\u23a2\u23a3
\u23a1
\u2032
\u2212
=
\u23a5\u23a6
\u23a4
\u23a2\u23a3
\u23a1
\u23a5\u23a6
\u23a4
\u23a2\u23a3
\u23a1
=
\u23a5\u23a6
\u23a4
\u23a2\u23a3
\u23a1
\u2032
\u2032
y
u
l
M
M
M
M
l
y
u
N
N
N
N
y
u
k
1
)
(
0
1
1
0
1
1
22
21
12
11
22
21
12
11
Dr. G. Mirjalili Physics Dept. Yazd
University
Theor
y
of cardinal
p
oints
(
2
)
y
p
( )
front vertex focal length. (F.V.F.L.)
\u23a4
\u23a1
\u23a4
\u23a1
\u23a4
\u23a1
\u2032
u
N
N
u
\u23a5\u23a6
\u23a4
\u23a2\u23a3
\u23a1
\u23a5\u23a6
\u23a4
\u23a2\u23a3
\u23a1
=
\u23a5\u23a6
\u23a4
\u23a2\u23a3
\u23a1
\u2032
y
u
N
N
N
N
y
u
22
21
12
11
\u2032
y
N
u
N
y
y
N
u
N
u
22
21
12
11
+
=
\u2032
+
=
\u2032
Conditions:
If N
1 1
=0
u`=0
1 1
u` = N11u + N12 y= N12 y
y=0
o.s
Dr. G. Mirjalili Physics Dept. Yazd
University
T h e o ry o f c a rd in a l p o in ts (3 )
T h e o ry o f c a rd in a l p o in ts (3 )
Afocal system
y
N
u
N
y
y
N
u
N
u
2 2
2 1
12
11
+
=
\u2032
+
=
\u2032
y
N
u
N
y
2 2
2 1
+
If N12 = 0

u=0
u`= N11u
If u`=0\u2192 u = 0

o.s
`
0
afocal system
u =
0

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