# Welcome back

## Find a book, put up your feet, stay awhile

or

|Views: 14,272
|Likes: 135

Published by gowsikh

A complete formula collection of 12th standard mathematics

A complete formula collection of 12th standard mathematics

See more

See less

CO-ORDINATE GEOMETRY

1 To change from Cartesian coordinates to polar coordinates, for X writer cos

θ

and for y write r sin

θ

.

2 To change from polar coordinates to cartesian coordinates, for r

2

writeX

2

+ y

2

; for r cos

θ

write X, for r sin

θ

. Write y and for tan

θ

write

.3

Distance between two points (X

1,

Y

1

) and (X

2

,

Y

2

) is

x2x1

y 2y 1

4

Distance of ( x

1

, y

1

) from the origin is

x21 y21

5

Distance between (r

1

,

θ

1

) and (r

2

,

θ

2

) is

r21 r22 2 r 1r 2cosθ 2θ 1

6

Coordinates of the point which divides the line joining (X

1 ,

Y

1

) and(X

2

, Y

2

) internally in the ratio m

1

: m

2

are :-

, ( m

1

+ m

2

0 )7. Coordinates of the point which divides the line joining (X

1

, Y

1

) and(X

2 ,

Y

2

) externally in the ratio m

1

: m

2

are :-

, (m

1

– m

2

0)8.

Coordinates of the mid-point (point which bisects) of the seg. Joining(X

1

, y

1

) and (X

2

y

2

) are :

,

9.

(a

)

Centriod

is the point of intersection of the medians of triangle.

(b)

In-centre

is the point of intersection of the bisectors of the anglesof the triangle.(c)

Circumcentre

is the point of intersection of the right(perpendicular) bisectors of the sides of a triangle.(d)

Orthocentre is

the point of intersection of the altitudes(perpendicular drawn from the vertex on the opposite sides) of atriangle.10.

Coordinates of the centriod of the triangle whose vertices are(x

1

, y

1

) ; (x

2

, y

2

) ; ( x

3

, y

3

) are

11.

Coordinates of the in-centre of the triangle whose vertices are A(x

1

,y

1

) ; B (x

2

,y

2

, ) ; C (x

3

,y

3

) and 1 (BC )

a, 1 (CA)

b, 1 (AB)

c.are

.12 Slope of line joining two points (x

1

,y

1

) and (x

2

,y

2

)ism

13. Slope of a line is the tangent ratio of the angle which the line makeswith the positive direction of the x-axis. i.e. m

tan

θ

14. Slope of the perpendicular to x-axis (parallel to y –axis) does notexist, and the slope of line parallel to x-axis is zero.

15.

Intercepts:

If a line cuts the x-axis at A and y-axis at B then OA isCalled intercept on x-axis and denoted by “a” and OB is calledintercept on y-axis and denoted by “b”.16. X

a is equation of line parallel to y-axis and passing through (a, b)and y

b is the equation of the line parallel to x-axis and passingthrough (a, b).17. X

0 is the equation of y-axis and y

0 is the equation of x-axis.18. Y

mx is the equation of the line through the origin and whose slopeis m.19. Y

mx +c is the equation of line in

slope intercept

form.20.

+

1 is the equation of line in the

Double intercepts

form,where “a” is x-intercept and “b” is y-intercept

.

21. X cos a + y sin a

p is the equation of line in

normal

form, where “p”is the length of perpendicular from the origin on the line and

α

is theangle which the perpendicular (normal) makes with the positivedirection of x-axis.22. Y – Y

1

m (x –x

1

) is the

slope point form

of line which passes through(x

1 ,

y

1

)and whose slope is m.23.

Two points form: -

y-y

1

(x –x

1

) is the equation of line whichPasses through the points (x

1

, y

1

) and (x

2,

y

2

).24.

Parametric form

:-

r is the equation of line which

Filters

Reply

VipinShukla added this note

this is all important formulas of 12 std student

VipinShukla liked this

1 thousand reads

1 hundred reads

mknatoo1963 liked this

Sahil Khan liked this

Sahil Khan liked this

varunkaran13 liked this

scribd