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MATLAB SIMULATIONS FOR GARNELL's ROLL AUTOPILOT

# MATLAB SIMULATIONS FOR GARNELL's ROLL AUTOPILOT

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Published by D.Viswanath

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Published by: D.Viswanath on Dec 28, 2009
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04/05/2013

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MATLAB SIMULATIONS FOR GARNELL’S DESIGN OF ROLL AUTOPILOT
Introduction
1.

An autopilot is a closed loop system and it is a minor loop inside the main guidance loop; not all missile systems require an autopilot. In a roll stabilised missile, the function of the roll autopilot is to maintain the roll position constant or zero so that roll rate is zero. This simplifies the design of pitch and yaw autopilot.

(a) The roll position demand (φd), in the case of Twist and Steer control, is compared with the actual roll position (φ ), sensed by the roll gyro.

(b) The error is amplified and fed to the servos, which in turn
move the ailerons.
(c) The movement of the ailerons, results in the change in the roll
orientation of the missile airframe.
(d) The changes in the airframe orientation due to external
disturbances, biases etc are also shown in the achieved roll position.
(e) The controlling action (feed back) continues till the demanded
roll orientation is achieved.
CLASSICAL CONTROL APPROACH
2.
Now consider an air-to-air homing missile which is roll position
stabilized and travels at a velocity in the range M=1.4 to M=2.8.
DYNAMICS OF THE ROLL AUTOPILOT
3.
Roll Rate/Aileron
/
pξ
. This is the simplest aerodynamic transfer
function.
(a) Let us first consider that no disturbance is expected in the roll
channel.
.
.
;
( )
( )
/
( )
( )
1
/
( )
( )
.
( )
( )
( )
( )
1
/
( )
( )
(
1)
p
p
p
p
a
p
a
p
a
p lp l
LaplaceTranform
ps s l
l s
l l
l
ps
s
s l
Ts
l l
ps
s s
Since
p
s s
ps
s
s
Ts
l l
ss
sTs
ξ
ξ
ξ
ξ
ξ
ξξ
ξ
ξ
φ
φ
φ
ξ
ξ
φξ
=
=
=
=
+
=
=
=
=+
=
+
where
/p
l l
ξ
can be regarded as a steady state gain and
1/
a
p
T
l
=
and can be
regarded as an aerodynamic constant.
(a) The block diagram representation of this transfer function
will be as follows: -

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