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12th Std Formula

12th Std Formula

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Published by gowsikh
A complete formula collection of 12th standard mathematics
A complete formula collection of 12th standard mathematics

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Published by: gowsikh on Dec 03, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/06/2014

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CO-ORDINATE GEOMETRY
1 To change from Cartesian coordinates to polar coordinates, for X writer cos
θ
and for y write r sin
θ
.
 
2 To change from polar coordinates to cartesian coordinates, for r
2
writeX
2
+ y
2
; for r cos
θ
write X, for r sin
θ
 . Write y and for tan
θ
write
.3
 
Distance between two points (X
1,
Y
1
) and (X
2
,
 
Y
2
) is
 x2x1
y 2y 1
 4
 
Distance of ( x
1
, y
1
) from the origin is
 x21y21
 5
 
Distance between (r
1
,
θ
 
1
) and (r
2
,
θ
2
) is
 r21r222 r 1r 2cosθ 2θ 1
 6
 
Coordinates of the point which divides the line joining (X
1 ,
Y
1
) and(X
2
, Y
2
) internally in the ratio m
1
: m
2
are :-
      
      
, ( m
 1
+ m
 2
 
0 )7. Coordinates of the point which divides the line joining (X
1
, Y
1
) and(X
2 ,
Y
2
) externally in the ratio m
1
: m
2
are :-
     
 
       
, (m
1
– m
2
0)8.
 
Coordinates of the mid-point (point which bisects) of the seg. Joining(X
1
, y
1
) and (X
2
y
2
) are :
 
 
  
,
  
 
9.
 
(a
)
Centriod
 
is the point of intersection of the medians of triangle.
 
(b)
In-centre
is the point of intersection of the bisectors of the anglesof the triangle.(c)
Circumcentre
is the point of intersection of the right(perpendicular) bisectors of the sides of a triangle.(d)
Orthocentre is
the point of intersection of the altitudes(perpendicular drawn from the vertex on the opposite sides) of atriangle.10.
 
Coordinates of the centriod of the triangle whose vertices are(x
1
, y
1
) ; (x
2
, y
2
) ; ( x
3
, y
3
) are
   
   
 
11.
Coordinates of the in-centre of the triangle whose vertices are A(x
1
,y
1
) ; B (x
2
,y
2
, ) ; C (x
3
,y
3
) and 1 (BC )
a, 1 (CA)
b, 1 (AB)
c.are
    
   
.12 Slope of line joining two points (x
1
,y
1
) and (x
2
,y
2
)ism
 
    
 13. Slope of a line is the tangent ratio of the angle which the line makeswith the positive direction of the x-axis. i.e. m
tan
θ
 14. Slope of the perpendicular to x-axis (parallel to y –axis) does notexist, and the slope of line parallel to x-axis is zero.
 
15.
Intercepts:
If a line cuts the x-axis at A and y-axis at B then OA isCalled intercept on x-axis and denoted by “a” and OB is calledintercept on y-axis and denoted by “b”.16. X
a is equation of line parallel to y-axis and passing through (a, b)and y
b is the equation of the line parallel to x-axis and passingthrough (a, b).17. X
0 is the equation of y-axis and y
0 is the equation of x-axis.18. Y
mx is the equation of the line through the origin and whose slopeis m.19. Y
mx +c is the equation of line in
slope intercept
form.20.
+
 
1 is the equation of line in the
Double intercepts
form,where “a” is x-intercept and “b” is y-intercept
.
 21. X cos a + y sin a
p is the equation of line in
normal
form, where “p”is the length of perpendicular from the origin on the line and
α
is theangle which the perpendicular (normal) makes with the positivedirection of x-axis.22. Y Y
1
 
m (x –x
1
) is the
slope point form
of line which passes through(x
1 ,
y
1
)and whose slope is m.23.
Two points form: -
y-y
1
 
 
    
(x –x
1
) is the equation of line whichPasses through the points (x
1
, y
1
) and (x
2,
y
2
).24.
Parametric form
:-
 
 
 
 
 
r is the equation of line which

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VipinShukla added this note
this is all important formulas of 12 std student
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very helpful............
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these formulae are very useful for me in coming days
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