Ordinarily, used cooking oil is discarded. This waste oil pollutes and clogs canals andsewerage systems.
Alternative Methods of Producing Iodized Salt
Due to the high incidence of iodine deficiency diseases (IDD) in the Philippines, iodizedsalt has become quite popular on the market. The aim of this research project is todiscover different methods of making cheap and accessible iodized salt. Differentgadgets were designed to mix the salt and potassium iodate (KIO3) adequately. Theiodometric titration method was used to test for the iodine content of the manufacturedsalt. To prove the efficiency and consistency of the gadget, the Analysis of Variance(ANOVA) test was performed. It has been shown that the iodine has been evenlydistributed at 100 ppm, which is the standard amount. Thus, satisfactory results have been obtained. However, ways to improve the appearance and stability of the salt under storage may still be pursued.
Iodine deficiency diseases (IDD) are very common in the Philippines, especially in themountainous regions and in regions located in inland areas without direct access to thesea. In 1987, about 3.5 percent of the population was affected with IDD, according to thegoiter prevalence survey done by Food and Nutrition Research Institute (FNRI).
Cassava starch as an effective component for Ideal Biodegradable Plastic
Inventions have evolved and continue to evolve such that after several years of study,research and experimentation reach great developments. With continuing efforts toinvestigate the constituents of Philippine plants, we have pursued investigation of starchof the cassava plant (Manihot esculenta). Cassava tubers were gathered, ground andsqueezed to extract starch. Starch obtained was weighed and divided into three equal parts; 80 grams in T1, T2 and T3.Treatments also consisted of 60 ml plastic resin glue and resin with 50 grams of flour catalyst for T1, 100 grams for T2 and 150 grams in T3. The components in everytreatment were mixed, stirred and then poured in silk screen with oil and then sun-dried.Test for capacity to carry weight indicated T3 as the best. For its ability to hold water, all products passed but for biodegradability, T1 gave the best results. The tensile and bending properties had been tested using the Universal Testing Machine and Analysisshowed that T3 had the greatest tensile strength while T2 had the greatest bending property. Using ANOVA single Factor, results showed that there was significantdifference among the three treatments in bending and tensile strength. However, for biodegradability test there was no significant difference. The final phase of the studydetermined the effectiveness of cassava starch as component of biodegradable plastic.