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This problem demonstrates three enclosure radiation loads of SOL 400 RC Network Solver: Small Facets, Collection
(Super Element), and Primitives. Three methods will be used to solve the same model - small facet method, super
element method and primitive method. You can compare the speed and accuracy among the three methods.
This problem demonstrates three enclosure radiation loads of SOL 400 RC Network Solver: Small Facets, Collection
(Super Element), and Primitives. Three methods will be used to solve the same model - small facet method, super
element method and primitive method. You can compare the speed and accuracy among the three methods.

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Chapter 68: Collection and Primitives Radiation
68

MD Demonstration ProblemsCHAPTER 68
1242
Summary
TitleChapter 68: Collection and Primitives RadiationFeatures:Enclosure RadiationPrimitive modelingSmall facet, Collection (Super Element), and Primitive radiationGeometry & BoundaryConditionsMaterial propertiesK = 0.001 W/m/
o
C, Emissivity, = 1.0, Absorptivity, = 1.0Analysis characteristics Solution 400 / RC Network solver. Steady and transient thermal analysis.Element type4-node shell element CQUAD4FE results
Space T = -273.15
o
2
Inner Side
Plate: 1.5 m x 1.5 m x 1 mmSphere: 1 m dia, t = 1 mmDistance from Sphere center to plate = 1 m
Small Facets(1113 sec)Collection (Super Element)(6 sec)Primitives(3 sec)104.8Temperatures104.6104.3

1243
CHAPTER 68
Introduction
This problem demonstrates three enclosure radiation loads of SOL 400 RC Network Solver: Small Facets, Collection(Super Element), and Primitives. Three methods will be used to solve the same model - small facet method, superelement method and primitive method. You can compare the speed and accuracy among the three methods.
Modeling Details
This model consists of a hemi-sphere and a plate. They are all primitive surfaces. The hemi-sphere and plate radiateto each other, the other sides are radiation insulated. A heat flux 1000 W/ m² is applied to the inner side of the hemi-sphere. A black coating is applied on the surface of both hemi-sphere and plate. An extremely low conductivitymaterial and extremely thin 2-D shell property are used to show the “pour” radiation effect.
Figure68-1 Model Geometry and Materials
Solution Highlights
Enclosure Radiation has three options: Small Facets, Collection (Super Element), and Primitives. The small facetsmethod is the traditional way of FEM modelers to calculate radiation view factors. The collection and primitives arethe unique methods for speeding up radiation calculation in RC Network Solver. All the facets in the application regionwill be treated as one radiation node. This makes the radiation analysis much faster and more efficient. The primitivemethod also utilizes “true geometric shapes” for radiation analysis. A special algorithm is developed to match theradiation results back to the finer conduction mesh. More details on collection and primitives can be referenced inMSC Sinda for Patran user's guide.RC Network Solver uses
VIEWEX
entry is used to represent theMLI or Coating materials. These two entries are introduced inChapter 66: Satellite in Orbit. The
SET3
and
cards are used to represent the collection (Super Element). The
SET3
and
PRIMx
cards are used to represent theprimitives.
CHBDYE 9346 8735 1 2 2CHBDYE 9347 8736 1 2 2
Space T = -273.15
o
2
Inner Side
Plate: 1.5 m x 1.5 m x 1 mmSphere: 1 m dia, t = 1 mmDistance from Sphere center to plate = 1 m AxB mesh = 1x1
K
= 0.001 W/m/o
C
Cp
= 1 J/Kg/
o
C
ρ
= 1 Kg/m
3
Emissivity = 1 Absorptivity = 1