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Waste Disposal in a Hospital

Waste Disposal in a Hospital

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Published by Yogesh Kumar
a research on the disposal management of a hospital.
a research on the disposal management of a hospital.

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Published by: Yogesh Kumar on Apr 29, 2011
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07/11/2011

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Field Project ReportHUL 275³Environment, Development & Society´
Yogesh Kumar 2008ph10643Group no. 3
 
Topic: Bio-Medical Waste disposal in a hospital³Orthonova Hospital´, SDA, Hauz Khas, New Delhi
I
ntroduction:
In my field project I tried to study about the Bio-Medical waste produced in a hospital and howthe waste is disposed of. I studied the case for a small private hospital named ³Orthonovahospital´ which is primarily for orthopedic patients. The hospital is situated in SDA near IITDelhi.
Background:
In a hospital there is a variety of wastes and a large amount of waste is produced every day.The type of waste may vary from hospital to hospital depending upon the type of hospital. Alsoall the waste produced in a hospital is not bio-medical waste. Biomedical wastes are dangerousto both human-being and environment.Bio-medical waste differs from other hazardous waste in that it has a biological source or it isused in diagnosis, prevention or treatment of diseases.´
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So all the waste produced at hospital isnot bio-medical waste. ³According to a WHO report, around 85% of the hospital wastes areactually non hazardous, 10 % are infective (hence, hazardous), and the remaining 5% are non-infectious but hazardous (chemical, pharmaceutical and radioactive). ³
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 The waste produced in a hospital includes cotton, dressings, scrubs, masks, gloves, urinecatheters, human anatomical parts, blades, slides, IV sets and needles, syringes, drugs,chemical and radioactive waste (waste which is contaminated during imaging and therapies)etc. These bio-medical wastes can be very harmful if not managed properly. These wastes cancause infection to the people in hospital and in the vicinity of hospital. These wastes have beenalso found to be the precursor to cancer.³Handling, segregation, mutilation, disinfection, storage, transportation and final disposal arevital steps for safe and scientific management of biomedical waste in any establishment.´
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Thereis hospital housekeeping in each hospital which takes care of these wastes. They collect thesewastes and store it at a place. They use color coding for packaging different type of waste indifferent colored plastic bags.For the appropriate bio-medical waste management, ministry of environment and forestry gavethe ³Biomedical Waste (management and handling) Rules, 1998´ in July, 1998. According tothis it is the duty of every ³occupier´ i.e. the person, who has the control over the institution or itspremises, to take all possible steps to ensure that the waste is handled properly, so that it
1
Biomedical Waste;Wikipedia; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biomedical_waste
2
Mukesh Yadav MD, Hospital Waste-A Major Problem, Hospital Today, Vol. 8 No. 4 , October-December 2001;http://www.medind.nic.in/jab/t01/i4/jabt01i4p276.pdf  
3
 Lt Col SKM Rao*, Wg Cdr RK Ranyal+, Lt Col SS Bhatia#, Lt Col VR Sharma**, Biomedical Waste Management :An Infrastructural Survey of Hospitals;http://www.bvsde.paho.org/bvsacd/cd48/biomedical.pdf  
 
doesn¶t have any adverse effect on any human being and environment and is segregated intocontainers according to Schedule II of Biomedical Waste (management and handling) Rules,1998.
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 ³Sharps should be collected in puncture proof containers. Bags and containers for infectiouswaste should be marked with Biohazard symbol. Highly infectious waste should be sterilized byautoclaving. Cytotoxic wastes are to be collected in leak proof containers clearly labeled ascytotoxic waste.´
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 The waste is then transported to a plant where this is finally disposed. For e.g. in the given casethe waste is finally taken to Synergy Waste Management Plant. Synergy waste follows the Bio-medical waste rules, 1998 and also environment protection guidelines and the standardsprescribed by Pollution control authorities. According to these rules they can¶t store untreatedbio-medical waste for more than 48 hours under any circumstances. The transport of thesewastes is not permitted according to the ³Notwithstanding anything contained in the motor Vehicle Act, 1988´. So these vehicles must be authorized by the government before using themfor transportation.
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4
Lt Col SKM Rao*, Wg Cdr RK Ranyal+, Lt Col SS Bhatia#, Lt Col VR Sharma**, Biomedical Waste Management :An Infrastructural Survey of Hospitals;http://www.bvsde.paho.org/bvsacd/cd48/biomedical.pdf  
5
Lt Col SKM Rao*, Wg Cdr RK Ranyal+, Lt Col SS Bhatia#, Lt Col VR Sharma**, Biomedical Waste Management :An Infrastructural Survey of Hospitals;http://www.bvsde.paho.org/bvsacd/cd48/biomedical.pdf  
6
Synergy Waste Management Pvt. Ltd.; Laws and Procedures ;http://www.bio-waste.com/laws_procedures.html

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