Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Investigatory Project

Investigatory Project

|Views: 6,063|Likes:
Published by Joei_Cochon_6366

More info:

Published by: Joei_Cochon_6366 on Mar 08, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





This study, Trans-Esterified Used-Cooking Oil as Substitute to Diesel, aims to producea diesel with physical properties comparable to commercially produced diesels. Theresearchers surveyed the top three oil products that public utility jeepney drivers use:Caltex,Petron and Shell. The biodiesel was produced through a process called trans-esterification. It makesmethyl ester from the used cooking oil that is similar to the complex hydrocarbon chainsof petroleum products. Glycerine and soap are the byproducts of this process. A percentyield of 73 percent makes the product relatively good for economic distribution.
The Philippines is actually rich in energy resources. Filipinos are still seeking for the proverbial pot of gold, not knowing that this
black gold
is sitting in their own backyard.And so, the researchers thought of using a material abundant in the home-used cookingoil to develop fuel for cars. The researchers would also want to know the feasibility andusefulness of used-cooking oil as a car fuel.
Used Cooking Oil as an Additive Componentof Candle
The study aims to produce a low-priced, high-quality candle by using used cooking oil asa major component. The following candle compositions were used: 100 percent paraffinwax; 90 percent paraffin and 10 percent oil; 80 percent paraffin and 20 percent oil; 70 percent paraffin and 30 percent oil; 60 percent paraffin and 40 percent oil; 50 percent paraffin and 50 percent oil. The firmness, texture, and light intensity of the candles weretested and compared.Results of the tests showed that the candle made from 100 percent paraffin wax had thelowest melting rate, lowest amount of melted candle, and a light intensity of 100candelas (cd). The 90:10 preparation had the next lowest melting rate and amount of melted candle. The other preparations ranked according to the proportion of usedcooking oil in the candle, with the 50:50 preparation performing least comparably withthe 100 percent paraffin waxcandle.
Today, candles are made not only for lighting purposes but for many other uses such ashome décor, novelty collections, as fixtures for big occasions (weddings, baptismals,etc.), and as scented varieties for aromatherapy. Candles are made from different types of waxes and oils.Cooking oil is a major kitchen item in Filipino households. It is also used substantially infast-food outlets, where it is used in different stages of food preparations.
Used Cooking Oil as Substitute to Diesel
Ordinarily, used cooking oil is discarded. This waste oil pollutes and clogs canals andsewerage systems.
Alternative Methods of Producing Iodized Salt
Due to the high incidence of iodine deficiency diseases (IDD) in the Philippines, iodizedsalt has become quite popular on the market. The aim of this research project is todiscover different methods of making cheap and accessible iodized salt. Differentgadgets were designed to mix the salt and potassium iodate (KIO3) adequately. Theiodometric titration method was used to test for the iodine content of the manufacturedsalt. To prove the efficiency and consistency of the gadget, the Analysis of Variance(ANOVA) test was performed. It has been shown that the iodine has been evenlydistributed at 100 ppm, which is the standard amount. Thus, satisfactory results have been obtained. However, ways to improve the appearance and stability of the salt under storage may still be pursued.
Iodine deficiency diseases (IDD) are very common in the Philippines, especially in themountainous regions and in regions located in inland areas without direct access to thesea. In 1987, about 3.5 percent of the population was affected with IDD, according to thegoiter prevalence survey done by Food and Nutrition Research Institute (FNRI).
Cassava starch as an effective component for Ideal Biodegradable Plastic
Inventions have evolved and continue to evolve such that after several years of study,research and experimentation reach great developments. With continuing efforts toinvestigate the constituents of Philippine plants, we have pursued investigation of starchof the cassava plant (Manihot esculenta). Cassava tubers were gathered, ground andsqueezed to extract starch. Starch obtained was weighed and divided into three equal parts; 80 grams in T1, T2 and T3.Treatments also consisted of 60 ml plastic resin glue and resin with 50 grams of flour catalyst for T1, 100 grams for T2 and 150 grams in T3. The components in everytreatment were mixed, stirred and then poured in silk screen with oil and then sun-dried.Test for capacity to carry weight indicated T3 as the best. For its ability to hold water, all products passed but for biodegradability, T1 gave the best results. The tensile and bending properties had been tested using the Universal Testing Machine and Analysisshowed that T3 had the greatest tensile strength while T2 had the greatest bending property. Using ANOVA single Factor, results showed that there was significantdifference among the three treatments in bending and tensile strength. However, for  biodegradability test there was no significant difference. The final phase of the studydetermined the effectiveness of cassava starch as component of biodegradable plastic.

Activity (33)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Fujico Sussie added this note
Taz Angel liked this
Bernard Paul B. Moreno liked this
Astig Bol Goerge liked this
John Joshua Cruz liked this
Cham Terania liked this
Oyir Geronimo liked this
Tachi Moises liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->