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Stirling Engine Design Manual 2nd Ed - Martini

Stirling Engine Design Manual 2nd Ed - Martini

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Published by A D Murphy
Considered to be one of the definative works on Stirling engines to date
Considered to be one of the definative works on Stirling engines to date

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Published by: A D Murphy on Apr 06, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/17/2014

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. , _
D O E /N A S A /3 1 9 4 ---I
N A S A
C ,q -1 6 8 0 8 8
S tirlin g
E n g in e
D e s ig n
M anual
S e c o n d
E d itio n
{NASA-CR-1580
88)
ST_LiNG
,,'-NGINE DESI_
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2ND
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(_artini
E[tgineeraag)
412
p
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CS_
W i'lia m
R . M a rtin i
M a rtin i
E n g in e e r in g
la F
G 3 /8 5
N83-30328
U n c l a s
28223
J a n u a ry
1 9 8 3
P re p a re d
fo r
N A T IO N A L
A E R O N A U T IC S
A N D
S P A C E
A D M IN IS T R A T IO N
L e w is
R e s e a rc h
C e n te r
U nder
G ra n t
N S G -3 1 9 4
fo r
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T
O F
E N E R G Y
C o n s e rv a tio n
a n d
R e n e w a b le
E n e rg y
O ffic e
o f V e h ic le
a n d
E n g in e
R & D
D O E /N A S A /3 1 9 4 -1
N A S A
C R -1 6 8 0 8 8
S tirlin g
E n g in e
S e c o n d
E d itio n
W illia m
R .
M a ltin i
M a rtir)i
E n g in e e r in g
R ic llla n d
W a s h if_ g to tl
D e s ig n
M anual
J a n u a ly
1 9 8 3
P_epared
Io_
National Aeronautics
and
Space
Administlation
L e w is
R e s e a rc h
C e n te r
C le v e la n d ,
O llio
4 4 1 3 5
U lld e l
G ia n t
N S G
3 1 9 ,1
IO I
L IS
D E F _ A R IM E N T
OF: ENERGY
C o lls e fv a tio n
a im
R e n e w a b le
E ,le lg y
O ffic e
o f V e h ic le
a rid
E n g ir_ e
R & D
W a s l_ if_ g to n ,
D .C ,.
2 0 5 4 5
U l_ d e l
In te fa g e n c y A g le e n le n l
D t:
A I0 1
7 /C S 5 1 0 4 0
T A B L E
OF
C O N T E N T S
I.
Summary
..............................
I
3
2.
Introduction
.........................
2.1
Why
Stirling?:
"
"
"
"i "
"
"
"
"
i
g
E
g
n
?
.
.
.
...............
3
2.2
What
Is
a
Stirl
n
n
e
...............
4
2.3
Major
Types
of
Stirling
E n g i n e s
................
7
2,4
Overview
of
Report
......................
10
3.
Fully
Described
Stirling
Engines
..................
12
3
1
The
GPU-3
Engine
12
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3,2
The
4L23
Ergine
.......................
27
4.
Partially
Described
Stirling
Engines
................
42
4.1
The
Philips
1-98
Engine
....................
42
4.2
Miscellaneous
Engines
.....................
46
4.3
Early
Philips
Air
Engines
...................
46
4.4
The
P75
Engine
........................
58
4,5
The
P40
E n g i n e
........................
58
5.
Review
of
Stirling
Engine
Design
Methods
..............
60
5.1
Stirling
Engine
Cycle
Analysis
.
5 .1 .I
S tiflin g
C y c le ,
Z e ro
D ead
V o iu m e l
6 e # f& c _
R e g e n e ra tio n l
6 1
6 2
S .1 .2
S tirlin g
C y c le ,
Z e ro
D ead
V o lu m e ,
Im p e rfe c t
R e g e n e ra tio n
. . . . . . . .
6 6
5 .1 .3
O tto
C y c le ,
Z e ro
U ead
V o iu m e _
P e rfe c t
o r'Im p e rfe c t'
R e g e n e ra tio n
. . . .
6 8
5.1.4
Stirling
Cycle_
Dead'Volume,'Perfect'or
imperfect
Regeneration
......................
69
5.1.5
Schmidt
Cycle
.....................
71
5.1.6
F i n k e l s t e i n
Adiabatic
Cycle
..............
87
5.1.7
Philips
Semi-Adiabatic
Cycle
..............
92
5.2
F i r s t - O r d e r
Design
Methods
..................
9 8
5.2.1
Definition
.......
98
5 .2 .2
E ffic ie n c y P ;e d ic tio n; ; ; ; ;
;
: iii
!
. . . .
9 8
5 .2 .3
P ow er
E s tim a tio n
b y
F i
s
-
r
e
D e_i
n
M
t
o
s
. . . .
g g
5.2.4
Conclusion
for
First-Order
Methods
...........
100
5.3
Second-Order
Design
Methods
..................
101
5.3.1
Definition
............
-
-
--
-
.
-
101
5 . 3 . 2
P h _ l i p s
S e c o n d - O r d e r ' D e s i g n
Method
...........
101
5.3.3
Power
Losses
......................
105
5.3.4
Heat
Losses
..........
-
-
-
---
-
---
--.
109
5
3.5
F i r s t
Round
E n g i n e ' P e r f o m a n c e ' S u m m a r y.
........
122
5.3.6
Heat
E x c h a n g e r
E v a l u a t i o n
........
123
5.3.7
Martini
Isothermal
S e c o n d - O r d e r
Anal_sis
........
123
5.3.8
RiDs
Adiabadic
Second-Order
Analysis
..........
124
5.3.9
Conclusion
for
Second-Order
Methods
..........
124
hw__.
4
_
,
III
J
_
_
.

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