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Table Of Contents

1 Pump Theory
1.1 The Head Equation
1.1.1 Flow with Losses or Addition of Energy
1.1.2 Fluid Flowing from a Container
1.2 The Basic Pump Equation
1.3 Pump Curve and Losses
1.3.1 The Effect of Finite Number of Vanes
1.3.2 Friction Losses H
1.3.3 Discontinuity Losses H
1.3.4 Leakage Losses H
1.3.5 Other Losses
1.4. Cavitation and NPSH
1.4.1 Definition of NPSH
1.4.2 Reference Plane
1.4.3 Required NPSH
1.4.4 Available NPSH
1.4.5 NPSH Safety Margin
1.4.6 Damming up of Suction Wells
2 Pump Construction
2.1 General
2.2 Pump
2.2.1 Impellers
2.3 Motors
2.3.1 General
2.3.2 Explosion-proof Motors
2.3.3 Motor Cooling
2.3.4 Motor Tightness
2.3.5 Motor Bearings
2.3.6 Motor Protection Devices
2.4. Pump Connection
2.5.1 Corrosion Resistance
2.5.2 Wear Resistance
2.5.3 Abrasive Liquids
3 Pump Performance
3.1 Pump Head
3.1.1 Submersible Pumps
3.1.2 Dry-installed Pumps
3.2 Pump Performance Curves
3.2.1 H Curve
3.2.2 Efficiency Curves
3.2.3 Power Curves
3.2.4 NPSH Curve
3.3.1 Friction Losses
3.3.2 Local Losses
3.3.3 Rising Main Characteristic Curve
3.4 Rising Main Size
3.4.1 Economy
3.4.2 Free Passage for Solids
3.4.3 Avoiding Settling of Solids and Sludge
3.4.4. Water Hammer
3.4.5 Avoiding Water Hammer
3.5 Pump Duty Point
3.5.1 Single Pump Operation
3.5.2 Parallel Operation, Identical Pumps
3.5.3 Parallel Operation, Different Pumps
3.5.4 Serial Operation
3.5.5 True Duty Point
3.7.5 Confirming Measurements
4 Testing of Pumps
4.1 Testing Arrangements
4.1.1 Production Testing
5 Pumping Stations
5.1 Pumping Station Basic Design
5.1.1 Wet Well Volume and Surface Area
5.1.2 Pumping Station Inlet Pipe
5.1.3 Wet Well Floor Shape
5.1.4 Stop Levels
5.1.5 Start Levels
5.1.6 Suction Pipe Dimension and Design
5.1.7 Pumping Station Internal Pipework
5.1.8 Flushing Devices
5.1.9 Odour Problems in Pumping Stations
5.1.10 Pumping Station Design Examples
5.1.11 Dry-installed Pump Positions
5.2 Package Pumping Stations
5.2.1 Out-of-doors Pumping Stations
5.2.2 Indoor Pumping Stations
5.4 Pumping Station Dimension Selection
5.4.1 Regular Sewage Pumping Stations
5.4.2 Stormwater Pumping Stations
5.5 Pump Selection
5.5.1 Pump Selection Based on Pump Curves
5.5.2 Observing Pump Efficiency
5.5.3 Number of Pumps
5.6 Special Considerations
5.6.1 Pump Vibrations
5.6.2 Pump Noise
6 Frequency-controlled Sewage Pumps
6.1 General
6.1.1 Pump Motor Selection
6.1.2 Maximum Frequency
6.1.4 Pump Frequency Curves
6.1.5 Pump Clogging
6.1.6 EMC Cable Requirement
6.1.7 Bearing Currents
6.1.8 High Tension
6.1.9 Explosion-proof Motors
6.1.10 Guaranteed Values
7 Pump Whole-life Cost Evaluation
7.1 General
7.2 Calculation Period
7.3 Investment Costs
7.4 Energy Costs
7.4.1 Efficiency Over Time
7.4.2 Energy Usage Calculations
7.5 Maintenance Costs
7.6 Cooperation With Pump Sup- pliers
7.7 Life Cycle Cost Publication
8 Commissioning
8 Commissioning
Operation and Service 9
9 Operation and Service
9.1 Safety
10.1 Local Control Methods
10.1.1 Manual Control Units
10.1.2 Relay-based Control Units
10.1.3 Programmable Logic Controllers
10.2.2 Current Sensor
10.2.3 kWh Meter
10.2.4 Phase Failure Relay
10.3 Pump Control Units
10.3.1. Control Features
10.3.3 Parameters and Signals
10.3.5 User Interface
10.4.3 Data Transmission
10.4.4 Alarm Transfer
10.4.5 System Integration
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Sewage Handbook

Sewage Handbook

Ratings: (0)|Views: 837 |Likes:
Published by CarmenBarbu

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Published by: CarmenBarbu on Jan 04, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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