Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
2Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Celestial Navigation Summary

Celestial Navigation Summary

Ratings: (0)|Views: 243|Likes:
Published by Mahdi Bordbar
Celestial Navigation Summary By: Mahdi Bordbar
Celestial Navigation Summary By: Mahdi Bordbar

More info:

Published by: Mahdi Bordbar on Mar 03, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

02/11/2015

pdf

text

original

 
BY: Mahdi Bordbar
– 
IRISL Training Institute
Correction of Altitudes
All celestial bodies except Moon
 Sextant Altitude (Sex Alt)
(±)

 
ON: - OFF: +Observed Altitude (Obs Alt)(-) DIP (Related to Height of Eye)Apparent Altitude (App Alt)Total Correction (Tot. Corrn)
Lower Limb (LL): + Upper Limb (UL): -True Altitude (T.Alt) 
Note: 
1.
 
UL or LL is only applicable for the Sun and the Moon because they appear as large discsto the observer.
 
2.
 
For STARS & PLANETS, total correction is given in a separate table from the Sun and isalways to be subtracted.3.
 
In the case of Venus and Mars, one more correction called 'Additional correction' is tobe applied.
    
 
BY: Mahdi Bordbar
– 
IRISL Training Institute
Correction of Altitudes
Moon
 
The apparent altitude is obtained as explained Total correction for the Moon is given in theinside part of the back cover of the Nautical Almanac.
  Sextant Altitude (Sex Alt)
(±)

 
ON: - OFF: +Observed Altitude (Obs Alt)(-) DIP (Related to Height of Eye)Apparent Altitude (App Alt)Main Correction (Main Corr)HP Correction (HP Corrn)True Altitude (T.Alt) 
1.
 
HP stands for Horizontal Parallax of the Moon. It is obtained from that day's page of theAlmanac, alongside the declination.2.
 
Both main and HP corrections are always positive.
 
3.
 
For UL, 30
°
has to be subtracted from the total to get true altitude.
   
Back angle observations
(
180°
−
 

)
 
 
Sometimes, the horizon under the celestial body may not be clearly visible owing to thepresence of land, haze, mist, rain, etc. In such cases, it may be possible to observe the altitudeof the body in the opposite direction i.e., if the azimuth (bearing of the celestial body) is 080°,the altitude is taken while facing 260°. Since the observer would then have his back to thecelestial body, such a measurement is called a 'Back angle' observation. For
SUN
Totalcorrection cannot be used here. The individual corrections
Dip, Refraction, Semi- diameter
and
Parallax
have to be applied separately. Slogan for easy remembrance:
D
on't
R
ob
S
pare
P
arts 
Semi Diameter: Lower Limb (LL): - Upper Limb (UL): + not as usual
  
 
BY: Mahdi Bordbar
– 
IRISL Training Institute
 
Calculation of Azimuth by scientific calculator 
A =
Tan LATTan P
 
 
B =Tan DecSin P
  

 

=1
.

 

  
LHA < 180°
=

 
LHA > 180°
= 360°
− 
 
 
Factor A
Named Opposite to Lat Except when:
90° <

< 270°
 
Factor B
Named Same as Declination.
Factor
=
±
    AZ Naming of Azimuth:Prefix (N or S): Name of Factor CSuffix (E or W): IF
000° <

< 180°
, 180° <

< 360°
  
Amplitude (Sun)
sin Amp = Sin Dec × Sec Lat 
   AMP 
 
 
NorSEorWEorW NorS RisingSettingSame as Declination

Activity (2)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->